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Advanced Materials Research Vols 243-249 (2011) pp 6097-6100 Online: 2011-05-17

© (2011) Trans Tech Publications, Switzerland

Computer Method for Tower Crane Foundation Design
Houxian Zhang1, a, Jian Jin 1 , Jiadong Qian1, Sen Li1 and Yu Jiang1
Nanjing Institute of Technology, Nanjing211167, China

Keywords: Tower Crane Foundation Design; Computer Method; ANSYS; VB Reinforcement
Program; VB Optimization Program

Abstract. the reinforcement in both directions of a square tower crane foundation is obtained by
ANSYS three-dimensional analysis and VB reinforcement program and VB optimization program
to meet the requirements such as foundation bearing capacity, bending, overturning and punching
under the general combination of various loads.
The load in the crane structure is divided into four categories, namely, the basic load, additional
load, special load and other load. The basic load includes the weight load, lifting load, all kinds of
dynamic load and the centrifugal force; the special load includes wind load under working condition
and temperature load; the special load includes wind load under non-working state, test load, the
collision load under working condition; the other load includes the installation load, work platform
load by each channel, transport load. The dynamic load considers the dynamic load factor φ2 of
lifting quality, the impact coefficient unloading lifting quality φ3, the impact factor of lifting weight
φ1, the impact factor of movement quality φ4, the horizontal inertia load of crane quality and the
lifting quality, the luffing and slewing inertia (tangential) load. The wind load is divided into the
wind load under working condition and the wind load under non-working state. Tower crane
foundation design uses the most adverse situation for the general combination of a variety of load
[1], as shown in Table 1. It is difficult to obtain the most unfavorable combination of various loads
and reinforce by hand.
Table 1 Load combination
load load combination
combination A combination B combination C
category Load name symbol
A1 A2 A3 B1 B2 B3 C1 C2 C3

weight FG φ1FG φ1FG φ1FG φ1FG φ1FG φ1FG φ1FG FG FG

lifting load FQ φ2FQ φ3FQ φ4FQ φ2FQ φ3FQ φ4FQ — — —
F mK — —
basic load inertia load
operating the most disadvantaged combination of pairwise
F mt — —
inertia load combinations
Ff — —
the wind
additional load under
F w2 — F w2 F w2 F w2 — — —
load working

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75 balance weight (t) 4.7 the maximum wind load under 250 working condition(N/m2) weight of the tower crane (t) 13.62 significant(t) effective working range(m) 2. For example. the solid model of crane QTZ25 (technical parameters are shown in Table 2) is shown in Figure 1.m) 250 maximum rated capacity(t) 2. Figure 1 The solid model of crane QTZ25 Table 2 Technical parameters of crane QTZ25 item technical parameters rated lifting moment(KN.5 amplitude velocity(m/min) 23 swing speed(r/min) 0.5~35 self-help 25 lifting height(m) normal 30 lifting speed(m/min) 27/13.5 rated lifting moment at the most 0.2 .6098 Advances in Civil Engineering and Architecture Continue of table 1 dynamic test F dt φ 6 F dt load static test special F ts F ts load load the wind load under F ws F ws non-working state Load calculation of the tower crane foundation design Edit commands flow ( APDL) to obtain the crane model.

A change in the amount of force is imposed along the Y-axis direction when the gravity force reduces.93 39456 -1.9 ~ 1.93 1. Advanced Materials Research Vols. and then put through SFBEAM commands to the unit wind load. The node number and node coordinates in contact with the wind used in VB program are obtained by using menu Nodes. (3) centrifugal force and operating inertia load combination. To add many wind loads on the poles using the VB program.0 when the weight load reduces the stress on the calculated component.783 A2(1) 500 2568.93 39456 75.02E-05 -11. Figure 2 The calculation diagram of crane weight On the BB section. which produces additional bending stress on the tower.02E+05 129. copied and saved to jiedian.txt file.0 + ka when the mass m3 vibrates. Set load parameters in the model and exert load by load combination table (a total of 23 combinations). but the gravity Fg1 of m1 should be multiplied by φ1 = 1.93E-08 2. A single node (node number 500 in this case) connects with the foundation. MZ =.86E+05 129.21E+04 75. Table 3 Reaction force when Lifting arm vibrate (maximum rated capacity) MX MY MZ combination node FX(N) FY(N) FZ(N) (N·m) (N·m) (N·m) A1(1) 500 2568. 243-249 6099 The impact coefficient of the lifting load should be taken φ1 = 1. an inertial impact Fh along the horizontal direction imposes on the tower to increase the stress on the BB section.411 -63189 A1(2) 500 2568. (2) luffing inertia load and operating inertia load combination. Fh = m2g (φ1-1).0 ~ 1. Only the change ( F × ka) is considered In the impact calculation of lifting load when the vibration of the balance arm or the lifting arm increases or decreases gravity force of the relevant parts because the acceleration of gravity has been imposed in ANSYS calculations.8 2.86E+05 129.91E+05 75.0-ka.8 2.φ1 = 1.99E+05 -367. The pairwise combinations of luffing inertia load.411 -63189 A2(3) 500 -3. When the mass m2 vibrates.10 when the weight load increases the stress on the calculated component. The weight load is shown in Figure 2.0 + ka.8 1. The unit number is obtained similarly and saved to danyuan. the gravity Fg3 should be multiplied by φ1 = 1.02E+05 -367.411 -63189 A2(2) 500 2568.02E+05 129. Moment around the Y direction has no effect on crane foundation. centrifugal force and operating inertia load has three cases :(1) luffing inertia load and centrifugal force combination.93 1.8 1.697 kN • m of combination C3 is the biggest among the moment around the Z direction.91E+05 -1.5 27094 75.412 -63189 A1(3) 500 -5.65E-07 1.txt file.81E-06 -11. The impact coefficient of the lifting load should be taken φ1 = 0. A change in the amount of force is imposed along the Y-axis negative direction when the gravity force increases. The wind load is multiplied by the height H (beam 4 real constant TKY) of the windward side bar to obtain the line load. Wind load command flow is obtained by running the VB program.5 6.783 . and is larger than the moment around the X direction of the other combination as shown in Table 3.

06E+05 129.01E+05 129. overturning.95E+05 6.77E+04 2.03E+05 -367. 1st edition .25E+05 B1(3) 500 1.6100 Advances in Civil Engineering and Architecture Continue of table 3 A3(1) 500 2568. ANSYS8.93 1.77E+04 1.00E+03 75.29E-08 2. High-rise building construction.41E+04 72740 -4.783 B1(1) 500 20225 2.2006. Beijing University Press.5 -6.99E+05 -367.93 6.84E+04 1.87E+05 129.03E-08 -11.8 2. basic punching and the side of less than 6m. that is the case of wind load in combination.87E+05 -6.5 49109 72740 -4.2004.03E+05 129.93 51134 75.77E+04 2.45E-06 -11.412 -63189 C1(2) 500 2568.85E+04 2.25E+05 B3(2) 500 20225 2.25E+05 B1(2) 500 20225 2.78E+05 72740 -4.93 1.411 -63189 A3(3) 500 -8. Set the minimum base height of 0.62E+05 B3(1) 500 20225 2.57E-07 -11.5 25755 72740 -4.78E+05 72664 -3.5 1.02E+05 129.02E+05 -367.00E+03 5.93 38117 72740 -4. Machinery Industry Press.62E+05 C1(1) 500 2568.93 38117 72664 -3.64E+04 72740 -4.8 2.42E-05 7.5m to check bearing capacity. The basis will change if the size does not meet the requirements until they meet the design requirements.01E+05 129.87E+05 129.25E+05 B2(3) 500 1. Reinforcement is obtained by VB program if the base is 2 meters high. VB program is prepared to optimize the integral foundation design. Chen Defang.03E+05 129. concrete strength grade of C20.783 C2 500 3.93 51134 -2. Dimensional analysis by ANSYS for the two directions of each load combination obtains the maximum reinforcement as the reinforcement of a square tower crane foundation. [3] Xu Heshan. foundation depth 1.93 26440 72664 -3. the size of integral foundation: 5m × 5m × 1.97E+05 The integral foundation design Integral base is designed to meet the foundation bearing capacity.25E+05 B2(2) 500 20225 1. The result is: QTZ25 type of crane.5m.93 6. 1st edition . It is found that the reinforcement and the foundation side are almost the same under all load combinations when the base is 2 meters high.80E-08 2.06E+05 -367.8 2. ANSYS analysis of structural engineering examples.5 38771 75. Jiang Di.62E+05 B2(1) 500 20225 1.8 2.36E+03 75.783 C3 500 3.93 2.93E-06 -8. foundation bearing capacity 200kN/m2. References [1] Zhang Houxian.01E+05 -367. more reinforcement. bending. punching. 1st edition .02E+05 129.03E+05 -6.5m. overturning.33E-09 2. bigger base side and base height arise from combination C3 and B.06E+05 129.0 analysis of engineering structures.411 -63189 A3(2) 500 2568.25E+05 B3(3) 500 1. bending.08E+03 8. reinforced steel bar 3450mm2 of Q235. [2] Zhao Haifeng.412 -63189 C1(3) 500 8. China Railway Press.2007 . more reinforcement occur mostly in the tower vibration.

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