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# Hydraulic Calculation of Pipe Culvert

## Canal Name: Chainage

Structure No. Type Pipe Single

WLu W Ld
WLi WL o

H Hc
Hd
Hu BLi BL o
BL u BLd

## Ups tream Inlet Transition Conduit Outlet Transitio n Downst ream

Canal Li Lc Lo Canal

## 1 Demension and Hydraulic Conditions 2 Calculation of Head Loss

Pipe diameter D = 0.70 m Design Discharge Q= 0.24 m3/sec
Nos. of Pipe N = 1 nos Pipe length Lc = 5.00 m 1) Inlet Transition
Friction htf=Li(Iu+Ic)/2 = 0.0002824 m
Upstream Canal U/s Transition End Conduit D/s Transition BP Downstream Canal Convergence htc = in (hvc-hvu) = 1.00E-005 m
Qi=Q/N = 0.24 in.= 0.2
2) Inlet (Sudden contraction)
Bottom Width Bu = 0.50 Be = 0.50 D= 0.70 Bb = 0.50 Bd = 0.50 Ac/Au 0.5380712
Side Slope 1:m m= 1.0 m= 1.0 (rad)= 3.783989789 m= 1.0 m= 1.0 fsc 0.2607003
Water Depth Hu = 0.5 He = 0.499293002 Hc = 0.46049642 Hb = 0.48049645 Hd= 0.5 hi = fsc hvc 0.01063 m
Water Surface Width Wu = 1.5 We = 1.498586005 Wc = 0.664200395 Wb = 1.460992899 Wd = 1.5
Flow Area Au = 0.5 Ae = 0.498940003 Ac = 0.268465257 Ab = 0.471125063 Ad= 0.5 3) Culvert conduit
Velocity Vu = 0.48 Ve = 0.481019759 Vc = 0.893970424 Vb = 0.509418876 Vd= 0.48 Friction hf = LcIc = 0.0068485 m
Velocity Head hvu = 0.011755102 hve = 0.011805102 hvc = 0.040774649 hvb = 0.013240183 hvd= 0.011755102
Energy Head Eu = 0.511755102 Ee= 0.511098105 Ec = 0.501271069 Eb= 0.493736633 Ed = 0.511755102 4) Outlet transition (Sudden enlargement)
Inlet loss in the transition (hi) ht = 0.000292411 hi = 0.010629962 ho = 0.007544892 fse = (1-Ac/Ad)^2 0.1850388 m
dE = Eus - (Eds + hds) ok 0.000364586 ok -0.00014593 ok -1.046E-005 ho = fse hvc 0.0075449 m
Wetted Perimeter P = B + 2H(m^2+1)^0.5 Pu = 1.914213562 Pe = 1.912213871 Pc = 1.324396426 Pb = 1.859049191 Pd = 1.914213562
Hydraulic Radius R = A/P Ru = 0.261203875 Re = 0.260922698 Rc = 0.202707628 Rb = 0.253422591 dd = 0.261203875 5) Friction hof=Lo(Ic+Id)/2 = 0.0006118 m
Roughness Coefficient n= 0.014285714 n= 0.014285714 n= 0.014285714 n= 0.014285714 n= 0.014285714 Divergence hod = out(hvc-hvd) = 0.000594 m
Roughness Coefficient K K= 70 K= 70 K= 70 K= 70 K= 70 out.= 0.4
Hydraulic Gradient I =[n V/R ^(2/3)]^2 Iu = 0.000281609 Ie = 0.000283213 Ic = 0.001369694 Ib = 0.000330238 Id = 0.000281609
6) Total Headloss 0.0265216 m
Transition Length= 1.92098 (Wu-Wc) 0.802777163 Lo = 2.41421 (Wc-Wd)/2 1.008893703 Transition Angle
say Li = 1.00 m say Lo = 2.00 m U/stream
designed 1.00 m 2.00 m 27o30'
note: Vc shall be in between "Vu" and 3.0 m/sec. D/stream
22o30'
At B.P of Culvert At B.P.of Conduit At E.P.of Conduit At E.P.of Culvert
Energy Level (m) ELu = WLu + hvu = 100.012 ELi = ELu -(ht+ hi) = 100.001 ELo = ELi - hf = 99.994 ELd =EL-(hof+ho) = 99.985
Water Level (m) WLu = ELu - hvu = 100.000 WLi = ELi - hvc = 99.960 WLo = ELo - hvc = 99.953 WLd = ELd-hvd= 99.973
Floor Level (m) BLu = WLu - Hu= 99.500 BLi = WLi - Hc = 99.500 BLo = WLo - Hc = 99.493 BLd = WLd - Hd = 99.473

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