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ADVANTAGES

:
1. It is a renewable source of energy.
2. Like all forms of solar energy, winds power systems are non-polluting, so it has no adverse influence
on the environment.
3. Wind energy systems avoid fuel provision and transport.
4. On a small scale up to a few kilowatt system is less costly. On a large-scale costs can be competitive
with conventional electricity and lower costs could be achieved by mass production.

DISADVANTAGES:
1. Wind energy available in dilute and fluctuating in nature.
2. Unlike water energy wind energy needs storage capacity because of its irregularity.
3. Wind energy systems are noisy in operation, a large unit can be heard many kilometres away.
4. Wind power systems have a relatively high overall weight, because they involve the construction of a
high tower and include also a gearbox, a hub and pitch changer, a generator coupling shaft etc. For
large systems a weight of 110 kg/kW (rated) has been estimated.
5. Large areas are needed, typically, propellers 1 to 3m in diameter, deliver power in the 30 to 300w
range.
6. Present systems are neither maintenance free not-practically reliable. However, the fact that highly
reliable propeller engines are built for aircraft suggest that the present troubles could be over- come
by industrial development work.

APPLICATIONS:
Energy extracted from the wind is initially energy in the form of rotary, translational, or oscillatory
mechanical motion. This mechanical motion can be used to pump fluids or can be converted to electricity,
heat, or fuel.

Applications of somewhat more powerful turbines, up to about 50kw, are for operating irrigation
pumps, navigational signals, and remote communication, relay, and weather stations, and for offshore oil
drilling platforms.

Wind turbine generators have been built in a wide range of power outputs from a kilowatt or so to a
few thousand kilowatts. Machines of low power can generate sufficient electricity for space heating and
cooling of homes and for operating domestic appliances. Low power WEC generators have been used for
many years for the corrosion protection of buried metal pipelines.

Aero generators in the intermediate power range, roughly 100 to 250kw, can supply electricity to
isolated populations, to farm co-operatives, and to small industries. Finally, the largest WEC generators, with
rated powers of a few thousand kilowatts are usually planned for interconnection with an electric utility
system. Present indications are that the optimum economic diameter of a wind turbine with a two-bladed-
propeller type rotor is about 110m, the electric power output would range from 2000 to 5000 kw or 2to 5
megawatts, where 1 MW or 1 million watts.

DIRECT HEAT APPLICATIONS:

such as resistance heaters. In such applications. in turn. 1. ventilation. Textile processing. and waste processing. 5. can be used for dc applications or space heaters. Production of inorganic chemicals. refrigeration. . Food processing. and air space for residential. frost protection. electrical generators. ELECTRIC GENERATION APPLICATIONS: Wind power can be used in centralized utility applications to drive synchronous a. loads. commercial. 4. 3. In dispersed applications. Production of organic chemicals. wind power can be used to generate dc electrical power that. INDUSTRIAL HEAT APPLICATIONS: This process might be able to use low temperature heat produced by wind energy include the following. Production of plastic materials. food processing. milk processing. the energy is fed directly into power networks through voltage step-up transformers. The heat may be used directly for such applications as heating and cooling of water. AGRICULTURAL HEAT APPLICATIONS: This process include greenhouse applications. c. or can be stored in batteries and then inverted for used by a. industrial and agricultural building or for various types of industrial or agricultural process-heat applications. 2. crop drying. c.