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DESIGN

FINAL EXAMINATION

FIRST DIET

0930-1130

APPLIED THERMOFLUIDS

AND

COMPUTATIONAL FLUID DYNAMICS

(ESDM502)

2 HOURS

ONE question from Section A and ONE question from Section B

Electronic Calculator (allowed)

Dictionary (allowed)

Section A

Attempt ONE question

Q.1 (a) Describe briefly, in your own words, the difference between laminar and

turbulent flow, where and when turbulence is likely to occur and the effects

that it produces.

[5]

four well known classes of turbulence model and state the advantages and

disadvantages of each.

[20]

Q.2 (a) Describe with the aid of appropriate sketches how the Governing

Equations are solved using the Finite Volume Method.

[10]

(b) Describe the S.I.M.P.L.E scheme of Pantankar and the errors and

limitations this algorithm was designed to overcome.

[15]

Section B

Attempt ONE question

n

Many non-Newtonian fluids can be defined by a Power Law k

dv

Q.3 (a)

dr

over a wide range of shear rate. Stating all definitions and assumptions,

show that for a pipe of inside radius R and length L, the pressure drop is

given by the expression:

n

2kL v(3n 1)

p

R nR

[10]

(b) A fluid of density 890 kg/m3 which obeys the power law relationship

1.25

dv

0.12 , is pumped through a pipeline from tank A to tank B as

dr

shown in Figure Q3(b). Given that the specific energy output from the

pump is 205 J/kg, assuming laminar flow conditions and using the given

data, determine:

ii) the mass flow rate of the fluid.

[15]

Pipe Data:

Pipe Length (m) Diameter (mm)

CD 82 125

DE 76 85

E

12.5 m

D

A

Pump

Figure Q3(b)

R 3 w 2

Formula: Q

3 0 f ( ).d

w

Q.4 (a) Stating all assumptions and definitions, show that for a straight uniform

cross-section fin of infinite length, the heat flow into the fin is given by the

expression:

q = kao

[10]

(b) The very long fin shown in Figure Q4(b) has a 7.5 mm diameter and its

base temperature is maintained at 110oC. The cylindrical surface of the rod

is exposed to ambient air at 20oC with a convective heat transfer coefficient

of 95 W/m2K.

distributions along rods manufactured from pure copper, tungsten

and carbon steel, commenting on the graphs obtained.

ii) Calculate the corresponding heat transfer rates and comment on

their relationship to the graphs obtained in (b)i) above.

[15]

Data:

Tungsten = 174 W/mK

Carbon Steel = 61 W/mK

Air

h, Tf

Dia,d

Tb .

Length, L

Figure Q4(b)

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