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QUIZ #6 STUDY GUIDE

Causes of WWI:

Long-Term Causes (M.A.I.N.) Short-Term Cause:
Militarism Assassination of
Archduke Franz Ferdinand
Alliances
Imperialism
Nationalism

America Enters the War:
Neutrality
Zimmermann Telegram
Sinking of the Lusitania
Should be able to explain how each of these contributed to the
U.S. joining the war.

Alliances:
Allied Powers Central Powers
- Britain, France, Russia (Triple - Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy
Entente) (Triple Alliance)

- United States joins later (1917) -Ottoman Empire joins 1914
Home Front:
Propaganda
Rationing
The Great Migration
New role of women
Espionage and Sedition Acts- limited free speech in the name of
security

New Weapons/Technology:
Machine Gun
U-boat (Submarine)
Airplane
Chemical weapons (mustard gas)
Tank

Warfare:
Trenches (Purpose, conditions, dangers)
“No Man’s Land”
1918 Spring Offensive: Germany pushes west into France
Battle of Argonne Forest=turning point of the war
American soldiers (“doughboys”) helped Allies win the war

End of the War:
Fourteen Points
Main ideas:
- Free trade,
- Reduce weapons
- freedom of the seas,
- no secret deals,
- evacuation of occupied territories,
- self-determination (right of self government) for all nations,
- League of Nations
*Britain and France disagreed with the 14 Points

Treaty of Versailles (1919):
- Germany harshly punished
- Forced to pay for damages caused by war
- Disband military
- give up territory
- Kept League of Nations from the 14 Points

***U.S. rejects Treaty of Versailles; does not join League of Nations***