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A

a priori a priori/ ex ante absen com., ec. absence


abandon com. abandonment/ renunciation; absen de la lucru ec. absence from duty
opiune de abandon abandonment option absen nemotivat ec. absence without leave
abandona asig. abandon absolut absolute (abs.)/ absolutely (absol); abatere
abandonat abandoned (abd.) absolut - absolute deviation; licitaie absolut
abate (a se abate) deviate -absolute auction; valoare absolut absolute value
abatere stat. deviation/ derivation absolut convertibil banc. fully convertible
abatere absolut stat. absolute deviation absolvent com. graduate
abatere absolut maxim studentizat stat. absorbi absorb
studentised maximum absolute deviate absorbia puterii de cumprare ec. absorption of
abatere admisibil stat. standard deviation buying power
abatere concurent stat. concurrent deviation absorbie ec. absorption; calculate de absorbie
abatere cumulat stat. accumulated deviation -absorption costing; capacitate de absorbie - ab-
abatere echivalent stat. equivalent deviate sorption capacity; capacitate de absorbie absorp-
abatere medie stat. mean deviation/ average de- tive capacity; dispersie a absorbiei - absorption
viation variance
abatere medie trigonometric stat. mean trigono- absorbie a importurilor import absorption
metric deviation abine (a se abine) com. -abstain
abatere normal stat. normal deviation abinere abstention
abatere ptratic medie stat. mean square devia- abundent com. affluent
tion abunden abundance
abatere standard stat. standard deviation academie academy
abatere standard procentual stat. percentage stan- academie de comer commercial academy
dard deviation acalmie lull
abatere standardizat stat. standardized deviate acapara corner/ forestall/ buy up; a acapara o pia
abatere zero burs. zero deviation corner a market
abator com. slaughter house/ abattoir acaparare a pieei cornering the market
abolire abolition accelera accelerate/ speed up
abolirea restriciilor com. abolition of restrictions accelerare prin ridicare la putere acceleration by
abordare approach powering
abordare planificat schedule approach accelerat accelerated; amortizare accelerat - accel-
abroga com. annul erated depreciation
abrogare banc, com. abatement/ annulment accelerator accelerator
abrupt abrupt; distribuie abrupt - abrupt distri- accept banc. acceptance/ accept/ accepted bill
bution accept (de comer) trade acceptance
abs. (absolut) absolute/ absolutely (absol.) accept bancar banc. bank acceptance/ bank bill/
absentee. absent banker's acceptance
absent nemotivat ec. absent without leave accept cu rezerve banc. special acceptance
absenteism ec. absenteeism accept n alb banc. blank acceptance
absenteist ec. absentee accept necondiionat banc. clean acceptance
absena autoritii banc. absence of authority accept parial banc. partial acceptance
apartament 2

apartament apartment aprovizionare a pieei market supply


apatie apathy aprovizionare direct direct supply
apatie la cumprare sales apathy aprovizionare excedentar excess supply
ap com. water; pe ap com. afloat aprovizionare excesiv excess supply
ape teritoriale pl. com. territorial waters aprovizionare n grup group trading
apel de marj margin call aprovizionare i transport supply and transport (S.T.)
apel de ofert call for bids aprox. about (ab., abt.)
apela call aproximare stat. least-squares method
apelabil banc. callable aproximare stocastic stat. stochastic approxima-
apelabilitate (a unei obligaiuni) burs. callability tion procedure
aplatizare smoothing aproximare stocastic accelerat stat. accelerated
aplatizare exponenial stat. exponential smoothing stochastic approximation
aplica implement; a aplica o supratax - surcharge aproximat com. approximated
aplicabil com. applicable aproximativ about (ab., abt.)/ banc. approximate
aplicabilitate com. applicability aprozar com. greengrocer's shop/ greengrocery
aplicare implementation aprozarist com. greengrocer
aport apport aptitudine banc, com. ability
aport de capital capital inflow/ capital contribution ar are (a.)
aport de capital extern supply of foreign capital Arabia com. Arabia
aport de capital strin supply of foreign capital Arabia Saudit burs., banc. Saudi Arabia (SA)
aport n natur capital in kind arabil arable
a posteriori ex post aranja com. arrange
aprecia banc. revaluate; a (se) aprecia - appreci- aranjamente speciale pl special regulations
ate/ harden aranjare a bilanului com. cooking of balances
apreciat valued; foarte apreciat - in great demand arbitraj com. arbitration/ burs. switch/ arbitrage
apreciere banc. revaluation/ increase in value/ ap- arbitraj al cursului de schimb burs. arbitrage of ex-
preciation in value/ appraisal/ appreciation change
apreciere a activului capital appreciation arbitraj cu dobnd acoperit banc. covered inter-
apreciere a capitalului com. appreciation of principal est arbitrage
apreciere a cursului de schimb banc. appreciation arbitraj de indici index arbitrage
of the exchange (value) arbitraj de portofoliu burs. switching
apreciere a investiiei capital appreciation arbitraj de risc takeover arbitrage
apreciere a monedei burs. currency appreciation/ arbitraj extern outward arbitrage
appreciation of currency arbitraj intern inward arbitrage
apreciere brusc breakout arbitraj internaional international arbitrage
apreciere realist realistic appraisal arbitrajist burs. arbitrager
apreciere uoar burs. dead cat bounce arbitrar com. arbitrary
aprilie April (Ap.) arbitru com. umpire
aproape near (nr.) arbore de decizie decision tree
aproape cu certitudine almost certainly arde burn
aproape de capacitatea maxim close to capacity arendare leasing/ tenancy
aproape peste tot almost everywhere arendare (de teren agricol) farming lease
aproape sigur almost certain/ almost surely arenda tenant/ tenant farmer
aproape staionar almost stationary arend land rent/lease
aproba com. admit/ approve; a aproba facturile - arend excesiv rack rent
approve the bills Argentina burs., banc. Argentina (AR) *
aprobare com. admittance/ approbation/ approval argint burs. silver (s.)
(apl) argint cu titlu legal sterling silver
aprobare tacit tacit approval argint monetar standard bullion
aproviziona purvey/ supply (sup., sy.); a aproviziona arhiv record department
excesiv - overstock arhivist registrar
aprovizionare purveyance/ supply (sup., sy) arie zone/ territory
accept special 3

accept special banc. special acceptance accepta accizabil com. dutiable


consent/ accept/ adopt; a accepta ca gaj banc. acciz {pi accize) excise/ duty/ excise tax/ excise duty
accept as pledge; a accepta la plat com. acciz pe benzin com. gasoline tax
accept as payment; a accepta o propunere com. accize pl ec. excise duties
accept a proposal; a accepta o trat accept a draft acerb severe
acceptabil com. acceptable achita com. pay off/ disburse/ acquit/ defray; a
acceptabil ca garanie banc. acceptable as collat- achita (cu numerar) - pay down; a achita n rate -to
eral pay by installments; a achita integral - pay in full;
acceptant banc. acceptor; de remis acceptantului a achita o datorie com. - acquit a debt/ red the
banc. refer to acceptor (R/A) debt/ settle a debt; a achita o factur - settle a bill;
acceptare acceptance/ consent/ acceptation/ trade a achita un mprumut - red the loan
acceptance; acceptare a unui dividend - passing of achitabil n rate payable by installment
a dividend; acceptare a unui efect de comer - ac- achitare com. acquittance/ defrayal/ quittance/
ceptance of a bill settlement
acceptare a mrcii brand acceptance achitare (cu numerar) la livrare com. collect on de-
acceptare a ordinului banc. accept order livery/ collection on delivery/ cash on delivery
acceptare condiionat conditional acceptance/ (C.O.D., COD)
qualified acceptance achitare a datoriei quittance of debt/ satisfaction of
acceptare contra documente com. acceptance debt
against documents achitare a dobnzii interest payments
acceptare de ctre consumatori consumer acceptance achitare a mprumutului banc. loan redemption
acceptare dup protest com. acceptance supra pro- achitare a unei datorii banc discharge of a debt
test achitare cu numerar cash settlement
acceptare fr rezerve unconditional acceptance/ achitare n avans lead
general acceptance achitat paid (pd.)/ receipted/ banc. paid-up
acceptare n alb banc. acceptance in blank achitat cu numerar com. cash paid
acceptare la prezentare com. accept on presenta- achitat integral fully paid (f.p.)
tion/ acceptance on presentation achitat parial partly paid
acceptare la tranzacionare burs. admission to quo- achitat parial com. part paid
tation/ admission to stock exchange dealing achizitor com. acquirer/ buyer/ purchaser (pchs.)/
acceptare necondiionat unconditional acceptance/ purchasing agent/ canvasser
general acceptance achizitor important heavy purchaser
acceptare parial partial acceptance achiziie acquisition; cost de achiziie - acquisition
acceptare pentru cotare burs. admission to quota- cost; cont de achiziii - purchases account; fond de
tion achiziii purchase fund
acceptare pentru lichidare acceptance for settlement achiziie colectiv com. group buying
acceptat banc. accepted (a/ acce.)/ approved achiziie de firm corporate acquisition
acceptat la plat com. accepted for payment achiziie de teren land acquisition
acceptnd omisiunile omissions accepted (o.e., O.E.) achiziie direct outright purchase
accepiune com. acceptation achiziie direct com. direct buying
acces com. access/ admission/ admittance; acces achiziie fictiv fictitious purchase
la un mecanism/serviciu - access to a facility achiziie pe termen lung burs. buy and hold
acces liber free entry achiziie sub impulsul momentului impulse buying
acces limitat restricted access achiziie vertical vertical acquisition
acces nengrdit free entry achiziii la termen burs. forward purchases
acces temporar temporary admission achiziii speculative burs. bull purchase/ specula-
accesibil com. accessible tive buying
accesibilitate banc. accessibility achiziii i vnzri purchase and sale (P&S)
accident accident achiziiona com. acquire/ purchase
accident de munc industrial accident/ industrial in- achiziionare com. acquirement/ acquisition/ buy-
jury/ occupational injury out/ purchase/ purchasing
accident la locul de munc industrial injury achiziionare accelerat accelerated purchase
4 Acord Internaional privind Zahrul
achiziionare de active acquisition of assets acord cu sindicatul union agreement
achiziionare de aciuni acquisition of stock acord de barter barter agreement/ barter arrangement
achiziionare de echipament equipment purchasing acord de cliring clearing agreement
achiziionare de excedente surplus purchase acord de cofinanare cofinancing arrangement
achiziionare de proprietate com. acquisition of acord de compensare offset agreement
ownership acord de concesiune concession agreement
achiziionare de urgen emergency purchase acord de consolidare rescheduling agreement
achiziionare strategic strategic buyout acord de cooperare agreement on cooperation
acont com. earnest/ advance money/ earnest acord de credit ncruciat swap arrangement
money/ advance (ad., adv.)/ key money/ advance acord de credit reciproc swap arrangement
payment; a plti un aconto - to give earnest money acord de creditare loan agreement
acont n numerar cash in advance acord de creditare asociat associated borrowing ar-
acoperi cover/ hedge; a acoperi cererea - supply a rangement acord de dobnd la termen banc.
demand forward rate
acoperire backing/ coverage/ hedge/ hedging; capital agreement (FRA)
de acoperire - coverage capital; cec fr acoperire - acord de exclusivitate exclusive agreement
bouncer check/ uncovered check; fond de acope- acord de finanare financing agreement
rire cover acord de gajare escrow agreement
acoperire a cererii saturation of demand/ saturation acord de mprumut loan agreement
of consumer demand acord de nchiriere rental agreement
acoperire a dividendelor dividend cover acord de liber schimb com. free trade agreement
acoperire a dobnzii interest cover (FTA)
acoperire a importurilor prin exporturi import capac- acord de parteneriat partnership agreement
ity of exports acord de plat payment agreement
acoperire a monedei banc. backing of currency acord de plat bilateral bilateral payments agreement
acoperire a posibilitilor de desfacere/vnzare sales acord de preluare takeover agreement
coverage acord de preuri dirijate open-pricing agreement
acoperire delta delta hedging acord de protecie protective covenant
acoperire dinamic dynamic hedging acord de protecie a capitalului capital protective agree-
acoperire excedentar long position ment
acoperire fix burs. fixed hedge acord de rabat pentru cantitate quantity discount
acoperire n aur banc. gold cover/ gold coverage agreement (q.d.a.)
acoperire la termen burs. forward cover acord de rscumprare buy-back agreement/ repur-
acoperire minim obligatorie pl. minimum mar- chase agreement (repo)
gin requirements acord de rscumprare deschis open repo
acoperire pe termen scurt burs. short period cover acord de reealonare rescheduling agreement
acoperire perfect perfect hedge acord de reealonare multianual banc. multiyear
acoperire prin active asset cover/ asset coverage rescheduling arrangement (MYRA)
acoperit banc. covered; fond acoperit - umbrella acord de refinanare refinancing agreement
fund; opiune acoperit covered option acord de tranzit transit agreement
acoperit n aur gold-backed acord de vnzare-nchiriere sale-leaseback agreement
acord agreement/ arrangement/ treaty/ understand- acord financiar monetary agreement
ing; prin acord mutual com. by mutual agreement acord fiscal fin. tax agreement
acord adiional com. additional agreement/ supple- Acord General pentru Tarife i Comer General Agree-
mental agreement ment on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)
acord anual annual arrangement Acord General privind Schimburile de Servicii com.
acord bilateral bilateral agreement General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS)
acord comercial com. trade agreement/ commercial acord internaional international agreement
agreement/ agreement on trade/ commercial treaty Acord Internaional privind Cauciucul Natural com.
acord comercial bilateral bilateral trade agreement International Natural Rubber Agreement (INRA)
acord comercial de reducere reciproc a taxelor va- Acord Internaional privind Zahrul com. Interna-
male reciprocal trade agreement . tional Sugar Agreement (ISA)
acord ipotecar 5

acord ipotecar mortgage agreement Acordul General de Tarife i Comer com. General
acord n materie de schimburi valutare exchange ar- Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)
rangement Acordul Internaional al Staniului International Tin
acord lrgit extended arrangement (EA) Agreement (ITA) Acordul Nord-American de
acord liniar com. straight piecework/ hundred per Liber Schimb North
cent incentive American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)
acord minimal com. tight rate/ tight piece rate Acordul privind Intensificarea Relaiilor Economice ntre
acord monetar monetary agreement Australia i Noua Zeeland Australia-New Zealand
acord monetar comun cooperative arrangement Closer Economic Relations Trade Agreement
acord multilateral multilateral agreement (ANZCERTA) Acordul privind Textilele i
Acord Multilateral privind Oelul Multilateral Steel Confeciile Agreement on Textiles and Clothing
Agreement (MSA) (ATC)
acord mutual mutual agreement acorduri comerciale trading arrangements
acord neoficial informal agreement acorduri comerciale regionale regional trading agree
acord pe termen lung long term agreement (l.t.a., ments (RTA)
LTA) acorduri de creditare credit agreements
acord privind contractul colectiv (de munc) collec- Acorduri Internaionale pentru Mrfuri Tranzacio-
tive bargaining agreement nate International Commodity Agreements (ICAs)
acord privind cursul de schimb exchange rate agree- acorduri referitoare la preuri price agreements
ment (ERA) acreditat accredited; investitor acreditat - accredited
acord privind materialele textile Multi-Fibre Agree- investor
ment (MFA) acreditiv banc. letter of credit (LC, L/C, LOC,
acord privind schimbul de mrfuri commodity agree- I.e., l.cr., l./c, l.o.c); a deschide un acreditiv - open
ment a letter of credit
acord referitor la importul materialelor textile (n rile acreditiv colectiv banc. general letter of credit
industriale dezvoltate) Multi-Fibre Agreement acreditiv confirmat banc. confirmed letter of credit
(MFA) acreditiv direct banc. direct letter of credit
acord salarial salary agreement/ wages agreement acreditiv documentar banc. commercial letter of
acord salarial pe ramur industrial agreement credit/ documentary letter of credit/ documen-
acord scris printed agreement tary credit
acord secret collusion acreditiv irevocabil banc. irrevocable letter of credit
acord standby standby agreement acreditiv limitat banc. limited letter of credit
acord tacit com. tacit agreement/ silent consent acreditiv neconfirmat banc. unconfirmed letter of
acord tarifar labor agreement/ tariff agreement/ in- credit
dustrial agreement acreditiv reciproc banc. back-to-back credit/
acord valutar foreign exchange agreement (FXA) back-to-back documentary credit/ revocable let-
acord verbal com. oral agreement/ verbal agree- ter of credit
ment/ venture agreement/ unwritten agreement acreditiv simplu banc. simple credit
acorda grant; a acorda dobnzi la depuneri - to allow acreditiv standby banc. stand-by credit
interests on deposits; a acorda subvenii subsidize acru acre (a.)/ acre (US survey foot)
acord-cadru com. general agreement acru*picior acre-foot (US survey foot)
acordul de la Bretton Woods Bretton Woods agree- act adiional addendum
ment act constitutiv (al societii) memorandum of asso-
Acordul de Liber Schimb al Americilor com. Free ciation
Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA) act de cesiune deed of assignment/ deed of convey-
Acordul de Liber Schimb pentru Europa Central ance
(CEFTA) Central European Free Trade Agreement act de gaj general multiple lien
(CEFTA) act de renunare quit-claim deed
Acordul de Liber Schimb SUA-Canada U.S.-Canada act de revizie vamal special bill of sight (B/St)
Free Trade Agreement (CFTA) act de transfer deed of assignment
acordul GATT GATT (General Agreement on Tar- act de vnzare bill of sale (b.s., BS, BIS)
iffs and Trade) act de vnzare absolut com. absolute bill of sale
6 active i pasive
act de vnzare-cumprare com. act of sale active corporale nete per aciune net tangible assets
act fiduciar deed of trust per share
act justificativ supporting document active curente nete pl net current assets
acte de Studiu professional qualifications active curente totale pl total current assets
activ com. 1. asset. 2. active (act.)/ buoyant. active de capital pl capital assets
3. employed/ occupied; aciuni active - active stocks; active de deschidere opening assets
cont activ - active account/ debit account; balan active de exploatare pl operating assets
activ - active balance; balan comercial activ - active de portofoliu pl burs. portfolio assets
active trade balance; pia activ - active market; active disponibile pl quick assets
active circulante pl. com. working assets active externe nete net foreign assets (NFA)
activ agresiv aggressive asset active fictive pl fictitious assets
activ blocat frozen asset active fixe brute gross fixed assets
activ consumabil wasting asset active fixe nete pl net fixed assets
activ curent sezonier seasonal current asset/ tempo- active fizice pl non-financial assets/ tangible assets
rary current asset active foarte lichide pl quick assets
activ curent temporar temporary current asset/ sea- active greu de lichidat pl illiquid assets
sonal current asset active imateriale pl intangible assets/ non-material
activ de capital capital asset assets
activ de exploatare operational asset active imobile bricks and mortar
activ eligibil burs. eligible asset ... active imobilizate pl frozen assets
activ financiar financial asset active iniiale pl original assets/ opening assets
activ fizic real asset active intangibile pl intangible assets/ intangibles
activ imobiliar productor de venit income property active interne nete pl net domestic assets (NDA)
activ imobilizat frozen asset/ permanent capital active n posesie pl assets-in-place
activ inactiv inactive asset active n strintate pl external assets
activ ngheat frozen asset active ngheate pl frozen assets
activ neproductiv inactive asset active lichide pl liquid assets/ available assets
activ neproductiv inactive asset active materiale pl tangible assets
activ net net asset active mobiliare pl personal assets
activ pe termen lung long-term asset active monetare pl monetary assets
activ permanent permanent asset active naionale nete pl net domestic assets (NDA)
activ productiv ec. earning asset active neconsumabile pl non-wasting assets
activ riscant risky asset active necorporale pl intangible assets/ intangibles
activ sensibil la rata dobnzii rate sensitive asset active nelichidate pl slow assets
activ subevaluat hidden asset active nelichide pl illiquid assets
activ subiacent underlying asset active nereproductibile pl non-reproducible assets
active pl assets active nete net worth
active afectate pl. com. earmarked assets active nete corporale tangible net worth
active ale societii n nume colectiv pl. partnership active nominale pl nominal assets
assets active pe termen lung long-term assets
active alocate pl com. earmarked assets active pe termen scurt pl short-term assets
active amortizabile pl depreciable assets active permanente curente pl permanent current
active ascunse banc. hidden assets assets
active blocate frozen assets active primare pl original assets
active circulante pl. burs. circulating assets/ active problematice pl impaired assets
current assets active productive pl productive assets/ yielding as-
active circulante nete pl net quick assets sets/ capital equipment
active comerciale pl business assets/ commercial active rentabile pl yielding assets
assets active reziduale pl residual assets
active convertibile pl com. convertible assets active secrete banc. hidden assets
active corporale pl physical assets/ tangible assets active i pasive pl assets and liabilities/ debits and
active corporale nete pl net tangible assets credits
active i pasive identificabile 7

active i pasive identificabile identifiable assets and activitate productiv productive labor
liabilities activitate sezonier seasonal business
active totale assets-total activitate simultan com. concurrent activity
active tranzitorii pl. accrued assets activitate suplimentar com. additional business
active uor realizabile pl easily realizable assets activitate temporar temporary job
activitate activity/ undertaking; venituri din activitate activiti ale bncilor centrale central banking
- earned income; a relua activitatea - resume work activiti cu valoare adugat value-added activities
activitate academic com. graduate occupation activiti de asigurare pl. asig. insurance activities
activitate agricol farming activiti de comer pl. commercial operations
activitate antreprenorial com. entrepreneurial ac- activiti de control pl. control activities
tivity activiti de control (contabil) pl. cont. auditorial
activitate bancar banking (bkg.) activities
activitate comercial com. commercial activity/ activiti de exploatare pl. com. operating activi-
sales activity ties activiti de revizie contabil pl. cont.
activitate de baz core activity/ core business auditorial activities
activitate de bijutier com. jewelry activiti din timpul liber pl. leisure activities
activitate de birou com. office occupation activiti neproductive pl. non-productive opera-
activitate de cercetare research work tions
activitate de comer com. commercial activity activiti paralele pl. com. parallel operations
activitate de comer exterior com. foreign trade activiti productive pl. productive operations
activity activiti recreative pl. leisure activities
activitate de construcii building activity actor important major player
activitate de export com. foreign trade activity actual up-to-date; valoare actual - present value
activitate de finanare financing activity actualizare a perioadei anterioare prior period adjust-
activitate de funcionar clerical work/ clerical occu- ment actualizat adjusted; valoare actualizat - future
pation/ office occupation value/present value actuar stat. actuary
activitate de iarn tur. winter activity aciona act
activitate de import com. import trade acionar shareholder/ stockholder/ unit holder/
activitate de import-export import-export trade holder of shares/ holder of stock/ contributor
activitate de investiii investment activity/ investing acionar doar cu numele burs. dummy stock-holder
activity acionar favorizat banc. holder of preferential shares
activitate de publicitate com. advertising activity acionar majoritar majority shareholder
activitate de reclam com. advertising activity acionar minoritar minor shareholder/ minority share-
activitate de transport com. carrying trade/ carry- holder
ing business acionar ordinar cow. ordinary shareholder
activitate de var summer activity acionar principal major shareholder/ principal share-
activitate de vnzri sales activity holder
activitate economic business activity/ economic ac acionar privilegiat preference shareholder/ prefer-
tivity ential shareholder
activitate estival summer activity acionar simplu com. ordinary shareholder
activitate febril feverish activity/ brisk business actionariat shareholdings
activitate financiar financial activity aciune 1. share (sh.)/ certificate of stock/ effect 2.
activitate hibernal tur. winter activity action.
activitate independent independent activity aciune concertat concerted action/ acting in concert
activitate intens com. brisk business/ lively activity aciune cotat burs. listed share
activitate lnced sluggish business aciune cotat la burs burs. quoted share
activitate lucrativ com. lucrative business aciune cu dividend burs. dividend paper/ dividend
activitate normal com. normal activity share
activitate paralel com. concurrent activity aciune cu drept de vot burs. voting right share
activitate pe durata vacanei ec. vacation job
activitate principal core activity/ core business/ prin
cipal activity
8 aciuni din industria alimentar
aciune de aur burs. golden share aciuni ale industriei chimice pl burs. chemicals
aciune de calitatea I burs. blue chip aciuni ale industriei constructoare de maini pl
aciune de interzicere com. action for injunction burs. engineering shares
aciune de jumtate burs. half-stock aciuni ale societilor miniere pl burs. mining
aciune de salvare bailout shares
aciune de succes burs. fast seller aciuni alfa pl burs. alpha shares
aciune de suspendare com. action for injunction aciuni alfabetice pl burs. alphabet stock
aciune depus ca garanie burs. qualifying share aciuni amnate pl burs. deferred stock/ deferred
aciune fr drept de vot burs. non-voting share shares
aciune gratuit burs. bonus share/ stock dividend aciuni americane pl burs. American shares
aciune independent burs. independent action aciuni chinezeti pl burs. red chips
aciune integral burs. integral action (I-action) aciuni ciclice pl burs. cyclical stock
aciune n cdere liber burs. air pocket stock aciuni comune pl burs. joint stock (jnt.stk.)/
aciune la purttor burs. bearer share/ transferable equity shares
share aciuni convertibile pl burs. convertible stock
aciune liber burs. free share aciuni cotate pl burs. listed stocks
aciune lichid burs. blue chip aciuni cu capitalizare medie pl. burs. mid cap/
aciune nominativ burs. registered share mid-cap stock/ midcapitalization stock
aciune nou burs. fresh share (D - indicativ aciuni cu dobnd garantat pl burs.
Nasdaq) guarantee stock
aciune Obinuit burs. ordinary share aciuni cu drept de vot pl burs. voting stock
aciune ordinar burs. common share/ ordinary aciuni cu drept de vot restrictiv pl burs. restricted
share voting shares aciuni cu perspective de cretere
aciune pentru neplat com. action for non-payment pl burs. growth shares/ growth stock
aciune pltit integral burs. fully paid up share aciuni cu profit mare pl. burs. high yielders
aciune preferenial burs. preferred share (PFD)/ aciuni cu valoare nominal pl burs. par-value
preference share/ preferential share stock/ par-value shares
aciune preferenial participant burs. aciuni cumulative pl burs. accumulating shares
participating preference share aciuni de blocare pl burs. control stock
aciune privilegiat burs. preferred share/ prefer- aciuni de bun calitate pl burs. blue chip stocks
ence share/ preferential share aciuni de categoria I pl burs. blue-chip stocks
aciune reconvenional jur. counter-claim aciuni de compensare pl burs. compensation
aciune retras burs. withdrawn share stocks
aciune simpl burs. ordinary share aciuni de control pl burs. control stock
aciune subevaluat burs. recovery share aciuni de fondator pl burs. founders shares/
aciune supraevaluat burs. overvalued security promoter s stock/ promoter's shares
aciune transferabil burs. transferable share aciuni de sfert pl burs. quarter stock
aciune veche burs. old share aciuni de tezaur pl burs. treasury stock/ trea-
aciuni burs. shares (shs.)/ stock (stk.); sury shares
a subscrie aciuni - take up shares; aciuni defensive pl burs. defensive stocks
a subscrie un numr de aciuni - subscribe aciuni dependente de rata dobnzii pl burs.
for a number of shares; burs de aciuni pl interest-sensitive stock
burs. stock/share market aciuni deinute n comun pl burs. joint stock
aciuni (ale societilor) din industria constructoare (jnt.stk.)
de automobile pl. burs. automotive shares aciuni diluate pl burs. watered stock
aciuni achitate pl paid-up shares aciuni din clasa B pl burs. B (indicativ
aciuni achitate integral pl burs. fully paid shares Nasdaq)
aciuni active pl. burs. active stocks aciuni din domeniul industriilor pl burs. indus-
aciuni ale companiilor petroliere pl burs. oil shares trial shares
aciuni ale fabricanilor de bere pl burs. breweries aciuni din industria alimentar pl burs. foods
shares pl shares
aciuni ale firmelor din domeniul tehnologiilor de vrf
pl burs. high-tech stock
aciuni din industria cauciucului 9

aciuni din industria cauciucului pl burs. rubber aciuni pereche pl burs. paired shares
shares aciuni performante pl burs. active stock/ active
aciuni din industria constructoare de nave pl burs. securities
shipbuilding shares aciuni petroliere pl burs. oil shares
aciuni din industria electronic pl burs. electro- aciuni prefereniale pl burs. preferred stock/ pref-
nics shares erence shares/ preference stock/ preferential shares
aciuni disponibile pl burs. free stock aciuni prefereniale cumulative pl burs. cumu-
aciuni emise pl burs. issued stock lative preference shares
aciuni excedentare pl burs. excess shares aciuni prefereniale de rangul doi pl burs. se-
aciuni extrabursiere pl burs. over-the-counter cond-preferred stock
stock aciuni prefereniale nerecuperabile pl burs. irre-
aciuni fr cutare pl burs. inactive stock deemable preference shares
aciuni fr drept de vot pl burs. non-voting stock aciuni prioritare pl burs. preferred stock
aciuni fr valoare nominal pl burs. no-par aciuni privilegiate pl burs. preference shares/ pre-
stock/ no-par-value stock ferred stock/ preference stock/ preferential shares
aciuni fluctuante pl burs. yo-yo stock aciuni privilegiate cumulative pl burs. cumula-
aciuni foarte volatile pl burs. yo-yo stock tive preference shares
aciuni gemene pl burs. twin shares aciuni purttoare de dividende pl burs. divi-
aciuni gratuite pl burs. bonus issue dend-bearing shares
aciuni identificate pl burs. identified shares aciuni roii pl burs. red chips
aciuni ieftine pl burs. cheap stock/ penny stock aciuni secundare pl burs. secondary stocks
aciuni inactive pl burs. inactive stock aciuni speculative pl burs. speculative stock/ cats
aciuni indivize pl burs. joint shares and dogs
aciuni industriale pl burs. industrial shares/ in- aciuni statutare pl burs. qualification shares/
dustrials directors' shares
aciuni n circuit liber pl burs. over-the-counter aciuni yo-yo pl burs. yo-yo stock
stock actiuni-barometru pl burs. barometer stock
aciuni n circulaie pl burs. outstanding stock/ acumula com. cumulate/ amass/ hoard;
outstanding shares a se acumula - accrue/ accumulate
aciuni n cretere pl burs. growth shares/ growth acumulare accumulation/ accretion/ accrual;
stock obligaiune cu acumulare - accrual bond
aciuni n vog pl burs. hot issue/ hot stock acumulare brut gross accumulation
aciuni nchise pl burs. closed stock acumulare de capital accumulation of capital/ capi-
aciuni la mod pl burs. fashion shares tal accumulation
aciuni la purttor pl burs. bearer stock acumulare de stocuri inventory accumulation
aciuni libere pl burs. free stock acumulare piramidal a datoriilor pyramiding of debt
aciuni lichide pl burs. blue chip stocks acumulare primar original accumulation
aciuni manageriale pl burs. managers' shares/ acumulare primitiv primary accumulation
management shares acumularea de rezerve com. accumulation of a re-
aciuni marcate pl burs. marked shares serve
aciuni mici pl burs. low-priced shares acumulat accumulated (ace.)/ accrued
aciuni neatrgtoare pl burs. big uglies acvacultura aquaculture
aciuni necotate pl burs. unquoted shares/ un- ad valorem ad valorem (a/v, a.v., adv., ad.val., A/V)
listed stock adaos addition/ rate increase
aciuni neemise pl burs. unissued stock adaos comercial margin (marg.)/ markup
aciuni nelansate pl burs. unissued stock adaptabil com. adjustable
aciuni neloiale pl com. unfair practices adaptabilitate com. flexibility
aciuni noi pl burs. new shares adaptabilitate a pieei market adaptability
aciuni nominale pl burs. inscribed stock adaptare adjustment/ adaptation
aciuni nominative pl burs. registered stock adaptare a pieei com. adjustment of the market
aciuni ordinare pl burs. common stock/ A adaptare a preurilor com., burs. adjustment of
shares/ common shares/ ordinaries prices
10 afectare de resurse
adaptare complet complete adaptation/ total ad- admisibilitate banc. admissibility
aptation admite com. admit ;,^
adaptare monetar currency alignment admitere com. admission
adaptare parial partial adaptation admitere cu scutire de vam duty-free admission
adaptare salarlal salary adjustment : admitere la cotare burs. admission to stock exchange
adaptat n funcie de risc risk-adjusted dealing
adaptiv adaptive admitere temporar temporary admission
adaptivitate economic economic adaptiveness adopta adopt; a adopta o poziie comun - to adopt
aduga banc. append a common position
adecvat suitable/ reasonable/ suited adoptare adoption
adevrat real adresant banc. addressee
adeverin de plat receipt (rcpt., rec, rect.) adres address
ad-hoc ad hoc adres a firmei business address
aditivitate a mediilor stat. additivity of means adres de livrare com. address for delivery
adjudecare adjudication aductor banc. bearer; pe numele aductorului
adjudecatar successful bidder banc. - in the name of the bearer
administra administer/ manage/ husband; a admi- aduna add/ amass; a aduna numerele pe vertical i
nistra greit - mismanage; a administra incompe- pe orizontal add figures down and across
tent mismanage adunare meeting
administrare administration/ husbandry; cheltuieli adunare a acionarilor meeting of shareholders/
de administrare pl. - administration costs shareholders' meeting
administrare a mprumuturilor loan administration adunare a creditorilor meeting of creditors
administrare a portofoliului portfolio management adunare general general meeting/ general assem-
administrare greit mismanagement bly (G.A., Gen.A.)
administrare incompetent mismanagement adunare general anual annual general meeting
administrat managed; cont administrat - administered adunare general anual a acionarilor annual gen-
account eral meeting of shareholders
administrativ administrative; buget administrativ - ad- adunare general extraordinar extraordinary general
ministrative budget; cheltuieli administrative pl meeting
- administration costs/ administration expenses/ Adunarea General a Acionarilor (AGA) Annual
administrative costs/ administrative expenses; cos- General Meeting (A.G.M.)
turi administrative pl - administrative costs/ ad- AELS (Asociaia European a Liberului Schimb) EFTA
ministration costs (European Free Trade Association)
Administrativ i Personal com. A&P (Administra- aeronav ec. aircraft
tive and Personnel) aeronav de linie ec. airliner
administrator com. administrator/ director/ care- aeronav de pasageri ec. airliner
taker/ husband aeroport ec. airport; tax de aeroport - airport tax
Administraia Federal a Alcoolului (SUA) Federal Al- afacere deal; a ncheia afacerea - to close the deal
cohol Administration (FAA) afacere generatoare de pierderi loss maker
administraia fiscal american Internal Revenue Ser- afacere lucrativ com. lucrative business
vice (IRS) afacere rentabil remunerative business
Administraia pentru Dezvoltare Internaional (MB) afacere riscant com. risky business
Overseas Development Administration (ODA) afaceri pl com. business dealings/ affairs/ busi-
administraie administration/ civil service/ agency ness/ commercial operations
(agcy.) afaceri externe foreign affairs
administraie financiar fin. tax office/ financial ad- afaceri interne home affairs
ministration/ revenue office/ taxing district/ fis- afaceri stagnante sluggish business
cal administration/ tax administration afacerist neserios racketeer
administraie local local government afecta 1. allocate/ allot/ apply/ earmark. 2. impair.
administraie municipal municipal administration afectare 1. allotment. 2. deterioration.
administraie public public administration afectare a fondurilor com. earmarking of funds
admisibil com. allowable/ admissible afectare de resurse asset allocation
afermaj 11

afermaj affermage Agenia Naional de Statistic stat. National Bu-


Afganistan burs., banc. Afghanistan (AF) reau of Statistics (NBS)
afghani burs., banc. afghani (APA - Afghanistan) Agenia pentru Controlul Armamentului i Dezarmare
afiat burs. quoted Arms Control and Disarmament Agency (ACDA)
aflux flow/ inflow/ influx/ afflux/ (de capital) - onflow Agenia pentru Dezvoltare Internaional a SUA U.S.
aflux de capital inflow of capital/ onflow Agency for International Development (USAID)
aflux de cereri com. flood of demand Agenia pentru Energie Atomic Nuclear Energy
aflux de clieni com. flow of customers Agency (NEA)
aflux de comenzi com. rush of orders agenie agency (agcy.)/ bureau
aflux de fonduri inflow of funds agenie comercial commercial agency
aflux de ordine rush of orders agenie de cliring clearing house (c.h.)
afreta com. charter agenie de curtaj commission house
afretare charter/ chartering agenie de intermediere (a forei de munc) temp
Africa Africa (AFR) agency
Africa de Sud burs., banc. South Africa (ZA) agenie de invenii patent office
Africa de Vest West Africa (WA) agenie de metrologie bureau of standards
Africa, Pacific i Caraibe African, Caribbean and Pa- agenie de monitorizare a creditelor mercantile
cific (ACP) agency
agent 1. agent (agt.). 2. factor. agenie de plasare (a forei de munc) employment
agent al Lloyd's asig. Lloyds agent (LA) agency
agent comercial com. commercial agent/ sales agenie de publicitate advertising agency/ publicity
agent/ sales representative/ canvasser/ commercial agency
traveler/ selling agent/ selling broker agenie de recuperare a datoriilor debt collection
agent de burs burs. stock broker/ cambist agency
agent de ncredere del credere agent agenie de turism travel agency/ tourist office
agent de recuperare a datoriilor debt collector agenie de voiaj travel agency
agent de schimb burs. bill broker/ cambist/ stock agenie guvernamental government agency
broker/ com. commission merchant agenie imobiliar estate agency/ housing agency
agent de turism travel agent agenie vamal customs agency
agent de vnzri sales agent agenii de credit federale pl federal credit agencies
agent economic economic agent/ transactor agio banc. agio/ premium (pm., prem.)/ report
agent imobiliar real estate agent/ real estate broker/ (rep., rpt.)
realtor/ estate agent/ land agent agio asupra aurului premium on gold
agent importator import broker agiota burs. straddle the market
agent maritim shipping agent agiotaj burs. agiotage/ averaging/ speculation
agent navlositor freight agent (fa.) (spec.)
Agenia (American) de Control al Alimentelor i Medi- agitare a pieei bubble
camentelor Food and Drug Administration (FDA, agregare aggregation
F.D.A.)/ U.S. Food and Drug Administration agregat monetar monetary aggregate
(USFDA) agresiv aggressive; activ agresiv aggressive asset;
Agenia American pentru Dezvoltare Internaional investiie agresiv - aggressive investment
U.S. Agency for International Development (AID) agricol ec. agricultural/ agrarian/ rural; banc agri-
Agenia Canadian de Dezvoltare Internaional Cana- col agricultural bank; credit agricol agricul-
dian International Development Agency (CIDA) tural credit; pia agricol - rural market; tractor
Agenia de Protecie a Mediului Environmental Pro- agricol farm tractor
tection Agency (EPA) agricultor ec. agricultural worker/ farmer/ farm
Agenia Interguvernamental de Dezvoltare Inter-Go- worker/ farm laborer/ farm hand
vernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) agricultur agriculture (ag.)/ farming
Agenia Internaional a Textilelor i Confeciilor In- agricultur extensiv extensive agriculture
ternational Textiles and Clothing Bureau (ITCB) agricultur intensiv intensive agriculture/ high
Agenia Internaional pentru Energie Atomic Inter- farming
national Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) agricultur mixt mixed farming
12 alocaie de maternitate
agricultur pe sol arid dry farming alfabetic alphabetical; n ordine alfabetic - in alpha-
agricultur i silvicultur ec. agriculture and forestry betical order
agroeconomie agricultural economics Algeria burs., banc. Algeria (DZ)/ Alg. (Algeria)
agronomie agronomy algoritm stat. algorithm
agrotehnic farm practices pl algoritm recursiv recursive algorithm
agroturism agro-tourism Aliana Naional a Francizorilor din SUA NAF (Na-
ajusta adjust tional Alliance of Franchisee)
ajustabil adjustable; paritate ajustabil - adjustable peg alian ec. alliance
ajustare com. adjustment alian strategic strategic alliance
ajustare a cotelor adjustment of quotas aliena com. alienate
ajustare a cursurilor com., burs. adjustment of alienabil ec. alienable
prices alienare com. alienation/ disposition/ divestiture
ajustare a pieei forei de munc com. adjustment aliment de baz staple food
of the labor market aliment principal staple food
ajustare a preurilor price adjustment alimentar com. grocer's shop/ grocery
ajustare a tarifelor vamale adjustment of tariffs alimente pl com. victuals/ food supplies
ajustare sezonier seasonal adjustment/ adjustment alimente congelate com. frozen food
for seasonal variations alimente pentru sugari com. baby food
ajustat sezonier seasonally adjusted alinia com. align
ajustri cronologice timing adjustments aliniere com. alignment
ajutoare sociale pl asig. social security benefits aliniere a preurilor price alignment
ajutoare sub form de mprumut pl assistance loans aloca com. appropriate/ allocate/ allot/ apportion/
ajutor 1. aid/ subvention/ accommodation. 2. helper. earmark/ apportionment; cont de alocare - appro-
ajutor de btrnee age relief priation account
ajutor de grev strike pay alocare allocation/ allotment/ appropriation/ assign-
ajutor de omaj unemployment assistance/ dole ment; cu alocare proporional - pro rata
ajutor de urgen emergency aid alocare a costurilor com. cost allocating
ajutor economic economic aid alocare a costurilor individuale cost allocation
ajutor extern foreign aid/ foreign assistance alocare a fondurilor com. earmarking of funds
ajutor financiar financial aid alocare a resurselor resource allocation
ajutor social social security payment/ welfare pay- alocare aleatorie random allocation design
ment alocare de active asset allocation
ajutor i schimburi comerciale aid and trade alocare de devize exchange allocation
ajutorare a sracilor poor relief alocare de DST-uri allocation of SDKs
al pari burs. at par alocare de fonduri ec. allocation of funds/ allot-
alam com., burs. yellow copper ment of funds
alturare tiling alocare de for de munc ec. allocation of man-
alb blank; n alb banc. - blank; a semna n alb - power
sign in blank alocare de resurse allocation of resources
Albania burs., banc. Albania (AL, Alb.) alocare detaliat de fonduri itemized appropriation
alcool ec. alcohol (ale, al.) alocare dinamic a activelor dynamic asset alloca-
aleatoriu random tion
alege select alocare la rezerve banc. allocation to reserves
alegere choice; la alegere - ad libitum (ad.lib.); la ale- alocare optim optimum allocation
gerea vnztorului burs. - sellers option (s.o., SO) alocare proporional proportional allotment
alegere a locului de munc ec. job choice alocare sectorial sector allocation
alegerea vnztorului burs. SO (sellers option) alocare tactic a activelor tactical asset allocation
ales n mod aleatoriu randomly selected (TAA)
alfa stat. alpha; aciuni alfa - alpha shares pl; alocare uniform even allocation
coeficient alfa - alpha coefficient; indice alfa - al- alocaie allowance
pha index alocaie de maternitate maternity allowance/ mater-
alfabet alphabet . nity benefit
alocaie de omaj 13

alocaie de omaj unemployment benefit/ unem- ambalaj refolosibil dual-use package/ reusable pack-
ployment compensation age
alocaie familial family allowance ambalaj returnabil com. empties (mties.)
alocaie pentru consoart spouse allowance ambalare com. packaging/ package/ packages (pkg.)
alocaie pentru copil child allowance/ child benefit ambalat com. packaged ambalat n lzi packed in
alocaie pentru familie family allowance crates
alocaii familiale dependency allowance ambalator packer
alocri i deblocri (de credite) pl banc. alloca- ambuscad ambush
tions and allotments amenda banc. 1. alter/ amend. 2. fine.
alonj banc. allonge/ addendum amendabil com. amendable
alte active pl com. other assets amendament amendment/ addition
alte active curente pl other current assets amendare cow. alteration
alte fluxuri oficiale other official flows (OOF) America America
alte surse pl other sources America de Nord North America (N.A., N.Am.)
alte venituri pl fin. other income America de Sud South America (S.A., S.Am.,
alte venituri i cheltuieli pl fin. other revenues S.Amer.)
and expenses America Latin Latin America (L.A.)
alternativ alternative american American; opiune american - American
alternativ alternative option; aciuni americane pl - American shares
aluminiu aluminum (Al) AMEX burs. American Stock Exchange (ASE/
alunecare creep AMEX)
alunecare spre o categorie superioar bracket creep amortiza write off/ write down/ amortize/ absorb;
amanet pawn a (se) amortiza - depreciate; a amortiza o datorie -
amaneta pawn amortize a debt; a amortiza un mprumut - to red
amanetat pawned the loan
amator adj. part-time amortizabil depreciable/ redeemable/ terminable; m-
amnunte pl particulars prumut amortizabil - amortizable loan; active amorti-
amnunit specified; cont amnunit - specified ac- zabile depreciable assets
count amortizare writing-off/ amortization/ depreciation/
amna com. respite/ defer; care poate fi amnat - redemption/ repayment/ write-off;
deferrable cheltuieli de amortizare pl depreciation
amnabil deferrable expenses; cont de amortizare - depreciation
amnare extension account; contingent de amortizare - amortization
amnare com. respite/ deferral quota amortizare a capitalului capital depreciation
amnare a impozitrii fin. income deferral amortizare a costurilor cost absorption
amnare a plii banc. extension of payment amortizare a datoriei debt amortization/ debt redemp-
amnare a termenului banc. extension of time tion/ repayment of a debt
amnat deferred (def); impozit amnat - deferred amortizare a ipotecii banc. mortgage amortization
tax; cheltuieli amnate pl - deferred expenses amortizare accelerat ec. accelerated depreciation
ambala com. pack (pk.) amortizare constant straight line amortization
ambalaj com. package/ packages (pkg.)/ pack (pk.)/ amortizare cumulat accumulated amortization
packaging/ packet (pkt.)/ packing/ ambalaje (goale) amortizare extraordinar extraordinary depreciation
- empties (mties.) amortizare fix fixed depreciation
ambalaj de unic folosin com. non-returnable amortizare liniar linear depreciation/ straight-line
package amortization/ straight-line depreciation
ambalaj nereturnabil com. non-returnable pack- amortizare negativ negative amortization
age amortizare pe baza dobnzii efective effective-inte-
ambalaj original com. original packing rest amortization
ambalaj pentru transport terestru continental pack- amortizare prin nsumarea anilor sum-of-years digits
ing (CP) depreciation
ambalaj pentru transportul pe continent continental amortizarea costurilor com. absorption of costs
packing (CP) amortizarea stocului stock depreciation
14 analiz de bilan
amplasament location/ site analiz a dispersiei stat. variance analysis/ analy-
amplasare a obiectivului (industrial)/ a uzinei location sis of dispersion/ analysis of variance
of the plant analiz a dispersiei medii stat. mean-variance
amplifica com. augment analysis
amplificare augmentation analiz a drumului critic stat. critical path analysis
amplitudine stat. amplitude analiz a eficienei costurilor cost effectiveness analysis
amplitudine efectiv effective range analiz a fluxului financiar cash flow analysis
amploare magnitude analiz a impactului impact analysis
an year (y., yr., Y., Yr.); de dou ori pe an - bian- analiz a indicatorilor structurii piramidale pyramid
nual; o dat la doi ani - biannual; pe an - per structure ratio analysis
annum (p.a., p.an., per an.) analiz a indiferenei (consumatorilor) stat. indif-
an bugetar budget year/ budgetary year ference analysis
an bugetar fin. fiscal year (FY) analiz a mijloacelor de reclam media analysis
an calendaristic com. calendar year (CY) analiz a orientrii trend analysis
an comercial com. business year analiz a pieei market analysis
an contabil com., cont. accounting year analiz a pragului de rentabilitate break-even analy-
an curent current year sis/ marginal analysis
an de asigurare asig. insurance year analiz a profitabilitii banc. analysis of profit-
an de fabricaie build ability
v
an de nfiinare year of foundation < analiz a regresiunii regression analysis
an de referin base year analiz a regresiunii multiple multiple regression
an de studii sabbatical year analysis
an deficitar shortfall year analiz a rentabilitii banc. analysis of profitability
an financiar financial year analiz a rezultatelor result analysis
an fiscal fin. fiscal year/ tax year/ financial year/ analiz a riscului risk analysis
assessment year analiz a riscului politic political risk analysis
an record record year analiz a sensibilitii sensitivity analysis
an tipic typical year analiz a solvabilitii credit analysis
analist (financiar) analyst analiz a suportabilitii ndatorrii debt sustainability
analist al bursei de valori stock market chartist analysis (DSA)
analist bursier chartist analiz a tendinei trend analysis
analist de marketing marketing analyst analiz a variantei stat. analysis of variance
analist economic business analyst analiz a vnzrilor sales analysis
analist financiar autorizat chartered financial ana- analiz armonic stat. harmonic analysis
lyst (CFA) analiz asociat stat. conjoint analysis
analitic com. analytic analiz asociativ stat. association analysis
analiza stat. analyze analiz beneficiu-costuri com. benefit-cost analysis
analiza calitii com. analyzing of quality analiz break even (a pragului de rentabilitate)
analiza intrrilor i ieirilor input-output analysis stat. break even analysis
analiz analysis analiz calitativ qualitative analysis
analiz a activitii com. operation analysis analiz cantitativ quantitative analysis
analiz a breelor gap analysis analiz cheltuieli-profit cost-benefit analysis
analiz a cererii demand analysis analiz chimic assay
analiz a cheltuielilor analysis of expenses analiz combinatorie pl. stat. combinatorial meth-
analiz a cheltuielilor de distribuie distribution cost ods
analysis analiz comparativ comparative analysis/ compara-
analiz a componentelor activitii operation break- tive study
down analiz comparativ multinaional cross-country
analiz a concurenei competitor analysis analysis
analiz a costurilor cost analysis analiz comportamental stat. attitude survey
analiz a covarianei stat. analysis of covariance analiz costuri-beneficii cost-benefit analysis (CBA)
analiz a desfacerii sales analysis analiz de bilan balance sheet analysis
analiz de covarian 15

analiz de covarian stat. covariance analysis andosa banc. endorse/ indorse;


analiz de ordinul doi stat. second-order analysis a andosa un cec endorse a check
analiz de portofoliu burs., banc. portfolio analy- andosabil banc. endorsable
sis/ safekeeping account analysis andosant banc. endorser/ indorser
analiz de profil stat. profile analysis andosare banc. endorsement (end.)/ indorsement
analiz de regresiune prognozat stat. predictive andosare complet banc. endorsement in full
regression analysis andosare condiional banc. conditional endorse-
analiz de scenariu stat. scenario analysis ment
analiz de secven stat. sequence analysis andosare cu rezerve banc. qualified endorsement
analiz de serii cronologice stat. predictive decom- andosare defectuoas banc. incorrect endorsement
position andosare general banc. general endorsement
analiz de sistem stat. systems analysis andosare incorect banc. incorrect endorsement
analiz dinamic stat. dynamic analysis andosare n alb banc. blank endorsement/ endorse-
analiz discriminant stat. discriminatory analysis ment in blank
analiz economic economic analysis andosare necondiionat banc. unconditional en-
analiz factorial stat. factor analysis dorsement
analiz financiar balance sheet analysis/ financial andosare nominal banc. special endorsement
analysis/ securities analysis andosare prin procur banc. procuration endorse-
analiz Fourier stat. Fourier analysis ment
analiz fundamental fundamental analysis andosare reglementar banc. regular endorsement
analiz incremental stat. incremental analysis andosare restrictiv banc. restricted endorsement/
analiz intersectorial input-output analysis restrictive endorsement
analiz n seciune transversal stat. cross- andosare special banc special endorsement
sectional analysis andosat endorsee/ indorsee
analiz longitudinal stat. time series analysis andosat banc endorsed (end.)/ back-to-back credit
analiz macroeconomic macroeconomics analysis/ andosator endorsee/ indorsee
aggregate analysis anexa attach/ append/ annex
analiz marginal marginal analysis anex 1. annex/ appendix (app)/ addendum/ sched-
analiz microeconomic activity analysis ule. 2. enclosure/ outbuilding.
analiz pe componente component analysis angaja employ/ retain;
analiz pe termen lung ec. long-run analysis angaja excesiv (for de munc) - overstaff
analiz pluridimensional multivariate analysis angajament commitment/ liability;
analiz plurifactorial stat. multiple factor analysis a onora un angajament - to fulfill an obligation
analiz procentual percentage analysis angajament condiional contingent liability
analiz secvenial sequential analysis angajament contractual indenture
analiz sistemic stat. systems analysis angajament de mprumut loan commitment
analiz static static analysis angajament de plat call protection
analiz strategic strategic analysis angajament la termen burs. forward commitment
analiz structural structural analysis angajament oficial government obligation
analiz structurat structured analysis angajament temporar temporary employment
Analiz i Evaluare com. A&E (Analysis and Evalua- angajamente asumate pl. incurrence of liabilities
tion) angajamente interne pl. domestic liabilities
analiz tehnic technical analysis angajare continu continuous employment
analiz temporal stat. time series analysis angajare de for de munc excesiv labor hoarding
analiz transversal stat. cross-section analysis angajare de personal staffing
analiz utilizare-valoare stat. ABC Analysis angajare exagerat de for de munc overemploy-
ancheta survey anchet survey; ment
a efectua o anchet - to conduct a survey angajare la negru ec clandestine employment
anchet asupra situaiei financiare status inquiry angajare sezonier casual employment
ancor stat. anchor angajat employee/ jobholder/ salaried employee
Andorra burs., banc. Andorra (AD) angajat (al firmei) burs. insider
angajat cu handicap com. handicapped employee
16 aparate second-hand
angajat cu program redus part-time employee antiselecie adverse selection
angajat cu vechime senior employee antiserie stat. antiseries
angajat guvernamental com. government employee antitrust antitrust
angajat strin ec. alien employee/ guest-worker antrepozit com. depot/ warehouse (w., whs., whse.);
angajat female employee n antrepozit vamal - in bond (i.b., I.B., IB)
angajator employer antrepozit vamal com. bonded warehouse/ bond
angajai personnel/ staff/ workforce warehouse (b.w, B.W, BW)/ customs warehouse
angajai federali pl. federal employees antreprenor entrepreneur/ contractor/ enterpriser
angajai TESA clerical workers antreprenor general chief contractor
Anglia England (En, Eng.) anual com. yearly (y.)/ annual/ per annum (p.a.,
Angola burs., banc. Angola (AO) p.an.);
angro com. wholesale warehouse; cont anual banc. - yearly account;
a vinde angro -sell by the lump/ sell in the lump cost anual - annual cost;
angrosist com. wholesale dealer/ wholesaler/ venit anual annual income/ yearly income;
wholesale merchant/ cash-and-carry wholesaler/ dobnd anual annual interest;
industrial consumer/ bulk buyer/ direct trader/ producie anual - annual output;
packer rat anual -yearly rate;
angrosist specializat specialist wholesaler valoare anual - annual value;
Anguilla burs., banc. Anguilla (AI) anualiza stat. annualize
animal com. animal/ pl. livestock anualizare stat. annualization
animale vii live cattle/ live stock anuar directory
anonim com. nameless anuar al societilor com. register of joint stock com-
anormal stat. abnormal panies
anormalitate com. abnormality anuar de publicitate advertising directory
anotimp season anuitate banc. annuity/ annual installment/ tontine
ansamblu de referin reference set anuitate amnat deferred annuity
antagonism com. antagonism anuitate amortizabil terminable annuity
Antarctica burs., banc. Antarctica (AQ) anuitate perpetu perpetual annuity
antecalculat precalculated anul curent hoc anno (h.a.)/ in this year (h.a.)
antecontract preliminary contract anula 1. counter-order/ call off/ cancel/ invalidate/
antedata antedate/ backdate/ foredate recall/ reverse/ revoke; a anula o intrare reverse
antedatare backdating; an entry; a anula o poli (de asigurare) - to invali-
cec antedatat - antedated check date a policy. 2. abolish/ annul/ override/ overrule.
anteproiect tentative draft anulabil revocable/ voidable
anterior previous/ ex ante anulare 1. com. annulment/ counter-order/ revo-
anticiclic com. anticyclical/ counter-cyclical; cation/ abolishment. 2. jur. abatement/ nullifi-
impozit anticiclic - anticyclical tax cation.
anticipa banc. anticipate; anularea creditului banc. notice of credit
n anticiparea... - in anticipation of anulare a datoriilor cancellation of debt/ cancella-
anticipare anticipation tion of indebtedness (COD)
anticipat anticipated/ beforehand; anulare a restriciilor com. abolishment of restric-
profit anticipat -anticipated profit; tions
cu plat anticipat - prepaid (RP) anulare a unui credit banc. withdrawal of a credit
anticipri privind inflaia inflationary expectations anulat com. cancelled/ void
anticipnd in anticipation of anuleaz ordinul precedent burs. cancel former or-
antidumping anti-dumping (AD) der (CFO)
Antigua i Barbuda burs., banc. Antigua and anun banc. announcement/ ad;
Barbuda (AG) a insera un anun - to insert an ad
antiinflaionist anti-inflationary anun publicitar advertisement
Antilele Olandeze burs., banc. Netherlands anuna banc. announce
Antilles (AN) anunare banc. announcement
antimoniu antimony aparat machine
antimonopolist com. anti-monopoly aparat de etichetare com. labeling machine
aparate second-hand com. used equipment
17 asigurare de omaj obligatorie
arie de desfacere sales zone artificii pl. window dressing practices
arie de distribuie sales zone/ sales territory artizan com. handicraftsman/ artisan
arierat ec. arrear/ arrearage/ pl. overdue debts artizanat handicraft/ hand worked;
arierate comerciale pl. trade arrears de artizanat -handmade/ hand-worked
arierate continue pl. continuous arrears Aruba burs., banc. Aruba (AW)
arierate ntre ntreprinderi pl. interenterprise arrears arvun key money; a plti o arvun - to give earnest
arierate la bnci pl. commercial arrears money
armator ship owner asamblare ec. assembly
Armenia burs., banc. Armenia (AM) asanare reorganization of debts ,
armonie com. harmony ; ascendent burs. escalator/ parent
armoniza reconcile Ascension burs., banc. Ascension Island
armonizare harmonization/ reconciliation/ recon- ascensiune takeoff
cilement ascunde com. conceal/ hide
armonizare de conturi account reconciliation ascuns hidden; impozit ascuns - hidden tax;
armonizare strategic strategic fit omaj ascuns - disguised unemployment/
art meteugreasc com. handicraft hidden unemployment; rezerv ascuns inner
articol article reserve Asia Asia
articol (contabil) cont. entry Asia i Orientul Apropiat Asia and Near East (ANE)
articol (de cont) item (it.) asiatic Asian; opiune asiatic burs. - Asian op-
articol contabil cont. item (it.) tion; piaa asiatic n dolari - Asian dollar market
articol de bilan balance-sheet item asigura secure; a (se) asigura burs., banc. - hedge
articol de buget budget item asigurabil asig. insurable/ susceptible to insurance
articol de cheltuieli debit item/ expenditure item asigurare 1. asig. insurance (ince, insce, insce.)/ as-
articol de import com. import article surance; asigurare pentru animale com. catde in-
articol de lux com. fancy article/ luxury article/ surance. 2. banc, burs. hedge/ hedging/security.
luxury commodity asigurare a calitii quality assurance
articol de marc proprietary article asigurare a calitii lotului lot quality protection
articol de sezon seasonal article asigurare a calitii medii average quality protection
articol debitor cont. debit entry asigurare a creditelor credit insurance
articol excepional cont. exceptional item asigurare a domiciliului asig. residence insurance
articol fr cerere com. slow seller asigurare a frahtului asig. carriage insurance/ hull
articol impozabil taxable article insurance
articol neambalat com. bulk article asigurare a ncrcturii asig cargo insurance
articol neinclus (n bilan) below-the-line item asigurare a omului-cheie key man insurance
articol nemonetar non-monetary item asigurare a proprietii asig. property insurance/
articol ordinar above-the-line item - insurance of property
articol principal staple article asigurare auto internaional asig green card
articol recapitulativ compound entry asigurare colectiv asig. collective insurance
articol standard standardized product asigurare cu termen descresctor decreasing term in-
articol tarifar tariff item surance
articol unic single item asigurare de btrnee asig. old-age insurance
articol vndut n pierdere loss leader asigurare de bunuri asig insurance of goods
articole de calitate superioar pl. com. choice ar- asigurare de fidelitate fidelity insurance
ticles asigurare de fonduri com. funding
articole de feronerie pl. com. hardware asigurare de rspundere (civil) asig. liability pro-
articole de lux pl com. luxury/ luxury items/ tection/ liability insurance
luxuries/ fancies asigurare de riscuri multiple asig multiple peril in-
articole de marc pl. branded articles surance
articole de papetrie pl. paper goods asigurare de sntate asig health insurance
articole de prim necesitate pl. essentials asigurare de omaj asig. unemployment insurance
artificial com. artificial; moned artificial - artifi- asigurare de omaj obligatorie asig compulsory un
cial currency employment insurance
18
asigurare de via
asigurare de via asig. life insurance/ life assurance asociat comanditar silent partner/ dormant partner/
asigurare facultativ asig. optional insurance/ vol- quasi-partner/ sleeping partner
untary insurance asociat cu rspundere limitat silent partner/ dor-
asigurare mpotriva accidentelor asig. casualty in- mant partner/ sleeping partner
surance asociat girant acting partner
asigurare mpotriva incendiilor asig. fire insurance asociat inactiv latent partner
asigurare mpotriva riscurilor valutare asig exchange asociat nominal nominal partner
risk insurance asociat principal senior partner
asigurare mpotriva tuturor riscurilor asig asociat unic proprietor/ sole proprietor
insurance against all risks asociat-administrator managing partner
asigurare la termen asig term insurance Asociaia Armatorilor din Comunitatea European
asigurare obligatorie asig compulsory insurance European Community Shipowners Association
asigurare pentru ntreruperea activitii asig business (ECSA)
interruption insurance Asociaia Bancherilor Belgieni banc. Belgische
asigurare pentru risc nuclear asig nuclear risk in- Vereniging van Banken (BVB)/ Association des
surance Banques Beiges (ABB)/ Belgian Bankers' Associa-
asigurare perfect burs., banc. perfect hedge tion (BBA)
asigurare provizorie asig provisional insurance Asociaia Bancherilor Britanici banc British Bank-
asigurare social asig social insurance ers Association (BBA)
asigurare standard asig standard policy Asociaia Bancherilor din Italia banc. Association
asigurare voluntar asig voluntary insurance of Italian Bankers (ABI)
asigurat asig insurance holder Asociaia Brokerilor i Dealerilor de Contracte la Termen
asigurri pl. asig insurance industry burs. Association of Futures Brokers and Deal-
asigurri sociale asig social security ers (AFBD)
asigurri (sociale) de sntate health insurance Asociaia Brokerilor i Dealerilor de Futures burs.
asigurri sociale de stat asig national insurance Association of Futures Brokers and Dealers
asigurtor asig insurer (AFBD)
asigurtor al frntului asig cargo underwriter Asociaia Constructorilor de Maini-Unelte din Marea
asimetric asymmetric; impozite asimetrice pl - Britanie Association of British Machine-Tool
asymmetric taxes Makers (ABMTM)
asimetrie stat. asymmetry/ dissymmetry/ skew- Asociaia Constructorilor de Maini-Unelte din SUA
ness American Machine-Tool Builders Association
asimetrie a scadenelor banc. maturity mismatch (AMTBA)
asistent com. helper Asociaia Contabililor Americani cont. American
asistent social social worker/ welfare worker Accounting Association (AAA)
asisten com. assistance/ aid Asociaia Contabililor Publici Autorizai din China cont.
asisten de dezvoltare development aid China Certified Public Accountant Association
asisten de urgen emergency assistance (CCPAA)
asisten financiar pl. aid flows Asociaia de Contabilitate Interamerican cont. In-
asisten n caz de urgen emergency aid ter-American Accounting Association (IAAA)
asisten juridic jur. legal assistance/ legal aid Asociaia European a Liberului Schimb (AELS) Eu-
asisten medical medical care/ medicare ropean Free Trade Association (EFTA)
Asisten pentru Democraia Est-European Support Asociaia Internaional a Dealerilor de Obligaiuni
for East European Democracy (SEED) burs. Association of International Bond Deal-
asisten public public relief ers (AIBD)
asisten social welfare/ social welfare/ social Asociaia Internaional a Firmelor de Contabilitate
work/welfare work cont. Associated Accounting Firms International
asisten tehnic technical advice/ technical assis- (AAFI)
tance (T.A.) Asociaia Internaional a Pieei de Capital burs. In-
asociat 1. banc. associated/ affiliate. 2. associate ternational Securities Market Association (ISMA)
(assoc)/ associated person (AP)/ copartner (co-par.)/ Asociaia Internaional de Dezvoltare International
part-owner. Development Association (IDA)
19 automat bancar
Asociaia Internaional de Franciz International atractiv attractive
Franchise Association (IFA) atrage attract
Asociaia Internaional pentru Planificare Financiar atribuire allocation
International Association for Financial Planning atribuire de aciuni allotment of shares
(IAFP) atribut attribute
Asociaia Naional a Contabililor cont. National audien-int target audience
Association of Accountants (NAA) audit audit
Asociaia Naional a Cultivatorilor de Cereale National audit al capacitii de marketing marketing audit
Corn Growers Association (NCGA) audit al resurselor resource audit
Asociaia pentru Integrare Latino-American Latin audit anual com. annual audit
American Integration Association (LAIA) audit de conformitate compliance audit
Asociaia Productorilor de Roi Dinate din SUA Ame- audit de marketing marketing audit
rican Gear Manufactures Association (AGMA) audit detaliat detailed audit
asociaie association (assn.) audit extern external audit
asociaie a acionarilor com. association of share- audit general general audit
holders audit intern internal audit
asociaie cooperatist mutual association audit pe teren field audit
asociaie de credit credit union audit permanent continuous audit
asociaie familial com. family business/ family en- auditor independent independent auditor
terprise/ exempt private Co august com. August; la nceputul lui august - be-
asociaie nonprofit unincorporated association ginning of August
asociaie profesional trade association/ professional aur gold (g., G); obligaiune cu acoperire n aur -
association gold bond
asociere partnership/ association aur cu titlu legal sterling gold
asociere parial partial association aur fin fine gold
asolament agr. crop rotation/ crop succession/ ro- aur monetar burs. monetary gold/ standard gold
tation of crops aur nemonetar burs. non-monetary gold
astrahan com. Persian lamb aur pur pure gold
asumare de obligaii incurrence of liabilities austeritate com. austerity;
ateptare expectation/ expectancy buget de austeritate -austerity budget
ateptat anticipated austeritate bugetar fin. fiscal restraint
ateptri flexibile adaptive expectations austeritate fiscal fin. fiscal restraint
atac raid austeritate monetar monetary restraint
atac asupra bursei de valori burs. stock exchange Australia burs., banc. Australia (AU)
raid Australia de Vest Western Australia (WA.)
ataca raid Austria burs., banc. Austria (AT)
atacator raider autarh self-sufficient
atelier shop/ workshop autarhic com. autarkic
atelier care angajeaz muncitori nesindicalizai open autarhie ec. autarchy/ autarky/ self-sufficiency
shop autentificare authentication
atelier nesindicalizat open shop autentificat notarial notarially certified
atenie care; n atenia... - care of (c/o, C/o) autocorelare stat. autocorrelation; coeficient de auto-
atenie, cumprtorule! caveat emptor corelare autocorrelation coefficient
atenie, vnztorule! caveat venditor autocorelaie autocorrelation
atenionare caveat autocorelaie parial partial autocorrelation
atenuare attenuation autofinanare self financing/ auto-financing
atestat adj. certified autogestiune self-management
atestat profesional professional certification autohton inland; capital autohton - domestic capital
atinge com. attain; automat vending machine/ adj. automatic/self-con-
atinge pragul rentabilitii -break even trolled; virament automat automatic deposit
atitudine optimist burs. bullish attitude automat bancar automated teller machine (ATM)/
atitudine rezervat banc, burs. bearish attitude automatic teller machine (ATM)
automatiza 20

automatiza com. automatize auxiliar subsidiary/ ancillary; cont auxiliar - subsid-


automatizare com. automation iary account; industrie auxiliar - service industry
automatizare a fabricaiei factory automation (FA) aval aval/ bill guarantee; dumping n aval - down-
automatizare a produciei factory automation (FA) stream dumping
automobil com. automobile; avalist banc. acceptor/ avalizor/ guarantor
aciuni (ale societilor) din industria avans com. earnest/ advance (ad., adv.)/ advance
constructoare de automobile pl. burs. money/ advance payment/ down payment/ ear-
automotive shares; nest money; n avans com. in advance/ up front/
industrie constructoare de automobile - upfront; a plti n avans com. pay in advance;
automotive industry; de pltit n avans - payable in advance
industrie de automobile - car industry avans bancar banc. bank advance
avans contra documente banc. advance against
autonom self-sufficient/ autonomous
documents
autonomie com. autonomy
avans contra garanii banc. advance against secu-
autonomie (economic) self-sufficiency
rity
autoregresiune stat. autoregression
avans contra marf banc. advance against goods
autoritate authority avans de numerar com. cash advance
autoritate de control supervisory body avans n schimbul titlurilor gajate advance against
autoritate de control bugetar budget authority pledged securities : -
autoritate decizional policymaker avans la schimb part exchange
autoritate feroviar railway authority avans nereturnabil non-refundable deposit
autoritate fiscal revenue authority avans pe leaf com. advance of wages
autoritate local local authority avans pe salariu com. advance of salary
autoritate municipal municipal authority avansuri bugetare pl. ways and means advances
autoritate portuar com. harbor authority/ port avantaj absolut banc. absolute advantage
authority avantaj comparativ comparative advantage
autoritate superioar superior authority/ supreme avantaj competitiv competitive advantage
authority avantaj competitiv neloial unfair competitive ad-
autoritate supranational supra-national authority vantage
Autoritatea Monetar din Singapore banc. Mone- avantaj material material advantage
tary Authority of Singapore (MAS) avantaj nemonetar non-monetary advantage
Autoritatea Monetar Singaporez banc. Monetary avantaj personal personal benefit
Authority of Singapore (MAS) avantaje extrasalariale fringe benefit
Autoritatea Palestinian burs., banc. avarie asig. average (av.)
Palestinian Authority (PS) avarie comun asig. general average (g.a., g.av.,
autoriti pl. authorities G/A)
autoriti de control bancar pl. bank supervisors avarie pltibil asig. average payable (a.p.)
autoriti fiscale pl. tax authorities avarie specific particular average (p.a.)
autoriti publice pl public authorities avnt boom
autoriti vamale pl. com. customs authorities avnt economic com. economic boom
autorizare de retragere banc. drawing authorization avere wealth/ fortune
autorizat com. licensed/ certified/ chartered; avere mobil personal estate/ chattels pl.
capital autorizat - authorized capital; avere nelichid pl. illiquid holdings
contabil autorizat - certified accountant; avere personal private wealth/ private means
banc autorizat - authorized bank avere privat private wealth
autorizaie de comer com. trading certificate avers banc. face/ obverse
autorizaie de construcie building permit aversiune fa de risc risk aversion
autorizaie de import com. import permit/ import aversiune risc aversion avertizare caveat
license aviaie civil civil aviation
autorizaie de reimport com. bill of store (B/S) avicultura ec. poultry farming
autorizaie de tranzit com. transit permit/ permit avion com. aircraft
for transit
autoturism com. car
autovehicul de transport n comun PSV (Public Ser-
vice Vehicle)
21 Azerbaidjan
avion de pasageri passenger aircraft aviz de plat advice of payment (a/p.)/ banc. re-
avion de transport com. airfreighter/ freighter quest for payment
avion-cargo freighter aviz de plat anticipat com. notice of prepayment
aviz advice aviz de primire letter of acknowledgement/ notice
aviz de abandon notice of abandonment of receipt
aviz de atribuire allotment letter aviz de retragere notice of withdrawal
aviz de atribuire a aciunilor letter of allotment aviz de reziliere notice of termination
aviz de cesiune assignment notice aviz de vnzare notice of sale/ sold note
aviz de creditare credit advice aviz la cerere demand note
aviz de exceptare com. notice of exemption aviza notify
aviz de executare banc. advice of execution avizare notification
aviz de expediie advice of dispatch/ advice of ship- avuie wealth
ment avuie naional national wealth
aviz de impunere fin. notice of tax assessment ax y stat. Y-axis
aviz de ncrcare advice of shipment Azerbaidjan burs., banc. Azerbaijan (AZ)
B
baci tip balan de mrfuri i servicii balance on goods and
Bahamas burs., banc. Bahamas, The (BS) services
Bahrain burs., banc. Bahrain (BH) balan de pli balance of payments (BOP)
baht (Thailanda) burs., banc. Baht (THB) balan de pli global global balance of payments
baisse burs. fall; a specula la baisse" - to specu- balan de pli internaionale balance of international
late on a fall payments
balan balance balan de pli pasiv adverse balance of payments/
balan a bunurilor i serviciilor balance of goods and unfavorable balance of payments
services balan de verificare trial balance (t.b., TB)
balan a debitelor banc. balance of debt balan de verificare (dup nchiderea nregistrrilor)
balan a operaiunilor curente balance of assets and post-closing trial balance
liabilities/ banc. current account (c/a, CA) balan de verificare neactualizat unadjusted trial
balan a operaiunilor de capital capital account/ bal- balance
ance of capital transactions balan global overall balance
balan a serviciilor balance of services balan invizibil invisible balance
balan a stocurilor com. balance of stocks balast cow. dead freight (d f.)
balan activ active balance/ com. favorable bal- balboa (Panama) burs., banc. Balboa (PAB)
ance Balcani pl. tur. Balkans
balan comercial com. trade balance/ balance balen com. whale
of trade (BOT) balenier com. whaler
balan comercial activ com. active trade balance/ balon balloon; credit balon - balloon loan
favorable balance of trade/ favorable trade balance/ balonul UE EU bubble
trade surplus balot com. bale (b., bl.)/ pack (pk.)
balan comercial de bunuri com. visible trade bal- baloturi pl com. bales (bis.)
ance Banca African pentru Dezvoltare banc. African De-
balan comercial deficitar unfavorable trade bal- velopment Bank (AfDB)
ance/ unfavorable balance of trade/ negative trade Banca Agricol Chinez banc. Agricultural Bank
balance of China (ABC)
balan comercial excedentar favorable trade bal- Banca Arab de Dezvoltare Economic n Africa banc.
ance/ favorable balance of trade Arab Bank for Economic Development in Africa
balan comercial extern foreign trade balance (ABEDA)
balan comercial favorabil active trade balance Banca Asiatic de Dezvoltare banc. Asian Devel-
balan comercial invizibil invisible trade bal- opment Bank (ADB, AsDB)
ance Banca Caraibian de Dezvoltare banc. Caribbean
balan comercial n dolari dollar balance Development Bank (CDB)
balan comercial negativ negative trade balance Banca Central-American pentru Integrare Economic
balan comercial pasiv passive trade balance/ un- banc. Central American Bank for Economic In-
favorable balance of trade/ adverse balance of trade tegration (BCIE)
balan comercial vizibil visible trade balance Banca Central (a SUA) banc. Federal Reserve Bank
balan de baz basic balance (Fed, FRB, F.R.B.)
balan de cont account balance Banca Central a Angliei banc. Bank of England
23 banca de origine
Banca Centrala a Chinei banc. Bank of China Banca Nordica de Investitii banc. Nordic Invest-
(BOC) ment Bank (NIB)
Banca Centrala a Germaniei banc. Bundesbank Banca pentru Regiementarea Platilor Internationale
Banca Centrala a Japoniei banc. Bank of Japan banc. Bank for International Settlements (BIS)
(BOJ) Banca Populara Chineza banc. People's Bank of
Banca Centrala a SUA banc. Federal Reserve Bank China (PBOC)
(Fed, FRB, F.R.B.) Banca Thailandei banc. Bank of Thailand
Banca Centrala a Thailandei banc. Bank of Thai- (BOT) banca banc. bank/ banking house/ bank
land (BOT) company; accept bancar - bank bill; cont
Banca Centrala de Compensate banc. Banque bancar - bank account/ banking account; credit
Centrale de Compensation (BCC) bancar bank credit; depozit bancar - bank
Banca Centrala Europeana banc. European Cen- deposit; imprumut bancar - bank loan; scont
tral Bank (ECB) bancar - bank discount; dobanda bancara - bank
Banca Chineza banc. Bank of China (BOC) interest; filiala bancara -branch bank; lichiditate
Banca Chineza din Hong Kong banc. Hong Kong bancara - bank liquidity; depozite bancare pl
Chinese Bank (HKCB) - deposit money; rezerve bancare pl. - bank
Banca Chineza pentru Construct banc. China reserves; la deschiderea bancilor - opening of
Construction Bank (CCB) banks (o.b.)
Banca de Dezvoltare a Statelor Centrafricane banc. banca a bancilor banc. banker's bank
Central African States Development Bank banca absenteista banc. free rider bank
(BDEAC) banca acceptata com. approved bank
Banca de Dezvoltare Est-Africana banc. East Afri- banca admisa in ring burs. ring bank
can Development Bank (EADB) banca agricola banc. agricultural bank/ land bank
Banca de Dezvoltare Interamericana banc. Inter- banca autorizata banc. authorized bank
American Development Bank (IADB, IDB) banca centrala com. central bank/ bankers bank
Banca de Dezvoltare Nord-Americana banc. North banca comerciala com. commercial bank/ bank of
American Development Bank (NADBANK) commerce/ trade bank/ whole bank/ credit bank
Banca de Dezvoltare Vest-Africana banc. West Af- banca comerciala principals banc. core bank
rican Development Bank (WADB) banca creditoare banc. creditor bank/ opening
Banca Europeana de Investitii banc. European In- bank
vestment Bank (EIB) banca de cliring banc. clearing bank
Banca Europeana pentru Reconstructie i Dezvoltare banca de comert exterior banc. foreign trade bank
(BERD) banc. European Bank for Reconstruc- banca de concentrare banc. concentration bank
tion and Development (EBRD) banca de confirmare banc. confirming bank
Banca Federala banc. (Germania) Bundesbank banca de corespondenta banc. correspondent bank/
Banca Industrial i Comerciala a Chinei banc. In- advising bank
dustrial and Commercial Bank of China (ICBC) banca de credit banc. credit bank/ loan bank
Banca Internationala de Investitii banc. Internatio- banca de credit funciar banc. land bank
nal Investment Bank (IIB) banca de credit imobiliar banc. home loan bank
Banca Internationala pentru Cooperare Economica banca de credit ipotecar banc. mortgage bank
banc. International Bank for Economic Coop- banca de depuneri banc. deposit bank/ bank of
eration (IBEC) deposit
Banca Internationala pentru Reconstructie i Dezvol- banca de dezvoltare banc. development bank
tare (BIRD) banc. International Bank for Recons- banca de economii banc. deposit bank/ provident
truction and Development (IBRD) bank
Banca Japoniei banc. Bank of Japan (BOJ) banca de emisiune banc. issue bank/ note-issuing
Banca Japoniei pentru Cooperare Internationala bank/ bank of issue/ bank of circulation/ issuing
banc. Japan Bank for International Cooperation house/ currency board
(JBIC) banca de export-import banc. exim bank
Banca Mondiala banc. World Bank (WB)/ Inter- banca de investitii banc. investment bank/ mer-
national Bank for Reconstruction and Develop- chant bank
ment (IBRD) banca de incredere banc. reliable bank
banca de origine banc. parent bank
24
banca de rezerve
banca de rezerve banc. reserve bank bancnota de 5 lire (MB) fam., banc., com. fiver
banca de scont banc. discount bank/ discount <5> bancnote pl. banc., com. paper
house/ acceptance bank/ acceptance house currency/ paper money/ soft money/ col. dead
banca de stat banc. state bank/ government bank presidents; drept de a emite bancnote - right of
banca din categoria AAA+ banc. AAA+ Bank issuing bank notes
banca electronica banc. electronic bank bancnote proprii banc. own note (ON)
banca emitenta banc. issuing bank/ issuing bancnote i monede pl banc., com. banknotes
house/note-issuing bank and coins
banca extrateritoriala banc. offshore bank bancnote uzate banc., com. worn bank notes
banca federala de credit agricol banc. federal land bancomat banc., com. cash dispenser/ bancomat/
bank/ federal farm credit bank automated teller machine (ATM)/ automatic teller
banca intermediara banc. intermediary bank machine (ATM)
banca interna banc. onshore bank bancruta banc., com. bankruptcy (bkcy.)
banca ipotecara banc. land bank bancruta frauduloasa banc.y com. fraudulent
banca in dificultate banc. problem bank bankruptcy
banca mare banc. whole bank Bangladesh burs., banc. Bangladesh (BD)
banca membra banc. member bank bani pl. banc., com. money;
banca multinationala banc. multinational bank a depune bani deposit money;
a investi bani - to invest money;
banca nationala banc. national bank (NatlBk.)
a imprumuta bani banc. - take up money;
banca nationala de investitii banc. national invest-
a plasa bani - to place money;
ment bank
in bani burs. - in the money (ITM)
banca negociatoare banc. negotiating bank
bani activi active money
banca nemembra banc. non-member bank
bani contrafacuti banc. bad money/ false money
banca nominalizata banc. nominated bank
bani de buzunar spending money
banca notificatoare banc. advising bank
bani de cheltuiala spending money
banca offshore banc. offshore bank
bani de concediu com. leave pay/ holiday pay
banca particulara banc. private bank
bani de hartie banc. paper currency/ paper money/
banca pe actiuni banc., burs. joint-stock bank
soft money
banca pentru operatiuni cu amanuntul banc retail
bani de metal banc. coined money
bank
bani de plastic banc.> com. plastic money
banca platitoare banc. paying bank
bani depusi (la banca) banc. deposit (dept.)/ money
banca principals banc. leading bank
on deposit
banca privata banc. private bank
bani depusi in banci deposit money
banca recunoscuta com. approved bank
bani disponibili cash in hand/ cold cash
banca regionala banc. regional bank/ local bank/
bani electronici banc. electronic money
district bank/ country bank
bani falsificati banc. bad money
banca secundara banc. secondary bank
bani falsi counterfeit money/ flash money
banca semiparticulara banc. semi-private bank
bani fara acoperire uncovered paper money
banca sigura banc. reliable bank
bani flotanti banc. floating money
banca teritoriala banc. onshore bank
bani gheata cash/ ready cash/ ready money (R.M.)
banca transoceanica banc. overseas bank
bani ieftini banc. cheap money
banca universala banc. multipurpose bank
bani in casa cash in hand
bancher banc. banker
bani in circulate banc. money in circulation/ ac-
bancnota banc. bank note (BN, B.N., B/N)/ bank-
tive money
note/ bank paper bancnota de 10 dolari (SUA)
bani in cont banc. money on account (rn.ax.,
inv., banc., com. eagle <$ 10>
bancnota de 10 lire (MB) fam., banc., com. ten- m/a/c)
ner < 10> bani in depozite banc. deposit currency
bancnota de 20 de dolari (SUA) inv., banc., com. bani lichizi hard cash/ money in cash/ money in
double eagle <$ 20> hand/ ready cash/ ready money (R.M.)
bani lichizi imediat good money
bani marunti com., banc. loose cash/ loose change/
loose money
25 benzinrie independent
bani metalici banc. hard money baz a raportrii basis of reporting
bani neinvestii dead money baz actualizat adjusted basis
bani neproductivi idle money baz ajustat adjusted basis
bani neutilizai dead money baz anual animai basis
bani pe termen scurt banc. short-term money baz de calcul com. calculation basis
bani pentru achiziii purchase money (p m./ pur. m.) baz de capital capital base
bani pentru uurarea contiinei conscience money baz de evaluare valuation basis
bani scripturali banc. credit money baz de impozitare fin. tax base
bani scumpi banc. dear money baz de impunere fin. basis of taxation
bani uor de retras (de pe pia) call money baz de numerar cash basis
bani-marf com. commodity currency baz de pornire starting basis
bani com. bushel (bu) baz de producie production basis/ productive base
barare general banc. general crossing baz economic economic base
barat banc. crossed; cec barat crossed check baz juridic jur. legal basis
Barbados burs., banc. Barbados (BB) baz monetar banc. base money/ monetary
barem schedule base
barem al salariilor salary scale baz pentru impozitul pe venit fin. income tax ba-
barem de comisioane schedule of charges sis
barier com. barrier/ impose a restriction baz scontat banc. discounted basis
barier absorbant com. absorbing barrier bnci de coresponden pl. banc. correspondence
barier comercial com. trade barrier banking
barier netarifar com. non-tariff barrier bnci mari pl. banc. bigbanks
barier tarifar com. tariffwall butur com. beverage
bariere comerciale pl. com. barriers to trade buturi alcoolice pl. com. spirituous beverages/
bariere comerciale netarifare pl. com. non-tariff alcoholic drinks/ spirits
trade barriers (NTB) Belarus burs., banc. Belarus (BY)
bariere fiscale pl. tax barriers Belgia burs., banc. Belgium (BE, Belg.)
bariere vamale pl. com. customs barriers/ tariff Belize burs., banc. Belize (BZ)
barriers beneficiar transferee/ remittee/ recipient/ purchaser
baril com. barrel (bbl.)/ barrel (beer) (bbl.)/ bar- (pchs.)/ offeree/ gainer/ (al unei plai) beneficiary/
rel (oil) (SUA) (bbl.)/ barrel (wine) (bbl.) payee/ {al unui transfer) assignee/ com. allottee/
baril de bere com. beer barrel barili pl. com. ordering frm; n contul beneficiarului - account
barrels (bbls.) of payee; pe numele beneficiarului banc. - in the
barili pe zi pl. com. barrels per day (bbls./day) name of the beneficiary
barj com. barge beneficiar al concesionrii leasee
barometru barometer beneficiar al nchirierii leasee
barometru al pieei barometer of the market beneficiar al scrisorii de credit banc. beneficiary
barometru de conjunctur trade barometer of a letter of credit
barometru de ianuarie ec. January barometer beneficiar al unei anuiti annuitant
Baroul american jur. American Bar Association beneficiar alternativ alternative payee
(ABA) barter com. barter; a face barter- barter; beneficiar fictiv fictitious payee
economie n sistem barter barter economy beneficiar impersonal impersonal payee
barter n contrapartid barter back to back beneficii pl. earnings
bassier burs. bear/ adj., burs. bearish beneficii exorbitante pl. supernormal profit
bate banc. coin; a bate moned to coin money beneficii scontate pl. profit expectations
batere (de moned) banc. minting beneficiu benefit/ profit/ returns to scale; cu toate
batere de moned banc. coinage beneficiile burs. - cum all
baterie de teste stat. battery of tests Benin burs., banc. Benin (BJ)
baterie de teste Sharpe stat. Sharpe benchmark benzin com. petrol
bazar bazaar/ emporium benzin uoar com. lightnaphtha
baz base/ basis; capital de baz - core capital benzinrie independent com. independent petrol
station
BERD (Banca European pentru Reconstrucie i Dezvoltare) 26

BERD (Banca European pentru Reconstrucie i Dez- bilateral bilateral/ reciprocal; creditor bilateral - bi-
voltare) banc. EBRD (European Bank for lateral creditor; schimburi comerciale bilaterale -
Reconstruction and Development) bilateral trade
Bermude burs., banc. Bermuda (BM) bilet de banc banc. bank note/ banknote (BN,
beta stat. beta; coeficient beta - beta coefficient B.N., B/N)/ note
Bhutan burs., banc. Bhutan (BT) bilet de banc falsificat banc. dud note
bianual biannual/ six-monthly/ semiannual (s./a.) bilet de banc pe termen mediu banc. medium-term
bifa com. check off/ tick off note
bijuterie com. jewel/ {magazin) jewelry sto re bilet de credit credit memorandum
bijuterii pl. com. jewelry bilet de trezorerie commercial paper
bijuteriile coroanei pl. crown jewels bilet la ordin promissory note (p n., PN, P/N)/ bill
bijutier com. jeweler to order/ commercial paper/ note of hand
bilan cont. balance (blc, BLC)/ balance sheet (b.s., bilet la ordin documentar documentary bill
B/S); sum de bilan - total assets; n afara bilan- bilet la ordin simplu one name paper
ului com. - off balance sheet; a ntocmi bilanul bilete de banc fiduciare/ fr acoperire pl. banc.
draw the balance fduciary fat money
bilan al operaiunilor de lichidare oficiale official settle- bilunar bimonthly (bi-m)/ semi-monthly/ biweekly
ment balance bimensual bimonthly (bi-m)
bilan anual cont. annual accounts/ annual balance bimetalism banc. bimetallism
sheet/ annual statement of accounts bimonetar dual currency; obligaiune bimonetar -
bilan bancar banc, cont. bank balance sheet dual currency bond
bilan brut cont. rough balance binar binary; opiune binar - binary option; varia-
bilan consolidat cont. consolidated balance bil binar - binary variable
sheet bine pltit com. high-paid
bilan curent cont. statement of affairs binele obtesc public welfare
bilan de baz cont. basic balance binele public public welfare
bilan de concern cont. group balance sheet biografie resume
bilan de control cont. trial balance (t.b./TB) biografie profesional com. job history
bilan de decontare cont. balance of accounts biostatistic biostatistics
bilan de deschidere com., cont. opening balance biotehnologie biotechnology
sheet bipolar bipolar; factor bipolar - bipolar factor
bilan de exploatare cont. operating balance BIRD (Banca Internaional pentru Reconstrucie i Dez-
bilan de grup cont. group balance sheet voltare) banc. IBRD (International Bank for Re-
bilan de nchidere cont. ending balance/ fnancial construction and Development)
statement (FS, F/S) Birmania (Myanmar) burs.y banc. Burma (BM)
bilan de venituri i cheltuieli cont. income state- birocrat bureaucrat
ment birocratic bureaucratic
bilan final cont. ending balance birocraie bureaucracy
bilan financiar cont. fnancial balance sheet birotic office automation (OA)
bilan general cont. general balance-sheet birou office
bilan global cont. overall balance birou avocaial jur. lawyers office
bilan intermediar cont. interim statement birou de asisten social social assistance office
bilan la zi cont. statement of affairs birou de avocatur jur. lawyers office
bilan lunar cont. monthly statement/ monthly bal- birou de schimb (valutar) banc. exchange office
ance sheet birou de vam com. customs house
bilan pasiv cont. passive balance birou teritorial sub office
bilan primar cont. primary balance birr (Etiopia) burs., banc. Birr (ETB)
bilan provizoriu cont. interim balance sheet bisptmnal fortnightly/ twice a week (t.a.w.)
bilan social social accounting blan com. fur
bilanare cont. balancing blestemul ctigtorului winner's curse
bilanuri financiare bancare pl. cont. balance sheets bloc de locuine apartment building/ residential
of banking institutions building
27 Brunei
bloc incomplet incomplete block bonuri de tezaur italiene banc. Buoni del Tesoro
bloc incomplet compensat balanced incomplete Poliennali (BTP)
block boom boom
bloc incomplet echilibrat balanced incomplete boom industrial industrial boom
block bord com. board; n afara bordului com. out-
bloca impound/ com. lock-up/ lock up/ banc. board (O.B.); la bord com. - aboard; la bordul
sterilize navei com. aboard ship
blocad com. blockade borderou register (reg.)/ tally sheet
blocaj com. deadlock/ lock-up borderou de acceptare banc, com. acceptance
blocaj la furnizare supply bottleneck slip
blocare lock-up; aciuni de blocare - control stock borderou de cheltuieli note of expenses
blocare a banilor money freeze borderou de control com. check list/ check-list
blocare a dobnzii rate lock borderou de depunere memorandum of deposit
blocare a plilor pl. stoppage of payments (M.D.)/ deposit slip
blocare a transferrii stop transfer borderou de plat credit slip
blocat frozen; activ blocat - frozen asset; capital blocat borderou de recepie com. waybill (w.b., w/b., WB,
- frozen capital; cont blocat - blocked account; W/B)
credit blocat - frozen credit; fond blocat - blocked borderou de vam com. custom-house note
fund; pia blocat - locked market borderou de vrsmnt banc paying-in slip
blocuri cuplate linked blocks Borneo tur. Borneo
boal profesional asig. occupational illness/ oc- Bosfor tur. Bosporus/ Bosphorus
cupational disease/ trade disease Bosnia Heregovina burs., banc. Bosnia and
bogat rich/ com. affluent Herzegovina (BA)
bogie wealth bogii pl. riches Botswana burs., banc Botswana (BW)
bogii naturale pl. natural wealth/ resources Bouvet Island burs., banc Bouvet Island (BV)
boicot com. boycott branding branding
boicot economic com. embargo (emb.) brandy brandy
boicot indirect com. secondary boycott bran industry (ind.)
boicota com. boycott Brazilia burs., banc. Brazii (BR)
boicotare com. boycotting breasl guild/ merchant guild
bolivar (Venezuela) burs., banc. Bolivar (VEB) brevet patent
Bolivia burs., banc. Bolivia (BO) broker burs. broker/ agent of change/ stock job-
boliviano (Bolivia) burs., banc. Boliviano (BOB) ber/ com. selling broker/ middleman
bon bill broker autorizat burs. licensed broker/ inside broker
bon de cas com. cash receipt/ cash voucher broker de cont burs. account executive
bon de mn note of hand/ luncheon voucher broker de devize burs. foreign exchange broker/
bon de tezaur burs., banc. treasury bill (T/B)/ foreign exchange dealer
government bill broker de efecte burs. securities broker
bon de tezaur cu dobnd anual normalizat broker de ring burs. floor broker (FB)
burs.,banc. Bons du Tresor a Interet Annuel broker dubios burs. bucketeer
Normalise (BTAN) broker executant burs. floor broker (FB)
bon de tezaur francez burs., banc. Bons du Tresor broker independent burs. independent broker/ floor
a Interet Annuel Normalise (BTAN) trader (FT)
bon de tezaur SUA burs. U.S. treasury bill broker neautorizat burs. unlicensed broker
bon valoric voucher (vou.)/ com. trading stamp broker neoficial burs. curb broker
bona fide bona fide (b f.) broker tranzacionar burs. share broker
bonificaie banc, com. abatement/ bounty broker valutar burs. foreign exchange broker/ for-
bonificaie de asigurare no-claims bonus eign exchange dealer
bonificaie pentru plata cu numerar com. cash dis- broker vamal customs broker
count (c.d., CD.) brokeraj burs. brokerage/ courtage/ factorage/
bonitate soundness/ reliability stockbroking
Brunei burs., banc Brunei BN)
brut 28

brut fin. before taxes; venit brut - gross income; bugeta budget
dobnd brut - gross interest; valoare brut - gross bugetar budgetary; an bugetar - budgetary year; cont
value/ com. crude/ raw/ rough/ gross (gr, gr., gro.) bugetar - budgetary account; deficit bugetar - bud-
brutrie com. bakery/ baker's shop get deficit/ budgetary deficit; echilibru bugetar -
Bruxelles tur. Brussels budgetary balance; exerciiu bugetar-budget year/
bucat com. piece (pe.)/ unit (u., U.); 12 buci - budgetary year; politic bugetar - budgetary policy;
dozen (dz.) cheltuieli bugetare - budgetary expenditure/ gov-
buci pieces (pcs., ps.) ernment expenditure
Bucureti tur. Bucharest buletin bursier burs. list of quotations/ market re-
Budapesta tur. Budapest port
buget budget; a include n buget - budget; cont de buletin de expediie com. consignment note (C/N)
buget - budget account; n limitele bugetului - on buletin de livrare com. delivery note/ scrip certifi-
budget cate
buget administrativ administrative budget buletin de vrsmnt bancar banc. bank payment
buget al asigurrilor sociale social welfare budget slip
buget al vnzrilor sales budget Bulgaria burs., banc. Bulgaria (BG)
buget cu baz zero zero base budget (ZBB) bumbac com. cotton
buget curent current budget bun com. good (G, g)
buget de achiziii purchasing budget bun comercializabil com. marketable good
buget de aprare defence budget bun de consum com. consumption good
buget de austeritate austerity budget/ economical bun de consum de uz curent com. non-durable good
budget bun imobil real asset
buget de cas cash budget bun mobil banc. chattel
buget de exploatare operating budget bun personal private good
buget de gestiune cash budget bun privat private good
buget de investiii investment budget bun semidurabil semidurable/ semidurable good
buget de marketing marketing budget bun-credin banc. good faith
buget de materiale com. materials budget bunstare welfare
buget de producie production budget bunstare economic economic welfare
buget de stat naional budget/ government budget bunuri pl com. goods (gds.)
buget deficitar unbalanced budget/ adverse budget bunuri abandonate pl com. abandoned goods
buget echilibrat balanced budget bunuri ambalate pl com. packaged goods
buget economic naional naional economic budget bunuri complementare pl com. complementary
buget familial family budget/ {de venituri si cheltu- goods
ieli) family income and expenditure bunuri comunitare pl. commons
buget flexibil flexible budget/ variable budget bunuri cu desfacere rapid pl com. fast-moving
buget funcional performance budget consumer goods (FMCG)
buget general ordinary budget/ master budget/ over- bunuri de calitate superioar pl com. superior
all budget goods
buget independent de conjunctur cyclically neutral bunuri de consum pl com. convenience goods/
budget expendable goods
buget local local budget bunuri de consum cu circulaie rapid pl com.
buget militar military budget fast moving consumer goods (FMCG)
buget operativ operating budget bunuri de consum de uz curent pl com. fast-moving
buget operaional operaional budget consumer goods (FMCG)
buget ordinar current budget bunuri de consum principale pl com. major con-
buget pentru reclam advertising budget sumer durables
buget principal master budget bunuri de contraband pl. com. smuggled goods
buget promoional promotional budget bunuri de folosin ndelungat pl com. durable
buget provizoriu provisional budget goods/ durables/ consumer durables/ remote
buget special special budget goods/ durable commodities
buget variabil variable budget bunuri de (larg) consum pl com. consumer goods
brut 29

brut fin. before taxes; venit brut - gross income; bugeta budget
dobnd brut - gross interest; valoare brut - gross bugetar budgetary; an bugetar - budgetary year; cont
value/ com. crude/ raw/ rough/ gross (gr, gr., gro.) bugetar - budgetary account; deficit bugetar - bud-
brutrie com. bakery/ baker's shop get deficit/ budgetary deficit; echilibru bugetar -
Bruxelles tur. Brussels budgetary balance; exerciiu bugetar-budget year/
bucat com. piece (pe.)/ unit (u., U.); 12 buci - budgetary year; politic bugetar - budgetary policy;
dozen (dz.) cheltuieli bugetare - budgetary expenditure/ gov-
buci pieces (pcs., ps.) ernment expenditure
Bucureti tur. Bucharest buletin bursier burs. list of quotations/ market re-
Budapesta tur. Budapest port
buget budget; a include n buget - budget; cont de buletin de expediie com. consignment note (C/N)
buget - budget account; n limitele bugetului - on buletin de livrare com. delivery note/ scrip certifi-
budget cate
buget administrativ administrative budget buletin de vrsmnt bancar banc. bank payment
buget al asigurrilor sociale social welfare budget slip
buget al vnzrilor sales budget Bulgaria burs., banc. Bulgaria (BG)
buget cu baz zero zero base budget (ZBB) bumbac com. cotton
buget curent current budget bun com. good (G, g)
buget de achiziii purchasing budget bun comercializabil com. marketable good
buget de aprare defence budget bun de consum com. consumption good
buget de austeritate austerity budget/ economical bun de consum de uz curent com. non-durable good
budget bun imobil real asset
buget de cas cash budget bun mobil banc. chattel
buget de exploatare operating budget bun personal private good
buget de gestiune cash budget bun privat private good
buget de investiii investment budget bun semidurabil semidurable/ semidurable good
buget de marketing marketing budget bun-credin banc. good faith
buget de materiale com. materials budget bunstare welfare
buget de producie production budget bunstare economic economic welfare
buget de stat naional budget/ government budget bunuri pl com. goods (gds.)
buget deficitar unbalanced budget/ adverse budget bunuri abandonate pl com. abandoned goods
buget echilibrat balanced budget bunuri ambalate pl com. packaged goods
buget economic naional naional economic budget bunuri complementare pl com. complementary
buget familial family budget/ {de venituri si cheltu- goods
ieli) family income and expenditure bunuri comunitare pl. commons
buget flexibil flexible budget/ variable budget bunuri cu desfacere rapid pl com. fast-moving
buget funcional performance budget consumer goods (FMCG)
buget general ordinary budget/ master budget/ over- bunuri de calitate superioar pl com. superior
all budget goods
buget independent de conjunctur cyclically neutral bunuri de consum pl com. convenience goods/
budget expendable goods
buget local local budget bunuri de consum cu circulaie rapid pl com.
buget militar military budget fast moving consumer goods (FMCG)
buget operativ operating budget bunuri de consum de uz curent pl com. fast-moving
buget operaional operaional budget consumer goods (FMCG)
buget ordinar current budget bunuri de consum principale pl com. major con-
buget pentru reclam advertising budget sumer durables
buget principal master budget bunuri de contraband pl. com. smuggled goods
buget promoional promotional budget bunuri de folosin ndelungat pl com. durable
buget provizoriu provisional budget goods/ durables/ consumer durables/ remote
buget special special budget goods/ durable commodities
buget variabil variable budget bunuri de (larg) consum pl com. consumer goods
30 Bursa de valori din Amsterdam
bunuri de producie pl com producers' goods Bursa de Cereale din Minneapolis (SUA) burs. Min-
bunuri de uz casnic pl com household goods neapolis Grain Exchange (MGE)
bunuri de uz curent pl. com utility goods/ essen- Bursa de Cereale din Osaka burs Osaka Grain Ex-
tial goods change (OGE)
bunuri economice pl com goods (gds.)/ Bursa de Cereale din Tokio burs Tokyo Grain Ex-
economic goods change (TGE)
bunuri exportabile pl. com exportable Bursa de Futures din Hong Kong Hong Kong Fu-
commodities/ tradable goods tures Exchange (HKFE)
bunuri imobile pl fixed property Bursa de Investiii Transatlantice burs Overseas In-
bunuri imobiliare pl estate vestment Exchange (OIE)
bunuri industriale pl com industrial Bursa de Mrfuri din Chicago burs. Chicago Mer-
commodities/ capital goods cantile Exchange (CME)
bunuri investiionale pl com producer goods Bursa de Mrfuri din Kuala Lumpur burs Kuala
bunuri n consignaie pl com goods on consign- Lumpur Commodity Exchange (KLCE)
ment Bursa de Mrfuri din Londra burs London Com-
bunuri materiale pl material goods modity Exchange (LCE)
bunuri mobile pl movable goods/ movables/ chat- Bursa de Mrfuri din New York burs New York Mer-
tels bunuri mobiliare tangible property/ movable cantile Exchange (NYMEX)/ Commodity Ex-
goods/movables/ personal property change (COMEX)
bunuri necesare subzistenei pl necessaries Bursa de Mrfuri din Tokio burs Tokyo Commod-
bunuri necorporale intangible personal property ity Exchange (TOCOM)
bunuri neperisabile pl com. durable commodi- Bursa de Mrfuri din Winnipeg burs Winnipeg
ties/ durable goods bunuri patrimoniale pl Commodity Exchange (WCE)
assets bunuri i active pl property and assets Bursa de Mrfuri Malaezian burs Kuala Lumpur
bunuri i servicii pl com goods and services Commodity Exchange (KLCE)
bunuri i servicii inutile pentru societate pl illth Bursa de Mrfuri i de Valori burs Bolsa de
Burkina Faso burs , banc Burkina Faso (BF) Mercadorias and Futuros Exchange (BM&F)
Bursa Agricol la Termen din Amsterdam burs Bursa de Metale din Londra London Metal Exchange
Agrarische Termijnmarkt Amsterdam (ATA) (LME)
Bursa Australian a Contractelor Financiare la Termen Bursa de Opiuni din Stockholm burs. OM
Australian Financial Futures Market (AFFM) Stockholm Fondkommission
Bursa Australian de Opiuni burs Australian Op- Bursa de Produse Agricole Kansai burs Kansai Agri-
tions Market (AOM) cultural Commodities Exchange (Kanex)
Bursa Belgian de Contracte la Termen i Bursa de Valori (Spaniol) burs Mercado de
Opiuni burs. Belgian Futures and Options Opciones (Mofex)
Exchange (Belfox) Bursa de Valori a Balticii burs Baltic Futures Ex-
Bursa Belgian de Futures i Opiuni burs change (BFE)
Belgian Futures and Options Exchange (Belfox) Bursa de Valori a Thailandei burs Securities Ex-
Bursa Brazilian de Contracte la Termen burs Bolsa change of Thailand (SET)/ Stock Exchange of
Brasileira de Futuros (BBF) Thailand (SET)
Bursa Brazilian de Futures burs Bolsa Bursa de Valori Argentinian burs Mercado de
Brasileira de Futuros (BBF) Futuros y Opciones (MERFOX)
Bursa Bumbacului din New York burs New Bursa de Valori Australian burs Australian Stock
York Cotton Exchange (NYCE) Exchange (ASX)
Bursa de Asigurri din Londra asig. Bursa de Valori Belgian burs Belgian Futures
Lloyd's (L.R.)/ Lloyd's register (L.R.) and Options Exchange (Belfox)
Bursa de cafea, zahr i cacao Coffee, Sugar Bursa de Valori Brazilian burs Bolsa Brasileira de
and Cocoa Exchange (CSCE) Futuros (BBF)
Bursa de Cauciuc din Kobe Kobe Rubber Bursa de Valori Coreean burs Korea Stock Ex-
Exchange (KRE) change (KSE)
Bursa de valori din Amsterdam burs Amsterdam
Exchange (AEX)
Bursa de Valori din Amsterdam 31

Bursa de Valori din Amsterdam burs. Financiele Bursa de Valori Londonez burs. London Stock Ex-
Termijnmarkt Amsterdam (FTA) change (LSE)
Bursa de Valori din Austria burs. Oesterreichische Bursa de Valori Malaezian burs. Kuala Lumpur
Termin und Optionborse (OTOB) Options & Financial Futures Exchange (KLOFFE)
Bursa de Valori din Budapesta burs. Budapest Stock Bursa de Valori i Derivate din Londra The London
Exchange Securities and Derivatives Exchange (OMLX,
Bursa de Valori din Buenos Aires burs. Mercado OML)
de Futuros y Opciones (MERFOX) Bursa din Frankfurt Deutsche Terminborse (DTB)
Bursa de Valori din Coreea Korea Stock Exchange Bursa din Frankfurt burs. Frankfurt Stock Exchange
(KSE) Bursa din New York burs. Big Board
Bursa de Valori din Hong Kong burs. Stock Ex- Bursa Electronic a Forei de Munc Electronic La-
change of Hong Kong (SEHK) bor Exchange (ELX)
Bursa de Valori din Kuala Lumpur burs. Kuala Bursa Financiar Futures din Elveia burs. Swiss Op-
Lumpur Options & Financial Futures Exchange tions and Financial Futures Exchange (SOFFEX)
(KLOFFE) Bursa Futures a Africii de Sud burs. South African
Bursa de valori din Londra burs. London Stock Ex- Futures Exchange (SAFEX)
change (LSE) Bursa Futures a rilor Baltice burs. BFE (Baltic
Bursa de Valori din Londra burs. London Futures Futures Exchange)
and Options Exchange (FOX) Bursa Futures Austriac burs. Oesterreichische
Bursa de Valori din Montreal burs. Montreal Ex- Termin und Optionborse (OTOB)
change (ME) Bursa Futures din New York burs. New York Fu-
Bursa de Valori din Nagoya burs. Nagoya Stock tures Exchange (NYFE)
Exchange (NSE) Bursa Futures din Sydney burs. Sydney Futures Ex-
Bursa de Valori din New York burs. New York Stock change (SFE)
Exchange (NYSE) Bursa Futures Elveian burs. Swiss Options and
Bursa de Valori din Noua Zeeland burs. New Financial Futures Exchange (SOFFEX)
Zealand Futures and Options Exchange Bursa Internaional a Petrolului (MB) burs. Inter-
(NZFOE) national Petroleum Exchange (IPE)
Bursa de Valori din Osaka burs. Osaka Securities Bursa Internaional de Valori (MB) burs. Interna-
Exchange (OSE) tional Stock Exchange (ISE)
Bursa de Valori din Oslo burs. Oslo Stock Exchange Bursa Internaional de Valori a Franei Marche a
(OBX) Bursa de Valori din Philadelphia burs. Terme International de France (MATIF)
Philadelphia Stock Exchange (PHLX) Bursa Internaional de Valori din Londra London In-
Bursa de Valori din Rio de Janeiro burs. Bolsa de ternational Financial Futures Exchange (LIFFE)
Valores do Rio de Janeiro (BVRJ) Bursa Internaional de Valori din Manila burs.
Bursa de Valori din Sao Paulo burs. Bolsas de Valores Manila International Futures Exchange (MIFE)
de Sao Paulo (BOVESPA) Bursa Internaional de Valori din Tokyo burs.
Bursa de Valori din Singapore burs. Singapore Stock Tokyo International Financial Futures Exchange
Exchange (SES) (TIFFE)
Bursa de Valori din Tokio burs. Tokyo Stock Ex- Bursa Internaional Monetar din Singapore burs.
change (TSE) Singapore International Monetary Exchange
Bursa de Valori din Toronto burs. Toronto Stock (SIMEX)
Exchange (TSE) Bursa Londonez de Mrfuri burs. London Com-
Bursa de Valori din Vancouver burs. Vancouver modity Exchange (LCE)
Stock Exchange (VSE) Bursa Opiunilor Finlandeze burs. Finnish Options
Bursa de Valori Europene burs. European Options Market (FOM)
Exchange (EOE) bursa petrolului burs. petroleum exchange
Bursa de Valori Irlandez burs. Irish Futures and burs banc, burs. exchange (ex., E)/ bourse/
Options Exchange (IFOX) shares market/ equity market; a face speculaii la
Bursa de Valori Italian Mercato Italiano Futures burs burs. - straddle the market; a juca la
(MIF) burs burs. - straddle the market; bursa se
menine n scdere - the stock market rules low;
32 butoi
n afara bursei burs. - off exchange; burs electronic burs. automated exchange/ elec-
indice bursier - stock index tronic trading system
burs (de studii) scholarship burs a cafelei burs electronic american burs. National Asso-
burs. coffee exchange ciation of Securities Dealers Automated Quota-
burs de aciuni burs. share market tion (NASDAQ)
burs de cereale burs. corn exchange/ grain ex- burs la termen pentru instrumente de finanare
change burs de devize burs foreign currency burs. financial futures market
exchange (F.C.E.) burs linitit burs. quiet market
burs de materii prime burs. commodity exchange burs local burs. domestic exchange (Dom Ex)
burs de mrfuri burs. commodity exchange/ mer- burs naional burs. domestic exchange (Dom Ex)
cantile exchange/ produce exchange burs neagr burs. black market
burs de metale burs. metal exchange burs neoficial burs. street market/ kerb market
burs de opiuni burs. options exchange burs oficial burs. organized exchange
burs de valori burs. stock exchange (St. Ex., SE, burs organizat burs. organized exchange market
S/E)/ security exchange/ security market/ share burs valutar burs. Foreign Currency Exchange
market/ stock market/ securities exchange (F.C.E.)
Burs de Valori a Pacificului (SUA) burs. Pacific Burundi burs., banc. Burundi (Bl)
Stock Exchange (PSE) buel bushel (bu)
burs de valori din SUA burs. American Stock Ex- butoaie barrels (bbls.)
change (ASE/AMEX) butoi (cu capacitatea de cea 160 l) barrel (bbl.)/ (de
10 galoane) keg (k)
c
C&F la chei com. C&F landed calculare a dobnzii cumulate banc. compound
cabinet com. cabinet computation of interest
cablu com. cable calculare a mrimii normale de pia stat.
cabotaj com. coasting trade normal market size (NMS) calculation
cacao com., burs. cocoa calculat calculated; risc calculat - calculated risk
cadastru land registry calculator calculator; industrie de calculatoare - com-
caden cadence puter industry
cadou fin. gift calculator de devize cost estimator
cadran armonic stat. harmonic dial calculaia ctigurilor com. calculation of proceeds
cadre pl personnel calculaia costurilor com. calculation of costs
cadre de conducere pl executives/ managing calculaia dobnzii banc. calculation of interest
staff calculaia profitabilitii com. calculation of prof-
cadre de conducere medii pl. middle management itability
cadre de conducere superioare pl. senior manage- calculaia profiturilor com. calculation of profits
ment/ senior staff calculaie calculation/ computation
cadru frame/ framework calculaie a costurilor com. batch costing/ estimat-
cadru de conducere executive ing/ product costing
cadru de reglementri framework of rules calculaie a dobnzii banc. interest calculation/ in-
caduc jur. invalid terest computation
caducitate jur. nullity calculaie a preului de cost com. cost pricing
cafea com., burs. coffee; piaa cafelei burs. - calculaie a preurilor com. pricing
coffee market calculaie de absorbie com. absorption costing
cafenea com. cafe calculaie de pre com. costing/ price calculation
cai-putere (CP) com. horse-power (HP) calculaie de pre pe baza costurilor medii com. av-
cal com. horse erage cost pricing calculaie de preuri multiple/
calcul calculation; a lua n calcul - consider difereniate com. split pricing
calcul al probabilitilor stat. probability calcula- calculaie mixt com. mixed calculation
tion calculaie operaional operation costing
calcul al rentabilitii profitability account calculaie prin costuri marginale marginal cost pricing
calcul brut rough estimate calculul probabilitii stat. calculus of probability
calcul economic economic calculus cale route; pe cale terestr com. - overland/ by
calcul eronat miscalculation overland route
calcul uniform al preului de cost com. uniform cale ferat railroad (rr); pe ocean i cale ferat com.
costing - ocean and rail (o.&r.)
calcula calculate/ compute calendar (al emisiunilor) burs. calendar
calculabil com. calculable/ computable calendar al rscumprrilor banc, burs. schedule
calculabilitate com. calculability of repurchases
calculare computation calendaristic calendar; an calendaristic - calendar year
calculare a costurilor com. computation of costs calibra calibrate
calculare a dobnzii compuse banc. compound calibrare calibration
computation of interest
34 cambie retras
calificare com. training cambie bancar banc, burs. bank draft (B/D)/
calificare profesional professional qualification banker's bill/ banker s acceptance
calificativ AAA burs. AAA rating cambie comercial banc, burs. commercial bill
calitate quality (qlty.)/ brand-type/ title; de calitate cambie cu discount banc, burs. discount bill
inferioar com. - substandard/ low-grade/ cambie cu documente contra acceptare banc, burs.
low-class/ second-rate; de calitate ridicat com. - documents against acceptance bill (D/A bill)
high-quality/ premium (pm., prem.)/ high-grade/ cambie cu documente contra plat banc, burs.
high grade (HG)/ very special quality (VSQ); de documents against payment bill (D/P bill)
cea mai bun calitate - first-rate/ burs. gilt-edged; cambie cu scaden depit banc, burs. past due
de proast calitate com. - inferior (inf.); n calitate bill
de... - in the capacity of cambie de 12 luni banc, burs. year bill
calitate a vieii com. quality of life cambie de categorie superioar banc, burs.
calitate acceptabil com. acceptable quality prime bill cambie de clasa nti banc , burs.
calitate bun com. fair quality fine bank bill/
calitate comercial com. commercial quality (CQ) fine trade bill/ respectable bill
calitate comercial bun com. good marketable cambie de investiie banc, burs. investment bill
quality (g m.q.) cambie domiciliat banc, burs. addressed bill/
calitate deosebit com. sound quality domicile bill cambie extern banc, burs.
calitate excepional com. excellent quality external bill/ foreign bill
calitate inferioar com. low quality/ cheap qual- cambie fierbinte banc, burs. hot bill
ity/ low grade cambie financiar banc, burs. flnance bill
calitate medie com. medium quality/ average qual- cambie garantat banc, burs. secured bill
ity/ middling quality cambie indigen banc, burs. domestic bill/ in-
calitate medie bun com. fair average quality (faq, land bill cambie intern banc, burs. domestic
) bill/ home bill
calitate mediocr com. middling quality cambie n alb banc, burs. blank bill/ blank draft
calitate mulumitoare com. fair quality cambie n devize banc, burs. bill in foreign
calitate obinuit com. regular grade currency cambie n suferin banc, burs.
calitate redus com. low grade/ poor quality dishonored bill/
calitate ridicat com. high quality (HQ) overdue bill
calitate satisfctoare com. fair quality cambie n valut strin banc, burs. bill in for-
calitate slab com. poor quality eign currency
calitate standard com. standard quality cambie la cerere banc, burs. demand bill
calitate superioar com. high quality (HQ, H.Q.)/ cambie la purttor banc, burs. bill payable to
premium quality/ prime quality/ first class/ bearer
first-class/ first quality/ high class/ high grade (HG)/ cambie la termen banc, burs. time bill/ period bill
highest quality/ choice quality/ Al cambie la vedere banc, burs. sight bill/ bill pay-
calitatea I com. Al calitatea a ll-a com. second able at sight
quality cambie local banc, burs. local bill
calitativ qualitative calm calm; pia calm - easy cambie neacceptat banc, burs. dishonored bill
market calup burs. block cambie neandosat banc, burs. non-endorsedbill
calup de aciuni burs. block of stocks cambie neonorat banc, burs. dishonored bill
camt fin. usury/ usurious interest cambie pe termen lung banc, burs. long-dated
cambie banc, burs. bill/ bill of exchange (b.e., bill/ long-sighted bill
b.ex., B.E.)/ draft (dft, dft., DFT)/ trade paper cambie pe termen scurt banc, burs. short bill
cambie american banc., burs. (emis de guvernul (s.b.)/ short-dated bill/ short-sighted bill
american) T bill cambie pentru ncasare banc, burs. bill for col-
cambie anual banc, burs. year bill lection
cambie aproape de scaden banc, burs. hot cambie protestat banc, burs. protested bill
bill cambie retras banc, burs. retired bill
cambie autohton banc., burs. inland bill
cambie scadent 35

cambie scadent banc, burs. overdue bill canibalizare cannibalization


cambie tras asupra societii centrale banc, burs. cantitate amount (amnt)/ quantity (qt., qty., qnty.,
house bill QTY)/ quantum;
cambie tras n devize banc, burs. currency bill acord de rabat pentru cantitate com. quantity
cambie tras n valut banc, burs. currency bill discount agreement (q.d.a.);
cambie tras pe produse de baz banc, burs. n cantiti mari com. - in bulk
commodity paper cantitate controlat com. amount of inspection
Cambodgia burs., banc Cambodia (KH) cantitate de informaii amount of information
Camera de Comer com. Chamber of Commerce cantitate disponibil com. quantity available/ quan-
(CofC, C.O.C.) tity on hand
Camera de Comer a SUA com. United States Cham- cantitate economic de achiziionare com. economic
ber of Commerce purchase quantity (EPQ)
Camera de Comer din Londra com. London Cham- cantitate economic pe lot com. economic batch
ber of Commerce (LC.C.) quantity (EBQ)/ economic lot size (ELS)/ eco-
Camera de Comer Internaional a Chinei com. China nomic order quantity (EOQ)
Chamber of International Commerce (CCOIC) cantitate exagerat com. undue quantity
Camera de Comer Londonez com. London Cham- cantitate important burs. round lot
ber of Commerce (LC.C.) cantitate inspectat com. amount of inspection
Camera Francez de Cliring com. Chambre de cantitate medie controlat com. average amount of
Compensation des Instruments Financiers de inspection
Paris (CCIFP) cantitate specificat com. specified amount
Camera Internaional de Comer com. International cantitate suficient com. fair quantity
Chamber of Commerce (ICC, LC.C.) cap al familiei headof thefamily
camer de comer com. chamber de cap de familie family head
commerce (COC) capabil banc, com. able capacitate capacity
camer de comer maritim com. maritime exchange (cap., cpty., cy., K)/ ability/ capability
camer de comer i industrie com. chamber of com- capacitate a depozitului com. warehouse capacity
merce and industry capacitate a pieei com. market capacity
Camerun burs., banc. Cameroon (CM) capacitate brut de ncrcare com. dead weight
camion com. truck; capacitate consultativ advisory capacity
cu camionul - per truck (p.t.) capacitate de a investi ability to invest
camionaj com. truckage/ trucking capacitate de absorbie com. absorption capacity/
campanie com. campaign absorptive capacity/ absorbing capacity
campanie agricol com. crop year capacitate de absorbie a pieei com. absorptive ca-
campanie de motivare motivation campaign pacity of the market
campanie de pres press campaign capacitate de acomodare a pieei com. market adapt-
campanie de publicitate publicity campaign ability
campanie promoional promotion campaign/ pro- capacitate de aplatizare stat. smoothing power
motional campaign capacitate de ctig com. earning capacity
campanie publicitar advertising campaign capacitate de creditare banc lending power
Canada burs., banc Canada (CA) capacitate de depozitare com. warehouse capacity
canal com. 1. channel. 2. canal. capacitate de export com. export capacity
canal de comercializare com. channel of commerce capacitate de import com. import capacity
canal de comer com. trade channel/ channel of capacitate de mprumut banc debt capacity
commerce capacitate de mprumutare banc lending capacity
canal de desfacere com. trade channel/ distribu- capacitate de ncrcare com. load capacity/ load-
tion channel/ sales channel/ channel of distribu- ing capacity/ cargo capacity
tion/ marketing channel capacitate de ndatorare banc borrowing
canal de distribuie com. chain of distribution capacity capacitate de munc labor power/ capacity
canal unic de desfacere com. exclusive outlet to work/
canaliza channel earning capacity/ working capacity
Canalul Mnecii com. English Channel capacitate de plat banc paying capacity/ capac-
candidat applicant ity to pay/ ability to pay
347 capital n numerar
capacitate de producie com. production capacity/ capital circulant working capital (WC)/ circulating
output capacity/ installed capacity/ manufactur- capital/ current capital/ floating asset/ floating capi-
ing capacity/ productive capacity tal/ ready capital/ revenue assets/ working assets
capacitate de producie zilnic com. daily delivery pl.
capacity capital circulant net net working capital
capacitate de profit com. earning capacity capital compromis impaired capital
capacitate deadweight com. deadweight (dw / DW) capital comun pool capital
capacitate disponibil com. available capacity capital constant constant capital
capacitate excedentar com. excess capacity/ sur- capital curent current capital
plus capacity capital de acoperire coverage capital
capacitate global a pieei com. overall market ca- capital de baz core capital/ primary capital
pacity capital de dotare endowment capital
capacitate n vrac com. capacity in bulk capital de exploatare operating capital
capacitate maxim com. maximum capacity/ peak capital de investiii investment capital
demand capacity capital de nzestrare endowment capital
capacitate medie com. average capacity capital de lansare seed capital
capacitate minim com. minimum capacity capital de lucru current capital
capacitate nefolosit com. spare capacity capital de pornire opening capital
capacitate neutilizat com. idle capacity/ output capital de rezerv reserve capital
gap/ slack capital de risc risk capital/ venture capital (VC)
capacitate nominal com. rated capacity capital declarat stated capital
capacitate optim com. optimum capacity/ ideal capital disponibil present capital/ spare capital
capacity capital eratic flight capital
capacitate teoretic de exploatare com. theoretical capital esenial instrumental capital
activity capacity capital excedentar surplus capital
capacitate total de ncrcare com. deadweight capital existent old money
(DW/ dw.) capital extern foreign capital/ foreign assets/ outside
capacitate total de ncrcare marf com. deadweight capital
cargo capacity (dwcc.) capital febril hot money/ volatile capital
capacitate volumic com. cubic capacity (c.c.t.) capital fix permanent capital/ fxed capital/ capital
capcana lichiditii banc, fin. liquidity trap stock/ physical capital/ capital goods pl.
capital capital (cap.)/ principal/burs. stock (stk.); capital imobilizat frozen capital
a imobiliza capital - tie up capital; a mobiliza capi- capital inactiv dead capital/ dormant capital/ inac-
tal banc. mobilize capital/ put up capital; tive capital
a rula capitalul - turn capital; activ de capital - capi- capital indisponibil unavailable capital
tal asset; amortizare a capitalului - capital depre- capital industrial industrial capital
ciation; cheltuieli de capital pl. - capital expen- capital iniial iniial capital/ opening capital/ seed
ditures; export de capital - capital export; majo- capital/ original capital
rare de capital - capital accretion; pia de capital - capital instabil volatile capital
capital market; rezerve de capital pl. - capital capital investit invested capital/ capital invested/
reserves; venit din capital - capital income; a diminua veted capital
capitalul - write off capital; a rambursa capitalul - capital investit n (bunuri de) inventar capital tied up
repay the capital; in inventory
capitalul acionarilor - equity; cu investiii mari de capital investit n strintate com. capital invested
capital - capital intensive abroad
capital acumulat com. accumulated capital capital mprumutat debt capital/ loan capital/ bor-
capital adecvat capital adequacy rowed capital/ outside capital
capital al bncii bank stock capital n aciuni share capital/ issued capital
capital al firmei com. company funds pl. capital n aciuni emise issued share capital
capital autohton domestic capital capital n aciuni n circulaie outstanding capital stock
capital autorizat authorized capital capital n natur capital in kind
capital bancar banc. bank capital capital n numerar cash assets
capital blocat frozen capital
capital ngheat 37

capital ngheat frozen capital capital vrsat contributed capital/ equity capital/
capital nregistrat registered capital paid-in capital/ paid-up capital/ capital brought
capital liber free capital in/ paid up capital
capital lichid liquid capital/ cash assets/ free capi- capital vrsat n ntregime capital entirely paid up
tal/ money capital capital virat paid-in capital/ paid-up capital
capital minim banc. minimum capital capital volant flight capital
capital mobil revenue assets capital volatil volatile capital
capital mobilizat equity capital/ capital employed capitalism capitalism
capital monetar money capital capitalism de coniven crony capitalism
capital mort idle capital capitalism de stat state capitalism
capital necesar requisite capital capitalist capitalist
capital negativ negative capital capitaliza com. capitalize
capital nelichid artificial capital/ unavailable capital capitalizare capitalization; cu capitalizare - cum capi-
capital neproductiv unemployed capital/ inactive talization; obligaiune de capitalizare - capitaliza-
capital/ dead capital/ dormant capital/ idle capital tion bond
capital nesolicitat uncalled capital capitalizare a dobnzii banc. interest capitalization
capital net net capital (N.C.) capitalizare a veniturilor income capitalization
capital neutilizat unemployed capital/ spare capital/ capitalizare bursier market capitalization (MCAP)
loose capital/ capital unemployed capitalizare total total capitalization
capital nevrsat unpaid capital/ non-paid up capital capitalizare total a pieei total market capitalization
capital nominal authorized capital/ burs. nominal capitalizat capitalized; dobnd capitalizat banc.
capital (nom. cap., Nom. Cap.) - capitalized interest; valoare capitalizat - capital
capital obinuit ordinary capital value/ capitalized value
capital operativ operating capital capital-marf commodity capital
capital ordinar ordinary capital capitaie capitation/ capitation tax/ head money/
capital pe termen scurt short term capital/ short-term head tax/ poll tax/ taxation per capita/ taxation
capital per head
capital pentru speculaii risk capital capitol fin. chapter (eh.)
capital plasat n investiii sigure security capital captiv captive; pia captiv - captive market
capital privat private capital caracter character
capital productiv productive capital/ instrumental caracter aleatoriu randomization
capital caracter calitativ attribute
capital productiv negativ negative working capital caracter eterogen heterogeneity
capital propriu equity/ equity capital/ net worth/ caracter remuneratoriu remunerativeness
stockholders' equity caracteristic feature/ characteristic/ characterization
capital propriu esenial core equity caracteristic atipic stat. atypical characteristic
capital real real capital caracteristic de performan performance charac-
capital refugiat refugee capital teristic
capital rulant rolling capital caracteristic excepional stat. atypical charac-
capital social social capital/ corporate equity/ au- teristic
thorized capital/ capital stock/ equity capital/ joint caracteristic tipic typical characteristic
stock (jnt.stk.)/ share capital caracteristici calitative pl. qualitative characteristics
capital speculativ hot money caracteristici de funcionare pl. specification
capital strin foreign capital/ borrowed capital/ out- (spec, specs.)
side capital/ capital from outside sources caracteristici de risc ale creditului pl credit risk char-
capital subscris subscribed capital/ capital sub- acteristics
scribed caracteristici tehnice specification (spec, specs.)
capital suficient capital adequacy carat carat/ karat (k, k.)
capital i dobnzi principal and interests carburant fuel
capital uman human capital card de cecuri banc. check card
capital vagabond hot money card de cont banc. account card
capital variabil variable capital card de credit banc. credit card
38 catalog pentru comercializare prin pot
card de credit Eurocard banc. Eurocard Casa Internaional de Cliring pentru Mrfuri Tranzac-
card de debit banc. debit card ionate banc International Commodities Clear-
card de plastic banc. plastic card ing House (ICCH)
card pentru sistemul cu eurocecuri banc. ec card cas com. cash desk; a sustrage bani din cas - to
caren com. hull tamper with the cash; bon de cas cash voucher;
cargobot com. cargo-boat cont de cas cash account
cargou com. freight carrier/ cargo-boat cas de amanet pawn shop
caric com. cargo/ freight (frt.) cas de asigurri privat asig. private health in-
caric containerizat com. containerized freight surance
carie de ntoarcere com. homeward freight/ return cas de asigurri sociale pl. asig. health insur-
cargo ance funds
caric n butoaie com. barrel cargo cas de brokeraj burs. brokerage house
caric lichid com. liquid cargo cas de cliring autorizat banc recognized clear-
caric vrac com. bulk freight ing house (RCH)
carier com. career cas de cliring comercial banc, burs. Commerce
caritate com. charity Clearing House (CCH)
carmangerie com. butchers shop cas de cliring pentru devize banc, burs. Ex-
carnet com. carnet change Clearing House (ECHO)
carnet de asigurare social asig. naional insurance cas de cliring valutar banc, burs. Exchange
card Clearing House (ECHO)
carnet de cecuri banc. check book/ checkbook cas de comenzi com. mail-order firm/ catalog
carnet de economii banc. savings book/ saving pass company/ mail-order house
book cas de comer com. commercial house/ mercan-
caroiaj grid cart charter tile house
carte alb white paper cas de credit banc financial house
carte de credit banc. credit card cas de economii banc savings bank/ thrift insti-
carte funciar land registry tution
Carte Mare analitic cont. subsidiary ledger cas de economii mutual/ cooperatist banc mu-
Carte Mare auxiliar cont. subsidiary ledger tual savings bank
carte verde asig. green card cas de economii pe aciuni banc stock savings bank
cartea mare impersonal cont. impersonal led- cas de fier banc safe vault
ger cas de marcat com. cash register
cartea mare nominal cont. nominal ledger cas de pensii pension pool
cartel com. cartel/ pool/ ring; a desfiina un cartel cas de schimb (valutar) banc, burs. exchange
- decartelize (ex., E)/ exchange house/ exchange office
cartel al cruilor com. freight cartel cas de scont banc discount house
cartel al transportatorilor com. freight cartel cas de vacan holiday home
cartel de preuri com. price cartel caset activ active box
cartel deschis open combination caset de depozit sigilat banc sealed safekeeping
cartel internaional com. internaional cartel account
cartelizare com. cartelization caset de trezorerie banc safe deposit box
cartogram stat. cartogram caset de valori banc safekeeping account/ safe
carton com. carton/ cardboard (cdbd.) deposit box/ safe-deposit box
Casa de Cliring din Londra banc. London Clear- casier banc cashier/ paymaster (PM)/ teller
ing House (LCH) casier-ef banc chief cashier/ head cashier
Casa de Cliring din Paris banc. Chambre de casnic com. housewife
Compensation des Instruments Financiers de Camir com., tur. Kashmir
Paris (CCIFP) Casa de Cliring pentru Opiuni din catalog catalogue/ catalog
Londra burs.,banc London Options catalog de mrfuri com. index of goods
Clearing House (LOCH) catalog de mostre com. sample book
catalog pentru comercializare prin pot com. mail
order catalogue
cataloga 39

cataloga list cutarea unui loc de munc ec. job hunting


catastrof natural com., asig. act of God cmp de variaie stat. range
categoria I com. Al at Lloyds cnep com. hemp
categoria nti com. firstclass ctig com., banc. earning/ gain/ return (ret )/
categorie category benefit; a vinde n ctig burs. - sell at a profit
categorie de active asset class ctig brut com. gross proceeds pl.
categorie de bunuri com. cJass of goods ctig din capital capital gain
categorie de calitate com. quality class ctig din curs banc. exchange profit
categorie de impozitare fin. tax bracket ctig din investiii (de capital) investment gain
categorie de mrfuri com. category of goods/ cat- ctig imaginar asig. imaginary profit
egory of merchandise/ class of goods ctig inflaionist inflation gain
categorie de populaie ec. class of population ctig maxim ec. top salary
categorie de preuri com. price bracket
categorie de produse com. category of goods ctig mediu com. average yield
categorie de titluri burs. category of securi ties ctig nealocat unallocated gain*
categorie de vrst stat. age bracket/ age group ctig neateptat windfall profit
categorie de venit fin. income bracket ctig nereaiizat cont. paper gain/ unrealized
categorie marginal marginal category gain
categorisire service rating cauciuc com., burs. ctig net com. net result/ net return/ net margin
rubber cauiune banc. bond/ caution money ctig neutilizat pl. unappropriated earnings
cauza cause cauz cause ctig orar com. hourly earnings
cauz i efect cause and effect ctig per aciune burs. earnings per share (EPS)
cavaler alb whiteknight ctig ridicat burs. high yield
cavaler negru raider ctig sezonier pl. seasonal earnings
caz de for major com., asig. act of God ctig zilnic pl. daily earnings
caz precedent com. original precedent ctiga com. earn/ win/ take
cdere downswing ctigtor gainer
cdere (brusc) collapse ctigtor al licitaiei successful bidder
cdere (brusc) a preurilor price collapse ctiguri pl. earnings/proceeds/ returns/gainings;
cdere a cursului aciunilor burs. fall of stocks obligaiune cu ctiguri - prize bond
cdere a pieei burs. fall in the market ctiguri din capital pl. proceeds from capital
cdere a preurilor com. fall in prices ctiguri disponibile pl. available earnings pl
cdere brusc burs. nosedive ctiguri ilicite pl. illicit earnings
cdere parial parial failure ctiguri n numerar pl. cash earnings
ci de desfacere pl. com. marketing channels ctiguri n scdere pl. decreasing returns
ci de desfacere la export pl. com. export routes ctiguri lunare pl. monthly earnings
ci ferate com. railway/ railroad (RR, R.R.) ctiguri neateptate pl. perquisites
cltorie travel cmtar loan shark/ money ctiguri nedistribuite pl. retained earnings
lender/ pawnbroker/usurer ctiguri nedistribuite alocate pl. appropriated re-
cmtrie banc. usury tained earnings
cru com. carrier ctiguri nerealizate pl. forgone revenue
cru comun com. common carrier ctiguri nete pl. net earnings
cru pe uscat com. land carrier ctiguri pe zi pl. daily returns
crbune com., burs. coal ctiguri per aciune pl. burs. earnings per
ctue de aur com. golden handcuffs share (EPS)
cutare a unei slujbe job search ctiguri raportate pl. accounting earnings
cutare a unui loc de munc job search ctiguri reale pl. real earnings
cutarea de beneficii exagerate profiteering ctiguri suplimentare pl. fringe benefit/ perqui-
cutarea unei slujbe ec job hun ting sites
ctiguri i profituri pl. Earnings and Profits (E&P)
ctiguri zilnice pl. daily returns
ct mai ieftin burs. buy best/ buy cheapest/ buy at
cheapest
40 cenzurare
cea ab., abt. (about) cedent transferor/ assignor/ releasor
ceai com., burs. tea cedi (Ghana) burs., banc Cedi (GHC)
ceas de pontaj time clock Cehia burs., banc. Czech Republic (CZ)
cec banc. check (chk, ck., chq.); celeritate jur. celerity
a andosa un cec endorse a check; celul (ptratic) quad (Q)
a elibera un cec to write a celul elementar basic cell
check; a plti cu cec - pay by check; cent (pl. ceni) banc. cent
a trimite un cec - to send out a check centil centile
cec acoperit banc. covered check centime centimes (cts.)
cec antedatat banc. antedated check central com. central; banc central banc. - cen-
cec anulat banc. canceled check tral bank
cec bancar banc. bank check/ bankers Centrala de Cliring din Luxemburg banc Centrale
check/banker's draft/ cashier's check (CC.) de Livraison de Valeurs mobiles (Cedel)
cec barat banc. crossed check central central office/ head office/ main office/
cec certificat banc. certified check general office/ headquarters (hdqrs.)
cec cu limit de sum banc. limited check centralism centralism
cec de banc banc. cashier's check (CC.) centraliza centralize
cec de cas banc. cashier's check (CC.) centralizare centralization;
cec de cltorie banc. traveler's check centralizare a comerului com. concentration of
cec de coresponden banc. trade
correspondence check centralizat centralized;
cec de creditare banc. account-only check economie centralizat - com-mand economy;
cec de numerar banc. cash check planificare centralizat - centralized planning
cec de salariu banc. pay check centralizator com. master summary sheet
cec deschis banc. open check centralizator de venituri fin. income summary
cec descoperit banc. bounced check/ check with- centru center
out cover centru bancar banc banking centre
cec expirat banc. stale check centru comercial commercial center/ trade center/
cec fals banc. bogus check shopping center/ business center/ trading centre/
cec fr acoperire banc. bouncer check/ dud check/ center of commerce/ center of trade/ emporium
uncovered check/ check without cover centru comercial internaional com. center of world
cec incomplet banc. inehoate check trade
cec n alb banc. blank check centru de afaceri internaional world trade center
cec n dolari banc. dollar check centru de cost cost centre
cec n suferin banc. overdue check centru de distribuie com. center of distribution
cec nvechit banc. stale check centru de instruire com. training centre
cec la ordin banc. order check/ check to order centru de profit profit center
cec la purttor banc. bearer check/ check to bearer centru de reconversie (profesional) retraining cen-
cec marcat banc. marked check ter
cec neachitat banc. overdue check cec centru de colarizare com. training centre
neacoperit burs., banc. kite centru economic com. economic centre
cec nebarat banc. uncrossed check/ open centru financiar banc financial centre
check cec necompensat banc. uncleared check centru financiar extrateritorial offshore market/
cec personal banc. personal check banc offshore financial center
cec pltit banc. paid check centru industrial industrial centre/ center of industry
cec postdatat banc. postdated check Centrul pentru Cooperare cu Economiile n Tranziie
cec refuzat banc. bounced check/ returned Centre for Cooperation with Economies in
check/bouncer check Transition (CCET)
cec semnat (n alb) banc. signed check ceni cents (cts.)
cec simplu banc. blank open check cenzor censor/ fin. internal auditor
cec vizat banc. certified check cenzor independent independent auditor
ceda transfer (tfr., trans.)/ cede/ confer cenzor principal audit principal
cedare com. abandonment cenzurare censoring
41
ceramic

ceramic com. pottery cerere dinamic dynamic demand


cercetare a preferinelor consumatorilor consumer re- cerere direct direct demand
search cerere diversificat composite demand
cercetare aplicat applied research cerere efectiv effective demand
cercetare cantitativ quantitative research cerere elastic elastic demand
cercetare motivaional motivational research cerere exagerat com. exaggerated demand
cercetare operaional operational research cerere excedentar excess demand
cercetare-dezvoltare research and development cerere excepional exceptional demand
(R&D) cerere final final demand
cercettor researcher/ research worker cerere flexibil elastic demand
cercuri bancare pl. banc. banking circles cerere global aggregate demand/ overall demand/
cercuri comerciale pl. fin. business circles total demand
cere demand cerere global real real aggregate demand
cereale grain/ grains (gr.); burs de cereale com., cerere imediat com. immediate demand
burs. corn exchange; comer CU cereale com. cerere important com. keen demand
- corn trade; pia de cereale com., burs. cerere independent independent demand
corn market cerere indirect indirect demand
cereale furajere com., burs. fodder grain cerere individual individual demand
cereale grele com., burs. heavy grains cerere indus com. induced demand
cereale uoare com., burs. light grain cerere intens com. lively demand/ brisk demand
cerere application/ demand (dem.); cerere intermitent intermittent demand
a satisface cererea com. - meet the cerere intern domestic demand/ home demand
demand; inflaie provocat de cerere - demand pull- cerere n cretere increasing demand
inflation; la cerere - on demand (od, OD, O.D., o.d., cerere n mediul rural rural demand
O/D)/ at call/ upon application; a acoperi cererea - cerere n mediul urban urban demand
supply a demand; cu cerere mare - in great demand cerere lipsit de flexibilitate inelastic demand
cerere a consumatorilor consumer demand cerere mare burs. buyers over/ com. great de-
cerere a pieei autohtone domestic demand mand
cerere alternativ alternative demand cerere mare de aciuni burs. run on stocks
cerere anticipat anticipated demand cerere maxim peak demand/ peak of demand
cerere colectiv collective demand/ joint demand cerere neelastic inelastic demand
cerere combinat composite demand cerere nesatisfcut com. unsatisfied demand
cerere compensat compensated demand cerere pe pia market demand
cerere complementar complementary demand cerere pentru bani demand for money
cerere concurenial competitive demand cerere pentru subscriere de aciuni application for
cerere constant steady demand shares
cerere crescnd increasing demand cerere potenial potential demand
cerere de accelerare acceleration request cerere prognozat anticipated demand/ expected de-
cerere de admitere application for membership mand
cerere de bani prudential precautionary demand for cerere redus scanty demand/ sluggish demand
money cerere refulat pent-up demand
cerere de cotare (la burs) burs. application for cerere reprimat pent-up demand
quotation cerere rigid inelastic demand
cerere de deschidere de acreditiv application for letter cerere rural rural demand
of credit cerere secundar derived demand
cerere de finanare appropriation request cerere semnificativ com. keen demand
cerere de for de munc labor demand/ demand for cerere sezonier seasonal demand
labor cerere slab scanty demand/ slack demand
cerere de nlocuire replacement demand cerere solvabil solvent demand
cerere de rambursare a cheltuielilor de deplasare cerere speculativ speculative demand
travel claim cerere sporit com. increased demand
cerere diminuat com. delayed demand
42
cerere i ofert com. supply and demand/ burs., banc. bid and ask
cerere-tip application form
cerin requirement
cerine calitative quality specifications
cerine pentru admitere pl. burs. listing requirements
cerine pentru cotare pl. burs. listing requirements
cerine pentru rezervele obligatorii pl. banc. legal
reserve requirements
cert certain/ surely; aproape cert - almost certain/
almost surely
certifica certify/ certificate (cert.)
certificare certification
certificat banc. certificate (cert.)/ bill
certificat anulat canceled certificate
certificat bancar banc. bank certificate
certificat clasa I com. first class certificate (FCC)
certificat de aciuni stock certificate
certificat de aciuni (de obligaiuni) representative good
certificat de aciuni la purttor bearer share certificate
certificat de aciuni provizoriu stock scrip
certificat de asigurare asig. insurance certificate (C/I)
certificat de avarie asig. certificate of misfortune
certificat de calificare certificate of qualification
certificat de calitate com. quality certificate/ grade certificate/ certificate of quality
certificat de conformitate com. certificate of conformity/ certificate of compliance
certificat de control com. certificate of inspection
certificat de depozit banc. certificate of deposit (CD, C/D)/ deposit bond
certificat de depozit american banc American depository receipt (ADR)
certificat de depozit cu dobnd variabil banc. variable-rate CD
certificat de depozit gigant banc jumbo certificate of deposit
certificat de depozit interbancar (Brazilia) banc. ceri-ficado de deposito interbancario (CDI)
certificat de depozit n eurodolari banc. eurodollar certificate of deposit
certificat de depozit negociabil banc. negotiable certificate of deposit
certificat de dezvoltare industrial banc. industrial development certificate (IDC)
certificat de economii banc. savings certificate
certificat de expediie com. certificate of shipment
certificat de garanie com. guarantee certificate/ certificate of warranty/ certificate of guarantee cesiune
necondiionat(decreane)
certificat de greutate com. certificate of weight
certificat de impozite neachitate fin. delinquent tax certificate
certificat de investitor investment certificate
certificat de nfiinare com. certificate of incorporation
certificat de nregistrare com. certificate of registration/ certificate of incorporation/ certificate of inscription
certificat de natere certificate of birth
certificat de naionalitate certificate of registry
certificat de obligaiuni provizoriu interim bond
certificat de opiune stock warrant
certificat de origine com. certificate of origin (CO., C/O)
certificat de participare participation certificate (PC)
certificat de proprietate certificate of ownership
certificat de provenien com. certificate of origin
(CO., C/O)/ certificate of manufacture
certificat de sntate com. bill of health/ health
certificate
certificat de tezaur banc. treasury certificate/ treasury note
certificat ipotecar banc. mortgage certificate certificat la termen banc. term certificate certificat medical com.
health certificate/ medical certificate
certificat parial de aciuni fractional certificate
certificat pentru dobnd ealonat banc. deferred interest certificate
certificat provizoriu scrip
certificate pl. certificates (certs., cts.)
certificate profesionale pl. professional qualifications
cesiona banc. transfer (tfr., trans.)/ assign/ com. convey
cesionabil banc. transferable/ assignable; crean cesionabil - assignable debt
cesionabilitate assignability
cesionar cessionary/ transferee
cesionare conveyance/ divestiture
cesiune cession/ assignment/ disposition/ transfer (trf, trans.)/ conveyance
cesiune de aciuni banc. assignment of shares
cesiune de creane pl. transfer of debts/ assignment of debts
cesiune fr notificare undisclosed assignment
cesiune global blanket assignment
cesiune n alb assignment in blank
cesiune n blanc assignment in blank
cesiune necondiionat (de creane) ec. absolute assignment
Ceylon 43

Ceylon com. Ceylon cheltuieli de amortizare pl. depreciation expenses


chartist chartist cheltuieli de aprovizionare pl. procurement costs
cheie key; la cheie com. turnkey ready cheltuieli de asigurare asig. insurance charge
cheltui spend/ expend/ disburse/ lay out; cheltuieli de capital pl. capital expenditures/ capital
a cheltui excesiv - overspend outlay cheltuieli de colectare pl. cost of collecting
cheltuial expenditure/ expense/ charge cheltuieli de comercializare pl. marketing costs/
cheltuial fr numerar non-cash expense marketing expenses
cheltuial prevzut appropriated expenditure cheltuieli de constituire pl. promotion expenses
cheltuieli pl. expenses (exp., exs., exes.)/ spending/ cheltuieli de consum pl. consumption expendi-
cost/ disbursement/ outlay/ outgo/ outgoings pl.; tures cheltuieli de deplasare pl. mileage expenses/
cont de cheltuieli - disbursement account; a mini- traveling expenses
miza cheltuielile - minimize the expenses; a reduce cheltuieli de depozitare pl. storage costs/ cost of
cheltuielile - cut down expenses/ reduce expenses storage cheltuieli de desfacere pl. selling cost/
cheltuieli, asigurare, fraht, comision i dobnd asig. distribution expenses/ distribution costs/ cost of
cost, insurance, freight, commission and interest distribution/ selling expenses
(CIFC&I) cheltuieli de dezvoltare pl. expenditures for devel-
cheltuieli, asigurare, fraht i comision asig. cost, in- opment purpose
surance, freight and commission (CIFC) cheltuieli de distribuie pl. distribution costs/ dis-
cheltuieli, asigurare, fraht i dobnd asig cost, in- tribution expenses
surance, freight and interest (CIFI) cheltuieli de expediere pl. shipping costs
cheltuieli achitate anticipat pl. prepaid expenses cheltuieli de expediie pl. com. mailing expenses
cheltuieli administrative pl. administration costs/ cheltuieli de exploatare pl. running costs/ work-
administration expenses/ administrative costs/ ad- ing expenses/ current expenditure/ operating ex-
ministrative expenses penditures/ operating expenses/ running expenses/
cheltuieli ale consumatorilor pl. spending by cost of operation
consumer cheltuieli de fabricaie pl. manufacturing costs/
cheltuieli ale statului pl. public spending/ spend- manufacturing expenses/ factory overheads
ing by government cheltuieli de fabricaie indirecte pl. manufacturing
cheltuieli amnate pl. deferred expenses overhead
cheltuieli anticipate pl. com. anticipated costs cheltuieli de funcionare pl. current expenditure
cheltuieli anuale pl. com. annual expenditure cheltuieli de instalare pl. first outlays
cheltuieli bugetare pl. budget expenditure/ bud- cheltuieli de investiie pl. capital expenditures/ capi-
getary expenditure/ government expenditure/ bud- tal outlay/ investment expenditures
getary expenses/ treasury expenditures cheltuieli de nchiriere pl. hire charge
cheltuieli casnice pl. household expenses cheltuieli de nlocuire pl. replacements
cheltuieli comerciale pl. trade expenses cheltuieli de ntreinere pL com. upkeep costs/ cost of
cheltuieli comune pl. joint costs upkeep/ cost of maintenance/ maintenance costs/
cheltuieli constante pl. fixed expenses maintenance expenses/ banc. maintenance charges
cheltuieli crescnde pl. increasing costs cheltuieli de judecat pl. jur. legal expenses/ law
cheltuieli cu asigurarea asig. insurance expenses expenses/ legal costs/ law costs
cheltuieli cu dobnda pl. interest expenses cheltuieli de magazinaj pl. com. carrying costs
cheltuieli cu publicitatea com., pl. advertising ex- cheltuieli de mutare pl. moving expenses
penses cheltuieli de percepere pl. fin. cost of collecting
cheltuieli cu reclama com., pl. advertising expenses cheltuieli de personal pl. staff costs
cheltuieli cu reparaii extraordinare pl. extraordinar}' cheltuieli de producie pl. factory costs/ working
repairs costs
cheltuieli curente pl. current expenditure/ running cheltuieli de protocol pl. entertainment expenses
costs/ running expenses cheltuieli de publicitate pl. com. advertising ex-
cheltuieli de administrare pl. administration costs/ penditures
cost of administration
cheltuieli de administraie pl. management ex-
penses/ management costs/ office expenses
44 cheltuieli suplimentare
cheltuieli de reclam pl com. advertising expen- cheltuieli interne brute pl gross domestic expen-
ditures diture
cheltuieli de regie pl overhead/ factory overheads/ cheltuieli inutile pl unnecessary expense
factory expenses/ administrative costs/ general ex- cheltuieli n cretere pl increasing costs
penses/ overhead charges/ overhead expenses cheltuieli n devize pl foreign exchange expenditure
cheltuieli de reprezentare pl fin. business ex- cheltuieli n numerar pl com. cash expenditures
penses/ table money/ business expenditure/ enter- cheltuieli n scdere pl decreasing costs
tainment expenses cheltuieli n valut pl foreign exchange expendi-
cheltuieli de spitalizare pl asig. hospital expense/ ture
medical fees cheltuieli mari pl heavy expenses
cheltuieli de stat pl naional expenditure cheltuieli mrunte pl petty cash (p.c, P.C., p/c,
cheltuieli de subzisten pl living costs P/C)/ petty expenses
cheltuieli de colarizare pl com. training costs cheltuieli medicale pl medical expenses
cheltuieli de transport pl com. shipping charge/ cheltuieli minore pl incidental expenses/ inciden-
freightage/ freight charges/ freight costs/ transporta- tals/ minor expenses
tion costs/ transport charges/ transport costs cheltuieli monetare pl monetary cost
cheltuieli de vnzare pl com. sale cost/ selling cheltuieli naionale brute pl gross naional expen-
cost/ selling expenditure diture (GNE)
cheltuieli deductibile pl fin. allowable expenses cheltuieli neachitate pl accrued expenses
cheltuieli detaliate pl cont. itemized expenses cheltuieli neautorizate pl unauthorized expenditure
cheltuieli directe pl. direct expenses/ direct costs cheltuieli necesare pl banc. necessaries
cheltuieli diverse pl sundries/ sundry expenses/ cheltuieli nenregistrate pl unrecorded expenses
miscellaneous expenditure cheltuieli neprevzute pl contingencies/ contin-
cheltuieli domestice pl household expenses gent expenses/ incidental expenses/ incidentals/
cheltuieli efective pl actual cost unexpected costs/ unforeseen expenses
cheltuieli estimate pl estimated expenditure cheltuieli neprevzute recuperabile pl recoverable
cheltuieli excesive pl overspending/ extravagant unforeseen expenditures
expenses cheltuieli ocazionale pl revenue expenditure
cheltuieli exigibile pl fin. accrued expenses cheltuieli operative pl operating costs
cheltuieli extraordinare pl fin. extraordinary ex- cheltuieli optime pl com. optimum costs
penses/ extraordinary expenditure/ extras/ non-re- cheltuieli ordinare pl above-the-line costs
curring expenses cheltuieli pentru bunuri de larg consum pl com.
cheltuieli extravagante pl extravagant expenses consumer spending
cheltuieli fr calculul dobnzii pl banc. cheltuieli pentru cercetare pl research effort
non-interest expenses cheltuieli pentru servicii prioritare pl expenditures
cheltuieli fixe pl fixed charges/ fixed expenses/ on essential services
standing charges/ standing expenses cheltuieli plus procentaj fix pl com. cost plus
cheltuieli flexibile pl flexible expenses fixed fee (c.p f f.)
cheltuieli generale pl general expenses/ overhead cheltuieli preliminare pl preliminary expenses
charges/ overhead expenses/ standing charges/ cheltuieli productive pl productive expenditure
standing expenses cheltuieli promoionale pl promotional expenditure
cheltuieli generale i administrative General and Ad- cheltuieli publice pl public spending/ public ex-
ministration (G and A, G&A) penditure/ naional expenditure
cheltuieli globale pl overalls cheltuieli rezonabile pl reasonable expenses
cheltuieli indirecte pl indirect charges/ indirect ex- cheltuieli secundare pl incidental expenses/ inci-
penses/ operating expenditures/ operating expenses dentals/ secondary expenses/ incidental costs
cheltuieli indirecte de descrcare pl com. expenses cheltuieli sociale pl social costs
incidental to discharging/ expenses incidental to cheltuieli sociale brute pl gross naional expendi-
landing/ expenses incidental to unloading ture (GNE)
cheltuieli inflexibile pl inflexible expenses cheltuieli specificate pl itemized expenses
cheltuieli iniiale pl iniial outlays/ first outlays/ cheltuieli suplimentare pl cost overrun/ overcharge
initials (oc, Oc, o/c)
45 cheltuieli suplimentare
cheltuieli de reclam pl. com. advertising cheltuieli interne brute pl. gross domestic
expenditures expenditure
cheltuieli de regie pl. overhead/ factory overheads/ cheltuieli inutile pl. unnecessary expense
factory expenses/ administrative costs/ general ex- cheltuieli n cretere pl. increasing costs
penses/ overhead charges/ overhead expenses cheltuieli n devize pl. foreign exchange
cheltuieli de reprezentare pl. fin. business ex- expenditure
penses/ table money/ business expenditure/ enter- cheltuieli n numerar pl. com. cash
tainment expenses expenditures
cheltuieli de spitalizare pl. asig. hospital expense/ cheltuieli n scdere pl. decreasing costs
medical fees cheltuieli n valut pl. foreign exchange
cheltuieli de stat pl. naional expenditure expenditure
cheltuieli de subzisten pl. living costs cheltuieli mari pl. heavy expenses
cheltuieli de colarizare pl. com. training costs cheltuieli mrunte pl. petty cash (p.c, P.C., p/c,
cheltuieli de transport pl. com. shipping charge/ P/C)/ petty expenses
freightage/ freight charges/ freight costs/ transporta- cheltuieli medicale pl. medical expenses
tion costs/ transport charges/ transport costs cheltuieli minore pl. incidental expenses/
cheltuieli de vnzare pl. com. sale cost/ selling incidentals/ minor expenses
cost/ selling expenditure cheltuieli monetare pl. monetary cost
cheltuieli deductibile pl. fin. allowable expenses cheltuieli naionale brute pl. gross naional
cheltuieli detaliate pl. cont. itemized expenses expenditure (GNE)
cheltuieli directe pl. direct expenses/ direct costs cheltuieli neachitate pl. accrued expenses
cheltuieli diverse pl. sundries/ sundry expenses/ cheltuieli neautorizate pl. unauthorized
miscellaneous expenditure expenditure
cheltuieli domestice pl. household expenses cheltuieli necesare pl. banc. necessaries
cheltuieli efective pl. actual cost cheltuieli nenregistrate pl. unrecorded
cheltuieli estimate pl. estimated expenditure expenses
cheltuieli excesive pl. overspending/ extravagant cheltuieli neprevzute pl. contingencies/
expenses contingent expenses/ incidental expenses/
cheltuieli exigibile pl. fin. accrued expenses incidentals/unexpected costs/ unforeseen expenses
cheltuieli extraordinare pl. fin. extraordinary ex- cheltuieli neprevzute recuperabile pl.
penses/ extraordinary expenditure/ extras/ non-re- recoverable unforeseen expenditures
curring expenses cheltuieli ocazionale pl. revenue expenditure
cheltuieli extravagante pl. extravagant expenses cheltuieli operative pl. operating costs
cheltuieli fr calculul dobnzii pl. banc. cheltuieli optime pl. com. optimum costs
non-interest expenses cheltuieli ordinare pl. above-the-line costs
cheltuieli fixe pl. fixed charges/ fixed expenses/ cheltuieli pentru bunuri de larg consum pl.
standing charges/ standing expenses com.consumer spending
cheltuieli flexibile pl. flexible expenses cheltuieli pentru cercetare pl. research effort
cheltuieli generale pl. general expenses/ cheltuieli pentru servicii prioritare pl. expenditures
overheadcha rges/ overhead expenses/ standing on essential services
charges/ standing expenses cheltuieli plus procentaj fix pl. com. cost
cheltuieli generale i administrative General and Ad- plus fixed fee (c.p f f.)
ministration (G and A, G&A) cheltuieli preliminare pl. preliminary expenses
cheltuieli globale pl. overalls cheltuieli productive pl. productive
cheltuieli indirecte pl. indirect charges/ indirect ex- expenditure
penses/ operating expenditures/ operating expenses cheltuieli promoionale pl. promotional expenditure
cheltuieli indirecte de descrcare pl. com. cheltuieli publice pl. public spending/ public
expenses incidental to discharging/ expenses expenditure/ naional expenditure
incidental to landing/ expenses incidental to cheltuieli rezonabile pl. reasonable expenses
unloading cheltuieli secundare pl. incidental expenses/
cheltuieli inflexibile pl. inflexible expenses incidentals/ secondary expenses/ incidental costs
cheltuieli iniiale pl. iniial outlays/ first cheltuieli sociale pl. social costs
outlays/ initials cheltuieli sociale brute pl. gross naional
expenditure (GNE)
cheltuieli specificate pl. itemized expenses
cheltuieli suplimentare pl. cost overrun/
overcharge (oc, Oc, o/c)
cheltuieli i asigurare 46

cheltuieli i asigurare asig. cost and insurance (c&i, chitan de mn note of hand/ due bill/ I OWE
CI) YOU (IOU)
cheltuieli i fraht asig. cost and freight (c/f, c&f, chitan de primire voucher for receipt
CAF, candf, CandF, CF, CE, CFR, C&F) chitan n dublu exemplar receipt in duplicate
cheltuieli i fraht la chei com. C&F landed chitanier receipt book
cheltuieli i ncasri pl. expenditures and receipts Christmas Island burs., banc. Christmas Island
cheltuieli i venituri amnate pl deferred charges (CX)
cheltuieli variabile pl variable expenses Ciad burs., banc. Chad (TD)
cheltuieli virtuale pl implicit costs/ imputed costs ciclic com. cyclical; omaj ciclic cyclical unem-
cheltuieli zilnice pl day-to-day expenses, ployment; industrie ciclic - cyclical industry; ac-
cheltuieli, asigurare i fraht asig. cost, insurance and iuni ciclice - cyclical stock
freight (c.i.f, C.I.F.)/ cost, freight and insurance ciclu cycle
(cf.i., C.F.I.) ciclu al numerarului banc. cash cycle
cheltuieli, asigurare i navlu asig. cost, insurance ciclu contabil cont. accounting cycle
and freight (c.i f., C.I.F.)/ cost, freight and insur- ciclu de construcie building cycle
ance (cf.i., C.F.I.) ciclu de conversie a numerarului banc. cash con-
cheltuieli, asigurare, fraht i comision asig. cost, in- version cycle
surance, freight and commission (CIF&C) ciclu de cumprare com. buying cycle
cheltuieli, asigurare, fraht i dobnd asig cost, in- ciclu de nlocuire com. replacement cycle
surance, freight and interes t (ci. fi.) ciclu de stocuri com. stock cycle
cheltuieli, asigurare, fraht, comision i dobnd asig ciclu de via life cycle
cost, insurance, freight, commission and interest ciclu de via al produsului product life cycle
(c.i f ci.) ciclu economic economic cycle/ business cycle/ trade
cheltuieli, fraht, asigurri asig cost, freight, insur- cycle
ance (CFI) ciclu operaional operating cycle
chenzin half-pay (hp) ciclul Kondratiev stat. Kondratieffwave
cherestea com. lumber/ timber cifr digit/ fgure/ number (no., No.)
chestionar survey form cifr absolut stat. absolute number
chestionare enquiry cifr de afaceri com., fin. sales/ sales fgure/ sales
chestiuni monetare pl monetary matters turnover/ sales volume/ turnover (t.o.)
cheu/ chei com. dock/ quay; la cheu com. - on cifr de afaceri cu amnuntul com. retail turnover/
the quay retail sales
cheu de descrcare com. wharf (wh., whf) cifr de afaceri din exporturi com. exports pl
Chile burs., banc. Chile (CL) cifr de afaceri global com. total turnover
chilipir com. bargain offer/ bargain buy/ windfall cifr de afaceri lunar com. monthly turnover
China burs., banc. China (CN) cifr de afaceri net com. net turnover
chintal com. hundredweight (hwt., cwt.)/ quin- cifr de afaceri scontat com. expected sales
al(q) cifr de afaceri zilnic com. daily turnover
chintal greu com. long hundredweight (cwt.) cifr rotund round fgure
chintal mare com. long hundredweight (cwt.) cifre ale ocuprii forei de munc pl employment
chintal mic com. short hundredweight (cwt.) figures
chintal uor com. short hundredweight (cwt.) cifre de producie pl. com. output figures
chioc booth cifre prognozate pl. com. target figures
chiria tenant/ lessee cifre reale pl. actuals
chirie rent/ rent charge (RC); a da cu chirie - let cifru cipher; seif cu cifru - combination lock safe
chirie contractual contractual rent cinci ceni (SUA) banc. nickel <50
chirie diferenial differential rent Cipru burs., banc. Cyprus (CY)
chirie excesiv rack rent circa about (a, ab., abt.)/ banc. approximate
chirie nominal com. nominal rent circuit de distribuie com. distribution channel/ dis-
Chiinu com. Kishinev tribution network
chitan receipt (rcpt., rec, rect.)/ quittance; a pstra circuite comerciale pl com. marketing facilities
chitana - retain the receipt circula circulate
47 clauz a valoni n aur
circulant circulating; capital circulant - circulating clas echivalent equivalence class
capital; active circulante - circulating assets/ cur- clas mijlocie middle class
rent assets; mijloace circulante current assets clas muncitoare com. working class
circulaie banc circulation; a pune n circulaie clas tarifar com. tariff class
banc., burs. - circulate/ emit/ put in circula- clase deschise pl. open ended classes
tion; a scoate din circulaie banc. - demonetize; clasele avute pl. propertied classes
aciuni n circulaie burs. - outstanding stock/ clasifica classify/ rate
outstanding shares; bani n circulaie banc. - ac- Clasificare rating/ classification/ categorization/ merit
tive money; n circulaie banc. in circulation/ rating/ service rating/ grading/ clustering
passable clasificare a activitii ec job classification/ job
circulaie (monetar) banc. circulation ranking
circulaie a bancnotelor banc. note circulation clasificare a activitilor industrial classification
circulaie a bunurilor commodity movements/ clasificare a cheltuielilor com. classification of ex-
interflow of goods penditures
circulaie a capitalului capital movement clasificare a costurilor com. classification of expenses
circulaie a factorilor de producie movement of fac- clasificare a creditorilor schedule of creditors
tors of production clasificare a datoriilor dup prioriti prioritization of
circulaie a forei de munc labor movement/ labor debt
turnover clasificare a locului de munc ec. job classification
circulaie a mrfurilor pl. com. commodity cir- clasificare a mrcii brand rating
culation/ commodity movements/ interflow of clasificare a mrfurilor com. classification of goods/
goods/ merchandise turnover/ turnover sales grading of goods
circulaie a minii de lucru/ a angajailor labor turnover clasificare a obligaiunilor burs. bond rating
circulaie fiduciar banc. fiduciary circulation/ cur- clasificare alfabetic com. alphabetical classification
rency in circulation/ fiduciary issue clasificare automat cluster analysis
circulaie fiduciar extrabancar banc. currency out- clasificare automat agregativ stat. aggregative clus-
side banks ter analysis
circulaie liber a capitalului full capital mobility/ open clasificare bifactorial stat. two way classification
capital account clasificare de ar banc, burs. country rating
circulaie monetar banc. coin circulation/ currency clasificare ierarhic hierarchical classification
circulation/ monetary circulation/ money circu- clasificare industrial standard standard industrial
lation/ circulation of money classification (SIC)
circumscripie financiar fin. taxing district clasificare ncruciat crossed classification
cireada com. herd clasificare marginal marginal classification
citi read; a citi scrisorile - to go through the mail clasificare multipl multiple classification
civil com. civil clasificare numeric numerical classification
civism fiscal fin. taxpayer compliance clasificare S&P burs. S&P rating
clandestin clandestine clasificare simpl one way classification
clasa list clauza abaterii din drum deviation clause (D.C., D/C)
clasa A burs. A clauza devierii deviation clause (D.C., D/C)
clasa bogailor leisure class clauza naiunii celei mai favorizate com. most fa-
clasa celor nstrii leisure class vored nation treatment (MFNT)
clasa I com. Al/ high class clauza roie com. red clause
clasa nti first class/ first-class clauza situaiilor extraordinare excepional circum-
clas class stances clause
clas asociat associate class clauz clause
clas capitalist capitalist class clauz a naiunii celei mai favorizate most-fa-
clas complet complete class vored-nation clause
clas complet (de funcii decizionale) stat. complete clauz a preurilor ajustabile com. sliding-price
class (of decision functions) clause
clas comunicant stat. communicating class clauz a scderii preului com. down price clause
clas de calitate com. quality class/ quality grade clauz a valorii n aur com. gold clause
48
clauz contractual
clauz contractual jur. stipulation client ocazional com. chance customer/ stray cus-
clauz de (notificare n caz de) reziliere asig. notice tomer
of cancellation clause client precoce ec. early adopter
clauz de abandon com. abandonment clause client privat private client
clauz de accelerare acceleration clause client strin foreign client
clauz de acoperire hedge clause client female customer
clauz de ajustare com. adjustment clause clientel clientele/ goodwill/ customers pl.
clauz de arbitraj arbkration clause clieni pl clientele
clauz de asigurare asig. insurance clause clieni de peste ocean pl com. overseas customers
clauz de aur gold clause clieni din strintate pl. com. overseas customers
clauz de bune intenii goodwill clause climat com. climate
clauz de eludare escape clause climat de afaceri com. business climate
clauz de ealonare phasing clause climat de lucru com. work climate/ human climate
clauz de evadare escape clause climat din ntreprindere com. human climate
clauz de eventualitate contingency clause climat economic com. economic climate
clauz de franciz asig. franchise clause climat investiional fin. investment climate
clauz de garanie warranty clause clim com. climate
clauz de indexare escalator clause/ indexation clause cliring banc. clearing;
clauz de paritate burs. par clause banc de cliring clearing bank;
clauz de penalizare penalty clause cont de cliring - clearing account/ suspense
clauz de pia negativ market out clause account;
clauz de plat anticipat prepayment clause operaiune de cliring - clearing transaction
clauz de prelungire renewal clause cliring bancar banc. bank clearing
clauz de protecie safeguard cliring de titluri de valoare banc. securities clearing
clauz de renunare waiver clause cnt. (cont) acct. (account)
clauz de reziliere escape clause/ termination clause coaliie a productorilor com. price ring
clauz de urgentare acceleration clause Coasta de Filde burs., banc. Cote d'Ivoire (CI)/
clauz eliberatoare release clause (r.c.) Ivory Coast
clauz general blanket clauze co-creditor joint creditor
clauz ipotecar negativ negative mortgage clause cod banc. code
clauz multivalutar multicurrency clause cod al bncii banc. code number
clauz penal penalty clause cod civil jur. civil code
clauz privind alinierea salariilor permissive wage ad- cod comercial com. commercial code
justment clause cod comercial unitar com. uniform commercial
clauz referitoare la lipsa de devize scarce currency code
clause cod de bare com. bar code
clauz restrictiv restrictive clause cod de etic profesional code of professional ethics
clauz valutar com. currency clause/ exchange cod de furnizor com. part number
clause/ foreign currency clause cod de identificare com. identifying code
cldire facility cod de procedur jur. code of procedure
cldire a fabricii com. factory building cod fiscal fin. taxpayer identification number
cldire de birouri com. office building (TIN)
cldiri pl. facilities cod PIN banc. PIN code
client client/ customer cod universal al produselor com. universal prod-
client autohton domestic customer ucts code (UPC)
client debitor account debtor co-debitor fin. joint debtor
client din strintate foreign customer coeficient coefficient/ quotient/ ratio (r)
client dubios doubtful client coeficient alfa stat. alpha/ alpha coefficient
client extern foreign client/ foreign customer coeficient beta burs. beta/ beta coefficient
client important main client/ valued customer coeficient beta de pia strin stat. foreign mar-
client mrunt retail customer ket beta
client nou com. new customer coeficient de acoperire cover ratio
coeficient de alienare stat. alienation coefficient
coeficient de amortizare capital recovery factor (CRF)
49 coloan a activelor
coeficient de asociere coefficient of association coeficient de risc risk coefficient
coeficient de autocorelare stat. autocorrelation coeficient de saturare saturation coefficient
coefficient/ self-correlation coefficient coeficient de solvabilitate banc. capital-debt ratio
coeficient de autofinanare equity ratio coeficient de variaie stat. variation coefficient/ coef-
coeficient de compatibilitate stat. coefficient of con- ficient of variation
sistence coeficient delta stat. delta/ delta coefficient
coeficient de concentrare stat. concentration ra- coeficient Durbin-Watson stat. Durbin-Watson sta-
tio/ coefficient of concentration tistic
coeficient de concordan stat. coefficient of con- coeficient fiscal fin. tax ratio
cordance coeficient gama stat. gamma/ gamma coefficient
coeficient de corelaie stat. correlation coefficient/ coeficient kappa stat. kappa/ kappa coefficient
coefficient of correlation/ product moment cor- coeficient lambda stat. lambda/ lambda coefficient
relation coeficient marginal de rezerve obligatorii banc. mar-
coeficient de corelaie multipl stat. coefficient of ginal reserve requirement
multiple correlation coeficient pi stat. phi-coefficient
coeficient de determinare stat. coefficient of de- coeficient W stat. W statistic
termination coeficieni de profitabilitate pl. profitability ratios
coeficient de dispersie stat. scatter coeficient coeficieni de regresiune standardizai pl. stat. stan-
coeficient de divergen stat. coefficient of diver- dardized regression coefficients
gence coeficieni G pl. stat. G statistics
coeficient de eficien stat. output coefficient coeficieni 0 pl. stat. O statistics
coeficient de elasticitate a cererii com. coefficient coeficieni U pl. stat. U statistics
of elasticity of demand coeren consistency/ coherence/ coherency
coeficient de elasticitate a ofertei com. coefficient cointeresare profit-sharing
of elasticity of supply cointeresare a salariailor employee involvement
coeficient de fiabilitate reliability coefficient colabora collaborate
coeficient de inegalitate stat. inequality coefficient colaborare collaboration
coeficient de intensitate a capitalului capital-labor ratio colaborare monetar monetary cooperation
coeficient de mprumut borrowing ratio colaborator collaborator
coeficient de ncredere reliability coefficient colaps collapse;
coeficient de lichiditate banc. liquidity ratio/ cash a intra n colaps - collapse
ratio/ cash-deposit ratio colectare de date collection of data
coeficient de lichiditate bancar banc. bank liquid- colectiv team/ collective/ adj. banc. joint (j.,
ity ratio jt.,jnt.)
coeficient de lichiditate imediat banc. bank cash colectivism collectivism
ratio colectivizare collectivization
coeficient de lichiditate obligatorie banc. cash ra- colecie de mostre sample collection
tio requirement colecie de termeni folosii n comerul internaional
coeficient de nedeterminare stat. coefficient of Incoterms
non-determination coleg colleague
coeficient de ocupare coefficient of occupation coleg (de munc) com. co-worker
coeficient de perturbaie stai. coefficient of distur- colet com. packet (pkt.)/ parcel (pcl.)/ package
bancy (pkg.); a expedia prin colet potal - to dispatch by
coeficient de plat prin dividende payout ratio parcel post
coeficient de ponderare stat. weighting coefficient coletrie parcel delivery service/ parcel-post
coeficient de productivitate stat. output factor colete com. packages (pkgs.)
coeficient de producie fix Fixed production coeffi- collar collar
cient coloana Diverse" cont. sundries column
coeficient de reducere reduction factor coloana creditelor cont. credit-side
coeficient de regresiune stat. regression coefficient coloana debitului cont. debit column
coeficient de rezerve obligatorii banc. required re- coloana dreapt cont. credit-side
serve ratio coloan cont. column
coloan a activelor cont. assets side
colon (Costa Rica) 50

colon (Costa Rica) burs., banc. Costa Rican colon comanditat acting partner/ active partner/ general
(CRC) partner
colon (Salvador) burs., banc. El Salvador colon comandit limited partnership
(SVC) comasare agglomeration/ bunching
colonial colonial comasare a resurselor financiare financial pooling
colonialism colonialism combinare com. combination
colonizare land settlement combinare a factorilor de producie care rezult n costu-
Columbia burs., banc. Colombia (CO) rile cele mai sczute least-cost combination
coluziune collusion combinaie com. combination
coluziune tacit tacit collusion combinaie cu costuri minime least-cost combination
comand order (o.)/ production order/ purchase or- combinaie de reclam i relaii publice burs. A&P
der (PO)/ command/ job Mix
comand angro com. bulk order combin agricol combine harvester
comand anulat order cancelled (OC) combustibil com. fuel
comand colectiv com. centralized buying/ aggre- combustibil diesel marin com. marine diesel oil
gated order (mdo., MDO)
comand de execuie job order combustibil lichid com. oil fuel (O.F.)
comand de prob sample order combustibili fosili pl. fossil fuels
comand deschis burs. open/ open order (O.O.) comensurabil commensurable
comand extern burs. foreign order comenzi curente com. orders in hand
comand ferm com. definite order comenzi de executat com. orders in hand
comand global burs. aggregated order/ blanket comenzi guvernamentale pl. government orders
order comenzi intrate com. orders booked
comand important com. large order comenzi nregistrate com. orders booked
comand n bloc burs. all-or-none order comenzi neonorate backlog of orders
comand limitat com. limit order comenzi noi com. fresh orders
comand mare com. large order comenzi restante backlog of orders
comand minim com. minimum order comercial commercial/ mercantile; credit comercial
comand neexecutat com. back order - commercial credit; deficit comercial - commer-
comand parial com. part order cial deficit/ trade deficit; risc comercial - business
comand pentru clieni autohtoni com. order from risk; balan comercial- trade balance; banc co-
domestic customers mercial - commercial bank/ trade bank; cambie
comand pentru clieni strini com. order from for- comercial - commercial bill; active comerciale pl.
eign customers - commercial assets; arierate comerciale pl. - trade
comand pentru extern com. order from foreign arrears
customers comercializa commercialize/ merchandize/ merchan-
comand pentru intern com. order from domestic dise (mdse, mdise.)
customers comercializabil marketable/ saleable/ tradeable/ mer-
comand permanent {pentru aceleai mrfuri) chantable
com. perpetuai order comercializabilitate marketability/ salability
comand pltit n avans prepaid order (p.o.) comercializare commercialization/ merchandising/
comand prin pot mail order (m.o./ MO.)/ trading
mail-order/ postal (money) order (P.O.) comercializare a imaginii image selling
comand public public contract comercializare a produselor alimentare food marketing
comand special special order (s.o., SO)/ special comercializare a produselor de artizanat handicraft
delivery (S.D., spd.) marketing
comand telefonic telephone order comercializare a vitelor livestock marketing
comand totul sau nimic" burs. all-or-none order comercializare sub pre undersell
comand verbal verbal order (VO) comerciant merchant (mcht.)/ salesman (slsmn.)/
comanditar silent partner/ sleeping partner/ undis- storekeeper/ dealer (dlr.)/ tradesman
closed partner/ dormant partner/ latent partner/ comerciant ambulant com. itinerant dealer
limited partner comerciant cu amnuntul com. retail dealer
51 Comisia Economic pentru Africa

comerciant cu ridicata com. direct trader comer n compensaie com. compensation


comerciant dubios com. racketeer trade
comerciant independent com. sole trader/ estab- comer n interiorul zonei com. intra-area trade
lished merchant comer n sistem barter com. barter trade
comerciant pe cont propriu com. sole trader comer ntre statele Uniunii (SUA) com. interstate
comerciani pl. com. traders commerce (I.S.C.)
comer com. business/ trade/ trading; a face comer la negru com. black marketing
comer ambulant - hawk; n comerul intern com. comer liber com. fair trade
- in domestic trade; n comerul internaional - in comer licit com. lawful trade
internaional trade comer local com. local trade
comer (interior) commerce comer maritim com. maritime commerce/ mari-
comer ambulant com. hawking time trade/ overseas trade (OT)/ seaborne trade
comer angro com. wholesale (whsle.)/ wholesale comer mondial com. world commerce/ world
trade/ wholesale trading trade
comer colonial com. colonial trade comer multilateral com. multilateral trade
comer controlat com. managed trade comer nengrdit com. fair trade
comer cu amnuntul com. retail/ retail trade/ re- comer pe piaa neagr com. black marketing
tail trading comer prin Internet com. electronic commerce (EC)
comer cu arme com. arms trade comer prin pot com. mail order business
comer cu articole de lux com. luxury trade comer reciproc com. reciprocal trade
comer cu bunuri com. merchandise trade/ visible comer reglementat com. managed trade
trade comer sezonier com. seasonal trade
comer cu cereale com. corn trade comer specializat com. specialized trade
comer cu mrfuri com. commodity trade comer stradal com.y burs. street trading/ kerb
comer cu oi com. sheep trading trade
comer cu produse de baz burs. commodities trade comer i repartiie com. trade and distribution
comer cu ridicata com. wholesale (whsle.)/ whole- comer transoceanic com. overseas trade (OT)
sale trade/ direct trade comer triunghiular com. triangular trade
comer cu schimburi n natur com. barter trade comer vizibil com. visible trade
comer de import com. import trade Comisia American de Comer com. Federal Trade
comer de stat com. state trading Commission (FTC)
comer de tranzit com. transit trade Comisia Bancar a Camerei Internaionale de Comer
comer electronic com. electronic commerce (EC) banc ICC's Banking Commission
comer en gros com. direct trade Comisia Consultativ pentru Normele de Contabilitate
comer exterior com. foreign trade/ export trade/ Financiar cont. Federal Accounting Standards
external trade/ overseas trade (OT)/ foreign com- Advisory Board (FASAB)
merce Comisia de Comer Interstatal com. Interstate Com-
comer frontalier com. border trade merce Commission (I.C.C.)
comer global com. overall trade Comisia de Standardizare pentru Audit Auditing Stan-
comer ilegal com. unlawful trading dards Board (ASB)
comer ilicit com. illicit trade/ illicit commerce Comisia de Valori Mobiliare (din SUA) Securities and
comer independent com. independent trade Exchanges Commission (SEC)
comer interior com. inland trade/ domestic Comisia de Valori Mobiliare a Indiei burs. Securities
trade/ home trade/ internal trade/ domestic com- and Exchange Board of India (SEBI)
merce Comisia Economic a ONU pentru America Latin i
comer internaional com. internaional trade/ in- Caraibe United Nations Economic Commission
terstate commerce (is.c.) for Latin America and the Caribbean (UNECLAC)
comer internaional n contrapartid com. counter- Comisia Economic a ONU pentru Europa United
trading Nations Economic Commission for Europe
comer interstatal com. interstate commerce (UNECE)
(I.S.C.) _ Comisia Economic pentru Africa Economic Com-
comer invizibil com. invisible trade mission for Africa (ECA)
52
Comisia Economic pentru America Latin i Caraibe

Comisia Economic pentru America Latin i Caraibe comisioane speciale pl. special charges
Economic Commission for Latin America and the comision commission (com.)/ fee/ banc. agio/
Caribbean (ECLAC) com. errand; a vinde pe baz de comision com.
Comisia Economic pentru Asia de Vest Economic - sell on commission
Commission for Western Asia (ECWA) comision (de reprezentare) agent's commission
Comisia Economic pentru Asia i Orientul ndepr- comision al brokerului burs. broker's commission/
tat Economic Commission for Asia and the Far broker's fee/ broker's charges
East (ECAFE) comision bancar banc. bank commission/ banker's
Comisia Economic pentru Europa Economic Com- commission/ bank charge
mission for Europe (ECE) comision clandestin kick back
Comisia Economic i Social pentru Asia de Vest comision de administrare management fee
Economic and Social Commission for Western comision de adres address commission (adcon.)
Asia (ESCWA) comision de angajament commitment charge
Comisia European (CE) European Commission (EC) comision de curtaj burs. brokerage/ brokerage
Comisia Federal de Comer din SUA com. Federal fee/ broker's commission/ broker's fee/ broker's
Trade Commission (FTC) charges
Comisia Internaional de Comer com. International comision de custodie safekeeping account charges
Trade Commission (ITC) comision de gestiune handling commission
Comisia Naional de Acreditare National Accredi- comision de mentenan banc. maintenance fee
tation Board (NAB)/ National Accreditation comision de penalizare penalty charge
Commission (NAC) comision de prelucrare service charge
Comisia Oceanului Indian Indian Ocean Commis- comision de rscumprare redemption fee
sion (InOC) comision de reasigurare asig. reinsurance com-
Comisia pentru Carne i Zootehnie Meat and Live- mission
stock Commission (MLC) comision de reprezentare com. agency fee
Comisia pentru Normele de Contabilitate Financiar comision de schimb (valutar) banc. exchange com-
cont. Financial Accounting Standards Board mission
(FASB) comision de stimulare incentive fee
Comisia pentru Operaiuni Futures la Bursa de Mrfuri comision de tranzacionare transaction fee
burs. Commodities Futures Trading Commis- comision de vnzare sales charge/ sales commission/
sion (CFTC) selling commission/ selling expenses
Comisia pentru Pacificul de Sud South Pacific Com- comision divizat split commission
mission (SPC) comision fix flat commission
Comisia pentru Politici Monetare banc. Monetary comision neachitat unpaid charge
Policy Committee (MPC) comision pe vnzri selling brokerage
comisie commission comision per lot lot money
comisie bugetar budget committee/ committee on comisionar banc. commission agent/ com. com-
the budget/ committee of ways and means mission merchant/ errand boy
comisie consultativ com. advisory board comis-voiajor com. hawker/ commercial traveler
Comisie de Arbitrare a Disputelor (comerciale) com. house-to-house salesman
Dispute Settlement Body (DSB) comitet committee
comisie de audit audit committee comitet bancar consultativ bank advisory commit-
comisie de cenzori audit committee tee
comisie de monitorizare supervisory board comitet consultativ com. advisory committee/ con-
comisie interimar temporary commission (TC) sultative committee
comisie pentru acordarea de credite banc. commit- comitet consultativ pentru o ar country advisory
ment commission committee
comisie tehnic com. technical committee comitet executiv executive committee (E.C.,
comisioane acumulate pl. accrued charges Ex.Com.)/ managing committee
comisioane bancare pl. banking charges comitet interimar interim committee (IC)
comisioane pentru certificatele de depozit americane comitet mixt com. joint committee
pl. American depository receipt fees comitet plenar committee of the whole
53 comportament

Comitetul Consultativ pentru Negocierea Politicilor Co- compensa clear/ offset/ set off; a compensa ntre ele
merciale Advisory Committee on Trade Policy - set against one another; a se compensa (reci-
Negotiations (ACTPN) proc) - balance out
Comitetul Consultativ pentru Normele de Contabilitate compensare com. adjustment/ equalization
Financiar cont. Financial Accounting Standards compensare a creditelor credit clearing
Advisory Committee (FASAC) compensare a daunelor compensation for damages
Comitetul Coordonator pentru Controlul Exporturilor compensare de pli banc. clearance of payments
Coordinating Committee on Export Controls compensare n natur com. compensation in kind
(COCOM) compensare parial parial compensation
Comitetul Economic Consultativ al Forumului de Coope- compensator countervailing; dobnd compensatorie
rare Economic Asia-Pacific APEC Business Ad- - default interest
visory Council (ABAC) compensaie compensation/ indemnity
Comitetul Executiv de Standardizare n Contabilitate compensaie adecvat com. reasonable compen-
cont. Accounting Standards Executive Commit- sation
tee (AcSEC) compensaie bneasc money compensation/ mon-
Comitetul pentru Comer n Orientul Mijlociu Com- etary compensation
mittee Of Middle East Trade (COMET) compensaie corespunztoare com. fair compen-
Comitetul pentru Norme Contabile Internaionale cont. sation
International Accounting Standards Committee compensaie forfetar fixed allowance
(IASC) compensaie generoas com. golden handshake/
Comitetul pentru Standarde Tehnice din SUA American golden parachute
Engineering Standards Committee (AESC) compensaie pentru concediere severance pay
Commonwealth Commonwealth (of Nations) (C) compensaie pentru desfacerea contractului de munc
comod com. easy severance pay
Comoros burs., banc. Comoros (KM) compensaie pentru ore suplimentare com. overtime
companie company (co., Co., Comp., cy., compy.)/ allowance
firm (f, F) compensaii de rzboi war reparations
companie aerian com. airline/ air carrier compensaii pentru importul de cereale cereai facility
companie de asigurri asig. insurance company competent competent
companie de televiziune prin cablu com. cable tele- competitiv competitive
vision company competitivitate competitiveness
companie de transport aerian ec. air carrier competiie competition; a micora competiia/ a re-
companie nenregistrat unregistered company duce competiia - lessen the competition
companie operaional operating company competiie a mrcilor com. brand competition
companie petrolier oil company competiie acerb com. cut-throat competition
companie tutelar controlling company competiie pur pure competition
companie vizat target company compila compile
companii pl. companies (cos.) complementar complementary
compara compare/ collate complet flotant banc. full floating (FF)
comparabil comparable completa complete/ replentish/ amend
comparabilitate comparability completare addition (add.)
compararea factorilor stat. factor comparison completri i modificri Additions and Amendments
comparativ comparative; cost comparativ - compara- (A&A)
tive cost complex industrial industrial complex
comparaie comparison component component/ part (pt.)/ element
comparaie a costurilor com. comparison of costs component a costului com. element of costs
comparaie a indicilor com. comparison of indi- component a produsului naional fin. domestic
ces content
comparaie pe grupe group comparison component aleatorie stat. random component
comparaii multiple multiple comparisons component monetar banc. currency component
compatibil compatible componente principale pl. principal components
compatibilitate compatibility comportament com. attitude
comportament al consumatorilor 54

comportament al consumatorilor stat. consumer be- Comunitatea rilor Andine Andean Community of
havior Nations (CAN)
comportament de cumprare stat. buying behav- concedia dismiss/ fire/ lay off/ discharge
ior concediere dismissal/ layoff/ discharge
comportament inductiv stat. inductive behavior concediere fr preaviz summary dismissal
comportament strategic strategic behavior concediere nejustificat wrongful dismissal
compozit composite concedieri n mas pl. mass dismissals
compromis compromise; capital compromis - im- concedieri masive pl. mass dismissals
paired capital concediu holiday/ leave/ vacation/ leave of absence;
compunere compounding n concediu - on leave
compunere a dobnzii banc. compounding of in- concediu (de odihn) anual com. annual leave
teres t concediu cu plat paid leave/ paid holidays/ paid
compus composite/ compound; indice compus - vacations
aggregative index; dobnd compus - compound concediu de iarn winter holidays
interest/ compound rate; opiune compus - com- concediu de maternitate maternity leave/ pregnancy
pound option leave
compus valutar currency composite concediu de paternitate paternity leave
comun adj. common/ ordinary (ord.)/ joint (j., concediu de studii sabbatical/ sabbatical year
jt., jnt.); n comun banc. - joint (j., jt., jnt.); n concediu extins sabbatical leave
cont comun - on joint account; pia comun - concediu fr plat com. unpaid leave/ unpaid
common market holiday
comun com. commune concediu maternal parental leave
comunicare a datelor financiare financial reporting concediu medical sick leave
comunicare de informaii greite misreporting concediu pe termen lung sabbatical leave
comunicaii pl. Communications concediu pltit paid leave/ paid holidays/ paid va-
comunism communism cations/ holidays with pay
comunitate community concediu pltit de trei sptmni three weeks paid
comunitate a oamenilor de afaceri business commu- vacation
nity concentra com. concentrate
comunitate economic com. economic community concentrare concentration/ lumpiness/ combina-
Comunitatea Britanic de Naiuni Commonwealth (of tion-fusion; banc de concentrare banc. - con-
Nations) (C) centration bank
Comunitatea Economic a Statelor Vest-Africane Eco- concentrare a cumprtorilor buyer concentration
nomic Community of West African States concentrare a industriei concentration of industry
(ECOWAS) concentrare de capital concentration of capital
Comunitatea Economic a rilor Marilor Lacuri Eco- concentrare economic economic concentration
nomic Community of the Great Lakes Countries concentrare orizontal horizontal combination
(CEPGL) concentrat concentrated; segmentare concentrat -
Comunitatea Economic European European Eco- concentrated segmentation
nomic Community (EEC) concentrator concentrator
Comunitatea European (CE) European Community concept general general concept
(EC, E.C.) concepia minii de lucru ca marf commodity con-
Comunitatea European a Crbunelui i Oelului Euro- cept of labor
pean Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) concepia uman despre munc human concept of
Comunitatea Financiar African African Financial labor
Community (AFC, CFA) concepie de reclam media concept
Comunitatea Monetar i Economic a Africii Centrale concern com. concern
Monetary and Economic Community of Central concern internaional worldwide concern
Africa (CEMAC) concesionar concession holder/ licensee
Comunitatea Monetar i Economic Centrafrican concesionare leasing
Monetary and Economic Community of Central concesionare invers lease back/ leaseback
Africa (CEMAC) concesionare pe termen lung long lease
55 conducere a ntreprinderii

concesiune jur. concession condiii de nregistrare pl. implementing assump-


concluzie a priori a priori statement tions
concordant conform condiii de livrare pl. com. terms of delivery/ con-
concordan conformity ditions of sale/ conditions of delivery
concordat composition/ composition of creditors/ condiii de livrare SUA pl. com. American Terms
arrangement with creditors/ deed of arrangement (AT)
concurent competitor condiii de munc pl. labor conditions/ working
concuren competition conditions
concuren a vnztorilor com. sellers' competition condiii de plat pl. com. payment terms/ terms
concuren acerb keen competition/ severe com- of payment
petition/ stiff competition/ cut throat competition condiii de plat a tratei pl. banc. draft terms
concuren activ com. active competition condiii de plat incluse pl. inclusive terms
concuren de monopol monopolistic competition condiii de rambursare pl. fin. reimbursement
concuren deschis com. open competition basis/ terms of redemption
concuren din strintate foreign competition condiii de schimb pl. com. terms of trade
concuren extern foreign competition condiii de schimb nefavorabile pl. banc. unfa-
concuren imperfect imperfect competition vorable state of exchanges
concuren intern domestic competition condiii de subscriere pl. banc. underwriting con-
concuren loial fair competition ditions
concuren nelegat de preuri non-price competition condiii de trai pl. living conditions/ conditions
concuren neloial unfair competition of living
concuren comercial neloial unfair trade compe- condiii de transport pl. com. terms of transport
tition condiii de vnzare pl. com. conditions of sale/
concuren perfect perfect competition terms of sale
concuren slab imperfect competition condiii economice pl. economic conditions
concurenial competitive; pia concurenial - com- condiii fundamentale pl. basic conditions
petitive market; politic concurenial - competi- condiii generale pl. general terms (G.T.)
tion policy condiii generale de afaceri pl. general business con-
condic de reclamaii claims book ditions
condic de sugestii i reclamaii request book condiii generale de asigurare pl. asig. general
condiie condition; n bune condiii - sound conditions of insurance
condiie de admitere com. condition of admission condiii implicite pl. com. implied conditions
condiie restrictiv restrictive condition condiii naturale pl. natural endowments
condiii pl. terms condiii neprevzute pl. com. unforeseen circum-
condiii adecvate pl. suitable conditions stances
condiii ale pieei pl. com. market conditions condiii noi pl. new terms (n/t)
condiii contractuale pl. com. contract terms/ condiii speciale pl. special terms
conditions of contract condiii stricte pl. set terms
condiii corespunztoare pl. suitable conditions condiional condiional; ordin condiional - condi-
condiii de achiziie pl. com. terms of purchase ional order; andosare condiional - condiional
condiii de afaceri pl. business conditions endorsement; obligaiune condiional - condiional
condiii de amortizare pl. cont. terms of redemp- bond/ double bond; vnzare condiional - con-
tion diional sale
condiii de aplicare pl. implementing assumptions condiionalitate ncruciat cross-conditionality
condiii de baz pl. basic conditions condiionat condiional
condiii de concesionare pl. concessional terms conductor com. head
condiii de creditare pl. banc terms of a credit conductor al licitaiei auctioneer
condiii de cumprare pl. com. terms of purchase conductor de proiect project manager
condiii de desfacere pl. com. selling conditions conduce manage/ operate/ govern
condiii de emisiune pl. banc. terms of issue conducere management (mgt.)
condiii de exploatare normal pl. normal conducere a ntreprinderii com. general manage-
operat- ment
ing conditions
conducere a proiectului 56

conducere a proiectului project management conflict de munc labor conflict/ labor dispute/ in-
conducere bazat pe principiul rezultatelor manage- dustrial dispute/ trade dispute
ment by principle conflicte economice pl. economic friction
conducere incompetent com. maladministration/ conform as per/ conform
ill management conform legii de jure
conducere inferioar ec lower management conform mostrei true to specimen
conducere prin delegaie management by delegation conformitate conformity/ compliance
conducere prin eliminare management by exception confrerie guild
conducere prin motivare management by motivation confrunta confront; a se confrunta cu o problem
conducere prin obiective management by objectives dificil - to be confronted with a difficult
(MBO) problem
conducere superioar com. top management/ up- confuzie compensat balanced confounding
per management conglomerat conglomerate/ cluster
Confederaia Contabililor din Asia i Pacific cont. Congo (Republica Democrat) burs., banc Congo
Confederation of Asian and Pacific Accountants <Brazzaville> (CD)
(CAPA) Congo (Republica) burs., banc. Congo <Kin-
Confederaia Internaional a Uniunilor de Liber Schimb shasa> (CG)
International Confederation of FreeTrade Unions conjunctural com. cyclical; impozit conjunctural -
(ICFTU) anticyclical tax; omaj conjunctural - cyclical un-
Conferina Consultativ pentru Dezvoltare Economic employment/ frictional unemployment
Economic Development Advisory Conference conjunctur conjuncture/ market position
(EDAC) conjunctur a pieei market condition
Conferina Naiunilor Unite pentru Comer, Asisten conosament com. bill of lading (b/l, B/L, B/Ldg,
i Dezvoltare United Nations Conference onTrade, blading.)/ lading
Aid and Development (UNCTAD) conosament cu memorandum com. memorandum
conferin meeting bill of lading (memo. B/L)
conferin de pres press conference conosament curat com. clean bill of lading (clean
confidenialitate privacy B/L)
configuraie configuration conosament de transport aerian com. air waybill
configuraie a factorilor factor pattern conosament direct com. through bill of lading
confirma certify; mi face plcere s confirm primirea (t.b.l.,TBL)
I am pleased to acknowledge receipt conosament maritim com. sea waybill
confirmare (a primirii) acknowledgement conosament minimal com. minimum bill of Iad-
confirmare a comenzii banc, com. acknowled- ing(l/L)
gement of order conosament oceanic com. ocean bill of lading/ oce-
confirmare a executrii confirmation of execution anic bill of lading (Oc. B/L)
confirmare a ordinului banc, com. acknowled- conosamente pl. com. bills of lading (Bs/L,
gement of order bladings.)/ bladings (bills of lading)
confirmare a plii banc confirmation of payment consecin result/ afcer-effect;
confirmare a primirii com. acknowledgement of ac- a avea drept consecin - result
ceptance consecine pl. consequences
confirmare a vnzrii sales confirmation consens consensus
confirmare de primire receipt (rcpt., rec, rect.)/ conservare com. conservation
acknowledgement of receipt conservare a resurselor naturale conservation of natu-
confirmare scris com. written acknowledgement ral resources
confirmare tacit silent confirmation conservare a valorii com. conservation of value
confisca confiscate/ impound conserv com. tin/ tin can
confiscare confiscation conserve pl. tinned foods/ tinned goods
confiscare a aciunilor burs. forfeiture of shares consignatar receiver
conflict conflict consignaie com. consignment;
conflict de interese conflict of interest/ collision of a vinde n sistem de consignaie com. - sell on
interes ts commission;
cont de consignaie - consignment account;
n consig-
57 constituire a unei societi (comerciale)

consignaie - on consignment; vnzare n Consiliul Economic i Social Economic and Social


consignaie -consignment sale Council (ECOSOC)
consilier adviser/ advisor/ consultant Consiliul Europei Council of Europe (CE)
consilier economic economic advisor/ economic Consiliul Malaezian pentru Cherestea com. Malay-
counselor sian Timber Council (MTC)
consilier financiar financial advisor/ investment ad- Consiliul Mondial pentru Alimentaie World Food
viser/ money manager Council (WFC)
consilier fiscal com., fin. tax expert/ tax adviser/ Consiliul Naional Contabil i Financiar cont. National
tax consultant Accounting and Finance Council (NAFC)
consilier investiional investment adviser Consiliul Parteneriatului Euro-Atlantic Euro-Atlantic
consilier investiional autorizat chartered investment Partnership Council (EAPC)
counselor (CIC) Consiliul pentru Agricultur Council of Agriculture
consilier n probleme monetare i fiscale fin. fiscal (COA)
adviser Consiliul pentru Ajutor Economic Reciproc Council
consilier juridic legal adviser/ legal advisor for Mutual Economic Assistance (CMEA, CEMA,
consilier pentru tranzacii la bursa de mrfuri burs. COMECON)
commodity trading adviser (CTA) Consiliul pentru Asisten Economic Mutual Council
consilier tehnic com. technical consultant for Mutual Economic Assistance (CMEA, CEMA,
consiliere consultation COMECON)
consiliu board Consiliul pentru Dezvoltarea Comerului Trade De-
consiliu al bncii centrale banc central bank velopment Council (TDC)
council Consiliul Statelor Baltice Council of the Baltic Sea
consiliu al guvernatorilor banc. board of governors States (CBSS)
consiliu de administraie board of administration/ Consiliul Statelor de la Marea Baltic Council of the
board of directors/ board of management/ adminis- Baltic Sea States (CBSS)
trative board Consiliul Unitii Economice Arabe Council of Arab
consiliu monetar banc currency board Economic Unity (CAEU)
Consiliul Asia-Pacific al Camerelor de Comer Ameri- consimmnt acquiescence
cane com. Asia-Pacific Council of American consimmnt tacit implied consent
Chambers of Commerce (APCAC) consimi com. acquiesce
Consiliul Asia-Pacific al Camerelor de Comer din SUA consisten consistency
com. Asia-Pacific Council of American Cham- consolida ec consolidate
bers of Commerce (APCAC) consolidare consolidation
Consiliul Chinez pentru Promovarea Comerului Interna- consolidare a capitalului com. capital consolidation
ional com. China Council for the Promotion consolidare a datoriei debt consolidation/ funding
of International Trade (CCPIT) consolidare a preurilor com. consolidation of prices
Consiliul Comunitilor Europene Council of the Eu- consolidare proporional proportionate consolida-
ropean Communities tion
Consiliul Consilierilor Economici Council of Eco- consoriu (bancar) banc consortium/ syndicate
nomic Advisers (CEA) consoriu bancar banc banking syndicate/ group
Consiliul de Acreditare a Contabililor cont. Accre- of banks
ditation Council for Accountancy (ACA) consoriu de asigurtori asig. syndicate of under-
Consiliul de Cooperare Arab Arab Cooperation writers
Council (ACC) consoriu de emisiune underwriting syndicate
Consiliul de Cooperare n Golf Gulf Cooperation constant constant/ fixed/ steady; capital constant -
Council (GCC) constant capital; amortizare constant - straight
Consiliul de Cooperare Vamal Customs Coopera- line amortization; costuri constante - constant cost;
tion Council (CCC) preuri constante pl. - constant prices
Consiliul Director al Bncii Centrale a SUA banc constitui build; a constitui o garanie - collateralize;
Federal Reserve Board (Fed.Res.Bd., Fed) a constitui o societate (comercial) - incorporate;
Consiliul Director al Rezervei Federale (SUA) banc a constitui rezerve - build up reserves
Federal Reserve Board (Fed.Res.Bd., Fed) constituire a unei societi (comerciale) incorporation
58
constituire de ipoteci
constituire de ipoteci banc. creation of mortgages consumabile pl. com. expendable goods
constituire de pichete (de grev) picketing consumare com. attrition
constituire de rezerve com. stockpiling/ banc. consumat com. out of stock (o./s.)
creation of reserves consumator consumer/ end-user; cheltuieli ale consu-
constituire de stocuri com. stockbuilding matorilor - spending by consumer
constrngere liniar stat. linear constraint consumator (final) final consumer
constrngeri bugetare pl. budget constraints consumator de capital capital-intensive
constructor builder/ building contractor consumator de energie energy-intensive
constructor de automobile com. car manufacturer consumator final end consumer/ ultimate consumer
constructor de nave com. shipbuilder consumator important bulk consumer
construcie anex annex building consumator industrial com. industrial consumer
construcie de locuine house building/ housebuilding consumator principal main consumer/ principal con-
construcii pl. building industry sumer
construcii de maini pl. mechanical engineering/ consumator retrograd retrogressive consumer
engineering cont banc. account (ace, a/c, A/C); a falsifica contu-
construcii navale pl. shipbuilding rile cont. -falsify the books/ tamper with the
construi build books; a falsifica un cont com. - falsify an ac-
consular consular; factur consular - consular invoice count; a ncheia conturile - close the books;
consultant advisor/ adviser a lichida un cont banc. - close an account; a
consultant financiar financial adviser/ investment reglementa un cont banc. - clear an account; a
consultant solda un cont banc. - balance an account/ settle an
consultant financiar autorizat chartered financial con- account; a ine cont - consider; extras de cont
sultant (ChFC) banc. - abstract of account/ account state-
consultan n plasamente pl. investment advisory ment/ bank statement; n cont banc. - on ac-
services count (o/a, on au/c); n cont comun - on joint
consultare periodic periodic consultation account; n contul - account of (a/o, A/ O)/ for
consultativ advisory the account of (A/C)/ on account of (o/a, O/A)/
consum consumption; credit de consum - consumer our account (o/a, O/A)/ on account (on au/c); n
credit; impozit pe consum - consumption tax/ ex- contul beneficiarului banc. - account of payee; n
penditure tax contul nostru banc. - our account (o.a.); n
consum de for de munc expenditure of human contul personal banc. - my account (m./a.); n
labor contul trasului banc. - account payee/ account
consum de produse finite com. final consumption of payee; un cont prezentnd un sold de... banc.
consum excedentar com. excess consumption - an account showing a balance of...; a reali-
consum final efectiv actual final consumption menta contul bancar - replentish the bank ac-
consum intermediar intermediate consumption count
consum intern domestic consumption/ home con- cont activ cont. active account/ debit account
sumption cont administrat banc. administered account/ man-
consum mediu com. average consumption aged account
consum mondial world consumption cont afectat cont. earmarked account
consum naional naional consumption cont al avariei comune asig. general average de-
consum neproductiv unproductive consumption posit (G/A dep.)
consum nominal rated consumption cont al cheltuielilor cont. statement of costs
consum ostentativ conspicuous consumption cont al vnzrilor fr acoperire cont. short account
consum privat private consumption cont alocat cont. earmarked account
consum productiv productive consumption cont amnunit cont. specified account
consum propriu self-consumption cont analitic al costurilor com. cost account
consum public public consumption cont anonim banc. impersonal account
consum zilnic daily consumption cont anual banc. yearly account
consuma spend/ consume/ burn cont aranjat cont. cooked account
consumabil com. expendable; activ consumabil - cont asigurat insured account
wasting asset cont auxiliar banc. subsidiary account
59 cont de profit i pierderi
cont bancar banc. bank account/ banking ac- cont de credit cont. charge account
count cont de creditare banc. credit account (C/A)/ loan
cont blocat banc. blocked account/ frozen account account
cont blocat pe o anumit perioad banc time de- cont de debit banc. debit account
posit account cont de debite cont. account payable
cont bugetar cont. budgetary account cont de depozit banc. deposit account (d.a., D/A,
cont client cont. account receivable DA)/ depository account
cont colectiv cont. omnibus account cont de depuneri la termen banc. fixed deposit ac-
cont comun banc. joint account (JA)/ collective count/ deposit account (DA)
account cont de depuneri la vedere banc sight deposit ac-
cont corespondent banc. nostro account/ loro ac- count
count cont de disponibiliti cont. discretionary account
cont creditor cont. credit account (C/A)/ creditor (DA)
account cont de dividende dividends account
cont cu bilan zero banc. zero balance account/ cont de economii banc deposit account (d.a.,
zero-balance account (ZBA) D/A, DA)/ savings account/ depository account/
cont cu evoluie spontan spontaneous account passbook account/ thrift account
cont cu livret banc. passbook account cont de economii cu rat sczut banc low-rate
cont curent banc. current account (c/a, CA, saving account
C/A)/ checking account/ account current (a.c, cont de economii i investiii banc investment sav-
A/C)/ running account/ open account ings account
cont de achiziii cont. purchases account/ ac- cont de egalizare a dividendelor dividend equaliza-
count purchase (A/P)/ account of goods pur- tion account
chased cont de exploatare cont. operating account/ fac-
cont de activ cont. debit account tory accounting/ trading account
cont de alocare cont. appropriation account cont de fabricaie manufacturing account
cont de amortizare cont. depreciation account cont de firm business account
cont de avansuri banc. imprest account cont de furnizor com. suppliers account
cont de avansuri n descoperit banc. margin ac- cont de garanie collateral account
count cont de gestionare a activelor asset management ac-
cont de beneficii cont. profit account count
cont de buget cont. budget account cont de gestiune management account/ investors'
cont de capital capital account (C/A)/ stock account/ account
stock-account cont de imobilizri capital expenditure account
cont de capital propriu equity account cont de investiii investment account
cont de cas cash account (C/A) cont de mprumuturi loan account
cont de cheltuieli cont. expense account/ disburse- cont de ncasri i cheltuieli com. cash basis ac-
ment account (D/ac.)/ discretionary account (DA) counting
cont de cheltuieli de ntreinere cont. maintenance cont de lichidare settlement account
expense account cont de operaii n descoperit banc overdraft check-
cont de client cont. agent account ing account
cont de cliring banc. clearing account/ suspense cont de opiuni option account
account cont de participaie participation account
cont de compensare banc. offset account cont de pierderi com. loss account
cont de concentrare concentration account cont de pli cont. payment account
cont de consignaie consignment account cont de pli ealonate cont. deferred payment ac-
cont de contribuii voluntare voluntary contribution count
account cont de producie cont. production account
cont de control control account cont de profit i pierderi cont. profit and loss ac-
cont de creane cont. account receivable count/ profit-and-loss account (p&l a/c)/ pro-
cont de creane nerecuperabile cont. bad debts ac- fit-and-loss statement/ profit and loss (P.& L.)/
count gain and loss account/ income account/ income
cont de profit i pierderi _____________ 60

statement/ loss and gain account/ loss and profit cont la termen banc deposit account (d.a., D/A)
account cont la vedere banc call account
cont de regularizare cont. settlement account cont loro banc. loro account
cont de resurse generale general resources account cont lunar cont. monthly account
(GRA) cont msluit cont. cooked account
cont de rezerve cont. reserve account cont metal banc metal account
cont de rezultate income account/ profit and loss cont mixt banc mixed account
statement cont nelichidabil banc uncollectible account
cont de salariu banc. pay account/ salary account cont nenominal banc numbered account
cont de schimb banc. account of exchange cont neoperant banc inoperative account
cont de subvenii subsidy account cont nesoldat cont. unbalanced account
cont de titluri de valoare securities account cont nominal banc nominal account/ temporary
cont de tranzacii transactions account account
cont de tranzacionare transaction account cont nostro banc nostro account
cont de vnzri cont. sales account/ account sale (A/S) cont numeric banc numbered account
cont de venituri cont. revenue account (rev. a/c, cont particular banc private account (P/a., P/A,
Rev. A/c.) PA, P.A.)
cont de venituri i cheltuieli cont. income and ex- cont pentru destinaii speciale cont. special disburse-
penditure account/ income and outlay account/ ment account (SDA)
income statement cont permanent de cheltuieli cont. permanent bud-
cont de virament banc. transfer account get account (p.b.a.)
cont de virament potal banc. giro account cont personal banc private account (P.A., P/A,
cont depit banc. overextended account P/a., PA)/ personal account/ charge account/
cont deschis banc. open account drawings account
cont descoperit banc. overdrawn account/ over- cont personal de investiii individual investment ac-
due account/ unbalanced account/ burs. no ac- count
count (n/a, n.a., noacc.) cont personal de pensie individual retirement ac-
cont detaliat cont. detailed account/ itemized ac- count (IRA)
count/ specified account cont principal banc general account
cont din cartea mare cont. ledger account cont privat banc private account (P/a., P/A, PA,
cont Diverse" cont. sundry account P.A.)
cont extern banc. external account cont pro forma cont. pro forma account
cont extrabugetar cont. extrabudgetary account cont provizoriu cont. interim account/ provisional
cont fr dobnd banc non-interest bearing ac- account/ suspense account
count cont remis cont. account rendered
cont fr micare banc inactive account/ inop- cont restant cont. past due account
erative account/ dormant account cont rezervat cont. set-aside account
cont fictiv pro forma account cont special banc special account
cont fiduciar cont. trust account cont specificat cont. itemized account
cont fiduciar de cofinanare cont. cofinancing trust cont spontan cont. spontaneous account
account (CTA) cont temporar cont. temporary account
cont furnizor cont. account payable cont tranzitoriu cont. transitory account/ suspense
cont inactiv banc inactive account/ dead account/ account
dormant account/ inoperative account cont trimestrial cont. quarterly account
cont inoperant banc broken account cont vostro banc vostro account
cont n devize banc currency account contabil cont. accountant/ bookkeeper (bkpr.)/ ac-
cont n lire sterline banc sterling account counts clerk; pentru nregistrarea contabil cont.
cont n valut banc currency account/ foreign cur- - for bookkeeping purposes; profit contabil cont.
rency account - book profit; lichiditate contabil cont. - account-
cont ngheat banc frozen account ing liquidity; valoare contabil cont. - book value/
cont ntrziat fa de scaden banc delinquent ac- carrying value
count contabil autorizat cont. certified accountant
61 contract cu prime

contabil liceniat cont. qualified accountant contabilitate prudent cont. conservative ac-
contabil public cont. public accountant (PA) counting
contabil public atestat cont. certified public accoun- contabilitate sintetic cont. summary accounting
tant (CPA) contabilitate i facturare com., cont. accounting
contabil public autorizat cont. certified public ac- and billing
countant (CPA) contabilitate tabular cont. tabular bookkeeping
contabil-ef com., cont. chief accountant (CA)/ contabilizare cont. booking
accountant-general/ controller contabilizare a impozitului amnat fin., cont. de-
contabilitate cont. accountancy/ accounting/ book- ferred tax accounting
keeping/ accounts department contabilizare dubl cont. double counting
contabilitate a cheltuielilor de distribuie cont. distri- contabilizare fr cifre pl. cont. figureless accounts
bution cost accounting contabilizare imediat a rezervelor cont. contem-
contabilitate a costurilor curente cont. current cost poraneous reserve accounting
accounting container com. container
contabilitate a ntreprinderii com., cont. entity ac- container de materiale vrac com. bulk container
counting container nereturnabil com. non-returnable con-
contabilitate a titlurilor cont. safekeeping account tainer
bookkeeping contango banc, burs. contango/ backwardation/
contabilitate a unitii com., cont. entity account- forward premium
ing contingent com. quota/ contingent (cont.)
contabilitate a venitului naional cont. naional in- contingent anual com. annual contingent
come accounting contingent de amortizare amortization quota
contabilitate analitic a costurilor cont. cost account- contingent de desfacere com. market quota
ing contingent de export com. export quota
contabilitate automatizat cont. machine account- contingent de import com. import quota
ing contingent maxim com. maximum quota
contabilitate de achiziie cont. acquisition account- contingen parial parial contingency
ing continuitate continuity
contabilitate de amortizare cont. depreciation ac- continuitate stocastic stat. stochastic continuity
counting continuu com. continuous; emisiune continu - tap
contabilitate de cas cont. cash accounting issue
contabilitate de gestiune cont. management ac- contopire amalgamation
counting/ managerial accounting contra against (agt.)
contabilitate de inflaie cont. inflation accounting/ contra cont banc. contra account
current cost accounting contra numerar com. versus cash
contabilitate fr registre cont. book-less account- contra plii a... banc. upon payment of...
ing/ ledger-less accounting contra ramburs com. as against payment
contabilitate financiar cont. financial account- contraband contraband/ smuggling
ing contrabandist smuggler
contabilitate industrial a costurilor cont. cost ac- contract contract (cont., contr.)/ job/ covenant; n
counting moneda contractului com. in the currency of
contabilitate integrat cont. integrated accounting the contract
contabilitate n partid dubl cont. double entry contract ABC ABC agreement
bookkeeping/ double-entry bookkeeping/ book- contract adiional com. additional contract
keeping by double entry contract aleatoriu aleatory contract
contabilitate n partid simpl cont. single entry contract charter charter party (CP, C/P, CP.)
bookkeeping/ single-entry bookkeeping contract colectiv (de munc) collective agreement
contabilitate managerial cont. managerial ac- contract colectiv de munc collective labor agreement/
counting overall labor agreement/ wage agreement
contabilitate pe exerciiu cont. accrual accounting/ contract comercial com. commercial treaty
accrual-basis accounting contract cu preuri fixe com. fixed-price contract
contabilitate preluare cont. acquisition accounting contract cu prime options contract
contract de achiziii 62

contract de achiziii com. purchase contract contract deschis open-end contract


contract de afretare com. charter contract/ con- contract economic com. economic agreement
tract of affreightment contract fictiv sham contract
contract de aprovizionare supply agreement/ supply contract financiar la termen burs. financial future
contract/ contract for delivery contract forfetar banc, burs. package deal/
contract de arendare lease agreement/ contract of lease fixed-price contract/ fixed-price agreement
contract de asigurare asig. contract of insurance contract forward n valut burs. foreign currency
contract de asigurare de via asig. life insurance forward contract
contract contract futures burs. futures contract
contract de asociere com. contract of association/ contract futures n valut burs. foreign currency
deed of association/ deed of partnership/ memo- futures contract
randum of partnership/ articles of partnership contract ilegal illegal contract
contract de brokeraj burs. contract of brokerage contract ipotecar mobiliar chattel mortgage contract
contract de charter charter party (C/P, CP.) contract la cheie" turn key job
contract de constituire deed of settiement contract la termen fixed-term contract/ forward
contract de construcie building contract contract/ futures contract
contract de construcie la cheie turnkey construc- contract la termen pe rata dobnzii interest rate future
tion contract contract la vedere burs. spot contract
contract de creditare loan contract contract neapelabil non-callable contract
contract de cumprare com. purchase contract contract negarantat naked bond
contract de depozit deposit contract contract nul com. void contract
contract de distribuie exclusiv com. exclusive sales contract optim optimal contract
agreement contract scris printed agreement/ contract in writing
contract de export com. foreign trade contract contract spot burs. spot contract
contract de fabricaie com. manufacturing contract contract sub semntur privat simple contract
contract de franciz franchise agreement contract valutar la termen burs. currency future/
contract de furnizare supply contract currency futures contract
contract de mprumut loan contract/ contract of loan contract verbal oral contract/ verbal contract/ parol
contract de nchiriere lease/ lease agreement/ tenancy contract
agreement/ hiring contract contracte deschise pl. open contracts/ open in-
contract de leasing com. leasing agreement terest
contract de licen com. licensing agreement contracte futures cu bumbac pl burs. cotton fu-
contract de livrare com. contract for delivery tures
contract de munc labor agreement/ labor contract/ contracte n exclusivitate pl. tying contracts
employment contract/ contract of employment/ contractual com. contractual
contract of labor contracie com. contraction
contract de navlosire charter party (C/P, CP.) contracie ciclic cyclical downswing
contract de opiuni pe indicele bursier stock index contradictoriu conflicting
option contract contraface com. adulterate/ fake/ imitate
contract de plasament colectiv collective investment contrafacere com. adulteration/ falsification/ fake/
agreement imitation
contract de preluare underwriting agreement contrafcut com. adulterate
contract de reprezentare com. contract of repre- contramanda banc. countermand/ counter-order
sentation contramandare banc. countermand/ counter-order
contract de societate com. contract of association contraofert counteroffer/ counterbid
contract de subnchiriere subtenancy/ underlease contrapartid countertrade; schimburi n contrapartid
contract de vnzare sale contract - counter trade
contract de vnzare (n rate) pe credit hire-purchase contrasemna countersign
agreement contrast determinant defining contrast
contract de vnzare-cumprare sale contract/ sales contrast elementar elementary contrast
agreement/ sales contract/ agreement to sell/ con- contrastalie groundage/ demurrage
tract of sale contratrat return draft
63 conturi debitori

contravaloare counter value control anual com. annual audit


contravenie contravention control bancar bank supervision/ banking supervision
contribuabil fin. tax payer/ taxpayer/ tax bearer control bugetar budgetary control/ budgeting control
contribuabil ntrziat fin. late filer control de recepie acceptance inspection
contribui contribute control de stat state control/ state supervision
contribuie contribution control financiar fnancial control
contribuie a angajatorului employers contribution control financiar intern internal audit
contribuie a patronului employers contribution control financiar-contabil al conducerii cont.
contributie a salariatului employee's contribution management audit
contribuie la asigurarile sociale asig. social insur- control fiscal fin. tax audit
ance contribution/ social security contribution/ control intern internal check/ internal control (IC)/
health insurance contribution factory inspection
contribuie la avaria comun asig. general average control ntrerupt curtailed inspection
contribution (G/A con.) control medical medical inspection/ health exami-
contribuie la fondul federal pentru omaj federal un- nation
employment tax control pe teren field audit
contribuie lunar monthly contribution control sanitar-veterinar meat inspection
contribuii la asigurrile sociale (de stat) pl. asig. control scurtat curtailed inspection
naional insurance contributions control selectiv al preurilor selective price control
contribuii salariale salary reduction control tehnic technical check
contribuii sociale ale angajatului com. employee control tehnic de calitate (CTC) factory inspection
benefts control vamal com. customs inspection
controale contabile pl. cont. accounting controls controla control/ inspect/ review/ audit
control audit/ control/ inspection/ review/ super- controlare a pieei com. market control
vision; a ine sub control burs. - curb; aciuni de controlat passed (pd.)/ inspected (ic);
control control stock economie controlat command economy
control administrativ administrative control controlat de guvern com. government controlled
control al calitii quality control (QC)/ quality in- controlat de stat state-controlled/ state-managed
spection/ quality check/ quality audit controlor al monedei comptroller of the currency
control al calitii pluridimensional multivariate qual- controlor financiar comptroller
ity control controlul alocrii devizelor rationing of foreign ex-
control al contabilitii costurilor cont. cost account- change
ing control controlul operaiilor de capital pl. capital controls
control al conturilor com. examination of accounts controlul schimbului financiar rationing of foreign
control al costurilor cost control exchange
control al creditelor credit control contul Diverse" cont. sundries account
control al devizelor exchange control/ control of ex- contul nostru banc. our account (o.a.)
changes contul trasului banc. account payee
control al dosarelor office audit conturi anuale pl. banc. annual accounts pl.
control al exportului export control conturi client pl. cont. accounts receivable (a/cs
control al importurilor com. import control rec.)
control al preurilor price administration/ price con- conturi creditoare pl. cont. payables
trol conturi cuplate pl. banc. paired accounts
control al procesului (de fabricaie) process inspec- conturi de creane pl. cont. accounts receivable
tion (a/cs rec.)
control al produciei production control conturi de debite pl. cont. accounts payable (a/cs
control al schimbului valutar foreign exchange con- pay.)
trol conturi de grup group accounts
control al statului com. government supervision conturi de regularizare pl. cont. accruals/ accru-
control al statului asupra economiei statism als and deferrals
control al stocurilor stock control conturi debitoare pl. cont. outstandings
control al valutelor banc. control of exchanges conturi debitori pl. cont. receivables
conturi dubioase 64

conturi dubioase pl cont. doubtful accounts conversiune a creanelor n participaie debt-equity


conturi echilibrate pl cont. balanced accounts swap
conturi furnizor pl cont. accounts payable (a/cs conversiune de creane debt conversion
pay) converti banc. convert; a converti n lichiditi -
conturi naionale pl naional accounts encash
conturi semestriale pl cont. half-yearly accounts convertibil convertible; moned convertibil - con-
conine contain/ include vertible currency; obligaiune convertibil - con-
coninut {ntr-un plic sau scrisoare) enclosure vertible bond; aciuni convertibile - convertible
coninut de date data content stock; devize convertibile - convertible currency
coninut de umiditate moisture content convertibilitate convertibility
convenabil economical/ low priced convertibilitate a conturilor de capital capital account
convenit agreed; o sum convenit - agreed amount convertibility
convenia contabilitii pe exerciiu cont. accrual convertibilitate a monedei currency convertibility/
accounting convention convertibility of a currency
Convenia privind poluarea aerului transfrontalier ex- convertibilitate absolut full convertibility
tins Convention on Long-Range Transboundary convertibilitate de cont curent current account con-
Air Pollution vertibility
convenie agreement/ treaty/ convention/ under- convertibilitate extern external convertibility
standing/ covenant convertibilitate limitat burs. limited convertibility
convenie a ONU cu privire la operaiunile comerciale convertire n bani realizing
navale Law of the Sea (LOS)/ United Nations convexitate pozitiv stat. positive convexity
Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) convoca call
convenie comercial trade agreement/ agreement on convulsii ale pieei pl market jitters
trade coopera co-operate
convenie contabil cont. accounting concept cooperare co-operation
convenie cu amendamente amended Articles of cooperare internaional internaional cooperation
Agreement cooperare n domeniul finanelor monetary coopera-
convenie de asociere association convention tion
convenie de creditare borrowing arrangement cooperare pe baz de antagonism antagonistic co-
convenie de nregistrare n ordine cronologic stat. operation
first in, frst out (FIFO) Cooperare Regional n Orientul Mijlociu Middle East
convenie pentru evitarea dublei impuneri fin. Regional Cooperation (MERC)
anti-double tax treaty cooperativ com. cooperative/ co-operative/ co-ope-
convenie referitoare la dubla impunere fin. double rative store
taxation agreement cooperativ agricol com. farm cooperative
convenie tarifar agreement on tariffs cooperativ agricol de producie com. cooperative
convenie vamal com. customs convention farm
convenii contabile com., cont. accounting con- cooperativ de consum cooperative shop/ retail co-
ventions/ accounting constraints operative
convenional convenional cooperativ de credit banc. cooperative bank/ credit
convergen convergence union/ credit cooperative
convergen stocastic stat. stochastic convergence cooperativ de producie producers' cooperative
conversie conversion; paritate de conversie - con- coordonator naional country coordinator
version parity; valoare de conversie - conversion copie legalizat com. certified copy
value coproprietar part owner/ part-owner/ co-proprietor/
conversie a unui debit banc conversion of a debt joint tenant/ joint owner
conversie a unui mprumut banc. conversion of a coproprietate co-ownership/ joint ownership/ part
loan possession
conversie invers reversal cordoba (Nicaragua) burs., banc. Cordoba (NIO)
conversie n Euro conversion into Euro corect proper/ reasonable
conversie n lichiditi encashment corecta com. correct/ adjust/ rectify/ amend
conversie valutar currency conversion corectare com. adjustment
65 cost al transportului

corectibil com. amendable coroan ceheasc burs., banc. Czech koruna


corecie (a unui impozit) banc, com. abatement (CZK)
corecie a bazei basis adjustment coroan danez burs., banc. Danish krone
corecie a cotelor adjustment of quotas (DKK)
corecie a pieei market correction coroan estonian burs., banc. Estonian kroon
corecie a valorii value adjustment (EEK)
corecii ale extremelor pl. stat. end corrections coroan islandez burs., banc. Icelandic krona
corecii la venitul brut pl. adjustments to gross in- (ISK)
come coroan norvegian burs., banc. Norwegian
Coreea de Sud burs., banc. Korea, Republic of krone (NOK)
(KR) coroan slovac burs., banc. Slovak koruna
corelare aparent spurious correlation (SKK)
corelare canonic stat. canonical correlation coroan suedez burs., banc. Swedish krona
corelare faptic spurious correlation (SEK)
corelare neliniar stat. non-linear correlation corp strin foreign body
corelaie stat. correlation corporal tangible/ physical; active corporale - physi-
corelaie asimetric stat. skew correlation cal assets/ tangible assets; active corporale nete -
corelaie biserial stat. biserial correlation net tangible assets
corelaie direct stat. direct correlation Corporaia de Finanare Internaional International
corelaie iluzorie stat. spurious correlation Finance Corporation (IFC)
corelaie invers stat. inverse correlation corporaie corporation (cpn., Cpn)/ craft guild/ mer-
corelaie neliniar stat. curvilinear correlation chant guild/ corporate enterprise; impozit pe cor-
corelaie organic stat. organic correlation poraie corporation tax
corelaie parial stat. parial correlation/ net cor- corporaie din clasa C burs. C Corporation
relation corporaie internaional internaional corporation
corelaie policoric stat. polychoric correlation corporaie para-public quasi-public corporation
corelaie pozitiv stat. direct correlation corporaie privat private corporation
corelaie serial stat. serial correlation corporaie public public corporation
corelaie serial invers stat. inverse serial correla- corporaie strin foreign corporation
tion corupt com. corrupt
corelaie serial parial stat. parial serial correlation cosemnatar cosigner
corelaie tetracoric stat. tetrachoric correlation cosmetizare face lift
corelaie total stat. total correlation cosmetizare a bilanului doctoring of balances
coresponden com. correspondence; banc de co- cost cost
responden - advising bank/ correspondent bank cost al bunurilor vndute cost of goods sold (COGS)
coresponden oficial com. official correspondence cost al calitii pe lot lot-quality cost
corespunztor adj., com. appropriate/ proper/ cost al capitalului cost of capital
suitabie/ suited cost al capitalului ponderat weighted cost of capital
coroan (Danemarca, Insulele Faroe i Groenlanda) cost al creditului cost of credit
burs., banc. Danish krone (DKK) cost al datoriilor cost of debt
coroan (Estonia) burs., banc. Estonian kroon cost al desfacerii com. cost of distribution
(EEK) cost al eficienei efficiency cost
coroan (islanda) burs., banc. Icelandic krona (ISK) cost al factorilor (de producie) factor cost
coroan (MB) banc. crown <5 s.> cost al fondurilor cost of funds
coroan (Norvegia i Insulele Svalbard) burs., banc. cost al forei de munc cost of labor
Norwegian krone (NOK) cost al materialelor i al minii de lucru pl. prime
coroan (Republica Ceh) burs., banc. Czech costs (p.c, PC)
koruna (CZK) cost al minii de lucru cost of labor
coroan (Slovacia) burs., banc. Slovak koruna cost al perioadei period cost
(SKK) cost al schimbului banc. cost of exchange
coroan (Suedia) burs., banc. Swedish krona cost al timpilor mori cost of downtime
(SEK) cost al transportului com. cost of carriage
cost al vieii 66

cost al vieii cost of living Costa Rica burs., banc. Costa Rica (CR)
cost antecalculat target cost costisitor costly/ com. expensive
cost anual annual cost costuri pl expenses (exes); a reduce costurile - save
cost comparativ comparative cost costs; calculaie a costurilor - batch costing
cost conform devizului estimate cost costuri administrative pl. administrative costs
cost curent current cost costuri ale capitalului mprumutat pl. borrowing
cost de achiziie acquisition cost/ iniial cost costs
cost de evaluare appraisal cost costuri ale resurselor interne pl. domestic resource
cost de intermediere on-lending cost cost (DRC)
cost de investiie capital cost costuri ale serviciilor pl. service costs
cost de nlocuire replacement cost costuri ale tranzaciilor pl. transactions costs
cost de lansare floatation cost costuri anticipate pl. com. anticipated costs
cost de prelucrare conversion cost costuri anuale pl annual costs
cost de producie production cost/ conversion cost costuri (bancare) indirecte pl. burden
cost de transferare transfer cost costuri constante pl. constant costs
cost economic economic cost costuri cu mna de lucru pl. labor costs
cost estimativ estimative cost costuri de achiziie pl. acquisition costs
cost fix fixed cost costuri de ambalare pl. com. packing costs/ pack-
cost fix mediu average fixed cost ing charges
cost global total cost costuri de capital pl. capital cost
cost incremental incremental cost costuri de decontare pl. settlement costs
cost incremental al capitalului incremental cost of costuri de depozitare pl. com. cost ofstorage
capital costuri de descrcare pl. com. unloading charges
cost indirect indirect cost costuri de emisiune pl. banc. issue cost/ flota-
cost iniial iniial cost/ original cost/ historical cost tion cost
cost invariant fixed cost costuri de execuie pl. execution costs
cost istoric historical cost/ original cost costuri de exploatare pl. operating costs
cost n trepte stepped cost costuri de fabricaie pl. production costs/ manu-
cost marginal marginal cost/ incremental cost facturing costs/ cost of manufacture
cost marginal al forei de munc marginal cost of labor costuri de finanare pl. carrying/ cost of financing
COSt mediu average cost/ mean cost costuri de inactivitate pl. com. cost of idleness
cost mediu al capitalului average cost of capital costuri de lansare pl. launching costs
cost mediu ponderat al capitalului weighted average costuri de lichidare pl. closing costs
cost of capital CWACC) costuri de marketing pl. marketing costs/ market-
cost mediu unitar average unit cost ing expenses
cost mediu variabil average variable cost costuri de prelucrare pl. com. handling costs
cost neabsorbit unabsorbed cost costuri de producie pl. production costs/ cost of
cost neasimilat unabsorbed cost production/ cost of manufacture
cost net de finanare net financing cost costuri de producie comparative pl. comparative
cost orar de funcionare a mainii machine-hour rate production costs
cost per bucat unit cost costuri de producie indirecte pl. com. indirect
cost prognozat target cost production costs
cost real actual cost costuri de regularizare pl. settlement costs
cost semivariabil semivariable cost costuri de reprezentare pl. com. agency costs
cost social social cost costuri de stoc zero pl. stock-out costs
cost standard standard cost costuri de transport pl. com. transportation costs
cost total total cost costuri de utilizare pl. user cost
cost total mediu average total cost costuri directe pl direct costs/ direct charges
cost unitar unit cost costuri directe cu fora de munc pl. direct labor
cost unitar al minii de lucru unit labor cost costs
cost variabil variable cost costuri dirijate pl. managed costs
cost vizat target cost costuri economice pl. business costs
67 crean ordinar
___________________________________________ i __________________

costuri excesive pl. overcharge (oc, Oc, o/c) cotaie de nchidere burs. final quotation
costuri explicite pl. explicit costs cotaie de pia normal standard market quotation
costuri externe pl external cost cotaie direct burs. outright quotation
costuri fixe pl constant costs/ overhead costs/ pe- cotaie fr dobnd burs. flat quotation
riods cotaie la termen burs. forward quotation
costuri flotante pl. floating costs cotaie minim burs. lowest quotation
costuri implicite pl. implicit costs/ imputed costs cotaie nominal burs. nominal quotation
costuri incluse pl. embodied cost cotaie oficial burs. official quotation
costuri indirecte pl. indirect costs/ overhead/ re- cotaie pe pia burs. market quotation
lated costs/ incidental costs cotaii anterioare burs. former quotations
costuri indirecte cu fora de munc pl indirect la- cotaii bursiere pl. burs. quotation list/ exchange
bor costs quotations
costuri iniiale pl. start-up costs cot com. quota/ burs. quotation (quot.)
costuri majorate pl. com. increased costs cot a economiilor savings ratio
costuri medii pl. average costs cot calculat relativ calculated quota share
costuri neproductive pl. non-production costs cot de capital propriu capital ratio
costuri operaionale pl. operaional costs cot de economisire saving rate/ saving ratio
costuri ordinare pl. above-the-line costs cot de export com. export quota
costuri periodice pl. period cost/ recurrent costs cot de imigrare immigration quota
costuri progresive pl progressive costs cot de import com. import quota
costuri prohibitive pl. prohibitive costs cot de impunere fin. tax rate
costuri proprii pl. com. prime cost (p.c, PC) cot de lichiditi liquidity ratio
costuri reale pl. real costs cot de vnzri sales quota
costuri recurente pl recurrent costs cot din venit fin. income share
costuri reproductive pl reproduction cost cot la burs burs. stock exchange quotation
costuri salariate pl. wage bill/ wage costs cot maxim com. maximum quota
costuri sociale pl. social costs cot maxim de export com. maximum export
costuri suplimentare pl supplementary costs/ ad- cot relativ quota share
ditional charges/ additional costs cot tarifar tariff quota (TQ)
costuri variabile pl. variable costs cot-parte quota/ unit (u.)
CO basket Cote d'lvoire burs., banc. Cote d'Ivoire (CI)
co de mrfuri basket of goods cote de deschidere pl. burs. opening quotations
co de obligaiuni bond pool cotizaii salariate pl. employee's contribution
co standard standard basket cotor counterfoil/ stub
co valutar banc. currency basket/ currency com- covarian stat. covariance
posite/ basket of currencies cozi n tandem pl. stat. tandem queues
coul bunurilor de consum basket of consumer goods crah crash
cota burs. list crah bancar bank crash/ bank smash
cota zilei banc, burs. current rate (C.R., CR) crah bursier burs. market crash/ stock market crash
cotabil burs. quotable crean account receivable/ claim
cotare burs. listing/ quotation (quot.) crean activ active claim
cotare direct burs. direct listing crean cesionabil assignable debt
cotare indirect burs. indirect quotation crean contabil cont. book debt
cotat burs. listed/ quoted crean contractual contractual claim
cotaie burs. price quotation; a elimina din lista de crean eventual contingent claim
cotaii burs. - delist crean garantat secured debt
cotaie a aciunilor burs. stock quotation crean n strintate banc external claim
cotaie a bursei burs. stock exchange list crean neprevzut contingent liability
cotaie actual spot quotation crean neprivilegiat ordinary debt
cotaie anterioar burs. previous quotation crean nerecuperabil irrecoverable debt/ bad debt
cotaie curent spot quotation crean nerecuperat loss
cotaie de export burs. export quotation crean ordinar ordinary debt
crean restant 68

crean restant outstanding debt/ outstanding claim (EIC)/ installment loan/ installment credit/ loan
crean revalorizat banc. enhanced obligation for consumption
crean transfrontaiier cross-border claim credit de cont curent banc. open credit/ advance
creane pl. receivables/ accounts receivable (a/cs rec.) on current account
creane cu strintatea pl. foreign assets credit de exploatare banc working capital credit
creane de ncasat pl. cont. accounts receivable credit de investiii banc capital investment loan
(a/cs rec.) credit de ia FMI banc IMF Credit (IMFC)
creane n depozite pl. deposit claims credit de pornire banc starting credit
creane nerecuperabile pl. bad debts credit de refinanare banc refinancing credit
creane restante pl. banc. debts in arrears credit de rezerv banc stand by credit
creane scadente pl. banc. debts in arrears credit de scont banc discount credit
creane i obligaii pl. claims and liabilities credit de stat credit standing of a government
creare a unei mrci branding credit de susinere banc stand by credit
creare de credite credit creation credit de tranziie banc interim loan/ temporary
creare de disponibiliti bneti creation of money credit
creare de fonduri de rezerv formation of reserve credit deschis banc open credit/ open-end credit
funds credit din strintate banc foreign credit
creare de ipoteci banc. creation of mortgages credit dirijat banc directed credit
creare de locuri de munc job creation credit documentar banc paper credit
creare de rezerve banc. creation of reserves credit extern banc foreign credit
creator de pia market maker credit fr acoperire banc uncovered credit
credibilitate credibility credit fr maturitate banc. evergreen credit
credit banc. credit (cr., Cr.); a contracta un credit credit fictiv banc fictitious credit
- open a loan; a deschide un credit - lodge a credit; credit financiar banc financial loan
a prelungi un credit - extend a credit/ prolong a credit fiscal fin.banc tax credit
credit; a rennoi un credit - renew a credit; a vinde credit fix banc fixed credit
pe credit com. - sell on credit/ sell on account; credit funciar banc land credit
banc de credit - credit bank; credit riscant - im- credit garantat banc secured credit
paired credit; vnzri pe credit - borrowed sales; credit garantat cu active banc asset backed loan
creditele se compenseaz cu debitele cont. - credit credit garantat ipotecar banc home equity loan/
offset debts; a depi creditul banc. - overdraw home-equity loan
credit agricol banc. agricultural credit/ farm loan credit ieftin banc. cheap credit
credit alocat de Fondul Monetar Internaional banc. credit imobiliar banc. 1. home loan/ building credit.
IMF Credit (IMFC) 2. equity loan/ credit on real estate.
credit andosat banc. back-to-back credit credit industrial banc industrial credit
credit balon banc balloon loan credit instituional banc instituional credit
credit bancar banc bank credit/ bank loan/ com- credit interbancar banc call money
mercial lending credit (ipotecar) imobiliar banc building loan
credit blocat banc frozen credit credit intermediar banc interim loan/ temporary
credit comercial banc commercial credit/ trade credit
credit/ commercial loan/ commercial lending/ credit ipotecar banc mortgage credit/ mortgage
mercantile credit loan/ credit on mortgage/ equity loan
credit contra cesiune banc assignment credit credit ipotecar direct banc direct mortgage loan
credit contra documente banc advance against do- credit (interbancar) de o zi banc overnight money
cuments credit (interbancar) peste noapte banc overnight
credit contra garanii banc advance against security money
credit contra marf banc advance against goods credit ipotecar indirect banc indirect mortgage loan
credit cumprtor banc buyer's credit credit irevocabil confirmat banc confirmed irre-
credit curent banc standing credit vocable credit
credit de consum bancbanc consumer credit/ credit n alb banc blank credit/ unsecured credit/
consumer loan/ consumption loan/ retail credit/ credit in blank
private credit/ buyer's credit/ earned income credit credit n aval banc downstream loan
69 ______________ cretere a preurilor

credit n cont curent banc. current account credit credite interne pl. banc domestic credits
credit n lire sterline banc. sterling credit credite nelichidate pl. cont. outstanding loans
credit n numerar banc cash credit credite neutilizate pl. cont. credit reserves
credit ncruciat banc swap credite pentru brokeri pl. burs. brokers loans
credit la termen banc term credit credite scumpe pl. banc money squeeze
credit limitat banc limited credit credite vrsate pl. banc. disbursed debt
credit lombard banc. lombard credit/ lombard loan credit-furnizor supplier s credit
credit mixt banc mixed loan creditor creditor/ debtee/ lender/ loan lender/ debt
credit mobiliar banc credit on personal property holder/ money lender/ obligee; a ndestula un cre-
credit multivalutar banc multicurrency loan ditor - satisfy a creditor
credit negarantat banc unsecured credit creditor adj. creditor; cont creditor - creditor ac-
credit nelimitat banc unlimited credit count; banc creditoare - creditor bank
credit paralel banc back-to-back credit creditor bilateral bilateral creditor
credit pe baz de accepte banc acceptance credit creditor comercial commercial lender
credit pe termen lung banc long-term credit/ long creditor cu garanie secured creditor
term credit (LTC)/ long-sighted loan/ long-term creditor general general creditor
loan/ investment credit creditor insistent dun
credit pe termen mediu banc medium-term credit creditor ipotecar mortgage creditor/ mortgagee
credit pe termen scurt banc short-term credit/ short creditor marginal marginal lender
credit/ bridge financing creditor privilegiat privileged creditor/ preferenial
credit pentru construcii banc construction loan creditor/ preferred creditor/ senior creditor
credit pentru export banc. export credit creditor public official creditor
credit pentru o zi banc overnight credit creditori pl. cont. accounts payable (a/cs pay)/
credit pentru venituri salariate banc, fin. earned creditors (cr(s))/ payables
income credit (EIC) cresctor de animale com. stock breeder/ grazier
credit personal banc personal credit/ personal loan/ cresctor de vite com. stockbreeder/ meat grower
signature loan cresctorie de vite com. stock-farm
credit peste limit banc supermarginal credit crete 1. com. rise/ grow/ burs., banc. harden;
credit peste noapte banc overnight credit a crete brusc com. - jump/ zoom-up; a crete
credit peste plafon banc supermarginal credit puternic - soar. 2. (a mart) raise.
credit preferenial banc soft loan cretere 1. growth/ advance (ad., adv.)/ accretion/
credit prin descoperit banc overdraft credit increase (inc.)/ increment/ (a cursurilor) rise; a fi
credit privat banc. private credit n cretere - to be on the upswing; n cretere adj.
credit rambursabil banc. repayable loan - upswing/ burs. bullish; uoar cretere - slight
credit rambursabil n rate banc. installment credit increase; cu cretere exploziv - mushroomed; cu
credit reciproc banc back-to-back loan cretere rapid com. - fast-growing. 2. raise/ aug-
credit reciproc descoperit banc swing/ swing credit mentation.
credit rennoit automat banc revolving credit cretere a capitalului capital growth/ capital increase
credit reportat banc deferred credit cretere a cererii com. increase in demand
credit revolving banc. revolving credit/ open-end cretere a consumului com. increase of consump-
credit tion
credit riscant banc impaired credit cretere a costurilor com. increase in cost
credit rotativ banc revolving credit cretere a cursurilor burs. rise in the market/ banc.
credit sindicalizat banc syndicated credit/ syndi- appreciation of prices
cated loan/ participation loan cretere a dobnzilor banc. rise in interest
credit suveran banc sovereign credit cretere a exporturilor com. increase in exports
credit swing banc. swing/ swing credit/ swing loan cretere a intensitii capitalului capital deepening
credit temporar banc temporary credit cretere a preurilor com. price increase/ price ap-
credita lend; a credita excesiv overlend preciation/ price rise/ increase in price/ advance
credite cu dobnzi ridicate pl. banc dear money in price/ appreciation in price/ rise in prices/ up-
credite de ncasat pl. banc credit to cash turn in prices/ hardening of prices/ appreciation
credite ieftine pl. banc easy money of prices
cretere a productivitii 70

cretere a productivitii productivity increase/ pro- cretere selectiv a cotelor selective increase in quotas
ductivity gain/ rise in productivity cretere susinut sustainable growth
cretere a produciei com. rise in output cretere zero ec. zero growth
cretere a puterii de cumprare com. increase of creterea oilor com. sheep farming
purchasing power/ increase in purchasing power creterea preurilor com. force up the prices
cretere a salariilor salary increment/ wages increase creterea vitelor com. stock breeding/ stock farm-
cretere a salariului raise of salary ing/ stock-farm
cretere a schimburilor comerciale increase in trade creteri de curs pl. burs. rise in the market
cretere a stocurilor inventory build-up creteri salariale pl. rise in pay
cretere a valorii com. increase in value Crimeea tur. Crimea
cretere a vnzrilor com. sales growth criterii de convergen stat. convergence criteria
cretere a vitelor com. cattle breeding criterii de eligibilitate pl. eligibility criteria
cretere abrupt burs. steep rise criterii de investiie pl. investment criteria
cretere accelerat com. accelerated growth criterii de plasament pl. investment criteria
cretere accentuat burs. sharp rise criterii de selecie suplimentare pl. additional se-
cretere anual medie mean annual increase lection criteria
cretere anualizat annualized gain criteriu criterion
cretere brusc banc, com. abrupt rise/ jump/ criteriu de performan performance criterion
hike/ sudden increase criteriul Abbe-Helmert stat. Abbe-Helmert criterion
cretere brusc a cursurilor burs. jump in prices criteriul dispersiei medii stat. mean-variance cri-
cretere brusc a preurilor com. jump in prices terion
cretere constant steady rise criteriul lambda stat. lambda-criterion
cretere de capital raising of capital criteriul profitului maxim maximum return criterion
cretere de salariu pay rise (MRC)
cretere dezechilibrat unbalanced growth criteriul profitului maxim ateptat maximum expected
cretere durabil sustainable growth return criterion (MERC)
cretere echilibrat balanced growth critic critical; valoare critic - critical value
cretere economic economic growth/ economic ex- criz crisis/ com. shortage (shtg.)/ burs. slump
pansion criz bancar banc. banking crisis
cretere economic susinut sustained economic criz de dolari banc. dollar crisis
growth criz de lichiditi banc, cont. money pressure/
cretere economic zero zero economic growth money scarcity/ money stringency/ liquidity botde-
cretere exploziv a salariilor boost in wages neck
cretere frnat stunted growth criz economic economic crisis/ burs., banc. de-
cretere general a cotelor general increase in quotas pression/ com. commercial crisis
cretere general a salariilor across-the-board wage criz economic mondial com. world economic
increase/ across-the-board pay increase crisis
cretere intens boost criz energetic energy crisis
cretere liniar com. linear increase criz financiar flnancial crisis/ money crisis
cretere medie mean growth criz industrial industrial crisis
cretere moderat moderate rise criz internaional com. world-wide crisis
cretere negativ negative growth criz mondial com. world-wide crisis
cretere neinflationist durabil sustainable non-in- criz monetar banc. money crisis/ monetary cri-
flationary growth sis/ money pressure
cretere optim com. optimal growth Croaia burs., banc. Croaia (HR)
cretere periodic periodical increment cronofag time consuming
cretere procentual percentage growth CTC (Control Tehnic de Calitate) QC (Quality Control)
cretere prognozat projected growth cu ridicata com. wholesale trading
cretere realizabil attainable growth cu strigare burs. la criee
cretere regulat steady increase CU ziua banc, com. per diem (p.d.)
cretere salarial wage rise; cretere salarial n func- cuantifica stat. quantify
ie de vechime - pay increase according to seniority cuantificare stat. quantification
71 cupru

cuantum com. amount (amt., amnt.)/ full amount cumprare de excedente surplus purchase
cuantum al creditului banc. volume of credit cumprare impulsiv com. impulse buying
cuantum al despgubirii asig. indemnity sum cumprare n rate com. hire purchase
cuantum al vnzrilor com. volume of sales cumprare (n rate) pe credit com. hire-purchase
cuantum estimat com. estimated amount cumprare n vederea stocrii com. forward buying
cuantum exigibil banc. amount payable cumprare la cursul cel mai mic burs. buy cheap-
cuantum exigibil imediat banc. amount payable est/ buy at cheapest
forthwith cumprare pe credit com. credit buying/ purchase
cuantum net banc. net amount on credit
cuantum net al vnzrilor com. net sales cumprare spontan impulse buying
cuantum realizat din nstrinare amount realized cumprare vrac com. bulk bargain/ bulk purchase
cuartil quartile cumprat burs. bought (bot)
Cuba burs., banc. Cuba (CU) cumprat excesiv com. overbought
cubaj cubic capacity (c.c.t.) cumprri din panic pl. burs. panic buying
cubic cubic (cu, cu.) cumprri fr acoperire pl. burs. bull purchase
cucerire de (noi) piee com. conquest of markets cumprri la termen pl. burs. forward sales
culant com. obliging cumprtor buyer/ purchaser (pchs.)/ taker/ vendee/
culege agr. reap emptor; opiune a cumprtorului - buyer s option
culme stat. peak cumprtor de opiuni burs. option buyer
cultiva agr. grow/ cultivate cumprtor impulsiv impulse buyer
cultivare exhaustiv agr. exhaustive cultivation cumprtor (n rate) pe credit com. hire-purchaser
cultivare fr irigaii agr. dry farming cumprtor la termen burs. forward buyer
cultivare necontrolat agr. exhaustive cultivation cumprtor nenominalizat burs. undisclosed buyer
cultivator agr. grower cumprtor potenial prospective buyer
cultur alimentar agr. food crop cumprtor simplu burs. single buyer
cultur arid agr. dry farming cumprtor spontan impulse buyer
cultur comestibil agr. food crop cumprtori marginali marginal buyers
cultur de stridii com. oyster farming cumprturi pl. com. shopping;
cultur mixt agr. mixed cropping cumprturi de Crciun com. - Christmas
culturi cerealiere pl. agr. cereai crops shopping
culturi de referin pl. agr. basic crops cumul de servicii moonlighting
culturi tehnice pl. agr. technical crops cumul piramidal pyramiding
cumpra com. buy/ purchase/ acquire by purchase; cumula com. cumulate; a avea cumul de funcii -
a cumpra ieftin burs. - buy low; a cumpra n to hold several offces
exces com. - overbuy; a cumpra la deschidere cumulare a dobnzii banc. compounding of interest
burs. - buy on opening; a cumpra la nchidere cumulat accumulated (ace); dividend cumulat burs.
burs. - buy on close; a cumpra peste posibilit- - accumulated dividend; amortizare cumulat
ile de plat com. - overbuy cont. accumulated amortization; dobnd cu-
cumprare com. buying/ purchasing mulat banc. - acerued interest
cumprare angro com. bulk buying cumulativ com. cumulative (cum.)
cumprare ct mai ieftin burs. buy best cupiur denomination/ denomination unit
cumprare cu limit burs. limit buy cupon burs., banc. coupon (cp, CPN); cu
cumprare cu numerar com. cash purchase cupon - cum coupon; obligaiune cu cupoane -
cumprare cu plata n numerar com. purchase for coupon bond
cash cupon de dividend dividend coupon/ dividend warrant
cumprare cu plata n rate com. installment buying cupon de dobnd banc. interest coupon/ interest
cumprare cu ridicata com. bulk bargain/ bulk pur- warrant/ burs. bond coupon/ interest voucher
chase cupon (de dobnd) coupon
cumprare de ctre conducerea intern management cupon pentru cadouri com. gift voucher
buy-out (MBO) cupon prognozat burs. expected coupon
cumprare de ctre salariai employee buyout/ le- cupon trimestrial banc. quarterly coupon
veraged management buyout (LMBO) cupon zero burs. zero coupon
cupru com., burs. copper
72
curat
curat clean curb-clopot stat. bell-shaped curve
curator trustee curbe de ncredere pl. stat. confidence curves
curba cererii globale stat. aggregate demand curve curent current (crt., cur., curt.)/ running; an curent
curba ofertei globale stat. aggregate supply curve - current year; buget curent - current budget; capi-
curba Pearson stat. Pearson curve tal curent - current capital; cont curent - current
curb curve account; cost curent - current cost; de uz curent
curb a cererii com. demand curve com. - non-durable; lichidare curent - current
curb a costurilor com. cost curve setdement; active curente totale - total current assets
curb a creterii stat. growth curve curier com. courier
curb a densitii medii stat. curve of mean density curriculum vitae resume/ data sheet
curb a dobnzii banc yield curve curs burs. price (pe, pr.)/ banc rate/ burs.
curb a ofertei com. supply curve quotation (quot.); a vinde la cel mai bun curs
curb a productivitii com. output curve burs. - sell at best; n afara (cursului) pieei
curb a randamentului yield curve burs. - outside market; n afara cursului burs.
curb a vnzrilor com. sales curve - out-of-the-money; n curs (de derulare) - in
curb anormal stat. abnormal curve progress; la (cursul de) deschidere burs.- on open-
curb anormal complex stat. complex abnormal ing; la (cursul de) nchidere burs. - on close; la
curve cel mai bun curs burs. - at market/ at best/ com.
curb caracteristic stat. operating characteristic at market (prices); la cursul cel mai mic burs. -
curb de concentraie stat. curve of concentration buy cheapest/ buy at cheapest; a elibera cursul de
curb de consum consumption curve schimb banc - unpeg the rate
curb de distribuie stat. distribution curve curs actual banc day's rate
curb de distribuie normal stat. normal distribu- curs al aciunilor pl. burs. share prices
tion curve curs al aurului burs., banc. gold rate/ rate of gold
curb de flexibilitate stat. curve of flexibility curs al disponibilului banc. spot rate
curb de frecven stat. frequency curve curs al efectelor de schimb pl. burs. security
curb de indiferen (Edgeworth) stat. indifference prices
curve curs al pieei banc, burs. prevailing market rate
curb de influen stat. influence curve curs al zilei banc day's rate/ exchange of the day
curb de nivel stat. contour level curs ascendent burs. escalator
curb de randament convex/ cu punct critic stat. curs cerut burs. ask/ asked/ best ask/ rate asked
humped yield curve curs contabil cont. accounting rate
curb de randament invers stat. inverse yield curve curs curent banc, burs. current rate (C.R., CR)/
curb de regresiune stat. regression curve current quotation/ rate of the day
curb de regresiune median stat. median regres- curs de cas banc. spot rate/ cash quotation
sion curve curs de compensaie banc daily setdement price
curb de repartiie stat. cumulative frequency curve curs de contango banc, burs. rate of contango
curb descendent stat. downward curve curs de continuitate banc carry over rate
curb exponenial stat. exponenial curve curs de conversie banc conversion rate/ parity
curb exponenial modificat stat. modified ex- curs de cumprare banc, burs. buying rate
ponenial curve curs de deschidere burs. opening price/ beginning
curb J stat. J-curve rate/ opening rate
curb logistic stat. logistic curve curs de emisiune burs. ask price/ offering price/
curb Lorenz stat. Lorenz curve rate of issue
curb neutr stat. neutral curve curs de intervenie obligatorie banc compulsory
curb normal de distribuie stat. normal curve of intervention rate
distribution curs de nchidere burs. close/ closing rate/ closing
curb Pareto stat. Pareto curve price/ closing quotation
curb salarii-productivitate stat. wage-productivity curs de referin banc central rate
curve curs de report banc. rate of contango
curb sigmoid stat. sigmoid curve curs de schimb banc exchange rate/ rate of ex-
curb sumatoare stat. ogive change (r.e., r.o.e.)/ parity
73 cvorum

curs de schimb actual banc, burs. spot exchange curs la burs burs. market rate
rate curs la paritate banc par value price
curs de schimb contabil cont. shadow exchange rate curs limitat burs. limited price
curs de schimb controlat banc. managed float/ man- curs listat burs. ask/ asked
aged exchange rate curs maxim burs., banc. peak price/ outside price
curs de schimb curent banc, burs. spot exchange curs maximal banc top price
rate curs mediu banc, burs. middle rate/ market av-
curs de schimb de echilibru macroeconomic banc erage/ middle course/ middle price
macroeconomic balance exchange rate (MBER) curs minim burs. grounding/ lowest quotation
curs de schimb de referin banc shadow exchange curs negociat burs. trading price
rate curs oferit burs., banc. offer (off.)/ offer price/
curs de schimb dirijat banc managed float/ man- bid/ bid price/ best bid/ buying price
aged exchange rate curs oficial burs. official rate/ official notation/
curs de schimb efectiv burs., banc real exchange official quotation
rate curs spot burs., banc. spot rate
curs de schimb favorabil burs. fair rate of exchange curs trimestrial banc. stock price quarterly
curs de schimb fictiv banc, burs. shadow ex- curs valutar banc exchange rate/ foreign exchange
change rate rate
curs de schimb fix banc fixed exchange rate curs-ctig stat. price/earnings (P/E)
curs de schimb flexibil banc flexible exchange rate cursul menionat banc above quotation
curs de schimb fluctuant burs. floating exchange rate cursul pieei burs. market value (m.v.)
curs de schimb forat banc forced exchange cursul zilei banc, burs. current rate (C.R., CR)
curs de schimb impus banc forced exchange cursuri de schimb cu flotaie liber pl. burs., banc
curs (de schimb) indirect burs., banc indirect freely floating exchange rates
quote cursuri de schimb multiple pl. banc multiple rates
curs de schimb ncruciat banc cross exchange/ of exchange
cross rate cursuri pe piaa neoficial pl. burs. gray market
curs (de schimb) ncruciat banc, burs. cross rate prices
curs de schimb la termen burs. forward rate/ for- cursuri stabile pl. burs. firm prices
ward exchange rate CUrtaj burs. courtage/ brokerage/ factorage/ stock-
curs de schimb liber burs., banc freely fluctu- broking
ating exchange rate curtaj de schimb burs. bill brokerage
curs de schimb multivalutar banc multicurrency peg Curte de Arbitraj Permanent fin. Permanent Court
curs de schimb nominal burs. nominal exchange of Arbitration (PCA)
rate curte de conturi fin. audit court/ audit office/ board
curs de schimb oficial banc official exchange rate/ of audit
official rate of exchange curtier burs. broker/ dealer (dlr.)/ middleman/
curs de schimb real burs., banc real exchange rate stock broker/ stock jobber/ commission merchant
curs de schimb valutar banc exchange rate/ par- curtier de lingouri (de aur) burs. bullion dealer
ity of exchange curtier independent burs. independent broker
curs de schimb (valutar) curent banc exchange of curtier maritim com. ship broker
the day custode guardian
curs de vnzare burs., banc sell price/ selling cutii com. cartoons (c'tns)
price/ selling rate cutume customs
curs direct burs., banc direct quote cvasibani banc, burs. quasi-money/ near money
curs fix banc, burs. fixed rate cvasifiscal fin. quasi-fiscal
curs flotant banc. floating rate cvasiindependen quasi-independence
curs fluctuant banc floating rate cvintil quintiles
curs ncruciat burs., banc. cross-rate cvorum quorum
D
dalasi (Gambia) burs., banc Dalasi (GMD) dat de scaden banc. call date
Danemarca burs., banc. Denmark (DK, Den.) dat limit cutoff date
dara tare (t.) dat-limit closing date/ banc. key date
dare de seam report date brute raw data
dare de seam anual annual report date calitative qualitative data
dare de seam asupra cheltuielilor return of expenses date cantitative quantitative data
dare de seam financiar anual exhaustiv compre- date comerciale false com. false trade description
hensive annual financial report (CAFR) date contabile cont. accounting data
dare de seam pentru conducerea administrativ ex- date contrafcute misleading statements
ecutive report date despre numrul omerilor ec. unemployment
data (a data) date figures
data contabilizrii cont. bookingdate date despre omaj ec. unemployment data
data emisiunii date of issue date geografice geographic data
data ncrcrii com. alongside date (ad.) date manipulate doctored data
data nregistrrii date of record date statistice statistical records
data potei mailing date dator indebted
data scadenei date of maturity datorie debt/ indebtedness; a achita o datorie - settle
datat dated'(dd) a debt/ red the debt/ acquit a debt; a amortiza o
dat date; aceeai dat - same date (SD); la data - datorie - amortize a debt; a lichida O datorie - red
as at the debt/ red the loan/ wipe oria debt; a terge o
dat a anunrii announcement date datorie - wipe off a debt; amortizare a datoriei -
dat a avizrii notification date debt amortization/ datorie din salariu - hold-back
dat a comenzii com. ordering date pay; consolidare a datoriei - debt consolidation
dat a expedierii com. date of dispatch datorie consolidat fixed debt/ permanent debt
dat a facturii com. date of invoice datorie convertibil convertible debt
dat a nregistrrii booking date datorie cu scaden ndeprtat long-term debt
dat a lansrii subscripiei burs. offering date datorie cu termenul expirat stale debt
dat a notificrii notification date datorie curent current debt
dat a plii payment date datorie de stat internal debt/ official debt
dat a scadenei maturity date datorie exigibil debt due
dat de deschidere com. opening date datorie extern external debt/ foreign indebtedness
dat de expirare expiration date/ expiry date/ date datorie extern ajustat revised external debt (RXD)
of expiration datorie extern revizuit revised external debt (RXD)
dat de intrare n vigoare effective date datorie flotant floating debt
dat de nchidere closing date datorie intern domestic debt
dat de nchidere a bursei burs. market close date datorie intern brut gross naional debt
dat de nregistrare record date datorie ipotecar banc. hypothecary debt/ mort-
dat de nscriere record date gage debt/ debt on mortgage
dat de livrare delivery date/ date of delivery datorie la vedere sight debt
dat de rscumprare redemption date datorie neconsolidat unconsolidated debt/ un-
dat de regularizare settlement date funded debt
75 decalaj n aprovizionare
datorie neproductiv deadweight debt debit nchis barred debt
datorie nerecuperabil irrecoverable debt debit neachitat outstanding debt/ undischarged debt
datorie nesigur doubtful debt debit nedescrcat undischarged debt
datorie net net debt debit negarantat unsecured debt
datorie per capita per capita debt debit obligatar debenture debt
datorie perpetu perpetuai debt debit subordonat junior debt
datorie preferenial preferenial debt/ senior debt debit suveran sovereign debt
datorie prioritar preferred debt/ senior debt debit total com. total debt
datorie privilegiat privileged debt debita {n cont) debit (deb.); debitnd din contul meu
datorie productiv living debt to the debit of my account
datorie public public debt/ domestic debt/ inter- debitare direct direct debiting (DD)
nai debt/ naional debt/ stock (stk.)/ government debite (monetare) pl banc. money due
debts debite active com. active debts
datorie public curent outstanding public debt debite ale firmei pl com. company debts
datorie (public) productiv productive debt debite bancare pl banc. commercial debt
datorie (public) reproductiv reproductive debt debite comune pl com. joint debts
datorie reealonat anterior previously rescheduled debite exigibile pl accrued liabilities
debt (PRD) debite n devize pl currency liabilities
datorie secundar subordinate debt debite n valut pl foreign debts/ currency liabilities
datorie structurat structured debt debite nesigure pl doubtful debts/ dubious debts
datorie subordonat subordinate debt debite restante pl backlog of debts/ banc. inte-
datorie temporar temporary debt rest due
datorie veche old-standing debt/ stale debt debite restructurabile pl banc. eligible debt
datorie viabil sustainable debt debite i reducere a debitelor pl debt and debt ser-
datorii active pl asset vice reduction (DDSR)
datorii comerciale pl com. business debts debite totale pl effective debt
datorii eligibile pl banc. eligible debt debitor deb tor (dr.)/ borrower/ obligor/ payor
datorii externe pl foreign liabilities/ external li- debitor de prim rang AAA debtor
abilities debitor ipotecar mortgage debitor/ mortgager/ mort-
datorii inactive pl dormant debt gagor
datorii n valut pl foreign debts debitor principal chief debtor/ principal (prin.)
datorii ncruciate pl cross debts debitor restanier delinquent borrower
datorii nesigure pl doubtful debts debitor solvabil solvent debtor
datorii pasive pl passive debts debitor subordonat subordinate
datorii pe termen lung pl fixed liabilities/ long-term debitori pl cont. accounts receivable (a/cs rec.)
liabilities debitori marginali pl marginal borrowers
datorii sigure banc good debts debloca unfreeze
datorii totale effective debt deblocare de fonduri release of funds
daun minim asig. minor loss debueu sales outlet
daune materiale property damage debueu comercial outlet market
de facto de facto debueu pe piaa vnzrilor cu amnuntul retail outlet
de jure de jure decalaj disparity/ gap/ lag; decalajul se mrete -
dealer burs. dealer (dlr.) the gap is widening
deasupra liniei above the line decalaj al scadenelor maturity mismatch
debarcader wharf (wh., whf.) decalaj al veniturilor com., fin. earnings lag
debit debit (dr., deb.)/ debenture (deb.); cont de debit decalaj cultural cultural lag
- debit account decalaj de finanare financing gap
debit bancar commercial debt decalaj de pre price gap
debit barat barred debt decalaj de producie output gap
debit de rang secundar junior debt decalaj deflaionist deflationary gap
debit direct direct debit decalaj financiar financing gap
debit ipotecar banc. hypothecary debt decalaj n aprovizionare supply gap
decalaj salariat 76

decalaj salarial com. earnings lag decont al cheltuielilor de cltorie travel expense re-
decalaj tehnologic technological gap port
decalaj temporal time lag deconta reimburse
decalare lagging decontabil cont. reimbursable
decapitalizare disinvestment/ capital decrease decontare reimbursement/ settlement
decartelizare com. decartelization decontare a cheltuielilor de deplasare com. compen-
decdere din drepturi burs. forfeiture of shares sation for traveling
decelerare downturn decontare de servicii com. accounting for services
decembrie December (D.) decontare imediat immediate settlement
decigram decigram (dg) decorator de vitrine com. window dresser
decilitru deciliter (dl) deduce deduct; a deduce din impozit fin. - un tax
decimetru decimeter (dm) deducere a cheltuielilor com. allowance for ex-
decizie decision penses
decizie de alocare a capitalului capital allocation de- deducere a creanelor nerecuperabile bad debt de-
cision duction
decizie de cumprare buying decision deducere a dobnzii interest deduction
decizie de sistare a tranzacionrii distringas deducere a pierderilor com. loss deduction
decizie definitiv com. ultimate decision deducere din impozit fin. tax deduction
decizie final terminal decision deducere din salariu salary deduction
decizie managerial managerial decision deducere fiscal tax deduction
decizii de finanare financing decisions deducere la surs deduction at source
declarare a falimentului com. declaration of bank- deducere pentru dividendele primite dividends re-
ruptcy ceived deduction (DRD)
declarare a nulitii titlurilor pl. cancellation of se- deducere pentru nevoi personale com. allowance
curities for personal needs
declarat stated; capital declarat - stated capital; la deducere standard standard deduction
valoarea declarat com. - ad valorem (a/v, a.v., deduceri detaliate pl. itemized deductions
adv., ad.val.) deduceri pentru costurile de capital capital cost al-
declaraie statement lowance (CCA)
declaraie a expertului contabil cont. accountants deductibil deductible/ tax-deductible
letter deductibil din impozit fin. tax deductible/ deduct-
declaraie bancar bank declaration ible from income tax
declaraie consular consular declaration (c.d.) defalca deduct
declaraie de depozit memorandum of deposit defalcare breakdown
(MD.) defavoriza discriminate
declaraie de export export declaration defazare a scadenelor maturity mismatch
declaraie de impozit global fin. income tax return defect defect; cu defecte - faulty
declaraie de venit fin. tax return defect ascuns inherent vice/ latent defect
declaraie de venituri fin. returmpf income/ earn- defecte admisibile pl. allowable defects
ings statement/ financial statement (FS, F/S)/ fi- defectuos faulty
nancial status deficit deficit/ deficiency/ lack/ loss/ red ink/ scanti-
declaraie fals misstatement nesl scarcity/ shortage (shtg.)/ shortfall; a fi n defi-
declaraie vamal com. customs declaration (CD)/ cit be in the red
customs entry/ bill of entry/ entry (e, e., ent.) deficit al balanei comerciale external deficit/ balance
declaraie vamal provizorie com. sight entry of trade deficit
declaraii eronate pl. false statements deficit al balanei de pli payments deficit/ balance
declasifica ec. underrate of payments deficit
declin downtrend/ decline/ downswing/ negative deficit bugetar budget deficit/ budgetary deficit/
growth/ sag; sector n declin - sunset industry; n compensatory spending
declin - sagging deficit bugetar inflaionist inflationary budget deficit
deconsilia dissuade deficit comercial commercial deficit/ trade deficit/
decont settlement of accounts/ break up trade gap

.
77 departament valutar
deficit de capital banc. lack of capital/ shortage of demarketing demarketing
capital demisie resignation
deficit de credite banc. credit stringency democraie economic economic democracy
deficit de devize scarcity of foreign exchange demodulare complex stat. complex demodulation
deficit de dolari dollar shortage demografie demography
deficit de finanare banc. money gap/ deficit of fi- demonetiza demonetize
nancing denomina(liza)re currency redenomination
deficit de finanare bugetar budgetary gap densitate optim a populaiei optimum population
deficit de for de munc labor deficit/ labor short- densitate probabilistic stat. probability density
age/ manpower shortage denumire name
deficit de lichiditi shortage of ready cash denumire a firmei com. firm name/ company name/
deficit de locuri de munc shortage of jobs/ lack of name of firm/ corporate name
jobs denumire a postului ec. job title
deficit de mn de lucru shortage of labor denumire comercial fictiv assumed name
deficit de numerar banc. cash shortage denumire nregistrat registered name
deficit de personal staff shortage/ manpower shortage denuna repudiate
deficit de rezerve reserve deficiency/ deficient reserves denunare de contract notice of termination
deficit financiar shortage of money deosebit special; cu vechime deosebit com. - very
deficit global com. overall deficit very old (WO)
deficit la export export shortfall departament department (dept.)/ division (div,
deficit monetar shortage of money/ scarcity of divn.)
money/ lack of money departament administrativ administration department
deficit structural underlying deficit Departament al Comerului (SUA) Department of
deficitar adverse/ scarce/ scanty; buget deficitar - ad- Commerce (DOC)
verse budget/ unbalanced budget; a depi deficitul departament de achiziii com. canvassing department
- come out of the red; deficitul balanei comerciale departament de contabilitate cont. accounting de-
deficit of the commercial balance partment/ accounts department
deflaie deflation/ disinflation; a provoca deflaie - departament de control com. audit department
deflate departament de credite loan department
deflaie monetar currency deflation/ monetary de- departament de desfacere com. sales division
flation departament de expediii com. shipping department
deflaionist deflationary/ disinflationary; politic de- departament de export com. export division
flation ist - disinflationary policy departament de import com. import division
deforma distort departament de marketing com. marketing depart-
degradare depreciation ment
degresiv fin. degressive; impozit degresiv fin. - departament de organizare com. organization de-
degressive tax partment
degrevare relief/ derate/ decrease taxes/ diminish departament de personal staff department
taxes/ disburden/ derating/ remission/ {de impo- departament de planificare planning department
zit) banc.y com. abatement departament de relaii publice public relations depart-
degrevare de dubla impunere fin. double taxation ment
relief departament de revizie com. audit department
degrevare de sarcini discharge of lien departament de stat com. government department
degrevare fiscal tax relief/ forgiveness of tax departament de transport transportation department
del credere del credere (TD)
delapida embezzle/ misappropriate/ misuse/ defalcate departament financiar banc. analysis department
delapidare embezzlement/ misappropriation/ misuse departament ipotecar mortgage department
delapidare de fonduri misuse of funds departament juridic legal department (LEG)
delapidator embezzler departament pentru transporturi transportation de-
delega delegate partment (TD)
delegare delegation departament valutar banc. foreign money depart-
delegat agent (agt.) ment
departamental 78

departamental divisional depozit de rezerv obligatoriu banc. compulsory


Departamentul de Stat pentru Agricultur din SUA reserve deposit
United States Agriculture Department (USDA) depozit deschis com. open depot/ open safekeep-
departamentul juridic legal department (LEG) ing account
Departamentul pentru Comer i Afaceri Externe De- depozit esenial banc. core deposit
partment of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT) depozit frigorific com. coldstorage
Departamentul pentru Industrie i Comer (MB) De- depozit iniial banc. original deposit/ iniial margin
partment of Trade and Industry (DTI) depozit n eurodolari banc. eurodollar deposit
Departamentul pentru Transporturi Transportation depozit n eurovalut banc. eurocurrency deposit
Department (TD) depozit n numerar banc. cash deposit
depi surpass/ exceed/ overextend/ overstep; a depi depozit la termen banc. term deposit/ time deposit
creditul banc. overdraw; a depi deficitul - come (t.d., TD, T/D)/ deposit at notice/ fixed deposit/
out of the red; a depi numeric - outnumber fixed period deposit
depire de buget cost overrun depozit la vedere banc. call deposit/ demand de-
depit overdue/ outdated posit/ sight deposit
depit de cont banc. amount overdrawn depozit pe termen lung banc. long-term deposit/
dependent sensitive; pia dependent - captive deposit at long notice/ large-time deposit
market depozit pe termen scurt banc. deposit at short no-
dependent de conjunctur com. cyclically sensitive tice/ small-time deposit
dependent de importuri import-intensive depozit pe trei luni banc. ninety-day deposit
dependent de variaiile sezoniere subject to seasonal depozit prealabil advance deposit
influences depozit rambursabil la cerere banc. deposit at call
dependen dependence/ dependency (dep.) depozitare storage/ warehousing (whsg.)
dependen de produse product dependency depozitare extern field warehousing
dependen de resurse resource dependence depozitare pe teren field warehousing
dependen economic economic dependence depozite pl. deposits
dependen markovian stat. Markovian depen- depozite ale persoanelor fizice pl. banc. indivi-
dence dual deposits
dependen stocastic stat. stochastic dependence depozite ale populaiei pl. banc individual de-
deplasare a poverii fiscale shifting of tax posits
deponent deponent (dep.)/ depositor depozite bancare pl. deposit money
deport backwardation depozite de dolari din Europa pl banc. eurodollar
deport la termen forward discount depozite de economii pl. banc savings deposits
deposeda dispossess/ expropriate depozite interbancare pl banc interbank funds
deposedare dispossession/ expropriation depozite n cont curent pl banc deposits on
depozit 1. deposit (dept.)/ safekeeping account/ current account
cover; cont de depozit - depository account; obli- depozite publice pl. banc public deposits
gaiune de depozit - deposit bond. 2. depot/ stor- deprecia disvalue/ debase; a (se) deprecia - depreciate
age/ warehouse (w., whs.). depreciere depreciation/ depreciable/ debasement/
depozit al bncilor comerciale banc bankers' de- depreciation in value/ reduction in value
posit depreciere a activelor depreciation of assets
depozit angro com. wholesale warehouse depreciere a monedei currency depreciation/ depre-
depozit anticipat advance deposit ciation of currency/ debasement of the coinage
depozit bancar banc. bank deposit depreciere concurenial competitive depreciation
depozit (bancar) banc. deposit (dept.) depreciere gradual step depreciation
depozit cu preaviz banc. notice deposit/ deposit depreciere punctual step depreciation
at notice depresiune burs., banc. depression/ economic
depozit de economii banc. saving deposit crisis/ slump/ trough
depozit (de economii) privat banc. private deposit depresiune economic com. economic depression
depozit de garanie security deposit depresiune economic cu inflaie slumpflation
depozit de materiale supply depot depresiune mondial com. world depression
depozit de rezerv reserve depot (RD, R/D) depuntor banc depositor/ deponent (dep.)/ saver
79 detailiti independeni
depune lodge/ deposit; a depune bani - deposit descrete decline
money descriere a coninutului com. description of con-
depunere banc. deposit (dept.); banc de depuneri tents
- deposit bank descriere a locului de munc com. job profile
depunere a bilanului (la faliment) filing for bankruptcy descriere a mrfii com. description of goods
depunere a ofertelor submission of bids descriere eronat a mrfii com. false trade descrip-
depunere de acoperire reserve deposit tion
depunere minim banc. minimum deposit descriptiv descriptive
depuneri ale statului public deposits descuraja discourage
depus deposed (dep.) descurajare discouragement
derapaj slippage desface 1. distribute/ vend. 2. dismantle.
deraionaliza deration desfacere com. distribution (dis.); cu desfacere ra-
dereglementare deregulation pid com. - fast-selling
derivat derivative desfacere anual com. annual sales
derogare waiver desfacere en detail com. retail trading
derogatoriu derogatory desfacere fr intermediari com. direct selling
descrca 1. discharge/ unburden; a descrca de obli- desfacere lent com. slow sale
gaii directorii - to give final discharge to the di- desfacere pe piaa autohton pl com. domestic
rectors. 2. unlade/ unload. sales
descrcare discharge/ quittance/ acquaintance desfurare evolution; n curs de desfurare - in
descrcare n minus com. short delivery (s.d.} SA.) progress
descentraliza decentralize desfurtor spreadsheet
descentralizare decentralization desfiina com. abolish; a desfiina un cartel - de-
descentralizare a industriei com. industrial decen- cartelize
tralization/ decentralization of industry desfiinare abolition/ abolishment
deschide open; a deschide un acreditiv banc. - open desfiinare a cuponului coupon stripping
a letter of credit; a deschide un credit - lodge a desfiinare a unui cartel decartelization
credit desfiinarea proprietii private com. abolition of
deschidere opening; a cumpra la deschidere burs. private property
- buy on opening; curs de deschidere - opening design industrial industrial design/ commercial art
price; la (cursul de) deschidere burs. - on opening; designer designer
la deschiderea bncilor - opening of banks (o.b.) despgubi asig. indemnify/ compensate
deschidere a licitaiei burs., banc. bid opening despgubire compensation/ indemnity/ reparation/
deschidere a pieei market opening indemnification
deschidere a procedurii de faliment com. opening despgubire adecvat com. fair compensation
of bankruptcy despgubiri de rzboi pl. war reparations
deschidere a unui cont banc. opening of an ac- despri disassociate
count desprire disassociation/ severance
deschidere a unui credit banc. opening of credit desprindere break up/ spin-off
deschidere de acreditiv letter of credit opening destabilizant destabilizing
deschis open/ open ended/ open-end; cont deschis destinatar recipient/ receiver/ consignee/ remittee/
- open account; economie deschis - open eco- addressee
nomy; pia deschis - open market destinaie destination; n ara de destinaie com. -
descompune dismantle in the country of dispatch
descompunere decomposition deseleni to lay land fallow
descoperit banc. overdrawn (od, OD, O.D., Ol deeu waste product
D)/ uncovered/ uncovered position/ no account deeuri pl. 1. refuse/ waste/ scrap/ litter/ wastage.
(n/a, n.a., noacc.)/ no funds (n/f, NF)/ unbalanced; 2. defective goods.
a vinde n descoperit burs. - sell short; cont des- deeuri metalice com. scrap metal
coperit - overdue account detailist com. retailer/ retail dealer/ detail dealer/
descoperit de cont banc. overdraft (od, OD, O.D., retail business
o./d., O/D)/ bank overdraft detailiti independeni pl. com. independent shops
80

detalia
detalia itemize devalorizare a monedei currency devaluation/ devalu-
detaliat detailed; audit detaliat - detailed audit; cont ation of currency
detaliat - detailed account/ specified account; fac- devalorizare manifest overt devaluation
-tur detaliat - itemized invoice devaluare competitiv competitive devaluation
detaliere a costurilor com. classification of expenses deviz estimate (est.)/ projection
detalii pl particulars deviz al unei comenzi com. job costing
detaa cut off deviz centralizator summarized estimate
detaabil detachable deviz estimativ cost estimate/ estimate of costs/ bill
deteriora tamper of quantities
deteriorare deterioration deviz estimativ (pentru construcie) builders esti-
deteriorare a capitalului capital impairment mate
deteriorare a condiiilor de schimb deterioration in deviz preliminar preliminary estimate
terms of trade deviz sintetic summarized estimate
determinabil determinable devize burs., banc. foreign exchange (f x., f.ex.,
determinant determinant Forex, FOREX, FX)/ foreign money (FM); cambie
determinare a capacitii (unui angajat) performance tras n devize - currency bill; cont n devize - cur-
appraisal rency account; pia de devize foreign exchange
determinare a costului total al fluxului tehnologic pro- market; rezerve de devize pl. - currency reserves;
cess costing pia a devizelor - exchange market
determinare a preurilor pricing devize convertibile convertible currency
determinare a puritii assay devize forte hard currency
determinism economic economic determinism dezacord discrepancy
determinism geografic geographic determinism dezavantaj disadvantage/ drawback (dbk.)
detezaurizare dishoarding dezavantaj concurenial competitive disadvantage
deturna com. alienate/ defalcate; a deturna (fonduri) dezavantajare discrimination
- embezzle/ misappropriate/ misuse/ misapply dezavantajat disadvantaged/ handicapped
funds dezavantajos disadvantageous/ harmful
deturnare de fonduri defalcation/ embezzlement/ dezechilibrat com. unbalanced/ out of balance
misappropriation/ misuse/ manipulation of funds/ dezechilibru imbalance/ disequilibrium/ distortion/
misuse of funds maladjustment
deintor holder; pe numele deintorului banc. - dezechilibru al balanei de pli disequilibrium in the
in the name of the holder balance of payments
deintor al poliei policy holder dezechilibru al pieei forei de munc labor market
deintor al unei aciuni com. holder of a share imbalance
deintor al unui cec banc. holder of a check dezechilibru economic com. economic disequilib-
deintor de aciuni holder of shares/ holder of stock rium
deintor de aciuni prefereniale preference share- dezechilibru geografic territorial imbalance
holder dezechilibru ntre cerere i ofert com. imbalance
deintor de obligaiuni bondholder/ debenture hol- of supply and demand
der dezechilibru pe piaa forei de munc imbalance on
deintor de opiuni option holder the labor market/ disequilibrium on the labor
deintor de terenuri landlord market
deine com. own dezechilibru teritorial territorial imbalance
deinere de aciuni stockholding/ holding of shares dezghea unfreeze
deinere de aciuni de ctre salariai employee dezindustrializare deindustrialization
shareholding dezinteres disinclination/ disinterestedness
deinere reciproc de aciuni cross holding/ recipro- dezinteres fa de cumprturi com. disinclination
cal shareholding to buy
devalorizare devaluation/ devalue/ devaluate/ de- dezinteres fa de investiii disinclination to invest
monetize/ debase/ debasement/ decline in value/ dezinteresat disinterested
decrease in value/ fall in value/ loss in price/ loss dezintermediere disintermediation
in value dezorganizare disruption
81 diminuare a cererii

dezvoltare development/ expansion; banc de dezvol- diagram procentual stat. percentage diagram
tare banc. - development bank; cu dezvoltare diagram sectorial stat. circular chart
rapid com. fast-growing diagram semilogaritmic stat. semi-logarithmic
dezvoltare a comerului development of trade chart/ semi-logarithmic graph
dezvoltare a exportului expansion of exports diagram tehnologic process chart
dezvoltare a pieei com. market development/ mar- diamant com. diamond
ket growth Diego Garcia burs., banc. Diego Garcia
dezvoltare a schimburilor comerciale import and ex- diferen difference (dif.)/ gap/ spread
port development diferen a cursului valutar exchange rate differential
dezvoltare accelerat com. accelerated development diferen a ratei de schimb exchange rate differential
dezvoltare ciclic com. cyclical development diferen a scadenelor maturity imbalance/ matu-
dezvoltare comunitar community development nty mismatch
dezvoltare conjunctural com. cyclical development diferen absolut stat. absolute difference
dezvoltare dezechilibrat unbalanced growth diferen de cost com. cost variance
dezvoltare durabil sustainable development diferen de curs banc. difference in rates
dezvoltare echilibrat balanced development diferen de pre price difference/ price spread
dezvoltare economic economic development diferen de valoare haircut
dezvoltare economic echilibrat balanced economic diferen dintre preul de cost i preul de vnzare
development burs. price spread
dezvoltare exploziv mushroom growth diferen medie stat. mean difference
dezvoltare industrial exploziv industrial boom diferen medie circular stat. circular mean dif-
dezvoltare organic organic growth ference
dezvoltare pe orizontal horizontal expansion diferen medie succesiv stat. mean successive dif-
dezvoltare rapid rapid development/ mushroom ference
growth diferen net net difference
dezvoltare structural organic growth diferene compensate pl. balanced differences
dezvoltare tehnic technological advance diferene salariate com. wage differentials
dezvoltare viabil sustainable development difereniere differentiation; sistem bancar difereniat
dezvoltarea comerului i a marketingului trade pro- - dual banking
motion and marketing difereniere a produselor product differentiation
dezvoltat broad difereniere prin dobnzi rate tiering
diagnostic al sectorului bancar bank assessment dificil dire
diagram diagram/ chart dificultate difficulty; avnd dificulti financiare - em-
diagram a circulaiei fondurilor flow diagram/ flow barrassed
chart dificulti de plat pecuniary difficulties
diagram axonometric stat. axonometric chart dificulti financiare embarrassment/ financial dis-
diagram circular stat. circular chart/ pie chart tress/ financial straits/ financial difficulties/ pe-
diagram cu bare stat. bar chart cuniary straits
diagram cu benzi stat. bnd chart dificulti la desfacere pl. sales difficulties
diagram cu coloane stat. multiple bar chart dihotomie stat. dichotomy
diagram cu coloane pe diviziuni stat. component dijm share cropping/ share rent
bar chart diluare dilution
diagram de control al calitii stat. quality con- diluare a capitalului propriu dilution of equity
trol chart diluare a capitalului social banc. equity dilution
diagram de control pentru acceptare stat. accep- diluare a forei de munc dilution of labor
tance control chart diluie dilution/ watering down effect
diagram de dispersie stat. scatter diagram dimensiune magnitude
diagram de faz stat. phase diagram dimensiunea optim a unei societi (economice) op-
diagram de proces stat. process chart timum size of business unit
diagram de rentabilitate stat. break-even chart diminua impair; a diminua capitalul - write off capital
diagram izometric stat. isometric chart diminuare decrease
diagram logaritmic stat. logarithmic chart diminuare a cererii com. fall in demand
diminuare a cheltuielilor 82

diminuare a cheltuielilor minimizing of cost directive privind concedierea pl. dismissal provi-
diminuare a costurilor reduction in expenses sions
diminuare a cursurilor burs. fall in the market directive procedurale pl. procedural guidelines
diminuare a ofertei com. decrease in supply directive unitare pl. uniform rules/ uniform cus-
diminuare a pierderilor loss minimization toms
diminuare a preurilor com. fall in prices director director/ chief executive
diminuare a produciei com. loss of production director adjunct deputy director (DD)/ deputy man-
diminuare a stocurilor inventory rundown ager
diminuare a valorii reduction in value/ loss in value director al departamentului de publicitate advertising
dinamic dynamic/ buoyant manager
dinamic pl. dynamics director comercial commercial manager/ business
dinamic a forei de munc labor movement/ turn- manager/ sales director/ sales manager/ market-
over of labor ing director/ marketing manager
dinamism buoyancy director de banc bank manager/ banker
dinar (Algeria) burs., banc. Algerian dinar director de filial branch manager
(DZD) director de marketing com. marketing director/
dinar (Bahrain) burs., banc. Bahraini dinar (BHD) marketing manager
dinar (Iordania) burs., banc. Jordanian dinar (JOD) director de producie production manager
dinar (Irak) burs., banc. Iraqi dinar (IQD) director de produs product manager/ brand man-
dinar (Kuwait) burs., banc. Kuwaiti dinar (KWD) ager
dinar (Libia) burs., banc. Libyan dinar (LYD) director de proiect project manager
dinar (Macedonia) burs., banc. Denar (MKD) director de promovare sales promotion manager
dinar (Sudan) burs., banc. Sudanese dinar (SDD) director de sucursal branch manager
dinar (Tunisia) burs., banc. Tunisian dinar (TND) director executiv executive director
dinar algerian burs., banc. Algerian dinar (DZD) director general general manager (Gen.Man., GM)/
dinar iordanian burs., banc. Jordanian dinar director general/ head manager/ manager (mgr,
(JOD) Mgr, mngr.)/ managing director (M.D., MD)
dinar irakian burs., banc. Iraqi dinar (IQD) director general adjunct com. assistant general man-
dinar iugoslav nv. Yugoslav new dinar (YUM) ager
dinar kuweitian burs., banc. Kuwaiti dinar director interimar acting manager/ acting director
(KWD) director regional district manager
dinar libian burs., banc. Libyan dinar (LYD) director tehnic technical director
dinar macedonean burs., banc Denar (MKD) director zonal area manager
dinar nou (fosta Iugoslavie) nv. Yugoslav new directorat directorate
dinar (YUM) Direcia Vmilor Customs and Excises (CE)
dinar sudanez burs., banc. Sudanese dinar (SDD) direcie comercial sales management
dinar tunisian burs., banc. Tunisian dinar (TND) dirham (Emiratele Arabe Unite) burs., banc
direct direct/ directiv/ first hand; a vinde direct - Dirham - United Arab Emirates (AED)
sell direct; impozit direct direct tax/ assessed taxes; dirham (Maroc) burs., banc Dirham (MAD)
cerere direct - direct demand; investiie direct - dirijare a preurilor price control
direct investment; vnzare direct - direct sale; chel- dirijat controlled/ managed; economie dirijat - con-
tuieli directe - direct cost; impozite directe pl. fin. trolled economy/ managed economy; moned
- assessed taxes dirijat controlled currency
direct din min run of mine (r.o m.) disagio discount (dis./ disc.)/ loss
directiv regulation (reg.) disciplin financiar financial discipline
directive pl. com. guidelines disciplin fiscal taxpayer compliance
directive de audit i contabilitate pl. cont. audit disciplin strict severe discipline
and accounting guides (AAG) discordan discordance
directive de revizie internaionale pl. International discount discount (dis./ disc); obligaiune cu discount
Auditing Guidelines (IAG) - discount bond
directive de revizie i contabilitate pl cont. audit discrepan discrepancy
and accounting guides (AAG) discrimina discriminate
83 ___________distribuie beta primar
discriminant discriminatory distorsiune pozitiv stat. upward bias
discriminare discrimination distribui allocate/ allot/ apportion/ distribute
discriminare fiscal tax discrimination distribuibil distributable
discriminare salarial wage discrimination distribuire distribution; cu distribuire burs. - cum
discriminatoriu discriminatory distribution
discuii neoficiale informal discussions distribuire a ctigurilor din capitalul investit capital
disimulat hidden; impozit disimulat fin. - hidden tax gains distribution
dislocare a pieei dislocation of the market distribuire a dividendelor dividend distribution/ dis-
disocia disassociate tribution of dividends
disociere disassociation/ unbundling distribuire a riscului risk spread
disparitate disparity distribuire de aciuni allocation of shares
dispensabil dispensable distribuire selectiv selective distribution
dispens waiver distribuit inegal com. unequally distributed
dispersa scatter distribuitor burs., com. dealer (dlr.)/ distributor
dispersat scattered distribuitor automat vending machine
dispersie stat. dispersion/ variance distribuitor de produse cu valoare adugat
dispersie a absorbiei stat. absorption variance value-added reseller (VAR)
dispersie a dobnzilor rate variance distribuitor VAR value-added reseller (VAR)
dispersie a riscurilor spreading of risks distribuia Arfwedson stat. Arfwedson distribution
dispersie hipernormal stat. hypernormal dispersion distribuie distribution (dis.)/ distributive trade/ de-
dispersie hiponormal stat. subnormal dispersion livery (dy.); cheltuieli de distribuie - distribution
dispersie normal stat. normal dispersion cost
dispersie perpendicular stat. perpendicular spread distribuie a costurilor de funcionare burden shar-
dispersie rezidual residual variance ing
disponibil 1. available. 2. cash in hand; capital dispo- distribuie a frecvenelor frequency distribution
nibil - spare capital; venit disponibil fin. - dis- distribuie a riscurilor asig. distribution of risks
posable income; active disponibile- quick assets; distribuie a timpilor de rspuns stat. response time
ctiguri disponibile pl. - available earnings; fon- distribution
duri disponibile pl. - available funds. distribuie a toleranei stat. tolerance distribution
disponibil imediat immediately available distribuie a veniturilor fin. income distribution
disponibil n banc cash in bank distribuie abrupt stat. abrupt distribution
disponibilitate availability distribuie aleatorie stat. random distribution
disponibiliti pl. available assets/ liquid assets/ liq- distribuie anizotrop stat. anisotropic distribution
uid funds/ liquidity position distribuie aritmetic stat. arithmetic distribution
dispoziie disposal distribuie armonic stat. harmonic distribution
dispoziie bancar banc. bankers order (b.o., BO) distribuie asimetric stat. asymmetrical distribu-
dispoziie de virament burs. transfer order (T/o., tion/ skew distribution
T/O) distribuie asimptotic stat. asymptotic distribution
dispoziii generale pentru mprumuturi com. General distribuie Bernoulli stat. Bernoulli distribution
Arrangements to Borrow (GAB) distribuie beta stat. beta distribution
dispoziii generale pentru regimul valutar general ex- distribuie beta bidimensional stat. bivariate beta
change arrangements distribution
dispoziii tranzitorii pl. transitional arrangements/ distribuie beta inversat stat. inverted beta distri-
transitional provisions bution
distan distance distribuie beta necentral stat. non-central beta
distan generalizat generalized distance distribution
distorsiona distort distribuie beta pluridimensional stat. multivariate
distorsionare a factorilor de pre stat. factor-price beta distribution
distortion distribuie beta Poisson stat. Poisson beta distri-
distorsionat stat. biased bution
distorsiune stat. distortion/ bias; cu distorsiuni distribuie beta primar stat. beta-prime distribu-
stat. - biased estimator tion
84
distribuie beta-gama

distribuie beta-gama stat beta-gamma distribu- distribuie discret uniform circular stat discrete
tion circular uniform distribution
distribuie bidimensional stat bivariate distr bution distribuie echilibrat a patrimoniului balanced dis-
distribuie bimodal stat bimodal distribution tr bution of holdings
distribuie binomial stat binomial distribution/ distribuie exclusiv exclusive distr bution
point binomial distribuie exponenial stat exponenial distr bu-
distribuie binomial a timpului de ateptare stat bi- tion
nomial waiting time distr bution distribuie exponenial bidimensional stat bivariate
distribuie binomial beta stat beta binomial dis- exponenial distribution
tribution distribuie exponenial negativ stat negative ex-
distribuie binomial dubl stat double binomial ponenial distribution
distribution distribuie exponenial pluridimensional stat mul-
distribuie binomial generalizat stat generalized tivariate exponenial distr bution
binomial distr bution distribuie factorial stat factorial distribution
distribuie binomial modificat stat modified bi- distribuie factorial negativ pluridimensional stat
nomial distribution negative factorial multinomial distr bution
distribuie binomial negativ stat negative bino- distribuie factorial polinomial stat factorial multi-
mial distr bution nomial distr bution
distribuie binomial negativ pluridimensional stat distribuie fr intermediari first hand distribution
multivariate negative binomial distribution (FHD)
distribuie binomial pluridimensional stat multi- distribuie fiduciar fiducial distribution
variate binomial distr bution distribuie gama stat gamma distribution
distribuie binomial pozitiv stat positive binomial distribuie gama bidimensional stat bivariate
distribution gamma distr bution
distribuie calitativ nominal stat categorical dis- distribuie gaussian stat normal distribution
tr bution distribuie generalizat generalized distr bution
distribuie Cauchy stat Cauchy distribution distribuie geometric stat geometric distr bution
distribuie cauzal stat causal distribution distribuie hiperexponenial stat hyperexponential
distribuie circular stat circular distr bution distr bution
distribuie circular simetric stat symmetric cir- distribuie hipergeometric stat hypergeometric dis-
cular distribution tribution
distribuie compus stat compound distribution distribuie hipergeometric bidimensional stat bi-
distribuie contagioas contagious distr bution variate hypergeometric distr bution
distribuie contaminat contaminated distribution distribuie hipergeometric compus stat com-
distribuie contigu contiguous distr bution pound hypergeometric distribution
distribuie corespunztoare proper distribution distribuie hipergeometric invers pluridimensional
distribuie cu amnuntul retail distr bution stat multivariate inverse hypergeometric distri-
distribuie cu simetrie sferic stat spherically sym- bution
metric distribution distribuie hipergeometric negativ pluridimensional
distribuie de echilibru stat equilibrium distr bu- stat multivariate negative hypergeometric dis-
tion tribution
distribuie de frecven stat frequency distr bution distribuie hipergeometric pluridimensional stat
distribuie de marf com. distribution of goods multivariate hypergeometric distr bution
distribuie determinist stat degenerate distribu- distribuie ideal com. ideal distribution
tion distribuie incorect improper distribution
distribuie direct house-to-house selling/ house- distribuie invers stat inverse distribution
to-house distribution/ first hand distribution distribuie izotropic stat isotropic distr bution
(FHD) distribuie n form de J stat J-shaped distr bution
distribuie discret bidimensional stat point bi- distribuie n form de U stat U-shaped distr bution
variate distr bution distribuie n perechi stat matching distr bution
distribuie discret rectangular stat discrete rect- distribuie n trepte stat staircase distribution
angular distribution distribuie Laplace stat Laplace distribution
*

85 diversifica
distribuie Laplace-Gauss stat. normal distribution distribuie Poisson multipl stat. multiple Poisson
distribuie logaritmic bidimensional stat. bivariate distribution
logarithmic distribution distribuie Poisson normal trunchiat stat. Poisson
distribuie logaritmico-normal discontinu stat. dis- truncated normal distribution
crete lognormal distribution distribuie Poisson pluridimensional stat. multi-
distribuie logistic stat. logistic distribution variate Poisson distribution
distribuie Lomax stat. Lomax distribution distribuie polinomial stat. multinomial distribu-
distribuie marginal stat. marginal distribution tion
distribuie mixt stat. mixed distribution distribuie polinomial generalizat stat. generalized
distribuie multinomial negativ compus stat. com- multinomial distribution
pound negative multinomial distribution distribuie polinomic pluridimensional stat. multi-
distribuie negativ hipergeometric stat. negative variate multinomial distribution
hypergeometric distribution distribuie Polya pluridimensional stat. multivariate
distribuie negativ pluridimensional stat. negative Polya distribution
multinomial distribution distribuie primar primary distribution
distribuie normal stat. normal distribution distribuie prin comis-voiajor com. house-to-house
distribuie normal bidimensional stat. bivariate distribution
normal distribution distribuie pro rata pro rata distribution (p r.d.)
distribuie normal circular stat. circular normal distribuie probabilistic stat. probability distribu-
distribution tion
distribuie normal discret stat. discrete normal distribuie procentual percentage distribution
distribution distribuie proporional pro rata distribution (p r.d.)
distribuie normal eliptic stat. elliptical normal distribuie rectangular stat. rectangular distribution
distribution distribuie seminormal stat. half-normal distri-
distribuie normal generalizat stat. generalized nor- bution
mal distribution distribuie sferic stat. spherical distribution
distribuie normal pluridimensional stat. multi- distribuie simetric stat. symmetrical distribution
variate normal distribution distribuie singular stat. singular distribution
distribuie normal sferic stat. spherical normal distribuie staionar stationary distribution
distribution distribuie subexponenial stat. subexponential dis-
distribuie Pareto stat. Pareto distribution tribution
distribuie Pareto bidimensional stat. bivariate distribuie tip Pareto stat. Pareto-type distribution
Pareto distribution distribuie trinomial stat. trinomial distribution
distribuie Pareto discontinu stat. discrete Pareto distribuie triunghiular stat. triangular distribution
distribution distribuie unidimensional stat. univariate distri-
distribuie Pareto pluridimensional stat. multi- bution
variate Pareto distribution distribuie uniform stat. uniform distribution
distribuie Pascal stat. Pascal distribution distribuie uniform bidimensional stat. bivariate
distribuie Pascal bidimensional stat. bivariate uniform distribution
Pascal distribution distribuii absorbante pl stat. absorption distri-
distribuie Pascal pluridimensional stat. multi- butions
variate Pascal distribution distribuii gama generalizate pl. stat. generalized
distribuie pe vrste stat. age pattern gamma distributions
distribuie Poisson stat. Poisson distribution distrugtor com. harmful
distribuie Poisson bidimensional stat. bivariate distrugere intenionat com. willful damage
Poisson distribution distrugere voluntar com. willful damage
distribuie Poisson binomial stat. Poisson bino- divergent divergent
mial distribution divergen divergence
distribuie Poisson compus stat. composed Pois- divers diverse; diverse miscellaneous (mise.)/
son distribution sundry
distribuie Poisson grupat stat. grouped Poisson diverse pl. miscellaneous contingencies
distribution diversifica diversify
86
diversificare

diversificare diversification dividende cumulate pl. accumulated dividends


diversificare a liniei de produse com. line filling dividende cumulative pl burs. cumulative divi-
diversificare a pieei breadth dends
diversificare a produciei diversification of produc- dividende exigibile pl. accrued dividends/ accumu-
tion lated dividends
diversificare a produselor product diversification dividende nencasate pl. outstanding dividends
diversificare de portofoliu portfolio diversification dividende neonorate pl accumulated dividends
diversificare elementar burs. naive diversification dividende pe aciune pl. dividends per share (DPS)
diversificare ineficient pl. burs. superfluous di- dividende restante pl dividends in arrears
vers ifications divizare demerger/ division into shares/ divisiona-
diversificare internaional internaional diversifica- lization
tion divizare a aciunilor share split/ stock split
diversificare naiv burs. naive diversification divizare a ordinelor order splitting
diversificare sectorial sector diversification divizat split; comision divizat - split commission
dividend dividend (d, div.); aciune cu dividend - divizibilitate infinit infinite divisibility
dividend share; CU dividend burs. - cum divi- divizie de vnzri sales division
dend (cum.div.)/ with dividend/ dividend on; fr divizionar fractional; moned divizionar - fractional
dividend - ex dividend; impozit pe dividende fin. currency
- dividend tax diviziune a muncii division of labor
dividend cu opiune burs. opional dividend diviziune teritorial a muncii territorial division of
dividend cumulat accumulated dividend labor
dividend de aciune ordinar burs. dividend on com- divizor dividing value
mon stock divulgare disclosure
dividend de aciune preferenial burs. dividend on divulgare a participaiilor disclosure of holdings
preferred stock dizolvare a parteneriatului dissolution of partnership
dividend de lichidare liquidating dividend dizolvare a unei corporaii disincorporation
dividend de sfrit de an year-end dividend Djibouti burs., banc. Djibouti (DJ)
dividend fictiv sham dividend doar contra plat banc. only against payment
dividend final final dividend/ liquidating dividend dobnda pieei banc. market rate
dividend ilegal illegal dividend dobnd banc. interest (i., int.)/ money rate/
dividend interimar burs. parial dividend amount of interest; CU dobnd banc. - bearing
dividend intermediar interim dividend interest/ cum interest; cu dobnd fix - fixed in-
dividend n aciuni stock dividend terest bearing; cupon de dobnd - interest cou-
dividend n numerar cash dividend pon; obligaiune cu dobnd ealonat - deferred
dividend minim minimum dividend bond; a acorda dobnzi la depuneri - to allow in-
dividend neonorat accumulated dividend terests on deposits
dividend nepltit unpaid dividend dobnd a pieei banc. market rate
dividend neprivilegiat ordinary dividend dobnd anual banc. annual interest
dividend net com. net dividend dobnd anual procentual stated annual interest rate
dividend opional opional dividend dobnd asiguratorie security interest
dividend ordinar ordinary dividend dobnd bancar banc. bank interest
dividend participant burs. participating dividend dobnd bianual banc. semi-annual interest
dividend parial interim dividend dobnd brut gross interest
dividend per aciune dividend per share (DPS) dobnd calculat a pieei calculated market rate
dividend preferenial preference dividend/ preferred dobnd capitalizat capitalized interest
dividend dobnd comercial de referin commercial inter-
dividend privilegiat preferred dividend est reference rate (CIRR)
dividend statutar statutory dividend dobnd compensatorie default interest
dividend suplimentar bonus dividend/ superdividend/ dobnd compus banc. compound interest/ com-
surplus dividend/ extra dividend/ special dividend/ pound rate/ compounded interest
additional dividend dobnd compus a pieei banc. combined mar-
dividend vrsat burs. paid dividend ket rate
87 dobnzi pe termen scurt

dobnd contabil cont. accounting rate dobnd net banc net interest/ pure interest
dobnd controlat banc. managed rate dobnd nominal nominal interest/ face interest/
dobnd cumulat banc. accrued interest/ com- nominal coupon/ nominal rate
pounded interest/ interest accrued/ broken-period dobnd normal ordinary interest
interest dobnd ordinar ordinary interest
dobnd curent daily rate/ running interest dobnd pasiv banc debit interest
dobnd de creditare banc. credit interest dobnd pe termen scurt short-term rate
dobnd de ncasat interest in suspense dobnd pe zi banc per diem interest
dobnd de ntrziere penalty interest dobnd penalizatoare com. moratory interest
dobnd de penalizare default interest dobnd pentru cambiile pe termen lung long rate
dobnd de referin bank rate/ base rate/ base inter- dobnd pentru credit loan interest rate
est rate/ base lending rate/ benchmark interest rate dobnd pentru credite de consum banc consumer
dobnd de scont discount interest interest
dobnd direct outright rate dobnd pentru credite interbancare banc call rate
dobnd dirijat banc. managed rate dobnd pentru credite personale banc consumer
dobnd efectiv real interest rate interest
dobnd (excesiv) usury dobnd pentru credite peste noapte overnight rate
dobnd explicit explicit interest dobnd preferenial prime rate
dobnd fr riscuri banc. riskless rate dobnd real real interest rate
dobnd flotant floating rate of interest dobnd restant banc outstanding interest/ back
dobnd forfetar banc flat rate of interest interest/ overdue interest/ interest in arrears
dobnd HIBID banc, burs. Hong Kong Inter- dobnd scadent banc overdue interest/ outstand-
bank Bid Rate (HIBID) ing interest
dobnd HIBOR banc, burs. Hong Kong Inter- dobnd simpl ordinary interest/ simple interest
bank Offer Rate (HIBOR)/ Hong Kong Dollar dobnd statutar banc statutory interest
Interbank Offered Rate (HIBOR) dobnd subunitar banc broken interest
dobnd implicit banc imputed interest dobnd tendenial trend rate
dobnd interbancar cerut la Londra banc Lon- dobnd unitar banc flat rate of interest
don Interbank Bid Rate (LIBID) dobnd variabil variable interest rate/ floating rate
dobnd interbancar oferit banc IBOR (Inter- of interest
bank Offered Rate) dobnd virtual implicit interest/ imputed interest
dobnd interbancar oferit (la Budapesta) banc dobnd zilnic banc daily interest
Budapest Interbank Offered Rate (BUBOR) dobndi com. acquire
dobnd interbancar oferit (la Copenhaga) banc dobndire com. acquirement
Copenhagen Interbank Offered Rate (CIBOR) dobnzi pl. fin. interest; venituri din dobnzi fin.
dobnd interbancar oferit (la Dublin) banc - interest income; a reduce dobnzile banc. -
Dublin Interbank Bid Rate (DIBID) lower the rate of interest
dobnd interbancar oferit la Londra banc Lon- dobnzi active pl. banc interest receivable/ in-
don Interbank Offered Rate (LIBOR) terest earned/ interest received
dobnd ipotecar mortgage interest/ mortgage rate dobnzi capitalizate pl. banc accumulated in-
dobnd nscris face interest terests
dobnd la credit banc loan interest dobnzi din investiii de capital pl. banc interest
dobnd la depozite banc deposit rate on investments
dobnd la mprumut banc loan interest dobnzi la depozite pl.. banc. interest on deposits
dobnd la mprumut pe termen scurt day-to-day rate dobnzi neachitate pl. banc outstanding interest
dobnd la vedere sight rate/ banc. call rate/ spot dobnzi pasive pl.. banc. interest paid
interest rate dobnzi pe piaa liber/ deschis pl banc
dobnd lombard banc lombard rate open-market rates
dobnd moratorie penalty interest/ interest on over- dobnzi pe piaa monetar pl. banc money mar-
due payments ket rates
dobnd neachitat banc arrears of interest dobnzi pe termen scurt pl. banc short-term
dobnd negativ negative interest interest rates
dobnzi restante 88

dobnzi restante pl. banc. interest on arrears dolar (Hong Kong) burs , banc Hong Kong
dobnzi scadente pl. banc. interest payable dollar (HKD)
dobra (So Tome e Principe) burs., banc Dobra dolar (Insulele Cayman) burs., banc Cayman
(STD) dollar (KYD)
Dobrogea tur. Dobrudja dolar (Insulele Solomon) burs., banc Solomon
doctor de familie family doctor Islands dollar (SBD)
doctrina excluderii mutuale mutual exclusion doctrine dolar (Jamaica) burs., banc. Jamaican dollar
document document/ act/ paper (JMD)
document de expediie com. shipping document dolar (Liberia) burs., banc. Liberian dollar (LRD)
document de expediie curat com. clean shipping dolar (Namibia) burs., banc Namibian dollar
document (NAD)
document de transfer deed of transfer dolar (Noua Zeeland i Oceania) burs , banc
document justificativ voucher (vou.) New Zealand dollar (NZD)
document vamal cow. carnet dolar (Singapore) burs., banc Singapore dollar
documentar documentary; acreditiv documentar - (SGD)
documentary credit dolar (Statele Unite ale Americii, Arhipelagul Marshall,
documentaie documentation Panama i Puerto Rico) burs., banc US dollar
documente pl. documents (docs) (USD)
documente contabile pl. cont. accounts dolar (SUA) banc, banc. dollar (d., doi., doll.)
documente contra acceptare pl. documents against <$ 1>/ fam. buck/ green back
acceptance (D/A) dolar (Surinam) burs., banc Suriname dollar
documente contra plat pl. documents against pay- (SRD)
ment (d/p, D/P) dolar (Taiwan) burs., banc NewTaiwan dollar
documente contra plat n numerar pl. com. do- (TWD)
cuments against cash dolar (Trinidad Tobago) burs., banc. Trinidad and
documente de expediie pl. com. shipping pa- Tobago dollar (TTD)
pers dolar american burs., banc. US dollar (USD)/
documente de export pl. com. export documents green back
documente de nsoire pl. com. accompanying dolar australian burs., banc Australian dollar
documents (AUD)
documente de plat pl. financial documents dolar canadian burs., banc Canadian dollar
documente lips short bill (s.b.) (CAD)
documente pentru acceptare pl. documents for ac- dolar jamaican burs., banc Jamaican dollar
ceptance (D/A) (JMD)
documente predate la ncasare pl. documents dolar la termen burs. forward dollar
against payment (D/P) dolar liberian burs., banc Liberian dollar (LRD)
documente vamale pl. com. customs documents dolar namibian burs., banc Namibian dollar
dolar dollar (d.)/ greenback (NAD)
dolar (Australia i Oceania) burs., banc. Australian dolar neo-zeelandez burs., banc New Zealand
dollar (AUD) dollar (NZD)
dolar (Bahamas) burs., banc. Bahamian dollar dolar puternic strong dollar
(BSD) dolar slab weak dollar
dolar (Barbados) burs., banc. Barbadian dollar dolar SUA United States Dollar (usd, US$)
(BBD) dolar surinamez burs., banc Suriname dollar
dolar (Belize) burs., banc. Belize dollar (BZD) (SRD)
dolar (Bermude) burs., banc. Bermudan dollar dolar taiwanez burs., banc NewTaiwan dollar
(BMD) (TWD)
dolar (Brunei) burs., banc. Brunei dollar (BND) dolari pl. burs. dollars (dlrs.); obligaiuni n
dolar (Canada) burs., banc. Canadian dollar dolari
(CAD) pl. - dollar bonds
dolar (Fiji) burs., banc. Fijian dollar (FJD) dolari din Asia banc. Asian dollars
dolar (Guyana) burs., banc. Guyana dollar (GYD) dolar-marf commodity dollar
domenii cu activitate ciclic pl. cyclical industries
89 drept special de tragere (DST)
domenii sezoniere pl. seasonal industries downmarket burs. downmarket
domeniu area/ fieid drahm (folosit n Grecia nainte de adoptarea mo-
domeniu (de activitate) scope nedei EURO) burs., banc. Drachma (GRD)
domeniu absorbant absorbing region drahm lichid drachm (fluid) (f, fi dr, fi. drachm)
domeniu bancar banking industry dram (Armenia) burs., banc. Dram - Armenia
domeniu critic critical region (AMD)
domeniu cu volum mare de munc labor intensive dram (avoirdupois) dram (avoirdupois) (dr, dr.)
industry dram (troy) dram (troy) (dr, dr.)
domeniu de acceptare acceptance region drastic drastic
domeniu de activitate field of activity/ industry (ind.)/ drept right title; n drept - entided; dreptul
scope of activity/ scope of business/ working area muncii pl. - labor laws; cu drepturi - with rights
domeniu de aciune field of action drept comercial jur. commercial law/ mercantile
domeniu de afaceri line of business law
domeniu de aplicare span of application drept de a bate moned free coinage
domeniu de eroare error range drept de a emite bancnote right of issuing bank notes
domeniu de interese sphere of interest drept de acces screen right
domeniu de ncredere stat. confidence region drept de conversie conversion right
domeniu de lucru com. working area drept de conversiune n lichiditi encashment right
domeniu de utilizare field of application drept de emisiune banc. right of issuing bank notes/
domeniu economic-cheie key industry issue power
domeniu mobil stat. moving range drept de gajare nregistrat registered lien
domeniu neimpozitat fin. tax-exempt sector drept de grev right to strike
domeniu privat privacy drept de impozitare fin. taxing power
domeniu public public domain drept de negociere bargaining power
domeniu vizat target range drept de negociere a contractului colectiv right to bar-
domeniu-obiectiv target range gain
domestic domestic drept de opiune stock rights/ right of option
domiciliere banc. domiciliation drept de preempiune pre-emption right/ preemp-
domiciliu residence/ banc. domicile tive right/ right of preemption
domiciliu fiscal fin. abode/ fiscal domicile/ resi- drept de proprietate ownership/ proprietary rights
dence for tax purposes drept de proprietate asupra bunurilor ownership of
dominant dominant goods
Dominica burs., banc. Dominica (DM) drept de rscumprare right of purchase/ right of
dona donate redemption/ burs. pl. calls/ put option
donaie donation/ gift; impozit pe donaii fin. - drept de recurs right of recourse
gift tax drept de retenie com. lien
dong (Vietnam) burs., banc. Dong (VND) drept de retenie fiscal tax lien
dosar file drept de reinere possessory lien/ right of retention
dosar de vnzri com. sales folder drept de sechestru right of retention
dota endow/ equip drept de subscriere stock rights/ subscription right
dotare dotation drept de uzufruct beneficial ownership
dotare cu factori de producie factor endowment drept dobndit vested interest
dotri pl. com. outfit/ facilities drept exclusiv de comercializare sole selling right
dotri corespunztoare proper facilities drept exclusiv de desfacere sole right of distribution
dotri cu mijloace de producie production facilities drept exclusiv de distribuie sole right of distribution
dotri de infrastructur acquired endowments drept la concediu pltit holiday entitlement
dotri tehnice pl. com. technical facilities drept la despgubire com. claim for refund
dou treimi two-thirds drept la munc right to work
dovad a autenticitii proof of authenticity drept la rambursare com. claim for refund
dovad de conformitate com. evidence of confor- drept preferenial preferenial right
mity drept special de tragere (DST) banc, burs. Spe-
dovad scris asig. literal proof cial Drawing Right (SDR)
90

drept specific

drept specific specific duty dup amiaz com. post meridian (p m.)
drepturi pl. rights dup data (stabilit) com. after date (a.d., a/d)
drepturi de exploatare a subsolului pl. mineral rights dup data de... com. after date (a/d)
drepturi de inventator pl patent rights dup emisiune burs. when distributed/ when is-
drepturi de proprietate pl. property rights sued (wi, WI, W.I.)/ with ice
drepturi de proprietate intelectual pl. intellectual dup impozit com., fin. after-tax/ after taxes
property rights (IPR) dup impozitare com., fin. after taxes/ after-tax
drepturi de tragere pl. drawing rights dup intrare banc. upon receipt
drepturi exclusive pl. sole rights dup nchidere burs. after-market
drepturi speciale de tragere (DST) pl. special draw- dup livrare com. after delivery
ing rights (SDR) dup prezentare banc. after sight (a/s)
drog drug dup program com. after hours
drum route dup programul de lucru com. after hours
dual dual; sistem bancar dual - dual banking; econo- duplicare replication
mie dual - dual economy duplicat duplicate/ counterpart
dubios doubtful/ dubious (dub.) durabil durable
dubla double (dbl., doub.); impozitare dubl fin. - durabilitate durability
multiple taxation; obligaiune dubl - double bond durat duration; de durat com. - lasting/ durable;
dubl asigurare asig. double insurance (D.I.) de lung durat banc. - long dated
dubl calitate dual capacity durat a ciclului cycle time
dubl dihotomie stat. double dichotomy durat a conversiei n numerar banc cash conver-
dubl eantionare double sampling sion days
dubl impunere fin. double taxation/ multiple durat a omajului duration of unemployment
taxation/ dual taxation/ tax duplication durat de expunere com. shelf life
dublu double (dbl., doub.) durat de nefuncionare outage time
dublu etalon banc. parallel standard durat de prelucrare process time/ processing time
dublu orb stat. double blind durat de utilizare scontat expected economic life
dublu tarif com. double tariff durat de via life/ economic life/ life cycle/ ser-
Duminica Rusaliilor com. Whitsunday vice life
duminic Sunday (S.); cu excepia duminicilor i sr- durat de via a produsului product life cycle
btorilor legale - Sundays, Holidays excepted durat de via a unui echipament com. natural life
(SHEX/ shex, SHEx.) of a machine
dumping com. dumping durat de via absolut absolute physical life
dumping ascuns com. hidden dumping durat de via estimat expected economic life
dumping n aval com. downstream dumping durat de via medie ponderat weighted average life
dumping mascat com. hidden dumping durat de via probabil life expectancy
Dunrea com., tur. Danube durat medie average term
duopol com. duopoly durat modificat modified duration
duopson com. duopsony duzin com. dozen (dz.); 144 de duzini com. -
dup com. after (af.) great gross (g.gr., gr.g.)
dup ... zile com. days after date (d.d., d./d.) duzin mare com. long dozen
E
ecart de credit banc. credit gap economia bunstrii welfare economics
echilibra balance; a echilibra piaa - clear the market economia dezvoltrii development economics
echilibrare com. leveling economia forei de munc labor economics
echilibrare a cererii demand matching economic com. economic (e., econ.); politic eco-
echilibrat balanced; buget echilibrat - balanced bud- nomic - economic policy; stabilitate economic -
get; fond echilibrat- balanced fund; portofoliu echi- economic stability; costuri economice pl. - busi-
librat - balanced portfolio; cretere echilibrat - ness costs; din raiuni economice - because of busi-
balanced growth ness reasons; indicatori economici pl. economic
echilibru balance/ equilibrium indicators
echilibru al pieei forei de munc labor market equi- economie economics/ economy ( econ.)/ saving
librium economie a abundenei economy of abundance
echilibru bugetar budgetary balance economie a belugului economy of abundance
echilibru concurenial competitive balance/ competi- economie a lipsurilor economy of scarcity
tive equilibrium economie a serviciilor service economy
echilibru de scurt durat short-run equilibrium economie afectat de inflaie inflation-battered eco-
echilibru economic economic equilibrium nomy
echilibru general general equilibrium economie agricol agricultural economics
echilibru monetar monetary equilibrium economie ajuns la maturitate mature economy
echilibru parial parial equilibrium economie aplicat applied economics
echilibru pe termen lung long-run equilibrium economie artizanal handicraft economy
echilibru secular secular equilibrium economie autarhic inward-oriented economy/
echipa com. equip self-sufficient economy
echipament de birou clerical equipment economie bazat pe plantaii plantation system
echipamente pl. com. technical facilities/ equip- economie casnic household economy
ment/ outfit economie centralizat centrally planned economy/
echipamente de producie com. factory equipment command economy
echipamente uzate com. used equipment economie clasic classical economics
echip team economie comparat comparative economics
echitabil reasonable economie controlat managed economy/ command
echitate fiscal tax equity economy/ directed economy/ controlled economy
echitate pe vertical vertical equity economie cu comer de stat state trading economy
echivalent equivalent (eq.) economie cu deficit de capital capital short economy
echivalent ad valorem ad valorem equivalent (AVE) economie cu planificare centralizat centrally planned
echivalent al certitudinii certainty equivalent economy
echivalent bnesc valuable consideration economie cu sum zero zero sum economy
echivalent n bani valuable consideration economie de consum economy of abundance
echivalent lichid cash equivalent economie de energie saving of energy
ecologic ecological; tax ecologic - environmen- economie de material saving of material
tal tax economie de pia market economy
ecologie ecology economie de pia emergent emerging market eco-
econometrie econometrics nomy
economie de pia n formare _________ 92

economie de pia n formare emerging market eco- economie socialist socialist economy
nomy economie stagnant stagnant economy
economie de pia liber free enterprise/ free-market economie staionar stationary economy
economy economie subdezvoltat backward economy
economie de pia nefuncional non-market econ- economie subteran black economy/ hidden eco-
omy (NME) nomy/ invisible economy/ parallel economy/
economie de schimb barter economy/ exchange eco- shadow economy/ underground economy/ twi-
nomy light economy/ informal economy
economie de troc barter economy economie teoretic pure economies
economie deschis open economy economie teriar service economy
economie descriptiv descriptive economies economie zero zero saving
economie dirijat controlled economy/ directed eco- economii pl savings
nomy/ managed economy economii ale populaiei pl banc. household sav-
economie domestic household economy/ home eco- ings
nomies economii avansate pl. advanced economies
economie dual dual economy economii brute pl. gross savings
economie echilibrat well-balanced economy economii bugetare pl budget savings
economie financiar financial economy economii capitaliste pl capitalist economies
economie forestier forest economy economii de capital pl capital savings
economie global ec. overall economy economii de devize pl import savings
economie independent self-sufficient economy economii externe pl external economies
economie internaional internaional economy economii interne pl domestic savings/ local savings
economie n curs de industrializare newly industri- economii n curs de industrializare pl newly in-
alizing economy (NIE) dustrializing economies (NIEs)
economie n dezvoltare expanding economy economii n numerar pl fluid savings
economie n expansiune expanding economy economii n valut pl import savings
economie n sistem barter barter economy economii masive pl economies of scale
economie nchis closed economy economii monetare pl pecuniary economies
economie keynesian Keynesian economies economii negative pl dissaving
economie liber open economy/ free-enterprise sys- economii pe scar mare pl economies of scale
tem/ laissez-faire economy/ private enterprise economii tehnice pl technical economies
economie lovit de inflaie inflation-battered eco- economisi save; a economisi timp - save time
nomy economisire saving
economie matematic mathematical economies economisire excesiv oversaving
economie meteugreasc handicraft economy economisire forat forced savings
economie mixt mixed economy economist economist
economie mondial world economy economiti clasici pl classical economists
economie monetar monetary economy/ monetized Ecuador burs., banc. Ecuador (EC)
economy/ money economy/ pecuniary economy ecuaia lui Fisher stat. Fisher's equation
economie natural natural economy ecuaia schimbului stat. (ecuaia lui Fisher) equa-
economie naional naional economy tion of exchange
economie neoficial ec. informal economy ecuaie alfa stat. alpha equation
economie orientat spre exterior outward-oriented ecuaie contabil stat. accounting equation
economy ecuaie de ajustare stat. adjustment equation
economie paralel invisible economy/ parallel eco- ecuaie de comportament stat. behavioral equation
nomy ecuaie de corecie stat. adjustment equation
economie patrimonial household system ecuaie de estimare stat. estimating equation
economie planificat planned economy ecuaie diferenial stat. differential equation
economie politic economies (e., econ.)/ political eco- ecuaie normal stat. normal equation
nomy ecuaie standard stat. standard equation
economie regional regional economy ecuaie structural stat. structural equation
economie rural rural economy ecuaii autonome pl stat. autonomous equations
93 eficacitate
ecuaii inverse pl. stat. backward equations efect economic economic effect
ecuaii reduse pl. stat. reduced equations efect fr acoperire burs., banc. kite
editor publisher efect multiplicator leverage/ multiplier effect
editur com. publishing company/ publishing efect pe termen scurt burs. short-term paper
house efect pentru incaso bill for collection
efect effect; a sconta un efect - discount a bill efect predat banc. bill rendered (b rend.)
efect (de valoare) banc, burs. instrument (inst.) efect prezentat banc. bill rendered (b rend.)
efect al bulgrelui de zpad snowballing efect principal main effect
efect al impactului impact effect efect privat private paper
efect al veniturilor fin. income effect efect secundar secondary effect/ side-effect
efect amanetat pawned bill efect simplu burs. clean draft
efect amplificat snowballing efect sinergetic synergistic effect
efect catalizator catalytic effect efecte pl. burs. securities; folosire a efectelor de
efect cumulat com. cumulative effect comer fictive banc, burs. - kiteflying
efect de atracie crowding-in effect efecte amanetate burs. pawned securities
efect de cascad cascading efecte asupra condiiilor de schimb terms of trade
efect de clientel clientele effect effects
efect de comer mercantile paper/ trade bill efecte blocate pl. burs. blocked securities
efect de comer eligibil burs. eligible paper efecte de achitat pl. banc bills payable (b.p.,
efect de compensare offset effect B.P., B/P)
efect de decalaj backwash effect efecte de comer pl. commercial papers
efect de diluie dilutive effect efecte de ncasat pl banc bills receivable (b r.)
efect de excludere crowding-out effect efecte de pltit pl. banc bills payable (b.p., B.P.,
efect de histerezis stat. hysteresis effect B/P)
efect de ianuarie January effect efecte de prim rang pl burs. gilt-edged securi-
efect de imitaie bandwagon effect ties
efect de levier leverage/ gearing efecte de valoare pl burs. papers
efect de magnetism crowding-in effect efecte de valoare ale industriei de aprare pl. stat.
efect de mimetism bandwagon effect war babies
efect de prim ordin burs. first class paper efecte de valoare pe termen lung pl. burs., banc
efect de propagare spread effect LongTerm Equity Anticipation Securities (LEAPS)
efect de proporii scale effect efecte echivalente banilor banc, burs. near money
efect de reacie feedback effect efecte externe pl externalities
efect de scal scale effect efecte fr dobnd pl burs. non-interest bear-
efect de schimb neamortizabil irredeemable security ing securities
efect de schimb nenegociabil/ netranzacionabil efecte flotante pl. burs. floating securities
non-negotiable paper efecte la termen pl. banc time paper
efect de simpatie sympathy effect efecte materiale pl. burs. paper securities
efect de substituire substitution effect efecte negative adverse effects
efect de valoare convertibil convertible security efecte sigure pl. burs. gilt-edged securities
efect de valoare de rang secundar burs. junior se- efecte speculative pl. burs. wild-cat securities
curity efecte tranzacionate internaional pl. burs. inter-
efect de valoare hibrid burs. hybrid security bourse securities
efect de valoare la purttor burs. bearer security efecte verificate pl. burs. seasoned securities
efect de valoare ordinar burs. vanilia issue efectiv actual/ effective/ real; pre efectiv - actual
efect de valoare primitiv burs. primitive security price; venit efectiv - actual income; producie efec-
efect de valoare subiacent burs. underlying security tiv - actual output
efect de valoare subordonat burs. junior security efectiv al forei de munc labor force
efect de vanitate vanity effect efectua conduct; a efectua o anchet - to conduct a
efect de weekend weekend effect survey
efect distributiv distributional effect efectul preurilor price effect
efect domiciliat domiciled bill eficacitate efflciency/ capability
94

eficient
eficient effective/ efficient electronic com. electronics; burs electronic -
eficien efficiency/ capability/ effectiveness/ yield automated exchange
eficien a costurilor com. cost efficiency/ cost ef- element com. element
fectiveness element aleatoriu stat. probability element
eficien a pieei de capital capital market efficiency element necunoscut stat. Xfactor
eficien a produciei production efficiency elementar com. elementary
eficien a sistemului system effectiveness elemente de contrabalansare a economiilor pl. offsets
eficien a testului power efficiency to savings
eficien asimptotic stat. asymptotic efficiency elemente invizibile invisible items
eficien asimptotic local stat. local asymptotic elibera write out/ disburden; a elibera cursul de
efficiency schimb - unpeg the rate; a elibera un cec - to
eficien crescnd increasing efficiency write a check
eficien economic economic efficiency eliberare a caricului com. freight release (f r., FR)
eficien relativ relative efficiency eliberare a ncrcturii com. freight release (f r., FR)
eficien relativ asimptotic stat. asymptotic rela- eligibil eligible; activ eligibil - eligible asset
tive efficiency elimina cut/ eliminate/ ax(e); a elimina din lista de co-
eficien ridicat com. high efficiency taii burs. - delist; a elimina progresiv - phase out
efort bugetar fin. fiscal effort eliminare elimination/ abolition
efort fiscal fin. fiscal effort eliminare de produse product elimination
egal equal eliminare din lista de cotaii burs. delisting
egalizare com. leveling eliminarea barierelor vamale com. abolition of tar-
Egipt burs., banc. Egypt (EG, E) iff walls
elaborare a bugetului budgeting eliminarea restriciilor com. abolition of restrictions
elaborare a programelor de investiii investment eluda evade; a eluda impozitarea fin. - evade tax
programming eludare escape
elaborare de noi produse com. new product de- Elveia burs., banc. Switzerland (CH)
velopment embargo com. embargo (emb.)
elastic adjustable; moned elastic - adjustable embargo comercial com. trade embargo
currency/ automatic currency/ elastic currency emblematic emblematic
elasticitate elasticity/ resiliency/ buoyancy emblem logo
elasticitate a aprovizionrii supply elasticity emergent emerging; sector economic emergent - in-
elasticitate a cererii demand elasticity/ elasticity of fant industry; industrie emergent - sunrise indus-
demand try; pia emergent - emerging market
elasticitate a cererii n funcie de pre price elasticity Emiratele Arabe Unite burs., banc. United Arab
of demand Emirates (AE, UAE)
elasticitate a cererii n funcie de venituri income elas- emisiune banc, burs. issue/ emission; a doua emi-
ticity of demand siune - second issue; pre de emisiune - issue price
elasticitate a impozitului fin. flexibility of taxation emisiune continu tap issue
elasticitate a monedei banc. elasticity of money emisiune de aciuni burs. issue of shares
elasticitate a ofertei com. elasticity of supply emisiune de bancnote banc. note issue
elasticitate a ofertei n funcie de pre com. price emisiune de bancnote fr acoperire banc. fidu-
elasticity of supply ciary note issue
elasticitate a pieei elasticity of the market/ resiliency emisiune de rang secundar burs. junior issue
of the market emisiune fiduciar banc fiduciary issue
elasticitate a preurilor price elasticity/ price flex- emisiune n strintate burs., banc foreign issue
ibility emisiune la paritate banc issue at par
elasticitate a substituirii elasticity of substitution emisiune nou banc, burs. new issue
elasticitate a veniturilor income elasticity emisiune paritar burs. par emission
elasticitate intrinsec built-in elasticity emisiune permanent tap issue
elasticitate ncruciat cross elasticity emisiune secundar banc secondary issue
elasticitate unitar unit elasticity emisiune subevaluat burs. underpricing
elasticitate zero zero elasticity emisiune subordonat burs. junior issue
i

95 estimator neconvergent
emisiune suprasubscris burs. oversubscribed issue eroare de prim spe stat. type one error
emisiuni industriale pl industrial issues eroare de rspuns stat. response error
emite write out/ com. emit; drept de a emite banc- eroare de spea a doua stat. beta error
note right of issuing bank notes eroare de spea nti stat. error of first kind
emitent banc, burs. maker/ issuer/ option writer/ eroare medie absolut stat. mean absolute error
originator; banc emitent - issuing bank; pe numele eroare nelegat de eantionare stat. non-sampling
emitentului banc. - in the name of the drawer error
emitent acoperit banc. covered writer eroare observaional stat. observational error
emitere banc, burs. issue eroare ptratic medie stat. mean square error
emitere de cecuri fr acoperire banc kiting eroare sistematic stat. bias/ systematic error
empiric empiric eroare standard stat. standard error
en detail com. by retail eroare standard asimptotic stat. asymptotic stan-
energie atomic ec nuclear energy dard error
energie nuclear ec nuclear energy eronat wrongful
en-grosist com. wholesaler escroc chiseler/ shammer
entitate entity escroca swindle
entropie entropy escrocherie swindle
enumera com. enumerate escudo (Insulele Capului Verde) burs., banc Cape
enumerare com. enumeration Verde escudo (CVE)
epoc de aur ec golden age escudo (moned folosit n Portugalia nainte de
epuiza drain/ deplete; a se epuiza - run low adoptarea monedei EURO) burs., banc. Escudo
epuizare depletion (PTE)
epuizare a capitalului drain of capital escudo portughez burs., banc Escudo (PTE)
epuizare a resurselor naturale environmental estima com. evaluate/ appraise/ estimate (est.)
depletion estimabil estimable
epuizare a rezervelor reserve depletion estimare com. estimation/ evaluation/ appraisal/
epuizare a rezervelor de aur drain of bullion estimate (est.)
epuizare a stocurilor stockout estimare a daunelor com. estimate of damages
epuizat com. out of stock (o./s.) estimare a profitului profit forecasting
ergonomie ergonomics estimare a vnzrilor sales estimate
Eritreea burs., banc. Eritrea (ER) estimare contabil cont. accounting estimate
ermetic com. hermetic estimare minimax stat. minimax estimation
eroare stat. error; cu erori stat. - biased estimare preliminar flash estimate
eroare absolut stat. absolute error estimare punctual stat. point estimation
eroare aleatorie stat. random error estimare rapid flash estimate
eroare aleatorie de eantionare stat. random sam- estimare secvenial stat. sequential estimation
pling error estimat banc assessed/ com. valuated
eroare alfa stat. alpha error estimator estimator
eroare beta stat. beta error estimator admisibil stat. admissible estimator
eroare compensatoare stat. compensating error estimator Aitken stat. Aitken estimator
eroare contabil cont. accounting error estimator coerent stat. consistent estimator
eroare cumulativ stat. cumulative error estimator condiional fr interferene stat. conditio-
eroare de a doua spe stat. type two error/ error nally unbiased estimator
of second kind estimator convergent stat. consistent estimator
eroare de a treia spe stat. error of third kind estimator cu eroare sistematic stat. biased estimator
eroare de aproximare stat. approximation error estimator eficace asimptotic stat. asymptotically
eroare de calcul miscalculation efficient estimator
eroare de estimare error of estimation estimator eficient stat. efficient estimator
eroare de eantionare stat. sampling error estimator grafic stat. graphical estimator
eroare de observaie stat. ascertainment error/ er- estimator inadmisibil stat. inadmissible estimator
ror of observation estimator liniar stat. linear estimator
eroare de prelucrare stat. processing error estimator neconvergent stat. inconsistent estimator
estimator nedistorsionat 96

estimator nedistorsionat stat. unbiased estimator etalon aur lingouri banc gold bullion standard
estimator optim stat. optimum statistic (GBS)
estimator ptratic stat. quadratic estimator etalon aur-devize banc gold exchange standard
estimaie estimate (est.) etalon dublu banc double standard
estimaie bugetar budget estimate etalon fictiv banc fiat standard
estimaie global overall estimate etalon fiduciar banc fiduciary standard
estimaie simultan stat. simultaneous estimation etalon monetar banc currency (cy., cur., CY)/ mon-
Estonia burs., banc. Estonia (EE) etary standard
ealona defer; care poate fi ealonat - deferrable etalon-argint banc. silver standard
ealonare a scadenelor banc. ladder of maturities etap stage/ step; etapa a doua - second round; etapa
ealonat deferred; obligaiune cu dobnd ealonat abandonrii - abandonment stage; pe etape - in
deferred bond stages
eantioane echivalente equivalent samples etatizat state-owned
eantion sample etic ethics; etica n afaceri - business ethics
eantion aleatoriu random sample etic economic economic ethics
eantion compensat balanced sample etichetare com. labeling
eantion discordant discordant sample etichet labei/ tag
eantion gratuit free sample Etiopia burs., banc Ethiopia (ET)
eantion nealeatoriu stat. non-random sample euristic stat. heuristics
eantion probabilistic random sample euro (Uniunea European <UE>) burs., banc Euro
eantion redus reduced sample (EUR)
eantion reprezentativ representative sample eurocapital burs. eurocapital; pia de eurocapital
eantion simplu simple sample - eurocapital market
eantion sistematic stat. systematic sample eurocec banc Eurocheque
eantion stratificat stratified sample eurocredit banc eurocredit
eantionaj multiplu multi-phase sampling eurodolar banc eurodollar; pia a eurodolarului
eantionare binomial invers stat. inverse sampling - eurodollar market
eantionare de mostre aleatorii accidental sampling euroobligaiune burs., banc eurobond/ euronote;
eantionare ierarhic stat. nested sampling piaa euroobligaiunilor - eurobond market
eantionare indirect stat. indirect sampling euroobligaiune convertibil burs., banc conver-
eantionare n dou faze stat. two-phase sampling tible eurobond
eantionare multipl stat. multiple sampling Europa Europe (E, Eur, EUR)
eantionare neregulat stat. jittered sampling Europa Central Central Europe
eantionare pe loturi bulk sampling Europa de Sud-Est South-Eastern Europe (SEE)
eantionare pentru acceptare acceptance sampling european European (EUR); opiune european/ de
eantionare pentru msurarea umiditii moisture sam- tip european - european option
pling europia Euromarket
eantionare prin rotaie stat. rotation sampling europia monetar Euromoney market
eantionare prin sondaj random sampling eurovalut banc eurocurrency/ euromoney; depo-
eantionare proporional proporional sampling zit n eurovalut - eurocurrency deposit
eantionare reprezentativ representative sampling evadare escape
eantionare sistematic stat. patterned sampling/ evalua com. evaluate/ valuate/ rate/ assess/ appraise/
systematic design appreciate
eantionare sistematic spaial stat. spaial system- evaluabil appraisable/ assessable
atic sample evaluare valuation/ appraisal/ assessment/ com. cost
eantionare zonal stat. zonal sampling estimate/ estimation/ evaluation/ merit rating/ ser-
eantionarea celor mai apropiai vecini stat. vice rating; cost de evaluare - appraisal cost
nearest-neighbor clustering evaluare a activitii com. job grading/ job evaluation
eec com. failure/ flop/ slowseller evaluare a capacitii (unui angajat) performance ap-
eec comercial com. business failure praisal
etalon standard of value evaluare a costurilor exploatrii pe durata de via life
etalon aur banc. gold standard cycle costing
97 exceptnd smbetele dup-amiaz, duminicile i srbtorile legale
evaluare a eficienei manageriale management ap- examinare biologic bioassay
praisal examinare medical asig. medical examination
evaluare a impozitului com., fin. tax assessment examinare pentru atestatul de contabil public cont.
evaluare a inventarului inventory valuation CPA (Certified Public Accountant) examination
evaluare a investiiilor investment evaluation excedent com. excess/ surplus/ surplus amount/
evaluare a muncii job evaluation overplus/ overhang/ glut; cu excedent de personal
evaluare a performanei performance evaluation overstaffed
evaluare a riscului risk estimate excedent agricol com. farm surplus
evaluare a solvabilitii banc. credit rating excedent al activului fa de pasiv excess of assets over
evaluare a stocurilor com. inventory evaluation/ liabilities
inventory valuation excedent al balanei comerciale balance of trade surplus
evaluare aproximativ rough estimate excedent al balanei de pli balance of payments sur-
evaluare bianual midyear review plus
evaluare de bun imobiliar real estate appraisal excedent al cheltuielilor fa de ncasri excess of ex-
evaluare de portofoliu portfolio valuation penditure on income
evaluare la mijlocul perioadei midterm review excedent al consumatorului consumer surplus
evaluare oficial official valuation excedent al exporturilor export surplus
evaluare profesional professional valuation excedent bugetar budget surplus/ budgetary surplus/
evaluare statistic statistical evaluation budget savings pl.
evaluarea factorilor de producie pricing of factors excedent comercial trade surplus
of production excedent de aur surplus gold
evaluat banc. assessed/ com. valuated excedent de capital capital surplus/ abundance of
evaluator assessor capital
evaluator absolut obiectiv absolutely unbiased esti- excedent de exporturi com. excess of exports
mator excedent de fonduri com. abundance of funds
evazionist (fiscal) fin. tax evader/ tax dodger excedent de for de munc manpower surplus/ abun-
evaziune (fiscal) evasion dance of labor
evaziune fiscal fin. tax evasion/ fiscal evasion/ tax excedent de importuri com. import surplus/ excess
avoidance/ evasion of taxes of imports
eveniment aleatoriu random event excedent de lichiditate liquidity overhang; excedent
eveniment declanator triggering event de lichiditi pl. surplus reserve
eveniment fortuit fortuitous event excedent de monetar banc. overage of cash/ abun-
eventualiti pl. contingencies dance of money
eviden a vnzrilor con. sales records excedent ponderal excess of weight
eviden contabil com accounting excedentar com. overabundant/ redundant
eviden primar basic books excelent excellent (XLNT)/ first-rate/ com. Al/
evidene contabile cont. flnancial books Al at Lloyd's
evoluie con. trend/ tenor excentricitate stat. ellipticity
evoluie a carierei com. career progression/ career exceptat excepted (exc.)
stream exceptnd except/ excepted (exc.)
evoluie a importurilor trends of imports exceptnd duminicile i srbtorile legale com.
evoluie a pieei com. trend of the market/ mar- Sundays, Holidays excepted (SHEX/ shex)
ket action/ market trends pl. exceptnd erorile i omisiunile com. errors and omis-
evoluie a preurilor com. price development/ de- sions excepted (E/OE)
velopment of prices/ trend of prices exceptnd mprejurrile neprevzute com. unfore-
evoluie profesional com. job history seen circumstances excepted (u.c.e.)
ex ante ex ante exceptnd smbetele, duminicile i srbtorile legale
ex post ex post com. Saturdays, Sundays, Holidays excepted
exact exact/ banc. accurate (sshex)
exactitate accuracy exceptnd smbetele dup-amiaz, duminicile i sr-
examina stat. analyze btorile legale com. Saturday afternoon, Sun-
examinare assay day, Holiday excepted (sataftshex)
excepie ________________________ 98

excepie exception (ex., exc); cu excepia - except exonerare fiscal tax relief
(exc.)/ excepted (exc); cu exceptarea mprejurrilor exotic exotic; opiune exotic burs. - exotic option
neprevzute - unforeseen circumstances excepted expansiune expansion
cu excepia duminicilor i srbtorilor legale expansiune industrial industrial expansion
- Sundays, Holidays excepted (SHEX, shex, expansiune monetar expanding currency
SHEx.) expansiune multipl a creditului multiple expansion
exces com. excess; a cumpra n exces - overbuy of credit
exces de zel com. work to rule expedia send/ ship/ consign; a expedia prin pot -
excesiv com. excessive/ unduly; a angaja excesiv post; a expedia prin colet potal - to dispatch by
(fora de munca) - overstaff; a aproviziona excesiv parcel post
com. - overstock; a cheltui excesiv - overspend; expediere com. shipment (ship., shpt.)/ forwarding
a credita excesiv - overlend; a factura excesiv com. expediere direct (de la fabric la angrosist) drop ship-
- overinvoice; a investi excesiv - overinvest; a mpru- ment
muta excesiv - overlend; a plti excesiv - overpay; expediere parial com. parial shipment
a produce excesiv - overproduce; excesiv de per- expeditor consigner/ consignor/ shipping agent/ dis-
sonal/ personal excesiv - overstaffed personnel patcher/ forwarder/ remitter
exclusiv com. exclusive/ sole/ solely experien background
exclusivitate com. exclusiveness experien (tehnic) know-how
exclusivitate de distribuie exclusive distribution experiment binar stat. binary experiment
executa settle; a executa pli - settle payments experiment complex stat. complex experiment
executabil feasible experiment factorial stat. factorial experiment
executare completion expert expert/ consultant/ surveyor/ official ex-
executare a comenzii order fulfillment pert/ adj. professional
executare parial part performance expert autorizat qualified expert
executare silit forced sale/ forced sale of collateral expert contabil cont. auditor/ qualified accountant
executat banc, burs. executed (ex.) expert contabil autorizat cont. chartered accoun-
executiv executive/ executive authority; comitet exe- tant (CA)
cutiv - executive committee/ managing committee expert economic com. economic expert
executor judectoresc receiver expert evaluator evaluator/ valuator/ appraiser/ valuer
executoriu binding/ enforceable expert fiscal com., fin. tax expert/ tax specialist
execuie bugetar budget execution expert n comercializarea mrfurilor marketing expert
execuie fiscal silit tax enforcement expert n evoluia preurilor bursei burs. chartist
execuie n sistem lohn com. job order produc- expert n marketing marketing expert
tion expert n optimizarea muncii efficiency expert
execuie silit distraint expertiz audit/ expertise/ expert opinion/ profes-
exemplar exemplar sional valuation
exerciiu exercise; n exerciiu - in charge (i/c) expertiz contabil cont. auditing/ examination of
exerciiu bugetar fin. budget year/ budgetary year/ accounts
financial year/ fiscal year (FY) expira expire
exerciiu financiar fin. accounting period/ finan- expirare a acreditivului com. expiration of a letter
cial period/ fiscal period/ taxable year of credit
exerciiu fiscal fin. fiscal year (FY)/ tax year/ ac- expirare a contractului expiration of contract
counting year expirare a scrisorii de credit com. expiration of a
exhaustivitate completeness/ sufficiency letter of credit
exigene ale postului pl. job requirements expirare a valabilitii com. expiration of the validity
exigibil exactable/ banc. collectible/ actionable expirat out of date/ outdated
existent existent explicaie explanation/ {a unui articol din registru)
existen existence narration
exod al capitalului capital flight/ flight of capital explicit explicit
exod al creierelor brain drain exploata exploit
exonera exonerate/ unburden exploatare exploitation; active de exploatare - oper-
exonerare exemption/ exoneration ating assets; buget de exploatare - operating bud-
99 ezitant
get; capital de exploatare - operating capital; venit exterior external; comer exterior - external trade; n
din exploatare - operating income exteriorul navei com. - outboard (O.B.)
exploatare a (muncii) copiilor ec juvenile labor extern external/ outward; credit extern - foreign
exploda explode/ jump credit; obligaiune extern banc. - external bond;
explozie explosion/ jump pia extern - external market/ foreign market;
explozie inflaionist inflationary boom costuri externe - external cost; venituri externe pl.
exploziv explosive; cu cretere exploziv - mush- - external incomes
roomed externalizare outsourcing
export export (exp.); credit pentru export - export extinde enlarge
credit; garanie de credit pentru export - cover; indus- extindere broadening/ enlargement/ extension
trie de export - export industry extindere a cererii com. extension of demand
export de capital capital export extindere a creditului intern domestic credit expan-
export direct direct export/ direct exporting sion (DCE)
export excedentar com. excess of exports extindere a exportului com. expansion of exports
exporta export (exp.) extindere a fondurilor fixe capital widening
exportare exportation extindere a liniei de produse com. line extension
exportator com. exporter/ adj. exporting; ar extindere a pieei de capital financial broadening
exportatoare de capital - capital-exporting coun- extindere pe orizontal horizontal expansion
try; ar exportatoare de petrol - oil-exporting extins broad
country extra extra(ex.,X)
exportatori agricoli com. agricultural exporters extrabugetar extrabudgetary
exportatori de produse agricole com. agricultural extrabursier burs. over the counter (OTC)
exporters extractiv extractive; industrie extractiv - extractive
exporturi pl exports industry
exporturi de bunuri pl com. visible exports extracie de petrol oil production
exporturi de produse industriale pl. com. indus- extramarginal stat. extramarginal
trial exports extraordinar extraordinary; impozit extraordinar -
exporturi de servicii pl. com. invisible exports emergency tax; venituri extraordinare - extraordi-
exporturi invizibile pl. com. invisible exports nary income
exporturi neregulate pl. com. irregular exports extras excerpt/ statement
exporturi tradiionale pl. com. tradiional exports extras cadastral abstract of title
exporturi vizibile pl. com. visible exports extras de carte funciar abstract of title
expozant exhibitor extras de cont abstract of account/ account state-
expoziie exhibition/ fair/ trade fair; stand de expoziie ment/ bank statement/ excerpt of account/ extract
com. - stall of account/ statement/ statement of account/ pass
expoziie itinerant com. traveling exhibition sheets pl.; extrasul remis este corect - the state-
exprima banc. denominate; exprimat n DST - ment as rendered is correct
SDR-denominated extras din Registrul Comerului certificate of registration
expropria expropriate extras din registrul funciar land register extract
expropriere expropriation extras ipotecar mortgage note
expune exhibit extrasezon com. off season
expunere la riscul fluctuaiei valutare exchange rate extrateritorial off-shore
exposure extrateritorialitate extraterritoriality
extensibil extendible; obligaiune extensibil - extend- extrem extreme
ible bond ezita com. hesitate
extensiv extensive ezitant com. hesitant
F
fabrica com. manufacture (man., mf, mfr.)/ pro- faciliti la plat facilities for payment
duce/ fabricate/ build faciliti pentru export pl export incentives
fabricant com. producer (prod.)/ manufacturer faciliti reciproce de creditare swap credit deal
(man., manf.)/ maker facsimil facsimile (fac, fax)
fabricant de bere com. brewer factor factor
fabricare com. manufacture (man., mf, mfr.) factor alfa stat. alpha factor
fabricat com. manufactured (mfd, mfd.)/ pro- factor beta stat. beta factor
duced (prod.) factor bipolar stat. bipolar factor
fabricat n ar com. home brewed factor comun common factor
fabricaie com. manufacture (man., mf, mfr.)/ fab- factor de amortizare amortization factor/ damping
rication; de fabricaie - manufacturing factor
fabricaie n serie com. series manufacturing factor de comparabilitate temporal time compara-
fabric com. factory (fac, FAC)/ works (wks.)/ bility factor
plant/ mill; pre de fabric - factory price; la poarta factor de conversie conversion factor
fabricii - ex works (EXW/ XWKS, X wks.) factor de corecie stat. correction factor
fabric de bere com. brewery factor de cretere factor of growth
fabric de celuloz com. pulp mill factor de decizie decision maker
fabric de cherestea com. timber mill/ lumbermill/ factor de eficacitate efficiency factor
saw mill factor de eficien efficiency factor
fabric de conserve com. cannery/ packing plant factor de extensie inflation factor/ raising factor
fabric de hrtie com. paper mill factor de ncrcare load factor
fabric de lapte com. dairy factor de ncredere stat. confidence factor
fabric de pine com. bread factory factor de ocupare capacity factor
fabric de prelucrare a laptelui com. dairy factory factor de ponderare weighting factor
fabric de ulei com. oil mill factor de producie production factor/ factor of pro-
fabric de zahr com. sugar mill duction
fabric furnizoare coml supply plant factor de scal scale factor
facil com. easy/ easily factor de scont discount factor
facilita enable/ facilitate factor de siguran safety factor
facilitare a creditrii banc. credit accommodation factor de toleran stat. tolerance factor
facilitate {la finanare etc.) facility factor de valoare actualizat present value factor
facilitate fiscal fin. tax privilege/ tax benefit/ tax factor determinant determining factor
preference factor general stat. general factor
faciliti pl. facilities factor oblic stat. oblique factor
faciliti comerciale pl. commercial facilities factor specific specific factor/ unique factor
faciliti de angajare com. employment opportunities factor variabil stat. variable factor
faciliti de creditare easing of credit/ credit facili- factor-cheie key factor
ties/ credit relaxation/ easy payments factori de producie pl. factors of production
faciliti de plat easy payments factori economici pl. economic factors
faciliti deosebite pl. special facilities factori eterogeni pl. heterogeneous factors
faciliti fiscale pl. tax subsidies factori exogeni pl. exogenous factors
101 fr clauz de captur i sechestrare
factori indivizibili pl. stat. indivisible factors falsifica falsify/ tamper/ adulterate/ banc. coun-
factori ncruciai pl. crossed factors terfeit/ com. fake/ imitate; a falsifica conturile -
factori omogeni pl. homogeneous factors to falsify the books/ to tamper with the books; a
factori psihologici pl. psychological factors falsifica documentele contabile cont. - manipu-
factoring factoring late accounts; a falsifica registrele - cook the books;
factoring transfrontalier cross-border factoring a falsifica un cont com. falsify an account
factura com. bill/ invoice; a factura excesiv com. falsificare falsification/ adulteration/ com. alter-
- overinvoice; a factura la preuri mrite com. - ation
overinvoice falsificare a bilanului com. cooking of balances
facturare com. invoicing/ billing; valoare de factu- falsificare a conturilor falsification of accounts
rare invoice value falsificare de moned com. adulteration of coinage
facturare amnat deferred billing falsificat adulterate
facturare continu continuous billing/ continuous falsificator falsifier
invoicing falsitate falseness
facturare cu o sum excesiv overinvoicing falsuri pl. banc. counterfeits
facturare excesiv overinvoicing familie family
facturare la preuri mrite overinvoicing farmacie com. drugstore
facturare sub pre underinvoicing fatal fatal
factur com. invoice (inv.)/ bill/ account purchase fa banc. face
(A/P)/ account sale (A/S); a achita o factur - settle favoare favor; n favoarea... banc. - for the ben-
a bill; a aproba facturile - approve the bills efit of/ in favor of
factur a importurilor import bill favorabil favorable; balan comercial favorabil -
factur a ncrcturii freight note active trade
factur achitat receipted bill favorizare a exporturilor export promotion
factur comercial commercial invoice fax facsimile (fac, fax)
factur consular consular invoice (ci.) faz phase
factur cu TVA VAT invoice faz a produciei com. stage of production
factur de consignaie consignment invoice faz ascendent upturn/ upswing
factur de cumprare purchase invoice faz de dezvoltare growth phase
factur de export com. export invoice faz de expansiune upturn/ upswing
factur de navlu freight invoice faz de tranziie transition phase
factur de transport freight invoice fazele ciclului economic pl. business cycle phases
factur definitiv final invoice fr without (w/o)
factur detaliat itemized invoice fr acoperire banc, burs. overdraft (od, OD,
factur justificativ supporting invoice O.D., o./d., O/D)/ uncovered/ no funds (n/f, NF)/
factur neonorat com. outstanding account no effects/ not provided for
factur pentru importurile de petrol oil bill fr avarie com., asig. free from average
factur pltit com. paid bill (f f.a.)
factur pro forma pro forma invoice/ pro-forma in- fr avarie deosebit com., asig. free from par-
voice ticular average (f.p.a., FPA)
factur provizorie provisional invoice/ provisional re- fr avarie deosebit (condiii SUA) com., asig free
ceipt from particular average (American conditions)
factur restant com. overdue invoice (FPA(AQ)
facturier sale book fr cerere burs. no bid (NB)
facultativ facultative/ opional (opt.) fr cheltuieli com., asig. without charge (w.c,
faliment bankruptcy (bkcy.)/ crash/ business failure W.C, WC)
faliment voluntar voluntary bankruptcy fr cheltuieli dencrcare-descrcare com., asig
falimentar bankrupt free in and out (fi. o., FIO)
falit bankrupt (bkpt.) fr cheltuieli de ncrcare-descrcare i stivuire com.,
falit nereabilitat banc. undischarged bankrupt asig free in and out and stowed (f.i.o.s.)
fals banc. counterfeit/ com. fake/ imitation; cec fr clauz de captur i sechestrare com., asig
fals - bogus check; pia fals - false market free of capture and seizure (f.c.s., f.c.&s.)
fr clauz de captur, sechestrare, rzmerie i micri civile 102

fr clauz de captur, sechestrare, rzmerie i mi- fr taxe com. franco/ duty unpaid
cri civile com., asig. free of capture, seizure, fr taxe vamale com. duty free/ non-dutiable
riots and civil commotions (f.c.s r.c.c.) fr tranzacii burs. no dealings
fr compensare without compensation (w.o.c, fr TVA com. exclusive of VAT
WO.C) fr valoare com. value-free
fr cont burs., banc. no account (n/a, n.a., fr valoare comercial no commercial value (n.c.v.,
noacc.) N.C.V., NCV)
fr copii com. childless fr valoare echivalent burs. NPV (No Par Value)
fr credit banc. no more credit (n m.c.) frmiare fragmentation
fr dat banc. undated febril volatile; capital febril - volatile capital
fr datorii banc. free of debt/ clear of debts/ debt- februarie February (E, Feb.)
less/ ungeared/ unindebted/ not indebted/ afloat Federaia Chinez de Industrie i Comer com.
fr deduceri com. without deduction All-China Federation of Industry and Commerce
fr descrcare la cheu com., asig. free from (ACFIC)
alongside (f f.a., FFA) Federaia Internaional a Contabililor cont. Interna-
fr dividend burs. ex dividend (e.d., ex d., ex div, tional Federation of Accountants (IFA)
x. div., XD)/ dividend off Federaia Mondial a Uniunilor Comerciale World
fr dobnd banc. free of interest/ interest-free/ Federation of Trade Unions (WFTU)
bearing no interest/ ex interest (ex.int.)/ non-in- Federaia Rus burs., banc. Russian Federation
terest-bearing (RU)
fr domiciliu stabil com. without permanent home Federaia Societilor de Prelucrare a Informaiei din
fr drept de apel banc. without recourse SUA American Federation of Information Process-
fr excludere not excluding (n.e.) ing Societies (AFIPS)
fr fonduri burs., banc. no funds (n/f, NF)/ non federaie federation
fundable (n f., n/f, N/F, NF, N.F.)/ com. out of femeie de afaceri businesswoman
money fenomenul S&P S&P phenomenon
fr intermediari first hand fereastr window
fr ncrctur com. unladen fereastr de rescontare discount window
fr licen unlicensed ferm com. farm/ stock-farm
fr limit de timp no fixed time (nft) ferm avicol com. poultryfarm
fr limite open ended ferm de produse lactate com. milk farm
fr loc sau dat no place or date (n.p. or d.) ferm de vaci de lapte com. dairy farm
fr marc no mark (N/M) fermier com. agricultural worker/ farmer/ stock
fr mijloace com. out of funds breeder
fr micri dormant feudalism feudalism
fr obligaii not indebted fezabil feasible/ practicable
fr obligo banc. without our liability fezabilitate feasibility/ practicability; studiu de fezabi-
fr preaviz banc. without notice litate - feasibility study
fr pre de pornire impus without reserve fiabil reliable
fr prim banc. free of premium fiabilitate reliability
fr protest banc. without protest/ no noting/ no fibr sintetic com. synthetic fibre
protest (n.p., N.P.) fictiv bogus; credit fictiv - fctitious credit; societate
fr protest la neacceptare banc. no protest for non fictiv - bogus company; active fictive - fctitious
acceptance (n.p n.a.) assets
fr protestare burs. no protest (n.p., N.P.) fidelitate fidelity
fr rspuns non-response fiduciar fiduciary (fid.); cont fiduciar - trust account;
fr restricii unrestricted garanie fiduciar banc. - fiduciary bond; moned
fr rezerve without reserve fiduciar - paper currency/ paper money
fr risc no risk (n r.)/ risk free fiecare each (ea.)
fr riscul de rzmerie i micri civile free of riots fier vechi com. scrap/ scrap metal
and civil commotions (f r. &c.c.) FIFO stat. first in, first out (f.i f.o.)
fr riscuri asig. risk-free/ unimpaired Fiji burs., banc. Fiji (FJ)
103 firm de brokeraj

filantropie philanthropy finanare de capital domestic financing


filatur com. spinning factory/ spinning mill finanare de compensaie compensatory financing
filatur de bumbac com. cotton mill finanare de import-export import-export financing
filatur de mtase com. silk-mill finanare de pe pia market financing
filiala affiliate/ subsidiary/ subsidiary company/ finanare direct direct financing
com. branch office/ {a bncii) banc. affiliated finanare extern external financing/ financing
bank/ (a unei firme/ ntreprinderi) com. affili- abroad/ outside financing
ated company finanare fr numerar non-cash financing
filial bancar banc. branch bank finanare intermediar bridge financing
filial comercial com. commercial settlement finanare intern internal financing/ domestic fi-
filial din strintate foreign affiliate nancing
filial financiar finance subsidiary finanare n afara bilanului off balance sheet financ-
filial financiar extrateritorial offshore finance sub- ing
sidiary finanare legat de preul produselor de baz com-
filiala n strintate com. overseas branch modity-linked finance
filiala local local branch finanare multisurs multisource financing
filiala regional district office finanare nenscris n bilan off balance sheet fi-
filial transoceanic com. overseas branch nancing
Filipine burs., banc. Philippines (PH)/ Philip- finanare paralel parallel financing
pine Islands (Phil. I.) finanare pe termen lung banc. long-term financ-
filodorm key money ing/ permanent financing
filosofie utilitarist utilitarianism finanare pe termen mediu banc. medium-term fi-
filtra filter nancing
filtru filter finanare pentru situaii neprevzute contingency fi-
final final nancing
finaliza terminate finanare prin conturile client accounts receivable fi-
finalizare completion nancing
finalizat completed finanare prin conturile de creane accounts receiv-
financiar financial (fin.); activ financiar - financial able financing
asset; exerciiu financiar - taxable year; n jen finanare prin deficit deficit financing
financiar embarrassed; economie financiar - fi- finanare prin (emiterea de) obligaiuni bond financing
nancial economy; pia financiar - capital mar- finanare prin mprumut debt financing
ket/ finance market/ financial market/ loan mar- finanare prin nchiriere leasing
ket; politic financiar - financial policy finanare prin vnzare de aciuni equity financing
finana bankroll/ finance (fin.) finanare reciproc back-to-back financing
finanare financing/ finance (fin.); cu finanare privat finanare spontan spontaneous financing
- privately financed finanare temporar temporary financing
finanare a achiziiei acquisition financing finanator investor/ backer/ financier/ banc. money
finanare a achiziiilor bootstrap loan source
finanare a deficitului deficit financing/ gap financ- finane finance (fin.)
ing finane fine (finance)
finanare a deficitului bugetar compensatory finance finane locale local finance
finanare a dezvoltrii development financing finane publice public finance
finanare a economiei financing of the economy Finlanda burs., banc. Finland (FI, Fin.)
finanare a exportului export financing firm firm (f, F)/ company (co., Co., Comp., cy.,
finanare a investiiilor investment financing compy.)/ business
finanare a ntreprinderilor corporate finance firm activ operating company
finanare a pensiilor retirement funding firm autohton domestic firm
finanare a prelurii takeover financing firm comercial commercial firm
finanare anticipat com. advance financing firm constructoare builder
finanare bazat pe active asset-based financing firm cu sucursale multiple multiple firm
finanare cu forfait non-recourse financing firm de brokeraj commission house
firm de brokeraj 104

firm de brokeraj burs. brokerage firm fi de pontaj clock card/ time card
firm de comer cu ridicata com. wholesale business fi fiscal fin. tax sheet
firm de consultan consultancy firm/ com. con- fiet filing cabinet
sulting firm fiier filing cabinet
firm de curierat express company fix fixed; capital fix - permanent capital/ physical
firm de prestri servicii service enterprise/ service capital; a fixa o limit - to name a limit; a fixa rata
society/ servicing business de scont la... - to peg the bank rate at...; costuri
firm de transport com. carrying business fixe pl. - constant cost/ periods; fonduri fixe pl.
firm de transport naval shipping company - capital assets; mijloace fixe pl. - physical capital
firm dominatoare pe pia com. market-dominating fixa banc. peg
firm fixare a dobnzii banc. rate lock
firm exportatoare com. export firm/ export com- fixare a preurilor de revnzare resale price mainte-
pany nance
firm fr activitate dormant company/ shell com- fixare de preuri multiple multiple pricing
pany fixator al preului price maker
firm fictiv bogus firm/ bogus company/ shell com- fixing burs., banc. fixing/ fix
pany fixing al argintului burs. silver fixing
firm importatoare com. importing firm/ import fixing al aurului burs. gold fixing
company fizic tangible; active fizice - tangible assets
firm inactiv dormant company fiziocrai pl. physiocrats
firm inovatoare innovating firm flexibil flexible/ adaptive; moned flexibil - elastic
firm internaional internaional company currency; valut flexibil - elastic currency
firm local domestic firm flexibilitate com. flexibility
firm mare com. large concern flexibilitate a cererii elasticity of demand
firm multinaional multinaional enterprise flexibilitate a impozitrii fin. flexibility of taxa-
firm nenregistrat unincorporated firm tion
firm neserioas racket flexibilitate a monedei elasticity of money
firm serioas reliable firm/ reliable company flexibilitate a ofertei elasticity of supply
firm solicitant com. ordering firm flexibilitate a pieei market flexibility
firm solid sound firm flexibilitate a preurilor price flexibility
firm solvabil sound firm flexibilitate a substituirii elasticity of substitution
firm strin foreign corporation flexibilitate managerial managerial flexibility
firm transnaional multinaional enterprise floarea-soarelui com. sunflower
firm vizat targetfirm floor burs. floor
firm-fantom dummy concern/ dummy corporation gulden/florin (Aruba) burs., banc. Aruban guil-
firm-int targetfirm der/florin (AWG)
firme pl. companies (cos.) florin (MB) nv. florin (f, fi.)
fisc fin. tax collector/ tax gatherer florin (olandez) nv. florin (f, fi.)/ guilder (gld.)
fiscal fin. fiscal; an fiscal fin. - tax year; credit flotare banc. flotation
fiscal fin. - tax credit; exerciiu fiscal fin. - flotare controlat banc. managed floating
fiscal year (FY)/ tax year; paradis fiscal fin. - tax flotare dirijat banc. managed floating
haven; discriminare fiscal fin. - tax discrimina- flotare disimulat banc. dirtyfloat
tion; evaziune fiscal fin. - tax evasion; politic flotare independent banc. independent floating
fiscal fin. - tax policy; ncasri fiscale fin. - flotaie de procesare processing float
tax revenue; n paradisuri fiscale - off-shore flot com. fleet (fi)
fiscalitate fin. fiscality/ taxation (txn.) flot comercial com. mercantile marine (M.M.)/
fiscalitate excesiv fin. excessive taxation merchant navy (M.N.)
fiscul american fin. Internal Revenue Service (IRS) fluctua fluctuate
fi a postului job description/ job specification fluctuant uncertain; moned fluctuant - floating
fi de drum route card currency; pia fluctuant - uncertain market;
fi de execuie com. job order card foarte fluctuant banc, burs. - volatile (voi.)
fi de plat com. pay slip fluctuaie burs., banc fluctuation/ floating/ range
105 fond de asigurri sociale

fluctuaie a cursurilor burs., banc. price fluctua- flux de numerar actualizat discounted cash flow
tion (DCF)
fluctuaie a forei de munc labor turnover flux de numerar excedentar excess cash flow
fluctuaie a monedei banc. currency fluctuation flux de numerar incremental incremental cash flow
fluctuaie a pieei com.. fluctuation of the market flux de numerar negativ negative cash flow
fluctuaie a preurilor price fluctuation/ fluctuation flux de numerar nominal nominal cash flow
of price/ fluctuation in prices flux de numerar pozitiv positive cash flow
fluctuaie a ratei de schimb banc. currency rate fluc- flux de numerar suplimentar excess cash flow
tuation flux de producie com. production flow/ flow of
fluctuaie a valutelor burs. fluctuation in foreign production
exchange flux economic economic flow
fluctuaie aleatorie random fluctuation flux financiar cash flow
fluctuaie de pre minim minimum price fluctua- flux financiar din exploatare cash flowfrom operations
tion flux financiar operaional cash flow from operations
fluctuaie dirijat banc. dirty float flux monetar banc. flow of money
fluctuaie ntmpltoare random fluctuation flux tehnologic com. flow of production
fluctuaie maxim a preului maximum price fluctua- flux total de numerar gross cash flow
tion fluxuri de numerar planificate pl. scheduled cash
fluctuaie pe termen scurt short term fluctuation flows
fluctuaie sezonier seasonal variation fluxuri monetare pl. banc. money inflows
fluctuaii ale cursului (de schimb) banc. exchange FMI (Fondul Monetar Internaional) IMF (International
fluctuations Monetary Fund)
fluctuaii ale cursului de schimb banc. fluctuations foaie de calcul spreadsheet
of the exchange rate/ fluctuations in the rate of foaie de cupoane coupon sheet/ coupon-sheet
exchange/ movements of exchange rate foi de cotaii pl. burs. yellowsheets
fluctuaii ale pieei pl. market fluctuations/ fluc- folosin use; de unic folosin com. - non-return-
tuations of the market able
fluctuaii ale vnzrilor pl. sales fluctuations/ fluc- folosit com. used/ second-hand
tuations of sales fond fund/ capital; a obine fonduri de la o banc
fluctuaii ciclice pl. cyclical fluctuations pl. to raise money with a bank; a procura fonduri
fluctuaii economice pl. economic fluctuations/ pl. - raise of funds; mobilizare de fonduri pl. -
business fluctuation raise of funds
fluctuaii minore pl. slight fluctuations fond acoperit umbrella fund
fluctuaii neregulate pl. com. erratic fluctuations fond afectat earmarked fund
fluctuaii periodice pl. periodic swings fond al directorului managers' fund
fluctuaii salariale pl. wage drift fond al managerului managers' fund
fluctuaii sezoniere pl. seasonal fluctuations/ sea- fond alocat earmarked fund
sonal swings fond blocat blocked fund
flutura (cu salariul) wage slip/ pay slip fond cu comision load fund
flux flow; analiz a fluxului financiar - cash flow fond cu plasamente n aciuni equity fund
analysis fond cu randament ridicat burs. high yielding fund
flux (monetar) circular circular flow fond cu umbrel umbrella fund
flux (monetar) circular al veniturilor circular flow of fond de achiziii purchase fund
income fond de acoperire cover
flux al capitalului capital flow fond de aciuni pentru salariai employee stock fund
flux autonom autonomous flow fond de ajutorare fund for aid
flux de capital flow of capital fond de amortizare com. amortization fund/ de-
flux de fonduri flow of funds preciation fund/ redemption fund/ sinking fund
flux de ieire de numerar cash outflow fond de arbitraj arbitrage fund
flux de ncasri revenue stream fond de asigurri insurance fund
flux de lucru com. workflow fond de asigurri sociale welfare fund
flux de numerar cash flow
fond de avansuri 106

fond de avansuri imprest fund fond mutual banc. mutual fund/ unit trust
fond de capitalizare capital appreciation fund fond mutual administrat managed fund
fond de caritate charity fund fond mutual de aciuni stock fund
fond de cercetare-dezvoltare research and develop- fond mutual de ctig income fund
ment fund fond mutual de dezvoltare growth fund
fond de compensare compensation fund/ equaliza- fond mutual de investiii n obligaiuni municipale
tion fund municipal bond fund
fond de garanie cover/ guarantee fund fond mutual de opiuni option mutual fund
fond de grev strike fund fond mutual de schimb banc. exchange fund
fond de investiii investment fund/ investment trust/ fond mutual deschis open end fund/ open-end fund/
unit trust open-end mutual fund
fond (de investiii) universal all-round fund fond mutual echilibrat balanced mutual fund
fond de nlocuire replacement fund fond mutual flexibil flexible fund
fond de modernizare tehnologic renewal fund fond mutual internaional internaional fund/ inter-
fond de pensii pension fund/ retirement fund/ re- naional mutual fund
tiring fund/ superannuation fund fond mutual nchis closed up fund/ closed-end mu-
fond de plasament mixt burs. mixed investment tual fund
fund fond mutual protejat hedge fund
fond de plasamente diversificate asset allocation fund fond mutual sectorial sector fund
fond de plasamente (n valori) mobiliare securities in- fond naional de asigurri sociale com. naional in-
vestment fund surance fund
fond de plasamente pe piaa monetar money-market fond neproductiv unemployed fund
fund fond neutilizat unemployed fund
fond de prevedere contingency fund fond pentru cheltuieli neprevzute emergency fund
fond de repartizare distribution fund Fond pentru Cooperare Economic Transatlantic
fond de rezerv reserve fund/ stand-by fund/ sur- Overseas Economic Cooperation Fund (OECF)
plus fund/ valuation reserve fond pentru operaiuni speciale Fund for Special Op-
fond de rezerv pentru datorii liability reserve erations (FSO)
fond de rezerve de urgen emergency reserve fond regional regional fund
fond de rulment floating asset/ working capital (WC) fond revolving revolving fund
fond de rulment net net working capital fond rotativ revolving fund
fond de salarii wages fund fond special special fund
fond de stabilizare stabilization fund fond specializat sector fund
fond de stabilizare anticiclic anticyclical reserve fund fond statutar statutory fund
fond de stabilizare conjunctural anticyclical reserve fonda com. establish
fund fondare com. establishment
fond de stabilizare valutar exchange stabilization Fondul African de Dezvoltare African Development
fund (CSF) Fund (AfDF)
fond de urgen contingency fund/ emergency fund Fondul Arab pentru Dezvoltare Economic i Social
fond din obligaiuni bond fund Arab Fund for Economic and Social Development
fond echilibrat balanced fund (AFESD)
fond federal federal fund Fondul Asiatic pentru Dezvoltare Asian Development
fond fiduciar trust fund Fund (ADF)
fond hibrid hybrid fund Fondul de Dezvoltare pentru Africa Development
fond imobiliar real estate fund Fund for Africa (DFA)
fond indexat index fund Fondul European de Dezvoltare European Develop-
fond indicial index fund ment Fund (EDF)
fond ipotecar mortgage fund Fondul European pentru Cooperare Monetar Euro-
fond mprumutat borrowed fund pean Monetary Cooperation Fund (EMCF)
fond n contrapartid counterpart fund Fondul Internaional pentru Dezvoltare Agrar Interna-
fond nchis closedfund tional Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)
fond mobiliar securities fund Fondul Monetar Arab Arab Monetary Fund (AMF)
107 for
________ L_

Fondul Monetar Internaional (FMI) International Mon- fonduri nencasate pl stat. uncollected funds
etary Fund (IMF) fonduri neproductive pl barren money
fonduri acumulate pl accrued benefits fonduri ordinare pl above-the-line funds
fonduri afectate prin buget pl budgeted funds fonduri pe termen scurt pl short-term funds
fonduri ale terilor pl deposits and borrowed funds fonduri pentru reclam pl advertising appropria-
fonduri amicale pl warm money tion
fonduri cu venit garantat pl guaranteed income fonduri prevzute n buget pl budgeted funds
funds fonduri private pl private funds
fonduri de acoperire pl. cover funds fonduri proprii pl capital base/ corporate equity/
fonduri de amortizare pl. depreciation reserve net worth/ shareholder s equity/ capital resources
fonduri de asigurri sociale pl. social security funds fonduri proprii ale proprietarului pl owner's equity
fonduri de asisten pl. appropriation-in-aid fonduri publice pl public funds
fonduri de compensare pl compensatory balance fonduri segregate pl burs. segregated funds
fonduri de cretere agresiv pl aggressive growth fonduri strine pl banc. foreign funds/ outside
funds funds
fonduri de dotare pl endowment funds fonduri suficiente pl sufficient funds
fonduri de mprumut pl. loanable funds forint (Ungaria) burs., banc Forint (HUF, F.)
fonduri de nzestrare pl. endowment funds forma form; a forma piaa - make a market
fonduri de pornire pl front money formalitate com. formality
fonduri din tranzacii pl funds from operations formaliti vamale pl com. customs formalities/
(FFO) clearing formalities/ customs clearance/ tariffs for-
fonduri disprute pl} missing funds malities
fonduri disponibile pl available funds/ funds at dis- formare a cadrelor de conducere management de-
posal/ disposable funds velopment
fonduri disponibile la banc pl cash at bank formare a capitalului capital formation/ formation
fonduri externe pl external funds/ outside funds of capital
fonduri extrateritoriale pl offshore funds formare a preurilor price formation/ com. for-
fonduri fixe pl fixed assets/ capital assets/ capital mation of prices
goods/ capital equipment formare de fonduri de rezerv formation of reserve
fonduri futures i de opiuni autorizate pl burs. funds
authorized futures and options funds (AFOF) formare profesional n industrie industrial educa-
fonduri inactive pl idle money tion
fonduri insuficiente pl not sufficient funds (n.s f, formator de pia market maker
N/S/F, NSF, NS)/ no funds (n/f, NF)/ non formaie profesional background
fundable (NF) forme de mprumut forms of loans
fonduri interbancare pl banc. interbank funds formular de comand order form/ order sheet
fonduri investite pl invested funds formular de retragere counter check
fonduri mprumutabile pl lending funds formular de subscriere subscription form/ [pentru
fonduri mprumutate pl other peoples money aciuni) letter of application
(OPM) formular standard boilerplate
fonduri n strintate pl funds abroad formul circular circular formula
fonduri libere pl loose funds formul de amortizare depreciation formula
fonduri limitate pl com. limited means/ limited formul de repartizare stat. allocation formula
resources formul pentru calculul dobnzii interest formula
fonduri lips pl missing funds forte hard/ strong; moned forte - hard currency;
fonduri mutuale de pe piaa monetar pl burs. valut forte - hard currency/ strong currency/ in-
money market funds ternaional currency
fonduri mutuale orientate spre aciuni pl. fora force; a fora scderea preurilor - force down
stock-oriented mutual funds the prices; a fora urcarea preurilor - force up the
fonduri neachitate pl stat. uncollected funds prices
fonduri nealocate pl unappropriated funds forat banc. forced
fonduri necesare pl requisite funds for force
for de munc 108

for de munc work force/ labor force/ manpower; fraht pltit pn la... com. freight paid to
folosire integral a forei de munc - full employ- fraht i asigurare pltite pn la... asig., com. car-
ment; folosire intermitent a forei de munc - ca- riage and insurance paid to (CIP)
sual employment; folosirea forei de munc a mino- franc banc. franc (F, E)
rilor - child labor franc (Belgia) burs., banc. Belgian franc (BEF),
for de munc excedentar surplus labor monetary unit used before EURO
for de munc ieftin cheap labor franc (Benin, Burkina Faso i Coasta de Filde <C6te
for de munc indirect productiv indirect labor d'lvoire>) burs., banc. CFA franc (XOF)
for de munc indirect indirect labor franc (Burundi) burs., banc. Burundi franc (BIF)
for de munc neutilizat employment slack franc (Djibouti) burs., banc. Djiboutifranc (DJF)
for economic economic power franc elveian (Elveia i Liechtenstein) burs.,
for major asig. force majeure/ act of God banc. Swiss franc (CHF)
fore ale pieei pl. market forces franc (francez) franc/ francs (f, fr, F, F), monetary
fore de producie production forces unit used before EURO
Forumul de Cooperare Economic Asia-Pacific franc (Frana, Andorra, Monaco i Teritoriile Franceze)
Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) burs., banc. French franc (FRF), monetary
Forumul Economic Asia-Pacific Asia-Pacific Eco- unit used before EURO
nomic Cooperation (APEC) franc (Guineea) burs., banc. Guinean franc
Forumul Insulelor din Pacific Pacific Islands Forum (GNF)
(PIF) franc (Insulele Comoros) burs., banc Como-
Forumul Mediteranean pentru Dezvoltare Medi- rian franc (KMF)
terranean Development Forum (MDF) franc (Luxemburg) burs., banc. Luxembourg franc
Forumul Pacificului de Sud South Pacific Forum (LUF), monetary unit used before EURO
(SPF) franc (Madagascar) burs., banc. Malagasy franc
Forumul Regional ASEAN ASEAN Regional Forum (MGF)
(ARF) franc (Polinezia Francez i Noua Caledonie) burs.,
forward forward; piaa forward - forward market banc. CFP franc (XPF)
Fosta Republic Iugoslav a Macedoniei burs., franc (R. D. Congo) burs., banc. Congolese franc
banc. Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Repub- (CDF)
lic of (MK)/ The Former Yugoslav Republic of franc (Ruanda) burs., banc. Rwanda franc (RWF)
Macedonia (FYROM, F.YR.O.M.) franc belgian burs., banc. Belgian franc (BEF),
fosta Uniune Sovietic Former Soviet Union (FSU) monetary unit used before EURO
fosta URSS burs., banc. Former USSR (RU)/ franc burundez burs., banc. Burundi franc
Former Soviet Union (FSU) (BIF)
fracie de sondaj variabil stat. variable sampling franc congolez burs., banc. Congolese franc (CDF)
fraction franc elveian burs., banc. Swiss franc (CHF)
fracie etiologic attributable risk franc francez burs., banc. French franc (FRF),
fracionare burs. split monetary unit used before EURO
fracionare a aciunilor stock split franc luxemburghez burs., banc. Luxembourg
fraciune fraction/ fractional amount franc (LUF), monetary unit used before EURO
fraciune de aciune burs. fractional share franc malga burs., banc. Malagasy franc (MGF)
fragilitate unsoundness franc ruandez burs., banc. Rwanda franc (RWF)
fragmentare fragmentation/ burs. division into franci (francezi) burs., banc. french francs (fr frs.,
shares Fr.Frs.), monetary unit used before EURO
fraht com. cargo/ freight (frt.)/ waybill (w.b., w/b., francizare com. franchising
WB, W/B) franciz com. franchise
fraht aerian com. air cargo/ airfreight francizer com. franchisee
fraht de retur com. home freight francizer principal com. master franchise
fraht lichid com. liquid cargo francizor com. franchiser/ franchisor
fraht maritim com. maritime freight franco com. free (fr.)/ ex all/ franco (fco.)/ free of
fraht neachitat com. freight unpaid charge (fo.c./FOC)/ no charge (n/c, NC)
fraht pltit com. freight paid/ carriage paid franco aeroport com. fob airport
109 funciile banilor
franco asigurat pn la... com., asig. carriage and funciar rural; impozit funciar fin. - ground tax/ land
insurance paid to tax/ property tax
franco avion com. free on plane (o.p.) funcie function; funcia de antreprenor - entrepre-
franco bord freeboard (fbd) neurship; n funcie com. - acting
franco camion free on truck (o.t., FOT) funcie a cererii demand function
franco cru com. free carrier (FCA) funcie a costurilor cost function
franco chei com. free on quay (f.o.q.) funcie beta incomplet stat. incomplete beta func-
franco cheu com. ex quay/ ex wharf tion
franco cheu (nevmuit) com. ex quay (duties on funcie caracteristic stat. characteristic function
buyers account) funcie de autocorelare stat. autocorrelation
franco cheu (vmuit) com. ex quay (duty paid) function
franco de-a lungul (navei) com. free alongside funcie de ctig gain function
(fa.) funcie de configuraie pattern function
franco de-a lungul cheiului com. free alongside quay funcie de consum consumption function
(fa.q.) funcie de cost cost function
franco de-a lungul navei com. free alongside ship funcie de covarian stat. covariance function
(fa.s./F.A.S.) funcie de decizie decision function
franco depozit com. ex warehouse/ free buyer s ware- funcie de decizie admisibil stat. admissible deci-
house sion function
franco domiciliu com. free buyers address/ free do- funcie de decizie statistic statistical decision func-
micile tion
franco fabric com. ex works (EXV^ XWKS, x wks., funcie de densitate stat. density function
Xwks.) funcie de densitate probabilistic stat. probability
franco frontier com. franco frontier (f f) density function
franco la bord com. free on board (f.o.b., FOB) funcie de distribuie distribution function
franco moar com. ex mill funcie de distribuie cumulativ stat. cumulative
franco nav com. ex ship/ free on steamer (f o.s., distribution function
FOS) funcie de eroare stat. error function
franco pe chei com. free on quay (f.o.q., FOQ) funcie de estimare estimator
franco pe nav com. free on board (f.o.b., FOB) funcie de faz phase function
franco peste copastia navei com. free overside ship funcie de frecven frequency function
(f.os.s.) funcie de intensitate intensity function
franco plantaie com. explantation funcie de intensitate ncruciat cross intensity func-
franco transport com. carriage paid (carr.pd.) tion
franco tren com. free on waggon (f.o.w., FOW) funcie de nnoire renewal function
franco uzin com. ex works (x wks./ X wks./ funcie de mas mass function
EXW/XWKS) funcie de ponderare weight function
franco vagon com. free on rail (f o r., FOR)/ free funcie de producie production function
on waggon (f.o.w, FOW) funcie de putere power function
Frana burs., banc. France (FR, F.) funcie de repartiie cumulativ stat. cumulative dis-
franuzesc French (F.) tribution function
fraterniza fraternize funcie de risc risk function
fraud fraud funcie de transfer transfer function
fraud prin asigurare asig. insurance fraud funcie decizional decision function
fraudulos fraudulent funcie gama incomplet stat. incomplete gamma
frnare a concurenei restraints of competition function
frecven frequency funcie generatoare stat. generating function
frecven absolut stat. absolute frequency funcie tetracoric stat. tetrachoric function
frecven estimat expected frequency funcie-obiectiv obiective function
frecven relativ relative frequency/ proporional fre- funcii ortogonale pl. stat. orthogonal func-
quency tions
frecven teoretic stat. independence frequency funciile banilor pl. functions of money
funciona 110
_________ i _________

funciona operate; a funciona n pierdere - operat- furlong com. furlong (fur.)


ing in the red furnizare supply (sup., sy.)/ purveyance
funcional funcional/ ready for operation; moned furnizor supplier/ provider/ purveyor/ dealer (dlr.)
funcional banc. - funcional currency furnizor de servicii provider of services
funcionalitate functionality furnizor principal com. main supplier
funcionar office personnel/ white-collar worker/ furnizori autohtoni pl com. domestic suppliers
functionary/ office worker furnizori de baz pl primary suppliers
funcionar de banc bank clerk furnizori interni pl com. domestic suppliers
funcionar de birou clerk furnizori locali pl com. domestic suppliers
funcionar de stat government agent/ government furnizori principali pl primary suppliers
employee furt theft/ pilferage
funcionar public civil servant furtiag pilferage
funcionar superior com. white-collar employee futures burs. futures; pia futures - futures mar-
funcionare com. operation; n stare de funcionare ket; pre futures - futures price
- operaional; n funciune - in operation (i./opn.) fuziona com. merge/ amalgamate (with)/ fuse
funcionare continu com. continuous operation fuzionare fusion/ amalgamation
funcionare cu program redus part time operation fuziune com. merger/ combination
funcionari pl white collars/ office employees fuziune bancar banc. bank merger
funcionari federali pl federal employees fuziune operaional com. operating merger
fundamental fundamental fuziune orizontal com. horizontal merger/ hori-
fundaie foundation zontal amalgamation
fungibilitate fungibility fuziune pe vertical com. vertical merger
furaj com. fodder/ cattle food fuziune-conglomerat conglomerate merger
G
gabel com. salt tax garanie de bun execuie performance bond/ per-
Gabon burs., banc. Gabon (GA) formance guarantee
gaj escrow/ pledge/ security; a accepta ca gaj banc. garanie de calitate com. quality guarantee
- accept as pledge; titlu de gaj - mortgage bond garanie de credit pentru export banc. cover
gaja pledge garanie de emisiune underwriting
gajabil restrainable garanie de rambursare a avansului advance payment
gajat banc. in pawn/ employed; avans n schimbul guarantee
titlurilor gajate - advance against pledged securities garanie extins extended guarantee
gajist pawnbroker garanie fiduciar burs. fiduciary bond
galanterie com. narrowgoods garanie n aur gold pledge
galon com. gallon (gal., G) garanie limitat com. limited guarantee
galon imperial (MB) com. imperial gallon (imp. gal.) garanie nul dead security
galon imperial standard (MB) com. imperial stan- garanie pentru export com. export guarantee
dard gallon (i.s.g.) garanie prelungit extended guarantee
galon lichid com. liquid gallon (SUA) (liq. gal.) garanie simpl simple guarantee
galopant rampant garanie solidar banc. joint guarantee
gam de articole com. range of articles/ range of garanii suplimentare pl banc. securities
products ara com. railway station
gam de bunuri com. range of goods gastronom com. caterer
gam de preuri com. range of prices gastronomie com. catering/ catering trade
gam de produse com. range of articles/ range of gata ready; de gata - ready made/ off-the-shelf
goods gaz natural (metan) lichefiat natural liquefied gas
Gambia burs., banc. Gambia (GM) (N.L.G.)
garant banc. guarantee (g'tee) gaz petrolier lichefiat liquefied petroleum gas (l.p.g.)/
garanta cover/ secure/ vouch liquid petroleum gas (LPG)
garantare guarantee ginar pilferer/ racketeer
garantare a depunerilor banc. deposit insurance gtuire bottleneck
garantare a ratei dobnzii banc. interest rate guar- genera cause/ generate
antee (IRG) general general/ overall/ generally/ universal/
garantare a veniturilor income support across the board; n general - generally/ over all
garantat secure/ guaranteed; obligaiune garantat - (o.a.)_
collateralized bond/ secured bond; opiune garan- generalizare com. generalization
tat - covered option generalizat across the board
garantat prin obligaiuni burs., banc. bonded generator de venit pasiv passive income generator
garanie banc. bond/ earnest/ collateral/ cover- (PIG)
age/ guarantee (g'tee)/ surety/ safeguard/ war- generic generic
ranty/ collateralize/ collateral account/ letter of geografie economic economic geography
indemnity/ com. guaranty Georgia burs., banc. Georgia (GE)
garanie (material) security Georgia de Sud i Saridwich de Sud burs., banc.
garanie bancar banc. bank guarantee/ banker's South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
guarantee (GS)
german 112

german German (G.) grad de monopolizare degree of monopoly


Germania burs., banc. Germany (DE, Ger.) grad de ocupare com. activity rate
gestionare administration grad de ocupare a forei de munc level of employ-
gestionare a activelor asset management ment
gestionare a mprumuturilor banc. loan adminis- grad de penetrare a pieei level of market penetra-
tration tion
gestionare a portofoliului burs., banc. portfolio grad de umiditate com. moisture content
management grad de valorificare burs., banc. yield
gestionare a proiectului project management gradaie com tick
gestionare defectuoas com. maladministration grade de libertate stat. degrees of freedom
gestionare frauduloas com. ill management grade de libertate ale canalului stat. channel de-
gestiune management (mgt.) grees of freedom
gestiune a activelor i pasivelor asset and liability grafic al impozitului fin. taxation schedule
management grafic bilogaritmic stat. double logarithmic
gestiune a datoriilor debt management chart
gestiune a ntreprinderii enterprise management grafic cu coloane stat. bar chart
gestiune a pasivelor liability management grafic de control stat. control chart
gestiune a riscului risk management grafic de operaii operation chart
gestiune a stocurilor inventory control/ stock con- grain grain (gr.)
trol gram gram/ grams (g)
gestiune de trezorerie cash management gratificaie bonus
gestiune financiar financial management gratis gratuitous
Ghana burs., banc. Ghana (GH) gratuit franco (fco.)/ free (fr.)/ free of charge (f.o.c,
ghieu banc. counter FOC)/ without charge (w.c, WC., WC)/ no
Gibraltar burs., banc. Gibraltar (GI, Gib.) charge (n/c, NC)/ gratuitous/ free of cost/ ex all/
gil(MB/SUA) gill(gi.) cost free; aciune gratuit - bonus share; aciuni
gir banc. endorsement gratuite - bonus issue
girant banc. endorser grav dire
glisare slide grdinar com. horticulturist
global global/ overall/ gross (gr, gr., gro.); cost glo- gru com. wheat/ (MB) corn
bal - total cost; pre global - blanket price; venit Grecia burs., banc. Greece (GR, Gr.)
global - aggregate income; cerere global - aggre- Grenada burs., banc. Grenada (GD)
gate demand; ofert global - aggregate supply; greeal error; a primi din greeal - to receive by error
cheltuieli globale pl. - overalls greeal de contabilizare cont. accounting error
globalizare ec. globalization greeal de transcriere clerical error
gol banc. blank/ com. unladen greit wrong/ wrongful; a administra greit - mis-
gol de producie com. idle time/ production gap manage; a nregistra greit - misenter
gospodar husband greutate com. weight (w., wt., W); a vinde la greu-
gospodri husband tate - sell by weight; pe baza greutii - by weight
gospodrie household greutate a ambalajului com. naked weight (n.w.)
gospodrie (rneasc) farm greutate brut com. gross weight (gr.wght., gr.wt.)/
gospodrie agricol colectiv collective farming packed weight (p.w.)
gospodrire husbandry greutate comercial com. commercial weight
gourde (Haiti) burs., banc. Gourde (HTG - (C/W)
Haiti) greutate de baz com. base weight
grad grade/ extent; cu grad ridicat de siguran burs. greutate de pornire com. base weight
- gilt-edged; cu nalt grad de lichiditate burs. - greutate excedentar com. excess weight/ surplus
highly liquid weight/ excess of weight/ overweight
grad al interaciunii stat. order of interaction greutate marcat com. marked weight (mkd.wt.)
grad de industrializare com. level of industrializa- greutate net com. net weight (n.w, n.wt., nt.wt.)
tion greutate proprie com. net weight (n.w, n.wt.,
grad de invaliditate disability percentage nt.wt.)
113 gulden (Antilele Olandeze)
greutate real com. actual weight (AW) grup de interese pressure group
greutate specific com. specific weight (w)/ unit grup de lucru working team
weight grup de presiune pressure group
greutate standard com. standard weight grup vizat target group
greutate suplimentar com. excess weight grupare grouping/ bunching/ pool
greutate total com. full weight (FW)/ total grupare de obligaiuni bond pool
weight (T.W.) grup group
greutate total (cu ambalaj) com. packed weight grup de salarizare salary bracket/ wage bracket/ wage
(p.w) group
greuti financiare pl. financial straits grup de vrst stat. age group
greva encumber, a greva cu o ipotec banc. - en- grup de venituri stat. income bracket/ income
cumber with a mortgage group
grevare com. encumbrance grup de venituri maximale stat. high income group
grevat (de ipoteci) encumbered grupe de mrfuri principale pl. com. major com-
grev strike; greve, rscoale, tulburri sociale, dezor- modity groups
dini asig. - strikes, riots and civil commotions grupe de produse pl. commodity groups
(S.R. and CC.) Grupul Africa, Caraibe i Pacific African, Caribbean
grev a consumatorilor consumer strike and Pacific (ACP)
grev cu ocupare worker occupation Grupul celor 10 Group of 10 (G-10)/ Group ofTen
grev cu ocuparea locului de munc sit-down strike/ (G10)
sit-in strike/ sit-in grupul celor 100 G100
grev de avertisment token strike Grupul celor 11 Group of 11 (G-l 1)
grev de solidaritate sympathetic strike/ sympathy Grupul celor 15 Group of 15 (G-l5)
strike/ secondary strike Grupul celor 19 Group of 19 (G-l9)
grev ealonat staggered strike Grupul celor 24 Group of 24 (G-24)
grev general general strike Grupul celor 5 Group of Five (G-5)
grev ilegal unofficial strike Grupul celor 6 Group of 6 (G-6)
grev japonez slowdown strike/ work to rule Grupul celor 7 Group of 7 (G-7)
strike Grupul celor 77 Group of 77 {G~77)
grev la locul de munc sit-down strike Grupul celor 8 Group of 8 (G-8)
grev lent go-slow/ go-slow strike Grupul celor 9 Group of 9 (G-9)
grev neateptat iightning strike Grupul Consultativ al Celor 18 Consultative Group
grev oficial official strike ofEighteen(CG-18)
grev organizat organized strike Grupul de la Rio Rio Group (KG)
grev patronal lockout Grupul Economiilor n Curs de Dezvoltare Develop-
grev prin exces de zel work to rule strike ing Economies Group (DEG)
grev simbolic token strike Grupul Statelor din Africa, Caraibe i Pacific African,
grev spontan wildcat strike Caribbean, and Pacific Group (ACP Group)
grev surprinztoare Iightning strike Grupul rilor n Curs de Dezvoltare Developing
gril scale (se.) Economies Group (DEG)
gril de aprovizionare buygrid Guadeloupe burs., banc. Guadeloupe (GP)
gril de conversie parity grid Guam burs., banc. Guam (GU)
gril de impozitare fin. scale of taxation/ tax table guarani (Paraguay) burs., banc. Guarani (PYG)
gril de pariti parity grid Guatemala burs., banc. Guatemala (GT)
gril de preuri scale of prices Guernsey burs., banc. Guernsey (GG)
gril de salarizare pay scale/ salary classification/ sal- guinee (MB) banc. guinea (g.)
ary scale/ scale of salaries/ wage scale Guineea burs., banc. Guinea (GN)
groaznic dire Guineea Bissau burs., banc. Guinea-Bissau (GW)
Groenlanda burs., banc. Greenland (GL) Guineea Ecuatorial burs., banc. Equatorial
gros mare com. great gross (g.gr., gr.g.) Guinea (GQ)
grup consultativ consultative group gulden (Antilele Olandeze) burs., banc. Nether-
grup de firme com. group of companies lands Antillean guilder (ANG)
gulden (Olanda) 114

gulden (Olanda) nv Guilder (NLG) guvernul american United States government (US
gulden (olandez) guilder (gld.) Govt.)
gulden olandez nv guilder (NLG) guvernul SUA United States government (US Govt.)
guvern government (gov., Gov., Gvt.)/ cabinet Guyana burs , banc Guyana (GY)
guverna govern Guyana Francez burs , banc French Guiana
guvernator governor (GF)
guvernator general governor general
H
Haiti burs., banc. Haiti (HT) hrtii de valoare garantate pl. burs. pledged se-
hal de carne com. meat market curities
halb com. pint (p., pt., o., O.) hrtii de valoare inactive pl. burs. inactive stock
halbe pl. com. pints (pts.) hrtii de valoare strine pl. burs. foreign securities
handicap disability/ disablement/ handicap; cu han- hrograie paperwork
dicap sever severely disabled hectar hectar (ha)
handicap total total disability hectare hectares (ha)
handicapat disabled person/ handicapped hectogram hectogram (hg)
hausse (a urca) raise; a specula la hausse" - to hectolitru hectoliter (hi)
speculate on a raise hectometru hectometer (hm)
haussier burs. bull/ bull operator/ haussier hegemonie hegemony
hrtie com. paper; industria hrtiei - paper indus- Helsinki com. Helsinki
hiat com. hiatus
hrtie de valoare burs. bond paper/ security/ hibrid hybrid
stock (s.) hide hide
hrtie de valoare cotat burs. listed security hidrogen com. hydrogen
hrtie de valoare cu grad mare de lichiditate burs. hipercub stat. hypercube
liquid security hiperinflaie hyperinflation
hrtie de valoare impozabil burs. taxable security hiperinflaionist hyperinflationary
hrtie de valoare la purttor burs. bearer security hipermarket com. hypermarket
hrtie de valoare municipal burs. municipal se- hipernormalitate hypernormality
curity histerezis stat. hysteresis
hrtie de valoare neimpozabil burs. tax-exempt se- histogram stat. histogram/ bar chart
curity histogram circular stat. circular histogram
hrtie de valoare pe termen lung burs. long-term histogram multipl stat. multiple bar chart
security hogshead hogshead (hhd.)
hrtie de valoare pe termen scurt burs. short-term holding holding/ controlling company
security holding bancar bank holding company (BHC)
hrtie de valoare tranzacionabil burs. marketable homo oeconomicus economic man
security Honduras burs., banc. Honduras (HN, Hond.)
hrtie pentru bancnote currency paper Hong Kong burs., banc. Hong Kong (HK)
hrtie pentru registre ledger paper horticultura com. horticulture
hrtii de valoare pl. burs. securities/ stock (s.) hotrre jur. decision
hrtii de valoare ale unei societi pl. burs. cor- hotrre judectoreasc jur. adjudication
porate securities hotelier com. hotelier
hrtii de valoare cu venit fix pl. burs. fixed in- ho pilferer
come securities hric com., burs. buckwheat
hrtii de valoare fr cutare pl. burs. inactive hryvnia (Ucraina) burs., banc. Hryvnia (UAH)
stock
I
ianuarie com. January (Ja.) imaterial com. immaterial; active imateriale - in-
iarn com. winter (w.) tangible assets/ nonmaterial assets
ideal ideal imediat immediate; de comandat imediat com. -
identificabilitate identifiability for immediate ordering; imediat sau anulat burs.
identificare identification (id, ID, I.D.) - immediate or cancel order (IOC)
identificare specific specific identification imigra immigrate
identitate a bilanului balance sheet identity imigrant immigrant
identitate a firmei corporate identity (CI.) imigrani pl. immigrant population
identitate contabil cont. accounting identity imigraie immigration
identitate societar corporate identity (CI.) iminent imminent/ impending
ieftin com. cheap/ inexpensive/ economical/ imita com. imitate
low-priced/ low priced/ easy/ cheapness; a cum- imitaie com. imitation
pra ieftin burs. - buy low; a vinde ieftin - sell imobil immobile
cheap; obligaiune ieftin - easy bond; aciuni ief- imobiliar immovable; impozit imobiliar fin. - prop-
tine pl. - cheap stock; bani ieftini pl. - cheap erty tax
money; pia de bani ieftini - cheap money imobilitate a forei de munc immobility of labor
market imobiliza immobilize/ lock up/ lock-up; a imobiliza
ieftin ca braga com. dirt cheap capital - tie up capital
ierarhic hierarchical imobilizare lock-up
ierarhie hierarchy imobilizare de capital capital expenditure
ierarhie de conducere management hierarchy/ chain imobilizat immobilized; activ imobilizat - frozen as-
ofcommand set/ permanent capital; capital imobilizat - frozen
ierarhie decizional decision tree capital
ieri yesterday (yday, ydy.) imobilizri />/. fixed assets
ieire output/ (de numerar) outflow impact impact
ieiri de capital outflow of capital impact al impozitelor fin. impact of tax
ieiri de capital continue sustained capital outflow impact al marketingului asupra profitului profit im-
ieiri de numerar banc. outflow/ cash out pact of marketing strategy (PIMS)
igien com. hygiene impact al profitului profit impact
igienic com. hygienic impact asupra mediului environmental impact
ilegal illegal/ illicit/ lawless/ unjust/ unlawful; divi- imparial imparial
dend ilegal - illegal dividend impas impasse
ilichiditate illiquidity/ cashout impas de lichiditate com. liquidity bottleneck
ilicit illicit/ lawless imperativ imperative
ilizibil illegible imperialism imperialism
iluzia ratei dobnzii banc. interest rate illusion imperialism economic economic imperialism
iluzie monetar money illusion impersonal impersonal
imagine a firmei corporate image implementa implement
imagine a mrcii brand image implementare implementation
imagine de marc company identity implicare a statului state interference
imagine format branded image import import (imp.); pre de import - import price
117 impozit pe preul cu amnuntul
import de capital (strin) banc import of foreign impozit degresiv fin degressive tax
capital impozit direct fin direct tax/ assessed tax
import excedentar com excess of imports impozit disimulat fin hidden tax
import ilegal com illegal entry impozit estimat fin estimated tax
import indirect com indirect import impozit extraordinar fin emergency tax
import temporar com temporary admission impozit federal fin federal tax
importa com. import (imp.)/ introduce impozit forfetar fin lump-sum tax
important important (imp.)/ large-scale/ major (maj.) impozit funciar fin. land tax/ ground tax/ prop-
importare com importation erty tax
importator com importer/ import merchant; ar impozit global fin lump-sum tax
importatoare de capital - capital-importing country impozit imobiliar fin. property tax
importator independent com independent importer impozit indirect fin indirect tax/ outlay tax
importuri pl com import trade impozit inflaionist fin inflation tax
importuri de bunuri pl com visible imports impozit n cascad fin cascade tax
importuri de servicii pl com invisible imports impozit n natur fin tax in kind
importuri globale pl com aggregate imports impozit local fin local tax/ municipal tax/ coun-
importuri invizibile pl com invis ble imports cil tax/ assessment
importuri masive pl com heavy imports impozit mascat fin. hidden tax
importuri paralele pl com parallel imports impozit micorat fin reduced duty
importuri principale pl com principal imports impozit minim alternativ fin alternative minimum
importuri vizibile pl com visible imports tax (AMT)
imposibil impossible impozit monofazic fin single stage tax
imposibilitate de rambursare inability to pay impozit neachitat fin delinquent tax
impozabil fin taxable/ assessable/ rateable/ com impozit nerealist fin unrealistic taxation
chargeable/ dutiable; venit impozabil fin - tax- impozit normal fin normal tax
able income; hrtie de valoare impozabil - tax- impozit pe active com , fin tax on assets
able security impozit pe articolele de lux fin luxury tax
impozit fin tax (tx.)/ toil/ pl rates; a deduce din impozit pe autoturism fin motor vehicle tax
impozit fin - untax; a reduce un impozit fin - impozit pe avere fin wealth tax/ property tax/ capi-
abate a tax; a percepe taxe i impozite fin - col- tal levy
lect rates and taxes; scutire de impozite fin - tax impozit pe cap de locuitor fin head tax/ poll tax
exemption; a mri impozitele fin - raise taxes/ lift impozit pe cap de om fin capitation tax
the taxes; a micora impozitele fin - reduce taxes; impozit pe capital fin capital tax
a stabili impozitul fin - zssess impozit pe ctigul din capital fin capital gains tax
impozit agricol fin agricultural taxation (CGT)
impozit amnat fin deferred tax impozit pe cheltuieli fin expenditure tax
impozit anticiclic fin anticyclical tax impozit pe chirii fin rent tax
impozit ascuns fin hidden tax impozit pe cifra de afaceri fin sales tax/ turnover
impozit asupra firmelor fin corporation income tax tax/ general sales tax (GST)
impozit asupra masei succesorale fin estate tax impozit pe cifra de afaceri din importuri fin im-
impozit asupra societilor fin corporation income port-turnover tax
tax impozit pe consum fin. consumption tax/ tax on
impozit asupra venitului personal fin personal in- consumption/ excise duties/ excise tax/ expendi-
come tax ture tax
impozit conform categoriei de impunere fin sched- impozit pe corporaie fin corporation tax
ule tax impozit pe cult fin church tax
impozit conjunctural fin anticyclical tax impozit pe dividende fin dividend tax
impozit datorat fin tax liability impozit pe donaii fin gifttax
impozit de compensare fin. compensatory prin- impozit pe importuri fin. import-turnover tax
cipie of taxation impozit pe individ fin. taxation per capita/ taxa-
impozit de compensare (echilibrare) fin. bene- tion per head
fits-received principle of taxation impozit pe preul cu amnuntul fin sales tax
118
impozit pe profit

impozit pe profit fin. profit tax impozitare fin. taxation/ assessment; dubl impo-
impozit pe profitul comercial fin. business profit tax zitare fin. - double taxation; impozitare care scade
impozit pe profitul excedentar nedistribuit fin. excess proporional fin. - degressive taxation; a eluda
retention tax impozitarea fin. - evade tax
impozit pe profitul filialei fin. branch profits tax impozitare a bunurilor imobiliare com., fin. tax
(BPT) on real estate
impozit pe profitul societii fin. corporate in- impozitare degresiv fin. degressive taxation
come tax impozitare direct fin. direct taxation
impozit pe profiturile nedistribuite fin. accumu- impozitare dubl fin. double taxation/ multiple
lated profits tax taxation
impozit pe salarii fin. payroll tax/ salary tax/ wage impozitare excesiv fin. excessive taxation/ over-
tax assessment
impozit pe sare fin. salt tax impozitare indirect fin. indirect taxation
impozit pe supraprofit fin. excess profits tax (E.P.T.) impozitare la surs fin. source taxation/ tax at
impozit pe transferul de bunuri fin. transfer tax source
impozit pe tranzaciile bursiere fin. stock tax/ stock impozitare multipl fin. multiple taxation
exchange tax impozitare prin stopaj la surs fin. pay as you earn
impozit pe venit fin. income tax/ assessment on (PAYE, p.a.y.e.)
income impozitare progresiv fin. progressive taxation/
impozit pe venit estimat fin. estimated income tax graduated taxation
impozit pe venit neachitat fin. evaded income tax impozitare regresiv fin. regressive taxation
impozit pe venit negativ fin. negative income tax impozitat com., fin. taxed/ after taxes/ after-tax/
impozit (pe venitul) agricol fin. farmer's tax tax paid
impozit pe venitul persoanelor fizice fin. individual impozite asimetrice pl. fin. asymmetric taxes
income tax impozite combinate pl. fin. joint taxation
impozit pe veniturile copiilor fin. kiddies tax impozite directe pl fin. assessed taxes
impozit pe veniturile individuale fin. individual tax impozite exigibile pl. fin. accrued taxes
impozit pe veniturile tezaurizate fin. accumulated impozite neachitate pl fin. accrued taxes
earnings tax impozite nencasate pl fin. uncollected taxes,
impozit pentru biseric fin. church tax impozite pentru asigurrile sociale pl fin. social
impozit pentru egalizarea dobnzilor fin. interest security (FICA) taxes
equalization tax (IET) impozite restante pl. fin. back taxes
impozit pentru persoanele fizice independente fin. impracticabil impracticable/ unfeasible
self-employment tax imprevizibil incalculable
impozit progresiv fin. progressive tax/ graduated imprevizibile pl. contingencies
tax/ graded tax/ graduated taxation/ progressive imprevizibilitate incalculability
income tax/ schedule tax impropriu unfit
impozit (progresiv) pe avere fin. capital gains tax impuls boost/ impulse
(CGT) impuls bugetar fin. fiscal impulse
impozit progresiv pe venit fin. graduated income impuls contractiv contractionary impulse
tax impulsiona boost
impozit proporional fin. proporional tax impune impose; a impune o barier fin. - impose
impozit redus fin. reduced tax a restriction; a impune o restricie fin. - impose
impozit regresiv fin. regressive tax a restriction; a impune O tax fin. - impose a tax
impozit represiv fin. repressive tax impunere fin. taxation; convenie pentru evitarea
impozit reinut la surs fin. withholding tax/ tax dublei impuneri fin. - anti-double tax treaty; dubl
deducted at source impunere fin. - dual taxation
impozit suplimentar fin. surtax impunere a unui produs de ctre consumatori com.
impozit trimestrial fin. quarterage consumer pull-through
impozit unic fin. single tax/ single stage tax impunere direct fin. direct taxation
impozit uniform fin. flat tax impunere excesiv fin. overtaxation
impunere forfetar fin. presumptive taxation
119 indicare a greutii
impunere proporional fin. proporional taxation incluznd dobnda banc. and interest
impuritate foreign body incognito com. incognito
impus administered; pre impus administered price incompetent incompetent; a administra incompetent
imunitate fiscal tax immunity/ exemption from taxes - mismanage
imunizare banc. immunization incomplet incomplete
imunizare fa de preuri price immunization inconvenient drawback (dbk.)
inaccesibil inaccessible incorect improper/ inaccurate/ inadequate/ unduly
inactiv inactive/ idle/ dormant/ burs. listless; activ incoruptibil incorruptible
inactiv - inactive asset; capital inactiv - inactive incremental incremental
capital/ dormant capital/ dead capital; cont inactiv indemnizaie allowance/ indemnity
- dead account/ dormant account; firm inactiv indemnizaie de concediu vacation allowance/ vaca-
- dormant company; pia inactiv - dead mar- tion pay/ vacation money
ket/ dull market/ flat market/ idle market/ inac- indemnizaie de deplasare travel allowance/ travel-
tive market/ thin market; societate inactiv - dor- ing allowance
mant company; datorii inactive - dormant debts; indemnizaie de omaj pl. out-of-work benefits
hrtii de valoare inactive pl - inactive stock; titluri indemnizaie pe zi per night allowance
de valoare inactive pl - inactive securities indemnizaie pentru cazare accommodation allow-
inactivitate inactivity/ idleness/ slack ance
inadecvat inadequate indemnizaie pentru incapacitate de munc disability
inadmisibil inadmissible/ unassignable annuity/ disability benefits
inamovibil immovable indemnizaie pentru persoanele n ntreinere depen-
incalculabil incalculable/ uncalculable dent s benefit
incapacitate inability; n incapacitate de munc com. independent independent (ind.)/ self-dependent/
- unable to work/ incapacitated for work; n inca- self-employed/ self-employed person
pacitate de plat banc. - unable to pay/ inable independen independence/ independency
to pay independen economic economic independence/
incapacitate de munc invalidity/ disablement/ in- autarchy
ability to work/ incapacity for work/ incapacita- index index (ind.)
tion for work index al bursei de valori germane burs. German
incapacitate de plat insolvency/ inability to pay Equity Market index (GEMx)
incapacitate juridic com. legal incapacity index al preurilor price index
incapacitate temporar temporary incapacity index bursier al primelor 100 de aciuni la Bursa din
incaso banc. encashment/ collection Londra burs. Financial Times Stock Exchange
incaso documentar banc. documentary collection 100 stock index (FTSE-100)
incendiu i furt asig. fire and theft (f.&t.) index bursier britanic burs. Financial Times Stock
incertitudine incertitude/ uncertainty Exchange 100 stock index (FTSE-100)/ Footsie
inci inch (in) (FTSE)
inci ptrat square inch (in2) index cu baz fix fixed base index
incidental incidental index Financial Times (FT) burs. Footsie (FTSE)
inciden incidence index general general index
inciden a impozitelor fin. tax incidence/ impact indexare indexation/ indexing; indexri ale salariilor
of tax/ tax impact cost of living adjustments (COLAs)
inciden fiscal fin. tax incidence indexare salarial wage indexation/ wage adjustment/
include include/ comprise; a include n buget - budget compensatory wage increases/ cost of living ad-
includere n buget budgeting justment (COLA)/ cost of living allowance/ in-
inclus included (inc); opiune inclus - embedded dexation of wages
option; CU taxele incluse com. - charges included indexat indexed
inclusiv inclusive (inc.) indexri salariale cost of living adjustments (COLAs)
inclusiv ambele zile com. both days inclusive (b.d.i.) indexul celor 20 de obligaiuni burs. twenty bond
inclusiv dobnda banc. and interest index
inclusiv duminicile i srbtorile legale com. Sun- India burs., banc. India (IN)
days, Holidays included (shinc.) indicare a greutii com. indication of weight
indicativ al aciunilor din clasa A 120

indicativ al aciunilor din clasa A burs A indice al preurilor la productor producer price in-
indicator indicator dex (PPI)
indicator ciclic com. cyclical indicator Indice al produciei index of production
indicator de baz core indicator indice al riscului de ar business environment risk
indicator de divergen divergence indicator index
indicator de referin stat. benchmark indice al vnzrilor sales index
indicator decalat lagging indicator indice alfa stat. alpha index
indicator economic com. economic indicator/ busi- indice AMEX compus burs. AMEX Composite
ness indicator/ cyclical indicator (XAX)
indicator nostro com. nostro flag indice bursier stock index
indicator principal stat. leading indicator indice bursier al Bursei de Valori din Hong Kong burs
indicator statistic de baz stat. core statistical in- Hang Seng index (HSI)
dicator indice bursier al Bursei din Bruxelles burs. Bel-20
indicatori comerciali pl. stat. leaders indice bursier al Bursei din Madrid burs. IBEX-35
indicatori concureni pl. stat. concurrent indi- indice bursier al Europei, Australiei i Orientului n-
cators deprtat burs. European, Australia, and Far East
indicatori de performan pl. performance indicators index (EAFE)
indicatori de pia pl. market indicators indice bursier american burs. NASDAQ (National
indicatori economici pl. business indicators Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quo-
indicatori economici decalai pl. stat. lagging eco- tation)
nomic indicators indice bursier austriac burs. Austrian Traded In-
indicatori economici principali pl. leading economic dex (ATX)
indicators indice bursier belgian burs. Bel-20
indicatori financiari pl. financial indicators indice bursier din Hong Kong burs. Hang Seng in-
indicatori monetari pl. monetary indicators dex (HSI)
indicatori principali pl. stat. leaders indice bursier francez burs. Compagnie des Agents
indicaii exacte de marcaj com. exact marking in- de Change-40 (CAC 40)
structions indice bursier german burs. DAX (Deutscher
indicaii greite false statement Aktienindex)
indice index (ind.)/ index number/ coefficient indice bursier internaional (SUA) International Mar-
indice al aciunilor burs. share index ket Index (IMI)
indice al Bursei de Valori Irlandeze burs. Irish Stock indice bursier japonez burs. Nikkei Index
Exchange equity index (ISEQ) indice bursier S&P 100 burs. S&P 100
indice al Bursei din Hong Kong burs. Hang Seng indice bursier S&P 500 burs. S&P 500
index (HSI) indice (bursier) S&P 500 burs. S&P 500
indice al Bursei din Milano burs. Milano Indice indice bursier singaporez burs. Strai ts Times In-
Borsa (MIB 30) dex (STI)
indice al Bursei din Paris burs. CAC 40 index/ indice bursier spaniol burs. FIEX-35
Compagnie des Agents de Change-40 (CAC 40) indice bursier Standard & Poor's burs. S&P 500
indice al costului vieii cost of living index/ indice cantitativ quantum index
cost-of-living index indice compus aggregative index/ composite index
indice al pieei market index number
indice al pieei de opiuni burs. Option Market In- indice contabil cont. accounting ratio
dex (OMX) indice corectat rectified index number
indice al pieei de valori din Japonia burs. Nikkei indice costuri-beneficii cost-benefit ratio
stock average indice de acoperire a dobnzii banc. interest cov-
indice al preurilor price index erage ratio
indice al preurilor aciunilor stock price index indice de anormalitate disnormality
indice al preurilor cu amnuntul retail price index (RPI) indice de baz ponderat base-weighted index
indice al preurilor la consumator consumer price in- indice de cantitate volume index
dex (CPI)' indice de capital Morgan Stanley burs. Morgan
indice al preurilor la importuri import price index Stanley Capital Index (MSCI)
121 industria domestic

indice de clasificare a aciunilor burs. AAA (triple A) indice ISEQ burs. Irish Stock Exchange equity in-
indice de compensare a preurilor price compensa- dex (ISEQ)
tion index indice Laspeyres stat. base-weighted index
indice de confort al consumatorilor consumer com- indice NASDAQ burs. NASDAQ (National Asso-
fort index ciation of Securities Dealers Automated Quota-
indice de corelaie correlation index tion)
indice de credit debt ratio indice Nikkei burs. Nikkei Index
indice de cretere growth index indice Paasche stat. current-weighted index
indice de dispersie stat. index of dispersion indice Pareto stat. Pareto index/ alpha index
indice de dispersie binomial stat. binomial index indice ponderat stat. weighted index/ weighted in-
of dispersion dex number/ current-weighted index
indice de dispersie Poisson stat. Poisson index of indice ponderat valoric value-weighted index
dispersion indice reciproc time antithesis
indice de eficacitate efficiency index indice relativ relative index
indice de evoluie index of evolution indice Sharpe stat. Sharpe ratio
indice de impunere a mrcii brand development index indice sintetic aggregative index/ composite index
indice de ncredere stat. confidence index number
indice de ndatorare leverage indice-lan chain index
indice de lichiditate liquidity ratio/ acid test ratio/ indicele FIEX 35 burs. FIEX-35
acid-test ratio/ liquid ratio/ quick ratio indicele Hang Seng burs. Hang Seng index (HSI)
indice de neasemnare stat. index of dissimilarity indicele MIB 30 burs. MIB 30 (Milano Indice Borsa)
indice de ocupare (a forei de munc) index of em- indici ai ratelor de rentabilitate pl. rate of return
ployment ratios
indice de oscilaie index of oscillation indici calitativi pl qualitative ratios
indice de performan performance index indici cantitativi pl quantitative ratios
indice de pierderi loss ratio indici descriptivi pl stat. descriptive indices
indice de pre price index indicial indexed
indice de preuri cu ridicata com., burs. whole- indiferent indifferent
sale price index (WPI) indiferen indifference
indice de productivitate productivity index (PI.) indiferent com. indifferent
indice de producie production index/ index of pro- indigen native/ inland
duction indirect indirect/ incidental; cost indirect - indirect
indice de profitabilitate profitability index (PI)/ cost; impozit indirect fin. - indirect tax; impo-
cost-benefit ratio zitare indirect fin. - indirect taxation
indice de rspuns stat. index of response indisponibil unavailable; capital indisponibil - unavail-
indice de referin reference index able capital
indice de rulaj al stocului stock turnover individualism individualism
indice de similitudine similarity index indivizibil indivisible
indice de solvabilitate stat. solvency ratio indivizibilitate indivisibility/ lumpiness
indice de utilizare a capacitii capacity usage ratio Indochina Indo-China
indice de valoare value index Indonezia burs., banc. Indonesia (ID)
indice de valoare al pieei AMEX burs. AMEX Mar- induce induce
ket Value Index industria aerospaial com. aerospace industry
indice din 11 obligaiuni burs. eleven bond index industria artizanal cottage industry
indice Dow Jones burs. Dow Jones Index/ Dow industria bunurilor de larg consum com. consumer
Jones Industrial Average industry
indice FAZ burs. Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung industria casnic home industry
(FAZ) industria celulozei com. pulp industry
indice financiar fnancial ratio/ accounting ratio industria ceramic com. pottery industry
indice IBEX 35 burs. IBEX-35 industria de agrement com. leisure industry
indice industrial ponderat weighted industry index industria de tricotaje com. knitwear industry
indice inferior subscript industria domestic com. cottage industry
122
industria familial

industria familial com cottage industry industrie de conserve alimentare com canning in-
industria forestier com. forest industry dustry
industria grea com basic industry industrie de construcii com building industry
industria hrtiei com paper industry industrie de echipamente militare com armaments
industria laptelui com dairying industry
industria metalurgic com metallurgic(al) industry industrie de export com export industry
industria naional com domestic industry industrie de materii prime com extractive industry
industria oelului com. steel industry industrie de stat com. state run industry
industria petrolier com petrol industry industrie de vrf com high technology industry
industria sticlei com glass industry industrie emergent com growth industry/ sun-
industria textil com textile industry rise industry
industria uoar com light industry industrie exportatoare com export-oriented in-
industrial industrial (1.)/ manufacturing; capital in- dustry
dustrial - industrial capital; credit industrial - in- industrie extractiv com extractive industry/ min-
dustrial credit; banc industrial - industrial bank ing/ mining industry
industrialism industrialism industrie fragmentat com fragmented industry
industrializa industrialize industrie furnizoare com supplying industry/ an-
industrializare industrialization cillary industry
industria manufacturer industrie grea com heavy industry/ smokestack
industrie com industry (ind.) industry
industrie a construciilor de maini com machine industrie hotelier com hotel business
industry industrie important com leading industry
industrie a sistemelor de calcul com computer in- industrie n curs de dezvoltare com growth industry
dustry industrie n declin com sunset industry
industrie aeronautic com aircraft industry industrie n dezvoltare com growing industry
industrie alimentar com. food industry industrie local com. local industry/ regional in-
industrie autohton com domestic industry dustry
industrie auxiliar com service industry industrie meteugreasc com handicraft industry
industrie bancar com banking industry industrie metalurgic com metalworking industry
industrie chimic com chemical industry industrie minier com coal industry/ mining in-
industrie ciclic com cyclical industry dustry
industrie competitiv com competitive industry industrie naional com domestic industry/ na-
industrie constructoare de automobile com motor ional industry
industry industrie nou com sunrise industry
industrie (constructoare) de automobile com auto- industrie orientat spre export com export-oriented
mobile industry industry
industrie cu cheltuieli n scdere com decreasing industrie petrolier com oil industry
costs industry industrie poligrafic com printing industry
industrie cu costuri n scdere com decreasing costs industrie prelucrtoare com manufacturing indus-
industry try/ processing industry
industrie cu investiii mari de capital com capital industrie prelucrtoare extrateritorial com offshore
intensive industry processing industry
industrie de armament com armaments industry industrie principal com leading industry/ staple
industrie de automobile com car industry industry
industrie de baz com staple industry industrie productoare de ambalaje com packaging
industrie de buturi com. beverage industry industry
industrie de buturi nealcoolice com soft drink in- industrie productoare de bunuri de larg consum com
dustry consumer goods industry
industrie de calculatoare com computer indus- industrie productoare de maini-unelte com ma-
try chine tool industry
industrie de confecii com clothing industry/ ap- industrie protejat com. sheltered industry
parel industry industrie regional com regional industry
123 Iniiativa pentru Bazinul Caraibian

industrie secundar com. secondary industry inflaie latent creeping inflation


industrie sezonier com. cyclical industry inflaie mascat disguised inflation/ hidden inflation
industrie strategic com. key industry inflaie monetar monetary inflation
industrie i comer com. trade and industry inflaie necontrolabil uncontrollable inflation/ open
industrie turistic com. tourist industry inflation
industrie uoar com. clothing industry/ apparel inflaie nemonetar botdeneck inflation
industry inflaie progresiv creeping inflation
industrie-cheie com. key industry inflaie provocat de cerere demand pull-inflation
industrii naionalizate pl. nationalized industries inflaie provocat de creterea costurilor cost push
industrii neprotejate pl. unsheltered industries inflation
industrii principale pl. major industries inflaie reprimat repressed inflation
industrii sezoniere pl. seasonal industries inflaie sectorial sectoral inflation
ineficient inefficient/ effectless/ superfluous inflaie stabil steady inflation
ineficient inefficiency inflaie structural structural inflation/ trend inflation
ineficient a politicii policy inerTectiveness inflaionism inflationism
inegal com. unequal inflaionist inflationary/ inflaionist; impozit inflaio-
inegalitate disparity nist fin. - inflation tax; risc inflaionist - infla-
inegalitate booleana stat. Boole's inequality tion risk
inegalitate Markov stat. Markov inequality inflexibil inelastic
inegalitate ultrametric stat. ultrametric inequality inflexibilitate stickiness
inegalitatea Zelen stat. Zelens inequality influena impair
inegaliti Cebev pluridimensionale pl. stat. mul- influen influence/ effect/ leverage
tivariate Tchebyshev inequalities influen conjunctural cyclical influence
inerent inherent influen subtil subtle influence
inexact inaccurate influene sezoniere pl. seasonal influences
inexactitate inaccuracy influene valutare pl. monetary influences
inexistent not available (NA, n.a.) informa instruct
inexplicabil unaccountable informator intern burs. insider
inferior com. inferior (inf.)/ substandard informaie information
infinit infinite informaii ancilare ancillary information
inflamabil inflammable informaii auxiliare ancillary information
inflaie inflation informaii bursiere burs. stock information
inflaie a costurilor cost inflation informaii cantitative quantitative data
inflaie acumulat suppressed inflation informaii confideniale inside information
inflaie ascuns hidden inflation informaii interne inside information/ insider infor-
inflaie datorat golului de producie botdeneck in- mation
flation informaii sectoriale segment information
inflaie datorat majorrii costurilor de producie infraciune vamal customs fraud
cost-push inflation infrastructur infrastructure
inflaie de baz core inflation infrastructur industrial industrial infrastructure
inflaie deschis open inflation infrastructur social social infrastructure
inflaie estimat expected LnfktLov infuzie de fonduri cash injecuon
inflaie galopant galloping inflation/ rampant in- inginerie financiar financial engineering
flation/ runaway inflation/ hyperinflation inginer-ef com. chief engineer
inflaie generat de cerere demand puii inflation/ iniial iniial/ original; capital iniial - iniial capital;
demand-pull inflation depozit iniial - original deposit; cheltuieli iniiale
inflaie generat de costuri cost-push inflation pl. - initials
inflaie generat de salarii wage push inflation/ Iniiativa ASEAN-SUA ASEAN-U.S. Iniiative (AUI)
wage-push inflation Iniiativa pentru Bazinul Canado-Caraibian Cana-
inflaie global overall inflation dian-Caribbean Basin Iniiative (CARIBCAN)
inflaie importat imported inflation Iniiativa pentru Bazinul Caraibian Caribbean Basin
inflaie inerial inerial inflation Iniiative (CBI)
Iniiativa pentru Europa Central 124

Iniiativa pentru Europa Central Central European Institutul Canadian de Contabili Autorizai cont. Ca-
Iniiative (CEI) nadian Institute of Chartered Accountants (CIC)
iniiativ iniiative Institutul Chinez al Contabililor Publici Autorizai cont.
iniiator originator Chinese Institute of Certified Public Accountants
injecta inject (CICPA)
injecie injection Institutul Financiar Internaional International Finan-
injecie de capital banc. injection of capital cial Institute (IFI)/The Institute of International
inocent burs. fig. lamb Finance, Inc. (IIF)
inofensiv com. harmless Institutul Inginerilor Minieri i Metalurgiti din SUA
inoportun inopportune American Institute of Mining and Metallurgical
inovaii financiare pl. financial innovations Engineers (AIM & ME)
insera insert; a insera un anun - to insert an ad Institutul Internaional de Comer International In-
insolvabil insolvent/ bankrupt (bkpt.)/ illiquid/ stitute of Commerce (I.I.C.)
inable to pay/ hammered/ unable to pay/ banc. Institutul Monetar European European Monetary In-
non fundable (n.f, n/f, N/F, NF, N.F.)/ no more stitute (EMI)
credit (n m.c.)/ no funds (n/f, NF) Institutul Monetar Luxemburghez Institut Monetaire
insolvabilitate insolvency/ bankruptcy (bkcy.)l illi- Luxembourgeois (IML)
quidity/ inability to pay; risc de insolvabilitate - Institutul Naional pentru Sntate National Institute
insolvency risk of Health (NIH)
insolvabilitate bancar banc. bank insolvency Institutul Planificatorilor Financiari Autorizai Institute
insolvabilitate contabil cont. accounting insolvency of Certified Financial Planners (ICFP)
inspecta com. overhaul Institutul Revizorilor Interni Institute of Internal Au-
inspectare com. inspection; a vinde dup inspec- ditors (IIA)
tare com. - sell on inspection instituie com. institution/ establishment
inspector inspector (insp.)/ surveyor instituie bancar banc. banking institution/ bank
inspector de credite banc. credit officer company
inspector financiar fin. inspector of taxes instituie de cliring banc. clearing house
inspector fiscal fin. assessor instituie de credit banc. credit institution
inspecie bancar banc. bank examination instituie financiar banc. financial institution/ lend-
inspecie fiscal fin. tax audit ing institute
inspecie ntrerupt curtailed inspection instituie specializat specialized agency
inspecie sanitar com. meat inspection instituional instituional; credit instituional - insti-
inspecie vamal com. customs examination tuional credit
instabil unstable/ unsteady; capital instabil - vola- instituionalism institutionalism/ instituional eco-
tile capital nomics
instabilitate instability instituionalizare institutionalization
instabilitate economic economic instability instructor com. training supervisor
instalaii equipment instruciune instruction
institut institute (inst.) instruciune corespondent counter instruction
institut bancar banc. banking house instruciune de adres address instruction
institut de credit imobiliar banc. building associa- instruciuni pl. directions; a da instruciuni - in-
tion struct; a da instruciuni bncii - to give directions
institut de credit mutual imobiliar building and loan to the bank
association instruciuni insuficiente pl. banc. incomplete in-
institut de studiere a pieei market research institution structions
Institutul American al Contabililor Publici Autorizai instruire com. training
cont. American Institute of Certified Public instrument banc, burs. instrument (inst.)/ tool
Accountants (AICPA) instrument cvasimonetar quasi-money instrument
Institutul Analitilor Financiari Autorizai Institute of instrument de comer com. commercial instrument
Chartered Financial Analysts (ICFA) instrument de credit credit instrument
Institutul Britanic de Standardizare British Standards instrument de debit debt instrument
Institute (BSI) instrument de schimb medium of exchange
125 interferen adaptiv
instrument derivat derivative instrument Insulele Virgine burs., banc Virgin Islands
instrument financiar financial instrument/ credit in- <US> (VI)
strument Insulele Virgine Britanice burs., banc British
instrument ipotecar mortgage instrument Virgin Islands (VG)
instrument la purttor bearer instrument Insulele Wallis i Futuna burs., banc Wallis i
instrument nenegociabil burs. non-negotiable in- Futuna (WF)
strument intact intact
instrumentar al bncii centrale pl banc central intangibil intangible; active intangibile - intangible
bank powers assets
instrumente de pe piaa monetar pl banc money integral full/ in full; a achita integral - pay in full; a
market instruments plti integral - pay in full; folosire integral a forei
instrumente de tezaur pl banc treasury instru- de munc - full employment
ments integrare integration
instrumente negociabile pl negotiable instruments integrare a achizitorilor forward integration
insuficient insufficient/ not sufficient <funds> (NS); integrare a furnizorilor backward integration/ verti-
cu personal insuficient com. - understaffed cal integration
insuficient utilat com underequipped integrare invers backward integration
insuficien a capacitii com. capacity constraint integrare n amonte upstream integration
insuficien a rezervelor inadequacy of reserves integrare pe orizontal horizontal integration/ hori-
Insula Ascension burs., banc Ascension Island zontal merger
Insula Bouvet burs., banc Bouvet Island (BV) integrare vertical vertical integration/ backward inte-
Insula Man burs., banc. Isle of Man (IM, I.M.) gration/ forward integration/ vertically integrated
Insula Norfolk burs., banc Norfolk Island (NF) integritate integrity
Insula Patelui Easter Island inteligen artificial artificial intelligence (AI)
Insulele Bahamas Bahamas Islands intensifica boost
Insulele Bermude burs., banc Bermuda (BM) intensitate intensity
Insulele Capului Verde burs., banc Cape Verde intensitate a capitalului capital intensiveness
(CV) intensitate a muncii intensity of labor
Insulele Cayman burs., banc Cayman Islands intensitate de capital capital intensity
(AM) intensiv intensive
Insulele Cocos/Keeling burs., banc Cocos/ Keel- intenionat asig. willfully
ing Islands (CC) interaciune interaction
Insulele Cook burs., banc Cook Islands (CK) interbancar banc interbank; mprumut interbancar
Insulele Faroe burs., banc Faroe Islands (FO) - interbank loan; pia interbancar - interbank
Insulele Filipine Philippine Islands (Phil. I.) market; dobnd pentru credite interbancare - call
Insulele Hawaii Hawaiian Islands (H.I.) rate
Insulele Heard i McDonald burs., banc Heard interbursier burs. interbourse
Island and McDonald Islands (HM) interdependen interdependence
Insulele Hebride Hebrides interdicie interdiction; interdicie de a importa - im-
Insulele Malvine Falkland burs., banc Falkland port prohibition; interdicie de plat - interdiction
Islands/ Malvinas (FK) of payment
Insulele Mariane de Nord burs., banc Northern interes interest; n interesul general - in the com-
Mariana Islands (MP) mon interest
Insulele Marshall burs., banc Marshall Islands interes financiar financial interest
(MH) interes general public interest
Insulele Pitcairn burs., banc Pitcairn Islands (PN) interes public public interest
Insulele Solomon burs., banc Solomon Islands interese comerciale pl com. commercial interests
(SB) interese contradictorii pl conflicting interests
Insulele Svalbard i Jan Mayen burs., banc interese economice pl economic interests/ com-
Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands (SJ) mercial interests
Insulele Turks i Caicos burs., banc Turks and interese vitale pl vital interests
Caicos Islands (TC) interferen adaptiv stat. adaptive inference
126
interguvernamental_______________
interguvemamental intergovernmental intervale de ncredere simultane pl. stat. simulta-
interimar ad interim (a.i.)/ interim (int.) neous confidence intervals
interior internal/ inland; comer interior - inland intervale de toleran simultane pl. stat. simulta-
trade/ internal trade neous tolerance intervals
intermediar burs., com. dealer (dlr.)/ distributor/ interveni intervene; a interveni pe pia - to inter-
intermediary/ middleman/ conduit vene on the market
intermediar angrosist drop shipper intervenie intervention; pre de intervenie - trigger
intermediar financiar financial intermediary price
intermitent casual; folosire intermitent a forei de intervenie a bncii centrale banc. central bank in-
munc - casual employment tervention
intern internal (int.)/ domestic/ inland/ inner; n co- intervenie a guvernului government intervention
merul intern com. - in domestic trade/ domes- intervenie a statului state intervention
tic market; pia intern - home market/ naional intervenie bancar banc. banking support
market/ domestic policy intervenie concertat joint intervention
internaional internaional (int.)/ interstate/ intervenie multivalutar banc. multicurrency in-
cross-country; comer internaional - internaional tervention
trade; n comerul internaional - in internaional intervenionist interventionist
trade; obligaiune internaional - internaional interzice prohibit/ interdict/ forbid/ ban
bond; pia internaional - internaional market; interzicere prohibition/ ban
valut internaional - internaional currency interzicere a importului import ban
interogare enquiry/ query interzis forbidden
interoperabilitate interoperability intrare entry/ running-in; a anula o intrare - reverse
interpolare interpolation an entry
interpretare strict strict interpretation intrare (de numerar) inflow
interpretri ale standardelor pentru controlul calitii intrare a comenzii com. order inflow
interpretations of quality control standards (QCSI) intrare a plii com. receipt of payment
interstatal interstate intrare de capital propriu equity capital inflow
interval interval/ range intrare de fonduri cash inflow
interval de eroare stat. error range/ error bnd intrare de numerar banc. cash entry
interval de eantionare sampling interval intrare eronat erroneous entry
interval de fluctuaie bnd intrare ilegal illegal entry
interval de ncredere stat. confidence interval intrare la sfritul perioadei (de contabilizare) cont.
interval de ncredere central stat. central confidence end-of-period entry
interval intrare rectificativ correcting entry
interval de ncredere conservativ stat. conservative intrri pl receipts/ incomings
confidence interval intrri (din vnzri) return (ret.)
interval de ncredere necentral stat. non-central con- intrri de capital capital inflow/ inflow of capital
fidence interval intrri de numerar cash inflow
interval de ncredere nedistorsionat stat. unbiased introduce introduce
confidence interval introducere n circuitul productiv reclamation
interval de pre price range/ range of prices inutil dispensable
interval de prognoz prediction interval inutilitate a muncii disutility of labor
interval de timp period/ interval invalid disabled person
interval de toleran statistic stat. statistical toler- invalida invalidate
ance interval invaliditate 1. invalidity/ disability/ disablement/ in-
interval de variaie range ability to work/ unemployability. 2. jur. nullity.
interval geometric stat. geometric range invaliditate de gradul I com. total disability
interval mediu stat. mean range invaliditate parial asig. parial disability
interval mobil stat. moving range invaliditate permanent asig. permanent invalid-
interval studentizat stat. studentised range
intervale de ncredere neparametrice pl. stat. invaliditate total com. total disability
non-parametric confidence intervals invariabil fixed
127 investiii pastiante
inventar inventory (invt.)/ inventory evaluation/ investiie direct n strintate direct foreign invest-
stock list; valoare de inventar - inventory value; a ment (DFI)/ direct investment abroad
face inventarul - take stock investiie eronat misguided investment
inventar al mrfurilor stock on hand investiie excesiv overinvestment
inventar continuu continuous stocktaking investiie extern outward investment
inventar de deschidere com. iniial inventory investiie financiar financial investment/ personal
inventar fizic physical inventory/ physical stocktak- investment/ money investment
< ing investiie greit banc. false investment
inventar iniial com. iniial inventory investiie imobiliar real investment
inventar pe loturi lot-size inventory investiie indiviz joint investment
inventar periodic periodic inventory/ periodical in- investiie iniial iniial investment
ventory investiie iniial minim minimum iniial investment
inventar permanent com. continuous inventory/ investiie n aciuni equity investment
continuous stocktaking/ perpetuai inventory investiie n strintate foreign investment/ invest-
inventariere stocktaking ment abroad/ outward investment/ overseas in-
invers reverse/ backwards vestment
inversare reversal investiie minoritar minority investment
inversare a tendinei reversal of trend investiie negativ negative investment
invers generalizat stat. generalized inverse investiie nelichid illiquid investment
inversiune inversion investiie nesigur banc. insecure investment
investi invest/ employ; a investi bani - to invest investiie net net investment
money; a investi excesiv - overinvest; capacitate investiie pe termen lung long-term investment/ per-
de a investi - ability to invest manent investment/ long-time investment
investire de capital banc. employment of capital investiie pe termen scurt short term investment/
investire pasiv passive investing short-term investment
investitor investor investiie personal personal investment
investitor acreditat accredited investor investiie planificat planned investment/ scheduled
investitor activ hands-on investor investment
investitor instituional instituional investor investiie profitabil proftable investment
investitor neacreditat non-accredited investor investiie public government investment
investitor particular private investor investiie real real investment
investitor pasiv hands-orT investor investiie sigur safe investment/ secure investment
investitor strategic accredited investor investiie strin foreign investment/ inward invest-
investitori comerciali pl. commercial investors ment
investitori de capital strin pl. investors of foreign investiie strin direct direct foreign investment
capital (DFI)/ foreign direct investment (FDI)
investiie investment; cheltuieli de investiie pl. - investiie temporar temporary investment
capital expenditures; banc de investiii pl. banc. investiii comerciale pl. trade investments
- investment bank/ investment budget; capital de investiii complementare pl. complementary invest-
investiii pl. - investment capital; fond de inves- ment
tiii pl. - investment fund; finanare a investiiilor investiii de capital pl. banc. capital investments
- investment financing; cu investiii mari de capi- investiii de portofoliu pl. portfolio investments
tal capital intensive investiii extrabugetare pl. extra-budgeting invest-
investiie agresiv aggressive investment ments
investiie autonom autonomous investment investiii fr numerar pl. non-cash investing
investiie brut gross investment investiii insuficiente pl. underinvestment
investiie comunitar community investment investiii interne pl. banc. domestic investments
investiie cotat burs. listed investment investiii n stocuri pl. inventory investment
investiie cu risc sczut conservative investment investiii n strintate pl. internaional investments
investiie de capital capital investment investiii legale pl. legal investments
investiie de stat government investment investiii particulare pl. private investments
investiie direct direct investment investiii pastiante pl. coat-tail investing
investiii pentru servicii prioritare 128

investiii pentru servicii prioritare pl. expenditures ipotez stat. hypothesis


on essential services ipotez admisibil stat. admissible hypothesis
investiii productive pl. productive investments ipotez alternativ stat. alternative hypothesis
investiii publice pl. public investments ipotez compus stat. composite hypothesis
investiii sociale pl. social investments ipotez liniar stat. linear hypothesis
investiii suplimentare pl. complementary invest- ipotez nenul stat. non-null hypothesis
ment ipotez nul stat. null hypothesis
invizibil invisible; comer invizibil com. - invisible ipotez parametric stat. parameter hypothesis
trade ipotez simpl stat. simple hypothesis
involuntar involuntary ipotez statistic stat. statistical hypothesis
Iordania burs., banc. Jordan (JO) ipotez zero stat. nul hypothesis
ipoteca hypothecate/ mortgage (mtg., mtge.) ipoteze alternative ordonlate pl. stat. ordered al-
ipotecabil mortgageable ternative hypothesis
ipotecar mortgage; credit ipotecar - mortgage credit; ipoteze contradictorii pl. stat. conflicting assump-
fond ipotecar - mortgage fund; obligaiune ipote- tions
car - mortgage bond; pia ipotecar - mortgage ipoteze ierarhizate/ nseriate/ nlnuite pl. stat.
market nested hypotheses
ipotecare banc. mortgaging/ hypothecation Irak burs., banc. Iraq (IQ)
ipotecat banc. mortgaged (mtgd.) Iran burs., banc. Iran (IR)
ipotec mortgage (mtg., mtge.)/ ; a doua ipotec - irecuperabil com. irrecoverable
second mortgage; a greva cu o ipotec banc. - irevocabil irrevocable
encumber with a mortgage iridiu iridium (Ir)
ipotec aeronautic aircraft mortgage Irlanda burs., banc. Ireland (IE, Ir.)/ Eire
ipotec convenional convenional mortgage Islanda burs., banc. Iceland (IS, Ice.)
ipotec cu amortizare gradual/ progresiv graduated Israel burs., banc. Israel (IL)
payment mortgage istoric al contului account aging
ipotec cu dobnd fix fixed-rate mortgage istoric al conturilor client accounts receivable aging
ipotec de rang secundar junior mortgage istoric al creditelor credit history
ipotec deschis open mortgage/ open-end mortgage istoric al debitorilor accounts receivable aging
ipotec fr limitri open mortgage istoric profesional career stream/ career progression
ipotec global blanket mortgage istorie economic economic history
ipotec maritim ship mortgage Italia burs., banc. Italy (IT)
ipotec maximal maximum sum mortgage iteraii pl. stat. runs
ipotec mobiliar chattel mortgage Iugoslavia nv. Yugoslavia (YU)
ipotec prioritar first mortgage/ senior mortgage iulie July (Jy, jl.)
ipotec subordonat junior mortgage iunie June (Jun, Jun., Je., Ju.)
ipoteci garantate de guvern pl. government-backed izolare isolation
mortgages izomorfism stat. isomorphism
I
mbtrnire stat. aging/ ageing mprumut avalizat banc. guaranteed loan
mbunti amend mprumut balon banc. balloon loan
mbuntire improvement mprumut bancar banc. bank credit/ bank loan/
mbuntire a calificativului banc. upgrading bank advance
mbuntire a condiiilor de trai improvement of living mprumut clasic banc. straight loan
conditions mprumut condiionat banc. tied loan
mbuntire a lichiditii cash flow relief mprumut consolidat banc. permanent loan
mbuntire continu continuous improvement mprumut convertibil n aciuni banc. convertible
mbuntiri funciare land development/ land bet- loan
terment/ land improvement/ improvement of land mprumut cu achitarea n rate banc. installment
mbuntiri tehnice improvements in techniques credit
mpduri afforest mprumut cu autolichidare banc self-liquidating
mpdurire com. afforestation loan
mpri divide mprumut cu clauz restrictiv banc. tied loan
mprire burs. division into shares mprumut cu dobnd banc. loan at interest
mprire a pieei market sharing mprumut cu dobnd fix banc. fixed-rate loan
mprire a pieelor de desfacere division of markets mprumut cu dobnd flotant banc. floating-rate
mprire a profiturilor division of profits loan
mpiedica impede/ hinder mprumut cu dobnd variabil banc. floating
mpiedicare a accesului barrier to entry prime/ floating-rate loan/ variable-rate loan
mpotriva against (agt.) mprumut cu opiune banc. warrant issue
mpotriva tuturor riscurilor asig. against all risks mprumut cu rate constante banc. constant pay-
(a.a.r.,AAR) ment loan
mpovrat de datorii burdened with debts mprumut de consum banc. consumption loan/ in-
mprtia scatter stallment loan
mprejurare circumstance; cu exceptarea mprejurrilor mprumut de conversiune banc conversion loan
neprevzute - unforeseen circumstances excepted mprumut de lichiditi banc liquidity loan
(u.c.e.) mprumut de numerar banc cash loan
mpreun joint (j., jt., jnt.) mprumut de o zi banc daily loan
mprumut banc. loan/ borrowing; a achita un mpru- mprumut de Stat banc government loan/ naional
mut - to red the loan; a amortiza un mprumut - to loan
red the loan; a lansa un mprumut - to float a loan; a mprumut de apte zile banc weekly loan
lua cu mprumut - borrow, a rambursa n rate un m- mprumut de titluri de valoare banc securities loan
prumut - amortize a debt; a rambursa un mprumut - mprumut de zi banc day loan
pay a loan/ banc. repay a loan; a returna un m- mprumut extern banc external loan/ cross-border
prumut - return a loan; ajutoare sub form de mpru- lending/ foreign loan
mut pl. - assistance loans mprumut fr dobnd banc interest-free loan
mprumut amortizabil banc. amortizable loan/ re- mprumut fiduciar banc fiduciary loan
deemable loan mprumut forat banc forced loan
mprumut antreprenorial banc. contractor loan mprumut garantat banc secured loan
mprumut apelabil banc. callable loan mprumut garantat cu active banc asset backed loan
mprumut imobiliar 130

mprumut imobiliar banc. home loan mand loan (D/L)/ money at call and short no-
mprumut impus banc. forced loan tice/ street loan
mprumut indicial banc. index loan mprumut (pe termen scurt) pentru msuri provizorii/
mprumut interbancar banc. day-to-day money/ temporare banc stopgap loan
interbank loan mprumut pentru achiziia de bunuri n rate banc
mprumut intermediar banc bridging loan installment loan
mprumut intern banc internal loan/ inland loan/ mprumut pentru amortizare banc redemption loan
insider loan mprumut pentru modernizri banc improvement
mprumut internaional banc internaional loan loan
mprumut ipotecar banc mortgage loan mprumut pentru 0 zi banc overnight loan
mprumut ipotecar bilunar banc bi-weekly mort- mprumut personal banc consumer loan/ signa-
gage loan ture loan
mprumut ipotecar pentru mbuntiri funciare banc mprumut peste noapte banc overnight loan
development mortgage mprumut public banc public loan/ government
mprumut n condiii dure banc hard loan borrowing/ naional loan
mprumut n natur banc loan in kind mprumut rambursabil n valuta rii creditoare banc
mprumut n participaie banc component loan hard loan
mprumut n rate banc loan by installments mprumut rambursabil ntr-o singur tran banc
mprumut n strintate banc external loan bullet loan
mprumut ntre societi banc intercompany loan mprumut rambursabil la cerere banc call loan/
mprumut ntre uniti banc intercompany loan demand loan (D/L)/ money at call
mprumut la termen banc time loan (t.l.)/ term mprumut reciproc banc back-to-t5ack loan
loan mprumut restant banc delinquent loan
mprumut lombard banc lombard loan/ collateral mprumut retumabil la cerere banc callable loan
loan mprumut scadent banc mature loan
mprumut mascat banc hidden load mprumut sezonier banc seasonal loan
mprumut monovalutar banc single currency loan mprumut sindicalizat banc syndicated loan
mprumut multivalutar banc multicurrency loan mprumut sintetic banc. synthetic loan
mprumut municipal banc municipal loan mprumut standby banc standbyloan
mprumut neacoperit banc fiduciary loan mprumut sub form de participaii banc equity loan
mprumut negarantat banc unsecured loan mprumut swing banc swing loan
mprumut neperformant banc. bad loan mprumut transfrontalier banc cross-border lending
mprumut nerecuperabil banc bad loan/ dead loan mprumut tranzitoriu banc. swing loan/ bridging loan
mprumut nereziliabil banc. uncallable loan mprumuta borrow, a mprumuta (cuiva) - lend; a m-
mprumut obligatar burs., banc bond issue prumuta bani banc - take up money; a mpru-
mprumutobligatar extern bun., banc foreignbond muta excesiv - overlend
mprumut obligatar indexat banc index-linked bond mprumutabil lendable
issue mprumutat borrowed; capital mprumutat - debt capi-
mprumut obligatar indicial banc index-linked bond tal/ loan capital; fond mprumutat - borrowed fund;
issue resurse mprumutate pl. - borrowed resources;
mprumut obligatar indicizat banc index-linked rezerve mprumutate pl. - borrowed reserves
bond issue mprumuturi externe pl foreign borrowing
mprumut obligatar intern banc domestic bond mprumuturi industriale i comerciale pl. industrial
mprumut obligatar n suferin banc bond issue & commercial loans (I&C)
in default mprumuturi neachitate p outstanding borrowing
mprumut paralel banc parallel loan mprumuturi obligatare succesive pl burs. serial
mprumut pe termen lung banc long-term loan/ loans
long-sighted loan/ money at long term mprumuturi pentru o zi pl. daily money
mprumut pe termen mediu banc medium-term mprumuturi temporare pl. temporary loans
loan mputernici empower; a mputernici pe cineva s... -
mprumut pe termen scurt banc short loan/ to empower someone to...; a fi mputernicit s...
short-term loan/ call loan/ day-to-day loan/ de- - to hold a power for...
-

131 nlime
_______________________________________________________ i ______

mputernicire empowerment/ power of attorney n incapacitate de plat banc. unable to pay/ inable
(P/a., P/A, PA, P.A.)/ procuration/ proxy to pay
mputernicire de plat authority to pay (AP) n interesul general in the common interest
mputernicire pasiv dry trust n ntrziere behindhand
mputernicit empowered n jen financiar embarrassed
n afara bilanului com. off balance sheet n limitele bugetului on budget
n afara bordului com. outboard (O.B.) n moneda contractului com. in the currency of the
n afara bursei burs. off exchange contract
n afara cursului burs. out-of-the-money n moneda naional banc. in local currency/ in
n afara (cursului) pieei burs. outside market currency of the country
n alb banc. blank n moneda rii banc. in currency of the country
n anticiparea... in anticipation of n moned local banc. in local currency
n antrepozit vamal in bond (i.b., I.B., IB) n natur in kind
n atenia care of (c/o, C/o) n numerar in cash
n avans com. in advance/ up front/ upfront n ordine alfabetic in alphabetical order
n bani burs. in the money (ITM) n paradisuri fiscale off-shore
n bloc com. en bloc n parte partly
n bun stare sound n plan com. on schedule
n bune condiii sound n proprietatea statului state-owned/ government
n calitate de... in the capacity of owned
n cantiti mari in bulk n raport cu valoarea ad valorem (a/v, a.v., adv., ad.
n caz de neplat banc. in the event of non-payment val.)
n circulaie banc. in circulation/ passable n rate banc. in installments
n comerul intern com. in domestic trade n regie state-managed
n comerul internaional in internaional trade n scdere sagging/ burs. bear/ bearish
n comun banc. joint (j., jt., jnt.) n schimbul per contra
n concediu on leave n stare de funcionare operaional
n consignaie on consignment n strintate com. abroad
n cont banc. on account (o/a, on a./c.) n omaj tehnic redundant
n cont comun on joint account n termeni reali in real terms
n contul account of (a/o, A/O)/ for the account of n timpul liber part-time
(A/C)/ on account of (o/a, o.a., O/A)/ our ac- n total over all (o.a.)
count (o/a, O/A)/ on account (on a./c.) n tranzit com. in transit (i.t., i.tr., i.trans.)
n contul beneficiarului account of payee n ara de destinaie com. in the country of dis-
n contul nostru banc. our account (o.a.) patch
n contul personal my account (m./a.) n ara de origine com. in the country of origin/
n contul trasului banc. account payee/ account of in the country of importation
payee nainte prior/ forward (fwd)
n cretere adj. upswing/ burs. bullish nainte de prior to
n curs (de derulare) in progress nainte de amiaz ante meridiem (a m.)
n declin sagging nainte de deschidere burs. before official hours
n derulare burs. open transaction naintea expedierii com. before shipment
n drept entitled naintea impozitrii fin. before taxes
n exerciiu in charge (i/c) naintea ncrcrii com. before shipment
n exteriorul navei com. outboard (O.B.) naintea scadenei banc prior to maturity
n favoarea... banc. for the benefit of/ in favor naltul Comisariat al ONU pentru Drepturile Omului
of United Nations High Commissioner for Human
n funcie com. acting Rights (UNHCRHR)
n funciune in operation (i./opn.) naltul Comisariat al ONU pentru Refugiai United Na-
n general generally/ over all (o.a.) tions High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
n incapacitate de munc com. unable to work/ in- napoiat returned (retd.)
capacitated for work nlime height (h., H., hgt., ht.)
ncasa 132

ncasa collect/ encash; a ncasa (un cec) - cash ncrcare i descrcare com. loading and discharge
ncasare a debitelor com. collection of outstand- (ldg.& disc.)
ing accounts/ collection of outstanding debts ncrcare i predare com. loading and delivery
ncasare direct debit procedure (ldg.&dely.)
ncasare indirect indirect collection ncrctur com. load/ lading/ cargo/ freight (frt.)/
ncasare prin cec cash by check shipment (ship., shpt.)/ truckload
ncasat com. received (r., rcd.) ncrctur a navei com. shipload
ncasat i predat collected and delivered (c&d) ncrctur achitat freight prepaid (frt.ppd.)
ncasator receiver ncrctur agabaritic over dimension cargo (ODC)
ncasri pl. incomings/ cash in hand/ takings/ pro- ncrctur containerizat containerized freight
ceeds/ receipts ncrctur n tranzit transit freight
ncasri anuale pl. annual returns ncrctur lichid com. liquid cargo
ncasri anuale estimative pl. annual estimated ncrctur maxim peak load
returns ncrctur neambalat bulk cargo (b.c, b/c)
ncasri anuale medii estimative pl. annual aver- ncrctur periculoas asig. dangerous cargo
age estimated returns ncrctur ramburs freight forward (frt fwd.)
ncasri anuale medii prognozate pl. annual aver- ncrctur util carrying capacity
age estimated returns ncrctur vrsat bulk cargo (b.c, b/c)
ncasri anuale prognozate pl. annual estimated ncrctur vrac bulk freight/ bulk cargo (b.c, b/c)
returns ncepere start; cu ncepere din - as from; cu ncepere
ncasri brute pl. gross receipts din data de... - after date (a/d)
ncasri considerabile pl. returns to scale nceput beginning; la nceputul lui august - begin-
ncasri de devize pl. foreign currency earnings ning of August; la nceputul lunii - beginning of
ncasri de numerar pl. cash receipts/ cash takings the month
ncasri din alienare pl. amount realized ncercare n cinci puncte stat. five-point assay
ncasri din export pl. export earnings ncercare n trei puncte stat. three-point assay
ncasri din impozite pl. fin. tax receipts/ taxyield/ ncercri independente pl stat. independent trials
naional revenue nceta cease/ discontinue; a nceta plile - cease pay-
ncasri extraordinare pl. com. extras ments
ncasri fiscale pl. internal revenue (int rev.)/ tax ncetare cessation/ discontinuation
receipts/ tax revenue/ government receipts/ pub- ncetare a activitii closedown/ closing of business/
lic revenues discontinuance of business
ncasri (fiscale) pl revenue (rev.) ncetare a creditrii no more credit (n.m.c)
ncasri generale pl. general revenue ncetare a lucrului strike/ walkout
ncasri n devize pl. foreign exchange earnings ncetare a tezaurizrii capitalurilor dehoarding
ncasri n valut pl. foreign exchange earnings ncetare de pli default
ncasri nenregistrate pl. unrecorded revenues ncetini <a (se) ncetini> slow down
ncasri nete pl. net revenue/ net proceeds/ net ncheia terminate; a ncheia afacerea - to close the
receipts deal; a ncheia conturile - close the books; a ncheia
ncasri pe scar mare pl. returns to scale o tranzacie - strike a bargain; a se ncheia - expire
ncasri provenite din taxe vamale pl. customs ncheiat completed
revenue ncheiere cutoff
ncasri publice pl. government receipts ncheiere a exerciiului fiscal fin. fiscal year end
ncasri totale pl. total revenue/ total receipts (FYE)
ncasri zilnice pl. daily receipts ncheiere a programului (de lucru) com. closing time
nclca com., jur. infringe/violate ncheiere a subscripiei banc closing of the sub-
nclcare com., jur. disregard/ non-compliance/ scription
violation nchide com. close down/ discontinue/ burs.
nclcare a contractului breach of contact/ violation close
of a contract nchidere 1. discontinuation. 2. financial statement
ncrca com. load/ freight (frt.)/ ship (FS, F/S); a cumpra la nchidere burs. - buy on
ncrcare com. loading (ldg.)/ loading of goods close; curs de nchidere - closing price; pre de
133 nregistrare din jurnal
nchidere burs. - closing price; la (cursul de) n- ndatorat indebted/ burdened with debts
chidere burs. on close ndatorat excesiv banc. over-indebted
nchidere a activitii closing of business ndelungat banc. long dated/ long-term
nchidere a bursei burs. market close/ close of the ndeplini fulfill; a ndeplini o obligaie - meet an ob-
exchange/ close of the market ligation
nchidere a firmei com. discontinuance of business ndeplinire a contractului com. fulfillment of a con-
nchidere a pieei burs. close of the market tract
nchidere a registrelor closing of accounts ndeplinire a planului com. fulfillment of a plan
nchidere pe perioada concediilor vacation shut-down ndestula satisfy; a ndestula un creditor - satisfy a
nchiria hire/ lease/ let/ rent creditor
nchiriere hire/ hiring/ leasing/ ren ting/ tenancy; venit ndreptit entitled/ qualified
din nchirieri - rentai income nfiinare com. establishment
nchiriere cu service integral full service leasing nger ec. angel
nchiriere de active fixe capital lease nghea freeze/ banc. sterilize; a nghea salariile -
nchiriere financiar financial leasing freeze the salaries
nchiriere pentru export export leasing ngheare a creditelor credit freeze
nchis closed/ discontinued; fond nchis - closed ngheare a creditelor pentru export frozen export
fund; economie nchis - closed economy credit
nclinare slope ngheare a fondurilor funds freeze/ money freeze
nclinaie propensity/ inclination ngheare a preurilor price freeze
nclinaie marginal marginal propensity ngheare a salariilor pay freeze/ salary freeze/ wage
nclinaie marginal de a cheltui marginal propensity freeze
to spend ngheat frozen; activ ngheat - frozen asset; capital
nclinaie marginal de a consuma marginal propen- ngheat - frozen capital; salarii ngheate pl. -
sity to consume (MPC) frozen wages
nclinaie marginal de a economisi marginal propen- nghiire a aciunilor burs. eating stock
sity to save (MPS) ngrmnt fertilizer
nclinaie marginal de a importa marginal propen- ngustime limitation
sity to import ngustime a pieei limitations of the market
nclinaie marginal de a investi marginal propensity njumti com. halve
to invest nlocui replace/ supersede
nclinaie marginal de consum marginal propensity nlocuibil replaceable
to consume (MPC) nlocuire replacement/ substitution; cheltuieli de nlo-
nclinaie marginal de economisire marginal propen- cuire pl. - replacements
sity to save (MPS) nlocuire parial parial replacement
nclinaie medie spre economisire average propensity nlocuitor substitution product
to save nlocuitor (produs de nlocuire) substitute
nclinaie spre consum propensity to consume nmatriculat registered (R, reg., regd.)
nclinaie spre economisire propensity to save nmnunchere bunching
nclinaie spre import propensity to import nmuli multiply
nclinaie spre investiii propensity to invest nregistra book/ enter/ inscribe/ record (rec); a nre-
ncorporat incorporated (inc.) gistra greit- misenter; a nregistra la posturi tran-
ncredere confidence; a readuce ncrederea - restore zitorii - accrue
confidence; de ncredere - reliable nregistrare booking/ entry (e, e., ent.)/ record (rec.)/
ncurajare a exporturilor export promotion registration; pentru nregistrarea contabil cont.
ncurajare a investiiilor inducement to invest - for bookkeeping purposes
ndatorare indebtedness nregistrare a unei societi (comerciale) incorporation
ndatorare excesiv banc. excessive indebtedness/ nregistrare actualizat adjusting entry
liabilities exceeding the assets nregistrare contabil cont. book entry
ndatorare pe termen lung long-term debt/ long-term nregistrare (contabil) eronat cont. false entry
indebtedness nregistrare (contabil) fals cont. false entry
ndatorare pe termen scurt short-term indebtedness nregistrare din jurnal journal entry
134 nregistrare din jurnal
nchidere burs. - closing price; la (cursul de) n- ndatorat indebted/ burdened with debts
chidere burs. on close ndatorat excesiv banc. over-indebted
nchidere a activitii closing of business ndelungat banc. long dated/ long-term
nchidere a bursei burs. market close/ close of the ndeplini fulfill; a ndeplini o obligaie - meet an ob-
exchange/ close of the market ligation
nchidere a firmei com. discontinuance of business ndeplinire a contractului com. fulfillment of a con-
nchidere a pieei burs. close of the market tract
nchidere a registrelor closing of accounts ndeplinire a planului com. fulfillment of a plan
nchidere pe perioada concediilor vacation shut-down ndestula satisfy; a ndestula un creditor - satisfy a
nchiria hire/ lease/ let/ rent creditor
nchiriere hire/ hiring/ leasing/ renting/ tenancy; venit ndreptit entitled/ qualified
din nchirieri - rentai income nfiinare com. establishment
nchiriere cu service integral full service leasing nger ec. angel
nchiriere de active fixe capital lease nghea freeze/ banc. sterilize; a nghea salariile -
nchiriere financiar financial leasing freeze the salaries
nchiriere pentru export export leasing ngheare a creditelor credit freeze
nchis closed/ discontinued; fond nchis - closed ngheare a creditelor pentru export frozen export
fund; economie nchis - closed economy credit
nclinare slope ngheare a fondurilor funds freeze/ money freeze
nclinaie propensity/ inclination ngheare a preurilor price freeze
nclinaie marginal marginal propensity ngheare a salariilor pay freeze/ salary freeze/ wage
nclinaie marginal de a cheltui marginal propensity freeze
to spend ngheat frozen; activ ngheat - frozen asset; capital
nclinaie marginal de a consuma marginal propen- ngheat - frozen capital; salarii ngheate pl. -
sity to consume (MPC) frozen wages
nclinaie marginal de a economisi marginal propen- nghiire a aciunilor burs. eating stock
sity to save (MPS) ngrmnt fertilizer
nclinaie marginal de a importa marginal propen- ngustime limitation
sity to import ngustime a pieei limitations of the market
nclinaie marginal de a investi marginal propensity njumti com. halve
to invest nlocui replace/ supersede
nclinaie marginal de consum marginal propensity nlocuibil replaceable
to consume (MPC) nlocuire replacement/ substitution; cheltuieli de nlo-
nclinaie marginal de economisire marginal propen- cuire pl. - replacements
sity to save (MPS) nlocuire parial parial replacement
nclinaie medie spre economisire average propensity nlocuitor substitution product
to save nlocuitor (produs de nlocuire) substitute
nclinaie spre consum propensity to consume nmatriculat registered (R, reg., regd.)
nclinaie spre economisire propensity to save nmnunchere bunching
nclinaie spre import propensity to import nmuli multiply
nclinaie spre investiii propensity to invest nregistra book/ enter/ inscribe/ record (rec); a nre-
ncorporat incorporated (inc.) gistra greit - misenter; a nregistra la posturi tran-
ncredere confidence; a readuce ncrederea - restore zitorii - accrue
confidence; de ncredere - reliable nregistrare booking/ entry (e, e., ent.)/ record (rec.)/
ncurajare a exporturilor export promotion registration; pentru nregistrarea contabil cont.
ncurajare a investiiilor inducement to invest - for bookkeeping purposes
ndatorare indebtedness nregistrare a unei societi (comerciale) incorporation
ndatorare excesiv banc. excessive indebtedness/ nregistrare actualizat adjusting entry
liabilities exceeding the assets nregistrare contabil cont. book entry
ndatorare pe termen lung long-term debt/ long-term nregistrare (contabil) eronat cont. false entry
indebtedness nregistrare (contabil) fals cont. false entry
ndatorare pe termen scurt short-term indebtedness nregistrare din jurnal journal entry
J
Jamahiria Arab Libiana burs., banc. Libya (LY) jumtate de norm half time
Jamaica burs., banc. Jamaica (JM, Jam.) jumtate de peni (MB) banc. halfpenny <l/2 d.>
Japonia burs., banc. Japan (JP, J, Jap.) jumtate de pre com. half-price
Java com. Java jumtate de salariu half-pay (hp)
jen financiar com. financial embarrassment; n jumtate din sum com. half the amount
jen financiar - embarrassed junior junior (j., jn, jr., Jr.)
Jersey burs., banc. Jersey (JE) jurisdicie com. jurisdiction
joc cu sum zero stat. zero sum game jurisdicie fiscal tax jurisdiction
joc de ntreprindere stat. business game jurnal com. journal (jour./ J.)/ daybook (d.b.)
joc de noroc com. gambie/ gambling jurnal al achiziiilor pe credit credit purchase jour-
joc echilibrat equitable game/ fair game nal
joc final end game jurnal al bilanurilor de deschidere opening balances
joc iterativ recurrence game journal (OBJ)
joc la burs burs. speculation (spec.) jurnal al intrrilor n stoc stock receiving journal
joc piramidal pyramid scheme jurnal al ncasrilor de numerar cash receipts jour-
joi Thursday (Th.) nal
jointventure jointventure (JV) jurnal al micrilor de stoc stock transfer journal
jonglerie financiar financial juggle jurnal al vnzrilor pe credit credit sales journal
jucrie com. toy jurnal contabil cont. journal (jour..)/ primary
juctor burs. gambler books of entry
juctori ntrziai pl. burs. late entrants jurnal de comenzi com. purchase order journal (POJ)
judector sindic pl. com. official receiver jurnal de comenzi angajate sales commitment jour-
jumtate com. half nal/ sales order journal (SOJ)
jumtate de coroan (MB) banc. half-crown/ two jurnal de vnzri sales journal (SJ)
and six (pence) <2 s. 6 d.> jurnal general general journal (GJ)
jumtate de dolar (SUA) banc. half-dollar <50 o justificativ supporting; factur justificativ - support-
jumtate de lir (sterlin) (MB) banc. half-pound ing invoice
<10s.>
K
Kazahstan burs., banc. Kazakhstan (KZ) kip (Laos) burs., banc. LAK (Kip - Laos)
Kenia burs., banc. Kenya (KE) Kiribati burs., banc. Kiribati (KI)
kerosen kerosene (kero.) Krghistan burs., banc. Kyrgyzstan (KG)
kilderkin kilderkin know-how know-how
kilogram kilogram (kg, k.); a vinde la kilogram - sell kuna (Croaia) burs., banc. Kuna (HRK)
by the kilo Kuwait burs., banc. Kuwait (KW)
kilograme kilograms (kgs, kos) kwacha (Malawi) burs., banc. Malawi kwacha
kilolitru kiloliter (kl.) (MWK)
kilometru kilometer (km) kwanza (Angola) burs., banc. Kwanza (AOA -
kilometru ptrat sq km. (square kilometer) Angola)
kina (Papua Noua Guinee) burs., banc. Kina (PGK) kyat (Myanmar) burs., banc. Kyat (MMK)
L
lacun jur. loophole lege a finanelor budget law
lad com. case; ambalat n lzi - packed in crates lege a investiiilor investment law
lansa float; a lansa pe pia - market; a lansa un lege a naturii law of nature
mprumut - to float a loan lege a necesitilor satisfcute law of satiable wants
lan (de magazine) com. chain lege a numerelor mari stat. law of large numbers
lan de magazine chain store lege a numerelor mici stat. law of small numbers
lan de magazine cu amnuntul retail store chain lege a ofertei law of supply
lan hotelier com. hotel chain lege a preului unic law of one price
lan local com. local chain lege a randamentului descresctor law of diminish-
lan Markov absorbant stat. absorbing Markov chain ing returns
Laos burs., banc. Laos (LA) lege a substituirii law of substitution
larg broad; pe scar larg - large-scale lege a utilitii descresctoare law of diminishing
lari (Georgia) burs., banc. Lari (GEL) utility
lat (Letonia) burs., banc. Lat (LVL) lege a utilitii marginale descrescnde law of dimin-
lat de palm (MB) hand (hd.) ishing marginal utility
latent latent; inflaie latent - creeping inflation lege cu durat determinat sunset legislation
lateral lateral lege economic economic law
lax lax lege fiscal tax law
lptrie com. dairy/ milk shop/ creamery lege privind plasamentele (de capital) investment law
lrgire broadening lege privind splarea banilor money laundering law
lrgire a bazei de impozitare fin. broadening of the lege stabil generalizat generalized stable law
tax base legea de fier a salariilor brazen law of wages
lzi cases (cs., c/s, Cs.) legea forte a numerelor mari stat. strong law of large
ln com. wool numbers
lnced dull; pia lnced - dull market Legea Mrii Law of the Sea (LOS)/ United Nations
leasing leasing Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS)
leasing de exploatare operaional leasing leghe league
leasing financiar finance lease/ financial leasing legi antitrust pl. jur. antitrust laws
leasing operaional operaional leasing legi mpotriva cmtriei pl. jur. usury laws
legal jur. legal/ lawful legislaie com. law
legalitate jur. legality legislaie a muncii labor legislation/ employment leg-
legaliza legalize; a legaliza notarial - notarize islation
legalizare consular consular certification legislaie antitrust ec. antitrust legislation
legalizat notarial notarially certifed legislaie bancar pl. banking laws
legat de anotimp linked to the seasons legislaie economic economic laws
legat de un indice indexed legislaie fiscal tax legislation
legtur peste ocean com. oversea connection legislaie pentru protecia consumatorilor consumer
legtur transoceanic com. oversea connection protection legislation
lege com. law/ jur. act legislaie privind fora de munc labor legislation
lege a cererii law of demand legislaie privind investiiile investment acts
lege a cererii i ofertei law of supply and demand legislaie social social legislation
lejer 138

lejer lax licen de import com. import license


lek (Albania) burs., banc. Lek (ALL) licen de prospeciune exploration license
lempira (Honduras) burs., banc. Lempira (HNL) licen exclusiv com. exclusive license
lent sluggish licen parial restricted license
leone (Sierra Leone) burs., banc. Leone (SLL) liceniat qualified; contabil liceniat - qualified ac-
Lesoto burs., banc. Lesotho (LS) countant
Letonia burs., banc. Latvia (LV) lichid liquid/ quick; capital lichid - liquid capital/
leu (Republica Moldova) burs., banc. Moldovan money capital; pasiv lichid - liquid liability; porto-
leu (MDL) foliu lichid - liquidity portfolio; pia lichid - liq-
leu (Romnia) burs., banc. Leu (RON) uid market; rezerv lichid - cash reserve; active
leu moldovenesc burs., banc. Moldovan leu foarte lichide - quick assets; active lichide - avail-
(MDL) able assets/ liquid assets; rezerve lichide pl. - liq-
leva (Bulgaria) burs., banc. Lev-Bulgaria (BGN) uid reserves
Liban burs., banc. Lebanon (LB) lichida liquidate/ amortize/ dissolve/ offset/ realize/
liber 1. blank 2. vacant. 3. franco (fco.)/ free (fr.); write off/ burs. close/ com. pay off/ sell off; a
economie liber - open economy; pia liber - free lichida o datorie - red the debt/ red the loan/ wipe
market off a debt; a lichida O poziie - close a position; a
liber de cheltuieli de ncrcare-descrcare com. free lichida un cont - close an account
in and out (f.i.o., FIO) lichidare sale/ sell out/ sellout/ settlement/ closeout/
liber de orice avarie free of all average (f.a.a.) closing/ dissolution/ realization/ realizing/ valida-
liber de sarcini banc. unencumbered tion/ clearing and settlement/ com. clearance sale/
liber la descrcare com. free discharge (f.d.) clearing sale; costuri de lichidare pl. - closing
liberal com. liberal costs; operaiune de lichidare - closing trade; valoare
liberalism liberalism de lichidare - liquidation value; vnzare de lichidare
liberalism economic ec. economic liberalism/ clearance sale
laissez-faire lichidare (judiciar) liquidation
liberaliza deregulate lichidare a activelor realization of assets
liberalizare deregulation/ liberalization lichidare a angajamentelor settlement of commit-
liberalizare a importurilor i exporturilor import and ments
export liberalization lichidare a datoriei debt retirement/ discharge of debt/
liberalizare a preurilor liberalization of prices redeeming of debt; lichidare a datoriilor - reorga-
liber concuren free competition nization of debts
liber iniiativ free enterprise lichidare a dividendelor dividend stripping
Liberia burs., banc. Liberia (LR) lichidare a obligaiilor settlement of commitments
liber-profesionist freelance lichidare a obligaiilor financiare settlement of finan-
liber-schimb free trade cial obligations
libertate a accesului pe mare freedom of the seas lichidare a unei datorii retirement of debt
libertare a alegerii freedom of choice lichidare cotidian daily settlement
libertate a comerului com. freedom of trade lichidare cu numerar cash settlement
libertate a competiiei com. freedom of competition lichidare curent current settlement
libertate a transferului de capital banc. freedom of lichidare de active asset stripping
capital transfer lichidare de stoc bargain sale
libertate bancar banc. free banking lichidare forat distress sale
libertate contractual freedom of contract lichidare impus com. compulsory liquidation
libertate economic economic freedom lichidare silit com. compulsory liquidation
libertate managerial management discretion lichidare voluntar voluntary liquidation
Libia burs., banc. Libya (LY) lichidarea unui debit banc. discharge of a debt
libret de economii banc. savings book lichidarea urmtoare burs. next account/ next setde-
licen license (lic.)/ patent/ license tax ment
licen cu clauze restrictive restricted license lichidat cleared (cld.)/ closed out
licen de export com. export license/ export per- lichidator liquidator/ official receiver
mit lichidator de active asset stripper
139 lingou
lichiditate liquidity/ solvency; risc de lichiditate - li- limitare a dividendelor dividend limitation/ divi-
quidity risk; cu nalt grad de lichiditate burs. - dend restraint
highly liquid limitare a importurilor com. limitation of imports
lichiditate a fondului fund liquidity limitare a produciei com. limitation of production/
lichiditate bancar banc. bank liquidity restriction of output
lichiditate contabil cont. accounting liquidity limitare a transferurilor restrictions on transfers
lichiditate excedentar liquidity overhang limitare voluntar a exportului voluntary export re-
lichiditate internaional internaional liquidity straints
lichiditate intern banc. domestic liquidity limitat limited (ltd., Ltd.)/ com. limited in time;
lichiditi pl active capital/ cash/ cash in hand/ pia limitat - restricted market; cu rspundere limi-
cold cash/ money in hand/ ready cash/ ready money tat - limited (ltd., Ltd.)/ with limited liability
(R.M.)/ banc. money holdings/ money in re- limit marginal/ measure; a fixa o limit - to name a
serve/ com. - available cash/ liquid funds/ liq- limit; n limitele bugetului - on budget
uid resources; a converti n lichiditi - encash; a limit a capacitii capacity limit
procura lichiditi - raise cash limit a cererii com. limit of demand
lichiditi imediate good money limit a creditului banc credit limit
lichiditi neutilizate idle money limit a eficienei efficient frontier
lichiditi obligatorii pl. banc. liquidity require- limit a preului price limit
ments limit de acces access limit
lichiditi i echivalente cash & equivalents limit de calitate medie dup control average outgo-
licit lawful ing quality limit (AOQL)
licita burs., banc. bid limit de control superioar upper control limit
licitant burs., banc. bidder limit de credit limit of credit
licitani concureniali competitive bidders limit de creditare marginal credit (M.C.)
licitare burs., banc bidding limit de descoperit banc overdraft limit
licitare cu strigare burs. outcry limit de fluctuaie fluctuation limit
licitare necompetitiv non-competitive bid limit de fluctuaie a preului price fluctuation limit
licitator auctioneer limit de fluctuaie zilnic daily price limit
licitaie auction/ public sale (PS, P/S)/ bidding; limit de profitabilitate com. limit of profitability
a vinde la licitaie - auction off/ sell by auction limit de sum com. ceiling amount
licitaie absolut absolute auction limit de timp time limit
licitaie concurenial competitive bidding limit de toleran statistic statistical tolerance limit
licitaie cu strigare open outcry limit de ar country limit
licitaie deschis open tender/ open tendering limit de vrst ec age limit
licitaie olandez burs. Dutch auction limit inferioar lower limit/ minimum level/ burs.
licitaie public public auction floor
licitaie simulat mock auction limit inferioar de control lower control limit
lider de cost com. cost leader limit maxim burs., com. ceiling/ maximum limit
lider de pre com. price leader limit maxim de venit com., fin. upper earnings
lider pe pia market leader limit
Liechtenstein burs., banc Liechtenstein (LI) limit minim burs., com. minimum level
Liga Arab Arab League (AL) limit pentru acceptare acceptance boundary/ accep-
Liga Statelor Arabe League of Arab States (LAS) tance limit/ acceptance line
lilangeni (Swaziland) burs., banc Lilangeni (SZL) limit ridicat exprimat n dolari high dollar limit
limb matern com. native language limit superioar upper limit
limb naional com. naional language limit superioar convenit agreed higher limit
limita restrict/ limit/ burs. curb/ limit limite de probabilitate pl stat. probability limits
limitare limitation/ restraint/ restriction limite de toleran pl stat. tolerance limits
limitare a accesului barrier to entry limite de toleran neparametrice pl stat. non-pa-
limitare a capitalului capital rationing rametric tolerance limits
limitare a creditelor credit crunch/ credit rationing limite fiduciare pl fiducial limits
limitare a creditului strain on credit lingou banc, burs. bar/ ingot/ bullion
lingou de argint 140

lingou de argint banc, burs. bar silver lir (Liban) burs., banc Lebanese pound (LBP)
lingou de argint pur banc, burs. fine bullion lir (Malta) burs., banc Maltese lira (MTL)
lingou de aur banc, burs. bar gold/ gold bar/ gold lir (Sf. Elena) burs., banc. St. Helena pound
bullion/ gold ingot/ standard bullion/ ingot of gold (SHP)
lingou de aur pur banc, burs. fine bullion lir (Siria) burs., banc. Syrian pound (SYP)
lingouri monetare banc mint fine bars lir (sterlin) (MB) banc. pound (sterling) < >/
linie Lline. 2. line (In.). sovereign < 1>/ sg., nv. quid < 11>
linie a pieei de capital capital market line (CML) lir (Turcia) burs., banc Turkish lira (TRL)
linie de baz base line lir cipriot burs., banc Cyprus pound (CYP)
linie de credit banc credit line/ line of credit lir egiptean burs., banc Egyptian pound (EGP)
linie de credit bancar banc bank line lir italian nv. Italian lira (ITL)
linie de credit bancar special banc special bank lir libanez burs., banc Lebanese pound (LBP)
credit plan lir maltez burs., banc. Maltese lira (MTL)
linie de credit de siguran backup line of credit lir sirian burs., banc. Syrian pound (SYP)
linie de credit de urgen contingent credit line (CCL) lir sterlin (Regatul Unit <al Marii Britanii i Irlandei
linie de credit multivalutar banc multicurrency de Nord>) (ster., stg. stlg.) burs., banc pound
credit line sterling (GBP)
linie de credit preventiv contingent credit line (CCL) lir turceasc burs., banc Turkish lira (TRL)
linie de credit-cadru blanket credit line lire, ilingi i peni banc. pounds, shillings and pence
linie de fabricaie production line (l.s.d., L.S.D.)
linie de montaj assembly/ assembly line/ assembly Lisabona com. Lisbon
plant list list
linie de producie production line/ assembly plant list a acionarilor com. list of stockholders
linie de produse product line list a cotelor stock list
linie de referin base line list a cursurilor burs. quote sheet/ price table
linie de regresiune regression line list a furnizorilor com. list of suppliers
linie median stat. median line list compilat compiled list
linie tehnologic operation line list cu cursurile de schimb (valutar) banc exchange
lips scarcity/ shortage (shtg.)/ lack/ missing/ scanti- list
ness/ absence list de ateptare com. waiting list
lips a locurilor de munc job shortage/ scarcity of list de coletaj bill of parcel
jobs list de control com. check-list
lips de bani banc lack of money list de efecte recomandate burs. investment list
lips de capital scarcity of capital/ shortage of capi- list de importuri com. import list
tal/ want of capital list de materiale bill of materials (BOM)
lips de dolari dollar shortage list de modificri list of changes (L.of C.)
lips de fonduri banc lack of funds list de preuri price list/ schedule of prices
lips de fonduri disponibile illiquidity list de produse pentru export export list
lips de lichiditi cashout/ illiquidity/ money scarcity list de promovri promotion roster
lips de mn de lucru scarcity of labor list de subscriere subscription list
lips de tranzacii burs. no dealings list de taxe table of costs
lips la livrare com. short delivery (s.d., S.d.) list neagr black list/ blacklist
lipsit de valabilitate invalid list nominal nominal list
lipsuri financiare pl. scarcity of money list oficial official list
lir (Cipru) burs., banc Cyprus pound (CYP) litas (Lituania) burs., banc Litas (LTL)
lir (Egipt) burs., banc Egyptian pound (EGP) litigiu jur. dispute/ lawsuit/ litigation
lir (Gibraltar) burs., banc. Gibraltar pound (GIP) litoral al Mrii Negre Black Sea Coast
lir (Insulele Malvine - Falkland) burs., banc. litru liter (1, lit.)
Falkland pound (FKP) Lituania burs., banc Lithuania (LT, Lith.)
lir (Irlanda) nv. Irish pound (IEP) livra com. deliver
lir (Italia, San Marino i Vatican) nv. Italian lira livrare com. delivery (dy., divy); de livrat n iunie
(ITL) com. - for delivery in June
141 lucrtori
livrare (ramburs) com. collection on delivery/ livr pound (lb, lb.)
C.O.D., COD (cash on delivery)/ C.O.D. (col- livr (av.) pound (avoirdupois) (lb)
lect on delivery) livr (troy) pound (troy) (lb)
livrare contra numerar com. cash on delivery livre pounds (Ibs.)
(C.O.D., COD)/ collection on delivery/ collect livret de economii banc. passbook
on delivery loc place; pe loc - spot
livrare contra plat com. delivery versus payment loc de livrare com. delivery point (DP)
(DVP) loc de munc prost pltit com. low-wage job
livrare decalat com. delayed delivery (dd) loc de munc vacant job opening
livrare defectuoas defective delivery local local/ regional; impozit local - local tax/ mu-
livrare direct direct supply nicipal tax; industrie local com. local indus-
livrare fizic physical delivery try; moned local banc. local currency; pia
livrare franco delivered free local com. - local market; n moned local
livrare gratuit free delivery (f.d.) banc. in local currency
livrare gratuit n mediul rural rural free delivery local de fast-food com. fast food establishment
(RFD) localizare a industriei localization of industry
livrare gratuit la depozitul clientului free buyer's locator lessee/ lessor
warehouse loco com. loco
livrare gratuit la domiciliu free buyer's address loco fabric exfactory
livrare imediat com. immediate delivery/ prompt locuitor inhabitant; pe cap de locuitor - per capita
delivery logaritm natural stat. natural logarithm
livrare ntrziat com. delayed delivery (dd) logistic ec. logistics
livrare ntrziat (de marf) late delivery loialitate a consumatorilor consumer loyalty
livrare la export com. export shipment loialitate fa de marc brand loyalty
livrare la ua magazinului store door delivery (s.d.d.) loialitate n afaceri fair trade practices
livrare limitat restricted supply lot com. batch/ lot
livrare nevmuit com. delivered duty unpaid lot controlat inspection lot
(DDU) lot (de mrfuri) com. consignment
livrare parial com. part delivery/ parial delivery lot inspectat inspection lot
(PD.)/ part order lot verificat inspection lot
livrare prin pot com. postal delivery loterie lottery
livrare prompt fast delivery/ prompt delivery loti (Lesoto) burs., banc. Loti (LSL)
livrare ramburs cash on delivery (C.O.D., COD)/ lua take; a lua cu mprumut - borrow; a lua n calcul
collect on delivery (C.O.D.)/ delivery versus pay- - consider; a lua n locaie - rent; a lua msuri -
ment (DVP) take steps
livrare rapid fast delivery luare de decizii decision making
livrare rapid obinuit customary quick delivery luare de decizii n condiii de risc decision making
(cq.d.) under risk
livrare refuzat refused on delivery (R.O.D.) luare de mostre sampling
livrare special special delivery (S.D.) lucra operate/ work/ function; a lucra n pierdere -
livrare vmuit com. delivered duty paid (DDP) operating in the red/ to run at a loss/ operate at
livrat delivered (dd./deld., d/d) deficit; a lucra n sectorul de stat - to work in the
livrat cu taxe (vamale) neachitate com. delivered state employment
duty unpaid (DDU) lucrare job/ work (w, wk.)
livrat cu taxe (vamale) pltite com. delivered duty lucrare n curs work in progress
paid (DDP) lucrat manual hand made (h m.)/ com. hand
livrat n bune condiii delivered sound (dd./s.) worked
livrat la cheu delivered ex quay (DEQ) lucrativ lucrative/ remunerative/ remuneratory
livrat la domiciliu delivered at residence lucrri publice pl. public works (PW)
livrat fa frontier delivered at frontier (DAF) lucrtor n agricultur com. farm hand/ farm la-
livrat pe nav delivered ex ship (DES) borer/ farm worker
livrat i predat c.&.d. (collected and delivered) lucrtori pl. blue collar workers/ blue collars
lucru 142

lucru work (w., wk.); capital de lucru - current capi- lun month (m., mo., M); ... luni dup termen -
tal; a relua lucrul - to resume work months after date (m.d., MD); a doua jumtate a
lucru cu bucata piece work lunii - second half of the month; de dou ori pe
lucru cu ora timework lun - bimonthly (bi-m); la dou luni - every other
lucru n acord jobbing month (e.o.m.); la nceputul lunii - beginning of
lucru n dou schimburi double-shift working the month; la sfritul lunii - end of the month
lucru n regie hired labor (E.O.M.); o dat la dou luni - bimonthly (bi-m); o
lucru n schimburi work in shifts lun de la prezentare banc. - months sight (m/s)
lucru manual hand labor lun a scadenei delivery month
lucru ocazional jobbing lun calendaristic com. calendar month
lume a afacerilor business community lun de expirare expiration month
Lumea a Treia Third World lun de livrare contract month
luna aprilie month of April lun de scaden contract month
luna august month of August lun ndeprtat far month
luna decembrie month of December Lunea Rusaliilor com. Whitmonday
luna februarie month of February lung long; pe termen lung banc. - long term/
luna ianuarie month of January long-term/ long-ranging
luna iulie month of July lungime length (lgth.)
luna iunie month of June lungime medie a seriei stat. average run length
luna mai month of May (ARL)
luna martie month of March luni Monday (M.)
luna noiembrie month of November luni de la prezentare months sight (m/s)
luna octombrie month of October luni de la vedere months sight (m/s)
luna precedent banc. ultimo (uit.) luni dup data de... months after date (m.d., MD)
luna septembrie month of September luni dup plat months after payment (m.p.)
luna urmtoare com., banc. next month/ proximo lux luxury; de lux - upmarket
(prox.) lux excesiv amenities pl.
luna viitoare proximo (prox.) lux inutil amenities pl.
lunar monthly; cont lunar - monthly account Luxemburg burs., banc. Luxembourg (LU)
M
Macao burs., banc. Macau (MO) majorare a dobnzii banc. increase of the interest
Macedonia burs., banc. The Former Yugoslav Re- rate
public of Macedonia (MK, FYROM, F.Y.R.O.M., 25 majorare a impozitelor fin. increase of taxes
Maced.) majorare a lichiditii banc increase in
macroanaliz macroanalysis liquidity
macroeconomic macroeconomic majorare a preurilor com. price increase/ price ad-
macroeconomie macroeconomics vance/ advance in price/ increase in price
macromarketing macromarketing majorare a salariului wage increase/ salary rise/ in-
Madagascar burs., banc. Madagascar (MG) crease in salary
magazie warehouse (whse.) majorare a taxelor fin. increase of taxes
magazin com. store/ shop majorare de capital capital accretion
magazin cu amnuntul com. retail shop majorare de pre markup
magazin cu pre unic com. variety store majorare treptat a salariului stepped salary increase
magazin de confecii pentru femei com. ladies' wear majoritate maj ori ty
store majoritate de aciuni majority of shares
magazin de mobil com. furniture store majoritate redus com. narrow majority
magazin de produse lactate com. milk shop majoritate simpl simple majority
magazin de solduri com. bargain shop/ discounter Malawi burs., banc. Malawi (MW)
magazin de suveniruri com. gift shop Malaysia burs., banc Malaysia (MY)
magazin duty-free com. duty-free shop Maldive burs., banc Maldives (MV)
magazin popular com. variety store Mali burs., banc. Mali (ML)
magazin specializat com. specialty shop/ specialty Malta burs., banc. Malta (MT)
store malthusianism Malthusian theory of population
magazin universal com. supermarket/ department mal de orz com. barley malt
store/ general store management management (mgt.)
magazinaj com. warehousing (whsg.) management al activelor asset management
magazine independente pl. com. independent management al calitii quality management
shops management al marketingului marketing manage-
magazioner storekeeper ment
magia diversificrii magic of diversification management al produciei production management
magnat magnate management al resurselor umane human resource
magnat industrial captain of industry management
maistru foreman/ master management al riscului risk management
major major (maj.) management bazat pe principiul rezultatelor manage-
majora increase/ lift; a majora preurile - lift the prices ment by principle
majorare increase management de criz crisis management
majorare a capitalului banc. increase of capital management financiar financial management
majorare a consumului com. increased consump- management industrial industrial management
tion management prin delegaie management by delega-
majorare a costurilor com. increase in cost tion
majorare a dividendelor pl. increase of dividends management prin eliminare management by excep-
tion
144
management prin motivare
management prin motivare management by motiva- marc (Germania) burs., banc. deutsche mark
tion (DEM), monetary unit used before EURO
management prin obiective management by objec- marc a productorului com. manufacturer's brand
tives (MBO) marc comercial com. trade mark (t m., TM,
managementul operaiunilor de spread spread man- TRM)/ trademark (TRM, tr. mk.)
agement marc convertibil (Bosnia Heregovina) burs.,
managementul resurselor resource management banc. convertible mark (BAM - Bosnia and
manager manager (mgr, Mgr, mngr.) Herzegovina)
manager de fond mutual fund manager marc de comer trademark (TRM, tr. mk.)
manager general general manager (Gen.Man., GM)/ marc de fabric brandmark
top manager marc de origine mark of origin
mnat (Azerbaidjan) burs., banc. Azerbaijani marc est-german burs. DDM, monetary unit
mnat (AZM) used before EURO
mnat (Turkmenistan) burs., banc. Turkmenistan marc finlandez banc, burs. Finmark
mnat (TMM) (F.Mk.), monetary unit used before EURO
manco deficiency marc finlandez burs., banc Markka (FIM),
mandat letter of attorney/ proxy; prin mandat monetary unit used before EURO
potal - per money order/ per post office order; marc german burs., banc deutsche mark
prin mandat telegrafic - telegraphic transfer (t.t., (DEM, DM), monetary unit used before EURO
TT, T.T.) marc obinuit com. good ordinary brand (g.o.b.)
mandat de administrare management authorization marc proprie com. house brand
mandat de plat money order (m.o., M.O.) marc superioar com. choice brand
mandat pentru plata dividendelor dividend man- mare sea; pe mare - afloat/ off-shore
date mare adj. large-scale
mandat potal money order (m.o., M.O.)/ postal mare consumator com. bulk consumer
(money) order (PO, P.O.)/ post office order mare consumator de energie com. energy-intensive
(p.o.o., POO) mare consumator de for de munc com. labor in-
mandat potal simplu ordinary money order (OMO) tensive
mandat telegrafic telegraphic transfer (t.t., TT, T.T.)/ Marea Baltic com. Baltic
telegraphic money (TM)/ telegraphic money or- Marea Britanie burs., banc Great Britain (GB,
der (TMO) Gt.Brit.)/ United Kingdom (UK)
mandatar principal/ trustee Marea Caspic com. Caspian Sea
mandatat agent (agt.) marea finana high finance
manevre oculte burs. rigging the market Marea Neagr com. Black Sea
manifest manifest Marea Nordului com. North Sea (N.S.)
manipula handle marf com. cargo/ commodity/ merchandise
manipulare com. handling/ manipulation (mdse, mdise.)
manipulare a bilanului doctoring of balances marf ambalat pl. com. packaged goods
manta burs. bond certificate without coupon sheet marf cu desfacere rapid com. fast selling goods
and talon/ share certificate marf de bun calitate com. good merchantable
manual handmade/ manual (man.)/ hand-worked quality
manufacturier processor marf de calitate com. choice goods/ goods of
manufacturier adj. manual (man.) quality
marcaj hallmark marf de calitate inferioar com. inferior good/
marcare a termenului de valabilitate date stamping goods of inferior quality/ inferior commodity
marcat marked (mkd.) marf de calitate medie com. middle
marc brand-type/ make (f.)/ hallmark/ burs., marf de calitate superioar com. goods of supe-
banc. mark (M.)/ token rior quality
marc (comercial) brand marf de export com. export article
marc (de comer) nregistrat registered trade mark marf de uz curent com. soft good
marc (Finlanda) burs., banc. Markka (FIM), marf de valoare com. goods of good value
monetary unit used before EURO marf expediat com. outward cargo
145 materiale n stoc
marf inferioar supus efectului Giffen com. Giffen marj restrns narrow margin
good marj suplimentar additional margin
marf inflamabil com. fire-goods marje de fluctuaie fluctuation margins
marf mbuntit com. improved goods pl. marketing marketing
marf n consignaie com. goods on consignment marketing comun cooperative marketing
marf n stare bun com. good merchan table qual- marketing de ambuscad ambush marketing
ity and condition marketing de stimulare incentive marketing
marf n stoc com. goods in stock marketing direct direct marketing
marf n tranzit com. transit cargo/ transit freight/ marketing interactiv interactive marketing
goods in transit marketing n reea network marketing
marf nevandabil com. leftovers marketing mix marketing mix
marf standard com. standard commodity marketing stimulativ incentive marketing
marf uscat com. dry cargo marketing vertical vertical marketing
marf vandabil com. marketable good Maroc burs., banc. Morocco (MA)
marf vandabil de bun calitate com. good sound martie March (Mar., Mr.)
marketable (g.s m.) Martinica (Antilele Franceze) burs., banc. Marti-
marf vrac com. bulk cargo (b.c, b/c) nique <French Antilles> (MQ)
marginal marginal; pia marginal - fringe market mari Tuesday (T., Tu., Tue., Tues.)
Marile Puteri Great Powers marxism marxism
marinar calificat com. able-bodied (a.b.) mas mass (m., M.); producie de mas - bulk pro-
marin com. navy (N.) duction
marin comercial com. mercantile marine (M.M.)/ mas monetar banc. money stock/ money sup-
merchant navy (M.N.) ply/ volume of money
maritim com. maritime (mar.)/ oversea mas monetar activ banc. active circulation
marj margin (marg.)/ haircut/ spread mas monetar circulant banc. active circulation
marj a dobnzilor banc. interest margin/ interest mas monetar elastic banc. elastic money
differential mas net com. net weight (n.w., n.wt., nt.wt.)
marj brut gross margin/ markup mas real actual weight (AW)
marj de contribuie contribution margin mas salariat payroll
marj de cultivare margin of cultivation mas specific n vrac com. bulk weight
marj de eroare margin of error mascat hidden; omaj mascat - concealed unem-
marj de fluctuaie fluctuation bnd ployment/ hidden unemployment; inflaie mascat
marj de garanie collateral security margin - hidden inflation
marj de investiii margin of investment masiv massive
marj de mentenan banc. maintenance margin main com. machine, engine
marj de profit profit margin/ margin of profit main de calcul calculator
marj de profit din exploatare operating profit margin main de facturat billing machine
marj de profit net net profit margin main de facturat i contabilizat cont. accounting
marj de siguran safety margin/ safety cushion/ machine
margin of safety main de ocazie second-hand car
marj de variaie variation margin/ collar main la mna a doua second-hand car
marj efectiv banc. effective margin (EM) main-unealt machine tool/ machine-tool
marj excedentar CXCQSS margin mainism machine system
marj impus margin requirement material fabric/ material (mat.)
marj inflaionist inflationary gap material adj. tangible; active materiale - tangible
marj iniial original margin assets
marj naintea impozitrii fin. pretax margin material rulant rolling stock
marj legal margin requirement material i mn de lucru labor and material (l.&m.)
marj obligatorie margin requirement materiale comandate pl. com. material on order
marj pentru vnzarea cu amnuntul retail margin materiale de construcii pl. building materials
marj real banc. effective margin (EM) materiale de sintez pl. com. synthetics
marj redus narrow margin materiale n stoc pl. com. material on hand
materiale refolosibile 146

materiale refolosibile pl. reusable materials mrfuri cu volum redus pl. com. low measure-
materiale sintetice pl. com. synthetics ment goods
materialism dialectic dialectical materialism mrfuri cumprate n exces pl. com. overbought
materialism istoric historical materialism commodities
materialitate materiality mrfuri cumprate spontan pl. com. impulse goods
materie prim com. primary product/ raw mate- mrfuri cumprate sub impulsul momentului pl.
rial/ basic material/ feedstock/ material (mat.) com. impulse goods
materie prim esenial com. key resource mrfuri de antrepozit pl. com. bonded goods
materie prim strategic com. strategic raw mate- (B/G)
rial/ key resource mrfuri de baz (principale) pl. com. primary
materii prime pl. com. commodities/ crude ma- commodities
terials mrfuri de calitate pl. com. quality goods
matrice array mrfuri de calitate inferioar pl. com. cheap
matrice a pierderilor stat. loss matrix goods
matrice bistocastic stat. doubly stochastic matrix mrfuri de import pl. com. imported goods/ for-
matrice canonic stat. canonical matrix eign goods/ imported commodities
matrice de corelaie stat. correlation matrix mrfuri de lux pl. com. luxury goods/ fancy goods
matrice de corelaie complet stat. complete cor- mrfuri de marc pl. com. branded goods
relation matrix mrfuri de ocazie pl. com. second-hand goods
matrice de factori stat. factor matrix mrfuri de pre mediu pl. com. medium-prized
matrice de tranziie stat. transition matrix goods
matrice ortogonale pl. stat. orthogonal arrays mrfuri de prim calitate pl. com. prime goods
matrice parial echilibrate pl. stat. partially bal- mrfuri de rezerv pl. com. appropriated goods
anced arrays mrfuri de uz curent/ imediat pl. com. non-durable
matrice stocastic stat. stochastic matrix goods
maturitate life/ banc. maturity (mat.); credit fr mrfuri deficitare pl. com. goods in shortsupply
maturitate - evergreen credit mrfuri disponibile pl. com. present goods/ spot
maturitate contractual contractual maturity goods
Mauritania burs., banc. Mauritania (MR) mrfuri diverse pl. com. miscellaneous goods
Mauritius burs., banc. Mauritius (MU) mrfuri excedentare pl. com. surplus goods
maxim maximum (max) mrfuri expediate pl. com. outgoing goods
maxim istoric banc. all-time high/ all-time peak mrfuri facturate pl. com. invoiced goods
maximizare maximization/ maximation; maximizare mrfuri fr cutare pl. com. dead goods/ dead
a profitului - profit-maximizing stock
maximizare a profitului profit maximization/ maxi- mrfuri generale pl. com. general goods/ general
mization of profit cargo (g.c.)/ general merchandise (g m.)
maximizare a valorii value maximization mrfuri grele pl. com. heavy goods
maximum maximum (max, max.)/ over all (o.a.) mrfuri greu vandabile pl. com. dead stock
Mayotte burs., banc. Mayotte (YT) mrfuri ieftine pl. com. cheap goods
mrfar com. wagon train mrfuri ieite pl. com. outgoing goods
mrfuri pl. com. goods (gds.)/ merchandise mrfuri importate pl. com. imported goods/ im-
(mdse.)/ commodities; pia de mrfuri - commodi- ported commodities
ties market mrfuri impozabile pl. com. dutiable goods
mrfuri accizabile pl. fin. dutiable goods mrfuri inerte pl. com. inert goods
mrfuri achiziionate nejudicios pl. com. inability mrfuri interzise pl. com. prohibited goods
goods mrfuri intrate pl. com. incoming goods
mrfuri albe pl. com. white goods mrfuri mbuteliate pl. com. wet goods
mrfuri alterate pl. com. faded goods mrfuri n antrepozit pl. com. bonded goods (B/G)
mrfuri cu defecte pl. com. faulty goods mrfuri n antrepozit vamal pl. com. goods in bond
mrfuri cu pre ridicat pl. com. high priced goods mrfuri n consignaie pl. com. consigned goods/
mrfuri cu taxe vamale sczute pl. com. low-duty consignment goods
goods mrfuri n garanie pl. com. pledged goods
147 msuri obiective

mrfuri n neregul pl com. goods in bad order mrire a capitalului raising of capital
(g.b.o.) mrire a contingentelor increase in quotas
mrfuri n tranzit pl com. goods-in-transit mrire a cotelor increase in quotas
mrfuri n vam pl com. bonded goods (B/G) mrire a dobnzii banc. interest increase
mrfuri lichide pl com. wet goods mrire a impozitelor fin. tax increase
mrfuri livrabile imediat pl com. spot goods mrire a preurilor price increase/ price appreciation
mrfuri moi pl burs. soft commodities mrire a productivitii increase in productivity
mrfuri nealimentare pl com. dry goods mrire a produciei com. rise in output
mrfuri neambalate pl com. bulk goods/ loose mrire a profitului profit increase
goods mrire a salariului increase in salary
mrfuri nerevendicate pl com. abandoned goods mrire a vnzrilor com. increase in sales
mrfuri neridicate la termen pl com. overtime mrire de salariu pay increase
goods mrire la maxim maximization
mrfuri nevmuite pl com. bonded goods (B/G) mrire salarial wage increase
mrfuri nevndute pl com. goods on hand mruni banc, com. change/ loose cash/ loose
mrfuri pe palei pl com. palletized goods change/ loose money/ small change
mrfuri periculoase pl com. hazardous goods msura measure
mrfuri perisabile pl com. perishable goods/ per- msurabil measurable
ishables msur measure; a lua msuri - take steps
mrfuri reclamate pl com. rejected goods msur a calitii com. measure of quality
mrfuri refuzate pl com. rejected goods msur administrativ administrative action
mrfuri returnate pl com. goods returned msur anticiclic countercyclical action
mrfuri scumpe pl com. high priced goods msur corectiv remedial measure
mrfuri scutite de taxe vamale pl com. free goods msur de descurajare disincentive
mrfuri strine pl com. foreign goods msur de precauie measure of precaution
mrfuri umede pl com. moist goods msur de prevedere contingency measure
mrfuri uscate pl com. dry goods msur de reorganizare reorganization measure
mrfuri uoare pl com. light goods msur de stabilizare stabilization measure
mrfuri vrsate pl com. loose goods msur deflaionist deflationary measure
mrfuri voluminoase pl com. bulky goods msur descurajant deterrence
mrfuri vrac pl com. bulk goods/ loose goods msur disciplinar disciplinary action
mri raise/ enlarge/ inflate/ scale (se.)/ augment; a msur intimidant deterrence
mri (scriptic) valoarea - write up; a mri impozitele msur pentru crearea de locuri de munc ec.
fin. - lift the taxes/ raise taxes; a mri oferta - to job-creation measure/ employment-creation mea-
raise the bid; a mri preurile - raise prices sure
mrime size/ extent/ magnitude/ height (h., H., msur prudenial precautionary measure
hgt., ht.) msur punitiv punitive measure
mrime a daunei extent of loss msur selectiv selective measure
mrime a familiei family size msuri antidumping pl anti-dumping measures
mrime a ntreprinderii com. enterprise size/ size msuri antiinflaioniste pl anti-inflationary mea-
of enterprise sures
mrime a lotului com. lot size/ batch size/ produc- msuri de austeritate pl cutbacks
tion batch msuri de control pl com. means of control
mrime a pieei market size/ size of the market msuri de raionalizare pl rationalization efforts
mrime a arjei batch size msuri de siguran pl safety measures
mrime economic a lotului economic lot size (ELS) msuri de stvilire a inundaiilor pl flood control
mrime normal de pia normal market size (NMS) msuri de susinere pl supporting measures
mrime optim optimum size msuri de urgen pl emergency measures
mrime optim a unei societi optimum size of busi- msuri fiscale pl tax measures
ness unit msuri necesare pl. proper measures
mrire increase (inc.)/ raise/ enlargement/ broad- msuri netarifare pl non-tariff measures (NTMs)
ening msuri obiective pl objective measures
msuri pentru mbuntirea ocuprii forei de munc 148

msuri pentru mbuntirea ocuprii forei de munc medie geometric mobil stat. geometric moving
pl com. employments incentives average
msuri pentru reducerea deficitului pl. deficit re- medie ipotetic stat. assumed mean
duction package medie lunar com. monthly average
msuri restrictive pl. restrictive measures medie mobil stat. moving average
mtase com. silk medie modificat stat. modified mean
mtase artificial com. rayon medie neponderat stat. unweighted mean
mine tomorrow (tmr.) medie ptratic stat. quadratic mean
mn com. hand; mna de lucru - manpower/ medie ponderat stat. mean average/ weighted
labor (lab., lb)/ workmanship; la mna a doua - mean/ weighted-average/ weighted average
second hand; de mna a doua - second-rate medie progresiv stat. progressive average
mn de lucru angajat prin contract indentured la- medie provizorie stat. assumed mean
bor medie real stat. true mean
mn de lucru calificat skilled labor/ craft labor/ medie trunchiat stat. trimmed mean
educated manpower mediere averaging
mn de lucru excedentar employment slack/ slack medii de comunicare pl. communication media
labor medii de publicitate pl. advertising media
mn de lucru necalificat common labor mediocru mediocre
mn liber carte blanche mediu environment
mncare com. food mediu adj. mean; cost mediu - average cost; venit
mecanic mechanical mediu - average revenue; pe termen mediu banc.
mecanism mechanism - medium term/ middle-term
mecanism al ratei de schimb exchange rate mecha- mediu de afaceri business environment
nism (ERM) mediu favorabil enabling environment
mecanism de corecie adjustment mechanism mediu propice enabling environment
mecanism de finanare a stocurilor regulatoare Buffer megaton com. megaton (MT)
Stock Financing Facility llembru member (mbr.)
mecaniza com. mechanize membru al bursei burs. insider/ member of the
mecanizare mechanization stock exchange
mecanizare a agriculturii mechanization of agricul- membru al Pieei Comune member of the Common
ture Market
mecanizare extensiv extensive mechanization membru de sindicat unionist
median median membru n prezidiu member of the board of directors
median median membru onorific honorary member
medic practician asig. medical practitioner memorie de preuri com. price memory
medicament drug meninere a pieei holding the market
medie average (av.)/ medium (m.)/ middle; valoare meninere a preurilor com. price maintenance/
medie - average value holding the line
medie (aritmetic) stat. mean menionat (mai sus) above
medie a rapoartelor stat. average of relatives mercantil com. mercantile
medie a vnzrilor com. sales average/ average sales mercantilism mercantilism
medie anual com. yearly average/ stat. annual mercerie com. haberdashery
average mercur com. mercury
medie aritmetic stat. arithmetic mean/ arithmetic meserie profession
average meteugar com. craftsman/ handicraftsman
medie armonic stat. harmonic mean meteugresc handicraft; industrie meteugreasc
medie de lucru stat. assumed mean - handicraft industry
medie de puteri power mean metal com. metal
medie extrem stat. extreme mean metal preios com. precious metal
medie general stat. ensemble average metale strategice com. strategic metals
medie geometric stat. geometric mean/ geomet- metalic com. metallic
ric average metalurgie com. metallurgy (met)
149 metru cub

metical (Mozambic) burs., banc. Metical (MZM) metod de capitalizare capitalization method/
metoda acceptare-respingere accept-reject approach method of accounting
metoda amortizrii liniare fin. straight line method metod de contabilizare cronologic cont. first in,
metoda Andrews stat. Andrews Method first out (FIFO)
metoda cii critice stat. critical path method (CPM) metod de cotare burs. method of quoting
metoda celor mai mici ptrate stat. least-squares metod de cumprare purchase method
method/ method of least squares metod de desfacere com. marketing method/ sales
metoda centroidului stat. centroid method method/ sales technology
metoda comparrii factorilor stat. factor compari- metod de estimare a valorii actualizate present value
son method/ factor comparison technique method
metoda costului contabil al investiiei cont. invest- metod de evaluare assessment method
ment accounting cost method metod de evaluare a cheltuielilor totale cu distribu-
metoda costului mediu cont. average cost method ia total cost approach to distribution (TCAD)
metoda costurilor actualizate cont. cost method metod de expediere shipping method
metoda de amortizare liniar cont. straight-line de- metod de fabricaie production technique/ factory
preciation method process
metoda de calculaie FIFO stat. FIFO costing method metod de finanare method of financing
metoda de inventariere FIFO stat. FIFO method metod de inventariere inventory method
metoda desfurtorului spreadsheet approach metod de njumtire split half method
metoda drumului critic stat. critical path method metod de lichidare settlement method
metoda FIFO stat. first in, first out (f.i f.o.) metod de lucru method of operation
metoda inventarului periodic cont. periodic inven- metod de normalizare normalizing method
tory method metod de producie method of production
metoda inventarului permanent cont. perpetuai in- metod de rambursare pay-back method/ repayment
ventory method method
metoda LIFO de inventariere stat. LIFO (last in, metod de regularizare settlement method
first out) metod de repartizare method of allocation
metoda mediei mobile stat. moving average method metod de scontare discount method
metoda mediilor lunare stat. monthly average metod de transport shipping method
method metod direct direct method
metoda mediilor neponderate stat. unweighted metod indirect indirect method
means method metod inductiv stat. inductive method
metoda Monte Carlo stat. Monte Carlo method metod monetar monetary method
(MCM) metod multimoment stat. observation ratio method
metoda posturilor tranzitorii cont. accrual method/ metod nemonetar stat. non-monetary method
accrual basis metod planificat schedule approach
metoda randamentului constant constant yield metod scalar de calcul al dobnzii daily balance
method interest calculation
metod technique/ method/ procedure/ process metod simplex simplex method
(proc.) metode de amortizare pl. depreciation methods
metod a avansului i a ntrzierii lead and lag method metode de desfacere pl. sales techniques
metod de achiziionare purchase method metode de finanare pl. financing methods
metod de ajustare sezonier seasonal adjustment metode neloiale pl. unfair practices
method metodele celui mai apropiat vecin pl stat.
metod de alocare method of allocation nearest-neighbor methods
metod de amortizare method of amortization/ metodic methodical
method of depreciation/ pay-back method metodologie contabil cont. accounting practice/
metod de amortizare prin nsumarea anilor accounting method/ accounting procedure
sum-of-years digits depreciation metodologie de fixare a preurilor pricing procedure
metod de analiz method of analysis metodologie de vnzare com. sales technology
metod de calcul method of calculation metru com. meter (m)
metod de calculaie a preturilor pricing method metru cub com. volume cubic meter (m3)
150
metru ptrat
metru ptrat com. square meter (m2) mijloace fixe pl. fixed assets/ physical capital
Mexic burs., banc. Mexico (MX, M.) mijloace legale pl. legal means
mezelrie com. butcher's shop mijloace legale de plat pl. banc legal tender
mi. (miercuri) Wednesday (W, Wed.) mijloace lichide pl. com. cash resources/ liquid
mic small (sml) resources
mic depuntor banc. retail customer mijloace limitate pl. com. limited means/ lim-
mic investitor small investor ited resources
mic proprietar funciar peasant proprietor mijloace materiale pl. material means
mic speculant burs. scalper mijloace necesare pl. com. necessary means
mic trafic de frontier com. border trade/ shutde mijloace proprii pl. banc own funds
trade mijloace publicitare pl. advertising media
mic industrie com. small-scale industry mijloc resource; mijlocul lunii - mid-month/ middle
microeconomic microeconomic of month (m.o m.); mijlocul sptmnii -mid-week;
microeconomie microeconomics la mijlocul lui octombrie - in the middle of Octo-
Micronezia burs., banc. Micronesia, Federates ber
States of (FM,) mijloc de plat banc circulating medium
micora reduce/ diminish/ scale down/ depress/ mijloc de schimb com. means of exchange/ me-
banc. abate; a micora competiia - lessen the dium of exchange
competition; a micora impozitele fin. - reduce mijloc fix cont. fixed asset
taxes; a micora preurile - reduce prices; a micora mii com. mii
salariile - reduce wages; a se micora - narrow mil com. mile (m., mi)
micorare banc, com. abatement/ contraction/ mil marin com. nautical mile (nm, n m., naut.
shrinkage mi.)/ nautical mile (internaional) (int. nm)/ sea
micorare a contingentului com. reduction of quota mile (sea ml., sea mi.)
mie thousand (K); la mie - per M (per miile, per M) mil ptrat square mile (sq mi.)
migraie a capitalului migration of money mil SUA mile (US survey foot) (mi)
migraie a forei de munc manpower migration/ la- mil terestr statute mile (st mi.)
bor migration/ migration of labor mile pe or knot (kn, kt., K)
mii pl. thousands (mm.) miliard com. billion
mijloace pl. means miligram com. milligram (mg)
mijloace alocate allotted means mililitru com. milliliter (ml.)
mijloace circulante pl. current assets/ working milimetru com. millimeter (mm)
capital (WC)/ working assets pl. milion com. million (M, mill.)
mijloace de control pl. com. means of control milionar millionaire
mijloace de existen pl means of subsistence mimetism bandwagon
mijloace de impunere pl. means of enforcing min de aur banc gold mine/ fig. cash cow/ bo-
mijloace de plat pl. means of payment nanza
mijloace de plat legale pl banc lawful money minereu brut com. crude ore
mijloace de plat strine pl banc foreign funds minim low/ minim (M)/ burs. floor
mijloace de producie pl. capital stock/ assets/ capi- minim istoric banc, burs. all-time low
tal goods/ means of production/ artificial capital minimal rock-bottom
mijloace de reclam pl. media minimiza minimize; a minimiza cheltuielile - mini-
mijloace de subzisten pl. means of living mize the expenses; a minimiza pierderile - mini-
mijloace de trai pl. livelihood mize loss/ minimize the losses
mijloace de transport pl. transport facilities/ means minimizare minimization
of conveyance/ means of transport minimizare a costurilor com. cost minimization
mijloace de transport n comun pl. public means minimum com. minimum (min, min.)
of transport minister ministry/ government department
mijloace de transport public pl. public means of Minister al Agriculturii Ministry of Agriculture (M.A.)
transport Minister al Alimentaiei Ministry of Food (M.F.)
mijloace excepionale pl. excepional means Minister al Comerului Board of Trade (B.O.T.,
mijloace financiare pl. financial means/ funds B.T.)/ Department of Commerce (DOC)
151 minor minor/ child; folosirea forei de munc a mino-
Minister al Comerului Exterior Board of ForeignTrade rilor - child labor
(BOFT) minus com. less
Minister al Educaiei Ministry of Education (MED) minus taxe com. less charges
Minister al Minelor Ministry of Mines (MM.) minus TVA com. exclusive of VAT
Minister al Transporturilor Ministry of Transport minut minute (min, min.)
(M.T.) minut minute
Minister de Externe Ministry of Foreign Affairs miracol economic ec. economic miracle
(MOFA) misit vamal com. customs broker
Ministerul Afacerilor Externe Ministry of Foreign Af- misiune de evaluare assessment mission
fairs (MOFA) misiuni comerciale pl. trade missions
Ministerul Afacerilor Interne (MAI) Ministry of the In- micare movement
terior (MOI) micare a forei de munc movement of labor
Ministerul Agriculturii din SUA United States Agri- micare a inventarului stock rotation
culture Department (USDA) micare a mrfurilor movement of goods
Ministerul Agriculturii, Silviculturii i Pescuitului Mi- micare a preurilor movement in prices/ movement
nistry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries of prices
(MAFF) micare aleatorie stat. random walk
Ministerul Comerului Exterior i Transporturilor Mi- micare brownian stat. Brownian motion process
nistry of International Trade and Industry micare ciclic cyclical movement
(MITI) micare de capital movement of capital
Ministerul Comerului i Industriei Trade and Indus- micare orizontal a preurilor horizontal price move-
try Ministry (METI) ment
Ministerul de Comer Exterior i Cooperare Economic micri de capital capital flow/ capital movement/
Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Coop- movements of capital
eration (MOFTEC) micri de pre price movement
Ministerul de Finane Ministry of Finance (MOF) mit bribe/ black money/ kick back/ hush money
Ministerul de Interne (Ml) Ministry of the Interior mitui bribe
(MOI) mixt banc. joint (j., jt., jnt.)
Ministerul de Relaii Economice i Comer Extern Mi- moar com. mill
nistry of Foreign Economic Relations and Trade moar (de fin) com. flour mill
(MOFERT) moar de gru com. flour mill
Ministerul Economiei Ministry of Economic Affairs mobil mobile
(MOEA) mobil furniture
Ministerul Educaiei Ministry of Education (MOE) mobiliarizare securitization
Ministerul Muncii Ministry of Labor mobilitate a capitalului mobility of capital
Ministerul Potei i Telecomunicaiilor Ministry of mobilitate a creditului mobility of credit
Posts and Telecommunications (MPT) mobilitate a factorilor economici mobility of economic
Ministerul Resurselor Umane Ministry of Human factors
Resources (MHR) mobilitate a forei de munc labor mobility/ labor
Ministerul Sntii Ministry of Health (MOH)/ movement/ mobility of labor/ turnover of labor
Ministry of Public Health (MOPH)/ Ministry of mobilitate sectorial com. inter-industry mobility
Health (MINSA) mobiliza mobilize/ raise/ deploy/ attract/ encash; a
Ministerul tiinei, Tehnologiei i Mediului Ministry mobiliza capital - mobilize capital/ put up capital
of Science, Technology and The Environment mobilizabil encashable
(MOSTE) mobilizare raise/ mobilization/ encashment/ at-
Ministerul Transporturilor i Comunicaiilor Ministry tracting
of Transportation and Communications (MOTC) mobilizare de capital finding of capital/ employment
ministru minister of capital
ministru de finane ec. Chancellor of the Exche- mobilizare de fonduri fund raising/ raise of funds/
quer raising of funds
Minitrii Economiei din ASEAN ASEAN Economic mod mode
Ministers (AEM)
mod de funcionare 152

mod de funcionare mode of operation model multitemporal muli-temporal model


mod de lucru mode of operation model naiv stat. naive model
mod de punere n valoare a terenului land tenure model randomizat randomized model
mod de stabilire a impozitelor fin. taxation method/ model sintetic aggregative model
method of taxation model stocastic stat. stochastic model
modalitate modality/ mode model supersaturat supersaturated design
modalitate de plat method of payment/ mode of model unifactorial single-factor model
payment/ form of payment model unitemporal unitemporal model
modaliti de finanare terms and conditions of fi- modele de cretere keynesiene pl. Keynesian
nancing growth models
modaliti de plat pl. methods of payment modelul copil abandonat" abandoned baby pattern
modaliti de rambursare terms and conditions of modelul mediei mobile stat. moving average model
repayment moderare a cererii demand restraint
model 1. model/ specimen (spec). 2. early adopter. moderniza modernize
model ABC ABC modernizare modernization/ improvement
model aditiv additive model modifica modify/ alter
model agregativ aggregative model modificabil com. adjustable
model autoregresiv stat. autoregressive model modificare com. alteration/ shift
model bifactorial stat. bifactor model/ two-factor modificare a cererii com. shift in demand/ change
model in demand/ movement in demand/ movement of
model compus stat. aggregative model demand
model contabil cont. accounting model modificare a cursurilor burs. change in prices
model cu ecuaii simultane stat. simultaneous equa- modificare a ofertei com. change in supply/ shift
tions model in supply
model cu efecte aleatorii stat. random effects model modificare a paritii banc. parity change
model cu factori multipli stat. multiple-factor model modificare a preurilor com. movement of prices
model cu prag stat. threshold model modificare a ratei dobnzii banc. rate change
model de determinare a preului activelor de capital modificare a valorii com. change in value
capital assets pricing model (CAPM) modificare de pre com. price change
model de echilibru economic model of economic modificare net net change
equilibrium modificare procentual percentage change
model de economie competitiv model of competi- modificare structural structural change
tive economy modificri ale costurilor pl. com. change in cost
model de evaluare a activelor de capital capital assets modificri ale preurilor pl. movement in prices
pricing model (CAPM) modificri ale sistemului de impozitare pl. fin. tax
model de evaluare a preului de opiune option pric- changes
ing model modificri de curs pl. burs. change of rates
model de pia market model modul al comenzilor angajate cont. sales order
model de simulare simulation model module (SOM)
model determinist stat. deterministic model modul comenzi de achiziie cont. purchase order
model dinamic dynamic model module (POM)
model econometric econometric model modul conturi debitori cont. accounts receivable
model econometric multiregional multiregion econo- module (ARM)
metric model modul conturi furnizori cont. accounts payable
model elementar stat. naive model module (APM)
model factorial simetric stat. symmetrical factorial modul de registru general cont. general ledger
design module (GLM)
model n trei etape ABC modul pentru controlul stocurilor cont. inventory
model liniar stat. linear model control module (ICM)
model liniar generalizat stat. generalized linear modul stat de salarii cont. payroll module (PRM)
model Moldova burs., banc. Moldova (MD)
model mixt mixed model moment al finalizrii completion point
153 monetiza
moment brut stat. raw moment/ crude moment moned excedentar banc surplus currency
moment corectat stat. corrected moment moned fals banc counterfeit money
moment de inerie stat. squariance moned fr acoperire banc fiat money
moment empiric sampling moment moned fiduciar banc fiduciary money/ paper
moment factorial stat. factorial moment currency/ paper money/ token coin
moment factorial central stat. central factorial mo- moned flexibil banc elastic currency
ment moned fluctuant banc floating currency
moment invers inverse moment moned forte banc hard currency
moment necorectat stat. unadjusted moment/ raw moned funcional banc funcional currency
moment moned german banc, burs. German currency
moment pluridimensional stat. multivariate moment moned la un curs forat/ artificial banc fiat money
momente negative pl. negative moments moned legal banc legal currency (Le, l./c.)
Monaco burs., banc. Monaco (MC) moned liber convertibil burs., banc. freely con-
mondial internaional; comer mondial - world trade; vertible currency
pre mondial - world price; la scar mondial - moned local banc local currency (loc.cur.)/
worldwide; economie mondial - world economy; home currency
pia mondial - world market; preuri mondiale moned metalic banc metallic currency
pl. - world market prices moned naional banc domestic currency/ home
moned banc. currency (cy., cur., CY)/ coin/ specie; currency/ local currency (loc.cur.)/ naional
a bate moned to coin money; n moneda con- currency
tractului com. in the currency of the contract; moned naional utilizabil banc usable naional
n moneda naional banc. in local currency/ currency
in currency of the country; n moneda rii banc. moned neconvertibil banc unconvertible
- in currency of the country; n moned local currency/ inconvertible money/ blocked
banc. - in local currency; depreciere a monedei currency/ fiat money/ irredeemable currency/ ir-
- currency depreciation redeemable money
moned artificial banc. artificial currency moned oficial banc legal currency (l.c, l./c.)
moned component banc. component currency moned satelit banc satellite currency
moned controlat banc managed money moned scriptural banc bankmoney/ deposit cur-
moned convertibil banc. convertible currency rency/ pl. checkable deposits
moned cu curs forat banc. forced currency moned slab banc weak currency
moned cu curs impus banc. forced currency moned stabil banc stable currency/ sound cur-
moned curent banc. current money rency/ permanent medium/ stable money
moned de acoperire banc. hedge currency moned strin banc foreign currency/ foreign
moned de cont banc. account currency/ money money (FM)
of account moned subevaluat banc undervalued currency
moned de hrtie banc. fiduciary money moned supraevaluat banc overvalued currency
moned de intervenie banc. intervention currency moned uzat banc worn coin
moned de raportare banc reporting currency moned-cheie banc key currency
moned de referin banc reference currency moned-marf commodity money
moned de schimb banc trade currency/ trading moned-tip banc. standard coin
currency monede banc species (sp.)/ coined money
moned de tranzacionare banc transaction monede de aur pl. banc gold coins/ bullion coins
currency monede divizionare pl banc fractional coins
moned depreciat banc depreciated currency monede mondiale pl. banc world currencies
moned din aur banc full bodied currency monetar banc monetary; deflaie monetar - cur-
moned dirijat banc managed currency/ managed rency deflation; pia monetar - money market;
money/ controlled currency/ fiduciary standard resurse monetare pl - moneys
moned divizionar banc. fractional currency/ frac- monetarism monetarism
tional money/ subsidiary coin monetarist monetarist
moned elastic banc adjustable currency/ auto- monetrie banc mint
matic currency/ elastic currency monetiza banc monetize
monetizare 154

monetizare banc. monetization mostr exemplar/ sample


monetizare a datoriei publice monetize the debt mostr de control proof-sample
Mongolia burs., banc. Mongolia (MN) mostr gratuit free sample
monitor oficial com. offcial gazette mostr reprezentativ representative sample
monitoriza monitor mostr statistic stat. master sample
monitorizare monitoring/ supervision motel tur. motel
monitorizare a pieei forei de munc labor market motiv cause
monitoring motiv de precauie precautionary motive
monocultur monoculture/ one-crop economy/ motiv de pruden precautionary motive
one-crop system motiv de speculaie speculation motive
monometalism monometalism motiv de tranzacionare transaction motive
monopol monopoly/ monopolistic market/ mo- motiva motivate
nopoly price motivaie motivation
monopol absolut com. absolute monopoly/ pure motivul profitului profit motive
monopoly motor com. engine
monopol al desfacerii com sales monopoly motorin diesel/ gas oil
monopol al pieei com. market monopoly/ sales Mozambic burs., banc. Mozambique (MZ)
monopoly mulgere mi king
monopol asupra desfacerii com. selling mo- multibranding multibranding
nopoly multilateral multilateral
monopol bilateral bilateral monopoly multilateralitate multilateralism
monopol comercial com. trade monopoly/ com- multinaional com. cross-country
mercial monopoly multinaional financiar financial multinaional
monopol de consum public public consumption mo- multiplica duplicate
nopoly multiplicator multiplier
monopol de Stat state monopoly/ government mo- multiplicator al ocuprii forei de munc employment
nopoly multiplier
monopol discriminatoriu discriminating monopoly multiplicator al veniturilor income multiplier
monopol fiscal fin. fiscal monopoly multiplicator dinamic dynamic multiplier
monopol instituional instituional monopoly multiplicator finit stat. finite multiplier
monopol legal legal monopoly multiplicator monetar money multiplier
monopol legal privat private legal monopoly multiplu multiple; impozitare multipl fin. - mul-
monopol legal public public legal monopoly tiple taxation
monopol natural natural monopoly munc labor (lab., lb)/ work (w., wk.); a salva
monopol perfect perfect monopoly/ absolute mo- locurile de munc - save jobs; incapacitate de munc
nopoly - incapacitation for work; n incapacitate de munc
monopol preferenial discriminating monopoly com. - unable to work/ incapacitated for work;
monopol privilegiat privileged monopoly/ special a munci la negru - moonlight; cu volum mare de
privilege monopoly munc - labor intensive
monopol unilateral uniform monopoly munc agricol com. farm labor
monopolist monopolist/ monopolistic munc calificat skilled labor/ skilled work
monopoliza engross/ monopolize munc de birou com. office work/ clerical occu-
monopolizare a pieei cornering the market pation/ clerical work
monopsonie monopsony/ buyer's monopoly munc de echip teamwork
monopsonist monopsonist munc de noapte nightwork/ night employment
Montserrat burs., banc. Montserrat (MS) munc de rutin routine job/ routine work
moral fiscal fin. tax morality munc de teren field work
moratoriu fin. moratorium munc direct direct labor/ direct work
moratoriu fiscal fin. tax deferral munc exemplar com. work to rule
moratoriu pentru debite banc. debt moratorium munc forat forced labor
moratoriu pentru plile externe banc moratorium munc ilegal com illicit work
of foreign payments munc indirect indirect labor
155 Myanmar (ex-Birmania)
munc n acord contract work/ job work/ piece work/ muncitor local indigenous worker
piece-work/ task work muncitor marginal marginal worker
munc n schimburi shift work/ shift-work muncitor necalificat unskilled labor/laborer/ com-
munc la domiciliu homework mon laborer/ unskilled worker/ unskilled em-
munc la negru com. illicit work/ moonlighting/ ployee
illegal employment muncitor ocazional occasional hand
munc manual manual labor muncitor pltit n acord piece worker
munc necalificat manual labor/ unskilled work muncitor pltit la bucat piece worker
munc neproductiv unproductive labor/ indirect labor muncitor semicalificat semi-skilled worker
munc normat (pltit) cu ora hour labor muncitor sezonier seasonal laborer
munc periculoas com. hazardous occupation muncitori pl. blue collars/ blue collar workers
munc productiv productive work/ direct labor/ di- muncitori emigrani pl. migratory labor
rect work muncitori sezonieri pl. seasonal labor
munc sezonier casual labor muncitori sindicalizai pl. organized labor
munc silnic forced labor municipal municipal (mun.); obligaiune municipal
muncitor worker/ hand/ blue-collar employee/ - municipal bond/ obligation bond/ pl. Corpo-
blue-collar worker/ (necalificat) laborer ration stock
muncitor autohton com. naional worker municipalitate municipality
muncitor calificat com. qualified worker/ craftsman munte de pietate pawn shop
muncitor cu norm ntreag full timer Muntenia tur. Wallachia
muncitor cu norm redus part-timer/ part-time muamaliza com. conceal
worker muta relocate/ shift
muncitor cu program redus part-timer/ part-time mutare relocation
worker mutual mutual; fond mutual - mutual fund
muncitor ilegal com. illicit worker mutualitate mutualism
muncitor n acord jobber Myanmar (ex-Birmania) burs., banc. Myanmar -
muncitor la negru com. illicit worker/ clandestine ex-Burma (MM)
worker
N

naira (Nigeria) burs., banc. Naira (NGN) nav petrolier tanker


nakfa (Eritreea) burs., banc. Nakfa (ERN) navigabil com. navigable
Namibia burs., banc. Namibia (NA) navigabilitate com. navigability
natalitate birthrate navigare prin pot mail float
nativ native navlosi com. charter/ freight (frt.)
natural natural (nat.) navlosire com. chartering/ freighting
naturaliza naturalize navlositor com. charterer
naturalizare naturalization naviu com. freight (frt.)
natur nature; n natur - in kind naviu anticipat com. advance freight (a f.)
naional com. naional (N.); venit naional - na- naviu excesiv com. overcharge (oc, Oc, o/c)
ional income; banc naional - naional bank; naviu forfetar asig. lump sum (l.s.)
economie naional - naional economy; industria naviu global asig. lump sum (l.s.)
naional - domestic industry/ naional industry; naviu mort com. dead freight (d f.)
moned naional - naional currency; n moneda naviu pltit com. freight prepaid (frt.ppd.)
naional banc. - in local currency/ in currency naviu ramburs com. freight forward (frt fwd.)
of the country naviu i contrastalii com. freight and demurrage
naionalism economic economic naionalism (F and D, F. and D.)
naionalism n sfera economiei economic naional- neabsorbit unabsorbed; cost neabsorbit - unabsorbed
ism cost
naionalitate nationality neacceptare banc. non-acceptance
naionaliza nationalize/ establish state control neacceptare a unei cambii banc. non-acceptance
naionalizare nationalization/ establishment of state of abili
control neaccizabil com. dutyfree
naionalizat state-controlled neachitare com. failure to pay
naiunea cea mai favorizat most favored nation/ neachitat delinquent/ unpaid (u.)/ com. un-
most-favored nation (MFN, M.RN.) cleared/ undischarged; impozit neachitat - delin-
Naiunile Unite (ONU) United Nations (UN) quent tax; cheltuieli neachitate pl. - accrued ex-
Nauru burs., banc. Nauru (NR) penses; impozite neachitate pl. - accrued taxes;
nav com. ship/ vessel; nav ce se ndreapt spre salarii neachitate pl. - accrued wages
cas - homeward bound ship; nav ce urmeaz s neacoperit uncovered/ not provided for/ burs. na-
plece - outward bound ship; nav pe drumul de ked; opiune neacoperit burs. - naked option
retur - homeward bound ship; de-a lungul navei neacreditat unacknowledged
com. alongside ship; n exteriorul navei com. neactualizat unadjusted
- outboard (O.B.); la bordul navei com. - aboard neadecvat improper/ inadequate
ship neajustat unadjusted
nav comercial com. merchant vessel nealienabil inalienable
nav de containere com. container ship neambalat com. bulk/ in bulk/ loose
nav de mrfuri com. freighter neamortizabil unredeemable
nav frigorific com. reefer neamortizat unamortized
nav la plecare com. outward bound ship neandosat banc. unendorsed
nav navlosit com. chartered vessel neangajat uncommitted
157 negociere a salariului
neapelabil burs. non-callable nedezvluit com. undisclosed
neaplicabil unapplicable/ unfeasible/ non-applicable nedezvoltat undeveloped
neaprobat unapproved nediscontabil banc, cont. undiscountable
neasigurabil com., asig. non-insurable/ uninsurable nediscreional non-discretionary
neautentificat unauthenticated nedisponibil com. out of stock (o./s.)
neautorizat unauthorized/ unlicensed nedistorsionat stat. unbiased
neavariat asig. undamaged nedistribuit undrawn/ com. undistributed
neavizat burs. no orders/ no advice (n.a., n/a) nedizolvabil com. undissolvable
necalificat com. unskilled nedrept unjust
necesar com. necessary/ requirement/ requisite; neeconomic uneconomic/ uneconomical
capital necesar - requisite capital neelastic inelastic
necesar de bani banc. money demand neesenial com. immaterial
necesar de capital pl. capital requirements neevaluat unvalued
necesar de materiale com. material requirements neexclus not excluding (n.e.)
necesar de numerar com. cash requirement neexcluznd not excluding (n.e.)
necesar imediat com. immediate demand neexecutabil not feasible
necesar lunar com. monthly requirement neexecutare non-execution
necesionabil banc. untransferable neexecutoriu unenforceable
necesita require neexigibil undue/ banc. non-actionable
necesiti de import pl. com. import requirements neexpirat banc. unexpired
necesiti economice pl. economic needs neexploatat la capacitate com. underemployed
necesiti eseniale primary wants nefalsificat unaltered/ unadulterated
necesiti financiare pl. financial requirements nefavorabil unfavorable
necesiti mondiale world needs nefezabil unfeasible/ not feasible
necesiti omeneti human wants nefinalizat com. unfinished/ not done (N/D)
necesiti primordiale primary wants nefinisat raw
neclasificat unclassified/ burs. non-rated/ not rated nefolosire com. non-use
(NR) nefolosit idle/ unemployed/ unused
necomercial com. non-commercial negajat unpledged
necomestibil com. uneatable negarantat unsecured; contract negarantat - naked
necompetitiv com. non-competing; pre necompe- bond; debit negarantat - unsecured debt; mprumut
titiv - noncompetitive price negarantat - unsecured loan
necondiionat unconditional/ clean; obligaie necon- negativ com. negative; cretere negativ - negative
diionat - absolute liability growth; dobnd negativ banc. - negative inter-
neconfirmat unacknowledged/ banc. unconfirmed est; opiune negativ burs. - negative option
neconstituional unconstitutional neglijabil negligible (NEGL)
necontrolabil uncontrollable neglijent com. negligent
neconvertibil inconvertible/ com. non-convertible; neglijen com. negligence
moned neconvertibil - unconvertible currency/ negocia negotiate/ haggle
blocked currency negociabil negotiable
necorectat unadjusted negociabilitate negotiability
necorespunztor unduly negociator negotiator
necorporal intangible; active necorporale - intangible negociator autorizat burs. registered floor trader
assets (RFT)
necotat burs. unlisted/ unquoted/ no quotation negociator individual burs. floor trader (FT)
necreditabil banc. unworthy of credit negociator nregistrat burs. registered floor trader
necumulativ non-cumulativ (RFT)
necunoscut unknown/ not known (N/K)/ incognito negociere negotiation/ bargaining; prin negociere
nedatat no date (n.d.)/ banc. undated com. - by negotiation
nedeductibil ec. non-deductible negociere a contractului colectiv (de munc) collective
nedefinit com. undefined bargaining
nedeterminat indefinite/ unascertained negociere a salariului ec. wage bargaining
158
negociere de contracte individuale
negociere de contracte individuale individual bar- nemembru banc. non-member
gaining nemijlocit directiv
negociere deschis open outcry nemulumire com. grievance
negocieri ale tarifelor vamale com. tariff negotia- nenavigabil innavigable
tions nenegociabil non-negotiable/ not negotiable; instru-
negocieri privind contractul colectiv (de munc) col- ment nenegociabil - nonnegotiable instrument
lective negotiations nenominal burs. no-par
negocieri salariate wage negotiations nenumit com. undisclosed
negocieri tarifare pl. com. tariff negotiations neobinuit stat. abnormal
negocieri vamale pl. com. tariff negotiations neobligatoriu not binding
negrevat banc. unencumbered neocupat vacant
negru black; pia neagr - black market neoficial informal/ non-official/ off the record/
negustor merchant/ salesman (slsmn.)/ storekeeper/ unofficial/ burs. after-market; acord neoficial -
burs., com. dealer (dlr.) informal agreement; burs neoficial - kerb mar-
negustor de vinuri com. vintner ket/ street market; pia neoficial - curb market/
nehotrt com. undecided gray market/ outside market; pre la bursa
neimpozabil tax exempt/ non-taxable/ tax free/ neoficial - street price; discuii neoficiale - infor-
zero-rated/ com. free of tax (f.o.t.)/ non-assessable mail discussions
neinclus altundeva not included elsewhere (n.i.e.) neonrare a unei cambii dishonoring of a B/L
neindicat not qualified neonorat dishonored/ banc. outstanding (o/s); divi-
neinformat uninformed dend neonorat - accumulated dividend
neipotecat unmortgaged Nepal burs., banc. Nepal (NP)
nencasabil banc. uncollectible neparametric stat. non-parametric
nencasat uncashed/ uncollected; venit nencasat - neperisabil com. imperishable
accrued income; dividende nencasate pl. - out- neplafonat com. open-ended
standing dividends neplat non-payment (NP)/ failure to pay/ banc.
nendeplinire default/ failure of performance/ default of payment; n caz de neplat banc. - in
non-performance/ non-fulfillment/ non-comple- the event of non-payment
tion/ non-feasance neplat a datoriilor la scaden delinquency
nendeplinire a prevederilor contractuale non-fulfill- neplat a impozitelor fin. non-payment of taxes
ment of a contract nepltit unpaid (u.)/ outstanding (o/s, o./sg.)
nendeplinit com. unfulfilled nepotism nepotism/ cronyism
nenregistrat banc. unrecorded/ com. unregis- neprelucrat com. crude
tered; cheltuieli nenregistrate pl. - unrecorded neprevzut unforeseen; cheltuieli neprevzute pl.
expenses - contingent expenses/ unexpected costs/ unfore-
nenstrinabil inalienable seen expenses; fond pentru cheltuieli neprevzute -
nejustificat wrongful emergency fund; cu exceptarea mprejurrilor nepre-
nelegalizat unauthenticated vzute - unforeseen circumstances excepted (u.c.e.)
nelegitim illegal/ undue neprevzute pl. cont. contingencies/ miscella-
neliceniat unlicensed neous contingencies
nelichid illiquid/ non-liquid; capital nelichid - arti- neproductiv non-productive/ unproductive/ idle/
ficial capital; capital nelichid - unavailable capital barren; activ neproductiv - inactive asset; capital
nelichidat uncleared neproductiv - dead capital/ dormant capital/ idle
nelichiditate illiquidity capital/ inactive capital; fond neproductiv - un-
nelimitat com. open-end/ open-ended/ unlimited/ employed fund; costuri neproductive pl. - non-
limitless/ infinite production costs; fonduri neproductive pl. -
nelistat burs. unlisted barren money
nelivrabil com. undeliverable neprofesional com. unprofessional/ non-profes-
nelivrare com. non-delivery sional
nelivrat undelivered neprofitabil unprofitable
neloial com. unfair nerambursabil irredeemable/ non-refundable
nemarcat no mark (N/M) nerscumprabil non-refundable
159 nivel minim

nereabilitat undischarged nevandabil com. saleless/ unmarketable/ unmer-


nerealist unrealistic; impozit nerealist - unrealistic chantable/ unsalable/ unsaleable
taxation nevmuit com. duty unpaid
nerealizabil impracticable/ unachievable nevrsat unpaid; capital nevrsat - unpaid capital
nerealizat unrealized; venit nerealizat - unrealized in- nevndut com. undersold/ unsold
come neverificabil unascertainable
nereclamat unclaimed nevoi mondiale world needs
nerecomandabil inadvisable nevoi omeneti human wants
nerecuperabil com. irrecoverable; mprumut nerecu- nevoie de credit borrowing requirement
perabil - dead loan; crean nerecuperabil - bad nevoile consumatorului consumer's wants
debt ngultrum (Bhutan) burs., banc. Ngultrum (BTN)
nerecuperat unreclaimed Nicaragua burs., banc. Nicaragua (NI)
neregulat irregular nichel com. nickel (Ni)
nerentabil uneconomic/ uneconomical/ banc. Niger burs., banc. Niger (NE)
gainless/ com. unremunerative Nigeria burs., banc. Nigeria (NG)
nerespectare disregard/ com. non-compliance/ ni com. niche
non-observance ni a pieei com. market niche
nerespectare a contractului banc. violation of a ni de pia com. niche market
contract Niue burs., banc. Niue (NU)
nerespectare a garaniei com. breach of warranty nivel extent/ level
nerespectare a termenului limit com. failure to meet nivel al consumului level of consumption
a deadline nivel al daunei extent of loss
neretras undrawn nivel al fiscalitii tax ratio
nereturnabil com. non-returnable nivel al importurilor level of imports
nerezident non-resident nivel al investiiilor level of investment
neridicat undrawn nivel al preurilor price level/ level of prices
neroditor barren nivel al srciei poverty level
nesalarial unearned; venit nesalarial - unearned in- nivel al veniturilor com., fin. level of income
come nivel de calitate acceptabil acceptable quality level
nescadent unmatured/ undue (AQL)
neschimbat unchanged nivel de calitate medie acceptabil average outgoing
nesigur insecure/ uncertain/ dubious (dub)/ unsafe; quality level (AOQL)
datorie nesigur - doubtful debt nivel de calitate medie dup control average outgo-
nesistematic nonsystematic; risc nesistematic - non- ing quality level (AOQL)
systematic risk nivel de cheltuieli prevzute cost standards
nesolicitat unasked/ uncalled/ unclaimed nivel de consum scale of consumption
nesortat com. run of mine (r.o m.) nivel de credibilitate acceptabil acceptable reliability
nespecificat not specified (n.s.) level
nesubscris burs. non-subscribed nivel de fiabilitate acceptabil acceptable reliability level
nesubvenionat unsubsidized nivel de industrializare com. degree of industrial-
net net; activ net - net asset; paritate net - net parity ization
netarifar non-tariff nivel de interpretare stat. level of interpretation
neterminat com. unfinished nivel de ncredere stat. confidence level
netransferabil unassignable/ banc. untransferable nivel de ntreprindere com. enterprise level
netto com. net nivel de protecie a capitalului capital protection level
neutilizabil unapplicable nivel de rezisten resistance level
neutilizat unused/ unappropriated/ undrawn/ un- nivel de subzisten subsistence level
employed; capital neutilizat - unemployed capi- nivel de trai standard of living/ scale of living
tal; fond neutilizat - unemployed fund; bani neuti- nivel de via living standard/ level of living
lizai dead money nivel maxim maximum limit
neutralitate fiscal tax-neutrality nivel mediu mean level (M.L.)
nevalabil com. null nivel minim minimum level
nivel minim al preului 160

nivel minim al preului price floor norme de amnare a plilor standard of deferred pay-
nivel minim al salariului minimum wage level ments
nivel minim de ctig minimum earnings level (MEL) norme de contabilitate cont. accounting standards
nivelare com. leveling norme de contabilitate a firmelor pl. cont. corpo-
nivelul cheltuielilor de nlocuire replacement-cost stan- rate accounting standards
dard norme de contabilitate financiar cont. Financial Ac-
nivelul folosirii forei de munc level of employment counting Standards (FAS)
nociv noxious norme fiscale com. tax regulations
nod knot (kn, kt., K, Kn) norme guvernamentale de contabilitate cont. gov-
noiembrie November (N., Nov.) ernmental accounting standards (GAS)
Noile State Independente New Independent States norme prudeniale banc. prudential standards
(NIS) norme i metodologii pentru controlul caliti quality
Noile State Independente ale fostei Uniuni Sovietice control policies and procedures (QCP)
New Independent States of the former Soviet norme vamale com. tariff regulations
Union (NIS) Norvegia burs., banc. Norway (NO, N., Nor.)
nomenclator al activitilor industrial classification nota enter
nomenclator de mrfuri com. listofgoods notar public notary public (N.P.)
nomenclator de produse com. list of goods not de acoperire cover note (C/N)
nomenclator vamal din Bruxelles com. BrusselsTar- not de creditare credit note (C/N)
iff Nomenclature not de debit garantat burs. secured note
nominal nominal (nom.)/ burs., banc. par; capi- not de debit negarantat burs. unsecured note
tal nominal - authorized capital/ nominal capital; not de debitare debit note (d/n, D/N, DN)
cont nominal - nominal account; pre nominal - not de debitare pentru retururi com. debit note
nominal price; venit nominal - nominal income; for returns
dobnd nominal - nominal interest; obligaiune not de serviciu memo(randum)
la valoarea nominal - par bond; peste valoarea notifica notify
nominal - above par; valoare nominal - face value; notificare notification
la valoarea nominal burs. - at par notificare de acceptare act of consent
nominalist nominalist notificare de atribuire burs. allotment note
nomogram stat. nomogram/ nomograph/ align- notificare de reziliere asig. notice of cancellation
ment chart notificare de scutire com. notice of exemption
nonprofit non-profit notificare de vnzare notice of sale
non-valori burs. valueless securities notificator advising; banc notificatoare - advising
norma standardize bank
normal normal noional notional
normalitate asimptotic stat. asymptotic normality noiune de sector economic nou/ emergent infant in-
normaliza normalize dus try concept
normalizat normalized nou, noi acorduri de creditare new arrangements to
normare standardization/ rationing borrow (NAB)
normativ com. normative Noua Caledonie burs., banc. New Caledonia
norm norm; cu norm ntreag - full-time (NC)
norm de consum consumption rate/ rate of con- Noua Zeeland burs., banc. New Zealand (NZ,
sumption N.Z., N. Zeal.)
norm de lucru workload nou achiziie banc. new acquisition
norm de pierderi admise loss allowance nou-nou brand-new
norm fixat zilnic (pentru munci pltite cu ziua) mea- novaie jur. renewal
sured day work (MDW) novaiune jur., banc. novation
norm ntreag full time novice burs. lamb
norm orar hourly rate nucleu stocastic stat. stochastic kernel
norm unitar uniform norm nuevo sol (Peru) burs., banc. Nuevo sol (PEN)
norme contabile internaionale cont. International nul void/ invalid/ com. null
Accounting Standards (IAS) nul i neavenit null and void
161 numitor

nulificare nullification nume al cruului com. name of carrier


nulitate nullity nume al firmei com. firm name/ company name/
numr number (no., No.) name of firm
numr al angajailor ec. number of employed nume de comercializare trade name
numr al comenzii com. order number (Ord. No.) nume de cont account name
numr de cod part number nume de marc brand name
numr de comand com. order number (Ord. No.) numerar cash/ hard cash/ money in cash/ money in
numr de cont banc. account number hand/ ready cash/ ready money (R.M.)/ specie/
numr de control test number in cash; a plti cu numerar - pay in cash/ settle in
numr de defecte admisibil tolerance number of de- cash/ to pay in specie; a vinde contra numerar -
fects sell for ready money; a vinde cu plata n numerar -
numr de defecte admisibil per lot lot tolerance frac- sell for cash; credit n numerar - cash credit; divi-
tion defective (LTFD) dend n numerar- cash dividend; mprumut de nu-
numr de identificare serial number (S.N.) merar - cash loan; pia de numerar- cash market;
numr de nregistrare registration number/ number plat cu numerar - cash disbursement; valoare n
of entry numerar - cash value; achitat cu numerar com. -
numr de luni dup data de... months after date (MD) cash paid; cu numerar banc. - in cash/ in specie;
numr de luni dup plat months after payment (m.p.) de pltit cu numerar - pay cash
numr de omeri number of unemployed numerar disponibil banc. cash on hand (c.o h.)
numr de voturi alocat allotted number of votes numerar n cas pl. com. cash holdings/ vault
numr minim minimum number cash
numr redus de locuri de munc job shortage numerar n trezorerie vault cash
numr semnificativ com. great number numere pl. numbers (nos., Nos.)
numrtor numerator numere admisibile stat. admissible numbers
numrul comenzii com. order number (Ord.No.) numere cvasialeatorii stat. pseudo-random num-
nume name; pe numele aductorului banc. - in the bers
name of the bearer; pe numele beneficiarului banc. numeros numerous
- in the name of the beneficiary; pe numele dei- numerota number (no., No.)
ntorului banc. - in the name of the holder; pe numerotare numbering
numele emitentului banc. - in the name of the numerotat n ordine consecutively numbered
drawer; pe numele purttorului banc. - in the numitor denominator
name of the bearer
o
obligaie necondiionat absolute liability
obicei custom/ habit obligaii pl. commitments/ banc. obligations
obiceiuri ale consumatorilor pl consumption habits obligaii (financiare) pl. accounts payable (a/cs pay.)
obiceiuri ale cumprtorilor pl buying habits obligaii (financiare) neonorate pl accrued liabilities
obiceiuri de cumprare pl. shopping habits obligaii curente pl. banc. current liabilities
obiect object obligaii de plat pl. accounts payable (a/cs pay.)
obiect amanetat pawned object obligaii externe pl external liabilities
obiect de activitate al societii object of a company obligaii n strintate pl. external liabilities
obiecte de valoare pl. valuables/ collectibles obligaii neasigurate pl. banc. unsecured liabilities
obiectiv goal/ target/ objective obligaii pe termen lung pl. long-term obligations
obiectiv adj., stat. unbiased obligaii pe termen scurt pl. short-term obligations
obiectiv al prelurii takeover target obligaii reciproce pl. quick liabilities/ cross liabili-
obiectiv de venit income target ties
obiectiv imediat immediate object obligaii restante pl. outstanding liabilities
obiectiv pe termen lung com. long-term objective/ obligaii spontane pl spontaneous liabilities
long-term goal obligaiune burs., banc. debenture (deb.)/ obli-
obiectivitate objectivity gation/ burs. bond/ debenture stock; aceste
obinuine de consum pl. consumption pattern obligaiuni au ieit la ultima tragere - these bonds
obinuit normal/ ordinary (ord.)/ usual (usu.)/ usu- came out in the last drawing; a subscrie obliga-
ally (usu.); capital obinuit - ordinary capital; ac- iuni - subscribe to bonds; pia de obligaiuni ex-
iune obinuit - ordinary share terne - foreign bond market
obligat la plat asig. liable to pay obligaiune achitabiln rate burs., banc. install-
obligatoriu compulsory/ mandatory ment bond
obligaie obligation/ commitment/ liability; a nde- obligaiune american burs., banc. yankee bond
plini o obligaie - meet an obligation; a onora o obligaiune apelabil burs., banc. callable bond
obligaie - to fulfill an obligation; a-i onora obli- obligaiune asigurat burs., banc. insured bond
gaiile - to live up to one's obligations; a descrca obligaiune australian burs., banc. aussie bond
de obligaii directorii - to give final discharge to obligaiune bimonetar burs., banc. dual-currency
the directors bond
obligaie de conservare a valorii maintenance of value obligaiune Brady burs., banc. Brady bond
obligation obligaiune bulldog" burs., banc. bulldogbond
obligaie executorie binding agreement obligaiune comun burs., banc. joint bond
obligaie financiar financial liability/ financial ob- obligaiune condiional burs., banc. double
ligation bond/ condiional bond
obligaie (financiar) neonorat accrual obligaiune consolidat burs., banc. unifiedbond
obligaie fiscal tax liability obligaiune convertibil burs., banc. convertible
obligaie fix fixed obligation bond/ debenture
obligaie irevocabil binding agreement obligaiune convertibil fr valoare burs., banc.
obligaie mai recent burs. junior claim busted convertible
obligaie mai veche burs. senior claim obligaiune cu acoperire n aur burs., banc. gold
obligaie neacoperit banc. naked debenture bond
163 obligaiune n circulaie
obligaiune cu acumulare burs., banc. accrual obligaiune de reealonare a datoriei burs., banc
bond debt conversion bond (DCB)
obligaiune cu ctig cumulat burs., banc. accu- obligaiune de reorganizare burs., banc reorga-
mulated benefit obligation (ABO) nization bond
obligaiune cu ctiguri burs., banc. lotterybond/ obligaiune de stat burs., banc government
prize bond bond/ government obligation/ state bond/ pl.
obligaiune cu cupoane burs., banc. coupon bond gilt-edged stock/ pl. state securities
obligaiune cu cupon plin burs., banc full cou- obligaiune de stat japlonez burs., banc Japanese
pon bond government bond (JGB)
obligaiune cu cupon zero burs., banc. zero bond/ obligaiune de tezaur burs., banc treasury
zero-coupon bond/ pure-discount bond bond
obligaiune cu discount burs., banc discount obligaiune de tezaur american burs., banc US
bond Treasury bond
obligaiune cu dobnd ealonat burs., banc. obligaiune dubl burs., banc. double bond
deferred bond obligaiune emis de o societate burs., banc cor-
obligaiune cu dobnd fix burs., banc deben- porate bond/ corporate debenture
ture bond obligaiune extensibil burs., banc extendible
obligaiune cu dobnd garantat burs., banc bond
guaranteed income bond obligaiune extern burs., banc. external bond
obligaiune cu dobnd variabil burs., banc obligaiune federal (german) burs., banc Bun-
floating rate bond desobligation (Bobi.)
obligaiune cu garanie banc, burs. collateral obligaiune fix burs., banc fixed debenture
bond obligaiune flotant burs., banc floating debenture
obligaiune cu grad mare de risc burs., banc. obligaiune garantat burs., banc collateralized
high-yield bond bond/ guaranteed bond/ secured bond/ insured
obligaiune cu ipotec prioritar burs., banc first bond/ surety bond
mortgage bond obligaiune garantat ipotecar burs., banc col-
obligaiune cu opiune burs., banc bond with lateralized mortgage obligation (CMO)
warrant obligaiune german burs., banc Bundesobli-
obligaiune cu opiune pentru devize burs., banc gation (Bobi.)
currency option bond obligaiune guvernamental japonez burs., banc
obligaiune (cu plata) n aur burs., banc. gold Japanese government bond (JGB)
bond (g.b.) obligaiune ieftin burs., banc easy bond
obligaiune cu plat n natur burs., banc obligaiune indexat burs., banc indexed bond
payment-in-kind (PIK) bond obligaiune indexat dup inflaie burs., banc infla-
obligaiune cu premii burs., banc prize bond/ tion-indexed bond
premium bond obligaiune indicial burs., banc indexed bond
obligaiune cu reducere mare burs., banc deep obligaiune industrial burs., banc. corporate
discount bond bond/ industrial bond/ industrial security
obligaiune cu risc ridicat burs., banc junkbond obligaiune internaional burs., banc interna-
obligaiune de capitalizare burs., banc capitali- ional bond
zation bond obligaiune intern burs., banc domestic liability
obligaiune de conversiune burs., banc debt con- obligaiune interanjabil burs., banc inter-
version bond (DCB) changeable bond
obligaiune de depozit banc, burs. deposit bond obligaiune ipotecar burs., banc mortgage bond/
obligaiune de economii burs., banc savings mortgage debenture/ mortgage-backed bond
bond obligaiune ipotecar mobiliar burs., banc chat-
obligaiune de rambursare a avansului advance pay- tel mortgage bond
ment bond obligaiune ipotecar prioritar burs., banc senior
obligaiune de prim rang burs., banc gilt-edged mortgage bond
bond obligaiune n circulaie burs., banc outstanding
obligaiune de rangul doi burs., banc. junior bond bond
obligaiune n contul dobnzii_________ 164

obligaiune n contul dobnzii burs., banc. interest obligaiune sigur burs., banc gilt-edged bond
bond obligaiune subordonat burs., banc subordi-
obligaiune n dolari burs., banc. dollar bond/ nated bond
yankee bond obligaiune sushi burs., banc sushi bond
obligaiune n suferin burs., banc. defaulted obligaiune transferabil burs., banc transferable
bond bond
obligaiune n yeni burs., banc. yen bond obligaiune transfrontalier burs., banc cross-border
obligaiune nregistrat burs., banc. registered bond
bond obligaiune unificat burs., banc unified bond
obligaiune la purttor burs., banc. bearer bond obligaiune yankee burs., banc yankee bond
obligaiune la valoarea nominal burs., banc. par obligaiuni cu cupon zero pl. burs., banc zeros
bond obligaiuni de stat pl. burs., banc gilts
obligaiune legat de produse de baz burs., banc. obligaiuni industriale pl. burs., banc industrials
commodity bond obligaiuni municipale pl. burs., banc munici-
obligaiune mic burs., banc. baby bond pals
obligaiune municipal burs., banc. municipal obligaiuni municipale cu dobnd flotant pl. burs.,
bond/ obligation bond/ local authority bond banc floaters
obligaiune municipal impozabil burs., banc. obligaiuni municipale fr certificat pl. burs.,
taxable municipal bond banc certificatei ess municipals
obligaiune (municipal) pentru dezvoltarea industrial obligaiuni negarantate pl. burs., banc deben-
burs., banc. industrial development bond tures
obligaiune neacoperit burs., banc. plain bond obligaiuni societare pl. burs., banc Corpora-
obligaiune neamortizabil burs., banc. irredeem- tion stocks
able bond/ irredeemable debenture observaie fictiv dummy observation
obligaiune neimpozabil burs., banc. tax-exempt observaii parial convergente stat. partially con-
bond/ tax-exempt security sistent observations
obligaiune nominativ burs., banc. registered obstacol drawback (dbk.)
bond obstacol fiscal fin. fiscal drag
obligaiune ordinar burs., banc. straight bond obine com. earn/ attain; a obine fonduri de la o
obligaiune participant burs., banc. participating banc - to raise money with a bank; a obine
bond profituri normale - earn normal profits
obligaiune pasiv burs., banc. passive bond obinere de profit profit taking
obligaiune pe termen lung burs., banc. long bond/ ocazie com. bargain; de ocazie - second hand/ se-
long-term bond cond-hand
obligaiune pe termen mediu burs., banc me- ocazie favorabil com. opportunity
dium-term bond occident com. occident (oca, Occ.)
obligaiune pe termen scurt burs., banc short ocean com. sea/ high seas/ ocean (oc, Oc); pe
bond/ short-term bond ocean i cale ferat com. - ocean and rail (o.&r.)
obligaiune permanent burs., banc. perpetuai de- Oceania com. Oceania
benture Oceanul Pacific com Pacific
obligaiune perpetu burs., banc perpetuai bond/ ocoli bypass
perpetuai debenture ocroti protect
obligaiune privilegiat burs., banc preference ocrotire protection
bond octombrie October (O., Oc, Oct.)
obligaiune public burs., banc government bond ocupa com. occupy; a se ocupa (cu ceva) - oper-
obligaiune purttoare de venit burs., banc income ate
bond ocupare a capacitii com. capacity utilization
obligaiune rscumprabil nainte de scaden burs , ocupare incomplet a forei de munc underemploy-
banc. callable bond ment/ below capacity employment
obligaiune samurai" burs., banc samurai bond ocupare medie anual annual average employment
obligaiune serial burs., banc serial bond ocupat com. occupied
obligaiune shogun burs., banc shogun bond ocupaie employment/ occupation (occ)
165 oligopolist
ocupaie temporar temporary employment ofert mixt com. joint supply
ocupaional com. occupational ofert necompetitiv non-competitive bid
oferi offer/ bid; a oferi un pre mai mic com. - un- ofert neelastic inelastic supply
derbid/ undercut ofert promoional com. bargain offer/ trial offer
oferit burs. offered (off, O); pre oferit burs., ofert public public offer/ public offering/ tender
banc. - bid price; pre oferit com. - buying price offer
ofertant burs., banc. bidder/ tenderer/ offerer/ ofert public de cumprare take-over bid
taker ofert public de lansare burs. iniial public offer-
ofert burs., banc. bid/ bidding/ com. offer- ing (IPO)
ing/ offer (off., O)/ tender/ estimate (est.); a face ofert public de preluare take-over bid
o ofert mai mic com. - underbid; a mri oferta ofert public iniial burs. iniial public offering
burs. - to raise the bid; apel de ofert - call for (IPO)
bids; pre de ofert com. - asking price; pia a ofert rigid com. inelastic supply
ofertei - buyer's market; oferta depete cererea ofert sindicalizat burs., banc. syndicate bid
burs. seller's over ofert special burs. special bid/ com. special
ofert adresat addressed offer offer
ofert ascuns buried offer ofert totul sau nimic" burs., banc. all-or-none
ofert avantajoas de cumprare preemptive bid bid
ofert combinat combo-offer/ joint supply/ com- oficial official/ formal; pia oficial - organized
posite supply market
ofert complementar complementary supply oficiu agency (agcy)/ bureau
ofert convenabil bargain oficiu comercial marketing board
ofert de atragere trial offer oficiu de admitere admission board
ofert de aur burs. gold supply oficiu de brevete patent office
ofert de bani supply of money oficiu de cliring banc. clearing house
ofert de cumprare offer to purchase oficiu de cliring automatizat banc. automated clear-
ofert de deschidere burs., banc. opening bid ing house (ACH)
ofert de for de munc supply of labor oficiu de cliring bancar banc. banker's clearing house
ofert de lansare launch offer oficiu de metrologie com. bureau of standards
ofert de loc de munc job offer oficiu de plasare a forei de munc employment office
ofert de locuri de munc job opportunities oficiu de schimb (valutar) banc. exchange house
ofert de mn de lucru labor supply oficiu pentru forele de munc ec. job center/ la-
ofert de pre com. quotation of price bor exchange/ employment exchange
ofert de prob trial offer oficiu vamal com. customs office
ofert de vnzare com. offer for sale Oficiul de Comer din Chicago burs. Chicago Board
ofert elastic com. elastic supply of Trade (CBOT)
ofert excedentar burs. seller's over/ com. ex- Oficiul de Credit Agricol Farm Credit Administra-
cess offer/ oversupply tion (FCA)
ofert excepional excepional offer Oficiul Naional de Statistic stat. National Bureau
ofert ferm firm offer (f.o.) of Statistics (NBS)
ofert flexibil com. elastic supply Oficiul pentru Alimente i Medicamente al SUA Food
ofert global com. overall supply/ total supply/ and Drug Administration (FDA, F.D.A.)/ U. S.
aggregate supply Food and Drug Administration (USFDA)
ofert ncruciat cross offer Oficiul pentru Bursele de Mrfuri (SUA) burs. Com-
ofert la pre sczut burs. low offer modity Exchange Authority (CEA)
ofert lipsit de flexibilitate inelastic supply Oficiul pentru ntreprinderile Mici Small Business Ad-
ofert mai mare com. higher bid ministration (SBA)
ofert mascat buried offer ofier n vam commissioner
ofert maxim burs. highest bid Olanda burs., banc. Netherlands (NL)/ Holland
ofert minim burs. lowest bid olandez Dutch; licitaie olandez - Dutch auction
ofert minim acceptabil burs. minimum accept- oligopol com. oligopoly
able bid oligopolist com. oligopolistic
oligopson 166

oligopson com. oligopsony operaiune de credit banc. credit operation


om man; pe om i or/ pe om-or - per man-hour operaiune de lichidare burs. closing trade
(p m h.) operaiune de plasament investment banking
om de afaceri businessman operaiune de plat payment (pt., payt., pymt.)
om de afaceri veros chiseler operaiune de salvare bailout
om de paie straw man/ man of straw/ burs. dummy operaiune de schimb exchange transaction
stock-holder operaiune financiar burs., banc. money trans-
Oman burs., banc. Oman (OM) action/ capital transactions
om-cheie com. key man operaiune la termen burs. forward operation/ long
omisiune omission; cu acceptarea omisiunilor - omis- operaiune nestaionar evolutionary operation
sions accepted (o.e., O.E.) operaiune pe picior de egalitate arm's length
omoclitic homoclitic operaiune sindicalizat banc syndicate operation
omogenitate homogeneity operaiune speculativ burs. venture
omul economic economic man operaiune suspect burs. fly-by-night
onora fulfill/ honor; a onora o obligaie - to fulfill operaiuni bancare pl. banc banking (bkg.)/
an obligation; a onora o trat - to honor a bill; a banking operations/ bank operations
onora un angajament - to fulfill an obligation; a operaiuni bancare electronice banc electronic
nu onora banc. - dishonor banking
onorariu fee operaiuni bancare la domiciliu home banking
onorific honorary operaiuni de transfer pl. transfer operations
ONU (Organizaia Naiunilor Unite) UN (United Na- operaiuni invizibile pl. burs. invisible transactions
io ns) operaiuni n devize pl. burs. foreign exchange
operator burs. transactor trading/ forex trading
operator de burs burs. trader operaiuni ntre firme prin Internet pl. Business To
operator economic market participant Business (B2B)
operator independent burs. broker-dealer operaiuni la termen pl. burs. futures/ futures
operatori profesioniti pl. professional traders transaction
operaie cu active asset operation operaiuni la termen pe indici pl. burs. index fu-
operaie fr profit sau pierdere even deal tures
operaie pe piaa liber open market operation operaiuni monetare pl monetary operations
operaii de plat payment transfers operaiuni paralele pl. com. parallel operations
operaii de schimb n numerar burs. exchange for operaiuni pasive pl deposit business
spot delivery operaiuni pe piaa liber/ deschis pl open-market
operaii de schimb la termen burs. exchange for fu- operations
ture delivery operaiuni pentru micii depuntori banc retail
operaii la termen cu mrfuri (de baz) commodity banking
futures operaiuni valutare pl burs. foreign exchange
operaii productive pl. productive operations transactions/ forex trading
operaional operaional/ in operation ; a de- oprire a inflaiei deflation
veni operaional com. - come into operation; risc oprire a transferrii stop transfer
operaional - operating risk oprire n tranzit stopping in transit (s.i.t.)
operaiune com., burs. operation (o.) oprit discontinued
operaiune bancar banc. banking business/ bank- optim com. optimum/ ideal
ing transaction optimism optimism
operaiune combinat (cumprare-vnzare) burs. optimist optimist/ adj. optimistic
round turn optimiza optimize
operaiune cu prim burs. premium deal optimizare optimization
operaiune cu risc ridicat burs. venture optimizare adaptiv stat. adaptive optimization
operaiune de burs burs. stock-jobbing opional facultative/ optional (opt.); dividend opional
operaiune de cliring banc. clearing transaction opional dividend
operaiune de cont curent cont. account-current opiune burs. option (opt., Opt.)/ banc. option
business money; a renuna la o opiune banc - abandon
167 ordin cu limit de sum
an option; la opiunea vnztorului burs. - seller's opiune pentru dublare (a pachetului de aciuni) burs.
option (s.o., S.O., SO) call of more option
opiune a cumprtorului burs. buyer's option (b.o.) opiune real real option
opiune a vnztorului burs. seller's option (s.o., opiune tripl burs. strap/ triple option/ strip
S.O., SO) opiune unic burs. single option
opiune acoperit burs. covered option opiune valutar burs. currency option/ foreign
opiune american burs. American option/ Ame- currency option/ forex option/ FX option
rican-style option opiuni de aciuni pentru salariai employee stock op-
opiune asiatic burs. Asian option tions
opiune binar binary option opiuni pentru dividende pl. dividend options
opiune caput burs. caput ora livrrii time of delivery (TOD)
opiune compus burs. compound option ora local local time (l.t.)
opiune convenional convenional option ora i data time and date (t.&d., TD)
opiune cotat burs. listed option oral oral
opiune cu devize burs. forex option orar de lucru al bncii pl. banc. banking hours
opiune curcubeu burs. rainbow option/ multi-fac- or hour (h., H.); pe om i or/ per man-hour
tor option (p m h.)
opiune de abandon abandonment option or de deschidere com. opening time
opiune de barier knock-in option or de munc com. man-hour
opiune de cumprare call/ call option or-main com. machine hour
opiune de rscumprare call feature or-om com. man hour/ manpower-hour
opiune de tip american American-style option ordin cel mai bun" burs. market order (MKT)
opiune de tip european burs. european option/ eu- ordin fr pretenii" burs. market not held order
ropean-style option/ option europeenne ordin imediat sau anuleaz" burs. immediate-or-
opiune de vnzare burs. put/ put option cancel order
opiune descoperit burs. naked option ordin la curs exact" burs. market-if-touched
opiune dubl burs. double option/ put-and-call (MIT) order
option ordin la deschidere" burs. on the opening order
opiune european burs. european option ordin la nchidere" burs. on the close order
opiune exotic burs. exotic option ordin la nchiderea pieei" burs. market-on-close
opiune extrabursier burs. over-the-counter op- (MOC) order
tion/ OTC option ordin totul sau nimic" burs. AON (AII Or None)
opiune forex burs. currency option order/ fiii or kill (FOK) order
opiune FX burs. currency option ordin valabil pn la... " burs. good-till-date
opiune garantat burs. covered option (GTD) order
opiune inclus burs. embedded option ordin valabil pn ia anulare" burs. good 'til can-
opiune n afara cursului burs. out-of-the-money celled order (GTC)
option ordin alternativ alternative order
opiune knock-in knock-in option ordin bancar banc bankers order (b.o., BO)
opiune la paritate burs. at-the-money option ordin circa approximate-limit order
opiune la termen warrant (warr., wrnt.) ordin colectiv collective order
opiune la un contract la termen burs. futures op- ordin condiionat condiional order
tion ordin cu anulare reciproc burs. one cancels the
opiune multifactorial burs. multi-factor option other (OCO) order
opiune neacoperit burs. uncovered option/ na- ordin cu curs exact burs. market if touched (MIT)
ked option order
opiune negativ burs. negative option ordin cu limit limit order
opiune OTC burs. OTC option ordin cu limit aproximativ approximate-limit or-
opiune pe aciuni stock option der
opiune pe valut virtual burs. virtual currency ordin cu limit de pre burs. sell limit order/ price
option limit order
opiune pentru aur gold option ordin cu limit de sum stop order/ stop limit order
168
ordin cu limit de timp

ordin cu limit de timp burs. enter stop order ordinar ordinary (ord.)/ above the line/ plain va-
(EOS)/ time limit order nilia; capital ordinar - ordinary capital; efect de
ordin cu termen-limit burs. enter day stop order valoare ordinar - vanilia issue; aciune ordinar -
(EDS) common share; dobnd ordinar - ordinary inter-
ordin de acceptare accept order est; aciuni ordinare pl. - common stock; resurse
ordin de burs burs. exchange order/ stock mar- ordinare pl. - ordinary resources
ket order ordine order; n ordine alfabetic - in alphabetical
ordin de cumprare buying order/ indent/ burs. buy order
order/ order to buy/ com. purchase order (PO) ordine a coeficienilor stat. order of coefFicients
ordin de cumprare limitat burs. limit buy order ordine aleatorie random order
ordin de declarare a falimentului adjudication order ordine ciclic cyclic order
ordin de excludere mutual alternative order ordine de prioriti com. order of priority
ordin de interaciune stat. order of interaction ordine invers inverse order
ordin de livrare com. delivery order (d./o., D/O) ordine natural natural order
ordin de mrime order of magnitude ordine pe termen scurt .pl. burs. short-term orders
ordin de plat banc. cash order (c/o, c./o., C.O., ordine simultane pl. burs. matched orders
C/O, CO)/ order to pay/ bank order/ order pa- ordine-pereche pl. burs. matched orders
per/ com. payment order/ warrant for payment/ ordona instruct
cash note/ order for payment ordonanare payment order
ordin de plat la intervale regulate (din cont) banc, ordonanare de pli pay order issued
burs. standing order ordonan directive
ordin de primire receiving order (RO) ordonare ordination
ordin de revocare stop payment order ordonat stat. ordinate
ordin de sechestru receiving order (RO) ore suplimentare overtime (o.t.)/ overtime work
ordin de transfer burs. transfer order (T/o., T/O) orez com., burs. rice
ordin de vnzare burs. sell order/ sales order/ sell- organ financiar financial body
ing order/ order to sell organigram diagram/ organization chart
ordin de vnzare limitat burs. limit sell order organism agency (agcy.)
ordin de virament banc, com. order to transfer organism de conducere governing body
ordin de zi burs. day order/ GFD order/ y order organism de credit mutual imobiliar building and loan
ordin deschis burs., banc. open order (O.O.) association
ordin discreionar burs. discretionary order organism financiar financial body
ordin dublu burs. double order organism ministerial departmental agency
ordin imediat sau anulat burs. immediate or can- organism specializat specialized agency
cel order (IOC) organisme internaionale pl. world organizations
ordin iniial burs. iniial order organiza com. arrange
ordin intern burs. domestic order organizare organization
ordin judectoresc adjudication organizare a pieei market organization
ordin la apreciere burs. discretionary order organizare administrativ a controlului (pentru schim-
ordin la termen time order buri valutare) administration of control
ordin limitat burs. limit order/ limited order organizare tiinific a muncii scientific management
ordin mixt burs. spread order organizat organized; pia organizat - organized
ordin necondiionat banc unconditional order market
ordin neexecutat burs. open Organizaia Conferinei Islamice Organization of the
ordin negociabil de retragere negotiable order of with- Islamic Conference (OIC)
drawal Organizaia de Cooperare Economic Economic
ordin normal burs. normal order Cooperation Organization (ECO)
ordin pentru piaa intern burs. domestic order Organizaia Interguvernamental Consultativ pentru
ordin valabil astzi burs. good for the day order Navigaie Maritim Inter-Governmental Maritime
(GD)/ day order Consultative Organization (IMCO)
ordin valabil pn la anulare burs., banc open Organizaia Internaional a Cafelei International Cof-
order (O.O.) fee Organization (ICO)
169 ovz
Organizaia Internaional a Comerului International Organizaia rilor Exportatoare de Petrol Organiza-
Trade Organization (ITO) tion of the Petroleum Exporting Countries
Organizaia Internaional a Muncii International La- (OPEC)
bor Organization (ILO) organizaie organization
Organizaia Internaional pentru Migraie International organizaie bancar banc. banking organization
Organization for Migration (IOM) organizaie bilateral bilateral organization
Organizaia Maritim Internaional International organizaie comercial multilateral Multilateral Trade
Maritime Organization (IMO) Organization (MTO)
Organizaia Mondial a Comerului World Trade Or- organizaie corespondent correspondence
ganization (WTO, WTrO) organizaie de caritate com. charity
Organizaia Mondial a Proprietii Intelectuale World organizaie flexibil flexible organization
Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) organizaie neguvernamental non-governmental
Organizaia Mondial a Sntii World Health Or- organization (NGO)
ganization (WHO) organizaie neoficial informal organization
Organizaia Mondial a Vmilor World Customs Or- organizaie nonprofit non-profit institution/
ganization (WCO) non-proft organization
Organizaia Mondial pentru Proprietate Intelectual organizaie-mam com. umbrella organization
World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) organizaii internaionale pl. world organizations
Organizaia Naiunilor Unite (ONU) United Nations organizaii neguvernamentale pl. non-governmental
(UN) organizations (NGOs)
Organizaia Naiunilor Unite pentru Dezvoltare Indus- Orient com. Orient (O.)
trial United Nations Industrial Development orientare trend
Organization (UNIDO) Orientul Mijlociu i Africa de Nord Middle East and
Organizaia pentru Alimentaie i Agricultur Food North Africa (MENA)
and Agriculture Organization (FAO) original original/ original copy
Organizaia pentru Comer Extern a Japoniei Japan origine com. origin/ source; n ara de origine
External Trade Organization (JETRO) com. in the country of origin/ in the country
Organizaia pentru Cooperare Economic n Europa of importation
Organization for European Economic Coopera- origine arbitrar arbitrary origin
tion (OEEC) orizont temporal time horizon
Organizaia pentru Cooperare i Dezvoltare Economic orizontal horizontal
Organization for Economic Cooperation and De- orizontal horizontal; a aduna numerele pe vertical
velopment (OECD, O.E.C.D.) i pe orizontal - add figures down and across
Organizaia pentru Securitate i Cooperare n Europa ortogonal stat. orthogonal
Organization for Security and Cooperation in orz com., burs. barley
Europe (OSCE) oscila fluctuate
Organizaia Statelor Americane Organization of oscilaie oscillation
American States (OAS) oscilaie amortizat damped oscillation
Organizaia Statelor Est-Caraibiene Organization of oscilaie perturbat stat. disturbed oscillation
Eastern Caribbean States (OECS) oscilaii periodice periodic swings
Organizaia Tratatului Asiei de Sud-Est South-East oel steel
Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO) oelrie iron works (IWks.)/ steel works
Organizaia rilor Arabe Exportatoare de Petrol Or- ouguiya (Mauritania) burs., banc. Ouguiya
ganization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Coun- (MRO)
tries (OAPEC) ovz com., burs. oats
p

pa'anga (Tonga) burs., banc. Paanga (TOP) paralizare a capacitii de analiz analysis paralysis
pace social labor peace/ industrial peace parametri dedui pl stat. derived statistics
pachet com. pack (pk)/ packet (pkt.)/ parcel (pcl.) parametri economici fundamentali pl. stat. fun-
pachet de 100 de aciuni burs. block damentals
pachet de aciuni burs. block of shares/ block of parametri secundari pl. incidental parameters
stocks/ parcel of shares parametri structurali pl. structural parameters
pachet de msuri policy package parametru parameter
pachet financiar financing package parametru de amplasament location parameter
pachet salarial wage(s) packet parametru de concentrare concentration parameter
pachete pl com. packages (pkgs.) parametru de necentralitate stat. non-centrality pa-
Pacific com. Pacific rameter
pact pact/ covenant parametru de poziie location parameter/ param-
Pactul Andin com. Andean Pact eter of location
Pactul de la Varovia Warsaw Pact (WP) parametru de referin stat. benchmark
pagub mischief parametru de scal parameter of scale
pagub provocat de incendiu asig. fire damage parametru de scar stat. scale parameter
Pakistan burs., banc. Pakistan (PK) parametru de translaie stat. translation parameter
paladiu palladium (Pd) para-rent quasi-rent
Palau burs., banc. Palau (PW) paraut de argint silver parachute
paiet com. pallet paraut de aur golden parachute
palet de produse com. product line/ production paravan burs. dummy stock-holder
mix/ range of products parazit predator
paletizare com. palletization parazitism predatory labor
palier tarifar com. rate class parchet burs. selling floor/ trading floor
palm com. palm parcurs aleatoriu random walk
Panama burs., banc. Panama (PA) Pareto (indice) stat. alpha index
panic bancar banc. bank panic/ bank run paritate banc. parity/ currency peg/ (a monedelor)
panic la burs burs. financial panic exchange rate; la paritate burs. - at par; pre de
panificaie com. bread manufacture paritate - parity price; sub paritate - at a discount
panou de cotaii burs. quotation board paritate a dolarului banc. dollar parity
pant stat. slope paritate a puterii de cumprare purchasing power
Papua Noua Guinee burs., banc. Papua New parity (PPP)
Guinea (PG) paritate a schimbului valutar banc exchange rate
parabanc banc. quasi-bank parity
paradis haven; n paradisuri fiscale - off-shore paritate agricol agricultural parity
paradis fiscal fin. tax haven/ tax shelter paritate ajustabil banc. adjustable peg/ crawling
paradoxul Giffen ec. Giffens paradox paritate aur banc gold parity
parafiscal fin. quasi-fiscal paritate cu un grup de monede banc composite peg
Paraguay burs., banc. Paraguay (PY) paritate de conversie banc conversion parity
paralel parallel; credit paralel - back-to-back credit; paritate de schimb banc exchange parity
pia paralel - parallel market
171 pauz de mas
paritate de schimb intrinsec banc. intrinsic par of partid com. batch/ shipment (ship., shpt.)
exchange partid (de marf) com. parcel (pci.)
paritate fix burs., banc. fixed par vaJue partid de mrfuri com. lot of goods
paritate glisant banc. crawling peg partid dubl cont. doubie entry
paritate indirect banc. indirect parity partid normal de mrfuri com. regular lot
paritate mobil banc. crawling peg partid simpl com. single ledger ($.1., SL)
paritate net banc. net parity parial parial/ partly
paritate salarial pay parity pas pace
paritate valutar banc. exchange rate parity pasiv 1. adverse. 2. cont. liability; obligaiune pasiv
partajare a ncasrilor fiscale revenue sharing - passive bond.
partajare a locului de munc ec. job sharing pasiv condiionat cont. contingent liability
partajare a pieei com. market sharing pasiv curent cont. current liability
partajare a postului job sharing pasiv eventual cont. contingent liability
parte part (pt.)/ party/ section; a zecea parte - tithe; pasiv lichid cont. liquid liability
n parte - partly pasiv pe termen scurt cont. current liability/
parte component part (pt.) short-term debt
parte contractant party to a contract pasiv sensibil la rata dobnzii cont. rate sensitive
parte dreapt right side (RS, R.S.) liability
parte n drept jur. party entitled pasive pl cont. liabilities
partea de debit cont. debit side pasive acceptabile pl cont. eligible liabilities
partea din dreapta {a unui cont) cont. right-hand pasive curente pl cont. current liabilities/ payables
side pasive curente totale pl cont. total current li-
partea din stnga {a unui cont) cont. Jeft-hand side abilities
partener partner/ associate (assoc.)/ copartner pasive de nchidere pl cont. closing liabilities
(co-par.)/ associated person (AP) pasive exigibile pe termen lung pl cont.
partener comercial com. trading partner long-term liabilities
partener de afaceri com. business partner/ busi- pasive fa de strintate cont. foreign liabilities
ness associate/ trade partner pasive iniiale pl cont. opening liabilities
partener simplu com. ordinary partner pasive monetare pl cont. monetary liabilities
parteneriat partnership pasive nete pl cont. net liabilities
participant participant pasive pe termen scurt pl cont. quick liabilities
participani (foarte) activi pl. burs. active bond pasive sub form de depozite pl cont. deposit
crowd liabilities
participare participation pasive totale pl cont. effective debt
participare a salariailor employee participation pasive tranzitorii pl cont. accrued liabilities/ de-
participare direct direct hand ferred income
participare financiar financial participation/ capi- pataca (Macao) burs., banc. Pataca Macao
tal shares (MOP)
participare la ctig gain sharing patent patent/ license tax
participare la profit profit sharing/ profit-sharing paternalism paternalism
participare majoritar majority interest/ controlling patriarhat patriarchy
interest/ majority ownership patrimoniu estate
participaie participation/ equity/ equity interest/ patrimoniu comun pl commons
shareholdings patrimoniu naional naional wealth
participaie la fondul de investiie investment fund patron employer
unit patronaj patronage
participaie minimal minimum subscription patronat employers /employers' association
participaie minoritar minority interest/ minority pauperism pauperism
holding pauperiza pauperize
participai la capitalul social equity ownership pauperizare pauperization
particular private; banc particular - private bank pauz pause/ rest time
particulariti pl particuJars pauz de mas lunch break/ midday break
paznic 172

paznic caretaker pensionare pentru limit de vrst mandatory re-


pcur com. fuel oil tirement
pcur marin com. marine fuel oil (mfo, MFO) pensionari pl retired population
pmnt arabil arable land pensionat retired
pstra retain; a pstra chitana - retain the receipt pentru care of (c/o, C/o)
pstrv trout penurie ec lack/ scarcity/ scantiness
pune agr. pasture land penurie artificial ec contrived scarcity
ptrat adj. stat. quadratic/ quadrangular penurie de bani banc. tight money
ptrat magic stat. magic square penurie de capital scarcity of capital
ptrat sistematic stat. systematic square penurie de credite banc credit crunch
ptrate ortogonale pl. stat. orthogonal squares penurie de devize banc scarcity of foreign ex-
ptrundere pe pia com. market penetration/ ac- change
cess to a market penurie de dolari banc dollar shortage
pedepsi retaliate penurie de lichiditi cont. liquidity squeeze
pedepsire retaliation penurie de locuine com. housing shortage
penalitate forfeit penurie de locuri de munc ec job scarcity
penalitate pentru retragerea nainte de termen banc. penurie provocat contrived scarcity
early withdrawal penalty per camion com. per truck (p.t.)
penalitate pentru retragerea prematur banc. early per capita ec percapita
withdrawal penalty per ton brut com. per gross ton (p.g.t.)
penalizare penalty percepe collect/ levy; a percepe taxe i impozite
penalizare contractual contract penalty fin. - collect rates and taxes
penalizare de plat anticipat banc prepayment percepere de impozite fin. tax collecting/ taxation
penalty (txn.)
penalizator punitive perceptor receiver/ tax collector/ tax gatherer
penetra penetrate; a penetra piaa - to penetrate the pereche pair (pr.)
market performan performance
penetrare a pieei com. market penetration performan economic economic performance
penetraie economic economic penetration performan ridicat high performance
peni (MB) banc penny/ pl. pence ((p, p., d., -/l) performane pe termen lung long-run performance
pennyweight com. pennyweight (pwt.) periclita com. jeopardize
pensie pension/ age relief/ retirement pay; la pensie pericol risk; a pune n pericol - jeopardize
- retired pericol de inflaie fin. inflation danger
pensie alimentar jur. alimony pericol iminent imminent danger
pensie de invaliditate disability benefts/ disability pericol inflaionist fin. inflation danger/ inflation
annuity perii
pensie de veteran war pension periculos com. hazardous
pensie indexat indexed pension perioad period (prd.)/ perioad de 20 de zile -
pensie pentru limit de vrst old age pension/ old-age twenty-day period
pension (O.A.R)/ retiring pension/ retirement pen- perioad bugetar budget period
sion/ old age benefts/ old-age benefts perioad contractual contract period
pensie pentru vechime incomplet early retirement perioad de acumulare accumulation period/ accrual
pension period/ accumulation stage
pensie pentru vechime integral superannuation perioad de amortizare payoff period
pensiona superannuate perioad de angajament commitment period
pensionar pensioner/ retired person/ retiree/ old age perioad de ateptare com. waiting period
pensioner perioad de baz basic period
pensionare retirement perioad de blocare blocked period
pensionare anticipat advanced retirement/ early re- perioad de compunere compounding period
tirement perioad de consolidare consolidation period
pensionare cu vechime incomplet early retirement perioad de credit banc credit period
pensionare la limit de vrst superannuation perioad de creditare banc credit period
173 perspective adaptive
perioad de cumulare compounding period permanen permanence/ persistency
perioad de garanie com. guarantee period permis permit
perioad de graie banc. grace period/ days of grace permis de munc work permit/ employment permit
perioad de inactivitate com. idle time permis de edere residence permit
perioad de investiie medie echivalent burs. equi- permis de tranzit com. permit for transit
valent mean investment period (EMIP) permis vamal com. customs permit/ customs war-
perioad de odihn rest time rant
perioad de ofertare burs., banc. bid period permite enable
perioad de pauz sabbatical perpetuitate perpetuity
perioad de plat pay period/ payout period perpetuu perpetuai; datorie perpetu - perpetuai
perioad de preaviz com. notice period debt
perioad de preaviz rezonabil reasonable period of persista com. persist
notice persisten persistency
perioad de prob com. trial period/ probation- persoan care i face reclam advertiser
ary period/ period of probation persoan cu dou servicii moonlighter
perioad de rambursare banc. reimbursement pe- persoan cu handicap sever severely disabled person
riod/ repayment period persoan fr loc de munc com. unemployed
perioad de rcire cooling-off period person
perioad de recuperare recovery period/ payback persoan fizic natural person/ private individual/
period private person/ individual
perioad de referin reference period/ base period persoan fizic independent self-employed/ self-em-
perioad de relaxare cooling-off period ployed person
perioad de schimburi comerciale com. trading period persoan n cutarea unui loc de munc job seeker
perioad de scontare banc. discount period persoan juridic artificial person/ corporate body/
perioad de subscriere burs., banc. subscription legal person/ fictitious person/ legal entity
period persoan nerezident non-resident person
perioad de tranziie transition period/ transitional persoan privat private person
period personal personnel/ staff/ workforce/ office person-
perioad de verificare qualification period/ nel office employees pl; cu excedent de per-
twenty-day period sonal com. - overstaffed; cu personal insuficient
perioad linitit quiet period com. - understaffed
perioad medie de colectare average collecting period personal adj. personal/ private (Pvt.); n contul per-
perioad medie de investiie echivalent equivalent sonal - my account (m./a.); dobnd pentru credite
mean investment period (EMIP) personale banc. - consumer interest
perioad medie de ncasare days' sales outstanding personal administrativ administrative staff/ admin-
{DSO) istrative personnel
perioad minim de angajare minimum period of personal calificat qualified personnel
employment personal comercial sales personnel/ sales force
perioad minim de contract minimum period of personal concediat redundant labor
employment personal de baz key staff
perioad neproductiv com. downtime personal de birou clerical workers
perioad neutr neutral period personal de conducere managing staff
periodic periodical/ recurring personal de desfacere salespeople
periodicitate periodicity/ cadence personal de vnzare sales staff
periodogram stat. periodogram personal excesiv overstaffed personnel
perisabil com. perishable (p.) personal neexceptat non-exempt personnel
permanent permanent; activ permanent- permanent personal specializat specialized personnel
asset; inventar permanent - perpetuai inventory; personal TESA administrative staff/ administrative
venit permanent fin. - permanent income; emi- personnel
siune permanent - tap issue personalitate juridic legal status
permanent n stare de plutire com. always afloat perspective pl. prospects
(a.a.) perspective adaptive adaptive expectations
perspective ale comerului mondial 174

perspective ale comerului mondial com. world trade peste medie banc. above average
prospects peste noapte banc. overnight
perspective ale pieei com. prospects of the market peste ocean com. oversea/ abroad
perspective ale pieei forei de munc com. em- peste tot over all (o.a.)
ployment outlook peste valoare banc, burs. above value
perspective comerciale com. business prospects peste valoarea nominal burs., banc above par
pl./ commercial prospects pl. petrodolar burs., banc petrodollar
perspective de angajare com. employment outlook petrol com. oil; aciuni ale companiilor petroliere
perspective de export com. export prospects pl. pl. burs. - oil shares; industrie petrolier - oil
perspective economice com. business oudook/ eco- industry; aciuni petroliere pl burs. - oil shares;
nomic outlook/ commercial prospects pl. pia a petrolului burs. - oil market
perspective profesionale com. career prospects pl. petrol brut com. crude naphtha/ crude oil/ crude
perturba disturb petroleum
perturbare disturbance petrol lampant com. kerosene (kero.)
perturbator disturbing petrol, ulei i lubrifiani com., burs. petroleum,
perturbaie disturbance oil and lubricants (POL)
perturbaie de medie mobil stat. moving average petrovalut burs., banc petrocurrency
disturbance piatr de hotar landmark
Peru burs., banc. Peru (PE) piaa asiatic n dolari burs. Asian dollar market
pescaj com. draft (dft, dft., DFT) piaa bumbacului burs. cotton market
peseta (Spania i Andorra) nv. Peseta (ESP) piaa cafelei burs. coffee market
peseta nv. peseta (p., P) Piaa Comun Andin com. Andean Common Mar-
peso burs., banc. peso (p.) ket (ANDEAN)
peso (Argentina) burs., banc. Argentinean peso Piaa Comun Arab com. Arab Common Market
(ARS) (CM)
peso (Chile) burs., banc. Chilean peso (CLP) Piaa Comun Caraibian com. Caribbean Common
peso (Columbia) burs., banc. Colombian peso Market (CARICOM, CCM)
(COP) Piaa Comun Central-American com. Central
peso (Cuba) burs., banc. Cuban peso (CUP) American Common Market (CACM)
peso (Filipine) burs., banc. Philippine peso (PHP) Piaa Comun pentru Africa de Est i de Sud com.
peso (Guineea-Bissau) nv. Guinea-Bissau peso Common Market for Eastern and Southern Af-
(GWP) rica (COMESA)
peso (Mexic) burs., banc. Mexican peso (MXN) piaa de eurocapital burs. eurocapital market
peso (Republica Dominican) burs., banc. Do- piaa de eurocredite banc eurocredit market
minican peso (DOP) Piaa de Opiuni Tranzacionate la Londra burs.
peso (Uruguay) burs., banc. Uruguayan peso London Traded Options Market (LTOM)
(UYU) piaa euroobligaiunilor burs. eurobond market
peso argentinian burs., banc. Argentinean peso piaa european comun com. Euromarket
(ARS) piaa extrabursier burs. OTC market
peso chilian burs., banc. Chilean peso (CLP) piaa forward burs. forward market
peso columbian burs., banc. Colombian peso Piaa Monetar Internaional banc International
(COP) Monetary Market (IMM)
peso cubanez burs., banc. Cuban peso (CUP) piaa OTC burs. OTC market
peso dominican burs., banc. Dominican peso piaa textilelor com. textile market
(DOP) piaa tranzaciilor la termen burs. forward market
peso filipinez burs., banc. Philippine peso (PHP) piaa zahrului burs. sugar market
peso mexican burs., banc. Mexican peso (MXN) pia market (mkt.)/ emporium; a echilibra piaa
peso uruguaian burs., banc. Uruguayan peso burs. - clear the market; a face piaa - make a
(UYU) market; a forma piaa make a market; a penetra
peste above piaa com. to penetrate the market; a interveni
peste bord com. overboard pe pia banc, burs. to intervene on the mar-
peste capacitate com. above capacity ket; n afara (cursului) pieei burs. - outside mar-
485 _______ pia financiar dezvoltat
-ket; ni de pia com. niche market; pia pia de achiziii com. buying market
deschis com. open market pia de aciuni burs. equity market/ shares mar-
pia a aciunilor strine n dolari burs. Yankee ket
market pia de angro com. wholesale market
pia a aurului burs. bullion market pia de bani ieftini banc. cheap money market
pia a creditelor banc. credit market pia de capital capital market
pia a cumprtorilor burs. buyer's market pia de capital complet complete capital market
pia a devizelor banc. exchange market pia de capital eficient efficient capital market
pia a diamantelor burs. diamond trade market pia de capital perfect perfect capital market
pia a eurodolarului banc. eurodollar market pia de cereale burs., com. corn market
pia a factorilor (de producie) factor market pia de desfacere outlet
pia a forei de munc labor market/ employment pia de devize burs. foreign exchange market
market/ manpower market/ market for labor pia de emisiune banc. market of issue
pia la hausse burs. seller's market pia de eurocapital burs. eurocapital market
pia a locurilor de munc ec. job market pia de eurodevize burs. eurocurrency market
pia a materiilor prime burs. commodity market pia de investiii (de capital) investment market
pia a ofertei burs. buyer's market pia de mrfuri burs. commodities market
pia a petrolului burs.oil market pia de mrfuri disponibile burs. spot market
pia a produselor de baz burs. commodity market pia de monopol com. monopolistic market
pia a produselor de larg consum burs. commod- pia de numerar banc. cash market
ity market pia de obligaiuni burs. bond(s) market
pia a schimburilor valutare la termen burs. for- pia de obligaiuni externe burs. foreign bond
ward exchange market market
pia a scontului neoficial burs. open discount pia de opiuni burs. option exchange
market pia de produse com. produce market
pia a tranzaciilor imobiliare real estate market pia de produse agricole com. agricultural com-
pia a tranzaciilor la termen burs. forward market modity market/ farm products market
pia a vnztorilor burs. seller's market pia de produse tropicale burs., com. tropical
pia activ burs., banc. active market/ brisk market
market/ buoyant market pia de scont burs. discount market
pia agricol ec. agricultural commodity market/ pia de tranzacii cu devize burs. forex market
farm products market/ rural market pia de tranzacionare rapid burs. fast market
pia animat burs. lively market pia de valori burs. securities market
pia autohton com. internal market pia dependent captive market
pia autohton a forei de munc domestic labor pia deschis open market
market pia dezvoltat broad market
pia bazat pe ordine burs. order-driven market pia dinamic burs. buoyant market
pia bidirecional two-sided market pia dubl two-tier market
pia bietajat two-tier market pia efectiv com. actual market
pia blocat burs. locked market pia eficient efficient market
pia calm burs. easy market/ quiet market pia emergent emerging market
pia captiv captive market pia extern external market/ foreign market
pia colonial com. colonial market pia extern a forei de munc external labor market
pia computerizat pe termen scurt din Sydney burs. pia extins broad market
Sydney computerized overnight market (SYCOM) pia extrabursier burs. over-the-counter market
pia comun com. common market pia fals false market
pia concurenial competitive market/ open market pia ferm firm market
pia controlat de o singur persoan one-man pia financiar banc. financial market/ finance
market market/ loan market/ capital market
pia cu cursuri n cdere burs. falling market pia financiar activ banc. deep financial market
pia cu plata cu numerar burs. spot market pia financiar dezvoltat banc. broad financial
pia cu sens unic one-way market market
pia financiar integrat 176

pia financiar integrat banc integrated finan- pia liber com. free market/ burs. over the
cial market counter market
pia fluctuant narrow market/ uncertain market pia lichid burs. liquid market
pia forward burs. forward market pia limitat restricted market/ stringent market
pia futures burs. futures market/ futures ex- pia limitat a locurilor de munc com. tight job
change market
pia global com. total market pia linitit burs. easy market
pia gri fin. gray market pia local com. local market
pia groas thick market pia marginal fringe market
pia ieftin burs. downmarket pia mixt mixed market
pia imobil thick market pia moart stagnant market
pia imobiliar real estate market/ property market pia mondial world market
pia imobilizat locked market pia monetar burs. money market (MM.)
pia imperfect imperfect market pia monetar i de capital banc, burs. money
pia inactiv burs., banc. dead market/ dull mar- and capital market
ket/ flat market/ idle market/ inactive market/ nar- pia monopsonic com. monopsony market
row market/ nominal market/ sluggish market/ pia neagr com. black market
stagnant market/ thin market/ weak market pia nebursier burs. unofificial market
pia inactiv a forei de munc slack labor market pia neexplorat com. virgin market
pia instabil jumpy market/ unsteady market pia neoficial burs. gray market/ outside mar-
pia instituional instituional market ket/ curb/ curb market/ off board market
pia interbancar banc interbank market pia oficial burs. organized market
pia intermediat intermediated market pia organizat burs. organized market/ organized
pia internaional internaional market exchange market/ listed market
pia internaional de capital burs. internaional pia paralel parallel market
capital market (ICM) pia pentru noua emisiune burs., banc
pia intern com. internal market/ domestic mar- new-issues market
ket/ home market/ naional market/ onshore pia perfect perfect market
market pia potenial potenial market
pia intern a forei de munc com. naional la- pia primar primary market
bor market pia principal leader market/ principal market/
pia inversat backwardation staple market
pia ipotecar banc mortgage market pia proactiv proactive market
pia ipotecar secundar banc secondary mort- pia puternic strong market
gage market pia real real market
pia n ascensiune burs. rising market pia redus a forei de munc tight labor market
pia n cdere burs. baisse/ falling market pia regional regional market
pia n cretere burs. booming market/ bull/ bull pia restrns narrow market/ limited market/ re-
market/ bullish market/ strong market stricted market/ stringent market/ tight market
pia n declin sagging market pia rural com. rural market
pia n formare emerging market pia saturat saturated market
pia n regres burs. shrinking market pia secundar secondary market/ burs. over-
pia n scdere burs. bear/ bear market/ bearish the-counter market
market/ down market/ soft market/ sagging mar- pia secundar a forei de munc secondary labor
ket/ reactionary market market
pia n urcare burs. hausse pia segmentat segmented market
pia nchis close market/ closed market pia sensibil sensitive market
pia la termen burs. forward market/ futures ex- pia sigur secure market
change/ futures market/ market for futures pia slab poor market/ weak market/ burs. soft
pia la termen pentru mrfuri (de baz) burs. com- market
modity futures market pia specializat one-sided market/ one-way market
pia lnced dull market pia specific specific market
177 pauz de mas
paritate de schimb intrinsec banc. intrinsic par of partid com. batch/ shipment (ship., shpt.)
exchange partid (de marf) com. parcel (pcl.)
paritate fix burs., banc. fxed par value partid de mrfuri com. lot of goods
paritate glisant banc. crawling peg partid dubl cont. double entry
paritate indirect banc. indirect parity partid normal de mrfuri com. regular lot
paritate mobil banc. crawling peg partid simpl com. single ledger (s.l., SL)
paritate net banc. net parity parial parial/ partly
paritate salariai pay parity pas pace
paritate valutar banc. exchange rate parity pasiv 1. adverse. 2. cont. liability; obligaiune pasiv
partajare a ncasrilor fiscale revenue sharing passive bond.
partajare a locului de munc ec. job sharing pasiv condiionat cont. contingent liability
partajare a pieei com. market sharing pasiv curent cont. current liability
partajare a postului job sharing pasiv eventual cont. contingent liability
parte part (pt.)/ party/ section; a zecea parte - tenth; pasiv lichid cont. liquid liability
n parte - partly pasiv pe termen scurt cont. current liability/
parte component part (pt.) short-term debt
parte contractant party to a contract pasiv sensibil la rata dobnzii cont. rate sensitive
parte dreapt right side (RS, R.S.) liability
parte n drept jur. party entitled pasive pl. cont. liabiliries
partea de debit cont. debit side pasive acceptabile pl. cont. eligible liabilities
partea din dreapta {a unui cont) cont. right-hand pasive curente pl. cont. current liabilities/ payables
side pasive curente totale pl. cont. total current Ii-
partea din stnga {a unui cont) cont. left-hand side abilities
partener partner/ associate (assoc.)/ copartner pasive de nchidere pl. cont. closing liabilities
(co-par.)/ associated person (AP) pasive exigibile pe termen lung pl. cont.
partener comercial com. trading partner long-term liabilities
partener de afaceri com. business partner/ busi- pasive fa de strintate cont. foreign liabilities
ness associate/ trade partner pasive iniiale pl. cont. opening liabilities
partener simplu com. ordinary partner pasive monetare pl. cont. monetary liabilities
parteneriat partnership pasive nete pl. cont. net liabilities
participant participant pasive pe termen scurt pl. cont. quick liabilities
participani (foarte) activi pl. burs. active bond pasive sub form de depozite pl. cont. deposit
crowd liabilities
participare participation pasive totale pl. cont. effective debt
participare a salariailor employee participation pasive tranzitorii pl. cont. accrued liabilities/ de-
participare direct direct hand ferred income
participare financiar flnancial participation/ capi- pataca (Macao) burs., banc. Pataca - Macao
tal shares (MOP)
participare la ctig gain sharing patent patent/ license tax
participare la profit profit sharing/ profit-sharing paternalism paternalism
participare majoritar majority interest/ controlling patriarhat patriarchy
interest/ majority ownership patrimoniu estate
participaie participation/ equiry/ equity interest/ patrimoniu comun pl. commons
shareholdings patrimoniu naional naional wealth
participaie ia fondul de investiie investment fund patron employer
unit patronaj patronage
participaie minimal minimum subscription patronat employers employers' association
participaie minoritar minority interest/ minority pauperism pauperism
holding pauperiza pauperize
participaii ia capitalul social equity ownership pauperizare pauperization
particular private; banc particular - private bank pauz pause/ rest urne
particulariti pl. particulars pauz de mas lunch break/ midday break
178 pia financiar dezvoltat
ni de pia com. niche market; pia de achiziii com. buying market
pia deschis com. open market pia de aciuni burs. equity market/ shares mar-
pia a aciunilor strine n dolari burs. Yankee ket
market pia de angro com. wholesale market
pia a aurului burs. bullion market pia de bani ieftini banc. cheap money market
pia a creditelor banc. credit market pia de capital capital market
pia a cumprtorilor burs. buyer's market pia de capital complet complete capital market
pia a devizelor banc. exchange market pia de capital eficient efficient capital market
pia a diamantelor burs. diamond trade market pia de capital perfect perfect capital market
pia a eurodolarului banc. eurodollar market pia de cereale burs., com. corn market
pia a factorilor (de producie) factor market pia de desfacere com. outlet
pia a forei de munc labor market/ employment pia de devize burs. foreign exchange market
market/ manpower market/ market for labor pia de emisiune banc. market of issue
pia la hausse burs. seller's market pia de eurocapital burs. eurocapital market
pia a locurilor de munc ec. job market pia de eurodevize burs. eurocurrency market
pia a materiilor prime burs. commodity market pia de investiii (de capital) investment market
pia a ofertei burs. buyer's market pia de mrfuri burs. commodities market
pia a petrolului burs. oil market pia de mrfuri disponibile burs. spot market
pia a produselor de baz burs. commodity market pia de monopol com. monopolistic market
pia a produselor de larg consum burs. commod- pia de numerar banc. cash market
ity market pia de obligaiuni burs. bond(s) market
pia a schimburilor valutare la termen burs. for- pia de obligaiuni externe burs. foreign bond
ward exchange market market
pia a scontului neoficial burs. open discount pia de opiuni burs. option exchange
market pia de produse com. produce market
pia a tranzaciilor imobiliare real estate market pia de produse agricole com. agricultural com-
pia a tranzaciilor la termen burs. forward market modity market/ farm products market
pia a vnztorilor burs. seller's market pia de produse tropicale burs., com. tropical
pia activ burs., banc. active market/ brisk market
market/ buoyant market pia de scont burs. discount market
pia agricol ec. agricultural commodity market/ pia de tranzacii cu devize burs. forex market
farm products market/ rural market pia de tranzacionare rapid burs. fast market
pia animat burs. lively market pia de valori burs. securities market
pia autohton com. internal market pia dependent captive market
pia autohton a forei de munc domestic labor pia deschis open market
market pia dezvoltat broad market
pia bazat pe ordine burs. order-driven market pia dinamic burs. buoyant market
pia bidirecional two-sided market pia dubl two-tier market
pia bietajat two-tier market pia efectiv com. actual market
pia blocat burs. locked market pia eficient efficient market
pia calm burs. easy market/ quiet market pia emergent emerging market
pia captiv captive market pia extern external market/ foreign market
pia colonial com. colonial market pia extern a forei de munc external labor market
pia computerizat pe termen scurt din Sydney burs. pia extins broad market
Sydney computerized overnight market (SYCOM) pia extrabursier burs. over-