You are on page 1of 3

Toyota Land Cruiser

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
(Redirected from Toyota Landcruiser)
Not to be confused with Studebaker Land Cruiser.
Toyota Land Cruiser
2014 Toyota Land Cruiser (VDJ200R) VX wagon (2015-07-09) 01.jpg
Toyota Land Cruiser (J200)
Manufacturer Toyota
Production 1951 present
Body and chassis
Class Off-road vehicle
The Toyota Land Cruiser (Japanese: ??? ???????? Toyota Rando-kuruza?) is a serie
s of four-wheel drive vehicles produced by the Japanese car maker Toyota. It is
Toyota's longest running series.[1]
Production of the first generation Land Cruiser began in 1951 (90 units) as Toyo
ta's version of a Jeep-like vehicle.[2][3] The Land Cruiser has been produced in
convertible, hardtop, station wagon and cab chassis versions. The Land Cruiser'
s reliability and longevity has led to huge popularity, especially in Australia
where it is the best-selling body-on-frame, four-wheel drive vehicle.[4] Toyota
also extensively tests the Land Cruiser in the Australian outback considered to
be one of the toughest operating environments in both temperature and terrain.[5
][6][7] In Japan, the Land Cruiser is exclusive to Toyota Japanese dealerships c
alled Toyota Store.
As of 2016, the Land Cruiser J200 is available in every market except Canada, Ho
ng Kong, (both markets where the Lexus LX is available), North Korea, and South
Contents [hide]
1 Origin
2 Off-road oriented models
2.1 BJ and FJ (1951 1955)
2.2 J20, J30 (1955 1960)
2.3 J40 (1960 1984)
2.4 J70 (1984 present)
3 Comfort oriented models
3.1 J50 (1967 1980)
3.2 J60 (1980 1989)
3.3 J80 (1990 1997)
3.4 J100 (1998 2007)
3.4.1 Innovation
3.5 J200 (2007 present)
4 Sales
5 Use by militant groups
6 References
7 Further reading
8 External links
When the Imperial Japanese Army occupied the Philippines in 1941 they found an o
ld Bantam Mk II Jeep and promptly sent it to Japan. The Japanese military author
ities ordered Toyota to make a similar vehicle but to change the appearance. The
resulting Model AK prototype led to the Yon-Shiki Kogata Kamotsu-Sha (???? ?? ?
type 4 compact cargo-truck).
Later in 1941 the Japanese government told Toyota to produce a light truck for J
apan's military. In 1942 Toyota developed the AK10 prototype by reverse-engineer
ing a Bantam GP Jeep. The half-ton truck features an upright front grille, flat
front wheel arches that angled down and back like the FJ40, headlights mounted a
bove the wheel arches on either side of the radiator, and a folding windshield.
The AK10 is powered by the 2259 cc, 4-cylinder Type C engine from the Toyota Mod
el AE sedan coupled to a three-speed manual transmission and two-speed transfer
gearbox. Unlike the U.S. Jeep, few AK10's were ever used and photographs of them

3 in) 1950 The Korean War created demand for a military light utility vehicle. 3.[8] The name had al ready been used on the US Studebaker Land Cruiser car from 1934 to 1954. That is why I decided to call it 'Land Cruiser'. Japan (ARACO) São Bernardo. 1954 The name "Land Cruiser" was created by the technical director Hanji Umehara .4 L B I6 3. Unlike the Jeep. the first vehicle t o climb that high. FJ-J (Cowl-chassis for a fire-engine). BJ-J (Cowl-chassis for a fire-engine).9 L F I6 Dimensions Wheelbase 2. the NPA quickly placed an order for 289 of these offroad v ehicles. I had to come up with a name for our car that would not sound less dignified than those of our competitors. later known as ARACO (now an affiliate of Toyota Auto Body Co. Im pressed by this feat. J20. The test was overseen by the National Police Agency (NPA).jpg Overview Also called Toyota Bandeirante (Brazil) Production 1955 1960 Assembly Toyota City. The war put a Jeep on Japan's doorstep. Japan (ARACO) Body and chassis Body style 2-door softtop Layout FR layout Powertrain Engine 3.[8] The "Toyota Jeep BJ" Series was introduced alongside the following: BJ-T (Touring). Toyota's test driver Ichiro Taira drove the next generation o f the Jeep BJ prototype up to the sixth stage of Mount Fuji. 125 hp).[8] 1953 Regular production of the "Toyota Jeep BJ" began at Toyota Honsya Plant (Ro lling chassis assembly).9 L Type F gasoline engine added for the fire -engine chassis. however. in the battlefield are rare.4 L six-cylinder OHV Gasoline engi ne which generated 63 kW (86 PS. J30 (1955 1960)[edit] J20/J30 FJ25 Land Cruiser. 1954 The 93 kW (126 PS. This came fro m the demand for military-type utility vehicles. Off-road oriented models[edit] BJ and FJ (1951 1955)[edit] BJ and FJ Overview Production 1951 1955 Assembly Toyota City. 84 hp) at 3600 rpm and 215 N·m (159 lb·ft) torque a t 1600 rpm. "In England we had another competitor Land Rover. BJ-J (Cowl-chassis for a fire-engine). much like the British Land Rove r Series 1 that appeared in 1948.S. and body assembly and painting was done at Arakawa Bank in Kogyo KK. the Jeep BJ had no low-range transfer case. 1951 In July 1951. BJ-R (Radio). Jeep and more powerful thanks to its Type B 3. The postwar Toyota "Jeep" BJ is completely different from the AK10 and inherits no mechanical parts from it. making the Jeep BJ their official patrol car. It had a part-time four-wheel drive system like the Jeep. Models are renamed as: BJ-T (Touring)." he recalls. 1951 The Toyota "Jeep" BJ prototype was developed in January 1951.).650 mm (104. The United States government ordered 100 vehicl es with the new Willys specs and Toyota was asked to build them. BJ-R (Radio). The Jeep BJ was larger than the original U. Brazil (Toyota do Brasil) .

285 mm (90.[11 ] 1958 FJ25 production commenced in Brazil.9 L F I6 Dimensions Wheelbase 2.430 mm (95.[9] They were the first Japanese cars t o be regularly exported to the country[10] and a few were initially used in the Snowy Mountains Hydroelectric Scheme.0 in) 2. 20 Series was introduced.9 L six-cylinder Type F gasoline engine. but still only had a three speed gearbox.3 in) whee lbase. It also had more stylish body work and a better ride thanks to longer four-plate leaf springs which had been a dapted from the Toyota Light Truck. T he interior of the vehicles were made more comfortable by moving the engine 120 mm (4.[13] Bandeirante timeline . The 20 Series still had no low range. in 1965 the total came to 961 vehicles. but it had synchronis m on the third and fourth gears.650 mm (104. this being the first Toyota vehicle bu ilt outside Japan. These were sold as the "Toyota Bandeirante" from January 1962 when the Toyota petrol engine was replaced with a Mercedes-Benz diesel engine.[12] Production numbers were fairly low.[citation needed] 1957 A 4-door Station Wagon was added as the FJ35V on a 2. The FJ25 models were buiilt until August 1968 in Brazil. It had a more powerful 135 PS (99 kW) 3.650 mm (104.Body and chassis Body style 2-door softtop 2-door hardtop 2-door pickup truck 5-door station wagon Layout FR layout Powertrain Engine 3.7 in) 2.3 in) 1955 The Second generation. Land Cruisers were first imported into Australia by B&D Motors as FJ25/28 cab chassis with Australian made bodies. by sub contractor Theiss Constructions. It was designed to have mo re civilian appeal than the BJ for export reasons.7 in) forward.4 L B I6 3.