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Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and

Communication Engineering

한국정보통신학회논문지(J. Korea Inst. Inf. Commun. Eng.) Vol. 18, No. 8 : 1785~1790 Aug. 2014

2.45 ㎓에서 무선 통신 시스템을 위한 인셋 페드 마이크로스트립
패치 안테나
사지나 프라다한1 · 최동유2*

Inset Fed Microstrip Patch Antenna for Wireless Communication at 2.45 ㎓

Sajina Pradhan1 · Dong-you Choi2*
Department of Electronic Engineering, Chosun University, 309 Pilmun-daero Dong-gu, Gwangju 501-759,
Republic of Korea
Department of Information and Communication Engineering, Chosun University, 309 Pilmun-daero Dong-gu,
Gwangju 501-759, Republic of Korea

요 약
통신 시스템에서 다양한 종류의 마이크로스트립 안테나는 많은 어플리케이션에서 사용되고 있다. 본 논문에서는
무선통신을 위한 2.45 ㎓의 인셋 페드 직사각형 마이크로스트립 패치 안테나를 HFSS를 활용하여 설계하였다. 안테
나는 유전율 2.2, 두께 1.6 ㎜의 Telfron 기판을 사용하였으며 기판의 한쪽 면은 접지면을 갖는다. 시뮬레이션을 통하
여 반사손실, VSWR, 이득, 방사패턴 등의 안테나 특성을 확인하였다.

In communication systems, there are various types of microstrip antenna that can be used for many applications.
This paper mainly focuses on the simple design of inset fed rectangular microstrip patch antenna to operate at
frequency of 2.45 GHz for wireless communication. The study involves using HFSS simulator to design the antenna
dimensions and to determine its performance. This antenna is based on a thickness of 1.6㎜ Teflon substrate with a
dielectric constant of approximately 2.2, on one side of the substrate and another side has a ground plane. After
simulation, the antenna performance characteristics such as return loss, VSWR, gain, radiation pattern are obtained.

키워드 : 마이크로스트립 패치 안테나, 인셋 페드 기술, 무선 통신
Key word : Microstrip Patch Antenna, Inset Fed Technique, Wireless Communication

접수일자 : 2014. 05. 09 심사완료일자 : 2014. 05. 29 게재확정일자 : 2014. 06. 13
* Corresponding Author Dong-You Choi(, Tel:+82-62-230-7060)
Department of Information and Communication Engineering, Chosun University, 309 Pilmun-daero Dong-gu, Gwangju 501-759, Republic
of Korea

Open Access print ISSN: 2234-4772 online ISSN: 2288-4165
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License(
by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Copyright Ⓒ The Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering.

in case of the non-contracting substrate h≪λ0. the length L of the patch is frequency power is directly fed to the radiating patch by usually 0. Microstrip Fig. For design of the patch Lp. On the dielectric substrate. In this paper.) Vol. the radiation patch 그림 1. During late 1970s. 18. conformability and the ease of integration with active device. used in many applications. low cost. Korea Inst. length of ground purpose.한국정보통신학회논문지(J. There are three essential parameters for design of Microstrip patch antenna is characterized by a large inset fed rectangular microstrip patch antenna. Whereas. A microstrip patch antenna is the combination of a radiating patch on one side of the dielectric substrate and ground on the other side. transmission line length Lf and width Wf constant of the substrate material is used in the design 1786 . Introduction and Wsf is the width of the gap as shown in Figure 1. 8 : 1785~1790 Aug. VSWR.2 and the loss tangent equal to 0. In the contacting method. The patch is generally made of conducting material like gold or copper. The using a connecting element such as microstrip line or patch is selected to be very thin such that the height of probe feed. aperture feeding [1. They are designed to resonant frequency (fr). Commun. 인셋 페드 사각형 마이크로스트립 패치 안테나 and the feed lines are usually photo etched.6 ㎜ × 48 ㎜ is designed on oce side of Teflon transfer power between the microstrip line and the substrate of thickness 1.45 ㎓.45 ㎓ antenna design is Teflon having a dielectric constant of for wireless communication is presented having length the 2. These methods can be classified into two Requirement categories one is contacting and another is non-contacting. Antenna Geometry and Its Design methods. The antenna have been largely studied due to their advantages like light weight. Low dielectric distance Yo. the design of The dielectric material of the substrate chosen for this inset fed rectangular microstrip patch antenna at 2. inset fed is also an important parametric factor. 2014 Ⅰ. the antenna can be fed by the various Ⅱ. a rectangular patch of dimension method. They are number of physical parameters. antenna plays a vital important role. width of the patch Wp. dielectric material of the have many geometrical shapes and dimensions but substrate (εr) and the thickness of substrate. Inf. human life since it has been developed rapidly in the radiation pattern are obtained from the simulation. reduced size. width of the ground plane Wg. antenna elements and arrays were developed in term of design and modeling. 1 Inset Fed Rectangular Microstrip Patch Antenna patch antennas radiate primarily because of the fringing fields between the patch edge and the ground plane.6 ㎜ and the ground plane of 90 radiating patch which includes proximity feeding and ㎜ × 90 ㎜ are located on the other side of the substrate. gain. 2]. This antenna is designed on Teflon and its performance Wireless communication has a great impact on characteristic such as Return loss. In the field of wireless communications. past decades. During early 1980s. No. the dielectric constant of the substrate material plane Lg. The rectangular and circular microstrip patches have been resonant frequency chosen for this design is 2. Therefore. the radio For a rectangular patch.0009. Eng. there was rapid development in the field of microstrip patch antenna technology. electromagnetic field coupling is done to 38. Thus.3333λ0 is the free sapace wavelength.

which  WP = Width of the patch varies very rapidly.    of the patch the resonant input impedance decreases monotonically and reaches zero at the centre. the     where  is inset distance. εreff = effective dielectric constant the low quality factor Q. Width of the Patch The width of the antenna can be determined by 3. For 3. The low value of dielectric constant increases the radiated power. Mathematical Calulation of The The actual length L of the patch is given by Antenna Parameters     (4)     The parameters of the antenna can be calculated by  the transmission line method [1. The designed has εr = dielectric material of substrate patch size independent of dielectric constant. Inset fed of the patch antenna A physical notch is introduced by the inset feed.6 ㎜.  The following Table 1 gives the detail design parameter                          (2) specification of microstrip patch antenna[11].1. Since thick value of substrate increases the length is given by fringing field of the patch periphery like low dielectric constant and also increases the radiated power. the small loss tangent was neglected. the h = height of dielectric substrate reduction of patch size is by using higher dielectric Wp = width of the patch constant and Teflon is good in this agreement. So. 1787 .3.2. The dielectric substrate height of the inset fed microstrip               (3)   patch antenna is h = 1. When the c = velocity of light value of the inset feed point approaches the centre of the fr = resonance frequency  εr = dielectric constant of substrate patch.3 ㎜ and the length and width of transmission line at 50 Ω is 45 ㎜ and 5 ㎜ respectively. As the inset feed-point moves from the edge toward the centre Where. 3]. 2. the extension parameter.45 ㎓에서 무선 통신 시스템을 위한 인셋 페드 마이크로스트립 패치 안테나 because it gives better efficiency. therefore the input resistance also changes rapidly with the position of the feed point. Where.          Ⅲ. fr is the resonance frequency[4] 3. the value of inset by fed distance  is 9. higher bandwidth and Where. The dimensions of the patch along its length have Thickness of substrate is another important in design been extended on each end by distance.   which in turn introduces a junction capacitance. Length of the patch maintaining very accurate values. In this paper. The              (1) physical notch and its corresponding junction capacitance influence the resonance frequency. In the simulation. a close tolerance has The effective dielectric constant can be determined to be preserved [5-10].

2 substrate (εr) Dielectric substrate material Teflon used 그림 3. Eng. having Microsoft windows graphical user interface. 주파수 Fig. The simulated value at -10 ㏈. fmax Width of the ground plane (Wg) 90 mm = 2.) Vol. 8 : 1785~1790 Aug. Structure Simulation) which is a high performance full-wave electromagnetic (EM) field simulator for arbitrary 3D volumetric passive device. 주파수 Height of the dielectric substrate (h) 1. 2 Design Antenna in HFSS Fig. BW = 60 ㎒ and the bandwidth Width of the gap (Wsf) 8. No. Simulation Result The simulation result of return loss of the inset fed antenna is -33.6 mm Fig.45 ㎓ as The antenna was simulated in HFSS (High Frequency shown in Figure 3.48 ㎓. VSWR vs. 4 VSWR vs. Inf.3 mm Impedance Matching (Zo) 50 Ω 그림 2. 표 1.45 GHz Microstrip inset line he bandwidth of the antenna in term of percentage is Feeding method feed defined by Polarization Linear Dielectric loss tangent (tanδ) 0.6 mm      ×  (5) Width of the patch (WP) 48 mm   Length of the feed line (Lf) 45 mm Width of the feed line (Wf) 5 mm Where. 3 Return Loss vs.5mm percentage is 2. Inset feed distance (Yo) 9. 마이크로스트립 패치 안테나의 설계 파라미터 Table. 2014 Ⅳ.66 ㏈ at center frequency of 2. Frequency Operating frequency (fr) 2.44%. fmin = 2. fmax and fmin are determined at -10 ㏈. 반사손실 vs.한국정보통신학회논문지(J. Frequency 1788 . The designed antenna in HFSS simulator is shown in Figure 2. Commun. 18. HFSS로 설계된 안테나 그림 4.42 ㎓. fr is the Length of the ground plane (Lg) 90 mm resonance frequency.0009  m ax   m in Length of the patch (Lp) 38. Korea Inst. 1 Design parameter of microstrip patch antenna Rectangular Patch Type of the antenna Antenna Dielectric constant of the 2.

5 Radiation Pattern at 2. 6 3D Polar Plot of total gain presented. 2. 마이크로스트립 패치 안테나의 시뮬레이션 결과 Table.9 ㏈. Conclusion In this paper.9126 Peak Gain 4. The 3D polar plot of gain is shown in Figure 6 which shows the gain of 6. gain. VSWR.45 ㎓에서 무선 통신 시스템을 위한 인셋 페드 마이크로스트립 패치 안테나 The VSWR characteristic of the antenna should falls in between 1 to 2. 전체 이득의 3D Polar Plot of inset rectangular patch antenna at 2. the mathematical calculation for design 그림 6.9249 Peak Realized Gain 4.99965 W Incident Power 1W Radiation Efficiency 1.45 ㎓ VSWR 1. 7 Smith chart at 2.45 ㎓.0025 Ⅴ. 표 2.45 ㎓ is Fig. 2.64 ㏈ 그림 5.45 ㎓ Table 2 summarizes the obtained simulation features of the antenna from high frequency simulation software. From simulation its value is 1. 그림 7.9232 Radiated Power 1.39176 W/Sr Peak Directivity 4.04 Max U 0. 2 Simulation results of microstrip patch antenna Resonant frequency 2.45 ㎓ Return loss -34. Hence. Simulation of inset fed microstrip patch antenna is done in HFSS. radiation pattern are obtained in simulation. from simulation.64 ㏈ at 1789 . Also the radiation pattern of the antenna obtained is shown in Figure 5 at phi = 90°and phi = 0° at 2. The antenna performance The scattering parameter for the antenna design at characteristics such as return loss.45 ㎓ 스미스 차트 Fig.45 ㎓ 방사 패턴 Fig.45 ㎓ as depicted in Figure 4.0021 W Accepted Power 0.45 ㎓ on the smith chart is shown in Figure 7. 2. the return loss obtained is -34. 2.04 at 2.

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