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pcb (silkscreen, soldermask,copper, substrate FR4 fiber glass

)

pcb thikness
SparkFun products is 1.6mm (0.063")
LilyPad boards and Arudino Pro Micro boards- use a .8mm thick board.

Pad - a portion of exposed metal on the surface of a board to which a
component is soldered
Plated through hole - a hole on a board which has an annular ring and
which is plated all the way through the board. May be a connection
point for a through hole component, a via to pass a signal through,
or a mounting hole.
Silkscreen - the letters, number, symbols and imagery on a circuit board.
Usually only one color is available, and resolution is usually fairly low
Reflow - melting the solder to create joints between pads and component leads.
Soldermask - a layer of protective material laid over the metal to prevent
short circuits, corrosion, and other problems. Frequently green, although
other colors (SparkFun red, Arduino blue, or Apple black) are possible.
Occasionally referred to as “resist”.
Surface mount - construction method which allows components to be simply
set on a board, not requiring that leads pass through holes in the board.
This is the dominant method of assembly in use today, and allows boards to
be populated quickly and easily.
Trace - a continuous path of copper on a circuit board.
Via - a hole in a board used to pass a signal from one layer to another.
Tented vias are covered by soldermask to protect them from being soldered
to. Vias where connectors and components are to be attached are often
untented (uncovered) so that they can be easily soldered.

Type of material: (FR4, High Tg. RO-4350, Polytetrafluoroethylene (Teflon))

the most commonly used material for Printed Circuit Boards (PCB)?
FR-4(The material is known to retain its high mechanical values and
electrical insulating qualities in both dry and humid conditions.)

three techniques for printed circuit board soldering:
Hand, Wave, Reflow

Most commonly used lamination material for a Flexible PCB is Polyimide.
next polyester

Drill Layer:this layer will contain the holes for thru-hole pads and vias
Hole Layer: this layer will contain the mounting holes
Milling Layer:this layer will contain the cutouts on the board.

Parts description:
1.Solder Mask is a layer in a PCB that covers the top and the bottom layers.
It is usually colored green. It protects the PCB from oxidation and from
accidental solder bridging. It is the sheet covering the whole PCB.
It has holes just enough for the pads or drill holes to be visible and
possible connections.
2.Footprints are the equivalent of the electronic parts in pcb which
composed of pads where you place your parts on the board.
3.Layers are literally the layers of the PCB.
4.Traces are the copper/conductor connections of the pads/vias of the
footprints.
5.Vias are the drill holes that connects the traces at the top layer to the
bottom or in any other layers.
6.Silkscreens are the white-colored indicators written all over the PCB.
It is not conductive.

The list below are the designators commonly used for the given electronic symbols: Resistor = R Inductor = L Capacitor = C Fuse = F LED = D Connector = J Switch = S Transistor = Q Relay = K Integrated Circuit = U Here are a few layout design rules that will help you reduce the ESD risks on your next design. Panelizing Manufacturers often create one huge PCB with many identical board designs on it. -Design ground discharge locations near connectors. Surface Mount Devices (SMD) Components that are soldered on pads on the surface of your PCB instead of through holes. -Fill ground or power in unused areas of the PCB. Include planes whenever possible. It is used in the same manner as electrical wires. or other areas exposed to human touch. values and outlines on a PCB for simpler assembly and debugging. . -Minimize current loop areas formed by power and ground. Pad Pads are used to solder surface mount devices to the board. This is usually applied to the whole board except from where there are pads to be soldered. This is called panelizing. Through-hole Components Components that have leads which go through the board and are soldered on the other side. Solder Mask or Solder Resist A substance that solder won’t stick to. Via A hole with copper inside to provide electrical connection between a trace on one layer to a trace on a different layer of the PCB. a thousandth of a meter. -Avoid running critical signals next to the edge of the board. -Reduce parallel paths between interconnects on the printed circuit board. Surface Finish A layer on top of pads to prevent the copper layer from oxidation. Annular Ring The annular ring is the area that is left of a pad after a hole has been drilled in it. Single-sided PCB A PCB with traces and pads only on one side of the board. Gerber File A file in the Gerber Format that is used as a universal way of telling manufacturers how to create your board. Silkscreen Markings of component names. Usually white. Avoid long stubs Do not make loops with signals. Term Meaning Thou A “thou” is a thousandth of an inch and equivalent to a “mil”. Mil A “mil” is a thousandth of an inch and equivalent to a “thou”. Trace A path made of copper on a PCB. to connect the components of a board. ESD Electrostatic discharge caused by static electricity. Do not leave floating metal on the pcb. -Use guard traces next to long PCB signal routes. mm “mm” is short for millimeter. Used to make sure traces are insulated electrically and physically. The huge PCB is then cut into individual boards. switches. -Minimize routing lengths. you can offer that will reduce EMI? Avoide Slots or openings in your planes Keep power plane routes low impedance Keep High Frequency Signal Paths as short as possible. For example to make a solder pad for a PTH component.

This basically means that they solder the components to your board for you. Gerber File Extension Bottom Copper GBL Bottom Silkscreen GBO Bottom Soldermask GBS Top Copper GTL Top Silkscreen GTO Top Soldermask GTS Drill File TXT Drill Station Info File dri Photoplotter Info File gpi Mill Layer GML Top Paste GTP . Multi-layer PCB A PCB with traces and pads on both sides of the board in addition to traces on layers within the board itself.Double-sided PCB A PCB with traces and pads on both sides of the board. RoHS Restriction of Hazardous Substances. A European law intended to protect the environment. PCBA Some companies offer Printed Circuit Board Assembly (PCBA). FR-4 Substrate The most commonly used material for creating PCBs.

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