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RABU, 20 JUL 2016

TOPIK : CYBER-BULLYING - A NEW THREAT


PEMBICARA : Dr. BERNIE ENDYARNI MEDISE , Sp.A(K) ,MPH
MODERATOR : Dr. HIKARI AMBARA SJAKTI, Sp.A(K)
dr. Bernie Endyarni
Medise, SpA(K), MPH
Occupation:
Growth Development Community Pediatrics Division, Faculty of
Medicine, University of Indonesia Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital (FKUI-
RSCM), Jakarta
Education:
MPH: University of Nebraska Medical Center, USA
Sp-II Growth Development Community Pediatrics : FKUI RSCM
Pediatrician: FKUI RSCM
General Practitioner : FKUI RSCM
Cyberbullying: A new
threat
Bernie Endyarni Medise
Child Health Department, Faculty of Medicine, University of Indonesia
Adolescent Task Force, Indonesian Pediatric Society

Online Symposium Juli 2016


Amanda Todd
On September 7, 2012:
A 9-minute You Tube video
entitled My Story: Struggling,
bullying, suicide and self-harm
About her experiences being
bullied.
The video post went viral after her
death on October 10, 2012
Dinda case
Public responses:
Semoga kamu tidak pernah hamil
yak mba, agar doa kamu terkabul
untuk tidak menyusahkan orang
lainammiinn,
Astaghfirullah tuh perempuan!!!!
dia ga ada empati2nya banget
yak.. dia ga pernah diceritain kali
ya sama ibunya waktu ibunya
hamil dia gimana beratnya tuh
perut bawa dia, gimana pegelnya
tuh kaki nahan berat
badannya, ..emosi gw,
Dinda case
Advanced technology
Email

Internet
Social media and networking
Advanced technology: positive or negative
impacts?
In the US: 93% adolescents (12 to 17 years) are internet users.
In Indonesia:
Adolescents (10 to 19 years): 80 % internet users.
About 80% for browsing school work
70 % using social media for meeting friends
65 % for music
39 % for video.

Strasburger VC et al. Pediatrics 2010.


Ybarra ML et al. Pediatrics 2011.
UNICEF. http://www.unicef.org/indonesia/id/media_22169.html
US Statistics
Children 8 to 18 years spend 6 hours 21 minutes for TV, video,
movies, video games, radio, computer and internet.
22% adolescents log on social media more than 10 x per day
75% adolescents have their own cell phone:
25% for social media
54% for text messaging (sms)
24% for instant messaging.

American Academy of Pediatrics. Pediatrics 2009.


OKeeffe GS. Pediatrics 2011.
Indonesia Statistics
52% of adolescents have their own cell phones.
Online Communication
100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
With Friends With Family With Teachers With Strangers Open Access

With Friends With Family With Teachers With Strangers Open Access
UNICEF. http://www.unicef.org/indonesia/id/media_22169.html
Impacts to adolescents
Connecting with
friends, classmates, and people
Positive with shared interests globally.
Unlimited access for various
impacts information, news, health
science, school works, etc.

Negative
impacts
The impact of media violence on real-life aggressive behavior is stronger than many commonly
accepted public health risks and nearly as strong as the link between smoking and lung cancer.
(Adapted with permission from Bushman BJ, Huesmann LR. Effects of televised violence on aggression.
In: DG Singer, JL Singer (Eds). Handbook of Children and the Media
Negative impacts
Adolescents limited capacity: self regulation, susceptibility to peer
pressure

Risk factors in internet use and social media

Frequent online expressions of offline behaviors: bullying, clique-


forming, sexual experimentation

Cyberbullying, pornography, violence, privacy issues, sexting, internet


addiction, sleep deprivation, mental, emotional, behavioral problems
Cyberbullying definition
Deliberately using digital or electronic media
to communicate false, embarrassing, or
hostile information about another
person, involving a child or adolescent, once
or repeated times.
The most common online risk for all teens
and is a peer-to-peer risk.
Cyberbullying
Other names:
cyber teasing
cyber arguing
cyber fighting
Not merely only one time communication, repeated communications
One time communication: serious threat to someones safety
May go viral
Endless
Unlimited
Indonesia Statistics

High prevalence of cyberbullying

42% adolescents dont know the


risks, 13% are victims for 3 months

28% experienced as victims


55% in school. 45% outside school
Rahayu RS. Journal of Information Systems 2012
Internet-based harassment according to age
over a 3-year period in a national sample of
1588 youth

Ybarra ML. Pediatrics 2011


Text-messaging based harassment
according to age over a 2-year period in a
national sample of 1588 youth

Ybarra ML. Pediatrics 2011


Cyberbullying

Posted and
Direct attacks
public attacks

Cyberbullying by
proxy
Types of cyberbullying in Indonesia
60

50 Types of cyberbullying:
40 Calling names
30 Made rude or mean comments
20
on parents occupation or
physical appearance
10
Spread rumors, regardless of
0 whether they were true
Calling names Gossips Photo/video Pornography
spread Threats
Calling names
Photo/video spread
Gossips
Pornography
Insults
Rahayu RS. Journal of Information Systems 2012
Reasons of perpetrators
60

50

40

30

20

10

0
Fad Irritated Revenge Followers

Fad Irritated Revenge Followers


Impacts of cyberbullying
Worst than impact of bullying
Fear to go to school and meet friends, even meeting with parents
Emotional, psychological problems
Sleep problems
Frustration
Depression
Hurting oneself
Fails at school
Suicide Vandebosch H. Cyber Psichology and Behavior 2008.
Rahayu FS. Journal of Information Systems 2012
Roles of pediatricians

Advise parents to
Advise parents to
talk to children Family discussion on
learn the new
about online the use and rules
technology
communication

Management and
Advocacy
counselling, referral
Prevention
Prohibits websites
collect info without
parental permission

COPPA Facebook, MySpace


regulation
13 yrs as
minimum
age
O'Keeffe et al. Pediatrics 2011.
Prevention
No television and internet access in child bedroom.
Parents involve in social media selection for children.
Internet, television, gadget use not more than 2 hours per day
Teacher, parents involvement in education
Building communication with teenagers
Help and support teenagers facing cyberbullying.

Strasburger VC. Pediatrics 2010.


OKeeffe GS et al. Pediatrics 2011
Conclusion
Cyberbullying is a new form of bullying as a result of advanced
technology.
Impacts of Cyberbullying may go viral and become more serious than
traditional bullying.
Parents, teacher, health professionals need to work hand in hand in
prevention, early detection and management of cyberbullying.
Thank you..
bernie.medise@yahoo.com