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understanding road transport emissions in the Greater Delhi region

1995 19982002 2010


Unleadedpetrol DieseltoCNGfor Newlowfloorbuses
buses,taxis,and3Ws forCWG

modeledroadtransportemissionsfor 2001
BharatIInorms 2005 2010 2012
theGreaterDelhiregion Metrophase1 BharatIIInorms BharatIVnorms Metrophase2

includingDelhimetropolitanareaanditssatellitecities
coveringanareaof80kmx80km Source:Goel andGuttikunda,2015,AtmosphericEnvironment

2015 road transport in numbers

totalregisterednumberofvehicles 8.8million
shareof
60.2 35.1 1.7 0.6 2.3 1.1
registered
% % % % % %
vehicles

2wheelers 4wheelers 3wheelers Buses Lightduty Heavyduty


(2W) (4W) (3W) (BUS) trucks(LDV) trucks(LDV)
Allpetrol Mixedfuel AllCNG Diesel+CNG Mixedfuel Alldiesel
Majoritypetrol MajorityCNG

shareof
PM2.5 9.3 15.5 1.4 10.4 29.2 34.1
emissions % % % % % %

controlling road transport emissions

emissions=#vehicles*#kmtraveled*#emissionrate

reducethenumberofvehiclesontheroad.Thiscanbeachievedvia
animprovedandefficientbus,auto,andtaxisystems;viaincentives
likefreeridesonbusesandmetro;byprovidinggoodwalkingand
cyclinginfrastructure;viadisincentiveslikecongestionpricing,
highersalestaxes,higherregistrationtaxesonoldervehicles,higher
parkingfees;byoptimizingfreightmovementinthecity

reducethevehiclekilometerstraveledbyindividualvehicles.Thiscan
beachievedviaanimprovedandefficientbus,auto,andtaxisystems;
viaincentiveslikefreeridesonbusesandmetro;byprovidinggood
walkingandcyclinginfrastructure;viadisincentiveslikecongestion
40peopledrivingalone, pricing,highersalestaxes,higherregistrationtaxesonoldervehicles,
60feetbetweenvehicles higherparkingfees;byoptimizingfreightmovementinthecity
=3000feet(0.5mile)

reducethefleetaverageemissionrate.Thiscanbeachievedby
cuttingdowntheonroadidlingtimes;byimprovingthefuelquality;
byintroducingalternatevehicles(hybridorelectric);byinspectingand
maintainingforagoodengineperformanceforlongyears;by
1bus,50feetlong,50passengers reducingthewearandtearontheengineviatravelingless;by
=175feet(withsafespacing) introducingdieselparticulatefiltersforheavydutytrucksandbuses
Courtesy:bikeforum.com

thisdocumentpresentsanunderstandingofroadtransportemissions,
whichisonlyapartoftheairpollutionprobleminDelhi
Othersincludepowerplants,residentialcookingandheating,smallandlargescaleindustries,openwasteburning,fugitivedust,andseasonalopenfires

Send your questions and comments to

simair@urbanemissions.info UpdatedDecember12th,2015