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DAX Directional Airflow eXhaust system

Energy efficient heat removal and redistribution

incorporating technology

Product overview and technical data

Overview and principle
DAX System - what is it?

The primary function of the Directional Airflow Exhaust DAX system is the
removal and distribution of heat from the rear of a 19 cabinet in an energy
efficient and controlled way.

Features and benefits

A substantial reduction in power consumption

Reduction on air conditioning usage

Heat the office in winter months or
other rooms/spaces with reclaimed heat
Energy efficient EC fan technology
Optimise hardware performance
Capital cost reduction

Extended life span on room air conditioning

and active equipment

Environmental control and monitoring

The UTelligent FaEn (Fan and Environmental) control philosophy

continuously monitors and modulates the fan speed dynamically
adjusting to ensure optimum performance

Built in redundancy

In the event of a system fault, the DAX unit will continue to perform
uninterrupted until the fault can be fixed

Local environmental display/diagnostics

Enables each unit to have current status viewed offering peace of mind
that your system is working as required

EC centrifugal fans offer 1075m3/hr

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DAX System

Benefits explained
Substantial reduction in power consumption
Room air conditioning systems use large amounts of energy, especially
in summer months, but when you add into the room a typical fully
populated data comms cabinet - its like adding a very large electric Technology
radiator into the room - the air conditioning system simply has to work
that much harder in order to maintain the required ambient room
temperature. The answer is to duct the hot air away from the cabinet
and into another space, such as the ceiling plenum, outdoors or to reuse
the heat in a warehouse or adjacent office. This way the hot exhaust
air does not enter into the room thereby significantly reducing the
power consumption of HVAC systems.

Energy efficient by design

The DAX system incorporates EC fan technology which is more energy

efficient than standard AC or DC fans. Furthermore the EC fans are
temperature controlled via the UTelligent FaEn controller so they only
need to go at the speed necessary to remove the heat.
Exhaust hot air to wall plenum

Reclaimed and recycled room heating or

Although exhaust air can be redirected to another space giving the
option of free heating, in some cases it is likely that the exhaust air
will be merely dumped outdoors. So as not to waste this resource
especially in winter months, the DAX system has been designed to allow
the air to be redirected back into the room either manually or
automatically thus reducing the heating bill and your carbon footprint.

Capital cost reduction

Exhaust hot air to ceiling plenum
This ability to redirect waste heat means the life expectancy of the
HVAC system is extended as it doesnt have to work so hard.

When hardware is maintained at too high a temperature for a sustained or

period of time, its life expectancy is drastically reduced and it will need
to be replaced much sooner than necessary. Because the DAX system
enables a constant ambient temperature, a much longer life expectancy
is maintained throughout its working life.

Exhaust hot air back to the room

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Benefits explained
Hardware performance

Hardware is severely hampered when operating at higher than

recommended temperatures, on-board chips will often throttle back
and perform at half speed or lower in order to protect themselves. The
consequence is that the speed of the software will run much slower
and tasks will take much longer to carry out. The DAX system ensures
a stable working environment.

Built in redundancy

The DAX system comprises of two independently operating EC fans

working in tandem enabling one to take over the performance of the
other in the event of fan, sensor or DC supply failure until a
replacement can be hot swapped. This way the cooling of the
equipment is maintained. .

Other operational benefits include:

The DAX system has been designed to work with one or two EC
centrifugal fans. Each fan delivers 1075 Cfm which in an average room
temperature of 21 degrees equates to around a combined 12kW hot air
removal with the 2 fan system. In most cases one fan will be sufficient
to remove the heat load generated by the active equipment. However
the benefit of using two EC fans is the redundancy provided. Front view DAX with compliant cabinet
Furthermore two fan units working in tandem will mean they rotate at
a slower speed thereby using less power and producing less noise.

Each system comes complete with an LED display, providing

environmental information such as internal cabinet temperature, fan
and thermistor status. In the event of a system fault this will also be
There is also a local audible alarm in the event of any failure
Alarm status can be monitored on the network via SNMP
On-board diagnostics
Network option capability for remote monitoring, email notification
inclusive of GUI (Graphical User Interface)
Administration rights and user access rights
Hot swappable fans
Upgrade existing USpace 4210 cabinets

Rear view DAX with compliant cabinet

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DAX System

Build Specification

1 x DAX compliant USpace 4210 cabinet with on board LED status monitor

Fan assembly

Please note - The DAX cabinet comes with either one or two DAX fan assemblies each
having an independent mains feed. Full redundancy however can only be achieved when
two fans are deployed and fed by separate power supplies. Each DAX fan assembly
contains the following:
1 x 220mm backward curve EC centrifugal fan
1 x single channel FaEn board and digital EC fan speed control board. FaEn board is
inclusive of:
User adjustable fan ramp rate

General fault alarm

On-board diagnostics
1 x temperature sensor (sensor can be placed anywhere in the cabinet)
Wiring looms
Auto ranging switch mode PSU for DC supply to FaEn board

Technical specification
EC centrifugal fan performance data

220mm backward curve fan incorporating EC technology

IP 44 rated
Current consumption per fan 240V/0.6A 115V/1.1A maximum
Airflow 1,075 m/hr
Noise level at full speed 60dBA @1m
Noise level at 30% running speed 47dBA @ 1m
Power requirement FaEn 25mA each
Power requirement LED display 40mA each

DAX fan assembly housing

Material 1.2 mm CR4 steel
Finish Textured powder paint: Light grey RAL 7035 or USpace Black, RAL 9005
Weight 12 kg (combined weight of main duct body and telescopic duct)

ISO 9001: 2008 accreditation

USystems is registered for this quality management system, covering all manufacturing
areas and associated processes

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Technical information
UTelligent FaEn board


Fan status which detects fan tacho feedback, fan stall, fan mains power
failure, fan non-rotation and fan blockage.

Temperature sensor which monitors general temperature status, over

and under temperature and thermistor fail.

On-board diagnostics

When the fault alarm is triggered the following faults can be identified
via on-board diagnostic LEDs:

Fan status (working, fail, stall)

Over and under temperature
Temperature sensor fail
FaEn board fail (this does not include DC power fail)

NB. In the event of two simultaneous faults then diagnostic LEDs

will pulse to identify each fault or scroll on LED display.

Safety feature

In the event of the faults listed below occurring and provided that
240v/115v is present, the general alarm will be triggered and fan/s will
automatically go to full speed as follows:

Temperature sensor fail i.e. not fitted, incorrectly fitted, component

failure (open or closed circuit)
FaEn board fail
Loss of DC power to FaEn board
FaEn board fail

Two fan DAX system

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ColdLogik rear coolers

ColdLogik rear coolers economically maintain the ambient air temperature within

a data and communications room while minimising the energy required to cool IT


The coolers are fitted to the back on an enclosure typically being IEC297 and EIA

310 compliant. They have been designed to remove heat generated by the IT

equipment directly at source thus preventing hot air entering into the room.

ColdLogik aisle containment Aisle Containment solutions suitable for new builds and is also fully retrofittable

onto both USystems and OEM cabinets for new build or existing data centres

without affecting day to day operations, where the cold aisle can be contained to

maximise cooling efficiency.

The USystems Aisle Containment systems are available to suit various aisle widths

and for aisle to walk configurations. Aisle Containment can also be installed

on mixed height aisles.

ColdLogik CAP system

To improve the efficiency of a CRAC based data centre design, USystems ColdLogik

controlled air path CAP units isolate and guide hot air out of the top of the cabinet

into a ceiling plenum.

Removing hot air from each cabinet by ducting the air through funnels on the top

of the cabinet - in a controlled manner through to the ceiling plenum - is a logical,

simple and highly cost effective improvement to managing data centre cooling.

USystems Limited
Unit 5 Green End Business Park, Green End, Gamlingay, Bedfordshire, SG19 3LF, England
T +44 (0) 1767 652 817 F +44 (0) 1767 651 983
USystems shall not be liable for any damages resulting from misapplication or misuse of its products. The company reserves the right to update its products without notice.
USystems Limited, April 2014 Issue 2. The USystems logo and UCoustic, ColdLogik, UTelligent and USpace are trademarks of USystems Limited.

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DAX system cabinets
Intelligent directional cooling

Perfect climate - perfect control

USystems Limited
Unit 5 Green End Business Park, Green End, Gamlingay, Bedfordshire, SG19 3LF, England
T +44 (0) 1767 652 817 F +44 (0) 1767 651 983
USystems shall not be liable for any damages resulting from misapplication or misuse of its products. The company reserves the right to update its products without notice.
USystems Limited, April 2014 Issue 2. The USystems logo and UCoustic, ColdLogik, UTelligent and USpace are trademarks of USystems Limited.