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# File: /home/jarvis/Documents/shivam207/or_lab/Lab3/simplex.

cpp Page 1 of 3

// Lab3 Question

#include <iostream>
#include <iomanip>
#include <vector>

## int min_index(float *lastrow, int length)

{
int index=0;
for (int i=1; i<length; i++)
{
if (lastrow[i]<lastrow[index])
index=i;
}
if (lastrow[index]>=0)
return -1;
else
return index;
}

## int min_col_index(float *temp, int length)

{
int index=0;
for (int i=1; i<length; i++)
{
if (temp[i]<temp[index])
index=i;
}
return index;
}

## void print(int n, int m, float **A)

{
int i, j;
cout<<"----------------"<<endl;
for (i=0; i<m; i++){
for (j=0; j<(n); j++)
cout<<setw(10)<<setprecision(5)<<A[i][j];
cout<<endl;
}
// cout<<"----------------"<<endl;
}

## void simplex(float **activeA, int n, int m, int *index)

{
float lastrow[n+1], *temp;
int i, j, pivot_col=0, pivot_row;
bool stop=true;

## for (i=0; i<n; i++)

{
if (activeA[m][i]<0)
stop=false;

if (stop==true){
cout<<endl<<"Optimal Solution is "<<activeA[m][n]<<endl;
float *sol_;
sol_ = new float [m];
for (i=0; i<m; i++)
{
if (index[i]>=0)
sol_[index[i]]=activeA[i][n];
}
for (i=0; i<m; i++)
{
cout<<"x"<<i+1<<" is "<<sol_[i]<<endl;
}
return;
File: /home/jarvis/Documents/shivam207/or_lab/Lab3/simplex.cpp Page 2 of 3

pivot_col=min_index(activeA[m], n+1);

## temp=new float [m];

for (i=0; i<m; i++)
{
if (activeA[i][pivot_col]>0)
temp[i]=activeA[i][n]/activeA[i][pivot_col];
else
temp[i]=1000000;
}
pivot_row=min_col_index(temp, m);
cout<<pivot_row<<" "<<pivot_col<<endl;

index[pivot_row]=pivot_col;

## //make new table

float pivot=activeA[pivot_row][pivot_col];
for (i=0; i<=m; i++)
{
for(j=0; j<=n; j++)
{
if (i!= pivot_row && j!= pivot_col)
{
activeA[i][j]=(activeA[i][j]*activeA[pivot_row][pivot_col]-activeA
[pivot_row][j]*activeA[i][pivot_col])/activeA[pivot_row][pivot_col];
}
}
}

## for (i=0; i<=n; i++)

activeA[pivot_row][i]=activeA[pivot_row][i]/pivot;

## for (i=0; i<=m; i++)

activeA[i][pivot_col]=-activeA[i][pivot_col]/pivot;
activeA[pivot_row][pivot_col]=1/pivot;

## // print(n+1, m+1, activeA);

simplex(activeA, n, m, index);

int main()
{
int n, m, i, j, *sol_index;
float **A, *b, **activeA, *z;

cin>>m;

cin>>n;

## A= new float* [m];

activeA = new float* [m+1];

## for (i=0; i<m; i++){

A[i]= new float [n];
activeA[i]= new float [n+1];
}
activeA[m]= new float [n+1];

## cout<<"Enter the matrix A : \n";

for (i=0; i<m; i++){
for (j=0; j<n; j++){
cin>>A[i][j];
File: /home/jarvis/Documents/shivam207/or_lab/Lab3/simplex.cpp Page 3 of 3

activeA[i][j]=A[i][j];
}
}

## cout<<"Enter the column vector 'b' : \n";

b=new float [m];
for (i=0; i<m; i++){
cin>>b[i];
activeA[i][n]=b[i];
}

## cout<<"Enter the objective function z :\n";

z=new float [n];
for (i=0; i<n; i++){
cin>>z[i];
activeA[m][i]=-z[i];
}

## print(n+1, m+1, activeA);

sol_index = new int[m];

## for (i=0; i<m; i++)

sol_index[i]=-1;

simplex(activeA, n, m, sol_index);

return 0;