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Assignment 1 Dr Chong Fai Kait

Chapter 1
1. Consider the atoms of 26 27
12 Mg and 13 Al . Both of these atoms have the same

a. number of electrons.
b. mass number.
c. number of neutrons.
d. number of protons.

2. Consider the atoms of 59Co and 60Co. Both of these atoms have the same
a. number of electrons.
b. mass number.
c. number of neutrons.
d. number of protons.

3. Consider the atoms of 65Cu and 65Zn. Both of these atoms have the same
a. number of electrons.
b. mass number.
c. number of neutrons.
d. number of protons.

4. Compare 26 27
12 Mg and 13 Al . In what respect do these atoms differ?

a. Number of electrons and number of protons


b. Number of neutrons and number of protons
c. Mass number and number of protons
d. Mass number and number of electrons

5. A neutral iodine atom has an mass number of 131. Which description below fits this atoms?
a. 39 protons, 78 neutrons, 39 electrons
b. 53 protons, 78 neutrons, 53 electrons
c. 53 protons, 131 neutrons, 53 electrons
d. 53 protons, 131, neutrons, 78 electrons

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6. Which description below fits the 29 Cu 2 ion?
a. 29 protons, 65 neutrons, 29 electrons
b. 29 protons, 36 neutrons, 27 electrons
c. 31 protons, 34 neutrons, 29 electrons
d. 29 protons, 36, neutrons, 34 electrons

7. Which description below fits the 112


48 Cd
2
ion?
a. 48 protons, 64 neutrons, 48 electrons
b. 48 protons, 62 neutrons, 48 electrons
c. 48 protons, 64 neutrons, 46 electrons
d. 50 protons, 64, neutrons, 48 electrons
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8. A naturally occurring element consists of three isotopes:

isotope 1 46.972 amu 69.472%


isotope 2 48.961 amu 21.667%
isotope 3 49.954 amu 8.861%

What is the average atomic mass of this naturally occurring element?


a. 47.667 amu
b. 47.699 amu
c. 48.629 amu
d. 48.961 amu

9. A naturally occurring element consists of two isotopes:

isotope 1 68.5257 amu 60.226%


isotope 2 70.9429 amu ??????%

What is the average atomic mass of this naturally occurring element?


a. 69.487 amu
b. 69.743 amu
c. 69.972 amu
d. 69.934 amu

10. Common table salt, sodium chloride, contains 2.87 g of sodium for every 4.43 g of chloride. If a sample
of sodium chloride contains 7.12 g of chloride, what mass of sodium does it contain?

11. Magnesium chloride, contains 6.08 g of magnesium for every 17.73 g of chloride. If a sample of
magnesium chloride contains 3.47 g of magnesium, what mass of chloride does it contain?

12. A certain element X forms a compound with oxygen in which there is one atom of X for each atom of
oxygen. In this compound, 2.27 g of X are combined with 0.662 g of oxygen.
What is element X?

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Chapters 2& 3
1. What is the correct name for the compound IBr3?
a. Bromic iodide
b. Iodine bromate
c. Iodine tribromide
d. Iodine tribromine

2. What is the correct name for the compound S2Cl2?


a. Disulfur chlorate
b. Disulfur dichloride
c. Disulfur dichlorine
d. Sulfur(i) chloride

3. What is the correct name for the compound HI?


a. Hydriodic acid
b. Hydrogen monoiodide
c. Hydrogen iodide
d. Iodic acid

4. What is the correct name for the compound HCN?


a. Hydrocarbonitride
b. Hhydrocyanic acid
c. Hydrogen carbonitride
d. Hydrogen cyanide

5. After evaluating the following expression, how many significant figures should be displayed in the final
result?
13.726 0.027
8.221
a. 1
b. 2
c. 3
d. 4

6. After evaluating the following expression, how many significant figures should be displayed in the final
result?
1.700 0.5438
8.2
a. 1
b. 2
c. 3
d. 4

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7. What is the correct formula for lithium phosphate?

8. What is the correct formula for barium sulfite?

9. The mass of 5.20 moles of glucose, C6H12O6, is correctly expressed as


a. 1.56 x 10-21 g
b. 31.2 g
c. 34.7 g
d. 937 g
e. 6.43 x 1020 g

10. How many molecules of carbon dioxide are there in 154.0 grams of carbon dioxide?
a. 3.499
b. 2.107 x 1024
c. 4.214 x 1024
d. 9.274 x 1025
e. 4.081 x 1027

11. What is the percent, by weight, of calcium in Ca(OCl)2? Use the atomic weights provided in your text.
a. 28.030
b. 28.571
c. 31.562
d. 43.787
e. 44.493

12. A new compound contains nitrogen, hydrogen, boron, and fluorine. The assay values are: nitrogen,
13.360%; hydrogen, 3.8455%; boron, 10.312%. Determine its empirical formula.
a. NH3BF3
b. NH4B3F
c. N4HB4F
d. NH4BF4
e. NH3BF4

13. A compound contains arsenic and oxygen as the only elements. A 1.626 g sample of the compound
contains 1.232 g of arsenic. From this data, after determining the percent composition, by weight, what is
the calculated empirical formula for the compound?
a. As2O
b. AsO
c. As2O3
d. AsO2
e. As2O5

14. A 4.626 gram sample of a hydrocarbon, upon combustion in a combustion analysis apparatus, yielded
6.484 grams of carbon dioxide. The percent, by weight, of carbon in the hydrocarbon is therefore:
a. 38.25%
b. 19.47%
c. 71.35%
d. 40.16%
e. 42.16%

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15. Which one of the following is definitely not an empirical formula?
a. C12H16O3
b. C12H22O11
c. C3H8O2
d. C4H12N2O
e. C6H12O4

16. A compound has an empirical formula CH2Cl. An independent analysis gave a value of 98.9 for its molar
mass. What is the correct molecular formula?
a. CH2Cl
b. C2H4Cl2
c. C2H2Cl4
d. C3H6Cl3
e. C3H3Cl6

17. When BaCl2 reacts with Na3PO4, Ba3(PO4)2 and NaCl are formed. How many moles of Ba3PO4 are
formed for each mole of BaCl2 that is consumed?
a. 3
b. 1
c. 0.3333
d. 2.3333
e. 1.5

18. The left side of a balanced chemical equation is shown below,

K2Cr2O7 + 4 H2SO4 + 3 SeO2

If 0.600 moles of K2Cr2O7, 2.800 moles of H2SO4 and 1.500 moles of SeO2 are brought together and
allowed to react, then

a. H2SO4 is the limiting reagent


b. K2Cr2O7 is the limiting reagent
c. there are 1.300 moles of H2SO4 in excess
d. there are 0.100 moles of K2Cr2O7 in excess
e. there are 0.300 moles of SeO2 in excess