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Press Fit of Cylindrical Pin in Square Plate (with
Pull Out)
Problem/Description:

There are many applications in mechanical engineering that involve simulating an interference fit between
a cylindrical part and a mating body. Some common examples are shaft and hole interference, or pins
that are held in place by friction.

In ANSYS, there are a couple of ways to model interference fits. One way is to model the shaft and hole
as having the same geometric radius. A contact "interface treatment" (e.g., offset) is applied so that the
contact elements penetrate the target face, thereby mimicking the interference effect. Alternatively, it is
possible to incorporate the geometric interference in a CAD model, and then allow the contact formulation
to resolve the interference.

In this KR, we will present an example of resolving geometric interference using contact elements. For an
example of applying interface treatments to simulate interference, please refer to Lecture 2 of the ANSYS
Mechanical Advanced Connections training course.

Model:
The geometry used in this model is shown in Figure 1. There is a small interference of 0.01mm between
the cylindrical body and the hole in the square block.

Figure 1. Block and Cylinder Geometry Containing Interference

© 2015 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

ANSYS will automatically expand the results for the quarter-model. we can see the volume of material that corresponds to the interference between the two bodies. a Cyclic Symmetry object was inserted in ANSYS Mechanical. Figure 2.Using the Clash Detection Tool in ANSYS DesignModeler. Rather than correct this clash in DesignModeler. we will instead use nonlinear contact in ANSYS Mechanical to resolve the penetration. The is the region indicated by the red "Clash" flag in Figure 2. Inc. Figure 3. . Geometric Interference Detected using DM Clash Detection Tool Since the body shown in Figure 1 is 1/4th the entire geometry of interest. Cyclic Symmetry Applied to Model Faces © 2015 ANSYS. All rights reserved. and display them on the full geometry. The High (Red) and Low (Blue) boundaries are indicated in Figure 3. After solving.

and a maximum of 10000. . All other options were left as default. Load Step 1: Resolve Press Fit The first stage of our analysis is to resolve the geometric interference between the cylinder and the hole. In addition. © 2015 ANSYS. the Normal Stiffness Factor was reduced to 0. Details of Frictional Contact Pair Load Step 2: Pull Pin Having resolved the press fit in the first load step.1 to aid convergence. A frictional contact pair was defined between the two bodies. All rights reserved. our analysis is divided into two load steps.2 was set. the details of which are shown in Figure 4. Figure 4. auto time stepping was activated in Load Step 2 with 100 substeps initially. A static coefficient of friction of 0. A Fixed Support boundary condition (active in Load Step 1) was applied to the -X face of the block. Similarly. Therefore. a minimum of 10. Inc.7mm in the Z- direction to the end of the pin. Second. we now apply a fixed displacement of 1. While the solver is able to converge in one substep for the press fit conditions. First. we would apply force to the pin to pull it out.Solution If we were performing an experiment on an actual part. we would press fit the cylinder into the hole. we would do so in two steps. the pulling operation is more susceptible to divergence.

The slight rises in stress above zero at the cyclic boundaries are due to large deflection effects interacting with the cyclic symmetry condition. The maximum stress due to the press fit is about 79kPa. Figure 6. Equivalent Stress Due to Press Fit © 2015 ANSYS. Figure 5. . Inc. Applied Fixed Support and Displacement Boundary Conditions Results Figure 6 is a plot of equivalent stress at the end of Load Step 1. All rights reserved.

7mm. All rights reserved. © 2015 ANSYS. removing it from the hole. Inc. . Z-direction Deformation Showing Pin Pullout Finally.213N until the pin begins to slide in the hole. the reaction force drops to zero.Figure 7 shows the Z-direction deformation of the model after Load Step 2 completes. As the pin slides out of the hole. Figure 8 is a plot of Z-direction reaction force at the applied displacement boundary condition. the resistance due to friction decreases. The block remains fixed. Eventually. The reaction force is a maximum of 0. while the pin body is displaced by 1. Figure 7.

Reaction Force at Displacement Boundary Condition Attachments: 1. Figure 8.wbpz © 2015 ANSYS. Press_Fit_Example. Inc. . All rights reserved.