You are on page 1of 275

14

m A H G A T I K A K R A M I K V I K A S A

Wrighien by
SHREEGHANDRA PANDEYA
( JyoHsb Sahifys Sluistracbarya )

Bx. Pradhyapak Jyotish DporiieDt


Faculty of Oriental Learning

BANARAS HINDU UNIVERSITY

VARANASX

as?-,'

A C A D E M Y
i-
(g) KmmmA&AH academy
Oriental PubUihers & Book-Sellem
Post Brix No. 118
K. 37/118, Gopal Mandir Lane^ Varanasi-22I00
( INDIA )

First Edition
1982
Price : RB. 75-Off

Also can be bad from

Chowkhamba Sanskrit Series office


K. ^7/99, Gopal Mandla Lane
Foit Box 8, Varanaii-22100 (India )
Pbo&d : 6145
H=l<=l^<WI^T ?T^!T^R fcTcTT ^ ^ P T "Tft^T: ^^[^ I

t^f ft<TT^ f%Ta> ^

?n:^cft 'ft ten ^^rftg; i

ft?n^ ?rftrcnn^ciW
S3..'l-^ o/: 'l.) yii.'stit ;vi'; ylly.'^i 3.4?: o). 5 > 5 J t i v a b , l

D r . K . S. S H U K L A

ftSm PROFESSOR OF MATHEMATICS,


LUGKNOW UNIVEkSITY.
.aiv-io * '^. r-'-'^ * ; ! a^".irtT

"Orahagati ka Kramika Vikasa?' SM ^^chii^


Pande deal* with the giadual development of planetary artron-
omy and ii a unique publication in Hindi. It sets out a Oomp-
arative and aclentific itudy of the development in astronomy
from the earliest known timet to the nineteenth century A. D.

/ The boc^ is divided into five chapters. Chapter I is more


or less introductory. It throws light on the bgginnings of attron-
omyi the notions of ancient people regarding the Earth, the
divisions of time and the calendar, and the motions of the Sun,
Moon and the planets. Chapter II deals with the Sun and Moon
and explains how the positions and motions of the Sun and
Moon were known in ancient times. As regards Moon, the
corrections known as eviction, variation; annual equation
and reduction are dealt with, and the gradual development
in the knowledge of the Moon's latitude is traced. Chapter III
deals with the five planets, Mars etc. It explains the methods of
finding their positions and velocities on the basis of epicycles
and eccentrics as coneelved by the ancient Greek and Indian
altroDomcrs. Chapter IV rsplains <he mcdem theory ofplaset-
ary motion and tests the ancient theories in its light. Chapter V
Is devoted to the study of the theory of attraction and gives
Newton's proof for the lU|tler's ^m td tK^Ion. Meteors, comets
and the discovery of Neptune Is also dealt with.

This book embodies the results of Shrl Pa ndey's comprehe-


nsive and deep study of ancient and modern astronomy carried
over a long period. Everyone who reads it is sure to gain from
it. Those who are engaged In research on ancient astronomy
Will be Specially benefitted by it.

There are printing errors at places but they do not In any


way lessen the Importance and value of the book. Every library
shbuld have a copy of this excellent book.

K . S . SHUKLA
I n i r o d u c t i o n

I have found it very interesting to read the book


"Grah-Gatiki K a Kramik Vikas'', written by Acharya
Shrichandra Pandeya. It is remarkable that the book has
been written in Hindi and the Sanskrit texts of the
contributions of some of the great scholars like Aryabhatta
as well as the appropriate verses from Vedang Jyotish are
reproduced at proper places along with simple Hindi
translation. The utility and the importance of this book is
very much increased by including the work on planetary
motions both by the great ancient and modern western
scholars like Eudoxus, Apollonious, Ptolemy, Kepler,
Newton and others. Thus the subject dealt herein has
gained general-value rather than being concerned
only with oriental Astronomy written by a scholar of Ori-
ental Learning and Theology. It is also important that
the writer has tried t o be impartial in dealing with works
of Indian as will as Western Astronomers, and as a very
useful feature of this book, he has given many important
modern principles and results in terms of Sanskrit verses
composed by himself. This will help the Sanskrit-Scholars
to include modern Astronomic principles and results into
tho Astronomic literature in Sanskrit throughout India.

The beginning of Astronomy in India dates back to the


Vedic era which has been estimated to exist about four to
five thousand years ago. However, no definite proof of
dating from that era is >et known to exist. In this book
the author has shown that the beginning of Astronomy in
( - )

our country goes back much earlier than this, on the basis
of certain Astronomical calculations. Similar evidences
are available in "Orion", the great work of Lokmanya
Balgangadhar Tilak. Whatever may be the true time of
this beginning, it is believed on quite sound grounds that
the development of this knowledge was much ahead
during the Vedang-Jyotis Period, and most of the Indian
Astronomical principles were formulated during this time.

The introductory account of Indian astronomical stu-


dies given by the author is very interesting. It mentions
certain legends which show how our ancient astronomers
observed the stars twinkling in the night-sky for one year
to another and how stories were built to help disseminate
their results from one generation to another, Emperical
astronomical estimation ss how that the legend of Prajapa^ti
(ORION) and Rohini might have been in existance for
the last 10 thousand years. Similar estimations have also
been made regarding the Mahabharat & Raraayana-Kal.
As there no written and other form of material evid-
ences of these events, above mentioned evidences are really
quite interesting.

In the first chapter the author has given a general


description of the Earth and Moon. In Indian Astronomy
a gec-centric system of Planets has been assumed and its
calendatic calculations are based on it.

In this Chapter the motion of Moon, the Solar year.


Lunar months etc. are discussed. A simple account of
Vedang-Jyotish with reference to the first Solar-Lunar
Calendar is also given here. In the last section of this
chapter the motion of other planets aud an emperical meth-
od of calculating the distances of moon and other planets
from the Earth is given in detail.
( ^ )

In the next chapter the author has given geometrical


methods of calculating the positions of Sun; Moon and other
planets. Here, a good account of how geometry came into
use in Astronomy and how Algebra and geometry were
introduced in Indian methods of calculations, is also given.
It appears that the technique of trigonometry was deve-
loped in this very quest. The experimental works of Tych-
obrahe, Ptolemy and Copernicus are also given here in
short. It is interesting to note that even the ancient astro-
nomers like Hipparchos made remarkable calculations of
the positions of Moon and other planets in their days
when either no instruments or very crude ones were
available. The historical credit of devising an astronomi-
cal instrument named "Astrolobe", for determining the
evection of Moon goes to the Alexendrian Astronomer,
C. Ptolemy (140 A . D . ). Afterwords a similar instrument
was also devised by Bhaskaracharya which was named as
''Sarvatobhadrayantra."

In the third chapter a detailed account of various


calculations of the positions of the planets is given. A good
description of various planetary systems assumed by the
ancient Astronomers like Eudoxus and others is available
in this chapter. The work of Ptolemy is given here with
special reference to his theory of epicyels for the calcula-
tion of planetary positions. Ptolemy has very accurately
calculated the evection of Moon, It is after the fairly
accurate calculations of Ptolemy that Copernicus could
assume the earth moving and proposed a helio-centric
theory of the solar-system. Copernicus could do no impro-
vements over the calculations of Ptolemy, but he rearran-
ged the order of the planets and put his theory on a firm
footing.
The author has shown that the Indian Astronomy is
very little affected by the work of Ptolemy, but more so
( )

by Apollonious, even though the former is more accurate.


He has shewn that the calculations given by Bhaskara-
charya (Suryasidhanta) also are not very accurate. A H
these facts have been very clearly brought out by the author
in this chapter. These facts show that the Indian Astrono-
mers have not simply borrowed the knowledge from the
works of Apollonious or Ptolemy, but the developement
in east and west went on in parallel and the coincidences
may be merely accidental.
The fourth chapter, deals with the developement o
Astronomy in the west, begininng from Ptolemy to Kepler
and Newton. A very good account of how Kepler, keeping
his watchful eyes on Mars, was able to obtain his famous
laws of planetary motions, namely ( l ) the planetary
orbits are elliptical, and (2) the line joining the Planet
and the Sun sweeps equal areas in equal times. A few
deductions to ellustrate these laws are also given herel
The author has shown that it was much more on the
basis of the important achievements of J . Kepler, that
Newton could give his great theory of Gravitation and
also, refining the various calculations, put the Helio-
centric theory on the firm footing.

In the end, the theory of Universal Gravitation has


been discussed in detail. Much before Newton, Acharya
Bhaskar, the great Indian Astronomer has argued in his
book that there is a centre of attraction in the Earth, and
all free bodies fall towards the Earth due to this force.
Thus he realised the existance of force of gravity^
but the credit goes to Newton for making Gravitation an
universal entity and for putting the theory of Gravitation
on a firm mathematical ground.
Acharya Shriochandra Pandeya has, thus, given a very
good account of the developement of the knowledge of
( u )

Planetary motions starting from the Vedic-era to the-


beginning of the present century. This book is undou-
btedly very useful for scholars and students studying
Indian Astronomy, With the help of this book the stren-
gth and .weakness of the old methods and calculations
can be well realised in the light of modern achievements.
Besides, it is an informative collection of facts for a l l
those who are interested in general Astronomy. I feel this
is the first book of its kind in Hindi where many actual
calculations of planetary positions are given and the
results are compared with those based on modern scienti-
fic calculations.

The present day Astronomy has reached far beyond'


Bhaskaracharya and Newton. This is the age of man-made
satellites and planetaryprobes when man has actually
reached the surface of Moon and he is trying to put his
feet on other planets also. India has also entered this race
by placing ''Aryabhatt" and "Apple" into space. These ev-
ents have created general interest in Astronomy, not only
in Astrologers and calendar-makers but even in the com-
mon men of our country, and in this context, a book like
this, written in the language of common people is natur--
ally very useful. I have no doubts that this book will
be appreciated everywhere.

Dr. Nand Lai Singh


VARANASI Ex. Head of Department
25 -12-81 of physics
Banaras Hindu University
ft |3TT 1 1 spTcfT # ^if^ mr mmU^ srT^^^T^Tsrf ^

^ |3TT ^TT I ^^^T TO ^ T ^ ^ ^ T T T ^ J ^ T

|?r^ f52T7T? To TT^C^T sftiTT I ft5^T3:^T^ % ^^^K^ %

I ft^ "Tft^ Tj^if^ sftiTT ^ eft ^ fe^r

4 k ? r TiT TfT I I ftj^^ft^^ % STT^ftlTTft^rriTS^^


5fto T^T^^TT^fff^ ^ 5 ^ ^^T5rT ft "To TpT?Tc?r sftiTT
TT^T r ft ^ T T T ft^^ft^TT^yir T^T ^TT TT^T I
^^T ^ f S ^ T ft ^ T , ft?5 fWTSft ^T 3T?T 3f^ f^

% w ^ 5r^5^ 1 1 70 JJ^^^m i r i t ^ r % ^?fT^-


STR ^ 3TT|ftr^ ^ ^ - ^ ^ ?TTTtjft ( Logrithmic Mathematical
table ) % g-TTT ft^^T^^^T^ # ^jfft^'^^T^^TTT TT??Ti^ sfTT
^ 5 T W ^^ift TfT ft^iT ^ ftin ^ aTTfftrr
irftcT TTt sftT ^ft ^TTcTT ^irftcT | | 1 "TTStT %
?T|T^ gjfETf If, =^JTf"JT, ^^RTR'jft anft % ft^fw % Wf^^^^ %
^fTTftTTSiTPT "To gSTT^T ft%?t % STfOT^HTiT, ^STT-^^ift STlft
n fl7%^ ftJTTt T?t ft^^ft^^q- ^ T\^t

^ ( A treatise on spherical Astronomy ) J ? ^ ^ ^ 3n'ftF


3TTT?^ SftT ^ T ^ ^ J T ( Differintial and Intigral calculus )
^Tpi^^ sr^TTf TTt ^'^T ^> aTRirgrR %ft^t^

^To ^"TT^r^T % ^fJTt^T c m ITo ST^^TTTITW ftff %


( <V )

31Tf ft^ irfoTcT 3ftT fe?? (Astronomy) %

5r=f?:sr^fk f s r i l i ^ ^ T f t l ft5rT=^T^mT^ftrsPrr

^ '<s^^^ ^ p f f CT^TT arsirRTJlf ^>

5rirT# ^ * r f ^ ^ ^ s r j ^ ^ f t sriq i f^^^ % ^r^q- %saT-

?t8?rT ?r ?TPTR ^"t*T"f % STT^ft ^^T^ ^ u

^ ft i f I I % TTjq'TiicT ^ j f t f t ^ ar^ciTsft ^ ^

^ 3T^iT W T T ^ I f^WcnTT ^ T ^ ^ ftirfcTTSTf ^T

^ ^ % ftlT 3Tft^ rJTmS3T ftiT I

3TTft^ feTFT % ffftW iTf T7t SR^RT ^ R ^ T ^ ^

^TcT ^ ^ arri 15ft I f srirrfw ^ c f t | ^^fk

^^JI^ 3 T T ^ T W '^tm % 'TTT 5IT^^T?5T p <T^;

ft ^ 8pt T f t f R T ^ ^ T I llfTTT^ S F T ^ r s n r ^ ^

fcTT % T N % f S ^ fSTT eft T I f f t ^<^iJW ^ ^ STf ^ -

^ ftqx ft? t^FTT^n % *ffr^r<.eT ^ ^ g'ft, ftr?|

^ j f ^qr ^ f l i t eft 5 ^ Tti ^ ggR ft

^WU I t ^ P T T ^ R ^ Sf^ I f g i r l ft WtiT ^ ^^gc^TTTT

fTft TJt 3TT^ ^ 3ft 3 R Sr^f^ ^ ^ ^

5yiT T f T I rft 5 R % ^ TTt ?R1eTT Jf ? T r ^ |3Tr

aftT ^ ? r % T t l ^ ftf TT f t i T W 11T I

^^sJTT^ ^ i^yrtT 1^ sftr ^"t% ^ ^ % sriti ^


3 T 5 g e r T ^ fTft ^ ^^r^T % ?TPT% ^ ftTT ftiT k
{ w )

I I ftn^ f ? r ^ fcRT cfaJT eft 5PT^ ft I f% f m ^ ^R-ftzff =Pt


W STT^'I f?rSFeT ^ smmT ^TT ftr% STM ? ^ # ^
ifTRT STRT I I J R I ^ ^ t ft?5 f^TT^ STRTr^ff *

% ferr I I ^ K + < N | A 4 ^ ^eT T f ^ ^ ^


'STT, ^ ^ STRTtq- ^ ^ ^^T ft | ^
qT ^ T H - SlfR 1 f t RT m

5?cn> ^ ^ tlR eRT f S 3tgr eT^ snU

?3TTftFr^^T ^offo fto fto ^ arqiT ^ | 1 ? T ^fR

A I T 11 ^ sn^^i % f I^^T ^ srisff 1 1

srrfe^ % 5r5^ ^=T^^ f^s^ ?T?r 3ft t STTCRR

STT^TfT f f5R% 3T1^ 5RT?r % I f ^eT qTS^f % ^(J^


ST^^cT ^ STT I I
"Tssnfcr-TfarifcT %.
^T sftr in \9

5ZFTRTT if MF?5TTT m 2FTN?R f T % 1J?>5q W fiTt(fT^ c:^

^WR^R S W F TFTVF^<JT?T

mxrvt^ ^^T^m ?l%^i (feo)%>


smtstTpTTi ^ TF %fsr^
iraTgfe) ? ?

%?'TgWT

) %fet?3T51 fqf^ t'^'i^


'ftl 5^^rT ^ ^

1T-%i=? ^ Tff ffTJff


( \s )

g i & Tgt ^ | M f T
(G) IH

%efii a% t.vi
??ftT srJiT
T^ Ro<y
^gi sr^ 3?TF5i Tf^ ^
^TT% ?
T^ft^sT ^ ITT ^oV>
Jr??<65! IT f1TT5rR (^)
frt X vo ) ^to
Tffqnsf % TTT
T'T^qg T l to TpfcT if fqosSTHTlTT 3Tk
?5TT? ?^9< ftpiSSfT IIT^T
?T2T % ^eJlT TfwfTTTf ^T
eSTf^eT^ STTTTT
fester QTT sfifrc^T^

T5%5 TT T'^^JcnTT ^'ivi


^TT) v*;! itsT ^ 33?afJT
^jR%l3ff STfrfg-
TT fTTI % 3TTfg: ?t;o
arr^''^ fTTI H?TTTT K^o as T l

ST2T % TfH fTTI t*!^


, % fTT^ff ^ T2T f 5r
^Tf%
as[5T^ri^^ fT=T?iT
^?ir:i TT f r n ?T2T fcr
gqTf^ ^^'^ 5, TTT5[T fTT55T cTTf^SfT ^^^
^^^iW 5iTiTr=if ^1 ^jRTf^ II n i

n c i i ^gt ^ 5r5%eiaRr ^irg ^ ^^m.^ m |}

TTcT % m lt% f ^ l <TT flS5il5JTrr ^ TTTI ^llft 3lt?^ ^


arTsft sftr ifNr %% 11 i H t % siq^ ^Tsrrat ^ af^rf^i | ^ i%?r ^ snt
I%
f ^ sptt IT T5?!TfeqTI ^ ITI^ HfT 1 15 ^IJT
TTcT ^> ^ srnr^ TT% % sr^T^rPfs gzft?zr ft
FT55t5T it 1 ^ 3n-5=Ti g;sT'RTT W W iTf?cT'
sisrfg; % sr^^ (TOT) f ^ i J[ 11 1TTT iTtcTT % %rJ sr^-Pnst
% Tf^jft T TcTT 5!iIT^ ^T 3rr^ ri f%TT cfSTT Tp" SfTTT ^ f%?5
5Tf-^*T f55^ cTf-?Tf ^l^t T5?T-'?^T ^ T^ftl
^rf^sJT srfT^ Tf^Tirt ^??ft i r t 1 ^^^i % ;TTIT % 1^5*
% ^ Sffk^n x^^im I % T I 3171 % fT?TT1 % ST'TT ?1%
It T??i xr^K I ^ f^^ 4t x^m % s^arrsi Jf i f f T i sr^n T ^ T |
II 3Tri fiT i t f i ^ f^ran ^ ^ T T S I % feq sri?i^t5511
^^tlt ^ Vft 3TT1 1? TIT STT I i% i r m ^ 55f^T % ^f^TtT-?:
ft^ TT% ^ cTT^ t?^->?^ g i I I I1TTT ?lJt 3St ^oft ^ ^TfTT
ftra ftcTT't I itT ^1% ^5t?^ W T TT% IT^ TPCTTT % 1??T
fTTfe TC? % 1T1 T f iT^Ti-T'^r % q;^ if f^j-?f ifiFsrq
(vega) TT^ ^ i t T ifeT^tss | I 51 cTT^f % I^TI J3T1T1 |<t aft^
STTTTTS^ SSTI ^T 1*TT ^TTT SfTI % l a r f l ^ ^ ft =|^T I I 3ITT^
3rT5=TT ftTT ltl TT^JT IT ^ 5 ^ fTSJT^S 31^51
% Tf?Tf W T^T 55TT% ^ iai ftcTT | I IfTT f ^ Tf^
f^P^Tir srr^TT^^t 11 ft I^ITTT^^PT-?: SRB TT STTT ^tfii? f s i ^
?t lir^C ^ srt^ T i l t ?t T11T ^PT^ % TT5 1?ltT 1ft |1T i t T ^
( \^ )

5IPT ^ STTir i m 3rTf1 ^ iff Sri?1 flT P

% T f % ^^irsi % f55i^ sri?iit5511 I f i m ITTII'PR % f^^r %


f^n^sftT i t ift'sp H f i i T f"tft I i n % i r i i I T I I?5-
155 qfl I I 1 | ^1% it 11c1lt55 | ^ sftT i f l lit
Iff qrr i t 1T11 T f f i TT%;t ^ qfiT^ % 3i u n i ifiri
it ifTi i r i f^f? ? i ^5Tir % irwT ft^ Jt i ^ fisjt^ 11
i n Tl i r i i f i i itfi^ i n i f % sr^r iRii^tt fanr^rqf
%fe"?^ i i T ira ^T i ^ r | ^i% fsy Jf i f i f i ^ i i ? i r i t ^ 'i??^;?^
% fei^ T^r swci ft 11 ^jftfcTT-fiari l i t fiariT % i i i
fir I iTf^i i n i ! # HIT iTi5ifJiT ^r^-TiTT spt 5 ^ n^ir
^ 5553r^ % Fsyo: ft ff I ^if% sTif TT I I I T % F^ji^ ^fsj-sm it
511T ft 11151^ IT fiariT ff; i ^ i i f H I T I H I T % SFTT TfiiiT^
^T 1^11 |1T It SiftF^T-flUTI ^T 1^ IT TTT 11T 1?T fT?tTTf
% ifiTTi i r i T TIT | i r 11 ? T J I % TFI i?ifit ?ftit FTTIT ^T
iqj^ TTtsTi Tf TRT ^1- ii^TTit ^ ft ft i^r 11 i r ^ T i f i s p i ^t %
11?TTT It *[cr5! TT Sa^'t % g'frlT^fl % ^TTI IITff 1 ft l ^ l t ft
T f l f l % fTTT It ft fl3 ft l t I I % ft f l 3 5^rTT^T1 fiST'l
1T1 itfl^t % 1TT1 1TT1 TT T^ I I f l i r i ^FT ^1T ^tf i t 1 ^ 1ft
t It ? i ^zftriT-fisn^ i T ^ i 1 ft 1 i%ir557 i T t i i r i f i i ? i
Trr?1^t ^-itflsFt TTTlfft^t (issrtfiTft^) ITf? fTiri% l i t I f f
^ ^zfrflT flTTt ^ I5T ^fiqJT I I IT^TI ^ ITff ^I^t ftlfl ?t ITI^ft
% f55q ft 1T5I fl^tlftrFsr llfT Tt5itT f l ^ f i r i 5PT 1Tfl?TT |1T I
It w i r % ITTI ^q^Ti f I TPTI % I S S T - ^ I itT 155 Tffi^ss^
( Differential calculus and Integral calculus ) ^T irfl'^^T
'TS1 ^ TfTfl ^t 11?TTlt % 11TTT1 % f^l ft %TT If 1
?1 TfTfl ^ 3^11 l i r Tf TJfTTt i t T?t ft f t l ^ | I ITI
% 5JT1T S: fITT IT 51 111T fITT IT JT 1TT1 if ^lt

t S'^tfl flfllTJIIITcllrRIT
lOT^ ITt^TITT^ ^ T ? 1 1??TTJ^ I

TfrriTtlflTof 551Tq 1
ftl^ IT. ^ . ULM^'^J
{ )

^ 1 w i?ft | f 11 isTT tT^ mT^^ f?JT % 11 aiiif % f55T


STifiniTT '^^ qfiT TT I SfT^JTrTTT H ftlT TT IT flTTT^ T>TW
IfTST ftIT ft I fTTTTJ^ TITS I f ftiT | I T T m ^ ?!fiCTTTI
T?:TTT ftt I I Tf TSTT m 1T1 T!t ftst | \ Tf ^f^TTT ^1
% ^ T # f STTT TT 5T c: IT I T ^T ^TltT TT f>1T TT IT
TfecT ftlT TT I ??fV fTTTTT % TfTT TJT55 it ITcIT ^T STTT^I i t 1TTT
iraT TT 1 STTIfl ^T55 T1?cT I^TTcf ( Equanox) | I %^ TlfcT
Itll fTT^ 3TTTTT JnTTfcT TT1 f?^ T 1 TTtf^ TITTfl TfTT ^fg^Plt
I I sftT 3?ft T?T tr^ 5ft I I ^fT TTT | ^fg ^ ^eTfl sftT
flTTI ^T 11^ TT5J ^ I I 'TJTSI: ^sffl ^ITfl ?ffT1 XTIT: l' it I f
m^ IITTfl i t 11=T^ I I ft fTI ^1T 1TTT Pp ^ IITTfl
^TltT ^t TJT TtrfoftTT 3TT1T i r i l 11T I ^ i t ^fg %
iTfr J| i^t T;I55-TI T;T ^ti?? I T I I TSTT TIT IT i f i ITTT i t IT^TI ^
1% 1^ it^ I f f i t IT i t i t ?11T1 % ^tlW 1T1 TT5ft Ttff it
^X 1T^ sntt I 51^T 1ft fcT f 1T^ ^ T H ^ STfcir ( fs^PT ) SfTI T?T I
^IITsff ^ Ttfflt ?t IITTfl ^t 5lt 1T1 Xmj IT 1 fTJT TTT ^lt
^ 11T t^St I 3lif %lt ^ ^fT IITTfl % ?rt ^ , 3rfl5STTT ^ f^lt ^
^ f T 5TT ^ I 1?1 Jt 11 fllTT Jf Tf flTV |1T f? I f ITit jsft Ttff it
^T ^ iflBTlt I I Ttffit ^ t ^ ^ T IT % STTfTl i f UTTfl % f T
^ i m TJT gi^r qt^ l%ir i fi^t ^ ^ ^^r i t r TJfT i i T T f i
I f 1 ?T1T I I I T % 3^% ITT^ TT^yr 55it I 11 ^iJI ^tf 1 fl^T
?tt % i ? i ; i itTi5 '^ispi ^ilf 111^ 1T1 Sti p r 1 ^ ^ 31^
W U T T f l ^ 1 f 1 f^TT I 5% fl3 ^Tt I ^ IT^T 1^ f l 3
ffIT I I f fl3 ft^T TTT 1 3% ^ ^f& I fsRT^ frs f ^ T T f
^^STTT (Sirius) | | ^t Ttffi | f T f Ttl|lt | ITT l t l ^rJst ( Tif )
^ 1T1 IT \ 1ft fispr5 1T1 11 fl1% IITTfl fl3 (qcttl TTfTT ?^l\)
|1T I
f^^ftT ?ITTT51 ^ ^TSTTI itT f t i ^ % 1^1 ?o =T1^t^' IT^ | I
^T31T1 % flT! i t i t ^^T ^ l t l 1T^ I f l f | ^STTI (^ITTl)
^T i n ^fT ITT I I 31% 3TtT Tt 11^^' 1T^ % qf5=T1 ^pt itT ITst
sftT ^TltT % ctT^ I 1 ftfflt itT ITS? f 3 515! f l % I I 1T1 % ^Tm
l t l 1T^ I i t f T l t l % Tt 3t!^' itT 5 f 11T& I I ^1^1 1TTT31 ?t
( V )

zftrtPnii 5jftr?iT Jf s r t t m (orion) 1 1 j s s r % f i irff % ^


sr?ft?ir f t i T I Ttffoft f 1 sftT ^ q ^ f 5TW iT^fir % s T f i n : 11
iifjftTTT ^ srr^,% i r ? qf^nr Jf ^k ^^JT^ | i t sriti ftar
I f% Ttffoft ^ 3jtT 11 fqsiTTI I 1 T t f | l t SAT s r i T T f l
^ ^1T ?lt 1T1TT TT 1 ^ H t l i t l f t i t I I f?;g ^wf ^ TIT Tir I T
ftj ^ I I T ; ^ ^qt i i r q f i 503 fi?iT i f t ^T& 5 ? t i t %\o ^^
Ttffoft % 1 T 1 fl^TIT ? t I I 3 1 % TT? wt T i q f f t I T S % I T I 1|t 3?T%
1T% I I ? 1 ? t I T T I l i l T T I q l i ! ^I^P^ 5p> I I STTsr T fT?ftT % c f t i
1 T 1 1 1831 ITTTTITSTTT qT 3TT1111T1 | | t^^ 1511 ^ 55T11 ^^o l^f
m ?i^T f m 11 TT;?! | I T ^ JTTI^TT qi^TTfm ^ ? i T;TT
?r 3 | I ^ i T % ^ i T T i ^ [ s q r f i ^T>T (^TSTTI) TTr^t % fsT T^TT ^"t
T05 ^ 1T% i t % ITTT T>"t ^^^f^ TT?TI 11 % I T ^ ^ %
i l T ? ^ f i f f T I FfIT Fmff'H^itl % i r ^ Jj ^ ^ ^ j - ^uf^ Iff I

sf5rrirf irT J t ^ w r f t ^ m\ %^^t


^i <i%^^r ftTfjfi^si^i ijTT

^ ^ T T ts^lfl ??l5Tfl ?151fSTTl5El: |


1 1 T 1 sft I I T T f l 1?1?1 f t ^ T T t f f 1 ( f T t ) | t I T l t 21> %
qt^ T i l ^ f 1 1 < t t % STTT I 1 T W 1 if qg% ^ *ft
^ i g c r r f i 3TTq% STTT iTifis ^ 3i^t ^ szni^cft aiTq^ I T
I T I ^ 1 t t??rT I I 1 ? I 5 ^ T 5 1 T 1 T 1 f T 1?531 I f 1T^ i r f l ? ^1T-
?TT ^IITsff % i f r i ^ ftri'JT 3^=T#f2 TJT ITT^T 1?|1 | ^I^V
If I T T f T I I I ^ft I^Tlt I f l T % If IT ITT^ % fs^ ^1T T S t
lift i t TTft 1T1T1 f l ^ ^ 1 ^ It ^ rg f l 3 % fsJr 1?1T5?:
# ^ T i t T f I fITTT TT^T^ I T f f ? 1 ^1T ^ITsff ?t ITT TfT | I
TTT STo I'^yntlJT i t ^ spfT IT i f ? ^ I I T l t % I F T I ft | i t
i t f 1 1TT1 ^ 1=5^ I I
f i T T T I I I T T f l ^ IT T t f f i t qT i q T T 1T11 11ITT i t I^^ITITI ^T
I5t1 T t f f i t f t TTt I i{%[Ttl I f f T I ^ T t f f i t ^ I K T T i r i ^ t l ^ f s
^TT^ TST1T I I

5 f 5 f i i t i : dFci^r<Tf'i5R[?js?i I i I n Ttft'JiTJTr^ii 1 l i t t ^
^ik':>fri^^i.i e i ^ d f ^ i ^ d^i>iq:i df^niFir'iTTivqr^
^ ^ I ^ik^^i'^.^^rg I I f . ?!'<^)
I

( )

i3rrq|% ^ f t f f i t STF^T 3 ? q ? i PPTT i f t T fir I T I H ^


Ttffit J( f ^ r 1 1 1 ^ l i t 1 ^ 3 Pt STTH 1^ I T f t TtFfift Jf aiTOTTlTI
spTir I I f ^sfiS T^IT I I aftt H t SPPR % I T g ^ T t TT 1 T ^ ? f t I T | I
i f ? ^ i r f f c i if ? i s f TT i i e i r ^> 1 1 1 7 % ^fr n r t i t T i i T i r i
^t 3?r?T i T I T I I ?fi?iT spt 3 ^ % i T i T ^fiT FIT FITITI ^fT
ITT I lir 11TT 5its i r F f i T 3 f i l i r itTTra ITIT s f i ITTT TIT 11

1TT 1 3^1 ^ 1 r^fS^RcTW ^TT ? f % # s t R^' J l f s f fsJSid


lihi^r^ qq* g i ^ s i f fisii'^i^irriTiT f ? i r i ^ ^ i i r f ^^?r:
^.^ f i l i r i ^ i ( t o ITO )
T F ^ I I ^ I t T iFciits FiTiri 1 1 TtFfit ?r fS^T ff^r^r TT ITIT
TT i f l ^ ^T5S if T t s t i 5 T t f i T ?T ? 1 ^ T f l l t F T I F^T TIT I H I T T!T
srn 15T1 f FTT^ I T I 55t i f I ^ f l ^ T it 1 T i r i T 1 % fs?t 1THT1T F i S T f
itirnr 1 5 1 q f r i i i % i n ^TIT ^ I T ? T f t itft i f i i K i t i
3zftf?ri % BT?r? F T I I SITI it ^FTTTITF? TIIT TT ITITFTI | i
f 1 ^ 1 if i i ^ T i T i % Tt^ftr i i ? m i f T , |ir 1 1 f Fi^r
if arriTTTTI t SZTTW % I T I f t 3% T t s f t l ^f^TTT (Phenamenae) spT
i t 1 1 1 1 1 T 1 ?Jrfri if 3q555':T f t i T I I1 ^

I -^^mk i r si^irfi i=f ? ; T i i ^ i r ^fis? i c f f%^i


ijin^iififi ^hm^m^^ ii ^ n mr f ? 511=5$
;T .=5r5ir% igqfftl f srr ^^irfi i^irf^u 5fr=st F ^ ^ y s i i ' ^ 1
irsrr^r^iT^^ irs?iTil:^^i^iiii,^_%^r5[r?iti!
(5niiT i r o - R i ? ! ^ )

STTIT T f I F^ I^T I I T T a i tl, i t i 1 1 1 T ITT | , ^


f FtlTJTT T1 i t I I IcT: ( i T i f I W T T I T I ^T% 1T55T) 1 T 1 1 ll^PT I f e l
ITS TTTIT I, 5lf?5tT 5 % c p r ^ 3TWTT1T1 TJTIT ITFftr I ^ ^T FTIT ^
1 ^ ftcit, TT I ' l i ; f t i g i 51 F?iT % ^ 1 ft 1T& 11 11: I l i f
3Ti?Tliri ^T^ ^ if 5 t lFi=Tlf 1T|1 ft I T l t I ) ara: ff%^r ^
15=TT1T1 ^TIT irFf |

ff%5PT3fT % c^T ^ ^ 1 1 ft% m 1 1 1 F^ 1 1 W g;i if 1 1 1 ftTT I


5ft i a i IT T f f l T I ^ ITT if f t i T | 3 1 ^ 3-<T ^T Fl!=| if f t i T | T f
i t s i t l f l ^ l T F I I ^ ^ 3 t I H : ?Tg I 1% 1 1 H I g 5 T giT i f it^H
f ? 5 ^ f i i f T i ^ ^ f i TT 1 * 1 ^ ( I T T T ) s q i t i f t i T I T I it TfT ^ irfT-
( )

^ ftl% I T T I % fe^ snqiT i m i I I 51% 3AT ITCT m i f t i t I f%


1^ FT "^J^l^l^ I t s ftTT i f l ^ ^ 5| m i f t 1 ^ I T I
1\T1? ^tffTT ("PTS Jf f t T f 1T I T ^ I ft "piT IT) FT fl^itfel
1?1 spt %feT I

i*rur^:iHcii^ 3rT5ir ^ ? : i ^ i i f i j i r g^wrn--1

giT* # TPI % itfTcT (IIT^T % f l ) q f t f l % l^fs^^ ^1?


i^^T s n r i |T %t 1 l t l 1% I Hx 3 i ^ ^T % ii^rfTi
f?TT 1 ^ f l l t fTTTTTT I, 5 1 % f S T ^a^T TT. {?V|^) ^ f S T

i T i ^ ^ f i *T?i'l ftciT r r c i i i fii4*?i^s ^^ir-


lijcTT^ f ST^ifri I ^ i r m 1 i?fr^i f i ^ i t i f i ii

iitT^^qiro ?vi^i[

If gr 1 3r?i ftir i t ? i s f e i ftir 11 3 i ^ i t i ? i ftTT |


^ir i T i i I If f ? i ^T sr^cf sFt% ^$ri 1 1 Tri ^t^r
I I^T mx f T I I I T i t T f I T I : 3T1T I ^ir 1T1% I I f TT1 % f t 1?1
if T | 1 ^t 1S2T ^1T %1T I I ^X TTI ^TIT | i t T TTI I
11: 1 T ? 1 1 if I f ^ T Trft 1 ? 1 1 f t ftlT I (itBT IT^ spt 1 1 ^ sftT I T I
^T ^ f Tf r I
fl1 1 1 1 f f W i t ^T SI i f 3 ? T $^r TIT IT I f H I 5?^ 11 %
S T 1 T i t i f I T T 11* ^ 1 f l 3 f t i T I I f % ^ T ^T I^TTt I T ( Laritud )
Vl^' I I 1 1 : ? f l ^ T ITTT5I 1 1 i l l l ^ f r l if ftTT 1 1 I T 551 fBrffl %
Srf^l f t f t i I T T ^ f l l l T 3T!5I ftTT 311T T f ^ 1 1 ^ 1 ITTTI TfT
ftTT 1 f % ^ T ^T l t T t l ^ 1 | s ; ' 5 l i } v l ? ' l T ^T i t l t l ^o* 3f^ sft^^TT
f i r 5 i 9 W i n m t i ^ ^ i ? o gft?^ TT RIY^' |ir i 51 TT
% i f i I T i T i f i ^ T f i i^o-^ i r i ^ TT I f i n i n %KU^
II I T I T I I 1 1 : t?lt I T % S T U i t i f ITT l o t J I "^flWsff ^T
if i ? i ftir IT I 5g% ^ 1 1 1 i T f r i 'PT T I I T ^Ts a m % w m i q f i
f I T T 1 1 51 f l S ftiT I I 115^ 1 1 if l i l T I FTS ^ feTT % 1ft
I I ftff<nt TT l i n r 1i=TT1 % 1TT*1 ^ H I 51% fITT 1f ^ 1
( )

JTtwtq- iflfT % irq? 3ltT ?q"ss | f%H r r a i PT I T T f i ^ "TTI-


air?i % friT I f i i ? i I'^TTi % i a ; ^ i i i T i T f ' ) ^TS ^ ITT
^ 3TT513TiirnTi 51% Tf iV ^q^z |ft;S T I T 5:fa>Ji 51T
i r s t TtffiV i t 3n-i% s n i T ?^ fiTT I T ^T fi^i^ Tft ftnt s 3 1
I I T 31^r I t 51 it 1 ? T ftlT f t i r I fsP'S if?^ i r f f c T i t T^ft i t Ttffiff
351 ft^ 111 I f t ^ f t i r t I I Tft 1ft 1^T5T I T 1T% S^T
I1T 1ir i t I T I % 55T1T ? fITT i t T TTTf fITT I T C|;T f l T T ? f l it
T | ftn srtT 3 1 ^ i t 3 T T c|;ef fT?| it ftiT ftTT I T^r^ 51ISTT ^T it
f ir^ i f e ^ HTffcT ^ 1ft I I 111 T^IT I % f f l ^ T l f ^T 51
if I T I tr^ ^ l t leTT i t f l 1 ^ T511 H I T ^T STT^I f frf^T % ^T^ %
fwi^ stTt ^r STTI STT^S fTiTT 1 T?lfT Tf% ^ T l t l i t T Ttffilt ^ i t
3Ti?TT1T1 ftTT TfT f^?5 wfl^T ^ I^^TTlTI % 111 % i t l a i t % t l c t T
wSm^ JPT^ ^t aftT StTt ^t JTlfl Tft,. q ^ l : ST^'TTTTI TiT 1531 f f ^ ^ T
ft if'i iir i r s r i i r 1^1 TITT % f^^ 111 isti % ^T if ^ i t f i
|3TT I T ^ l ? c f t l T t l eff I T ^ # 1 ^ T % ITTJ^I ^ T l i t I S T l t % f ITT
STIT iflTtTTTfn ^ 3 l i f ^1 % ftlfl^TS % f S TiS ^T i t fl%11
| T T I SITT 1T1TT ?Tg Tft ftTT I f l t l T f l l T l l t t I^T TTSfWr
S t f e l ^t I T T i t T STtfclT i f T ^ T;TS ^ T 1SI1 I ^ T I ^TTT I T f f t r |

f f i T J T i t % 5T if 351 ^155 % IT^ sftT I f c l 51 leiT ^T l ^ l ' l


SfTTIS ^ I T f l ^ f 1 f^lT I I I f 1 1 f t % 1ST1 ^ITTt ^T ftTT I
3TrT12 ^ 51 ^ 5 5 ITI ^fs^TTf? TITT I I 1^ ?%t;o if 31 ^fe^TTf^
^ it^oc ? TT szTcfVl f t 1% I t 1TT1S ^ V^^oooo T T T T7T IfT^I
ITTT I i t T 51 llTgT ^ l i t Tff % I T u V s ( R e v o e l u t i o n P e r i o d )
STTIT H I 5fl ^TSt ^t i ^ T 51 ;iTit Tf | 1 1ft 1ft, % i q t 1*^'
5t t 1Tlf%1 f t ITTt I i TfriTII: v ^ ^ o o o o TTt % t^sp 3 I
I T I ^ ^fsgTTf? % 51 T f i 31 I T I 1?igT % 1?T 1^ ft ITI | I 51%
^fS^TTfe if 1 f t % 51 ITI1T ^t s t i t f^TfcTlt 1 f t 1cT3TT?1
( f 131T55T) if i t f t i t I g?ffi5T5i5ptT ?t iitfsi^ fsim-1 ftj

fggn^ii't i *T??IT?II i f r : i
TftH'5.
fi^in^r^^^i'j: ^iT?t g^^icir i i r : i
( )

T^TT?t 5[iw^^i cfcTra^g gsnff JT: I

3Trf^ 511131 % 3r?i it i;siT % TTI ( TTI ) 3ftT i?5r>i ^


lift Tf %T % I T f ? if ft 1% I 1?ffir ^T 1=51 I T i X % I T F ? it 11T
3 1 ^ TTI 555T % i r f T it TfT I I^T I T i r i f 1S^ I T S ( l f l , 5^,
l V ) I % F I T I f t n^, 11?^ i^'R 1'1 % i t ^ 1 ^TTfe ^ T | I 1 T 1 1 3
5?ft iqfS5T TrfsjgiTfs Tf ftlPcT lit 'sltfoT fl3T!=crT?1^1
^ I H T T T I SAT tr^ IfTgT I T I I fTI ( civil days ) ^ ff^TT if
1ft % 51 irifT ^ 15TT1 T | t I I I T i n t F i f T I T % ^TTI 31
f?11?TT if i t ^ 1 I I 3ir5t ^ t T f ftlflJff if i r i T spT >ft 1 f t | I
fiw irir ^iTT f^iT iT^iT I Tt i t o %T ^ fs^ I ITIietl %
fTltl if 1T1 T f 1 R ? r f l ^ 1 1 qt& 5 l i t 1?1T 3T55T fir Tf
^ f t 1^ 5t^ I 51^T i t f l I T T F^IT I T ^ T T 1

3T3'ti; f l l l T % I f TT1 f t TTt ifT^ ^ S if f t fl5T5=1


^itFlT ^ IT^EIFT^ i t i T^ TTt ft I 5!TT1fTFT^ ^TS H I T % Fs^ ^if,
^t iFi2ff % ITTF^II Fifi, 1^1, i n , m^, m irF? TTTS Fiirnt
?T 5^ mi FlltF^I F^T I T =ptT IT I 1 f t 1 f t , T F ? ^ 1?sFT<f %
f s i t 1^5 T a i f , FiFiTf itT i i i f % ^^Tm^ g|i ?t STIWI it
% JT;>ft if 3TS5T f t i t | I ^ 1 ^^t J i t ^T? TJT ^ I T f I^SIT %
|1T I 51^ ? | i s srr^ aftt T^ir % FiiTf % Fstr :5rr;s T^it T;T 111
Fl5lt%1 1?1 if ^Hs^ :
?iifiTi?:3; irirri.^Fiir m r ^ i g ^ i

IFTIT ^ ^ ! % fs(T 5ft 5|3r f ? T r IT i f Tf% I S T TTT 1 {31 T | I


'ST) apt 11T ITT ^ f 1 3 f l T 5it Tvregit if FiiTf ftsr 11 iff
f;i5& T:T I T ,<TTir ift F^pg % ITIT | i ffir i t t i F i TtTt
1lf WI I ( f 1 ffir Tclt: ) i t f ^ T t l TTfTI ( \\\\ \ ) if 18aif %
t U T aftT I T t l T 11T^ |tT ^ f r TTT I F^ ^1? "T^T^STt % ^ H T 1 1 1 T |
5 1 ^ ^.^ i t T ITTT f t i t I i t T |1Tt i t T T S ftTT | 31TT I W ^ g i t W
11 ^ 1 T f t i T I I 5 1 % 3ftT T f 3 (T|1 t T?5) f f i t | sftT |1<t sffT
11^ it^ ir^ f t ^ 11. T ? t i f ^ lOT % iirff^ 1831 ^ T l
I I H I f 11T i t F^ IFT FUff ^ I T % ^ 1^^ IT? itT TT1 ^ &
( Rit )

cTiT rir f i i T f ^mj m Prar ^ i n srtT i t ? I T ^ fen ^ir IT I


^qf ^T FuTf sTfT f i f i % |ir IT i n 1ft IIT i i i T f i ft lir I r

5lt "T5T52it I T I fllTf Iffifl Tft | | Wtf^F I T H t IfIT H


fiTTf 3 ^ i f |1T IT f^5 1 J | 1ft f i s r \ 11 % I f i l l T f % fSi?
1 1 f i t f q i ^ ftiT TIT 3 1 % 15% if ITT ^ I f ? i r i pTIT TIT I 5 1 1 ? l f
% ISETlt ir f l l T f TJT f l ? 5 r 1?51T % 3^1! 15IT ir% f i T % | I HT
^T 11 |1T I f f?1 I T 17Sir I T f I ^ T ^ ft I f ? l f ^T ITI 1T?5 1 5 I l t
% 1%fl1 ^ 11T55t ^TS % f t i s t i r i t I I TTflfT % 111
1^ 5 1 ^ TfTlil 1 f t |1T I TTflfl STT^TI it 5 1 % fstr spcfg prT^j
t I TflITT I T f l ITTf % ITI 3 l i f Tfft ift 1 f t | I I f TIIT!! g 3 % 3I??r
^ ssfT l a r m gft i t i I T i r % st^ i t 11% 5^ 1ir f% ITT f^.T^ feif
1 ITIT if Tf ? 51 TT 15=ft^ TifT f% t J'ST it I T I T i t T r i 1 if
IT ITT I I 51 11JK f?1 3iT5rtl | q I I 'JSttl irSTTTitsf^T STfl
5TTTT1:' I
H5rcHT 5H 3 f h
5 i F t l if 11?1T, 1 T 5 11?1 ITf? ^5lf % STTT i t 3ir^ f ^ T ^
| ~ l t l 1 1T5: 111 I 51% I f^ i ^ ^ ^5 % I T T H qPT ^ ^3lf
# IITfa TT f t l^sp I T IT iT?1T 5 I ftcTT | I T I I I I C I T T ^

51 I t TTH^ift i o ( \o\\% ) if 1T^ I 1 ^ ^ i f f l T ( \ 3 l ? o ^ i )


if il?1T i t T qfT1?1T Tt ITI 1T% | i t I T I I ^ T t ifflT % T f i
i r t c l T f 31 ^ I T f t l I I q f i I T % 3 T if i l c I T % ITT f t q f ^ l c I T I T I T
I I ^ ^ i f f 5T % 51 1'1 if ^?T ITT I f^F i l c I T % 3 S t ^5 l IITfa
TT ITf ^1^^ 1 1 5 ^ 1T?t i t T i t l T T l t TTfTlf ^ q f T l c I T ^ I^TT^I
f^lT I 5 1 % f l 5 ftcTT I f^ TTt ^ 5 if TTfTrt % s r m t ^1 % 15TT*1
f%TT I 1^^ 1'lt % IT'JTfl ^ i q T T 1"^^^; s i f l % ^ l i t I 1 fl:Trf"%1
5tl?lfif \R I T l t f?Tr5 itT Hof?if^ 111 'l?1T I S
(TT^ ^ t qffTT) % i T t % f;q ^ f^TT TTT | I
T ? ^ ; t 1^ CI^I?:TI i i f i ^55 iftiirgi^i 1
j i r sT'^ fw^Jii^ ^3 ? i i f f i m%: 11
I?- ^ . ( )
s r w ^ ^ T t ^ ^ f i f i v i r f i B 1 i^^l>ci 1

5S. ?f. tn^VlVt;

\
( R% )

{ \) ^ i c T i r T (arrfici) TTT i r t f sr^t ITT me ^wt^ % mx sftT


m TIT^ 3l3fT (15T ?TFfV) TfIT I I t 3T^ 51 Tt 11% J i t
% VsRo l i t ftii I 1 (^) I K f i f t f l 13? 3f\T i l l I T f l 5?! ^"tl
ITHT I I 3113? it 55it 1"^^ TIT 1ST15J ( i S T l t e ) I f f | ? 51
1>ff I f l f St i l r I T ^qt 13? % ITT, 1T7S1T1 ^ fcrfliff #
aftT i % 1 ^Xh I I fT!?5 5?^ ^zz( srria f t i r 11% 31 H I
f?r % IFT fjp^t T^t ^ 5ft ^ I I T T I % 11^ I I i f T T ! ^fT^ff
qft ^"tiiT^i i i f i w i r i IT 51 I T I ^ '5ij?TT it 3 1 ^ i i r i i ^ ^T^T'
1T1^ % ( I I T iV^o iTTl) if f l 5 fipIT H T | I ^ i t 31T ^
j f t l l S=TTf ^> 1T3ia?5J ^ ^*=anf Tt^l^ftl 1?lf It f l S ^ T 3qT ^^ftr
ITI l\ IT ftrT2 sriT TIT I 1^115 fxT (Equater) % l ^ i f % fst^
irfzT;?! I^TITff if i t (twilight) TTT I T I T f t JT51 f?1T TTT | 1 fSitT
1f1 % f l l l T T f e v^^o), i^TTlt % ?1T1 ITT % szfTfTT it 11R ^ i t T
1%1 I I f l % TtrtfTTI f l ^ n f ? f t 1^ % 1T1-TT1 ?ltT?rT spTi I I 1?1
% sritT TIT i j l t l ?rt ITS |ir r i % ITITIT?T i t 5 T I | ^ ^TIT | I
i f T ^ I T f f ?T it T ! I , # , i t T I T I I T l t i t | 3T3^ 1f1 ^ I T c I T
? t i t T i r f i Tif^ ^T i%i ITIT, l i t i t T nxm^ ^t i t T I I i f r t T t i
i f f a T ^ ^fr TTT I ^ # ^ 5 , TTTf I T I it?: i T f l t l T I l c I T ftiT
I I T^TT ^cTI: I T c I T : , STT11T1T: i l c I T : , Tlt^llTIT: i1?1T: I
i i . ( K l ^ i o ) iffT'fti i f f I T it f t ITfSITlt % %Tf I T I fs^ 1^ | I t T
I f f ft T i S ^ T ^ l t ITIT I I

IT^?^ i r i T ^ I ^sP^I ^f^^^ ^^^'^ 1?15[%Hlt#^=1 ^^V^


^ f ^ i J j i 11^1 i i ? i ? = i t i i i T nft^fe*^^^'?t^'T^^:^'=Riri ?1T I

1T?rf51^Jl^ 5^5=1 ^f^?=1 I ' l l l c j , 1^?=1


i ? i 5 i irfi^if^ti^it^?i^Tfrfr|^"^c=?^ 5 ? i ^ l i f ' 1 -

f i t i 5 1 3T1T1 ( ?1Tlt ) it 1^1 ft, |1 I f 1T11, I T 1T?1,


gfl 11, T1?T 51, 351, I f , 1 f ^ i t T I T , 1T^ f t I 5 I I I T ft I
3if?T?T fifT^ fsq (^?!PTT) I I 5lit 1 1 , H I T (=tl # 1 T ) arrf? i t -
i t ITlt % i n 1 1 i i T (ffe) i n i f w i ^ t i t T itf5T?T ( f n sai)
s m 5TTTT1 ^T I I 1T11T1T1 % 1ft f s ^ | I 1T% 1^1 it 5^t Kt-^t i t
( )

3ftT srtf m i TTT 1 1


S ^ q ^ Jf ?rfKfqi^=T?J1T % fl^T % 51 J T : S T f t ffiT
51 f t ^ % ITT ^"t IT'STTI ITTT TTT I Tt^ % T f I I T f T T T % fstr
TS'SfTfT % 3T^5!T ftT % I I T % ^ 3r?5T ft^ % I I T 1^ ITJ^TTI
^ asTTf ?itf spt U f t I I T i t I T T Tft ^ T T T ^ I T T 1 3itT f l ^ %t
aWT^IITI T!f& 11 5T ?tTt FTfTTf % IT^STTI TST f^TTcl^ TTT 5?T
^ STIT ITf ^^S.^o ct; f?^ SfTcIT | I 11: itST f t sfsf^f f t ITT
i k TC^sft % TT 5Hq;r 1 F 1 1 f t 11 11: ?rtT T t l i f % i T i 51%
1 T 1 1 ^ % fstT ^cff Jr ifllTI ^ ^^TTT ^t T!ft 1 ?1^t =T1?
TL^T'^ % I H gi> ^ I !

lafr i> 'fcfpfir srim: ii?r i I T I R ^ \ TJ.^.


11?^ 11T1 I t 151 TTTf I T l t i t t 31ft 3cT?T S l F l T f ^ ITIIT
I \ i t T 31 ITTf I T l t % i n 3cT?1 ft^ 1T% i f l l T I Tft i t 1T1TT | 1
?1 ^ i r it I f ITSTTr TTT I I T I T ' T I : %R I T I f t ^ | I f??| 5 1
^t i t T ^ g s f f % HTI^ar^T % fair f s r i %Tf 1 111 i f l l T I ?t ^5T1T ITf
TTt' % TT5 ^t TTt i t 3 l f t U T I ^ I ^ I 3cq?1 ft TTT I R!( T ^ l t l
TTt ^t 3 T l f l it 51 ^^T-lTgiTT ? o STftpm ftft sft | f s p i ir??t1 it
T l ^ lFl?1T1 1 T f I 1 ^ I 51% ltf?T?T I T I ( 5IT1T1 ) ^ T^TIT

^ nt, r i i % ^ i i g ; ITFJITI! if i t ? ^gaff ^T ITI^I^T l a o o i TfT i


i n I T T ft 3g? H I T % 3jfTiri ftft I 1T?1lif ^i^ftlfl-
1T1 1T15T^ ftft I 11: c f t i ^ 1 T 1 St? ^ ftft I I T I T T I T I % i f ^ T t l
TtfTi % 5TTI; %m it irf?T?T TJT I I s r i i n fspTr IIT | \ I ^ T TTSf^i
TtfiSTI ft f f t 1 1 5 1 f^?5 51 5 I 1 i r i ^T 1T15:3r?T 1 1 f t fs% t I
fjpjg fisr^i gT % ajTiTi ft 51 i t f ? T c i ^T i f t i i f t ITIT IT I ^ I T
^jfffT! f f l ^ T l t % ^ i f e T ^TS ft Ttft i t fITT I T I H ^fft U l T l f ft
I T f l I T Ift^TTSiftfclT % 1 S T 1 IT'SITlt i t T i t T I T l t ft 51 5t 1F1ITI
ITS 5IT1T1 ^t I I I T I I T f t 1ft I I i t T t i f t l l f ?T ^ f TT | ITTltTt
ft l^fflTSPl i t T W S - T 1 1 T flPl ft^stflir I T f l l f f ft fSTT | , f^?^ 1 ^
i f l l T I i t f ?qe1 (STTin) ^t 5T1?1T f l 3 TITit I PP 1F5 I f i f T ^
qafi ^ ^ S t f l T T t ft S t TTt f t i t i t 1T1 if iTcT i f l l T I ITSt 3 l Y
1R11T1?1 ifsPIT ft T f t l f f f t l t - T f l irt ft i t i f i m ^ fl1T<V
if^JIT 1 f t [
( )

sTT^Tijfyzr isfTTsff r xrr5% ^ '^ffTf % ?rR % snfti 11 f*TTT


^fkm 8pTs % JTjftfijff ft T HfttTTif apr gi TOT-JTas?! spT ^V9 frjffif ft
f l l T I T ^!f, 1?gqT %t I S T l f ft Tfliff a r m T ^^ % ft 3?tTm
3ftT Tfeim ^ f i i k i 3ft? fq;? 5 1 i T i f ft f ? T i r i m i r m iT?st
f t f f i j f f sfiT % gr^FT ft ir?sirif % iirf? i n i i r 51 i i f i 151-
f1 f i T T T T i g i i T i ITF q^rit* ^PT i f i T 511 ira ^ fsir I T , i t t
iTjr^R T i f i i srfezTT vt f i ^ f i i 5ft sfV I T^rfq 3 1
H I T 1^ 31^T ?15;q %T55 TTT, f i f i , WS, T l l l c l f f TfT I 3 l f t # l f t l
W T - l i T ^ T t f*-1t fT^TIfr sriTS'm 1 * 1 3735-=! ijff f t i T I

i f l t l l TTffl ^iM^c; ft feiTT I m l^T^^TTITIf: I


T?il?1T: 1 11?^ Tf ^I^Tsff TJT f ? 1 f t ^1?1T f t ^ | | 51
i l c I T I S T T f FlTir-T ^TS TfTf TTT | i
^'ciflif mj: ?iri5^: ^ 1 I i : I Fq^lfl^r^lT I

5 l f t i l c ? T T I T TTT 1 1 1 1 I ^1T I F f m ^ T T IT^T ( T f ) % s t 1 1 T 1


(TTT) f t f t I i g i t s r w T i i c i T % q5i I i t ? f T T i n 3 i ^ I M ITT
I I 5 l f t T f 1ST 1 1 T ^ ft^T I ff! f T T I T I i f ? f ? 1 ^T IKTT^ | c["T 5 1 * ^
STTTPI IT^ir ^tTtTTITTJ^I ftTT I I T 31TT11TTS*I i a i f ^ l % ITfl
=FT ISri ftTT i t ? Tf^TTTTTTri ^T TOI fsTI % 1 ? 1 TIT 1S?1 I 5iVf5S^
lf?=F i r ^ l T ft ^ITTTITT^I ^ ^Tt % f ^ l ^FT ITTn i t ? TfeirTTTT*1
fST ^T 1f1 ^fT TTT I I T f i f ? ? llfTIT 51 TT ITTTFT?! Tf^ | f^
^rTTt 'sTI TT ^IITlt TIT f l l T I ftft ft 3 1 % f?1 apT I T T n fTTffT ?t
f t i r irffft 11 f ? gT ^T 3 ? T 3 1 % f ^ f H ft ^cTT | I if i f ? ? 1(ff?1
ft 3Tf T TtS % Taif ?f 1 1 1 srtT 3 t n itT ? i % 1 TtS % 1 ^ ?f i f
-mi itT 3-cTI TIfT ITT | \ 1 1
g^* i r WHs,=T?iMf i f i , ^ t T T ^ f : I mfciit i^i^-?i:

l ^ l t ft 1 1 1 f f l ? T itT TtSif ft 1 1 1 11*1 I 1 i a i % ^


ftft 11 f ^ ? T i r f i i itr i f i n ft I i (3TtT) i a i ^ i I^TTIT
m i t T i T o f f i P = i i 1 1 1 (?f^i) % Tsai 11 i IT ? I 'I I
( )

r ? R ^ r T C m % TOT % noHF STTT^I ?Tft m ftTTTT %


SfFTft % fST PPTT STTcT | 1 Tfftf 4 STTTTTir Srt? ifeiimT %
fr fT#iT jr?5cri T T T ? ft F T T T T T % I T T T T ?t T P T T I T frfif ?T scft^
?ft I S T T T I T I ?r I T I 31? ^ 3ft? I T T T ftft T f e i m ? T 3rf ^Tm
3Tt? ITTT I Tf 3Tr? Srt? ?T TTT feffl f^T ft ^TfTT % I I T
gif fg^T ?V 31? TT i f ^ l ?t T f i | I f ? i f i t l | STTITI ft ITft ?1T1
T? q? f 1 11T5T, 31ft 5T, Tf511, 3tl? Sit? Tf^TI f l f | l f ft s r f ^ l
^ f l 1 I ^fST ?TSftIfet f? ^T ST Fl?|ftf??r fTIT ft I it? 3TT?
Tr ? f e l ? t i t ? I f ?fT I I iRrr^l ^^ft ft 3TTT ^t f i f T I ftiT f?
^1 i f ? T % i ? t 3ft? srr ?fT I i t f^ff iTi<ir % i f itit
TfifiiT I T S I T T 1 5it s f i i 1 1 ft Tfiai irft ?t i ? i itir ? t 3TT-
?TT1T?':i f l ' l ?fft I I TTt f? 31 fTI ft ^T 3TT? ? t it? 1?1T IT^^I
f!?iT 11 l i t I T : T ? I f fefeii 1 1ftiqft 3TT? irft ?t i ? i itir q?
qgftTT i t 31% TTT I f Tfai ? t 3ft? TSir 1?f1 ?tTT I ift f t ? f e i r -
T W ^ fT?! ?fft 11 T i t i t ft Tsrs irn % ftft 11 i r i ? s
31?R1 ? T ir?J:VT f r i f T ? ^t i t ? Tf^lTTT ? T 1T?':i 5TT ? >

ftir I I 3rT?ri1T?f 1 % f?11T?T1 ft I T fl1 1?gi % i n ftTT | 3ft


3rr?Tii T!T isji aft? ?rsiiriir?'=i % f?T fsrftTOIi n ftir | 3ft
^fsgiTIT m 15T1 ?fft I I 3rr?T11T?':i ?TS T?fT ^itFll ft ifTBT
% i r f ? f l ' l T? i t ? 1%iri1T?51 IT^ftTT 1T1% I M T? 1 1 ? t ftlfl
ITTT TTT IT I Tf f 5T TSir Tt iriTf?1 IT I
f ^ i q r i w.\ ^(I'^i3rT?ri'nT?':i % f ? i f r i i i n i ^ stzr
it? ?fsiTlTT?n % f?1 fl1 ITft TfT f t i r I I 1 1 11 ITft i t f51 ft
iTft sts: f T i ?t Tsr?? 3ift s i n ? t fTTWT # i n Iftq? TTT ^
f?1-lfe?T 3T1 ft 1T1TT I H T? 1 3TT?niT?f11 itft T T T Tft11
? f l ? f?1 ff^ 1 5IT?? 3tTCT1?i:i % FlHTlft Itsft T ? Ig f?T ?T fsi
i n i n ftir i iTfi^TtFcTi ft r?it ?T I T ITTT TIT | it? 3?T?T-
T1T?I1 f?T1T1 R f T3t (^l.^^fl.) ITIT ITT | I I T ?%1T1TT?*1 %
r?Tiri 15t(?V1.-RVri.) I 1 1 lift ^ V T S t l 2 r ? ? ? l s t ( W v t ; p T . )
^ar^V^^^f^'Tt)^ f^lffS m t ITt I I l i f t i f T ? T T I f f% -H \^\
fTotfi. ^v.vft% 311T f t I IIT? ft 373^5 f i f i ft 'i|fr??Tniit l a
^TT?' Icirf? T l 1 l l t g fTTITI STTT TTf | I l l f l f l 1 f i i F^l-fjl
1[T i t i 15t 3TSST ftTT 1ft friTTI ?T f?11 ftTT I l l f T T l 5fcTlftl
( )

^ i ? i I f i i i fts-ri sjftRrT
f^q:far ^ i ^r^ift? fr fi3
flir I iirfq lift i r i t i ^rs ft i T T i t i t ^ift 15 sqifs^ 111 r fV
irftiT I iRtFqiri fisrit ?r 111 f ? i f feiin ifTwtFiilr ffqr?i
% ST?T TiVsTrfiir % ^ v i s i o i g - t i ?r 11 Pp^f i f s p i i iifsT i r i
iff I f ? arfyirri % T%I ir^ifi^cir % f i ^ s i i iitsfift ^qspsi ?\ I T !
ft V9 srfTiri ? t i ? r T siftfii ft ?iri iff r?irr nr 11 ^ ft i i t ^ f t -
fiiif % ir;giri iri?iV f ? i i R^-K^ ^K-^^^C f^Tf ?r i i i r i irfi
fapit i t fill # 1?tl 5 T t r i 1 ft W 1 1 Ift ft ift ^ 3 1?ltl iqsfsi
1TTTT f t 3 f l 1 I 1

=it5=?ir?rf % i^iiT^^rTT-iiqTTrfTi ft fe^r t f ? 'irii' iir^s-


?Tr ir5T?ir i\T^mi ni?^ rf^Trirr^Tti 1 1 1 T T TF l i f t if
f i 3 I f ? i i q i Trfri % 111 f ? i t ^ T ^ ^ o ^ ^ * ft =TT??iiif % i T i f ?
Tri ? % I T =1% ft I i i T ^ ? t 5ririwT ^ i ? 5 ? i i iff fttir iir-
i ? i T ?t ? t r f i t 111 ? T ? i i i i T t sfiir ft u 1 r ? i iin^ir ? t
I I T T % ? T ? 1 f t I 1 l i f t I f I T f l S ftir I f% 3 1 UTT 11T?1 I T I ? t
iT^Terr fis ^ ? t ft i i r i?sirit % i f i m irfl i n 11, iir^ iff?
f t I T ft I 5i^^q??1T ?tlf ft I I T I f t i> I If I f ? Itit % T TT83-
T T I ^it qi I l i t 155 ft T f ? ? ^ f T T t ^ 1 1 fT<t5I1 I f frT ft
I \ f i i f5T I ' S I T ?T flJ^T 51 ft^ I 1 ^f f^^ fffJT^r 1IS51T1 ft
fm i g r %m ft ?fir 11 ift i n i ? f t ? ir^sin ? t left? f i f i
ft i t f t i t I, I f i f l l 1 c 1 I 1 T T t f ? =T?Sir la'lf ft f?if ft
1^?? STT I T I T 11 it? q ? ir??iri R%x\ f?if ? t ftir 11 t>m:
f ? i i^? i g i q ? i?jir ? t fnfi i i ^ i r i r i t | iir jfiir %
I T ? | i ? t ^fiir ? t f g i f i ? Tt i a i q? I ? ? I T ?T ftir it i f i i ft ft
%s 11 n : i f ? ? T f i ? ? t 5fiir ? t I^SIT f fi?r TOI q? I<ir n r i t
ITfl ?t gl^lT ? t I f f f l ? T ft c f t l ^ 1 3 1 l T f l ? r q? ftTT ft I i t ?
i 6 T i # l i f T T f ft i t i?fti fifq- ? t f fi?r % ir? dffit irf? isrif q?
? f g T t i ? ftTT I l e f t ? ir?Jirift f i l l f i f i T? i^sir ^ ftifi % ? T ? I
ft 5Tr??i ?t ITT? ft i?f 1 ITTT % i n ? ? t i ? f t iTftr 1TIT1 qrfifift
I S l t % i n ft ft f?lf ? t i i T T I T T f 11% fsft 'I?sri1 315: ?T55:' I H
gi ft sr?Ti ? ? f t q? 3 1 . 3 T Tsnt ft 31; f ? i i t ? t I'lrrft iftTt 1 i f t
i f ^ i f f t i a i ft 31; f i f i ?r TT1 irf^n i t ? i ? i t 1 9 1 ft 3ti; f i f i ?r
( n )

im iTTifV \ T%K. ^fowTaff ^ q^jtfif F?rfrat ff 3?ff ispff % mn


% srfjtffi f f i f 11% arftenff i r a i % 31; ^Pwr ?r im arrftiif f f%?r
rrai sfHT ?T TTT ?Tf%^ ftTT I ftiT 'mTm^ qfoimif' 51 %
snr stK^^ ?Tft TT irftTTf sf^TT I T I ft ffTf Tf anf^TT mi SAT
IfTflsiJV ^PTTT ^ 1 1T ft f f i t Tf I T f l ? ITI ftTT I flY 1?!?
'E'fti ?Tfs? If^TTTT ITFT IT'JTTlf ?T TTT U T T TTfTlft arftTT mT
^ T , - t l , i l T S afrfl ft Tft I aniTT TTflfl % I T T iff % TTT TT f?Tf
% TTT I f f T # Tft ft aftT T ? f t ftqTfr TlflTf aftT ftTT 1 5 ? ?r f t
TTflPT ? t argi^lTTt ft |1T I I f??? 'ITITf^lTl' ^ 1 ft
m f ?! fefi ?> ^^m^ ? f r TIT | I m f ?T I ^ I J I m T i ft i T i r ?
i t f ^ % T H ft 1|1 TfftftIST an- TfT IT I I T T i n ft rtfsoi % STTT
ITft 1T1TTT ?1 % IT^ ITft TT l^lt I f TIIT % fsft llftsTIT ? r s TT1
?T ITf ITI f?TT IT I i t ITTT^ f l f 1 ?T TtST ?Tft |tT TTlfr 5f
% STTT mTT i m IT I 11 1?TT IfTITTI gS ft ^1 f t IIITTITaff %
1TT1 ft lift ? r 35ft^ ITH ftlT I f?'5 31 IIT 1? I l l 5 i t % 1
% ^ 1 ?T i % 1 ? f t 1ft 3TS5T ftlT I I 11 f i l l ?T f i f t l l 3IT%
f?1T ITITT I

^ ? T f - S l t t H I I T I ft ftT?Tfs? 3zftf^T-T11T ?T l f l f l f l ? 1 ?Tft


IIST l^?1T1 T51 ST1^r?rT5?ITTt IT^T STtflT i t T I T I ^TtfetT | \ lift
TSJ^r^ H I T "PT XTTTFT 11TT11IT51 % 1 3 1 ifTBT TT H 1?S1T
q? m TW % 3TiiitiT?i ft f t l ft 11ftf?iT IIT 11 f i l m %
1T111 ^ ^fiiT % fsft 51 T1TT ?t i r i f?ir H I 11 i f TfftI I T
f% t I fUS? 5# H I T % I3IK ir=T 5TtflT I T I ? ^TtfifT ?F ^311
51 s g f l l ft ST 1511 % I T H I % isft fTTI f?1T I I i f t

9ifignfit Tin^^en'i.siTf'i^'iti:^fif^^^ i I T I ^rto t\ i


3Tif^ ifftw ft H I T ?T 51 ft ST laif ?r f i l l ? T i r irffft i
i t ^ n i tft5 l t i 1 1?S!1 ?t 51 ft SI1 TTfl ft qfTII ?T% f l l T S I T I ?
1T^ ?T i m f?1T I 1?T^ 3TtflT% 1t;T11ftl l t l ftiT 11% 1T?IS ft
ft Tiflif ft 1 % i s 1 ^ i f l l % ? i T i m fi5T?i i^iTif % i n fTltl
511 H I aftT irrf^r? f i f i ?T iTfis?rT f?iT IT f??? f i i f % i l l f i i l i
^ lf?1T ?T it fl?T1 ?T f s i r IT I f l 1 ? t fITt f ? i t ft ft TSrf3T-1
2isit 1ft ?T Tift ft I
( )

'ss^fH^ ^^%% fiiT ?T cr? i t t 11' m q f i i t i^t ?T


git 11T ^.K I T ! ft l i i i T i ITIT niT 11 51ft itT I T ft i;^<^
f i i S itT ITI, ITffflTI, ?;So ITf? Flfllfft'l '1lf?1
ll^iTlTIT gT^IITIT'lT' f1% I5ITT 1?S1T1=^^ + X=^o ?lft ^ ft
foir 5FTft TT g i ft ?;o^ i ? sTOT|ft 1 i?ff sr^Tif ft inia? i i i -
T? ft STTTSI ? T g i % 11 ft Tift ITft f i f l i f 15Tlf Tl! I T f l ?t TIIT
l i r f 5^flT ft ?t i f I I i^%o 1T?J Rrfnt ft U % ITT Ift TT gT ft
Tif^?t i ^ ftit I I i r g i % isiif ?t i ^ T x K= K
f t i t 11 f??? i^TiT % 1T1 % i f i ? ftft % SFTT1 iti^rfaf? m r %
fsjft f 3 T i P i q ^ ftiTt? i t i i r I f q g i ; f t i t 1 I T T I T I fi3T*i
sTtfati % i f i f n % 1 1 ^ ftl? i ^ T TTs fBoj ^r^^ ft fcrfTif
itr i ^ f ft i t i f T T ^ i t fT^srf 11 i t i irfs^r ft 3f| f?Tr
HIT II

iiT=t ^ i i i % 151TT 1T?lfl?

^^1fg1T1=*^^ X 9o=?j;^o fifT^R1T?J=^R X ^V.^>s;;=?er^*-q^^S(.flr


i^VSX '^a"" ?co\
i5=sisgi

irifi= f?i

?TO1=

1Tt%?r ft I f ? 1?fT sitfcfT Tft ^ ? f i f i ft -oooyt;^ feT


itT 1511ft-ooo^ojt f?fr ? t ? i t iT?ifi? f i r i i 5 t i * irifft1 1
5JT1T Ro^X f^rff ft ti? fftj^ T>iV SftT ^ ^^3^ fiTf ft TOT
Tft ? i t f t i t I f??5 1 1 left? gir?i % ITT ft H T T ?T ITT^I f?iT
1T1TT i tft3r?rTJ[5iFT I'cr^'ei; ft i r i i itT ift Fi^ ft m r ?r ITTJ^I

ft^fl ^ l t ^ T'HT'^migiTft ffl?TflT11T % ^Tft


ISSlf aft sft g=it ft i f I I H f t f l ^ I f ? itT IT?? TOlf, ITlt ITJI
?T i r i TIITsTf^T ft Tfft f t ft ^?T IT I I^T ITSfCtir ? t f e lftTmf
( )

fT frtfjfVg^sft? \\oo^^i ft arwHti i f r f t warn \ ?g%


ftra I Pp m > i s ft qfft T f i f l i t 1? g'fft STcft? qfT5f)iT ft Tt^'ft'
I f e spTft?FT1T IT I i i s r PT f t i ^ l f s f t ? fift ^ JTTltl | r 1^
!3T% TTI f t 1^ sftT T T I ^TtI % I S I I I R ft ftn | | | % ?1T^ 1 ^
ft I f 5 1 mm q t i ITT I I ft q^ft f tTOI!fti f f f t f r i f i f T i m
ft f f r I T I 51 i n 1? ^ I T I f t I f T IT % I f TOlf ft ifiRftB
I i t T iai ftiT 11 l i f t 5% fft 1R133 f T f s f Tff f t igit ft
ftifeftf t i t 11 ifif fTw ft f t i P K i T i f % ifini iTfi TigqTf
I I TT% IT 1% ft i t T U T I ^ITfll % 8T5ITT i3TrTTT ft W i l l
o o i t i f 1"! 11 i T s i T i f % i f i m % *r?jiT ft 1*13 iri
Tft IT 1%ftI
gqg^B f i i n % ITITT qT i t T i i r i s i t f n ft i j ^ i s f r w % if^-
i t i ^ ? i t ft I f s m r f i i f t i T I f f IITI s i t f i i fr Tiirfrs
ijitoo i i ! % snt^iti 1ft f t i f i r 1 n H I f i i % ,o T f t f T r i f mr
So g p r t c i ? I T I f r H T T IT I g i I ' l i r t i m qf%it f r , g ? i s n i
ft f f T IT I i t n i l T I i g S ftft ift 1lf551 IT ftlTl' s i t f i i sfiT
IfTITTI i t i t ft f t ftTTfl TTf^iT f T I R i f t 1, ff?5 f T H I T ft
iri^ fT KTifIT f%iT n r 1 1 nftfes| f% g i ITI (nfifi) %
' itT
\R ^wn 11 111 ffft ^r =^ftitr i i t H I T f f ^ ^ i t i ^ 1 1 ^ f i 5
ft f t i t ft 111% i f i f r ^ B ^ 1 1 ft % iri nr \o ia% a f ^ %
ITT iri frft f T lift 11111 ift

11?^ 1 5 ^ p M t fiw{ H<^ri'lfiri: I T f l (ITT H i f IT Itit


% i n ) iif% (15$ i w T i i ^ ) s T i t i (n^ H I ^ m f l ft) 1
i s P i (itsTfTT if^ t i t f i ) iitfiria[, (frr T f t 511111) i
51 i f ft m r i r irra I % f l i ^ t 15 % m ?n qfrfi %
m i f % f i f 11fii!?5^ ST^T I ff ifHiT % f^ WfT i r i t i
1ft fi!iT H T IT I miT iff f t ^ ?iTif % ft!t? i t ii?i ftuT Tir
ftin f?itllft SHITJf f ITT 11 I f ft f t l 1 T 1 1 ^ f l % STTT
fir^t srtT igif ^ H I T % fsft f t i i m Prfi f r iqiti 51T i
( )

sftniV mm iaTT% m-'Em n Trfmt fT i t H r % i %mf(


W T T ft |3TT I

^iqgrB f t n ITTI fiPT % i q i t n ft ^zm art? H f t ?qzftRrirf%


1T11 % fsft Tfft ITS ^ Tsqq- JTfl % 1TT f t 31% m s t ' l t % W T sft?
3 1 ^ ifft i t 1T151f t > Ttl fT 1f<>51 (Apsline) ffRTf 1 i t ? Z^SS^t
ft ITIT I f f ' 5 ITTltif ft I T f i 1??t51 ft IrT^q q f i ftft
% fTTi T f i f r i t I f i q f T i f i i i ? ? t ^ i ft ft T l % ^qsa n t i i
1?1T ftlT I 1?S1T fT 1?Tt^ Tfl5ftB | 1 f f ? 5 =T?S'% 1 ^ 1 fTS sftT
{l?Sltl-1?5t51 l f l ) , % STTT IsPWII f T55 ft it?T ft I^IT | I l l f s f t
I f S i m 5fl f TS ft 1??Tfl f t ifllflir ITTt IT I f i t I I I T T i t l
STTITirt* f t l l f t i f i g i % T l 1 1 TITt ft 1|1 Tfft ft ITI ft I T1T-
i t r i I T l f l f t ft 1?1T?1T fl3T?1 ITlft % faft 1TT1 ft 1 ^ ffIT IT 31
i n 3?| ^ 1 ^ 1 ft l i ^ l l l f t i f l ^ l ft 51=^ + ftfs* =. f 1 51 flST^I
f t ITI fSTT IT I T i l \m i f l l t^f f i f f i i 1T^ % ^q ft I I IT f f
I T T l t l ^ T l f l 1 ; l l f t i f l 1 % f H i itT ^TKS f i a r i % STTT ft
i ^ i f i T t i , i t i i f i i f t i itT f i f t i f i i t i f i 3 r ? i ! ft srfifBT 11
fsR^JI f t H f l l f l ^ l % 3 q i t l STTT I f l f l f t S1T?TI frft ft
i T T i t i T i r f i i f % 5^ 1 1 PP f i T I eftet { i q s s r ^ i ) % f l T gSTTII
ft i i m ^^T i f i i t i gfg; ft i f n f i f t STT^TT f t ^ I T i t T t i i i i ffft
I I f f ? 3 1 f t TfTf5qir f t f i l l 1
% llTTitTf ft 51 qfTf5^TT f t 1 1 1
fcCIT f f 1 1 itT 1?S1T 1 1 ft l i f t 1151 t, f f ?5 31% V r H 1 1 f T %?S
1%fS I f f I \ %^ iait%5S ft Tf ^ 1 1 11 %?5T f t ffTlf f t ITI
m5B f t 5TT ITIfT 1 T T Tf i I t 3 ^ % 1?cIT f t 1?1%rS ITIfT 51
TT ft 1 T 1 itT ^%5'3 ft f 51 ?1TiT ft i t s m T 3TS5T f IT ift ^^xm
ITI ^ H T It i f l l % g f u ft T T ^ ft I I 51 F5qiT % 55T ft IfT^T
^qPT 3qS5l frft % 1 ^ trsp s{r^ f5qqT ^ l ^ f l f t i t 1 I f | TT1-
If^'RSft 51T5T STTiraft SgltT 1 1 T f T ^ 1 l f t ?ftft ift 1^ f t
fIT ft l i f t 111 I f f t %fS ITI f T 51 ft ft I f fft':i *t lfl
I t ^ 9 n i f l 1 ^ Sfl! ft 1?1'1 ITTftl f l 3 f t 1
3r^^^ i f t ^ n r ^ i I t i g i r w i ft aft ^ w f i i %
i t l f t itT S^' ISTTtT f T T I ^ I T f f T ITCIT I, I f Tfi f t ^^TTlflitT
( n )

s^]m % fsti i^f ?^ ffT ft I f ft 15ft mir f i i f T i 5=s% iftcr:


%
IrfTliS 1T 5 ^ siriOTS ft 'Stft ift frf ft i n T I I Iff5IT51TirS
artt 3rs?zrfa3ir szrrira % iti 551 sirirs" ft ift f i ft i f ft 3=51 i t
iiir I I t iqft i n ft i n iffsir %?stft ^ finr 1 1 51 fnfift i f
iqit 1 M 1 1 % ft iqft I S fsifi ft 1 1 1 T 1 1 q5s?r-. if? 3=si i f i
T|lFl ft 157 I i t I f 3=51 ft lift iftiT itT l i f t l f l 151 H i t f t
Sqsstf f t i t \ f f Tf5 I f f t l f l ft 3=511% 1st I fft I f f t l l i i t t
13? ^ i f ft ifcnt iqssT f t i t 1

3^=T^sr i t t I f ^ 1 1 1 1 % =TS%?5 ft I f fm ft it t^ift it f t l


Tf fsir %'?ft iftir I f f t i r I I T I%?5 ft Tf fi^i ft iTt Xmf f i
ftit I IfflJ^I ft I f fQT %'51T ^1T f t T5Tft 1%?? ft 31 Tt S n
ft i t I f TiS f t 3TT ( l I T i S ) f t i t I SJ:T ^ ft T f f SI If
ftfe qss ftTT i 11 i f T t ( f i + fif2iRs)'^+'gi^" =fi=^ f t i r 111 Tt
t f l f t l flfcT ft Tf5TiS 3ftt ^itsiqiS 5tit ft Sift IT I f ft | I Tf5 Tf
jiRr ft 3r?T i t f t f fTTiTT 3T555JI ft i t i^f i n Tts ft f^TTT 3^i^^r
% i n f t ftTT irff ft I T I f Tt %1S | T f t Tfi f t f i T I I I % \^
Ttif f t 1TT51f TT f t i t i t I 11 fiSTf t Tf Tfi f t STT^TT % fsft R^s
Ttst ft aTT15Tf 5T f t i t i t 1

SlltltflTJ'S ^ t ift^R^'nnr
Tf Tfi f t 11 51TCTr f t stT ST^T l t l i t T T I I f Stft t | I ITtst-
PTTI (TTtfiirit) ft 11 qftf5711 % ft inrt i t i?f 3^11 ^ii=ft fr

f T l t l f f TT I i r t i t T ITITTt f t Tt=Tt'1 S f pT f t f t H T Ift g^lTII


ft f i i Iff5IT%'5 f t % q f t i : I I I T HIT IT; ift ITtstfTTI ft
ft Tf ^llfl f t fl^Tt ft ^%?5ftfsffiT 1 1 f t q f t f l ft I f f t 1ST1
Tfi ft T l T HIT i t t 3T S f ITT f t qftfl % TffT^I f t 3^1
ft T f i ft 1STI HIT I tftr f f ir?ftTTTI ft fIT^IISITf f l ^ l t S T
l i fs% 5TTTisWr 11'"' iciif? ft HIT 11 11 qftf 5711 ft irtr i f t
f t i n 3ftt IJ? T f l i f % fsti ^^giTpniti ?7g gf^ TTS^T ft if | lift
3=51 Tfi 3ltt ( 3'BITfcr-TfTfl ) fT ^f fnt IIT^I ITT itsiTiS
ftfesTT srtt i t s i f 1 fr q f TSgiT'T ^^T TTS ft TTT fllft ^TTtl Tft
ft T f l i t f t i t ?7g STT^TT 1^51 f t IT 1ft | ^ft
( <^ )

'3.1.-T.1^ ~ l f W - ^'^'rf^'"'^^
35^Rr 5ftE? qwJ #sJTT ^ ^ .
~i:^?:=^ " - ^ f ^ - ititft?ifTTiitii

~ % - z . It 1 , ^ 1 3 . 1 % ,
3. iVstW ^
l f l it5ri5s?t5JTT=5ftEif i , i t _ _ ! ! ^ " n I t ?cTSif?r=Trtiiifi
3.1.-1. 1.
51 ir?-f5<T1T ft 1?R %;stl Tft ift I t m 3TT1 gfl! 1TH ft 1T?ft | I
fUft 51 2*1? % SB t o:? % J) ft ^ ftr'TSTir w I I

I f l f l ?t s^mT % fsft g i f i ^ T ^ i i t t l i t s t f i i i ift Tft?57iTi


i i r i 11 f??5 g i fi3r?i?rt ift trftf^qn ft ^"^mfii % n 3?fg I T I
?T 3qitT Tft r?iT I I T I f l l f t f ? g^T-itsTTis % i t i t i t 5 i ? i i %
511?S ^ SffTT f t ^%fSTcr ?7?f^1T % i i % 551 i:t% 15f:%5=Jtl ift
fifs ift H i t 11 (io ?o^) 1% i T ? w Tf I f f i T t i t i f ft f i i itit=5i
11 f t fc^Tir f t i t l i t % IfTT I'ftstfTTI ft I T l t gf?B 1?51 ftft ft
iTiSTT TTt I ifT g i f i 3 r ? i f t i q t s t f i T i ift gffs fT i f f t i f t i r
l i t g ftTT i t 3?Tft 3TTit ITI f t ft l i t fs^r fTft | 5fTff 3?rift 11?1
g f i i l i i T 3 q r l i 11
tf1T^!?f ^ < *!T^[itl 5 l t f l 1
f fr ITIT I f f ffTTfl ?1T ftl ff I T f tlT IT i t t lltf % itTtlt
I t t fTi^ITt srtt flTlfiif fT 5IIT 18flT I M T I f f TT | f f ITI i t 3 1 ^
^5iT l ? r f t i r 5 i i ftiT 11 5 i t ft fo^sft H P % fst^ i T i t i t tTfeit fr
3 ? T ITI 551% % f^sft T t s t i f l f t l f l f l fT l l f l ^ T t ffTT IT I f f f g
i f f i t f i i r t i f i f fT i j f t i TTft 11-ffTTfi ft ^ i # T t i f f f ^ i ^^"1
U'mvi f f i r IT iTtitTt f t q t i ? r f ? i 3ift % f 5 i i f i f 11 q t i
fif^ar 15 t f t 11 3?r% ^ T I S B i % sTjmt ^oo i t . i t . ft q t i f T f n
f f ftTt I fTtt ITI I f I f f ffTTf 1 ft l^fflT fT q t l l t V!. i q s w i
ff IT f f f f l i t I T t i t i 1T1TT ^JffTT fT qtli^t Vl^o' TTlft | I i f ?
51fT I f l T f f t l ft sritS ftiT i t 1?S q t l l t i t K i n fSTT TTT
ftiT I 5 i f t f i 3 t f % n t i t i f % srtT ?IT?I i ? f t i i f t % ^ nt^sti
flftlflfcT fT i t fl?1Tt ffTT TTT 1
( )

zrsnfV ift 3<T55f5iTt, ?rTTT i f f m i5?>5imT i i r i ? 5 i r f r ^gfi


a^jx ft i t i t f t i K i t i s i t f i i f i a r ^ i ft f f t i t i f f 11 i i f t JT? f i 3
f u r I f f m i t i T ft srsit f i m f t i f t ' ^ l ^ i r , i f f t i ft
? ITI f t n r 11 J T i t ift qftf^TiTif ft i c i ? i i f c i ^ i qftf^q^r i f ^
(Deferent) BTfTrT frT ^ | I % i?q>5 % ITft ift 5JTT 551 fTt qT
%*Sr ITI fT ITTTTfl fT mtws srft % fijft l^T I 3 i tfti f ? -
FigiTTT I f i n r I ff?5 3ifr i q i r f i ^ i i ? ? ? ^ i f f t %?s i r i f r
ifrft ift s f f f r ift qfTfi ft i t s f t ^ i f i ft i i i r 11 31 sf|?r f t
\ fiiBTT ft 5ftTrf?i qsssiT f t i t 1 srwit ft 1^ ft r i i r i srffir ft i ? ? -
Bi 3q5W ffirr 11 PBTftif T % ^qg^tf qT ft itsTr??iis35T f t s r i r
11 iTTitif ft 51ft ift^siT I t s fifif ft q)tEir?cif 33ir I'Tss^T ff srr I" \
3 ? i f ft i t i f IfTT f^ft 11^ I I
fe^t^ ^i^fi^?r
f t q T f i f 1 ft i r i t i f % STTT ff^qi i^osti nf i ? i r f t i i r ? T f t
%f?sf Tf i^iT ^itfTT f%ir 11 ff?5 i ? ? f s srft % fsT ^ r s i t %
J I f f e frT ft f ?1TT ft g i f t ITIfT I f itftri ffTT I f f T^?-
Tf fT f f S ft ft ?5T ft^ I I Tft f t 'jait ft f 5T ftft f fsq S^it
for sftT I f f i ft i c T i f t l f t itsr f'S ITIfT sti: f i f i r i ^ f
f t l f t itsTOs i n f i i r 11 f i # ? ft Tft ^ ffcTt f r i r ? i f i f i i i
i t i n ffTT f l l f t fesT f l l t l f i l l f t f i f s 1*11 f f 1 15! ^
j ^ T t i g%TT ft 3 i f q i i i f r s f r i t i m f f i r 1
f s T f = s T ft iqft ftT f i f i % f i s f 55 srift Iff. STtr f ffti f t
, i i s Tf %fttfff t ftfT Tfft" i%?s ^1 5755 I f ft gi%?s ? f i if5:?q=j
^lf u n r I 51 qT 31ft I i r f f i r i t i i r m r % 15ITT I I T I f rs ft
^ u r i f t i m f I f Eft l f l iTTft qT m^m^ss i t i ft i f i f I^IT qsir
11 ffT 3ift i m fTsft 1TT1 f t i m f I f l f l fT c m f t f t q T f i f i
ift i t f i ff^qi 175^2 ft f 1 %f5ftITTI f T ft I f % i t f i t STTT
HTT ^1fS f t ^nffT ITIfT 1WETr1 i f l l f t iflJTT ft I f %
n r i f t srft TT Hft %1S t; f55r fT m T TTTT 1 ffT 3lt i f t a j f t
i t i f r l fT I f T I f IfT ITIfT i t l f l f t l f T f l ft 11T1 fTS 1 Tf % f i f
STTT 11T1 ^Tq>S ^ 3?qffT fT l l ^ l fT% TTTT f f lltTSST Tf fT ? m
T f i i T i m f T ^mftt mT'sfsT % T p % % f m
ftrs f t l
qf55TIf I f f I f iWl^T ft 15ft I m S l l f t T i f t i^f TTfftftW

|itTTf f f T f a r q i t f a r ft ^T%fsftT i q f t Tr f i f STTT ITTT

f T S ft TTTT ITsFT^I f t f t | I
I T BqsfsT ^ T T T % TTT ffqfrfT % STTT TTH TT %5rfhT T i f
T f f % T i f % TTf i i T 3 T % TTT f TS % T T f T TTTT T f T ^ I I T I |TT I
T f f T T T T T J : T ? T , ? T 2 T % STTT I T f l ^ I T f T i T fTlT^I fT ITTTT TTT I
l i t f t %"^T fT 5TfT TTTT ffft 11

fTSTTTST ft n a n ^ q ft fffVT ftfi ft ^ q ft CTTI f t srrn


fi

ffTT I i t T ITT 55T T f i ft W T T q f l ft ^ 3^*^ ITI


fl ff

?1T1 ft TifTT I lift fT'^ Tf Tf %" TTIjjIfTS


Tl a i I I ? T T^TTI ft i l f T ft f i ' ft fIT f T f t TT

^ X I f ftTT I I T I f % %C55T % Teftl f i T I i f t I^T Ttfl


fi=^ fT" fT* *
I I i t I T t T f t % fsft T i n t I l i f t VTC^ ft I I T f T f t TT i^f ^ i t ftiT
T T f l 1TH f t T t I f i T f T f l 5 T T ^ fT | I ITft I f I T I f l S ft T i t f f 1 1
% qfTI: T 1 ^ ITft T i t I f f fT ? 1 T 1 ( A c c e l e r a t i o n ) f l T T t l S I ft
T T T f f t lit % I T fT T T T f T T l t | I l i t f t s f c i w I T f i l l ( I n v e r s e
square law ) f fft | | T?rfq ' T 2 1 ft 1 1 f i l l f t i f i f r f t l l f l ft i f
fiS f T f t T T f S g T l l ^ l f T 5ft -

ft Vre"^ X - f t T T f t 5ITTT f fT I ^ft f t i ^ i t ft I^STT

f t T T 1 f f t % TT ft affT ^ f S T T I f T S % I T ft ITT I f T 3Tft V n ' ft


T u i l f T TiS f t SSTt i f t 5TTTT f f T I I T t S i t f t SIlTTft 1 ? S f i % 1 1 ft

i n I f T i r ? i T i srm ffir i f i?aiT % ^-^^ ^ ^^^^ ^ 5^'


ft TTT i fq>T 3Hft l i t r I T I f t ftftfeif % STTT 3 q S 5 1 qrfll rITI (g)
I T f T l % f ? 1 T t f \.t; \ it2T f t i t Sfjf 1 1 1 f i T I STTT I T S ffTT I
i t ? i t f t S U I T ft 13TT1T3 f 1 1 f T IT'i Ift ft i r q s i |1T 1 1 3 3 ? S 1
( ^^ )

m P T H V i R i f i f I T FT3 f l iJft I sTTfPT? g i ^ srfifk ft n s i %


31 ? m ift iV ITfTT f t fllT I, f l l f t 31ft SSft qt % 35ft q|T? ft " i %
ift fqosT ifV ifft f t i f S i T % 11T1 s'iV f t g s i i r % i i t i i f e i i t s ITIT
IT 111 q ? i f % ffftiT 3q?if f 111 ft i q i f f t gait ft ^ w i i fTs
i t t l f l fT ITI f?i3riT H T I'

3J1 fqjT i t I f f f fqoif f f t i T i f i f i r f i i % ftufi G


ft f f i i f t itt^TiiT % ^^ ftft qt f i 5 i 5!TTqt i m n t fTTi f t
ITt % 1351 f i 3 ffiT Iir I 11 I f f m i?i f i 3 ft ITT f f ITf 11
% ftitr^ G ffoicT Iftoif % 5 t i i f s ft 3Tft |tt % IT? fT i n 1^ i t
i t i f fqijf % ft sift irft i s TT i n f t i r 1 1 G f r i n i t f i s i
ft l i t i r i f i f 55?irfqi % f i n ?rtr i n f f i r , ift i t i i f i i f f i r
11T11
n 3 ? i f % f s ^ ft f i i ft)^ ift f f i i f ft 51 i f n i r fi^ft 1 1
ft 31 I T f t frfTf i i r t ? i t f R f t i r i 1 i r t i t i ft^ft f t st? %=st
i t t f i 2 i f t f^Tt srtr f i a r n ^ i t f i i % 3?rri f t q5si%^ i t t j f s q i
ftft ITft t r i 5 ITS, 5T510 m nrff, i r f t i t i t i ^ i t ftirf srtr
fsfi ftftftns ft%fTf ( ^ i t s t i i r P i f t ) , s^t^Tttt i r f iTsig
131; tT'ii iftftfT ift i t f i f i T i i i f l f l (qt. J^i. i?:i. i t . ) irf^
f r fittT i n r ^ f f i ? t ft^nt 11 f f i f r I^TT^I ft i f r i i ^ i ft
i T i f t T i r i % i s i t ft

IfcTT 1ir"^T^51'51=1ir I^IT'HT


cf^TT^Tsti cT|flcr fitriTf?iif?5'T I
;T2TT ?Tsft i s f t CT ^ ff 11T?mflf|cn
fi#t?iT ^: f 5 n i r r ^ TTg;f% ^ 1

i t q n i t i o Roi^
flo ^\9_|o-t;?
11 i t mm^ H : II

T T ? 5 T t r i R i F ' T i r t T r ' T t i : TTTTTqiTTc^ i f i : n ? ii


Tts%q f g f i T fim ffT^55!fTl I f S t l T I
icfcftg fiit^TiTciftf?^nifi5^ i t u i I
^>SJT 5miiKfiRNWiwTr5 itfafiifqi^
fcrnrtg f f i g i f ^ fcft f s r i t it^rftq; n ^ H

iltjititfTTfTif sffT^ q ^ ^ : II ^ 11
iftj'ir it?: ffqfsqft5TtiH55;^
fitTit TTiT'i^fsctfiKfJon^^Ti I
T?^it??it ?iT?ii5rei T55^q;
T^ n% 11 iftiifii i : II V 11

ifttt m i iTfTi ft i t t 1^ i t i t ^ q t i q t ffR^rfisTcr srftf


ifri-fqi ^fsitit ftft 1 1 ft t f ^ H T f q ^ i i r | ? H f t i t t %ctir
ft ? ^ f i % i r i f t i m 1 1 H i t i i t i f t i r 11 qf% f t ^ f s w n irfn-
fqoit f t q f I T I % f55tT srqft siqft ? r f i ? T i ft i i f s i itfff i i r irfif
f T T i t ft H f T IfT^^ i t f T I I T I TT? ft q i T 1 S T f f nft fS5 i t ^ft | i t
f ? i t tfft I i t t fe^ f^ ^ft I i t n ftTt f q i f % mftsT m r ?ITT
1555% I I "ft^ ftit fqiif SPT I T I 15T1 I I T isfqoft fT H I Tf tIT
TTT I I S r r fT IFT I T 1 ^ TTST i t t Tf fT I T I t T f i ftft TT?5T I ITT-
ft 11 i^ffTiJ^"! itt iTit % m i t ft f t irfiTt % ftjq ^ i sftt i ^
q f t U l t f t i t HBTTT ^ ^ I H f T ifllTT T f |1T f f 11 l^sfqnff
f \ i f l f T f l f t i t t ITIT H T I fT Sim TTT itt f f g l T I q^T l i f t flTI-
i f n t % f l t i t % ISZTIT^ f t srtt |q I

ft T^jfqo^ ITfTI ft f f t n i ft 155% I, I T f t ifiTt fT ?1f1 ^TT |,


ITT ITft TTt^qftf 1?^T^1 f I T |, Tf^fl f t f t l it ifU l i f t ifllt f t
flTft^T f t i t I, H fl1?TnT fT ? T T TTT | , I T SRTf Tt IfittIT ft f l l l t
ftft ^ T \ I T f F i f 51 ft f w r i ft 11 T ^ i t fT TPFTflf IITITI T?f1
ffTT I, f f f f i r i t i fT^ ft H f t i t ^ ^^T-ftlt ft i f H f t f i f Tl ftft
ftft f f i TfTt Tf ITf F i f FTITI i m iqft i r t i F i f ? T ^ i f i r f , iifr
F T f t l l T c I f i F l ^ l itlT 1 1?f1 FfTT ITctT | I

i T f r i t i Fquit f t i F c f i t % I.STTI f t i r t ^ i fq FitfT?? ^ T i t i | I TI

IT1 ft i i r F s T T t 51 % T I T ft i T u t ft i i i t i t T T?TTt f r F?TFI itt Hft


i F i i t f t F i i F i a - c f T i t ft ^ F s i t i t FfTT IT i TITIITT ?fif s i i f r t ft
sm^Tfirit ft 11 i t t i f t i ffTT i ft i t i s f i t % q f t i i i I T T I T -
i n f T I ITfT % fT?5-fl1T1 I 1^?Tit ITT I f i f ft TTTTit % f??tT f ^ i t
fT i n , l i t , s i r q r t , i i r f ? % fst^ i t ^Sfit i t t f^irit fT m iTi^Tf
i n ft l i t i T f w ft i T t r i t i t t i r f t g i i ? 5 i r f t i f i i t % i T i t f i q t
STTirftl ft, ' ^ l : 1 ? T ^ f t n i fTS ft ft ^TtitT fq^if f t TT?TfTf ifiTt
fT 5tf 3tf TIT STT fSTT TTT IT I

ftf i t 3 i f i i t n % 111 i r t f ft i f f s i s i r f n f t 111% i t s r -


f T t s ! i f t ? T ^ i f ? T i T ft f t T i r f i i f t i r , fuft ^1 |cf m|^^ fqus
Tcftf IfttTI ITTT RV i i f ft q f f f i f Tt H I TTlft |IT S^it % ITtt i t t
11 ITft 11 l i t i a ? ^ ^T T f t f i f q f t ^ H f u r f f i r q f t i i i % SFIF^T

IT^I ftiT tfcTT I I

Tf^ T f f f T IT I f r I F f irt | i ^ % iT^^ I T f r i ft F ? i t i t ^


qfft I litF^^c^ 3 i f T - i n ISTI | I I | I q ^ fT ^TtFiFTit ft iTtT53:it f r
ftitm F T T I I FfTT IT 111 I f T t 1111T ^ i r f Tl ft i r ^ t f t F^TFI f T
111% Tl ^ P T ^ fl^RT

fl1T55 JTTlfTI T l =5fT I I l i t ITTTilfT fT^^ f U T ff i t 3IT1TT %


% iTTt i t t - j i 1 qftii ft fTir i TIT ftft |, ff?g I T ftt fiTi-
TTI^ I T t t % 1 S T I T l t f?Tfe Tftlf^TI f t I T t i t f i 3ft IfTf l f l T f t
im^ l e g i ftTt I T t t % iT^8,T fti^ f t l f l % i n ft i * i t f i i f t f t 1 1
T ^ T T ft T f T f i i f T f if^ % f i T t t i T f t l l 1 ' J T f t i t t f t i t | t i^ff ft
r^'^ q f 5 i i ft 51 f t i T T t TTTT ft TOit ft T f i f t & fq; ft i r i Tfft | ;
lltf^tT STTltl ?5tTf ft Tf ffT I f f ? 5 ^ T ft Tft=T1 f t ITIT ft TO1
Tft ft STTft fCT ^fgTft=^^ I, ^ ^ n r g i f t r ^ T ^ l f T t ft f55g-T |
ff:ITlt Tf ITir ^ ft Tf5=T1 f t TTTT ft 15TTt STtT T t T f l l f t H f t | I

TTT:

T ^ i T f T3T?it5fi3TTn5rt: n i TfT: i
itT1T1T?5 ^>m^ 5?Tftl JFTiriTT: II %. fi.

sTTt^ ivT'ct ftT 1 ^1 ft T f ^ i f t i t t n f t ftT T f i T i f i ^ n t ft i r f t


I T f t I T i r q f t i i ft ^ T f t T T i r ft 55T f t ftt i r f f t f t | ( 55T f t t
T t i r f t fTITt ffTT ITT I ) I

TTltl I I T i I T t t % 1 S T I T I T ?TT1 T f t l f n ftft TT?? i t ITI 1S-


f q i ^ T f l T f t 1(T 3 T f t T f i n f?TT ITT i t t ?STt ft H f t f t t % f 1 ft
31% i n f n : i?5, | i , ^ f , g i , I T S , i f ^ f i i t t l f l tT% I ^^ft
l-'SIT i t t ^ i ft ^ t ? %T TTI i t I T f R ft I K R t % H T I i t t 31ft
1^TT i f i f l l f t f t i I, irtT T f f | ITft I t

f n Tt fi tfft t, f f i ITfTt ft I, H fiTT ft mtlflS


ft i t n T i f s c T ft I i T f i f T ? i t ft i f t i t s T i t inr iir ir, ff^
TTit % H T I I ^ T t f l f T T t ft i f t f f f l i T t % m T f ftrs f f I T f f S a l t 1 ?
% i m i t s I srtt l i t i ? % i m i t f t m % f r t i s s i t % s^s T t ft i f t
^ T f l i t fT I T f S T 1*11 f t I f T 1 I T f l f Tnt ft T f i t f f T TTT IT f f
^ f ^ 5 t l TTTlt T t ^ f t |t I I ^ T t f l f T l t ft lift fltnTtj H ITTTt
T t f i 5 f f i r f f TOT I f s ^ i t % =TTtt srtt f i r t r i i i r 1 1 i i f ^ t r
ftt sTTTTt 1 f t ft Ifgr I TT % i m ir% ftft ft i f T i n f?ir ITT ff
i f t ^ft i f n l i t f t i r t i ^ i r | t f t t f tTOTI'^?^ ft iqft TT
f i t t f T ? ! ft 1 1 I i i r I, n f s i T s ^ i t 1 ? % i m Tts 1 1
iq*3n?F1 snWTTstflRTITt^^nT f f t f l srit%: I
f i . ftr. It.
i r f ^ i irfi H T H F R t i i r I i r < a m f STI'I^ST^ i
g ? i 3 i q?2lfl i t i i fTctWci'-d^ itlTIT: q^tlfr-: 11
f i . f i . It.

sri'N^ i8fn-i^s f r I I T I l^ft i ? i r f r f t f i m t iff, ^ aiti


f t i r 1 1 1% ^ 15^1n t f?5rr ft m r | Ift %ft TOI-IOSS ft JTI^T ft
n Inr 1,3ftt H t t iTur^ f t 3 m I'^ii 1 1 ?;i f^":^ fitsir T I I sftt
ITft i l l fT i t TtHTcIf sr^lt ftgr I 1| Ttl1T?1f ISTtI flT 1 WI
itHRIf ISTti % 5TtT i^Tt f t TftfT fT i t ITI ^ T T T IIT | I TTtff
iqft t i n ft sTiir^ ft 3^11! fr ftiTcif T T I I^TTI ft t , 11 fscr sr^qn
% srtT i>"it ft qftfl ft i n n Tfrt ftir 1 I^TTI % i i t ft Tf? T^SITT-

clf 3T5Ttl fiScI I ^"t ^^o ft TTT = g crf?;fT T1T1 I H IfTt ^ f t f T fT


m ITT H f T sTTITi ITII f t Tff f t i f l l t i t t l i f t fftlt fT i n ^^T-
ifH ft g f l l ft STTT ITT ir 1
TTf f i t t m ? i t % i n ^ l ft TTltl itTt ft f?Tt ft, T f I T-'Tt f T
TfTT^ % ft ftiT I T f ITcT i t i t f ^ f fllTT % ITTTt Tt f l 5 ft i t
i t 1 f i lift I f f i ^ i t % 3;qt ^.^ i f t l i t 5^ fq"^ s ^ i t % ft i t t
^ t l lift f i t t fft i l l ft f T U n T f 15T1 11% ITtt i t t TTft tfft I,
H f t T f f i B f T fifTST T T T f f i>it fT fq'5 g i t STTfTItT fqi^t ft ITtt | 1
ir^ftriTT ft T^m | f f : ' T t i 1 f f 5^ sriRr:' i i t i ^tt i t irfr-
i t T fqo^ s i t ft ITtt 1ft 1 1 Ttst ft l i t I f % i r i T t qt Tf f i s ffTT
ff i f ? U f T i t T fqi^t ft l i f t ITtt I it ir% f t i t t T i i t sjTTTt,
ff?5 STtfcrfTit ft H I f fT 'Si^l f t f?1T ITT S=iTt f t TfTT'i^ % ft
t i t f R ffTT I SSTt ft T f f?Tfl f ^ T t - T H H f t f l T ^ f ifffi % fTtT |
^ T i r i t i i r t i t i sitfcrfTit f r f i ^ i r i I T I ^irfiTt ft s^it qt ft i T f n
ft ift f q ^ fT s^it Tt fitft fT f r t i s:it 1 f i i i r i i r f i i i f i i i f t
f f ? 5 i i r i t i f q ^ fT i i r i t i fqtj^ ft i t t ^ f r i f t | ^ i r i n r TT i i T f i i
% ^f^^ ft I T T I I J-^SI ft , i?:it ft ITfTI-fllT'cr ft ?TtfTt ffTT i t
ITtitT fl5T?1 fT I f f t l I 1
115r^i i s i r I f f ITfTitT fqoit ft i t i f r t ft i f i ? f s i t i t ftit 1 1
q f T f i f l i 51 ft q f t i i ^ l f l i t t f i t t q f t i i ft g;T ft i t t 1 i i f r f r t i
TTT I ? 11% fsq ITtt t^it ^ i i T s i r ( i t - i t ) ft ffqrf 1 i r i f ^ i r i t
^Ttfcfir iTT qfiilr f^it l i t ft mtitT ^iftfiit srriis ft T | iirTT ff
SSiit RY iet TT BTittTT ft STTit ^ft T t T f ^ l ft' iJT ft i t t T T ITit |
fllft l i t TS,TT 3ftt Tf ^T ft T f ^ T ft aftt Hft i t ^ Tfft I, f f ^ Tf SfTTt
TfT ft STTfTI ft T ^ T I ft ^ ft i t t =TSft |, Tt^f Tf fTT iTt ft ITS
TTTft TT^ JtTit sftt TTTfT55 l l f ? TT ^I^Tt ft ^ftfi ft ft55 Tft t'IcfT I l i t
^ri ?5tTt ft 11% f55iT I3.f Tf f^TTT Jif sr^fl ft ff snfTI ft tif TTf TTTf
TT5 I f5rT% STtT l i t Tf TOit fT TSf ft g;T ft q f t i i ft i t t
=T^ft v5T STTIT I I ff'5 Tf ITir l f l ft q f ^ T ft ft i t t isft I I STTf-
fftfejT, srqtitfTTi, 5f5s, TtTffifft, ETsit sTif? ft ^sit % siqit .^tt ft
T T i ft f ^ sTTqffTTf T ? f i ft | I Tf? i^it T i i t | i t qit iqiT i t i s T
fft TTTft I W t ff Tf? ft a. TFT flTS I f ITfT^T ft Ifft t | i t S^it %
=T55ft ft ^TfT ifl55T ^tT 1ST H ^ T I l i t TfP: 1 T ? S STTfTI ft
i ? T q f t i i ft i t t irft f?^Tf qf'ft i 1 1 sr^it fT l i t ? '^it u r s i t ft
ftqtfif 1 ft Tf f?TT ff s^sit ft %'?ri ITfi i ifi5 3;qt ft I5f ft srqft
I T T i t l i t iTftit, iifsq; 3ft srqTT ifisT qift ft ftf ffsTTt i f t ftit 1
R'^^o tl- sTftsTfT 3Ttt ?K i t igT5?t ft ftqtfTfi ft i:;it ft ?t ifiTf
n i r I qf it iqft I S T % 3;qt T ^ T I ft ^ ft i t t ^ T f s % iTtt i t t
?flf T F I i t t |1tt IT 1 ffT % ITtt i t t l i f t TTSt TTfTf l f l 1 H IfTt
S^Tt ft f l f l T l f l | f , ff?5 3TT1 fT fTITI 5it 1 tflf itt TTfTf ?tif
ifT IRTT I I

ITti fiTTit sTiftiTl ft ftqtfif 1 ft f^qiT ft I'TTT ^ Ift iit


ft f?Tt 1HT TTtff ftqtfTf 1 ft TSTit % TTfTf SITI % STtT i i t ft
TTfTf ifg f l 5 ftft fT TTT1 ffTT IT I I l f T ITcTT Tf | ff f f i t IT^ fT
n t ^ ffir fTTi H T qt 3 1 1 %i f t stf^rq 3rtt 3i% % ifrft % TT? l i t
ITT qt 3it cTT^ fT fItT ftl ftf^rq g> ?tTt l l t i t ft f ^ 3qS5T
ftir, TTtff s i t g;T % ITtt i t t Tift ITSt srqit fSTT ft qf^ ?ITI ft f i ^
t i T i qt iit i t t g;i ft |tt % |ft | t t q t ftit i i i f s q g-n t r T i ft i r t
f r i t icTti iqssT fsrr i r fit ?TTI ft 11% ^tsT TT i f r fTTif q t i r 1

n ?tif u t i t % i ? i t ft TOi fT irfTf sfTT f f i |; ff?5 I T f i s


sTiftirl ft srqft ftT ft f f i t i t t ft iff inr, n f s q nft if n
icfi ffTT ff 55sit f t i t I, ff?5 ^ irft xfRt i t t | i - ^ f - i f i - i i s sftt
p f t f i r f t |Q[ i i t % ITtt i t t ITS T t ft T l i n r 1 1 1 . 1 . i . giift
%ft?t ft i t i t r s n T T i f arrft Tn ft 2TiftiT|% n f t f t i n r |, ff^f
rifST % i t P T ^ ft i f t I T f 1 1 l f l 5 i t r fqi^ 1 ITf T l i f i i %
fiTITfITt g;i fT ? i t % ITtf i t t TITT f ^ S T f t f t ^ T 1 i f ^ ^ T
% I T t t i t t I f f fT T I I T ITTft T t 3TlftTT| fT 11 f l 5 Tft fTIT t
T l T f ^ T ft Itt % f 1 ft ? i t i l S ?Tfl ITfT itt f T % 1T 1 ft
Tf i r i t t I

I T f r i t T fqorf ft 1?51T f t l f l f t TcITIT I t s I, TTtff T f 3]ttt f t


iftSTT ifcTifST l f l ft 1 S 1 T I I I T f T l 1 q f t l l 1 ^ T f t i t t 1 5 ! l |CT 5Tf
% 1 S ^\3-^ f?Tt % ^TeTfTsft f t T T T i a ; ? S fT q f =T1ft STT ITST | I
fsg: s'st ft T f o' % ^VTT i s g T | , i i f s q ^t i l : ft f t i i %
?TR q f t i i i fT q i T I S ^ T i r | l T f ^ T T % 1'TIT f t ifcTTT % ^ ft H
H I fT qiT S T H I T t f f l i f t ?flf Tfi I I R i f f ftil I HfTI %
T l i t ft T f i t s n f c T 1 1 S H I i t t f ^ ft 3 1 1 f 1 I f 1 ft f i n f r Tfi
f ^ f i U i t t srfTf 1 i f i f xrx" f t i t 1 1

f ? 1 ft H t t % H f t T i g i f t l f l f t ^ f l 1 T f t f f H H I f H I ^ i t f f
g i % H T f t l 15T1 ? f g i t 1 t 1 f t f T H I ff?5 f HT qftii ftlfTI
ft f f i t f T T i H T qt IT ffit H t ft 351Tf ITTt H T i t t f a ! f?1 H ?
fft l i t H t ft ftlTcIf S ^ H f TTit I T I i t qf5=T1 f^rfcTI 1 3tr H ^ f t
IHI f i i t t 51 f ^ r f l l ft i f i f H H f t i t I I l f T 1T?TT Tf f t H ff ^
H t t % H f t T q f ^ T I ft ^ T f t i t t I S t f T I I f ^ f?1 Tt f t I'^l t f f t T t
T f ? f s i t i t ftTT f f q f t i i f ^ r f i i ft i t H t T ^ T ft i t i t 3;'=TTt q t I ^ T
IH H , T f 3 n f T ' H l T f t qf?tT I i t t ^ T ft i t H t T ftiii % q i i it'I
q f H H T f I T f ^ r f i i # f f t 3;qt i s T H t , srtt f i t r g r t r 3 i f T ? T R
T f T f t f S H I I l i t TfTt H l t l f T S ft H t t % H ^ S T ^ T f t Tfi f f T H
S H H TTT I s r f l f T I H t t % %1 ft H f T I 1 H t t % T ^ T ^[1 % H I fT
f u t t i i t l i t TfTt f i r I q t ^ ft i f i f % i T f T i t T t i R t % H t T i t H t t
% 1 S T s^T % H I fT H t l f l f f u t t i ffTT I H Itt 11 ( i f f s f c j f ) Tfi
H I H fTf?3f 1 1 R f T H ITT IT I H f T fT^TT T i l Hft f f H HftH I
^ S T f H f l fT 5tT I T f t 1 1 H ^ ^ 0 S T T T ^"S^K'^a. f T l t ft f t H H| ,
f f T f i ? s H fr i f f i n f t i t l f l i f i f ? i 1 H 1 i f f ftit I ^ i t t fsrt
% H i t ft T f HT l f l ft H i T 1 H f i t t f T m t I H ^ p n t t ft i t s r i f i
ft, T J S l : <^ % ^mi ft T f ^ o f ? ^ ft ^ O - K " aftt TTT % Hmi ft R^'V."

TSTT I I I T f T TH'tT ITT TcTSTTT llftTT I

T f l f ? T T^STT l l f T I *r 3TTTT TTT TTSft | q ?feTI=Tt f T H | I ITfT


fKT TTT I I T T t fTTTt f t i fO; TTIITT fT=TTtf I T T^m T t T|% f f
=H5TT ft tTcT: T f T l T f t | ff== ^T % H t T I T f T H H TTT TH TfT^TI
t f H I i r t H 3TTH TTT ^^ % TTTft T f t f > H 3Tft 3r?TfTt W H t f H | I
3T% T f r f l c T TTT % Tfgf^T TSft TSft ?fST~tlt fTft fT fTtT Tf | f f Tf
g T ft T f T TT% t f f t i ^ H f t T t T f H ft?(T | I "TiS??: 3 T % T f T f H TTT fl
flHTT m f H t TTTft f > H | ^ ft fT |5- Tift | I I T t f > H I T T T t l f

f T f f t ft Tt t r s f f H I I

fTcTTT:?TtHHTtfTTtTt: f f t i TTcTS'j; i j
tT'WTHSJTTfTi fiTtftTTI-qtTtT II | . T. =T?5=TTt II?II

sTTtq; g;T ft Tt% f ^ T i HCTT fT STTH T T T g;T f t f f t i f ft T H Tfrfw


tfH I 3Ttt 3 T f t f r C t f ? H ft =T'5H fT 3iq?ft f t W H ft SfTH TTT Tft f t
f l H t f H I t f t ^T T ftTcT T | fT I

1 ? S H fT T f T l i : T t T t f f t H H | ,3T% fTTT ft T t T f M f t f 1% |
fsp ^r^TT =T?srH % :5Tt T f t f f ^ f t f f t W T^l T t s t s f t ^ f t tTT %
H T f T t fT H I f t i t I t f t Tt TfT f t t f T fft"T s r f l TJfScT f t f t Tt
f STJTt 3tr% BT^TfTt fT ft ftit I ( Tfly T f TTT^T H H H f f TTt
H f r i t T f'V^i T t I S TtT I 3Ttt I T f t TTft TTtt S ^ i t | ) I t f t :

T f s s r f t if^rfT t i i f f T t T T t ^f^H^Hrti^rj]; i
m q f f l ? T i t ? t f T f f H IT Tf'^t^TTH: 11 | . T . T ' S H t ^ II

ITft f T S I f f I T =T'3H 3Ttt ^T q f H T ftft IT T f ^ H f f t fe^Tf


;Tff T t r r , T T t f f I T f ? T H 5 H ^T sftt S i t % T^T ft ftTT, f i T f t I T f l
3Ttt H T ^ % H t T STfTflcT f > H i t fTTtt s j f i t ft itE55 t|TT I I T f?Tf?l
f t f T STHTT^H f f i I I 3 T % H T srfifTT T ? S H ^T ft ( n ' ft sifTf)
Hft T? H H f t H , f l T f t T T f T T f r f i T TTT f H t H T f t H H H ^ T T I Tt
UTfTT =H5TT fT ^ i S T f T f H TTT fTT^ TTTft H H f t H I ITft H5TT
Sftt ^ % T^T ft f H t t ftit I W ftTfi f t ^ f i H ffft I I Tt H=SH

itt ^ f t Tfnrt % a m t % 3Tfmt I ^ S H f i % qf itr ( STTTTTFH ) %


c;
IT? |;Tt 3T>I m ^^'Kfersrift | l tr^ ^firiT ft f l t t ^fHTT cff
i t IHTT f t m s n i T I I l i f t f l q? IT^TRT f ^ t I

=HsRT % ? ^ f t f ? 1 i^TT f ^ S T f l f ^ !<.V f?T f t i t I i t f i %


q? l i f t r??r i^nT ft f^ w ? ? f ? i '^^i f t i t | i ^^^m srf^f i t t i i
% 3r?cr ft iT?3Ti ? ? f?fr ita? q f m r 1 1 firt a r i t i Tcf^it ft i m f t
fiTftra i t t Ttfit % m iT^sTi f r m 3 = i ? T i ^ % f^q ^ f s r f s r m
f t f e T i T f t 1 1 i ? T i ^ s i t f i T ft i t t m f t f ? T mm ^ \\ i i r I T ^ S i i
f t f ? i mm I T l f t srF^Ti n f?i % i^t i src^f q t i ?i q t ^
ifiirit f t f e q i T f t 1 1 I f IT?IIT irtif^fit i i | i |t 1 1 fwm, fq;t
i t i g f t H i t i I I T ft 1111TT f r f i t i i i f c i I, ^ i f f f lir f t f T f e q t
I T t i t i 3iit%T f t i t i q i t I ft?T^ s i t f i T fT 111 l ^ i t 1^ 1 T I

51 ITIT I ( ft?T^ ^ i t f l T fT 5tT F1TI irft TITIT ITTTT) i f l l T I fT


111 ^ % ? ft i t I T I T I I 1^1 f t t g f l ft f f T ITT I f f

ft? iTiT^ "mm ST?W TITTCT: I


ftTT 1 ITITTft I) Tt, T t l f 1 5 II

l l f g r i t T W 11 f t I T t i f t f t TT% TITTTI (fTT TSt l l f ? I T I 1T^)


?^ I T l t f t i T i i r I srtt i t n I T l t ft "smm ftft TT^ (ifTin ) ft it
I T H T I I 11 T f T t I T t i ft n 1 t ? ? 1 T i t 1 T T fT f T I T I f t f t i t t i f H T I
HTft f t TTT Ti'ft? f r s ft =Tir I T t f t f l 5 ftit | I

q f ^ f f T I T f f T I f f 1??1T ^ ^ ' ^ f ? i t 1 1 T 1 1 f f T t i f q f t ^ T I
ft 1 T H I I ( l i r f s q i r t i t i sitf^T ft I f 5 1 T g T T I o ^ f t ^^3 TTlt ft
itST ITT I T T t f f 1??1T q f f T I ft q f 15T1 % H I t f H | ) q f =Tri51T1
"RVK f T i fT f t H 11 T f I I T msm i t t f T % q f I f I T t i ^^o %
IHt f t f f l l f t H I I q f 1T51H1 ft flflTt ftit I I 3TT T f ? f f i t
f i T I fcTfl f t 1 ? S H f n 1ST1 % H I l H H f t H H f t ^oTt f c t f l f t T f
H 15T1 ft s m I H ?t I S n l i f t f t H I 11 T f T t n H^SHlt % H ?
Tf f5 f l 15T1 irft f t H I n f T q f t i n i f f t n f f ?^ H ^ n i t f t
i H f a % f r s ft =T7s-H % H t T i n i f % ? ^ q f t ^ H 51 ffq m 1%
ftft, f s c f : T?ftf M i ' s w i i f t f i T i fctfiit f t msm f i n i s r i f % H I

ft ? f s i t i t f t H I f i f i r t i t t i s n t % n f t i t i * H i f r T H f i r t ^ i i t
ft 3r?Hi aiMtifTs ft ft s H f s H m 1 fiTtr Tf?f n f f r i n * i H f t i t
i f i % ^ spfiTTi f i ^ r a 5.

ftlTT I I STPTtcm H T f 1 ft fs^T I f f 'TT f T TITTtTFTTTtTT TT t t f f TT


TTltft ct^TTTTTTtT' STTfq; iT T f T5TT'^ f t STTTTTtTT | T f ttFlit ft f T
ftTt I ITT 3I?TTTTT f t T T =TTffq ( 3tTt T T t I ft T f STTTTTtTT ^ftg f t
ITTTTtTT f t i t I) 1 T^fT f t STTTTTtTT f> =T'5TT 3 n t 3 1 % f 15 t t f f i t
i t i t f t ? f s T > T t I f t f>ft I nft f i r t T r i t i ^fTit % irfn-fitt^Ti
i t t T f l f l - T 1 1 T % f 5 1 I f f t T i t % f s q ff q TT S T c i ! fT T I T S T H | I

1 1 1 T % fTSTITT % ITIT'T ^ifTfTt ft lift % f T t I ft STTftI f t


TTTt ft i ? f T TTTT % I T l t f t I t f t 1T^ I T I T I TTflfT ft 'TS{11 f c E : fTS8:
V R I ^ - H f l % ITtT I T ' S I T l t f t fTTi fsfTTt ft f 1 5 I S T i t % I T I ft
' 1 1 ' T?TT f t % fcffTTt f t T t l ^ f i i T T T i l l | I t f t : i f t l i t T8fT1 ft
f i ; f T f l fT ITI ' i T f t l i t ' i t t f i f l f T 15TT ft f i ; fifi fT 111 frfctft
ftiT I H Tfr?; ^TttTI TfH I c T % ITTTt T t Tc^f I T i t f t ' j f l l T l t ft
H s i r % iri i t T Tfft TT% i 5 T i t % TTI ft f t 3 T ^ f i i T s r t l l t l uit
fifiTt fT i n i t t T i T ITT I f'T;t i^ft ^ R i r i f % T i i t ft i * T f m ft%
m t % i n i t tT% Tft I inTTirfifi ft 'irfn^ T t i m i t V R I ^ ?
11 f T ft qtiirit TT% f g f i T t % i n ft '11' T?TT f t % m t % i T i t f t
i t i % f i g ffTT I I ift f i T T lafTT 1 f 1; T t f i i T i t fT TT1 l i t artt i i t
q t i i T i t f n m ft f t i t , i i f T I T I i i ftir 1 i i r T f T t fTir^T I8.71 ft
f 1; itiiTit T i T i r i t t t i r i t ^fuT TT^T I T I T I T T ftiT 1
flfl-15Tit % ftit 1 I T ? 1 f t i q s f s T STtT I T t i t T t ft 1 % 1 S T^sWr
i t t f T f t i f i T t % l^ftTI f t 5rffTT 1 T f l f l % f s q TTT T i t l ffTT,
T c f 1 1'51T i t t f T % T f i t % f i T f l l 3 T s f 5 T % f s q i t fTfl fTltftI
f t I i T f i ; f i f i - i 5 T i fT ftit m^i i T ^ s m t i t t i ^ s i r f t ^m^f^it ft
mftTI I I I T ^ S m t ft f?T i^TT H? TTT 'jfl f T T l t ft
T^TT % f 5 T f t i t I I T f t TSsTT ^VR 1?S tTf f f i T t itt ?^ t f l - H f
ffcTTt ft it ftit I it ? ^ IT ? o I f?Tt f t T^TT % f 5 T ftit | I ITtft
firit TTTT ft TttT (saros) ST^TTT T f l T f ffft | I T T ? 1 T n f T H l t fT 1 1
I ff H t t t l fT TIT TTftTTT i r f l T t ft ft STTTT IT, f f ^ f f g f l i f itt
isnt % ftitiifi % 11 i ? % T i ft 11% TIT srrft fT i i iTtitit ft
ft f i s T T i T f f 11 ITft ffs Tfnrti ft f;n-ii % m % fstr f?ft irft
it ftit 11 f T S T T ft T i m f i n ft f f T | ff Tfnrti
i m T t t % 111 ft
qf qgr 1 i t T f i t % sTft T t i i
f T s ft i i fT m fir lit fii^rtfri
imrtt ft ITT fTiT ff I f ^ ? ^ Ttnt ifrt ftft |q ftti-in>3it fr
g i f t TOT ftTTT 1 1 % f t 3TR % if TT fifl^ T l fT i t TT5T ftTT I H
?fJIT i t fiOTI ft T TT % TTH ftft T t qf T^T ft 5t T f i t " f> l ^ f t Tf
feTT ft fSTT f f 3IT TTTTf f T TTI i t H TTT | I T f TT Tt TfT
=Tf TTt % 5?T I I l i f t Tf ftnS I f f i r t T t T t ft T f T T f H I TT I TfT
=Tf f t T f f a ^ T H I f f =TT^ H i t ft f l T - f l T T f l H i t STTTTtHit
ft -HSH srtt f T % TfT 5;ft ftft, T f T I f ft ?Ttt 3TT|ffT ft i t 35=ft
H i t f t ^ f l T T i t t S T H T t H i t ft T'S cTTT t f T - T f T ftft I I T fcffTTt i t ? :
T ^ i t % i f f c f f r s % H I T % f R T Tf T f T T f fgfT-TS,TT-=Tf i t f f T H
T f H I I fT%T f l H f i t f t i T f % S T t f g f T H T T T i t f T ' H t T t HfTT T
TfSTT' TTTf f T T n I T H =TTffq I fT^Hf^T H f s f T ft T f l T f i t t fg'fT-
TSTT-Tf f t T T H I T I

R V ? H 5 H M 5 f g f T S = ^ V ? X R ^ * ? ^ U ^ ? = '5;K=^Vy.^o^o?
H f S H T t fT f T S = ^ H ^ X ^-i.'J^zir^R^
H5-tT| T5fgfTS=z^V^XR\3'^n^^ =^y.t;mV3
ntfT-tT| = n X ^ Y V ^ rz'S.y.ciV^c;
TT U f?T = \^X^\rR'i%^\R + ll = 'iX=^V%Wi

s r e i f 1 ^ % i t T t f T - H ? % T f T i T t =TTcfTt^i H f l i T T T2H%
f R i t ft H T f t % f s q S T T H i t S t f | I SfriT l i t f t T? f l H t T ft i t H T
? n T T H T T f H f ^ T f T I H T i t f f =T?SH i t t f T % T f i l fT f T t T Tf |
ff tTf srtt % g H T f 3Tgt =T?SH srtt f T T t sr^TfTt 'Sfft| f n i f t %
T f m t f f 1 ft Hft I I TSTI? ft I T f T T i T Tt ffTT TTT | I
T'5H fT ^TTtftHTH fTSTTTft: I
3T^fTf TTT 5'it ^ T H ' T i t T j : II i(. II
nTtrttT Tf?fS I TTH BTTtfeTtTiHH aTTTfq; I
T?f fT 1THSTT&T f t t ^ TfTH^fT??TfT: II \ II

H H f i i I T HciTT I t t H 3'itfTTH fTTTttg; 1


cT f T i t SifT T?TtTHtlt ftfTTT T ^ = T t T H II O II
TTsit TfTT ffSlTT: TTT^ f t f t H i H I T T t T f i S T ^ I

s r f i : f T ? T fTfT T^TTTq; t T T t T t t T H T T 3ff5Tfi; II II


T t f T tTTtfnTHsfTMHft: I
S T T T t c T T n f H T H i n i ST^TTfT^ II II 1 5 . T. ^.tVo

sriI f T Ift % fT tTTtf ( tTf ) ft f^l T T ft STTS^TT


ffTT g T m\ s t T arqft ^ T T T ft i^ | q i s i % TtT q | ii a, ii | !
IT 5% srrfll % Tt% f i t | f ?TTt5 ft TTTT fT TT1 ffTT TT s r f i ft
fttTTfT ( 5<tT T n T1- TTTT ) ft ^T ft f T T f fT ft TTT ffTT 11 \ II
I ! 5*^rt t f f t 5t|t STft 5 ^ TTft ft ft TTTT T T % fTtT f T T S
T TTT fT f T T ft, TcTTT ft fT sftt tT^IT T H fttt t5TT f t t II ^ It
TcTtt % ( TcTt frfTT H i t % ) TfIT ( t i f T T T ) 3ifT ft i T T T i t f t ^TT
ft% ( T?fTt f t f t i q ) 3 ^ 1 f t t t TTTf ( ^ T f T n ) H T ft TffB f t f t
|IT TTT % H t T ( ftT f t f l T T Ift f q ) 3TTfTl ft f T f t i t t s f s STTTt
itt tTf f t HTT fT T t f T ffTT II =: 11 f^TT f T f t t l | ft T T ft STT^TfTT
ffTT H 3Tf"t %TS 3TfT ( f S % ) i t T f t HH f t T % I H f t | TT% f s q
T T T T f> TfT II ^ II

ITT i t TTT tTS T ft f f t T f I I qf i t fTTfT fT f T t T , tTTtfHTf


S t f t f H t T #1 TT H T f T t ft f T f TfT5T fT H T f t H T t t TTtt s t f i i t T t
f H t T TfT % TtsT ft T^TH m T I T f ^ t H T f t T f f T 3 f t H | f f T T f l S
ft T f T f T frtT spTfTt Tt TTH TTT H f f ^ f T T % T T H t f t HtrfTfTT Hit
Tft H T f t i t I T T t t T T T i T f T^T f T f S g T | f f i f T T T f i t T Tt^ i t t T t
Tt TfT % H t t T srtt 3T?g f t SfTTi i i t t 'kX^V^ f ? T f TTTT H % TfT
Tf ft H i t T f T t f t TfT^TTTTt Tt f f H f t i ^ I StfT itT Tt I T f H H
ft 1 l i t f s q T t T i r ft i r T T f t aiTT f t T | | i H f f T f fTsrif f ft
TT

^ i f t r f t t T H fTT ft V o o o ^^ 5^ f>ft % fr^T TfTTf f TS HfT^t


T f T itr ft f t Tfft I I T T t f f T f TTf % f ? T fTfTTSITTf f H H HtTtT
H T I fr I tTT f f 3;qt fTTTTT ^T f f T | I T H t f. f f T t it H T I T ft
fgfT TS,TTt f f ? T t T I H T T t H H f t T TTTt f T T T Tft t # Tft t 1

T f T f STtfgT f T it ? T q fft i f f H Hit T Tqsssr | T H T T^TTt


fgfTTt, m^TTTt, TtTt fTTTT i t t itit STTTt f T T T T 3q^5sr | i t t TSTT
TTH f i i f T T^T ft f t T| I i t T T T T T TTH T^^TTT f T T5tT TT I T q -
ttT5 fTTTt fT TfritT ?T^q f f t I H ^ ^TtfTT ft TTSST ftH | i t TTH
% H t T fTfTTt, T8iTTf % H T ft H t f T f t H | I ftH'^ ^TtfTT f t T T T T %
TfHt X. TTt fT q f f T TTH T H | i t m S f T T f f f T 31T Tf^T | 1 q f
Ttt T T f T i f fT TTH T H | , I T f s q X Ttt TTt T y A = ^^^o
TTTT fTT ftft I I qf fT ft 5^^ H'5 T T T sftt ^ TTT ftft | IT TfTt
1f1% apFl^ ^TTRT
. 11 ft ^ i f l l T I ftft I 1 I T ^ ifllTIt' ft f g f l l f f t i t I I 51 ft
?;V3 TT5TT1T1 ftft I I I T I H S I T X = ? =;o^ TOlf f t TTt f t T T | 1
51 f T 3TrtT TrTtTTOT 3T1TT ?f5T1TT1I?1 ft f>1T | , 11 1'31T i t t f 1
i t i f TfTgT 1^1 q t ftft I i t t I T T I T I fT ITt'^l f t i T | I ift :
t r t T f ftft i t I T f t TTT I T f ITTtrat I

?TT1 l ^ r f l f i 1 T T ? 1 T : g^55tSTiW?f II % II ( T T ^ T SJTtfTT)

l l t f 3T1 I^STT i t t f T qf ITT i f T g T TOT q t I T f T I ft f t & | l i t


51 fT I T f ? ITT sftt T l t T T I fT I T t f l f t i T | ; i t f^sqs,T f T I T f ? itt
gqiti ftir 1 1
ftrr^ ^ i t f i T ft t q s | f f f i f T TOif f ITT %TS =T?5TT, fT % TSTT

i f T T f f t T I I T % TTTTt T t TTT^ Tft i f T T t T f T T T f % T f T T t | 1 I T f t


tqs I f f T ^ r i f itt faf^rif % iiicTf fiiiT I T T T T Tf i f t f f q Tft
ft I ^ T f f f . TT % TTTT fTlf f t T'sTT i t t f T f ^ i f f t T^TT fT IHt
ft% T T i qT T ^ T T T T T T I f t irf^Tf fsfTTT H T f t i f | ; i t t I T t TfTt
H?TT % TOT i t i f?Tt' ft T5T1 T^TT ft TTT I f t T5Tif fT TTT TTSST
f f T T |1T TTTT ftTT I 1 ITft f T 5 | f f TSTlf % f t i t T TTT fT f t f f T ? 1
1 f t I I ? T H T ft H t f t T f l T t , T T T f f % f?T i t t T f t % T f l T f fT f t t
Tc%T 1 f t I 1 i t f t f T H f ^ f T T T t t TTt % H ^ l f l f f ? 1 ft l l T ^ ft qfST
I T ^ S H l f i t t H5TT TTTf % H i t ft f S T T f t f t | :

K T t t ^^=^%rR'J.\^%RXX=K'='-RVR'='l^l fTT

%R m^?mm=RVX^,o'<%X%.R = l^^'^'^'^K f?T

=^\3 H5T1TTT = ^V3-^;^t\^X'5j\3= ?=;^o-y.i(.n f ? T

TfTTftqTEHT i t f I T f t feftit i t ft % H ^ ^itf^T % I f H t fTHT-

: f f T TTfsfT i t I I

? f T ft t f T l i = . =tfTTT1
?fttTTT=^o gttfTT=?=:oo
=^STT1='5;^ =TT?S f T 1 = ? = ; ^ o
STlfHT =^0
H T T fTT =?=;^o
T^ritTi =?'=;^sc
HSTH
1T51T1lfT1 =?^^=;
q? i k TT i TTTT fTT =

=TFSfTT =^^^
TOitTT = ^^\3
q? i f s i t T 3fTT T T H
gtt fTT =?c;o
T T f c S =TF? i t t T3:=grT^tT 5JTTtTT % f s i r H i | q "TTT^fT f T i
T F 5 H T > ' 3ftt H t g f T T ; TTT TT % T t t fTTTt* i VAo'?.\3 ?T aTHt | \
1T?T H c T T T | | H f ? T I t T T H t W T % fTT T T T'STT f T q ? f T T f f T|f
i 3rTt*T ? t T T H f t f t T t T!=T T T % 3T?g ft T=TtTTHt*T fT fTT V^o<?.i5
% Tti5 f t f t H 3Ttt % 5TY % T H t T t T f 3THt S T T T q f TT^STTT f^T
3ITtf X-^o'?.^ X ^ = ^^'^Kt;R f t H ^ T I I T f s q ^ T f T % T H ft q f
TfTTTT T f T f f t TT&TT, i t T3=H^tT T t T H % f s q ^TT ftTT I TTtTtT
STtfTT % TT?ir S T f To T f t HSfcirr % TTTfHt TTf T
^y.'.|= ^ i ; BTfTTTT H H f f f t I ff^f H t c l T i | j X ^ y . = ^ . Tf^TTT f t
HH ft'ft I I T f s q %TT^ siftfTT % 3TfTTt "^X TT! ft T^f^fT TTTf f
BifTftT; ^ 3Tf?lTTT 3Ttt f f i | , f s i T f t fST Ift T t f t T H ^ t T 5TTtH
55 f t T f T t I I 3TT: T T % f l S ft ^ f T ft T f ? f T n TfTTTT
feTH f t Tt f S TfTHT f t H ^ , I T f s q srf^T '^K T TT ft q f
TfTTTT srtt f T f t Ift T TfTTTT ftft I T ^ T T t H ft fTT TfTTTTf
ft TfT ftft ft TTT 3Ttt fTT T f T T T T f fT cTIT f t f t ft T'| i f P T c T
( 5TTTTT ) f f f t ft I TtfsTT f T T f i t T T | ff s r f T H T T i t i t t H i ft T T
T T f t T T T 5 T f H f t i t i t 1 STT: T f feTTT T f T T f t H T T f i t | I

^TtfTT ft T l t T T T T t i T % f T T H T ft 5 f T T T T T t * T % f ? T T f
f t T T H f t % TTft T | fTT ( T f S T H T H t ^ T % fTT ) ft TTft ^ t ^ fTT
( T l t T T T T t l T % f ? T ) f t T S T f t TTft TT % H f t fTT f t TfTT ft ? f t
TTT I f t s f s T f e T i f T f f ? T f f s ft T S T T i t fTTt fT fTSTTT S T H TTT | I
f f ? f fTTTTTt fT STfHT H/^ ^^T | , STTtf TTft f ? T fT ^TtST TTft TfT
f?T |> I T f t T t T t TSt H i t I T f ^a. i T STSTTT f t f t T t | 1 Tlfc^TT fT
3imTitTfr|l ITfsq f ^ fttfTTT Tf TTTft | f f %H1=-^itfTT %
f T T H T ft TTTTTT T H T | , f f ' f T f TTTiH Tlffq ff ftH^ ^zftfTT %
TTT H T t fT f T H T T f T t - T H T T t H H H Ttt fTSitt TH TTiHfTtHT
ft H T f t fT 3t?f(tT TT I Ttt f f t T T f t T T T T t f l t ft i t 1 fTTS
11 filler

f ? 1 I T I I S I f I T I, I I T I S I f f % H t T f T S H H - f T f l % s i l f r t ft i T
f S I H t 1*11 I I 1 1 STfTt szftfTT fT f i T I ^ 5 I T t g t T | 3 1 %
f55iT |g-^T HTT1 I S T l t ' ft S R f t H I T | ft?!^ ^ i t f l T ft f f T T H | f f
??f^grfif) TTH^TtTT^ HTfTS^Tf flfTf^^f ( H I 3 T T T \ )
i f T ^ T ft TTTT f t 51 fsrfTT ft 5Jft f q TSTTYft T T H H T l f f q I
%?tT3TtfTT "ffsg fT TfV | , I T f s q T5,T1t % sn"t fT TiS OTT T f t f ? H
T H I, f f f f H f t I S f t T T T ^ i t f g q ft f T T ^ r i t fT TiS l ^ f t | sftt TH
T H f l , f i q - f l , ^ T , H T f t , TTTf, T T , t l itt i f T T T ft Tt T H T ^H
T T 1 ft TTtJT f t TTSTt TTt | T H 11% TiS T t H T % fcT ft f | T^
I I IT T f R fT l i f t t f f SiftfcrT f T S ft T f i T q i f fST 5TtfTT
f t T s i t TtT T ? 1 f t Tt I

STt fT ftrrf ^ i t f T T ft T5T1 T T H TTTSt fT f l ^ T f t 1 % tI TTT


%TS T T H % HtT f t TT'STTTY i t t H S T f l ^ f l f T S % f T T T f f t TC=H
fTTtftT f t TTt I I t %TS TSTT T 1 H % ^T'CT fT ifcffTflcT ftTt | I
f ttfTTT f l S F T f % TTTTTTt T r f f T T l f ft f t T i f t T f ^ ftlHTT f i f i fT
Tlfl'SfTt ffTT H T t t T f i f t f i f i ( i f t f T T TTT ) % ^T T f TftcTf 1
fT i t t f T S - T 1 H f TFTT % ^ T ft f T ^ l f f 1 fT T H STTH H I Tttl
T T H T f l i f f 1TfT<:f i t Tt T f t f I H f t I I
ftTfTf TTTf f t t f T T T szrtfTTt ft ^Tt TTT f f t | f i T f t ^ T t f T T T I H %
T f T T T H T f fT q f T T H H f i f i ft f t T H TTtT f t H | I ^ T f T f fT
TTJST I f f

" T f T f t f t l f T fTTft ^TtfgT f fsq Tf 1*11 11TTT, ITfTltT Tft-


fflTt ft IcHT Its ^ T T sqT^^^ap fTtTfflTf ft THH i t I i t H T
f T t - f T t T H 35Tt ft l i f t ft i f l T f l T f ? T T f l i t i t , T ^ f t f l t H t fsft T q
f T I T S T t f f t f t TTftTfT T TTTt f T l f l T T T T f S f t I f l T f T T H l f fT i t T
Tft f t i t , f f f f f T T f T T H l f ft f i T T ffit 1T?li f Tift I R f t ( f H t
) ST? f ? H I T?ftft f i T f T T T H i f f t H I f?1T I S T T I f t f t f T T T l f
ft 1 5 t | ? f T f i t l T f T f% T T f l f i t i t f T f TTT f t Ttfl TTTTTTT ft
5TTTf H T fT TTT 1%TT 5 1 ^ | I TT i t t - l t ^ TFTTTH ifT^Tfsf ft
^Tft T t H f t H T t I, f T T f T i f T T T T | f f 5 T f t f T T f T T H T H T T f T %TT

I. f ? 5 ^ t f f ^ T fftt f t ftTtS, 1<K\


ftft t . <^^1^t q ? TTffT f T^TTf TTt TSTTT ^TTfeT f"tTt | t ^ i t f T T

% 3 F T fT TTT ? T T TT T f t f T T - f T S f f f TTT TTT f t T T l"

^if^fTl t Ecliptic-) ^^^j||5^^^

^ T f T f % TT55T % T f T T t T f Y f t Tft|FTTt ( T T T 'jfTfTsf ) % TTfT-


isfTt T TTf??TTf f t TTT f f T f T Tt I T?f(ft ^Tf'T|T fT TTfT^fTt f f t ffTT
T f r i f T T t t T f fTTT | 1 T f T T f TTTT ^ t t T % TlfTEfTt % TTT f t f T %
I T T TTT fT TTfTi^fTt |TT I T f T T f % TTfTGfTt fT TTT Tt^ ffTT TT
IfTi I
T ? 5 T f T Y fT %T f t f t - f t f t S t T I T f T ^ f T T t T|% ff T?5TT fT T f T
fTT T 3 T Y % TTT ftTT | ft f t TTf TT ft f T % TTT t , T T Y f f |T'5TT T t t
f T % STTT TTT q f | T t ft S T T T X T T f T f"tT TTTft | q f 2ft | qT
TT% f I T T fT?|3TY f t t T f q T % 5 f f f t | I TT T t gfTTT t T f TTTT
TTtT f t T t I T T t ft H ? T f T % ? f g T t T t ftft f t TiTTTTT f t T t | I f S T :
t f T - T T T ft f t tTf sftt % 5 fT?|TY % TTT HSTfT ^ f s T t l t ft'ft 1 TT: Tf
fT5TT fTT f f ft TSTT T t T'^TfT ft tTf, % 5 fTr|TY T t ^ f S T t l t ftft |
% f T % ^TT-TT't % T T T S ft | I I T T f T t f T % ^ T T - T T T f t lTStp3f
TTTT l ^ s t n ( T f T ) fT TTT ( f l f T ) f f T TTT 1 TTtT ft I T f t TTT f T f ' T -
| T IT f s q f f f f f T f T f f T T f T fT ^fsTT TTTT T T t T T T I T t % H t T
TTT ftTT TT, f l f t f i f ' T f f f t | I

f t T T I T T f T f T % TtT ftft fT T f T t TftTTT f T f S T f f T T f l i t T fr^if f t


T f T T f fT S t f - S t f f T T t t T f t T f T I f t T T T T f H T t f T fTTfT f t ^iftfTfTTt ft
HSTT T t t f T ft TfTTf f t THT TTH f t s t 1 Tf?5 f T f t TfT f t
T T H ft T t TftTTT f T f S T , T f H f T T ft f T % TtTt T t t Tf^TT TTT ft
T t H T f fT f T T t t T H 1 T ^ H ^ f T S ft T f l f T T f T % T T T f t T f (z.o) f f
TTf S T IT f H f T Tt T | H H f f T T f T fT TfSTT ft T t T T T T f t H | TT
TTT f 5 T TTft ^ t H f t H t , T t t f T TT% TTT fsifTT ft T T t f t T t t TfTT
TTtfT f tcTT I I TT ft TfTf?T 1T% T^TTf f l f s f T T T f t T ft f f T H ftft
STTt I, sftt I T T f T t q f fTT ttTT TTTT | , T T f T fT T T T f t T TTft # H
^ H I 1 I T fTT fTT fT TTT TTft T?T ftTT T t t f T TTT: f T S fgrfTT f T
ft Tqft T T t T T T f t TtH THT f t ?f5TT f t T t t TSTT Ht^T f t H I I
m spfir^ fii)T5r

l i r f t TfelTHTTtH f ^ I 1 I T TtTt' % TST i q f r?T ^ 3TTTT | TT


f f fTT T k TTT % TTT TTTTT ftft | I I T f I S f > f T f T f f T S f ^ | , Tf
ITS ft Tt T K srrTT I I

TTfr I T f T fTTtTT TfT TTTtT T T T ft f T fsTT TTT TT, f f f f T T


T T T T f TTT T f t f> TfT TT f f 5 T t TT % TTTT T>S | ; 3Tk %^ T t s ^fT
ft I T T t T f fTF|T>' fT f l T T c T f T ^ H T TTT f t TfTT f ? I T f T fT^TT T f t
ffTT TT T f T TT I S T t fT TtST ftTT ^TtfTT % fsq q f TTTTT f',
ITfff I T t % HTT fT TTf TTtT f q a i f ft f?TfT % fTTtTT % fsq
TT^TT T T H 5 % ^T ft f T f T f | T f T fTTtTT ffTT TT TfT I TTT f |
Tq fT % TFT T f H T t TTTTTT TfsTTTTT TTT fTfTffTS % ilT
f ^ | 3 r f % f t T T ? T f TTf S T ft f T f T f |T % fTTtTT T TfcT^T TtTTTT
f^TT I I f T T fTT f^T-TTT TTTTT ftft | T T f ? T f T fT I f T f 5tTT fTT |T
ft ftTT I T f t f T f T f | T I I T f fTT^ S T t T t s % f^TT T^TTTf f T fT
fTf I I 1T% f s q f T f ^ T t s t T TfTTTTTq fTTtfTT f T T t T f t 1 i^TT %
Tt% TT T f t f T T 5 | T f ! ft TTTf TtT S T t TtT TTfTT fT% | q i f s T t T T
ftft I, ^ fsrfTT f T ffft I I T f I T f s q T t s f ? T T t TfTT f f f 5:Tt fT
fqo^ TT % TTTT TTS | I T f t TtT f T f t t f T f TfT ^T ft T ^ T T f t TtT
f t T t I, TtT T f 1^ TT q f fTTT fTf| ST^T % TTTf TtT f t T t f I T t T F T
ft S^Tt % T T T sr^T % TTTft ?T^TTTTT | I fTTft TTf TTT TTT fti^f f t TfT
5T ft Tf^TT f t TtT ?fSTtTT f t T t | ff^^f ST^TTTTT f?TT ?^T ftTT | I

^fT"^ TT T f ! f T f?TT | TTft Ttft TTfTT ft q f fTf| f f t q T f T Tft


TTST (Zenith) ( STTfTT fT T^T ) f | f t TtT I T TT^T ft ^T^TTTTT ft TTT
|TT q f ffT T t T Tt i f t f T TfsTTtTT f T f ^ I T f Tf^TTtTT f T fsTfTT
f T ft T f f T T T fTTT ft fTS^T | TTft T T T fTf| TtT T f f TfsTTT ft ftSTT |
Tft TfsTT fT?f f | f t ! I T TfTT 35ET T T E T ft T T : T T M T f T s r t T T ^TT
ft TTiTtTT f T % f T s f t % f H | f t TT: T T S T f ^ I T T TfSTT T T T fT^TT
% 3 t f TST ft 5 T ft 5T f T f ftTT TtT T ^ T T ft T ^ T T f H | ftTT I I T fT,
Tf5TT TtT T t T f T T ^ T f T Tft | q f T f t f T ^TtTTfT f ^ I

TTfTTtT f q i ^ 3 ^ TTTT % TTTt TtT T f r f T T TTft | fTTft f f t T T T fT


fTTtTT f t r r I I S T t % Tt^-fT"^ TT T T T fT fTTtTT f T f t TTST Tt TTft
T f T f T I 3ft f T f T f | 1 f ^ I I I T f t T T f TTft TfT fTTT TTT Tt T f TTfT-
^ftJT filTflrT TT TiftfrT ffT llftnT I I l f T f T T k l STFTtl S>ff ft
1RT %t f t W T f ^ITfft TFTfT ffTT TT I fSTfcTSffTft ITTTT^ ^ Tt ftlT-
?Tf cBTTf t , Tft fT srsTTT ffft | 1 T T TfsrTtrTT fff ft sraTIT fcT f t t
TT TIT ff?! ft T T T T fT fT TTTTT ST^T fT ?TTT fTTtfTT frft sflr Tft
5frTtTT |T ft Tqft T T ^ T ft TSTtT-ftT |;Tt TT ^f f i f fT sft I
T T f ^ l TtT 5T qf?TT fT?|Tt ft TTT fTT ffT fftfTffT ffT TlftTT I fT
ITt fTf Tf f T ft TfTT TTT TfsiT q f fTTT ftTTcTf f f t T f T T T fTTT
I I ITfT TTT fft TTft T | TtT TTft frrt % TSTTIf f l f s f TTT f t r t
ft ft TTTT I I T T f TT TtTt f t i t % THT % Tift % f5T ft fT 'fTfTf'
fff % 3frT TTT Tf^TT TTTT | I IT TfTT fTT fTT T^TT^ fT TTTftT
T5TtT f5T ftTT I TT fTT f T TTfTffT ft TTTT | TtT TTfT TTT 5tf
5T fT?| ft ftTT t I IT fTT f t fTf Tf fTT f fft | I TTTT ft TTT IT fTT
f^T-TTT TTTTT ftft t TtT TTT ft fT fT TTT fT fT?| ft ftTT tI TTTTT
ft f t l Tt Tf T5TT Tt fTf Tf f T ft T | T T Tt TTfT TTT TTT Stf ^T fT^f
ft ftrr TtT T?T qf5TT f T f ft ftTT I T fqog % T l % TTTT Tt^ ftft ft
fft Tf THfTfTf qfTTTT TqssT ftTT | I '

Tfqo^ % Ttr ftft fT fTTT qfTTTT f?^5TTfTTt fT JT TtT qfrlT


fTTTTt ft qfTTTT | I TfT f t l STffB ffTt fTTT TTTT ft JT fT5TT ft | Tt,
Tf ?TTT TT ^Tfr; ft Stf T f ^ T T fTTT ft Tft ftTT I f f f fTf Tf f T ft Tf
TTT Tft f t i t Tf! TT JT qf^TT f t fTTT ft frrfT fTTT Tfit I TT^fTTTTT
ft ITt f t S5T f T % fSTT t f f :

cT^T ?IT1 Tit f^ Tcj; ?TTg;5TT=5Tt ^cT^cT^T ^ftcj; Srit=51T^ I


fTT^I^TTfi^TW rr?iTT?srrTtsrit^t =T f r f i i i ^ II
TTtf f i g TT T T T Tft ft i t ?TTT JT ft ftTT T T ?TTT ft Tf q f ^
ft Tft ftTT; ffJf TertrftT T I I TTTT fTfTffT % Silit ft ^ Tft ftTT I
TTtq; Tft TT TTTT ft Tt JT ft ftTT Tf TTTT TTft qf^TT ft ftTT ft,
T T f TTTT ft Tcftf ?TTT % JT TtT qf?=TT f H f fTf TfffT ft ft ftft | I
Tt ffT fTfTfffT % s l i t fT i t j i qftTT fTfTffT ft ft ftTT I fTfTf-
ffT ft TTTT TTRt ft Tf? f ft T qf5=TT ft | Tt T ft f JT ft Tft ftTT I
TTtff T TT Tf^TTtTT ^ TTTTft TtT f ^ T TTfT JTtTT f T TTTTft Tt Tf
f % JTtTT ft fTH f t H I TTtf TTTJTtqT f T fTH-fTH ftft itT l i t
R Io
fsq I f R f i f i t l e f t ? WFT TT f i n - f i n ftiT, f f J f flTSST S i l l i 1^
sftT ifsn T , i f s i i i i sJr ftft i t T ft f t ifrr sftr T f s n f i f ffft i n
feq fiT5T TII ft 111 iTTc ifs?n f i f q ? f t ftTt jitrrfi it
frflf|1 ft ftir, H fsq iqftB ITTTITti ?11 I I I T its ffi; %
If T I I

iT5it sfir fT ?t i f l i f i t m f t % fsq i i i i i irritif ft ir^s-


m f ?t s n r t i m f T i f ft ira f^ir itT Fff m s m t ft ITTIT ^

it s n r f m ir?sT f?iT i n i t ft^r^ n>fiT % TTTTI ft U T I T IT i?r


I; f?Tf n HT ft i f T m > ' ?r TT^gfT? m iff ITSST ft I?T, wfsq
H 5 i r itT f i ?t i f i i f ? T f 5 i fTftn n i I f l l 1 i t ITT I ftrtsf
fm strt ft f t u m fifi % irfHiTT % T T T i^sir itT f i % ftif %
HTT ^I'S-Hiit' i t T i^TTT ?T i t 1T?ST fTH If HTlflfH % IcTH
f u e pTT I itHFTI f i f i ft l i m ISTTf?|S ft f T % Utit ?t
H n t l T f 1 ft STTT H H |; ITft ?H1 % l^tTI ( i t ITTitt ?t
^ i r f % f5T in ftHI ) ft 11TT H=TT H I ?Tft |, ift TfT 3iTfn
^ I TT? fT f i f TTf 1 ft n f i n % f ^ T ft i s H f ft i i T - T f n
f t H I 1 1 f i fifTT|1 ft I I T f t H i t IITTSilfn itT TfSTI ft f t H
i t Tf^nr^TfH ftit, f^^f Tf ^ r f n srfifTi TfTTiTits ftit 1 1

f f i t fTT ^ H H I H f? 3 i i H I I T ft 1> TSft-lsft I f 15Ttl % f n


T i t l 15T1 i t i t I l l t f ISHfTHS TT H t l i i r i t i 15Ttl % f51 ft
HftiT I H fTI 15Ttl aftT I T t i fT I H T ^ H ftH, w f s q Tfl3;i51
^ T ftit 11 I TTI it fifif 11 Tzftf? 11 f ? i f i ? T tfi?
fg?! spfft
I l l fT>pf f1 1 ft ftir I ^1; ftifi f i t i 5 ? T f T T f i it? f i i T f f i
? 5rfi=^ fTT| " R : f t f t i t I f^i i m T I I n r T T , i m t i T | i i
f i ? r H t i I i t z T f T ? 5511 itT 1 f T f I f |i i h : n r i t w r f 1
f T i f H f ^ i I i i f s q ziT 1 1 mm itr | I T I^T Z T ^ 1
ZT f T, = Z T , f 1 = 11T Tfi ftfn I ^ft f t ZT f T ,
Z T f T = Z l f T , = T f m Tfi I f l f l f f?1 i Tfi ?T H t l
I s i T f ?T55 Z T f 1 f t i T i t 1 5 T t l % f 5 1 ftTT, i t T f i 1 f l f | TT f t i T I
11 f i q T f i ? T f T i ?T i m f t i T i t T T I f^i f i i ^ T ^ T t n f i itr i fi
fifif f 1 % i ft ftiT i t T T f t i>T 1 fl fit i ICTT ? t ifT I

fT T f i TTi?TF=cr i t r f t i T 111% m T i i t Ttfi i f f t i t f n f T i T f i TT


T i t l IT i ?5t2T TTSSET f t T l fTT T S T t i i l l i t TST% i i t itlTcl?
m TTSsq f t I T Tf T f i T T 1 f Tf?T f t i t i t T i f t ITT f n f T I f T TT
TTti IT i TfT f t i r n i ft mm i t i s r i ft i t TTSSW ftit 1 n T T I

f T P l flTfTt i t TTTPT f T f ?fft | i t T n itit' i i m T f i f l i f ft


^ i 1 ^ 1 ? ^ 1 1 i f T T T T t i |T ? f f t 11 f i i ft f i ^ ST i T i i t T f 1 1 i t r
T m i t T 1 f l ft i t l Y l T T "?.o-"^oil % 11

T T f 1^ TTT i t HT^Tft % f s q creit i t IT % H T I m i T 1I15T? |


Tt TT^TfT? I ^ T i r f t fTTT i i t i t TS % f i ? r - f i i Tf^itlT ?mt
ft ^ T T t t i t f l T - f l T T I T l T t ?T ? T T 1 TTRT 1*11 1 f t IT TT f ? T f i t
TTsfs^ i t f ? f f i t T m ft J T T f 5 i i i t i t T % T l i t ft eriTT^ i t ^ i r f
ft i f f TfcTT T f f i t T T T TT I TJST: f l i t T i r ? 1 T % S T I I H I % 1TTS
ft i^it % ft ftfT TTft ITST ITIT TTT I 11% TTT TTmTlts ft
T t f l q f ^ft TTfTT i t s f t f^TTT ft T f l f l ft ^TF^TT % f s q f f t ifti
ffTT f n f r %?? f%?? ft f t f t I

giTTTT TTT ft TTTT ? m TfTTfTT Tfi fTTT IT I llfsft Tf TTTT

TIT f f STTTTTT i t T i i t % %TS f t f i s r f t TTSt ^TT % TTTt i t T TOI-


Ta555 fT t f l f STH |1T fTTT | I l l f s q ^TTTTT i t T TTfTT ft TTft
f i T t f H | ( T 1 S T ) ft f t f T ^ f 1 fT T I T S STTTT T f ^ l i t l T f 1 HIT
T H I f 5 8 TT n U T S % ^TT f H l t l f-^isstT Tf^TlttTT ( T T * i t l T )
f 1 H H T H I n f t ?TTTTt a^T f % ' ? f t flSTft H s t t:TT f i ! ^ ft
Tft fTsit i t n ?TT1 ft HflT ^ ffT ITT I ft ITT H T T H ifSTI
?>ff ferrsff i t I i^Tft fasiftcii^i tTT f t ?nTfs, ^ T f T srrf? iFft
ft f f T T T T I l i t ^ T f g % 3?rC S M M f%TSnTft T T T S f t iTf %
55 TT fr fTlTT|fr ffr T T T I TTfTT T t s ft l?ft f t T T t s t T f T l T T | T TTT
f?TT TTT I T i t T^TT i t ? T f t fT t f T f TFCITT l i t f T f T T f T % TTTTT'TT
f i t ft ftTT I fTTft fTSTTTT TSTTt i t ? f T % t f T f T f t ^ T i t % S^TT f t
3 n f T T I I ITftyq T f f T f T f f l fT fTTft f l S T T T T fT f S anTTT | I

ftTT^^itfg^ ft ? i T T T fT TTT fTTt f T TTTTT TTT | sftt fTTTTf


f T S T H ft TTft f 5 T ^^y. fTT n Tft TTTTT TTT | f f f ft TtTt f t T R
TT^TfTfTT ft f t I I T T t r f T f T t t T T fT T R T5TTt % %T ft f t TTT ffTT
TT TfTT I I TTTt tTT % T T T f t | TTtT T T n t T t f T T TTT Tt TTft
T f T R s t f T q , f f t TfgfTT TT% TT^TtTt f T ft Tift % TTTt ft l^ft
i f f T ftft TTiq I ^'^!<. T f ? T T f TTtT TTTt tTT T fTTft It TTT
TrFTttrtffT ft TT% T T T T T f t f S T s TTT f f t T fTT TTTt tTT
ft fTTTT T T T T f ^ T T f T TT*TtfTt f T ft TftT f t T T f t i t f s T stfTq (
T T TT T t i f T T T t f t i f f TtfTCr I TT T f TTT ft TT TTT fTT I T TfTt
fT T t T R TTITT Tft ^ ^ U . ft T t f f t T t TTTTT t f T T5TTTT fT fTTTcTf
TR f t r r I TfTTT I T T f K ftTT I TfT TtTt H T t t % T t T f t S ft T^t
f r s r t I Tt T T T TTTt f T S ft TTT ?

fTTftTT, T TT;^ Tf Tit J{


fT TfttTTfT I I f T SSr fT ^-"""""T
TFTtrt fcT I I T T^tTT fTT|
TT, T TTT THt fTS, T TT^
fitT T H t fIS I I H , H ,
qf fHT ft H t % HTTttrt Tftr
fTS fT THt ftH I Tf THt L
f T T n f % 5TtT f t HT ffTT

TT T f H I 1 H i t T s t i f ft I T H T f t HtTT T R % TTTT H H ft
fsH H I f T f T S T H T t f T ? TT T5TT fT H T fTT U TSt
TS % S T T T f f T TTT | I T T ^ f t T H T ft I T H T f t I'kK fTT U TSt
TS fTo TfT fTTS f55TT | I f f ^ f T^ftft I T TT fT T R fTt-
TT % ftr ft S T H I i t THTt % sr^Tt ftsift TTft % f T t T H T T TT H T
ft fffB ft ft m t 1 1 ffTf iT?ftTiTi fsf^cf l i m tfi ir^Tui m
f l 5 1ft ftiT I t ^ i it ITftft I f titfTt f f i I ff Wm ft I H T 15fT ft
f i , fTfn q t i ( i T i H m ) ft ftiT I I
STITitSllit IT ^15: ^ l ^ f ^ q T ^ ?1T^ I it. I
iTffif tfi iTen l i m f i f i S T r i t i l i m ft <TS % s m
11 sftt m i i i m ft s n u f u s isr 1 1
i T m f^o qo fT
ftiTf sitfii o 1 o
fquiffisTTi 1 I
fifi^i'T ^"kX 1 U I fiirftifT %
1 ?v I iriTt "Tt
IfTf"^ I U I
ftTHH ftrttifi
ITfflf
a r i t i i t i t ft tfT f t i s T n f i l i t l i m % STtT TTO f f i r IT \
TIfT T f q n ft t I IT^TIli f?1 i^TT ft ^^0 fisTT I i t q f f ? i
ft ITT ?

tfi l f l fTT: = y,Vit;"in" TTf? I

W TfTt tfi l f l fT m f> nft Tt 1F51T1 i t i m f T I i^TT ft


I f S l f l i t fTTTT f i f STit TT I f i t | Tltff IT^Sm, q f tfi IT?
i t i % i n f i ^ t f i ITS l t l fT H I f t i r 1 1 nft ^ o f i f i T t f t i t | i t
^^o" % f?T f t i t 1 1
1TTS1T1 fTI issTT ft ? ^0 fft^^gr | T"t q f f i i ft TIT ? l i f t sfsT
? f?1 m r i t tfi ITS T?TTTt % i i ftft 1 n I t ft 1T5TT f t t f l f
Tfi f H I T ft STit IT' I f i t I 1 TTTSm f t if? i f f i fTTi 1, i t t i t t 11
lOT f t 1 nft i t iTSTT f t t f l f l f l fT T i t f t l f i n t f f T f t i r 1

irsrfi
=(H)
)
nft ^^A^ FCR q? ivsj4fii f incWT ^ ^ x ' ^ K ^ ^ ^ ^ If qf i k -
l i i t fer i^T 11 srriTi arriigftt f i m T P T Tft ( i r s , | T ,
5^, f f , ?l1i ) it TSimfl IRT ftft fT Tft TfTt fi^T 11 tft

%frRfiitlTf^Tf^it7|itlTc5 w f ^ ^ : I
^rfecrrm^itTTc^^iim^j: ll ( T T T T O TtsTrr5itov)

fefrtfTTtTTfTfrnfT T T T T T Tf I f f f T I T T fTS ft fsjTfTTfT


ft JT fTf Ttt tfT %T5 fT ftTTcTf TTT TTT f t S 1 l i t ft TTTTTT
f # I I l i r TTTftTtstT fTftw fftfT ft tfT ft fTf^T fT TTT fTTT t
TTtff TTft | T sftt fsrfTT fTftTcTT f t l TSTtT fT f j ftTT sftt
Tft Tt TtstT TTftT fTfT ft STTT TTT f i Ttt tfTfi^ itft ftit TT
STfTTT ft ST^tT ftfe 5TT X 31TT =TTT ft ^TT = tfi fTf?TJTT ftit I tfft
3iTftT TTT ftftrt^^'^^^^rrtfT ITtT ^TT I Tf TTTT t f i ft
TtT fTTitSTT
f T 3 T T ftit I
STTtf ?sit Ttt fT % TtrftfT f r TTTT Tk fT H^TT % TtT ft
TTSTT fT TTTT TTT T^STT sftt TTtT Tft % TtT ft TTt TTtT Tft fT TTTT
ffJTT TTT I I irft TTSTT T k fT TfTTt fT TTTT TTfTT ffTT TTT I TTtT
Tft % TTTT TfT Ttt T K T Tft % TtT ft fft ffTT TTT | I ^ STTft
TTTift I Tf?5 fT irtstfTTT strt ft TTSTT ft fTTTTT ft ffT TfR ft
TTSSSf f ^ 5rT 3% TTST t| | I

ftitstfTTT % ^TtfTfTTt ft TTJTT ft TfTTt ft fTTTTTTt fT


TTTTR ftft % fscv qf T F T T T T flfT fT TTfTcfTt ffTT, fT% T T ? t ^ TTT
f ^ I I TTtt % TST TT5TT f ?TR TftTTTt Tt ?fSTTT f ^ ft Tf TTtT
ftTT I f f TTft tfif TfT TTft #2t ftft fTT: Tfft STTt | 1 itTf fST
Tf Tfit tfit I Ttt fft f Ti: ^tst ftft STTt | TTT fT: fTT: Tfft STit
I I Tf f T TtTTt TSTT tfTT | I ITft Tf f^fT fTfTST TTT f f T T J T T
?sit f =TTtt Ttt TTTT Tt ftT ft ft |, ffTf TTft Tfi Tft TTT #t
ftit I Tff Tf STt ft srfifTT ftt Tt ftTT f sftt Tff TTft Tfft TT-
ft SifTf ftit I Tft Tf Sit ft fHfddT ftt Tt ftTT t I TTcTT Tf f f Tf
fer | i ft l i a r | i^s s^it ^ ^ ft iff | - ft i ^
ir srfftfH fft HST 5i%i it a n m ft Iir H H ? m qftifii ftir
tfH I > nft If fHf i fifTH I H Ff If ?H1 i t 1SH 11 Ffff 11%
isft fr ftl n n ft 1 1 srrit H H % Fstr m i H?>51 t^r i H i
qf mt ' H ? > i qti' q|=T ft Fft fitt H t H?>5i qt irft% m ft
s?Hf 11H Htr s i l l ^^3-.a.Ka.K FHT irft i | i t ir^Fif f s m i
ft it?t ft i F i f I I ^ i f k n stit ft n f r H I iT5iT5>iiti
( Anomlistic month ) t ^ | F f f i r t i t i ^JJtFTI ft If HS HlffS
HI ffr H H I \ litFf T T I HSH i t t Hs i?it=3T i f F i ft Fsiti i^s
Hit=5i igFT I f ^^o ^ f^ m HT%?s H I j f i fr frs H S H i t t
^ m > i it I F T I Y % H=Tt l l t l HT%TS iFi ft ft ftH I nfsq
n f t H T % 1 H I f f H ft i F l l I I n HT%TS HI1 j T T fTS sft? ^T?SH
% H I j f i fTst ft i t i F i f Htr iTSH % Hit=5i iFi fr m i H H H
I f H I I tft

Hs mit=5i iFi = xf?5ni fTS i5if fts

^ T f k i i stit ft H s H I ^itFii ft H3[%Titi i r i t ft i^H ^vt;


FTI I H ^^'^ H ? %Tiri H i t f t FTHRHft^X.? 1T?gmit % 551 ffT
I H I I n I f l H ft HH H 5 H 1 %iitT H I ft fir i^H ^^.i(.5(.V.^^
I t i t 11 nFf iTfFif i'sH H^'..v.y.o 1 1

H i r i H 1 1 | ft n f i i 5 s t f ft H T s i n FTiif fr f^i H I it 1^3-

i f i t % i H t F?iit ft F f H H I f i i f t I'SiFi f r i r m fftfi i n ftm 1


^ft ft H 5 H 3ftt Htr Tft % i t i ft ft H t r i f t % i m iftr % i m i fr
H f q i I f I Ff qf H t I ^ S H i t t H t r i f % i t i ft Fsiti irt i^sm sftt
HtTTf i t i I f % FTiit ft f i i irfiq i t t n FTiit ft ft w i Ift
H t m irt irtr i f f fr srHt H I ffm H i f H 1 1 n i t ft irtr i f iftr
8 T | I T Ifit I i f t
^^"'ymm^ ^^y^^-^^^ iFTfsT=TniRfST

/. =HSlfl f S T T c m t fST = in:T T f TfcT fST I


W f i f i ft TTCr Tft f t 1% STft % ftnx fTRT Tf % TTiTjfT fTS I f
Siftf i r a i T S ffgjTt fT H T 3r%f ftTT f>TT l ffTf fT% fstr grtTTf
aftt f T i t fTTttr ffTTt ft TTTT Tft fT TcTTTTT TtSTF JTf ft TTTT | I
srr#T f ( S % sitfrfTTt ft Tft i t TfTTt f t f f r T f K t t t ffTT TTft
ffITt TtTTT ft TTttTf | I TTTt ft TTT fTS STTT i t TT?TT f t fS^TTT
ft T T T TftfSTT TT irfstr ^^TfT Ttt f T f t TfTTt fT fT%TT TT T T T
fTT I TTtrtTt TTT ^ T i t ft fTT TT^STtt ^TtfTT f t TTTt f t fTTT
TTfT STfTfTT TTT TtTTfTT f t TTsfsq-if Tt TTTTftT TT, ffTf
T ^ ffT TT I f f I f f sittfTT fTTTTT f t TfTffT f f s T ^TtfTT f t TTTTTlit
f t TTf^a: f ^ % fsq |f I TfTTTtT ft Tft aflt fT%fTt f t ftTfft ft
TfTTT f t TfTTTTTT TTT f 5 TT^TfTTTt TTTTT TTT | I i f f TT TTTt ft Tf
ftTfr T% arftf TTTitr ^ r r f i t f t s t t ^ TTsrt Tf 11 Tft f t i t f n -
fTTt fT TSTTT ftft % fsq tT^T f t i t t ft ^TtfTTt fTfcfi ftft ft i t T f
TfT%^ tft ft f f f t r TTTf f T TftTT TTTt ft tfT | I f T TfTT TTTT
SttT ft tfT I I TKT ft ( f^, g f % TtTfTS ft f T f r T t T t T | I )
IT srfr^it ft TTfTitT TftrrTfr f t TTtiffiTt i t frr^ TTrft atfT
f?TT I irft Tt TTT fft f i t - f i t TfTTfTT fkmi l i t i t , itifTfSf Sttfft
f t TqftrfT ft ft TTTft fTTfTTTT f t t T i T f 3 f t i t I f f t fTTfTTTTit f t
i t T i fsq TTTT Tft ftTT TfT I ffTf fTT^ 3?K ft TTT T T f i t ft Tf I
TTTft f ^ TfTTTTTTt fT T:p;T |TT I fTTft TT% fTTT ft TfTCTTTit i t
TtTTTT f f t TTH f f I ^TtstT TftTTTt ft fTTfTTTT fT tT^T Tft % T f fT
TftfTT fTS ( TTT ffTfTS ) | I fsrrft q f f t TTTfH % TTT TTt ft Te-
TTTq' f T : TfsT f t i t I t t : fisTTT ^Ttfrr f t t t t n f r Tft % gitr TtT
T f % TftStTTfTS fT TTT ft I I

f i srtt =TT5TT % TTT ffTftst f t TT TTT TTT ftTT fTTft t f i f


TTT TTtTT TITST+dlit % ftjq TfTTTT TT l i t f s q TTtT sftt ftitstfTTT
( s r f k T T ) ft siTT TTTsitt T3=Tr^t i t mm fT snfftEfK i t t i i t t
ft n i t T f f % TTT f f S f t TTTTT n f s q i t TtS ft IfT f f fTft Tfftif
1^1% w ^)fii? fii)T?r

it ferr q? it ( q f t i i ft j i i t i t t ) f t t f i t i t i n% fftrttcf
s m i f t f t l f l fen m ft q f i r t f i r t t i j i f t q f t i i f t i t t SR^T ft
TTTT f t i t it, f f ?5 n f fan K i t % tfft |q i t i t i f t s gf % n i t f t i -
tiit % artfff ft n i t fftTfTddiif % t f t i f i t i t s ft i t fTTT i
T ^ , f f t r f i sftt Tfft i t tTT % T T T fTtt TfsrittTt f T f t TK ftft
IftTlft 11 ^ f TTTt tTT f t fTT fTT Tf^TTtfTt ffT Tt TTT T T T T T fT TIT-
ft^ t ^ fSTT TTT fqRt fTTft fTTt % TTT ft Tf f f t TTTt tTT f t TfSTitTt
fT Tt 1% TTT T T T T T f t TTTT f t i t TTT I Tf T T T f T % TTT n Tft%
q f i f f i % TTT fTtt TffT Tf f t fTSTTfi f t i t I n f t tfTTfiffT fTS
f^ t I TItitT fftSTTT^TtfTT ft n f T TTT TftfT it5I %TSTTT ftTfIS | I

Tt Tf Tf^rit^ ft TTt ftft T T T fT ff^SitTt Tft ftft ( tft p


i t t ^ f ) TT% i t ^ T T T fTS srft f t ttfT Tf I f f TT ft Tf fT TT
Tf5TT f f i t q f fSTT ft fT ft TTtfTf ftTtTTHt Tt ft T T TTT fT T f i -
t T fsTT TTT I f f t |Ttt TTt TT T i t fTIT ft fT ft TTtfTf f t i t -
TTTTt f f it JT % fTS ft T T n TTT T f fT fTS f T ft n f t
i f f T TTTT ifsr %T3[ TTT ffT fT fTS ftTT I n it?T ^ T T T ffT fTS
Tt ft Tf f TTT ffr fT fTS 55Tft f f^r fTT T f K Tft ftTT Tt T^STT
f TTT ( tT| ) f t Tfr TT T?? T^TtsT Tfft Sift f ft^ BTTfT |TT | I TfT
i f % f n i^TT i TTT qf i t t TT f f n T^TT f t T TIT Tt Tf i t Ifif
Tftr fT T i t f tT fT*TTf^ ftTT I

Tf fTTTfT= ( A - ) ^ ^ o
^T T
q3=T fiSTfTTfT f 5fs?r fTST^T T TtTf f l f f t ft T ^ S TTfT Tft f f T
ft i f f i f?TTt % TTT TTTT ( civic days ) i f t Ttt itTt fTTtft ft fTTT |
fTfTtffT TTfsfT ft T?! 3Tt fT r i t fTTT TTTT t I

y i m f?T Ttt r<H STf fTf TTTT f n

io-
fo-
fo- ^"^^^
f 0
-T^
10- ^\3=;-o<?,^
HIT Iiti If fTS = fT

fei

1 1 itST H I fSTit f t ITTI i t t i t t ?T H i t ft Ift fT ITcqi


I f I f f ITITi ft i t t 1 1 fT f t l IT ITI T f i ffTT | 1 1 f > ItSIT JTf
STTT IT I f I q f i t t TT ft i t t f T l i f f t i^lT f i l l ftiT | I H
i f i f f i r Tf f t f i i f f i f TTTI f T T i Y ft ft fir f tlit ft t f i
i f f e f i t t f T i i t * ft i n fiTT ITT i t i t t TT f i r n f s i f f t i ^ i r
srr i r l i t i

f l H I jfifTs = ( i i L + )

= s:\3.t;=;fT1

n l i t ' ft f 1 i c i H i r s r i f i i f | i n r i ft n i i f f g fTiif i t
iHT f511T ft f t 1 1 n : n q t qs5r f i ^ t H ft srfr; i r s n i t t I T f
i m f T i i f f t i ' s T T ^^K-HK'=;U^?\3v i r i t | i fgiti irtftnTift
f l S T H f l t t l f l ft i r ^ l i t t IT f t fTI i^TT ^^X.*^V!.t;V^^3^ f s i t 11
ITf f i f f T f l H H f t Ifi^TT ^'k'J.-R'i^^X II ?q^ I f f TfTfn f
I f m t i T t f t T T T T ft iqft Hit" ft i t T f f t r f f t f i i i f f i f r s sirfT i t
l l f l j f f f t T i l T f t I 1 ift n f T TTTI I:
fir f5r<s^it ^i;=i^riTifi: i
^yf^itfFi: s r f i c r ^ ? i ? t ^ u i : ii
l^f+f5^<l1i: ^l^ftn fit: I
fit ^nf^ i T T g ^ s ^ ^ ^ ? i i ? ^ s 5 = q i t : i l
Tff f H I f f i f t f i i tmr H I T fcT i i ^ r ISTT ? I iffi frst'
Tt 1 f i t i i f m i i f i r t i c m i t s i r ft s r f i r i f i t t f i ^ i r t f t r -
i r i ft t i i H i t q q f i f t q f f ^ i r f i i m i f t f f r | i i r n i f f i f^iit*
fT 1 i t f i l l f t f f IT I i t t 1 l i f t Tft* f H I i r f i sift i t f f i 5 f t
mi I I H TfTT I TtTf W f t f Tf TTT f t fcT ffert ft TcTlft
Tiftf 3Tnf TftTtftsm f t t i m r % T T T i t T n i r T f i r t f t f s ft Tft i
TTtff 3nTT|tT % 3TSTTT3TSTTTT ft snft % T T T TT% JTTTf f T S m
^ % TSTTfTT ft Ttft ft TTfT itT T T ft TTT I l i t fTtT T R fft TT
ftramt % f t T tTT % Tft TTT TTH I i t T3=TfTlTTTfT ft i f f t T |1
TKT Tft % tfT i f f T fTS TTTT itT%?S TTTjfT fTS Tt ft i t T
%TS TfT STft TT% Ttt tfT TfT % TtTfTTt ft TfTfi % TTS5T ftft ft
t t f i fTftstr-ftTt-fTfT % 5KT TTfsfT fft Tf | I 1T% T f TK Tf? fT
TTTTT TTT Tf % jitffi Tf T?TTTTT T*THt TTTt ft fHTTf^ ^ T T Tt
TTfT ^ T Tf ftTT I
^ffritrif^fq; ^it?|ilTT?5Rn>'T% i

l i t TTTT fT fTfTtffT fttT 5stf i t | I


^TTTT^itTTf^Tfc^ S R n ^ i t t ; i t ^ i t l T = 5 = 1 f i m i t t ^ : I

TTTT ft fTffTT tm TfTT % STtT TfTfi ft fTTTTTit ft T f S cTT^TT


ffT T f K ft Tft ITft TTTft ft fT fT TTtitT f5TTT STtT TTT ffTflst
Tt ft f i r s ft TTft fftTt fT ,TTT fft STTTT TTT, Tft TTlft | I i t T TTfe
Tfr TTtT Tft % fT % i f f T fTst Tt ft 1T% TTT ffTfTst i t t tfTf TfTTt
ft TTTT itTTfrr ft fft ft TT T f i t I, TTTit TT f f t | I TTT T^STT Ttt
fT % TTT ffTftS ?5Tft ft fTfTTf i t Tf^ ft fqf?^ ft TT f f t | 1 TT f T
Tf TTTTft f f Tft ft fftTt ft TTT ftft % fsq TTtitTt ft I^T TT fTSFT
TTTTTT I TKTtT TfTESfTSTH, fTfT^T'cT TtfT H i t ft TTT 5Tsit %
fHSfTST TTfT ft TTTTT TTT | f f S^if TfTT^ % TST ft | , fTtfT Tf
T T i T K t Ttt TTT ftft I I S^it TTft f t f?Tt f^ft % fsq TfTTTfT TtT
TfT^TTlsit I I 5it % TTtt Ttt Tf TTft-TTft fTTf Tt TTTt ft TTTT fTS
ft TTTT ftt ft TSft I I l i t fTtT S^it ft i t Tf fTTTt ftt Tt | TTft

I. Tsft THTT T'StT TTtst ntf^T fT-sgf^ |


fTHir: TtTt TtT5 T f l i t TKTTfnfTf II ( f T fTo Tto To )
TT W T : tTf^Tf ( TTi TftT )
^timf ( mm^ ) t f i f Tftr iHft ft w 11 aftt i t Tf fsrait f i f f t
I t I n i t i t i T r i f ( fSTcif ) t f l f l f l n i t ft arfif 11

g i T 1 % ? 5 itsrft 1^:?T3[t ^ I
TJ^qiT i^T?i|f^ =1 'rar II

i T f f Tft f t TtiTTfnfT Tfg iqit-aTTit f r r i ITT H T T ftit |


ffTf f S r TTf? i fTTR i % TTT TTTT i t f f f t TTTt | I f l T i Tft f t
fSTTTt i TTTT fTS i TTTT TtlT TfT
% ftTTcTf TfTTt i TJTTTfTfTT f i t
ftTt I ITft f?^TT TTT I I i r i
Ts^q^l f T =TfTfTri TfT%
STtT q f fTTJ i T i t Tf |ft I T T =
TTS ^STT i ? fTTS i TTSJTT HtT l i t
Tt f f t I TT Tf TfT f5TTT % TTTTt
T =T = f T ffTf f 5T<f T T T T Z l
f T ^ o = Z f T T I TT T t s f l f t r
f T
fTfT i 5TT Z f 1 T =
T T
TT
gTT 3JTT Z T T 1 =

1 T
Z f T T sft^ Z T T T TcTTT
^tST f t l I T T : fT% STT TTT ft
TftT TTTft
Z f T T_ f T _^ T T
ZT T 1 T 5T ' ' T T

ffTf,

f ?r = T T
. Z f T T _ 1 T , Tfft T f r _ TTg q;i
* Z T f T " T T S Tfir TfTfi

i i t ft Tf f t f t t f t f i ffft I T i t f t T ft fTO I f f ^ ft TTSTT


i t t Tfr ^ f f t i t ft i t UTTT I ^ fTTT TTt Tft % flTT ft T f i ; ftlT
Tf f e r m r l i t f t i r ft %s | mftr'TTT"' ft T f t ^ TfftTt sftt fPcTt #
STT^ n t SRTt ft I I aTT T T T f f t T ? S i r i t |;<t f f i t T f K T T T f"t T T T
T"t TTft f T | T TTfT i t T T T TfTTt T t ft l i t T T t f t T % 5TtT T f t f t i i t
ft |ftTt ST T f f t I I

T?STT i t f t t i^Tt ft f f T T t I n i f s q fTf^rftTT ft t^T TfTT fT T t


^cPTt STTfTt T STTT T T T T T T f t t T f ftft % T T T f t T c T H T t S i t | t
Tto o q T tTTJ ft TTft T T f T T tSTT TTTf T?T ft Tft T F T T ffTT
I I TTft fs^rft ft T f ^ f T 5Tt f t T f t f T % STft f t t t f T fs!^ft | I T T t f f
T f t t f T ? > i t f t T f t f T T t t TT% 5TTTT5 T t f t TTTTftT | I
Tf^ TTTTT TT IfT | f f ^Tt-^it Tf^T TTt TSTT TTTT | ?TT TT^ f t
S T l f TfTf ftrt TTTt t I TTtff S^wt T t s | Bftt S T TTtT /^Tts % m
fHT % TTTft I I ITfsq f f t i t SJTTT^ f t 3 T T f fT Tt ftTTcTf T T T
ftTT I T f t T T tTTT fT TSTtT ftTT | I T f ? s t f T T t TfSTT ft f^TT T t
tTTTt f t f t t T T T S t T T T Tt s t r t tTTTt % TSTtrt % T H t T t t TTTt T f f t t
ft T t s g r J T f 5Tt f t TftfT fT TIT STTT TT TfTT | I ift
crftfsr = ^ ^ o X TtTt t T H t f t TTTt T f f t t
arqft TSTtit % TTTt % T T
TTtftTTTT'' ft f T H H f T t t T f T ft f T f t f T STft fT T f t T f T t f s ^ T | !
TT ^ TftfT f t S i T T f TTTft % T T T f T % STTTTS Ttt TftfT % T T H T
( V?V?^ ) % TfTK S^Tt % S T T T l i f t TTTT fTT | I TTtTtT
TTTTTt ft f T f t f T fT TTT TtTT TTT TTi 5TTT fT TTT

TtTT TTTTT | I TfT q f TtTT f T TTT . i t s TTTT T T T Tt ft T R TTf f T f


T R % TcTH TfTf 3 | I

?. fSTT: TTt: Tfq- fTfTTTt Tf fsntf^TTtTT: I


f^ 55E5Tt SffT TffT t f i f c T ^ T f s H T : 11
TtTTlft TfTT ffTTfTcT Ttft^T HTT: I
HHfTHT IT TTTtTfTTfH TT^T: f ftT II fT. fT. T . T f T ,
R. f t H t i f T T f T t ?HT?T^fT5?5TS^; T f t f f f f I
=TfTTfft?TfTTTfT?H f f f i FT^TB Tftft: T T T T f 11 fT.fT.TtsT. ^TT.
Ttffit T t T T T ^ T H fTftfT: T ^ H ^ T^HSTT: I V^^V3
T55HT: f f T ^ H T f f T : f T ^ t T f H f T f T : XX^U^
1 ^ 1 % mr

srrfPif
f qftfer-v^^\3 T>5H

ITSIT f t |ft 551% % fsiT fft ITf Tfeiiftfrt t?TT Tt TxTft TTT sf^Tt
tTTTl f t ITTT =TTfftT sftt f f ft TTT ft %Tt % ITtT TTft TTft ftRtfTf ft
TTSTT % ftTTcTf ^fTT ( TTtT ) HTt HtT HT f t ^ H Tiffq I TtTt
tHTt % Tg-TT Tt fft Tf% ft H T ft |, TT TtTt tTTTt ft sftt f %TS ft
1T3TT % %T5 ff^ ^^TTt ft f T H S I T H f fTS ft TtTt ^TTTT^t ft T H
ftT TtTt tHTt f TT-tt T H TfsTTt TSTtrt fT TtT ftTT I
TT T t s fTftT fTfT ft H S H f t f t t fTfTtffT TfTt ft H TTTTt I
fTT ( V ) ft S , fr S:^ f igTT TfSTTtit |T | I f f%TS gm fT fTfTf
ftT srtt S f ^ t r t f l f r TtT f H | l i s . , TTtt TtHT % SST fT tTTT
T H S;^ T f ^ TtST^ % SH fT tHT | I T , TTT stlt TtsT^f %
SHTt % fsntfTTJ ( J^-TST fTTf ) | I
i . = H 5 t m fpqr f . "i. msm sriir ft =EF3TT i t |I
Z T , 5 , i . =ftsftqs3sr TTSTT fT n t r ( ^ f r r ) TTTC ntmift i
ZT:i s ^ i . = ftEr>TS5r ^rSTfrirr ? f e T i t s r s ft i

i s , = Z s , f f r + Z s , f f g r = 3 r ^ m TtT
ZSc, i . S:i=Z T , S , i . + Z T : , S:^ i . Z S , f =T~ZS:i f i
fff Z S , T S:i = 3T^tT TtT I

nft^ Z S , T S , = i:stTTTtT, +igtTTTtT:iT^tTTtr I '


= T,+T^(T,+T=, )

T T f T f t T fTfT ft I

^ T T Z S , T. f + Z S ^ T f = T T T i ^ T T X n T T , + T i ^ ' T T X ^ T T T:^

irfsft Z S , T . S;^ = T i . S^TTX ( 5TT T , + ^ T T )

^ ^ : . ^ - ^ g . T g ^ _ Z T , + ZT:,-3TTtTT'tT
3TT T, +3TT T, 5TT T , +STT T:^

3 I 5 v r - # = ^ ^ T T T _ ^ f cTTT (^TT T , +^TT TQ


T S 3TT TTtT T>TTSTtT T>T

I T T f T t TTSTT f t f t t TTT f t JTIT) TfTTt % T^TTT ft T T t T f t f t


fftTT mi T f Tt TTSTT f t f t t Sift fT T f TfTt fTffTT f T f t T f T f T ft
T f T T I f f T f ftT ft TTTFT T * T T T T T T f t Tt HSTT f t f t t Tt^TT ft ?TTT
f t TT T f T t t I

ft ^STT ft ftt T t T T TTTt t I I T f t TTT ft f T T ftft


Tt ^y.\3=;^o T t s ftft I, T t T T f f T f TTSTT f t f t t ^^^^^oo Tt^J ft S T T T
^%ooo T t s s f f T f I I T T f T |T f t f t t STTT T l f Tt T T f T T T t f t T ftTT
TTSTfTXTSTHT ^ ^IV l^^, X K^^^ ^ ^
fTTfT r u ^
fT f t f t t ftrt t

I T T f T t f T f T T T f TTt TTft T f T f TfTTTST TTSTT i^Tt ft TTft f T f S


Ttt TTft T T t t t T t f T TfTTT^ f T - f f-fT-TTS-ffFTfT T t t TfT S T t ft
fTT: TfTf f t t Tt f t T T f ^ | TTtTtTTTTTt^ f t t % f T ft T f t f t Tft
f TT TTTt I I T T t f tTTTT ft fSTT | f f :

^ft-: fq<i^: 5rm^5TTTfT'';fTft'3=qTf%T^5F^T-


1 r f f f f t m , TTf, I S , STTfTT 3T>t ftT ft fTfTT T | f P n T ( f T T : )
' I'STT, f T , f f , f T , T T S f f e r f r T k i f T TTT T5TT fSTT % f ? f f ft fTTT |
fT*TT%T TT^fT T T f f f t TfT TT% TTTjfTTTTT TTT fftTt I T feTTT
% Tfrn: if m f f i

Tf T1U1 j f T fTTT 5Tr ft f f t TtTTT

IT

ff

T^s

.oc;3o^?:^\3

i
TTT

Tf>' f f TfTT"t T k f T ft ffTTf fT TT?TfTf T T T T %TST % fTTTT-


1^7; ^ 3TTTT TTTT I I TTfT T T T Tift ffTT TTITT 1

^TTTt^1Tt^T5ITl: ^^ft^T ?rTft% I


i t ifftit i t fftiRitsfr % H T i H % FstT '^<afi<irmtf f t stiti I I T i i t i -
ftft I t i t 1551T # ifir i t fftnirSf n T i k i T H f t r i t ark: m r i t i t i
STTT i'<%Titi I t i f itT iTSiTTti i i i t % ^ ft i t i i P i T i i t r s r f i f i i
^ I S f l i f ft H T I R TtfT f T H ft Tfit, i t f f e l H I t i f ft l ^ l apift''
i f S T i t T T i f i l i t r itTtfiRT i t F i f i i t ft fs^ift ^ T snm f i i t i "Tf%
f l I f iiTBfft f f ^ T H P t i t i f i f i i t % i r i t i % f i I ^ H T itT f i i t
n s i f i i f t iqsssr i t i T i t i t 1
Tfftf UTIT IT I f t I f f ITSIT f t Itft f l l f l Iff IT f t i t I I f t qr
i f i^it ft ITft f T ftiT 1 1 n ? i H f t 1TSIT fT Hit^si f ^ 1 1 l i t
stfTT 1 T 3 1 T i t i f i 1ft ITft i f i f f t i t I ift m i i t i f ^ I (mit=?T ft
m r i t i I f nft ft I T S I T i t iTft m i %5iti m i f r i n s n r |) mit^r
i t 1 T 3 1 T f t fTIT ft ft I S T T I itT 11% f f ITT ft I^ETft T T T I f m i t s i T T
qfrft ft i t H I s r m | Tft mit=5i m m i r r i t i T s f i ft i??%?5ti m
f ^ 11 q f m i t s i i n ^^AX-VKX. fTif f r f t n 11 n f s q srrft irit's:^
mft fTi |q I i ^ > i ' ' ^ i T s i r i t i f i itT
m i i n TT 1TS51 f t i t i t I I T : i t i t T f l i t % m T f t
?^-vsv9\3 fTif ft f n i i fT mit=si T T i t i T s i f i ft TfifiT i t f f T m r i t T
?, iTTitit ft i f i i % fm fm T i n t f t i t i i f i i i t i f f i r ft I T S S T
fcpm I T m t ft ift ^(snifii ft f i s f f i r i r i i f t :
sr''f'^ = ( i + f ) (i-ii)
( s r + f = sr''+:^3rf+f'*
( i + f (1f Y -
H f t i f i f i ft f i ' ' + ftfe'* = f i ' * I ITTitit ft n Tftl f t g^g-
f i t ft ftit T U T ft f i a f f m I T I
R. f t i t i i m f r fi4tn ftit TIT i n f i t ' ft i f i i 1 1 iTtfriit*
ft ^ TTf?1lit' ft I i ffT 1 1
^ 10
I f i r Tfi i t TTTT i t TTit i t I IT TfRiTlltTT i t mm T f i ?^'l?>'l
^X." |r TTT i t I TTTT ftft i Tf i t ITT TT f f mtfm TTI fT i t l T f
T i f f ^o" 5?T TTT>31 f t it! T T W T T f T ^ ?TR 1 ^ 1 IfSTT ft
Tt^ i t r TTT>51 ft ^\9o f t f t r TT X.* anft TfTT TT, H f s q IT ft
TTSTT fT TTT T ! 1 B 5 ? 1 ^ ITTT SR I , ' '
fT f t i t m fnfft fT fftltTT l i t Tffft ffTT TTT TT I f T f t l f l
Tft TTft f T f t r t I T f ?TTT ( TTT>T ) STTfTI ft SFcTTT TTT^Tfl ft TSTT
I \ m fsq 1T% qfTTT TTT>5T TT T | T f T fTTt TTT ffT TTTT Tift %
TST fT T T T STTT q f T T T T T % fcT ft | I f S T : f T R t Tit T f f T f t
Tift f T itT TTft T f l f .'TfT STTfTT ft q f - ^ TTTT TT l i t TTTt | I
IP TT ? '^STI f t f T i i t ft sifTfTT ^Tlt TT STTT RV^O fTTfTT f t
TTft f T fTt TT ftTT I I ITft^q ? %mi f t f T f t Tfft Tift ^tat srtT ^ ?
fTTTT f t TTft Tft ftTt I I ^ o - ^ ? f l T T T f t l i f t l f l T^TT l f l %
55T f t i t I i r f s q ? ^ S T I ft f?TTT T f f T f t l f l iflfTT T5Tt Tfit
I 1^? fiTTT ft ^ ctf JrfTfTT T2Tt ft TTTt t I Tft ffT TSft TSft
^ ? TTi TT ? 3TTS f t TSTT TfT % TTTTT ft TTTt t I f ST: ^ ? f l T T T
ft ?^T f T TSTT f T ft STTT R Tt^ T T T ? TT S f t TSTT f T ft R snft
TfTT T T I f T f t IT f ^ l f l fT T T T STlft i fsq ^ f aiTit T T T % TTT
Tf^TtTT ftT TT TTft i t f r i f l ^ \^o itfTT ftTT TT I TTTT fT TTTTT
flTT fT TTftST TTTT T T , i t fifrT fTT ft i t t ft ST^T TT TT I flTT'' ft
? =:o* i t f Tt TT 3TTTfTfTT| TTTT TTT TT I T T f TT TTT TTTCRTPTTT IT
STTTfT f T f f t i t t ft snft TT I itT^'ftTt FTTT f t ft TTTT fT TTT^T
fTT| TTTT TTT T T I '
f i i t TSTT Tfr f T l ^ TT fTT i^TT ^^R'^X^^ ft ^ ^ o " ft TTT Ift
TT n'lc;''!? o'"' m r Tt I f T f t TTT%TS l f l i t ITit ft Tt I TTtff Tfft-
TTTt=si f t TTfTf TfT i t TcTTT T m | I l l f s q TSTT sftT TTS
f i % TTtfTf STHT f t TT % i t l T f f?T i^TT ft TTT
I f T TSTT fT % I f T f ^RT f f s ft q f TTR i^TT TTT fT st T I I
srqft TTit^T TTTT % TSTT f T ft ifctfTT IT mm % q f ^ , lf( srrfl f t

t "flTTStlTTTft TfSTTT: if^Tft flfTf?!:" TS^fTSTfrTfT ?stf


TftTT: TTTT T T T : f . f l . T?TTTf STflfTT 5St. ^ I
R. TSTT^-fTK TflfT f t fTTTS, ? T .
Tti% 3 m t f TTft nsf4STTTftnrrTTTTTT tnfttfftiti^awrftirgi;
fT% j r f e TfTt ft 55Tt Tf TTSTT i t ?TS f?TfTTt TTTTt IT I f T t | I
T f T T ? TTfcit TTfr ft n T T F T fT TTtT |TT I, sfk ^ f T?t T P T T ft TTTTtT
T3=TT^ am T t n t fTfT ft TTTft TTft | I n frfft ft Tft q3=TFft i t fft^
T^TTTf? ft TfTf ft TfTf f f TSt fT TTTT TTitT ftfT ft TTfTT Tfft
T'STT TT ft TTTf frfTTt itT T ^ t ft ftTT | I

fTSTTT ntfTT ft TTft TfTf T f ? T j i f T S TTTT | t Tf fWTUMt Tfft


% TT % 3?TT TTTTftT | I f T fT TT fft Tt ^Tt ft TTS5T ftTT | I TTT
TT?TT (Sidirial) TtT fSTtT TTTTfif (Tropical) TKTtT ITTTT TTTOT TT
fT TTT ft TTTft TTTT % f s q STTTTft | I TTTTT TTTTS ft f 5 T ffTT f t
TTTT TT5T1 TT ft i t | I T T ^ TT fT STT | Tfft f T ' f f i t T5IT % ITT ftfT
f?iT q f TT % TTT ft T T T ^ T % TTT ftTT I n f T fT%TT Tt^ ffTT TT
ffT I I f f T f TTTT5 ft T f t % TTTT f t flfT TTT% |q ftSTT | f f
"\ ^ i t n ^ T T f ^ Tit?| itnT?sraTf?r?R^: i
yHadKiii^tTTg; grir ^rm^: ?ri ii
TTtf ?it TtT f T f TtT ft f T fT TTTT TTT TTgTT sftT f T
f TtT ft TTSTT fT TTTT qT TTSTT TtT TTTTTft ( TtrrfT ) f TtT ft
TTTTTft fT TTTT ffTT TTT 1 1 Tft " f T f i TtTTf" fT TTcTT f T f T T fTSft
ftr ffTT TTT f T fftTf sftT f T f fTS fTTf fT f^fTTfT ft f t T T c T f TntT
ft TIT fT f T fT TTTT fTTTT I f T fTT| sftT f T f TTTT f t (f^rfTTfT ft )
fT^T 3 T T T ft STTT I N f^ I I nf TTTTTT ft T f t TT T f i ^m TTT

f t i t I n W T S f K T f ftTT I ( fTT . ft )

fir-K
T = f8iTfTT ffT ft T f i fTT I
f T = fSTfTT ffT ft 3nrmT = fT fTT| 7:fT fT srrgT I
t; i=TfifftTTi tjT sftaffTftTfii^rfn I
% 1 fftfTf fcTftI T I N I

wfrprft ZTig;=^o'
1 1 i i i t i f i i t i f i f e ft
-^^,^__^ZTJ1X31TJT
fl32TT
#J1TX3nTT
T f i S t f i 5ITT--
fl.
n '^fi ^rfn i n ft n f t <TT u i t f T f r g f i - m laF^f ft
Tfi ^ i t i fT m i t ITS ft nftiT I
. fixft^ ^^^^^^
T T I f T*1T
n mm i T f n I f I T U T f i f r ftl fTft ft n j i f i l i f i m % 551
g i t i usssr f"tiT; 11 i t i f f r i s i i i f f r s g r i i Tfi 11 f t i r 1 n 11 f r
m irerr i i ft s m ftns f i ftir 11 n r f r r i T i ft w 11 f r i n
sift fT STfR fsTT 11 tft H I S ffcr TT l l t s fl^lT ft f f f l H T I I Jiff?
f i n i f fT f l ft i % i fTft ftT ^ ^ 0 srif fT i f f i ^ f r f i i f f f i fi^f
ft itT i i t i ft ft f l fTH i f ft H T T H ft f i % m f T
i l f T 111% ITI s m r r q f i i i f f i f r i i t m r f r ft %
ITHT ftft 11 i f m m i n m % i n ft ff^f i r f ft f t i r
11 j i f ^ ft n% m T f t f i i s I ffT f i t fan f i % m fT ftl f t
I f H I fiTf ft 3fTT iTq> f t i r 11 i n fiTf ft f m r H T i m | l i f t
i t f n s I n% 1T1 i f m f ^ | i f ? i t i t m r f s n t % i t i ft
ir m f t i t I i t ?f8sn m r ft 11T ? nft i s i r f ? U R O R - ^ ^ I ^ O m
ftft 11 ^^x. f ? i ft ft i s i r f i m i t ? Ift t i t i f Tfi 11 ft irft f f
m i f ? i f t i ^ ^^KiUi^oi^^i^o ft i r i t 11 ff^f itf 11 m I T T I
I sflr i r m n r i ft f i f n i f r ? ^ m i ( i m r f e f ) i i m f r i m f f i r
I* I iTfPTf i T ^ 11 m
" f n 11 ffTf i T f f i f m i
( i m r f i f ) 11 fT m ^ ^ X . * R V R U \ f n 11 i ^ f i ft iqft fftsm ft
iTssn i t T m i n i t i f i i t f r i r i t i f f i r 11 irfsfr ft f m - f m
i r m t % n f t f s m r i i r 11

?. f l . f i . I f l f i l ISHTflfTT, HITBm: I
5 ^ ff^^iW

i r d k fisranr ^ i t f i i ft I H T tfft i t mm ^rfn nftf it |,


f f f f Tf m r q f ^ ft i f f t f i t I arrffftf mwrn fftsm % frtr m^
* r f n % i r f T f f n r i f t n i q t r n i f i f r m i t fftiffti f t f T i r i i r
H w m ( | o ) ft q t i aJrfHr ^ ^ ' R V I ^ " " % s m 11 i f t
i f i i i S T H ^o" ( s r f i f i f S T ) % S I ft i e t f f 11 11% m ftft f r
^TfTt I f I f f i s i r ^ fTS ft f i % n i l f r fti f t ^ i f t srift i s r t i
ft nfT m t ftfift I f n f ? i I f i n t 15% T?r U S S T ffir, i i t r s r i n
ft n fei l t l srfri ffif i f t ? f i i ffrfn ft f n f i i f i f r n f t i ? r
I T t i iqsssr ft n f ? i i q i r u i r t i n f tfti s r i t f i q i t i f f i f t ? f ^
l t l frfir f t i t I i r i f s f i i t itrtr i t i srfri RK it i t t 'sTmi
T t i f:fTi R\ f i m t f t f t i t 11 i?ff Tti feifm % fifsff i t i n m
f i f i t f ^ 11 n afrt q t i w r f i f r i n f i f n f r sftf i % fti srtr
i t mm ffiT IT IfTT | i m : f r s ftfi%fti%5TtTfiifii jifif
% f i fT H t t n t f i f iqs5r f t i r 11 f i i f i n r ft S T S H i t T I T ft
f i r ; 11 i f m f t q t i a>Tfit 3iriqs5r f t i t 1 f i i f ^ T i | i f t ? f e i irft
f t q t i i t i r i t i i t r n f i f aftt H t irft^st q t i itn+t Tfsnni f i f
ffft 11 i f i f i T ^ ft H t m T f s r m i f i | i c i i i f c u r s t m f t ift
t itt ftir^ s i t f i i 1 f i l m f r m T i i t s^ff H t m TfssitTi
f i f i t ft f f i r H T 11

^ ( i f S T f i ) ft f f r I f f f r r i t n f i i t m l i f t i t f i t f i s f t
t it i f t T i t l ^ I Ift 11 i n Tff % ^ t m m ft|t % 4 i i i ft
i t f t I i t i sfsTi ftft n i t wsm^ it firtnmt fr f i ^ n 5 ^ % fsq
( g i to Jo ) ft 3rft?fTfas m f f i r i t ^iftfiit ft I T ? I T ft qf ^
f l ft i m l f l ft Tiftrfq f ^ f f i r ^ i i f r ^ 1 ftft 11% s n
ftftfttfif''I ifi%fiiiftitftitftf5qiTft%gift ^ i f e i f
ft f i T i i r i f i f m r i r t ^ i f f i r itt: n f t jtt >I<BSIT % i n I T S T T %
fTTi ft i t I l f T i i t i f f i r I n E I f f n I W H T ft n j g i s i f % fkvs

\. ffw^ f?t^ s i f i T ^ t i m 151 -$iBft I


fnt ssr T ^ lisft T n f f i STTtfts( H f ^ . t 6 ^ ^
( fftl frn^ ) TT fliTT H Jlft5T 1% ft ISctT if%Br^, aft* IfM^ ,fR JPRT^
;fiftftlft."Tsft I f giw i?cit ft 1 ^ arfftf fr ( i ^ ) fm% T T ftrr
it n i t ifir ?araft ^ itT Tlrt i m ^ T T W T P H R T ^ STTT Tff i t
F T T T Tfftit % i t S ^ T T fT aTirtr |3tT i
fT ff ( f i i ^) ft f I, i t T l f t l % 5 1 f T t T T % , Tfi
5"

fTT fT t I ^ if f^TPPTT TfisOT 11 I HT f ft % 1


5513iraTi ft i ' f' 5" 1 ffTT HT 11 i r r i t i differ ft^ f f' it
ft ififfT giT i ' f" f 1 i t fOTfrT ffT m r 11 f i siTft l f l f^r ft i
f% ft f f i f If'11T1 fIS ft 11T1 itlT?W 1^ Zl1%g,%|51
i s T i n i ^ ^ ^ m ' j f i f ftif ififtr Aiff fti%f?i
itr T^ir I % 11T f 1 55?i #iT I n
^ Af'S'T - A f * i A ^ f %i
fifti fififti.31T,A ^ f % ;= ^
f f^ = t l V + f T^ -tz ( %^ + %f f if. f JT' I
i r d t i ftrem s i l f g i ft Z f f %, i t m^ss i t r ffft 1 1 i k
% f i t m m f s s i j T qi T^i^^'JMvtm' snfl f|ft 1 1 Tft fft i t w r r
T fT% %T5! STf^JTW^TT snfT ft ft STTfR ffTT TTT | I TTtitT sitfTT ft
ift T f T f i 1 ^ f ^ I I

TTflitT fqiiit i t TfTTt i t Sift fT fTtT TfTt ^f S f f l ( Epicy*


cle) % 5TtT MfdTlfed ffTT TTT | f l l f t frtfB ^ ft HTT I ITtitT 5TifTT
ft ^ i t i t e ^ f f f t l i f i T v s f t i f i t f i f T srfeffT i k i ' f' i t '
feSTffT I I 1 f TTT TfTfT ft T ' f' f T T f 1 ft f ? T TtT%T5 | f' fSSTT
f i t r TSTT t f i ft TTT i ' i k Tt' f^rtfitT ^ i t i f^fsff ft f f' =
3 1' = i t i t ' szrriTsf ft i t i t ^ f i i t % i f t | j f % T 5 f t ?it%ift^s
f' 1 f l % OTt f f i f ft f 1 sfT 11 A f % i f t f i % T 5 : f t 5TT
5ftt % 1 f t itfs^TT f t f f' H T I F T t % 1 I I nftrf A % f 1
A s f 1 U T i t i |1T I

g i f S , HT

_ %1 X f S i , f>1TXif^1T

"it = ( ' 5 5 ' + ^ ' ^ ^ + f 1^ = ( f i + f t T s f . + iTi'^


f f fOT ffT ft 1 f i f Tt fttsit 1 1 1 f i f ft f 1 I t 1 s ?5fT ferr i
T|itf?T1T%3rf1R Z . 1 f s ' = 1 7 T ^ 1 1 / . A l f i A ^ i s
Htiti ft

/. IS
^f f i

11 sTfTt i s l i i k m i n fT i n t n i t sfftf ft s n r H T
I I ^ ITtiti s i t f l l ft 5 l * S ^ 1^<%A ffT HT I t^'1t<t.A % fm
fiffTHiff ft^iritirHr*rmi^'ft^tsTiw<WT11'
n i t l f s ^ ffT ft T l fT Wm TfTf1 ft 3T% i t f??rT ft fTTttT
fT5rr ft fTTT I TfTffT ft Tf f t TfT fTTT 3 ft f i t i t t ftif, ffff T t i t ^
fTjft Tf T" ft f ir 8fk Z f i T = Z T " f' f TTTft |f TftTT I VTTt-
?ft<3rrTTTl ft n i t T T T T fts fttft % T T T f t fTg-Tfg ft i t | I fTTft qfe
i t TfrfriT i s i t TfefiiT ft frrttr ftit 11 vntftprri ft % T T | ft;-
w fe^ iF?r *i8'iHii itvwit f i ^ : i

( f i . f i . T"tST. %?SflfTfT^ )
n i f p c f i TfT i t r^wdiif i t T w i t f t t I ^ B S T T % T T C arftgrii
ft n f i f i i t li-aifd i t T I T T ft srf^ ftwT i ff^^ ? I I T f t T f i i f *
fiiiTif f T f i n f t T f>TfrnfiTTanft^ismsnftrr i
f l T T i l (?5(.o |o J.) % m ft ^ ftl i i t fT aom IT, fisTft q f ITT
% ^ fftftEfTwft I f nfi i t Titn fwarit qitOTit m % HT fiift i f i
ilWT % H T m % fsq qfiffeMI ^tlTUT % yiilldMT ftft fT f l l f n ffIT
IT 1% I I f ?vo |o ft sTsit i n f 3!ftfiit ft f f t f r i f w ft q f ^
ii** T1T1T fuft 1TS1T ft ftifi fT 1^ ft f m i t i f ft i t ftit CTCT

ITI f f i r IT 1% I 11% I T i t i ft i t I f i r s S T | 1 Tftif i f f s q SIfcB


ifn fifi f STTT s n r i i r i n r f r t m f i t i t stf f i s m r f n r IT
ffTf, i|iT i f i f i n r ft i f s i ftiT ITI
ft I T I m r I H m # i f f i n ft ftit if, aflr i m
ntn ( jfnrn n rn m ) ft i n i i t i f i T n r ft f i i f i i d i i t i n
f ft5q q f i T f s i m f I K nft I<TS5T f f m f f i f a?ftf T i mftf i -
TTfi i f f ftir I fS5 qmff ft i f f i m i s n ftir | i k fssftfaur
IfH m I f ftir 1 1

iqft ftif i t rnirit ft i ^ f s i r % STTT ift f i f n f i r ff n fsiti


f i m T fr m q i mfti i r qfst f i m r ( m f s ) fr q f ff t m ft
HTfTrit f t n I i t T l i f ( m f s ) i ifirT H H I T ? C I ftnf i
n ifR n qfst f m i r f m q i m ( \o, r\3O ) ft srqft T f i i m
KiV i t ftit I i t fiTt i t ^'i^V % f n i q f t i T i m i t ftit | i t r
i t i t fT fifsn qis T? fT IT H vs'ivo' ft m r 11 T f i i t T I T ft
ftir I n m t ^ ^ T T T T 5tf l i t H T q i t n f> i ff^f n i ^ ^ T T sflr
w r r q f ft H I q r m ft ftft I i t ft i t i t f i T i i r i q f m imft
i r i t 11 n i t i f f f t m r i f % f i f n m f r n ^ ^"i^o'i^o" f?rT i r i

n i i t i flTIIT ft f U f T m m ft =5ffi irfTT (Evection) Tfr


i r f l T f ^ % f s q H S i t ft q f T i t l 15%T5tl ( s f i f 1 ) f 1 ft f m T ft
fnit qfTfi ft q f sfffr f r i r s stf l i t H I fur| n irsir 51
f f m i n > 5 i f i ft q f t f l ft H I T 11 nft T i t i Tfef1 i t T sff^r fr
%TS qitrr fTS ft q f ft tsT ft i t T itif i t sit % q f ft itT q f fr
H I ft f f n i ffir I n i f m f m r ft f i i i t i f m n fr # i f i m
I. f i f T T i l M^^fii^if'dfi ft 1 1 q^jrsti m fT m t irrfrmi
ft ^ l i i t i s m ffr 1 1
ft fftit ft johm f i t t i |tiT m i f ? I f % fsq q f

m i t i t s i H 1 I T I f T m StfifcT ft IFTT ftiT i t =5|fl^ % f s q q f

s f | i f t f m r STTT n i t sTfi fgqiT ft iftsfTT 8tfi ft i T S i r j i f n f T

a n m i w n ffir I

ftiTpTfi ( ) ft sTsit it f5qir i t g f s i f i t fT frft

% fsq q f 1 T S 1 T i t T t i T ft f m TITIT fuft ^ I ^ S l t l t l i t W


f i m r fT i t i ? ? f s iftft ft i f i i ffir i r i % i t r im ^ f s ft

i w it fTt % i i i ft i t 11% i r i t i ft i f i f i i tftg s i r s t i f> i % i

f n (t;) ft f s s i t i i T i % , %^ %^ i T g f O T f i l I ' j i i ' s i t T T

t H T % , i %:i 1:^, 1 , %^ 1 ^ft1 ^ ^ % ^ i M M < ^rrq I i t

qmr 5?i 11 n i r r t simrst ft ift i t i W sfftr % %i %,


%^ %^ S i t % i r f t i t r i ^ n r ft i^zmfe ft l i f t 11 i^j

%\ f i f if ( i t ititsi |TT i t qftfi ft 1=5^ ^TT % M H I ^ K t^r

ft fsft t ) % i K t i t T 1 i sirms ft q f m mft | q i f i f

q i i T 11 nft % i fT m m m '^ssirr air i ? fr m I T I "sffi

s s ^ 55111 l i t f T i % ^ ft nfT m f i n t P F i 11

^^"^'^?1TM<11^<4>rt=51T (i(.'ir)=51T(CRo'|^o-?|?<^'|^o')

%ly i + m^gfi^) = 5ir k9ivo'=

m i s i n r s ^ 1,31T1TSf irftssT, f f ^irftea- f f, f . i s r ftiftw

fit i t m ft n IfTT wm ^m fiift f>i Z f 1 i n r i t r Z f f f

f f i r ft I

n ipr ft T U T ft i f m fur | ff n n f n ( ^0 ;jvso'

fifim)ft z% 'g f (fififti) ^o'ft ?e;o ftir it # 1

A% 1 i ^ n IT ^^.o" ffiT > n f s q % i t r i i r i t Prfsai fft rr (fli-

ts) ft %, i t r %v f t f r i f i ft ftft I
m ft isctT i3ir t l i T I n f rTOTm (vs'/vo') H ftir n
^ T "Tim ft ftit I
n 1? aiftn ftir ffisi i f f t f f n s ^ f i ft f i n fif?g n n

3JTT 5ffaHii=3iT q t i s f f i ^ [ n i {^ ( i - f ) - { i - i f > i ) ]


fii (;) % f i ? i STTT ^ T T s n ftn I ff f i ^ i i i ft f>iifmd ft
3n 1 w =5f=-l-5_=3TT l i . f l

?. % 1 i t 11% i n f t T ? T ^ f i i i f i f qt f i n i 1 it
Aiii=Z%iiZ.11U i f ? tmmtft .Ziii=Z.^
1 1 i r i Tifff nft ifTftI f f m t fr ftir 1 n z% 1 1
1 T 1 = ^ (>i-*^j'-n i a t % i r - t i ^ ?^qT%t ftzif i = Zi f 1
m it iti^^t'wi' I ' '
3mT, ? f i = : _ 1 3 = 5 m ( A% 1 i A i f i V

If ^

% n s i t n t l % t l H ft T m iWW sfk ? f % SFTH ft ^ % fST 1 ^ 1 1

= V9^.S<.' 31T ( ^ i s z n fifT1TS1f?%T5 )

.. ^ffitfissvvsvso" 3zn ( R i ^ n fifi^?5ir?%Tg )


'Sff^res fT I t H R I T f f l f ftif % STTT v.=;"'."A? T i s n 1 1
n sfT'; arsif i t ^ itrT ft i f i f c i n nfr f^Ti
%1S i f t qifn ft ft IT I ititfTfl ft ^t f?TT1T i f t
1T51T i t q f t i i i i t s fft % feq i t arfif^gtiT gf stf-itf i n HIT i
11% HtT i r i t i 1TSH fT S H I ^Ei'lVK." i t t I f f H ^ H l ^o'l^^"
ftH I I n f f H s i t f T IfH 3H1 ?''!o'I I H f f l f ftif ft irS5T
1T3H % s m ^^c'lvt;'ft ^^'WR" I f %1fct)xir^d f t H f t
n H I H f f i f i f i i " % HtT n fsiti f i n n % i m it q f f i ^
iw?: ft ft mxf> f ^ 1 1 1 i t ?ft q f I o n q f t m % ^ ft s m
flHTIT ft itfft I I i t t 1 %155t % i t i f i t i f l T I H % ^ ft ft Hft 1 1
fff ^ s m f i H H % qf n i l ^q ft ft i c q i f?THft | \ nfsq
I t i m f s ( JTT, 1c%rSH ) % ft i ? f 1 q ft I H i m ^ ft q f t i i i i t s
I'SltTT i t ff^ itt ^ ft ft Tf I H I ft 1TH I I
irfi % i i t i m i l f i ^ ft f t i f s m i T i f ft snft n f T i i i
f f H HftH I -sffi itfTt %r qf m i?frt ("i^^ f<>) ^
S f i m H l f H I ft f I i t Hsit % ftffff^ f t f l H 1% ft fsTT I H
i i t i ftir 1 1 'ilft
f?|5itiT^fftfesTT wim i ^ w I
vi-R
spdq; f i ft "Hst^i f t 1T55 i t ftfejirr i t m m irsir
i t m i f e f t f H f t f t T t ' s s i t g i i T i i f f t f i f t l t i iTgiT ( f i f i >
i t 31T itt itfejiT, 51 ft f i T f t f n : If itt q f i ft i n Ift i t
fsrf? f t s m f t 1UIT ft ^ 11T fsiti i t I T S I T if ifeftH "
f t i r u f f q I H ?ei fT 511 f s ft i t I f ffir f t i t \ ff^5 n - i i
H I T i c i - i t i % 511 f s ft i q f i ; f f i r f n f t i f t i f 1 i f n it i n r ft;
nfr t m n aftt ftir i
f>ir ( f - i . 1.) (tqs i T s i f e n ) = 51
^n ( i - f ) X5i=iTs { f ? ^ f s ( )
^ ft^TT ( i - f ) X 5 i = i T s irfi i t f R ^^5(11)
I f i t f r t i f n m i m r f t n f t m fttfe ( i r f i i t i ) ft f m f r
HcisT 1511 i m r t qt ffit n r l i n f t i r |, n f t i f ? HSIT #
i m i f e ft n w f t i 51 f n i r ffir i n f t n it i f s t s i t % =s5fe
qfe itt H f f t i r l i fefi i t f T t f s itit % i f n f s i f s f i icrrit ( s i t
ftft i m ) itt ff i H t ft ftir itt f t i t f i f i it iffe t^i i f i i t i i q q f i
ft it wet in3=3[tii f f n IT i f i T I
1ft i f e f s i t f r t i fsq nft fctfi ftfs^n fr i q i t i ffir i i r | i t
n T n fT m : i r a i 1^51 f t n | ff sm"* ft ^n i iT?fift5f ife ft
arnt f i f i ft m f s i r IT 1 qt! ft H t f t m i ft i f t % ife f s % fe^i
ft n f T 1 f t i n t i f t i i r i inrfe i f n it 1

^ - ^ f^^ ( Variation ) _ _

s p m % i n r r t fr 51 i f t i t ftft % f r t i f i f i i?frt fr ? i n i f f
% i f i T I n : f f i r qtn ff arsit % S R T ^sffe i n r t % s r r f i ^ t % i n

?. s f i m ft 51T ftfs^n fT i n i n Tf i k i f i f e q n if f?ir ^


fiirt ft f f i t HT f I I T t i t i Tf ft 1^ T5ift fT? mft |, n f s q
m f j i f i q? ft ^ ' C I i i T f i t i i f i TT jft TWS T I ftn | I n t
sfTt l f l f s fsiti f i f i q i ft H11T I f i i n ft ? g i ftn 11
i^m^ % if*ra ^ ?vo o ii|,)t^?Bs ITS i t qfg % ?i:?Br i f*n^
m it anft ifift-ft ffft apfttpjr^iftif irft anra farrii ;
I f ?ict;9 t o ftlirwrf ft i c f ^ f t i t S T O i f i q s s T f i p n T^'s^
^ fr i?fTt Ift <Tt i t ( f i f i ) q i m % i s i ifurdiid irsir ft ftitqsn
i T s i r n r f t i t f i r 11 i f f i m r ir i t fti mit i t i j i i r ir ftit i t
argfs i t i f s ftit i t i f f r f n i f iqftftit* *ift i * j i i m i t
f i f i t I f iinr H T it qf am f i i m t i i i f s |t i irsfjarr^ fii
irif % ?iTit fT i f l l ft% l i f t 11 ftitissT iitiT ft n i t f s i T f t i t
ift I f anrti fir f f q i t i r ft q?m i f i r s i r ' ITT ^ifidTTd t m ft anft
tfiT I' sftt q i f n ft qir^i i f nft i t ^ i n f f t i s r fr itici q i r i IT
VK' I t f t i r | ~ i t q i f r i itt qim ft 551 ftt qt 11 an: n fiqnr
% frti m r ft i f i q i f f i ft i f f n aftt i n iir f i t i qrm ft in
ftitI I
sftTTi ft n f i m r i t i r f i i ftft % fsq m i t i t s i f i % %T3 %
snft i t t qtls ft itt i f a f i ft i^nr % i^i t m ft vo'i^o"' c m r i ft
Tcftf i t t i f i i ffir I If i s n ?in if^fi ft t i i ITSIT it i ^ n ifi
ft i m ^ ft snft isnr m r IT I i f f u s T m ifrt i r f s i ffir iir
IT fnft f f iTSTT qitn i t t q i m ft iqft i s n t m i t ft iirn
i t f R % q t m % H I q?Tt vx. i t ft i n f u s r % i n f f i fr in
fiiTsmt ( f i f i ) ft H I f f i fT sniT 11 l i f t fTH 1 1 1 ff21 %
arrfTl f i s m srtr ffTT ITT | i t irft u n r irftir 1
^ - \ S m f ^ ^ - H T O (Annual Equation)

iTSfir % i i f i f i n r t , i t i t f i n n fr i t anfisfrtf s f t i i t 11
Tf i f i f t m i r i t i i f e ft 11 f 1 i t fTTuraff f t itfe irsfw
T n r i t ITSIT f t ftife Tt i T i r f t i i f f I i
f f i t f i T i i n 1TS1T i t f t i f i fT i P n f t % ift ftitqsssr ? m
ft fisTft qt i f t m |3n f f fT^-?m i f n m ^ m ft m f anft t f i r
I n I f f i arqft m t ^ i ? m ft m i t i t m i f $m f t i r | aftt
f i t anft IT I f it% ft t f i r 11
i f t H f ft n itfTt f t 5Ti; ftft i fsq ffit Titi i f i f i TT sff^r
ft f m r i f f i t ffTf; fTS ft ft (t; i t o fto) X 5TT tfim%i"'

?. i r m ft I f t f i m f s m insTt 1 1
fn msFT #FfR f t % ' 1 1 t m w 1 ^ I H nHildT^ld ^
Ntqsssr =HS1T % ?rFr m imit ft mrr i -HSIT snit P5TT ft t? ffto
fto ft v" I nsiT 1 1 n f t m I ff m ft ( e feo
?^ ft ) X tfftm %TS, it?ft ft ifr f S ftiT i t ffto ?vfto %
ft v" I ^o'" fr m m (?mrrf^) Ift i t (v' i ^o'") x mrj
t f m ? %TS i n f r i 1T51T fT i f n m . i t l t l fTIT I H J 5 f t % 5TtT
^ i f T m I f i?fTt q f r f t i i i n IT I iTfffTf ftl % iTtT n f T i n
? r 1 \"' m f J m i l ft I f f i l m n f r t i n n ftit | ff ssit
W'^n i t i q i t irtt i f t i i i r f t f i i iTtt i t t i i i t 1 1 wm: snt %
1=31 ft i t i Tt 11T i t i ft 1 ^ r t nft % 1 1 1 I f i T s n ft f i % m f s
T n n t fTS ft i c w f m n fr ftn i f m i | ! n f T 111 nft n f f i f
ft ffir nftn 1

Tf^ m i T IT ffT I f f 1T31T f i % n i f Tf^af1 ft H t sfit


i f s n f t itt ITIT f t n 11 nfT m r i i f | ff n f n ft i^sn fT
iri fi % ni % m f t i mft |q i f t |n 1 1 n t f K i i?ftf
i m s F i r i t t srcftf j f m i t i f i iff ftft ff^f, tfn^s m t % f m
fiT| ( m ) i m m t ft i m t i r itt j f i n ft i f 1 ftft | aftt n f n
ft I f i t i q f ft ? m rt 1 rfft ft i f i t m ft i f T I T ft; i^sn i
m (tT| itt %5 ) i m f i f?iT ft f ^ i n fsn ft i n ftft 1 1

f f n f i ft iTSfsTT % I f n H i n t iti"^ ( r t u t ) f t x."!?" f i f ^

?. f t t m ( Horrocks ) X\^% fo ft 5 f t % ^TfTt ft ft ^ m T ft^


nn i f r n ft; v"i^o" % ^iftf n i STTT n n i n i f f s n'tK?"" 1 1
(TlntStT ( Flamslccd ) ft g i s m n i^fTt ft H I % ^ itltif ft
a|15 f f n I ( Lunar theory by goadfray )

R. ITtiti n m t ft i T S i t i i t v^i^o* mnr | i iff Miifn


f t H I ff ITtiti s i t f i i firfiit fT i f f t i 1 ft f t n i l 3F%<n
f?T i f t m 1 1 ififfT aftt i t i t ^ i f i it f m T ft i m fr ftn n n
i f n n % itlft itsnrit% m i fritiff i f i m ft m : ftn
ftn ft t f n 1 1
ferr % ftriw ^f^m nft wrf^i^ ft im smir iftn ft f t r a

% tKT fift H n i t f t f IRH % ft? i l n (rra<aiKH-) H T f t r o s ft


^ r r f k n sitfftferit % m ft | q sfftrar i f i t i t ? i t f i 5 ^ ft ^
n P T ^ % f i q i f n ffiT f i i m T fT <ntr (tTf) W T f n f i ft fftiti i f ? ^
55111 l i tfttrf H I ( ^^o*) j t r ftir 11
sftirl ft f e w irit fti ^ n f s r t r i f a n f t n ffir f f i^sir %
M<ii< ( S T f i f i % i n iTSf?H % ' g f n f T f t l ) f T m x''\V f ? i t
Tft 11 %r f f f f q r i i ft i m n ff^f, nfr i^n m K'I^;' |
i t t i g % ?tif i t t "^'1^0" Tsn i ? n t f n | 1 nfT q<ii(?mM
v'lXtj'i^o'Tl f t n I n m q i m ft f t n 11 f f f n f r qtirfif
m .i?vs'i^o" m i f t n | n m q n f i f t f t n | i nft i f
it qn m n f f m it f i i t i i f i i t m qf i t i f f t f r t 1 I E T I
i t t n s f ? i f i j i m i i r f ^ i t ( ^ i i f i n f i f r ) I T ftit | n ft ( m )
qirfT n qim ft ftft 11 f f 5f q i i n qt i t fft ftit 11 i f
I t % iTffif TTf 11 i f n i 15^ 11
iTSfsrr ft qftiTiits f n f i ft nt5 sftirf ft tfTtrf
ftft % f i q
i f f i m n t fTS ( ^^%A'R) f s i i i r f t ft I f m f t nft q t u t i t
lEin f t i f e i t t m f t i f i ft qf sfi^r grtr n^B f^ %feqfrntffr
^ - i # 1^1 if i t
f n n ft* f f f i i ( ^ ) ft f, 1, fT, 1, f, 1, 1 frfHf 1 i t t
i?sf5TTfi % ^ i t ft i n f i r ( f ? n f i f i n i t i ) f 1 11 fT, qr,
f, qf f r f i f i 11T1, n , 1, i r ' HsfSTT|I | i f frfnf 1 fr sr^i
( f m ) 11 f f i f ft f 1 IST1 q t u t ( ) % mmi ft
1, % 1,1;, 1 qf sf|fT 11 i f i f l 1 f t i T S f ^ fr IT 1 i r f t i t
i m ftl ft i f ? T ft f ^ t i fTn 1 1 1 ft n r tfT 11 m 'ir' i t 1 itt
f itit ft ^0 q t frfifer ft i r m m i T i m n f t n 11 itif f i t f r
I f n f t l ftit ^ 1 f % i t n t f t n i fef 1 fm% q t i i f s t i fr
1TI mft % i T ^ f m r i t f f 1, ss, 1 , 1 ; qf s ^ |, fgnfr si^i f i f
1 sftt n m s Vi^o" I ift If i t irft* f f i ? s f s r T f r e r ^ i m i t t
tfTifi % i t i it f i t l f l ft n s f | i ft n TfTt i f i i t s | ^ T I m
tfi ft "^0 n ^v3o f f f f t Tt f t n I it I f f m ft i f n f f t 1 I T
'XT.

ftcTT t I TTT TTT f T t T TT TST ( V!< ) ft ^ T t TTT fgTtT TfT TT


TST ft T ; f T f T t ftTT I 1 I T TTTt ?V3^ fTTf ft Sf|tT ft TftfTT ftrt
I I I T f T %TS 'T' fTTf, I T TTfT ft TTT f t T^TTTfr ft fTTttT fTTT ft
TScTT tfTT I I I T t t f T % T f T T t T t f t f?TfT ^TtR f t f t % f ^ fTT-
fTT?fgT>Tt itTT I I

TTT fTTT TTTH ft- TtTTt f ^ = ^ i = ; ' _ V l ^ o " = vl!<=;'l?.''

" T T TTTH ft Tfi

" TT T ^ T f t f ^ = f T 5 = f 3r = 0 = i '

TTT f t TfT % T f T T t f T , T T, fT 5T^TfTf TT | I I H T TTTT ftTT


I f f TTTfs T t t TTFT ft TTT TTft T^TT tTTT T t ftTT | 1 TTT T t t

V Io
?l^irf^ffTpR^ff flffT5r

f i t i rif % if sT^i f i f IT ftir 11 T l m irft ISTI t i n ft


f 1 % i ? i Itft i t i r 1 1 ^ i T Z ^ f 1 = , , =^TT
31T ( H, It; )
srk m r ft i t ^ I f f s i t i i f t i f i r ? i s i ft f t i r 11
I f m i t I f f i i f i t u r stf i i t ft I ^ ff i m f i it ^ i ^
ftft i fstr fVrtfifi ft ^ i ^ t f f m ft 11 n smt Iftirl H s i f i
% i m r ft fTfl, i r f T f i t t r t n t f i i s T n i t i i t f i f T ? i t fr
IffT^fTtf 11
W-T^'^ (Reduction)
Tf fft ITSTfl 1f1?it i?fTt iff I f f T f TTSTT i t irit f5TT i t
TTfTiti f t i f i ft 11% f r f T T f i f i t T n ft r f t n f ^ % fsq ? t i t
f ^ i f % i r i t f t iT^rt i n 11 rf% f f r TT f f r | f f iTSf^rr i i t
U T S 1 Tff I fuft frfTTf^r n f i % i s f t fr TFT '| f i i f t ff i f f %
i t l t i f f t n n f t i t | \ I T : T f ? q f ft H T S iTTTrfr i t f i t ft f f n
ft nftit i t T f 3TT?T ft f i T I f t TTftit I
f n n ft' ff f i i ( ? o ) ft
TT, i , 1 , T T ' TTSf TT aft?: qr, i ,
1 TT' frffT t I 'f' fTfTcifT fT
ST.T ( f ? n ) I 1 I T ifT TTTt
f STT ft ftTT ' i ' TTSTT I t Tft f 1
i " f T n TtitT ( f TfTcif1 Tt s n )
f 1 % HtT TTft 3 1 1 TTI ft i itt
f TfTTf 1 T i ' ft i t i r i i t t TTT'
i r i t fT T T ^ fetT T f t i f i ffT
T T f t n 1 T T TTi i t t H i ' f H T ,
? ^ o R^o ^ ^ o 8 t i f T t f F 1 ftft 1
T ! t f THf? i t t THTTf ft nft f t f
HTt iff ftn I f f T f TT 1 S T ft
5 1 % l i t H I f i i frft I ( f i i?o)
ITSf^T ft H i If HT itt 1TSTT fT ir^, H i l' Ttsti
I T f t l f i f i T f i I t T H fTfTTf 1 T H l ' f T | I i i ' i s i t | I
Z i , H, l ' 1T?f^T 3ftt f T f T c t f l fT I f T I f t l T T H T t l l t f I 11
n t i f ft iffsfir f i i f i r f i f c r ft qt, i ' n I F T i f i i STTT S T T T I T

I f T T I, n q t ft ( q T i - i T i ' ) f r m t it i r i it i r f t i r i i f ? qr,
i = : f , qr, =fi, z i qr T'=:qT i r f t it iriti f i i t i fifct ft
4r = ^ I -I I T Ttimt fmfn ft
f T3TT qr n fT

\ - f ffnr qr _ ^cr g ^ _niJ^-HiJ


?f>JTT qr tq ftq fi ;JTT (ffi)

.-..TT ( f - f T ) = ^ Z I . ^ I ^ X ^ 1 T ( ? + f l )
t+fWqr V4 ^
n T ^TT (i+fT ) % t T f ; q ft ^ T r f i TIT f t ^ i r f i i t i n t ft
itiri f i f t i i f i i ft ( f n - ? o ) i H i i t ft q f t n ftft qt qftifr f r
i | t m ftiT 1

^^ ' ft^TT T T-
i l ' f t l i ftft ft ( t T n T I t ft TfT ftTT i T ' = ?, T I T
5TT ( 1-fT ) = f f l lift' ( T i f f f f - f l i t #3T1Tq I ) i t
f - f r = ^ q t n t t c f 13TT x ^ i r ^ ^
.*. q f t T f T = 4 q t i T t t c f l ^ T T X n T ^ ^
I T t i t i TTTTlt ft f T S T i t f t l i feitl I T f t l T ? T P T t f t l i t TfTt
STTT t I n f T f T ? f T f l T t T T^TT i t t t q g f T s i fT%TTft Tift ffTT TTITT I
wit^iitti^iiir: ?rifq% i
fgST^^I flTfTttsf^1^?ftitsiT^fsitlff: II

T T S |T f f E q f l f f i t t T f i ft q f i TTtTTf f | TTft | I T T t f f ft TTtt


i f t |t TTfTt ft i t T q?ft I I TTfTT ft f l I^STT f t T t f l T K t % 1 S T
I T f t TfT q f T T I ft f i i r T t t ITT qf ^ ft S f s i t l t 1 f t f t i t 1 f f Tf
TT51TfTtt n ft ft q f 3 1 1 ft f i i t n i t T f S t l l f l ft f ^ H T % fsft

i ? s Ift I T t t f i s t i f T i r ( f t q f t i T f t i t t ) ft f ^ f t i s f t fft
T T l t l f l c^Tf f t ^i t I l f l fTTT i qftiii % IIT it ITt ^ itt
TIT % fsft n f f T T ( i f T f t i ) i f T Tfft I I I i i q f t n ft ^T f t ?TTTT-
flf l f l f t T f s t l l f l TT T T T T f l i t t ^ 1 ft q f ^ l T f t l f l ft flstlTfl
m i ^ c f f f i 11 s m t i f i s % TTtfEwf % S T T T I i i s n Tff i f
3TFI

fsfrr TfTTf; f T f r ^ T T T ? | T ffTT TTT FfTf TTfm i n% m TTTrf %


FTTST % Fsf Tforatr frFiTt i f TtfT i f T I i Tf f i T ? T T ff Tfr Tf
TfTT amTT ff TTfT ffTT | I
% TfiTTfTTt FTTi nffTT % Fstv q f ff TfT, Tff % STTfriTT
qftTTTf f f T2TTT i f I i f TTSTT ^Tf fTTt STH f f TTTf TfT i f T ^
T | I f S T : 3 1 T i iTft TT Tf TTT fft T F T T F T T fTTTf T?Tf Tf F T T H T T ^

5TTT T T S 5 T FfftTft Tff % F T T T S Ttfff f f T T F T T F T ft TfTpT ff fTTFT^TT


ff fT T T T T T ; Tf3 f T FTTT I fTTFTTTTTf f f fft ifTTT Tff TfT, FfTf
T T T ft T T T ft fTTt: 3 m ST i f Tf I TTffft fe! TfTTTTTif f f H T FTTT I
TFTTTTT ff STTTf TTT fT FlfTfcTf T m ffrf | I i f t i f t Tff TfifeTf
n f f StTT fT Tfi^T i f iTSTTTf f f fftfTS fTft f f ?TTTT TTH fT %if t I
TTfsfT F T ^ i f TTfTifT F^FTTf % TFTTTTf ft FTTFTTTT fT t T T TTfT
TSTTTS TFTSITTfTS ft | I F T T % q f T R f t TTTFH % T T ? TTt ft TSTTT
fTTFsT f t i t f I TTT TTTTTff % T?TT TfTFTSTTf fT T R FTT TTTfT
TfT%Tf ft T T S 5 T |3TT TTfT TTT TTTTT TTTfFTFfT f t T=lFT3TFTTfT ft
FTFTB I I

F T T TfTT f T TfT TTSTT % i f f i FTTTf ( T T J T T T FTTTf ) ft T T S T T

% T8^T-Tf STTfTS f t T T T T f t Tf I TTt TfTT TTTTTff % i t f T T


i f f e itT FTffe ( FTTttT fFT ) % FTTTf ft IT% T?TTTf ^ T T T fTsf f f
FTTtftT FfTT T T T , ITft FTFT TfIr TTTf T T I f f | I FfTf 1T% T ? T , T n
Tf, T T T TTFT i fiTTf f f i t TcT^ T T T % T T T T T T T ft iFfT FfTT T T T
itT ITft % STTT T F H T ft IT Tft ft T^ TFTTT IT TSTTSrf fT F T T T FfTT
T T T T TfT I i f t f f % T T T % F T T T ft T3:=TFTHFTTfT?T ^ F S T F T ^ I ' T ft FsTT

I Ff"* : f f , f i % q f TfT i T T T ifT \o (?c;o) F?Tf ft T T


l- ^g?rftT ITTFR T T fTtTTTTHfT ^ I
3rTTS%T THTH?iTfFTTFT: TTTTtTf II ^ II
TfTTfTTFlFT 5f T ^ F l t i TTtSTTTTTFTT: II
?TFT: TTfF T T : ^TTTT^T T s i t f FTHf H T T II Y II

sffTft m f f : TTTTHTtTftcHSHf 1
TgTtsi T^THFTFHHSTTTf f f ?'5T: II K. II
T ^ i s F T H f H fT 5Fs?rFT;sfTTT
HTTSHT: I
1S?[T I I n% TT? f5Tf ft \3^ P n TtT fer ft ?^ TT T S f t , Tfft
ftTT I I Tft f f n f?fff ft FTTttT F?9rT ft - R " T S f t F f t Tt=T FTTt ft
- Y " TSft TF^TT ft T t T ftTT t 1 F f t ? o FTTt ft-V T T T S f t ^ ft
T F T T ftTT I m % TTT FTTT ft TT T S f t TTTt ftTT | f T :
FTTf ^Ko T S f t f T ft T t T ffTT t ( F f t ^ FTTf ft ^X. T S f t f f
TftTT ft TFTT ffTT I 1
ITt TfTt IT Ttrf T f f f T f , TTT TTT T t T , f t FTTT T ^ T T IT T?T
ft TFST I I T^rFTSTF^TfT % TfTTt TTtTTff % tFT TfFTFTTT fT TftT
ft F?ft TT f% I Tft TTft TTTTf3TT fTS Tt fTfTi FTTTTfTTt TTT
f t TTFsfT ft Fs^ FTft Tft I I T T f f t Tf TTTTT | F f IT Ttfff Tt ft T t
T?T5T ?TT % TTTTt Tt TFTFSFTT ft, FfT TfTt ITft TFTTf f t FTTfTTTT
fT TJftTT tlTTFTitT FTFTTf % 5TtT FfTT TT TfT I

T f i TcTTTT TT IfT I Ff TTtTfT TTTTTf ft STf f f T5TT TiTS % T^T


ft FtTt fF?TT f t Tft tFTTTS f f TTTt TTTt f?TTTf ft TTTT fTS ft TTTT
TtTTTcTf ( TTTT|tt TTST ) TFT Tfs TTTft IT Tflf TFTTf f f FTTTTTTf
fT t T T T F T i t T FTFTTf % STtT TrT3:TtT TTFT^ FfTT TT I FfTf I T f t TTft
T f s n fT t f ? T TT f T TTSTT ff TfTTf % TtTTeT ftft % tTTT Tt 5^Tt
ft TTft TFTCTT ftt ft t T t f F T TTT TFTTf % TtTTFTf ftft % t T S Tt
gTt ft TTft TJTTT f t t f t TFtfcTTT I FfTf TT Tfr Tff % FTTT ft Tf
TTT STf ft Tft ffTf Tt 1 wfFf f T HSTT ft Tff %TS Tt5T Tft TT? Tt
ft TFTTT Tt Tff TTft f T T : i f f TT?, nFiTT (^^TT) F f t T f (FTsfT)
Fft fTq- fT: TTT (TfsfT) Fft f T T : ^TTT TffTt T T F T W. TfTt f t
TfeTT T f I IT TFTTf f T FT^?5TT qf FTTT TTtTT Tf; Tf fT TFtf?TTT %
feft ITf Tt i t TTT TfTf Tt I ^Tf Ff T f f I T f t TfT ^Tq- ffgt Tf T f tTTT T
Tf ^ i t ft T T t F T f ftt Tt Tt i t t T TtTTFTf T f e TTST tTR ft ? n f ft
fTfJTT ftt Tt TT I FfTf ^Tt FTTTTT?TT % TTTTTT % Fsq tTTTfTTtT
f f i ; f f g's FTfTSTT TTTrTTTtTT f t TttTTTSt TTsFsTTf fT TTtT
T?Tft T I I
TTTT %TTT TT FfTf TTSTT fT TTTTTT ^'fft i ferf T?Tt ftrt | Tf
TTfT q f t T ^ FTTtFtT f t ft ^ | I IT Tff f t IT FTTT TFTTf %
TfHT ft i t f T TTSTT f f TFTTf % Fsft fFcTT S f TFlftT ft TTTTt Tft I

?TfTFctTfT FTfST TTTT TTTTtT TTT I


itTT i f f TtT %FT TfTTTT^TTFT: l! f . fe. tT. ^f.-^-^
?i^i% ffT fffiff fiffT?r

f T f n i f f f f 'Tfeit % 5 # T f 5 e arfiftiTf ( a r t f f f ) %srfirt f i


i lift i g f i % r ? i m f srarir i i r n f m t % i f t ft i T ? nft
n sr'tirr ft i s F m F f n i Fsft i t q ^ ^^r 5rFTi:tT fF?n FfTT TTT

FTTfT f % ? s ft 1^ TSTT T f % %T5 sftt f f > FTSrft TTSt Xm ft


ft I FfTf n TFtfHTT f t fSfT TTTTTT T f | F f T f fT T>tTFTf FT^^T

f f ^ft S f 1^ f t TFtFf ft TTTT I FTTfT tTT f % T 5 ft J j f f t T^TT


|tt (FT^TT) f 5 T 5 T T T T : i ft i t f t Tft f T f t TFtFT ft TTTT | I FTT SfftT
ft T f F T T TTTT t Tft TTtTtT ^TtFTT ft i t f Ttlt'^T ftT TT iTTTFTfT
ff^ I Ttt FTT ftT f t TFCFT ft iTT;frTt=5TfT fT TTTT t Tft f H

f T f f f t I I t T ^ t Ff T f T F T f t n TFf TT ft f % T S ft ^^ft q-^ ^^vT f t


TFtFT ft TTTT |TT T f TTft ^'^0 % = T f 3 T T f T SftT T S T T F T Fft f T T : -^TT
TTT T f r ftft ^ T T TFT Fft F T T ^ T TFT (Tf TFT) Fft ^TZT TFT ftft TfstT
T F T ( T I T T F T ) TTST T t T t ftTT I n f t F T T S R T T t f T FfTT TTTT | i
ffT sfsfiff f i f f r a

f i T ( U )ftm ^ f f f fH| T t f ) f SST. I 1 f l frnT ft q f I f f


f T T T f T f t fSTT ft TtTT T H | sftt TTft f t T fef ^> %TS T T T f t T T , T^^
T.^ Tj^ T , ftT T T 5TTTT5 ft TtTT TTT | I T f t f friT | i t I T ftT
f t TftfT T t TTTT f T S ft TTTT TTT T T f T H f t f t |ft T S t f T | I T fT'^ T
f H f ft T S f t T T , f ? T H T TTH Z T T T , f c T f t T S f f t T f t T ^ Tt f
f H | f T SEST Tft Z T f T , f e T f t T TTTT f T fT^TfTft T T f ? T H T H T
f t fSTT T T T f T H f t i | q l % H I f f t f fTf ft S f ftT f t t q i t T T f T^
T t fri^ TTft ftT ft Z T T T^ ( T T:^ ) f 5 T f t T T T f T H f t H Tt f fTf
fT ^jft Z T f f^T f T T (TTft T H ? S f t T ) T T f T H f t f t fft I i T T I
T f t T t fti^ tTf*TT ( f t T t ) TT TTT TITT 11T% H T T fT"^ T T STTft 5[TT

ftT ft Z T T T^ f ? T T ^ T i t f f T f fT 5<:H Tft T^ f i fftZ T:^ f T^ f 5 T


f>T fTTttT fen T H f t T S ^ |ft |%TT I f f t i t fTf T t T T Tft"^TTft ftT ft
T i t TN f 5 T 1^0 fT f t T T T f T H f t H T t T f S H f T T t t T f ? H T T s f t f q
Tft 5T: T fTf T t l % H I T T t f f fTf ft T f Z T , f i t f ? T f t T fTTttT f?TT
ft T S f t |ft ^ f a i t T t f t H I l i t T f T t T ^ f i f T t T^ f T^ f 5 T f t T f T s t T
fTTT T T%TT T H f-f^ ft f s i t T t T T t T T T f T f T t T f Z T ^ f T ^ ^ feT-
f t T f i s t T f ? H ft T ^ IT H fTf T t f f t f t T t ^T ft ih T>Tt f t f t
f f t T , fTf T t Tjj f T^ f 5 T f t T T f i t T f T H ft T T H TTTTfT ft tf^
i t T t f t H \ STT I T f T i T T f t tT^S f t TTT f f T f q i ^ Tj^ ft Ty T T:^ f 5 T TTT
T T T f Ti5TT TT T f f fH| % S^ST f t T f 3If 55tT fTTT ft T t t T^ it
T f % H T ft T S H f H T f f T s t T TfT ( T f T f i ) ^f^STtrt f t H I

TtT H t T T f t % T f i t T trf^TT T t t T f T f e i t % ?f^ T t l t ftft fT


Tft t f t T t I ffff I T T f t % itTitT>5T f T f t T t tTTtTT f i ^ S ft
T t i t H T T t T f t T t T f t f t TfT T^T H t l f f T T Tffftit; f f H i t T T f l f S
% STTTT ft T f t T f T S T T Tfi"* ft T ^ I 1 1 % H I l i f t l f l f 1 1 : f T f t i t
H T T t T t t q f fTTT t H T T t T f tTfPTT H f ^ l i f e l T S T ff^S i t i t f t H I
Itit fT i t . i t . 1 T H H ^ STTTTTt % s m t l T i t f l H l t T H ^ i t f i i f
S l i t s t f l T I ft I T i t T f T f t f t T H T t f T f t f f HtTTft fT H t l f l f f U T
qf ^ S f f t T ft T T H t f n f T %T3 t l i ft T f i t TSTT f t tftT t ^
i f t f^T f t T f t f i ft T T H 11 f n S f f t T ft T f f n i f I H | i f t i t r i t i t ^ i

?. f S m s H f l l T t T T TfTftTIHTft I
siitHfi: t T H I t f S T T l 5 t i II f i f i . ^ifrfifTt ^ t f ^%
ftT (Paralacial epicycle) f ^ | aftt f n ffT ft ^M^ ft s f f ^ fT %TS
naT I 3ftrtfi^l^tlflfrT qj (deferent) arfrif ffft | I TTtitT n t f i T ft
Tf f^TTfET ffSTTT | I 1 ^ fcft ft T f i t TfT |ft TTft TTtTfTf
TTfTTtT ItTfr TTf%T ftTt t I TftfcTTT ft TfT fT tTfT Tf | ff fT
T k TTtTTf ITft fTTit TfT Tft | Tft TtT^T i t t fTTft TfT ^tst | Tft
Tf f ^ 11 p i k f f f t TfT fT f t TfT ft Tit f t i t |; iTfsft IT itrt
ft TTTt TfT itit^n TfT Ttt f T f t TfT TTft T^TT TfT f t i t | I
TTS IftTfT T P T i t TfT fT f t TfT ft ^tst ftTt | I i r f s q f i f t TfT
TTft i r i t S T TfT i k TTTt TfT T^TTTfT ftrt | 1

IT Tftf?TTT % TfTTt Tf ff TTTT f^T Ttsft^ST TfT ft il^fitit'ST


f 1 f t qftfT ft TTTT TTTT TTT | i k TTT ft i t S f i t i t ' T ftT % i^S f t
TfT ftft Tffti fSTf?r ft TSTTTf TT itSTitTt=5T f T fT Tf f t TSTT
TfT ft Tit fTTTftT f a i t S ftTT |, fTT fTTT ft i t i t = 5 T , it5ritTt=5T ?T f t
TftfT ft I fScf: f %5T ft ftTT SST f t Tf fT fT^T itSTTtTt'ST TT f t TftfT
ft (irsft=5TTfTTfTfT) aTTTTit5I%TS TfT ft TTft TfTT TTtT ftTT I TTT
f^TT^ ft Tf (ititTT TfT-itT%TS Tfe) TSTT T f i ft TSTT tfTTJ f s g ;
f ft ftTT 5ST f t TffT*T (itit=5TTfT-tTS it5r%TSTfT) ft Tfeits
? f ^ t T t ftTT 1 TTtftTTTT ft Tf f t tT^STfT fT Tft t m TTit ^ T T T
ft fT5 ffTT I I ffTf TTTTT arrtstfTTTft TSTT TfTfT-tT^ itT%TS TfT ITft
tT^S Tfe TTTT t I i t r t ft tTKSTfTit fT f S f?T ft | I %TS tTES 5ft5f-
%TSTfT % tT^TftftTI I fTft T f TfT i TTTTftfTTVTT TTTTT I Tf% fT
TTTT i t t TRitT TSfTTt ft TtTf S f T tT^T fTTSTft | I
fTT (XR) i f f^TSftf f fT^TTftf T T T T f fTfHTTitTTTCTT|TTT
T i T 3 ft T T fT3TT ftTT SfTT itTT TTT | I f T t T t^T S f TtT % T^T
fTT| T ft TTTt I I T Tf, Sf TtT ft i t r i T j TfT ft TSf t T fT^f Tt T|=TT |

T k T i t TTT TSTT TfT ft T S f t Tf f ^T TtTftT fTT| Tt T | T T | I T T


tTT f t frsTf t f fTTfftT T i TTTTTTTt f T tTT TtTT I TT A T f T Tf
f m ' s r ft T fTT| ft itT%Ts TfT ft TST f t r t i t itTitit=5Tffr ( s f srfT-
T T ) ft Z T T T % f ?T Ttr^TS I t f 31 tTT f t T^T tTT f # | I TT Tf
fft f fTT|ftZ T f T f$T ftT Tt SftSTtTt ftTT I i t T f T ftT ft T f T
ftT f?T #5T I I f i t T f T i t T ft i t f f s aftt z T f T f t trs i t r i T s
?i|ir%ffT3JFTff fiffi5r

ffi I I m i t ^ f 5 5 % STRHT % fsft T f ^ l ft f T t l T It T T S T


TTfti I SfftT fT STTTTS 1 1 ( f n ft T 1 t T T TTSf TTT s ) , sftsiT-
THfiSTtT f f T TTTTT I T T T f T f T ft :

T T = T T . STT Z . T T T = 3rf ^ T X T t %T3:3TT = f T f S

TT = T T . f t TT Z T T . T = 3rf SZTTXTt %T?f>TT = ftfef^S

f T = T T T f T = ^ T T - ' + T T ^ = v^(fT + f>f2 f s ) ' < + ( f U f S )^

i r f t f T fT5TT t I TT T f T f ft f T TT T T S T TTST I T T f T T sftT


f T T TTf>T fTfT TTTTTT | I TT:

T T = ^ - l ^= - ^ ^ J X f T ^ ^ . ^
T T TtSTfT

T t ? T f T STft % f s q f t f e f 55 TTT TtT T f T TT ft fT^TT ft TT ftTT TTT


fSTtT T I T f i t T TT ft ^ T f>TT I
TtSTfSTTTT % I T T T t f TT ft 5 f t T f T q f TTT5Tf TTfTT | , fTTft
TTf?TfT T t T f STTTT % fsft TS?RT ^TT f T T t I I T T : T t T f T % STft fTTT
ft T t T f S oiTft fT TfTT T f t f s T T TTTT | 1
f T T ( ? ^ ) % f T f T T T f ft T T , T^T f T f T T : Tf?TfS^TT TtT
f T ^ T I T T T TT TtTt f T TTTTTt f t T Z T T f TTT | I
Z TT f = ? ^.o T T T = Z T f T = : T^TT Tt5l%T5
Z T T T = Z T T f + - ^ T f T = ^TOTrT%TS + T t T f ^ I
TT TTS fTftTfTfT ft

{ ( T T - T T ) _ tr ^ ( Z T T T - Z T f T )
^ ( ^ T + T T ) T - T t 5 ( Z T T T + Z T T T )

TTTT
^ f fT - at f TT ) _ ^ (TT T t % - i t . f s )
^ ( tT + T f 5irT TT ^ ( n i t i + i t , f S )

* FT ^ ( C T i t % - i t f ) = 5 ^ . ^ ^ - X ?T n T ^ TSTTitST^TS

fT+TTi TT
Tft n ^ iTT%?S sftT i t T f S fT T t r T^TT i t T i ^ S | I
.'. i T T f S = ^ T S T T it5T irST5S=TTT | f T f t ftTT T f f T | 1
fTJTTtfSTTcTfSTtfrfTtfTTtit ffTTTTtfffTfiffTfTTTT^ i
irsT^TTSTfir wfT^T TWTTTtT%TSTTlTT f s TTTf II
i t T f S STft fT ;fTTI smx. W T n I T S |, i T T f t T f f t f T f t f T T ft f t f e
111% ffT fffiff flffT^I

fT I T I Ift T t ftfe % I f f T f t l f t CT5F51T f t i t 1 I T i f ? fltim % f l


ft I T S I W S T T fir IIT ( %TS f>1T + sffSTT ) = fYs I

:^ ir. STT

i t . % f > T T + 1 f SETT
,'. i t f f S = ? T ^ T S M T^TIfTS I
nf f s q fttT f T I
f I T f ? f f t f i l fTSftfsSTfT fitTTTcTq^tT i t s T t I
ftTtSIT TT|lflf3=TitlT 1=51TT1TfTtfTTt f S IT II
T T T f ft ft i t f t ^ i s f t T t ''.o" ft srfTf I H t ftTT | i t T f f f f f ? frS"
T I T TT ^VSoft s r f T f TTTt ftTT | Tt T f fTTf? TT T f t T f ? fTS f fSTTT | I
T T f q T t f tTTTT ft i t l T f ? T f t % tT^S t T T l t % f s q T f % H T f 55 f f t
i t i f S i t f T t f t f t f t STTtTT f t I ffTf i T S q f TTt f t 11 ItfTtt %
i r t r TTfTT ft T f t i tq^s t i T i i q s s s r ^ f t T f , i i f s q I T s f f TTfti i t -
11 t i ^ q n f i t f T i t TTt i ? f T t f f i r ITT iJlTf^ i^n i f ft itsTfs f r
STTTT i t f T t f t f f t nft T T T f S f T STTTT ItfiT f t , 1 1 Tt ft f f t I T T f S
S i f t 1 1 f t T T S f S fT TSTT ft i t f T t f t T l TTTtq^ Tf ft it^T fTS
HTft itSTfS f T i t f T t 1 1 ITTtq^ ft ftft qt f f ^ 1 tfKSTf
1 1 eft
f t i r 1 1 f i fisTTT ft i f t i f f IT f s i t 1 1 i f t :
isft it^IfStTT^ TTTTTSfS TTT I
TSTTf TTTfS T f S i s f f t r IT It
i r t f t n r i ft i f r f H i t i t f i % srpTt smsi; (Tftfirt) ITT^?? sftt
i t s T f s fr i t f R f f T 1 1 I f i f n i t t n i t s r r f r i t i ftifi i t H T T i
fsq srftr; i r t T t i s m r i ! ft i ffti% s r t r n fTir ft t f ? i i m f f i r 1 1
nft ifTfH, i n sftt n% f^ T i l 1 ^ f r T H fT%T i ^ T i t i 11 i i i
i n ft srqft Tf i m ft q f f i t i i t f i f r srr^n jm\ | i _ j 3 i i s r f m
q^ T s n Tf ft i t i f s fT smt i t f T t f t fq^t m t ft m f s s i f t
n ft m f s ft 1 S H I f ft i t f i ft n i r m ^fti t r ^ T ^ ?5Tft
n I t ft STft ift i t i f s f r i t f r t i r m ^ ft ftft qt t q ^ i f f t i r 1 1
n r :
srr^Tft IS fsti TS f i r s i n f
Ttim mnfTs fftriti i ^ i
sTfii^sfTi fTsfm^i iiif
ii 1 n fct^iti i f t f t^st s i t i i ? it
n f i f i % i r f l T T f STTffTf T f f ft T f t f t SF^ftT ftft I 1

T f TTTT f t I T f S T t f T t TTTSt ft fT^ | f f TttTTft % f s q Tfi5

T t T f ? 5 i ^ T t f t % f t TTTTtTt ft T^Tf^ TtfTT fT TTfT^fTt ffTT TT I

TTTTTTTSt Tt lift fTT T f t f f t TT T f T t I TT% f S TTTT TTt^t f t

i T f t ft T f n^ I I

^ S T T t i t ' l T t T fft f l ^ T T T i S T T t - T f T f t fT^TT f t TtSTT^cTfSJITT


ffft I I T f S T f S T f t ft 5fT5 T fT^S | ff Tf Ttt Tl5Tt=ST f T T H t
tr^T t r s %?stT T T T f t Tt ^TffT; ft Tt5TTT?T f S ^ T T fT TTT T t S H ^ T f f t
TTTTT I T T t f f Tt5Tf5?, t T S %TStT T t t T S T T %TStT fT H T t f t ftTT | I
TT I T T f t % TTTTSn T t T f r t T t t f T f T T H t f t %TStT f t H T T T |T
f f % f55ft TSTT f T ft T t T f 55 f r T t f T t f t IT% T t T > T t f t T H t f K%
5ff^%T5fT H H f t H I T T f T T ( ft f T t ^ N t f S 55fT H S g t f f S T t t
TTT T T f V r f T f T t ft T H T f T H f t T t I T T t f f / . S f f ^ Z T T T I T T i
TT = ^ - ^ 5 = ^ J ^ n T X H c T f S STT ^ ^^^^^
f f fTSH
_ ^ _ T T X T f _ T t T f S STT X fTSTT
^ T = ^ ST^cTf TSJTT =
f S tT. Wr. % . siTT
TTTTT T T t s t f T T T ft TtSTTcTfSSifT STft % fstr ;3TfrB H t T t T TfTt ft
T t f T f f H H I T f t f f ^ % fsTi 3TTT f t f T H T TTSsT T f t | 1
TTTTT TSTfSTT STSTtft T T fTTT TtTt T?t ft 3l?cTfSsqT f t TTTT TTTT
I I f f f TTtTtT T T H T , TTTTTH f t TTcTf SSTT f t T f t T t t fTTTTHTT f t
STT?TT5SSTT f t ^ t s f TTTft | 1 I T f T fT^f T T f | f f H t T t T TtStTtrt'STf T
ft TtTftTTfTt HTft t I Tt HtTfTfH % f T f S f I TTtff 3n%TT ft
3ft5TTtTt=5^|TT ?sTt f t T t T f ' m f T t f ^ f T f t T f m | I T f TTT f T 5 f f H
H f f T I I nft t r s I f f n fTTT ft H t r f T t f t TftfoTH HSTt f t
Tff tT T f t f t t T H T T^ftTT fT TftTTT | I

n Tftf5TH 5RT TfTT ft STft Tft T f f aftt T T f t STTfTTtT ftTfTTY


ft ftr f t f t T t T T STHt T f T Tfft S H Tt TTHTtft n H T fT T H S T T H f f
T f T ? T t arrfntr ft f f r f f i r r t H T ft f P T f ^ r f t T T S S T f t n 1 1 T t t i r t
Tft* % f s q f r n fTIT f t Tft f t H ftfff f r i f T H t H T t ' ft H t ^ T T t
ftH t I n f e q T f fT?=TT f f H T H ^ fT T T S H f t TtfT f t n Tft' fT
T t f f m^ f l T f T t 51TT TT | f T T f t f ^ l t Tff | I 3{T: T T ^
mf =51^1 afTftT fT %T? m
,feiTT TTT i k n i iV Tf %
3T?gt i f s it
TTTT TTT 1 f f t TtTf f i t%
f T T T i TTTT f f T | Tf T f f t
TTf TTfT r?TfT TfTTTTT T f i
TTTT TTit s f e T f f I

TTT f S , iFftfq;55^ TTfTT


i f f t ^TT fTTT tTTT Tft |
Tff i TTTT fT TTtfT ffTT
TTT I f f T f T f i T S fT itt
T f % TTTt i f t T?TT?r f 55 f I
ffTf lTflTtTfTTTTT%T?TTTf
fT f T i TT?f=5^ f t f t TtfT
fTTT tTTT I T i ft TT?f^T
TTT fSTT TTT I TTtTtT TTTTTf
i TT?f=s^qTT % f T T t t T i
fsiT f f t T f S fftB Tft T t f T (fTT n )
f t I I f f r f TTTTT S T S i t 5TtT I T fSTT i ffTT TTT TTcT t f ? T | \ Tift
Tft T^fT ffTT TT t f T t I

^-3 m % T?#^ T??"5^

TtT TTtTTff i T??>5it f T T f H T TTft T^TT TfT ft TcTTT Tf T t i f

% I f f T f ftTf H t T I T T f f f t T T f T i t T ftTfTTf T^TT i t T f i t % T ft

TT553-T T f t f f r f I TTtTtT H H T f ft H t T T f f % HTf=5Tf ft TTfTitT

ftTfTTf f s i t I f f T f T T f t H T f t f t f t tTTTfTTtT ffTJ Tff T t f T f t | I

T T t f t T H T ft TT?>5Tf ft TTTTT TTsfsT ft f S f % HtT fcTTTf

( v^Rooooo ) ft n i TSTTTf strrf % nft % fsft i%T T I T f f H 11

ffTf TTTTT T T s f s f T i t i t T | T T H T f f 1T% ftjft f f i t ftrfftfT fT Tcftl

Tft ffH I I ftTfrfT fTTTTT aTfTTSfTHit % T'kT T T H T THfTTT I


<

f9ffr ft 3TfiTT^r Fi^egr aft^ %^ 'mx TTHV^ fvir i r STT


M^ ft sMt vt ^ qifsmviFcift TFT vr i t v t i f r v i ft 51% T??>5it^
vt arrvTiti f^sTfcT VT arrv^sr fvir rr 1 3 1 frfsr % ^ i t r ftft % vr^or
i t anffftv f^vtiT % 3 q v ^ vr ^qitT VT 3ft gitigr: ^ ft T^E^I vrft 11

^xj ^ff vt snvTitT ftqftr fft T^JTI ft i t f i m i i f ft srrciki


^T^JasT f t i t 11 itTV55 rPT ft 5rW fmcTT VT ^^tii'^ ft fVT 11 i t g i
itT % sFcTT ft 3 q ^ r ftit 11 i f ? n f m r n ft ^ f p irOTf ^
f?Tf?r fft 3q^5sr f t i t TSTT ^f ft i t ^TVT f i ^ r ftm i f fsitT
fmT?T ('T??'S55) ft itrft I Sra: % ^ I7?V55 ft 3ITgft?r I f vt 3q55f5!T
%feft f3r?r ?iH T?: ?ff sftK ^ i % sp^t ft 3 c q ^ f ^ ^ m (itsTqi^i) vr
STTTT ftm 3ft f t OT^Jsq- ^?;rT 3rTT5STV | I ^^jm 55Tft Vt ^ 1 T U T ft
? ^ I fv 3:it 3TTT ?rf fgf^ n'k i t i t ^^T ft f> i t it^^55 vi
3Tmi ftiT sfitfv wft I f 3iTx ^ i vr s i v ^ f>rT i fv?^ fsr s f k gg;
VT g ; i ft sr?^ ft VT ft ftm | i STCT: ft i t i ! T f itsiv?? ft T f p
fft TfTITf T>Tftfr ft T?ft t I 1^55^1: TfT T fj f i ft 5T% T T i t ' T VT
VT f l T k T sritT | i l I I STTTli 2T55it ft ?T% TTTT??V^ aftr Tit=5T
f^'l frTfTT, TfT^Tf ITTT^T V>T ft ft fVTT | 1 5TVT ToffT f T
srrft vTft I f r TTT ^^^fr % T?it^Tt vr fTTf^r si^gi vr^ | r
^T^ ft Xm % TTT g i BTIX ? i t % ?fTT fTT<t?f gf^T ft ^ T ft Vt
f<t 'TT qv ^^T ft ^fSTtTT ftft I I fv 5T% it^fqs^ VT STflTT
ftcIT I I

ST^it ft STTitTTT % TTT 5T i t T 1 f t Vt f l T T t l ^ f l ^'f^'tTfT f f f ft


1T% Tft9i % TTT ( I T f t i r vt fft ^ T ) 11% T ^ i t ^ l % f i i k i
vt gf^B W srVTT TcT55Tit | fv i f ? i t i ITT vt ^T ft f i T T t i gfcflt VT
STTV?51 fVTT TTT i t 51 I f f % %T55 3c^?ijyi W^ fTT^T ( T?? ) ft f t
srtvr^r ft ??T ^f, T^TT ^f ft 3r?^?f f t n itT i l i f m f ft i f f vt
TTSJTJT r?Tfcrif 5rTcr ffit i I T ftT JRT 51 i t i f m f % ?Tff ^ m STTVT-
i t i ftrfiJif i t ftr ft ft ?ni ffit I ^ni 7 ^ i ! % STTT fivtT fif^r ft
T;it=sit vt f^^rfcf fiTffT?r vf Trit 11 3n=^TT sT^Jit % TTI srft? T I 51 vf
Isftq'^sT fT"Tft^ gfctir VT m% TT i ?Ti 5'ffft % l i t % STJ^TT^J ft figf^Tf
vr %T fVIT IT 3 ' ^ % Tfl^ 3?ffft f n i f f v i &T TTTT T^^cT vt t I
ITT 5#R> f i l T m

f^T(? ^) ft m ^ ft ^ , srsf^ viPrrf^ VT %?? I sftx: r^iTri^?? ft,


ft, ftirf? f i ^ I I % ^'-^ 5rfg|TT 3TraT 3?%T?fTT VT 11 v 3 fT^TT
ft 3r V n 3c%'S iqr 1 1 ftit TTT ^^rm sniV TTct% m ^i
ft fiq-crcf gf^r ft # T ^ff ft ft^t vr ftq- ftjrr TTT I ^ ft^? ft zi
ft ^ 3T g5!T f^V TT 3T F ^ l TT iTf ?f2T>TT fSTT I fVT f l T T t l ffcT ft
T| ft ft Z ft ^ V 5?!T |Tt TT T?T I fT5T f d^T f^TTtl ^f^ftWf
ft FT^I ft z f t ^ 1 v"t"3T TT ^'ar TTT t 5 1 ST^TT i t i f f i T T t i 5%if %
3f??rfT?T v t q Z 3 r ^ V i t T z . V ^ 1 i r ft ?rT^ ft Tft I a n isipT ^f v
Tf^rif vt TiriT V V?? TT rft vfif ft ft ftit i v^sr: i f m firrti gfi
ft 31 ft T55VT fsraft fcfif ft I^TTt flTTta5r?r ft 1V?5 ft Z3T ^ V
Vt"^ TT tm, 3 l f t f t f ? i f ft l E I f t i f ^ ft I f 1^"tcV73 frT ff i f T f l
ft 3T V p i TTT sTsmr AST % V v>T t l i t srvR f i i t i f i g f i
ft ^ i t i f i f f i I V ftgft f ? i f ft I f i%^s ft Z . V ^ 1 p i v t r TT
f>ir, 3crft f 5 i f ft l E H I f 1f?5rrgf rT ft V 1 ITT STSTIT 3 1 % %75 ft
Z V % 1 p i v t i arrvT^i V ^ T I ST ^ ^^T V> sfrft i t i ft ISTIT i t f
vt TFTFI ft r fT^i TT | i sfivi, v i i k 1 1 ^^Tif vt
fl55T^ I m ^ ^ T l f t l ftZar 1 V = 4 TTT arv, Z V I I ^ ITT
VI i t T Z3T 1 1 = 4 ITT (3f^ + V l ) = ^ ITT 3T r I Sf? i f ? 1 T
TN VT T H ma f t TTT it sr V n ^ I N VT T R ?rra f t
TT^ 1 fTTft St vt ^TF^Tt 5ncf f t T T i i t srfT I T ^ %, srtT
T??>c%r5ftT%%?5VT3[r?rTit5rTTftTTiTT13TT?;T3r^%V>r VT?rR
VT T?it=5=^fl?| vt Tt T W T ^ V TTH fVTT TT TVTT f I m TT^T V T T
i Z V T T, T H V T VT SfTTT ftft ft 501 f t f I V T STIT T T ^TTTt Vt ^TIT
VTTT I I f T l T VlP|;Tft Z V ^ T = 1^ - V ^ 3r = ?rR
Z V T ^ = ^ srv
/ Z ^ V T = l^o-{ ZV ^T+ZVT^ )

3T ^ vtrTgrra ft
^;T= I'TX^TTZV^T
STTZ'^VT
^ f t T ^ T fT5T ft
^TT^T- ?co-( Z T ^ V + Z V j ' i r )
Z T T ^ = (Z VT ^ + Z V ^ T T N (STV+VT)
/ v r q - r - 1^0-{ ZT^T+ZT TT)
JT =T- ^ TX^TT Z T T T
SZTT Z T T T
STT V T, I T g ^ s f t sr^T 3TVt T ^ q - ^ f ^"tw V T T % ?rrT ftft ft V T
TT T fT^I ft T 3 T ^T?5VT T 55 srf T 55 TTT V 55 VT T R 55TTT TT
TV^ I I
.'. TT ?5 = nrX^TT Z T T 55
/ . 55 r = T T X V t ^TT Z T T 55

STTTT A T T V ft ^ ^ ~ X?T3TT Z l - T T V = FT^qT sr


VT+TT
T V T = Z ^ Z T T V - sr
BIT f;T^ SrVTT ft
/V 55 = V r - T 55
JT 55 IT 55
.;.FT 5!TT Z-T V 55=
V 55 V T - 55 r
A ^ Z T V 55 =
T r X ^ T T Z T T 55
TTX.TTZVTT_^^^^^^^^^
3irT Z T V T
iTfi?r 1 1 % iFff ^ ^ i i m f e 3ih: f T ft i r % i n %
M y H ft ?T 5qTZ_1 V T =
1 V IX^IT 1 ^ IX^IT ^ V 1
~ 31T 1 1 1 . V11- 1 1 1 . X^IT 1 V r. VI 1 1 V

^ 3tn 1 V T = .
3JTT 1 1 1 ^11 V 1 1 -V
= vr ^TT Z _ i 1 V
5irT 1 1 1 , SJTT >T ^ r ,
31^ ^ 1 3ftTZ.1 V 1 VT H I 5 m ftft IT ^of 5qT SI 1 VI H I T H
ft T T i n I 51 qr ft 31 ?r % 3i^v fk^ sftr i vr SI^T TTIVT I %1!TFC1-
S5!5iTT sftr Z.ft 1 3 i??>Ei VT i t H I Tig ft TTHI I T^T V ict=5ii-
m V 3?TfTiI ft IfFIS ftlT I
f l 311=^11 ^ i f e l l Smrft % gTTT U H f e l I f ^ vt flTTtl gfe i l ? i t
i t i t ftif% sTmRTT 31% i 5 i i t ^ S^T 3?%?SOT (TTH?? V55^II) VI f r ^ k r
51 5ITT VTft 1 vtqtivi % sipiR ^ figfcr ?^H<> % ^
fo[iTiT v> i?i 51=^^ 51P: i f i % ^ fTits % si^^T ^ T i i r t 1^
vt f t i t I i t f i l l Tifti % 3i?i qr i t I vtqfivi ^ F?IT ft^i? ft

fsitifigfgr ^^Kt^it (Fi#q3=Tti% srisi qjigit % f 1^


f 5 i ) snitTH ft i t i i ^ 51 f i f Tifti % R^'lxo' TT i t i i t ft^ife ft
?v^7?o' qji Jif I ^gtJT figfii fo ft fiT^ft q3:^rf % u ft m
5itvi| % ?^ i f fcrfii v> snit xm ft i m ^ i t ^^ qf^ '^^'iiftr % ^/^v'
qr i t I i t ftiT ft^? ft qr ^fait^T f t i r i
51 i t i t figfait % siggK srsw S^T feitT ftrgfe ft T ( f i ? i t ^ ^ )
% sr^iR V TI fei R% i o vr 3T^T | I i^fi
fsiti sftT ^itT f T j f a i t ft l i f?1 ? T% VT STfcTT | I STTI
fgili F^gfciit % 3f?^TT55 ft ^f vr iitq^JsT T^^T q i i f vt ^tfVT
^vs7.' ffel I I TTI fsitT sftT gitT flgfcTT"! ft ^Tf VT iitq^JST 3l?crT
l i i f v> ^>fVT '\'^l~^>s' ftgi 11 sjm m^A^xx^ 5f ?if v i T^TT TIT
l i i t v t ^>fVT '^ifj-^' gTT fsitT VMRtTI55 ft ^X^JR^' TI I
51 3q55f5TTt % ST^giT TTT % fv f T T (?^) ft 31 V T T tiV 3c%^
TI H ? srftfcT I I f3(?r^ %'f5 %, T%?3 ^ ft ftI?fT | I ?If Vt ^f^ TIT ^ f?TI
ft I I SIci: STTT sftT feitT fTlfcflf % iT"tq5555T fg;:| JT sftT V VI V>it-
TT'TT Z T T V = 'k^'l'i.o', fjC^ZT ^^JT f^qfcT ^ vtitTI'cIT Z V T 31 =
sNT VT^nsTTTr^r v i f v r i s n 111 i r i v 1 = s i ^ ^ i w
feltl TFT v . 3 r = ^ K R ^ '
firfi 111ft Z i i i = \^o''-{ =p i ^ 3 r + ^ v w J T )

Z l 1 T J ( i n V l + I H V 3r) = (v\9lVV + Vol!(.^) = t;e;''|^^'


A Z I 1 1= |^o-(^c;|^^'+ ct:, )^\3^o,i^^.
A Z i V I^Z^r 1 V - Z1 1V- VolVYc^v^'lo '

T i l l 1 1 T ft 1 1 = ^

1 1 = .^^o XI r
31T( V85?:;' ) ^i^^t^vy^

Vl^m V 1 1= Z 1 1 V
51T Z ^ 11X Zv 1 1
51TZ1 tlX^IIIVI ^^^^'^ ^

3an V o - I K ^ '

iti {IRT ^ 1 ) ( v )

51. 5. 311 V?* I = "^'=;o^<?.^v?


i t i ( i i i ^ ) = ?^'^K%=:'^v9v(5a)
S U V ^ 1 ^ 1 ( V ) ft ( ^ ) vr si'TT ( TTTCi ) VT^

5ivt i5qTvnv^'
sir v o I <\^' = o-^3X^R^v?
i t i t VI sifiT >= VV^SJYAO

..51^11 Z l V 1 = = ,
T f , 5. fT ?o-Vi^^=:^'.
ST'TT = <?. R o m n = 5TS5qr ^T^q-i Z. 1 V 5T
%m TTT VT flT T 1 = ^ ? I
IH 3^f??Tr ft sTHit ft m r q VT TTT ^ R I V? ^rwr 1 1 i t firrt
ft =; VTT 3rrr^ I I Hi:VTT I Tf T K # Vt 5TTTT % VTTljr ft t T I ITft
STTTTq V T H r T t f i T T T F T T VTT-i:^3\S I -^1 i\V =r. <i,z; \
VK' I TFT 3T T = U I
Voprf^'TTsr ^ ?r= RI-s^^c;^^
5 n ST r = oS:=;?,^v^i!
^in'^TT TTT T T =
TTX^q-i^JTT X 3!TT'5^* I
. . tl n =^
^q-T T T T 3zrr I
T. g. T T = o->;(c;^c:^
T. 5. 3irT I ^^^ioV.Uo
T 1 T ( TtT ) = ?o KVL^^VVs;?
T . 5 3irT t - ^ - i ^ ^ ' ^ ^v^\^^-,?
T . 5 T T TTT (3T?TT) ?<>,

% sqr ^ TI<T sr r = Vt STT ^o' | ^vs' Vt. =

?q/W % q = _i: _! t;t;\o


%q -^^R^^^K
A Z . ^ V q = v?* I ^ o '
ST^rrt ft 5T f\J^ VT TIT itK' fTST | Tt ^Tfgj IT T T i q % TIT ft
^ ' *t srfTVTi % vpc^ir I I
T^?5 ft T f ? afT^xI TV T % vt %ti ft TTTT'^^TiT Vt?!T V> 3cq?r
VTTt'l 1 sTci: 5T% grrr 3?%5STr TT q w ir??VTJii vi TTI ^rift 1 1
^ TO ft sr T ^^rfsirr ^ i ar^v fT?| q | i
TTvtEjr^A T % q ft
% qX vt 3Tr Zsr % q
sirr A % vj; q vt STI i i T % q
^ 5 q T = : o I 3=;' ITT\'' \
spt 3TT V ? " I ^o' 3q-r V=; I
: 3ZTr Z?!}" I - TTT V T 3qT 1

TCF: T T T VT T T T T?? V T JTTTV % %T ft U * M ^' 3<TT5T fTT I ^TfTITfT


V T5TTT TF I R VTT I Tt ? ? M TV T^TT TFTT | I Hx
LIT 3)T ft TSVT 5 i T ^ FT TTTT | I fv?5 I F F5T% TFVSTL V FITT
?1^q SFTT T??itTt3T TFT^^xT v t V^TIT V VTT^Tr | I ^TTTTTTJTV^T
VT VETIT ft Q^-T T?5VT VT ^T^'tE T^q 5TT: ?q? FT TTTT | I
FTT (?^) ft 3FV?5TT ' T V ' vt itit ITT ISFT i t 3CV?? T?T ft
T fsTri ft H ^ QTTTFTV |FT TT TIT '"J Tt QTTI^Q %Xt TT FTTT I T^:
3 TTfit^T f l f | TTT i t f^'l T-'^TtT f l ? | VFT TITT | I vt^T ^ ^ T
TT1T vt?JT TT V V V TTI FT TTFT T v"t?J[ Tt V V ( ^- TTT T T ) ft VHIT
i t V V TST ^ft QT vtjJT 3T V Tt, T fgr?f ft i t ITTFT^I VT F/RJTTfTV
|TT TIT FT TTJITT TTT LIFT ^ O TTFft TT 3 3=3T fT?| i t TIT FT TRTI I
TT VTH T V V ITT i t V V V TT^ FT Tfft TT Tt ITT 3 f ? ? | i t VI
FTTTFTQIF?ftVTIRRICTV TIT TIT FT TIFTTI I FTT ft T FI^I ^ I f^^FI
TFTQ-TFTQ-LF?ftTRTLFE TT ^ I ^ * M V QT SIT I
Z T V Q - ZTT V v==;'>*' I - >>r I = Z T v 4t=\^' I 3^'
SITT fr^Rr FTTT ZFT*(T VTTTT ' a I Rl' | f v ^ g ZFT V T 5{TRO| ^Y'
I I ITft 3 T VI T T T = Z T V TT + Z T V V X V V T - - ? t ; O

?Tft ^ Tlo I ITFFT TT ? TTo^ \ I W |Tf I FVT LIFT ^K'' I .?'


V TF? V T = Z V T 1 = ^ I n TTFFT QT if TT M I V - ' |3IR,
^I?! V 3=3^ v t TFT SFILT FER^VIR | l TI SITTT V TTT U\ F5IT
ft ST^V TTTT ?=:KO TT FTFT F T l f T ft TTT v t T=ST TPT I
vv 1 FTIT I 5TFT >f TT. I ^ I vR TTFFT q r v TT I TF T;?>5T
fTT I TT^FTV ITT VI T?ITST Y I U" i | I TT: SITTT VT
FTTTTTST T?it5T TfiTT TTTT |I

CITTITFT % QTI T?? TiT TTT 3?TV T^IT^^t V FLTFT^IF V TF? TTFT
feft TIFT LIFT FGITQ ICVIT TI ITTTJT v t 3CQFE V VTTJJLTLT TTT ITSIVT
v t ^ vr 32II 3IT1I f a i t T TfTTag vt fk^m v i TIT VTII TIT^JIV 1 1
n% FGIVT I ? V R G I SAT I F V SR^TT 3r?T VTIIR ft GI^FFTI 1 1 IIFI^

^ T SFTT I F VT T%ITT V 3T?CN: ft IGSPV T ^ J M VT TIIV | ARK L A IRTFIT


VT TTSRVFSJIFT V ^ 1 1 ^ AR^T CRITHFT ft FTIVT n f i GFR FTCFT |
3FT 5RT5ITSTF ^FFT I AR^T 3 I V T 1 % VL 5ftsft=3^-TFCR VFFT 1 1 I T SVTT
T V T TF?Q% SRTT 5rfT ART I T ft A(F?T Tfr TI% T, TTVr 5RTSFT'5T ^ T TTR
I T S I F R % ^JFTFCR FTTT 1 1 ^ FT f T SFTT ^v I T ^ ft ARFRV TfT TIFT-
T 3rvt T<TRT Tr% 5rt5rt=5T-TFT SFTT T?RVT TSTTTFR ^T VT TSJTT TIT
FTIT I I TTT ft 5TI AIQFT ITSTT'T V | TTCT | I TT^CTT ft STTSIVT
GEIT VT G I VT T?FT'NT VTFT ^TTT TRVT TITT TTT TT I I T V^TSTT ft
TTT ITTII TFIT Tf, ^ T VT H^FSTIT V^ft fl? TTFT TFT ft I G IftTFT
^ |TT AFTT ITT VT its ft IT TTT?T I , TF FRRFT VT?IT fs FTIT T
TFT FT TTTIT^TVT AFTT 3TVT ^^T VT ^FTETT'CTVTSTT VFT TTT TT I SiV
VT FTTT TTTVT QTT ITSTVT^QT VFT T T | TT TVIT | IFT ^?ITFT STTT
51? FVTT TITT I I

Tt
fTT-?V
fTT ( ?V ) % %f5 % Tfcr: T. T. i t T'?Sr%f!T ^ T T TTT | fTTft
q : i t - T f T ' i ITT i t T f ? i t T f ^ ? | ( perigee ) | I ^ | i 1 ft
ftirf^TT ?r, ^%?S ft ^^rs ft r t 1 1 ?R f v i t M FTW

vTft TT ( ftirf? ft ft 1 T vt^ir 1 fT?| i t ftr vTft <TT ) ?rf

ffeitiT fsrr sftT T i t T I T iT??v5r ft ft^fif T^^srift f t r ft i

f l ' l IT fr I fsraft Z T % i T??%?3 TTT ZlB[ ft % Tf^'BT TRT | I T T

1 T t ^ r vt 5r f i ? | ?rv T?rTT i t T i ^^r % TTRT'TT i T ^gr ^ f i r i

T v t fTTTTT I TT Z i T T f t itSTVT Vt^JT ftTI r Tt

Z ft 1 i - Z ft I T % p T ftTF I ft i t i t f t V t ^ TIT I I ITtfTft

i t s T V T Tt TTcf f t 1 1 sr^ f^^sr ^ % i ft

i ' a r + % ft'i f ^ sp X %. T X vt 3irr Z l % i = T^^V?;!*


( f r v t r r fftfft ft)

^^ft ?r % T'?r??TVT3irT, % i = fT^Tr i Z i % i = Tf?%?3


TTT fT^T ft Z i T T - ZT T T - ZT T T

T ^IIT T I T T : Z l T T --- Z i T T =Tt5I %f5

Tf f Z ^ r i T = TtST %-r5 TTF Z i T T = itSTVT TIT ft | I

T T^^o "'^ I T F Z ^ F T , T
3Jn Z ^ t T T

^ v , ^ ^ -r T??V?T 'X TtsrVT^TF


^qjTtsrV'S^qr
I T srVFT T f % it5F%?3 % TTifVFT ( TT^rrs^fcT ) TV TftV ?TTt

TT ftT % gFTF T f vt T T V l i t T f^T^ TIT VT TT TT T T i t % T???qS


T f t ft TTVT 3n=cfT ? i ^ T grt^rvT TFVT vfT?r f r f r ft Ttsrr^cTVT

3err vr TFT TFT fVTF TFTF | I T R i t T TFTFTf Vt WTft TcftV T f v t

-5rtSTF??JTVT3TI Vt f g i t l TtT T 5 T T?T^t Vt TftSTT SITT sfliT f i t T

T?r"-Tt ft f-3! fTTTTI TTTST f f I ^'fftST'T Tif? T^Tt ft 51% fTT

f w TIT 1^ Tft fl fTT % ^^ft ft f t 5T frfT^TTI VI VIT^ ft

TFTf I I T f vt VTr ffllVIT ft TITt TIT, Tt it T??V^ T?ftV

Var % ^ft ?TT ft fT?T ftTI sftr 5Tft i t itSTPTVT^in ft 3TCT51 TfcTT

^TI I f%T ft Tf i t I f v Tf VI itST%fsE TI ^ T f I ^ T T ^


(fTTft 5ft5T V T TTTr TJTI |), ^ ^ ^ ^ s r k T f VT Tr?ITT'T V t ^ T ^ T
ftTT I Fv?5 sirrtT TiTfTf ft Tszrir ^ T s i k iTf??<TEj ?rf % TfTT ^

5ftr%r5 ft f t TtSTV^r Vr TTTT fVTT | I VTSTTI Vt TTFT T f |

f v fTT ft T fT^I ft T g ^IT ft i:t T TtSTr'rqVT^TT % 5?T T^TT TT

T V ' S TTTVT T T fT^TT ft Tt^TSfcffrT TTTIT TTT TtT TTt ft

TtSTV^STfT ft TTTT fTT Tr?5T^S T f TT^T TTT TtT T V?? ft Tt T T

fT^TT ft f t f ^ ^ t T Tt Tft V5TTJT VfT TTTT | I TT TtSTSTf^^TT ft

T f t Tt I f f t TfF ft T g % TTITPIT t^T # f T f T f t TfF VOT

T g f t Tft TT fTf| v t V?3 TTT VT *t T FR^TT ft q v T T T T T '3t% I

BR I T T T T ^ it^TTtTt^^T?! TtT 5ftST5rf5rTTT VT TTtT 3ig5q- |V

sft5TTfiTtT5T T f ft ftTT I fVT T VTS ft itSTSrlT f T 5 T T f % %f5 TV

fTTIlft I f t TtEfvrf V ^ t I f*ET Tt^TTfe f^T^qr % cp?5 ^ ft

TF fTTTlft I T I 5 T fT5TT TtT TtSTV^LF ft TcT?T vt^JT T t ^ T W

FTTT TtT TTVT TTT TTTTT ft f t TTTT 11 TtT T F vt 3 ^ 5 T f T %

TTT Tf^STT SKT TTVt mtSTT'cTVTSTT VI TTTT f?WTTT TlftTT I Tfft

fT TTTTT sfTTfeTT 2ITTt % STTT TlfTT TIT T f ft TtSTTrcTTiT^Tr

v t T 5 5 T VTft t I

g;TSR?fTT ^ t T TfTTtTfT^fr % TTT T ^ i t ^ T fTf| ft T T T VT

TtTtT 3ftT T??%?5 ?VS?RV rT I 5T% TtT f?T ITT TTTt

TTT ft ^ TTSETT T02T T ^ TTIT ^ f?T R\ T?"e TT ftr fVTT TTT i t

r s T T TIT ft I T fr^TTRFR 4 X'*\\^' TT TT TVT T'nTTjTTfTft

TT IFFESRTTT |TTI ^ fk^ R% T% ft T T T VT T ! T T T T T

TtT Tt5r % ' 5 VT T T T ?* R ? ' |TT I

A nX\'kV + = I W TFIT=5T ft TtTtT I

TT ffft TTVT?5rt ft T f ? V T TTft % FRFT STTTt 5TTT V^TT

T^T^TIft frT ( fev^oj ) ft LFG[T>T TTF TtSTVT % ? T 1 ^ TT ft


^^n^^^i vr i n T w r Trar | i f r i ( U ) ft \ *rv?3 i i r v fk^
T f t T'^PcTVJRqr p i |fV 11 T f i ' f 1 V % srr^ IT 11 T fT'|

^ VS TRVT ? T fT3Tr ft TV T T TrT TTTTT TTT |I


LAFT ^ IT??)^ cTTT Tt T ' ^ T t T f T ' | | I T T V ? 5 ft Tf^^L^s |
TTT Z T T qs *R?VT 11 V T, ? T, T T V> FTTTTT I T T ? TtT T
FTJFTT ft "IB T TT ? T TtT T T T?T TTTT I T fT5| VT V ! 5 TTTVT
T m ( i t m ? c T VT^JIT) aqrsrrs ft ^ T T v ?tt5TfTT^ (mtsrritrtsTTtr)
'StTT I IRFT ^ fk'l V T % T | TTT TT TTSTRFTTAI ft T ^ T ' G | I ^ T
TTT ^TtT % f T ft Tt5rv?3 | , ^3 T TTT TT% TT? ^ f i T ^ t TST TT
5ftSTVfS I I T T T V T T ft %TtTT5T T f fTFT | I

TT: Z . T T T R F?T TO ^F 5Tt5rV53 TIT | I A TT T T


%TtTT3T TTR JT5| ft T f VT T^IT V t ^ | I T T TF!T F L ^ T ft Vt^JT
T T T TTT \ T ^ T vr TTT TIT f t TT VT'UTITTT FTTT Tt5TT5?TVT3Tr
VT TTT TTT f t TTftTT I
;?Ti"tB FT^Tt % T J T T T :
T F ^ Z T T V T = t';**^ - r V l U ' - V ^ O | v V
? V - i \'^=l T5?ffc1 lJW3qT = ^ 1 = '?
? *r= 3 1 - i ' 3irrx3JTi v^^^iv-?.'= x'^^s^^^^si--o^vd^W
V 1 = ^ i . sf. V . s i n x v t ^ i r r y ? i v ? / = -? x - ? ^ ! ^ = ^= ,O\9<^K^^

3irr iT=-^-5->= - 5 - 5 1 = . ? i T - - < ' ^ ^ ^ K ! ( ,

A Z ? TT - sO|\i'i'c"
IT T = Vt^ifT Z ? T T =

TT . . r Z T T T -5.5- = 1 ^ . -L^^^:^ . -u^.^

TT T T .'^^>fJ^^?

/.rfV T T = Z T t V T + Z T T V = YR|V\' - f - t ; R R ' l ^ r i ? '/


fv?5%T% z Tt ^ T - x r r - ' . v '
Y Z l T T ' ZTt T T - ZTt T T y KV' - !( U ' = ^ " IV^'
T ^ Tt5fl=3=? ft i f I sftT Z ^ T T f itTfTifT % TTT
vr TtST%?5 I TTF Z ' T ^ T R f^T 9 ? T'^: v t TfTT Tt5r%?5 T^
I, T TftT V r ^ V #5T %?5 | I
A Z ? r ^ ? r = ?v3^'iYV

/ . Z T I T = Z'^TV- ZT 1 V==:R^'-vs!W"
Z T T T = Z T ^ T -; Z T T T - Rm' + fi^'
=:=,l-i-?'= ^ t ; c . - Z . T T T
sra fTSJT T T V ft Vtljrri"TTT ft
^ ^_1'T>X^TT Z 1 V T _ Tr?T?fTVT3qT X 5qT V^IV^'
3!TrZTTV " '3!TT'5RR'

fvT fT^T T 1 T ft v t ^ r ^ n r ft
TT^jrrZTTT T T x s i r r ^"iv^'
T T^
3JTT Z T T T 3Tr \ \X\'

..TT= . = *t^o^V^

T T
= 3an 4\n <TKT5ft5TVT3TT=>3irrV?Rri^f
fT
snTTT smsfV ft i l w ?ft5Tr?cJra5r3qT 5?|Tf T q v w t ft f i ^ q r ft
STTfT v t I I 3ft q v f r ^ i n ft, ^ K ^ r %pT f I
f^raft v f l?o'|:^:?" % pqr "TTT i t S T V T ftcTf | I a r r i r i ffRTt ft T f
T%cr TtT T ? ? v T vt 3jrr qr FTSZTT ft ?^ TTTVT f v i r 1 1 g i * -
fT^rfT ft Tt flTTT?r?T ft T^T WJ^I'cT T f c f l \9^, i f s T | I Tt^^o
fT3TT ft % p T f t I I T?rfT T f T'?r??TVT3TT ^ T TffTT ftrtTTST
T?TI??TVT3TT ft V T |, fv^J lit T!=?r?fTVT3qT ft T5??Tf
-TTTtTt v t T%T1T T ^ TTTST fTT TT I
TTTTT eiTTt ft ^TtT f r ^ f l % TTtl TTfTT l i t Ttsn?c3TT!T3TT
v t TT?TfTV TTTT | , fv^T ^ f T S T n T ft TtT vt TTT TtSTTftfT TT
flTTT?T?Ttft TSt T f | fTT% TIT SRTT: VO^IVK' aftT
'^o"!'^' ftft f I Tf SITTt ft ? ^ VTI V T |, I
r ? -Sl^nft ^^W' ( f ^ - ^ l ? ) T f T?T | f v TITtT VJTTT-
5TIT I f ft f Tct t TtT TTVT l%i=? T f t ftTT, ft Tf^TT^JIfT
( TfTT'iTT ) VT %r5 fTTTt %tf TT ftTI | Tft T f % T T T T^^VT v t 3in
V ^ t I sfTffv TTft fT^qTfT ft fTTII TfT TIT fTTTI | T T % ^Rt^ f ?T
ft g f HSHH ft TTT TfTT TT ftiT | 1 ITVt ^ vt ^TjtVT^rrflfT ft
TcTIT TI I V I 11 fTtfTft 1%'5 TtT TfV^IT % ^ ft p T fT^qrft f?f ^ T f t
TT T f TTTT TTT fV T f TTft V5TI ITT T ^Tft ft^ tsiff f?sTT f t , Tf? TT
T%?? TtT TfVTI%f5 ft ^^I f T T I l T I I T i t i t ft IffT^T ft T ? T T VtlT
f t , l % f 3 TtT If ^?TI % ^ ft S?JTTf v t ftTltT f^TfTTt ft sricfT
ftTT I ^ 5 ft T f v t |Tt Tt T a t % T J T R f t r t , f v ' ^ T % T VTft TT T f
Vt^ntrPTT TI?TfTVn VI TTlit Tft TTT5T |TI, T T TKTtT TFTITt*
^ Vtsf ( ^%f3 ft T f v t ^T V5TT(i;nT %ff ) % TJTTT ft TiSt Tft V t ^ T
3I?TT v t ^irfci: TftSTI V T 5t I 3?!% T J T R T??>3T TtT T f VI T^TT T??
I TTI T'Sf^s^STT vt T'?T'?TVT3qT ft VTft TT fTTft vtsirr
v t 3<TT f t ^ t - 1 ^^ Hf^VT ftrlT I I
T ' ? % ^ 3iTI X JT'^TTIVT ^q'l
TT<-?VT>TT =
fT
fT>T Tt T f T ' 5 V T TT^clfTV T ' ? V T ft VT f t TITT | I TTTTT STTTt
ft 5T% fTft i:r^ T I V^T^TT T ^ ^ T v t Tt TT5TT ft Ttft f t T^lfTT Tt, f v ? |
Tft V^TII TflTTtlt Ttfq- %TTT % ?tTfTtTV^T % T^SVT
% fT* Ttr?TV ^T ft TTT^T |f I T ^ f T f^SJct | fV 5TTTt v t f^TJ^S
V5TTI f v i i t TT^ITTT | I
irr5%f5 = v f i T v V 3irr = ''h^i^xx

%1TT ^ fTfr ft Tf^q^T^Ti =


R 5 X ^iTT ft % 4 ^ 5 ' X 3arr ^ T Ir
?ftT T V3q-r = ^ X . ? X A'^^^V,K + ? x ( 0 ' x \ < ? . v ^ ? = . ? ^ K \ ^ ^ - f -
i t T T^^VTR 3qT = 5 = ? I 3TcT:Tf?VT = 3qT.-''?'o5.^^ =
CTTTt vr Tf? V T = ' ; R ^ '
I fv Tft m T t vr T^SVT IT^^T T-^TJT ft ? > VTT V T
I 3ftT TTTitzr T?3VT V3 VTT VT t 1

T
fTT 1%
TSf 5T fTT STTT f T Tf?VT"t v t ftTfcT f?STrft | I fTT ( ?^)ft T T
Sq-rT % ^TT T ? STTT ft T T T f T # T r TJTT | I ? %?3:iTf| ft p T
%Xt TC 1 3ftT V i T f | _ ^ t fTTft 1 ? = ? V - 3zrT ; TTT T^^VT | I'

grxi^T ^ = 3JTT-TTT T. V. I TT STTTI % T J I f T T 1%??, T T ' ? > T

fTfI sftT T TtT fT?| I I T TT-'I f^TT | fv^^ ? T^T V ft <tTt f t TfTfT
% TTT f t 1 fT?! % T f c r : fTT VCft | 1 T T fvTV TTT T TfTT^^t
(feTJ^oj) f T T T T ft T FT^I ft T^TVT T feff TT T | ^ | I Ti ^ T^T
1 T vr FiTTTTI TT Z . T T> T T^^^fS TT:T Z 1 T V Tf T^^VT
ftTT I TIT FTFT^ f v T T ff^Szrm TT T T T T ?t^*f^ grTTI
TTI I, FTTVI T l 3!TTHI3 ? H | I 315 T FT^I ft 3T f f ^3Jira TT T T
TTT TITI IITI I Tt i t i f r l v t TFTFT ft T fT?| TT fTTTI | I 1 T Vt
FTTITT TT I T ? t T f T ft V"t?!j 1 T V T ' ? V T ftTI I t^HlFTIT ft FTS |
Fv Z 1 T T! Z 1 T V ft TfT ftTT ! l i f t ?TS | Fv VTTT V i t T -
f r l t T T??VT V FTft eiTTt VI FTV^OJ f t T I T K | I TT TIT ft Tf I
TTTTtT T f ? V T VI 5T^T Tt T I

V T VI T T v t TtT ft T FT'^ TV T|TTI T t t f T, 31 ^ F^I^qT V


|5T TITTT I

T 3 1 T V A f t vtlJII^TTT ft
, , ^ 3ZII Z l V T X W V
3TI Z 1 T V = ^ =^

T. V 3tIT X 31 V 371
T^^VT ^TI = = 7
fT

T f I T T V fkft'Z V T f ? V T Z T T V ft sfrffl ftTI I T TT ft Tfe


Tf?V^ TITVT Tt5TVT fS TfFT V^jrfj;TrT ft T??5TVT ft T^^^T
TTIT' i r T f TtT Tt ftTT I ITFTIT ^TTitT TITITT ft T^^TST V FTIT
VJjjfjTiT T f f F v n I T f t srftji sn TI^ ft T t i f T ^ ^ v r f v i 5I^T Tisvt v t
4%fE V FTIT Fg:TT T^fi | i

f T TtT i p ; VT g i ft VtrrtTI^TT SPTT: R\' SltT v=;'?o' ft


T f t ftTT I VT^: ft T f VTt Tt FiTTtT ^iT ft T f t an ^^ft F T ^ ^ r V
TTT Tf?T>T VT FTTfT^T TtT Tif? TFfTff v t FTFT ft T f t FvTI TI TVTI i
arfrvcw mn v t SJRT: artr a r i n z f f ft TTHST FVTI I i f ? ft i t i t f t
vt^jftsTFciT 3rTTr ^ T f i t s T v f J fT^I sfHivt^ir { Alon^*ation ) rnr
ftq-f Tirr I i p T f f i t fT?TT f t i r i t i f i i i f ft g i v t TSJTTT f5T% ^
sri^ T f i t ^ t ^ r f t i t i ^ i t f v T f c w siTvt^ir ft aPcjift v wtsrvT
Tf^nr ftft i t T i f ? sTTvtcir g?jr t i t T'^VT i t i t i f sftT ^
ftir I iT'it^T FT?| V H i t T V ^ r r i f ft i f r W sraTvtqr TTr i f s c i t r
-fw'-| V H i t T ?rTvt?iT sr^ssrrFT i ^ ftft f , iir i f f T^^VT vr STTT?
ftcfi 1 1

a r m i s i T i t ft fftsi^T?^ f?rvf?fTiT % n % i 5 r (Theo) f i i t sTTt


\3 T T i f vt HfSiTT TTT fTft Tft ^SP T f % %T Vt SlITr sTmH
'TT^T I fVT TTft T T i fTTFTT TT ?VR f o v t VI ^T fvHT I
SS^^ { f T i t ) % i T ft ijsp VT TI?ST T^tTVlTJ SftT TSq-JT
= l i ftTT ftTtf? ft ^VV^I^V TT t r i fgitq-ftT ft ^ V VT Tig". VTfTV
TTTvt^jr vf m' TtT Tstrrgi f^^rT TTif? i ^RK'IVK' TTI
TT iTft -TTg I -fv Tfit=s^^^r IT itit sgit % Tsirfi?!

^ :^^VL|oo IT TtT ITft T2rft TT Ulo^'

TT fTT I TT?^ TT % RX" TT T'=it5=r TtT ff^TV ft ^^.^ TT


T?? TtT ftTT I 5T SVTT p T SfTTVWf % TTT ft Tg5 % T ? i t ^ TtT
T??TtT f^f|Tt VT fTTfT^T fv^T TTT | I T?it=5T ^ T % flTfT^
% T^TT^ ? r T??TiTf % TTTT^TTf TT f r f t Tft % TfrlT TTTvt^T
grrr T f T T T^^VT SitT T'it=3^ ft ^rg; JTfef^ % srtT T f T T
litsTVT vt fTTtFTT Vtft f I 5 9 TTFT % TJTTT ^ 3 ! % T f T T T?ECVT
TtT T f T T itSTVT SfTTt ft TT"^ TTT % f T % ^'<. TT T!=?t=5T TtT
fr5TV % % JTf5TtT f l f f i t TT ^ Vt ftTfft ft ^35 % T f T T
S a T ^ ^ i t VT ftr ftTI TI I ft ftT f T i t TITV Tf^ITTT 5TTI R f ? T ^ T
f 0 WIT: VIT % 1 1 fTTft Tg; v i TgTvt^jj VYI?S(.- TT TtT g i
f T TlfT ft R'C\R^' TI I J I T i t ft R\3 f??rP^ T?TT TTJT
VI SlfrVTT T^TVtrrr V R R o ' qnn TI T l f V TSSTT^T f f N v TlfT
ft TT TI I" 5Tft Tt ?T^S f t TTT f v ^ V VI T?it^T fcr ft ^Vt.
TtT T??TtT l f ? T V ft TT I I
sr%fT (Eccentric circle) |,ftsjrft^sp vr ^vs srf^fxi ( Ttsr i t i t ^

frT ) VF %?S fTcTF | , fsTTVF STFT T ? T^Tt 3FtT V f 5 5 | I T ^ f -

v?5 I i g f t 3 fT?| ^^ TFftr ft R v." T=ST TT?? | i TFT T ' f t T T"\T, Tt

fTf|T"! ft ?t TfTfTT ^itft Tft f I

1 ftfi ft 1 T TtT 1 V ? t ' ?qT t^FT 3rfrfat TT ' a t i t T I 1 1

T I Z T 1 sr, 1 fTfI TT T f % T=STfT?| TT f^TTT T T T V t ^ VYIV=;'

ftTF TtT ^ft f t Vtisr Z T t T V T f % TtTpT?! VF TfrTT T^TCVt^JF.

V a R o ' ftFF I
T f a f ^ iJT fr^ro

/ . Z T T sr = srtT Z i V T v = V\3R O '


m TTVt^IT f T f T T T 3T Jf
^ ^ T T X sq-f Z T sr T ^ T TX
sqrZTTsr sq-r VV**Ut;'
f t TTVtTT FT^T T f r V ft
r i t = i ^ ^ ^ ZT"t V ^ ^ Tt V X TT
3rr Z T t T ^ 3irr w s ' i R c
T f t T sr = i t V
. T T ZVV3I^' _^ ' ^ n ^ o ^ o
"Tit~ 3iri ZVY|Y=:' VSoV^tSVR

TTTr T T = \93(3o\o ^> ?T fft = 'vsoy^^Y^


A ? T = ^ ( I T + T Tt) - ' ^ U ^ ^ ^ ^
T ? = [ T T = or<3,?^^v
T T T T V t ^ f T ^ T T^ T ST ft vtljjrf TFT ft

Z T sr T F^

^ ^ itsTr'cJTVTsq-r = ''"^^^^'^ = '^Rvova,


3? 'vs i!5..\3?^

TTT itSTTiT = Y ^ R '

T f r l T T'^VT
srrTiT errrt ft i t i t T f T T vt?it % i t T % sri^ % p T TfTT
ifrtsTTT srtT i t i f % T^TT % srr^ % p T T f T T T ? T R I | i 5T%

-STflTT'
T f T T i t S T V T ^ 5 ( V\3*Ro' + YV'lY=:' ) =

T f T T T?3TiT=-- ^ ( W R o ' - VV1V=;')= ? I t ^ '

TrT fTTT f v fTT ( ? ) ft T % i t T??srfTfT V V ' S 5 ft T ? Tt 52TTT


V T % TTT ^TT TTr | , 3rt f t l ^ TfrfT T V fTf| TT fTTcTT | I V
fT?|ft V T TtsrrfcTVT^qr 5?T sqiar^ ftTT TtsrsrferfT ifTTirr
TTf I TtT 1 fe'l ft TTTT T T a^T T ft i t TTT 'itit i f | I
^8.

T v^s ft ? V i\ \ T T^r T | 1 1 i H v t fefTTf^ ft T R i t i r f f i ? I


11 Z i I T sfnT i | T i sraTvtn srtT Z T i T fgiTT T ^ T T Tg^vt^j
ftft TtT Z T 1 T itTf VT TTT friT I 1 V ^SF Vt FTTFIT i t
Z T 1 V = Z T 1 V I T T TV5TVT VHir I

z TV ?= U ZT1 T - Z T IT) =fU^'l

TT TTVllir T V ? ft V T - ^^ - ^ *
^JTF Z V 1 ? Vtsqi^^K^'"
f l X ^. ( f l ) I Tsr TTV>C!F A 1 V T ft
^ JT = T ^ X 3irT Z V \ T = F ' X i ( r I )

Tl5rifcTVT>jirF - = r: ^-. =
V? fTXil(ri!^')
3?TF V ^ 1 X ' X V>JTF ( r i U ' )
51VF V^II - if^"!^' - ITT TtSIVT
i t i t TTT VTut V TtT VI TITF i t v f iv' ft | I ^ i f t ffts |
f v f l l T t l f?TF ft T^it^T TtT T ' ? i t T TT 'ST v t ftlfl ft TfrTI
T^TTVtirt VT T t i r e I f T l l TtSIVT TtT T1VI T^ITra ITT T??VT
ftTT I I TITtT S I T l t ft T'it'ST TtT H ^ l t T ft 1?FfT {1 ) TT
TSTT g i v t ftTfl ft f r i T t l F?TF ft T ^ V i t Tf^T SITVt^irt VT
i l VTV T T T T ' ? V T TtT TTTTtSFVT vt^it VF TIT i n fviT | i t
Hft TflV I I

TfTT T T \^ VTaiTt t" 111: VTT f v i l TiTI q i ftgft ^


TfTT SITTVt^ V^|VC3' STI TtT ftT T l f r ft U^I^^K' TT TT,
q i ^ i VI T T T TTFT f ^ T TlfT 1 TT Wl | Ejg^ i q ' ?\9
VTTTt ?Vo f ft fspiri TTI, TT T^i TF?Tit V itfTTTT V TTH ftl
TlRuft TT TITtT T 1 T ^ 1 fTTTlfr ft^a.l^o' TT TTJ
lift SgTVllTjr ^ ^ " R o ' 3T5T5KI |3II SITI H f t T f T T Tt^TVT i t r t
TTT Vt^it V itllS V Tt^T TTI TTT T ' ? V T itTt V 3rf?tTt5 V
TITT T i l l TITT T i f f I

TT; TfTIT i t S I V T - I ( V ^ " r a ' +V=:IHo' ) = Vil|V^V9'|-io"


T f t i T T f ^ T J T - I ( V ^ R o ' v f I^V ) = ^ " R R ' l ^ o "
^* fTT ( ?vs) % Z 1 %f5 vt ^ l ^ ^ ' l ^ o " ITITVT % T VI VtTTT?TV
TTI ^ i fTIT ft T?%55tT f l ^ i l l ft TfT^JT VTft TT Vi.lKV' ^TTF e i T i t %
SfTT mm TTT T f TTT V!<IVV9*!.' | I l i t V T W TTTTT SITTf ft V f F
I fe 3c%fS %5S VV ftTRr TpCTTTitT I TTTT Tt vFfCr fsp q^ir
Tf^TTTSTT TfTTTTTtr | I t^Tftr TTTTtSTqST Tt T?T T f f | I-
?<T? I fv % T t T TtSTVT TTft Vt T f fTfT i t TfTT f t TVTt | f v ? f
TTT Tf5T5T % fwft q f f l f T ^ T : T T V T | I Tf? T f t VT ^T?ITTT fTT-
V R f t ftTT Tt I T fTfT v t TVTTT TTf??'T f t i t fv?5 T f t VT ^T?JITT
i t i f t t l V K I I ' I T T : 5 T fTfT ft TTTT TTT TTTT??VT VT TTT TT^TITV
T TfT I

TfT% vt TTiETfrV Tf-T5TT ( gi%f?SVT5TT ) % T?^T ft SlTf^T


Vtft T ^ JTTtit vtTTfTVT Tt STTit Vt TTTfsTit TV f t TtfTT ^ ,
5TVT VTT^ T f t % rT<!J TT Vt fxTtT TT^T ft TTtVTT VT^fT f t STT, fTTft
VtTfTVT vt TftV T f T f T t % TTWT ft VTTT Tff I TJicT: ft SITTt v t TT-
TfsTTt ft TfTV i t TTft T T? T% I TTTTtT TTTfT nf? T 5 T r T r i % TTTVT
v t ' f T g ^ ' T f t ^ : ^ ' sm?^ Tf? SfTlrT TtT VOTfT % itT^TTT TT T f t
V V T t VT TTT^T ftTT %, I T TT STTT f ? i ftft Tt 7TTTt % TTT T!=?VT ft
5 W T f ? V T TTH VT T% ^ I ft Tc^TTTIT VT VTT Tt^IVT % TTTcT %
fTTT grerfTV Tft I I 5T% fTiTTI?VTTTli v t '^^TT^T^i- ^ ^ i ^ ^ T Sffi"
TT ?n^T i2W '^^ m^Sm' vt TfT) f t TTTTfrv t t
T ^ % T5TIT T ' ? V T v t ^ T T # I T SVTT | I

fTT ( X^) ft M % f S f t 1 T fT^JfT ft T , T i t , T VSTTl^ TUT |


TTT % %f? ft % T f^fSZTT ft To T i t o T T f ? f T TT Tc^^S f T ^ T T
TTT I I i t T t f i t VT i i t T T itT T ?t f2:?|Tt TT ftTf | I ^ %
?tTt f i t VT %55TFTT I I TITTtT TfTV^TTT % T5TTT ^ %/% T Tf
TTT T f ? V T v t 3q-r f t i t I T f f % T T f ? ^fTfT Vt T^^m | I 3T^:
Z % T 1 Tf TTT T??VT | I fv^f T ? T I T t i V ^ | f v VefFfcT
TtT T f ? T f T f i t VT i t T fT?| T ft 1 TtT % fTf|Tt ft fTTt T itT
% T fT^qrit ft TTT V t ^ Z ^ T % T f t TTT T f ? V T vt?3J ftTT I ^ %
^ cC fgfI TT TTTT VT% T % ^ i t T=3T I ft T , sftT i t ^ fT?|Tt TT
? T , = ? Tt = % T VT5 fTTT ITT T , T i t , IT i t T fTf|Tt ft TT^TTTT
T , T T% T S ' f T ^ T T fVT l i t T V K i t i t f n t % fgrtT TtT fTr| T TTI
T , T% f r f f r t ft Tift TITT f T T i T i t , 'i'lTI cfT Tf?T5T TITT % fTtr
?tTt T S f ^ t ft TTT TsP, T , T T% T f t TTfT5 ftTI I fTft Z % T ? T f
ITT T??q;w vr srrsri ftJir artt g-avr ^qr % ? / % T f t i t srTt^ ^qi ^ TTT
IT?? tT55r = % ? y %T

3o

w '

s T r i r i %TTT v t itifiti vsrr i Tft T??VTrT v t ^m 1 1 1


Z % T ^ z:% T ^ ?r Tfr ftTI T f % T ^^r % TS'V f^?? vt JTRVT
^ % T sq-rgrs* ft I T J^TVT ^J^V T % ^ ft f e s fv^r ^TT g^rrr | \
Z % ^ T = '?.o ^gf^rcr q-| f a ^ f T f | ft TFTTF I 3T^: TRcftq TrTfqt
ft fTTT T?r?T ft TTT Tf^TJTt Vr TIT ^tSf TITI | I TfTIT S I T l t ft ?
^'1 vt %'S TITVT fr^TI STITIS" ft feV^'S ( T f T f T Tift ) ftT TTI^T
Tf?V5I ^ITT fVTT | , fvf^ TeTITIT Vf TTT T'?VT TTft TfT | TtT
TIETFTVTI % STftTV f T V J | I 3IITIT VITFTVH Tt T?T v t I T TfTVeTTI
% T'^TiT VI TITT T f t VT ^% I
^ To
s i i t T iTTftTjff ft TtTif? sr^T Iff % FTIT 5TVfT Tftv^TTisrlf grtr
T ^ | T v t i f i v t siri'sTr VT1T srrtTTT f v i r i t arcTfer f m TFT-
f5Tfi 31^51 |f I 535 vt-flffer | i % f^-tT i t T W iT?o[VT i t t itT
i f s T V i TTtT jTiT ft ^fr% sitr i i v t arrvritT ftifirit vt w i : v t ^
ftitTT5sr ftlfe ft T T fTTTTT TTI i t T f TTVt T T l i t T|t Tt I Tff TV
T ' ? i t T ?TTT It | T v t Tt i f T TTT5T i t 3 1 % ^0 Tift sftt it5
T i f t Tt T f t TfcT ftitTTsT %i \ TTTTT STTlt ft ^^T fV I T l i t T t T
TJTTTt v t <5V T t T Tc%'3 f ^ ( T?? s f T l T ) gRT litT^ljf Sq^TT I f f
f t T V i t i t 3'ftft T %TT tTtVTt fVTT f v 3?%?^ f T I t Tf Vf TTT
TS% %'5 % q f t r : Tff f v i t TTfT %'5 % i f t i : ftcTT | I f f 1 Tf| TT^T
f t V t T f i t TTTTT TfT f v T f ^ r f l f T ( Tf^Ttil'STfT ) VT T f T VtftTT^rr
T f Tc%fS ftT, tTf 3r?T T S f T ft ^ % ' ? % Tftt T t t T ^ i t l ftlT | I IT
TVTt i t i ftr I Tf^rpTfT Vt T f T VtftTT^f Tf%;g frT ( Tf^SffffftT)
VT %f3 T t t T f l f T p T T f f T VT %f3 T t t V S T f T ( Equant ) VF V'S
fTT% TFtt i t t Sffftt VF V'S fTTF | I fv?5 T T ^ t f f 51 f^TftT^TTF ft
T f T % v t ?TPsTF TcT'T f l T T ^'SrifTTfT i f ^ T F V SftF i ^ f t i t I ITFTI^
Tfftft T f TFT fTTF fV VTFf T % qftTl ^Tft % TPlfttfi sffTftT fTTflT
ft srtt V f t T f t ^T3F I T I t i t T TFTFTI ft I f T l T v t sqreTF ft f?TtTF
TFft % frtr TfTftl i t t Tt5T TfTftI itTt% %'St vt VSTFfift f t '^Tft
|q TFTF I TTfq VSTfT (l^ft'H) VF %'S i t i t TFT V^it ft f l T TF TTlfq
T i t TFTFTt vt T i t v t qftfT ft T f T f T t % i^st VF fIFTF fTT^F f t v t
TFTTF qfF I 51 TT1# | | T f T f l STF^TF ft f T v t TFT ft T t t TfTV
TTT;T q5i v t fg:TT i TT% T^^VT VF TF^TFTV 3TFV5TT T ftft % VFT^IT
TFTIT SFTit T f TFTft % f^Tir f^g^F f^r f v f T crv TTT ( =T5P^T?IF ) ft
i t ^rt Tf?t^T q t TFTF I 1 TFTFT V t l f T V I ft 5?rvt TFTtTTF v t | T t t
TqfF ^ T T ^ t ft T f f ? ' 3 l i vr STcT fVTF | f v f T % T^^FfTfT v t qFtfT
ft tr^ sitt TfTfTfT VF %=S ^TcfF | f^rgft 39% Tf?VT ft FTTTTF 3 7 -
T5T f t i t I I cTFfqi T f I f v ^T % qf^rr: | T % ^TIJF TIT VF %f3 ^ i
%'5 ft FTT ?TFT ft I, T^t ft g i ft | T v t ? t t % STFTFS' ft tr^ f T
'itTF TTT Tt 3ft T ' ? q % f T vtJt, f v t T?? i F ^ f T % %?S T t t ^ i v t ? t t
% ^ i t l t T FT5TT ftfr^ siFTfT Tfit=ST FT?I %f5 q t ' i t ^ it 5 T TfTfT
VF TIf ^ iFcTf3 flTF I JIVFt T?? TpTftl VI i t TFTIT FTFl^rVt
|rT% v t v t T f I I vtqrfTVT ft T f f TTf T v r t v r T f T f T T i w r
I TTf f v 1'3Tr V Tf^VTft=5f 1% TTVft ( E v e c t i o n ) % f^rcr 5Tf? ifTt=3^-
fT vr trv T\t T f T f vf^TT fVTr | I TISvt Vt T^STF % SfSTTTft^feT-
f'T Tf f^?r ^^TT TrfftT I fv^T TfSTI VT TtT T'^TJT Tr^cfTft^zm
TSrr tfTT I I ITfTCr sptTfTVT ft V^TTT T f t Tt Tr^TfrV^T v t T^TV | I
fV^T f T % T ' 3 V T % fTTT ft Tf V5TTr T^TF^T | 1 TTTTT ft |T VT T??-
VT SrTTt v t fTfT ft #Sr TTTST fTT | Ttt VtTfTVT Tt TTft TcT^T
? f e VtftVfTt V?TTT STTcT Vt T% f I f T f?^TTqT Fv ^Tt |T VT
sTTTt % grtr ^HT TT^rsT fTT Ttt T s v t TT?<TFTFV F^TFS ^Tr I I

TTTVT TTTTTtftfT % T^ft^T Ttt T^^TYT FT^^Tt % FTTft^J %


FT^ ft FTFT VT ^ 3TTtT FVTt | I T f t f T TTTTT % SftT
TfTi T T V t ^ t ft fT % Tf?t=5T FT?! VT T'ftT?T Vt t|| I 51% FT^T FTT-
ttcT F?TTTt % pT i t TTtVtljrt Vt ftT % gTtT TTT5T V t 3T% TST T
T??t5T v t F5T% artt TTft ?=;o sf^r =pt ^tt TT T'^itT v t F?TFT TTT ft
TTTTt I fVfg 5TVT FlTftTT %TT TTtftT Vt% V f T R % t i l ft
VtTT TrFfiT 1 ST^jftftV9 ^ 5 n f U = : f o v t K T% TfSTT TTT fT VT i r
FVTT Tf, TT Fv Tf VT TfTT TTtvtlJT ^^l^o' TT, TT Tf VI FTET V V
tfFT ft TT Tt TI Ttt T5TT ^ T - ' - F T ^ T tlF9Ift?o|3o' q^ ri I
|TtI T^JTf fflTTt ft f o ft <3 TIT v t TIT; TTTT T% FVTI
TI I TTFV T f FTI^T T v t t i F i ft ? fl 3 o' It ?ri srtt T^TT g;i f I^T trfT
ft ^o<^ q^ qr I Ttt I T vr SITt VtjTT JT: ^f |3 O ' TT I TT TFV ^T V
irsJTJT 5TITfti t T t sftt TTtVtljr v t TtTIT 5?T f t i t f TT: T f tT? | Fv
I T v t Tfil=ET 5T i t i t ?Tlit % T^q-ft^ i r t l STCT: JTTT ^ i ^ tl.
?o|So' ftFgitTTT ?o tl. ?o|j' ^pt T3lft Tt YtI.|o|3o' |3ri 5TV
TI^ ^ tr. l o ' t U ' vt ^ tI.?o|3jo' ft TSlft Tt TT VT T'it-T tl^TlF?
o| ? ol ? V |TI Ttt T^TitT tI5TlF? ^1 ? ol?y.' |3TI 1 SIVIt STTit ft
ftT tiFT % ? 0 Tt |T VI Tf?t=5T TIT FvTI | rTTI Tf i t FT'afl | Fv
T^T ^TTifftTtV iftl Tf TT V ^ Tt i t arifri t I
vtTfTVT ft i t CTTTt Vt TTTfcT-Tt VI f t TTTT FvTT | I qV TT ft
S I T i t v t T T vt Ttt Tt i F ^ FVTT | I

f T VT T f T T T5-5T;T TITft % FT^ T f TIT5TV | Fv STTTt % T J T f t


f T % j p i t ^ sftt T'??ftT >TT ^ i v t ftifi ft T f r W sratvtirff
VT !ITT f t I JT^PT T f ftlftr TT^rfiv TTftW 1??V5r STfB Vtft ft TTTT
H I T T f t I fVT i t 3flH5r TTT % fTIT l?r^T T T i t n TfTT f t | I CTTTt
% f T 5 ^ % Tfit'TTTTT v t TTFT Tt TTTtTfTV TTT T^^T Vtft ft TTT
T f t I I mT TH% HTH 7fT?!JTT Tt TTT^cTT f t t TTTfT fTSTT sitfTT Vt
TTTFsrif % STrST TIT % f T ^ I T fTpTTt VI TTTtT TfTT f t TITTT
T i f f I? I ^ i f f v ^ft TTT TVST %?3 "^0 ftft ft 5ft5IVT Tt T f t t T ftTI f t
f T % TTf^t^T ft T f T V |T ftft % Vrtrr ITft T f S V T T t TtfT f t T?T f t H t
rIT Tf? f T vr fT5:T TTft T'?t=5T TT f\ sftT ^T ft f T VT T g T v t ^
T f T T f t Tt ^ i t fTTfT ft TI^TfTV T f t t T TF?VT VI TIT T5:TT | 1 TT
f T f T % i t ftitTTST TftIT STTVtTrt % 5ITT TT% T f T T TtSIVT T t t
T f T T TTf^VT VT fTtJIT V^T I ^T? | Tfil'ST ^^I Tt Vt ^ v t f5'fT
ft fTTT TTI T f T T Tatvtlir T t T i t H V T v t TT f?TfT v t ?ftf3T V^TI
fTTft T f VI Tf?V^" fTSTIfT T??If?TVT3TT % |eT ftTT T t t T'?TtT
t^gi T t ^T v t ftTfT ft fTTT TTT T T t v t T Tf?TffTVT3TI ft t f f T
fT^TT 5?T ^ ft TTfTT itETVT Vt sftRlT V^TI I 5Ti%tT ^tTt TTtvt^lff
% i t T VT TITT T f tlT i t s i V T ftTT T t t %t T t ft fTVtitjrfTfi % SltT
TtT T??VT VI i t TIT f t TITTT I

SITTt ft ?3, fo % R\ fTTTTt Vt ^T VT T f T T TTtvtljr \ ^'


TITI TT I TTt TT T S T TIT ft f T VI T H t v t l J TTTT TTI TI t
5 T i t T t % TtTIS ft T f T T i t S I V T R\ \ %' STIcTI | I T f Tft^JTlT TI?^-
f r v ft V T t I 5T i t ' l l f t T f ? V T VT i T TTTTT ^T ft 3TI?I TT V T TST
|TT I, ITtfV i r f t T t T Tr?<5T R [ T I T l l Tt ^ ^ * T : TTI^clfTV | I
S i r i t ft | T t l ftT n f o V TT^T v t T?STI TTT f T VI TftIT
STtvtjrr ^^t" I U ' TITT TTI ^ TT TI? 1 f o STT^cT v t f T
VI TIS: V l i t T T f t l T TTtVtiT I U ' TITI TI I I T itit % Ttll^
T?T T t T itsiTvT ^3 I sinrT I fv^S T f ? V T ^ f t TITT | k
VtTfTVT ft TTft TTT % TTt gJtl TftffT Vt% T f fes fVTI % fV T t T
Tt5I<^T VT TIT ^3 I VI.0' SfTTT | I TT Tfe |ft ft ft CTTTt VT ftTt-
T T T T=5^^T STtvt?!T t V TSTT' i t TtTlfTV TTtvtilir ( V0 |
V o ' - . A I a' ) = I ^\3' 3IITT | I TSIFT T l f f T V ftit ft f T VI
T=STtT TtTr?T STtvllII TV TITT fV^T T f t fiT \\ I V i t f
:^t; I 3A3' ^r|t ^ t i t ft T t T 1 ? ? - ^ VT Tf?!JT f?^TIlTi' I
^ v ^ t?Ft f T vr it TSTT, l i i t i t r r I I 3rrfg ttbtt l i i tt
% ;t??vt i t t TtsTTJT vr T 5 v r t v t i t t t t vr ?tj?tit TrvrT ft
S5!T ft^r I I TiTcf: TT TSTT f i , TT % T'it^T TT ftTF i t ^ i ft TTVT
JTfTTT aTTVtFTTTTTT?3V7 p T f f T TTT it5iqB5T ftTr, TtT TT T f
I T % T f ? i t T TT ftTr TT T^Vr T f T T SHTVt^T TTT T^^TJT ft f T i
TTTTfSTVT 5^T ftTr I TTTtT TITrTt ft l i t srrTfT TT ST^ T t t TT
vr TTTTtsrVT TtT TTTT^^TJTt Vt TTT ftTT Tr I STT:fev^iS% TJOTT-
TTT itSTVT == I ( TtT T f T T THTvtT + 3^T5T T f T T TTTvtm )
TTT T'TTJT = ^ ( i t T T f o TO vt^Jf - T^T T f To ^t^J )
^^^?T Tf^Vjf = fT3Tr + fT^Tr ^ TTT T'TTiT
TtT?T Tf ?V<i = - r^rSTT ^ TTT T??VT

fTT ( ?\ )
Tff f T fT = ? TtT 3TT 5 T^^VT = % T l f t i I TT: fTTTTf^T fTT (t ft
T Tt Tc%?5 T T vr 3TrT T t t % %'=5 | , T i T ' i t ^ TTF Tt Tf?TtT

fTf| I I T^ H%fS I Tt fTTtr fT5| I, T T t t Tt TT'I % 5?T TTSTlfT-

T T TTr^ TIT I I ST (t?! ft T'TTtsrrfTTtl (TtHTtTt'STTTT) Vt TTT

T T TTT TtTtT itSTTfTfTT v t TTT T V ^ T t T f | I T TTT Tt

fT|Tt V W T ^ ^ i t TT sfiTT: T T artT i t V TTf TTft Ttr | I

TT TTT T f v T'srfTrf TTTT STT: VTfTV T f T T STTVtlir 3 S^T


I TtT i t T f T ' l TrTT THTVtT Tt T V | I

.*. Z. T T sr = n I ^' TtT Z. Tt T V = I ^\3' I


TT T T T srtT i t T^ V i t TTvtlJT ftlit ft,

;j 3r= i t V I t t : i t i t T5T TITSrt vt TTTfTg TTT % ^T ft t?V


f T T T TTTTT TTT Tt TTT frvt^ITfTfT ft

T T ^TT Z Tt T V .
- ~ = : ^ TT VPTTTTTTT
T Tt 3TT Z T T T *
J fT + l - f T _^3Tr Z T t T V^3TT_V
fT-i.fr 3Tr z T T V 3Tr t
A = !?L5 1 sf^r f T v t T t T I ^ f T ^ ' ^ ft
?- 1 3TT T
^^.TTV-^TTT ,
R 3TT V 3TI T
^ ^ STT ^ (V - T ) Vt^TT ^ (T + V)
^ 3TT ^ ( v + T)vt3Tr 5 ( v - t )
= ?T ^ ( v - t ) x vt?T ^ ( v + t )
^ TT - t ) ^ ^T ^ ( Z T t 5 . V - Z T T sr)
~ TT ^ ( V + t ) t t 5 ( Z T t T^V + Z t T~V)
^ TT ^ ( I 3V3' - U*^ I V ) _ ?T V" I V^'
*^ TT 2 ( | Y \ 3 ^ f ^ " 0 I V'T ~ ? T R ^ " I i^o'

5= , =

3Tr""'*5= I '3-

t t : % T T T % srjOTT T f ? V T = R X ( ? I K^' vs')


= Rl I it? V
fv?5 T f i f ? V T SFTVI STTTITT % mfm iTf?V5r ft T f i f i T a r f i v
11 i s v r vrtJir m | ft T f vftsir??^^^^^! fT^irr ft TSTT farr |
TT: 5TV> fT^q-r ft q f t T T V T T r srrTWvl I:T% ftt? %, TT T T
pq-f^Strr 5TTTT^ ft T T T T f T "at^ i t t TtTrT HTTTV % TJTTT T
fTf5TT % T vt fSTTi VT TtT % ft?? ft % T TT % T TTT TIT Tt Z.% T-
? Tf TtmfrTVT^TI ^ T fr^TI ft II'?TJT VI TITI ftTT I TT TifTT 5
VT TTT T f ? TJTIT Vt TTTTTT ftTT I
5 T f ? V T = ?T~^ 5 = TT~
^ M'^^^ = ?olVV' ei^nft V TJTIT
^ T f ? V T = ? o|V ^TTT % TJTIT
Tff t T%TTt VT sqi^r TffT^crf gfT Vt TYT PTTT ^TI
TIT5TV TT^TT f I STTTT SITTt ft Tt i f t Tff I f r i ? t ft T 3
TtT T Tt Tf?V?Tff ft 3rt TTTfT | T f T TtT Tt fTf|Tt TT ftit Tt
TTIT STITf^ ft TtT ^ fq'fg ft ^t^q^ jyf ^1^91 ^91 SAT T T
1 Tt Tf3Vl!jt ft TcTT TtTt vt^ft v t 3TITt ft ftTT TtT 5 VtiCJ VT TfT
% ? / f T v t fT3TT, 5?T f t ftTI I VTT: T f i Tt TITT Tf?VTI5* v t 3TT
TtSTffcTVT^TI TfT^IfT | I I T v t fT^TT STITTS ft TFT^FT fTCTlf^T
T V K ft ftTt I T Tt Tf^t'ST ^TI TT % fTf| ft % T T T T ^ T f T T TtT
T T vt FTTITT I TT Z ? T % TtsTfffTVT^TtT Tf3VTI5 TtT Vt^ST
? T % fT^TI ftftT T f ? V T r S |TI I TT fT^T ? T V ft
IT V Tto sfo qjo 5TI
T? =
vt^TI Z T T V vt^TI ^ T o V o
SltT fT'JT T T T ft

^^^^^ 3TI Z T T ? X TT ^ ^ ^_5lJ_^_5!21.*L?


TT fT
ITft T T V TIT v t TTITITfTl ft

3TT Z i T T 3TI Tfo ^0 X5Tto sfo T? 3TI


VtsTT T V X f^

, Tq x-qT ^ ;f.Ti. X 5Tt sf.qR.^qi


fT
fT3TI fTitT TfTTiT 3TI - =? 3TI ?O|YV' x^TI R^V<o'
Tf irfi W'^m f^^^

A T f ? V T = VR^'|3V*V'
VTTT v t TTTfeT ft T^?"?JT3qT = o'^tj^^a x o'voV? = o'o\3\%X^
Tf?VT = VR5'|^^"
sra T f TSTT I f v I T i t T t SIVK V T ' 5 V T t ft I V ' 3 ?5T T f
iTv ^ srrftTr Tr fTT i | f v i t T t vr TTVTT T i T t fTfT^s V?T ft
Vtft Tt T V?3 f9T T f T?T?7 TTTr ft T^TftT TTT^T ftTF I T f i t T t
i ; T?vrc fTf^rif v t fTrrr v vitci i f T Ta; v f ^ T i ft gf? TTTt
SrTTt T t t TTTt VtTfTVT Vt TftV^TTTTt Vr TTTTTT fVTT TTT i t f T
T ^ V l i vf'=3V TtTTf^'ST TTT T r i Tt^ ?o"|Vv' VTr TTT V t
TRJTT V t V T f f i r T VT TT^S TTI^^TTT Tf?5T>S3 TTTT TTTT ftTT, fvt
T V f S ft l i f T T ? TV Vt f t t Vt f^^q-r T f V TT^S JT^^VT Vt
5ft5TrffT!ST3Tr TTT fT^TT T t t Tf?V^f ft TcTT vt?!J vt it^Tvrs
TTTVt T f vr Tt TT^ TTTT TTTT TTTTT T f t E I T i t V T i t fT^TT f i t T
T ' ? V T ft Tt TTT ftTT I 5 T V fTtr f^W ( Vr fTTtS5T ^ISTI T i f fIT I
TTT t 5T ^ ^ TT^ i r ; ^ T T^ fefiTTTrif srTTt ft i T
% TftTtTTt ft T f TTTT | fV f T % TTT5T Tf?V?r ft tf^VTt Vtft T t TTVt
TTVTTtT f?TfT TTTcrfTVcTT v t TTTTTt T f t f t i t , fv^T T'TTtT ft ^t
^tt Tt TT% T^TVT ft T f s 3TT5T f t i t | 1 r.^ T f s v t TT$lf5T v f t | |
ITVt T?TI%5e ( ) ft TTTTT JTTTt fTTft | fv | f TTT % U T TT
TTt^ ? n f o ft I T % i t isTTrt ft |f I T f T t ft T5T5T ^ tT I \o
I T v t fTTfT ft TfrTT THtvtIT U ' I ^' TT T t t ^Ttt ft T^TTtT^T f i
v t fTTfT ft T f T T TTtvtljr I U ' TT I 5 T ftrtTTST Tft^irrT ft
Tf?T>T T t t itSTVT TTTTFTV Tff TTT5T ftft I I T T T T f s T i f ft STTTt
ft T f Tft^rrrT fTVTTT f v T'T TfTTtT VT it f^Tt | fVf^ TH%
TTtt T t t 5T1TTT fTTT | fTTVT T f %?S | 1 fTVtTT vtTfTVT ft T^T
SffiTTI % vt TTT Vtft Tr?r ^ T f T T Vt V5TTr v t Tt TtTfTf|
v t srtt T^TVT v t f f s VTTT | 1 fv?5 3^T v t Sitt ^ i T T T 5 T T^T-
T;T vt TTlfTTT f^TT | , TTT f v T'STF % T^STiT ft =5ffTT5Vrt v t
Tfr^PTI vt fTITTTT TTI | I fT^T fTTI|Tt v t VITl fff^fT^TfT^rrTT
ft TVlfTT vtTfTVT v t J^TV VT T^TIT ' T T t i t T fToit VI TftgJT^H' VI
{X-R<^ ) S V t l J I^TT TifftT I

5H% VIt?if ft T f T t TIT i t T f I f v | T VI T^it^T S'lTit % Tjgrt


tl5TlfT ^ tT I ?o I i t TITTFTV Tff I I T TTT f o ft f T ^
q?5>oT ^tri Rfi^o'art?: TTf?itT T T ^rfgr ft Ro' fsm
^rrifV ft T T T fT'ir | ft ftT ft ?o ir'^TtT sVv T f f i ft?| TrT^fTV
ftTfcT TT TTVTT ftT VT 1 % sr^T |T VF t r v ' T T ft Tt TTT T^Tt'T TT
TTTT TTtVTT VT fTtr 1 5TT vtTfTVT T t Zimt v t TfT>ST"tTTf5T VT
ScTf^TTT T VT T% ftfg SrTTt% T T T ft ^ T ft TTft T T T TV TTI
ft f T % TfTt'ST v t TFT I \o' TTTVT 5c^V T T ft II^V T T ^ ^ T
Tfit'sg TfT TTT ftft 1 JI^TTt % T T T ft ?^V3o TV ?^Xo T T ftft f TTft
Tf3tt^ T % 3 I ^ ' ^ I I grcr: ? TT I I ^o' ^T^TTtT ft ^ I 5.'
Tirft TT STTTt % T T T f T VT T^TtTtT TT5TTfT U T I | ftTT | I
I T TtT ft TfTVT TTVT T T Vt TIVTTtT fTifT vt T^TTT v t T | ftcft Tt
qjfq- ft f T Tt TFT TfTt=5T TT 3TTTT | I I T V?TTT v t 3TIT9TVTF T f t
ftTt TTTF %":TT v t i t T T T t T V5TF ft ^ T TFFTT T ^ T V T ft T^TCTJ |T
v t TIIITF VT TfTVtrf TTVT TTJ TfTV^jif TTJ f T T-TV^rf SftT I T TtTt %
TSTTT? TtST%;3 ft 9ltSTVT TTTT TFT Tt T t SFTTt V 3TT5T THFT^^T
VF TTFTFT f t TFTTF I vtTfTVT ^TF ITFTTT TV Fv ft gT%?5tT
VTF ft f T VF T f T V T IFFTT T f t VT T V ft I

TT?? ^ ^ ^ ^

Tf I T FTSF^T SITTt %<^T (TFfFTV)

|T y 1 r
? 1 Y i ^ r f 1
^ 1 ?o-ic'
TtT 1
1 i'
TFT ^ 1 %V ^RY'

* TFTTFFTS % TfTFT TT VF TTTT^TVT TFROFt ft R\%V | I

Tf I T Fa^P'T EFTTt TFfFTV V'^TT

fT
V^R?'
TtT VoR^' V^R?'
?oOl V Ui t.'
TFT ^RV' ^l c
I T fTlTT aTI^rTV

TT
a

2^

5lfT
i

fTSSft T V W f ft TTTTTT TTT | fV i T t ft TRTTff Vt TTVirtT f^TfT


T'TVT T t t TtSTVT IT Tt TFTTTTTtfTTTV VTt V T T V W ft TfT^T ftTt

?. TT^TTff %t q f r T-T ^ f T f t ^ T T T TTTT Tft % Tf^rtT fTTtT


TtT TfTTt vt STI^TT TfTIT fTTIT % TfTT ifTflT % TIT |3rr | I
TTTT TTT ftrtTtT ( TTffTV f TIV ) ft fTT ^TtfTT VT TlfTTT^l?! t f T V
fT TTI <Hoo % ft |3tl, ^?IT;I T T ^ T fft ftTIl^
STtfTT, fTTITf fTSUT, TflTITT TtT J^TT ft TIT i r t T t T t TffTt
ft am ftTI I I 5TVI TT^T ^ ? T T : TftriTIfTV | I T^STI TtT fT
% TT TIT TTT fefTTt vt T?!TTI STITflfTV TTTTt T T TrTlfTcI
I I TITT Tft vt T J T t T TTT fTTtT TfTTI fTTat ft fTTt TITt
Tt TTI TTft srfT'SSTiT vV ^TTI Tt TITt Tt I i^ITTT T f IJTI^ ft tTfr
T f cT5[<if l^TI Tft % TTTVTT TTI Tf K I T TTtf^IT % T'UVIT Vt | f
^T =TfSTI vt TfTTt ft TI5TfTV T^TfT, TT VT ^T % TIT TTT TtiT,
55 WrfT % T T T V m t VT TTCI fT?T TTT T5=T % SifflTV ft TftfSTT % T5=T
VIT VI TTT ( XWi ) TT " T ( TI 7,^-^-^% ) Tft % Tgi TIT %
^TI^^ TITt VI T^JITft TIT V % T sqtfTT % TJT fT^TT SHrrrit TTI T f
T% % 15T T'ftT?!! ^ 3Tti; VTTt | I IT 5^1^ ft Tft VI ^T ft T^TftvT
11 ftfg arRwit v t fi^ftir nfir v XTTTT % ftir s n i r i srii^ftfTiS %
%T5r 5ft5rTtit=3TfTf qfrfT artt isftsiV'S vr TTTti' fvTi 1 1 i t f i
TiieiT T | V sTfTTTfTVt^ % TcT'T i i T T T;r ^UJ^;^ % i t^^ m sftt
^TTT i TTTr T r F f f v Tf^q^T TCTFfsrT T-it^T vr i sriTr fTTT

5TTT I I T f i t - T TTIT T n'Z^^^E TFT TTft 3T?qr ftcfV | I fv^f


Tf9T^ ft sn^r ftTI TTI TlVm ft 5T% fTTTTT TF^TT ft ^T V> TITI I T
fgTI T f TfT vr T?!TT fTSI^T T?Tt vt TTFT f t | I THVTITIT ft TITTTtT**
TTTI vt ft 3ITTTTI | I l i f t TT^S | fV T^T % T f T T V ( ^ Tto ^to }
VIT ft *nTT ft Tf TfT VI STITflfTV Tf^JJTtT TT^T TIT f t fVT TI TtT
VfTT 3qtfTT ft TT^I TTTtT ftTI TI I TfT TV fV vfTTJTtfTT V TTT
f r r t T t T t s Tt VfTT^TtfTT % fl^TtfTTIT TT T^T fTJ^ft ft I TITTf:
fTffT ft T%T3TtfTT ft TTTT TITtT TTTITt % TftV T t l t VT T^^T
fVTI I I
ftTtitfTTI ft i t I T TTT TV TfTfT % STTTflfTV T^JIT VT ?T^T
fTTtfTT ft f V I TI TTI T T I ^ i t TTft ft I TTlfT TITT SltT ftTtTtT V f t
i t ITft sriitT TTT ft T f T f i % ^TIT%TtT STRTI VI v t f fTTT TT-
T5T T f t ftTT I ftititfTTT ft T'STI vt fTTW TfTTt vt STRTI % fTtr
q v Tfit=ffT TIT v t V5TTT Vt Tf Tt i t Tf?TI % T?T%fSTFT ( T?S TfT-
T=5T TRI ) % qV TTT VI TTT ftTI | I ITft ?fTV T^STfT v t fTTTTI
TT% TfT%;5[ TfT TTTTTt TfTVTt ft TICT V t TT TVTt | I TITT ft
TITri TVTfT TtT TTTIT T^^TT TTT ft 5 5 ftfi vt TTT: T^TIFTT V ^
TVTfT TITlit TtT fTfT fT!=TITf?TJ T^T VI fTTtlJT fVTT TI I ft T t i t T t T f
TFT v t TfTfitT aTTlit TT TTTt V fIT T i t Tt ^fftft TTTt TfTT
^TITf^TfT Vt fTfTTt % 3TTtT gl^l Wf TfT STRTI VI TT35T fVTt I
Tf STfrfi i t TTTTT ^T T^S v t fTTT TfTTt vt Tf^rtrtT ffriTt ft
3TT5T fVTI TTI5TT fTTTTt iitTTT, ( E u d o x u s ) TI I

t TTI f TTTT^irr ^TTt Tf ^TTT TTmTI^Trt fTTtfTVTitTT TfT fTfTT


ST^rfT^TTTTTTTTfTI^ TSIT TlfTfTTfTTfsi^T VIT^sp'^rr ST i ft^ =T
TfTTJ?rTT TfTTITTt T f TfTTITTITrTt TTITTHJlt ^TfitTt TfOTI TfT"
T^T TSTTIfT^ TI^iTfT^ TtTT^TTITcTig ( -'R? )
TPTt T T ^ TTjiTrTI %JI? T^TI TT TtTTfTI
fTIT TgJ^fT TIT TcTI TT^it T vtSI 5T TI^TITr: 11
( fT fT. TtTI^TTT ) I
mtfiV^ 5 m ft 5ft5rw5s JTRT i T f t Tft ftcfV 1 1 i f ^ i t T 5 m ft
ir??ws irfei l i f t ift f t i t 1 1 ft'? i t s r i t i TTTT ft it^r ^^nf'^
asrft Tft fTTtTTRr fTi> t i TtsT^qEsirfer T f v Ttsrt^T TTIT ft TSTT
TIT JTfT TV TSTT TFT ft Tft fTTt | I fv^g T'TW^S TfT
q-f?t^T ?TTT ft TSTT TfT TTTT TV T^TTTFT ft ftTt | I T^T^T'^S

f i t T T T cftjt ( T-^JfrgiT ) ( n v . |o 50 ) TTT VfTS TfTtTt T t t


TTST TT I laft gfTTT vt ^^tTfqjT V K , TSTTTt Vt fT3r TT I TTft
^TrftrrtT TfTt vr ^TT^T v t g-^i TT a t t T^^TT v t fTTT TfrTt vt
STT^TT V fTTi: IT Tgt vt ^ft ftT ft fTTT mTT, fTTVT V^S ^ V ' 3
Tft TT I ST^T T f f vt fTTT i f T T t Vt STT^TI V fTtr ITft TTTfT fVTT
TTT 1Tt V TTVf'^V 51TrfT T t i t vt V?TTr STtf TTft TSTlfTV TTTT
vt STfTT fVTT I T?;fT T f fftST^T TTTTt T tfT, ftt Tt T f T^T fTglTt
% TT^'^ 3555 f t TTT fv ^TrT%T vt fftSTt ft Tft Vt TfTTt vt
fTTTTT TTT5T ^t Tf TVTt | I
srftjrVTfitTTT ft I T TTr T^STT V srrVTt ITT f f t T t vt TIT
Vtft % fTtr ^TtfTTtT fTfTTt VT TifTTfT fVTl Sltt ft fTpTTf arft^JIVT
( ;^r;o |o cjo ) ^t TTFT f t I ITft T f fe^T'T TfTTlfTT fVTf fV T5TT
T05T vr i f T V ^TT^T i T t % TTft T5T vt Tf?:35Tr % VftTT f t | TTT
^ T t GffT TTt T f IT vt ^ TfC3iTT Vtft | I TTfT ^T ft f t TTTt
TTtT Tft % vt^ntT T^Ttt ft TTvt T3; TIT TfTTt Vt TTTfsT Tfft f t
ft fTfTT Tt, fvt Tt 5T fesr'T vt 3 3 % TTTITfTV fUTt Tt ^TtfTTt
ft Tft TTTT 1 ITVT Vlt^ir ^?Tr TftiJTtT f fTiTt STtT TTft fTST^T V 5TJ
TfTTTTT VT TTTT Tft fv^f TTTT Vt TTTTV T T t f ftT Tt I f T t t TTT
T f Tt f v TT TTT VT TfT Tffts TTrfTV TTVfTitT | T T ^ T ( R^^-
R ? ^ ) ft IT fT3T?T VI TTT f T t t T fVTT I

^ T t ^ f r T ' S r ( Apolonius )TTt fTTTat TTtTtfTTT VT T^T


(R^^) Tt" i t o ft fsrr TT I T f i f f g i ^ r s^it {TT, TITTT, TTTTT, T f r -
T t T T T ) % fTTT ft fT% T^ T5=Tt % fT^ it 5rfT3 f t f ^Tt^T ft Tt T f
TfTTt % VTtlit vt Rmrft % fTq; TfTTTt itt Ttit'TTTlt % fsSTTt
VT TTTV I I TrT Tt T f | fv ITVt TftV^TTT ft i i t Vt fcTt TTTVt
i t f^r^ Tt'TTT ft l i T ' 5 TTI TfT TRT Tff Vt TfTTt VT fTTTT fVTT,
f.T% fTft 3JrtfTT'TT?T TTT TTVT ITlTjt t|TT I %TTt TTT f f J T ft TfTV
TTTTT ?T TTTTT vt fTTTT T i f ftr | f?|f % HEnglTt ft TltlTft % T3)
T f TfcT T?r TTRTV TT?T TTT^T ftcft | Ppff T t 3 tTcsqfcT TTTfTV
( TTTtT ) T t t ^(JTcTV TT fT^ftT 5tfft ftTt | I ^TF Tift ftTT | TT^T
5"T? fVTT TT TfT I I

TTT TfTTt v t TtTI VT fTTtTirr fvTT TTT I TfT TTtrTTT Vt TfTVeTTTT'


TfriserVT vtSTT %i ftTt Tt T f I T %n=3T Tf T5TT % TfTTTTT if ^'tT:
TT5T f t TTT ftTT I fTT% fTtr fT5T VtTfTVT ( ? V V 3 ^ - ? W f o ) vt'
T T ^TT I I
^ r ^ f * r i t 3 T f t fTTfT fTTTTt f | T T ^T {R^'^-R ? R ) 5TVT ^TFT
VTT I I TTffTvt TTT ST TTfTVt ft ft TTT Tt TTft fs^IfTt .ft TtfTT
I I TfTKJrva v t I T %f?5V TfT^TT 5?ft % fTTtT % VITIJ fTSilTt ft
5TtfT T f t | | I I f f t f t I T Tf STT, TTT TTT TTTT T f t v t TfTTt vt fTT-
fTT VTft % fTtr T f ^ f TITV q V ^ft T^TVI fTTtm fVTT TI Tt T^TflffT
T ? i t ft TfTTlfTT ftft % VTTljr T f t % TV TIT TlfT TfTTt v t 5T^3 =^T
ft TTfTT VTTT TI I Ifffft i T t ft T f t v t |fTTt % fTt? TTvt T ^ % T f -
TIT f t TTTTTT VI fT'tT fVTT I Tt T f fTTTt f t TfTV TfTTITI TI T f
S^Tt ft TTTT f t fTVS | I T f fTSI^T 5?ft % gITT ufTTlfTT | I VTT: |Tt
% 35T ft T f t v t ffTfT I T TVIT | :
T f J , f T , Vl^, I T , i T T , ff5TfT TtT TfT THIf % fT^t % TIT i t
l i t SET v t T f T5TI ft T% TIT t I
f f T [ ^ ^ f t fTTT fTfTfTTI JIIfT % f T T l i t ft I f 5' (Ut-t^^)
?TVI VITVIT I I ft T t i J T gtT ft TTTt ftTTITI TTlfTT VT T K t % Tftv
ftT TTTT fvcr ft I fTTft TIT Tt TI9TTTTV ^ f s T i f TTTt | I ft TtT
VI ^^o srT% TTTVT TlftTfT TtT TITTt^T T^T VT fTTtlU f v ^ ft I f^igft
Ifftft m TTJT TITt TtT T f t % fTTTITf TtT VfffTTt VT ftT TTTT fVTT I
fTSITt VI T l f T I f v vtHTITT VI fT3I?T ftitTtfTTTt % gITI Tfft^
ft TifTGfT TI I ffTIVT ft ^.o TITt vt ftT% v t ^Tt TTT| I 5 T TTt
vt fTTfTTt vt STTTt ft TTft ft'^pTTH TITV T^T ft ^qt VT fTt f T T
fTTT I ITT ^Vo griTt % TlTTT TtT TT v t ^if^TTT % fTTTTT
T| Tft t I I T TVTT Y a ? TITt % fTTITVt vt ^Tf^TT TITT TTI | , fTTVt
l^TTI TIT Tt TfCTfeTT | I ffTIVT ft f t TTft ft ^TTtll ftit ft TTT5T
TTTt % T t r i T t ft T f fTTtfTTfVTI f v 5TVT TTTf'TV TTTIT (TTft ^if^TfT'
TTTTT) fTf| T T Tfi I I TTtfV TITtT ftrt ft TIH TRt % TT Tt ffTTVT
% TTt ft sriH TTt % 5?T f t ft fv?5 TtTIT,. g;TTtTt5lt ft TfTV ft I fVT:
I T TfSTI STTTF TTTRTf fvaV Vt i t Tf5%fS 1 % TSqif irfcT ft ^"tcl
f t i t I I 5 1 % ^ TTVr TfTV^r TTT TTIT T f r ft ^]Z\ ftTI I I 1)TT:

TT% fTTTtrt sftT SJlffTat ft i t 3r?TT fTT I l i f t fT^9=T^=r |3ir ft;


TT^T TfTIT Tf5TJT Vt sfiT T? TfT | I 5 9 SIVK TTT TfT % TlFT^vrf %
SJI ft f f TIVT vt 5T5I TIH I I

ffTIVT V> f t Tirar 3TtfTT % fTIT ^cfiftTft fTTT TTI TIST TtTt
T^Tt ft TlfsiTt % TTTTIT"* VI srifTSVgf vf5TT fVTT TtTI | I 5Tft T f
fTS f>TI I f v Tt TttTTt % i5?T ft TfTT Tt^ftT fTTtTVt % TIT % fTq
ffTfVa % Tie stftf?3T TtTtT flvt^TtfrtfT VT TIT TI T f STT TIT TiT-
V t ^ TtTtT fT^Tt TV f t i t f T T TfT I HTTTt ft Tt ffTIVT VT f t TfVT^I
VT %TT TtTtT TTVtqj fT^Tt % TTVTClt VT TTTtT fVTI | I
v t fT^TI TTt KRo sq-tg ft fgf^rr ^tqttT ^TITt v t TITInt ^fff
vt TTtt I fTft SITTt ft f ^ T;TK VT ft fTTT | I fv^f STtT ftTI | f v
TtTITt VT TIT ffTIVT ft Tfft VI | I TTtfv 5T% fTTT TTtTtfTTT T f t
% T5P TtT TIT TfTTt'% %f3fTt VI fTTfTJH T VT Tift ftft I

T^^lf^T'ET S r ^ l f t S I T T t TITTT ft f T ^ % TTT .> o TTI TV TfT-


-TcT TTlfTT fVTI TI I TTt T T % fTT v t TI^ITITt fT^^Tf^TI V TIT
TTlf^TT SITTt ( ?oo-^^^q f o ) ^qtfTT TTT V fTir SfcT'T
TfcTTITt I 1 l^ftft ft |o TV Tft VI ^T fVTI I ffTTVT V
TITTttlT SltT TTft T'Tt V TfTfTTi l^ftft TtSTtTt TITI Q[V TTtTTtTT'T
tT?5tTtT' VI fTTt^T fvTI I fsiTV T T ^ T ft STtflitT f T i f f V TtTT5lt
SttT TTt VI TTfT TIT ^TTTI ft f t TITI VTTI TT I STTTt TtTtT fTVt?rr-
fTfT VI ^TI fTVIT Tff VT Tift ft fTTft f v TTft TtT TTTTtTT T?if ft
TIVITtT fTO^t V fTTTtTt SltT gJiPTTt VI TTT VT TTft TtTtTt T t t TTt
VT TfT VT T V I TTTTtTt ft Tt VTTIVT T J ft Tfft f v i t ft %E T f t ^ f T V
TtTtT fTvtcrfTfT VI stlfT^VIT Tff fVTI Tf I SfTTt T fTV^TfTTI ft U
T t T ^T %TtTT T T t ft TTTt STIf ^ =Tt5rtT TT ^qtfTT TI5T v t ftTI ft
fTTITI I 5Hft Tf^T^TtfTT VI TfIT T'T fTTI fTTVI fTTTt TIT

?~TTIf fTfft % fTTTITT: fTJ^Jf TIT TTtT T T^' 5T


T?Tft T r l t t TT^T % TifTTt % 3TTTfT ffTIVT % f t | I
ITVr TT^T T f t I Tt TIT TftJT ^TtfTT V T 5 f T w i f vt TTITI
3vt TEirir JTfi ft Tsrft i t i V TTjifT TTRirv f t f t i t i iHvt Tf?
^T^E T%T)T % aVT^TT ft TTS fVTT TT fVT | I ftrf TTTfTff Vt fSTtT

T"3^FTTT ( Syntaxis ) sftt TTVT SSlfj STTTF? TTfTTTTcft | I Sft'T


TfTT ft Tf TcT 3rf?ffr%55 ( Almagest ) ft TTT | I siTTt VT ^jftiTT
ft fT5TT TfTfTTT TfSTI Vt Ti% ft fgitT fTTTTT ( E v a c t i o n ) | I
( fffit ft i f t T ' 3 fT^T 5ffT T?VTt TTT TTTT ft f?TTTTT fTTT TTT |)
1?|t% TfT TItTTft % TfTt^Tt TTT T f T T T?TVTt sftt 5(tTVTt %
TfftT^TT % ffttT ^ c f T % T t T 3TTi%Tf T^fT vt | I vtTfTVT %
srf^rrt TfT>5Tt vr TfftT^IT STTit VT STTTT TJTTTT I I TfTVT TTft %
fTtr JTTTt SrtT TfTJ feTJ^oJ T5|T: TTvt V^TTTTFT^ VT TftTTTV
I I TtfT %TTt % Tft % TtT TTtT ^TTT TIT Vt TtTTT VT T t V ^tT Tt
eiTTt VT Tft fsv'toE I I l%ff5V T f T5TT vt Tft^?TTT ft Tft % TT5T-
ftv TfTVTt srtt TtTTiTt ( E q u t i o n of, center a n d P a r a l o x ) ft
TTTf^ T?5T: ftTV vt Tf^TT Tf^T TfT^TT vr i t T V j I STTTt ft ffTTVT
TTT 5TT % TfftTTft STtT ^ o ^ ' TTtt % TTT T t TTTT sPfffT Ttt fTTTtT
fTTT I I SrTTt v r fto^fTTT U TTt TV 3ifli%T 3TTT ft ^V TTT
TfTS5r?TT tfT I I qv VfTT ^qtfTT VT ^^rfTTTT TTTV Tt TT STTTT ft
fTTr TT i t Tff FTT vt TffT TTTT ft g;5T tff I
SrTTt vr To'^fTTT Tr?TT ft STTft ST VT 3TVTT TTST T^T | I fTTft
^iTtlf T i t ftTvt % TfTt v t 3 i t TVTt TSTTf TT TTT fTTT _^fTT TVK
TTtT ft fsTtT TTtVtrTri vt fH;g'r'TfTtlTf?ir % TTT ^TTtll ft^Vt %
TTt TfqTT TTr fT^JfT ^TtfTTtT fifTTf I SflTTT fTvtTT vtTfTVT Tt ^T
v f 3V Tf TTTT V?TTr % TfTftTJ SfTTt Ttt TTtitfTTT Vt TTTfsTTt
ft TfTV Vtf Tf Ttg Tft I TV 1 fVff STTTt vt TTTfoTTt vt ft ^T
vff^V i^TT ft TTTftl T5|T V t T V I g i v f J ft Tft vt |ftTt Vf Tt
^IPTfT VtTfrVTft fTITTTT | , Tf CTTTt V TffTT itSTT^T^Trif ft fT^TT
ft TTT T t 3TT5T ft Tfft | ! i f t I T TfT ft ^V TffTVT ft fTTTTTT
^ t TTT I I HTTTt ft STTft oj^TTf Tftv ^TV^ttTt V TTt VT TTTtT
STTTt f % ft fVTT I I TTft fTVfTftTf fTTTTt fTTt VT ITT fTtfT T T T -
TtT I I fTTt eCTTt V TTTITfTV ftTVT? | I f T Sltt V Tfit^Tt,
TfTVTt Ttt itSTVit V TlftTJTT ft SITTt ft f T V ftit ft TflTTI Tt | I

( ? ) i^Tt vt ftTtTI TTI IvffJV T f T5TI VT fT^I'T I


( ? ) 2CTt V TTIT ft Tf fTlit Vt i t TtT TtfTV fT"^ TITTT I
TRI fTTTTT ( TtST TfcTVT ) ft TTT Tflf | \ TTTTT Tq^TtfTTTI
% TfT^eTTIfaiT T f vr TI^TfTV fTTT q v ^ft T f f T v t TftfT ft

( ? ) sPlf'TTT 8T\T TTtTfT fTTTTT vT f t T f l VT fTTk^TI


( v ) 5jftl%T ft ^irrfTfT TTT fTvlqrfTf^ vr TTT^T I
("\) Tt5fVT f T v W T f T v r TtfTEVrt TTT TtTtT fTTTTV ( TtT, TT,.
f T T T t r TTT VrffT ) Vr TTfT^VIT I
( ^ ) T f t v t V ^ 3 f f TTr TfT'^T TYT TtTTiT v t V?TTI STTT TTVt
TTVITtT fTTfT VT fTTtT^ I
WT=TIT ^ 'ST^f^s^TTTfTTT T T T T S ft TITtT T l T i r f
vt i r M R o fT^TI ft Tf3T 3TI3lt ^ T^ST VTV f^^TI VT TIT %f^TTt

^ ^ - ^ - - ^ ^ = (^^^'.\3Y) ft T5I 3ltT fSfqr 3TI V TTIT TT ST^^qi

VI 3TTtT fVTI I ^TTt TIT T f | fV TITtT TtT TfztV T f VT ^'t TTTVTT


fTTT TfTqff ft f T l " i r I T I T T ? ft 5^fTTt ft Tf^IT V?T TT ft TfTTT
vt fTT T?TI vt 5^1 VTt I
( I^KRKt^R X V ^ ^ o o o o o ) ^^cr ^r^^"^ ft T f V TTTt v t ijot T^J^r
TSt I TTT TTTTT VT ^ V ^ft TTT v t Tt fTTT VT fTTT fTTft TIT: T i t
T T T T f t v t fTTfr q v TTIT TT Tt I TTVT TIT TTI v f T f T l f T I Tt^ i
TTt fTSTfTVRt ft i r t v r T f V r q j fVTI I T f f TV f v TITtTTT ^T
fe^t'T ft Tt ft f t T T j q ^jltf i t TTt I TJTT: l i f T S t T VI STlitT TT^T
f T i t TITft ft ^ T t f f T f t TTT I 5TIT TfTfT T^T^T TITJIE ^ STTTT
atlfTGVIT I TT ^ ^ f T T t VI i f t TT^S T f t VfT TI TTTT I f V ' f 3 T V I T f
^TfT n = 3, ^ 311 I W I ITft Tt ? . UlX^ TI I '
fTSIfT 3TtfTT ft TTTTtT sfvt VT TTTtT T R T ft Tft i ? r ^ ^TtfTT
I T fftsI?T snfT TTt TfTt ft TT I ftff TTT ^ i t ft ft i v T I T r i TfT^H
% Tlfr^^S fTSIfT % TJTI? % g i T T|% I 1T% Tfft TT Mi ft sitVJ^TV
sivt v t T R ^ T sngiTt T T f r r i t i T f t TV v t era i t vt TfT TfT sf^i
TTTTtT VTT fTTTI ftTI Tt ft TTTTtT VT v f T ' ^ VT% fTTft i f t {X ^
+ U ' + = ' ) - ( ' ^ + r + r + 5 0) I I Tv TTT ^ i t ft fTfT
VT 3191 q V TTVT 5^-^^ TTTTt ft T^JTI VTft v t SqitTt STfTT Tt I
f T i t TTTST TtTTTTIT Tt ititfTTTt % SRI v t T f ftTT^ ^TtfTT v t
TITtTTT ft TTlfTT ftVT f t fTTT | fv ftTHf ^qtfTT ft ^ q i t ^ T I T V t
vt T5TT fTfTt % i t f f t TSrft Vt T^TT Vt vfST TITVT f t fVTT TTT | l
frar I fsrevT %fs f i i r %?s % 15 ft ITBTITJ^ fi^qr % T y % i q
f^vt iftftrft f u r l i fti 9rffaJf I f f s r c i f i i r l T f t t f f l s T i t -
i t ' i f ar IT 9ftsTrfif 1 v ^ t sftt fsra f?r vt iPcf^ ft ^ftsritit^i ^
VT %?S f ITT I 3ft V5JTlrT V ^ | I^flf i t f TTI ft I f ifft fft Tivt
IT^lflV BTTVTitl ftlfl S?f9T3r v t i t | I qftv^ITT ft i f l V T ' W f i q
I f I FV TTTHTf i t t l i 51ft Fsrivt 1% l i t | 3ft itsfi^ar TIT i;it
vt I f Vfft 1 1 | i srtt ^sp v t i f T g i vt IFT ft 1 f t f t i t I 5Fwq
f l , i s p v t sriTt ifir itsit'BT IFT i t t f i v t 1F1 3 i v t l e n i f i
f t i t 11 attt i i 5 T , ?f 5IFT, 9TFI *t i f i l i vt i f i ft ^ t i t ^ t |,
5if5Tq ^ i vt 1F1 ft i i v t it5T>iiF?r f t i t | sffr s r i i t i f i I B H
ifir I srr: ITVT ariiT F u r J i t s r > i iftr ft ^ftsTititBifrJ ft f i r r ITIT
TITT I I I T I f t i t E T i t i t 1 f ^ % %f5 v t I f i VTft 11% VWfrT ft
I f % it5TTtl>31 f?I vr %f3 I f vt 1S11 1% ft 3 i t f l l T f t lfl9ft5T
flTT I Fsra F11T ft i t s T t ^ , 5rft5iTFif^ vt IFTFI ft 1 v i i : i j ^ s ft FTIT
s?T v t I f VT FaiTT 9ft5fTtit^i ItT v t IFTFI ft ( i t 5 I > 5 1 l f i i f i f i )
ariiT 9it5r%fs iFi ft arrft i i i i s F f i t i r ^TT | TIT v?STTitTft i f

aiTIVI i t i I f ITlft I fv i m ft i^lTsft VT T1T11T1 H T VT


3 q i t i i t i T T T t i i v iTFTTt iniriT I, f ^ i t i T % m iirsTt ft.ft
s r f t i c i ft TTf Fv^g iTitFiiTt/% T I S K ^ ? it. i t . ft T F H f i i w gi
ft 5];fJT VT i s i T % ^ q ft T i i t i , T T ^ 51 TIPTTT v t FT^TTT Fg^
VT %TT I I ( ^frft IT. f l T I ^ T % STTT T^FTT FfffjiTTTFsV ft.
^r. A N. f^ff V. B.TtT)

(\) I f qfriiT VT ^ m r F5iTii%f5TFiiiFiv | i%-'SiFi5rTFivift 1


"TT ? s i t l i t I f f % I T I f t 11* % ITTt i t T IFT^IT VTTt | I
{R) srrftV I f 1 1 V TTTt i t T U T I vt^jftl i F l ft W1W VTIT | " i
Fv^g T i v t firvTT vsrr vr v ^ i i * v^s ft Fi?i ftir 11 f r i f t i??
VT TclfT ^ t I
(^) g i vFfsv v T ft ^ T ft T f t vt ^^FTTI VT IT?TFTV TTVTT fTift
- ^c^TT $ 5 i t T FTTT vt FHF?: |f 1
( Y ) ZTTTt ^ 3fT5 ft TfT ft 1 f t Vt ftirtlf^it' IT ft i t ^ V ' S
11^5 ?f%VTT TTT T 1 1 % VT lOTTTVT^I If i f i = TliTfl+.Tt?T
V^S i f i I
{X) 1ft ^ T5P, TTT Tfrit VT ^ T STTT TTTTITV T i l l I
{%) ft i t i TfTTt VT TTlfTTT I
To
( 5pfEfiiTlT5ftEi%f3ir% ) 3rR7 TsqTT i f f t ft m r 11 *nroftT
srnmff ft 'TtETts^ifft9ft5i%fsnfe' ?^ft '#5itTTfft-w??ftsj%?5nfe'-
v> fV I f v t TTgnfft % ^ 7 ft ftjs fvTT I crrr fTjsrtsr^fSn^ vt
9rt5mfftV5f i m feir 1 1 itEwfftvi Ttit^i ifr % ftii
it I f v t Tfir ^fJT ftit, s r i t ^ T f ?TfTw ^ ft s F s i t r t f t T i i q i T T
T t r n l l V T 5lt5Tt=5TnTlft ft TTT ftTT TT T f 1?t T f r TJi5 TTTT fTTtT
f l i t I 5ft fft^TTfeW % TTgtVT^ ft TI?VTTTTT ft TTTTfiv fftftTT
FVTT I I 5TVT T^JT TTft fiPTT TTTTT I T ^ f T 5TfTT VTT VT TtST
%3tfr TTT Vtft % FTT? TTTTT TTtTtfTTT v t f i f T Vt TT^T Vtft t I
? f t 5 T i t T f B ^ ^ %fj i k I T TT q v tTT ft f l f t ' t TT TTT t f i
TfTfTt V t ^ TT Tt5l%fS TfT ^ ^ I TT TTT T f Tfe i t s f t ^ fT?f
T t ^ i t TTft TTft ?tt?T i t ^ t ^ T T VT %?2 "VSTTTT ft ^ v t i t t T f
v t T W T TFT ft T|TT i t TfFTTT ^ f t E T ^ f s T TT v t ' TFTFT ft i t ^ f t f S

3j

FTT
T f i ft TTft feiftr FTTT J T ft <TF?TT v t srtt T f TT f r r t ^ r r , Tf
qFtV^TTT % T J T R F T S I I T T V?7TT V t Fv I T T (^<) ft-T%f5 ft T^ T ,
'T, I 3 1 ? ^ ^'^^^^ sirars ft V83T11 t V i t i i t | i ftaft I0
^t5fi=5i IT 1 1 1 i n I0 ^ ^^I'f? 11 I0 11 9ft?n"ciT>i34i 11
ftift I0 sRt %f5 i T i v t 9 f V ^ i H > s T i i n r 11 5Ht srvR 1 , 1 ,
I31^ it vftET%fsifi ft ift 11 % ? n i t i k 51 f i ' | i ! v>
1 , 1 , 3TTf? it5TT5?1'T)5r31T ft ift i t ^ T i l i l ^ I t i f ft 1 , 1 , I3 1y aTTfe
T f % fiTi I l i f t 1 , 1 , 1 3 l y 3TiF? i?ftv ilsn^ivTssn T , 1 , l i t
T I3 3TTf? i f i t ^ ^ % H T I T f l t I I 3T1 i f i % f i f f 1 , 1 , T, I3 it^T
5J%1tl VT %fS ft i t 1% T!ftsrr?c1V133TT V pJT ftIT I 11 tTT1%1
ft Z i % 1, = Z . 1 . 1 1 , - Z i , 1 , T , ftiT I l l f i q ^ Z i , 1 , T, Tf
1 , I f VT it5T f a n i t T , 3 ^ fef? ft 1 , I f % I0 1- IT To 1 ,
vf f i l i t i F?iT ft i f i % vrcir s f s i t i t ftiT 11 ^ft ff Tt?T i ^ ^ g ft
I f vf i f r ft i i i ?ftsr %f5 t i ^ t t u f f q i q-f i f v^arii ft f t i i t s t t
Tf5l%fS5T To I f ft 9ft5rTf?11)T5ilT sqTTT^ ft i q T ^ Tft TfST
S%T^ % i t i ft ftTT I I H T V I T I f , Tf ST l l T l t r T f i f | ft i f f l f f
TV ?ftsftf3lfft ft fTlft H I ft t^^o" T i l 1 % I3 TTTT | Tift
^ VTTIfTtTT ft 1 I f i t i t ^ l V f S i f r % V51 TT ft TTT 1^ T I3,
l^o' ^ p i r T^TTT I t 1 , vf f f l f l ft I f , Isq-T it^tV^S Z i , , IT,
ft Z i , 'J^T, 5?T i t ^ t f STTTT I \ T f t Z i , 1^1, Vf T t ^ V T VfT
TTIT I iVt Z i o 1 1 , vf t l ? i t e r v^s ttt j ^ i , vt itsr v ^ vfr
TUT I I ^ft^'BT fm IfST TTT I T ftiT | T I TfSTVli TtSTlf-
i t T Tft 5^ 519f ^ ftTT I I ^it ftrll T T , 1 1 : ^ ^ fTTTTTf T i f
I I l i f t 1 1 , tST 1 To t i T It T^ I ik Tf^rsrflTtT ft T , f i f g
It friiV I I H f i ' l vt VTT TKTTfcTTiTTSrfTTTHIITfTff V ^
t I T|f Tt I f Tft ?15lfT T S T H f l V 5?T f t l f t i k Tift^T 1 f 1
ftir t I T T T V t n T i ft TtTTBITT ft ift ?qB fVTT | I l i t f v 11 TTTIT
frrg ft V feff (?ftsTafT ^fppvs) TV t ^ fftmr i t A v i i , Tf ttvI^u
f l ^ T ftTT, fTTft V 1 , T f fTSfTT f?T Vqf 1TT.V Tf^TVT^TT g?T
Vtfs ^ i t I V H : f l ' ' i . T J STT'' ) V ^^T 1 1 i t S T V l i ftTT I f l T
ft 1 fl?^ ft V 1 , V ITTTTfTt 1 " 1 , # T T i t V5ITTT ft T , ft?|
T t fTTTf I I T , T , v f fTTTTT I T f t 1 1 , = ft^TT I l l f i q V 1 , i k
1 1 , I T i t ITTTTfcft 3ftt3?T ^ r s r f v t flTTft TTTt V 1 i t t T , T ,
i t l T T I T f l t T k 551 |f I TT-.ZV 1 1 , = Z 1 1 , 1 , = "^o" I TT T ,
fTf| vf VfS TTTVt T , 1 , STTTlg ft ^ % ift f ^ Vt ?Tii ^TT 1 1 , f t i t I
too

Z. % 1 , W= ^ T? = WtSTOT I % T , jfefg ft aV IF
amrr^' ft ^^t wTf^vr ^ i f i i f c r vt gffi; ft FTO ftir TF 'gvr | fv 9ft5T-
xrfiTfT^T T f f w ^ ft, V sftT 1 fT?|3ft ft ft^rrit ftit trraff ft 3?<T?r v t i t
ft Z v T , ' ! ^ T T f t i ? r f > m jr^ift s r k v t i f i v i ft ift^TurfttjcT
v t 5tTTt srfVTT ft f l S fVTT 1 1
TTfVTRPf ft l i t I f vt TTgT^ T m i f i ^it |, 11%
r^q 5ftsT irfftVT vt TTcvrfTV i f i ( d . c . ) ft sifTtii i t ^ i vt | ;
T i v f f 1 srrft n r f t i i fv^g i f f 3 i v t sq^ir vt t T F r f ^ i vt fftu ft
f v i T TIcTT I I f i i 0 i ITI fTIT IV fv?ft H T ^ftSTSfftfTl ft
I f 1 fl?| IT t > 1 T sftT % 1 ^TTTt vt fTTTTT I Hft % 1 ifTfTT Vt
fr^TT T T T - 1 1 i t s r v c f 1 1 i frff ft%iqTiT T T sftT^ T T T
1 sr T * 1 i t l T I T T ifTfTT % T T l f t Tt5T%*STfT 551 1 1 TIT VR:
fTTT I TTT TcTfT #eT ftft % ViT^T T f T %TT TT ft f l l T I fVT T fTff
ft TtST V l i TT TTTTTT T T TT T T TTT 'itTT I T T A TT Sf ft
Z T T T - Z % T 1 ftTT I T T : Z T I T ^itSTVT 55T gTr I
Z 1 T T = e.o I ( i r f r q z i T sr T f sot^TvT vt vtfs % 551
fTT I A 1 T T ft Z T ST T = 5.0" an? vt^TfTTi ft
' 1 TX5TT Z T T sr i t % T X ?ftVT VtSTT
^ 3T ^ ' ~
3TiT Z i sr 1 fl
T f f 1 1 T f Vt^ 8T 1 1 vt WT3TT 'PT ft fes |3rT | I fv?5 TflVTr
i!! T 1 1 3r?TfT I I T T : H v t 3TI VT TIT T19f3TT TTT T H Vt

151 TITft ft vt^ T f r j i t T srnrffi T f t 1 srr: J-f-^^vrrevTiTTTv^


11
i t f T T f l V T H T f i t flTTlf^T ^T, TTTT |3IT I

. T T t g i t ? T V T v t Vtf53TT ft i t s i % f 5 TffT Vt f^iJtVT T i f t S!lt5IV?!f


VT TIT i , V T V> T t 5 l t ^ T f i ft TSlft TT TTf 1fT% ftit | I Tfi
5t1VT f l T ^ T ( ^ U ) f t Tt T s P l f l f l i t I

A TT^ 1 % = itsft^T I f i ^ ^ L ^ ^ , ^ ^ - ^ ! ^ ^
9ftTVir
-= i t T T - TT^S i t % T
STT i t e r VTjf SltT V 1 f T % i t i fTf| 1 ft T T % IITITfTT T T
T t l T I TT 1 1 T SltT 1 1 T f T ^ t % TTTTcT ftft ft, TfTTT ft
T = 1 ^ _ l y x fir

l i f t 1 sr % ITT ^ wirrft %

a ^ % 1X 'iftV'W X fl _ % 1 X vfV. T). vtgJTT


?fmii!f x f r " 5fV. V,
== i f E T i f f t v i 3rnr fTg^fVsi^fff i f i
^ 5 S51 Utnrff 51 51^5 IF1 I T I f l f TIES it5T%f5r^'% T11
ft 5ft5Tvivff23q7, vrfsTvif % 551 f t TTI i t Ti^ i t ^ f s i f i isin
lit^r 1% % 151 f t T T l i t 1 H I f v t TTE^lfl I f vt I s z T H f i %
551 f t i t I ^ i t f ? i i i vn%f5 ft itsft^i^TT IT TTT^Tr i t T itsr
i f l f t l % ITcnr ft f t ftlT I, TIT fv f H o) ft % 1 1 , TTVt?!T f l ^ T
ft fiTTTTI TTT I I l i f t
1 1 % = % 1% - % 1 * = f l ' * - i t T.V.STT^
Avt^TT'' Z. % 1 , 1 f l ' ' - i t . T . v . ^ a r r ' = T f T T i t . v T vt^irr'
fv'T l - T , - itSTV^S I T i : Tft itSTVT VtTT = TtSTV^i \ T i :
Hft n.VT - i t . % T I TT: ^ i f fcS ft T f t TT^STfr, TszTTTfr % T5T
f f I TTtfV
i t . T . T. - i t . %. T. = i t . T. T . - ( i t . T. T. - TfT^ITTfT)
= T f TSTTTfl I
l i t f l f t TTTVTTTli ft VfT | ft:
WfT?Tn^rT<.Ti-5r^[tTT^*7r^ T
IT1T ^TST I T rr5r#?'ET II
T l t g VSSTIfT % %fsr ft itit=5T ^TT TT T^T '^T i t T i f l f T % TfTTT
ft T f v t T ^ I T T i i f t TTseifr f t i t | TtT T f f T f VT V T I f T I ftTT ^ I

TTTTflVTT I f I ft f i r (^ o) ft srsf^IT T f f T f v t it5T%f3 T f iftT T T


^fivrr ft T?FIT vt T f i f sift Tfr 51TT: vT5TfTv 11 51ft T f T f i vr
TT^lflV TTTT i t f t TTTT | f V T ?ft5T%fS TmtT-^f^VTT ft I f TTit
VJfllT ft TTTT i t VtiT TTTT | fTTTT TTTt T^TT ifft ft TTTT I TTI #
ft f r r f t 1 I f TtSI%f3 TTT VTT ft l " ft T , TV TTT % l i t TTf^ ft"1f
VI 9ft5I>3^ Wo" + 1, TIT 55T T%TT l i t 9ft5ft=5T i t T T f % H I
TtT ft f g i t i i t T TTsrft ftiT 1 i r f r q if ( i t T . 1 - i t % 1 ) IT
^ T T | T T ( ^'^O" T O - ^ ^ O ' =1O 1^3^^ ' i t VCTfl
ft Z T O % ItTr < f v ' 5 I f ( 5ft T T - T O i t % T ) % ^
1% ft I T vrrrfTtTT ft T f i t T , fTTtTTfeif vt i t r r vt i t I R TIT V T
f ^ r r I VTT: itsritrJ^Tfti ar^itTTfT artr f r i t T T ^ TTi?it i t TPff ft
fTTTv ft TITT I I TTTTT TititfTTT ft ^ft^TTtit'ST ft ^ Tt^T %?5 TfT
ft I f vt TlfTT V t ^ it TITt VT T T ^ f T ? T VTTTTT | 1

V5TTT Vtfirq ftftT( ^? ) f t % % f S - f t % T BiTTTTS ft T T T T T


V it >T V ita-TtirsT f T ^tTI TTT | I T f T ' l JPsai VT TTTT I I T fTf| ft

fTT

^ V T T f V fTfg TT ftft |q T fefI TT TfTTT | Tt, fT'gTT J^Zf fl


"ST ^ T f i TTfiTT i t r T?Tt | I TTT TTVt TfT fTTtT ftit | T t t
ftr fsRTft m ft If V ftff TfTTT I TT TV TTvV TfT f r r f r f f
SffeSTTTT ^Tf I I T T f q V fT5| fsSffT T% 5TTTT VT fe'l | I I T TVIT
Tf?TTfTf=3a f T ft V fr?g ft T fT?| TV vf T f Tf% T J T f T TTT T f T f f ft
; V f r f f TV f\ T f r f r r f T f t r f i TT: TtsTTfTt^Tfr T f r t T sftT frrlT
TfT V %rit ?f T i r f ft flTT) ff TTTI | I 1 fTf| ft TTftT Vf 1 T 5T5f
^TT Tf% TTI V T Vt fTTT T 1

sra TfT
1 % Tf 5T%faTlT
TtgrifgTTiT 3TI ^ T f TTSim Tfgr
fT^TI T'BTTfr-T TTTfT
TT TfT vft fTTTTV ^TI ^ V T ft Tt ^ Tf^ ft fT5 | fv
Tt 31 3TT 2 V T
ftTT I
fl 1 ^
^ V T T f T fTf I TT g-T ftTf I ITFTIT ^ig gTTfT VT TIT ^T
ft gft 31 5Tr- T V ftTT I sftT tmj TfqtT ft ^ T ' - T V X T T
IT

atg f T m I f v T Tfr iV fTf|3rf % T T V f f TT

111 T f TBTTTfft ,
^ 3TTfT-TfTTTTfe
Tf? T f T T T T% = T, T ^ f T = T , V T = itSTVSf 51 Tf
3 V T T
T T-T
5rXT
VT = -
T-T
f V f f ^TITftflT ft
( VT + T ) T = 1.VX1T
^ TXT
+ T 5T = 1 V X I T ^ = 1 T'
T - T
^^H'^ = 1 %^ - |J T * = f T ' - 3 f ^
T ^T-Tjj^^^
T-T T- T

T+T
awt 1 % V ft^ar i i r % , % a r k ^ V ft efti s p r i TRT f t I f I
m: TTT ffPFtrsT f r f r %

"Pt^TT Z v ^ % v - ' ' ^ ^ ^ 4 ^ Z J 1 1 ' '

fT*+3T*-T*
= Vftaf '^'^ * TTTTIlft ft

(fT'-iM"(T-iT)

^WZ>i%V

= ( f l ' 4 - T ' ) ( T ^ T ) ~ ( f T - ' - T ' ' ) (3


^ f T X 3 f ( T + T)
^fr'^T af'T
" fT. sr. (T ' T )
Tft T f % T ^ TTTTT VTT ft Ttsi %fS v t Vtfc^TT | I TTTVTTTTT
vt TfagfTTT % VTT VT Tt Tft ^rtsft'S ftTI | 1 fTTtT TfT ftft ft
Tfft TfTTKETIT ^ " T % 55T ftrt I 1 WTVTTTTT % TfTTC

c , 5ft5rVT vt^TT X TtsI^fS TfT


TT5TtT = T'STTRT- ;
TtST V?!I
A TTJ T% " o Tt
irfr = ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ TtgT%?gTfT
5ft. V ,
fTT ft ffTT TtfTCr fv TtT f l ? ! Tt ft TtV TIT ^ ^ fTt TT Tf vt
TTJTfT ^ ftTt I I TT
Z T % Tt = <^o - Z T % V = - 5itsi%f5
Z % I V = Ta>TTTVl^f?TV 5ltSIVT

1% = f^ftSTT I % V = 5ft5IIf?TVT5JTr I 1 V = 5lt5rvijf I % fT?f ft


% 1 VT 5rTT JStTI I TT

^ 1 V T = 5ftsrVTVtfff I Z % V T = 5ft5r%f3 Vtfff I TT % V T


TTVt^ f T f T ft VtTtTfTIT ft

^ % V X 5q-rZ% V T 3T. V . 5TI X 5Tt. %. V>TT


* T^ p =
fT fr
V T _%T;X3TTZV%T at. 3TT X 5ft. % . ^
fT fr
* r ^ f t Pr s f T ^ \9it.
I
m ^ fir^T i v ? ft

; ^ . ft ( ft-i T^TTXtfft v > T r )


ft
5ft> V

BTsr ^ ? p i T f w f t v 1 % Htvt^Jr ft TinTTqiti ft -

g( (ft'^ - afv^qT gft% qft^TT) TV % 1

arr OTvt^ ft^ssr 1 V 1 FT


1 ^ ' = ^ T* + 1 1 ^ - 9ft v " ^

A 5ft V " = I ft - i^T'' Tf% VtSTT 4^ X 5ft % 3m

ft' +-3f ^ T ' - sfsTT. 5ft%Vt3Tr ITVt TiTTTTfft ft


' ; j 5 ^ f i f (ft'* - arqjgTT x 5ft% vt?in ) X5ft% i
ft' ^ gfsq-r' - R sfsJJT X 5ft% fm{
i?rft 3=3^Tfft = 3 1 5ft% T = 3 - T I 3f311 = 3f I irnft i t t i T i
irftv I

5ft.%.vt.it-i'^i;^^'^, - ( V )
ar. ( 3 + 1 )
l i f t ^ ^ ^ 1 9IT??fV VT ft^Ttftl 11 ftS f IT I
ftsJTTfft: TIT ismgftiTisit
5ftST>T^ft>5ft[rrftSffTV1T1 l i : I
^ iti5iit: iTV5rniviT f i m :
5rtsit3i!5fTiTi!|fiigiTif3i u
grsiTI 1 j^t ITIT ftll^llffllT: I
TliTTTft I f T T T^: 5ftEftfsRT1T: TfST: tl
3rif?{ ftsiT % 1 1 ft i s n i l l ft VT 5ft3Tffii5r3iT % i i ft
5ft5T"t'51 i f i ft 5ITT VT i t i t f d T I V i l % i t i ft 5ft5Ttf?1V11T ft H I
? fet THft siit5fl=5T i R r ark i ? T f i % itT ft TIT ^ v c TPST % TIT
ft ^0 gftf ^ft Tt TSPK^T ft T f iter %?5hJI ftft f I
sriTFT aritrtftTT ft TJBITWT fr?! ft ^ ark TSTI^ wit tTjTft
TT aftt flgXSr f t i t I I 1T% fTq tTTT%T TfT ft TTf^fT ffTT
ITTITt I 1T% fTq ft qv ^tit i t srftfTVT TT^. V ^ f I

srftfTviftit ft^T ft qv fsr ftT i t i t ^TiTt ft Tft ^ it f f ^


ft ft STT TTTT ^ TfT TO? VIS ftft Tt TTT ^ T Ttt ttT ^
i t ftwfft ftrt I Tf feitT ^ T TTfTvtlJ itt TTTgTTCfT splJift ft
ft^rft ft Tit f l i t a r m
TTT^T TTTtgT Tt=fTJt^J
f f ^ T - TTT^T ^ fgitT^TTTfT Vl^T ^
TTT ^ T - V TTT 'gT T^^T VHir
f <, 50 - (sTo 50 + ^) > fgcrtT 5 T TT5T Vt^ '
T^fTff^^Tft ft TTT 5 T 55T ^TT VRVt IT ftsrft ipt ftST

ftr ( )
Vtft I V5TTT V t ft T V T ft^T ftVT > (arvafttTT) i t i t ft^
V S - a r V V T B T , T V - V T ^ T T I T T V t ftTTT I 31T % TTITt^Tt
V TT ^ I i t T T % T I TIT ft T ft^g Tt ftTrft t I ar T II
V T TtT I it
ZarvT^ZvarTl Ttt T ^ = ^ T = 3rTl arfTSfft arv
S T m ^ ft V T V f a TtT, ar S( Tf ftS ftTI TI TVTT | FT
<3
T 1 Z 3T V T
^ ar V 7 ft, TFT V 7>55fr V T f t ^T ar T i v f t
TPT "T V Z ^TTT T
A fcr T ^ ar V T > faffar ar v T
f a T T ar T V < f i f 3 r ar T 5

f l l T ar T g fgr T"? ar T v
V ftlT ar V T ^ f 1 TOT ST V T
^ ftT^gr ar T 1 Z T sr y
fiTT a r v T ^ Ziarv
f ft^T ar q- g _ ^ q T arrin: x gf _ q T
^ fTTT ar q V ~ 3 q v Trirc x # ~ q v

*qv ZT3TV
ftff tTnr%T (sr ^,) ft

15 = ark Z i 3T q - Zar T V air


qv T 1
Z"T 3T V = Zar V T

**T T Zar V n
, ar V ^3T V % qt^T vtit
v i - a r v 3 r n % IT^T vl'ir
^ft vtsoff VT TTifsr f m 11 i i f r q ^ f 5 ^T ft ft s m i^r
ft arftv TTT Tfiff vtft qt
ar V ar . ^
V T - l a r v + T)'^
a r r i T fT5 srftfTVT VT TqiTT T f % iTTTTVTT Vt ff? ^TT % 1>TT
srk T t T ) ^ f vt qftfr ft 9ft?T%f5 Tfr 55T Trq ftvt T ^ srnt vt ark
TfTfT VT TTfT Ttt <ftl5 Vt aftt 1tSn?T TTfTT ftTT TTTI | I TTT T fv
fTT ( ^ ^^'T 15 ^ ^ ?fStTT I I TTft snft TtTt-T
ftT ft V T Tiq 5ltEftf5 Tfr 55T I I % V Ttt % T Vt ftlli I TT fr^T^
^ If T % f f T ^ T 1 T VI T13 V T > T T
.VT^ZT^T (^^^^^^ ^)
^T Z^TT '
R w n T = r * V = w y ^ ' S i f T I Z i *r r - ?fV5ip5nrfir i
fTir I f VT %i

; T? 1 _ 1^11 i f e
^1 ~ # % n

R f 11 5ft. %. 1

5fr%iT^5ft:%rn'''^^^^^^^^^?^

11
It
\ 5ft % 1
-i^imffT 5ft %.i 5rtvi 5ft %.i
9ft. % n 5ft. %. 1
5ft5rv5r 1% - ?qj%f5Tfi - i t % i
fv^g IT i t % 1 = it. 3 . 1
^ i t i i TT % r - 5 f t % n + 5ft % 1
9ft % T 9ft % 1
^ X 5ff 3 n > 5qj 5ft5T %fsifi
. *. 9rt 3 1 - ?q 5ft V 1 - ?qa: n f t
l i f i t T Tft qpt fqisi T f i i i T ? i v |f I V f i f | ft anft tfft I t
T f vt T f i TTRWV TTTT 5l!fT5Tt f t i t I llfstvrt f l T ft (R ?/ V fT'|
% it^ T fTff f u r ITT I Tft V T TTT 5ft5I%fSTirr55T | I ^ T
'TttTTVt flTT^ ' ^ ^ T l f i T T T ft 1 T>*5,T I TT TititfTTI %
i f t l FT

^ V ZT T 1
-^r^ 7 - ^ ^ TTTT
V T Z T ^ T

^ V ^ Z T T 1 ^ ^
TST T% JtqiT Tfr
9tt % T ^ 5ft % T
5iV 3 T Z.?T 9ftEr %*s TFT ^

ffts I ft 5ftsrift>3T f t ! ft t c r m v r f t v ftf| ft i f t ftff


TV I f vt ?qEs?ftsftfSTT%, 3=311% ft 1ft f t i t i ^ v n : i i l i f t ft
If ftiti 1% ft m r s f s s i t i t ftir i i f t in iti ftf| ft i t ^ vt sftr
i t tcTFii vrftv f i f g I V f t i t I v n : itif ^ i i ftf|it % STSTTI ft
If ftiti i f i vr ftir I

f i t ^ ^ ^ t l f ^ l i ^ ^ i f ^ ^ ^ i i T f t v t T i v t i f i v i ft 1 f t %
ia> % srfftmr ft s r q t ^ r t f i i i % ^ m vt iftrir |s % i i ft? H I T f t |
ft mxT 1ft % i t s r i t i l ^ i ^ % ft ^ i vt irivt g i %rfjv i f i 5 i r
vt V 5 i i r sr?5i vt 11 | i ^ g p % ftiT ft ir i f l i t i i s r T^I ft % % %
i t i r f ? i t i 1ft % ftii ft 3 i v t V511T aiiiT ft^fi i f ? i T ^ i t 11 f r
f l 1ft 3ivt VT i ? 9 f i i n v^ g i %^sv I f i t i T firt TITII-
vri ft i s i t srtt i f f i f t vt i f i i t vr iTTfsr vir ftgrr | ift t^r i f i j j i
vt f f t ; ft sTTfi vtiJ

I T 1 1 ft fti ( R O i i^i %f2 ft ^ ^ , sirr^trs ft^ % ifti:


f s i t VT w w f 1 itiT 1 1 T I I srtt 3 i t VT i % f i t ^ i ^ s i r i r s ft ^ i
% iFti: i f f i f VT iftsBW fcT #1T 11T | I I f vt i i t ft ifi %
ftiT fft TrriiT f t i r fv s^it, ^ f f i f sftt srqit i f i i t % sr??rt ita^fs
1% ft ^ , 3 ^ , it i?t ft f l tft I ftift 1 , If a r i i t vsar ft ftit ftvt
^ vt i f i i t T I T tfr 11 iriti v^iirfirt if, 1 1 iir i f 11 fsrivt
io ? i T i ft i t s T V ' S i f t f 1ft gtT I T TT tfr I r v t i f i v i i t g i %ff5v var
ft l i t sivft vt i f i Vt titvit v^ 11 i ftf^ ft i<, i t 13 311-
figsiTiTf^i I i r i o 1 , I i r io 1 , 1 vsrr vt ?i9ftTTTt%i sr?
I f TIKE I fv 1 T l T T i t V T ft i t ft?! T t ftTt T i t I f vt TTtlfTV
TTVTltT ftlfl ? f 2 T t T t f t i t I ^it ftlfl ft i f f i f f l T t t l gfft ft ftTT
I TTfv I f i i t ft f T V S n |tt Tt ftTT I 11% ftlttl T l S s i t 3 fk%
Tt ftit i t lift f i v e ^ft% vrt^ I f 9T f t Iff f t i t I iitifft
i t s n n t 11 i i f r t T i^rrft T I T ft i f i , 3 i , TTT i f t i t 3 i f t ft m^
vt?ir Z'j, 10 ^ , Ptir 'siTcrT |TT ^ f ^ t i t ftir i Ttt T , i t i , TTT
Tt i ^ i t vt TOIJTcIV i l l I f vt TTTeiv T% ft T f l V f t i t dt I f 2it
% vf ark TITT i\T l l n r l vt ? i t si?t TfT vt 5ftElt'3=T T f i
afk T f Tfr vt 'itSlfsTTlTT7K5T'tET%f5T%' % ft i t ^ TTITI TT
\

fTTR?
IVT I I arr: T , Tt !(T, TIT 55T S^Tt v f TITftZ T , T T , TEI TTtT
f t n I T f f r ^ T fTVTF f v T ^ T , TTIT % TTft % TTT T f TfT
ft Tt Z ^ , T T , T f TTT TT I BIT Tf ^ , TTT TfTfT ft TTTT f t Vtlff
TS TTT fTTft Tf aiTTf VOT ft aiTTf T^TT TRT ft TTTI ft TTT fTTTT
STf T k T f % t^V TfT % TTT % TTT |Tt TfT T V TTTT T l f f q TT I
vtifTviftTt i f T T ft T f f i f Tft 3Tj5ft?i 3ttt f r i t i nPcT v t
T f t fTTfft f 1 f v t nft T f H TtSTVT % Z ^ , T " % T f Vt TTRTV
T f r T f T f r ft TfTF TTT 1OTT?TV TfT ft TTTT TSTT, T f TTfTT VtTT
T f T ^ % TfT'TITTTf v t T f t TtTft % fm, "TTtfT | Tt VtTfTVT vt
%ffSV T f T?TT ft f t ^%fxfi ft f t tTBS fvTT TT TVTT TT I TT TTT
T fv ? i t TtEr%fff Tr% ft TTTt vea'T ft T f i r t T | Tt T> f f t f ? T t i t T
TITT I ^ T t f f T t TTtT TOTT ft TTTT ft ffo T f Vt Tc, Tt ^
t I f V t i T t TT T fTf| T t TTftTt Tt T f Vt f T T , ft^f T t l%T I I T
TTfT ft T f TTTt V T ft fTT T ^ ft Tft" TTT ft T^ ^ 5$T T f t v TTT
T T fVT ftTT TTT T, ft ^ , ftf| TV TTTT T t t T T ^VT ^TT I T l ^ , ftfg
% To T f Vt f T T3 ftf| Tt IftT I 1T% TTT TT S^rt 'J, fti=| ft Tt
ft'l TV T f t i t Tt T f Z i J , TO 1 vtlT 55T Ttftl Vt sftt TTT ^ f e f t T t

ftT RV

ftTT I T ^ TIT Tt ft ft'l TV ?T % Ttsr^fir Tfe % T% TTT ft ftit I


IT TVTt T , T , T3 TSfcI itSTTtft'TfSt VT Tfe?T ftTT I fTTVt T W T
ft TTTT |3TT TTTTTt T f f f j i t T t ftTT 11 T , Ttt T3 fT|3Tt T t T f v t
T T T Tfe Sf^STtTt ftit 11 fTT (RV) ft ift ? T t Ttt i t T v t TTTt
T T i t veaiiTt ft Tfe % srti TT^S f v T i i i f v i 11
TT f T VtTfTVT Vt ^T %ffSV T f T t T I % T f T T t 2 i t i t t
T f v t TTTt T T i t V^TTTt ft ^TTcTV ( itTTTcTV ) TfTTt i t t ^T
%f?sv %Tx4i ( v ^ ) % iTffT ft-if % TTTT tfTT vr vftsi %srra irficr
v ^ ' I arVt feirrft'T Fv ^x^n aw^jft srtr vfiTT i f % H T T VIT ft
H I T TtTTTcTV 1% TT?Ti%VTT ft FvTJft |T | I

V57Tr V^ ft ftT ( R v ) ft 1 ^if #fs ft 1 ^, !^^ BiTRITS ft TTT f


T o T F p f V^T siTTTI^ ft w k T f v f VSTlt T f i t T i t | I Tf * TcfWTT
VTT ft V r t i ; T t l [ o ft'5 TT TTT Tf To ftf| TC T l i t TTTt V T ft
FfTT I I ?T% TTT 5 i t arft VTT ft TTTt VTT v t TTT ^TT ft
55T TTt I T i t TTT Tf TTit VOT Vt 5T5f t^T ft To T, ^cT TTft TfT I
TT ^TT TFST |TT FV ^O FT?! ft ?ro ?rf ftg FtTfr ft ITT TTT TT ^ ,
ft?! ft T , ft?| i t T i t FtTfe ft ITT TTT TTtft IT TTFT ft ^ TO SftT
T , T, ^Tnt TTTTTfTT I s t T | I FTTft ^o q-o itT T , T , tTTTt ft Vt^T
Tft 3?TfT |3n I T T V O ft?| TO T , % TTTTI^TT T , T tTT TtT I T T

Z T O T T , T TO ?r, = To T , + TO 5(^0
= ^0' +j[rt5TVT- V + q;

TlTiiT V^TTTfTTT Z T O ^ ^Jo = it5T%fS T , Z ^ To To B ^ftfT


V T = V, TTT T To = itSTVti I T Vt TfTTI TtT T FTf| ft TTTT To
T TTT TtTT I TT

Z T T T ,= ZTO T O - ZTO T T - ^ O - ( 5I + V )

^^1

^TTZT^o T T , 3 T I Z T , ToT

'^^T To . T, g i t v t TtTTIcTV Tft I T , T = T, Tf Vt TtT-


TTcTV TJT I

"tSTT (^o"-f qp) STT {%o''-( T; + 5r ) }

T _ 3TT(^O+T;) ^ Vt^TTV

' * T " 3TT { \ o - (B + 5i)}"^t^rr (<f; + T )

TFT g TO = T Tf VtJt TTT 1 T^=V S^it VW 1 Tt ^ T T ftfT ft"

f T = g T Vt^TT Z T f i - T VtSTT T I
ftpf ^pJT f'TOT ft

^ 3fk T i p IT Tt TT#ir ftpf f -


^ = f i J X V f t l T Z. ^ = V VlSTT T ,

T^ = ^ ^>3TT Z ^ = ' ' 5 T vTpSHt t

T55 = ^ - ^ = T-V#JTTT' ."

. 1^ T V qft^TT T
" ~ T v>3in 9 r - v

3 ^ T X v t ^ q T V , _ T_
fcrxvMiT ( V + T )~ T

TT - VT V>JqT T = TT V>TT T - VT / . , 's

f T f T ft sTt 3fk Tff % TtTTTcTv VTT s f k T1TTT#V (^;l(fe?V:J


jfgift % TTOT ft ^TTTT vTfev T f % ^ffftr *r TTT i r r V Tfr ' T T ^
TTTTTt vt V5TTT % T f T R : Tf' ^ TTTTVT^ ft TTTT T>TTTC|TV T %
^ TTT Tt I T ^ ^ TTWTTTTfev TtST^'ri'+tft^l RV % fPT ^ T f TJSTT'
^iTSTTTtTlT fTf|VT 5ftsr%fS | I TT ^'T TT TTTTIT Tf^Vf^TT ft
Uo % |oT I I irfttr ?Tft ^ ^ T M V W ft TTTT TtTTTcTV TPT VT .
fel^T TfT Tff, fVff \ %fS ft ?ift vt f t ^ V T i t - iWft' % ft^ ITVV '
jirf^!3J?TTT TT5T TrT | ; ?TVt Tf% TTtTT^T'W*! l' T * f T TTT!ftT^3:T
SfPTTT vt fait T5TT% Tt5ITfcTV5!3TT Vt S^^T^I^-r "
^f[%feV V5TT % TfTTT TTTfrrtTT VWTT ft ^%?t ft Tff vt ffTTf ft 5i>
iriTfT Tft 3TS|>t vtTT?TV T^Tf ft 5TTT 'gT ft ftTT I V55T: TfT vtlTTTiT
yiFt V^TTTfTP: T t a m i i ^ M T %TT T t - ^ ''

^ ^ = p ^ 5 l F ^ T ' ^ ^ l tlT > .


.-. fi5ft?Tifciq;^= ^ p ; ^ ^ ^ = .<-^v?

%15R % 5?fti fftjTT % srjgT': ?r|f % vif* tr^jTfeii % itTfit % stff??

5fft Wff % ^ i %55 ft TSTT |PcTf (TSTT T f ^ w f ) % TTf TTTT Tf|% TTV-
^ fetrf % IT? ft 55T f t fTSTfTT W I i Tfi f i %f5 ft TSTT Tf?VTf'
vt r TTT TTT TTV =(rftf?TTf vf VT TT^ T> 5T^ TT^T VT TT^T

V -(^^^Y
fl 5
^T1 VI* -t VTX ^^0
- ^WTT VTX ^^0 / ~ V fTTfe /

.^fr.; TfTTfl \|^Y'''^'^'^^^\^^

A f T *tWwK^H.M<ji = V ( " R v ? ) * = >-^^\3 s r k l?fr s r ^

Tt% V t . T T ^ I J I T T^ITts^ % ; ^ T ^ F ? ^ T k ^q^T.* fT^TfT ft


, f t T ^ TTrt.t 1

fT ' TtT TfT

^pifTSTo 9ft3fV3TT
%<T5Kfe5To itsfv^TT
H T f g r t T T ^ftshwTT

W srvrc Iff T M + r ft,; w n r irtwrfft 'fl' TFTV5<tTr Tv%55tT


TT T| % V r f ^T ^TcTVTFTTf % TfSiTJT ft' 9ftSI%f5^S3JTT %
1 T ft ^TTfT^ T f TFTTI vt VrTr?TV!TT^T TTTT fT(^ T^qTT
IR fv ssTt vtrrcTV TFT T TTT T f v i vtrrcTv Tfr T | Tt v t r i f q r r
' f e r t TtT Tf vt ^ e T V Tfg T TtT T VT TTT Tt ^ J ' '
VXT TXT
T = T !=
fT ' fT

Tff V TtT T i ^ i f TtT T f % 1T ft VT ' I TT T i f f TT ( T )


' SET^T T, T ^ TTTTrrftT ft

V'XT T'XT
fT fT _ V^ T + T^ T
vt^TT T =
VTXT VTXT " VT ( T + T )
fT fT
ITft vtqfTTiT vt V5TTT5TTT ftTT fTWTTf^T ^[T TTTT |TT I

^?TtfTf?2TT^f%3TFTT 3Tf % ? t 3 ^ ^ 3 % ? s [ ^ ^ : II

TT SSTf TVT Tf % %T55 f T%feV V T ! % TT^TT ft TVTT5TVTf55V


|ifST%f?tT VT ?T^T %TTT % fTTTf Vf TTTfT % TTT fol<=IWITT TT TfT | I

Tf^ fTT^TTT TT'gVT.I f v f T%f 5 ft STf TtT T f % VTI, vt VTT:


? TtT T T T f t ^ c i V ' ^ T f T T f ^ T sffT T TTT V t l t T TfTTt ft T sftT T
TTTTTT ^ f T 3 T r : # f v ^
T = VTj^ T:,=>^TT TTT %T?5T % ^TfT fTTT*' ft
V -
:-TftTt
T '

T^ V T VT'
T T T
TV'

T f fTTft %iTffr% ftTT TTT TTTTT TTftrr


/. 1 T^ = ?r m f t TT

.T ss ?r gfTT er ?r T " ^
f l ?>ft H I V W { Tr) ft TTTfTRftr ft

f>3TT T = = -i =-

1 t
Btsr sftT i t i f ft V^ X 11 ^ fflft'foift
l f t ^ o i f t TTT

vt^xrr 9rs=

>i^i^-JI^ra^i'2l ^i^H ftT: ? T T t f 5 ^ J I

^fk^ ^fenT^ ^ 5 % 5 T I S g i T % ? 5 - ^ fl
S f T i t i f TfTT % TfTT STTT fsfT^TT TTTT t fV i t i f |t ft T? %
TTTTTfTf^Jf %fStT TTTT ^ ftft | 1 T5TfTTTT ^ T % TVTTTfTftT;
%fjtT fT TfTT TTfT f f TT TTTT | I

^fuf = ^000 I ^tTfi = uRvi ^ T = KV.?'.=;itT-


T f T = ^?'.VV^ W T T ^ T ( f )ft

ft^rr T = ^ ' ^ y : ^
f T (T + T)
_ (?o<> ) ' ^ ' X S i ' . ? x g + ^ K ^ v * x ^ V - m
STT Wft^ ( 1 ) % irr'^T ftiT T i m %f?t9TVT t f t l i f |

v + T - V v T +nRv-v^ooox^KRv

= ss o'pavsH

a - 5 r s= S S J T " ' ' ' s ! V/?v'


.\ TV *j?rk = '?.>'' +^7?v'ss ?^^7^y'
?TT %faTif i it?T f t -31??^ 1 1 ffftST^r i i f t VT T *
%^t?T t W " ?WT Tf55TElT i X^% TfT TTT I I ^ Tf ftsi ft
%T5yT % fTTTf fs TTvis-dTTt I f f % TV%f5iT # i ST^TfT T f T T % f ^ l i t
ft T?T ffft % VTTT Tre^ftv | I

TfTT T ^ VT f T V f t TfTOTT ^JT % SJTTfT TT V i f T f T ft Tff ftTT I


?TVT ?nT fft ?T Tff % TTT T>T TTT ftsitT ( Occultation ) ft
iTT ftTT I I T T : 1T% TTlif VT TTTTftV f r r f T T . TTt TfTT | T T |
W i f T f T * Ttftsa 1T% T>rtT TtT TT f f t f t r I T ft TTT f t I T f f t f T ft
VTffTfrT % TTTaw f T ^ f t T aftr *rf?TfT * TtT ft ? W ^ T ft T f -
ftfT ^ i t VtTTcTV 5^ TT555T f t r t | Tft T R V ^ | | TTTtT T i t r i f
ft ( TSTit ), TRTTf % ft*Tt ft i t VTffTfT TT 5WT VT% TT% i t " T ^ ^ ^
STT ftTT TT ftff TRTTf % 5R TTT: TTfTTfTT TTt^ TTft | ft^ T f f Vt
Tft % TrTrft 1T% TTt ft i t TFTTTT TT?55T ftTT | I

fTg!% TVTT ft TT55iTr TT %^ | ft S5TV TRTTf i t ftT55it %


VrCT V i 5 T | i t T TSTT ?TTT ft T^TfTT ?fSTtTT ftTT | I TTT VOT Vt
5??%fffTT TT T!=TTi55 % gTTT TtT fgTtT ^ TtT T f % 3FTT ft g?I5T
TfTTftTTT ?ft5T'7i5?, TtSTtftTV TT TtSTTffft % VTTT ) IT Ttif f t
s r f T i f m r B f f t i f f % TT % vTT<T T ^ t i srfeifTiTT i f TT^^T f f i f 1 1
^ llftt? ftrr I f v f T T I T i T f fT TTTT fTJT TTTT t TTfT T T T
VrffTfrT % TTT55 TITT TTTT ( ^ f I |TT ) | | V55T: V l f ^ ^ % TTT
T f % $tTT f T ( fTTOT55 ) VT TTT55 i f TTTTITT VETT 1; I fTf| TTT
(Node) V ^ l l Tf ^fTT Vlf'TfT % TTT?? ft ftrft sigi f T vtT
TTTTT I ^ TTTT ; V>I TTTI TTTTT V ^ | | T f VT S T T f T
VTffTfT ft TTTT aftT Tf^T i t i f TfT TTTTT '^^T T?fifT ' T V T f vt
VlffTfT ft TTT .itT TfsTT Vt T"tT fTfsTH V T ITT | I lTft,.TT T f TTft
TTT ,fTf| TT ftTI | ?tit VlffTftl ft ftTT I TT T T i t ft T f V l f ^ T ^ ft
' 3TTT TTTI Tf^T vt TtT f t ftTT | I T|fTTT ft .Vlf^TfT TT fvTT 55TT
T f f VlffTfT ft 55TTT | Tft T f VT V l f T f T t T TTTT TT ^ T T Vfft | I

5rritT TPTTit ft i r ft T ^ T f v T i f v T f %. vt-: fpifT STT


TfnTfftTTI ( TfTV55 ) .ft i ? f ; S T f ft. ,ft TTHST . f t ^ ^ r l j ^ ^ i k ^ T TfTT-
fTTTT ( it?TV^ ) ft T ^ T T f %T^ 5 i t ft TffTVT vt %tt % ST^T
^ ft frr-vt TTlf^'VTTT t I T fSTIT TTiT '% ' V f l l . W| 'T^ TTTTT
( VlffTfT ft ^ V ^ I i % 'TTT^J vt T l T f i ) TfTTfTT T f ^ t |' ' l i f ^ q
- TITVTTTIT ftTT %.fTTT ft VfT | ^'^7^J ^^IfI.%'T^^] ? r ^ l S T T : " % t ? t
TfT TTS T f ft TT 55TTT Tlfft^ T^iT TTTfl VI |%f?ft'''^^T'^ltT' M %
f?5tT T f VfT I f v . ^. VI p

iTt?t;,5ftsifT^( TTTTT TIT ^ gpit-^|i^


' V ^ TT i f f vr'TTTTT "('TITFT ) im I l T f fTJT'^T^;,ff .siitT
' T T T l i t ^ i i % fKT'itTTTft %,TTt TT fTTtTT ^ fffl.]

- - ii i^i^T f^*^^ '^ 1^

^T;-; >.^TrTwn* m% ferlTT ft T f TTWTT T f i v i | ft !3T T f i i i Ttr ft


rfgr=TTT ^.0 vt frt TT ftTT t Tt ^ V T TT T f r l T ftrrf 1^f|' TTT TTT
^ T W f t ?t;:o?,ft ^ xa fsrtT TTT TT TT T f f f e f l i t ' T ' t VT TTTT
ftTT I I T f i ft Tift TTT TIT ft ^^o" 3ITTI f s i t T T T T % ' ^ ' ' ' f[ ^
TT fTTTtr fTTI ft T f T T TT TT35T ftTT | | Tft TfT |T i t T ^V %
. ftq TTT?ft Tlffft I V l f f T f T ft .|T aitT %% TT ^TIT TTTT T f I T f t
Vtt fTT55T Cff fTf^TT fTTT % Tf^TT ftaT | I TTTtT W^^m ft fT.5IT
" ^ ft S l ^ i t ft i i SltT T f TTTI f f |T i t T ^JV % TTTTT TT TTv55T
im i Ti ft^ift |TT TTT "^O*' TT #11 afk.fgpTH^ni*^^
ffftts^ f T ( TTrfTfT ) 1 ^ TTTT fftir JT^f T T f i r T ^ ^ rftET
**T arair R^so^ f 1^ 5 # J f ^ ^ ^ ' T f T^TT TTT afft
'fT<V ft TTT:Vr55 ^if ft T ^ vflftTTRfT ( TTT v k j #T | T J i T T | i
CT5!TtftilT ft TT555T ftuT ft IT ftdftrf ft T f VfftjfT ft ^^IftT % |ft
ft I i r f t ^ T J f i f t T T T T T v t : ^ T a m | ^ 3fhC*Tftl^.ft #^S5T
^ ( VZ1T ^ iitT%T ) TT TTT ftTT 1 T f \m IT Tff i(??Eit
ft T f T T |;T> ) sftT T ^ T ( frVZTT f T f ) TT^ f i f # if fft^
TTTf I I TT ft ?aff ft T f H ' TT *fT?W fTf TT ^ # i ' T t Wftf-
P ft TTVT T f t W f r ^ ^fgnftT ftTT | I ftff W ft^^ fT T f t
^V % VTffTfT % ft^ v t . fTTT TTtTT fTTTtT TT555T f t r t | I TTfft
TT T f T T ft^ iSTt ft..J5S'TT^ft TT ftTT t TTf?^ TT Tff VT ^ %
TrfrsTTW TfBTTVrf55V TTTlTtT TTTiVfftv 3TTT ftTT | TT ^V VT VTfsT-
f T ft T ^ ft^ ( TTT5IJ? ) TTT ft TtT |T VT. TfTT ft ITT TTTT | I
IT% fTTTtT T^it ft fTVJTTt ?;Tt ( TT^^.-faPf^^ Tt TT T^STT T T T I T
Tff VT f T f t fTfSTT %r T^T^' TTT:VTT!,ft Tt*|l|tTT | Tt ^
SSTffTfT ft TfSTT T t T | T ?J^^Vt ftTT | l.f_^Vn ^I'^j^f ft^
5.0 Tt5T%;T .,TT ftTt t I : 'IT* ifriffPl.srT Tf T E O T ^ ' ^ ^ o " ft
3TTTT.^t9o 9ft5T%fsfT:Tt' fferll TT S ^ t ^ ' W ' ' ^ f t ^ TTT
f T f T f E T T - f T T ^ T V f f i r f I ' T t ^ T f t ft " ^ t T f ' f t ' f t V r ^ ^ r ftTTtT
ftft I I T T f ? t - T T ^ T t gV TfIT ftfg ftTT | aftt T F ^ T V l f t f gv TtTT
ft ] f f f f TTT:fTftv TT^ % ^T;# f T ' ^ T T ft T t T ; l n f 5 T l ^ ' % ^ ft
TfmftiTT TTTT I TTTtT/TT^TTf ft TT555T f f p v f i | l % f f ?TTTf TT
^V VT TTTt fr^TT TTT ^%<f fTgtTT> T f e a f t t ^ - ^ VT TRSTit fT&TT
TTTT T T t T F T S T T F ^ J f r V ftrf f ^ l " " ? f ? p n F | f T t ft T f frft^
IT TVTT I I

gV T t t f T % ftTT ft fTft 1^ I fv TT TTt itrfrftr Tft, TT%


T?%f5tT ^ T ' ( T f i f ^ f T f | ) TTTf C'f^^i^"'^) . ^
TTtr TfT % ?T ft;~ 9 f t 5 l i t T t ^ f T f % T^T TTfT ",,f^^' Tt-Vtf
fTT55T Tff ftTT I f V ' f VT^TfT % T T t TTTf i f t T ft f t ^ | 1 ^V
I T f^TfT ft TTT TTtT?t stfrt ftTT TTt ' ^ f t ft^t^l^T TTf'ift^f ^'aftt
ftTT I I f f ' f ^ ft IT% vtTtT T f r T f T T T^Tt ft f ^ "i^V |T^

t. T f # f f f T ^ V | T f % T i ^ t T T t i r B 4 " T ^ ^
ft I^X.itit t ( i f j f ^ TftfT f t 5>T ^>if 1 ^ a r k T5?>5T TTt
. I t ( Tt T^.f??rsiT I )^^.TT TI*5T Tf^Ttyat ftTt
.', t i t 5 ? TTT T m ^ V t t , TfTtfsf qTTTP.Tfers^.Ttt T ^ ^ t T Tt ftTT
^ 1 1 ^ffttfT f t . . ^ 5 r ^ fTTttr, T r i t ^ . WC-^m v t , T k . T ' T T t T 7t
, ,|m;^.|rti:|Htt.i.

:W, f W R % % |T aftK 5 * Vt T^TftT f t TTT


^ * ? T : f t ?<t5!3sr |f ft ftjg; T i t T aftt TTT Ttrt f t 1 r %Tft
T>**# q f i w ft ^ ark e i t ! frrttT m vt TTT ^ ft T F ^
rrvtiaftt?^!) T^TTT VT55 ft Jftf^ ^ rfcT qftrfaT f t T i t | i ift
WtftfefrtTTTTftTT I

TTtitT .aTTTTTt ft T^t Tff % TTTTTT % feft.tisF ft STfTT vt ^ T T ^ t


*5^T fVTT I I , ?St,fTT ( ) ft fTTTTT TTTT | I fTT T ^ T {\\) ft ^
. , ^ ' 5 T T' T T V ^ T I I V T T T T T| VT Tt^TTfTfT | TTT % TTVT
I TT T T q f 9ft5ITfTfT ( TtsrTtT>5T|T ) | I T gitsTTtTt-T-
, f T ark ; # 5 H % T % Ttr, ft !g%T? ft im TTTTTfTV T fTfT | ITT " T "
T ^ r m Tg i - , ,

. T n i t T TftV^TTT % S f f ^ T t T = T ' ' TTT 9ftST%f? t I T' ^ T


m s f k Z. 1 ^ 1 T65r9ftST%fs 1 1 ^ cf r TTT t r i 11 qf
T TT TTT ^ % TTTTTfcT': T t S T T t r t ^ T f ^ TTT % f | | TT; 9ft?ITtT"NT-
f T ft Z. TT T T TTTtT T^TTTS Tf % f f T fofTT I TT T T Tf 9ft5RtT>5T-
| T ft Tf fT T T T T TT ftftot^ t"'Tt VrftriT % TTT55 % ^ T Z T TT

T |fT VtT fitlRIIT I I T T t r t r 3T>%T ft Ift TtTTT f f f t | I T fT?| ft


TT T T fT*! TT ,T T T T T ^ T t I T T TTT f t TT f f f t | I TT TTTTtI
TTTTTT M r % ajpTT

TT T T aftt TT T T ?ft T>oftT T T f t T fr^sft ft :

3TT T TX3TT TT T
5TT T T
3TT TT T

T T T T ^ X TTTlT T TT T f3TT
^ T T fr^TT ,
i
mt T f T T - S J f ^ TT?5iT I* I T f ^ T T t g f T t r ft | I TT fft 1 't
ft % 3r5?TT
" F T % TTTTWt tftWPi % T*rrfTTT T fT?f ft T ^ t!T # ^ 1 1 Tif
TT T T T aftt ^ T T IT Tt^fTfTf ft TTTTtT ftft ft :

T TX^ T TT^TTXfr
T ^ = f ^ , - .|^TT.TT= - ^ ^ ^

TTTTITT X TTTtTTfSTT X fT
hx^^
TTTTITT X fT Tiql'JM^^TT
itSTfT ^ fr

^TaT<*<KI-W<T X TTTtTTf-^TT
?TT3TT a ' ' : ^

TTTtT TTTTTt ft Tff % TTTTT TTTT VrffTfT T^T f T T T ^ ( fTTft


Jlf TTTT I ) % TTT^JtcTT f t T f t ^^'Z ft f t f T TTftTT55T TTTT TT fTTft
T f f f t TTT aWTT TTfT! Ttrf T55f % S f e ^ T ^ T ^%fTTTfTTt
fT5 f t : Tt I ffff f t r r f T f T f t igr^ffSf TfTTTT ft Vrf^TfT T f
fTT05?J spt T f t ^ T ^ ( TtT^TT ) fT%f5TTfTTt ftst | I f t T t f T f T ft
8ITTTT 2T?5Tt % ftitTHST TTTTSft % TTt ft fSpTT f T T f fTTTTT; t I I^f
Tff % T t T T t TfTTTT5ft55 ?fgTtTT f f e ft I Ttft ftTTf^TfT.ft T f
ft zm4\ % TT?55T 5r<f ^ ftTf?R9r Ttft wtf TIR ?rtt ^ TftTii^al

%T^5Tif VT I f TtT f i f t r i ftit TTHT I I ^ I

1^ ^ %^ { Lat^titude ) ]
|T sftt igv % 5rt i*if?T f a r m vr ft^j^TT i r ^ t f t v i i T i f *|
f T t l ftir STTTTT I fT T # srar 1% f f t ftMt ft if^^TWW ftir ft f l
sftt ^V % ftio^ sftt v r f ^ f l % STTIT (InclMtion) % HP^-^r^d
^ i f t t r r i srtt T T i ^ i i ^ t ^ t r r i f % a f t r 1 1 15 ftrt ^rt i + i f f i j
i f i i % fttr ^frrr^iTv 1 1 f f f f l i f t ? i T t 9rtti f i i 9 5 i % i f b n ft v t i i
fttri i f r i f i T i f f ft%it I srriT % a t t v i i ftsr^i % ffrtr Ttt % f i i ? 5 i
% ftft TTit Sffl i f f % SITf i l i t I, T f f SITft ^ZfX fr TT55ftlif % I V t l
ft i i r ^ r T f t i r r ftff %i5s^^ 1 ^ 5r<f vt ftn
ft^fiit VT T f t i t T ftiTi i|t V ^ j i f f TT s^nr 1 1
T t t vt f^ffs ft t f T f T T | f t ' T | t f f t ' l t ^^i?i ftlTITT^ f l T f^^-
55if ft i t T t t Vt fti^nr TT^SST f t ^ ' f t ' P . ^ i ^ T f % i f t aflt i ^
ftffit Tt f t v t f l ^1^ %.itsTiftftTf5ri( TS ^ i r a m f i ) v qvifi
vt f ^ Tt TfTTt I T> i t 5 T * T , f e f T T ? i . ^ i t TTIT 3^<t ^V VT 1 ^ 1 ^
^"RR' i t t f T VT TT555T ftTT | fts^K^ ^ * ^TSlft^
TT T f t V T T f t t Tt f t # t -Tt ' f f e ' f T T l T T t f / R T i f '|T VT ?/VK
;3T^T i t r r 11 . ,

IT TT^isTTt V STfTTt vt ftWT fT VTffTfT ft TTTfl


( I n c l i n a t i o n ) vtT__|7^' ^itt |T Vt ^.| U V55T T T ^ T ftTT | I ^
T f t T V STtT TTftT ft|r TTTT^I | , ^

ftl (R^) ft|.^5|'^T T VTf^T,5tt I f - f T T ^ ft- i f r ^ i t i


^TT t I T T T i t T t ^ 'vrf'TfT Sltt flMU^TTtit * CTTf ( ?gtTV-'if )
ft TTT fSTT TtTT^Tt f T | I TT T V i t Ttt T V t Ttif ^ i t ft T?TT
f t T vrffTfT srtt i f fri^T v TtrT55t?TT v t r 1 1 TT i f strft i f t
IFTTT V ftfE STTft ftrng^ TtTtT t V 5T |<t T f i % T t f t l T i t "'J # 5 -
ftm srsT Tft TT%r v TTT f t i Z V f T l i r f t |TT ^V?? ft ITTT
T t t TT Tf TTft ftf| T V pTfS TTft fTTnf?? ( 5 i m T - ) T t ftf|
Tt ftTT i t ^V^sffTT SST i f t T t'^T ^ T ITT Z * t i 5^
f t T TTTi ftr ^?fT I f T T # |T V fti^ T t T T t Z ^ * 1 TTTT T
^ t ^ TTT ?5rft TT T f T T f t r ^ l f t f I
f T V f i T ^ f T sTTTT^i sp T = V T itSfn^T-
V553qT ^ % = frsnTr,
sfT fT^T V ^ T i ?tTT f > n f ( r V . :

^ t

^ T. 3JTT Z ^ T V = ?_'.r^o^5^H^

:5 T V = 3IITZ O 7 R ^ ' = ^JTT - Z'a T.f;

.-. Z l V T = ? o 7 ^ o v X = ^7R.k I . ^ t ^'tf^


^ Z f T TXT V 3riT / . f w T
^ z i T v =

W ?7A' ' 3JTT s i ' M

5. ^ZTT Z V T T = R-=;ER?.<iS.5.

.-. z T V T = v/Re.+jm= ^/?V .


IT i t i i t q ^ S T T f T T T t t T mP^^ T t t | T V fTT^l^S f t TT^rfi
. i t t ^"/^V TTit t I TT f T l i t ^TT^tf i f V f t T ^ f t TTlfl 5Tft
f?T5Ti I I S V VT i t T fefl TTftlTTT ^ 7 ^ R i t t ? r f T f | Tt
TTTTt t/R' 5 T ^ i Tq^ST ffTT TT I IT ^T^sfsTTt % ^ T TfTVeTTT
V TfTTT ^ V V fti
555f. V ^ 7 o ' =r ?.".iK^t^V?

55f5. l V t = 5.'M5.^??

z I V T = ^7KR'-A7RR'=V?'

^ f T=BT TTT? ft 1 V T ftlT ft


. 3 T T Z T [ % X 1 %
5TT Z 1 T % = ^

3TT Z . T 1 % J^/R
T % = fT.

5. 3ttz*[ T % = 5^ 5. 5TT ? 7 R ' 5 . ^

=z 1 % T = ?7^^'

z T % T = ? 7 V + J : 7 ^ ^ ' = ^7;J5^'

^V % ftq TfTT TT^jfssrif ft gv fT T^ITSfTT TTTT VTff^ifT ft


W T T T T f f SiTTfT f TTit | |

% 'imwi ( sTTTft) i n T % % q fift


2T55Tt% Ttrf ftrf % TTTTT TT ?TTT TTT |Tf??T fT TTTfeaftT
H T T Tft I I TT: TTTitTf f t ^ T ^ f STTT TSTT Tt5TTfcTT.??3Tr sftt
*rTT TTTftT % TTSTT ft TTTfiffT fT TSTT TTT TTTITT TTTT | I

fTT {R^} ft T T Tt VTf?3fT % TTT?5 T TTTT | T fT '^T^ TTT | I

^ T T 5?rfr m - T ^ T 11 vrtfTfT T^T | T % S T T TTT f t


^ T f T S TtTTTT 1 % T f J feTTT f T T? fT fOT|T STf^TlT % TTT??-
ft TtTT TTT | l f^TT T T, T fTf| ft f 8,TTf ct % TTT?5'qT T?5T TTT
TfT I I TT Z T 1 T, 1 fr?^ % 15T TC | | T/fT*| ft %%T TT
T T 5yFT 5T55T, T T 3f>T % T f t ,fT5TTT I TT f t T Z T T T T f |T
, T T f T 3itT ^.iffafT % ^iT',??! ft ^ T T f t T TT TTTTT f t T ftTT I
UK

1/^11=8.0= Z T T 1 I TT TTTTTt
i Z T l % V t ' T ' T T T T t % T ' 5 T T f t r ft^T ft :
1 T = % l X f t 3 i r T Z TTJ % = f r X ^ ^ T T T
T T = %T X f W Z T 1 %=

a^WT^.^^'HlTXTt^^T T

3JTTTf>T T T 1 ft :

SI T = 1 T X 3 T T T 1 T = 1 T X T T 3 T T

TT T T T T T f t r ft^T ft :
T T
Z T T T = = TTTTT3Tr
TT
= ( TTT^ftfTT f>T )

3JTT T T T =
T.V.5TTX*>1TZT ( fTT R\3 )

frXVftlT Z TXTT^qr TtSTT


3f. Ti. 3qTXf>JTTT T . V . ' ^ / f t ~ ^STT TTT

S T ^ t ft |T % TtT TTTT ft T t VT TTT o' ^ % gTTT TTTSSf

ftrr TT TTT TTT VtT VT T(T RoA<' fT^TT ffTT TT I ITftft T l f T J

.. . ^ 3TTR73'
^ T T ft TTT5TT3TT =i ^ ^ ^ r ^ ^ ,

55| f . R7^' = <i-'^?5.^S.^

^5.RO7kV= EAK^O?O\

5. TTTTT = t'od-^^^t?

,. |T VT TTTTt = VS^'/o'/yV'

TTffrV ftTTTf ft Tt |T VT TTTTT ^/o'/9X' ^T^T fVTT TTT | : ,


Tt ? T H t vt T T ^ T ft %T^ FTV^F VT | I . ITt TVTT ^ V TT q t T -
"TT vft TtT 5TTT ft TTT v"tT % ITTT ^JFTT TT TVTT 1 I SlSTJft %ftTf%
STTT ftT (R^) ft TT = T M ' v f t T = V ^ / o '

3TT ?7Y"^
T T : TTTTT5TT =
3TT V^7'
55f 5. 3IIT '"MV tl-YdVdV^e. -
f . 3;TT V^/O = ..<;'v^ ^ V? ;

5* VT ^TmT. = R^/R^'
e r ^ i t % gqss^T % arf^nrt ^ v VT '^rmx 11 srrfffrv TT-
'ssfsT % sTfiTt vr ^rmx 11 ? T ^ k ^ v % T T T SRTT
VtT ft fTT T T T % Tf T T T VtT (Alongation) T>T ftr ft TTT V> TTTVT
TTTTTT VT TTT f r v t r f f t f e ft T T ^ ^ ^ ^ v ' ^TTT TT TVTT | I ^TT^f%
Igft ft m I f v T T Vf TcTffT Tf% T f % gTTTTT.-afl'T VrffTfT % T T T ^ f

ft g?TT VTT % STTT f f , TfT TTTT T ^ fT?| ft TfSfTTTTT ft T f % STTT


TTVTT TTT Vf fTTfT T T f f r f | I TTT ft Tft STf S^T TffefT vf fTf
ft T%fS 19T VfTTcTV TTT TTT V ^ f,' ftft TTSTT Vfft | I ft Tf
vf fTf vf TTTTfT TTTTT T f a V T V ^ f \ %h T f VT T T TTVf TTTf V^nT
% TTT ft ^ f fft'^ % STTT TT^TT TTT ft f f 3 T ^ T ffTT | I ITf^ft 3T% fti
^%5sft m Tf # TivrrTT ftrfr TTT^TV T f f f r r f , fTT% fttr
VT TTVTT fVTT TTTT 5 I TT: T^TTTS T f T^T TflTT % T T T ft f f T f %
VTT Vt fftfs Vft TTt g 1 affT TTtVT ^%f5 ft E9T ffft % f^Jtr ^ T TT T
VftSlVT VT TTT TVT ^%fS ?5T T T Vt ^TT ^TTt TTt | I T f T T T T T T tTf
vt ^ f r ; ft T i r r T T T T f i TTTTtT TTTrrf ft VT^TVT T | ft i^ff v i T i
Tff vt ftrfr VT anV5JT fTTag?^ ( VTffTfT ) ft TTTTfT ft TTTT | T"t
arrffrv TTfTTT3ff % Tff?511

T f ^ f T l^ffST TfT?TT ft TTTTT T^Tf^TT H T ^ f % STTT IT TtT


Tff % STTT TT ( fTTOg?ft ) ft VTffT|T Vt TTTTT ( T T T T T ) v f t %
aTTTTT Vt ^ fTTTVT TTT ft 18 TTTTTT TTT IBTT ft T T T TTTTTT Vt
f f r i TTTTT I f T sftT ^ V % f^Jir 3TTTTT ST?5Tt ft TTTT fV ITVt TTT^T
( Nodeline ) T ^ T f ^ T T ( Apceline ) ft srftvT | I Ti55T: TTTfr T f
SltT Tf<4fe ( Ecenttic Anomly ) Tfrf % ^ T T T T T T T f t ffft I fTTft
ft ftT ( R ) % STTT T T T T T T T T T TT55TT ^TV ftTT TT TVf I f V f TtT
f5Tft% fTTT ft T f TTT Tff | I ITfti^ ITVt V^TT ^ft ^iffTf^r ft
a n r f t TTT % fti^ v t t Tt i^VTi^V TtT Tff TVTTj fTtfV IT Tff Vt fTTfft
T?%5=STTTfT TTTT TTT sftSTfTTfT TT^T ( Tt^T;?5 ) T>Tf % |TTf fT^qT
U^

jwrfer TfTT ,1 ft^ . f t % ^ i f ? Sc^nTTT _Tiir i t s T | i % i t i , i l t

3T"f sfr fifife ft %i?J i^TV^r iT^T Tff ft f t I f vaaT ^ arnfe TT TTT-
Vr TPT f l V l T n f l T ft TtTTT ^TV TTH f t TTTTT I Wft T f s g^-T-
sffr vftsnffT TTfTK 1^ftTftTf TT^qlf ft TTTfrvfr vr TTT f t n i
ftr ( ) if iTT ^ fv T TT T Tf VrfTTfT V TTTo5 ft T f T f t f l
TTT T 4T T Tf V T f ^ ^ TT TTTT TffTT0555tT ( Eccentric )
Tfrf VT HTTT TT sffT Tf fTf|3ff TT t I TT fT^sff ft S.o %
ft T T T T I T TfTT TTT | I T>Tf ftft ft TcTT VtT
|Z.T TT T Tfrf % TTT55t ft T?TT V t T Z T % T % 5?T t^T I TTffv T % T
VTffTfT Tft fTTOf^ Tfrf % 5^Tf ft TT^ TT^ T T T T |T T^T Vlf^T-
% TTTif ^ SrfT^ tTT ffif I % fT^I VlffTfrr VT ^ 5 ffTT 1
T fTf| Vf TTT VT Tf5ITtT>T|T ( Fpecycle ) ^ STTtTTi T T
I f t T T T f I f T T T T T ^ f f f t T^t STTTTi ft 55 V T f T T f t Tft f ) Tf
|fT!^TfT aftT f r U S ^ Tfrf f f i f S T i f T f ^ f T t V STfTf|3ff ft ,ffVT
IITft t I " T ^ T " % ^*rHW< T T T TtT t T 55 % T T ^ T t T # | I
I t t vftETTftftTfT ft Z. T T T = Z T , ^ T = Z. 55 *T V TTT VtfTfT
W ^ ^ ft vffSTTtTftTfT TT TfSITfTfT ^ ^ T T TTftTT^sf Ti T T V f
It T ^ #Tt T i f t I TT f T TfT fTf| TTT T V T^T fi^l ffft I TT
N T Tft ^ 55ft^ ft^sff vf TfT TTT'^ T TtT ^ T ft i f T ft?|if vf
|lftT T 4fft t f t ' l T t TT tTijftT ( sriTTfT ) Vr55 5^ fTTtfT f f T ( f T ft
I f Vt ?<iJ'^%Sr^tyTt"iTT'T 3>tt 55ftj^3ff T t T T fTflif # Ttt
T f r i f i ^ ' ^ t p 1% ( C P i j ^ i k t i o t i > ft ffWtTt f t l I I '
| f i l IT i f f T T T T f T V TTVTilT ftiftrt ffg'ftTt ftit
[ I \ VTfft TT TTT IT Tff ^ TfETV^J C Epecyclic unequality ) fJ
. TTTT ftTT I I Ti55T:. ifTfti=| ^ \ TTTT If^ TTt VT^ T f T T , , TT^T ,

lifgiftt^ ftir 11
T T f T T f t l i ' 2T55it STTT %T ft TT555T vftT V TtTT?T TTT T f T T
llTTTTf Vt''fTT55rVt Tift TTfTT VrftTfT ^ Tf V fTTOf55 Vt TTTft
( T T T T C ) *vft Vt fTT5Tift I 3TTit ft'itTfTFT fl T ^ i t ^ ft?! TT frrft
ft itSTitT fT^I fTVa %TVT TTTT ft TtTVTt VT TTT V/Ro' | TTT T5T-
!fft ft^ TT Tf ^ fTTfi ft itSffrT ft?| % ftVSTTTTT VTTTT 'a" | I
^ fv T f i t ^ afft T f i i t T fTJ|8rt Tt vr T T T T TTT vftsritT
fTT {R^)^ ^ ^VfS ft T W 11 * TJTtsT ftjf 5^
( Eccentric'Apogee ) I TTT * T ^ ^ ft T ' l i t T (Eccentric
Perigee ) fT'5 f t |tt | I 9&?T5ftT>ST fT,ft Tf5>5T fT?| T t ftTJaT | %
( Opposition ) ft,Tf fl*T T fT?|,| TTT T ^ l i t T fTf| T t f l T f t T | %
ft T f f#cT " t * ' f r ^ l I i TT
^ Z T V T = V ^ A o ' V Z. T V t = \sVo'
TT i T v W t ft f T frro^Sf sft TTTfT ^FtT Vf m Tf Z af.* T
I T k Tff T t s r i f T f t r p ft VfT Z T T T I 1 f T l^ft t fV T f l f V f t
V TfSTTfTkT ft TTTT f f afVT TT^ | ) fTT'f WtT5!3T Tt?ff V f ^
5TTTt i ' 55WT \ T t t E VT T^TfT | I TT TTT f T T>t t T IT* ?FTfT
fTKTTVTt V ffft l\
Z. T V T ; 4 T^t
TT zl TVT aiVt Z. T * t f T i r | ^ | I sfft
Z. T ^ T = ZT VT = V V
(^s" - V ) ^

, .-. v - r
% a sftt % t vt T5I% Hft ft T sftt ^ fTf|3r{ TV T?TTT TT Sfff:
VtlJTTTT^Zsr^tl
Tff : Vtlir T t ^ = T % t

Z%TTafttZ.%Tt 5TVr TIT V % 55T r I I

.-. T % t 0 - r
arrrrr ei^nft ft ? T srvrt srwi 11
Z T % T V 5 aftt Z T % t ?T itTt ft aPTt R| VT | ,
T T m % 3JIT T5T?Tt ft ar^Tt ^ - ^ = YVT | R| Tf V VT | | ;
STT: TWfftff % 3T*Tt Vt'ESff VT TR i t | % 5T ffTT I
id T % T5^ VT | ^ | sftt
^T%t-^vr|=^'
5T TfTT Z % T % T t I I Tf TTT fTSTT ft | I
TtT % ? sfw it^PB^ VT ft^'J R^ TTftTT f I 5Tf%ft JTTTit %
TTlfTT tft TtT % fTT0T9r ft TITfft TI TtTVIt R^ 3fT| I ^ fTSl'T ft
Tf \ I ^o' TitTTtl > STIffTVTTT t'^A?'! > fVf R^ sfVITITFVTt
5(ft TVTt T T T T Tft ftTT I TT fT SITEnisTSTTt % %Tt<TT5T Ttit iltTTTt
ft i t r % f T T T " ft TTTfr VT TfiST f?im% f I
TTTTT srrit % sifgR STTT T T % H T TftTTwtTTc%5aTt % fefiir

TTTftf^ fr^TT A % T T ft %T, % feT | aftt feltT TT % TTT


A%Tt, T %T Tr%faTT % f l f T T T T ft f t T fT^JIT % gST | I T5%55Tr
% fgflir TTT vt TTtrtT f^raTT^Ttfrr ft ItTT'l'BTSTI snsfTT Tf1T5=5T
VT3TT ^r STITT 11 TtSTTtit'BT fT ft fsTSTT Vt it5rif??f<5T3TT ^ f'
Tt itTt fT!|TtftTT= Tt|lTtTVT TfrTT Tf5<ET " ? T ^ r ] ? ^ "
3JIT - R o o o o I itT.VT TfnTitSI^T = VoOj?^'|:^v"-V?(
ITVt 33Tr = '^y^V I T5?V?!if = t'Roooo I ^rfrlT T 5 ? v i ='B
ZT T =T='V7R'' = ?=;o - Z T T % I TT vtcJJTfqiT ft :
fc. To .
3TiZT%i = . i 5 L ^ ^ ^ J ^ i ^

3 q T Z . % g frxit5rrf?iTV5t3q-r
a= ,

/. %H - V 7 R O - -vO|RV=r|VL^'

fesftT WsftTTs^ = Z T % t = iff: Z 1 T ^ = vs"-

% X = ^'TrZlrtiXTTt ^ 3 T r v 3 x i t
%1 , ,% T

% T = 5rftW HrSVof =,/i;o r t X V ^ V


a: , *?Rnx-^v^Sf
. . q i g % T= =. 0%%^%
STT: Z% W T = (9 f = ?7R'
asfl TTT9tfl V> efrfspt anm Vtft I t ^ ?7Rt')=
Tf *ft>T VI TSTT TtT^t |TT I Tf T ^ T % STIffTV T T T 5 T ItT
Ttft??'VTI VT I I
TTT TTT ft TT?T5T % TS5%faftT?T;vtfe^T Vt fslSTTftT1? TZTVt
?fff Tq^rST 5Ittftiftsrr FVTT T T T Tt TSTTTt VT TTT-^S anftTT I
Tlffv ^%?2ftS5T T'Ttqg T f % Tf5V^ Vt VTIf^T FT^TT TTrtft Tt
ft TT'ETfrV T t TTT5T ftTT |
TT f T VtTfTVT Vt TftV5TTT % TfTTt fT%f55V TfTTTTftTff
% Tc^rsftrf (fTTosTt) vt^T^T (Inclination) vt TTT vtft vt TfTTtT
%fkS TtgT V ^ I I fT Ttt I S v tfeTTJT( T t T ^Ttt ) % STTT % fTft
TTT fTTf ft a i f T T Tfi3T ^frB ft ^TS'TB | I %TT vrtSTTt^PTfTl
( Epecyele ) % %i=s ft g i vt TTT ?rTT TiFffti T ^ 5^ artt 5rfT %
fwft Tt TRJJT sftTT ft v t f TfTt T ftft |Cr *rt ^T %f?SV l^TTTTI-ft
i T ^ f t ^r^ftisp ft*w

^mfk iff ft F?rfnur i t i vit vr f i f t i i flir i fti {r%) if f


T , sraft qfVTOirI ? i VOT vr %f2fif| % 11 f?T v 1 1 %fs ft ifvar
fi5irrftira fif| ft ft ftf it> ^Tfir i i r i t i i * i f t r 11 m
w i f g aftt 1 vi vf i f l ^ ^ l ^TT 1 1 % I V I J % 1 aftt t % I f
fii'^T ^jvssi aftt 5i*i?g vf i f i ^ ^ i ^ T i i 11 11 ZLi % V aftt Z i
% t seit vTr aftT srffTloiT % trii5rfftT?Ta v f ^ f f i ' i fii?j;r
v f r m arrirfe vfiji arTir i t i i t vftsr vfr qiir 11 ar? w ?r, t t, i , i
arft 1 1 ^Trarf vf f i i r i f ftft i ar? i f ? ftif i l l i f i ftf| i t aftt
l^if 1 fiT| qt fftf, ?ri Z i T V ?sif ft fw i f a i T^f i t i ^ w
vfqj ^ i t t 5n 1 , ftf| qt ffir if Z i vj, v gsiV-ft S5i itir^i
Tatf q t i T t vfiir ftir i liV i v r t i qsif i ^jfi*! i t aftt i f t
f m i I t ftir i f Z t i , t i f ^ ifsFfif q t i r t vfijr ftir i

f i r R\
sri ?Tf 1 fi?| It aftt I f t fifg It ffir i t Z t aft Tfwqjf
Ttir^q qtTTt vfir ftm i t i 3it fi^i i t f f i t aft^ t frfg qt
I f f t i i it Tf ftiii f i itt If % TftrTfiw % itT ft ftit i arrr:
l i f t f i iifTST % vrtT I f ar^?5T tt Tiit?gT ftir l i t VTitT ft
ITft ftft It I f fTTT S m ftTT aftt qtTT?qSTt 55|cn ^ 1 ft Htit ft
?5T ffiT aftt 11 s i t 1 fesg I t arft Tf t ft'g qt ftir it i t i f
tfr i f i f^ f?lfe ^ ^TTtT ft T f f T T I f VT l f i 3 # ItTT^q grt
m ftir I
T l f l z m f % ff ftit ft TTTs^ ftqfti ^ f r v i f i v tit tit
T?1VTftV Ttf ft VfTtfTVT vf ^T^ffsTV T^f ft itTTf? i f i iff %
g*fff?ff! vt armfir vi fswftt ^fm v ^ 11 e i T i t % TTTr TT fv ^rtt
ft JTTT ?ftTT <K ^ ft fTTttr ^ ft T ^ T VRfsBlfV ^Tt \9, l?5TfT
vr ?fesrft 5rt R'^/^' Ttt 5ifT vr ^f8sf# ^rt ^'^/st' Tr i f v ^ T ^ g T f ^ f r
ft T ^ T VT oO |5l' ^f^qft VT ? / \ ' ?rfT VT R^/V ?fTOt 5Tt TTTSSf
fTT TT I
vtTfrve vt TfWfTi

ara ( IT ^TTtsscit % arfTTT ) s r f f T ^ i t T ^ T ^ T TtTTJTtfr aftt


Tc%JfffT vt Sfir^T 1st (, Tti ^TT ) "T % t " % grT sprffT^T Ttt
TTTTT vt ^TT " T % V" ft Tft vtlJT Z T % V aftt Z t % T ft
?tTt ^f?T TT aftt T ^ S T T % TTTTt ft ;?cTfT VtijI ftT I TT STTTt
% ^ > T ^ t vt TffT ft TTT TT ft fTT^tT ^fe ft T T t i Tt T fTJ| ft
5f?TT 5rt VT vtTTTcTV T T T Z T ^ , t ( 9 > TT5T5T TTT ftTftT ^fe i' ft"
T t VT TTT Z t T V V |Ro' 5TTCT|3rT 11 ari f^^T % T t V i f f . -
VtT!T JT % T 1 Z. % T ?Fr TTH3T ?3T it iTiat Z1^ ^ t ?m
fit arTftTT I '

3JTT Z V t T , = = S s i => ^ SL-

s \9^A9;t Sm fipTT I I
% t VMR%

STT Z % t %=5JTT X -^RVds;^

TTT ?TT!T'=H.M7RV''
A. ^ T , % T = - v i v ^ ' h v ' - r
Tflf TT Tf % sr^ TTT ft T t VI TTT U.' am |3IT I ^ "^R^ ^ f'JJ^
Tt T t VT WIT ^'1^^" TITT | I ?ft TST TtT T t ft TBift T t :
TSTT TtT9It"=l-KV'|^V^'|^;''=t><>/Xs"
TlffTV TtT VI TtTTt TTT Tt ?|!(V VTT ft | I
fT^ 5TT5sr TtTTt ft TfTIT Vtft Tt Tt \^/XVl'/\\"=
< H o ' i n " TTTT ?V^r ft TtT V^I VT TTTOT TI fTTTil TTT5T ftTt | I

5TT z % T T='-2:iM2i^j=^5Li:!Z5i:2ilJ

% T % T

/ . 'TI % T ^ " o ^ n S X ' ^ o o ^ =oVK^Kt;^


TT TtTTt = ^ ( ? > V ' | < \ V ' + ? / V V 7 ^ o " =
^nrrtr sTmTt ^ T , % t STTTT % T % T I T i t T t . vt TtsTfcT
T>T3TT TIT f?TT | I fTTVt fTT^ STWTT? ft TftTTTTt^T TTTT |
VtTtfTVT Tt ift TftTTTTtT TITft | ITfrft fT% i t TITt ft STITfe
VtTT Tift t I % T sftt % T ft i t i f 3it aftt Tft % TSTVti f i t
TTTt arrit vesn ft TftTTTitT-| i i r ^ fe? I fv siiT&vt^ i t ftTt n
f t v t TftTTT it?! . ^ 1 , fVf? TlTfr Vt^ VT Tf TftTTT i t i f l t F t Vt
VSTTTt ft 3f9T?1 ftTT | \ Ilf^^ ^ TSTT TIT % ai^fftg iftt W% vt
iftya' sft^TT w r d t i arnnff ft fIrefV 11 ft i f t i f f i ft i f i | T f r
fiftilr wmr i n f I T ^ v i arrviijr srciei 11 V T I : arrifi vt^jr
i t i r i : snfTTfti Tf^ 11 ftff f l i t T j g i % ftfs f ^aftft
ft anrft T ^ fl Jtr w i ^ i r i ft g i vt f?ir ft ftft f it i i t v i ^
vt a r f t ^ ft i T v r ^ f f f i vt^T 1? Tnr | aftr 11 i i f 'gi ft ftirti
f i l l ft ftft t i t l i i T t i f5iT ft gjitviisr % V T T ^ arnfi vt^sr ft 111
ftif 11 ftff i T f e srtT f r i 51ft ar5r ft& | ft iTvr l i r a H I
IF ftu I I

TT vt ^ r a i f e ft i t T^TTTitir ftiTi giissr ftir 11 i i v r vrtiir


v t i f t v i ^ ^ i v f e v iTjT ft TTf sgii ft ft^rir srriir 1 ftff sftF^sv
I f i T i i ft i i v r viTin it5ir?cT'Eisii a m i i f T i itsr i f r f t ( Epe-
cyele) vt ftnui artT Tfrr 11 i t i ark p 5 vt itsiqrTftit i?t
f t i t 11 i i f t i 11% uiTt ft aiftv i f r i i i i t i v n f (gsit ft nf vt jTt)
% VTT?!! ftiT I I HTVTIHi ft l|t % 111 TT ft ? l j TT Hft % ftl?
ft^T I ft :
itsfviji ii)ifTiiTTgi!]ri
i T a T n i i : ifujjt Tfei: 1
arit^ ?rff % q s w TTTTT ft ft^TI ft f i p V T TtSTV?!! ft T i l Ift
TT Tig TTI T T ftft t I Tft TT f T TIT fts| ft ^o" Vt | ^ TT TTTTT
vt ^ T f f t VI ftriT VT T | 11 iiftti: T i i t i i f J i r ft^^r 551 f t i t
'511*. IT feiir ft f ft ^IT T T T S ^ TT ft TT^VlftV atSTift aftt itST T ^ l
% ft Tt5I Vmt ft V l i VTTI ftTI I TTT itSlitT % Tt^IV^t g m TTT-
TT VT 3IITT1 fiSTTII TTT I I arr f T aiTTii SITlt % 5ITT it5T>31 T i l l
ft i t i vt arerrawF^Tft ft ^TTSII T T I T ft Ttsit^i 5 i r i t T T T I T T
VT ifilJI fes^ f I

ftl (^S) ft 1 TTIT ft S?T Z T aj % TtITT 11 l i f t vtUfT-


fTTT % !

%T

Tt5ft91 V l j = ?-V;?\9e:^ f1% fTT VTft IK srft^ft^


ar^iTf?! 'ST s p f t ^ ft*l^ Ui

11% i s m TTT T t ? 7 H ' A ' ' " i t f ^ I T


!ftT T I R t i T t T T t ^ A S . 7 K " + t ' * / * o ' i 5 l ^ " = v 7 ^ 7 V '
TITTT STTTt VT ftT>TT5T TtiTTt i t V/ ? o' f t | |

ff^TfcTTtt 5TFT% ifsnift T t T T t STT: ^ " A ' ^ T T S ^ ftr


if I VtTtfTVT vt T T f t ft TTg | fV ifeSTlt T t T T t vt TtSIPcT 'BT
3TT ft.Jljrr V t TtTVIt ft TIT Ift T t T t V T TTT5T ftTI TTft ?faift
T t T T t Vt Ttfft T t TITfevtjjr TTT5T . flTI I TT:
5^ ^ Tt?TT?cTVT3TT=3TI ? o / ' ^ V ' - ? s ; ^ ^ 0 ' ^ K
5^ v t ifssnrjt TtTTt5TT = 5JTr ?J!(.'= ' o ^ T ^ o ^ K
Tt5ITtTV?!f=? - ?':^?U=>-:?^^Ro!t
ftr ( ) 5TT Z . T T %

"c^^^^oSt T>T V T

ZTT %=^7n7v=:"
z% T T ^ | ^ K ' | v ! " - t7s^' = ? 7 ' - ' > ' K "

51 % T t T T t VT 3ri|fTV TIT " I I ^[ft f t 5rfT itSTTfcT

5ft5r T t T V l f = e^\^v^^t;

OTTST ?fe?!ft T t T T t ^"/RiTTT 5TT ^ " l ^ ' = ' o ^ 5 t V ; %


ftfT T T % ft STT Z % T T 5 T T R 7 ^ 7 X 5ft. T . TJ^TT
3Jn Z % T T ' o ^ K V c o ^ X to^Hd^SI X.-oo^^^^s
ZlSTT-o^/tVAo"
.-. Z % T T = ' ? 7 l ^ ' + | ? ^ ' h " = = ^ l ? ^ ' / ? "
Tf i f t ' f t TtT5Ft fTT I
TfT vr Tfjft T t T T t ^\V 3TTft ft fTTT | I Tf f f T | t^oO -
Z T T % > T I ^|5t';oH^0!e?

gjTT Z T % T - 3 T r . Z T T % x ^
Ti'TTi emfy ft wfi v r ' q t i 5IT ^|^o" fsrsr | irr sTrffftv 5ifi %

fi fi3ti 2r55lt arifflV

o o'V!(" V9 o' u
oo' w
Ho' xo',n"'tt
^o'

IS ^JI'IJTftT ft V T It T 1?' Sfftr TfT TT ^ i t %


TTT VT T T T I TTT 1^ 1,, IT t I f % WTJJT TTT II ftTOIT VT TTTT
I I 51 TTlf VT i f t TT It' ft5|Tt Tt f U l | I 3 n : TI Tt' TIT^H | I
Zi % V i t t /IT % t itit i i T T t ft TcT?i vt?!T I i t T M T vt^ij' Z T
TI V % 55T 11 TT ftit TIT T l W g T f 1 , ft^g Tt TTTI Tt TT 1.^ 1IT
ftTT5ftT TTTtT I f fTT I BTT 1 , fts| ft TTT Tt 1 1 ?rwr TTTI
i t t TTT Tt TTI T i n t |f 1 T t s i SlfsT T ^ % TTTT ft ^TT*
TT Z T T T = Z I Q % V ftTI I 1., T TrT % TTTT Tt ^
ftTI IlftlJE Z T ^ T % TTVtT ftTT I 1 , T I f T t TTT | 11 T, T'
Tt^TT | | I 3TT: Z I , % T T f i f i f t t l l E T t TTT 3tT T t l t l
TTVt^ ft^T IT 1 V srtt TTT, 1 51% ITIltT ftft ft 3IrTT Vt^FfTIT
ft i t TtSTT v r TIT TTTT TT TVTT | I ftff Tft I t T ITVt^!! A i ,
T m % VlTinSTTT ft %Z 5I^*TT Tift t 1
_ 1 , T X STT Z l i T T
^ | a
!5JTr Z i ^ T
T , T T l i t T I f 3Tr I z i i , T T = T t 1 T t srtt Z i , 5T T ^ o *
Iiftqi,^" I S Ttsrr-*
T t l T t ' H X TTrftHf^H
-I i i v r TIT Z i , % i 5 g i f i t 5 f f t 55 s f t f s i r j
ftsqi
JT^nft ?Br f t fiWRl

Tf TfjftTtT ISTT Tr?erT ft ^ % ? 5 ft ft S!|T ftni, sfTtFv T^-tTS


T f i t '5(T%*ff ft ft W ftTT t I 5TV> ft T TTrft % frt? ^ i

fTT ft TIT T fv % ^T % qftr:, ;g[ T i s i t vt V T


( WT^ Tnf ) I I TT fvrt TTT STt fTff TT R T T | Ttt TTt
Z T , V T geT Tf VT T t T<TT5^ I < s fTr| ft Tf T t Z'!I,1,T 55T
??T ftTI I T T ?i5lf*T iKS V TTT5T ft | TT; Z T , T T , TTVtljr
ftTI I TT TTV>!J A T , T , T ft spt^tJIfqiT ft

5TTZT ,V|;, ^ ' ^ ' T T Z g , T ^ , X T , T ^ I Tft T , T,


3TI ^ , T,
TtTV'f ft T , T TfTt5^T ISTt^TI | I TT T,5T V TTT Vt tTTTTlftl ft:-
. . TtT Tt3TI K TTTtT Tf3TT X f^m
^ fT5TTXTtST v f
^ TtT TtSTT X TITtT Tf^TT
TtStV'V
3TT T?T Tf I fv ^ , T , i t S l V t VT TIT Vft 3IT^ I ITV fT<i V
SBl Tf?Vf TTI V T , T f VI T55 v f T T I Z T , V T, Tt^t V?2 31T
f t I I TT ^T'TV0t=V T f T5TV't=T' Tt5IVSS=air TIT Tt T,VT , f T f T ft",
T' ,=T, V ' + V T,* - ^ ' J , V, V T,. vt5TTZT,VT,
5ft5IV't'=v' + T' - ^ V T Vt5TT?ltv Vt^TI
^ ft ^ V T T V V f T f Tt ft T , % ?STt VT T?TVt TTI V T sftt
V V IT TtTt T t T T t VlfTV-Tf V T?TV?jff Ttt ^ , T TTT T , V TtST-
Vljft vr SHT i t TtTTt VlfTV TtST^^st V TIT ft ft TlftTI I TT T T
V f^^T ft V T T f TtTTt vt Tot^TT tIT ft | i r f T ^ Ttlt ^TTTt ^
STTT fift Tt :

-s Tt V% + 5ft V , ' - ( T T
TTcVltTV TtTTtVtSTT ^ - ' ^ '-
^ Tt V, X i t V , .
IT TVTt ^%ffav TfTTTT ft Tt TT?VlfTV T t T T t TTTT TTT |
Tft ^ %f?SV Tf TtTI ft i t fTS ftTt I Tr?TfTVTT T f | ft TTift
TiTTTt ft errtTTft vt T f i t ^ T ^ ^ i t Ttt qrr tsrarS vt itsr Tfeff?r %
%nt ft TTftT ftft TT?ft f t TtTiS TT I fTT {^0 ft STT^T TftV?TTI %
affair vt ' g ^ , %' vt itsrsrfiiT vr ^ sftt irlTr' ira ^mt vt
sftsT irfefg v f a n f i r i t TIT %^ nft i t ii%ffsv i f i w i m i v t n f i T
i g 5IT VI l i t v w n ^ v t m i % g i t v t ^ vr ^^ITT: i i i i t f>rt i
, TTT TT ^TI X ft. ^ TIT TflPTT STI
IgTT.Tr ^ x ^

ISTTTTT^TI X TtitTTf^TI
ft.

iTft *?itET vnjfi TtHifm^Tig^i: T ^ : T T HTTfTi Tfnuf


T Tr?VTITli VI ^ TTTST ftTT | Tft Tft VT Wm FTTOIT ft TTTVT
TTTTTT ft^TTTT TTI | I TITTtT TlTI^t ft VTTIVTT| ft ft Tft VT
ftroTT ft ftTI I I TIf ftvVIT ft Tf TiTI'T ft TTT | I Tf
TTTTtT TftV5TTT % TfTTT ftT % 5ITT TTtjTT WTVT ,^lftl?^ Tft
ftT'ST V aiT'T [ TTTFT ) Vtir VI TIT fTTTITT TITT | I
ftT \\%) ft TTT TTT TTTtTTf VT f T t T | 1
T , T ^TT T f ftT'fT % TTTT ft TIT^^ TT ^Wst | i t TiftT T f
1 ^ SSTII I T T ^TT SPlffTlTT V TTTT T | TtT <JTTT TT TTT | r BIT:
Z T , T T TTTTt?TfT TTTTT Vtlff fTT I TT ^ gilffTfrf V TTTT TT
T*T I I S fTi^ ^TI TT i t TTT |f TT T T , T i t T ^ , T , T IT
itTt TTVtlir f ^ f i t T T TTT TTTfTS |

Z ' J , T| T IgTT Vt^ I I T T : vtlTJTf TTT ft

^ ^ T, T T - ^ i L A ^ ^ - ^ ? - - ^ A ^ J . ^ .
T T,

- T _= I^TTsrr X vft5Tvif
TTT TT TT TITtT Tf ^T^TI

Tft TfWITTT ?ft5IVi SPrffT frf % TTTT T TTTT TTT Tt fT*TtT


v?!f'=itv'+TTTT'

TT TTTTT 3TT % HTtVTlff # TtSTV^ % TTTT T ftritT v t T T r


f t r r I I T T l i t i TTTitT VfTTf ft TT TtT TTTTT VT STTT ^ %f'SV
^ T^TTTfT TTTfsT V ^ T ft | I

Tf^T^et 5TV,TftT% f| Tft ft T?T TRf: f


TjffT TftSJTITftT T?^^^aiq %TTT: 5lftSWT^ I
^ - ^ ^ 1TT5fr ?lTtPIf^Tgt^^'5 fk^-^ %f5 ^ TKT I f % f5JT TTSHT
WTT Ft TTTTlff VT ?<T5g ^^TT Vfft t I TTTfl "Tsft ft Tfft TTTUTft VT
F1 TTVT IT*3%'S ft 13VT TTVTT VTft f I fVT T T ' l ^ ^ Vt
TtFT 1 ft TCT ^ t I Tl Tf Tf^VT T5fT TtST%?a ftTT | I I T
IT T?T V T TTFT 5ftET%5S ft Tt^T T)55 TTVT TSTT" Tt^T %f5 t" TTVT
TTVTT VTft I TT Tf ?T"SSTfTTfT?TT ftTT'| I IT ^TKSTfTTfPTT Vt
TSTT^if T TET ^ t Ta T %?SS?T TT^S' Tf5TTT ftTT | I ?ft% fT"
ITTfeTT STTTt vt TITTTTT T^TT f^TT T | | I
^TTSTT TtT = TtT Tt^T^fS ( V )
g r T t r T S 1 > 3 ^ T t T T?TV'2 ( T ) '
T-V^g-T T. - ( T - T ) =T.-Ti=Tt^T= T?T%fT I
^ + T5TT>T = TtT Tt5I %5S + TST 'PT I
= T f T ^ TTfT TtTTtEr%fS I
T . T TtTTt?T%rs +l!ftSIVT=T5a;5TK25tt5i%r5 |
gSTT f T T J S 5TK5 TtT TtST %!iS ='5T'S2 i t T I
IT STVTT fTlrrSTfTtT TTTTTf^T^s^tVTlJJ vt Tf?TT ifSBTT 'T^TTI"
TTT># TVT itsrftT TT' l i t f T V T Vt aftT ?f%T VTTT | I
fT ^ % frt? Tt Tft Tf^TT T T T t Tifft? 1 ITVT TSTT T f f T ft
ftTt I TTT TTTT TSTT T t T t ^ ftTT | I TT: ITVT T'5 %?2 - f T - T ? ^ ^
5ftsr % f 5 T t 5 l t ' T - f T
T t s r t ^ T f i T T ? 5 V T = T 5 S ^ T T?fT TtSI %fS I
TO 1^0 go pftST Vf5+.TtETT>T=fS'5T TTfT TT^S Tt^T V^S I
T t s r t ^ f g ^ T T'SfTSftsr %'S=TTKCTf I
TTTTT CTTTt ft TfTt ^TTTTft % T^TtBT TtT VftsrV't TTVT f V T
TTit frfT ft itETTJT TTTT VT Tft TTTTST TFVTT gTTT ITVT ?TSS TTTT
TTTT I TTT T^TVT i t T TtST^T Tft TTTtjft % flTt^U T itTTf^TI VT
TTTfTT fVTT | I TTTitTt ft Tf?"5T TTTT T TTT f l f l vt TTTTTT |r
fV'S TTTT Tf 5TstVTt!r % iTtr 3IcT?T TfifT i t T TTTTST ftfT Vt ftTT
I I TTffTV VTT T TTTTlf TTTT % fttr SfTTt vt f l f t ft T i t f T | I

^.%X T ^ T^riTT TT ^ I ft TTTTT STTTt ft ^tlt Vt fTTT TTT V T


^ ft ftTT T f t i ! vt T I ? T T ^ Tt Ttr 3TTf ft ffft vt fftTt % ftq TtT
arTTtifiv STTRT fvTT sn I TKefti griTTiff ft i t lit T t u t v i aTfat^sr
fVTT IT I IT TTliV vt fitriTr Tf i t fv fvit i t TfTFCT v t TTtT
ftTTTT % FTI? qv T l f T vt V5TTT Vt ftitTTST T f ?TTT i t t Tift
ftSf^T VT TTTTTT TTTpIT Vt fTTT TITT TT I f v ^ i t T f i t T a t # ^
fTSr^T sitRfT vt i f f V SritT TTTTTTt ft TTtT f?TT ft i t ? fTTF I
fTVtTT, VtTtfTVT ft TfTfT % fTTT ft fTTTTT^TT TTrT^TTt Vt T ^
Vt TTTTT %m fT?TTTcTV ' TT?TTT vt T * T f?TT fV " l a i t i t t TTt ff||
fT % TItt Ttt TTft I I, TTTTT ft Tf" TTVTTtT fTiit vt TfT TPT?itt
TTSrfTV TTT % fTl^ STTT TTfT'TTT TT I
VtTfTVT % fT3I?TT5TTt fTTtt S i t f T % TTtt Ttt TTft TTft Tft %
TTTT ft TTVTT ft TTTT TIT TTTTt | aftt TTT ft Tf TTft 3W (wjTfg)
T t i t TtTtT T ^ t ft TfeT ft Vt Ttt TTVt TTT Tlit 11 TTtt TTTI
.T^T TIVITtTTToif % fTV T f t T ? f f Vt, VtTtfTVT ft TTVt TTit T ^ TT
TTfTI^ Vt Tft ft;g 2Tt % TflfTT ft ^T vt Ttt f fTVVTTlir Vt ft VKOT
TITT, i t fv TfttlT TT Ttitg T'Sf ft TTTT T ?tT VTTT | I Tf fjPTT
^ i t itTt TfT ft ftit I fv T-?S Tlit TITT Tf T f T T ft Tft Vt TITT
t v f T TI^ Ttt T f TIVTT ft Scit % TTft T5T Tt ^Tft % VIt?!J ^ ^T
ft Tf?TT vt i t t TfTTtT i t T T | | I
VfTTfrVT Vt TT5TTT % T f T R f i % TifTV Tft^TT Vt Tl't ^ %
-rftgc: fsit % TTfTV 'ITH ft ^!T?T TT ft I I ^ - ^ t T a?T T T T
f t Tt ftTT fft'T TItt % TST ftTT f T Vt | 1 "STT: f i f^ TTtt
% TST TTTI TtT TfTT | I IT TITTTT % T f T R TfTfT TTT^it fivtTTT
TTTT IKt ft Tf I fv f i t T f fTTft 5V SSTt i t | , f T ft fd'T-fTT fftTt
Tt ftTT ftvt qv ft fTTT ft f T % TTtt T t t fTT Vtft t I 5TT ^ ft
?T% ^mSTTITt % TTTT Tt Tfft^T Tift TT ftvft | I l i f t T f i t ft
TITT I fv Tft % WTIJJ TT 1 Tt V # T f T % TTT ft f T 5Tt TifTTt Vt
i t r TfcC I I |T Ttt g3>, f T % TTT T t i ft Tift TTTI Tt^ i t ^ tfft
^ I ITft fT3 I fv TIVTT ft TT% TTft ( TTTI fTST^T 5TtfTT vt TtTI
ft TTVt ^m^) ^ t vt T ^ T f T ft fTVa I I TTft Tt |T Vt TtW
^ T ft TfTV f t I I ^Ttfv f i ft f S vt VtitT |[tt f T ^ TftTT TfsfV
^ i t I I TtT TlfT TfT T f i^it v t Tftn f T ft TfTV f t t Tt ftTT ftvt
f i vt TftVTi Vtft 11 ITft ft sTt ft Rros^nr |t>Tt T ^ T | iwtfv Tf
TTtt % T T ffTTfr aftt ^fT fl T ^ vftST H^fr % T ^ i t w TSTT t I
V VTT "T3f?r ft TV STTVT T T " H T % T ^ T T
fffif t vwTTf VT ?f^<T f w v t fV TTTT ?rTr I T ^ v t f?iTvrt varrrTt
% %iK Tt fjf %?5 ft fTTT arqft-TTft T ' i t ^ t v t f m n ft T*TT??T "BTSTT
g?T Tt 5itfT fvTT I fTTft f T VSIf^ v t Tftft ft ^TT^ |t
T?5TtT>T f T % %f5 Vt T f v t T T T TfT ft TTTT TT^TVt fT%?ff |r Tfs
TfftTJTt q-f vf TfTfTTTTT v f STTSTT Vt TT TVf I I T TTfTTT % T|-
TR T'T'JT? T f f l %fS ft ?5T |TI I IT Tt ft ^ 5 ft P T ?TE T f
vft TTTT TTT I ITVT Toft TTft PPTT TTftTT I

^ - ^ ^ VtTtfTVT TTT sqffTit | frttft 5Tf Tft f i Vt tt Vt IVTI"


TTTVt f T ft TTf T f ! Vt f f t i f % TTT'TRTV TTTf Vf TcTeST T^^^fSTTf %
TITTtTt TfirjcT Vt% frSTITT I Tft TfiHT SfsBTT T^tftRT v t T l i t |, V

f^ n
Tfft f T TTTffT % fTt? | T T f Vt |^Tf vf SSTf vf TftSTT fTVE^
11 M (^?) ft i f f f T g'f%fsft issftv^f I s f t t . 3r?afaer vt var
11 5;if aftt fsr iffff f t ifof ^ f??rr ft f f e i f t | ' fvftt STBT f|o l o
aj ^ft ffvt PET vffsTJffT ifvur km ft i T t ft aiqit aifftv
v>nwvsttqt Z f ' J o f - i "Tt stm I T T I 51% if 5 fvt T T
f?5rf ft f t ^ i tftssfferarfl T T f s f aftt f i | , ft ^% nft 1 fti ft
TTKB I 5;it ft |T ft TTtftfV V t f e T V |tt "Tt Z f %<\ To IT Z f 1,1,
tfTV>f ftft I cTT VfT Z T o ^ f B ' ^ ^^^'T tTB ^ TfTTT I vtTtpTVT
ft V>T Z f 1 1 VT TfT T5=?itT>T f T % g T l t l gItT ft TV
Sff^ fVTI TT I 5lfT(^ igsFT TfT i t T t % itTf^'S^T fTT I T l TTVtT
f l f T f ^ , T T ft TtT fTVfT fT% ft Tf,TTT5T gSBT I
f ^,^ TT Tvl vt
fT \ T?? vt

T f f T 5 |3ff fv f i ft TT vt TSTT f t t ft i ^ i t i t t f T Vf f t t
t T- = o.ll^ f i t I I Tfft ft T f TTT TT fv TT VT f T ft T^fTVIT
TTTT TT fTT I I ITft T f ?TEa | fip arift ftit ft
T T fSBt f i ft Tf?fT V>TtTTfTt Tt ftTI I fv?f T f TSTT ^T ft S5T
f t T t I TT fv f T ft T (ssTt) i t t TT % T5TV?Jlt ft K^o ftT
TTTTft I f i t T5Tt i ' S^Tt T t t TT vt IfTV TicTTt % T^Tt ft V^B f l i t
T ?;o ^ l ^ o r TfsPIfT ffTT I TTtfv S^it T T i t T ^ ft X^ f l i t T
TTTT T f t i t I T t t TT TTTT ?;o + Sttt = R?i9 I IT% TfT f i t
fTTt T fVt TfSTT T f T ft TTft T f T T VfoffTIfTt Tt i t r T%TT I
IT TTfT T S'^it f v t !ttt T T f v t f t i t I TT Z T f , T==V[.\9 + l^is =
H ' ^ " T f i ^ i t % grti flit T TTVlfT vtT ffTf I TT IT aiTfT #'
^ T T ^ T TTTT ft TTTt VTf T H'^f = VttV" T T f V f t|Tf I
' I T f T q IT T TT i g ^ V f T ft fTTt ft f T f T % TTJ6 ( ^^o )
^fTVTT vt fTTTtfVT T^JtrT ft TtTTT ^T V TI TT^ f I TfT TTT gfTVTT
vt VI Tift i t :
VI

,. ^ = ! i ! ! 2 L l l ! = f , T T T T T I
VttV"
Tft TTT 5:it vt f m TTTVt i t TTTI TTT TT I 3tV l i t TVIt ^JB
ft i t f i ft TSTT f f t ; S T t - f T vt ftt VI, *tt^ TfT fTTtftT Vt TI
esRft 11 wtfv vr i t a i ft T S T T vtuftTPTt v^" 11 TTI T T % i
iafT Vm f?Tt i t t fTft fTTt vt ? T V T T1% V 3f5ff ft f i
% Tftr: TTVT TTTff ?fTWT '{^t fTT TITT | I f T % TftT: Tft % qft-
SR^ vt ft 5T i k ^V vt V83TT i T t ft f T % f i t % TtTT ft
TTIT ft Tlit I I litfT?? IT itTt Vt T^TTf Vfft f I iV?! T ^ T Tlf?
VITTT % TTft ft ft ftvt TTTt | I ITfTft If| TffTf
V ^ f I TffTft vt f i ft ftr T t t TTVI TT35 ^fTVIT Tift % fT^ ITft
i t T t T ITV fTtt ttfT VI STTtr fVTI TITT | I tfTTf T^fT Tlft,% fT<5
ITVT T?!fT Tf% TSTTT ft fVTI TI fVI | TTI iffTVIT T*TSTt 9fTV
Tfr Ttt tfTTfT % T ^ ft T i t Tft VI TTS) ^fTVTT Tt TITI TI fVT |
i t IT itfft ft.Tlft Tft Tf TT5B VTTt % TTIT ft | I ftff f T ft Tft vt
f t t VI i M t % ?5t ft TTTfT Tift vt Tf l a f f ^ T t Tft^giT Vt TITT-
ftvil I

fTT ( ^5? ) ft TTft VT ?T i t T V ^ TTI TtTt VT f T S^it vt VJfTT


11 ftrnr ft ftit fwi f i i t i t sift i f f T qv ft ^gr ft f f^**
iwft, T^5r i t t f i % Jisir ft 11 i ^ i vt ftrt>Rf?fft v ^ 11
laft f i i f t fff vr ^ z r r f i t i i ftar 11 i R f t n ft ftr (^^)
.'tf 1 i o lfti%an:rirf
ft^mftTttcfi^fift I sTRflftgiritit
ftifette:of?[TS % 51T5 snit 11 ftm% 30^ ft^t % atra i f f t fi
aftt ^,f i, ft ?cit ft m ^ ^ 0 ^ HT " t f t i f t vt^tirrfTt
qt f t i I 5 1 i ^ ^ tftif i f t v ^ 11 51% STR ftt fefft qt
gsaft srtt r p r ft'tft^ft ^ ^-1* i , ^ f t i ari vso ft^t
ft Sit ^ it T19P ^ t% Zf J f i^ |5q v^o 3Trf^ g i fftqttr aft
trw ft ( \ 9 ^ + v \ - t t ^ ^ ) anft ^ i^ft fftt srtt f i t awft ft i w
; m ^ t r v t ^ v ^ ' a n f t amt^ s i ^ ^ m ft
ajflr TTft ft'n 1 nt w^f^ i n w w n f f r r *'VT" vr irrT | T ^ Tffir ft
isft TTT?it ft ft TTftTT I

Vr '^^'iO ft^TTTTT

l i t ttft ft ffWfe artt T f t % Tt TTJB qft^TTJUvrT T T : TT


TTT TT % TTTT snft | I

T T f T f i ft T ^ T vt ftt Tift I I ftT ( ) ft f [ , T , ftqttT


^ ft f i TtT vt(!rtTi?rrt 11 arr Tf T ^ isft TTT i t t ftit
TTT \o % Tfcit i g f vt f?Tft ft ft TTI I %T f^TI ft TRT | ft
Tf ftTft ftq^ ifT ft fz4i % TIT ftit I 1 l i f t fTTt ft i i t
t o H TTTt V!SnftTT =|vt ftit TTI TTTt VIST ft T ^ T TTTT X'k"

Tftn I irftft Z fs ^ = - s^^^-^t" ftTI I 5T qt ft

f. f. vt5Trv% -Si^^o^
IT avit T ^ T i^rt vt T ^ i f T ft. %? git Ttt qt | Tf f i s f t
|Tr I ITt ttfT ft ?STt vt TftfSn fftqfT f T ft K f T t T^t Tt TTT T f t
%.5t g i t Ttt qt ftTft fT3 ftTT 11
VtTtfTVT. ft q ^ Tft % TTV ^TW T T ! ft i t T5T5T | Tft S^Tt
ft ^JT^ iftTt ft Tt TTTI TTI TI I VtTtftVT ^ STtT TTfT^fT IT ttft
ft f i ^ Tft vt f f t i t % Ticrftv TET?T TIT ft Tft I VtqtfTV % TfTIt
art i f f % T i a ; v r i t sftT f i ITVV i f t i t vr g t i f T fttirPfi irftfr
i FTTTIT T U T I I

f l ?iV 3^ Tfi

oo

ifT^iTlTj c f i

it^T i f T f t sftT
' ft HTFT

ft f t f f T i t % i T T ' i i T i t i i t s ? i ? c i "51 5qr i t T f^'Snft^ t T I I S T

1111T f i faatfiti itsTPcT v i ^^r sftT ft^TTart vr i ^ T f i T r f i v r

vt f i t i i f t B ft 11 ft g f i ' i | i ^ v t itsrqFTftit ft ^s,o i n

^VT i t T 1 ^ 1 STTFT vt i t s n f T f i i t ft ft i n ^ ^ T i n fvft l i t

11 v t i T f i v i vt i T ^ r % ^"ti ft f t 11 f i f i s r ^ i t i Ttsrqftrnf

fiTirf^i I:

f l

tt^
1111 1 RW VSo"

ISIT

vtqTPivi ft ia> sftT qm T f t m i Tfi^fstir vsirgii % srnrT I T

1 i f f v t I V m i ifent vr ftfisftmr fv^rr, f v ' j T T % vrT^jj i s t

Tff % i r i t ft i t qrT ( Loop ) vt i t Trffci i i Trit | T i v r i t

iMtTtT T T r m q?gT fvir i TTft i i v r vrTT T ^ i i r ^ r fv f T f i %

qfTi: fTft T| vt 5 i t ft ^ T i I Tt 5 1 1 fT % Trtt itT f T Tft I

l i i t f i r mxr T?fTcT fvir Trcrr 11


fiT ( ) ft Wg 15 ftii vV TWT11 f , f^ %
I f siV vt vsrr irr f f i 11 fu. < if f i i t t i i ? F i v t t ^ r 11 l i t

% f3S sfsi i f f t i f t K T % l i f t f t i i H I V Z f 1 i % ITI i i f f i i -


ftl i f i ( 1^ i f i ) STITT ^ i ft i f ^ H T v t i t T Tfft itT I f IT 11 Tl
Vtlir m ITI TTft v t Ttfl TTft IITf T T l i t I f , i , ^TT ft % i g ^TT
TV I f TTTt % TSJT i f ^ T T ft ^T v t i t T Tfft i ^ T "T%TT I f^ T^ ^TT
% I f ft 55qTT S s i t ft itT ft IT ftft ft f t I f TTT Vt TTTI
ft ^ i ft ifSTT vt i t T ( 35st ) fTTT ft TTTT i t T l | i r I i f t TV 1 %
Vfft I TtT Tft f?TfT f s i ^ tTT % f ^ |T TIT IT'. 3 i t ft S?T
T ^ T % T?TTfT U TV T|Tt I fVC 1, i , ft I f TTTt TTT TfT ft Tf?TT
ft vt i t T TTTf TtT TITT I ITVT VTTU T f | fV f , % TTfT TTit
VTT ft S^Tt vt TfT T , T , ST'T Vltl ft T^^T v t TfTTt ft Tft | I
( if? Siy srk T f t ff Tfarq-f ftrfV T f TSm ?9T Tff ftcft ^
ftT ft TVT % grtr t^gV % T I T ( T;'^ ) Tft TTT TispTfT |TT 11 Tt
f VTT ( STf% ?T ) % TTTTT ft T f t V^T % TTTTT % ftT ftft ft T^TT
fTT I I TT v t ITT i f e % VTT^JI T f v t TfT TTT ft 1^5 TT TV ft
TIT ftft TTcft I Tt T f TTft.Stf TTt TIT TT T f t TTTI ftTft TSilTPT
TI TITtTTT |TI I I

9,^tt ^ * T T S R M i ^ T t TI T f f T f t v t ftTTtT ^fT ft Tfft TtT


TTT T T gsit ft f 9T ^T '^fT ft T f VI vt#TI?TT fTTT itstV55 55T
ftTT I, T T T f v t TTgTfr ^?T f t r t f I f=TT v t ^Tft ft T f tT? f t
TITTT I IT VTT ft T f I T ^ T T (fTTT) TI TtT T?TT | I IT fTft i f t T f
VT TTTTT VIT Vfft f I T f VTT f T %5=T ft i^Tt TtT T f % T?T V l l j f
( ftsTTTt ) ft Tft fTTft T T % fl^J TT ftTI | TT TTTTT ( TITtTTT )
VI TtT%?StT Vfft I 1 ITVt Tift ^ T T ^ Vt ^TfR % TTITI TTTTI I

t %^ TITtT TtT vtTTftVTVt T T TTTTTtft " 5 ^ ^ ^TTTT*. - a i T t 5


srrTTTt ft T t a V T 5rift % f T q T f TtT f T % T?TT Vt ft TITT TTTTT
T f Tfft V f I TI =|VI I I VtTTfTVT f( f T %ffSV V^I Vt f 55 VT STTTIT
Tt T f t | I T f t vt f T %fS T i f T T t % Tt TfTJUIT v t T T f t v T ft TTTt f T - ,
%f?SV ^ T i f T i T TTT5T fVTI | I Tt| f t TfTT ft ft f t TfT^rjIT TITtT
TtET V T t ft Tt TTT5T | I T f Tt TifTVI ft fTTfTT TT I V I | I TT f T
T f TTT T | I f v VtTTfTVT ft T^TVT VI TITTT fT ft T f Vt
f Tt ( T f T?TV?!J ) TtT 1 TfTV?JI ( f T ft i^Tt v t |Tt ) IT TtTt
ft TcTT f T vffSV f t l 5 ( TfT?TgTft-TfT?TgTf ) vt TtEI TIT
VT I T TtTt TfT Vfjrt ft Tt ^ t s l f t T ^ V TITft V vt^JT TtSTVT VT
TITTT fVTI I I TITtT SHTITt V TTg T f Tift Vt TlJJTTt TfTTJT TtT
TtSTVT TtTt V TITTT ft VtTTfTVT V gITT Tift Tft TTgTf V TTITt V
TTTTt f t TfTHTTT JTfT f ^ T ^ > I I T V t TtTt ^ T T f ^ T t Vt fTTT glTT
T55T fVTI TITT t I

fTT ( ) ft f T 5TITI5 ft T . T T V ^ I f T | I TTVt TftfT ft


T TSTTTf TSTTTfr ft TTTI | I T VfT ftTT TfTIfcTVT'STT STlTf^
ft T T V TfT TtTt^T f T | I fTTft T , T f Ttsft-ST T f t ft f T TfI | I f
TfTt'ST ft fTTT ft T T, W( ^ TTITIfTt | I IwfTft Z T T T TfTVfS
TtT Z T 1 T TfTTiT |TI I I T V T5VTT ft ft ftTlfT fTr| ft ft T TIT
BT^TT ftif vftsrsftlftl f ?I I I sftt H ^TT T ^3 i t f f l ' T

V HTTtrifcft 11 3r?r: A m aftt Z . 1 1 i vprsivi i i r


^ SS "S
1 1 i t s r v t fan I l a vitsTTJi v i ? m ft Z ft 1 1 i r iiq ft^
I f |3fl I m TTIT ft T i g I f v TlfTT i 1 V IT TffTT 1 f VT l i f t
f v i t V> i t ?ltEpftT>5T?T TT 1 ? T i t l t ^ 1 f1 ITlft ft T i g I f VT WT1 i r f t
ft v t f 3)f3T 1 ftiT I ^
V t T T f v i l ft f i %?Sftl VaUT 1T1VT i t Iff % f l l T T t % ^qgtVTT
% frtr s r r i t i arrrTif ft i f f i ssffTff VT f t T T i T i f v i r 11 fipTcr
fii ( ) ft i f ? f l vaiT f l vt ft^qT 1 T vt Tfi%fs ft f v i Tir
T vt T f l f l ^ T i t T 1 1 V TffTT Vt , | 1 IT igV ( T f l i f ) Vt T f i %?Stl
v T f T irft i t 1 g i ^ T i t ^ t ^ i f T f t i r i i i Tfit=5i v t fTTT % i i r -
in?1T f t i t I filft Zf 1 1 1'T%f5VtT TIT ZT T T I^TV^S ftTT I

i Tf vsrr ft ifTwgif vr ?iri i^i T T TfT%?stT 5STgifTvi


ftir I fVT A T T f ft T 1 T f VT, T T TfTV<T TtT Z T t 1 9TgitST%?S-
ftTT I TT T T 55T ^5TIf?TVT3Tr IT ft TtSlitTt^Tftl fftfTT VT
ZlT T T it5TV55 vt TTT TTTT TT TVTT | I TT ft ftirfT fT5=| ft Z i T
/ T, T%?5 ft ?5T ?Tg T f VT ^TTT ftTF I T f f T f t % f l T T ft T T Vt Tf
TffT v f aftt t T v t T TfTVof W n V t ^ T ^ f e f f ft f t ^ 5 ^ 5 5 sftt i t s i V T
f f r m i , v t 1 %rsft ^5ir ( Z T T l ) ?TSTf T t t t f T VT VtTtTTfTt sftT
ftTTftft TTTT V t ?TS T f fTTTft TT TT^ | | I T T V l t TTTtT , TTTTTT
STtT VfttT T %f 5tT ^ T T ^ Tt T f t f^Tfr ^STTt | Tt vtTtfTVT % STtT
T f T T f e l f T %f3tT T # SRT TTTSSr f t i t | | ITft %T55 i ^ i t % T ' S V T
VT ^T^VtT f t qtft5Tt v t ft TfTV | I Tt l i t TTTTt Tt FTtTT
I I TTiEVtTTTT fl ^ t^TT Ttft^Tt % TTTT % 3T|f55 cTT f t i t TT TT%
TfTTtrt'STfT vt q f t f r ft f t i t s r Ttit^T I T VT %?S TTT ITTT TTT i

^ilTTitTTTtt^STTt: sftT^ST TTJTft I


5itfTT?T fTVTtsftT?5ititSTTTitTV: II
\

XJ^nfi ?irrftT5 fkk'^^v>ctlTvg- ft q^fcr ft ifT^T


% ftsr'cT ^iftRrT, srqiV sr^rgcrr ft ftift vt TTT V T IIT i i | t t^v ^ i r
Sirfe IT ftift ftlST^cT ^ i t f t l v t 11?1T3ff v t TITFIV 1T?lftV1T Vt
sftT m^X ftiT I 11T TTftv irf11T3if vt ftfIT 1 VT ft 1c1 VT
1VTT1 ftir I i r f c i V t T T f t V I vt T^ft ftSTfT^itftl ft TTTfsTlf
ft v t f l i t T T T i f t errzft, ft?f 5 i v t l i t i Ttft ft 3zrr^iT i n i ? | i v t
IT i v V I v t f I f i t V f 1 V 1 T I ft vftTfivi g i % ITtf i t T I f f V
T i f t vt TqcrfTT 1ft VT 1VT I ftT i t T1% STTT Tt VrfflVTTt TfTlil
ft^T^I i t f t l vt T S f l ft ftft Tft TTTTT TT %55TT T T i t ftHT-T
g i T T gTTfsTTt TV T | T i ft T T T f t ( ^T< i f f % T T V ^ T Vlif
TtT f i ft TTVt f f T i t % TTT^T VtTTfTVT STTT 55Tft T Tft ftft Tt %T3T
3TTft 5TtT ftTT vt ^TTfsT TT55TT T VT TV f t i I

V. St VtTTftVa v t TTTit % srgaTT T T T??V5!t sftT itSTV^yt VT TTT-


ftT? TTTT Vt TTt TT i t Tft v t TTVTTtT ftTfTlt ft ftTT^'T ft TT?! ft
V, X T i f VT TfTT TTT f t TfTT TT I ^Tvt %TTTV v t ftlTTTT ft STIVHTft
( Tycobrahy ) ( ^VV^-?^o % fo) TTTV ^TtfTTt ft f8rT T^lt ft ftit %
STTT TT555T fvTT I ft T ^ f ^ f H V t sftT T%T V T i t i t f v v t l T f l V T Vt
T T i t TITFT l^V TT T?5 t fV^^ ITV TTVTTt ft V f t T V f f Ttfev i f s
3TT5T I 1

v.R ft Tfart Tit I ? 51VT ^ v - s t v TTT T T T ^Jftftit i t f T %T5yT


(Johann kepler ) ( U ^ t - ? ^ ^ " f") ft 55TTTT I %T55T ? T i VrTTflVT
v t T S f t VT TPTTit TT I V t T T f t v i ft TTltT q - f S i t l t ' T f r t ft TT3
TfT<^ itT TfTVrf % STTT Tt5rT55! ?TVT i t T l f T T f t ft STTVTitl
ftTft % ft>^ Tt TtfT TTTf Tt ^ f t i t T TTTtT V^TTTfTTT T%fsft VSIF
v t T s f t ft TTQ; TtT ^ f f % s r v r i f t ?TTT i t i f t T^ifTT ft TtT v f t v f t
TTitT T3fT ft TT5 ftTfT % T f t v ITV5 i t I

%TTT ft 1ft % T f t fTfr % I f i t T T T T T % fttr * T ^ T f vt fTT I


ft ?TgTft, ? T i TTT i t T S ^ i t I T T t i f v t TfTTt TT ftlT |
%1TT ft i n ftaT ftUT ft e n v t % i i f v t TfTTTT ft Tfft i T t 5^ ftTT
TfTTf % STTT 3TVV V^T VT fTTftT fVTT TTT I IT% fTli ;3Tft trv
3cfS VfTTTTf ftft VT ^TTfTTft fVTT 1 V5TTT V^ ft q V tfTTTfT
fTTtfT gfT % TTT TTft V!aT T f t ^ T T VI55 ^cV9 fTTf ft t^V, T>, T f t TT
Tftv TTt T ^ T fl ftTfT vr; %T STtT TTT fVTT TTT t I TT T ^ T?ftv
T T V 5ftVT55 % TTT TTTf ViJIT ft T?ff ?TTT Tt ?g ffTT I f v g %^\S fTTf
ft S^Tf % T> ^T Tft'TTT T f f t I ITfTCr srqft TTTf ft T f f=qT ( )
ft T , Vj;, T 3 TTfT .?TTTt Tt 1^ TTTTf 1
" fr'vfVg fTTft fft TTTfT TT VfTtfTVT v f t f f T ft fTTT m ft
TTT ftft % V r t T , ft ?5T f t i TT^ VTffTfT ft fT'T-fT'T V l ^ f ft
f T ft fTfT-fT^T ftTfTTf VT fTT?tT VtTT T^TT 1 I TT?TT ft fVTf
fTTT VTTTTfr ft f T v f VfTTcTV f f t T t VTffTfT ft T f t ftTf Tt 3Tft f f
TTT ft T f T ^TT STtT TTVTfT f f Tf I TTTfT ^TV?TTT % STtT 55Tf T f
f T v f TTVTTfT ftTftlt ftrf TTST f^TfTTf v f TTT^Tf Tf I ITf?5(T % q ^ ^
ft f T % fTTT ft TTsft ftfT v f TTTVTT % fTi^ TT=tT T T t i t ft 3 T V t
TfTfST v t ftTfT v f fV VrffTfT ft TTTT Vt% ^T^T fVTT 1
5T TVTt fTT ( n ) ft VfT d f , f %, A% f % , % f % TTft
VtT m ft TT I sriVt Tr| % STTt Srtr %TTt v t f f , T , f f , T TTfT

fTT 3H
v f r f %fS ft ?5T i\T fTfJTt ft ft \ TT f T T f T f % f f , TTfT
ft f T f T TTT qV ft tfTT sftt Tf VtT Tf 5ITT ff 11 TT ftvtTfftfT
\ XR Tfqft ft^I^

^ ^ 1> ? ^TTf? f f t l f TtT t T R ' f t I T T T f t IT fttTf Vt f T,


^TF % TTT % ^ ft Ti%T Vt% ftT-ftT TT^f ft i^Tt f t ftift VT
ftlT TTT T> 3T ftf|Tf ft S^it % TTT VT tr^ TV, f T % TTtt T t t
TT TTftrr I
%TTt ft TTH ftTT T | TV ':^V ftT t I ftT% %f5 ft f T T f t | I 5T
fT ft f T ^ f t t sqiara' % ^\T TTT % 5?T TTTStf |f ( TT %<TTt
ft f r=TT ftTT ft i ^ i t TTTI Vir ft T f t f S T TTTT T f t ft T f t T55Tt 1 TT
T f T t i T f t ft T^Tt I TT f T ft TTft VT f t t Tt ftcft | I Tft fT-fft=T
ft?f Vfft t , TTT TT T f TTft T?TTT T f t ft TTTt | TT T f f T ft
TtTTftv f t t Tt f t T t I, 3ft g T - ^ T f t f | Vfft f 1 ftt %TTt ft f i f t Vt
I T VSfft ftTTTTsff vt TTTT % ftcr t^V TTtTt TTTf ftrft TftpTT v t
^iTt v t ?Tg ftTfT v t TTTT TT TV I
I T VTT v t 5"? Vt% %TTt ft HTIVt STtT Tff % ftit % TTTTt Tt
TTTt VSTT ft T l ^ ftift VT STftttSTT TTt^T ftlT I 11% fto; S i f t
I f v t Tftv f r r t t T ^ f t TTT T T V j f t % T T l f Tt Ttt T1% TTT v t
TTVTTtT ftTftiff v t =5TT I f l T ( ?K ) ft % \ T Tff5! T t t f T vt
f T T f t i g f t vr TTTft t I 11% TTT T ^ V t^V T T V TTT V TTT ? T t T t t
g T v t ftTft ft I I TT f T T t fl T T t i t ft f f , T t t Z . ^ f
^ , TTT I TTT STIVtirt V ftit ft ftfT T f, ft ZT f, f TTT
f t I I TT ftvtTflft ft :

^ ^ ljrqf:R%TTt ft TtT V ^ %
- T T Z f i f ,
ftfT ftfT fTf|3ff T t f i ft 1 ^ v t f f t i t fl TTTT Vt% 3T TV Vt
T f t f t VT ftrttT Vtft % TT?T ft TTT; Tt IT f T f | i f ft fTVt TTTt t |
fvit TVTt TTTt 3TT^ TV T T V TftTT % TTT %TTt ft Tf fT^VT
ftVTTT f v VT ^ T T TTT ITV f T T f t f t TVTT I T t t IT Tf v t
TfT f v i t Tt fTtTTfT TTTflt ^TtTTT % STtT f l f l e T f t v t ^\
TVTt I TT: TTTfsTlt ft 3TTf T f f t TT5*t Tf i f i TTTflt f i f t t l
tTTTT IT% STtT ^TTfTT-ftftl TtflT f t Tf I TT IT fTf|3lt ft fTVt
TTftTTit T1i:^^T ^ t T T T T t % TTT %TTt IT ft5TT Tt Tfft ft ft
f i f I i^V s t T f T fl T f t f t TTft I I l i t f T f t T ^ Tft VOT t3[V T^STVIt
TV STtT fTfT<sS v t TT T V i t | I fTT% rr^ TTft ft f T | I
Y.^ TTT I ft s t T f T T f TV | f T l v t %fSTT TTft T?t ^TT f f f 3TT1
f M t sftt %f5 ftfTTITflTfft f ? f 5ifTT TT 55FT?:T t^F o5fszTTT ftcft | I
f f f a r m ft %fS ft TTTiT fTt TT i t ^ ff?? ftft t flTTT ft 55f 3ZTT1
% m TT Tit tTT f f f5ZTTT vt TITt f t i t | I TT fTTTTt Vt T V
T?t TTfft Vfft t 1 fvit TTTS:J TT fitTS^J Vt TTT55 TTTT55 ft
VTeft ft i t i f T TTTT t 1 -

fTT

fTT ft ar T V T qv itifrT 11 fTTVT % %fT TTT T V


f ffSTTT TTT T T T f STTT | I TT iT TTfft | | % V % T = ^ ff?5TTT
% T = . % T = ^ TfoTTT T t i f T T5IT ft TT T = Tt T = J lff5TTT = V
TT% a.
_ =^ = 5TT Z T T T V I .. R ^ I=Z.TT T TT=TTT TTTV^J
TT T

TT % T T T X 1 = V. I
%T = | ^ S f S T T T - v / ^ V l ' x,^^flf'
TT T + Tt T = fffSTTT = R V - T T T + Tt 55
TT 55 = TTfTTT V f f e - V ( t - 5')-T
T t i f T % TTfT T T T tTT T f STTT % TTTTTfTT ^ f t i t | fTTft
f v TtrfTT v t TF!:fT % f v i t f r ^ i ft T T T TSI t'TT TT ^JTT sTft i t
TtT ft TfrfTTT fTf| ft TTfTTT ^TT ft TTT ^ft TT T f ^ % 5?T f t i t
t 1 IT TVTT TTfT ft TfTfi^T fT^f TV Vt tTTVT TTT I T tm TtT
f f ^ S^TT ft T i VtT % T f TIT T5TT TfTT | | ift TfTfT^T fTf| T ft
TTfi TV # TT T tTT VT TTT ^T TTTfit ft PTTT ftlT I

' TTT V M- I'- )


I - 1 vt^TT Z T Tf V ? - I VtSTT Z T Tf V
TfT V Vt, %fTTTTVT % V fff^TTT % TT^ ft f T TTTTT TTT i t TT
f T % TfTf^T fkf%ftffsJiSTTT TT Tt 55TT ftTT I TT% f55 ft TV f t t
^ f T % fTT TTT vt 5TT ftit Tft T t T f i t T f T TTT v t ^ T ftit I fv?5
T I T ft 5T TPT TfV VtfejTT I t r r sftt 3T% f 55 ft tftr TftfT
% TtT TV. VT TTT i t r f T ft Vtfe fTTT I I T i>T??ftT v t f t VT TTtVTT

TTfTTT Vtft 55rft % f^Jir %^ f ?r JTTtT fVTT TTT | I

TT 55+TT 55=;TT T + T T T==fff3inT

% W t ft TTTF Vt% T f TTTF f v T ^ % VHT v t % ' 5 ^ f T (?) f f T -


3TIT VT <i\ = o'^ t I TTitT TFTFTt ft i t TIT v t TtT T'5Ti?553TT Vt
l i t % sngJT ftTT TT I ( i f t fTTTTT SiT IVT |) sftt T^TTif TfT
TTTTt ft TT^fsT % f55ft ^ f T i t i t ^ T 5J|fT T ^ t VT -STTtT fVTT TT I
T t i f T ft 5Tr l"'"* V"ft VT fTT f t TtT T;TT;5! gtTT I I T ^ % STtT
TT TTTfit ft ^Tft 3T5T f t ffTT t I l i t f t ^ TTTtT TTTTTt ft TfTV55t Vt
TT sftt fTTT TTTfit'ft fT'T ^ ft T?T | I VtTtfTVT ft Tt TTitiFTVf^TT
TffTT v t T t i t v t f t 3TTTTTT TF I l i t f t t ^ 5T% i t TfTTi55 TF^TftVTF
ft f t t | TTtfv %T55t % STtT STfT^fT i t i f t f t T T i t V t T t ft 55rft Tft
TT^Tftv T'5T;55f T t t T^TVTf ft T T f t V ST^TftT ft 1 T ^ T?t i^V T^T
f?TfT T f Tt f v 3T% TitTTST STTVFitT ^TFT VFf^TfT % TtTT55 ft T f t
ft f V f ? 3Tft TfTV ft TfTV 5JTTT R TV 3 t l t TT sfaST f t ft I
TTTtT 5rtT Tt ITVT TTT 55TT %^ ft T t t ITVt T t TFTft srfftffT Vt& ft I
%T55t v t TTTTTT VT TTtft T f t ft Tlf55 i^V i t i f r f f t V5TT ft TTTT | I
f r r v T TtTT55 ^T TTft ^^sT ft TTTT |, fTTft f T Vlf^TfT % TTT R VT
V t r TTft |IT ^VT |TT t I

TIT v t VSFT % T t i f i f t ^ T Tft 5TTTTT % TT? T t %T5!t I T


T f % iETV^T TftfTfT ft fTTTTTsff vt, Sftt T f T |tT | g^TTST
fVTT ft ( f T ) TtT % T i t T T ^ Tt TTT ft T T i t V5T ft TTTT
TTTT t TTT ITft f t TTT ft Tf ( f T ) T^T % T i t T RX'^X VT VtT
TTVTFT VtTT | I I T TVTt f T ft fTVJTT f t t Tt T T i t VOT ft T^^T
Tft T f t 3i?TfT it-T f t v t VTT: ^ f f t TTTTT f f t r t ft T^T Ttt T^TTt

+ ITVr T?TV55 55lft % STTTt Tt ft3 fvTT TTT | I fTT (^%) ^ I


fPt I aftt f T ft TtTTftv f f r ^^T ?TTT ft T^TTT ft TTTt | X
TtTfrftT VSIT ft IT i f t TT^T vt STTi Vtft % TTcT ft ^T^t ft Tftv
tTT TftTtT V^TTTT T?3T ft Ttt T?T ft IT TcT^T TfcTJT ftlftTTT
VT TTpTSVTt ftlT ft T ^ T aTTfft TtTftftT V!3T ft f T %sitT i t T??
Vrf STtT TTTT VTT ft TTTT mm ^?T?T VtTT | I

ftT

ftr ( ^tt ) T , Tt T , T3 T ^ Tu, T\ T^55 ^t itsfltttJT VST | P


f T ( f ) 5 T v t ' tr^r TTft | I i t f f ft. TTt?T f t t Tt IT V ^ VT f i
TtT TTT T fT'ft TTtfTV f t t Tt f T ^^T , | I

T , f T , , T3 ^ i ^ , T ^ f T5 ft i t i f f t T>J5 T T T T mm TTft | |:
i t 9 i l ^ i ? , f T 3 , f T^, f T^, f T\ T ? ? v i t srtT T T T T V T T ft T T V T ' T
|ft I 1 TT55 Tit V^T TTT?Tt I T f s i t T ftlftTTT Vt &ftV55 VT ft3T?T
Vfft I 1 IT TVTt TtT v t Tft T^Trit i t ftTT STtT TrPT^VFt:
^ 1 ftTft T f l f t T T ' i t %t55f|T ftTT Vfft | I

'i(.\X ? . ^ f T t i f i t T ft TTft t ftTVt q V TTTT ft f T ftTT | 1


^. f i ft Tf v t fT55lftTr55t ^TTT ( T?TVT ) TTTT VTT ft ^TTTT
m TTVr^T V t T t I I

T?rfT %TTt ft IT Ttif ftTTf Vt T ^ T % ft TJ=T?T.ft ^TTST fVTT"


TT I ft?5 3I?T Tft % f r i i t Tft fTTT 3T3T5 fft | S^rt % i i T t IT
Tft v t TcTTT Tft ft TtTTT TTV tTg ^ TT TVt I TT^TT ft %TTt ft
TfTTtit % TgTTt i i t VT TtT Tf?T555 VST TT I ftT Tt ft^

itiffrtT ^ f t ( I ) VT TTT 5TITT5 VT ftTT | Ttt IT I Tt

ft TTftT T t i f T t r 55|5TTTT3*, fffSTTTTS %V3ot.oTTTT % 55T f t


T5T t I ITftft i s i t v t VerT fTTTT f t t I litfTft ?ait VOT % TTTTt-
Tt T t i f T t r VSTT VT fTTttT T^TT Tft TT I f v ^ TtT V5JT % TTTTt T t
5Tf^ f i fk^W

tf %T55T ft 31^1 Tff v t 5pSTT3ff ft vff f T Vt TTfft ft TTTVT TtTfcftr


TT^T VT f t TfTTTTT fvTT I

%q55T % STTT TtT f s i t T fTTT TTVTTtT fTTr=^ % T?T?T TfcTTTsft


TTITBVTT ft I fV?g I T TTT %T55T IT% T55ft TT^rf^^TT T f t ft f v TtT
TftTTT % T i t Tft v t ffTTt TtT 5T% T T V TTTVf^ff % fTTT ft V t f
TTTTTT fTTT 3T555T f r T ^ T T , fTTft fV TtTTfTTfT % f v i t i t T f T T ft
3TTfT5|;T ftft Tfft TTTT ft T f T f i f T VT T t fTTtTT fvTT TT T% I IT%
TTTf T T TTT T ^ ^ ^ ?=; f o ft %T5!TftI T T^T^T ft TTft ^ T i t T ^ i t T
fTTT ^ iTTTT ft I i t VtTTfTVT % fTTT 55Tf T f T f f ff f f t i t srtT TT%
TTT v r i f ^ T T ft i t l f t 'iTTT ^ft % TTT TTB fVTT TT TVTT TT I %TTT VT
g i t r fTTT T f I f v TtT TfTTFT % f v i t Tt i t Tff ff g i f t T T T ffTTT
( T ^ T V i f ) % T i t ft i t f^TUTfTT t , T f t ^T% TTT VT55 % TTf ft | | IT%
TfTTT TTT?Tt VT ? T ^ fT^TTf^T fTTT I

| T T ? T VT^ ^ T . V . ^ ^ f . T . V . ^ ^ TtT T.V.^ ^ f . T . V . ^ ^ T.J.V.^


TTTiTVr^y'' 5 . T . V T * ^ . T VT.*'' Tt.T.VT.** f.'^.VT.' T.T.VT.,
TfT I T Tft % TTT fTTTt Vt TT ft TfTTT VT i t T S i t ft f f ^
f t t ( T T ^ T V t ) Vt i^V IVTf TTTVT VtTfTVT ?TTT 5Tit T f Tff ft
ffTTt Vt f T ^ f t t Vt I V r f % TTTfT ft STTR V^ i t fftTT TTTfT f f i ' |

If T T T T'< v i ^ q i i l ' TT ( TfT V T Y (TTTT T T ) '

TT

?it ? .0 - 0 ?.ooo K.oo o

itT

f^

TT T i t V T T TTTT TTfwVT ft T f i t 5ETS ftTT | 1% Tft % TSTT TfT-


v f f % TTt ft i t fT'sqfr f r i t T f t ^T% T T T vt^rf % T i f ^ i t ftit i
5ffn f t wrr ^fk^ fk%m i x

TT TfTVT* T T TTT VTT* ^ , c ,


^-n- , i- IcTTTT
^ V Tf TVT* ^ V TTT VIT'
%TTt ft TTft fTTTf % 3T|TTt TftV TTf TV T(TTTTTTT TTTT VT^-
\\R^ fo ft ^ i V TTTTf TTTT Vf fTTft ft fv?ff i f ^ Trftv T f ft
TTVTTfr ftTfr fifTTT TTV TTTf TT T V i V ff 1 ITftft I T V f T f TTTTt
TT TV v f T T M T TTTftTf ft TTfcfg f T 5 f f I TTft ftTTf % STTT
%TTT ft T %T55 |T TTft Tff v f f S T T f t f t f T VT ftlfTT ftTT Tc^T
i f t f r r t % | T T f m T?T ft -3T1TT i f ? T f t Tf V TTT -STTft v t TTF
T?STT v f i f fftTft 3ftT S ^ i f ft f W f<t i t T 3 T ^ TVTTft f t T f t VT
. i t f W T T T f t T s r t p ftTT I IT-ftft ITVT TTVTift ftiit ft Tftftft
V ftSTfTt VT TfTTTTT VfT TTTT | I

Y.Y i t ^ f ^ T IT^"^ ^TTfit ^T^t T?r ^*ft=P<UVTTT ft-


T f T f r f T T f T V i f STTT TTTT VT^ ft TTTT ^ V T ^rTfT ftft v t TV5TTT T?t
STTTT TTWT VtT TTlft ^ VSftTfft Tf f f f f i t V ^jfiTV TFTTTTT TfT
T t T | T ft TTH v f Tf I ^ Tf f i t V TTTT^t ft TcTfT VlT v t ^TT ^ T
T f T f T ft TTTT TTTfT ' l ' V f^T f t i t |, i t TfTTTTV f T V TTTT ft
TfTTTTT f T ffr TfTft V Tcftv ftf| ft fvft Tft TT^f $ f T f t f | i f ft ^cTT
ftTT I I ITft TTT^cTfT V f t v f Vtft^TT ft g f t r f T V STTTTS' f^T f f
TfSTTTTS' ftTT I, TTT fTT V STTTTS' f^T fff3TTTT3* ffTT | I ^T
^ 5Tr f f T T fffSTTTTS |5T i t i f T T^t TTft SftT %fS VT
TfTT ftTT I I T i t f t TfoTTTTT ft TTfT TV ^ f t t ftT V 5TTTT3* 55T
ftTt I ITftft TfBTTTTS' TIT ^Tft TTfT TV Vf T f tm ft TcTfT VfT
i t T t f i t V TTTTTtcTfT VtT V ftTT | I f?Tft T f f f i t | fV
TfTTTTV f T T f T f T V f f f 5TTTT3 ft fVTT TTT TfTTV f T ftTT t I
TT I T T f TTV f T i t T T f T f T % TTTITfTV ^ V i t T T^Tfif ftTf
ftS I ft T f T f T ft TtT fTf| ft TTTTT VT TTfTTT V i f % STTT ftTT
TTT ft fTTTT ^ V T TTVTfT ftTT 1 T f l T V f T ft %fS ft STTTTT STTT
^Tft f t TTT ft TTVT TTTfTTTf ^ V T ^cTT f f TTTTT I ITVf itiftT

Tsm % 3TVTit ft fri fvTr TTTT t fTft %TTT ftT?5T fvTT TT i


V5TTT VT f v fTT ( ) ft T T T T fVTf T f Vt T f T f i f T VSTT
I 1 fTTVf i^V TTfT ^ g f T I T ftff Tf VT TfT fTf| | TTT T 3-^T
% | I I % iWfcT VT %f5 I I 3T T i t i l T VT ? f f s i r r g cTTT % ? 55fsiTTT
I 1 T 1 31 i , ft % 3T oZiraTi' ^ ftTT TTT TfTTV ftT | I TT VPTTT

V t ft f 1 ( TrtTTT TtT ) TJTVTT ft T Tf TTTTVTT ft TTTT ^ V T |


g^T^T Vtft ^ TtTfT T T Tft TTTT 11 |TtT Tf T, TTTT VIT ft TTTT
t r V T TcT^T VTft fq; % %f5 % TTTf sftT T T T T fT v t TpTft
ft TTTT I 1 ft T>Tf ft Tf ^ V T ftf|
T ft qV T T T ff TTTT STTTIT ftft T
TtT f ftTf ft T sfiT T ft?|3if TT
q|T Tft 1 TT T Tf % STTT T f T
E^T TTT T Tf % STTT T % T ^
T 1 1
*
r j37
STTVTfT |TT I ITft Z T f T Vf
TfT %fS T T f Z T % T v r ^ T T^T-
%fS Vfft 11 T T T ^TT, % T t^T V
qT TfT II
T T TfT i^V TSTT Tf T IT ftTT ftT
ft TTTT t ft TfTTV f T ft T% STTT ftT^ TTT ft T % T ^sgTffSTTVTfT
ffTT t I STft ff TTT ft T Tf % STTT T % T ^ STTVTfT ffTT | Tf ^TVT
^ T f T ^ V 55T ffTT t 1 T % T Vt T^TT T^T^?? Vfft | I T*ft
3T % T TSTT Tf T%f StT ^T T % T 'sgTVfStT ^T ft T V T ^T 15?T
fTT I ITftCT gq- ^-sr qiT ftTft % ftTT ft T Tf T Tf ft Tt^ ff T|TT 1
T T T g T ^T T % T % 55T ff TT I TT IT Tf Tf ^Tf % 1?T ffftft
Z T % T VfT VT T f T V r r % TTT Tt T^TfT fftT ^TVT ^T^T T?5T
ftTT TTTT I f
Z^3T =:.TTT T f T V f S = % 3T = %fS
T I =53T%f S Z T % T = T I % 3T = f f ^5TTTT5 = V
/^T% 55 = 3TTTfTT=qfTTft % T = ^IfoTTTTS' = T
= q 1 % T I
Z^T V T = T^TT TfT %fS TfS-T ftfT % T srtT T T tTTTf
% T f r f r f l TT 11 % T TtT % T %
Z T f T = ? q S TfT%fS=?V I
TfT v t ^TT T f t v I 3ft T T?"" 1
f T = TfTVT T 1

TT: T V T ^ ft ft; T % T fTTOS-vf T2Tft qT T % T ^T T T f t S


itTT I, TTT, 3 T V T f t f t ; T % f t T TJTft TT T f T ^T TTTT | I ITft
^ fmr ft T?lfT 3T % JT aftt 3T f 1 TSTT aftt ifqg % f s ! ft TrflT^
grT?T sTft I TTTPT sr % T =531 %fS % STTT i t i f VT TT^fT TTTfT | |
lTft(T Iff f ft TtTT T sftt ^ f T V S T VT TTT^Tftv TTT*T TfTT
TTTT I I ftt 'sgT %;ST T t t ^ETg ?V % TTT^if VT TTTT V t % I T
i t i f % TT^fit % ftTT ft v q r t V srtr v f t T v f t v TTTT q ^ f t ft ^
i t t ?v % q t ^ t TTTfit ft IT% T f T t ?T^q ^^zm T i t vr T F T T ftTr
TTftrr I TT qfft T T t t T % TTTTTt vt TTfTT ftTT TTTT t I
3f % T ^T = T f T t T ( srftuifTTt )
.. T_% T t r T % T t T = T % T t T - - 3 T f T t T
. . T % T fTTOT =. T % f ftfT
ft?g T % T tTq5T=5 % T k T T TTT 1
T T = % T 3TT Z. T % T % T Z T % T ^TT TTq ft Tft? ft |
.', T % T t T V T = ^ % T* Z T % T = 4 V'' T % T
A T % g tTV55 = V f XT^-5 % f X ^TT Z T % T
=> ^ V f X TT T
.2 % T . Z T % T = J % g . 5TT T
. W Z T % T = % 5TT T

..ZT% T 5TT T = 1 5TT T


V
ftfg ZT %T = ZT % T- ZT %T
._T='T-I. 5Tr T (?)
TSTT TfT%fS T sftt '^T TfT%fS T ft T f t TTT^T ftTT | I TT
TfT T i t t I TTT f t i t IT T i t V t T ft ' T ' VT TTT Tt^ITT J T V STTT f t
TVTT t I l i t vt %qTt VT T T t V t T Vfft | I
VTTt V I T T i t V t T ft TSTT T t t ^ T %f st VT TTffT i t TTT f t
TTT, f V f f Tf TVT TTTT % fTq fft TSTT i t t %f j f VT TTTfT TlTS^V
I I STT: ^TtT> t T T?TT ft Tfft T t t '^T Vfst VT TTTfT TTVt TT
qt ft %c5!ttT T i t V t T V gTtr v f t v TITT q ^ f t ft TSTT T t t ^Tg TfT
%f 5t V TTTfT 3qT5T f t T I
ftT ( ) ft A f T f T % g T ft, iqg%fS Z % ^ T =.CT=.ZT V
g . T f = Z f V T - Z T % ^ + Z% 1 ?
= T - q + 5|t {R)
IT T T t v t T ft TfT q Sftt VT TTT TfT f t i t ? f i TfT %f5 " ? V "
aftt TEUT Tf? %fS " 1 " %H T W % TTTTT 5ircr f t TITft I T VI T I T
!|?IIT?TV ftTT I I T T : Tfft T VI TIT TITI TTTI | I

Tfft V f I TI f V T t f v T l i t f T % T t l T T ft VlffcIfT % TtTT?! %


5!lfTTV TftTIT ft T t T Vlf^T VtT Vt ^ I T^TfTTT TTT^T "%" f t T T t I
?Tt f r f r ft T H I T % T ft T ^ STITIT ft T f | f T f T T V f t r f\ f r s r i
sftt STTTTS' VT T f T t T t T VlffT v t gcVTSTT f t i t TTtfv 55fSTTTT^
TtTVTffT fs Vtfs^T ftTT I T t T f T TSIT ft T f Tt f T S | f v I f f
5TTTT:5 sftt 55f SZTITFS ft Tt TTT^T ftTT T f t I^cp^rTtT TfTTV f T t T
fsfz sftt TtTftftT v f f t ft ftTT 1 TffTTV TftTTTT T^T I T i t T f T V
T ^ V f T f f I S vrffT^TSff % f T fTf| ftr" I VTT: %?5 ft T t i i r t T T f
T, ft T t t TT% TTTTt TfTTV f t l t T T f ' T ' ft T f | t ^ T s f f V STtT Tt
q f t T T f t n T f V l f t T l T % fTTTtT sftt fTTT % T f T t ?T^T TTTT-
f T t TTT TT T f t T f t TTT ftTT I l i t T f t T f i Vt TTtVtT" ( R ) ft T %
TIT ft VfT TTT I 1 T T f T ^TT T f r r t T TTVtTt ft T VT TTT Tift | I

f T T (9.t;) ft T t T f i t T T i l T ft

^ J i 1^ ITfTtfT-sqfTft
^ % T TT

% T TT %T TT^

/ . :T T = - ^ T X T T J^^I ^ ^ =fw5Tr sftt T T= STT T |


V T
grTT T T=? Vt^TT ( ^ n " ' ' ) T i t f v % T=Vt3T1 (3TT f ) ftTT | \
T f t V t ^ 5TT l ' * VT TTcTT - I* TTTJTT TI%(T I
T T ^ (^-^'^T ^TII-'') X STT T ^ {\ ~ ?TT T
' ' fi V
' T T , T fTf|TT % T T t TTT ftft ft TftTfT TTT Vt ^TI | I TT A T
% T i t t A T T 55 I T i t T t TTVtT f T fTt % H T l i t T ftft FT
% T X T T Vt^TTXTT
T T = =5
V T ?riTT
ITft ^ T % TTT v t ^TTTTTfr ft
* I f f STTTTSt I T f TVtfSJTVT f f TT I
55f5Tlft TftTTT i T V t f j f r f T T f t ^ t l
SIfiTft IJT ft5ro \\\

V X T^r \
T f T TTTfT ft T f T f f TT TTftriTV STFT^TT VT f T ftF| T ftTT | \
i r f r t i ; % T ft;| T T arftT ^ vtTssqT T^TT 11. ^^qT^TT ft T^TT =
ftjTT = V = ? , TTT q f r r f r TTT % ^TTTFT ft Tft? T I T ^ Tt

ITft tT^TTTT ft^-1' y Vt StT ^ TT

( ?-I^yC I fS3^,TT T qr ft Tt T f TWr Tf TVTT | \

. ' . TfTTfT (T) Y ; ^ ( ^ ~^ ) ^ ^

-^I'^^T R T { ^ )

T % ^ T vt Z . T ft TSlft ft Z T % f = T - I I''5qT ^ T
TT !|iVtT VT TTT 5ITT VtTT | I IT% fTi^ f T T^T V T " T " VT TTT
TTT5TV 11 T f T TTVtT fTfT ft f T ' = T T ' + f q- 1 .
f T = %T-% f=V (vtSTTT-Vl) I Vitfv%f =VII
T T V 3TT T X ^ T siiT = W ( T ^ i ^ T x STT T
.-. s i r ^ - V ' * ( V t 5 J T T T - I )2 4-v'' ( % -I* )X3ZTT^ T
- V * ( V t ^ T ' T + I" - 9. VtSTTT I + 'iTT'^T - r'STT^'T )
- V ' ^ ( X -R V l ^ T T I +1" VtSTT* T )
T T f T ftft TT

T = V {X -% VV5TT T ) ( V )
TT f T f T T % f ft VtTTfTTT ft

fffTTT TT frsr' TTfTBTfr TTTT 1


TTfrV'SffTT T^ TTFf T t T f T ftTSTTf: II Tto f o T3TT 11

??T
z% 1 g - ^ T d i % ^ x % f _ ^ ( T - ^ 5 ' )yi

V ( t -I fmr T)

Tff ( ? - %fm[ T )"*' vr fsgVTSfTSIfT STTTT TirflBTT %


frWrt VT TTtf %TT Tt TTf Vt ftft ft '

{%-% Vf3TT T ) " ' ' = . ? - ( - ? ) ^ T ? + f VrSTT T


,,^^.,5. ( ? + I VTSTTT)-!. 3TTT + 5'"^TTVt5TTT
3 I R T l i : I 5 T T T + i 1 'OTT^ T ( SI )
T TtT !E v H f % TTTt % TifVTT ( ? ) ft WTTTTfT ft
? T ; T - 4 5 ' 3TT.RT + I.5TTT+5 5TT^T
= T4-I ^ T + ^ f 2 5irr ^ T
fVff TJffVTT ( ? ) ft T = T - 1 ^TT T
T T + f ^ T ( ^ )
ITVt CTTTTTIT ft
? ^ T + ^ I^ T + ^ I" ^TT ^ T
/. ?V - T - R f 3TTT + 4 I'* ^ RT

IT TiftVTT ft sftT T T T T?T%f5f VT T^T^T Tt TTT5T |TT


fVff 11% TTVTT ^T%?5 T % ? T ^ ft | I I^t T % ?T^T ft TTft %
frft VTTT ft v i r V TTTTTSfr VT STTTTT l%TT | I ITV sigTTT
T - T + I3TTT

IT TTtVTT ft I T T T Vt TTeTT^TT ft St? ^ TT T =T, Tf TTT


^ T T T T If I fVT TTto ( ^ ) ft ITVt ?TTTTTf% %
T = i T + I 3TTT Tf fSTtT TTTT f f I Tift (tt) ft I T ^ ^TTTTTfT %
?V - T R I 5Tr ( T + I 5TTT ) + ? I* ^TT R T I
?T5TT5TTft,

I 5TT T = I T TTTft TT
TV - T = ^ I 5TT ( T + I T ) + ^ I'' ^ ^ 1
^ = ^ I { ^JTTT Vt^TI T +V>5TTT 'STTI T } + ^ I ' ''TT'lT
= R I { 5TTTX ? + V t ^ T X l 5 T T T l'' 3TT R T
5 3f!m + I* 'Sir ^ T - l - ^ ^ 1
= ^?3JTT1 + ^ 5 ' ^ ' ^ 1 ( B )
H SrVTT visit ^ SRT arrfttfcT 1f1Tw5 VT f l g i T f l |3IT I H
f l V STflTt TTIT W IfTVT 5fft f l ! f ^ STRTT ftiT | I ^

ftr ( ^t; ) ft f 1 - . r X VtSTT z.1 f 1 = T VtWT I


f T - V ( 5 VtsilT 1 - I )
sftt S T - V ( ? - ? #51T 1 ) l i t ( Y ) FT

?-IVt^1

\ + Vt^STT tv " ?- I 1+ VtSTTl"^


_( ? + 5 ) M - V^ilTT)
( ? - 5 ) ( ?+Vt31Tl)
ItT f r v t r f r f i FT

TT T i t (Y) sftt (%) V IfTVT T sftt TfTVS Vt


T ' l V f S 1 V ^ 1 ft 31^; Vt TVft 11 11T T i t (S) Vt v f l V TT^I 1 ^
V STtT f l ^ V t T V STtT 1 V ITT TTI V t TVft | 1 sir iTff ?V VT
fitITt T V ^ ft t?V ^iV STtT fVIT TTIT | I l i t (%) ft i f t 1 ^
^ Vft TTft ftiV ITT %o T V f t T k 'SIT,1 = 1, ft i t
TTt {%) Vt T t T f l V t r f t f t ft i f ftTT TT TVTT | I

?q 5 ^ x , ^ i ! ! l _ l \ ?T 1 T I ftt i f i W I T = T 1T^ i t I
\l - 1/

=(|^)?l5=^ftlTI

i f t Iff V ^~Y?1TT ft t VT T l i t T V^ I
it ftimt ftraT^T ft

\
\
^ RV~i '

Tff ,t + ? -V - j - ^ + y y - ^^'TTfT T f f t T i f T m T t \

TT 5T5TT ^

m kiX f t ^ ^ ^ ^ VT TTT Tt

i ^ v - i )

fVt l i f t f f T %,

TT i T vf T TTTVt ?T ^ T Vt ftt T"t TTf {%) Tf f f fftT l|

TV-? TV--? f - TV- ? j


?-T Ut--TI
ft
TfTff T t fr^Tft TV-? T V - ?
. ?-Tl ?-TI

-
Tfi f T # VT T f f T T T ftft T t

?V V ^ = T V ^ - l - 5 5 T ( ? - T % T V ~ ? - 5ft ( ?-l)TV^
%55T )%.il?rft1= 1-.+51+5!1 +
^ ,^
3rar Tift- ( ' o) ft T T H ft^ipTTTftt v t f s - s t f ^ it

^M)
If11 % fcftJT TTT TV ft VTT VrtV ftTT 1 fTfeir I?ft 3?fTV
TTT TI% tr^qf vt St? fTTT TTT | I
.'sgT m5%fS T VT T T T T^T^^S T % 'sT ft iTTTTt:
T^T V T % STTT TfftVtT ft T VT T % ft^T ft fTETTt %TT i t W f t
TV f t fTTTTTT TTT t J T f t %TTT % TJftvtT VT fT?TTT I sftt T %
TTSTT ft ^ V f Tt % ^T ft fTTTTft | I
TTt ( 0 ft T = T + 5 STT T (?^)
ITft 5 % T?TfT ^3T ftft ft TTVt ^ ? f t T t T = T Tt T % !5T^T ft
T VT ITft f W TTT^tTT I
T - T +1 3TT T ITVT T i t (t'-) ^ T T T T f T ft
T - T + I 3 T T ( T + I5TTT) (?^)

ITVT T i t o a\) 5T: ft tTTTTTfr ft ITft i t f^TTTT ftTT 1


T=T+I53TR { T+I5TT ( T + I3TTT ) } [U]

IT TVTt TTft i t ^ T i t o ft ?TTTTTfejff-ft f f T T t TTT TTft


Ttftft I fV?5 ITft VTTVTtt TTT I Vt i t r t t f t TTTT TV TTT5T ft
Tift I I '
.-. TTto (?^) %TT^T Vt ft^T Vtft T t
T - T + ' I ' S T t T X V t 3 T T { I 5TT T ) + VtSTT T'^TT { I 3TT T) }
Tft Vt'JTT ( I 'STT T ) = ? TTT 5TT ( I 5Tr T ) = I 5TT T
.'. T - T + I ^TT T + I Vt'STTX I 5TT T
, T + I ^ T + ^ I^ ITT ^ T (U)

T i t o (?H.) VT i t ^ TVTt f r ^ t Vtft T t


, - ^ i - 3 i T x ^1} =5ir ( i + ? ^m-1+^ vfiTT ^ 1) I

f %^ i r i ir% qit vt ^ i ^ IT

5irr 1 - ' ^ r 1 + ( 1 5 i r 1+5 3ir R 1) vt^JTT 1


- 3 ( I ^rr IT+ ^ 5ir 5? 1) 31T1 ls5T ftrar^i Ir
. = ' 5 i T i + ; i ^ 5 j T + ; I* 'sirr^i # s i i i ... - ; 3iT^ T
n nfVo % ^ % i r i r f iT% ITT vt #ift ft
(nft* (? ^) ft s i n % 51 i n ^ ^iririfTT ft srtt
i = i + ( 5 + J 5*) 5 z m + ^ 5 ' 5JTr R i r + l i^ ^in. ^ ,r ^^^^
Iff 5 % g?fti i r i f I V f t i f i i VTft ft I f i f t f i 3rri5iv ffiir
1 1 ft TTIT 11

a n l i t (? ft 5 i n , sir ^ 1 n r yir ^ i % i r i t vt ^mrrfrr


ft ^ i?i%55 1 8 1 1 Tf3^s % t i ^ i ft 3JT?B ft arrftir j; fft s s m
VT i r i iit(tv9) ft H T 1 ITI l i t o ft r % qjif % ^ i ft srra
11 STT SJTT ^ 1 1 i r 31T ^ 1 % v t i ft m vrivTTt f i ^ 5% i i T i f t
sJTT ^ i=5szTr R 1+5 (sirr ^ 1 - 31T1)

5JIT ^ T 5 Z T T ^ 1 5 1 ^ VIT: 5* i t r 5 vt StS fitlT H T |


51^ ?1TT1% l i t o ft VTft I T

^=<1 + ( ^ 5 - ^ 5' ) 3 J n + ^ 5 ' " siTT ^ 1 + ^ t 5^ SJTT ^ 1)


/ . ^ - ;r= 5 - ^ 5')31T1 - ^ 5 ' ' 3 1 T R 1 + ? | - 5^5ZTT^1"V"(?^)
5 % i t l i r i f I V ft q f i vTft % f s n i n f t i r 11 5it vt i ^ i -
VT TT I f l V T T i t Vfft I I

K ' X ^ - i t i f t f t i TSivT TTTI % frft qfft i t ivrit ft %qTT % l i t -


VTT vr l i t i fsrr f t 1vf 51 i t i t TVTT ft i f i f i % fsiti
f m TIF
^ ifi%fs aftT 5 % TqvriT ft ?qg 1 ? ? V T ' T ' % i r i t vt n i t i STTT

^T^V^'l itT 1TTT%VTT ft I^IVT T'jft VT 1?qrT1 fVIT T T U T t


51ft T l 111 i t l f r f t l 1!5VT T vr ITI TTft I !
( ) ft sr 1 s i i W
<
IxftnfVisrti f?RfVTrfiTft \
f ff enrr Tftft ftnf ^TH
11 sr ffft ft^s ^'TT T T T srer

ftr

f 5s TTftiT Vtft % T ftff ft sraft'srr TT T i SJ^T ?rrr f iif-


VT^lftfSftHT^Hrft lft| IT fffsilTT T t i Tf^mft
T q- 1T5T ITT I 1 Z , 1 f T =?T2 T^T^fS | I TT i f t f r f f t T T T

ftTTftiT V t f t , g T - ^ ^ = V ( ? - l M
T T

f T T
T T 1 .-, T T :
T T 5

f T _ ^ ^ (I -I^) - ^
f 3T-T T - T T =

srr g T T ftfT ft ftvfrfftft ft


f T = f T X STT Z l f T T T X VtSTT tv I
TT f T % Ttif TTTt Vt feT Vtft ft :

T VtSTIXtV

^ ( ^ - ^ M
\+% VlSTTtv
TT f T %TTt % f s i f t fTTT ft T f % T?TVT"f ITtT snVTfT TTTT
VTS ft TTTT t r V T (r) VT (ftTt) TTT TT%| I TTT T ft f l T ft
T, Tf, 'VT' VTT ft Tf ^ ftTft TTTTTT sftt VT ft TTcVTfrVff^ 'TTVT'
ft Tf V fT5| Tt ftTT I I l i t TVTt TTVT ft T ^ S V i T ^ TRVlftV
Tft'TTT' Ttt T5T%fS ^ 'TTtTJ' fST f t i t | | TTZ.Tx^^^
'TTtV' v f f t I TT TV T f T V T = r + TTT TTT TfT%fffZ.T T V : ^ + T , V
TTtT) ftTT \ Tft f T T , V TTT Vt ^ itit t^T TTT T i t f l f T T , T V
vr tTV55 f T l sftt f V T f T V i ! ^TTTVT VIT ft TrVT?T flTT I TT f T f T ,
T i f V VT^"5T->i f T ^ X T i V fjp^ ^^^3,^ ^ ^
( f T + TTT)
*[nft ^ jpfii* T^^w

.-. i i f v VT t T V T = i^zTT Z 11?V X (g 1 , + g T r ) r -


Z . 1 i f V - T T tv I
T ^ A I , g V V T t T V T ^ ( f Ti+gTT)xSTT TTtVtriT, ,
Iff irsr VT TPT STcIRT #3T ftft ft TTVt ^ ^ TTT ^KT TRV ft
STTiri ft 3lftT TTT TR'S ft TTVT VT TTT ^ Tt FTfT Tx ? ^ VT^TTiT
I T* TT tv
= ' ftTT I
TT VT
Itft fft t T T ) vt TTTft TT

^ J ^ - a (,o
TT VT'

S VT TTT ftTT ^ I 1 5ft TTft ?T2T ^ TTTfr STTT TTTTTT


TITTT I Tfyif TtTfT VT tTVT J fSTT ^ ToTTXre% |5TftTT | I
FTTVt Tf TTffV TT%fStT V^TT Vt T T F T T T % VIT ft TTVI^T VTTT | I
T T Tfr Tf % T T F ^ VTT Nft VT TTft Tt Sff Vf TTTFTfTlFVT ftTf I
V.T ^:^.VM ?-fM^'
VT VT \I
fVff VT VTT ft Tf Tt TfSVT ( ^ ) l ^ T VtT TTVFT VTTT
I I Tfr VTT vt 5VTf ft Tf VT T S T T VtifTTT TT T I T T F T T ft Tt

T VT TTT T f ftTTT = ^ ?TVT T i t (R^) ft tTTTTTfTT ft-


VT

? J = . T V'' ( T - 5 ) ( R ^ )

TT 5TVt Tifto (^?) % 511 VTft TT

- l | 5 J i . , , M ! - ^ ' r c )
TT vr '
5Tft TTto (^o)
% T % TTT ^ tTTTTTFT ft :

TTTV ( t+IVtSTTtV)' TVM^-Wy^


TTTVT X ?
TTtV ( ? - 5 )^ ( i + fVtsTrtV)=^
T f f ' T ' T T T T%, TTT 'Vf' TfS%?S TfT?it VTT | | To VT =
TSTT TfS%f3 I TT:

1
3ft ftgV TT ft^TT ft

( ? + 5 ^KTT tv ) = ?-^IVt3JITtV + ^l*Vt3JITCT>


T f t STTT cfTT ftitT % I'' ft srftV TTTTTft l i t Vt # f ^ Tt

^ - ( ^ i # 5 T r t T ; ) + + 5 ' TftsnT' tv)


TT tv
= ? - 5^ IVt5l[ttV+> I ' ^ S T T ' t V - ^ + ^I'vftntv -
= ? - ^ ? v t s T r t v + | i ' ( ^jvftrr'tv - ? )+ "
= ? - I V l S T T t V + | l ' (^VtsTT'tV - \ ) + ^ I ' ^ S T T t V " "
5* ft arftv TTT TTft T i t Vt # T ^ TTT ( ^ VtSTT'^tV - ? ) "
VtSTT^tV, vt tTTTTTftT ft

- - ^ t-^ ? t V + I f'vtSTT'tV
TT t v

TT I T T i f t V t T % T f VTT ft :

/ ^ ^ = / ( ? - - y I V t 5 T T t T 5 4 - | I* v t s T T ' t r ; ) \

..T= tv - R ISTTtV + 1 f'STT'^tV


TT t V T + R I^TTtV - I I'' SJTTR t V . . . ( ^ V )
TT T f t ITft I ft f f t T T?t v t 3 t f fSTT TTT Tt
tV = T Tf TTT tTT TTTT f t r t |
I T TT ft TTt (^V) % TTffft T^ ft tV % tTTT ft T Vt TTft.TT
tV=T + ? I 3TT T 1 T f Tf% ft T p r TTTT | f I ftT I ? f t i t TT^
TST ft STT T % tTTT ft ^ ( T+ I 3TT T ) TTft TT T i t (RY) VT
tr^T T f |TT
tT5x=T+^ I STT ( T - V ^ I3TT T ) - ^ I'^ SZTT ^ T
T + ^ I {sTT T VtsTT ( R I STT Tv) + ^ T T T STT R STT T |
-ll'sTT^T
T f t VtsTT ( ^ I 3TT T ) = ? , TTT STT ( I STT T ) R I STT T
..tv T + ^ I STTT * V I^jftSTTToISTTT - | l ' ^ STT =1 T
= T + ^ I STT T + R I' STT ^ T - | I^ STT ^ T
= T + ISTTT ^TT^T
.-. t V - T =. ^ I STT T + I'* STT ^ T
8} SJTT ^ i(*r+? 5 ^sinr)^ tiHmrTi % mf^isB ^ift%3flT

51 srvrt 15=1 "ssj v r I f f l inif*n % s r r r T?q5i fsrr 1


ip??1gqf
v x ^ - T f f ^ I T %ftsv v a r % 3T5?iR Tfitqce Tf 11 % ^ f s f t ? 5 i
f t i r t < i*fv 11; I f v t i t i f t f t i VOT ^ i^v i r f r ft f t i r 11 5ifw?
T l %?stT sser % feiT ^emf T f ft I??VT itVR TTI^IV f t i r 11
T w I f % itnrr ft if-vssr % i t i f r ? ! vr i t i i T THT ^ TT i t i f i f ^
% ifi%5S f t i r 11 i t i f i t l t i i T t % %Tft ft tq'ss I f v 51 i f ? % f s %
a m i t T f%iti l i t ft i f ^ v r , T t n i f f ft I T T I T f i f i i t T - T f i l i f
ft 9ET VTft ft 1 1 ft ?51 If? tq^anf f t TTITT
1??VT T l 1TT?11?1VT f 1 % % T f t f t t T S t f V T I T1T 1^1'
% f 3 ^ o % 51 f t i r 1 1 T T T I f l V T ^ 5 % T T T I ftiT I H I T 1?T
VtT i t i f T % T f arrrn fi? | TV i t i f i r f i i f ft # i t lit Wff ft
H I T 11 T i t f t TTVT i T i f f t i v t r ^ g i r l ; Ti*e^% 55iftir
11 i f t in 2TTit % ft V 5 i i r ft i t f r s f t i t i Tiffv i f f fi
mr fTivTT inft I T fi%5s i t t ifvaT%f5 % TSTT ft i f % TII VT

ft TTI ^ IT TTT ^t^^ft 51T f l i t I i t I T i t l f ^ qTTI'I'R^STT


% ^fst f t i t I fVff 1f^ TTfTT T5T % f i S T f l ' f T S I itlftTT^'
ft ITT TfTVT %qTT % 5?1 f t f t i r I r
51 a v R a r i i R T T T i f v T fs%fiti f r s p i , %ITT % i t i f T %
fS^sitl ftrSTfl ft TTTfll VTTT | I

i^'St't Wi T f
xx\ i t T f T f r var ft i t f - % f T ft ?5i i f ^iSt ftifi v r TTT v ^
% fTft f T I f f ^ v a r i f vt frftT ft TTift i vrtft T f fT%f5 ft sit
sftT I f f ^ IfTVit ft TclfTVtT TT TTTTfTT | I TTTiti s i t f H ft ift
ft^'Z V ^ t l f%fJT If f51 f T TtT I f VT vtitlTfIT TIT VTft
% frft f T Tfft T f TTT Tft fv 2 i t itT ift fl VSTTI aiffT f T
% f t TTTTT ft t I T l itT I f % %fsf Vt flTTft TT, ^ V f T f T
i f t i T fTTft ita^fS IT ( Ssit TtT I f V T'T V i f ft TrTfl fi%ffftT
VtT ) % TTTft % f T Vt ^tSTVT v|ft 1 IT f l f T ft f - V t T itT 1 f - F t T
STfTft spfiii; ftRl

ft tso" (^fts%fs) ft Erer ^ f%5ff ft ?5ir f f sfk i? vr vtrt-


TP^K ( Elongation ) ftJIT I TTtitT SJftfti ft ^ tTg Ttsi^fJC
11 f v i sRniff (IT, 5^) %feftftm^ tt i%fs ft ?5JT ffiiTfit

ftr ( Vf.) ft ft, T, Tftsff ft vsrr,ft,T , T^TT? vt. VOT TTT

fl f, ''ft VIT I l^f f f , TTt ^ ITTVTt VSHTt ^ TTft ft t f


ftit TTT T TfTT f ftl ftTTft ;fT?5 ft TTVT TTTt VTT ft Z.^, f T,,
VtT TTT Ssit TTft ft TTT ft TTit VSIT ft/.* % ^ , VtT T ^ T V t i t
V t i t I f T , TfTTf VT TfTVT TTT f , T VT TTcVTftV TfTVT
t I TT Z.^, T T, T f t Z.*t, T f , VT TfTt ^ T , T f , Ti%fK ft TfT
^ i i t Ttt TfTtTg Tf VT TfTt VtT TT it^%fS f3TT I Wt
ft TSTt/Tt TfTtTS f T 3ltt TfTtTJ Tf VT TfTt ftTT I TTtft
ft ? W TTVTTtT fTT f f ft ^ T TT ftT ft ?e; o qft ftt Tt ftTT 1

( 'i^ % ^ It I ftr Vo ) % T^ % tTTT Tt T, ^ " t

.-. 5ftE1%f5- t^t" - Z.f, f T, TTT Ti5TT!T= Z.Ti f i f Vftft^


A f , f T, *f f ^ Tf Vft # StET ftTT Tft ittsm ftTT I TW
Zf,S f m itai%fs fmr I fsit vt ftR sftt f f vf IS
TTft it T f t ftrFT. frit I TTT fv TTitT TTTTit i VfT | T t t g s i t
ft Tff ^ ?5TTT % frft fT TTT Tt T f t Vtft | 1 T T i t T itSTVT VT
TTTTT TTTTit T f T f F T t TTTT sitFTVT VT TTTTT Vtfe f t TfTTT
fTtT fVTT I, TTT T^ STt-q-TT ft TTTTT TT f V T I I
A f T f T % f f , ft f , T, TtSTVT 11 f T, = T f T^^VT
g f , - S s i t T f S V T TTT Z T , f T , =it5T%f? TTT | I
'fn'^N = 1 f s ' ' + 1 T, f T, X f f, X VtsTT Z T , g f,
Ttv' = + r , ' ' - ^ r , X T , vt5TT Ttsr %?s {R%)
T f t T , = f T?5 V T TTT T , T f T?T V T

A f, f T, ft, STTZg f ,T, - ^ ^TTT '


f
> ^1
i t % STT X T ,
^ STT p ^ ^
itv. ,
_ r "se a: v_ i t V STT X T ,
TffT f t ft # V STT = - ^ - ^ ^

T T fT i^V T ^ i TVTt ft it^I V T TT^ | | ;?T! f T f T ft


% T^^T,_STr ZTi
TT, STTZT,T, T T , STT Z T i
TT TTTTfTt fTcrftT ft
^1 ^'^TZI-^TZT
''TI+T, STTZT + S T T Z f
^R'^k (ZT - Zf) _?T; (ZT - Zf)
^l^?U?+Zf) tTUZT+Zf)
K ( - Z f ) = J ^ ^ ^ U

.-. ^ M Z T Z f ) j 4 5 ' X t T U < i t 5 T VfS )

.'. ^ i t s i Vf5 - t ( Z T " Z f ) = T t 5 r V T ( ^ t t )


T % f f t ft f V t T TTT TTT TfVtT ^ST cft T ^ T r f f ft' TfVtT TTF
i t T f # i T #5T ftTT I I TT: i t i t ft it5TVT TTft VT Tft fT ftTT | I
T T ; I T V trt? fttT ^ i t v | :
ffts TfTTTTf irititT i T T l ? V?STTT TTTST:
IgTTTStrr TfTT ftfti V^STTftTT^* V T FTT^ l|
V A X - 5 ? ' ' ^ f l f t 'Rqlr-TKiVT STT^rpff % SfsSTlffT ftif V ^TVif
V 3ffeft Vt TfTlft TIT T s m f t ft i f t srft TT VTVtiFT
t r g Tft V?T I I Tf TT i t ftif V TfTtTgrft V T^TT 5?T ftTT | I
ftff I T TfT TftVT v t TRVTTTTT ft T R V T f t v i f t V TVTt ft TTTT^
I I Tt T T f f t V TTTVTT V 51 f t TTTT | I ' i l l i t (t;) T
TfTVT=;^ I JTT T + I'' ^T ^ T
STTo To Vo =.SJTT ( R ISTT T + I'^^T ^ T )
fSlfT T8SI v t t r t ftSTfT ft TSTVT TT SqTTTI ft TftT TTTT I t
53TT T V = ^ I szrr T + I"* 3TT ^ 1
TT ( SUT T V ) _ T T ( R I g 1 T - T - h l ' ' 5TT ^ T t
TTVT TTVT
= Vt33TT i v TV1=^ IVt^ITT i % 1 + I* s^pJTT^T RT%T'
. ^ T- ^ I *^TT 1 X 1 ^ . T. I^ VtSTT^ T(^T.%.T.>
* * Vt^ZTT T. V . Vt^TT T. V.
H f t t1?1TfTt ^ I >o3TT TTTTfTVT TTT v t S T t i v ^ f t = ? TTft.
aftt I'* f ftr IT Vt t l ^ i t
ir' V T = ^ T T. V . X vtsTTT X T.%.T
ft

IB2 1__ x a q r T l f t V T { R ^ )

Hft TTtVtTTTT VT T f f T TTTT ftTT t 1

Vtst V55s;ft f ^ S f f t ; f f t s r f t l T T vtVfTTft%f5 I


TTT f i t r r TflSTgft) ^TTcVtft^ TfTlfttJST ilT^ II

V . X ^ - ^ E F l f t I S T - f i ft TSTT T f t t % ^ T^TTft VT VT i t V T t '


Vtft ft T T ^ t r g r f t TT TTit I I TfSTT VT T t i TfTVT i t Tfe T1%
TfT T t V T t t f t i t f T ftit lift TcTT I f T i f t T)T % f t T t V T t ft
m a m r f t ; t T S l f t f t TTit | l T f i i f f ft TfTtTg Tft gT%fS ft
?5T> f t i t I I TT^ ^J?5T T f t f t tTgTft f t i t | I TTV fttr
T f T t T g " f t ft 5ftfTTft VT VT TtVTt TTT^TV ftTT | 1 T T t l f t TTTTit
ft T5f5!TTTT T t t TTtVtTTTT v t ^ TfT Ttif VT TVTt f S t T T | t-
T T T f t n : f T f T ft^fT VT TVTt ^ t I .

TfT t^stflf 1FT> Tt^fT itsifSxilfTST: I


T5^i ftl^l ffTTq f T ^ f ? 1 V T i t : II

/
/
Mw+oi^d faft VI fr^mPfv 111 I

fo f%o TTO 3fo ^ 5tv(Ko) ( M )

51% aj^TTT.^snifir ^55 VT f l JT? I :

jfPT i f t + ssfto nft VT = WgT i f t I


i f t T f O T ^ y f t i t ! ^ 1 ^ 1 5 T 1 1 , TwriT ?ET f1T I ^ lft"5T
^ i f t ^tsnftvT y I f ? tqg Tft, ?fr i f i f t i v IT ftrtft flfft i
T ^ f l T l f t i f t V T % 51 l i f t r t T ft ftsTT % tITI ft ssftsrpT
^tftsiT V i f T ftiT 15fr i R v t m i % i ? v T f t v i f t v T %, srpTT 11
ftSFI fttftft ft 5111 If I I
VTtT TT^It-ftfSTitefft STV%fjrfe: w f t p ftiftiT |
tl^ftsif^: tjet^ffti: $rf 1 1VT ftrtftg^ II
51% 315IR t r g l f t VT l l f V t o i ftTlifti I :

^ T f t ^ T ^ . # I ^ > C T t . % ^
TT. VT
T l 5T ITtVtft f 1 ^ T^qft- TTSTVTiT % STTT ftTTTf TTcfV | I
ftl ( Vo ) ft ft5f f , f T, ft Z f , f l ^ i - i ^ %^S I
viss^fVo Vo

Z f , f, % f s = t q %o Z f i,f:i'=^5tvT=.Tt. u. I f 1,
. - = ! P i i r f i,= i i T f t i t

Z ' f 1, ^ R = ^ ^ Z51T z f 1,1,

TrTT 'SIT ?T. % 5TT 5fft


V

T l stif V icvrftv iifi - x vt^ritq %


ITVT

V ITVT

TUT mt % + 5fV qiT = ?S;O-TV %


_TT^^_1T5fft_ ^1T5%_,^^^^^^^^^
ITVT ITVt TTVT
#sr i v T l tRft (H^) ft CTTirrft ft

P1Ttq% . _ 5 . , ^ .v.,...r>... ^Rft%


,?f3ZTRq% 4 - - - VfSTRfft 5i^vT5Trt?;
1 irvT ?rm TTV

(~ftm tq % + # 5 T T .5fft\ - ^ B ? ^ ^ m itV


TTV \ T / TTV

Vt5TT tq % + VtSTT i h )
T

f^S^f ' ' i , T, ft f fTff % f , T, qt T T TTT Ti%T> frvtrfftiT ft


T^ T = vt 'STT tq % v. I TTT T , T^Vt'SIT T
T,T, + T , T"iT, T , = ^ vf
T f i T - I g fT51T=t
TTT = TtSTTf?TVTTT T"t
T

^ ^r,^ = ^''^J^^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ' ^ ' ^ TftVT


Tf5I VT
TT?! ^ S R f t q J T - ^ TfT w t T ^ f S r f i r
:n*V Tt. %. T X Vt3TT i t V
. .TtT q)T=
Tt. V.

TVT TfT=TTT Tfr + T t V T a-


it. V.
. /^=rf=,^N ^t. % . T X V t 5 T T ^ . V.
= T To J - ( gsTTfr-T T ) w

ft. V.
5T TVTt M T ^ t H l i V ftSt WWlfd TTft V T T Tqq?T |TT I
TItVtTTTT ft IT T T ^ TqqfT % frtr T f PTTT titVTt fVTT | % Tff
0 %?S ft Tfr VT V TTTT ftTT | Tft ^5TVT vtfsSTj V TTTT TTT
0 i t t X^o'^ %f5 ft TT TfTVT V qtTcT ftTT | , TT TtstqSTVtfssur
fT3TT55T f t i t t I 5TfTlT ft-^ q^t VtftsTTTfqTT TfiqJT %
I I ftff TfrVT i t t %fS VtfSSTT VT T f TTTfT TfritT TqqfT %
ftq TTTT T T ' f T I I VTTTVt Tg ft i r V T T"i5T Vtft fl? ^ V f t VfT
I tv TtrVT Ttt %fSVtTT % fTT T ' T T sq-fg^V ( TftT?T ft fTTTTTTT
T t t TTTT ft TTT VT T ftTT ) ft VT^TT % gTtT TTcVrftV Tt^T P T
TTTT fVTT TTT |, T f t TfTVT sftt %?S v t 3?VTiTT % STtT V f T f t
TTfTT fVTT TTT | 1 ft?? VTTTVt T g ft TTtVttT T f r V T v t TTtTfTVTT
v t Tt T t i t v r t V t fTTt I I Tt TffT TTTfTT ft ffts ftTT | I TTTT %
fr^qqftr frft q t Tt T f r q i r % ^ qftTTT % frir, IT% T T T TTfT^VRV
T f 55TTTT TTT TTVt T T T sTTfTftV ^ft TTft TTtVtrTTT VT Tt
TTtfTT TT^ TCit I f t I TTtVtTTTT % TTTft Tg?TT t T T l f T T Vt f r l T
TTT t f t f r i t Tt TT5T ft TTtrfrV 3qqfT T t f T V t T% ftft I

TTritTTTtt^5ITt: TtTffT TTfqft I , '


fT^I^Ttr JTVT^sftTffTtTtSTITttTV: II

^imm fefct sTTfq5?Brt:


V . o - I T ^Tft I fT> 3T5?t ft TTT |TT V T tfttft tTT ft f T T tft TT ffttTT
I I TTT Tt ftT % TTTT ft ^TT q t f t TT TTTT | I ft TTt qTTT.Sit
T t f t TTt fttft I I vtT i t T t f I f f fTtTTt | I 5T Jr5T VT T T t T f t
I ft S i t 3 J f T q r t T t t TfTTt I I S i t ft fTWTTT TTVTT T f ^ f t
TTTtfTtvtfTT q t f f t t l i t | I T T i f t TTtTtT TTTTT ^ Tf
I T TTTT ft T T i Vtft ft ft TT^T TTVlitT fqo? TfTru % %?S sft T t t
TTfSS f t t f I 1 T f %fa ? a i t VT f t TkTfT5| | I T t t IT T5TT VT
> VTtT STt ft fTTTTT TTVT'T TITB Vt f t TTTft ft I TTtVtTTTT ft
ftTT I FT'.

TTffSrfTi^T T f t TTT T ^ T t T f l tTTftfT ^ ^ ? T r I


TTfaft T?qTTft TTft Tft TTTfTTg; TT TTfcTT % 11

TTt^ ft T T v i T T f r ; I f r r f t TTvrgr ft ftTT f i { i r t t ) TTTT


g t f t STtT Ttft TTft q t fttTT TT T i t T ftTT | I TTtt T t t ft T T TTVTT
ft S i t V f f ft^it I ftff f ^ qSTTt % TTVTT VT TpTTtT tT^T TTT f f
I T V t i t t TTVT STTT T f t TTT I IT% ftft TTTt Vt 5=T3T % T f T T ft
5rit?3T v t i t q i t I f r r f t T T V T T % T f t i t T t r ^ q VT qiT TTTVt Tfrro?
% t f t r v^ i t TTTt % r r r f t T V S f v r r i
T f T ftit T V T f TTT;T TTTT TT ft s^it q;v f r r a T T t f 11 f 5 ? T
TTTTt %TT qrftT T f ft VT f t f f f t i T t i i t aiTVTift f r i t % ft%
ft I f ftra ftiT f v ^:v TWFir I f I; 3ft apiniff % <rfi f t # ^
TfTviTT VT5fV 1 1 I f It srTvritir ftpif ^ Ttf?r f t arrvi^
ftslj 5H5TfTft Hf It SWTfrg- f t mr fv aiTV^it t^V arT<TV
T5PT I, 3ft jaafi-ft ft Iff | fV? tWt slTVWtl fJf ft | I TT
Tfe SSTt % TTSTTrff PnT f % f S ft T t t T f f T ftft | ; Tt TfSTT T t IT
TfT iVTt Tt TrVTTtT pTT % S T t % T ^ t f w TT% TTft %fJ ' ^ sftt
TT5T f t T f f T f f t I |Tt TS?t ft VfT TtftTT ft T TTTT TT STTVTTtT^
ftjsf SftT Sirfss f f t I I

^T^fr^^T T t t ^CQI?: ft tTg ^ ft Tf TTTT ft STTV^tT ft^T


TTVTTgif^ TfTT | I ITft S t l t ft T f i t ftrfftT ftTT ft T f TTVTT
Trtfft TTVTTtT fTTf Vt TttTt TJftTT Vt T t t T f T V t i t I I %=Tt ft
TTft TfT ( Astronomia Nova ) ^TtfTTtfTTT fftTT ft fTTT | ft :

"3TTVTT Tt TTTTtT TSTTf VT T f TTttTftV fTTTT | Tt T f f ftrft


Tft Sftt T f T VtTT I I T % T T TTTT ftf^ g^Tt fTT Tt ftTft
S^iV i t I, ?Tqft T t t TTTt ftTTTTTt % vrtT TST TTft % ft^C
TfT ftft t I Tfe Tt T?Tt TfTTU^ % ftftt T ^ ft q v f T t % TTT
ft TTT-STTT V V feft TTT; Tt ftit TTft T*T5 i t r t ftnT % TTVTT
t T % TTft f t i t i Ttif T?Tt f f T V v t T t f t ^V f^ETt % TTT TT
TTTft l " T T STTVTift ftif %^ IT ftft^s TTVTT V VTt?T TT%
TTfTftV ftTTiftTT V T5T TT^TT ftTT tTTTTfiv TT 1
TTVTT v t I T fr^fTTT ft V t T t f t V T % STtT 'STTftsf?r tfttTftTTt ft
TtTTT, T f feTTfit I ft f T TttTftTTt % T T t i f v t TtTT ^ %fS ft
I sftt Tf T T ^ T f t % f^ft ftTT T f t T T VT TTTTt | \ T f TTTft
ft T T i t t T f T i t TTVTT T ^ f i Tfft | , VtTtftVTft T f t % gSTt
T T % TTTT vt TcTTT Vt t i f f T ftTT I T f T f t % fTTT ft T T t V T T v t
ftTT ftTTTftTT %c5Jt % i t T t ftTTt ft tTg ^T ft sqtB |f i t I %<^t
t T i T f ft5TTT V ^ ft ft T f t Tft TfT TT % STtT ftTffTT f t i t | I
Tfffft STTVTT % T^TfT ft TTftVTt tT>=5 TtTTT vt i t ft
"SfTVTT ftTT Tt f r r i ^ V SCTt v t sftt f F T V Vt T t f t T f T ^ |
%":Tt % T f T T t TfTfT % ftft TTVTT TcTfT TfcTTT t f T t TTT T f
T f t Vt T T vt T t t % TTTT | - l fVff %"^t VT f f e v f t IT T^T % I T T T
? ^ To
J(. ftrapti:m " 1 ^ * mwr<v 3frvTr
T ^ l f t % IfWIf^ T R * ^ V ftlJftTTftrvft^ TTftsVTffTT
ftitti" ftirFr%fe%4t%5TT5TTftf VT9g?ift|I f ^ n l r f t t n f t ^
fT^Tflr'Tftft mi^vs T> fsrn: m ft srrTft WT TRrrsffvt
TfttifRT VT ftJTT 3}k JlTftrv ft^iT v ftTnT ftlT Tt s n T i Y

Jtftfelft % qf% Tf T T W TTTT Tt ft Vtf Tt ftT TTTT ft


T f t i ^ ^ TVTT I ftTTT ft TT TT TT VT SPftT ftTT aftr TT TTft %
TTTT ft fti3r ftTT T ^ I ft TTTTTT fTT^ TtTT % TftV TSTTsff ft ^
TcT # TTft f t t ^ t ft TfT ftTt |TV fTTT ft Vtf TVT ft Tft
T 5 TVt I Tf ftftftrt ft ft ff^TTT I ft TTft TT TTT 5*1 W T
ftTTTTT 1
ftftfrrt ft ft TTVTT ft STTTVTT Vt ffts ftTT i 3T% TfTTT fttft
Tt ft^ % Trti sftT TTVTT VT STTTTT Tft ft ftTT | Tft TVTT TVTTV
T ^ % TjfrV V5JTT I j f V f Tft ftJT ft f t Tit TTVTT Tf^.ftft %
VTTT ^ f r r % STTVTT VT TTTT TT TT Tft % TTTTT ftTT | I V55T:
^ f t r % STT Ttftr f r r t % STTVTT TTTTfft ftft | I ftftfrrt ft t^V
ftvft Ttft TS^ vt 3;*it ftTTT TT ^VTVT TT TT qvftvftTTf % it^
Tt 35TT ft it% TTT Tt% ft 3?TT f?VT VT Tft I f t r TT^ft T f t f f s sftT
TftTTT TTTft % srftv TTft ftTT I TT Tf? Tt% Vt OTT ^ sftT
^fVITr TTftT Tt- T f ^ - i t t f m ftVT T f t T TTTTItT TT ft i f t vt
sftT-ftTTT 3TTTT VTTT 1 Tft TZ^ VT f VTT VT VT ftTT TTTT i t itTT
TTit Wsirft ft VT fTTTT VTTT TT TtT i f t fTTft "t T T ^ i T ff^
VT f r i t i t , sftr Tft Ts^ vt s f t ^ f r r ftTft ft T T T TTTT T T T i t
ftTT ftTT sftr T Ttft TT ft f f S f t f t i t \ f V f T|T ^ TV T f TTTT
Tft ft srft T?TT TTTT TfTT 1 ftft ftftfrit % f t ^ i f ft Tf T^T
TTTT fSTT ft Tfr Vtf fTT t f T T ftrft ft T f T ^ ft Tt Tf TTTT Tft
% ftTT fVtft TVftS % T^TT TTTTT t Tf Tft TTTT TTT ftTT TTTft %
ftT?TT Tft TTTT TTft TTVTT ft ftT'TT TSTT TTT |
TTfT ^ T TTTTTTT IT TVTT VT T i f t TTfTT t Wtft TtTT, T?:^
% TTT S i t % Tt^TT % VTTT ftTT ft ft TTTTT I ftftfTTt ft Tf
THVT H W SrfinTfT fTTT, 1 ^ TT^ft T?VS ffesftBTT V
TftTTiPP 11 3n?r TTVT fTJT ft Itft ftraTfT VT STftWT m. %5R %
fftTT Sft T"l<T% V% S t f ^ vt Tf 3Tft T5TTT TITIT WST ft ^
TTft T f i TJTftr fTTT it 5Tt TST Vt sNtVTt f%TI | I TTTTT
Tf? fopiS TT fvit T 5 T TT VT T T T T T ft Tt T f T T T T TfT ft T T T ^ T
ft TfeftT tm \ fvit IT ITJitT * T T T T ft ftfT VT T T T T TFT ft T T T '
\W ft T T T TTTfiTV TfT ( Inertia ) V TTT ft TftrS | I
ftfrJTit VT TTTSTIT TfTfT % VTTT TT yiTTT qV f ^ ?fgVtT
TTfT V ^ I I %'WT ft fl^ffl ft TTTf^ % f r q i^V i T f V ( TTVT
%ft TT% ) TT ifSt V?<TTT ^ Tt 1 Tf T T TTTT5TV ft Tit i t , f i t f v Tf
fTTT ft %TT TTTI^TV T I T ( T T T T T )- tTTT ft TfTTfT ftTT TT !
T f % 3;TT TT %TT TTl5t Tfft ft fTSlTTTTf Vt f t TTTT TVTT | 1
T T T ^ TfftfeTT ft ^STTfT % frft T f T T TTtTfTV VTTT Tft ft TVTT I
fVf ( Inertia ) VT fTST?T ft TfTfT T^T TTVTT % ftTT
Tf J:T?T Vt TT55 TT ft TTWift * frft T^TT ft TVT I
T ^ TTlft Tft fTVft T2t TtT itft % TitT ft iTft Tf fftg fVTT TT '
fv 3;TT ft gfVTT fTT TTT Tf?r#T TIT*T tTTT ft fTTit fTt T T VTTI
IT ?,V,!.,?S TTf? % TTTTTlit f t i t I fVT TSt % igVTT % VtT %
T T T K TTTT VT% T f 5T fT^VT TT TfTT fv g5Vft T T T^t f T T t f T f T
TJ:| fJT fTt TTt^T tTTT ft VTT*. Tif? f i t f t i t | I TTt^
T T T , f s i t r , gitr, T f T ftvjifft TTVT TTT V T T : U , ^ v , t Y v , ^ U

IT TTTfwr % TTTTT TT^TTTTTT TT5?t Tqt % T T % TTTTT

n,^Y TTfT TTTfsTit Vt T T T T TTTVT ff^- VT TTT Tfdft^T vte


fTTtfTT fVTT TTT I iT% T? fT^VT fTVTT ft TTVTT ft f T T Vt TtT
TTTtffT f w VT *T S f t ft%r^^^ T T ft TfTT \ \ TTtg[ SITT
ft%T % T ? T ft^ ^ iSte f T ^ I f t T % T T ft ^Y f>te ?flT^ ft^T % T^T
ft \\ ftZ TTft rT, T T n i f t fTT VT ftTT t t T T Tft ft%T % ftir
"ft" TTT fRTIVTT % ftT ff^ Vt " T " VfT TTT i t " V l " f ? T VTT ft
ftT VT TTT " T X VT" % f5T ftTT I
TSt % f T ft l i t vt Tf?T TT V ^ I TTtfv ITft SflfT TT TfT TITT
TTT t I T T - T i t T T ft ftTTT T ^ Vt TtfT % 5TTI fvit it i%T %
TfT ft f T tTTT T TTT VT TTT TTTTT ^ T ' V TRT TT TVTT t I Tff
TfT Vt snft T T " n i * ' v t 3rf?T T T TTT " T " V> T ? ( Nomber o f -
t u r m ) TTTft'Tt r ^

HTTT = ^ ( TTf? + TfcT ) X T? t ITft Ttf? = > )


..cRfT=i( o+T. T. ) T ^ T (^?)

T f r T T ^ifTT T T T T VT T T |TT I ITft Tf? ' ft" VT TTT ':?V f f


TTT = I T ftTT )
.-. T T T = T ( )

ITft T f I f v VTT fs IVTf ft fTTTT TTT ftTT | TTft fTT


TTVTT ftTT I I

f T (V^) (Y)ft "T"VT TTT TfTft%OS | 1 Tf f T T Tt


T T T TTTT T f t ftTT fTTT^ tTT T t ITVT TTT \R.o%\ TTT t5T_Tt T t
"^S aftft%T ftTT I I TtT % TSlfit ft TfTTT |r ITVT TTT
TTTT TTTT f I TTffTV TTtT T t V T t ft t i f f T v t TftTTTT T t s t
ft Vt2 T t s t % 5?tr ftTT I 1 TTft 55STTf % TTTf Vt *?t2t TTf?
ft f t 3TT! fVTT TTiTT \ TT f T TTTTft fV fT2T ft % T t % fTTTf T t t
ftfririff % I T TTf<TT TTVTT T^T?Tt TTTfsTTf % STTT fVT TVTt T T V T T
fT3TfT T t t friTf v f TfT V fTTftt VT TTfT^VT^ fVTT I

rMm fTTTT ?^rTT

Tf?Tr fTTtf v f T f t T T VtTT | I T T ^ TfT V tn^T^T ft fti%-


f W f % TfTTTT STtT 5TT5T TTfTTfrogf % TTVTT % fT^STfT ft TTT^T
vf fTST ft TTTT % STTT ftrs fVTT i t T I T tTTT ft T % T T TTfTT f V f f
T f T TitsitT fq^ff ft TfTTf % ITTT ft Tf t^V f t fTTT VT S[fTTT?T
ftTT I T f S r i r % TTTffTT fT2T fl TTTT fT^T TVTT ft ^ \

V5TTT VT f v f T T ( V ? ) ft T T T fTTVTT T f S T T ^ VSTT | 1 f


.2STfTg% %fSft | | T T f S ftfT % 3;TTSit% TTVi^T ^ f?Tr
f % f S v f TtT I I ift TfSTV T T V f ^ | | TTT T Tf sfTf T v f TfT
fTTTTT ? T ft, tTT ^TT T?t TtT | | ift tTlftV T T V f ^ t,
3JT ftfTfTrf % TfT fTTTT TtTffTfTTT V T f T T t T f S :fTTT fs TFT
i . T t^T ft fT^FT ft f t i t , I TTT T fV Tf?TT t?V ft%T ft 3fTit
TfT f?^T ft T t f ? T TTT T t t T i t ft%T ft S ^ i t TfJtfTTT Vf
T T % 55T TTft %fS v f T t t T t T ?*t I TT ?:Tf VT TTVTT TTT ftft %
vrt<n ^ % T*mr!srt I f f T v ftwrgsfrt I ' s i r v f nft 4 f i ? ! %

T f ^ i r v f Tf?r i 1 VT ^ T T ** f f n f i T f t i r r s-??vft%<i? ft f t i f t l i V i

5; ^

V arrviT M T vr *rrT Ttft 11 ^ T T aftt T T T TtTt TTvtT frf Tf v.

TTrTfT?lftftTT-4ll--5:^ ,
T T ^ TT

' 9 ^ T = - i ^ a arrVTT i^;TTT(Acceleiation) (^v)

Tfft VfT TT ivf I fv VTT vt T f T T IVft ft ftTTT TTT ^ | TTft


fTT TTVTT ( ?TtT ) ftTT t I fTftft TTto (YC) ft T T^/ ft TTVTT VT
TTT |TT I T T TnrVtgT ft ^V ftv"? ft TTf TJft T'STT vt T f t | Tt

^ ^ . " ^ ^ V g?T I, 5Tft "VT" VT TTT ^ X ^ Y X H o o ftvT |


VT (TVI)
ft^T^KVaT o*4i*(f5 ^ c W o o ftviituf<1<aa^^^ooooo T f t 5J T a T
T T T Tt T i t v t T v t T t T Vtft TT T ? . o ^ ft'TtTtSt SfclQ^^'*'!
TT; ft T'KVSIT V^ TTWr^ ^ TTT ^ Tt 13rTp.R % ftit srft%, \
f - a r r i r a ' %\^o fv. fi". t aftt fffnr itnH ft swffe ^.c ft2t arRr-
ftvo? I I %m T T ft fTTVt TfS V5tT3TTTT3 V TT ft TTI ^ "TT
( ^ ^ x v T l r o ^^^^^ .

TfSTT v f srfTftVT T f ftr i f e , Tfe T f ?wft V^TTV^T ft T?qT f t T>


TfSTT VT TTtTfeV ftT TTfTT TTVTT V VTtT T?TT ftT VT TTT^V | [
TTfft o,R<aX T t t .R\96 IT TtTt i^TTsff ft TTTT 3T?Tf3 TTT | 1 Tfe
f T TfSV?ar V> 5fV ITTVTT TTft I TTft Tfr' fTTVTt TITft TTft | 1
IT TftfnlT V TfTTT fa<s5 Tt VT T i t ( fIcT ) aftt ^STT TfT
T Ttif ff C[V f t TTVTT TT V VTtT T?TT ftft t I T f T fTTV STTT
STt TTJof TTTTf' Vt aiTft Vf? ^ artt T f T i t | I ft TTTT v f f ' f
V TT VT fTTtT^T ft TTTfTTTf t I iTfTT S i t Vl f^?T T f T551
fTTV SRT %<l^ TT fToif Vt "TfTcfV | I
fT2T ft T f TftTTT V B T V TfTft TTTffT fttT'Tf ft f t ftVTTT
TT I ITfTT Tfft f T WtTIT V " ^ T % ftSI'Sf |ft TtfT Vt TTV aif-
Tltt ?T5T V TfT T*TTf t^ ftTTf ift TtfT Vtft 1 TT fvt 5T2T *
STTT TTT TfT fT3FTf V aflTTt Tt ^ TTf V T t V i f t f fTTTf Vt 3T-
Tftl Tt TtfT Vtft \ # ^ t V i t T fTTT T | :
I. TTT ftTT TTt T f f T V TTtt aftt '^Tct ai^ VTTT
TT % i t T fTTVTt VTT TTT& | f T T ^ t^V TtfT ft f T ftTT | I
X-R?^. fsift fTTT : T ? TTft ift'f^KVTt fWT T T ^ S ftT*
apTft T^TVif # TTTT VIT ft TTTT tTVT arUFTT VtTT 11
X - ^ ^ f i f t fftTT f%*ff it T f f * SfTt^f ( T r t # ) VTT %
ft i t TTTfT I Tft f T ft TWFT f f t l f % TTf ( Cubes ) if ^

fiRET ^ #55lt % aftt feftr f%3fP3ff ft T f SflflftRT Vtft V


ftl? TTT TTTTT ft Tf, ^ IT STtT ftrfsTT ftVT T8 tfT t # T% TTT
mftz ft ftqr ft i f t T VtTT I aftT TT % Tf Vf ftt V TT f f f t ^
1ST % f I t f U d f fftT 11 ' ^ T ^ ^ ' W t if ^ffiJ f5|T)f l ^ ^ t f t !tft #
f^^lff ^df <llWf W i M V V T*TT i v w STVrt f, fSril^ T f f^RT-
sTTit arrf^if^RBW f f w f t r fWr n f ^ f ft trvr, ftf^ 8T?r
^'^trnjafflt Tf?w i f f i T T v ift f?ift w f t ftiT ^ aiTTvrT
ftit ftm^ \ Tvii ff ift i*i?it ?ipr f ift ftn n*IIT
TTI $ ITT Tftr3 I I
v^o s m ftiw:vtt i i - ftn IT i t fttri t ftift t fftr |
TTTTTtT ^TT it T i n i f t t T f t i f t fftt |, TT TV ft ift i f t l T T V
ftft T V 351T ftfit ir?tv TW VT 51T1 T I* I
SI ^ t feift ftri :ftos ft i f t i f t l T T (cltT) i t i V ftlTI TT^ft
TTft)T5! VT ITTfTTit ftlT | i t t 131? IT ft fkm ft i t i t tTT ft apTTT
t l H I f i VtIT I I
K"?^ g i f t ftlT:--TcftV fWPiTT ft TTV 551 ft ftrttT TftftlT ftiV
I TTIT i t ft^f ft qttrt TTVTT TTT 551 Ttt ftltft ^TT ft
fftT 11

flST V ftift ftSTfl ^ TfTTt ftit ftT VT (?TtT) '?T'


TTV-am 1 I ( T ) V T Ttt ftltftvrt T T V Ffft "IT''VT
TTTfTTcft ftiT .1^ I TTt?[ '

c1 - ^ {\X)

Tft TTTfit ft i t i f ftn i f S r T f t i i t v iraft v Tff Trft^ ft


Ttt S f i T T It V fqif t ifnf % T111 V ftft T W t f 1ft>ft?5
ST2T ft 5?|TitTti f r u i t s i f t f t f t V fti;st3?B ftiT T \ t 5 ^
iff ft ^ # 1 fTT Tfft 3fft fftlTf V ftiT ft f5e# T l f t l

STST ft fT*TTf|^ V T t I ^ 1^ TV fT ^ T ? p v M"*f f^lBir ft


T'ft 3WTT f l ift ffft^ ?"ft % ^ vf If SEW ( TTTOI ) ft^ t iffefwft
i?ls TTVTT TftR ^ft 'ap^ T l i t Tiitr vsaiaif ft ftn ^ ft
TT*" jt^ % 11 v t ft T T i f n i t f f t i t I TT Tfr ^ ft fvsft ft
vw f i t % T i % ^ % T^^f qft i t ^ v t tRf vt^ It TtiV^ i t u i T P F I T
U r # 5^ T ^ VffiTT if TTTT tTTT 3T T U f % STt ffelTitW IP VT
^^yo fIT ftir, TIT T T ^ i f t t 1 SI ft e-^9o X f^Va ftfro.\
* srffr ftv* fWt" I T f i irfSpr fiwf ift itHr i f m f # f l s ift
Tft ^ T l f T ^Iff^ Tl%^ f ^ Vf flTT I ^ T l l f %
f ^ i t V i l V f 1W Pr TUft IHST i l | fffT TT VT f t i r ^ Hflft ftlff^
,%if VT frtV I t^v i t 5^?srrviw i % vrtq fix sitTjawf
vt i f i v t fnf^T vtft i f t 15J % VTTI 1 |i^ Tsif ft

ftf? f i T qr v f t i t ftt^ fqiiif v t ftiffe it^t i f t |


sTfii ito % f t ^ 11 ftff I f i T v i i 151 gft i f j i r vt srqit
VaT ft ftrftri ftft I, I f Tft I T I ftft ^ qx ITT IT f i c l Vfft |
ftff s i t I t TTOf VT T T v i i 3r?i5i V I ftir | \ n t V T t i stft
q f t w r i ft TftOT ft TTit 1 1
n v T T f t ^ n fivivT it i%i fr^iTl f v f i % i T t t itt
TTft i f t f f l fV S^Tt TTf? T i t Tf TTT T ^ T fftqft T f t ft TTftTT
Vtft TTft 51% T^aiT IT TqTf i t t i T t Tft iFtVIT Vtft TTTT TfsflT ft
T i t iTJTTT ft^TSTTlt TTVTT T?T ft | I l i t I f ^tt iqif Tlit
Tftrf v t i^v ^ft I S STtT srra vtft | i t T T % q f t v T i v PTT % %fs v t
ftTT ft fJSTTitr ftir 1 1 I f I T I T ftif v t 5 T srvTt irfg vtir |
ft ft Tqft qftvnv % %?a ft Tqit f t t % I T % iir^qrift^fti ftft
i f t i t T ftft 11 ft qftvriv fft'i T T V T T n t |ftrfti T ^ I T i t r f t
ftit v t TTit Ttt Ttift I \ iTcqi I f I ft l i t ( sartr ) ftn p e l -
TTsit 11 T T : Tf tmrftv T i t T ftir | ft ff i t T f^ T f t f V f T ft
it p e l v t TTtT vtft 1T% I J
5THST % f i f t fTTT ft Tf T i l l ftlT t ft TTVIT TTttrftv 11 |
T T : i f e tii g i Iff v t arqit itt T t i i r | i t i f i t tri g i v t Tqit
T t t ^ T t ^ I I ift salt TfJIT Vt T l i t Ttt TTf? V t i t | i t TfJIT i t
S i t vt TtTTT I I T U T Tft ITflT fT^if Vt Tqit Ttt Tf l i t t i t
TTfti ftiS ?fl- " t l i Si!ff .ipt TTfg Vt% I \ ftsVT Tf | ft TTVTT
T f f t VT TTfftV I T I Tf %1T Tltsfft ftaif TV ft t f t f t l Tft | |
ftff TTTTfT ^ ft T i t SSBfti ftif ft i t t l i t v i t ft T T T t ft 51*f
TTT I, it qtm TTVTT % ftt? fVTTTft tfft | I TT: TST I f | ft
TTTt TttTtrvif fqoif v f f t t i s i t l itirvr iri I ? I T | aftt
T l f t t 1?it I i t I f TZTT I I ftt i f 151 TSTT | ft If v t l i t Ttf
I Tt IT % TTI v t i f t l f l T V t i t I I
f i 2 i ft T?i?i T t n r ft ^ frsftir| ft TTVIT v r i w fftoi ^
T f f t VT V r i I I i t ft^T ft TIT TTVTT 1 3ft< Bt% ftu ft StST
TTVTT I T ftTT 1 1 VTT: .TST T<m t* fqS Vt Tfi f t VT sm?1 VW
11 VT ftift ftn Tf TcTWTTT I ft Nfft (^Wt.'n)^W='

fftT I m i l T TT 3T*ft *rr PIT ft i f ft 11 s^iV T i t ftit vt


TT ;, >,
ito ST(5 ftVT % cTTT ft ft TTf g V t i t I T f ftftftif % T i f t It
frS ft I I T T TF? ?TtT (Acceleration) TtT T Fv T i t T?[Tift TTTTI
VT cTtT ftrt TT q;v ? T VT I Tt fT2T % ftift FTTT It Fvit F q T T t
ftTT^W TT ftTT ft i f f t VT TTTfTTit ftTT i t aftt TTVT ^ T TTTT
f f t ftw vt i f f t ft T 5 T % i t f t i t I 5TVt f T t Tsif ft i f T t f T
fVTT TT TVTT | ft S^it % STtT SsrtT f r r f % 3TTVTT TT TTtt
( 5^i^ ) STtT FTTtFtT ft"? TT T ^ | Tt TT Ssjff % pTJif ft TTTTTT
* TTT5TTit ftft I T T : TfVTT T pToif Vt TfFTif VT TTIfTTit ftTT
t \ TSTftT % fri? Tft V W aftt T i t T ftff ft aftt TTvt i f ftrt
( Masses ) VTT: V^. T ^ Ttt T | i t V f i r T Ttt T frost vt TTVt
T f ftTt % TTTfTTit arTViT V STtT Tt%TT I

/ Tg{ V T ) _ T T T _ ^T
TT ( V T ) " T TT T^.

FV?5 fT2T VT fTtr Tft ftTT V fTT | ft Vtl. f ^ T TT fT^ Tm Vt


TTfS VtTT I 1 Tt Tf t r i i t fTT STtT T i t TT ft i T f g ftTT | I
5TV TfTTt W Ttt T fTT i t V FTT Vt T T ( V T ) Ttt T T ( V T )
* f 5T Tif V Sttr TTfg Vtft, Tt TTV Fqnif ft TfFTif V TTTf TTit
f f t I TT: TTVTT VTT TTVTV fftoif vt T f ftif V TTTf TTTt ft^ | \
TTtTT ft' friif V f i t TttTtTVTT V_^ VTtT T S V TTft f T ^ T TfTTTft
f5?TTVTT fTTT Vt STfTTTftT V t TV I V
f W VTTcftv VT?ftv Tft^jrr T f t ^ V ^ T S V STtT Tt T f T f t
^ ft i t v i f vt T f f r i f v ( f T T V T ) frrttT; ^fiT ft TTift TTttrftv
f f t i f V Tif * TTTfTTit ftft t I TftT ft TTTT ft ?.ft i f STtB V t T 1 ^
11 Tfr i t safft arTTif vt i f FTT! V T T : TT*, Ttt TT^- ajtt TTvt %{ %
ft i t TTVTT * - T T VT f T FifTTFiT frrr V

I T i f f Tf f1?TTVTT V T . f w t F S l Tt swft Ttj>^ "its TFT It.


arTTTA's jft.p sr ft* srft fto 11 iTvt i f ft^iftli
v/ft'-V"? ito/ft*
T f t i R V i>ft I f i t i t f i i5t qftvrr vtft |; f%t gsrv ftft i t i t t
^ i f v i T vr 1^mwn ftro^ srra ftir Ttft? i trw* iwftf i r i t
iff vt ariit V53T t f i i f t n t T i r 11 n v fbft sit vr i t t rfta?rr
ftn, f i ft 2 i t vt fjtt ( ' ' f ) i t t tftft*i ^ i f f t VT IFT
sfftir 3Tn5iv 11 t?v i t t l i ft ^^x-^s^.^^^ fti frft | i
:!^.-Rv^^^x?^voo = ^-t^x to^ftvnreiviitt l i
f i ft S f t iff 5^ ( r v t ; ^ ) X to'^''ifst
f f fftr v T s a i n m - r ^ c X ? o 3 f t ! f t ? i n - i r , s^itvrWTtr=>F
ssif qt f i t srtr antffqi vstfriT^t I T , l i t . % srtr
w

5^?iTviT V ftiiTfirt f f i t t sit v *rir a r r m ir


_ i.xirxi , ,
^ ('s)

(v) i t t (T) l i f t t i t vt T U T ft
1X1'' IT. XT
T " r*
irft 1* = i?!it iff qV % V ^ i f t VT 11
,i'^y_ v^'^W
' " ir (#.i.^pxiT

(G ^(^WtM^'x(vv*;<ixte''*)3

^ v x ^ r v y ^ x ^ t W x f v t ; ^ x to'*
Cl-f^jKmxr^TX?***

- ^ . ^ V l B X ? o " ftolrtfet
T l : VTt ft ftrft 1?ftv ift Tfft;^ t in ft 3ftt fl^ t ^BfteK fT
(51ft) TTViT vr I T %.%Xt; X ? ITlft' (Dyne) ftlT t
?. ?*oo f%at^nT"*ltv^nv ^ f Tftir
1T51 TT # ? f i t 1 1 T * "^irqitTTtanTtlrTnrift
ffttii
fflfll V{ ft*l^

ftarfi lftwJPPTT ftiT n"Tf trtw #r % m ^ arwm j p f t t r v ' f r


11 ariffftv m ft ft f m i s i i m aftt T s t T f e r v i anrf?
iftlT. '^Jrfturailf ft gtWT ftft TTft t 5tt TTTTfT TftTTt % ftf? v i ^ T f f t
I I a^fF ft apftt 5?TV fTffTftTTT (Principia) ft ? ? t TTTqftT ft f f ^ T
ft Irt % TTTTTfTt T f f T % anTTT TT TcT^T TtTTiT Ttft ft ftTT TT I
TTTmT T f t T TTTft TTTt ft ffTTT % ftq 3 ? ! T f t T f f T ftlT TTTT | I
5tW srJtT

X-V? f v f t ftTT TTTT (TtTTT) ft ftTT fttft ftTT ftTT TT % %f5 ft


Tift fftOT % v f f gTTT Ttft I^TT TTTT ft snUTTfT ^TTJT TT VTT ^
TTTfTTit ftft I f T i t f v ft T?TT ftft | |

95

fTT
TTTftrTPT T fTT (V^)ft f, Pp^t TT V ftTT | afiT T'
tpi TT I 3 T *W % TTVTT # fTTTTT ft | I Tfft fT Tf TTT T

(V Tf WW TT TfT| Ift?5fTTTT TJSTT VTft TTTT Tft


If V ffpT ^ TW Jf ff, Tj fTfSff TT TfT ^ I TfT A V VTT"
VT ftr ft it VT, V ^ aftT VTj % ' TST il TTVTT TT V f T TT
ftTT^ftr ftiT T^ V , TtT V a % TKT ( fTTft ft ITftrPiftTTft |)
T fTT ITJTTT (ftSTTTT) ft ftTft if tltr if WTTT ^ ft TTT'
V t^T arft T T i f t Vt ? 1 1 , % a m V t t I ^fm, AVT VTWft1 ,
ftt ft. AVT' 151 t^, T l T PJT 1 ,ft?|ITT f f t n i f t H ftff T t
vtf 155 ftTTitT T ft it I f ftt^lt 1, 1, i t a ft Itfl" 1o i f t ft
^5!?rT t | i n 111, i , = i , v ftTT I ftff i f t T i i i T t 11 ftii i v r , m
ft i , f t f | I t ftiT 11 ft5ii ft I f t^vftirifti?5 STtT arrfg fftr artt
I f 155 ftJ5 vt 1, f vt ftTT ft T I I I T i t t 1^ V ^ T T V ITI i f t I ' i f t i
TiTiTfit I f f itl ift V srtr ftTfti ftir i ftff I T ft 5nr?TftV ftir-
ftmt Tm ft Tvtir^ ftti v^it, ftift ft Tm vt i^v T T i f t ' v , / i ,
f ^ f e T T f t ITCI ftit i t t ftt (TTT1VTT ft TITI f t ? 1 ITTt) T t T
^TTclvfrit; ftf^TITlvt fSTT I I T ftl f i T ffft I 5 1 TVTt VT^
T t t VTaSait V 1 T ft 1 vt ift ( l . ) V T , , 1:iV ift ftTT ft Ttt ( i j )
. vr 1, f ift fsTTftf i i f t i ftir i i f t i ftn v i r i i f tftT T T T ftir
i i I f AVT VTTftT ^ V , f51 ft T T T T I ftf T l I f 1,(l,T) i f t ft
155 tfT I arr: 51 VTTTlft ft I f 1,T f?1 f t t f t iftlT | ftff 51
itif iftif vt iftrrit i f t v vrtT i ftn i ^ T3 vr v T T I i i f
V nriTfit T f f T , ftrvt i^ v aftt 1, T f T T I t vr^ V T J V T T V
T T if 1g ftjf T t TfftlT I

TT 1,j I3 V T ft5TT f t T i t T U T ft TITT ftT?! 1, V Ttt I3 T


t I T f ftfT 1, f 1? VT H I T I Iftiftftftn1 VT, aftt VT^ V
TBI ft T T T 11 T l f V vt ftTTT i t A 1, f 1^ i t tUVT a A i , f V
^TVT I T T T A I , f V Vl -a A T , f I3 ^tl^ \
.'. A 1, f 1, elTT>a=a 1 I3 dTT><!5 I
' 5Tft VT f s i l T ftn T?TT garr I

ogcsBTUT fSrew ^ i=?|a:T fRT i T i f T i


%Tt VT T T T ftn T f I ft i f f ift VOTT stT ftrrvft I 1 ftff ft
vsari f T % ftveii 11 T t s i r % frft i f f f i ^ i f s i v z IT i n Tft
ftivr f'Z f i 11 3TT T T T T ft Tf % -sriT 1 1 VT anrs* ft | itt
^TTvrt varftarnr* (TiT5f%) VTT 'vr' 11 fft TTT |ft^^nvrt n
I t T i n i f t ft T i f t ir?r Fvit fTtvT ^ f s n f i f T ? i t T . (^TTCIV

) ^ TTTT ^" ^ f51 ftir I ITl Ff^SH ft ftTTtTltl

I f T t arfT%?5 T T F T ^ T F T F T I ftir 1
Ift 1 Ifft"? VT 531111 I fift ^fSTflfW I T Vf %15J f l aftt 1^

% VT1 % 5<T if aqg; vtft % fsft '121 ft ^-^t % f i f i fell ^ = 1"

afUr VT'' VT i r i f l vt lifvtl 3 i T = ? ^ ft VT* % tiTT


I VT

qt _ t ' ^ qt lifvtT VT ti^T fam


1
Vre'lXlxfl VTt'll
^T C^'^)

5lft VSTflST STTVIT % ^ f l 3 ft H f fv arFlV?5155 Tf V S s i -


T T 1 VT lltfTfiV aftt f f ft I f % f t c l V 1 1 vr ^i^lTfirit | I lit-
(x^) if ftfti ifi ft v f s r f i f T IT vr it f i nfts|TT | sft sg^trTii
f i l l Vfft 11 l i l t ' i ? i vt I f fTTTft ft iqTir ftr i f fv 51 I T ^
fipir V T ' l i i ifaritT vtf it fqr T I W i t i f r r v r t V T Tftiftir
finftt^v i r f i ft f i ftir, i t t f f iir ^sriritT fqo^ ^ fjirrft irsst \m
(VT) n n VfT ft T i r i ^ v r Trvn=i vtit 1 ?ift i f it fts ft iir
iv fTi fifi ft I f i an fvir iir | ^ i t fifi % v^t vr giti f m
it irn fvir Tt ivir 11 T I : vTt V PTIT srtr if ifiif ift u ^ '
a n t i r , 15! V I I f m srtr iir 5=121 v ifi i*T*it f m SRT T T I vt
TT ivit 11
Jc^s? Q W ^ ^ m ^ ^r^frgciTiit{^t:) ft fft gi itt i f v
qrttqftv I T V f m v ftitfiv (VTT'I), Tff v l i r ^ i vrif % f?rir-
I V ntvtT ft Tfcffifig \ \ I f f i ^ ift?: fvit it varftqftvir vtft
11% fvit ssnn irft if v frft i i f e ^ ftir 1 T I : (VW^T) V I T i i ^
TTVIT IT V iTii vr iriv 11 11 itt ssqrn 1 irft i f fqos v
181 T55 vr i n fiJ^iffvi ftir I
(Vn'l

TT ^ (^M

lift (^"''J j I f 5TV l i ft If 13 I, Ttt fl, 1111T I f i I f


V i i ^f<t 11 lit Tvrt 2it Ttt TIV i # v qftvir vt^ irft
tv Jif?if?r ^ ftiw

=m5r TV 51* ftr TZ1 t, ftTI sftt IT % i n VT TlllTf?2TT

TT'
ft

1?t^VTs''r^yTf p c l T V I T % T f t ? i t v V Trifti ftl?

I^Wt i l T T STTTTT TTIT ftn ft f tV | I 5tft TVTt % ftlTtf ft ?8P5T ft


S^iV % qftf: qftVTT Vtft T ^ TfSTT 1?V Tft ^ TTtTT It flftlTt
ftTT I ftrft ft STt % %fS ft 'ft' VT TTT Vtft Tt p5T 9ft Vt cftTTT
5 (g) (SiV TT Tt fttft fti % cTtT) vr TTtTT f T TTT |TT I
_ / \ TT Vn'^T

^'f^ Tf swft ^ sBrrm* T T T T f T ftri sszr T ft f %fs ^


^t! I I ^ft ft Sssit ft ftr ft?T Tt TfSTTT ftW t Tff Tt f ^ T Vf iftTT
TTTT S f f sftt TfSTT % ?TtT VT TTT Tf ffTT I

=51 nfvtpr ^ 51% ^5 % nfVtT VT iri %ft it

f 121 Vf HTT IT ft f T ft^ Tlf^ f aTTiri/T'SVT T U T IfSTtTT

^TT VT ITT | % TTTI | Tft 5 VT ITT ^ ifet/ft'l r TT: T?ffft

TTT Vt ftir ft 5^=^V?o'3^Tf2t/ft'' 11 Iff 5^ vr i n ftvs


ft Tfsvaar ft p e i r v i i VT f t i t r i 11 T T : 5^ VT i n iff TTSSST gir
Tf T?Sir % VT (S^if ft T5S1T vf ftf) Sltt i s i f % 1^5 TftVIT VT
ft 3TT5T fTT ir I snft f1 TsTiftr' ft iff % vTf srtr TTTT VTT if
f TWBf * i i f if *!ftTi wrwt i?t ? i r 5 i M sTfTt i^^ifr
f*1T TT I W W "Ift TTJ^Pl* 11T% ft*^

T l f T frfft 1% % f r i ? i t T uiftfV T i i t i y i t i f t i t r g i t vt
lerTiit I i f i vtf ftr fvit f r i5t iftiV qt T T I T ?tT v t i r | tt
I f qV T i n i f i ll f T vt qftfl Jf^n ft vf a=1Tf TTTTVIT VT ft
I T VtIT 11 T l :

' - ^ w ,

?Tft ft f T VT SJTTITS i^T 1 f T Vt iftft ft VTT vf T f T I IVTf


T ^ i f ftt I frft f w VT ^ VfT TTIT | I i t VT TTITVTT ft ift ift
ft^ i t Tvsft V t T i t 3ftt arr TTit t T ? !ftift vr TTt^i |TT IT I
ift ft ftTT fi3TT qt i?T Tfw ^q ft l i i t t f i t |, ft?? ^ T T T ft vtf
T f t l i l i f f ftIT I q>55T: ftl i f ^ T i t T i t TTIT VTT ft tTTiftl
% T U T tfIT I I ^ ft ift ftr (V?; ft i T ftl ft?TV TIT t 1 ftl
ft?TV % Sqt T t i ^q cItT 11 l i t TfTT^ cTtT % STtT Tq i f S T
TTTIT TTTT |, aftt f T vt fr^TT ^ T % S i t Tf ^1=1 ftT ftf TV T t,
T i ftsJTT ftift ft?TV ( Radius vector ) % 3;qt T f f Tq ft frsTT
% TW iWT TTT TftTT t I T T : ftl 'VT* VTT ft ft^TT, f T vt qftft VT
T l V t JtT V t i t I, ^Tt vr VTT ft ^ TftT # TlV 1 i t ( T t )
ftsirr iT5ft f T vt qftft ^^T: T % g;qt T V W I T ^tr v t i t | i
TT: IT qfti^V vt T?q?T Vtft irft ?TtT {t, T ) vr TTT fftfirf^
^tir I

T i t (T) ft V tin t T i t t T V tTTT ft T i t (vj Vt tIT

i t ?itT * m V fTft i t f l TqrsT f f t i

VT* ^ ^'
m

l l f ^ f t i 3rm*T * feft T T T (V?) ft fj^fr.?^ s w f w i t i f t i ^ i r r w


v t s w c t i 5VTt ITft ftn V faft f t WK^m "iTf^ I i q f t i r i t litvrif
!t T i t vt fVTT JPTT I I

f i t srvTT fsRisziTit n ^ T T v i i % i q i t n i r t r nrei ft ajftv n t T T i T


v r m m T s r t f i fviT i frrft i^v f*nt ftq; ft^rr Tf?^?^ 11 i?
TiRTT % 33?5(!KTi f i n ft T?s*rr % ?T'c<n ?r<qrr s^it I T n (g)
% TTT % qftV^T ft t F l f N l I I q|?r fTTTTT TT IVTlft^TfTfT
ft fT5T VT TTT qftVTT ffT^TT Ttt T?? V T ( STt ft T^STT ft f t t )
Vt S=it % %fS ft iTTT TT I f V f f 5T tTTT % ittTST % fTTT ft T f f
tTT TfT5TT TT I T f v fTST ft Tf TTtTT i t fv 33?VTTT pTTT f v f t
i t it SST-Tost ft TWT TfeT ftTT *| I TT: T?ffft T f TTTT f v fVTt
^ T t f % fTft f a i t VT T W V T TT gT TTt T i f VT q f t T T i t |, i t T t f
Vt sert % TfT: TTTT T f ftT T?ftv J s r Vt TTTt Ttt TtTft | I
' TT T f T5T TSTT | fV f v i t f T T V # T tTT f T - T T f T t SSTTTt
% srtr TTV TTcTTVTT Vt fTTtftT VtTT | I S i t VT vtT TT TT T f
fTTtftT VtTT I fv { T ) fVTTT TTT ffTT I VtT TT TT f

( V7t^ T ^ ) VT TTT fTf5TT VtTT | I fT5TT ft ( V W ' T ) T f fqoS %

f v i t TTtT 'JTT Tt fTTtftT t I f V f Tf? p f T T V T T trit fTTt VT TT


I i t T f i t fTSaT ft T V t f i t f T T ftTT ft ( VTC' T ) T f f v i t i t f T T ft
59T vt TTTT % TTfTT ftTT I TT; TT TTTI'T TTFTTT Tf ftit ft
VTi'^ T f T T % 55TTTT VT T f V T I f T T i t ftTT | \ TT: T f S^it T T T t i f
% fTq; T f t^V TTTTitTtT^ ft T f t T ftTT I TT: S^it % Vt"" T^ =

T (G) T i t t TT % V t " T ^ = T (G) T I I Tff fvit it fT^T


% frft T i t t T % TKT T (G) tT^TTrfTTit f T | I
fTET ft Tft T f T T f t f T I ITft T , gSTTTT VT fT"? 'fT' T t t T t
ftTT T , S3TTTT % Tm Tt it pcTTVTT TT TTTTT f TTVT TTT
TTtsf^T ftTT I
TT T ' P F r 2 T % fTTTTfTtt Sr?ftF Ssar T T sr?ftv fTT SWT T T
p?T T T ft arrfg T T T T | , T T : T , SBTTTT i t T , T T TT THrftTT I
T T V V B " T , - ^ . T , I T T : T , IT T , STTT TT^frfftT TTIiTT ,TT V
TTT Tf ftTT I

fT3|rVTTTtTTTSt ff fTTT TTtTt fTTtfT | l TTfft ft


TftTTT TTW I I T T : TTV^T I T % TTT TT ?ftTV

Tf f T f t fiRT % T T P T pcTTVTT % fTTT TT TfaS TT^T TTTT


sTssrv 11 ( t r t T t | ft f v i t frns % f ^ T T V T T % T i f t T , i t t
T , 55T f f t ) ) ftft tTg I ft vtf i t Tt f r r t^v ^T^ vt ijv ^ TT
ITtT TTf>S vtft I Tt T?^V % ffSTTTT VT T^JTTfTTit TTT TT% T^T
^ ^ % TT VT ^WTTfTTit ftTT | I tlTTftV fScTTVTT VT ItTtT^
5* ( G ) f T TTT Tt ftTt Tff t ft fTTTt ftTTtfT TtT | Vft |
TTVt Tft vt fTTT WT | I

fTpr VT T T f t s flcTTviT ftTT TTt Ssiff % BZTTTTt VT TfTfTTf


ftTT I fT% ftft SrrtTTTTT ft i t f r r f % TTttTftV TTVTT VT TttSEIT
TlftT pcTTVTT ft TTTTT % VTtT TT^TT | I TTfft ft. l^V fT^ ^
fTTT TTffg Tft Vt TVft ft fft fTVT i t T ft T% T ( G ) % fiTVSTT
TTT ft ^ Tf TTT ft TTTTT fV ^ i i f ftTT | I T T : f T G % TTT VT
TTTT "TST % tfT STtT ft ftTTft | I TTTftV f^JTTViT % ftTTTfTTt
TT Tt ftTT T STTTTT % fTOS Tt ^fS T1% p c T TT VT TTT
Tf ftTT I

T
T - T ( G ) 5 - J J < - ^ - T (G) X ^ f t ' ^ - ^ ^ g f ^ x f ' ^ ^ ^ T T o
--^' ( f t ^ - ) ' (m\^^T
TT: p ? T TffT vt itHTT fr^TTf^T ftit
T
T(g)=l-T ^
T M f T r

To
irS 5 VT *m V: i t 1%' ^ 3fr?r|,Tr*r fiisiT-x ""fr^t,
t IflST ^ fIVT aTTtram SIRT ""TT 1 T?r:T ( G ) VT T T T Jim V ^ * fw?
? T %TS S T % SaufTT Vt BTT VTTT | I ^TST ft 5TVT i t TTTTTT
VT fTTT, Tfffft 2:it % l^V TV T T T TTrT Vt TJ'S ftTT aftt ^ TT %
TT?T VT T T T T T ! T fTT TTTStj ftTT I T T fTft S i t V TTTTT | T T ? T )
ft 5TT Vtft Tt Sait VT SSTTTT ^ X ? 0=^ ftrt % TTTT ftVTTT 1 f T

TTTfiT ft T ^^G) VT TTT ? o"^" _ TTTT | I TTTVT fft G


ftrt TTT/T'
VT 51 TTT ?TTT |

T i t (v^)ft i t (TG)VTTTT TTTT TTT | T"t ft.it. ft | ftff T f ( T G )


vr TTT TTtjit (Dyne) ft t ftTVT T T | T f TTT i t I3rv TTT TTT Vt
ITV ftvas ft \ fto^tlT TtT TV I TTgfB qftTTT Vt qv |Tt ft c'\ i t s t
^ T T% T% Tft ? ftrtTTT % i t TrTtf qT 3ITT>FqT VTft TT STT ^ T T | ft
^% i f t pcTTViT.VT T T t o - FTST ftTT I TTt^ Tf T T T T Pioif Vt
? i t vt aftt Tftft TTft T T VT TTTTt TTT ftTT 1 'TST i t f i t fT'SVT
qT qi% ft ft ^ft TrTTt % i t T p ? T vt TTTT TT5T ft f T i t StSt ftit
ft 5ft fTlTt TTftffSrt TfT Tft VT TVit | fitftft Tff fft TqTT TTT
Tft aftT T T % Tqrff % TST f ^ T fT^Tfit ftT: ftTT VTTqt % q l t V T t ^
aftT %ff5T ftrr 1
TftT I VT ItTfT TTT # ft ftT (YV) ftfT f T , T , TtT f T T 3 %
T f T T T ^Trf itTT: f T = T , aftT f T - T , | 1 T T T T = T , - T ,
ftTT I Tt f ^ T T T , T3 ^ 3?Trf | l ^ ftfT f T^ T ^ Vr
^TW-S^35 T T Ts + ^ T T ' ' a t ftff T T , ^ - T , V 1 , ^
f ^ S T T T^ Tg VT g ' T V T - ^ 5?, x T , T:j TtT
frfT T T, VT a T V T - ^ ( T , - T ^ ) T , T;^
ftfTT T;, T 3 vr SI""TVT5 T , T , T ^ + ^ ( T , - T , ) T , T ,
- ^ T , T , T^ .
.-. ftfT T T , T^iSfTVTafTfT T T:t T 3 ^-TVT
^ TVTt T j T< T,, ftf f i f qt ft Srft3T TTVTT T T fVTTita
ffft itt ftn T vt.Ts T^ trriTft TTT ftvt Tft^ v^ i TT ft
T i t T ? s r ^ t^sp ^ ^TTTT ft ftft aftT T Tj T ^ TTT T T^ T,^ fTfi f %
9ft f52T f f t I ftsf W tn^ ftf i f % TVT T %fjf if ift T ft"?
% T f ^ v i ! SRT TTTT VTT if TcTO f ? ^ I
STT TRJ T T v t TTTT ^ TTfT ft TfTV ft TfrV 'S5f VTTTTTT ft^;
TTi TtfVTT^fft TT ftTrTT TTTT T?^ ^ TI^T V^TT Tft TT T , T ,
T 3 T^ TTft i f t r f T f I T ft T f T T f t i t . T ^ i t I TKTTTI t^T?' ^V TB
VT TT^T TfT VTift \ TT Tft 'VT' VTTTTft TfT Tft sftT TfTT TTT^T
V^ift Tt TTft Srg?B TT%?STfTfT TT Tt TcTff TfVT^TTTT ft ftTT-
sfft ftTT I V T T : T PUS T T vt TtT T T ^ ftftfir I^T; TV ^t Tftft ft
TTT V ^ I 5T TVTT * T t VT fsift ftTT TTTT ^ T T I
ft?ftT ST^T
KV^ Tfr fTT T fSpit TTViv TT % sTTT Tfft^ftT | ftTVT %?S
T i t T f T ft TTft if ftTT t, Tt TT ftrft ft %fS T , T ftiT vt
TTfS VtTT I ftT^ KT I T Tfr T f t t % T i VT TTTfTTit ftTT I
TTTftTTT T ft T ftn ftT^ T f f t TT |; T %;S % TTTf TtT ftit
TTviT TT vt ftn^TTT ft TT TfT | t TTT T fv ftT (v^) ft TTT vt
ftTT ft TTft fl? T ftf| VT VIT ft T , ft^f T T | TtT fT% TTS f i t m
ft Tf T , ftf| TT T|TTT I I T T TO ftff ft TV t tTT ^ TO T iftTT I
ftT m T FTT TO ft?l TT TftTT TTVTV TT Tft TT^ TltVlFaV ftT
Vt FSTT 3jtT TFTTTT ft f t Tfiift VTTT I TTTT i f V f Fv T FT^S
TTT tTT T, T TT ft TTVT TT QT % TfT ft T FT^ITT T|TTT I Fv^f
f T t t TtT TT T FTOS T , ft"! TT ftTT i t TTVt TFT ft T % TTVTT %
VTTT FTTTT T?TT f f t T Tf T^ T Vt ftif ft f%T T T ^ , ftrft Fv T f
fT T % TTTIT ft Tf To T f?T f tt TT f^T I TT: TT T fTT TU Vt
Tftft if T , ftff Tt ffTT 1
T*ft ?T m (AVT) iJ T % STtT snvrT To T i TcTT 11
f T Tft TTT TV% f ft f T 3TrTTr9JftTTV^T T<B % STtT T fTT ft
vtf TFTTTT TcTfT Tft gTT TT: T , T i t T TQ ^''^ '
TT T fr? ^ T?TST cTtT (Acceleration) 'f' fT5T % fsift HT fTTT
% TfTTt

5 = iL Tf fTTt fftr I fitftt? TIT % TTcTTT ( T T T T ) % TFT-


TT
T F T I ^ ftTr VT TTitT VT% ^ TTTST |' ft
T i T - 5 f ( A V T ) ' ' ^ V l . ( A VT)V
Ifcrr v t JTtfcr v ^ | t ? T V f trv^ t ftt aw A w ' i f i i r

f t l T 1 1 1 o ' T - V - ^ ( A VT)*1f IVTi % f W fUr I


HI
a n I V IQ 1 A VT n v r fivi IT%IT, W IV I a r k I T ?j
ftit I 11 n i t u i ^ itiT

an ?i ?tiT iRiif % vrtr fivirv arfitTw ft i i, ftf


It qf^lT I ftift 1o l l I f i f t ItlfiV IITflt I f f 1 VT VT ftir afr
1<, 1 aftt 1 , T It ^ 1 T I H 1o ' T - l o 1 ftin fifti? 1o 1 , 1
ftir I f 1 % arftft^ f l If i t TTlft I ft ^ssEtlTViT % VTtT TIVTT ft
n^T^PT V ftn ft T i o 1 , I T v r ^ v r iift m vr n r f r r i t ftir r
l i p 1 , VT^ivT-esA a=^55
ftff I N T T TQ 1 arcTfl Stsr I flfei? T To 1 T T vr ^TVT
ftfT 1 1o l l % ^ f V T % I t n t 11 Tt I 1 To X l l T I T l : (ft ^*r-
VTft1^itiT% T i r f i i f '
To 1 ^ g'^ IQI g''l l 1 (^Tixffs)^'

(AVT),. " ( T l o I J ^ V T ' - ^ ^ ^ T T X T i 5!)^^^,V.T1^T,

f l TVTt f l ^Tft I ft_l2JJ T T l f T v t TtlT % f?1 T f ,


IT (l1o 5<1i)' ifloX'T, ^)
f l 151? 1 ift i t i T VT 3lfTTit ft TfT I I 11 i f t i f t i % l f vr TTzfH
1 ^ 11T I f i f t i V ^ ft %15! 1 1 , sftT 1-^ 5! in^FtT I

T1: T l 1 , IT ftiT i t l ! S l ^ 1ft f ^ ^ Tt -


^ 11," 1-J-1, (1,5!)* fVit'

I Tf i t i T 1*B lit %1T ^TTlftift i T l f l i t IT ftTT | I


1^
I f TitVTT fft f T f l v i IT iflTIT t ft i f i PlT VT 11 SITI ft
Tt IT IT % i f t U T Vt TTT fVIT TT TVIT | Tt ftit fm Vt iflTtw
HT TfT t I

T l f 1 - ^ ^ VT ITI i f t f T f t TTVTlt % STTT TTft | i f ? ITI


^ ll T
ftJTT TTI ft fair IVft fl5 W l VT TfT | I f i f t f T t fTllft ITfl
f T i (V?) ft 1 aftr 1 ' I H T % %fS t f l i f t ' l l VT \ TfTSTTT
V TIT 5 5!f 3TTT T 11 1 1 ^fSlI fT^TT l l l f t itT 1^ 1 ^ Vt
Tsrft aft 1 T ft T f i f IT Irrit 11 i i ift'a^Tfft fif % TTTR IT

ftfItfti 1*151 ftTT TT TVIT I I

IT 1 V . l o ^ ,/'jLfV (vx)
( l l T)" T \1^l/

I f T i 5 i i t i r i t fiB T f t I Ttr t^v itit TTJITT % stTT in


ftiT HT I I
1 1 m ^TT % ITTTTfIT %S5 ft Tt f t T 1 fipHTT TtlT I IT
i f ? 1 0 % - V , T % - T I I f f 1 ^ f l ftTTlft ft i f t f i f f 1 ?
T t r 1 f f 1 ?ftf vr vsTT fif| ft, it 1* f vr in TS'STTT V %
f 51 ftTT I

it^fTW53T ft f f t m I fv mfi5| ft itif TTfrif ft Ttit it


%Trit[^^% TTI fOTvft Tiritli f i f ^ iftifi?s^
TTft f ^ f i f f vt fiwrft ITTt tTT vt TfTT T t l f T I ^ T T V t v f t f f l T
T ^ T 1 1 f - 1 o 5fnT I 10 f %TinT?1TT 1.#1Tl1lftfT
T % 5 ftfar T ' % T ift itt ftfsr i j ; i 15 i i f e w | i fiftr
tr 5x=?r> = r v Tir 1 1 3 + ^ ^o'^^o ? + ' o

ftff i t i ftr T O T ft ^ (11^ +1' T j - V I


3ri: IQ I = V

I0 T 1 i t t 15 % ftfiff % T h r i f t flft FT

^ ^ ^ ^ 3r4ir (v^)
11 1V 1T V'
I0 ftf| ft ar 1 ^szrr i t 10 t T I H T I^- ftf ^ 110 l>
sit 1, T TJ:? 3TTr I 11 1 , T T^ftt 1^ 5 t ft i t i t ft^ laTfift
fPr ftift

1,1"* 1^
TT i f e Z.I0 % V - 1 ITft i t ffZm ^TaflT % i f t ' f t f t l T3Tt Ir
?ft sfra f u r ft v'T' ^TT I - P ' T i ftfT i , % t ft i , t-v'x

51T ^ T l : 1, t - " ^ J Ttt f i t % T f l j t

1^ _ f r g _^*T , >

1, 1 " v T ' " T '


TT %fS1cT ^ * 5irT % T ^ t ft

+ ^ - t T l f l T i t V t T ft

1lp5 V' 4-% 1 1 1 aftT V - * ' T - I0 1

5^ 11 V"^ ^ '

T T i>ft <*^)., < Y ) , (i<) % I'Titi ^^1^ VT i r m ^

i, 1 _ ,
(ii)^ ^ ?f ii(i,T)
I f spfif i*5pr 3rs5r |3fT I

ftr snsTt ivfir (^c) vr g^Tfi srra isrr i Brfe r, ftf ft ' a ft'f
'ftajft T??rr gsrr I H i t i ftf| i t i ftf| T f i srrftrT T I i v ft
1 ftf 1 ftff TT T ^ I T 1 II IVK 1,->1o 5 1 ItiT ft fft itir

5 1 ITTfsi vt IT % l i t V T T (^^s) ft fSTT VTft TT f 1 iTft | ft


i t i f r f f t i f t ft i t I T VT f 1 ftiT I

yg' ViT . ,
' T* - T V ^ ^
51ft er, V TtT T ft TTftir friT 11 11 i t i f r f t i i f t % ftii ft
Tt i f t ftsvi ftVTIT I ft 1 % gJTT f v i T i f t I T ftTTti V I % T itT 1
^a^rt % l i VT TITfTTit ftlT I I V551: VT H i ftn ft I f i t i -
f T ft I H r I I f iTl'fH litVTTf ft ITIT ftlT | I U T I VTT ft n t i
divTTviT ftn it i n T T I ft ft ft? I I

X-rfV i f e Biftv ftJ3 ftit ftii TTViT IT ft ITTT ft 1 1 % %


TTTt TtT i t T fntT VST TTTft T f t i t T ft itT T T % ft TT fTaif
ft ffTlt % 1 1 % ftTttl TTTfTTT ft T T ^ i f t i f 1*Tf1 f t i t ff, i t TT
froif % T f t v i T (TVjftvTT) # l i t ft i t ftwrft ftit i f t T T V i t i
f i f t VS9T V f f ^ 81T1T3 $ Tif ft i t f t i t I

31TfTTIT W ft TTVTT 18 VT 1 fTT ispt T l i t Tft fftlTT


I ftift I f ift* 1 ^ T l i ft ( f t i v t TTft tj^ I) TIV TT^ i f t ^^HT | \
T f i 1 vt i f ft IT ft TtT 1 ft f t t T ft i t TIVT TTVTV I T ftlT :

5lft f I f TTI5TTT VT friTft 11

f f t If froi i t l f T ft J11T I ftllftlTftTl, 5lftt?Tit

(XI,) ft TUlTTftTT VT ft^TT^ ~ 11 ftiV S I f TTTT t 1 V T


ffftft Jpfsr* ft5ra

i f t ' f a f if Tft % T^TfsTT ftTT ^wm afk iffiRrre' TTT wfSJTTTS*


f T T - f r r ffJri ftff V a V * / T ' T ? g r r ^ TTT ftTT T T T TTTT fmT i

Tft f m V T # TTTf TtT Tar^UTT VTT Vt 'VT' Ttft fTTft ft fTVT


T 5 T V T ^ ^ * f T VT ^TVT TT9fT!T VTTT | i t i f t ' f T VT ^ITVT
V T ' T t v f r o T V V T V t T ft anVTfT f f t V VTTT TTTT ^WWJ S
ftwT TT VT f m n

^-!L115 TTTT E ^ i ^ i W T i V T f t T T
VT V a

l^TtTfTafftvVTTTTlftft ^2
V** V'

51' V V V

Iv?! 5 - Y ^ 3 V/T" T f TTft ftTTft | I

f T TiftVTT ft fSTft Ta V fi?TTT^ f f t ft T T T f t T T VTft TTft


Trftv fftwT ft TTT Ta VT T*TfT TTT ftTT I T T ! ^ f T TfTfT V TfTTT
ftTt TfT T f VT TTTftVTT VT, ft aftT TT Vfff TTtft T T T fTt V , ft Tt

-^-l.-^ftTT.

fTTT^^-!lIV-TTTT
V V, VT,=' V ,
Tft *=TT V f i f t fTTT VT T T ^ | 1 ^ fTpT V T i t (Y^) V STTT Tff
V i t r ? ^ var v fw^TrrfT ftrr TT i fvff frftT varfti t Tf i f f
V TKT ft ft T t T T ftft t I i t TT V ftTT V fti^ l?V TfcTfT Tit-
VTT fT3 ft TTTT I I TTftr TTTTTTf Vt Tftfrft V T^TfT V fWO; ft
arrftsfiTT frwT T T T vt TTT V fw? fTzr vr Tsit TTTI? H? | I

X'YK Tft T^vfroT Ivit T T V V ' S V TTTf itT TTTTVTT if rrrr Tftft
f T f t ^ I Tft TT% T U S f r V I T (TfTSFTT) TTfftTft T 5 W | i t I T %
%fS ft TTlft fftif^.Tfff ft|,it ft fTT%TT% %fSi>t TtT ^ TT % 5ITT
3rTfS5ffftTtf%PnfftafTftTT%%f5fti3T^ftV % TT VT TTTfTTit I I
mftr^iTft f l wft (v^) % t % ^F^vn TT grift Ttft, iri?
T f S T - i T f t i t tnft(V^)ft <5 TT TRtRT T BWPTTft^BTT% 550"
iftTI
^ ^ v q V T . IT ^^^^^^^^

V g ' IT T a ' IT
T^X'P''
JTf i * i f ft ft ifft (uT) ftrt etivs (g) aftt IT ^ ftsiT T %

OTT STTTTftl I afttftTt^BB a IT % ^T1W aftr rftTTT TTT (TT)

TtT*
fftr I WTTTIT Ir
TT
V(XT*)*XTT VTt* T.TT
TXTT'^ " VT"
5T<Ft Tift ^ TftTTT Ir iV ftl ftrr TT TTTT 11
? T ( ! ^ - - ^ = T I ?Tif T Tf TTT ift 5TTf ft ^TlrTT TTTft-

TRTT Tft 11 TT I T ^ "tftft iT T =4?- I Tft TT-<TFtfTT TTT |


TT
T - [ ^ - " 2 ^ 5 ^ ^ TT TftaT "ft Tt I I
*TT T TT
T*ft {XI) ft Tqrstl fTTT I ft Tft it ftiif ft i f f t TT, aft^ TT,
^ TT% f m v T t W T qif % arrrra* T , Ttt v , TTT T l t s T T TTT
VT, aftt TT^ ftit
T, _ TT, T,.TT,? y
TT, T^.TT,"
fT*g %"=5ST % g i f t ftTT Ir-

TT5
V?

T^ TT,
HfST % T f T T t ftit i t TV % T T T % TTT ^ WK
fkm ft Tft % T i t T t r f % STTT fts ftrr TT TTTT t ?T% ft^ TV t i t T
, M (vy}.if wm Tt ftT I S iff TftSr 11 Ttt ftr
SITWT I T % %f2 g % TTf^J ftft I T Tt Tftft ft i f t ^ I I f T T
T T ft ftrt tTT I i ftTt T f T T| TIT^ T ft' f T ^tTT% T T T / . T f T
T f t TTTft |CT T ftff TT ftTT | I TT f T Z T f T Tt TT! TTT TTT f -
V^ft T T T ^ 51% TTT T fT'T (TT^ A ^ ) 'PTT WRifft f l ^ Tt TT ft
T ' l l p l f t TfTTT 11 T T T T TT T T T f T' A ^ ) aftt ftit ^ T^
T % TIT ( T ^ - A T ) % ?TtT TTTTIT T f t T f T' {^-^ A ? ^ ff TTTT
I I TT f T T f TT5f I A vr ft T T ' f S T W T P T t T Tt J ftff TTfTT
ft Tftn^ T TT TT TTT I I
T T T ' ftf| ft f T ^ T T t T ' T ^ W T ir5&i
TTf T = T , f T ' " (r+Ar)i
^^f T-tVI Z.T' f T " f T i + A ^ I T ' T - ( T 4 - A T ) 5TrA?VI
g H - a ( T + A T ) Tt STT A fTi
T T TftftaTT ftrr % T ^ i i t f T twr ^ ft^r ft
fftrr ( T + A T ) TT grr fT - T _gT T
A^T^^ TTTT "TTTT"
T f e f t ^ ft (vy) f T IT T i f ^ ^
^ J s l f t W %1 t 1 m f 1 tTT % SWT mspsiq f5![fT i f
^ ( r + A T ) aiTTAfV
T ""Tfti
A^T->o A VT TT VT
fft TT^TV %iT Vfft I I TT f T T i f % 5TXT f T T f ^ l V T f t TTfNTT
i T f fs (?TtT) TT T T t i t T TTTTit Vf TTTT ft TfTVT !5Tft | I
TT T fT'f ft f T % 3;qt T T TTT T ' f T f ft f T' % SJTT T' T
TT% Jpf I TTT T iv" T ftf| rt 5T^TV aftt Trf^TV TT V T ^ : T T i t T
I I T T ^T Ttr55f5Srif % T f T T t
^Ttt T 1 I 1 ^
TTVT TTVT ^ '
TT TFT T fv T ' f T f T t Tf^TV T f t ST^TV TT V T T : ( T + A T >
T f t ( T4^ A T ) t I f v i f i f fTTT ft cTtT ( T T fP^ ) VT ? T ^ T fT^T"
IT^^ I T-

?TtT- F^f^ fe'^T ^ T T grtTTT


i T TftTTTTfTfT VTT
Tfr VTT' >o
TTA vr TTT T T T f T % TTT T ft T f t T i T , fT5TT ff T ' f T f :
T t f T iff fTTT ft T f t T T TT Tft T fft?| T t f T % TTT % i T , fT
i t i f VT ar^Tt t I TT T' ftf T t f T T"t TTTT TTf VT ftftT ( C o m -
ponents ) f T I T Tift I rTTft T f ^ i t ( T + A ^ ) I i t f T % TTT A t V
v f t TTTTT I i t t TT f T v t fT5IT ft fTVT TftTT TTTT ( T + A T )
Vt5TT A f V t aftt f;TtT T ' fTr| T t ( T + A ^ ) I I TT T' T Vt TfTTf;
. 3ff f T ft T fTfS Tt f r r i t I I TT
ZT' T T - ( % - A ? ^ ) I aW: f T ^ fiTT ft f T W TftTT TTTT^
( T + A T ) X Vt^TT ( i&o - Af15 ) - ( A I ) 5TT A f15 ) fTT 1
ftff TT f T f T v f ftVfft TT T t ftTTt V t f t f i t V f TVft | fV
( T + A T ) VT TftTT TTTT f T iff fTTT ft-*( T + A ^ )'TT"
A f V ffTT 1
T' f T f l t f T % TTT TftTT T*3T i T -
(T+ ATJ v f s T T A f V - { T + A T ) 5TT A f V )
ftff f T l5t fTTT T fr?! T t TT T t I TT: f T ftTT ft TT^ft'
TftTTT (T+ A T ) fPrSTT A 'F" - ^ + A T ) A f 15 - T fTftJ
AT, A T Tft A ^ ^ ^ trfrrt t
I

.AT - T X fr; - f T i?t r?TT Jf I f i l qfTTifT A v r ft f i r i '

1 ^ {^ Ife ) ? i T T - ^ . A i - T A fv

_iTT TjnjT
"irvr" ?rrw
_ ITT ITfTS-,

Tl%TV?1Tni--5I.-(^-L!L).t:^^
ar a;r PTT JKT ' ^

iftnRTTH Tt irf? f m r f t eft - T - r ( 1 (%^\


TTTT" TT T T ' ^ '
3TT ?T Tfi*rT?TTT WTft |, iff T T % SSTT SfTTT fTTT it ftlT | I
^ T T + A T ? T itTT ft TftrRr T T % 3;TT TTT ?:T fTTT ft lft*Tff5fe?r
ft
TTTTt ft f t i t I
( T + A T )'Srr fT itT ( T + A T ) ^t5TT T
T T T a % TTT Tf^y ftT T f T T T T ( T + A T ) 5TTAfV+(T+ A ^ )
-Tt^T A ? ^ - T
= T A W + A T A ^ + A i - i '
'JTTAfT;-" A fV itT Tt'TTA?'! - \
fV'3 A f T ) A T VT TcTfT star TTT ftft ft Btf ^ TT ftr TftTTT-*
TA'PP+AT

TliTT?TTT- ^ 1 4 ^ _ + . 4 5 . _ 5 ^ + J l ! _
^^^^o A VT . TTTT ^ TTVT

TT T TT fV TT
'TrVT TT^JT^TTT

TT T TTJV TT VT TT fV TT^fV
""TT v r TT Vrf^TT VT ' TT VT '^Tl TT^
TT'TV , TT T TT fV _^

- i S _ \ i . ''T T 2 ! 5
T TT TT ^ TT TT ' T T T ^ TT TT ^ '
MS- IT , _ , TT fq; TT r TT fV , TT*fT

T'fiF a ftTT TT% I T T : T*ft Ir

TTTT ^ '

TTTVl ^ TTTT
TT fTft T Tt fTTT ( ^ f ) T Tft ft iftTTT ftnf I'
TT; ST2T % ftitT ftrr % TfTTT T T T f t TT T T T ft TT TTOIT Tff
f r i t I f i t T R T TffT TT T l5t TtT ft ftTT itw fftT | I f T STTTT
%qBT TT f s i f t fTTT T? TTTftcT TTTT | fT Tf ?T ^ TT % ftr^TT *
T f t ^ I "it ftT'TT T?t T i % ift ftTT ft *fTT TT TfT t I
X-V^-TT f T Tf frWTTft ft Tft Ttf Tm frit 5^ft5T TT ift
TTft ift fTTT ft fTTTTT TT % ftT?TT ft 5T T T R ftTT^fft | ft Ta?
TTft ft Tm TT % T f i t % STTT T?TfT STTT TTT % TTT^TTit | I.
eft T f TT fT5TT ft TTfTTT TTT TT TT fTTttT TT % TTTfTTTt ftTT I
T f ftn % T i t T T T f t
V {X - f _ T
? + f T t S T T f T " t + fTtSTTfT ^'^^^

Tft TT 8fT TTfTTT Ttfe T % f^T | TtT f Tjp ift %5S^fir (TTTT'
TfTfT) TTT fT ftTT ^TT ft T % STTT TTTTfT TTftTT T f t | |
TT fft TTt ; ^ ?) ft T | TftT TT TTT ffft T TtT a % Ttif STTF
TTT T. f ?TTfT
TTTT 11 T i t (^v) % TT^TTftr T^TfT ft.
TTTT ' " ( ? + f TtSTTfT)*
TT fT_
ft fTT sftr TTT ^ TT
TTTT"

TT T
Tt TT T (
f 5TT f T /_9
_9 TT fT
fT \ esr f

fBT fTTT TTcTTfTT TTST ftft TT

i [ l ! ^ ^ T t ^ r f T - 5 L ! 5 _
(TTTT)' T TTTT
T i t (S?) % a % TTT ft fTT Ttr TTT TTft T t
TT^T a " f Tt 5TT fT
TTTT^" T
STT l i t (^?) % cTTT - 1 VT f T O P f i T t f v i fTT-^
TT'T /IT 5 vtgiTT f v 5 ^

vV V5IT ft TTft ft f q r v t ftV % TT % fimtg- sff^qn v r ft q f t i f t i


ftcTT |, Pi:?r?lf JTf 5 % TTT % T f T T t T?T | Ttt f T TVTt f T ^ I
. f v f q r vt VST s t T f T ^ TT qtTTT TTTT TfTqtTTT Tf qftTTT TTiT
.?taT ^ q ft TftT f t T I
fTTVTtfT5Tft Tit ( ) ft Tt qftTTT ^TTTfTT l^t ff^'lt
^iTffftT VTT % ftq TTfTT fVTT TT TTt ( X t ) Tft TfTTTTT T t t
TTTVTT % frtr f T T t Tit.Tff^ ^ % frq TTTTT |TT \ TTt
i X% ) VT a fTfT VT ^ q ) T I I f T f?^ T i t ( H ) * ^
TTTT I I
T ^ g ' ' X V . TT T'
T*TT"'' "q. T^

fTft Ta/V =q i t T f T T S T ft TTT Y S"* --^


T i t ( U ) ft T f i f T T * X T Vt TTTT' itT, Tf |<t ^ fVlf
'ft g i % TTVTT ft T^q^T 5TtT ftTT I
.". - T . q - r v ( ? - f * ) Tit. ( Xo ) ft ( )
%<^t % gTtT fft^fT ft fT3 fVTT TT TVTT | T VT TTT T i t Tft %
fTijr 55T t I Tiffv a Tf VTT ift fVTt ft TcRfT aTVT | | T T Tf?
T f v r q f t v T T VTT VT ft i t a v r TTT i t i f T % fsfT if v r %
TTT ft TqrST fiTT I

?. TT ft v r |tcT
1 ^ 'SFlT 1^11 i f i I
TT
;.aTT' ^
(XV) ft
;.a-i"T3
ftff %T8t.% g#iTfti*rftit iff %
3 L

Ho
(S)
^v i f f q i ^ ^ T T i
I f fqoif Tt ITI i t finPT ft arqft a r P T i i % fnif % sj^rrt ITIT %
-^TT iffi FTIT I if ft iirir I T =|TT | FT ssi % I?^T TI f i t sar %
sr?ftT T l vt i t i f % 511TT % i H T j T i i % i f i t i T l ft i t r I T ^ fft
% 11% T f T T I ft flitl.Ttrft TTf5 TTIT | J H V T i F l i t l f l ^ l f | |

T*
?lft 5 TTTIT TT ffltr^ TIT IT Ttt IT, i t i f T i t Tt i f Fllf TIT
T i t i t % TBI T?t f t t I lit T l f T f l 5 1 Tf I f Sffr f i TT TTTIT SITI
TTft % FTI^ igrB FTIT TTI i f ' IT Tt, f i ft i f FT TTT I T , vt if frr
ft T f f t ITT T Tt If ^ fT ft its T T T TTITT ^ 1 fr^f HTST %
FTTT % TfTTt TTTTT TTIFT^S f t l T | I flftt^ f T I f Tt Tift I T ft
^ t f t l T T t t I f i t f i Pt TTft I T ft TtftiT I
' FTT (9 \) 1^ f l %fs ^ FTTT ft i f fro? % 3J
3?TT f l t v i T ITT T Tf %'S ^ f?Tf ft fT

FTT TT TTTTT t I TT:

% -f. ^ T 5 l f hr
37
f w % a m f T TT TTTTT f I t T TIT f

R
Tf. fT ftr % g?Tt If TT TTTTT cTtT fTT \
ft?! f T * ^ I f VT TTTTT 1 _ I f If % STt
-fltVIT 1 ^ ft T?1?T St2T I I FVff f?1 TTT Tf |
ft mft (TTT) TFf1?T t I ftri vx
anr f l f i % fFi?1 Ir i ^ ^ i f t % a m ftiTt vtft 11 i f g i f
aft?: I f % i n w f t B sTTTii ( ? i f f f ) % i l l 5?i fftr I i i i :if vr
amit V 3 T ft ciTT 1 ^ + 1 ^ % i f t ^ f i T i i f t i f vsrr ft ?ITI T ^

^ it I

T,sr*-5( iT+irJ-sr
( i r + i T j ) - i vf liV (x^) y> 1' (Xv)
.*. " I ' - f

11 l i t (K^) fft I f ftif VT qftini srra VTT I V I T | I i f ? fvifr


arfl I f VT I
i(ir +1)
V*
1,'V;,3-5(IT+ITO-, {n)
lit i t t ( ? ) % STTT

laXV^a 1T + i r ,
VT%XV''
" 1T + 1T, VT," XVW^
51 l i t v T T ft %iwT % f r r a i f i VT i R i f t v f i i i>fti |iT r
ftf % f w v t aftar I f ftr 3r?iTf?r fzT frft Ir

ir+iT,
I f i^v % ftvzii 151% arfTTT VT f i t i ftn i?rfi f i n r f i
i f t I IITII If qT arcifi T t n f i v z n H I T | I

f i p r ft i i t ( v 9 ^ ) ^ ii5!fsT % 5TTT Iff % g q i f t ft 5i*V


f t t 11T f i %fs ft I f ^ f t t v t ftvT l i t % i i v r i f ft Iff %
fioif VT i f t i m ITI ftiT I 'tft i f t ^ ITUT I ft ? i t VT f i T f 1
% f q ' i vr v t i IT i n | IT ? i t ^aif ft f i sfr ft ftift 51T i f r |
it m T ft s a i t % fqos v r i n I T I I^SIT % ft"? v r i n 1 n r

f i % f i T VT i n IT 11 s : i t ft f i t v t f t t V l 11T f i t ft I ' S I T ^

ftt V , I i t t S'sit VT f i % iftft: i r t V I I VTT VTj aftt I^SIT VT


gsit% iftT: iftni vr5JVT,|i itfiiitvrifft fts fi2i%
a n v i l fftiif ft
. ffr-HT, ^ vr%^ T%
ir,+T' v%
fift fE^r % PTTiTT TTi t Tftar TfffTT VT f q r m i arT f f
% PTT TT ^ Tftar S i t VT fTT TT, T?Tf?T ^ 11 fTfti? f T ^ STf
^ T T TTt (^V) vr fT^T T f |TT

TTt {%x) ft s^rt ^ f r r vr TfiTrr Trft % fri^ f Tftvjrr V T T


%f^VRX fTT TTT TfS TftVTT VTT fTT ^ STt ft f T sfT ftf =
^^^ooooo i t r TT ?V^Xooooo f%5ftit3T, 5sftft T f S T T V t f t t "
RWzioo ^ TTTT ^ c v i f e o fVTtTter, 5TT?t fTTTTTfr ft f T S^it aftt
f T % f r r f vr T J : T ? T
TT** _ ^^^X)" ^ (^;VYoe)3 ^ ^

% TTTT Tl% I IfTft Tf fftS |Tr Fv f T VT fTT 5Tt % fTS ft TTTT


TTTitT TTT fTT TfT | I
fT ttfT ft TT Tff r r f VT TTT STTT fVTT TT TVTT | ftT% TTTf
TT T^STT fTTTTT | aftt TfSTT TTft Tt Tf f r r f % TTtfTftv TfTTT Tt
f i t TtfT fTTtftT ftft TT T ^ I ftftftit ft TTft f t i t w i f vt TfTTTT
ft TTT, 55 aftt TfT % TTTft VT TTT TTTTT TT I fT5T ft arrit f i t ttfT
ft fT5 fVTT ft TTT VT fTT f T ft ^ ? TTT fTT t3T | I TTT f f fTfT
f i % ?ooo f TTT % TtTTt Tft ^ 0 0 0 T TTT % f^T | |

f T i t t f V % Vtf TTTf Tft ftff TTt {%X) ft TfTTTT ft f T fT'^


VT TTT TTTVt gTt % TTVtif % f T R Tt fT% TTVtif v"t t T V t f T
fqns % TftT ft TTT fT% fTT f f t Tf SITT fVTT TT TVTT | I

f i t TVT? T i t ( tK ) ft S i t i t t f T vt ftt TfSTT Ttt S^it vt


f t t ft TTTT YOO fTT TfTV | T f fT3 ftTT | I T i f f t
U iTo
TTVTTtT fqnsf Vt TfTTt % TTT TT% "TftTTTf VT Tt TIT?T Tft
f?TTTTT TTT I 1 T f 5T T t TTTTPCT | fv TTVTV T t t TftTTTV fT^st %
5^?TTVTT VT %5=3 TTVTV fT'S (fT) % T^T^T f t | I fv?5 TT fT^sf
VT 5^?TTVTT f T ? l f f T t fT^^ % T T f t ftTT Tt T T t t %?S f itrt ft
TTtfTftV TTVTT % VTtT TfT^tT ftft | fTST ft T f TTTfTT fVTT | ft
T T t t f VT fcTTVTT TT Tt f f T t ftTT TTTT T t T ^TT ft TTTTVTT
ft TTTTTfT ft TfTTft ftTT I T T T V ft f T T ^T f5?TTVTT fT'|
% TTtf sftt Tftft TT% ^TTTT f Tm % TTtt sft^ TTft TTft Tmf %
TTTTTTf % TTTTft ftft (

Tf? f , TT% Tm VT TftTTT TT, T Tm % TftTTT T ft T f T TfT


ftTT Tt T % STtT g VT TTVTT ^ f t a i t T f t i T I TTT f T t t T %
^^TTVTT VT 5TTfTtT: f VT T f T t T V^TT t TT f T V f TVft |
f v f ftTt I T t t T ftTt % TTtt T t t TfTTt?! t I TTTftTT: f T %
TTtt T t t S^Tt % T f t W T v t f t ft TtfT^r 1 TT f T T f T % Tm VT

TTTT Tt TTT | I TT f ^ T T V T T % ftTTTfTTt f T TtTt


oooo
frsif VT f ^ T T V T T I^it ft TT 1?t f t t % ^ ^ o o o o T TTT % f^T f T
ft f t ftTT I f T %55 ft ? i t v t f t t TTTT ?Xooooooo v t r t i t s t
t I .'. \oo fvTtTtSt % TTTT I TT: f T %5=SftTit-

T T Xoo f v T f t t s t f t t Tt f T T t t S i t VT p ? T T V T T ffTT | I
fT^TT T f I f v f T VT i^S f - f T % f ^ T T V T T %?S ( Tt f T ftfT ft f t
ffTT t ) %' TTtt T t t TTTT X.00 f^TfjftSt % STTTTS' VT f r T TTTft
f q TTTT I

T f f T f T T % STTT VT ^ Tf TTT | W t f t f r f T ' T VT STTT


ftt % ifffi % fi^ ftift if frit 1VTT n ftiTT Tftgofrr I i lifft
?1 f i n i if f i STIfK if ftit , f t ITIT ITUT I ftf T l f l f i ' %
i f t i : S i t % Tfti?1TVTW v t ITIT | i t f ft'S Vt ITI Tft^TV
fTlT t I f i tfti f ?

v r " - - ^ 3Tft ^r"-= 5T litvtif


5. IT 5(iT+i)
% fsit qftVIVTT 'VT' VT ITI TTft I i t fIT ft ? o o ft^Tf VT 1 ?
(?rgitit) ftiT I \ 1? Tqsfsi si^aTfi T^taiti T f t 11

ftj:^ STTITS* f i fti % TTI f:q ft ITI


ftTiitst itT fi ftjl spT TTT = ?

T?S1T ^'^^'^ \o'.Xo


fl ^0 ac 00
qv
i^it
ifi
f^
Tfi ^ oVo 0

v.- VL- qfftTTTTT TT IVT I ft f T i t t I f f l itif If qTtfqftV TTVIT


ft #t3T fqT I f 1% ft"? f l % ftTTT TTVIT % VTtT f T % TTt1 Ttt
itTTTTVTt V5IT ft TITT | I I f TTVTTft fftnif Vt TT^St |f (ftTT)
Tft % Tf i l l VT 111 itqri 11 ^ f 1 fq<if51 % ITI ft T I T I I T Vtft
I I TT: T f I f Tft ftlVT TITTTT %TT itlT^rfft fTTTTTTf %
fTtT ft ft TTT I f fqrsT TTfTT TT T f t l f t l TTtTT Vft TTit | 1
ftff i t t qftiTt% l i t Tffqs t^^ T i t vt TTfg vtft 11 nft* vtt if
%1T f T % 5Ttr ft Tft TTW2 ftiT TcfT i t t qftlTt ^ l i t fqost VT
TTVTT T1*t Tft vt TTTftl VtTT | \ T f T ftJlf Tt 55T fqrf VT TTV-
i l 3rraFi3!isvt f t i r I, f u f 51 T f i I f i fi8T vr I T T ? i f t v srm'T
T i ^ f i t T i T Twr f w f i i f ft a r f ^ a ^ 11TI iiftiii5tiTtt
firtt s ^ i t % 1* f f e i t T t i i v V iTVRfti f F r f n f apifti iW3i f t i t
11 ^ i f i T vt ' f i m i T f i r ' ft i?q5i i i i i v f r i n r 11 1151
fTTsrift f v i f i i T T f v i i v r t 3?tTJi ftft | artT: i f % i t i i ^ t i T I -
VTif- (%fs ^ f i ? ariir qtiifsrvT ft i i r s r f t i i T % H I T % i r i
I f var % H I T % srriwT ( ^ v r i T U T m 5rt) ft f i i i v r f t v artt
itivrfrv ( ftiTT) PpT JTVTt 3fq?T vtft f 1

fi5i % ftsiarrit arrviT f r s r ' i f t i f i f i v r VTTT | i f i f ft


iinr TT ivr 11 vrsr: an-vriti Priif % q ^ f i t r v i T ft f t i f f ft
arftvir i f i i f T?qfT f t i t 11 f i t % VTTT i f f v t v a r i t % .m^s
fT?i-f5fPi TTTTf ft ftnn I n r TTi?t v a r i t t i t ^ i l ' s i tiri
(Apseline) i t I T | i i t t I f VTTaff % H l i f % gTH VT^IIT % H -
i r f ^ l^fT t T T i (TTI ImS) i t T T i t t f i t 11 i r t i t i TTTTI i t i f
TTlft ft f v ^ 1 i t t q r i f v t q f i v r v r r T i f f VT i r v i i ft f i g i
flSTSI ft fTTr I f v 'VTT v t T?5q- f f r i t i f f % T'ST i t t TTit * ift-
VTT ^ q ft i f f ^ n f i Tr v r t i f t i t | i t t ft i f i r i t f ^ i ( T T V I T ^
t f i t ) ft 1 3 f t l J t irffft aftt TTT v t aftt ft c[i aftt qfSTT v t aftt T t ^
TTct I Tft

3T?51^T: VT55f1 f T i t TITTfTTT: I


sitSTIsitETqTTT^ IfTf i f f t f T T : U \\\
TSTT t f T l f l i s T f t : TfTltqrfTfT: I
TTV q5Trsqf<sT5% T i r i s i f r r f t s ^ f T i n ^ 11
(foftfofqsjT f i v r t )
fT frsTfivrt vr Tf T f r i r r | f v i f i r a t t s i (TTVTTV t f i t
ft i ^ f q f t SSft % TTtt Ttt i f l ^ T I I i f T I f T T v i T t ? ! T t f it
TfSTT TTft I f gait f[ q f t v i r ift f t i f t V t f t Tft flf^STTT (sTTfl)
ft t f t l i f ft i i r |TT q?Tt v r VTI \ i t Tfift TTTI t t i f v T T V I T %
, VTtT f t T i v t T i m r I, f v f f q v t f i t % T^TT % ssft f t nvtsrt
i r i v t w i f ft^r ft i t i t t T r ft a r c i ^ i ftr ft TTTTT | i T^SIT i t ft i t
i i t v r TTVTT f v i t Ear f s TTT i t i f T q i t v a r v t f q i t T T v t fsTT
ft ^ v ift f t ftr ft i r f t r r Tft t f i t s i qt fTf^siTT v r q ^ i t [
JTfnft i > T ^ ^ f t ^

HT2T IT? fftiT TtcT ft f"P I f fjf % =1Trf sfrt TJP^ I, 3[T aftt
*TTn f i f T f t TTft I T f T PTTf % TTT T f f T f f t ^ T TT T f r f t frft fTltf
T f T f f t g r ftrsTfTvrt ; ? ^ r Trrf i f t T T V T T TPT v t TTTT ^ ft I TTT

TftT ft Sltrft VT TTrtfT I r f f T T T ^ tfftt ^ T T f t | I T I T f T T t TTTTT


i s i t Vt f t r t TTTft % T t f VT T T t T V t T% ftft Tt T t t TJtTTt %
T R T f r V T'fTT v t TftTTT % T T T T T T VtTtfftVT % T T % ft f t | T ftft I

Tft fl %fg=^fT VT fT^T Tf% TTTTT TT f V T | , T T T f TTTTft


f v T t T f T t r VST ft TfVaraff V TTTTf VT VTf^T ^ T V TtTTT V TTT
^VTT (TtT^t) fVT ^ 1 ft fTTTTT t I i t t TftTTt V T i t T f t V VOTTf
fl TTIT ft g r TTTTTT | I f r f r r T T V TTTTt fi ^ T (T^TTT) tTTT

^ T T W f t f T V f ? ft f t v t TTTit f T ? t fTfTfFvT TTT ft TTJTT fVTT


TTTT I I

fTT 5?

fTT ?) ft V T T T VTffT f T VT TTT3 TTT T 3 T T T f V83T


TTTT I I TT f TT t r r T>ff TTTTt V t ftST tTT t , i t f f T %fS ft f t V t
TTit I TT i t t TT* TTT FT?? ^ TTT A9 TT T Z . V TT T T TT T i t t
Z T TT B ft i t i f T T T ^ % TVTT T T l t v t T TT T t T T t | ^ f f f t i t
TTVtrT T t T T t i t t TTT % TtTtrf STtT TfVST % T T T T ft STf^T
% TUBT T T T T T T t ft faWT it T f * f ^ i T fft*rfft3I ft T T i t t \
TftTT T<TVTV Tff ! ^ f T %ffJHl TOT % TflVsTf T I T TT% TTTf %
Ttlftf ft T?TT I I TT f TT' Tif sftT Tf TSTTTT arfftTtT % TTTSf
iff TfT tTT I 3?\T TT TT' ft i f t f ff TTtt aftT Tfgift TTT t I f f t TTTf
ft Z V TT T % 55ir Tf sPTffTTT ft T^TT TT T f ^ T TfTTTT fTt TT ftTT
I I T T T*' ^TT TTffTTT % TT Tt fT^fTf Tt fftTTTt | Tff TT TT %
ftftTT FTT TTT TTTTT ftft | l ftTT?TfTTT fapT TT T T 5 T T^TTT TtT
TTTT TTTTT Tfft | I f T i t Tlftr ftTTfT^T ft f T FTT^ TtTTT fT ftTT |
^ft fTTlffT Tfft I I f T iff Tlf^T TT ftTTT f i t fTfT ft ftTT | Tf
anft TTITT TiftTT I 3ITTTT ft f i t fTf|ft TTTTfT ft Tff% Ttrtif Tt TTTT
Tt TTTt I 1 Tfifsif aftT TTTt % TtTtT (Langitud) i t Tft ft FTft Tift 11
fTftq TIT ft TfTtsit TT TftlrTT TfTT Z . T f TT i t TfTTt=Eit aftT TTT
tTTTt % TSTTif TtT Z . T f TT = Z.T f TT - Z.T f 3 % feT | I
T f T aftT TTT ^TTTT Tft Tt TtT??fftT^T % ? f f 3TTTTT TtT
3^%fTTT TT %fS^3FT ( Ecentri city ) | | i t TtTfTTtT -eiTT TT ft ffft
TTTf ft T | TTft t I T?%fSTT StTfTT f t TTft ft %f5f Tt ftt ft 3 1 %
I f f 3TTTT3* % TTT ^ft TT ^TTST T f | I Tf FTTft T% Vft "Ft 5TT f t i t
I TT% fTT TtT f5T Tf, T T T T f ft Tift TTTT it^ f T %fS ft ?5T
ftTT I I
f i t TTTT f T FTTt i t FTTT TTT ft TTit TSIT ft Tf 1?t F^TFT Tt:
TTT TTft Tt FTFT Vt TS TTTTT % TTT ft T f T1!% ? I TTTTT ft T f
airit TST ft f T ft TTT f t t TfT>5T ft ( Tft TT T T T TtT fTg Tff Tt
f l r f t TftfT ftit I ) TSTT Tf IT TfTT TTT TT ( F T ^ TfT%fS Tfft
I ) T i t % STTT TT %fSft TSTT TtT TTITFTT i f f % afr^TT TfT Tt
5T T T f r r %=at ^ ^ f r ft 5Tft | i t r fft TfTTT Tfft 11 TfT T T % f t
mVTX. ft TSTT Tf5%f5 Tt fT? Tf5%f 5 % t^T ft TftTT T ^ | I Tf
TSTTT Tft TT TTTt %<^t % TTTT TT T ft TTTT ial4gra)TT fTTT %
3?it armftT 11
?5jffT ^ i ^ i t ^ T ITft fr^JTt ir isif'^ru
H'Xt fT5T % STTT anftcipT IfTfiift TTTTT frraTfT, T % T
Tff ft ITCTFT 1?t 3TTTTft TTT gaiT TffT ftSTfT 3TtfTT % TTTT
Tt TTtcTTT fTT ?T^T ft TOTFTT Ttt ffwTT T t ftTT I Tf
TTt^ftr TTffT"^ TT T f fWfT ftaiFT^T t ftift afTTTift fT'if
Tt TFlif TT Fl^T FlftlT TfT FTIT || T T ^ T TTT ft
arrvTift fttrT % fqg ffrif sftt TT% vr'Ror qsrT VT ftttftir f t 551 v r i
m I m f f v t TTfctfti T f t i t v t TtTTift % faq v f t q i tTTif?ratT
iftVmTaff VT STTTZTftSTTTTcTT TT I W T V r t T f l f t VT 3 r m tTT-
Tfoiitl sftt TTTTcTV sr^fir VT ft tfT I ftf T^iTTtJT f^rlTVIT %
STTft^VTt % TT? TT TTVritT f T ' i t v t t f t ^T% STtT ftT^TT fts f i t
T"t fTft ^TTlftTtT TftV^TTraff STtT TfTft ft^ftTT VT TfcTTTT ft TTT \
ftt Tf TTTT f t TTT ft fqist v t fTTftcT T%Tt fs TTfTTsff VT TTTTTT
^T% TtCTt TTVTT TTt % T^tT ftTTTt STtT ftTT TTT I TT T f ft^TT
f t TTT ft f T TTT T f t ^ f V T T v t TfTft TfTTT aftt TftV^TTTsff V SltT
ftrttT v t T t J T t f V t T f T F i k fSTTVTT TTT?Tt TftT v t ftTTait
VT ftTT t 1

TTVTTtT fqagf ^t Tft TTTTit TTfTTTt % TTTTTT V ftt^ TTT Tf


TTT ftTT TTT ft ft fTT Tt TTTTFT SSTt % VT % f^T | I Tt TtfTt %
TTVTT TTt V STtT TTfg ft t f | 1 TT St fT'st fl T f t VT f55fT TTT
Tt fTV TtTfTt arrVTTTfT TTt STtT TTT^T ftTT | pTTSST-TTfTT
V fT T I I

fTTST TTfTT % STtT Tft ftlttT % ftft T f TTT5TV | ft T f t vtf


fm s t T f T v t tTcfr TTft ft ffTT fVTt TTVTT TT STtT TTfg ftVt
t3T% TftT: TtTftftT TTT ft T f T T f t | I Tt T f Tft %fStTVTT TT %
VTtT ftit, Tt fTTttT f tcTTT TZV fTTT STtT ff TTftT f t r t \ TT fvfft
fm % ftftg TT % STtT TTVTTTfTTft ftlttT v t TTfTT Vt TT
TTT fTST ft fTT fTft ft TfTfTTfTT fVTT Tft fTT STtT T f f T fVTT
TTTT I I
fTT ?^ ft ?T2T %
3TTVTT fTTT % TfTTt %
%fS V fTf| Tt TT TTT VT
Vtt TTVTV fTT I Ttt T
TTT VT vtt apT fTT T,
%5StT fm TT % TTVTT
TfT ftTT STtT TTfS ft
tfT I TT Tf TT fTT%
STtT * %fS T Vt TTf? V t
tfT I fT'T f T T VT flTT I ftT \?.
fift r, % aftt T % T T ft ftV ^ I T , T-Prw VT TTT TTT T flrTT-
VTT VT fmrS I T. TT; ^ TTTT ^TST ^ TftTTTT % TfTTt VT
TtTT TtTTT I I

TTT T ft T ftns VTT % ftTt ST. VT^ T^ T?V ft^ft ft | I ft% f T


TRnar v|ft i Tm vV T f r r Tft TT% T T T S T % ftn % CBTT ftrt 11
TTTT 3TTT53T VT ftr ftr ( ^5^) ft T?f%T ftTT ft T,, | > TF? fti T ftiV
T?T TT ft TTfTT T ffTT Tt T f { TTTT VTT ft TTTT ) TTt aTTTftTTQ
ft fttfTt TtT tTT ft Tftdft ftTT I T T TTT T ft VTT % T f T T TTTT
A VT ft T ftiT ft To T B f5T TtT ^TTcTV TTT TTVTfT fVTT I ft^f
% %!=S % TTVTT TT STtT f T VT^T^TtTT ft T Tm T t T tTT?TV TTT ft
ftTfrr f f t t ITV # t TTT T , T ft TftT f t T I T , T^, T f crv TtMt tTT ft
TTTT srafTT VtTT | I fTVt TfTTf 3TTVTT TT % TTTT % TfTTt ftit I
TT f T Tm vt fti^tgrft VT ftrftT vtft i t TTT TO T , aftt T , T , f T
f t t ^t TTT TTTft Ttt f T f t t ft TT VT fTTttT Vtft I f T Tit TTtTT ft
f v i t TVTt TT ftTT |TT | i t aTT5T f T T , T , , Vt TTH V t Tft I Ttt TT
T ft fm T ft ftrft i t ITTT ftit I arr fTft TT ftT T f ^ T vr i t TTT
ft TTftTT I Srr fTT % ftr ft fTT TTTT ff^, % V t i t f T %, % TTVTT VT
TftTTT f t T I i t t TT Tm T , f T f Tt f t T i t TT% ftT ^ Tt TTfH f^l
ft TTTit I f T ftft ft T5TTFfT5rT A l T f t T t f T T f T T % fTff T , ft
ftTft Vt i t TTT V t Tft 1 arr f i t TVTt T ftiT % T , T3 arrfT f r f i f vt
Tt f T fTT % T T ^ ft TftTTfTT V t Tvft* I

TT TTT T ft fftT ^ Tft ^ TVft TftTftT ft TTT; TT Tft fTT


VT anr ftr T T T T T T f i r f t i t f r T I ^ T i^ T Tm vt Tft vr f r r K
vtft I TTT T ft T,, I. T Tt A V T VTT ft ft fTT T T ' , ? t t arrVT^T
v t r Tt T T , T T i t I I ftf TT i t TFT %fitTTViT TT Tf3T ft %,
i t f T% TtT fTTT ft %?iftlVTT VT tTT?TV TTT Tfft % TTTT f t f t T I
fT VTtT Tft TtTt TftftTrTif ft TfTTT T^ T, Ttt T^ T ' , ftr! % 5TtT

Tft ftTTT ft Tt TTt aftt TT% T T T T f VtT % TTT tfft Tt Tft-


TTTt TT Vt STTT V ^ ift ftft % TTift ft T T , T^ T , % JITT ftft
Tt T , T , STT ft TTftr I
TRJW Ttt ft wig; Ttft I, ?ft f^Tsn ff 1 , sr, aftt T , ar, i itif f w

f l ftwpsf ft sirsT ft I f fsTTriT fv i f ? arTT^ ^ f f t r r v i i iw


qt ft i t ( f t r (^R) if % i qT ar, stsr | ) Tivr mi

"^!!L?! # TKT i f f ft TVTT I fift T. Tt 1? vr q t i (^f^i) ^

11T^ I f %f5 ft q fqosift arrr s i t 111? i t i f i t i q i anarrfi v t i r i


fsmfi ifTfft ftnT I TT arrrftnT f ftiT i t fq^^ v STTT arrvrfT i t i -
f T 'q^ %' tTT % TrT TTTTTTTT ftTT aftt T^, fT?| TTVT T^T ftTT I T^
TT TTgftr TfTT TTTIT i t T f T Vt TTTTT TITT aftt q fqoT VT TV^TTT
VTT i t TfTTTTTTT I 'T5T ft TTT f T f T Vt ffT ft ft I T S fVTT TT I

TTfTTT Tfr arrrftT T = v' '!L_?[ft i t fqos % srtr arrvr'T T V I T ftrr

ajtt f T TTTT VTT ft TTTT i l Vt fTtTftT ^qft TTTT TTTT | \ f v f TTT ft


ft fT fr^VT qt qfft fv TT T T T TTTTT arrrftr (?ft^jr) arftgr?T Tfrvr-
f i V TfTTf Ttt Ttfrf TTT i t r f r f T>t f r f r r vtrr i f r r v r T ^ T f i f i q^
ftfrrri f v t T ? ^# T^sa % ^ ft q f t T f i i ftTT fTTft TTTTT

v/l^ ftTT I Tft TTtT ftr VT tTVT | I fT% Trft TTTTT ft vfTV

Tfs Tlrvrfrv Trft f v f aiftgrfT ar^q fifTTt Trft TtrVif

ft ffg vtTT fTTVT i t T f T f T fTTT \ TTtT f f f 3TTTT3 Ttt

% \ ft TfTTT ftt TfTV ft TfTV ftit SWTit aft^ TT T^, = V~^-^

% f5T ft Trftrr T T T V TITTTTTTTT ftvt fvt T^ST ft arrf T T ftrr i


TT TtTfT VT fff3TTTT^ TT^TTf Vt TTH ftTT Ttt T t T ^ f T TVTt
ftrr fTTft fv fq'5 q qt % %fff vr T T V T T J T : \ Tt s^rft %
% fw? TTT T ftrr V T T : fq^s f v t % f s f t qtr^gT ft Trftqr i ^TST ft
fTWlTT 1V ftl % T T ^ T ; tTTT % WBTT qftTTit TT TtTTT (Parabola)
ftrr I Tf% f T f%TT% I IT TTTftT T , % %5S % I W vt Ttt Tt TfT ft
ark 1 , H T T VPS iS H P T %! ft T l r ^ f f t f t i t 1^ vT iftrriV'HTW
i t T f c T fVT STTTT f t TTTTT I
fTT ( Y<i ) ft % lifitTTTTT f w % STTT T^ aTTfg f t TfT | I % TT
arrr %T T T f TTT % TT arTTTT T^ T T T T % f^T | I Z % T T
H T t T t I TT Tfft fTTTT % T i t T TTTTT-TT T f f T % pTTTTfTTT
TTTTT?TT T^TT % T T T^ T , ft T f l i t T ftTT A VT S T ft T, fTf| TT
TfftTT I fTT fTft f t TTT ftr^ T, T ?RT ^TT ft T, v t TfT T T , % f5T
( TTST I T T TfT ft f^T v t TtfT TSTt Vt Tf5TTTT 3 i fTTVt; Tt TffT
TTT ^ ) T, T TTT ^TT f t i t I f v ^ f %fsftTTVTT % TTTT T, fTT % T ,
tTT ft T , T % fcT TT: 3TTfg ftTT I Tft T , T i t T T % f5T f t
ftTT I TT TTt % TTTTTfTT T f f T T^ T , T , T % T T ft T , fT^S T, f T f
TT TTT TRTT I
T i t % H T T P T T T f f T ft, f T T Tt f i t TfT % aif^TT T, fftac T
T , T , T3 TTfT f T f | i f TT TfT i t s ftTT I ^TTTpUT ft fkS fVTT TT

fTT V\

TTTT I fT TT T^ T,ZTT T, T , TTT TT T , T, Z ' ' ^ % "T3 f?TrfT


fit srVTT % T , % T , % T3 TTfT fTT T ajtr %fR % ^ tf^ T^
r
J

anft i V 5 m : TfTT f t i t 3rmt i TIHT: fm % T , v t r Ti, %


^TT v f t T, % "7, fcirfe TTTftT T S V T T ftif aftt ffff ^ i t % SRT
fTTT T % q , T V T = A % \ ^ T V T A T , % % a T V T = -
Tt fT3 ftqr TT TVTT I I T% ft %C55T % %Tft ftTT Vt TTTFT ft
?T3T ^ 5Tt ftft ft i t T f T ft Tf % i t Tf?VTf SRT TTTT VtT ft TTTT
EITVT VT TTVr^T ftTT ftS ftTT TTT | 1

STT Tfe VtT % T^ T , VtT % T , T^ % 55T ftTT i t IT Vtrf VT MTT


TTVtT % feTTTT ftTT ! f i t TVTT TTft i t VtT % T , T , aftT VtT %
T , T., anft i t 55T ftr vssr: T ftf| v r w t T T f r ft TTTTT T^T fTft

Tj, "V/ -J^ ftrft Tj, aftT Tg VT TTT TTT t^V^^T ft T|TT I f i t f t q f T
o
^T % TitVTT vt i r t T T T f f ft | I

Tf^ Tf TTTTTT TTT | ft T = Tf T T TTft "STTT T T ft"

T T T 3 T TTTTT | TTtft TTT sa:^ ( % T^ ) Vt i t fTt %fstTTVTV % TT ft'


ftit I T , T , VT TTT T T T T T T ^Tft T f t v ftTT TTTT | I fT^Cr ^
TTTTift T T Vfft I I

TT T f i T ^ ^ ' U I i ^ L - ?ft q fqT VTt i t % TtT qTTfT Tft'

ftTT, Titft tft i t i f i t T qr % ftTT ft TTTTT TTT ft ^ % TTTTT^TT


T f f T % fTTT ft frra: ftrr TT TVTT | ft %qo ft T I T %q.,, %q^ It TTT
% T , TTft ffft f r r f t TTTttTR T % TTT Tft f f ^ % VTTT T f q T % %fS'
ft KT ft fTTT ftTT TTTTT I VTT: qTT5!itTqT vt Ttft q ft^ fTft i t
ft qTT^f T ft TTTTT I
fT frftTTT % 3TfTR ftiT arrVTT %;s %, % qftT: i f i % 5 T (Conic
section) 5lif ft ft VTTT VT TVTT | J fTft Tt stifTT itT fTT ft TTTT

T TTT qTT5!T TTT TftqTTTT ft T T T T T TV | I TFT ftTTTTtT T T

- ' L * " - ft T T T T T i n T ftTT Tt f q T % ^ T T TV VT f T ^ ift'-

\xT ftTT TtT f r l r arfrv ftTr i t Tf T T T T T Tft TftTTTrr % fTf^T W


'tm I qv ftTF?r ft 111% s r r a i i i firirPn? H C T T ft I^ % iff

ftTT if TTfB f t i T i t 3TVT I T I y ' V IT % f ^ l f t l T I H ft1 1 %Tf

% % i f t i : ITT ft vtlF I T l i f t ftT TT STTTII ^ f 1 ^1T i t If


% %fS ifV i f t 1 %, TTT tTT ft tfr i f t f t ffttiT ftl ITTT 11T ft
flTTIT 11T TrlT ^ T c i r T W % T ? l i l ITT ^TT ft f S B TT TT ftTIT |
SftT TTTT H I iV i f t f t i w R S ft ftIT Tft T l fiTft 55tB ft
ftTT I I

T?t TTTTT TT =fTT | ft %T55T ft ^TTfstil % Sf^STX. I f i f t ' l T T ft


TT& I TtT TT% TTT % Tit TtT fT ft TSTT ftt IT 1 T 1 I"?

TTf % T i t ft TTTfT ITTT ftTT | | f l ftsiftr Tt i t TT^TR ftH %


TTTtT TtT i t T T T f t l WTT TTit ft f t fT2T ft TloSSq ftlT TT TrT %

ftrr ft rjTs^r TT T f ^ T T ft T , = Tfft ftS ftTT TTTT | I

T i t o (v^) TT f i r ^T ftrft ^ T T x,^''


ft
fift =,R TT
ft

TT^

VT'^xft '

^^-^^r^ " T T i t i t l T t f t f t ' f t f T f t T T ,

2^ V TT^^ X ft^ ^
TT. ft* " T. TT

T f f l T T fft %15!T % g i f t ftTT Tt T T T f i l TTTTT 11 T H Tft


TTTfT f 1 ft TT f T l f t ft f T2T T i f t i f t i t Tt SWTfTI TT T% [

rito ( ^ ) f t ^ = _ _ - _ ^ - 1 o
m. IT

T|t ( ) ft sr?i%?r STTTTI % ftn:rv v r 31: W T T ftTiTT'


arrarT | ftr (RO) ft I T ^TT T f t r m m ?ftfir?r 11 ftwg i f t
ftsm % ftsTfi ft ft3 ftiT r r fVT t ft v m f t m%m f r r f ft ftnr
111 f f t T I T f f t fTT TTVTII IT ftTtft f l l T 11 Tft T = ^ T ft T|f
T TTTT TT TTT ^TT ft ftS VT TTT | TTT T snVTT VT ftlTft vf.
To%o t , ft'ft^T VT TT I I TT T f t ft=? i f T=5T fT% T=^T |TT I ^
TTtVTT (^<9) ft i t STT-RT T , Tt %?itTTVTT VT ffTTtV fTT I fT2T ft
ft f T V t Tt T f ^ % f T T V T % ^ ft TTTT t 1 TTft T T T T Tt Tfftv ftl
% TTVTT ft fTfT fftfT TTT VT | I fTTT TT Tt TTV^V ft"? VT fffft
TtTV t I fTTT Ttr TfTTTT % TTt T f t % ftq f T ft^T VT TTT TT TfT
TT% TTVIT VT ftTTft T TTTT f t T|ft I f l t f r f t Tlfto {%\)ftfftT
TftTTT % T f % frft 'T TT' VT TTT ItTT ftTT, TTT T TT VT STTTT T %
TTT % TfTTT StST TT TfT ftTT I TT f T f T ffTfT ft | fv fftT TftTTT
% T?ftV T f % STT TTft TTft %fstTTVTT T T vt fSSTT VT T V I TTT i t T
TfTTTT % T f t % fTTt VT TTTT i t TT^fB I T T T T ft TTT5T TTVTTt STTT
TT T V I Tt^ % T V T T T ft f i t ftTT STTT S ^ i t TTft % f r r f % TTTT f T
f T T % T T ^ 8TVT ftTTTT TTT | I

i f t i t % fif^lH 3TTf;

Vl.XH Tfft i f T TT f V T I ft fT2T ft VfT TT ft Z^it % 3?TT T'STTT^


TTT f T T t ft TfT v t f T T TfsaB f%ft TTT i t TT T T ^ T f t i t *T5T %
g i f t ftTT % T f T T t f t i t 1 fT% f F T T ft fT5T STtTTt TVTt ft T f t Tft
?TTTf vt fRTTTT ft TfSVQT ft TTITT p c T T V T T # itSTT VT TTTT-
frv TftTTTV I 1 fTT TVTt ^ % TftT: W T ^ t r TTt Tff % fel^ f T
%rS ft TSTT f i t % TT Ttt Tff % fT TftVTT VTT % T i t ft
fisqftT TTTT f t i t I I Tft f t S s i t vt TftVTT VTft TT% fTTft T T f f l V
TTTT f f t T TTTf ffft TT TT% S i t ft f t t % TTf i t T f TfTVTT VTT %
T i t fT5Tft TTTT f t i t I T f t T^STT Vt p i t ft T6TT f t t V f t TfT f
TftVTT VTT VT f t TtT ftit f f T T TTTf ft ?:Tt ft TSTT ftt V^ f t '
TtT fTfTVTT VT^ VTy f t i t
5 - " T TTfW v i

Tf 3ITT<PI TfTOfV ^fft TqssfsT IftftsrajftftTW^I ft JT^H f<Tft-


TTTVTtt XTc^ f T T V t T f T % f t f t s i 5 T ) ' R S i t f t Snftf fft "TC TfeH
fm TV WftVTTVTT Tfft sftt ft TTlSf ftf Tt TtfTT ^cTT-
VTT 5 (g^ ft TfTcTT VT STFT fvnT arf 'TVTT | I fiJff fTft ftTff'!rT
?tS3T 3n5T ff VTTT ft tTTT ffIT 1

2 ^ f % 5TTTT3* ft fZTT f f t i f % fl? ff ftit fftos VT T R TftTTT


Ttt fiTT ft f t r t tfTT I I ftf TT f v i t T#T fm VT TTf fftv tT%if
v t TfTTTT ft Tft itT TT ft TfST Vtft | i t fm SJTt ?TTt ftt TV TT
TVTT I f v 5T f f T f r ft f T f5?TTVTT TT v t ftTT % TftTTT Vt Tft-
T T T Vt ff TTT TVft I I T T V fm iTTTTfT | I TT: f T fT^VT
Tt TfTft I f v f^cTTVTOI TT TTT S^wf % %fg Tft Tft ff fTTT ftTT
I I TfT f T TT^ T f T f t a v f i t t ffgTTT V t Tf fft TTT ftTT f v ?8Tf %
TTtt i t t fTfT fTf fTf % fttr ^ TT v f fTfT fTfT ftTTT | I

Tfr Vtf fm gfTT fTTT ft T|fTT TT ft T f a S fVTT TTT i t Tf


I T t T VS3T ft i^V TTTT TT ft ?5!it v t TftVTT vtTT I fVff f v i t fTT Vf
TTf f^TT TT ft TTf fTT ftTT ft TfsiT VtTT T?TfT VfST | I f i t VTtT
ft 5fTT TTTf TTT: T f i f T f T V?IT ft ff Sait ft TftVTT Vtft t 1 fVff
?TST ft f v i t Tf TTTf v f %TT f T f t TfT TTTf ftlfT VT ft ft^ftTT
fVTT TT I T i f f v T f t i f t TftTT % fTtr Tf TfTTfT T t T t I Tff fT2T
v f TftV^TTTif VT fTTTTT VtTVt TT% TfTT STtT TTffTV T^fTT TTTff
vt Tft VT fTTTt Vtft I

TT f T3T v f TfTV5TTT % TfTTt S^it v f TftVTT Vtft Tl% fm TT


^ f t T TTTf Tft VSTT ft TTvf Tft ?TtT Ttt TftVTT VTT ft TTTT
T f T v f TTit I I fT2T ft l i f t Tft ft cTtT (Acceleration) VT TTT
f t f T f t f r r T i f t t T STtT fT3 ftTT TT I

cT = J Tit. (VR) ft

T f f T TTit VOT ft fT05 TftTT ftVT ft iTftT T f t I t ft g^it %


%fS ft fTT ^ ftf I I f f t T f ^ f ^ TT STf VT f??TTVTT TT | |
=5lfwft 5 1 fITT TT ITT 31151 ft i f e a f T T Tt Tat % f l ^ i l i 1 ^ %
g (f') % 51 ftTT I a n q i I H f 1?V I t s T f i f i f l f a f l l l i t T t T STtT
siRB ftit I

^=5' lamr i'-5'. ftr.

5lii f i i n ? % fTTTTt TTT ft fl51T | 5 f' (g) H I^T TT cItT |


Tff 311f 1 1 tfT I M ifS T l l f i^it ft '1' fTTtitSt S J ft i t 31-
i f t l VTIT I T Tt fsi^iTT-ffl^fSfT + 1 % 5?1 ftit I

c T I i ^ l l i t . (V?) ft
TT*

?T =y i^r f t ft f l T T ITT Ttft Tt


fl*XTT*

5lft I f TTfH TT T I T T I Tt l i t S f l i t % TftTIT Ttft IT^

fts % frcr TITI ftir I i t (^'I'^t ) %5^ 11


\T. 1. TT /
Y n' f V n * X 1 . T^
' fl* " fT^XTTT''

Ift sfr tTftr ftit 11 V * = ' ^ v v t ; K I if=?.o?;x ?o""tfrit


T l : T T tTf^=Vo.tc:^^ X ^o^" frit. I S i t ft fi31T=^-?.^ X ?o6
f r i t . I i f s TTif i;28 % Vo o f r i t . \ft i t s^Tt ft TftTir T t tfr ft
Tt f l t f I T t TT% r l t r TT TTT Tf ftir I

?T= ^'^"^ _ V o t t ; ^ ^ X to"*^


( r ? : X ?o^ + Voo)^"(^-t;)*X
f'=t;-V9XX

3TT: 1 ' = T ' X f l =e:->3V(. X ^o^^ x ^'e? f r i t , ft^

1 - - ^ X l o 3 ;ft5t ft*
^^v iif<# m ftwr

1 T W T T <', X t^ ftzxft*I f srfij %vo? X iftw m ift

an T<TOf 11 MF<*M1 T T T 55Tft %fet^f T f l 1 1 TT sft ft


?Tr vt Tftft (? ft Tt) ff I f TTt I aft friT TTT ft' ft ^ V TftSFTT
VTT ft TTt TTit I I T T :

^ Tt ft=TXVT
R Tt ft
T

^ g^ft ft^^-vstJX i t . , TtT T=V3SX?o3

JTf TTTT fTT2 VT VTT | |

TTJT ft ftftfrif % STTT TTfr^fT ? i t % TTTTVTT ^t;? ft. ;ft. T f t '

ftVS vt i t TTftrVTTTTiT ^ TtT sf^jpT TT ftTT ft TTT3T ftTT


Tt TTVt TQTTT TfTTT Vt TTTftT VTTT | I 3Tft S T t f T T % STTTTi^

TT ft T ft TTT ^ T f t f T TTf V R ^T anfrrvTT Vt TTTfTVt % T ^ f T


TTfT fVTT I Tft

TfT5TT'*=(^-^c;X \o^)^

f T T f T T VST % JTTcT ^ i f t T T i t T g VT T f T T ftfTfrftT ffTT:


t V ^ X T T/(| T f t - h v o o it.)'^ _^(| T ft)'^
g X Tt-* X T T J U 1 f T ) ^ " U f ft + Voo m . ) 2
. , ^(IffD'^xf ( V ^ *
5 U f f t + Vo)'* (VOt;)'^^"^
- . i ; ; X V^t-tj.vsxstl-^S Tt. ft*
f T f T t 3qif %'5t1WT % 55?1 ft iftmtWIT fTTmiWf
ft mft i 1 If gqwaf TTI? W T TT iV srwr ^qsw 5^
% 551 fV 11

SrVtoi ft UTTT STT ITT I fft 5=T2T ft ftl STTTT T?51T


Tt Tft Vt TTfti S^flTTil ft snrrftl fts ftiT l T T f T I f ftiTTlft
ft i t r 59?TTTTT % STTT ftl STTTT T^T TftiTT % T S f l STTTflT | I
TtTST 1RTT % TTTTTT % ftcr fT2T % STTT TSftT ftTT T %TT gtT-
TftTTT % Tft ^ Tftif T frt^ IcTTftl | T?3T T TT^f (Comets)
TtT ^S Tf (Minor planets) Tt Tftftft % T^TTT ft i t TTT fT5 |l? |
ftT STTTT ?Tt % TTTf T*STT Tt Tft, TTftr TTTTT % STTT TTTftl |f
I i l l f t T | Tft % TTTfT ft TftTt TT T^TTT i t TT Tft T fT^
f^rTTTTT % STTT i t l ftS |TT | I ^TST % fTcTTTTT % ft3T?T Tt
fTTft?T STTTT TTft % ftt^ TTTTT TjftfiT TtT 5gS Tft % Tftif %
fTTT ft TTVT TTTtT T?TfT TfTTfT t I
XXV ^ S ^ T T mtl-TTTTTTTT f^STTft STVTT TTT i t TTVTT
ft V i t - V r t ?f|TtTT ftft |,-.5TJT ft T ^ TTTTt % ftt^ Tf fTTT TftWTTV
TSTT % TTV % ^T ft TTT ft I VftTT ^ f t f t q t ft 1?| TTfti TTfTTT
vt ft f P z TTTTT I Jtftftit TtT %TTT ft f f f Tit^fiT f l T % ^ ft TTTT
arT5T ftf TTvt Tftftft>^ STT^T VT^ ft T TTTT Tf | ft Tft TTT
T% ft Tit ft TTTTV ?feitTT ftft | TtT ftTT ftit TTfTTT % f l f a ft
Tnt|

fTST ft Tf ftf5T1 fVTt ft Tft TT%| Tit.-.tT f r r f % TTTift |


eft ft TT5T ft f^TTVTT % STTT T ^ T f t l ftft itT TT TTTft i f t r t itT
TTVTT % TTTI ft T I T l f t ffit I ftff TT% TT VT f W T TTT ftTT I
f l fTTT ft fTTSTTft ftST'T fft i t T TVTT % Tif VT ftST VTTT
I I TtifT, TTTTT itT TftTTTT I fTST ft itTT ft Tf
% TTTT t% TT T | T t i f n TTIT f T Vt TT % Tfti: TTTT VT1TT1
Tft TIT TVTT I TftTTTTT i t TTVT 'TIT ITi i f f IT TVTT
flftt? TTft Tf ft^TT ftTT ft TT%f TT5T ft TTT5iT ft TTTT
t i ftff flV ftTtTT % friT T l ^ f i t Tft T|T' i t i t TTVTTTT
ftlftTf ftif % STTT f T f t l Tft Tit i t I T2T ft ftTBTTT ft ife T T ^ f
?X 1
3(ft fiRPMiw vemlfft i f t 3 i m i f t ftiftit jsm ft i t
gi*iTriVi i r i
( W f t t ^ H i p r t I I f t^t; fo i t t uR f Tft3 'ft ^^v^
3TTfT^ ftrftif Tt % STTit ftft ft T f t l H f t TJfftf ^ Tt<TilM
Tr VT Tcn- mm i itt T T ft aifST f t TTT TT T T ft T T % f fis-
TtTt f ^ % i f t TTT vt ftrftif % TftT ft Tft? Tt? T T TTif % T T V T ^
fTTT i t TftTTTT ftrftif % JTT: TTfit ft^ gtj I 51% T | SPTTftT ft
TTT ft TT%5 ^ TTVT^lT ftpi | Tt i t t TTVTT % T i f t i f t ^ ^ \ Tf
3TTftVTt TfTTTtr flcTTVTT fftSTfT % TcTTTT % ftt? T T T ^ T i f t
JTTcTTT I

ftr v'^
ST2T % t?VftWTf * ft T i t ftft ft i t i t T T > ^ i f % VTTT Tit
( v s T i f ) VT TftT ftrr i i t TT%g f i r ft mt i t t i r i i t TTfsitr ft
fftsftfinc pSlaftt 3!T^ arrwjfft ftuftit ift T J H T s f t 3IRT ftffsrf ft
^ i f ft m f t 11ST1T ft i i ^ f i t % fti; 5ft TTiTzfft irrr ftilfti vt
i^ft 11 I f I f i f t ^ I ftf t^T^, ? ^ o 3ftT ? ft ffeiftrt n?
36355 ftisf % T i i f ft V9K artt iif* vT 3r??rt f i f t iV r f t i <PT
tfT 11 ? i i f i f ariiif It ?r53iftt f f t ir% f r r i f t Tft | ^ITT ft
i t i s i t i 1WT ft i n I ( l i t ft q t i a i f t v^TT VT ftpiT JT; i t n f t i
i f f fftT)id?v ft 338WJ iTtT 51 i t i t u r i f ft f r^zitit |3TT f aftt
3iift v s r f^RTTWTi i t i f T t i t i T f t i : i t i T T % i f t v e 11 51 i ^ -
1 T f t vear ft 1/ i t i f tr vt i r f t ft | aftt ii%5 % s i i % * r i i i f V T
ft I f ITft ft ftvsii f t t i t ftiT I \ m JTf ftii v t i T ar?i?i v f s i | ft
Ti%3 i5t i f t i f t ' i T ft ftiffti vt grm arriT i t w n ft 1 feft (Haiiey)
ft l i i 1 1 l i t ft ft 5 ^ f i T ftt ?V9XC, x% ft ?r52itTT ftiT aftt I f
ft i t r T?r I I f 5^?iTvii ftsT?i ft m^m ft sr^nfti v t ^
ITit 1Z1T |t \
i T t i f t sTTiTit' ft i t i i % f i ! vt s i t ift qftarRT vtft iTft f i r %
^1 ft IRT I T 11T t?t l i ' ft srVTfTI i t ITIT IT I V f i f t i SRT ffft
TS1 aftt arter VT VTS iTift % ftn ft ft ift ft 3RTVT t f Tff f i vr
TTftiTvrtt arTiVTt i t iftl^it aftt %T?t i i R T fl%ff t ft ftr | ft

S T I I f l l i t IT 1 iftlftftirspT Tllft I T f l I (fo To M R )

3Rt?r %faff VT TS1 i t t i f t i vt i f t i T ft 1ft TRT TVIT I


{ fo i o IWX) ft I f i t VfT 11T ft ITtT l?V ft %f Vt a ^ V ^ ft
ftTTit i R f t 11
f i t anTR vtf i t Ttt vtf T f T %3Tt ift i H T i n f t I I T ^ I T
1*if ft %5iT VT 1S1 T1^ % ftl? T?1f1 T l ^ t I R T H T | \ fITt
TT1R* I f r T ift ^ i t f t i f t VT i t 111 vtft | i t i f t i 3% ft ftirtift
vtFa ft l i t i f t i t t J ^tft TTittR vt 51 i t t i f t i i stif ft^rit ft
(fV TTT Ir i t T lift HTT 511%5 T R ftif VT T f t f t ftlT | ( f o ff.
Ml^, ) I i f t I f 511 %3 qv f t | i t fTVTTTVR S^it ft
i|i i ? r ft3 ^ 11 i f t ft i t I i t ft i?v ft fi%ffsv <R tf
T I R i f t ft 1 1 tf t Tt ^vfiit % frtr xr51 f%^ 11
^ft ft fItT I T %f I gfr ftftzt ft TTTTf5 ft l i f t TTVTT If Tlit
ftTT vt TftTTT I I Tfft ftTT T f t l l f t ^ t^V i f Vt ftit
| P S t t % r f TTT ft aftT Tfft WTTT |, 3Tlft fiWTT ^ Tfft BTcfV
t I f T TVTT T5 THfrrf pt e V T H^TTTTT TT TJTffV | PivC T f r f T f TT
Tfr TT Tt2?fV t I IT TTTT * TT^ TTI ft T T T T fSTT ft
T T T H 5t TTcft I TT %5 aRT ftTT | I Tf T2TT T f t r f ft ftcft | I fTTT
ftrfTT Tift ft TTrfTT fTftTTT ft ft TITTT I { T5t?TW ft TT^cB %3 %
ITTT ft TTITT TT TT fiTTT | ftlTft fTTT TTT ^TTTf TT%5 fTTT | I
Tt U<> l i t * TTTT % TTT TfSTT ft TfTT |TT | I affsft % l^T TfT %
TTTTT TfegT ftTT ft TTTf fTTT Tt ftTlft ft? 3jff SSTT :3TtT ft aftT
TfTTt % ^ ^ ^ f f l TT^ % TTT TtTT Ttt ft
TT, ?lfrTrTTTff T a f l T T T Tt m TTft fft TTfwT T T ft aTTTRI %
TT^ TTT ift TTTTT TT% T<:T ftTT | I f T TTfT? %5 % \Xo o TTf % TTTT
T t TTT aifT?T T f c T f i f 1 T2T?TT % TTT ft TTft U Tfft % fTTt
i f f TTTfT ft f T %3 % TfTT TVTT % TTT TtT TfT TT T T T TfT ftTT 1

Tfft TTITI TTI I fT |Tt % TT%5 TT T f t % TfTT: T T f T T TT5! vsX


Of, TT f i t ft f f ftS f%TT I I f T WTT TTT ft ? T T f ft TTTT TfT
TftviTT f r f TT%3 % f t Ttft t I fTTft T^TT f fT fTf TT%| Tt TTRTT
ft TTTTf TT%g TfT I I T f K%\o fo ft Tf TJT^f f f g i t T T |TT TT i t T
ftT IS^X f TT t ^ t ; ^ f ft T f ?5T ftTT I ^T TfTT %f TT STTTT
TTTit TSfcTTft TT ftTT | itT TTTTTTT TfTTT 5%T%f
TTT I I T f TTit TTT Tt ? T Tf5TT i t i t fTTTTt ft f5T ftTT | I

^tT%5^ Spt J T ^ f t - ' T S T TtT f5*t Tf 3TTf5T % TfTIT Tf, TTTTT


T t t i t i f T % TTVTt TTft TT ft f T Tf TftTTT Ttft | TtT TT ft T l f T
ft f T ftTT t , TTT: ft TTT TFTTTTTT ft^ | I S i t TtT ^ % TfTTTT ft
ft fT% W l TT TT i t T ( A p h e l i o n ) ftTT | fTT% TTTT fT TtT ^ T
Tf T f f t f t ft f T i t TTTTfTT f T ft T f t TT TTft I TT%f f 3 f t fTT f 5T
ftft I TtT T f i t qT T T 2 ^ % TTT I fTTT TTTT T f | fT fTTT f T T
t t f t TT TTT ffTT | Tf fft f ^ % ^T ft TTTfTT TfT T?TT | I TT T f
i t vf TtT t t f t TT T f f , f i % TTta ftT5 TT TTTT | i t f T Tf fTTTt ft
TH ftft TT TTft TT ftT5^ T T i t | Tf fft f^S % TT ft i t T TfTt | I
ft i T f T ftTTf % TTT % TfTTT T s i t T f i t T f Tf | TtT %f ift T f t %
TfTTT f T t ftTTTt ft TftTTT ffTT tfTT | I T i t - T T t T^tl f T i t TT-
%3 Tf f s g ft Tf T T i t I I fTff ^ft T T T t Tt Tff fT?tT TTT ^fgitTt
ifY ft?ft I. f l i t I f H*RT TTTT I ft 55 J| n l ftT<V m m ft TfiY
t I ITTT % ITT T5!TT | ft t*? T f t'^to % fTT ? i f |af ^ ft
Tf Tzft tfr I

TT%g TTT: TVfTT^ ^fgTfTtftft | T^T TTT % TTT T?5T ff TTft


I I fTft T|TT VT ffft I Tfr TfTt vf T f f 1 ftTVf 3=^3 T f f ftft
3TVf TfTTT 3TVf VSaT ft ftcff |, TTf ft f T vf TTftTT Vt^t VT fTVT
TTT ^ fr^TTT % TfTTT TTTTTTT ftTT |, Tff vf Ttft TfT T f f \ %fTf
vf ftTTq TT S f ^ T f f ftTf TfTf | fTVT VTTT f T ft TTVT |T TT
ftve ffTT I I TT %5 f T ft T|T f T ffTT | Tf ^Tft 5^ VT ftTT^T TTTT
ftTT I, ftf Tft-!tft Tf f T % frva TTTT TTTT | Tft Tft T f t TtT
TTT?t5*t ftTf TTTf | I fT% TTT %5 f T TTT STt ft fTTf TT TTT TTTT
t ft T f Tf5T f t TTTT 11 Tt % | T f T f T f T V5TT ft T F T ^ T T VTft | ^
5T: 5T: TtCT VTft I ft?5 ftTVf VSTq TTTTTTVTT ftTf | , ft q V TTT
ffg ft TTVT ftT T f f Ttsft | %53ft VT f T T Tft ff TTTT TtT TfT ft ft^f
TTTft T t Btst f f i t I, f i t VTTT ft, f T V f^cTTVTT TTTT ft TTTT
TTTTTTTT TTi TTft ft T5TT ffft | I

T7^r:35^VTit vf TcTft iTTfTVf ft TT%5Ttft f f TTTf | I


TTVT Vf TT I fv Tfff ft Tft ftTTTft %g TT f f f T f t T f t TTTT T f t % T|T
TitT TfT TTft f TT TT% ftfTR TTif TT ^TTTftv TTVTT Tfft 55TTT f
fTTft ft ZZ TT% I TtT TTft Ttft Tff TtT S^rt % TTT ft fTTT TTt | I
TT V i t T i t fT ttff % TTtT TfTTT | TTTT i T^it % TTT TfT TTft |
i t ft S i t % f^TTVTT % VTTT T T S TT TT fTTft | I fV?f T^it %
TTfTTT ft TTTTV ftr ft ftTft ft Ttft TTf TTTf % TTT ft T T TSft |
TtT fft TTfa fTT % ^T ft fTTft ?fgiftT ffft t I f f f ft f T 35VT
V fi I1
TfTVft T5VTT fT5TVTT ftTf t 1 TST itT TTT^ TTT i t TTVT TTVTT
ffTT ftTT I fVff fTTt TTfTTT % TTT ft 3cT?T T f n ftTTTt ft ft TTT:
TfT f f TTTf t I Ttft ft ^fft .S^VTi | ftTVT f 3 i T TTVT S i t TT
fTTTT I fTVt T5VT TfTT Vfft | I TTTT % TftV TTTfTTf ft 35VT TfTT
T% |q I I TTTT ft ft TtT itftV T>t Vf TTt ft ^TT VTTT TT ft 3TVr Tts
(TfT TT TTTTT) fTT^ft t i t | fitw Tfft % TTT Tf TTT fte T T Tift
|t fVff T i t TTTfWTf ft T5VT Ttf i t Tft f i t TTfIT T ^ ft TfTV
1 1 1 * 1 1 1 ^ f t v v r Tr3 ft f v i t s n v T ^ T5TT TT ft T T f i i f
f o Tf ^T % r r f f t f t i r sTT'i ft f i i r I ? T T5TT JT^TT f i t r i f Fv
3 1 % ftn % r i f ft T f i i f T i i i r ft H T I i r | i r % ^slvt ft iftsft i v %
^ T T ? i q ; Ttt i t i t l TiTTr ft i f t i

XX^ ^ 5 1 f (Asteroid)-f5S(Uranus) % TTflltT ft I f ft v t r t F l V T


? r t r FiTtFtT T i r t vsrr ft f T ft i f f ift T S T T f f t r t {i^ri if^vrt)
vt Ttrasqr v t i % f55Q[ Ttt (Bade) qv i r T t f i FTV^TT TTT v t i ^ i r i f
vt Tf|T F v i r Tr FT^J i t l vr f m v f f t 11 T ^ i t i f v r i f I T fitrt
f i t ft ft^ % v r t T t T t T tTft ft f f r i r 11 q v ft T r t i v t fsgrtTt
i ' i t vt 4mi frfTCT artt I T ft i r t Tti i t f i q it g i ft ftt % V T ft
iff % frVScfT T S T T TfT VT TTTST ft TTTft I

(?) 'iT>Tt T i t o X^
0 XR ^-^ W
(^) +V + v + V + V +v + v
(^) x^ too
TV jsit TtT a'S Tf ff TfT TtTT
a
(X) TTfTflV

Tff (^) ifr; % Ttft f T f l TV irfi ^ vt v i ft t T i t ft it% %


fTTT'% T f T T t f i %fS ft 31% VTT % ffl sTTTTa' ffft I fVt i f i ! (X)
ft f l %fS ft Tft vt var % TTfTfTV IfT 3TT1T3' | I f 1 ^Tft | fv
f T ft i i t vt var vr ? f f sTnrs* ?o Trift i t i t t % fTiT ft i r a
fVq Tq Tf?B (V) vt T^rsit ft T t T T TV flVSTT ITTit | I ^TWT
T t t ETSf ft flSlT T f T t fTTTf TfTT t I

?T ifisif ft flfTBE T f f % Iff airiTSf Vt fTTT Vtft T t f l f T T


ftTT I fv i l T T t t IffTfT vt V a r i f % TST ft f v i t I f ift V5IT ftit
TTffq i t fVff ITt T t T ft ^Tft T t fvrt T f VT TIT 1 f t STTT 1 If
?e:o?^TTTttft f^TT i i f % TT5TTTTV VtTirif % T5tT^T
T I T aftt 1f t r f i % TST ft ^ s i f f ft f r r f v r TIT w i i r Trti ft
TTT 1 T T TV TTTT q v T f i f f VT TTT T fVT | aftt TTft i t
TfTBTTsft f t i t r i f % s r t r aftt T f t v wsr i f f v r T^T wift ft anrir | n
I I 51 ?pt i f f V S r i 31% Iff 3IIITT3" TTT i i i VTT ft l i t %TWt
(ej^ Tf) ^ ^j^q-io'T?T % f^irvBtr vt 5f3ftqv
aftt TTsaiTznm STITT1^ mm ft<T5TT T f VT 3TTfTEVTt | I arfft srritT
VI55 ft "Tfr errtnrf T T , T V , itr, 55 aftt T f t wra ft 1 f t i t a r % srtr
f t TT55 f p r f t , T f t % 3Wff TV VT ft TTT T T TVT TT I TS[ f^vs? f o
ft afTT ftSTfT'SftftftT 1^055 (Herschel) ft TITt f t T t ^ T ft ^TT ft
qv f t f t TVTT VT TRT f f T t TTt! % T^T T f T T f t | f ^ T ft TtTT T f
vtt %51 I f S f t fTTt % TTT ^it ^TtftTfTTfttTT ^ TTf TTTT ft T f
TtfTT fVTT ft Tft fqo? iff f T ft T t t T f t Vt T t t ft Tjft | aftt T f % |
Tft TffT TTTTTTTT T t T f T ft T f t T T T T ftff f T ft T T tfT | I T f T t t
TftTTt VT qV TfT TfTTf TT T t t fTVT TTT f?S % TTTTTT TST TtTT
(Uranus) tTT TTT I fT55 ?rtT T T T ^% TTft ft f T V t f T T Tt Vfft | I

Ttt T f t T R % f T Tft TTfT v t T f l f r f t %TTt % fTTTf % TJTTt


fft< V t % T T fTlft STTVTTtT ftTfTTt VT TfTT Vt% ^TtTTST ffTfTTf ft
fr^STTT TTT Tt TtTt ft T^Tt 3T555T |TT T f f T 5 f t =fVT TT ft fftt
TftTTt % TTfT fTST % Ttt fTcTTV^ft % arrtT ftft | I fv?? f T T f
ft TT% TfTTTT Vt arfcff^Tt V t fTTT I T R TTt Tft % ftTTT T*TfTt
TTT frSTfT f T T f vt T f t % fTT5!T V fTT^TfT V ftq T T V T fTS
|q I fo ft l^i^i fo ?rv f T T f V TftTTTT aftt ftitTTT
TTVTTtT ffTftTt ft VT T^Tt TT55T |TT \ T T TTT TV Tt% f t
T f t T T STtfrit fTET $ fTrTTVcfT V fT^^Tt VT TTTtT V t ^ ft Tt fT
fVTTitTTT ft ftTTT S|ft f T TTfTT Tt fTTTt V t fTV I fftTT TTT ft fftt
p r T T V c f r V ftsfT Tt TTft fTTT T t TTfTT ft fTcT f t f % T T ^ f , fv^f
T t T T T f f f T ftTTT V fTq TTTt fvit T^T aTJTTT T f VT arrv^ft f t
TVTT I I f T ^ T vt TfTTSt ft fVTTrTV f T ^ T

51?TTV<stT VT TTTT T VTT f T aftt 3 T V TTfmTVTtt T f TV


fftftr I fv?5 T T V TftT: TTft Tl% Tft V f T T t ft Tt TTtfTftV aTTV-
tsft f r r S T T ^ T V TTTTTT V ftq fTTtftT fTTT STtT TTT T f #
TTVT#T ftrft ft T?TfT fTT55T V frft i t | 1 f T ftlTfr vt fTT TT
TTfIT V TT ft TftTsff ft frtfT ftTT | I ffft ft5%TTIrTV T S f t % fTET
Jlfl i f t T spft? ft^

T ft5mi aftt f t?T 11 i T l f i V ftii V STtT V t t nft; ftft5 I f %


a i T T V ^ TBfVtl aftT 31i5V i f t ft ftiwi 1|t l i s a t r qrt IVIT 11
T i t TSTT ft VfT IT IVIT I ft 31315111 i f f V v n n i f v t i t f t l f l
VT iV f i r f t l ftn TT I V I T I i t T H I f v t i f t v t Tift T i f f t V
STtT ftllTT v t t | I I f I V frft i t T l I f H f l T i t ft ft5^1TT-
?1V 1 3 f t V STtT 31 T a n I f V V ^ 3qVtTt Vt TTI fVIT 111 i t
ITI If I t ^ l v t i f t ft TTIT "ffTT tfT | I f T V fsift I t i T VT TTT
ftTTT TTT 3TV VStT TTVtT f t TTTT ft |

aicirT 3T5^ | f V^SSTTST i f t i ^ f T ifVIT ft f T T T V fl3Tf 1


^itflfTT q^TII (Admas) ^ ft \t;cn) TTT TJlfT V T i ^ T t
(Leverrier) (?t;t;V(., q?,) ft STTrT T l t H fVTT aftT TTTT I f V VStT
T T V t r t VT 3T3'T; T T T T i f i t T 31V flTTT * STTT TTH VTV TTVTT
ft3TftT'SS fTTT VT fTTT fiTTTT If ?t:t:?t ft T f t l TTTTT ft
S'ftT fvTT I f I V TfTTT TTTT T f Vt TVT Tift V TIT ftlT Tiff^ I
TftfTIT v t TTTT ft VTT q v T T V T^TT TT TitT I f ?f^siTTT |1T I
f T T T V qiTII i t f l TfTT v t i t f t T V fTTTT ft T f T f t ftl =|VT TT I
fV'f TTT55T V VTTTfTif Vt Tftai ft fTVT T T TftftTT Vf f t TTH
|TT I f l Tft T f VT TTT ^TSTT (Neptune) 1 ^ TTT TTT 1 T^T i f f T
aftT T f e l Ttif TTTTTt V TTTTTt ft T T V ^TTT TT^ i f t | I

T T i t itT VTTT V SITT ftT^T T f Tft T t T ^V T?TfT ffHTTTV


itT T T f t ftft fTJT V ft5T TlV^ft f l S I f l V t TcTTf V fT^ f l ^ T H t l
TTTf^T 11

5SI$q-Tlf%f Sitf: ^ ^ T 3 T f ^ ftT^TTTfTfT VT TSlftlV ft^TTT Tt


ftTtTT^ VT fTTT | fft Tt TVTT V fTTTif ft f i t f ft TTTT VTTT | I
TTT T ^ q ^ f t T , T^TTVlftV TTTT TSTTITfTV i t T TITT TVvrftV

TTTI TTTfiTTT?TV 1 3Tft TTT i t TarsiTT fflVTT V T^TTf Vt


VlffT ftftT TSTTTfT ft T^TTT TTTT cTTT 3?T?T VTft TITI | ^
fSTtr i t I f ift THTTlft v t T i r f t l VTft TIT TTVTlf (TcVSTT, TTT
VTf?T f t i t T TTIT55 ft T f V ^ 1 T TT*! VT fVTT) ft flT^TT f T T TTTT
f f% 3?TfT VTft I I

ai5TVTftv ftTTTt i f t STTVTT fft f T ^f^SV I f TTIT % i f f % TTT-


fTftV TTVITf % STTT f f t T Vt TT T V i t | I i t 3Tlft fSOT i t T f^ift
TTif % am arwrftr 11 T S T f t r * fwq f r f s f t % s i t i f frfr f q r
% TTViT rftTTif vf t I ? i f tnp TT if gjf % TTtf aftt
TIVT TTT TTif | T f t f f f T T T TTtf TTf if I 1^ i f t fffrfef q V T R
i t T Vt% f r O TTt TT TtT ft ft% I TT S i t 1?t TWTT Tfft f T %
snvTTTfT fTTTT ft STTTFTT f f i t | f V f TT i t i f Vt T f l i f % T f T t ft
3?q5T VtT ?ft5ftfS TTT "TTT'T ^ o ' ^ ftt T t ffTT[|, TT f f f T f i % Tm
rrtT s^it i?t T f i T t Tjrffiv T T I T TTTT | I I T T T I ^ftsTf v r TSTT

fTTT TfTTTTT TST fTTT ft Tt% ftTT | I TTfT T f fTTTT TtTTfTV ftTT
I > f v t TT S i t 31 VT T f T t V t T t c o " sfq TTTT feftT TTT^T TT ftTT
I, T T gT: TSTT TTT TTTTITT ft f f i t f I f v t i t i t T^T^T R^o
T T % T f T t Tt T f fTTTT TTffTV TT T t T ftTT | I f V f f fTft T s i t
VT TSTT fTTT ifTTHTT f T R ft TTft ftTT | I S^TT: T f fTTTT TT ftTT
t I f i t SVlt ittT^TTt % T i t T f f V TTVTT T^Tf Vt i t i f T t T TfT ft
fTTTT TfTfT Vtft I I ift V?RT: |T U " f V ^ o " TSTf T155 \' T t T T
ftTSOT ? X' f f f T f T R^' i t t Tfft Ve;' | ^TT TTtT f t TfT | f V T f
tTTTT itivrfrv I ftff ffRft Tfrfr T^TVTI^V I T T T T ^ TtfT 11
f V f f fTft f f f T f r i t T % TTtfTftV TTVTT ft 3fTfT fTTTT S ' i t ft
^ T f T ^ TfT Vt 3 ^ T i t T TT ft TTTfTT VtTT | 1 T T S^Tt, p itT
TfT q V TTT tTT ft ftft I TT T f fTTTT TfT ftTT | 1 f V f f fvT fTVT
TTTT fVT TVTT VT ftTT | fTVT fT5%TT T f f T ITTT TTTT | I fTT
TT T f f f T f T vt TTfrV TfT ^0 sf^ TTT TfT Vt TTfTV T f i sfT
ftTt I I f T TVTT o T Tt ft f f f T f T Vt TtT TSgfT i t T ^fT^
it TS5 ftr ^ 1 fT TVTT S i t T f r TfT f f ^ f T v t qv t T f
# ffTft ^o- TTt ft f t i t f Tt TTfTtTT T t T f i t | I ^Tr fT
T T T TfTT T f r S I I ftf f T f (VTT OTT) VTT Vttt T f f | Tif ft TTT
TTt ft f f f T l r vr T f fTTTT fl'X TT TTT T f t VT U ' 'ET ftTT t
W : T i f ft f T i f t t VT R^'X V55T VT T f T t ftTT | 1 f T TVTt
55TTT 5^ ^0 TTt ft T f TfTT TfTVT v t TtfT Tfft Tfft TfTVTT ^
I I TT f f f T f t VT + ^ c , T f t VT V : ' 1 fT% TTT T f TfTT T t i f %
TTTt fT5T % TfTTT Tsft Tsft JT: R\o TTV ft TfT f t TTTT | I Tf
V T \ TTftif% TfTt ft ftrr I I f s i t T ^ TTf^lif % TfTT ft fT1?t f f T f t
TfSVWift T f f t VTTt T f t 4-V!' TT 9 f T T t f t V T # f t V T

ftTR^o ^tft 5jfT i*Tit|i;.fT;TVTT T i l ft T T T 9


Vkt T f T f t V[ ft<BW '

TTTT T T T fsiW v^o spff ft fMtr ^ tTfii ft i^t TT fT


fiTTTfT TT T T I I TTfTT ft fSTTTT T T? TfT Tit TT fir
^T II
TT Tf T5T TSTT I fr Tfe TfTT TfTTT T 5 | Tt .o TTt ft f T
^TTTT TT TfT ftTt'JT: T f T ftTT TTf?q fT^f ^TT ftTT TTT Tff I
TTtT Tf I i r f T S^TV, ?ffqfft Ttt TfT ^T ^TT ft sqftTT ft TTTT
i t f T ftTfr ft ^ T ?5T f f t T f r Ttt TfT ft TtsITT Tt TfT ftTT
f v f 2Tt, fffqfr Ttt T f r f T Ttrt % Tfit^it^ fftr f r n tTrtrt
ftft % TTtT TTft TfTTT TtTTt TT5T fTTTTT ftTT \ TKIT: T^TT TITT
t 55Tq T^ f T ^ ffrrf % TTT TTfTT ft fTTt ffT ftit ft Tft I fTtt
TTT T f ftrt f r fT Ttif % TTT f T T Ttif Tft Tt f f t r ! TTT S^it T
TtTt Tff Tt fftTt fTTR T ftit fTTT fT TTTTT i t TTT ffT % TTT
T fr'T fftfT fTTT % ftT \ f T f TTt ft ft TTTt g;T ffTfT JTT^T
f t r I TfT Tft TT TTTTT i t fTft TTtT ftTT ft | 1 fT% TTt TTtTt TT
TTTT f T ^ TffT T t fTTTT % TTf Tt TTfT |:TTT TitT ftTt | I TT:
fTft STTfsT Tt f t TTTTTT l i t ftit | T t r i t TTTSit ft ft TfT
fT Tt ffTfT ft f T fTTTT Tt i i f % SltT TTTSTfeBTTTTT TT I

it^^ff^T fr^oTT; TTfT; T5TTTfTT fTTTT % TfftflifB f T Tft


T TTTtTt ft TTTTfTT Ttt frfTTTJTT fTTTT i t Tift | ; fTT^ Tff Tt
TfS ^ f r i f TTTT TfTTT TTT TTf?TfT T TTTT T TffT ^ T T TTTtft
( f r r r i f ) TT ^TTT TtT ITtTTt) TTTfTT ftft | I T f Tft T ft5TTTTcTT
JrSTfT ^ fTTTT? Tt TTft ft ftffT tTft |, Tt TTT T TTTfTTTt ftft
T fTTT ft TTT ^ Tit Ttt T i f T I ^ T f f t T ftft t I ^ ftTTT TcTfT
Tf TTft # aTTTT Tf^ TtfT Ttft | \ TTTftT fTTT TTT T TfTTT
ftiftTt ( Leverrier ) STtT fTTfTT 5 i t , ^ Ttt fffTft Tt THTTf ft
T f S ^ f T i f T ^ T T f t TT TTTTftT fTTT fftfTTf^ T i t T t T ft fSTTTT
TTIT I I

f a 0:015 ^VSV^Co'ooooV^^ T o , o o o o o o ? ^ T^ ( S ^ )

TTfB TitTfiT ft T it TTt ^ TtTT t I Iftl | ft 2*^ "ft


^ S S f f l qV l i ft o'ooooooV^ fft i i f ft o*oooofloX,VV9 sftt ?o,ooo
5 1 f i m i f ft o ooooo^^V iff TTTT ft i f l l f U f f l ^iffTTTt
# s f f t qv fft 1 1 ft 0*0000ooKv i f l i f ' f t o'oooox^vsTi farrt
l i t ft 0*00 ?V f ftl f f t f I Ifff I H T I f f Tft iff v?? ^ 1 ffft i n ft
o'ooooo^^V? r f I i f ft o'oooo!(^0 sft^ 5 1 fITT I i f ft o'o^V ift
i n r ft 3TftT i t i t 11

fTTITflllT 1|nft V ftufti ftSTsif iff ftif T I T I %^HT ft i f i t


f l f i S T f i sftT i i f f t 3r?i5T sffTT 3T5S5T |3n-1 c r i i n T srfTTrr srfT
srfr 1TT3r i q r i iff TTIT ^ %^ TTftTT ftSTfl Tt STlft T T^ ft f t
ftri f r i r 11TI STTT i TTITI Tt fft 1 1 Tfft T i f f iff f f i i n t i i r
SIR iff sriTItjfft ffq-ftif iff | T i r l i t T T I STTT Tift qft TTTTTt T
TISTI i iff l i t i r Tff T TTTTit ft ftT55T T l t T T T T TfTTT f t
TTT3r gTT I ftfg JT^ ^ f f arinri TI TUT ft i f t ^ T ft i t i f f T TSfitT
TTTTTt ft ftTTT ^ FffTI T TfTTT f t l T T|1T I T l t T T T T TfTTT
%TT TTI i t 5 j T T t TfS'SffT i t r fTTT ^ o ' 0 0 0 TTt ft TlTTcTT ft
TTTTt I T f t TiTTcIf ftft TT TTcTT Tf f t i t ft TTT TTTaT 1 fTTafT

f t TTTTT I T T f l 3T1T T?5t^T T ^ T i t l TT TTTTft T^Tt^ST TT fTTT

T f T TT ftir, fv?f ^ t ffTfT f t i t Tft | TiffT T f l f t % ft5ftTr-

cTT ft^I'T %Z TT T TTTTftT ftlTT TT ft TfTTT T f t T^T I fT'f

T i t T t T TtftTt f r i t T'T fTTT f I i t TfTTT TTft 5!ftit I TTTT ft

Tit^ftr fT^if T TTfTT TTTTT 3TT T l f t f l ^ i f sftT T l l ^ l I T T TIT

TST f i t * T T i r f Tt TTT^rt ( TTT TT T f t ) ft T f t i T T T ^ TTTT I

TT T f ^ TT TTTT fT f ^ s f f ft TfT TSfflsff T TTTT fT?1 fT^T

TtTTTTt * TT^TT TtTT f flTTTTJJt f f l f t T f f T Ttft 1 T f T T f t T T

fTTT TTt ^ f t i t I f l STTTT T TftiTT ftlfTT TT T Tt^fTTfTT TT

T5TTrfTT T ffij f T f T ^ T f l T T T f t 1 T f T T f l T TtTT fTTT TrT?T

TTT I f l STTTT it^tTTftT ftlTT TT ft^T^T s n f r i TTTT | fT I f

TJ^T T T T T i t TT ftlTT T T f l l ft T t l T T f t T T f t | I i t f t TftfTTT T

TTTIT ITW T f t j s i t ft T ' S f ft f Tft ^ f t TSTTf % gTTTTtTf

( T t l T t f ) TT TT f T T t l i t ft ftftirft TTTt Tt fTTTTIT TTIT | I


R?\ Tfirft *r ft*m

4m

\oo ^ o.oV\9^ n"


\o ^ o.oYXR YV tV
t;o
- V90 o.URX 0
n' o.o^^;
o.oH^ \
X<;"

o.o^ C

^0
Xo
o.U^v.
R'
r
%' o.o?^?
R v^
n
o.ot;^:^ A o.?o\ t
_ R KY o.oUt V? X?
R R VV tR

O
?>
0
o.os;s;Y R
? \
o.o^c:\3
o.o^^t;
K ^v
00
^x
oo
+ tc o.?oo^ o o.o??X t ?v
+ ^0 o.?o?% o X? 0.0 oVVJ v^
+ ?o o.?o?^ % o.oolt.\
+ Yo o.o^VV. v\ o.ot^V x\
+ Xo o.oi;Vt. R\3 o.o?V9^ ? Kv
+ ^o o.o\3^\9 ?o O XR
+ o o.o=;:^K K ?? o ^v
o.o^Ys; ? o.o ?s;t; ? vx Vo
+ %
.tu^ ? KX R% o.o?V9^ Vo xs
+ ?oo o vx o.o?t;%

TTfeTTft TTTfTT o tqXo fo ft fTTT TTT | I

Tlftf TT 3ftT fTTTofV T f l S | ft S^it ^ TS^T f ft TfT t


o*o^\ cTf Tf'Tt TfT f T f l TTTTT VV?" T f T|TT I ftffTTT ft TfZT i f f
T fe^ Tf ^Tf TTTftTT TTTlf | T T f TJTTT Tif iff T fTTTT T^T
T|TT f gfT T f 5 'sgft TfT f OTTf f T sRTrfTfT T TTT^T (TTTTT) ftT-
Tft TT& t (

fTSlft t S T ^ T f TTTfTTT Tft I T TfanTT f t iff ^ fsaft


^q^^trf T TfTTT qpTTTTf f T ftlfTT TTft T ft^ T T T Tff | I ftlTf^f
Tff f f TfS'^^ftTt aftT TOTaff % TTTOT f T f T T ft T f f Tf T-J^ TTT ft
TTTTT TTT ft T T T 3 T f | TTft T f t i f t Ttff Ttft TTTT ft T f t i T T
TT5TTTTTt | I
5 % 5 iTiRn:

to'

w o'o o'oOVS ^ ^v

o'o o'o V vt o oo

V3 o<^ t xt

O'OY^ ^ ot ? tJ

o-oS.^ ^ R%

O'OY\9 0

TRTTftra Ttft % m ft fTfft f f t n TTTt"! ^ TT^lflTTT Tt i t


TfitTTt TtlT I I
Tfferi'im s^ffi Ifiit f^TiiTTfrai i
i f l l itT ftVTsflf I R I s f t s f flfft I i i l t T U T ? ^ II
nritnit t^srit: Ttifti iifift i
FiSTfcRi flTT^sftifT i t i : q^itsKTTTg ll
!5itrifl5T1Tf1T1?i fsit UTI flftl!^ I
lltTit TTTTit fqiTt fts^T i t t l T f 11
? f i i T i T t t T f r n i i t ^ n i r t T T i t f i ft Tf?Tr%T i
FlTrmi If lil TfiT fifTTfl q^ititi: I
H T l t s i q^tSTTI: I