1 views

Uploaded by omarihuano

© All Rights Reserved

- Slip Flow and Magneto-NANOFLUID over an Exponentially Stretching Permeable Sheet with Heat Generation/Absorption
- Best Practice Scale-Resolving Simulations in ANSYS CFD
- Lectures on Computational Fluid Dynamics
- HT3eChap08_1_64
- COB09-0978(1)
- Aeronautical Engineering
- AGARD_Design.pdf
- Heat
- 3D Homogeneous Turbulence
- Mech[1]
- 1963 - Becker - Mixing and Flow in Ducted Turbulent Jets
- Condensation
- 3-D Viscous Flow Analysis of a Mixed Flowpump Impeller
- s5 Mechanic Strem Production Eng Sylla
- 5 Some Hyper Sonic .Intake Studies
- Lanzafame, Mauro, Messina - 2D CFD Modeling of H-Darrieus Wind Turbines Using a Transition Turbulence Model
- transition to turbulence wake
- External Flows
- Module C-Laminar Flat Plate Flow
- REFERÊNCIAS BIBLIOGRÁFICAS.pdf

You are on page 1of 5

Institute of Aerodynamics, RWTH Aachen University, 52062 Aachen, Germany

Email: p.renze@aia.rwth-aachen.de

ABSTRACT

The jet in a crossflow (JICF) problem is investigated using large-eddy simulations (LES). The governing

equations comprise the Navier-Stokes equations plus additional transport equations for different species

to simulate the non-reacting gas mixture of an air-like crossflow and a CO2 cooling jet. The parameters

governing the flow field have been chosen to mimic the conditions in a gas turbine, i.e., the freestream

Reynolds number is Re = 400, 000, the streamwise inclination angle of the cooling jet injection is = 30o ,

the velocity ratio ranges from V R = 0.10.48, and the ratio of boundary layer thickness to jet hole diameter

is /D = 2. An efficient method of solution for low subsonic flows is applied based on an implicit dual

time-stepping scheme combined with low Mach number preconditioning. The comparison with experimental

data shows an excellent agreement with respect to velocity profiles and film cooling efficiency. Moreover, the

investigations evidence volume effects to dominate the flow field in the vicinity of the jet hole.

of the inclination angle, blowing ratio, and hole

geometry on the cooling efficiency.

Most numerical investigations of the JICF prob-

Film cooling techniques are applied in mod- lem have been based on Reynolds-averaged

ern gas turbines to reduce the thermal loads on Navier-Stokes equations, e.g., Hoda and Acharya

turbine components that result from the high [2] or Walters and Leylek [3]. Since the JICF

inlet temperatures needed for a high thermal problem is influenced by the effects of wall-

efficiency. Since the technical design process bounded as well as free turbulence, most turbu-

of film cooling systems depends on the exact lence models cannot be applied without proper

knowledge of the generated flow field, a detailed scaling of the coefficients. This, however, re-

understanding of the flow physics is a must to quires a-priori knowledge of the flow field. For

improve existing cooling techniques. this reason, it is necessary to apply a more gen-

In the present study the cooling film is generated eral numerical ansatz such as LES to investigate

by injecting a cooling fluid through a row of JICF problems. Such an analysis was performed,

staggered holes drilled into the wall surface. The for instance, by Guo et al. [4] who investigated

flow field resulting from the interaction of the among other issues the effects of inclination an-

inclined cooling jet and the turbulent boundary gle and blowing ratio on the flow field.

layer is governed by complex vortex dynam- In the present paper the impact of the density

ics. The outer field is dominated by a counter- ratio between coolant and crossflow is analyzed

rotating vortex pair (CVP), which is the leading by LES and compared with experimental data.

mechanism in the mixing process between the However, experimental investigations of turbine

hot gas and the coolant. Plesniak and Cusano [1]

blade flows at real temperature levels require an This auxiliary simulation generates its own tur-

extremely complex and expensive wind tunnel bulent inflow data using the compressible rescal-

equipment. Therefore, the effect of density dif- ing method proposed by El-Askary et al. [7].

ferences between the coolant and the crossflow The rescaling method is a means of approximat-

are simulated by a CO2 injection to mimic a ing the properties at the inlet via a similarity

density ratio of 1.6. approach applied to the downstream solution.

The resulting turbulent boundary layer simu-

lation matches very well the flow physics as

N UMERICAL M ETHOD demonstrated in Fig. 2. The comparison of the

turbulent intensities at a momentum thickness

based Reynolds number of Re = 1850 with

The three-dimensional Navier-Stokes equations data from Lund and Wu [8] evidences the good

plus separate transport equations for individual agreement.

species of an ideal gas mixture are solved us-

ing an LES method. The discretization of the

governing equations is based on a mixed central- 3 +

u

upwind AUSM (advective upstream splitting +

v

+

method) scheme with low numerical dissipation, 2 w

u,v,w,uv +

uv

see Meinke et al. [5]. +++

+++ +

+

1 + xx x x +x +

symbols Lund

+ xxx x

The temporal approximation is based on an im- x

+

x x x

+ + x

x x x x

+ + + +

plicit dual time-stepping scheme. A convergence x

0 +x

-1

is achieved using multigrid and preconditioning

0 0.4 0.8 1.2 1.6

methods [6]. The matrix of the preconditioned oy/

scheme has been modified to account for the ad-

ditional mass-fraction equations. Fig. 2. Turbulent intensities scaled in inner wall units

The simulation of the flat plate boundary layer compared with data from Lund and Wu [8]

requires instantaneous turbulent flow data that

can be prescribed at the inflow boundary. There-

fore, a combined rescaling and slicing method is R ESULTS

applied. That is, the flow variables at the entrance

of the domain are obtained by an independent

spatially developing boundary layer simulation The discussion of the results consists of a com-

(Fig. 1). parison of numerical and experimental data to

show the quality of the computational method.

Then the cooling efficiency is analyzed, before

the impact of the density ratio and the mixing

process are investigated.

Fig. 1. Schematic of the computational domain and present study is validated by comparing the

the boundary conditions time-averaged flow field with the particle-image

velocimetry (PIV) measurements of Jessen et

2

al. [9]. To obtain the time-averaged statistics the VR=0.1

flow field has been sampled over 8 time periods.

1.5

Here, one period is the time that the crossflow

fluid needs to pass over the length of the plate.

y/D

1

In Fig. 3 profiles of the streamwise velocity are

compared for the case of a CO2 jet injection into 0.5

the boundary layer of an air stream at two dif-

ferent velocity ratios V R = 0.1 and V R = 0.28. 0

U/U oo

The profiles are located in the spanwise sym-

metry plane (Z/D = 0) at different streamwise 2

VR=0.28

locations (X/D = 1, 0, 1, 1.5, and 2). The

location X/D = 1 corresponds to the upstream 1.5

edge of the jet hole. The boundary layer flow is

y/D

1

nearly undisturbed at this location and the veloc-

ity profile matches the fully developed turbulent

0.5

profile at the corresponding Reynolds number.

At X/D = 0 and X/D = 1 the boundary layer 0

is lifted by the jet. In the case of the higher ve- U/U oo

locity ratio the jet is separated at X/D = 1.5 and Fig. 3. Velocity profiles in the symmetry plane at

reattached at X/D = 2. At both velocity ratios different streamwise locations, top: V R = 0.1, bot-

the predicted flow field is in excellent agreement tom: V R = 0.28, experimental data 2 : x/D = 1,

with the PIV measurements. : x/D = 0, : x/D = 1, : x/D = 1.5,

: x/D = 2, solid lines: LES data.

curves shows the mixture fraction distribution

Prediction of Cooling Efficiency along the plate to correctly predict the film cool-

ing efficiency of such flow configurations.

The penetration of the CO2 jet into an air-like

crossflow mimics the density ratio between the Effect of Velocity and Mass Flux Ratio

cooling fluid and the hot gas stream in a gas tur-

bine. Hence, the distribution of the CO2 mixture

fraction f along the flat plate downstream of the Large-eddy simulations have been performed at

jet hole resembles the film-cooling effectiveness. different velocity ratios V R = 0.1, 0.28, and

The contours of the mixture fraction f along the 0.48. A variation of the velocity ratio has a large

plate at a velocity ratio of V R = 0.28 and a impact on the depth of the jet penetration into

mass flux ratio of MR = 0.45, respectively, are the crossflow and the size of the recirculation

shown in Fig. 4. The graph shows the mean mix- region. However, a variation of the mass flux at

ture fraction in the spanwise symmetry plane as a a constant velocity ratio has only little effect on

function of the streamwise coordinate. The data the dynamics of the flow field in the vicinity of

is compared with the findings of Sinha et al. [10]. the jet hole, as shown in Fig. 5. Mach number

The symbols represent the measured film cool- contours and streamlines are extracted in the JICF

ing effectiveness , which is a temperature based symmetry plane of an air-to-air and a CO2 -to-

variable, at a slightly different mass flux ratio of air injection at an equal velocity ratio of V R =

MR = 0.5. The good agreement between both 0.28. The size of the recirculation region and the

1

Sinha (1991)

0.8

cooling efficiency

0.6

0.4

0.2

0

0 5 10 15

x/D

along the flat plate, bottom: mean mixture fraction Fig. 5. Mach number contours in the JICF sym-

in the spanwise symmetry plane compared with film metry plane with streamlines at a velocity ratio of

cooling efficiency measured by Sinha et al. [10] V R = 0.28, top: air injection at M R = 0.28, bot-

tom: CO2 injection at M R = 0.45

penetration depth are almost identical.

Coherent Structures and Mixing Process served in Fig. 7. The mixture fraction field in the

Z/D = 0 plane and the corresponding coherent

vortical structures are shown at the same instan-

The coupling of the flow dynamics to the tur- taneous time level.

bulent mixing process of the different species is

closely connected to the formation of the counter-

rotating vortex pair (CVP) downstream of the

jet hole. The CVP dominates the mixing pro- C ONCLUSION

cess of the mixture fraction scalar in the bound-

ary layer. The development of the CVP is visual-

ized in Fig. 6 showing two cross sections within An LES is applied to simulate the penetration

the recirculation region at the same instantaneous of a cooling jet into a turbulent boundary layer.

time level. The vorticity, which originates from The time-averaged LES predictions are in excel-

the spanwise edges of the jet hole, causes the lent agreement with experimental data. The flow

counter-rotating eddies governing the initial mix- physics is discussed by identifying the dominant

ing between cooling fluid and crossflow. Thus, vortical structures. The simulations of different

high density jet fluid is lifted off the plate at the velocity and mass flux ratios show volume ef-

trailing edge and boundary layer fluid is entrained fects to dominate the flow field in the vicinity of

between the plate and the jet. the jet hole. A detailed study of the mixture frac-

The separation and reattachment of the jet as tion scalar distribution proves the significance of

well as the turbulent diffusion and convection the coherent structures in the dynamic flow field

process downstream of the injection can be ob- on the mixing process.

Fig. 6. Instantaneous mixture fraction contours and Fig. 7. Top: mixture fraction contours in the symme-

velocity vectors at X/D = 1 (top) and X/D = 1.5 try plane at a velocity ratio of V R = 0.28, bottom:

(bottom) coherent structures indicated by the 2 criterion and

mapped mixture fraction f

BIBLIOGRAPHY

[6] N. Alkishriwi, M. Meinke, W. Schroder,

A large-eddy simulation method for low

[1] M. W. Plesniak, D.M. Cusano, Scalar mixing mach number flows using preconditioning and

in a confined rectangular jet in a crossflow, J. multigrid, Comput. Fluids, in press, 2006.

Fluid Mech., vol. 524, pp. 1-45, 2005.

[7] W.A. El-Askary, W. Schroder, M. Meinke, LES

[2] A. Hoda, S. Acharya, Predictions of a film of compressible wall-bounded flows, AIAA

coolant jet in crossflow with different turbulence paper 2003-3554

models, ASME J. Turbomach., vol. 122, pp.

[8] T.S. Lund, X.S. Wu, Generation of turbulent

558-569, 2000.

inflow data for spatially developing boundary

[3] D.K. Walters, J.H. Leylek, A detailed analysis layer simulations, J. Comput. Phys., vol. 140,

of film-cooling physics part 1: streamwise pp. 233-258, 1998.

injection with cylindrical holes, ASME J. [9] W. Jessen, W. Schroder, M. Klaas, Evolution

Turbomach., vol. 122, pp. 102-112, 2000. of jets effusing from inclined holes into

crossflow, submitted to Turbulence, Heat and

[4] X. Guo, M. Meinke, W. Schroder, Large-

Mass Transfer, 5, Dubrovnik, 2006.

eddy simulation of film cooling flows, Comput.

Fluids, vol. 35, pp. 587-606, 2006. [10] A.K. Sinha, D.G. Bogard, M.E. Crawford,

Film-cooling effectiveness downstream of a

[5] M. Meinke, W. Schroder, E. Krause, T. Rister, A

single row of holes with variable density ratio,

comparison of second- and sixth-order methods

ASME J. Turbomach., vol. 113, pp. 442-449,

for large-eddy simulations, Comput. Fluids, vol.

1991.

31, pp. 695-718, 2002.

- Slip Flow and Magneto-NANOFLUID over an Exponentially Stretching Permeable Sheet with Heat Generation/AbsorptionUploaded byInternational Journal of Engineering Inventions (IJEI)
- Best Practice Scale-Resolving Simulations in ANSYS CFDUploaded byHenrique Capellato
- Lectures on Computational Fluid DynamicsUploaded byMicro_RC_Pilot
- HT3eChap08_1_64Uploaded bymsdhiman2003
- COB09-0978(1)Uploaded bytolomeo10
- Aeronautical EngineeringUploaded bymanish_chaturvedi_6
- AGARD_Design.pdfUploaded byPedro Carrasco
- HeatUploaded byavcschaudhari
- 3D Homogeneous TurbulenceUploaded byDeepThinking
- Mech[1]Uploaded byapi-26789938
- 1963 - Becker - Mixing and Flow in Ducted Turbulent JetsUploaded bylucasphp
- CondensationUploaded byzbz94
- 3-D Viscous Flow Analysis of a Mixed Flowpump ImpellerUploaded byGerman Toledo
- s5 Mechanic Strem Production Eng SyllaUploaded byManjunath Nadarajan
- 5 Some Hyper Sonic .Intake StudiesUploaded byVemula Jagadish Babu
- Lanzafame, Mauro, Messina - 2D CFD Modeling of H-Darrieus Wind Turbines Using a Transition Turbulence ModelUploaded byJamie Santiago
- transition to turbulence wakeUploaded byapi-19969042
- External FlowsUploaded bybahakumaty
- Module C-Laminar Flat Plate FlowUploaded bySandeep Kadiam
- REFERÊNCIAS BIBLIOGRÁFICAS.pdfUploaded byRicardo Catta Preta
- ReynoldUploaded byJay Jackman
- Turbulent Shear StressUploaded bysyedahmedali_276353
- Buchner 2017Uploaded byAnonymous SlyvspdB
- 02chapters1-3.pdf.pdfUploaded byMarco Aurélio Leonel Matunaga
- Wall y+ Strategy for Dealing with Wall-bounded Turbulent FlowsUploaded byfab1991
- 8Uploaded bySigit Nugroho
- Sanders MPJ BacherlorReportUploaded byyavercan
- tg07Uploaded bygetsweet
- 2Numerical Investigation of Bubbles InUploaded byxiaochi36
- mel705-26Uploaded byRahul Tripathi

- Turbulence models and their applicationUploaded byAndreea Bobonea
- AS4075209307463681474171969068_content_1Uploaded byomarihuano
- Suspension Design Rajeev_MokashiUploaded byJatin351
- IJRET20140303067.pdfUploaded byomarihuano
- Solutions GuptaUploaded byomarihuano
- muscle tone and joinUploaded byomarihuano
- odontoblasfst differentiationUploaded byomarihuano
- gebregiworgis2012.pdfUploaded byomarihuano
- gasflraing.pdfUploaded byomarihuano
- maquinadoUploaded byomarihuano
- genetichip1.pdfUploaded byomarihuano
- 11.klUploaded byAnkitKothari
- Experimental+approach+rotor-statorUploaded byomarihuano
- piv con enfriamiento de álabesUploaded byomarihuano
- laserbased.pdfUploaded byomarihuano
- Serum AntibodyUploaded byomarihuano
- gasflraingUploaded byomarihuano
- estrategias de entrenamientoUploaded byomarihuano
- 10.1097@CCM.0b013e31818b35f2Uploaded byomarihuano
- Genetic Hip 1Uploaded byomarihuano
- Serum Antibody 2Uploaded byomarihuano
- Mechanical MuscleUploaded byomarihuano
- popularidad entre jovenesUploaded byomarihuano
- turbulencia en plasmasUploaded byomarihuano
- aprendizaje de maquinas.pptxUploaded byomarihuano
- Handout TurbulenceUploaded byomarihuano
- flujo periodico en bombas radialesUploaded byomarihuano
- Thesis Optimization of Wind Turbine Airfoils-Blades and Wind Farm LayoutUploaded byomarihuano

- Susan Friedlander and Victor Yudovich- Instabilities in Fluid MotionUploaded byPlamcfe
- Flash Drum Design Che 4253 -Design i CheUploaded byDilini
- Arts NPSH TutorialUploaded byDidier Sanon
- Fm Lab Manualcyc1Uploaded byTharun Balusu
- 405f-1Uploaded byapi-19832143
- 2 - IPRUploaded byVivis Gallegos
- Actuator DiskUploaded byVojtech Sedlak
- RAB PLUMBING.xlsxUploaded byari wahyu
- naca653218-airfoil-aerodynamic-properties-2168-9792-1000168.pdfUploaded byMoh Zainollah
- 1. Properties of FluidsUploaded byAhmad Younes
- 1962-Pressure drop and vapor volume with subcooled nucleate boiling.pdfUploaded byTahok24
- 03_ExactSolutionsNSEqUploaded byZohre Bang Tavakoli
- introcfdUploaded bycamaradiya
- Fluid DynamicsUploaded byBabylyn Austria
- Appendix 8 the way forwardUploaded byAsif Sunny
- 5. Hyd & Pneumatics LabUploaded byPepe Akash
- Lab Report 2Uploaded byKamran Ali
- Gradually Varied FlowUploaded byprashanthreddyh
- Calculo directo de BHPUploaded byPedro
- A State-Of-The-Art Review of Mixing in Microfluidic MixersUploaded byKhloud Madih
- FM assignment 1.docxUploaded bySirish Chand Putla
- Anderson FUN3D In Compressible AIAAJ95Uploaded byjesus_of_bodom
- CHAP01-MunsonUploaded byThershniDeviMurugesu
- 5 Hydraulic ConductivityUploaded byJohn Malone
- Development of a Turbulance Closure Model for Geophysical Fluid Problems - Mellor & YamadaUploaded byLeonardo Michels
- FlowLab Computational Fluid Dynamics CFD Framework for Undergraduate EducationUploaded bytarang001
- Role of Pipelines in Oil and Gas IndustryUploaded bymat333r
- Misinterpretations of Bernoullis Law 2011 Internet (1)Uploaded byArnau Illa
- H12_1015Uploaded byKhalilRoumani
- BuoyantUploaded byAisha Chunsha Cassiopeia