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ADVANCED C1

Virginia Evans - Lynda Edwards

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Contents
Language Focus Reading

UNIT 1 Something to shout about! Celebrations; career success; collocations; words often Multiple matching (parts 1/4);
(pp. 7-26) confused; leaders; expressing satisfaction; multiple choice (part 3)
idioms; fixed phrases with on; phrasal verbs;
Ambition, success, achievement, happiness Communication: giving and responding to news
Module 1

UNIT 2 Escape Artists Pastimes and hobbies; leisure activities; adjectives; Multiple choice (part 3); gapped
(pp. 27-46) collocations; idioms; fixed phrases with at; phrasal text (part 2)
verbs; Communication: making and responding to
Travel, entertainment, leisure, relaxing suggestions; interrupting
Self-Assessment Module 1 (pp. 47-50)

UNIT 3 People Power Family; media; characteristics; words often confused; Multiple choice (part 3); multiple
(pp. 53-72) collocations; idioms; fixed phrases with of; phrasal matching (parts 1/4)
verbs (clear, come); Communication: apologising
People, families, appearances
Module 2

UNIT 4 Growing Concerns Crime and the law; punishment; charity; social issues; Multiple matching (parts 1/4);
(pp. 73-92) people in the legal profession; phrasal verbs; idioms; gapped text (part 2)
fixed phrases with against; Communication: problems
Social problems, civil liberties, and solutions
unemployment, poverty, international
issues, environmental problems
Self-Assessment Module 2 (pp. 93-96))
UNIT 5 Our Changing World Science and technology; computers; phrasal verbs; Multiple choice (part 3); multiple
(pp. 99-118) idioms; fixed phrases with in; Communication: sharing matching (parts 1/4)
opinions
Technology, computers, space travel,
technology in everyday life
Module 3

UNIT 6 A Job Well Done Jobs, work and workplaces; collocations; idioms; fixed Multiple matching (parts 1/4);
(pp. 119-138) phrases with on; phrasal verbs; Communication: polite gapped text (part 2)
requests
Work, the workplace, business,
professions, money
Self-Assessment Module 3 (pp.139-142)

UNIT 7 Fit for Life Health problems; treatments; medicine; collocations; Multiple matching (parts 1/4);
(pp. 145-164) idioms; fixed phrases with under; phrasal verbs; multiple choice (part 3);
Communication: making appointments
Health, fitness, medicine, sport &
exercise
Module 4

UNIT 8 Live and Learn School, college, university; study methods; subjects; Multiple choice (part 3); gapped
(pp. 165-184) learning; collocations; idioms; fixed phrases with by; text (part 2);
phrasal verbs; Communication: describing similarities/
School, education, university life, differences
educational issues
Self-Assessment Module 4 (pp. 185-188)

UNIT 9 The Image Business Image; looks; collocations; idioms; fixed phrases with Multiple choice (part 3); multiple
(pp. 191-210) down; phrasal verbs; Communication: expressing matching (parts 1/4)
surpise; calling 999
The fashion industry, image, the visual arts
Module 5

UNIT 10 Shop Around Shopping; money; advertising; collocations; idioms; Gapped text (part 2); multiple
(pp. 211-234) fixed phrases with carry; phrasal verbs; matching (parts 1/4)
Communication: placing/confirming an order; making/
Shopping, the economy, advertising answering a complaint

Self-Assessment Module 5 (pp. 235-238)

Grammar Reference (p. 239)
Irregular Verbs (p. 249)
Appendix 1 – Phrasal Verbs (p. 250)
Appendix 2 – Linking Words/Phrases (p. 251)
Sets of Pictures (p. 253)

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English in Use Listening Speaking Writing

Grammar: gerund / infinitive; Exam practice: parts 1, 4 Exam practice: part 2; useful Formal and informal letters
exam practice: parts 1, 5; (task type 1) language: comparing, contrasting
word formation, word and speculating; peer assessment
building; error correction

Grammar: the present; stative Exam practice: parts 2, 4 Exam practice: parts 3, 4; useful Reviews
verbs; exam practice: Parts 2,3 (task type 1) language; peer assessment
(task type 2), 4, 6

Grammar: the past; used to and Exam practice: parts 2, 3 Exam practice: part 2; useful Articles
would; exam practice: parts 2, 3 language; peer assessment
(task type 1), 5; register
transfer, error correction

Grammar: the passive; the Exam practice: parts 1, 3, Exam practice: parts 3, 4; useful Reports and proposals
causative; exam practice: parts 4 (task type 1) language; evaluating; peer
1, 2, 4, 5, register transfer, assessment
word formation

Grammar: the future; exam Exam practice: parts 3, 4 Exam practice: part 2; useful Book entries
practice: parts 2, 3 (task type (task type 2) language; peer assessment
1), 4, 5; error correction,
register transfer

Grammar: conditionals and Exam practice: parts 2, 3 Exam practice: parts 3, 4; useful Business option/letters of
wishes; exam practice: parts 1, (task type 1) language: selecting; peer application
4, 6; structure and coherence; assessment
word formation

Grammar: inversion; modal Exam practice: parts 2, 3 Exam practice: part 2; useful Combined transactional tasks
verbs; exam practice: parts 1, 3 (task type 2), 4 (task language: making assumptions,
(task types 1, 2), 5; register type 1) guessing and eliminating; peer
transfer; structure assessment

Grammar: relatives; exam Exam practice: parts 1, 2 Exam practice: parts 3, 4; useful Information sheets
practice: parts 3, 4, 5; word language; peer assessment
formation; structure and
coherence

Grammar: indirect speech and Exam practice: parts 2, 4 Exam practice: part 2; peer Competition entries
reporting verbs; exam practice: (task type 1) assessment
parts 1, 3 (task type 1), 4, 5;
word formation, register transfer

Grammar: articles and Exam practice: parts 1, 4 Exam practice: parts 3, 4; peer Review of writing tasks
punctuation; exam practice: (task type 2) assessment
parts 3 (task type 2), 4, 6;
proof-reading; structure

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2001).com.CONTENTS_Upstream (CAE) . London (December 16.co. I’m an actress” © Real (Issue 10/2002). and has reported from three Olympic Games and five World Athletics Championships. Andrew Wright (editorial assistant). London. www. author of 16 best-selling self-help books (www. Citizen.uk. Unit 1: “Be a winner” Courtesy of Cosmopolitan Magazine © National Magazine Company.uk. We would also like to thank those institutions and teachers who piloted the manuscript.uk. “Moonstruck” © Sean O’Hagan is a features’ writer for the Observer.observer. “One woman in five is a shopaholic” by Tracy McVeigh © The Observer. Erica Thompson and Timothy Forster for their support and patience. “When anorexia is kid’s stuff” by Peta Bee © Sunday Times.co. Unit 10: “Gazumping: What options do you have” © BBC.co.observer. electronic. “Whistle While you Work” by Jon Henderson © The Observer. www.CONTENTS 13/06/2015 9:43 ΠΠ Page 4 Published by Express Publishing Liberty House.uk © Virginia Evans – Lynda Edwards 2003 Design and Illustration © Express Publishing. www.guardian. “Next year’s model” by Carolyn Bowden © Saturday Daily Express.guardian. “Travel Section” © Tony Perrottet/Times Newspapers Limited. www. The Guardian.guardian.uk. Berkshire RG19 6HW. Byers. Warehouse (recording producer) and Emily Newton. Kevin Harris. ParaScope. and whose comments and feedback were invaluable in the production of the book.observer.guardian. photocopying or otherwise.guardian. Inc. Unit 5: “The Search for Artificial Intelligence” by Robert Matthews © Telegraph Group Limited (2002). but there is a price to pay” by Jill Insley © The Observer. Kenneth F.guardian. “Getting a Life” © Matthew Brown is a former editor of the race relations magazine. “Shopping – It’s a Guy thing” by Margarette Driscoll and Jane Mulkerrins © Sunday Times. 2003 First published 2003 Eleventh impression 2015 Made in EU All rights reserved. “Survivor” by Jess Cartner-Marley © The Guardian.gaellindenfield.guardian. Unit 3: “How to be a Supergran!” © Gael Lindenfield. www.com).uk www. www. Connections. 1999.uk. “Those crazy kids” by Julia Day © The Guardian. Brian O’Neil (senior production controller) and the Express Publishing design team. The Guardian. “It’s no laughing matter” © New Scientist. Unit 4: “In sight of the law” © SA Mathieson.co. or by any means. “The Making of a hero” © Melissa Lawrence. Why do we feel bad?” © Richard Reeves.co.co. Unit 9: “Ghosts on Film” © Copyright 1997-1999.co.uk. “Job bank: Firefighter” © BBC.co.uk. Self-Assessment Module 5: “Graffiti Art: An Essay Concerning The Recognition of Some Forms of Graffiti As Art” © George C. “Judgement Day” © Blake Morrison. This book is not meant to be changed in any way. by Neasa MacErlean © The Observer.uk. The authors and publishers wish to thank the following who have kindly given permission for the use of copyright material. or transmitted in any form. Self-Assessment Module 4: “Emotional Rescue” by Jo Carlowe © These extracts are taken from Focus Magazine.guardian.uk. Daniel Parker. Self-Assessment Module 3: “I’m not a waitress.expresspublishing. www.uk. “Life’s good. the UK-based science and discovery monthly (to subscribe please call +44 (0) 1858 438822). “Consumer Watch: The Myth of Secure E-shopping” by Anna Kandra © PCWorld.co. United Kingdom Tel.uk. “You cannot be serious!” by Rachel Gordon © The Guardian.co. Stowers. Greenham Business Park. “Women seduced into debt by web” by Paul Harris © The Guardian. Thanks are due in particular to: Megan Lawton (Editor in Chief).uk. Unit 6: “When the wrong word is costly” © Colin Cottell. and the political magazine. Newbury. “Tell People’s Stories” © BBC Health. www. www.observer. www. 4 .guardian. “Graffiti: Art And Crime” © Daniel Oliver Tucker Colour Illustrations: Chris.co. 2000).co.Upstream (CAE) . “Be Your Own Hero” © BBC Health. Unit 2: “The book of the century” by Andrew O’Hehir © Salon Media. The Guardian.. Unit 7: “Gym won’t fix it” © Helen Foster. “It’s a pity reading pleasure can’t be tested” © Anne Karpf. stored in a retrieval system. “Get the best out of meetings”.uk.co. ISBN 978-1-84466-150-3 Acknowledgements Authors’ Acknowledgements We would like to thank all the staff at Express Publishing who have contributed their skills to producing this book. without the prior written permission of the publishers. If any have been inadvertently overlooked. “Museum of the Moving Image (MOMI)” © Time Out Group Ltd. www. Self-Assessment Module 1: “Transitions – One Man’s Story” © Copyright. Unit 8: “How I got my First” © Mark McArdle. Stephanie Smith and Michael Sadler (senior editors).uk. We acknowledge with thanks the kind permission of the University of Lancaster’s Innovation and Enterprise Unit to use extracts from the book ‘How I got my first class degree‘. “The Anchor Exercise” © BBC Health. No part of this publication may be reproduced. Stone Music Compositions & Arrangement by Ted & Taz Every effort has been made to trace all the copyright holders. www. This feature originally appeared in the Guardian Weekend Magazine (February 5. “30-Second Commercial” © BBC Health. “Convenient and high quality. The Observer. Self-Assessment Module 2: “Social exclusion: the issue explained” by David Batty © The Guardian. “A new image in seven steps” by Juliet Shedden © The Guardian. the publishers will be pleased to make the necessary arrangements at the first opportunity. www.observer. “William Shakespeare” by Annabel Brog and Kitty Melrose © J-17.co. “Introducton to Matisse and Picasso” © Tate Online.co.co. “World of wander” © John Mullan. www.: (0044) 1635 817 363 Fax: (0044) 1635 817 463 email: inquiries@expresspublishing.

Upstream (CAE) MODULE 1_Upstream (CAE) MODULE 1 28/01/2011 7:52 ΜΜ Page 5 On Top of the World UNIT 1 Something to Shout About UNIT 2 Escape Artists 5 .

read and talk about .. ñ give/respond to news ñ gerund/infinitive ñ interrupt ñ the present tenses/ ñ compare. contrast and stative verbs speculate ñ make/respond to suggestions ñ negotiate/reach agreement Write . Practise .Upstream (CAE) MODULE 1_Upstream (CAE) MODULE 1 28/01/2011 7:52 ΜΜ Page 6 Before you start .. ñ formal and informal letters ñ reviews Phrasal verbs ñ carry ñ wear ñ put ñ set 6 ... ñ What do you think of when you hear the word ‘success’? ñ How do you relax? Listen.... ñ success and how to ñ unusual celebrations achieve it ñ getting a job ñ celebrations ñ getting away from it all ñ happiness ñ relaxing & escaping ñ successful people and ñ books and reading their personalities ñ travelling & holidays ñ successful businesses ñ weekend breaks ñ achievements ñ pastimes and hobbies ñ quality of life Learn how to ....

........................ 2a which you think are most important for success.........’ and believe you are as good as everyone else............... ........ in pairs... Think about: ñ foresight ñ diplomacy ñ discipline ñ imagination ñ intellect ñ power of persuasion ñ team spirit ñ its importance in our lives ñ happiness it brings ñ problems it causes ñ lawyer ñ teacher ñ business executive ñ politician 2 a........................... Decide on three of the elements in Ex................... until it becomes second nature.... Listen to some people talking about what they ñ firefighter ñ car salesman believe to be the secret of success and complete the ñ footballer ñ doctor gaps using 1 to 3 words.... Lead-in Compare your list to your partner’s............. don’t you think? 4 ....... 1 a. to be looking for it.. discuss success. 4 Paraphrase the following quotations... ‘Success usually comes to those who are too busy 7 Never ......................... Look at the pictures showing people expressing 3 Look at the following list of qualities and......................... Henry David Thoreau (American poet & philosopher) ‘You always pass failure on the way to success................................................... What has happened necessary and why.......... idea or a policy........................ ñ art director ñ novelist 1 Always ......and someone like a car salesman because he has to be able keep going... Do you agree with them? Why (not)? Discuss in pairs....Unit 01_Upstream (CAE) ......................................................... too. A: I think strong powers of persuasion are essential for 2 Block out .........’ Mickey Rooney (American comedian) 7 ................. 6 Be organised and .... .................Upstream (CAE) ................................................. 5 Practise being ....... in different ways.. discuss in which profession(s) you think each one is joy on different occasions.... in order to gain support for an ........................... in pairs....... Now............... when other people doubt you.... to talk people into buying from him............ to make them feel happy? ñ physical strength ñ quick thinking ñ determination b..Unit 01 28/01/2011 7:53 ΜΜ Page 7 1 Something to Shout About A D C B b... 3 Channel your efforts in the right direction and don't get B: Politicians need this....................... .

and I felt I was letting myself and my country down. inch your way towards it and mark off mini goals on the way. I am not saying that it isn't difficult sometimes. it is important to set goals for yourself. Make ñ The answers do not necessarily appear in sure they are realistic aims that you know are achievable. There was a time in my career ñ Read the text quickly to get an idea of the when I matured from a little girl to a woman and I experienced a huge dip in my 25 confidence.Unit 01_Upstream (CAE) . When times are hard. Sometimes it's very hard to put things into perspective. you won't achieve it. and it was the best advice I theme(s) and content. I was far behind the leading three athletes. at work. In the javelin event I needed an extra two metres to claw my way back into contention. the more you practise being assertive and proactive. But I wanted to prove to myself that I wasn't finished yet." 8 . In 1997 I was diagnosed as diabetic. London 40 Advisor to Microsoft and Pret A Manger "The key to success is to think imaginatively about your goals. make an effort to learn something new every day. The following phrases appear in the Voted Britain's female athlete of the year (1996) text.Unit 01 28/01/2011 7:53 ΜΜ Page 8 Reading 1 You are going to read an article about successful people. keep plugging away towards your goal. How are they related to the "Always believe in yourself. You will have to associated with your challenge by reminding yourself that world peace is not riding interpret the language of the text. And remember. Remember. but you an idea of where to look for the the best approach is to block out the negative thoughts and keep at it. No obstacle is ever insurmountable." answers later. and that was it . It's a lot easier than it sounds. If you have a dream." ñ pursue my goal ñ block out negative thoughts ñ channel your Sir Steven Redgrave B 10 efforts ñ gut instinct ñ plan your Winner of 5 Olympic gold medals progress ñ push beyond your limits "Don't let potential hurdles block your path to success." Octavius Black E Director of The Mind Gym. I have learned a lot from my own disappointments. the more it 45 becomes second nature. ñ According to the writer. For questions (1-14). Then one of ñ stay focused the specialists said there was no reason why I shouldn't carry on training and competing. a. I managed to remind myself ñ keep going ñ will to succeed that nothing is over until it's actually over. and ended up achieving an extra four ñ set goals ñ path to success metres by throwing way beyond what I expected. if you are too nervous ñ The answers are not worded in the same about tackling something.Upstream (CAE) .the spur I needed. try making a few decisions based on your gut instinct. British Gymnastics Champion "Never. ñ Read the questions / statements. Some of the choices may be required more Annika Reeder C 20 than once. pursuing my goal. ever give up. I lost it completely. on you succeeding. This will also give could have been given. "Whatever your personal challenge. I remember thinking my career was over. Channel your efforts in the the text in the same order as the questions. I felt incredibly low. 5 guesses were correct. I could still be a winner if I believed in 15 Reading – Parts 1/4 myself. so illness was never enough to prevent me from 2 Read the article. My coach encouraged me to keep going. So. Read the introduction to the article and in pairs answer the following questions. You will be surprised at the way people respect your positive actions." choose from the answers (A-I). In title? Scan the text to see if your the 1996 Olympics. It will help to boost your confidence. And your brain can only learn to react in different ways and remember different skills if it has been taught to. how important is talent in achieving success? ñ What do you think the people will say are the keys to success? Denise Lewis A Olympic Heptathlon Champion b. Pete Cohen D 30 ñ Read each section in detail to see which Sports Psychologist statements apply to which section. Relieve some of the tension 35 way as the questions. right direction and don't get side-tracked. If you tend to over-analyse. A lot STRATEGY POINT of it depends on your own mental will to succeed.

Match the words/phrases from the text to their family or lifestyle. through the possible permutations of what could happen.... A B Occasionally.... Mentally transfer yourself to the place where you can see.... This is a habit that 3 second nature (l. it helps to repeat words such as ‘calm'.. Take your time. ‘peace' 2 insurmountable (l.. work your way up. 65) d variations psychological tool." in order to relax? 14 .. I didn't have the confidence to believe I could be a winner until the last Olympics. 90 only I believe in myself. 78) e automatic 6 nerve-racking (l.. and don't forget to enjoy has become successful. 5 ..Upstream (CAE) . you want it now. Sometimes a voice inside your head tells you that you can't do something.. 55 You can't pursue a career in any discipline without being organised. 3 . Tell your partner about someone you know who limits. Every week I do 10 two-hour sessions ñ Who thinks you should try to surpass in the pool and three two-hour gym sessions..... 1993 your main aim? 10 . 8 . you'll be a step closer to ñ Who repeats things to himself/herself achieving them. Now... I have no barriers in my mind. According to some of ñ Who thinks about success in order to Britain's highest achievers..Unit 01_Upstream (CAE) . Compare your list imagined ... "Be organised and disciplined. Concentration will make you feel more in control of your life and it will boost your confidence and self-belief. 12) a frightening stressed... having achieved way beyond what I expected.Unit 01 28/01/2011 7:53 ΜΜ Page 9 1 You want success and ñ Whose age affected his/her self- assurance? 1 ... One 80 example of this being put to its best use is when you are asked to give a presentation at work. but if you have already ‘lived' through it all in your head it's a lot 4 What does the writer mean by the underlined easier.. Then there are external distractions. however small they are. There is no way I could yourself? 11 . important? 7 ... Make lists of what you want to do and what you want to achieve and ñ Who believes you must manage your then plan your progress towards your goal... This way ‹ Text Analysis you will be prepared for everything and afraid of nothing. The key is to make sure that these don't have a meaning. either out loud or silently in my mind.. Karen Pickering F ñ Who thinks you must not lose sight of 50 Swimming World Champion. ñ Who thinks it is necessary to have talent is only a tiny fraction minor aims leading up to the most of what you need. Make a ‘key to success’ list. It can be nerve-racking at the best of times.. 46) c impossible to overcome 70 can become second nature quite easily and is a powerful 4 detrimental (l.. 9 ... Push yourself beyond your b.... 81) f believe oneself to be weaker Roger Black H 7 underestimate than one is Olympic 400 metres Silver Medalist "I used imagery and visualisation a lot when I was competing and I'm yourself (l.. But ñ Who benefited from failing? 2 .." phrases? Discuss in pairs.. such as 3 a.. for example. I ñ Who believes you should not always have learned that this is also the key to success in other aspects of life.. and that I am good enough if to your partner’s... hear and smell what is going on around you.." and circumstances have helped him/her. think too much about decisions? 12 ... what does it really take ñ Who needed someone else's help to to be first past the post? succeed? 4 .. saying what qualities yourself while you do it.that I could have done it. get through that sort of workload without being on top of my diary. Donna Fraser I ‹ Discussion 85 British 400 metres Champion "Don't underestimate yourself. 86) g something blocking one’s way 75 convinced it helped a great deal in my success. but it taught me more than I could have 5 a. Imagine you are experiencing success... 18) b damaging or ‘focus'. goals for the day. 65 detrimental effect. I use key words that help me stay focused. When I am 1 hurdle (l. then present it to the class. Just by writing down your time effectively? 13 .. ‹ Vocabulary Practice 60 Kirsten Best G Poet & Novelist "Concentrate." 5 permutations (l. Then run b. ñ Who needed to overcome health problems? 9 . Explain the the highlighted words/phrases. I misjudged my race and only took fourth place.. make it happen? 6 .

.... the scientist D MY SINCERE GRATITUDE FOR 31 YEARS OF LOYAL finally made the .. ... he had been striving for. 1 ñ Although I always make a New Year's ... ñ After a decade of dedicated research..Unit 01 28/01/2011 7:53 ΜΜ Page 10 Language Focus ‹ Let’s Celebrate! 2 a.. from F STEINBACH..... Lots of love from Mum and Dad ñ His . with money and power might have and all the family xxx made him a millionaire............ to sell company shares to the C public met with strong resistance...HOOD It is with much happiness the 5 ñ King Albert's reign was one of peace and .... Love and congratulations from Mum...A... Julie and Dale 3 Complete each sentence... ñ In these days of economic decline... at a young age..... one G MAY YOU FIND EVERY HAPPINESS IN YOUR NEW HOME – must have a strong . FRANK & JUDIE A ambition B inspiration C obsession H PEACOCK .. ñ As vice-president........... attended? Were you the person celebrating or A luxury B prosperity C fortune were you invited as a guest to the occasion? 10 .... .... PRESIDENT ñ To salute her life-long ....... Which of the above celebrations have you one vehicle is considered a ..... I seldom manage to stick to it for more than a month.. owning more than b..... Michael... ñ The board's ...... to succeed...... ....... a huge reception was held in her honour.............. on April 1st... the entire team stood in the centre of the field and sang their national anthem... engagement is announced between Mr Brian ñ They say that he made his . through good Peacock and Miss Barbara Hood................ A objective B resolution C decision 2 ñ In celebration of their ... Think about: ñ house-warming ñ engagement ñ wedding ñ promotion ñ retirement ñ graduation ñ the reason for the celebration ñ anniversary ñ birth ñ how many people attended ñ where it was celebrated ñ what kind of food was served A ROBERTSON Elaine (nee Marshall) and Mark are pleased to announce the arrival of their daughter ñ kinds of entertainment Ellen Rachel...... telegrams and greeting cards below..... but he’s not a happy man..... Hannah and Daniel... Listen to two people talking.. In pairs.. B Mrs Maureen Holland of Sunnybank wishes to announce the forthcoming marriage of her youngest daughter CATHERINE LOUISE ‹ Getting to the Top to BENNY URDAL HANSEN on 24th April in Abu Dhabi.... 2003...Unit 01_Upstream (CAE) .. SERVICE – IAIN HOLDEN....... .. EMILY "You’re a Winner" the beauty of nature. my main ........... is to increase productivity while improving working conditions........... ñ A good manager can make a business profitable while still respecting the .............. A victory B achievement C breakthrough E 3 ñ Business .... ñ It is imperative for children to acquire strong moral .......... in the entertainment field. To which of the following events is each one related? b...... a welcome sister for ñ how long it lasted Matthew......... of the workers.. What special occasion is being described? How does the girl feel about the celebration she went to? 1 a.......... should be a required course for all students enrolled in the MBA programme.. A values B ethics C rights 4 ñ The young poet said that he got his .... U.................Upstream (CAE) .................. luck and the help of influential acquaintances. Look at the newspaper announcements..........E... using one of the three words provided... discuss the best celebration you have ever attended...... ñ In order to get ahead in the advertising industry........ Congratulations on your BSc...

Over the ñ sensitivity to others’ feelings following decade he built Pixar into a large corporation that. Which of the qualities in Ex. California. Apple Inc. Toy Story. regardless of status.Unit 01_Upstream (CAE) . he introduced the ñ ambition iMac. on February 24. it is in excellent state / form / presentation / condition. However. in 1977. was ñ supportive family formed and met with immediate success. a positive image can make them like you 4 The in-house regulations happen / occur / apply / agree and trust you. colleagues are glad to help you or work with you. and in ñ positive image 1985 he resigned.Unit 01 28/01/2011 7:53 ΜΜ Page 11 1 ‹ Career Success c. asked Jobs to come back. your finances. in the process. ñ persistence ñ enjoy challenges ñ attractive appearance ñ charisma d. saddled by huge financial losses and ñ having contact with superiors on the verge of collapse. A: If you are in a profession that involves dealing with the villa has gone on sale for í750. Which of the qualities from Ex. It was an instant success. ñ experience of other cultures Seven years later. Jobs ñ influential acquaintances went into business with his high school friend Stephen Wozniak. 4a do you ñ self-motivation believe you have? Tell your partner.Upstream (CAE) . Jobs introduced the Macintosh computer in a brilliantly choreographed demonstration that people skills he gave himself. saying in the late 50s. re- ñ powers of intuition established himself as a master high-technology marketer. / seized / struck his eye. Compare your choices with a partner. ñ financial backing Back in the US in the autumn of 1974. USA. His aim was to save background enough money to go to India and ñ social background experience Buddhism. ñ natural talent ñ ruthlessness ñ ability to seize opportunities ‹ Words often Confused ñ foresight 5 Underline the correct word. the Apple II. to all employees. ñ resilience Steve Jobs had saved his company and. produced the first full-length ñ competitive spirit film to be completely computer-animated. people. Although he had long. Jobs understood that computers would appeal to ñ well-rounded education a broad audience. Apple. 1955. ñ popularity among colleagues In 1986. In 1998.000. This led to tensions in the company. Read the short biography of Steve Jobs below. ñ willingness to compromise In late 1996. and he decided to apply. He accepted. 3 Situated direct / precise / right / exact beside the lake. 4a did he have? Which didn’t he have? 4 a. unkempt hair and ñ relevant experience dressed casually. and quickly engineered an award-winning advertising campaign that urged customers to "think other personal qualities different" and buy Macintoshes. 6 For a 10-year-old car. B: I know what you mean. he managed to obtain finance for his first ñ qualifications marketable computer. an egg-shaped computer that offered high-speed ñ determination processing at a reasonable price. in ñ ability to delegate 1995. 1 The idea for a computerised house had first been considered as far beyond / before / behind / back as b. I’ve also ticked ‘popularity’ 5 A job advertisement for a programmer gripped / caught because if you are popular in the workplace. Tick (✓) a maximum of three in each group which you Steven Paul Jobs was born in consider absolutely necessary. hiring an accountant is money well-spent. ñ team spirit among other achievements. the sales of the first Macs were disappointing. In 1974 he dropped out of college to work as a video game designer. what situations you feel that the factors you 2 For the purpose / object / aim / intention of managing ticked can play a vital part. Look at the following factors which may be important for career success. Jobs bought Pixar Animation Studios. 11 .

..........……........ when he first came to this country he ……………..... Match the fixed phrases with their meanings.................. 5 Unfortunately... the Jamaicans ………..... chance ...... Then explain the b....... Tick (✓) the boxes in the table to form 1 I don’t think there is a vacancy in the company at collocations....... 4 He’s very well paid for his free-lance writing but he also …... experience a salary one’s living ‹ Phrasal Verbs Appendix 1 the advantage 8 Match the verbs with the particles to form phrasal verbs and use them in the correct tense to complete the sentences below................... g on target 7 as planned 8 The champion runner liked to joke that he ….............................. over his opponent in the last round of the match........ as a scheme .…... 3 Although he’s incredibly wealthy now.......... ...... ‹ 3 The minister ……….... Think of at least two more phrases the moment.. as a dish washer... ………………….. his superior’s orders quickly and efficiently..........…...…...… the polish on the floor!’ 12 .. the difficulties he was having at work a on the off-chance 1 working …. the graduate became f on one’s own 6 intentionally more and more excited about the upcoming ceremony.. 5 I’d love to go to the house-warming party with you a reputation but I’m ………………..……….............. i on purpose 9 independently 9 To everyone’s disbelief.... 4 At a very young age she determined what her career 7 a................. of money 10 I’m sure you’ll get the position......... correct form to complete the sentences below..….. James went about d on a budget 4 impulsively settling the difficulties between members of his staff. e on principle 5 after re-consideration 7 As the day ………................. goals were and set out to …... use fixed phrases to fill in the gaps in the sentences. Now stop pacing or you’ll ……......... ...... 1 Her employer’s persistent enthusiasm for the new 5 She …………….….........…. ....Unit 01 28/01/2011 7:53 ΜΜ Page 12 Language Focus ‹ Collocations b..................…........….............. from the bookshop where he works.....…....……...…....... 6 a........Upstream (CAE) ... as a chef...........…...…........... the title 4 We’re pleased to announce that our proposed sales sb’s respect figures for the year are right …………….............. 3 Chris owns a line of successful boutiques in the UK control of a situation and believe it or not. h on duty 8 only if over a hundred pairs of trainers before he won his title...……..... 1 The heavyweight champion …………….......................…..... get gain win earn let’s have a surprise party at home......... .................…......…. 2 I think I’ll take Sarah to a fancy restaurant for her birthday......... them ........ 2 She went to work in the restaurant to ………… ..... tough businesswoman by sticking to her principles 2 A trainee ……….......... into his personal life.....…...................... ............…........ but you could ring my boss on the off- for each verb...... Now use some of the collocations in their phrasal verbs in your own words... and never backing down from the competition................... the right to do/have sth and really can’t afford a gift... her resistance to it..... b on second thoughts 2 just in case 6 After the shock of being made head manager slowly c on a whim 3 due to a belief .….......................... j on condition that 10 with a limited amount the trophy in the men’s bob-sledding event.....…. Now.................. she manages them completely promotion ……………….Unit 01_Upstream (CAE) ..….. with the ceremony Fixed Phrases (phrases with on) despite the noise from the back of the church......... .... ...

Now.. Look at the phrases from Ex. rewrite the sentences below using one of believe this. ñ Who’d have ever thought! 7 rub sb up the g up to the top ñ I regret to inform you that ñ I can’t believe this! 8 steal the h in the clouds . 3 be a feather c in one's cap 4 have one's head d at one's feet Giving News Responding to Good News 5 keep on e show ñ I’m afraid I’ve got some bad ñ You can’t be serious! 6 keep up with f to the bone news. 4 His ability to control the goings-on in the large c. With a partner.Upstream (CAE) . people are so busy competing with of bad news. but . ñ losing/winning a match/competition I’m elapsed to inform you that you ñ a disastrous holiday got your promotion. horrible! that . but . guess what the idioms might mean. ñ Wow! That’s fantastic. night and day to send his children to university. That’s a shame. the number of Responding to Bad News ñ I have wonderful news for opportunities open to the young diva are limitless. the young diva has the ñ That’s terrible/awful/ ñ I’m pleased to inform you world at her feet. no! you. Listen to four short extracts.. Unjumble the coloured words to complete the ñ passing/failing an examination cartoon caption below. Which of the phrases are formal and which are company made him a fantastic manager. 11a. 2 My grandfather.Unit 01_Upstream (CAE) . laboured ñ Oh.. Listen again and tick the phrases that you hear. those around them that they forget to enjoy life. informal? 5 Over the years. Match items from the two columns to make A Promotion Extract 1 idioms. ñ Congratulations! 10 work one's way j wrong way ñ I hate to tell you this. What other phrases for giving good and bad news can you think of? 13 .. and I’ve failed. Match the extracts as you hear them with the situations. 9 work one's fingers i top of things ñ You’ll never guess . act out dialogues similar to the ones ‹ Giving and Responding to News you heard in Ex. 10 a. In pairs. etc b. but… ñ That’s very good news the idioms from Ex. Base your dialogues on some of the following situations. 9a.Unit 01 28/01/2011 7:53 ΜΜ Page 13 1 ‹ Idioms 11 a. no.. Do you have similar idioms in your B Marriage Extract 2 language? C Multiple births Extract 3 D Postponing a Date Extract 4 1 d have the world a seventh heaven 2 be in b the Joneses b... 11b again. ñ Oh. ñ reading about someone you know in the newspaper ñ damaging/losing something ñ getting a job ñ being promoted/fired ñ getting into university A: I’m afraid I’ve got some bad news.. ñ You’re joking! ñ You’re never going to ñ That’s incredible! b. Due to the success of her latest CD. what a pity. B: Oh.. And you worked so hard for it. Sue has steadily improved her position in the law firm. 9 a. ñ I don’t like to be the bearer 3 Nowadays. ñ There’s a bit of a problem. What’s the matter? A: I’ve just got my chemistry exam results.. ñ Oh. who was a poor farmer. B: Oh. but I rerteg to ñ meeting an old friend you had lost touch with inform you that we’re bankrupt. what a pity. ñ You can’t imagine what indeed! happened then! 1 Due to the success of her latest CD. d. giving and responding to news. my.

Upstream (CAE) - Unit 01_Upstream (CAE) - Unit 01 28/01/2011 7:53 ΜΜ Page 14

Listening & Speaking

Listening – Part 4 Listening – Part 1
Multiple Matching Task
2 a. You will hear a radio news report about
‘Google’, a popular Internet search engine.
1 a. With a partner, talk about a special moment in
Before you listen, look at questions 1 - 9 and in
your life when you felt very happy.
ñ How old were you? pairs try to predict what kind of information
ñ What was the situation? might be needed to complete the gaps.
ñ Who was with you? How did they feel?
b. Now listen to the report. For questions 1-9, fill
the gaps with the missing information.
b. Now listen to five people talking about special
moments in their lives and do the following two
tasks. STRATEGY POINT
ñ This part is a monologue.
ñ You will need between 1 and 3 words for each gap.
STRATEGY POINT ñ Your answers must fit grammatically with the rest of the
sentence.
ñ Take advantage of the time you have to look at the
ñ Read through the exercise before you listen. The sentence
questions before you have to listen to the recording.
stems contain information that you will hear in the
This will help you predict the themes of the listening
listening text, but the information is worded differently.
extracts.
To fill in the gaps correctly, be alert for information
ñ Both tasks 1 and 2 are based on the same extracts.
contained in the stems, but in a paraphrased form.
Concentrate on Task 1 in the first listening and on Task
2 in the second listening.
ñ There are three items in each task that don't match with
Google's success is such that the brand name has become a
any of the extracts.
1 .
For its success, Google relied on 2 ,
Task 1
For questions 1-5, match the extracts as you hear which is a particularly old-fashioned way to market a product.
them with the people, listed A-H. Google is now the official search engine for top global
3 America Online.
A A nurse 1
B A lawyer The professor mentioned by the reporter used the word
C A school leaver 2 ‘googling’ to indicate that, rather than being involved in
D A fitness instructor
3 serious 4 , he was just browsing.
E A teacher
F A sibling He was searching the 5 in a
4
G A pensioner relaxed manner looking for things to interest him.
H An actor 5
The majority of 6 use Google to
search the Net.
Task 2
The brand name has become so widely used that it is
For questions 6-10, match the extracts as you hear
them with the topics, listed A-H. sometimes spelt without its 7 .
The verb ‘to google’ literally means searching for what is of
A Getting a job
6
B Publishing a book use to you through a vast quantity of 8 .
C Watching a play 7 ‘Google’ is a variant spelling of ‘googol’, a term invented by a
D Passing an exam
8 mathematician's 9 several decades ago.
E Watching a prize-giving
F Having a baby
9
G Finishing university
H Climbing a mountain 10 c. Have you ever used Google? What do you think
of it? Tell your partner.

c. In pairs, think of other situations where the d. What other famous and very successful products
people in Task 1 could feel the same way. do you know of? Why do you think they’re
successful? Discuss in pairs.
14

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1
Speaking – Part 2: Compare, Contrast & Speculate B

‹ Achievements Student A

3 a. Look at the photographs below. Compare and
contrast two or three of them, saying what kind
of success is portrayed in each one and who you
think might be feeling the happiest. You have
about 1 minute to do this.
A

Useful language:
Comparing
B
ñ Both pictures show ...
ñ In both pictures the people are ...
ñ Both pictures were taken ...
ñ The main connection/similarity between these pictures is that ...

Contrasting
ñ The first picture shows ..., whereas the second one ...
A ñ In the picture on the left ... whereas in the other one ...
ñ The main/most striking difference between the two pictures is ...
ñ There are several differences between the pictures: firstly, ...

Speculating
ñ They could/might/may be ...
ñ They seem/appear to be ...
C
ñ I suppose/assume/imagine that ...
ñ It could/might/may be that ...
ñ I can’t be sure/certain, but perhaps ...
ñ Although I can’t be sure, perhaps ...

Student A

d. How do you think each celebration might
develop?

D 4 Listen to two candidates doing the speaking
tasks above and compare their performance to that
of your classmates.
Assess your classmates in terms of:
Student B
ñ grammar and vocabulary ñ discourse management
b. Who do you think may have worked the hardest ñ pronunciation ñ interactive communication
to achieve success?

‹ Everyday English
‹ Celebrations Student B
5
ñ Responding to news
In pairs guess and say what the other speaker says.
c. Now look at the two pictures of birthdays. a Typical! d Good for her.
Compare and contrast the pictures, saying what b Alright for some. e Lucky you.
differences there are between the two c Poor you!
occasions and what each birthday means to the
person celebrating. A: I’m sorry, but your computer can’t be fixed.
B: Typical!
15

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Reading

Reading – Part 3

1 You are going to read an article
about happiness. Before you
read, in pairs discuss the
following.

1 Are the people of your generation
generally happier or unhappier
than your parents’ generation?
2 Look at the title and introduction
to the article. What do you think
the writer’s answer to his
question will be? Read quickly
through and check.
We've tried shopping and New Age
cures, making money and spending it.
STRATEGY POINT
We're still miserable.
ñ Get the gist first by looking at the
title and reading the text quickly. What's missing from our lives?
ñ Read the questions and question
stems (the actual questions, not Did you notice an outbreak of joviality and generosity last week? People
the four choices). beaming at you as they let you go ahead in the bus queue, grinning as they
ñ Read the text carefully and shared your morning traffic jam, smirking through the quarterly budget
underline the parts which are planning meeting?
relevant to the questions. No? The organisers of National Smile Week will be down in the mouth. 5
ñ Choose an answer to each All their efforts to perk us up for at least seven days have run, it seems, into
question. the sand of our collective scepticism. Four out of ten of us think life has
become worse in the past five years. Two million of us are on anti-
Remember:
depressants; only a minority of us think ‘people can be trusted most of the
ñ Options which sound a lot like
time'. Mix in some road/air/office/phone rage, a rise in reported incivility 10
the text (e.g. ones that use words
and a good dose of political apathy and the gloom looks even starker.
that also appear in the text) are We're a wretched lot.
usually wrong. All this when average house prices have just blasted through the
ñ Some wrong options may be í100,000 mark, when life expectancy continues to lengthen, mortality rates
generally true, but they don't
answer the question or they are
not true according to the text.
ñ Some wrong options are very 2 Which of the following is implied in the second paragraph?
nearly correct, apart from one A People are getting stingier.
word (e.g. an adverb like 'never'). B People are getting less polite.
C People are arguing more about politics.
D People are working longer hours.
2 Now read the passage and
3 What is the writer referring to when he says ‘[the palace]
answer the questions (1-6).
can be beamed into our living rooms’? (ll. 29-30)
1 What can be inferred about National A advertising
Smile Week? B over-work
A Its organisers did not expect it to C politics
succeed. D depression
B It seems to have annoyed some 4 An increase in earnings fails to make most people
people. happier because
C It was largely unsuccessful. A their expenses are incredibly high.
D It was not ambitious enough. B they realise that's not where happiness lies.
C there is always someone who earns more.
D they don't have financial problems.

16

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1

15 are dropping and more than a third of young people enjoy more quickly. Objectively, our health is better on almost
what was once the elite privilege of higher education. We every count, but this doesn't translate into our feeling any
are healthy, wealthy and wise. Yet we've never felt so bad. healthier. We are more aware of our health, so we get
If we seem like a nation of ingrates it may be because more anxious about it. Medicine has become a victim of
all the goodies that are supposed to make us happy don't its own success: having massively reduced the chances of 50
20 do it for us any more – even if we have yet to wake up to death in childbirth, for example, people are now shocked
the fact. So, your house is worth half a million. Karl Marx, if a life is lost - and reach for a lawyer. Death was
who for all his faults knew a bit about capitalism, captured unavoidable - now it is unacceptable.
the keeping-up-with-the-Joneses dynamic of market Like the answer to many great problems, however, the
economies perfectly: ‘A house may be large or small; as answer to the question of happiness may be quite prosaic: 55
25 long as the neighbouring houses are likewise small, it once countries and households are free of material need,
satisfies all the social requirements of a residence. But let the biggest contributor to life satisfaction seems to be a
there arise next to the little house a palace and the little healthy set of personal relationships. The relative
house shrinks to a hut.' With mass media, the palace happiness of late teenagers and those passing middle age
doesn't have to be next door – it can be beamed into our may relate to their spending more time on friendships. 60
30 living rooms. The thirtysomethings, fighting on the two fronts of work
Money doesn't make most of us happy any more. Poor and children, are the most dejected. Those between full-
people, understandably, see their life satisfaction rise with time education and retirement may be spending more
income but for most of the population in a country as time on the activities they think will make them happy -
affluent as ours, any jump-start to well-being from a pay earning and spending - than on those that actually will: 65
35 rise quickly wears off. ‘I was window-shopping in the spending time with friends and family.
South of France recently and I saw a diamond-studded This friend-shaped gap explains the American paradox
woolly hat, and I quite fancied it.' When we get to that - why the residents of the richest nation in the world are
stage we should realise that more money isn't getting us so glum - according to Professor Robert E. Lane at Yale
much more in terms of happiness. Harrods is currently University. “There is a kind of famine of warm 70
40 carrying a pair of shoes priced at a cool million – imagine interpersonal relations, of easy-to-reach neighbours, of
if somebody stepped on your foot. encircling, inclusive memberships, and of solid family
But what about health? Surely the virtual elimination life,” he says.
of most fatal diseases, rising life expectancy and falling The secret of happiness? Not money. So leave the
mortality should be cheering us up? Not a bit of it. All lawn, forget your investments and call in sick tomorrow. 75
45 that happens is that our expectations rise just as or even Do yourself a favour. Phone a friend.

5 According to the writer, improvements in health care
A made no difference to the public's mood.
‹ Text Analysis
B alleviated some health worries. 4 What does the writer mean by the underlined phrases in
C directly led to increased anxiety. the text? Discuss in pairs.
D only caused complex legal issues.
6 On average, people in their early thirties
A have more friends.
‹ Discussion
B have happier marriages. 5 a. The author believes that friends make you happy.
C are better-educated. How far do you agree with this? Discuss in pairs
D face more problems. giving reasons.

b. Read lines 7 to 9. (Four out ... time). These statements

‹ Vocabulary Practice are based on the results of a survey conducted to see
how happy people in Britain are. What do you think
3 a. Find at least three words or phrases which the findings of a similar survey would be in your
are synonyms for the word ‘miserable’. country? Discuss in groups.

b. Explain the highlighted words. c. Make a list of the five most important things which
make you feel happy. Compare your list to your
partner’s. Which three are the most popular among
the class?
17

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English in Use

2 I ignored the street noise and continued studying.
Gerund/Infinitive 3 Let’s think of all the places where you might have
Grammar Reference
left it.
4 She couldn't go on holiday with her parents so they
1 a. Rewrite the following sentences using a gerund,
bought her a car instead.
as in the example.
5 I really need you to support me at the meeting.
1 It takes her ages to put on her make-up. 6 I stopped trying to get my husband to do housework
Putting on her make-up takes her ages. years ago.
2 It's nearly impossible for me to do two things at the
same time.
3 It is very frustrating for her to have to deal with such 4 Fill the gaps in the following sentences using the
a problem on a Friday afternoon. gerund or the infinitive of the verbs in the
4 It makes me feel really happy to see old people parentheses.
holding hands.
1 I enjoy ................................. (live) in Spain, but I do
miss ................................. (go) out with my friends.
b. Now, answer these questions in the two ways
2 We agreed ................................. (meet) by the river at
shown above.
8 o'clock, but they never showed up.
1 What takes you a long time? 3 Frank failed ................................. (complete) the course
2 What is nearly impossible for you? and so he will have to retake it.
3 What makes you feel really happy? 4 I suggested ................................. (go) to the cinema,
but Helen said she didn't fancy .................................
(wait) in a queue.
2 a. Fill in the prepositions which usually follow
5 I can't really afford ................................. (buy) a car this
these phrases. Use a dictionary if you wish.
year.
1 to disapprove .................... 8 to compensate sb ............ 6 Martha practised ................................. (play) the piano
2 to compliment sb .............. 9 to be guilty ..................... daily, but she seemed ................................. (make) little
3 to be ashamed .................. 10 to be obsessed ............... progress.
4 to apologise ...................... 11 to consist ........................ 7 Much as I dread ................................. (go) to the
5 to be involved ................... 12 to object ......................... dentist, I don't think I can avoid .................................
6 to discourage sb ............... 13 to protest ........................ (visit) him this time.
7 to be keen ........................ 14 to benefit ........................ 8 She certainly mentioned ................................. (see)
Mark, but I don't remember her .................................
b. Now write a sentence for each phrase, using a (talk) about Vicky.
gerund after the preposition.

I strongly disapprove of teenagers returning home 5 Use the verbs below in their infinitive or -ing form
to complete the six rules for achieving success.
after 12.
ñ respect ñ focus ñ gain ñ improve
3 a. Match these phrasal verbs with their meanings. ñ imagine ñ concentrate

A B
1 take up a rely
2 give up b start (e.g. a hobby)
3 block out c stop trying 1 You must ................... yourself and others around
4 count on d ignore you.
5 make up for e compensate 2 Remember, ................... on the outcome of your goal
6 run through f examine is a great motivator.
3 Try ................... what your life will be like once you
have accomplished your aim.
4 Build up your motivation levels by ................... your
b. Rewrite the following sentences using the phrasal
diet.
verbs in Ex. 3a. Use gerunds where possible.
5 You should always ................... on the job at hand,
1 He's been a stamp collector since he was five. don’t get distracted.
He took up stamp collecting when he was five. 6 You need to ................... control over the everyday
events in your life.
18

. No longer is it 2) ... I recently met an octogenarian who celebrated 10) .... Perhaps by the time I’m eighty I’ll be able to afford it. there is 7) ..... the less extravagant or less adventurous among us... 3 How would you describe the tone of this article? Why? b. a baker to produce a cake... ñ Read the whole text first to get an idea of its theme(s) and a..... buy some food and 3) ...... No.... 1 What sort of activities are mentioned in the article? ñ Style is important.. Of course... relation. A well-heeled relation of mine flew fifty of his friends to a Caribbean island to mark the passing of his half century... with my own half century 13) . white water rafting 8) . a very formal word is unlikely to fit in an 2 Do you think the writer is an adventurous person? informal passage and vice versa.. down rapids..Upstream (CAE) ... Top of this year’s popular 6) .... Now read the article again and decide which word is best for each space. Read the article quickly and answer these content....... naturalness and form..... questions..... 1 very different from 4 an important event 7 approaching 2 unusual 5 there is no limit 8 I would like 3 frightening 6 wealthy 9 it's impossible for me 19 .. is a far cry from the traditional party or restaurant visit..... helicopter lessons. dream.. on the horizon I would not say no to a weekend in Paris and a meal at the Eiffel Tower...... as long as it is unusual and impressive....... The desire for adventurous celebration is not restricted to the 9) .. However....... ..... Undoubtedly...... Unfortunately I was only a 11) ...... ñ Consider meaning.... plane trip and parachuting and hot air ballooning. B degree C range D variance 1 A scale B decided C marked D considered 2 A hoped B get C let D want 3 A make B dearly C outrageously D explicitly 4 A perfectly B comes C wins D takes 5 A goes B extravagances C exposures D expenses 6 A experiments B always C more D instead 7 A ever B voyage C ride D crossing 8 A travel B teenagers C youth D young 9 A adolescents B arriving C getting D reaching 10 A attaining B remote C faraway D slight 11 A distant B distract C absorb D satisfy 12 A pacify B looming C darkening D showing 13 A appearing B but C nevertheless D anyway 14 A however 7 Find words or phrases in the text above which are similar in meaning to the following. of options open to today’s youngster – or even ‘oldster’ for that matter... ranging from the 4) .. Then. group bungee jumping or taking your buddies on a stomach- churning..... expensive to the downright dangerous... sufficient to invite your friends round.. the more traditional forms of celebration do continue to 12) . I can 14) ... are as follows: taking some friends rally driving....Unit 01_Upstream (CAE) .. the milestone of eighty by having a flying lesson...Unit 01 28/01/2011 7:54 ΜΜ Page 19 1 English in Use – Part 1 6 You will read a text on unusual ways to celebrate STRATEGY POINT birthdays.. Anything 5) ..... if you have the money the world is your oyster... today’s birthday boy or girl is looking for something out of the ordinary. ...... SOMETHING DIFFERENT? Looking for an unforgettable way to celebrate that special occasion? Well. the 1) ....

....... He's extremely ............................................................ Complete the following sentences with words ñ brought up ñ documented ñ spoken formed from the noun alarm.......... Her temperature was .. the Internet................. .. 2 You must have read his books.... .......... by the message you left... .................Unit 01_Upstream (CAE) ..... ............ 3 Jeremy was . 5 You can introduce him to anyone and he won't let you b.. by Shona's display you stop when that way.... after all..... 20 ... 7 You can find out everything about the development of 2 He found the art exhibition rather ......... then use them to complete the sentences........ ........ Miss? 4 He was anxious to make a good ..... . .... ‹ Error Correction 10 In 8 of the 10 sentences that follow there is an unnecessary word. author.... ....... 3 Not much of planning has been done yet for my graduation party........ It's very . bankrupt... performance by Henman................ The unnecessary words in these sentences could be: ñ prepositions ñ quantifiers ñ auxiliary verbs ñ adverbs 1 Her ability to write was sharpened much after she took a writing course. ...... . you............ 4 The teacher was being determined not to mistake her new students for her old ones from last year......... .... Which of the ‹ Word Formation verbs listed best completes the caption? 9 a.......... formed from the verb impress... Find the unnecessary words and write them in the spaces provided... young 4 I was rather ...... ............ 5 Tony is only 16 and he is easily influenced by those around him............. .... . man........ he's a rather ..................... ... 10 I plan on doing many things with all my life before I settle down and have children....... so he wore a white shirt and a tie................................................ pleasant.. He's very 1 It was an .. who now looks set to win the tournament..... high........ we were shocked to find that the puppies had disappeared............. 6 Everybody respects him in the community............................... He's a very 3 Her exam results are quite ..................... ..... ñ thought of ñ known ñ travelled ñ mannered 1 We had to call the doctor...... had any problems at home? 3 He was a quiet....... He's a real ......... .......... ......................... 5 When we got home.. so I came straight over..Unit 01 28/01/2011 7:54 ΜΜ Page 20 English in Use 8 Put well in front of the verbs in the list. on his fiance's parents........................... . She's 2 He's always spreading rumours that we're going extremely ....... Has she ................ .......... 7 I had talked with my flat mate and she said she had no problem if you wanted to stay for a couple of days.. of anger................ 9 My grandfather just died in World War II......... young man............... he was used to her losing her I waved at temper.......... 2 Often.Upstream (CAE) .... the consultant will be able to advise you on issues which are not work-related........ Why didn’t I wasn’t .. 4 Her parents had done a marvellous job with her.. saying that he had expected to see more artists from abroad. Complete the following sentences with words down... She was very .... 8 He has come to the conclusion of that he must go back to university and finish his degree if he wants to get a better job....... 1 She knows a great deal about different cultures........ 6 I really liked the things she had had to say about my recent painting.

take up about a third of my time. Yours sincerely............................. please accept our congratulations and we look forward to your strengthening an already 10) .. 21 .. How are they 12 Now read the following letter and use the information in this text to complete the gaps in the connected? Which one is formal? formal letter... Look at the two letters below.....Unit 01 28/01/2011 7:54 ΜΜ Page 21 1 c................ They Department is going to be there too.. gap...... you have been selected vs... This would be March... Making sure that the style is appropriate... This should next week............... approximately 30% of your time....... in their working environment. planning and running of the various courses we offer...... to the school......... following a two-day induction session......... Your 3) Following the interview we invite you to 4) look . informal letter..... that March. session is to be held at 9....... in your application to Department will also 3) come along / be present......... I'm going to be Sounds great! They'll let me know if I've got working with the Head of Department on the admin the job as soon as they can ¬ probably connected with the different courses.... Isn't that Maynard's School and they've chosen me for fantastic! a second interview! I've got to get there for They're going to fill me in on everything on Monday 10 on Tuesday and I'm having the interview 6th and I'll meet the staff at break..... to your own teaching commitment and should 9) .. You won't believe this! I've just heard I got the job Just a few lines to say I've heard from I applied for at Maynard's school............. A Dear Jen...... Mandy B Dear Miss Trueman..g.. a............ In addition to the Head Teacher.. we feel that you will be a be expected to take up the position at the beginning of very strong 6) .... We should like your work to include 7) .................. to the staff at breaktime that day......... select) 11 In this section of the English in Use paper you have ñ grammar (e.. the Head of you have 2) ..................... Fingers crossed! They say lovely things about me! I'll be joining a See you at the weekend......... team of teachers........... the Head Teacher's office at 10.. Yours sincerely............. You will be informed of the outcome in 5) due Let me say how 5) ......... Dear Jen.... We look forward to seeing you again on 9th the Head of Department in his organisation................... Love..... After think I'm going to really help the school... Once again.... As well as my timetabled teaching.. The words you need do not occur in the underline the correct phrases in letter B.. group of teachers who've been together for years so I'll definitely be the new girl on the block! Mandy I' m so excited! My feet haven't touched the ground since I got the letter.. choose vs. You have 1) been selected / been picked out for a second interview which will 2) be held / come about in Dear Miss Trueman.............00 am on Tuesday.15 on the around / tour the school premises to see the children morning of 6th May and you will 4) ... 8) ............. we were with course / a week or so........... If you are successful you would your application and interview....... What differences do you notice between the English in Use – Part 5 two letters in the following areas? ñ lexis (e..... Wish me luck..........g........ join the teaching staff at Maynard's School.....Unit 01_Upstream (CAE) .... The Head of my application and I did well in the interviews......Upstream (CAE) . this I'll be getting a look round the school. Use no more than two words for each b... May......................... to fill in a gapped text by transferring information they've chosen me) from another text of a different style.. 9th We have great pleasure in 1) .... They really liked in the Head's office........

. ñ An introduction in which the reason for writing is clearly D The local authorities have recently released plans to stated.... any and use the information you are given. to recommend showing your objection... ñ expressed the opinion that ñ with regard to Write your letter (approximately 250 words).. excellent..... Your teacher has asked you..................... the article did not apply to your country................ in your report were extreme and unfounded.. Informal letters are written for similar reasons but are usually written to people you know..................... ñ 9 out of 10 people said they were happy with the level of 4 The ......................... writing task which is based on reading input... Use the phrases above someone or something..... 6 ... You felt that the comments in sentences below.Unit 01_Upstream (CAE) ..... people say.. to complain......... In formal letters.... people claim that they have enough to live comfortably... I feel that this will be considerable.. For formal letters.... Look at the proposed changes what else we discovered: to the education system in the district........ Examples and/or explanations are then added in ‹ Understanding the Rubric Part One of the CAE writing paper is a compulsory supporting sentences.. to apologise................ 3 I am writing to ................... E You recently read an article accusing people in your ñ A main body in which the task is covered according to country of not caring about the environment. the effect ñ Public transport is............. who you are. etc........ It seems that there are a lot more contented people .... with their jobs..... 22 ... you should ñ Although they would not say no to more money.. In informal letters..... ñ Over three quarters of those who responded are happy 5 The writer ............ on the public...... it is often necessary to state build a new office complex on fields near your home...Unit 01 28/01/2011 7:54 ΜΜ Page 22 Writing: Formal and Informal Letters b...... A You have just seen a TV documentary which was very critical of your home town........ to ñ take issue with ñ in addition to this write to the editor of the magazine..... You usually begin each main body paragraph with a topic sentence... Use the phrases given to fill in the gaps in the that have been made... thanks! blame for this situation............ as in the example.. to make an application... The main difference between formal and informal letters is B You have recently heard that the college where you the language that you use.................. In all cases.... action you want taken should be clearly stated at the end of the letter.............. 7 . explaining why ñ is concerned ñ voice my concern about you feel the article is inaccurate... It is ñ A conclusion in which you restate the main points of important that you follow the instructions carefully the letter and/or state an opinion........ Each different issue should be discussed in a separate paragraph. they have done everything in their power to see that this unfortunate event is not repeated... imagine that you have to write a letter to present information........Upstream (CAE) ....... person to write back...... many members of your class disagreed with the points 1 a...... most consider the enormous progress that has been made........ C The government has announced plans to close down A letter should contain: the only remaining hospital in your town.. yesterday’s issue of your newspaper.. it is essential that the study English is planning to increase its fees... ñ The majority of people are happy with city life... which was taken from an international students’ magazine. 8 As far as the committee .. After a discussion......... nowadays......... Formal letters are written for a variety of reasons – e.... style of the letter is appropriate for the target reader.. ñ views contained ñ which appeared in 1 I would also like to take issue with the statement made by your journalist that the students of the college are to Everything’s just perfect......................... the instructions given...... education available to them...... as class representative... for each one...g.............. people the world over are happy with their lives. Look at the situations below and.. the project was a failure.. 2 I am writing to complain about the article ...... paying careful attention to the underlined words and phrases... According to the results of our recent survey. you usually end by sending your wishes and perhaps asking the other 2 Read the rubric and reading input below................ to suggest sentences that would be suitable. The English class that you belong to recently studied ‹ Vocabulary the article below......

......... Dear Sir/Madam.. Then answer the to reading more objective reporting in future issues. – Which point(s) from the reading input does the writer 5 Complete the following sentences using ideas of your own...... thanks!’ which appeared in the June issue of your magazine.... It is a well-known fact ñ A significant percentage of us would move if that our public transport system is seriously under- we could...... 3) ……………………….... Give reasons.. you to claim that most people have enough money to live on....... 7) ………………………. questions that follow...... 5) ………………………... it certainly is not true that ñ I....... 4) ……………………….. lack of job satisfaction is known to be among the ñ We do not feel that most people are happy greatest causes of stress in this country.Unit 01_Upstream (CAE) . in our cities or in the country. a significant ñ Our public transport system is seriously percentage would move if they had the opportunity... b It is going to be read by: Following a discussion of the article in our English someone you know someone you don’t know class... I have been chosen to express our c Your reason for writing is to: disagreement with some of the views contained in present information make an application the article.. reported complaints.. where many people have complaints about the e Tick the boxes below to show which of the points are poor standards of education. we found your article to be extremely inaccurate in its assessment of living 3 Read the model on the right and use the words/ conditions.... Since your magazine claims to represent phrases to fill in the gaps.. recommend someone or something complain 2) ……………………….. we would have none of the financial problems faced by most people and ‹ Analysing the Model widespread poverty would not be an issue. Suggest alternatives students from all over the world.... here. we feel it is unrealistic of congested.......... for one........ with their lives. ñ I feel it is unrealistic .... 23 .... we look forward which could be used in their place. am very unhappy with my life....... 3 How does the writer conclude the letter? ñ It certainly is not true that ....Upstream (CAE) .... suitable for inclusion in this letter.. ever-increasing population.Unit 01 28/01/2011 7:54 ΜΜ Page 23 1 Now tick (✓) the appropriate boxes in the statements below...... ñ It is a well-known fact that .. most people are happy with public transport. as far as city life is concerned... ñ furthermore ñ secondly ñ finally ñ to conclude ñ in fact ñ first of all ñ with reference to 1 Does the introduction clearly state the reason for Mark Wiseman writing? What other information is included in the first paragraph? 2 – Does the first sentence of each main body paragraph 4 How strongly does the writer feel about the points he clearly state the topic of that paragraph? makes? Find examples of words or phrases which helped – How does the writer support each of these you to decide...... ñ Lack of money is among the most commonly funded and our roads are heavily congested..... a You should write: I am writing 1) ……………………… the article a formal letter an informal letter entitled ‘Everything’s just perfect. Yours faithfully... This is certainly not the case the reading input........ Then suggest how the letter could have sentences? been written more or less forcefully.. ñ Many people in my country have complaints one of the most commonly heard complaints is that about the education system.... Were this so. address in each paragraph? ñ I find it difficult to believe that ......... And......... we find it difficult to apologise believe that such a large number of people are d In order to follow the instructions you should write a satisfied with the education system and with their letter agreeing disagreeing with the article in working conditions... under-funded and our roads are heavily 6) ………………………....... either ñ I think your survey is a big lie.. there are insufficient buses and trains to serve an ñ Most of us are happy with our jobs.

... ñ indication of progress ñ incentive to study ñ qualifications 1 It is a well-known fact that the school is seriously under- claim that our quality funded. b I strongly disagree with your reporter’s 2 In the article which was called ‘A National Disgrace’...... an example...... which order to learn new vocabulary or grammar items................ Then suggest who the learning English........... There are other benefits as well. ñ stress ñ crime ñ financial difficulties 3 A lot of people would do this if they had the chance..... ñ less advanced vocabulary ñ contractions It certainly makes it easier for students to see how well they are progressing.... target reader might be.. 4 express my disagreement d everyone knows 5 is seriously under-funded e which was called b............ there is a pressing need for renovation work to be ñ sophisticated vocabulary ñ impersonal tone ñ more frequent done to the college buildings..... using the prompts given....... a As far as myself and my fellow students are concerned.. A B .............. and making how you other necessary changes..... has not use of the passive voice ñ complex grammatical constructions been decorated for several years and is suffering from ñ formal linking devices ñ advanced vocabulary serious damp patches. expressions with very informal ones).. or even dance classes – why not? 3 I/we find it difficult to c I thought I’d drop you a But the thing to remember is that...... C ............Unit 01 28/01/2011 7:54 ΜΜ Page 24 Writing: Formal and Informal Letters ‹ Formal and Informal Style ‹ Topic and Supporting Sentences How formal your letter needs to be depends on the 6 a.. using phrases from Ex.......................... Then... Read the sentences below and say whether they in examinations is a very important part of the process of are formal or informal.......... [Example] If work is not carried out soon....... Formal style includes: A To begin with... [Explanation] ñ colloquial (spoken) and idiomatic English ñ personal tone/ direct address ñ less frequent use of the passive voice ñ less B .... Then think of an appropriate topic to maintain the same level of formality throughout your sentence for each one...... ñ sections on sport/music ñ interesting letters page ñ up-to-date information b....... for example. opinions in last night’s ‘Agenda’ on BBC2... 1 I am writing a say how much I disagree For instance......... you should not mix very formal done for you........... success 5 a..... Study the guidelines........ roach at atmosphere ñ fresh app 24 ñ useful experience ñ gre ........................ c I’m sure you’ll find a lot of things in this magazine that you’re 5 I am writing to express my disagreement with the interested in... or target reader and the reason for writing.....Upstream (CAE) ......... different styles would have on the readers. however hard it is in the believe that line beginning................ 4...... write supporting sentences to 10 entitled money complete each paragraph...... Read the following paragraphs and say whether each one contains an explanation..... re-write the sentences ing me the chance to see d Thanks very much for giv in a different style. exams give you that extra motivation you need in 4 Look at the formal expressions on the left. in particular.. Match them with their less formal equivalents................ Discuss the effects that the run the club........................ The first one has been letter (in other words..... you could sign yourself up for a course of 2 such a large number of b chance lessons in a new sport........ complex grammatical constructions ñ simple linking devices ....... 4 It can’t be right that so many people believe this... have all been taken from the model................. 7 a significant percentage g it can’t be right that 8 it is a well-known fact h wrong 9 opportunity i doesn’t have enough 7 Read the following topic sentences......Unit 01_Upstream (CAE) ... there is a very real danger that some of the books Informal style includes: could be destroyed..... It is very important both. Now. Remember to keep the j a lot of people style consistent throughout each paragraph.... the of life is improving. Now suggest what kind of letters the 6 inaccurate f so many paragraphs above could be taken from.. you will soon see the benefit..... information was wrong...... The library.....

. ➝ Yours sincerely. Lots of love. this really is too good a chance to let lt ñ is to a newspaper . / Why don’t you give it a try? / Depending on the reason for writing.. the committee mee ting held on the four th of having the opportunity to discuss this matter furth last month... conc erne d toget her with two letters the college social club to say how enclose a copy of my CV.. e. / complain about . The closing comment depends on the content of the letter – e. / etc Informal letters can begin with the reason for writing. Write soon and let me know what you think.Unit 01_Upstream (CAE) .. ➝ Lots of love. response to your article in last Tuesday’s issue of Education News. All formal letters begin with the reason for writing – e....g. people spoken to. etc. I am writing on behalf of my English class . Then say which letter: ñ is informal . time.g. / apply for . Bill. Yours faithfully.. Say hello to everyone for me....g. letters can end with one or etc more of the following: ñ A summary of the main body ñ A reiteration of the reason for writing ñ A reassurance ñ A reference to future action ñ An expression of gratitude 8 Match the beginnings and the endings below and identify the techniques which have been included. Thanking you ions of the in anticipation for your cooperation on this matter..g. Susan Dear Margaret ➝ Take care and write soon. while I was attending the seminars for students on 4th May... they can begin with an informal greeting.. In addition.....g....g. Kate Lowe ellous I am writing to let you know about a marv 3 that I I trust you will give this issue opportunity that I have heard about and consideration and will take the opin your urgent think is exactly what you’re looking for.. I am writing to request . or following way: Dear Mr/Mrs/Ms Smith. we were to read about the decisions take n at of reference. I thought I would write to let you know about this fantastic new ñ who you are – e. 25 . I I am writing in my capacity as secretar y of 2 I hope that you will consider me for the post.. e.. I am writing to express Yours sincerely. students into account. I look forward to hearing from you and er. my interest in the position of part-time library assistant that I saw advertised in your newsle Graham Wiseman tter dated 13th June.Upstream (CAE) . 1 As I’ve said.. ➝ Yours faithfully. ñ a reference to something you have seen or read – e. slip by. I honestly don’t think it will be very difficu it a ñ is applying for a job . course that’s being offered. So why not give go? Write and let me know how you get on.... C Dear Sir/Madam. B Dear Mark. How are you doing? ñ details of place.... Jill A Dear Mr Wooster. / inform you . I am writing in Alternatively..Unit 01 28/01/2011 7:54 ΜΜ Page 25 1 ‹ Beginnings and Endings FORMAL LETTERS INFORMAL LETTERS Remember that formal letters begin and end with either: Informal letters usually begin and end with first names in the Dear Sir/Madam. . you can include one or more of the following: e. for you of all people to qualify.g. Dear John..... / apologise for ...

Then. (approx. Let me know if you decide to do it . 6 Think of appropriate topic sentences for your main body write: paragraphs. You found the information in the programme badly represented the area and you have decided to write to 9 Read the rubrics and underline the key information. I wouldn’t mind. b) a letter to your friend. Why don’t you write a letter to the editor of English in Action and put him straight? I’d do it myself but I’m revising for exams (something that the writer of this article would not believe!). You feel very strongly about the content of the article and have decided to follow 1 What do you have to write? your friend’s suggestion and write to the editor of the 2 Who are the target readers? magazine which published the article. of course.. How will you support your topic sentences? a) a letter to the magazine editor expressing your opinion (approximately 200 words).Unit 01 28/01/2011 7:54 ΜΜ Page 26 Writing: Formal and Informal Letters B A national television station recently broadcast a programme about the town/city where you live. 3 How formal does your writing need to be? 4 How will you begin and end your letter? Read the original article and the extract from your 5 What information will you include in the main body? friend’s letter. 10 Using the information you have learned in this unit. They don’t even know the meaning of the word ‘work’. As far as I am concerned. using the information provided. Write your letter to the producers. I’m sure you’d do a better job than me. the programme producers in order to complain. Who am I talking about? Students. when that’s all gone.Upstream (CAE) .Unit 01_Upstream (CAE) .. Then. unproductive individuals who do nothing but sit around all day listening to CDs and spending their parents’ hard- earned money. they turn to the taxpayer to support them in their lives of luxury. Then they’ll realise what work and stress really mean. 250 words) A A friend of yours recently sent you the article below along with a short note. 26 . but they dare to complain that they are overworked and that they suffer from stress. … I’m sure you’ll agree with me that this article is a bit hard on us students. Anyway. telling him or her what you have done (approximately 50 words). today’s students are lazy. All I can say is that they are going to have a shock when they finally enter the real world. IT'S A STUDENT'S LIFE by English in Action writer. Then answer the questions that follow. And they contribute nothing at all to society. write one of the tasks you discussed above. James Faraday They live off other people’s money.

. Discuss in pairs.. 2 The theatre was more popular with . adding details.........Unit 02 28/01/2011 8:00 ΜΜ Page 27 A Escape Artists 2 D C B E Lead-in b. 2a 1 a...........’ George Bernard Shaw (Irish dramatist and writer) then .........í50 to live....................... discuss: ñ What might be the good and bad points of the above 2 When you stay in for the evening... ..................... Listen to a radio report about how people in the UK responded to the questionnaire in Ex.. What does the title of the unit mean? In what and complete the sentences..........Upstream (CAE) .’ í51-í100 more than í100 Margaret Fuller (US journalist & essayist) ‘A perpetual holiday is a good working definition My ideal night out would begin with dinner at a restaurant..... ñ school/work ñ the weather c..... forget Less than í20 í20 .. 3 On average..........) ñ In what ways can holidays exhaust rather than refresh us? TV Cooking Radio ñ What items are essential for going on holiday? Video games Internet Reading Other .. 3 Have you ever been on any of the following types of holiday? 1 What is an ideal night out for you? (Tick more than one item if you wish... With a partner......... b.. 4 The average person spends about ....................... .............. over ........... 4 Paraphrase the following quotations......) ñ adventure ñ backpacking ñ camping ñ cruise Dinner at a restaurant Clubbing ñ hiking ñ package ñ pony-trekking ñ sailing Live concert Theatre ñ sightseeing ñ skiing ñ touring Other ... Do you ever feel the need to escape from one or 3 When staying at home................. Complete the questionnaire below and compare your answers to your partner’s. What do you think the results of a similar survey would be in your country? Discuss in pairs.... 27 ............. Which do you agree with? Why? Discuss in pairs.... per more of the following? How do you do it? cent of people said they usually .. 2 a. how do you relax? (Tick types of holiday? more than one item if you wish...... of hell............................... per ñ city/village life ñ family/friends ñ routine month on entertainment. sense is each picture an escape? What might the people be escaping from? 1 People aged ...... prefer clubbing............. for the sake of getting a living.....Unit 02_Upstream (CAE) ... how much do you spend on entertainment per month? ‘Some people...................

even contemptible. 3 The reason why the book is so successful is hard to explain. not to mention Harry work supplied something that was missing among the formal Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone (fifth place). after all. intelligentsia fully expect to (Tolkien on his critics: “Some who have read the book. or at any have their tastes ignored.R. and attempts to discover the secret of its success. Her colleague responded: "What? Has it? Oh dear.R. if not openly derided. something for which readers 35 were ravenous. since I have 30 20 touching. 1 Many academics think The Lord of the Rings is an overrated novel.R. But what was it. that so many millions of readers will happily devour a similar opinions of their works. It would seem that Tolkien's Wind (runner-up in the Amazon survey). Andrew O'Hehir defends Tolkien's ‘true myth' as a modern masterpiece. The Book of the Century A classic of our times or an escapist yarn? Although its popularity is unparalleled. Dear oh dear oh dear. The Lord of the Rings occupies an 25 cover art. Tolkien's book is so deeply ingrained in popular culture. absurd. Reading – Part 3 d. by the public at rate have reviewed it. some intellectuals dismiss The Lord of the Rings as boyish fantasy. have found it boring. Now read the article to check your answers. reporter Susan Jeffreys of the London Sunday Times informed a colleague that J. c. 2 The Lord of the Rings is more realistic than other fantasy novels. innovations of 20th century fiction. 4 The book's style is very unusual for a 20th century novel. or large." Attitudes in America are arguably more relaxed about this kind of thing. stashed somewhere in the attic. look at the title and the introduction to the article. that a great many of today's American academics and journalists probably still have those dog-eared paperbacks they 15 read avidly in eighth grade with their hallucinatory mid-1970s Hugely ambitious in scope.Unit 02_Upstream (CAE) . Which of the following statements do you expect the writer to agree with? Discuss in pairs.”) Yet The Lord of the Rings has enjoyed may make of it. You will read an extract from an article on J. uncomfortable position in 20th century literature.Unit 02 28/01/2011 8:00 ΜΜ Page 28 Reading 1 a.Upstream (CAE) . Read the passage and answer the questions that follow (1-7). No one from the American educated classes expressed much dismay when a 1999 poll of American on-line bookshop 10 Amazon.S. Before you read. and why was it important? 28 . it's a more challenging read than Gone With the massive and enduring popularity. or of the kinds of writing that work as complicated as The Lord of the Rings. What do you know about The Lord of the Rings? Have you read the book or seen any of the films? What did you think of them? Discuss in pairs. members of the U. Tolkien's epic poses a stern challenge to modern literature and its defenders. Furthermore. and I have no cause to complain. Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings.com customers chose The Lord of the Rings as the greatest book not merely of the century but of the millennium. To some American intellectuals it seems gratifying. Whatever one they evidently prefer. b.R. Tolkien's epic fantasy The Lord of the Rings had been voted the greatest book of the 20th century in a readers' poll conducted by Britain's Channel 4 5 and the Waterstone's bookstore chain. In January 1997.

It's wise to tread lightly in this sort of interpretation.Unit 02 28/01/2011 8:00 ΜΜ Page 29 2 Answering this question properly would probably require a 4 What was Tolkien’s reaction to criticism of The Lord of the book rather than an article. As a result. A was full of unresolved contradictions.. The Lord of the Rings would be little more than a curiosity. 4 It is wise to tread lightly in this sort of interpretation A many Americans were annoyed. What does the writer mean by the underlined parts? linguistic and otherwise. 60 Tolkien's immense intellect and erudition is not the source of D can be interpreted in many different ways. D resulted in lengthy interruptions to Tolkien’s writing. ‹ Vocabulary Practice 65 Tolkien himself often spoke of his work as something ‘found' or 2 Explain the highlighted words in the text. out the dialogue between Susan Jeffreys and 2 It is implied in the second paragraph that The Lord of the Rings her colleague. He was ‘reconstructing’. inconsistency in his invented realm had been resolved.. (l. time. his details have the weight of reality. (ll. But it seems that the crux of the Rings? matter lies in Tolkien's wholehearted rejection of modernity A He felt it was unjustified. (l. (ll. C It was voted one place behind The Lord of the Rings. B was completely accurate. But C include some modern elements. but as the recovery of something 5 According to Shippey.. C some people found the fact shocking. Other writers' culture .” C was sometimes rather frustrating for Tolkien. something whose existence was independent of him.. believing he could not continue until some quandary or B make the story seem more realistic. that he put the story itself aside for months or years at a A are sometimes rather difficult to follow. 3 a.Unit 02_Upstream (CAE) . D is mostly read by school children. Tolkien believed that the world he 45 genuine that had become buried beneath fragments of fairy tale described and nursery rhyme. something revealed. The book is also deeply grounded in Tolkien's linguistic 55 expertise – he invented whole languages for his characters. at B was more interesting to Tolkien than writing the story. 67) B some people didn't believe it. Read the first paragraph again and in pairs. 20-21) 3 The book is also deeply grounded in Tolkien’s 1 When The Lord of the Rings was voted the greatest book of linguistic expertise . Shippey expands on this D He partly agreed with it. Tolkien: Author of the Century. 12) fantasy worlds are made up. he was harmonising contradictions 50 in his source-texts. sometimes he was supplying entirely new 6 Making up languages for The Lord of the Rings concepts (like hobbits). historically.R. but it seems clear that he believed his work to be something given. And this gift seems to stem straight from his refusal to break from classical and traditional forms. his success. D It is more touching than The Lord of the Rings. up. pairs.. but he was also reaching back to an A helped Tolkien to take the story forward. 2 . “he did not think that he was entirely making it D was as incredible as his sources.. Tolkien's is inherited. ‹ Discussion 3 What do we learn about Gone With the Wind? 4 What works of fiction have you read recently? What did you like or dislike about them? Discuss in A It was once more popular than The Lord of the Rings.. least in a collective imagination. . which contained a kind of truth beyond 70 measure. B is taught in many schools throughout the world. T. without his storytelling gift. C He couldn’t understand it. b. 29 .” C was imaginative but not pure fantasy. 54-55) the 20th century. you might say that his imaginary castles 1 Tolkien’s book is so deeply ingrained in our popular are built with a certain amount of genuine stone. B It is seen as more challenging than The Lord of the Rings. 40 and modernism. and just as powerfully repels others..Upstream (CAE) . ‹ Text Analysis ‘discovered'.. so many millions of readers will happily devour a work as complicated as . the details in Sometimes he became so absorbed in the creation of languages. This is what so powerfully attracts some B He wasn’t bothered by it. act D American academics disagreed. notion by arguing that Tolkien saw his realm of Middle-earth not as fiction or invention. imaginative world which he believed had once really existed. C is mainly appreciated by academics and journalists.R. Shippey writes. Tolkien’s work in fact. In his book J. “However fanciful Tolkien's creation of Middle-earth was. 7 According to the writer of the article.A. readers. and because of this his great sweep of story feels real as well.. A is more popular in the States than in the UK.

4 Because of her fear of heights and the swinging b. voyage) over words related? Can you add one more word? rough terrain.Upstream (CAE) . 3 Place your foot in the (saddle / stirrup / bit / bridle) 8 We stood on the (platform. trek. blockbuster. How would you feel? Read the examples. sheets of pastry. What kind of ‘escape’ are they related to? time to relax going it easy ñ on a fishing trip ñ to the cinema an on-line crossword ñ on a picnic ñ to a rock concert a soothing bath ñ hiking ñ on a cruise tickets for a match ñ to a museum/gallery ñ to a fitness centre an extravagant dinner 1 After I was assigned my own personal (instructor. Underline the correct word in the sentences. 5 My grandmother is a fanatic about her favourite Expressing Feelings (documentary / chat show / soap opera / cartoon). (isolation. Discuss your weekend plans with your partner. Positive Negative she laughs and cries with the actors as though they ñ I’d be really pleased/ ñ I’d be really frightened/ were real people. 3 We enjoyed a lovely packed lunch in the refreshing b. stage) of the and swing your other leg over the horse's back. bored/disappointed. Underline the word which best completes each till the very end. lodge) was conveniently a table for two located within walking distance of a well-stocked a weekend break lake. (rendition. 2 The fishing (tent. sentence. 6 Be sure you drain the spinach in the (whisk / grater / ñ I’d be over the moon! ñ I’d be scared to death. The film was a real (cliff-hanger. then motion of the seats. excited/delighted. ‹ Weekend Pleasures 2 a. edition. the player threw her into view. . A: What have you planned for the weekend? 4 The group opened their concert with a rousing B: I’m not sure..Unit 02_Upstream (CAE) . deck. 1a. To what pastime is each group of 6 After his 10-mile (pilgrimage. Tick (✓) the boxes to form phrases. hostel.Unit 02 28/01/2011 8:00 ΜΜ Page 30 Language Focus ‹ Escape A: How would you feel if your best friend said he had tickets for a sold-out rock concert? B: Fantastic. (net / racket / court / umpire) angrily on the ground. translation) of the hit song that 5 had made them famous. solitude) of the fragrant wood. box ‹ Pastimes office hit) – it had the audience gasping in suspense 3 a. curator. but on Friday night I thought I might . 7 The (dean. Can you think of one more phrase to go under each heading? Book Do Have Take 1 a. permanent collection. liner as it pulled away from the pier. barrenness. tutor). a party advisor. prefect) showed the visitors the 2 He spends hours in his (camera / darkroom / lens / new exhibits that had been donated to the tripod) every evening developing rolls of film. 30 ñ I’d be extremely thrilled! ñ I’d be absolutely terrified. Linda has never been use the language box to discuss in pairs about persuaded to get on a (carousel / roller coaster / the activities in Ex. big wheel / water slide). John was glad to see the inn come 1 After missing an easy shot. I’d be really thrilled! A: Would you like to see a film that was said to be ‘the scariest film of all time’? B: No way! I’d be absolutely terrified. he showed me around the gym and close friends over explained how the equipment worked.. saucepan / colander) before you spread it over the ñ I’d be on top of the world! ñ I’d be bored stiff.

. rather than play the piano..... Use them to complete the sets with both gradable and non-gradable adjectives........... unparalleled 7 ........ very/really interesting............. What do you like doing in your spare time? Use ñ It was really ................... rather go to the theatre..................... A: What do you like doing in your spare time? B: Personally......... commercialised 4 ................ embroidery might the race track very wet and slippery.. I like .. prefer stamp collecting to I like skiing far better.. not quite relaxing enough for bedtime reading........ absurd 8 .... e.... 31 ..... However....... ‹ Build Up your Word Power Most adjectives can be made more emphatic by using adverbs with them......... you have ever heard/books you have read....................... Positive Negative ñ If you’re not up to strenuous sports...Unit 02 03/02/2011 8:11 ΜΜ Page 31 2 b... and it’s absolutely fantastic! 2 ñ The film is full of violence – I found that seeing it was such a ..... ñ Given the choice. I’d much fifty-mile trek through uncharted jungle................... laughter destroyed the romantic atmosphere of the elegant restaurant.... ñ The studio was .. exhilarating 10 .. Then fill in the gaps with an appropriate adverb from the theory box.......................... 5a to ask and 1 ñ The sound of the fisherman's voice was barely audible answer questions about the best and worst CDs over the roar of the waterfall..........................g.................. intelligent 9 ............. use phrases from Ex....... sculpting............................ I like reading my interest. ñ If the weather remains ...... of sentences which follow.. seven-hour climb.................. I prefer ñ Although it was slightly ..... be nice. I think I ñ I don’t like skating at all. ñ The ... In pairs................. we enjoyed our sleigh-ride enormously. Study the theory box...... ñ To my relief... . to see that everyone else at the party was younger than me........ prospect of a ñ Personally.............. Preferences ñ After the ..... I’m going to plant my garden at the end of the week.... disappointing 2 ..................................... ñ Television doesn’t really hold ........................ ... the survivors were faced with the gardening....... fantastic 6 ..........g. 3 ñ It’s quite a(n) .. not all adverbs once........................ the mountaineers were absolutely exhausted.......... 4 ñ The .. What about you? A: I don’t think I’d fancy that. 1 ....Unit 02_Upstream (CAE) . ................ pairs............. 5 a.......... A: Have you heard the new Eminem CD? ñ The roar of applause at the end of the concert was B: Do you mean ‘Recovery’? ....... etc... ñ The couple's ........... 4 The adjectives below have been grouped in order of absolutely/totally amazing..... soothing b............... really good/amazing. experience that I came out of the cinema feeling completely drained. to see the terrible phrases from the language box to discuss in poverty endured by people living in the shanty town... than I had expected..... Not totally interesting... as the young artist worked at her sculpture..................... etc................. However..... and adjectives collocate.................. the long train journey was more ....... I’d prefer to ñ I’m afraid pottery isn’t my make it unsuitable for snorkelling without a wetsuit............. Use each adjective only e............. conditions made watch a video than go to However..Upstream (CAE) .................. Some adverbs collocate increasing intensity. I’d sooner ñ I don’t think I’d fancy that........... e. activity like gentle walking. intense 5 ... really/very good.. ............. the cinema.. ñ It was slightly ................ ñ To tell you the truth...................... better than watching TV. ñ To reach safety...........................g........... as in the example........................ book. try a(n) ....... Yes............ listen to some good music cup of tea.................................. brilliant 3 ..................... temperatures of the lake ñ On balance.......

................ Can b..... branches of the old apple tree... 1 pristine/littered a traffic 4 I know she doesn’t really want to come out dancing 2 temperate/extreme b regulations with us................................……...... traffic was further hampered by large crowds of sightseers....... getting ... .. 7 fanciful/literal g stream 8 unjustified/strict h interpretation b........... INTO A DISCO........... ...... coastline is WE'LL TURN THE PLACE off-limits to boaters and fishermen...........................…… !" 6 Bright green moss hung in sheets from the ..... ........ 2 read somebody b the lines ñ at least ñ at large ñ at last ñ at present 3 face the c house down ñ at a loss ñ at times ñ at odds with 4 let one’s d beaten track ñ at a standstill ñ at a glance ñ at a loose end 5 off the e shoestring budget 6 on a f music 1 The trip wasn’t all bad..Unit 02 28/01/2011 8:00 ΜΜ Page 32 Language Focus ‹ Collocations 2 The most amazing thing about this year’s Oscar winning film is that it was made ....... .... Match items from columns A and B to make idioms... 7a.. Match the pairs of adjectives to the nouns. use A B the fixed phrases to make up sentences of your 1 bring the a of one’s seat own............... AND WHEN I GET regulations was it possible to keep the forest safe YOU OUT OF THERE....... stream that ran parallel to the road................................. 7 a.......................... At least 8 on the edge h like a book 2 I’m very busy at work right now....... Complete the caption with one of the idioms from Ex........... from carelessly caused fires........ ........................... in their correct ‹ Fixed Phrases (phrases with at) form........ 10 read between j town red 3 Dave is quarrelling with John over what CDs to bring to 1 Travellers differ from tourists in that they prefer the graduation party............ Then use some of them. 3 delicate/fragrant c climate 5 I can’t believe I got the promotion! Let’s go out and 4 gnarled/blackened d branches .. but when things relax a 9 paint the i hair down bit I’m going to go on a cruise.. interpretation of such a serious book.. now and popular holiday spots................... 3 Only by enforcing ....... then I just like to sit and listen to classical music......... 8 Replace the underlined words and expressions with one of the fixed phrases below..... climate of the Arctic c...... The good thing was that we got 7 on the g house to visit plenty of interesting ruins............................ Look at the cartoon below.................................................. Now use one adjective from each set to you explain what it means? complete the sentences below.......... 6 a........... before you A B make your final decision...... " . ................................................................. 2 The ......................... blossoms filled the air with a delightful perfumed scent....................Upstream (CAE) ........................... WHERE 5 Critics were not impressed with the reviewer's YOU CAN REALLY ........ ... 8 The ........... I can ..... Then....... Sketch a picture for another one of the idioms has little to offer tourists in search of a suntan.............. 3 Don’t believe everything you see in travel brochures.. to holidaying at 4 Although I love getting lost in a good novel....... in pairs...Unit 02_Upstream (CAE) ....... ! 5 sparkling/winding e coastline 6 To make up for the poor service the restaurant 6 heavy/slow-moving f blossoms owner told us our drinks were ....... 7 The sun shone brightly on the .. 7a...... 4 The ..... 32 .... 1 The .... to complete the sentences................. from Ex........................... Show it to the class and see if they ‹ Idioms can guess which idiom you have drawn........ ………...

.. ñ Excuse me.. but my Student B interrupt. book. ñ Wait a second .. an activity. stop taking the medication Informal Formal immediately... their meanings from the list below. 8 Due to the bazaar in the city centre. I’d be surprised if might be an appropriate gift.. B: Just a second. I found my passport tucked away in the zipped compartment of my suitcase. start telling your partner about a film. 6 He managed to put aside enough money to buy a Student A..Unit 02_Upstream (CAE) . confused as to what to offer them to eat. use phrases from Ex.. I don’t know.. Which sentences are formal? Which are informal? was still on the loose. Match the phrasal verbs in the sentences with ñ So. etc. traffic was stopped Making Suggestions Responding Positively for two hours. but . 9a. 1 We put up our tent before it got too dark to see what we were doing. exchanges.. Study the language box.. b.. ? wouldn’t be appropriate. ñ Sorry. Study the example.. might like to … ? Responding Negatively ‹ Phrasal Verbs ñ I was thinking it would be ñ I don’t think that … nice … Appendix 1 ñ Well. I love films that . I’m afraid that ñ save ñ bear ñ erect. an excursion. because . You and your colleague are in charge of be less overcast.. the party. four of the phrasals in Ex. 9 I’m really not sure what to do with myself now that the ñ Would you be interested ñ Sounds perfect. what do you think? good choice.. Which ñ Perhaps it would be better phrasal verb matches the picture? ñ What about … ? if … ñ Maybe we could …? ñ No. ñ If I could just say something . ‹ Interrupting she ever went out with you again! 4 Stop putting the travel agent down.. 5 I know you love cooking. a play. ñ cause as an expense ñ criticise ñ cause sb pain ñ replace ñ postpone ñ continue. B: Perhaps it would be better if . isn’t that supposed to be very violent? 33 .. but . etc. In pairs. we should arrive at the island ñ Hold on a minute . 2 Your boss is retiring after 30 years with the same 2 We put off our picnic.. Christmas holidays are here.. order that you found them? ñ Yes. .. in pairs. make sentences of your own using any A: Let’s go see the new Oliver Stone film. ñ I’m sorry to interrupt. then. a car. using language from the table. 10 Steven invited some friends over and was totally ñ I thought perhaps you ñ That would be lovely. it’s .. ñ I think we should … ñ You’re probably right.. as in the example.. A: I think we should go and see the film about .Unit 02 28/01/2011 8:00 ΜΜ Page 33 2 5 In the end. a CD. ‹ Communication: Making and Responding to Suggestions 6 From the sly look on the taxi driver’s face I knew immediately that he couldn’t be trusted. swap roles... 9 Could you please put the CDs back in the same ñ Just a second . hoping the next day would company. but I don’t know how you 11 Study the table. it wasn’t her fault we missed our flight. 1 Your best friend and you have just finished final exams and want to do something special to celebrate. After a few exchanges. pitch ñ embark ñ How about ….. develop b. Discuss where you might go. in … ? ñ That’s a great idea.Upstream (CAE) . then in pairs act out short put up with the mess afterwards. but . Discuss where to have the party and what 3 After what you put her through. ñ Could I just cut in here . 8 If drowsiness sets in. 10 If we set off at dawn. 7 It’s great that I’ve got the Internet. but . 7 The 5 o’clock news reported that the escaped prisoner 10 a.. computer set me back a month’s pay. 10a to act out similar dialogues on the following situations. ñ It would be a nice change ñ I’m not sure that’s such a if … 9 a. by noon.

Upstream (CAE) . dates or names. items you will not need. B An airline pilot C A navy officer 2 The ‘Fun’ package is only offered between the months of D A student 3 and .Unit 02_Upstream (CAE) . ‘If a man never relaxed. listed A-H. Look at the following quotation. but information is sometimes repeated using different words. There are three items you will not need. listed A-H. 34 . You will hear a short talk about a family- oriented hotel chain. ñ This part consists of a monologue. complete about their the notes for questions 1-8. look at the notes in Ex. G A musician H A factory worker 5 5 watch the children while they are participating in water sports. ñ Some of the items you need to fill in will be numbers. Task 2 ‘Kid-Suites’ rooms are specially designed so children have a For questions 6-10.Unit 02 28/01/2011 8:00 ΜΜ Page 34 Listening & Speaking Listening – Part 2 Listening – Part 4 Multiple Matching Task 1 a. you agree with it? Discuss in pairs. Now listen to the talk. You will only hear the favourite ways piece once. Young guests will love the: ñ 7 A Watching a video 6 ñ television and VCR B Eating out ñ stereo system C Shopping 7 ñ wide selection of toys D Listening to music E Cycling 8 Reservations must be made in 8 . ñ Look at the questions before you listen and try to guess what kind of information you need to listen for. There are three . Do you enjoy any of the activities in Task 2? Are there any you don’t enjoy? Tell your partner.’ hotel chain? Herodotus (Ancient Greek historian) 2 What can the missing words be? b. Task1 ~~ Special Astor Group Family Holidays ~~ For questions 1-5. match the extracts as you hear separate play 6 . As you listen. match the extracts as you hear ‘Kids Eat Free’ is offered at all Astor Group locations in the them with the people. Would you choose such a hotel for your holiday? Why/Why not? Tell your partner. he would go mad without 1 What information do the notes give you about the knowing it. 1b and in pairs discuss the 2 a. You only hear the piece once. of relaxing and do the STRATEGY POINT following two tasks. them with the topics. Before you listen. c. F Going to the cinema 9 G Playing the piano H Cooking 10 c. How far do following questions. Now listen to five people talking b. 3 E A businessman On the day of arrival guests get 4 F A chef 4 off all refreshments. 1 and The ‘Kids Eat Free’ package does not cover food ordered through A A computer programmer 1 2 .

e Hardly ever. STRATEGY POINT Do not worry if you can’t reach an agreement with your STRATEGY POINT partner. ñ I see what you mean. 6 In pairs guess and say what the other speaker says. c Once in a while... d Every so often. How far do you agree? 4 Is it always a good thing to be able to forget your problems? C 5 How do you think entertainment will change over the next 50 years? 5 Listen to two candidates doing the speaking tasks in Exs. ñ I'm inclined to believe that .Upstream (CAE) . ñ That’s exactly what I think. a Once in a blue moon. Students A & B 4 Discuss the following questions together. 3 & 4 and compare their performance to that of your classmates.. 1 What is your favourite way to relax? A 2 How difficult is it to find time for yourself? B 3 Some people say that a change is as good as a rest. ñ The examiners are not assessing your ideas or your beliefs. Assess your classmates in terms of: ñ grammar and vocabulary ñ discourse management E ñ pronunciation ñ interactive communication D Useful language: Expressing your thoughts ‹ Everyday English ñ Responding to news ñ In my view/opinion . ñ My opinion/view is that . b Every now and then. ñ Talk about your own experiences whenever they are relevant. Then decide which one would be most suitable for a student. tell the examiners nothing about your ability).Unit 02 28/01/2011 8:00 ΜΜ Page 35 2 Useful language: Agreeing/Disagreeing Speaking – Part 3 ñ I’m inclined to agree with you. ñ What I think is . but I still think ..... ‹ ¡egotiating / Reaching agreement ñ I think so. 3 Look at these pictures showing ways in which people relax.Unit 02_Upstream (CAE) . ñ What's your feeling? ñ What are your thoughts? ñ What's your reaction? 35 . too. Talk to each other about how each of the activities shown help people relax.. ñ Support your statements with reasons and examples. Useful language: Inviting a response A: Does he ever wash his car? ñ What do you think? B: Once in a blue moon. but your command of English.. Speaking – Part 4 You have about 4 minutes to do this.. Students A & B ñ I'm afraid I disagree / have to differ / don't go along with that. but make sure that you demonstrate your ability to ñ Make sure you expand your answers (brief 'yes-no' answers explain and discuss your opinions. Don't be afraid to say what you think.

below. pointed out the route to the Twisted reward. "If that’s not flowers swayed in the bush. gazing into a startling around Dove Lake. Tasmania was at its most 4 benign – brilliantly sunny.") for another month." a grizzled Tasmanian trail wound upwards onto a highland plateau. I’d spent the night before at a confided merrily. I realised why Tasmania is considered chortled. And at the bottom lay my Tasmanian devil on it. By chalet-style lodge with a gaggle of raucous Aussies on noon it was snowing." he’d smirked. not tomorrow. "Don’t worry. At one turn. I chilly lake. I had a few hundred yards behind. expect the writer to see? 2 Why would somebody choose to travel to a remote and lonely place? 3 Look at the title and introduction to the article. This shy. bare granite peaks "Survive that lot. "Take her slow. the only the choice of turning back or continuing in a wide loop living soul in a pristine moorland. "it’s not as bad as it 3 looks. down. you on a perpetual loop. Before you read. that was creature scratched itself awake and lumbered off like a plenty lonely enough" – and roared back to the busy alpine miniature tank. Not a for the ultimate mountain swim. the lower peak of Cradle Mountain. and there I was." ‘Chucking a left’ took me over a mountain 7 ridge and into the void. just like today. Tony Perrottet loses himself in Tasmania. getting into the Tassie rhythm. Well. which apparently occurs here It was early afternoon when the trail emerged on the flanks only one day in every 10. You looking as deliberately arranged as a Japanese garden." the boyfriend actually feel that alone. That’s when sheep farmer told me. identifiable by a badge with a pink Bald Rock was a piece of cake. "try the Twisted Lakes. "try the southwestern over a wombat. There is one paragraph you do not 1 Where is Tasmania? What sort of scenery do you need to use. smashing branches as it went. I could see what the farmer meant.Unit 02_Upstream (CAE) . muscular. the rock looked like a giant. If you took it slowly." he took my skinny dip. Seven paragraphs have been hiking holiday in Tasmania. when I made it to Cradle Mountain. which sparkled like black opal far emptiness. "Started out perfect. 36 . they were right. Choose which of the paragraphs discuss the following questions with a partner. I recognised the path – heading down." the girlfriend shouted back. pointing out towards some desolate I found the Twisted Lakes – a trio of moss-fringed tarns and windswept alpine scrub." Of course.. bathing the landscape in a dreamy warmth. protruded like decaying teeth. As the sun lodge for a little raucous banter by the fireside and a few climbed. a hiker’s paradise by Australians. In the rest of the country 1 you often have to travel for days to notice a change in landscape. you can keep your own company so easily as Tasmania – 6 although when I first arrived in Cradle Mountain. soul up there. a lake of Olympic-pool proportions just begging Lakes: "Just chuck a left at Hanson’s Peak. given on the opposite page (A-H) fit into the gaps (1-7). the pair of them bounded summer holidays. dingos. A few days later. Up above. almost spherical forests …" I cut him off as fast as I could: "No. Read the article. I nearly tripped lonely enough for you. I didn’t "We did this exact same hike last year. cobber?" he asked cheerily. removed. mate. ("She’s a tricky one.Upstream (CAE) . You will read an extract from an article about a b. stripped off my clothes and threw myself naked into a straight down a blunt outcrop of stone called Bald Rock. As I can have as much solitude as you want round there. "No worries." At this. A park ranger. "If this isn’t lonely enough for you. the Eagles songs.. There are few places on earth where From up above." he said. Clusters of tiny scarlet mate. slippery slide. I thought cockily. A hiker’s paradise and there’s nobody around to spoil it.Unit 02 28/01/2011 8:00 ΜΜ Page 36 Reading Reading – Part 2 1 a. how hard could it get? 2 5 I stooped at a rivulet to take a drink – safe as Evian – then Finally." I said. I’d left the main walking trail just of Little Horn. Nobody was going to disturb me here in my own vaguely remembered the park ranger warning me about private valley . while Eagles songs played over and over down the rock face like mountain goats. What do you think the focus of the article will be? Read quickly and check. no. not today. maybe not even this.

Explain the highlighted words in the text. 5 a. a team of four Aussie bushwalkers suddenly the gap. I stumbled back to my car. It was ñ Quickly read through the gapped text to get a general idea nearly dark. but only 3 a. however. But by the time I’d ñ Remember that there is one paragraph that will not fit in finished breakfast. pea-soup mist. reward for bothering to unpack my climbing gear far too great to ignore. focusing on one gap just making sure that the stragglers returned safely from at a time. The soil became drier. St Clair National Park.200 square km of mountain wilderness on the rim of Tasmania’s savage central highlands. linkers) as well as for general cohesion and the view. row after row. Walkers on the trail past Hanson’s Peak have engraved a relatively clean path on ‹ Vocabulary Practice the bushy terrain. D But then the landscape changed again. 4 a. The temptation of attempting to reach the b. the countryside was ñ Be prepared to change your answers if necessary. Then compare with a partner. quickly read the part of summer’s day. still occasionally disappear never to be seen again. make a brochure advertising Tasmania. What does the writer mean by the underlined phrases in the text? Discuss in pairs. ñ Read through the gapped text again. ad infinitum. wild mountain vistas are broken at every turn b. paragraph after it to check that it fits. I was tempted to use it myself. beside his Land Cruiser was my old mate the park ranger. All around me the gnarled bushes were like bonsai. carried full rain gear and thermal the text from the paragraph before it to the end of the underwear in their packs. a soul in sight. 37 . C When I woke up the next morning. ñ You can always move on and return to a gap later. is the purest on the planet. ñ Read the jumbled paragraphs. The trek was starting to feel like an out-take paragraphs. And not ñ the writer and the other hikers. as if sandblasted clean. What are the highlighted words used to describe Peak itself was too powerful. Try to find the one that fits B To my relief. and most visitors had left. decide what else they can climbing. Choose from the following. time appeared on the trail and joined me in contemplation of words. and the potential be used to describe. the sky had transformed into a dome of the text at all.Unit 02_Upstream (CAE) . ñ dog ñ summer day ñ landscape ñ hillside ñ news ñ floor ñ afternoon ñ feet F I could taste the isolation in the air. It would take some serious in the text? In pairs. Look carefully at the paragraphs that come the wilderness. Find at least five words or phrases in the In Australia’s enormous island state. the sun brighter. b. the granite around them ñ the writer and the park ranger. Would you enjoy such a holiday? Why/Why not? Discuss in pairs. Alpine lakes glittered like dark pearls in the sun. Read again and act out dialogues between by delicate natural set pieces. And was I even going the right way? E It’s far from virgin. the heat blistering. but the sun was still high. The ‹ Discussion farmer was talking about Cradle Mountain-Lake. solitary bushwalkers passage connected with the idea of being alone. for a moment. even on this hot and cloudless ñ When you decide on a paragraph. c. It was easy to identify the couple from Tasmania coherence. having crossed a temperate rainforest STRATEGY POINT whose giant ferns looked like something from Journey to the Centre of the Earth. But lounging of what it is about. I resolved to go. In pairs. ‹ Text Analysis having drifted thousands of miles across the Indian Ocean. – they were the ones who. Mountain ridges continued into the horizon. cloudless blue – an invitation to explore. G I wasn’t sure if this was a recommendation or a warning. Underline the parts of the text that helped you decide on the missing running low. The Tasmanian wind. before and after each gap. H But there. My water was 2 Look at the text again.Upstream (CAE) . more than 1. Look for discourse markers (reference words. from Beau Geste.Unit 02 28/01/2011 8:00 ΜΜ Page 37 2 A Two hours later. glistened almost white. swathed in a chilly.

......................... 4 Complete the chart to show the difference in meaning when the verbs in bold are used in their stative and continuous forms.............. 2 7 You're always complaining! 8 Tourism is increasing in this area......Upstream (CAE) ... 1 I think Jason is in the garden... 3 ...... Maria is expecting twins.... 11 Her eyes are red because she's been crying............... Stative Continuous I expect everyone to comply with these rules. The vet was feeling the dog's stomach for any lumps.... 12 She's been studying non-stop for eight hours...... 4 .... make sentences using present Grammar Reference tenses that could form part of the text of the article that 1 a...................... and three swimming knife.................. Read the following and comment on the use of the present follows each headline................. then make sentences to show their function..... One has been done for you................. 5 I’m meeting Mr Houghton at six o’clock..... 6 His flight takes off at 11. 1 Present continuous because the action is taking place at the time the sentence is spoken........ The chef is tasting the soup.......................... 5 2 With which tenses are the following time expressions normally used? Categorise them.............................. He is building a shed................. c.........) 6 ñ usually ñ at present ñ nowadays ñ every other week ñ already ñ since ñ how long ñ lately ñ so far ñ regularly ñ for ñ just ñ right now Present Simple Present Continuous 7 usually Present Perfect Present Perfect Continuous b.... 9 He has just finished work on his new book............. Look at the headlines........... The rest of the class should decide Fran usually goes to work by bus.. (Some time expressions are used with more than one tense...............Unit 02_Upstream (CAE) ..................Unit 02 28/01/2011 8:00 ΜΜ Page 38 English in Use Present tenses 3 a.......... Write three sentences about things which are changing in your town or country.. number of basketball courts in the city has 4 The villain jumps from behind the curtain and attacks Bond with a doubled in the past year............. 4 b.. tenses in the underlined parts................ Things are improving for sports fans! The 3 In northwest Scotland summer temperatures rarely rise above 16ÆC... 3 10 I have been to America twice.............45..... Read your sentences aloud.................... Write three sentences talking about irritating habits of people you know... the type of publication your sentences belong to..... 5 . I'm having a wonderful time! 2 .... Can you keep the noise down? I'm thinking! 38 .. 2 Steve jogs around the lake every evening......................... 1 ........ In pairs... I'm seeing my lawyer tomorrow........... pools are under construction.............

............ someone c. If 12) .... to sleep lasts for more than a week remembered thoughts from our conscious hours.......... sth.... 3 to depend ..... our health and waking day is sleep.. sometimes causing severe depression and leaving the sometimes harrowing.................... sth........... sth.. 9 to criticise someone ............ ‹ Dependent Prepositions 6 a.... cover with)........ 5 to be critical ........... question words and other structural items (e............ The prepare us for the trials insomniac wades 10) .... etc)... to........ 8 to be allergic .. STRATEGY POINT Part 2 of CAE Paper 3 focuses on sentence structure... from..... this frustrating... 7 to plead ...... of................. The words you need to fill in can be articles.. cope with daily life........ 4) .....Unit 02_Upstream (CAE) .......... ñ When finished... what is known Our journeys 6) ... his waking hours of the following day............ 13) ..... so....... debilitating our bodies and minds malady 9) .... structures.... someone...... auxiliary verbs. an inability comforting blanket of to enjoy this necessary form unconsciousness............. read through the text again and look for any items that don't fit.............. chronic insomnia sets in.. demands ...................... Look again at the text in Ex... There is an example....... 12 to arrest someone ..... sth.... 1 to have confidence ..... participles.... ñ Read thoroughly....... more............... 10 to base sth .... b.........Unit 02 28/01/2011 8:00 ΜΜ Page 39 2 English in Use – Part 2 5 Fill the gaps with one word.. Our ultimate escape 0) from whatever life has These periods of unconsciousness and dreams are thrown 1) ............ someone...... Look at the words........ prepositions.................... with or over......... to get a general idea of what it is about....................... the 8) . Creative thought can all know........... They will be easy to correct once most of the text is complete.. Nature’s healer well-being but an increasing number lowers our eyelids and covers us of people today suffer 2) ........Upstream (CAE) .......g.... two... Fill in the gaps using in. controls 5) .... our subconscious 11) ....... relative pronouns.. 5 and find verbs which are used with dependent prepositions.... quiet reflexes slowed and sensations periods..... too.. taking our minds on dimmed.. 13 to confide ...... 6 to puzzle .. modals. expressions and punctuation on either side of each gap and try to guess the missing item... inability journeys consisting of events and half. pronouns........ sth..... 4 to convince someone ....... on.. ignoring the gaps. deadened.. patterns of sensations and pictures................................ Every of escape...... sth......... sufferer unable 15) .. 11 to take pride . 2 to blame someone . Now make sentences with six of the items above to show their meaning...g..... can recuperate and have dire results....... sth.. for. Underline the verbs and their prepositions (e.. ñ Read through the text quickly.............. sometimes pleasant... usually fragmented 14) ....... 39 .. Insomnia affects night we are given a a high proportion of us and period in 3) .. sth....... us during our essential 7) ............... sth......... As we in a fog. someone..

. Through fiction......g....... The characters have changed? The princes have became film 6 . e..........g.... constructions with backgrounds off incessant noise...... they are happy with their lives......B.. layed... say – incorrect addition of suffix.. sparkling streams... e... Find them and correct them.g... e......... is) – incorrect plurals...g..... newcastle (British........... (money..... 1 assistence 6 reference 1 wierd 5 concieve 2 disappearance 7 turbulance 2 achieve 6 releive 3 persistence 8 disturbance 3 receive 7 retreive 4 preferance 9 resistance 4 decieve 8 seige 5 deliverence 10 insistance 40 ....Unit 02 28/01/2011 8:00 ΜΜ Page 40 English in Use English in Use – Part 3 7 In most lines of the following text there is one spelling or punctuation mistake.. For the 11 ....... the 12 . e. (its) and The childrens’ toys (children’s) consonants... who is (the correct spelling of the words is given in brackets): a doctor is 46 years old..... traverse the skies and talking animals... e. Whatever... litracy (literacy) money" he said..g........ There/Their (N.. e.....) – wrong choice of homophone e. worlds.....” he) – misspelt suffix.Unit 02_Upstream (CAE) .. 0 its Children’s worlds are filled with the imaginry places which are 0 imaginary found in fairy stories and children's fiction.. Its up to – misspelt participles........... which the blockbuster movie can bring is vital to many........ heared (laid.... detective will uncover the villain. realities of school life including the pressure of exams.... the british Film Institute... (It’s) and The museum is famous for it's collection – single instead of double or double instead of single of rare ancient artifacts... happyness... Find them and correct them. unnecessary or misplaced apostrophes.g. e.. the flying horses high performence sports cars.... e... Newcastle) ñ Some spelling mistakes you might come across are listed below – missing or unnecessary commas.. for the curious.. achieve) she is?” (is...... 16 . 8 a. asurance (assurance). Five out of the ten words in the following group b.... journeys) and Most British people who have retired abroad. childhood inocence when all things were possible and cynicism 15 .Upstream (CAE) .g................... had not yet touched the rainbow: of our imagination and emotions.. Write the correct word in the space provided....... easyly (happiness.... These are places where 0 ✔ menacing giants rule.) The need to watch escapist movies has it's origins in childhood.......... e..... STRATEGY POINT This part is an error correction exercise..... inhabit unspoiled woods by 2 ... even in adulthood theres still the yearning to escape into other 5 ... group are misspelt......g. Find the mistakes and correct them.... romantic..... acheive (weird. journeies (difficulties.. As people 9 . flying horses 1 ......... See Grammar Reference for details on punctuation rules............. usefull (useful) – incorrect punctuation in direct speech. princeses ensnare their princes.....g..... independance (independence) – Unnecessary or missing question mark. e.... “I know where – reversed vowels... it is evident that their is a strong link to that 14 . Six out of the eight words in the following are misspelt. futuristic androids and the woods and streams alian urban 8 . put a tick (✓) in the space next to it.......... This can be a task where ñ Also watch out for the following punctuation errors: you have to identify unnecessary words or one where you have to – proper nouns written using lower-case letters correct spelling and punctuation mistakes.... (abroad say) easily) – missing. alternative worlds............ the hero inevatibly finds his soul mate.. the vision of adventure 10 ........... (doctor....... are locked in the bordom of daily routine. 4 ... e.. wierd....... Michael...g.. If a line contains no mistakes....g.. "Here is the – missing silent vowels..... However....... idols....g. e... the attractions of the 13 ....g.. talking animals 7 ..... heard) you to decide.... adolescants learn to face the 3 .... difficultys.

........... workers who were denied holidays could Our best understanding of time comes from Einstein's theories of claim compensation from the government. Her Christmas party which will take place on Wednesday.... employment with the same employer. turns around and flies back to Earth.... which do not fit in any gap...... however........ time 3) .. the same for everyone no matter what their physical circumstances were..................................... – time travel is fun The 5) .. while Sam stays at home..... the nature of such a unified theory could be 6) ............ Understanding the relation between cause and effect 2) ....... say.... E is essential when any sort of These are available from our HR department at the cost of í25 each..... union law firm Thompsons.... Millions of freelance and short-term contract workers won the right to 0) paid holidays yesterday in a groundbreaking ruling from the European Court of Justice in Luxembourg........................... B depends on how the observer The management regrets that it cannot bear the expense of C are still the same set of twins 14) ............. F might be... cuisine......... among weeks' 4) ... it might need idea of the content of each paragraph....... two 2 TITLE 5 RESTRICT observers who move differently will experience different durations between the same two events.. relativity. head of employment rights at the trade unified theory of physics.... cleaners and media workers..... The effect is often described using the ‘twin paradox’........... because of its proximity to our premises as well as its A are no longer the same age 13) .... if you wish to bring friends or D is a key part of attempts to construct family... ...Upstream (CAE) ... The court's 1) . I am pleased to inform everyone that the 6) .............or UN-)? ñ Make sure the meaning of the phrase you choose fits into the sentence and the text as a whole.. theoretical physicists....... too...... ignoring the gaps..... including teachers.. is moving.......... .......... she finds that 10 years have elapsed on Earth.................. submitted by the Chief of Staff This example illustrates a limited type of time travel........ read the following text and 10 Read the two texts that follow. to get an ñ Is it positive or negative (in the latter case.......... 6pm......... party is free for all 9) ..... despite the fact that they were born on the same day... will force the government to change laws that regulate how much holiday workers are 2) . employees............ one year G has been partly recreational 8 ANNOUNCE 11 SUGGEST 14 ADD H was considerably longer 9 EMPLOY 12 SUIT 15 INVITE I was widely regarded as absolute and universal 10 PROPOSE 13 EXCEPTION J has become something of an industry 41 .. STRATEGY POINT STRATEGY POINT Consider the following: ñ Read the title for a general idea of what the text will be ñ What part of speech is missing from each gap? about. you will need to purchase extra 15) ....... The motivation 1) ................ brother is now nine years older than she is....................... ñ Is the word in the singular or in the plural? ñ Read through the text once... .....J............ a prefix like DIS... Crucially... Sally and Sam December 16............................. 7) ... the topic 0) ...... But this research has a serious side. time travel lay beyond the fringe of respectable an old EU directive when it gave a right to holidays only after 13 science... In his 0 PAY 3 WRONG 6 PROMPT special theory of relativity.. Einstein proposed that the measured 1 JUDGE 4 CONTINUE 7 CHANGE interval between two events 4) . implemented For decades...Unit 02_Upstream (CAE) ...... Use the words in the choose from the list (A-J) given below the best boxes below each text to form words that fit in the phrase to fill each gap.. for has leapt nine years into Earth's future. a Stephen Cavalier. Sally some weeks ago.. place would be the Regent restaurant in Bridge Street. .. ......... The 10) .Unit 02 28/01/2011 8:00 ΜΜ Page 41 2 English in Use – Part 6 English in Use – Part 4 9 For questions 1-6......... to change the law... had excluded millions of freelance and contract to think about...... In recent years.................... said the government should act even in principle... There is an example (0).. included several 11) .. . If unrestricted time travel were possible...................... possible venues.. of our company's spaceship................... Sally boards a rocket ship and travels at the speed of light to a distant star..... we have decided that the most 12) ... to... There are three phrases numbered spaces in the text...... but when she returns and steps out of the This is the formal 8) .... The judges said the UK had 3) .... As long as it remained drastically affected.................. For Sally the duration of the To all colleagues: journey 5) ... Suppose that Sally and Sam are twins.... ñ Check that the phrase you choose fits grammatically............. There is an example (0). guests...... In effect.. Prior to these theories.

film this year. ñ An introduction in which you give the main details Since not all adverbs and adjectives collocate... the plot of a film/book... We arrived just story and absolutely breathtaking scenery.... gripping.. you can use adverbs such as extremely. magazines.. appalling. Some adverbs (e... realistic.. The action exceptionally convincing completely ridiculous takes place in a small cottage in the country).g. The purpose of a ñ marvellous ñ action-packed review is to give your opinion about a book/film/play/CD/etc... .. (e... The below.. Past tenses can be used if you are writing a personal account This is an exceptionally enjoyable film with an incredibly moving of a performance you have attended.. ñ A main body which focuses on the details requested by Study the table and the examples given below.. main stars/ careful to avoid mistakes such as extremely breathtaking. why you think the book/play was (not) successful)... totally characters. completely. absolutely marvellous..g. gaps. description..Unit 02_Upstream (CAE) ... absolutely etc. narration.. incredible. To add emphasis..g. you need to use a variety of describe (e... is absolutely riveting..... writer/director.g. before the curtain went up but it was obvious that the audience were already restless... impressive ñ underrated ñ well-received ñ slow-moving acting / performance(s) wooden..g. 1 It is definitely one of the most ... one of the things that writing / script contrived. confusing.... two characters/two films/two CDs/etc). moving. really) collocate with both gradable and A review should contain: non-gradable adjectives.. Then suggest how you would use the convincing. breathtaking... ñ moving ñ rousing ñ stirring One of the problems with this film is that the main character ñ haunting ñ unimaginative is extremely shallow and unconvincing.. (e. riveting stories I have ever read. spectacular 3 When listening to this CD. ñ depressing ñ hilarious powerful. names of film/book... natural..... unconvincing....... .. 2 Most critics agree that this play is ..Upstream (CAE) ... you should be (e. and their style (formal or semi-formal) ñ thought-provoking ñ overcomplicated ñ spectacular depends on how serious the publication is.. the characters in a play. these remixes.... plot overcomplicated. you are unlikely to see a more Reviews are usually written for newspapers.g. thought-provoking... etc). etc. You might be asked to do a combination of the following: When writing reviews..... believable words/phrases you have not circled.g. compelling music.. 42 . etc). narrate (e. newsletters...g.) ‹ Vocabulary 1 For each of the sentences below..Unit 02 28/01/2011 8:00 ΜΜ Page 42 Writing: Reviews 4 If you get the chance.. stunning. Then make sentences using appropriate band spent six months in the studio before they were satisfied with adverbs. ñ A conclusion which can contain a summary of the main body and/or a positive/negative opinion..g...... predictable.) compare (e.g... go. etc).. analysis. The conclusion Adverbs Adjectives Adverbs Adjectives usually contains a recommendation. incredibly enjoyable absolutely breathtaking extremely moving totally magnificent Present tenses are usually used for reviews (e.. ghost absorbing... etc. however.. the rubric (e. likeable.. a marvellous performance...g. amateurish. etc).. an interesting plot.. etc). I thought the first act was spectacular. laughable. the songs on a CD.. the style adjectives (e.. (e...g.) Past tenses are also used to describe the making of a 2 Check that you know the meaning of the adjectives CD/writing of a book/setting up of an exhibition/etc. instantly grabs your attention is the ... circle the words/phrases which could be used to fill in the character(s) shallow.. astounding ñ spine-tingling ñ entertaining photography poor... special effects cheap... as in the examples. of writing. The performance was explain (e. The plot. ñ compelling ñ humourless ñ chilling staggering.

.................. but there is some special effects absolutely stunning characters are entirely spectacular acting as well. there are four verses of awful poetry and one of the mos 7 It manages to successfully combine ...... etc) absorbing.......... Most of the other trac 8 After the first few pages........... weak..g......... you will ......... over-the-top. meaningful........Unit 02 28/01/2011 8:00 ΜΜ Page 43 2 3 a.......Unit 02_Upstream (CAE) ............... the e of writer.......... which is an extr emely unimaginative 5 If I were to have one criticism of the book.g.... As far as the individual tracks are conc erned.. Introduction ...... not only are … Overall recommendation .... / not This is definitely a film to avoid............ t clichéd choruses I have ever heard..... etc) b....... the use of be that .......) . ... 1 One of the best things about this book is the way 2 The main theme of this book is ........... illustration Good/Bad features of the underlined expressions with negative adjectives ............ style...... The CD opens with their best-known 4 The writing is..... ............... ..... Think of a book that you have read..... you feel ............... most 3 Reading this book.. s.................... worth reading if ......... In the box below....... “I don’t know.......... Now use your notes to complete as many of the following sentences as possible................ form........... ...... it would piece of work...... ‘Down Low’.... through the film...................... for the most part . inventive.... with the possible exception of … 9 After reading this.... well. 42......... ........ 5 a.............................. how to build more gripping....... 10 All in all......” clichéd.............Upstream (CAE) ...g.. ks are equally dull. moving... The main plays Copeland) is believable........... songs / tracks outstanding...... Read the short extract from a film review....... Another point worth men What the book is about kite....... Now make the review negative by replacing the book (e....... below... type of book... Then replace the underlined sections with other ‹ Brainstorming positive adjectives from the table on p... (e.. ... from the table...... As for the lyric 6 The book leaves you feeling ....... of them are very weak.................. this book is ...... title...... due in part to script...... In my opinion. Begin like this: Conclusion worth ........... I found it totally As far as the plot is concerned.... s.... etc) ............... and Vivian Farlough (who the extremely realistic particularly powerful..... dull music stimulating......... nam storyline becomes even action shifts to North Africa and the Main Body a tioning is that … (e.................................... song. 4 Read the extract from a negative review below and replace the underlined adjectives with others from the table to make the review more positive... profound. awful “What? Can the little fellow read already?” 43 ...... impressive...... ... remarkable............ a murder. fill in the relevant information in note not only are the This is definitely a film worth seeing................g...... violins in this piece is completely over-the-top. halfway Main details (e. buying unless ........ you cannot fail to ... especially when.............. My little son burnt the manuscript. b..... unimaginative “When will your new play be ready?” lyrics thought-provoking................. ......

...... ………… is the mother........ as soon as (para 3) ‹ Analysing the Model in my opinion........ 1 Find examples of: present tenses........ 4) ………………… is striking about this production is the You should write approximately 250 way the script makes us feel that we are actually present at a words.Unit 02_Upstream (CAE) ............ Finish the sentences by describing a film or a play you have seen....... The use of a real cooker on the set fills the theatre with the unmistakeable smells of Italian Plot / Theme cooking................ Why have Style / Register these tenses been used? 7 How formal should your writing be? 2 Find words or phrases in the model which mean the same as the Give reasons............ regardless of their nationality.... answer the questions that – The events take place ..........Unit 02 28/01/2011 8:00 ΜΜ Page 44 Writing: Reviews ‹ Understanding the Rubric 6 a. ñ which ñ with ñ this ñ to ñ what – What is striking .……… any comment about the acting? anyone....... hold very dear............... past tenses................. 2 Should you write about the whole I would say that the portrayal of the details of Italian home life was extremely realistic........ different (para 2) your answers were correct. As the plot evolves... Then suggest 7 a....... helps people understand (para 1) b........ gaps with the words given........... You have been asked to write a Monday’.. I was questions that follow.... follow.......... and the events take place over a Your review should say how the film weekend.......... Read the model and fill in the alternative phrases for each sentence. 44 ..................... impressive.. review for a magazine aimed at Oregon......... 4 Would it matter if you did not include I would thoroughly recommend this play 8) ….. – If nothing else ......... as a Cast / Acting nation... Then... underline the key words and answer the On a recent visit to the US. The importance of family meals film/play or just those aspects that comes across clearly... – The action is based ........ This comedy....... a future tense. 2) ……… country.......... lucky enough to catch a performance of Eduardo de Filippo’s ‘Saturday......... – The film/play is set in ...... 6) ………………… does the fact that relate to your country? Italian people are hospitable – traditions which we.. at the Angus Bowmer Theatre in Ashland....... 1) ………………… was written in Italian but has been translated into English......... traditional family gathering.. it will Relation to your country/Accuracy prepare you for what to expect if you ever visit Italy! 5 Which aspects of your country’s culture could be portrayed? 6 In what ways could a country’s culture be portrayed in a film or play? b...... 5) ………………… somehow intensifies the 1 Does this rubric require you to give a experience as you begin to sense the atmosphere from the summary of the plot? moment you enter the theatre.... Sunday.. Read the rubric below........ The everyday problems of 3 Is it important to remember all of the relationships are 7) ………………… brought into focus in a names? way which is totally believable. – As the plot evolves ....... ñ also ñ who ñ as – I would say ......... students of English. of a film or a provides a valuable insight into the life of an Italian play that you have seen and which family....... Read the model and check if develops.Upstream (CAE) ... 3) ………………… the action based either in the or play portrays aspects of your kitchen or around the dining table... following: managed to see..... very diverse characters..... is in some way related to life in your The play is set in the family home of Rosa. If nothing else............... are proud of (para 4) 3 The following phrases have been taken from the model. we culture and whether or not you learn about the things that matter to a group of ordinary but thought the portrayal was accurate...

Upstream (CAE) - Unit 02_Upstream (CAE) - Unit 02 28/01/2011 8:01 ΜΜ Page 45

2
‹ Paragraph Planning BEGINNINGS

ñ With the 1) ………........………. of his latest film, the director
c. Complete the paragraph plan below by filling in has …
your own notes. How could you have written ñ When this play 2) ………........………. , critics were …
this model differently? ñ The book, 3) ………........………. last year, is a novel which …
ñ This CD, which is the result of a 4) ….......…………….
Introduction ....................................................................
between two great recording artists, …
Paragraph Two ....................................................................
Paragraph Three .................................................................... ENDINGS
Paragraph Four ....................................................................
ñ This is a film which is well worth 5) ……....………. , if only …
Conclusion ....................................................................
ñ I would unreservedly 6) ………........………. ...
ñ If you 7) ………........………. with this book, …

‹ Recommending ñ In spite of all the media 8) ………....………. , this CD …

For positive reviews b. Suggest an alternative beginning and ending for
ñ I would advise anyone to (see / watch / go to / etc) … the model.
ñ This is (a film / book / play / etc) that you should not miss.
ñ If you have the chance, make sure you (see / watch /
go to / etc) … ‹ Error Correction
ñ If you only (see one film / buy one CD / etc) this year, this
should be it. 10 The following extract contains ten underlined
mistakes. Correct the mistakes and say what kind
ñ This (film / book / play / etc) is well worth seeing.
of mistake each one is by matching them to the
ñ I would thoroughly recommend (name of film / book /
following definitions.
play / etc).
ñ unnecessary word ñ omitted word ñ spelling
For negative reviews
ñ passive voice ñ gerund/infinitive
ñ (Name of film / book / play / etc) is not worth (seeing /
ñ wrong preposition ñ wrong choice of word
buying / reading / etc).
ñ wrong linker ñ punctuation ñ wrong tense
ñ This is a (film / book / play / etc) to avoid.
ñ Unfortunately, this (film / book / play / etc) fails to live up
to expectations.
‘Shadowlands’ is the true story of the love affair between
C.S. Lewis, the writer, and Joy Gresham, an American poet. 1) Joy
visited Lewis in Oxford and falls in love with the crusty old man. He,
8 Think of a film and a book that a) you really enjoyed;
however, 2) denies to accept that he has also fallen in love,
b) you did not like. Then, using the expressions
above, as well as information of your own, write although he does enter into a marriage of convenience in order to
your recommendations, as in the example. Compare enable her to 3) stay to England. Events take a dramatic turn when
your recommendations with a partner. it is discovered that Joy has cancer. Lewis 4) forces to confront his
feelings and marries her for the second time in a moving bedside
‘Dynamite Alley’ is not worth seeing unless you are a great ceremony. There follows a period of two years, during which Joy’s
fan of special effects. Even then, you have to be very cancer is in remission and the two are blissfully happy. This
dedicated to sit through such a long film. happiness is 5) tragicaly cut short 6) while Joy finally succumbs to
her illness and dies, leaving Lewis to pick up the pieces of his life.

‹ Beginnings and Endings
What director Richard Attenborough 7) manages achieving
in this film, helped by another spectacular
performance by Anthony Hopkins, 8) it is a
9 a. Look at the words below, taken from the tremendous insight into the mind of one of
beginnings and endings of reviews, and use England’s greatest writers. 9) Debra Winger
them to fill in the gaps in the phrases. Then who plays Joy, also puts in a very
suggest ways of extending each phrase accomplished performance. And the
into a complete sentence. beautiful photography gives us an authentic
glimpse of what life was like 10) in Oxford in
ñ collaboration ñ persevere ñ release
1950s.
ñ recommend ñ published ñ hype ñ seeing
ñ opened
45

Upstream (CAE) - Unit 02_Upstream (CAE) - Unit 02 28/01/2011 8:01 ΜΜ Page 46

Writing: Reviews

‹ Style
11 a. Read the extracts below and say:

ñ what is being reviewed 12 Read the rubrics below and, for each one, answer
ñ what kind of publication the review might the questions that follow.
appear in
A You are a regular reader of ‘Cinema Weekly’, a
ñ which tenses are used and why
magazine for film fans. The announcement below
was included in a recent issue and you have decided
Desi gned for two
A There’s nothing quite like ‘Chocks Away’. to send in a review of a film you have seen. Read the
for hours. It’s not only
to six players, it will keep you amused announcement, together with the notes you have
mon ey too – an ideal gift
a lot of fun but it’s good value for made. Then use this information to write your review.
for any teenager. Buy it!

B One of the best bits was
the traditional dance per
The Great Escape
by a local group. Of cou formed
rse, the costumes were When was the last time you watched a film that made you
and that helped a lot fan tastic
with the overall look. Th forget, even momentarily, where you were?
thing that helped us e other
really enjoy it was tha The cinema means different things to different people but,
managed to get our han t we’d
ds on a programme. Th for most of us, there is a degree of escapism involved in going
good because we knew wh at was
at time everything starte to see a film. Now we are planning a feature entitled ‘The
announcements were ter d (the
rible!). Great Escape’, and we want to hear what you think.
Send in a review of a film that you have seen – one which you
have found to be a good example of how the cinema can
C Tastefully decorated, conveniently located, and with a wide range provide escapism from everyday life. A selection of readers’
of courses to suit all occasions, this is the perfect meeting place reviews will be published.
after a hard day’s work. On our arrival, we were quickly and
courteously shown to our table, where we were served with Things to include in the review
complimentary appetisers. Despite the fact that it was exceptionally Name of film ✓
busy, the service throughout was unfailingly prompt and attentive. Thoughts on escapism and films ✓
Plot/characters/acting/special effects/direction/scenery (decide
which ones to mention) ✓

se book by John
D Based on the critically acclaimed cour of
B Your college newsletter regularly publishes book
available as a set
Sweeney, ‘Learn English Fast’ is now reviews which have been written by students. Write
version retains all the key
four CD-ROMs. The computer a review of a book you have read, giving a brief
as having the added
features of the original, as well outline of what the book was about and giving
, a factor which is
advantage of being very clearly presented reasons why you think your fellow students would
ucers in the vast field
so frequently overlooked by other prod benefit from reading it.
of computer-based educational material.
C A music magazine which you read regularly is
planning a feature called ‘100 Classic Albums’.
b. Look back at the extracts and find examples of:
Readers have been asked to send in a review of their
ñ sophisticated vocabulary favourite CD, saying why they think it deserves to be
ñ simple vocabulary/contractions called a classic.
ñ the passive voice
ñ direct address 1 What do you have to review?
ñ formal linking devices 2 Who is the target reader? How formal does your writing
ñ simple linking devices need to be?
ñ complex sentence structure 3 What information should you include in the introduction?
ñ simple sentence structure 4 Will your review be largely favourable or unfavourable?
5 Which aspects do you need to cover in the main body?
c. Choose two of the extracts in Ex. 11a above and 6 How will you conclude the review?
re-write them in a different style.
13 Using the information you have learned in this unit,
write one of the reviews you discussed above. You
should write about 250 words.
46

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Self-Assessment Module 1
13 The heat of the summer sun had caused the area to
Vocabulary & Grammar
catch fire, leaving behind only ............, smouldering
1 a. Choose the most suitable word to complete tree trunks.
each sentence. A blackened C deadly
B smoky D dried
1 Despite the many ............ distractions she had to
14 She was ............ an array of questions during the
overcome, she achieved the success she deserved.
interview.
A extended C external
A put up with C put over
B extracted D extravagant
B put forward D put through
2 The total ............ of nuclear weapons would
15 The boss was ............ with the new employee over
hopefully give the world something to celebrate.
his qualifications and ability to perform his job well.
A extermination C ellipsis
A at a loose end C at odds
B elimination D exception
B at a loss D at a standstill
3 The ............ of hard work bringing positive results is
perhaps out of favour now in the modern world. (15 marks)
A abstract B opinion C concept D belief
4 Overconfidence due to overnight success can take b. Fill the gaps using the gerund or the infinitive of
us quickly down that ............ road to failure. the verbs in brackets.
A sticky C oily
B slippery D slithery 1 We can’t really afford ...................................... (go)
on holiday this year.
5 Company headquarters are situated ............ in the
2 I hate ......................... (waste) time on paperwork.
heart of the city.
3 She said she didn’t really fancy ...............................
A direct B exact C precise D right
(go) to the cinema.
6 He ............ more and more experience until he finally 4 I like my new job, but I really miss ...........................
reached the top of his profession. (be) able to relax on Sundays.
A achieved B gained C earned D won 5 I don’t remember her ..............................................
7 The preparations for the Olympic Games are on (mention) any business trip.
............ according to the committee in charge.
(5 marks)
A goal C progress
B target D aim
8 Following years of intense training, the accomplished Use of English
athlete ............ the medal triumphantly.
A took off C ran off 2 Use the words in capitals to form a word that
B went off D carried off completes the sentence.
9 Having worked his fingers to the ............ for many
1 He did not give his opinion, saying that JUDGE
years, he eventually saw the fruit of his hard work at
he didn’t want to pass ......................... .
the age of fifty.
2 After being .............................. accused WRONG
A end B edge C bone D nail
of theft, he sued the police for í50,000.
10 Once she had achieved the success she desired, she 3 There are no .......................................... RESTRICT
decided that it was time to ............ it easy for a on the number of people each member
while. can bring along.
A take B make C have D do 4 The weather is very ............................... CHANGE
11 There was a wonderful ski ............ way up in the in this part of the country; one minute
mountains, suitable for the whole family. it’s sunny, the next it’s suddenly snowing.
A lodge C pension 5 He has been ...................................... for EMPLOY
B hostel D house several months now, and he is beginning
12 The lucky survivors of the freak storm related their to lose heart.
............ tale to the eager journalists. 6 If you need ........................................... ADD
A challenging C gruelling information, please talk to the librarian.
B harrowing D saddening

47

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Self-Assessment Module 1

7 We sent out 500 ..............................., 12 There is still a lot of ...............................
but only about 100 people attended. INVITE in the team despite my assurances. SCEPTIC
8 The ........................................... gave a 13 His strong alibi led to his .......................
speech which made the delegates trust GOVERN from police inquiries. ELIMINATE
him again. 14 He has always been an .........................
9 The .......................................... told person; next week he’s going bungee ADVENTURE
the squad to wait for his signal before COMMAND jumping.
entering the burning building. 15 We had to work very hard, but the
10 She held the baby in her arms with a results were very ............................... . GRATIFY
................................................... smile. CONTENT
11 .......................................... in the office (15 marks)
will be punished with a fine. CIVIL

Reading
3 You will read an article about a person who changed his life for the better. For questions 1-7, choose the best answer
(A, B, C or D).

" My name is Carl. I was a cop for twenty years. When Carl began to look at what he had accomplished in
I was forty my daughter left home and then two years later his career rather than the negatives that had so 30
my son moved out. Then I got to see that I didn't have depressed him. He began referring to himself as an ex-
much of a relationship with my wife because I had spent police officer rather than an ex-cop. He joined a health
5 all the years of my marriage working and not really club and became intent upon regaining a healthy body
participating in family life. With the kids gone we didn't and then became a volunteer trainer at the club
have much to say to each other. After a couple more specialising in helping senior citizens plan exercise 35
years, my wife decided to leave and all I had was my job. programmes. He went back to college and earned a
The next year, at 46, I had my twenty years in and had to certificate in nutrition. Within three years he had
10 retire. I got to know what lonely meant very quickly. I still changed his story, his life, his reality.
don’t have much contact with my son, but my daughter When I last spoke to Carl he had met a delightful
and her kids keep me going ... but somewhere along the and creative woman, was working hard at re- 40
line I figure I’ve missed something, and I'd sure like to establishing contact with his son and couldn't get
find out what it is. I'd like to know that my life is worth enough of his grandchildren with whom he had created
15 living." a powerful bond. His life, he told me, was sweet. It was,
My friend, Carl, was caught in a story of he confided, very worth living.
uselessness. When he no longer had the one thing that What Carl made me realise was that, firstly, I was 45
he had learned to identify himself with, he lost his not happy in my chosen vocation, and secondly, that
place in the story – he lost his self-identity. He decided there's a little bit of Carl in every one of us, whether
20 that if he was going to survive he would have to change we are a police officer, salesman, or therapist. We can
his story. It really wasn't a difficult thing for him to do. all change and grow in a specific direction, become
Carl was so miserable that literally any life would have better, different, whoever we want to become if we are 50
been better than his. As it turned out, like so many of willing to change our story. So, Carl, wherever you are,
us, what Carl needed was simply to be heard. As he thanks for helping me make my life worth living.
25 listened to himself tell his story he began to see things Editor’s Note: This is the third in the ‘Transitions’ series
that he had not seen before, things that he could dealing with the lives of everyday people – a series of short
change. So, that’s what he did. He changed his stories relevant to almost all of us in one way or another. 55
perspective, and in so doing, changed his life. They come from people whose stories touch us and give
us important insights into our growth and happiness.

48

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Self-Assessment Module 1

1 Carl’s marriage failed because 4 Carl joined the gym as a way to 6 For what purposes did the author write
A he and his wife didn’t speak. A meet people. the text?
B he and his children fell out. B change his career. A to make himself and others happy
C his job kept him away from home. C get in shape. B to show gratitude and offer hope
D his wife didn’t like his job. D help the elderly. C to instruct and give thanks
D to advise and warn
2 Carl could only define himself in 5 From the article, we realise that the
relation to his writer 7 The magazine where this article
A marriage. C occupation. A later changed his occupation. appeared is aimed at
B son. D daughter. B has a stronger appreciation for his A those who have retired.
profession. B discontented professionals.
3 Carl is like the large majority of people
C stays in contact with Carl. C people from all walks of life.
in that
D has remained unchanged in his D those having family difficulties.
A he was very unhappy.
attitude.
B his children left the family home.
C he needed to voice his problems.
(21 marks)
D it was easy for him to change his
life.

Listening Speaking

4 You will hear a radio interview with a man who
5 Look at the photographs below. Compare and
cured his depression through sky-diving. For contrast two or three of them, saying what kind of
questions 1-8, fill in the missing information using 'escape' is portrayed in each one and who you
1-3 words. think might be feeling the most relaxed. You have
about one minute to do this.

Student A
During a tandem jump, an inexperienced skydiver makes the
jump 1 an instructor.

Mike suffered from depression for 2 .
2
He was diagnosed at the age of 3 .
1
Mike believed his 21st birthday present was
4 .

Mike says that, as he was about to jump for the first time, he
felt 5 .

During the dive, Mike felt happy and 6 .
4
He says it is possible that the 7 of 3
the jump was what pushed him to snap out of his depression.

Mike says that sky-diving is not a certain 8
depression.

(8 marks)

49

6 You are a restaurant critic for a leading entertainment guide called A Night on the Town. (20 marks) (Total = 100 marks) 50 . has managed to attract a clientele most London restaurant owners could only dream of. a wonderful aroma of mixed spices. Come to Vincenzo’s! The real Sicilian experience in the heart of London. Your editor has asked you to write a review of the 1 restaurant for next week’s edition of the magazine giving your opinion and recommendation. no.self assess 1 03/02/2011 8:12 ΜΜ Page 50 Self-Assessment Module 1 Now look at two pictures which show types of Writing success. Welcome to Vincenzo’s! Despite opening its doors only a few short weeks ago. and. to which you have added your comments. oven-fresh bread and mysterious sauces start your mouth watering in hungry The finest in Italian cuisine prepared anticipation. Salvatore Tellis. Then. Vincenzo’s. Now. with its excellent menu. Every dish is served quickly and efficiently. Your 2 editor has recently read an article about the grand Student B opening of a new 5-star restaurant in the city centre. and the food quality is second to none.17th. eyes do you realise that. saying what each type of success means to the person in the picture. South. yes. Read the poster below and the newspaper article. write your review.Upstream (CAE) . you have not been magically Come enjoy the sounds and tastes of Italy transported to Italy’s sunny in an atmosphere which cannot be compared. is proud to extend to you a warm invitation Only when you open your to the restaurant’s opening on Dec. from the soft light of a dozen scented by celebrated chef Roberto Branco candles you can see artistically awaits you at Vincenzo’s in Covent Garden. Compare and contrast the pictures. covering the walls. using the information carefully. painted scenes of Sicily Proprietor. (16 marks) Close your eyes for a moment and picture this: romantic strains of live Italian music sweetly serenade you. write your review.self assess 1_Upstream (CAE) . you are For reservations call anytime at 010-55776380 still in Covent Garden in the middle of London. in approximately 250 words.

Upstream (CAE) MODULE 2_Upstream (CAE) MODULE 2 28/01/2011 8:05 ΜΜ Page 51 Society UNIT 3 People Power UNIT 4 Growing Concerns 51 .

Phrasal verbs ñ apologise ñ bring ñ offer an excuse ñ stand ñ accept / reject an apology ñ cut ñ discuss problems ñ pass ñ offer solutions ñ evaluate ñ speculate Write ... ñ relationships ñ married life ñ social problems ñ influences ñ lifestyles ñ the law ñ personality ñ loneliness and ñ crime and ñ friendship companionship punishment ñ family life ñ self-esteem ñ civil liberties ñ people’s ñ peer pressure ñ charity character ñ famous people Learn how to .. ñ articles Practise . ñ What is the first thing you think about when you hear the words ‘family’ and ‘friends’? ñ What. ñ reports and proposals ñ the past tenses ñ ‘would’ for past events ñ the passive voice ñ causative forms 52 .. in your opinion.. is the most serious problem the world is facing today? Listen....Upstream (CAE) MODULE 2_Upstream (CAE) MODULE 2 28/01/2011 8:05 ΜΜ Page 52 Before you start .. read and talk about ..

Unit 03 28/01/2011 8:03 ΜΜ Page 53 B D 3 A C Lead-in 3 a.Upstream (CAE) .Unit 03_Upstream (CAE) . pictures? How important are they? What other relationships are important to us? What kind of assertive submissive influence do these people have on us? confident insecure 2 a.. write (A) for Alan. (E) for Eve. . especially if the other person is 4 This person made me believe in myself..’ books Influence Truman Capote (American author) being rested / ‘The greatest sweetener of human life is friendship. I can be made to feel more submissive. . b.. . How can the following factors influence us? Discuss in pairs.. the news work the weather ‘Friendship is a pretty full-time occupation if you really are friendly with somebody. Which one do you agree with? Why? Discuss in pairs. Put a dot on each bar according to your personality. .. The ideal friend. A personal profile. give examples to illustrate your qualities. Has anyone influenced the way you think about the following? b. as long as I know that what I want can’t. Listen to four people talking tolerant impatient about influences in their lives. (M) for Martha or quarrelsome conciliatory (H) for Helen. Discuss your profile with a partner. 3 This person understands me when others I am normally quite an assertive person.. and say which aspects 1 What relationships are shown in the you would like to change. Then tell the class about your profile. For impulsive cautious each of the statements.... considerate unfeeling 1 This person influenced the way I dressed.. however. Now put a square on each bar to make the How? Tell your partner. Sometimes. but I don’t want him to be ñ appearance ñ career choice submissive either.. profile of the person who would be the ideal friend.. compliant obstinate 2 This person influenced the way I treat people. aggressive.. I’ve placed him right in the middle of the bar.. ñ musical taste ñ hobbies / interests B: I agree.. 4 Paraphrase the quotations below..’ travel feeling tired Joseph Addison (British essayist) 53 . to do is the right thing.. ñ moral values ñ behaviour towards others ñ self-confidence A: I don’t want my friend to be over-assertive. c..

a good relationship with a grandparent can be.Unit 03 28/01/2011 8:04 ΜΜ Page 54 Reading 1 Reading – Part 3 a. of course. But. the writer children than fulfilling a deep instinctive need of my own. B they teach children about the past. choose the best answer (A. As A became a grandparent. every 6. a cherished memory of a much happier and more C remembering their grandparents’ attitude to them. have had with our grandparents. Good grandparents help build psychological security by making their grandchildren feel part of a much 2 The writer thinks that grandparents are particularly wider. The following phrases appear in the article. Even when we reach adulthood. Putting a photo of his grandad on his desk helped Alan keep B She blamed her son for not making enough effort to see his promise to himself to maintain better balance in his life. How No one warned me that in my early 40s. I am hyper-aware of how life-transforming 15 B was planning to travel. We found that by just recalling her grandmother’s D She preferred not to see them regularly. B. ‘a hopeless case of workaholism’. perfectionist father. For questions 1 – When the right time came. 54 . Alan and Angela benefited from relationship with their own parents. c. nannying. I would start do you think they might be related to the role cooing longingly into prams. and I was eagerly filling the ‘vacuum’ with innumerable career and globe-trotting adventures. He still felt driven by trying to please his 4 How did the woman whose grandchildren were in ambitious. can be affected by the relationship that we may or may not D they give children a sense of belonging. involved grandparent. then meet this new aspect of myself. 35 the family. look of pure joy when she used to greet her after school each 40 day. You will read an article about the Generations grandparent/grandchild relationship. 10 d. I was totally unprepared to of grandparents today? Discuss in pairs. I frequently work with 25 people who have (to put it mildly!) a less than perfect 3 According to the writer. esteem. I had. another client. in his own words. Similarly. discuss the following in pairs. C or D). able to help people heal emotionally by simply reawakening B realising how important they were to their grandparents. ñ What can be gained from a grandparent/grandchild Apart? relationship? Are there any negative factors? ñ How can the relationship with grandparents differ Psychotherapist Gael from that with parents? Lindenfield examines the role b. and give their life a meaningful sense of perspective. Before reading. 30 D finding out why they were lacking in confidence. My own nest had just emptied read the article quickly to see if you were right. But that was more about doing the right thing for the 1 When she was about forty. I discovered Australia feel? that he had also received a much more unconditional kind of A She knew that visiting would be difficult for both sides of love from his calmer. What question do you think it poses about grandparents? of grandparents today. Alan was. Many times I have been A understanding the reasons for their parents’ behaviour. intention of becoming a conscientious. fortunately. had very low self- C She was happy that her family had been so successful. extra quality time and cheap D regretted not having grandchildren. her.Unit 03_Upstream (CAE) . Angela. It offers so C was annoyed by her family. Admittedly the master 5 ñ cheap nannying ñ cherished memory vision for the rest of my life did include a few happy granny ñ unconditional love ñ low self-esteem and grandpa scenes.Upstream (CAE) . diverse and stable supportive family network. So this strange ñ family squabbles primitive urge to extend my family into another generation was both perplexing and even a little irritating. unconditionally loving relationship with a grandparent. Read the text more carefully. Angela could give herself a powerful boost of confidence whenever she needed it. our psychological health C they provide children with financial support. They 20 important because also give them a sense of their place in history and evolution A they ensure children get better treatment. happier and affectionate grandfather. Look at the title of the article. but they were more distant and more a ñ pressure of time ñ extended families family joke than a serious prediction. a psychotherapist. much more than treats.

the children themselves may have ‹ Discussion such a heavy weekend of programmed activity that their time is also 4 a. they may still not see 6 time is also stretched to its limits (para 8) much of each other. having mutually satisfying Another increasingly common reason for estrangement is the break-up relationships are fast diminishing’. 6 Why does losing contact with grandchildren affect grandparents so deeply? A They feel their love for their grandchildren is being destroyed. She explained that she herself had a heart condition. D grandchildren resent repeated visits from grandparents. there appeared to be no bitterness or resentment. and hadn’t even seen her five-year-old granddaughter. mutually satisfying relationships are fast diminishing. Many grandparents who Do you agree? Why/Why not? 70 consequently lose contact with their grandchildren go through a painful Discuss in groups. This is because they never give up hope. Imagine you are a illness. it’s mere geography that keeps them apart. in pairs. shopping and decorating that they hardly have time to get to know their children. I ñ hostile ñ dependable recently met a woman who proudly showed me a picture of her family in Australia. Parents often spend so much of their precious 65 weekends cleaning. the chances of children and grandparents having such intimate. explain their meaning. It seems that the grandparenting instinct and ideal weekend to your 75 bond is so strong that it is rarely killed by even the most bitter family partner. The writer says that ‘the chances stretched to its limits. bereavement process. B They wish they had done more to prevent the separation.Unit 03 28/01/2011 8:04 ΜΜ Page 55 3 5 When grandparents live near to their families. But 2 a sense of perspective (para 2) many grandparents feel quite differently. Describe an finality of separation or loss. Equally. A seeing each other is usually much easier. Unfortunately. Think about: squabbles and separations. D They continue to hope that contact will be re-established. Perhaps 4 a powerful boost of confidence (para 5) pressure of time maintains the distance. I never appreciated ‹ Vocabulary Practice how important Alan and Angela must have been for the happiness and welfare of their grandparents. even if close 5 within easy visiting distance (para 8) extended families live within easy visiting distance. however. which would make a long flight too risky. nowadays. 45 Nowadays. one out of twenty grandparents is likely to have had no contact whatsoever with at least one of their grandchildren ñ valuable ñ varied ñ puzzling during the past five years. Sometimes. A visit to or from grandparents feels like a luxury of children and grandparents that no one can afford.Upstream (CAE) . research revealed that in Britain. The positive aspect of this story was that. There are many reasons for this new distancing ñ numerous ñ secure ñ simply 50 of generations. she told me. Her son had brought over his seven-year-old son six years ago. After all. which can even lead to emotional and physical b.Unit 03_Upstream (CAE) . of family through divorce or separation. B parents try to keep the grandparents at a distance. Until I became a grandparent myself. They’re being forced apart from 3 to put it mildly (para 3) 60 their grandchildren by less acceptable factors of modern society. They will not accept the grandparent. 3 Find these phrases in the text and. Recent 2 Replace the highlighted words in the text with the words below. but he hadn’t had the time or ‹ Text Analysis 55 money to visit since. she hadn’t ever visited them. C They know that their grandchildren will suffer from the loss. ñ place ñ people ñ feelings 55 . C lack of time may prevent regular contact. however sad this situation was 1 My own nest had just emptied (para 1) for both parties.

... as are those who have cohabited more than once before marriage. the of the men’s names in the correct divorce rate is still high. b. Divorce in the 21st century appears a simple c. Now listen to people who know lifestyle choice..... 1b. With a partner. relatives by marriage (M)? 3 an unkempt head of hair. In pairs. Which of the four men in the 2 a. 4 stepmother . b. b professional prospects i intellect f a happy-go-lucky extrovert ... e social background l romantic nature f maturity m taste in books/films etc.. c a confirmed bachelor . c financial security j empathy g a dedicated professional . Read the following extract on divorce and explain the B: Really? I think it’s Ted.. those who d. big beaming smile that makes me think that.. self-assurance. an awful lot of us are vulnerable. d educational background k devotion h a reckless spendthrift . who divorces and why? What might that tell us were your guesses? about marriages that last? Academics discovered that the deprived are more divorce-prone. Write the first letter because living together was frowned upon are cohabiting.... it's as if saying goodbye to a spouse is no longer the dismal climax to protracted misery that it once was.. Suddenly..... discuss situations in which members of a family ñ need to have strong bonds ñ become involved in conflicts and quarrels ñ have to resolve a misunderstanding Joe ñ have a chance to show affection to each other Ted c.....Unit 03 28/01/2011 8:04 ΜΜ Page 56 Language Focus ‹ First Impressions ‹ Families 1 a.... Today.. then discuss in pairs.....Unit 03_Upstream (CAE) ... try to guess from their appearance to whom the descriptions (a-h) apply. In short. important qualities in a future husband / wife? Rank them. that we can't quite seem to get right... those people who once tied the knot personalities. So.... 2 a beaming smile.. Look at the pictures.. ‹ A partner for life? a an incurable romantic . Which depicts a nuclear family? Which pictures has the following depicts an extended family? characteristics? B Clive Frank A b. I suppose it’s that great highlighted words... However.... there is a phenomenally high rate of marital boxes in Ex.. a professional security h sense of humour e a keen sportsman . It's this "happy ever after" groups.. d an absent-minded genius . 56 ... Which of the following are blood relatives (B) and which are 1 a dreamy look in his eyes. A: I think the incurable romantic is Frank. Do you think first impressions are have experienced parental divorce and those who have "low emotional well- important? Why (not)? Discuss in being".Upstream (CAE) ... 3 niece . 5 a taste for bright colours. 3 a... 6 a look of 1 brother-in-law . those who have embarked on relationships at a young age. 4 a serious mode of dress.. I get g moral values n attractive appearance that impression because he’s got something of a dreamy look in his eyes... How successful breakdown – 4 out of 10.. 5 half brother ... 6 great grandparents . the result of two people drifting apart: now the ex-partners can the four men talking about their move on and rebuild their lives.. Which of the following do you think are the five most b a doting father .. 7 a powerful physique 2 great uncle .

Maybe I should ... ñ That’s true. ñ Well... ñ That sounds like a good idea. 5 His methods have confident / positive / progressive / b. ‹ Build Up Your Vocabulary 4 a. in pairs. 2 I buy flowers for myself every day. A: I am so desperate. ñ financial hardship ñ emotional instability ñ problems with relatives ñ If I were in your shoes.. to follow the guidelines.Upstream (CAE) . I’d .. 6 There was a dramatic change / turn / switch / swing of policy which nobody had predicted. using the prompts. ñ I'm not sure that would work. 5 No.. then tidying up the ‹ Commonly Confused Words house and then off to work. B: I think you ought to discuss all the aspects of the problem with your husband. First it’s exercising.. ñ addictions ñ lack of quality time ñ poor communication ñ It’d be/It’s a good idea to . ñ This is definitely the best/worst advice .Unit 03_Upstream (CAE) . ñ If I were you .. 4a. He doesn’t listen to a word I say! ñ It might be an idea to . ñ Have you (ever) thought about/considered You’re not listening ñ It might be advisable (not) to . no I can do it! Really. 2 The seminar lasts / endures / has / continues five 4 You go in first.. John and I are having communication problems. A: That’s easier said than done.. I want to go to the cinema! I don’t care what interval / period. You are talking to a marriage counsellor about them.. to a word I’m saying. ñ I think you ought to . act out Giving Advice dialogues.... appointed aware obsessed reliant denying conscious disciplined confident righteous confessed centred destructive indulgent 1 I follow a specific routine every day... Imagine that you are dealing with marital problems. I’m used to doing things 4 You are suggested / informed / proposed / advised for myself.. Everybody’s going to laugh at me. ñ Hadn't you better .. ñ I had never thought of that. Now. Read the sentences 1-5 and.... make up five sentences of your own using gainful effects on the patient. I never stray from it. I know I look awful in this dress. but . ñ I appreciate your advice. are you? Reacting to advice given ñ That's easier said than done. ñ That's all very well. decide what kind of person might say them.. I just love pampering myself. any of the remaining adjectives from Ex... 3 Yoga helps relax / loosen / ease / calm stress. ñ You'd better . you have a point but ..Unit 03 28/01/2011 8:04 ΜΜ Page 57 3 c. 5 Underline the correct word. ñ You could be right. you want to do. 57 . hours. In pairs. but . 1 Things will get better in the long time / term / 3 No.. The adjectives below can be used with the prefix ‘self’ to talk about personality traits..

... Check with your partner..... In pairs..... in their correct form...... ‹ Idioms 1 heart remorse 2 slip hope 3 grain truth 7 a.... Now. 9 My brother . my father .... 3 ... (phrases with of) To this day....... 5 superficial/working e love 5 I ............ you won’t have to buy petrol for a while! 1 unconditional/parental a bond 3 Nobody can be cheerful all the time. but I cheered 6 nuclear/close-knit f relationship up when I realized it would only be for a few weeks..... the sentences below. ever since his girlfriend agreed to marry him.. match the following with one of the phrases from Ex..... Take a few minutes and sketch a picture for one of the idioms from Ex.. to Collocations complete the sentences below......... 8a and............. 2 My uncle made a(n) .. 10 My baby sister ... love from one’s grandmother can be 8 a. Everybody 2 long-lasting/favourable b attributes . c... us are involved in mostly .. from the right column to create fixed idiomatic 4 Unfortunately...... 7 Don’t .Upstream (CAE) ... Whatever has got you so excited? A B 2 So you crashed your car...... 6 trace satisfaction 7 glow concern 8 glimmer heart b. . once in a while... about your going away..... Show it to the class and see if they can guess which idiom you have drawn. when her goldfish died.......... in this day and age.! Go and ask somebody to dance b......Unit 03 28/01/2011 8:04 ΜΜ Page 58 Language Focus ‹ b........... use them in be/have/need a shoulder to cry on sentences............ Now use one word from each set to complete with you. Match the pairs of adjectives to the nouns........................................ 6 a..! your own....... 8 heartfelt/popular h child at the reception.. 1 You certainly . ‹ Fixed Phrases family that sticks together when times get difficult...... 1 I am very lucky in the fact that I have a very ... when we couldn’t 4 personal/hidden d family even pay our rent.. impression on me. but we . 3 spiritual/common c impression 4 We knew we had .......................Unit 03_Upstream (CAE) ............... the majority of phrases....... I remember his honesty and kindness......... Connect nouns from the left column with nouns an incredible blessing to a confused teenager........... today. Tick (✓) the boxes in the table to categorise the 4 touch gold idioms under the correct heading of happiness 5 change the tongue or sadness......... Use the idioms. relationships......... 7 middle/only g sympathy 6 The wedding was rather long.. use the 8 My mother loves to tell the story about how she remaining collocations to make up sentences of was the one that .7a... be on cloud nine look on the bright side a slight feeling of regret have a whale of a time b very generous and kind sweep sb off their feet c not a total lie be a wet blanket d make up one’s mind to do sth different than one be full of beans had planned be down in the dumps e very small chance that sth might turn out all right cry one’s heart out f say something you didn’t mean to hit rock bottom g slightly worried h a look of pleasure at something well done 58 . in pairs....

......... ñ apprehensive ñ hesitant ñ timid 2 You were not able to attend your best friend’s birthday party....... I think expecting to get í800 a week in your first job is quite .. I didn’t mean to offend you... ñ It doesn’t matter.. I got your point...Upstream (CAE) . ñ Oh well. and optimistic attitude to his work has impressed his boss.. but Tom seemed to be furious with me for asking... following dialogues with a partner... / I understand. and ask for an extension. ñ proud ñ arrogant ñ superior 2 a His .. 4 Do you know what the initials Ms stand for? 5 The government is planning on bringing in new legislature concerning family welfare payments. ñ If I had known . Using the phrases from Ex.. ñ Don’t (even) mention it.... He’s apology..... ñ I can’t apologise enough.. b.. ! ñ That’s just not good ñ I promise to be more b She has lived and worked in London for years... B: Oh. better? so . could you bring over your CD player? 2 Do you have any idea what brought about the newspaper’s bankruptcy? 3 Sheila can’t play her part in the school production so you’ll have to stand in for her.. don’t worry / 8 We only managed to bring him round by pouring water never mind.......... Dora certainly stood ñ I do apologise. thoughtful . C take with you F cause 1 If you’re coming to the house later. ñ naive ñ innocent ñ youthful A: I’m awfully sorry.. ñ Apology accepted.. about the whole thing................ .... ...... b Frankly. act out the She really must stop being so ....... as in the example... c I can’t stand it when he acts so ..... she’s very .. ñ How can I make it up to you? ñ I appreciate your ñ What can I do to make things 1 a The man thinks there’s nobody better than him... I’m afraid. ñ It’s not a big deal... out at the ceremony..... question.. 11a.. but . 10 Fill in the gaps with the most suitable word from Offering to make amends Rejecting an apology the given sets. A be obvious D replace G revive make up dialogues. might be happening? What do you think the people in the pictures are saying? In pairs..... Use the B support E represent H introduce language in the box to help you... b He hasn’t got much driving experience......... OK.... but I’m still rather your teacher had asked you to.. Apologise to him/her ...Unit 03 03/02/2011 8:13 ΜΜ Page 59 3 ‹ Phrasal Verbs Appendix 1 ‹ Communication: Apologising 9 Match the phrasal verbs in the sentences with their 11 a.. / It’s 7 In her bright red wedding dress.... Offering an excuse over his head. never mind. of her Scottish descent...... in the future... ñ I didn’t realise that.... so I’m a bit ..... as .. ñ It’s not entirely my fault. 6 A faithful wife will stand by her husband through both Apologising Accepting an apology the good and bad times. just because he’s got a university degree.. Apologise to him/her. but enough.. c It was a(n) ..Unit 03_Upstream (CAE) .. then I ñ Let’s (just) forget about ‹ Character Adjectives would(n’t) have . it.... Look at the pictures below.. 59 ....... 3 a If you so much as look at Tina she bursts into tears. What do you think meanings from the box below.... to trust him with my car... 1 You have not submitted your homework on the day c I know the risk isn’t very great.. ñ I’m awfully sorry about .........

choose the best answer (A. greatest influence on us? b.Unit 03_Upstream (CAE) . c. ñ smile more B They feel guilty about their own lives.C or D) according to what you hear. important events ñ use laughter to show 4 A do not always get good visual coverage. ñ part of 2 D tend to give us conflicting views. look at the gaps 1 to 8 and try following. – grow more mature D don’t affect people so much. Now listen to the talk and complete the notes. B have a much greater influence. Differences between men and women: 3 How does Carol think people are affected by Women shocking news pictures? A They question what’s right and wrong. newspapers – form emotional ties A are more obviously biased. pictures Reasons: A can be used to distort reality. ñ reaction to humour (less than 1 B are more reliable than words. D they treat the news in greater depth. 1 What doesn’t Peter like about the TV news? A It exploits personal misfortune. Whose opinion do you agree with most: Carol’s or Peter’s? Discuss in groups. Children: B they allow us to form our own views. D are presented as minor incidents. ñ may suffer from lack of laughter due to being C they are more selective in what they cover. of cases) C make news stories more interesting. – learn 8 C can be equally persuasive. 7 in spare time ñ laughter helps children to 6 Carol believes that compared with film. C It makes us too emotional. 2 Which of these forms of media do you think has the You will only hear the talk once. D The items covered are limited. to predict the missing words. Now listen to the recording. B The pictures are not varied enough. 1 Do you prefer to learn about the news from TV. Before you listen. You will hear Peter and Carol talking about the 2 a. ñ 5 ñ pain 5 Peter says that quality newspapers differ from TV in that increases ability to fight 6 A they present a wider range of opinions. You will hear the conversation twice. in pairs discuss the Before you listen. news.Unit 03 28/01/2011 8:04 ΜΜ Page 60 Listening & Speaking Listening – Part 3 Listening – Part 2 1 a.B.Upstream (CAE) . ñ use laughter to establish 3 C They reevaluate their view of the world. ñ laugh more loudly 4 Peter thinks that on the TV news. You will hear part of a radio talk about laughter. For questions 1 – 6. Men D They try to do something to help. In pairs. c. Health benefits: B are given too much broadcasting time. 60 . discuss what makes you laugh. radio or newspapers? Why? b. 2 According to Peter. ñ reduces ñ blood pressure C are blown up out of all proportion.

ñ It looks as if he/she is ..Upstream (CAE) . a Then what? d So? b Go on..? c Oh no! And then? Student B A: He grabbed his coat and slammed the door behind him.. Compare and contrast below. saying how important photographs might be feeling and why. b. Useful language: Speculating about People’s Feelings A ñ Judging by his/her expression. Look at the photographs below. ñ He/She looks very/quite/rather .. Listen to two candidates doing the speaking tasks above and compare D their performance to that of your classmates.. Now look at the two photographs 3 a.Unit 03_Upstream (CAE) . ñ You can tell from his/her face that she’s .. E Assess your classmates in terms of: ñ grammar and vocabulary ñ discourse management ñ pronunciation ñ interactive communication ‹ Everyday English ñ Encouraging the speaker to continue 6 In pairs.. Compare and contrast the two or three of them. ñ He/She appears to be . guess and say what the other speaker says.. A B B Student A b. the members of the group are to each other.. saying what the people in the photographs.. she must be feeling . Which person can you identify with most? B: Then what? 61 . e And ... ñ He’s/She’s probably feeling quite ...Unit 03 28/01/2011 8:04 ΜΜ Page 61 3 Speaking – Part 2: Compare. Contrast & Speculate ‹ People Together Student B ‹ People Alone Student A 4 a. Which of the two groups have a C greater influence on the lives of their members? 5 e.

....... 1 Aim to get across those traits that . give you the 5 power to be in control. ñ is particularly useful training for social This will come in handy when. This may not come ñ helps you to understand how others see naturally... you will also see the kind of choose from the answers A – D. seat..... Your next task is to put all this information ñ aids comprehension between individuals? 1 .. can do this in front of the mirror or with a close friend. If you have a ñ helps you to help someone else? 13 ....... Whether we like it or not this exercises do you imagine will be described? phrase is largely true... 14-16) 62 . or advert. l...... Aim to get across those 15 traits that you feel really define you and set you apart from Which exercise other people.... This is not to say that after you have ‹ Vocabulary Practice ‹ Text Analysis 3 Explain the highlighted phrases in the text.. ‘fairly good’ and ‘I think 25 others see me as…’ Try to look up rather than down and ñ requires you to write something? 9 . It is worth practising the you? 7 . then scan the text and see if to be in control of those first assumptions and judgements your guesses were correct.. 30-second commercial until self-doubt has taken a back ñ involves recalling positive emotions? 8 . and list. For questions 1 . You ñ requires repetition to be beneficial? 2 . It generally takes a stranger 30-seconds to come to long- Reading – Parts 4 lasting conclusions about another person. you while barely acknowledging your existence? One of the ñ can be entertaining? 18 ..... ñ involves not saying certain things? 15 . Within those 5 minutes try to think of.... ñ Who is this article aimed at? ñ How important do you think confidence is in our lives? ñ Why do you think some people suffer from a lack of confidence? 2 a. all your best attributes and qualities........ give that all important smile..... This exercise is excellent if you want to ñ involves recalling a past failure? 20 ..... 4 Explain the bold parts in your own words. self-assured... 16 ... into a presentation... you found yourself wandering randomly through the notes ñ involves acting out a situation in two different 20 that you had put down then you should maybe look at ways? 6 . 5 ... 10 impact you make on others and how you can change it if you need to.. but it can be worked at. If ñ can be done on your own? 4 .. Look at the titles of the four sections of the A 30-Second Commercial article. Avoid phrases like ‘OK’... A 30-Second Commercial C Let It Flow You will need 5 minutes.... behaviour? 14 .... someone asks you what you do for a living.... focus on your merits rather than any weaknesses. 5 to those around us... if done well..Unit 03_Upstream (CAE) . By creating a 30- second commercial about yourself you will not only b..... at a party let’s say...... really define you and set you apart from other people. (A... of exactly 30 seconds.Upstream (CAE) .... Look at the introduction to the article and in groups discuss the following. getting a clearer impression of yourself... upbeat answer then whoever you are talking to 30 ñ involves imitating someone else’s will get a good impression of you... situations? 11 .... a pen and a blank piece of B Tell People’s Stories D Be Your Own Hero paper.... raise someone’s self-esteem without them realising that’s what you are doing. It can..... What this exercise does is allow you Discuss in pairs.. common causes of depression and a lack of confidence is ñ requires you to connect a feeling with a based on the feeling that our lives are of little consequence physical source? 19 . B Tell People’s Stories ñ is helpful for people who feel they are not Do you sometimes feel that the world carries on around noticed? 17 ....... that other people make. Now read the article... Ideally you want to be able to ñ involves imagining a future situation? 10 ...20 become more self-aware.. What kind of confidence-building First impressions last. 3 ..Unit 03 28/01/2011 8:04 ΜΜ Page 62 Reading 1 You are going to read an extract from an article about confidence building... 12 ..

2 Do you sometimes feel that the world carries on around you while barely acknowledging your existence? (B. and that by acting as our explode. stressed and anxious when faced with a challenge? Everybody could do with a bit more confidence. So if you are going example when the ‘storyteller’ says something like ‘I have into an interview and need a boost of confidence it could had an awful day’ do not jump in with ‘You’ve had a bad day. Is it from your stomach. This can be specific. for example a problem you experienced at 10 situation. 63 . and it is possible to tap into that feeling Imagine how your hero might behave on a very simple whenever you want. What are the Every one of us has. 30 simply be a case of pinching your thigh and bingo . Increase the Was the outcome positive this time? If so. discuss how successful you think the confidence-building exercises described in the article would be. It is amazing how this exercise can give people an enormous feeling of worth and belonging. few times to get the hang of it as well as make it more Do not try and find a point in the conversation that is going effective. then start to increase that Working with a friend. Picture yourself in this situation. You should perform this anchor when you are at the point ‘Tell me about your father’. The person listening has to do just that . felt like we specific qualities that you look up to? ruled the world. from your head to your feet and back up again. 25 hidden attributes in your own personality. You should follow this process a do you feel?’.. ‘How was school?’ or even ‘How 25 of ‘maximum confidence’. felt like we ruled the world. and let them dictate your reactions. a job interview or just everyday living. dead or alive.. This may be to a party. running that your character has. at some point in our lives. Once you have got the sensation of persona of your hero and have a chat with somebody. playing sport. For example ‘What did you do today?’. your hands? 20 this time as your hero. l. You 25 their life not being heard. l. You will see that 20 Now you are overflowing with confidence. What you heroes we can become more like them. 1-2) 5 In groups. play out the scenario as you remember feeling of confidence even more. Now picture where you would like to carry this of a scenario from the past that did not go as well as you confidence with you. in one or more areas of their lives. getting couples to understand and D Be your Own Hero communicate with each other. What would Physically feel where the sensation of confidence is you have liked to do differently? Re-enact the situation but coming from..in you go Let me tell you about my day. especially if the ‘storyteller’ has spent most of rehearse undeveloped ability and fulfil their potential.Upstream (CAE) . one person asks the other person their story. 1-2) ‹ Discussion 3 Everyone of us has. Then ask yourself whether you 10. gesture – anything from punching the air to giving your thigh 10 In pairs. You may want to start counting from 1 to release as well as success.’After the ‘storyteller’ has ready to conquer the world. a public speaking 15 would have liked. Focus on the superior human qualities 15 Now start to throw this sensation around your body. The anchor is a physical they know what you are doing.Unit 03 28/01/2011 8:04 ΜΜ Page 63 3 Confidence Lab Are you lacking in confidence? Do you feel powerless. finished. your head. and about to making a change is not so difficult. including the negative outcome. (C. What confidence then close your eyes and start to let that feeling would your hero say and how would they behave? Next think increase. level.. Try All you have to do is remember a moment when you were 10 and emulate them. enjoy the feeling of feeling even more. It will still work even when need to do is think of an ‘anchor’. It doesn’t matter where you were or moves think of a phrase that your hero might say. work or at home. the listener should then ‘report’ their story back to 20 them. Your hero may be real. fictional. It is particularly good for relationships.Unit 03_Upstream (CAE) . Once you have established how your hero 5 supremely confident. a pinch. raising the feeling of confidence in your body with each were just acting as your hero or if you were uncovering number. It can be a very powerful Apart from being a lot of fun this is a chance for people to experience. Try to think of someone who has characteristics that you C Let it Flow 5 admire or wish you had. it happening. a struggle with learning or motivation. Think why you admire them. for example how might they walk round a room. . will need at least 2 people to perform this exercise. For feeling of confidence whenever you want. Try these confidence-building exercises and you’ll see the difference in weeks. done it once you cannot repeat it.listen. Take on the what you were doing. What it will enable you to do is to trigger off that 15 to be an opening for you to start telling your own story. What do you do? This is the clever part.

..................... school who would bully the 4 I took / was taking a shower when other children... a day............... ...... 6 Jane was heading for ... 4 Continue the story.... 4 He had called ........................ 3 Alan had already gone / already went 3 There was an older boy at by the time I got to his house............................... stories about the various countries he had been to. and which to something the writer is accustomed to? 64 .........30 every B I normally have around 6 bars day.. what a shame... then 6 a.............. however..................... We always .... with your own words.. 1 He had been driving ...... Which of the two stem sentences refers to a past habit.. suddenly all the lights went out....................... 2 Complete the sentences. John ........Unit 03_Upstream (CAE) .......... 2 I'm used to getting up early... 4 When I was young................ I'm never up before 9............... (would) ñ before ñ until ñ last ñ ago ñ for 3 ..... flight...... A these days................... Select A or B according to the 8 Using the structures in the exercises above.................... (get used) 5 a.............. countryside........... I used to play by the riverside but the river is polluted now.... talk about your life when stem sentence....... (am used) ‹ ‘Used to’ and ‘Be used to’ 7 It took me over three months .. trips............ (sitting) She didn’t make the beds until the kids had 4 ... the children left for school...... read..Upstream (CAE) . my 1 When I was younger I always cycled / dad would take me on fishing was always cycling to work....... you were at primary school. 1 When I was a little boy............................... so Mary knew this was a special day. Which of the underlined parts in the following sentences are incorrect? Why? identify them............... When I was at primary school.................................... B I don't mind getting a 7am Sh-hh-hh! Oh.............. b......................... 7 Complete the following sentences using the words in bold along 5 She didn’t know ............. ................ 1 When I was a child. my mother used to wake me and my sister up at 7............. 2 She left . and then we would have a good hearty breakfast...................... The other people I could read when in here can’t I was six................... (by the time) 5 When I started playing the guitar. I don't mind working nightshifts.... were already asleep...................... Discuss: 1 I used to eat a lot of chocolate......... ..... when there was a loud shriek from the garden........... it would be very difficult to get a job....... b.. ñ your daily routine ñ your habits ñ happy memories A giving up was certainly not easy.......................... 2 He had been working / was working 2 My grandmother would live in for the company for eight years when I a small cottage in the joined.Unit 03 28/01/2011 8:04 ΜΜ Page 64 English in Use The Past tenses Grammar Reference ‹ ‘Would’ for past events 1 Underline the correct tense...... and tell me sentences using past tenses.. (used to) 3 Use the adverbs to make negative 2 ............... (already been) 6 ........................ Rewrite the incorrect sentences................. 3 They were having lunch .......................

....... I thought you meant something else...……........ 6) ……. must how their minds work.... swimming tuition.... And of course the fact that you’ve children..... b “I can't breathe easily and I feel .. Use no more Anyway... demonstration... so we might see something of you........ .…. ❏ FAMILY SEEKING RELIABLE of the kids during the day......……... months in the summer...... Lots of love.......... And I could vouch for the fact that you’re be in possession of valid driving someone they could 8) ……..... And who is consistently reliable..” instructions.... .. The nice thing is that it’s quite near us. able to show tolerance towards Let me know if you’re interested – I’d be more than happy to individuality.” 4 a Symptoms include breathlessness and nausea...00.Upstream (CAE) . them how to swim. organisation of excursions etc.. I remember you said you were looking for something to than two words in each gap...” had made on the interviewers....... in with other people’s lives and have a real infants..……....................” English in Use – Part 5 10 For questions 1 – 13......... advertisement.. 16.... into that category..... with kids..............……. 65 .... 3 a Your appointment: TUE SEP 9.............. you 7) ……...... a basic You’d 11) ……....... for you! I’ve just seen an ad in the local paper for someone to take 0) care of four kids for a 1) ……...... There is an do in your summer holidays – well I think I’ve found just the thing example (0)....…….... read the following Dear Mary... talent for 10) ……. Apply with references to PO box 3145. that you don’t licence.. up with all kinds of unusual Preference given to someone who has a behaviour! good rapport with children....... the specialist next their minds! Tuesday at four. put in a good word for you! Accommodation provided in desirable fully equipped seaside residence...Unit 03_Upstream (CAE) .... complete sentence b using no more than two words... 2 a “We donãt think there’ll be any trouble during the 6 a We very much want young people to come along.... at all times..……. There is an example.. in a lovely modern house right by the knowledge of child psychology..... It doesn’t sound too difficult – you’d have to be 2) ……. attractive remuneration package.... and that you know a fair bit about Requirements: minimum age 18.. complete the informal Hope you’re doing ok with your exams – just keep in mind letter that follows.……........……....... and beach. quite well.... swimming sounds right up your street! In fact altogether you sound MONTH SUMMER PERIOD AT just the sort of person they’re looking for – for example.. 3) …….……............. drive YOUNG LADY TO LOOK AFTER 4 them around a bit...... b She explained that she . demonstration .. b “I’m .” b The organisers are very . have previous experience with mind 9) ……..... Then..... plan some day trips and 4) …….... The words you need do they’ll soon be over and you’ll have the whole summer to recover! not occur in the advertisement..……........... so you just fit BAY....…….. 7 a The committee reached a decision after three hours. Based on the information in the advertisement. Two Auntie Wendy evenings free per week.. to b The police were reported to have said that the attract a young audience...…….. identify which sentence is formal and which is informal.. to be peaceful.....Unit 03 28/01/2011 8:04 ΜΜ Page 65 3 ‹ Register Transfer 9 In each pair of sentences.... with youngsters of all ages before.. I know how well accompanying the children to riding lessons.. my b “I don’t think I came across badly at all... b It took them simply ages to . Another plus is the fact that you’ve just Duties: daytime supervision of all four passed your driving test........ eighteen... based on the information in sentence a.. 1 a Sarah was unaware of the negative impression she 5 a "You see......…....... Do not use words that occur in sentence a... using language of an appropriate register...... flexible and you could come and see us on your evenings 13) ……..... – the CHILDREN (AGED 5 – 14) FOR 2. pre-teens and adolescents. they SEASIDE RESORT OF SEAGULL want someone who’s at 5) ……... and it sounds as if they’ll 12) ……...

.Upstream (CAE) .. 'many' etc.. 1 The person I most admire is someone I haven’t known him for very long............... Each of the following sentences contains an 0 the there are very few unnecessary relative pronoun.... b. which also known as the other hand............ there is an unnecessary word... There is no shortage of acqu tion or who are 1 ...... put a Underline them........ nobody could believe dangers of paths when you think are tell you the truth.. 2 The person who he held this post before me had a reputation for poor timekeeping and he had been reprimanded several times.......... didn't will have to do so on the weather or the most latest spor you. 3 He insisted that the car it had been sold... but I was certain it hadn't..... the Friday seminar who are superficial relationship......... ñ articles: Knowing he had arrived safely made me the happier.... who has And that you can rely on a friend to ............ where many modern jazz bare his inner feelings to you... even if it’s not always fully pleasant agendas between 15 ... who 00 ✓ Underline them...): Out of 24 members...... There is no envy 14 .......... ñ quantifiers ('all'........ Sunday. holding on to.. ñ prepositions: He phoned to him to tell him the news....... 13 ... sentences contains an For questions 1-16. A friend can 8 . how unconditionally through thick away from the 11 . quite lucky. A friend 10 ..... Underline them........ Part 3)... the old man had completely died. find the unnecessary words and write them on the unnecessary auxiliary verb.. could have made such a and there are no such hidden and are worth 16 ....................... is therefore someone bad... friends........... Each of the following 12 In most of the lines in the following text. 2 Paris..... c........................ stupid mistake. gold. (Paper 3... you may meet them at some func you have a keenly 2 ..... is a place life – as the good times and the will support you 9 . on 6 ..... but 5 . A friend... Each of the following sentences contains an unnecessary pronoun.... since those who occasional coffee with an acquaintance ts results.. You may have and you discussed 4 . basically their life is a closed book to who shares your 7 ... tick (✓) next to it. silly.... 3 Fran's excuse which was quite looks out over for you and guides you clear and bright............. What is a true friend? In the reality aintances ..... If you think a line contains no unnecessary words. ñ adverbs: By the time they got to him... all 19 voted for Robson.Unit 03_Upstream (CAE) .. the city of light.. musicians come from. 11....... Apart from the mistakes you found in Ex......... about... 12 ........ lines provided.... 'some'.. worked here for 20 years.... They are worth more than 66 ...... 1 It was some time before she did let them in. STRATEGY POINT 2 He graduated in June 1987 and he had started work here This is the second of the two possible formats of the CAE error correction exercise in September the same year.......Unit 03 28/01/2011 8:04 ΜΜ Page 66 English in Use ‹ Error Correction English in Use – Part 3 – Unnecessary words 11 a........ and and thin......... some other mistakes 3 She said something which might involve was sounded like a threat.. True friends are hard to find. that her assistant...... and I didn't appreciate it.. 1 Those of you who attended friends of friends and with whom been taken an 3 ...

.. They want to 6) ............ .......Unit 03_Upstream (CAE) ...Upstream (CAE) . he spoke to the masses..........B.......... how they dress and how they act in class and out of it 1) ............ most read and studied in the world.............. and there is a theatre (The Globe) and 3) .. as children grow up into adolescents............ any fears of appearing too brainy.............. individuality becomes more acceptable.................. 10) .. for their own personal style.............................. that the subjects he tackled...... as to hide their intelligence and ability in case they are made 4) ............... the surface he wrote for the working classes. touch the upper classes........ children do not want to stand out from the 5) . and in their 12) .. putting on his plays year after year.......... select the most appropriate word (A.. 14 For questions 1-15.......... even............ filmed author ever........ in.......... Perhaps the main reason 13) .. class warfare....... the risk of rejection by the group.. much revealed in his big productions as in the 9) .... A more unlikely tribute is that Shakespeare is the 5) ... not to be different............. His seemingly inexhaustible stream of words have infiltrated every dictionary...... Today. B... the behaviour of nearly every child at school... of self-worth........ influences on children today is that of their peers.. prejudice and male chauvinism... the importance of peer pressure cannot be overemphasised.......... the teenager and young adult will begin to experiment and be more willing to 13) ..................... Generally......... However............. good exam results can dominate as the atmosphere of competition develops and worries about the future 15) . A massive 309 films are based 6) ........ intelligent parodies and controversial political statements were included that 12) .... P E E R P R E SS U R E One of the 0) ............................. He questioned society’s wrongs and his messages were clear. In psychological 7) .... 15) . prove he didn’t pen all his works........................................ their relationships and their 10) .. on all aspects of children’s lives... There is a lot of evidence that it has great 8) . a theatre company (The Royal Shakespeare Company) devoted 4) . the music they listen to and their 9) ............... 11) . Concern about intellectual prowess and 14) .... Shakespeare lives on 14) ..... of.... C or D) to complete each gap... In their 2) ........ to study to their ambitions in life........... his masterpieces.....................................Unit 03 28/01/2011 8:04 ΜΜ Page 67 3 English in Use – Part 2 13 Fill the gaps using one word...... remain relevant... What their classmates think...... from the clothes they wear. and top actors consider playing such mighty roles 7) .. honour... 0 A hardest B strongest C heaviest D fattest 1 A affect B result C impress D vary 2 A actions B steps C measures D efforts 3 A long B distant C far D much 4 A joke B laugh C fun D ridicule 5 A party B crowd C circle D band 6 A set B fall C get D fit 7 A terms B words C points D means 8 A running B bearing C meaning D standing 9 A opinion B view C attitude D consideration 10 A reaction B sense C impression D awareness 11 A desirable B bearable C tolerable D likeable 12 A hunt B chase C course D search 13 A carry B run C bring D cope 14 A succeeding B achieving C earning D winning 15 A overthrow B overflow C overbalance D override 67 .......... to be accepted.............. he has inspired generations of writers.......... while ensuring 11) .................................... Shakespeare’s poetry and plays remain 2) ...... 0) despite a whole industry out 1) .. some children go so 3) ....... But Shakespeare’s legacy is not 8) ...................................................

.Unit 03_Upstream (CAE) . Most people are usually very nervous at this point. using this information. ñ Other??? . claiming that it is not .. however..g. Read the announcement below as well as the notes you variety of styles. when. discuss the questions ñ Correct use of tenses to link the main events (e. where 1 Read the rubrics below.g.. mention explanation(s) or example(s).g. How often that it does you good.. Techniques for attracting the reader’s attention include using: Living alone is certainly something which Notes for article ñ direct address (e. the repetitive beat of music could be heard from the café next door. descriptive writing 4 Who are the target readers? What style is appropriate? will also be used to describe the scenery... Most articles are a blend of different 1 Will you use mainly discursive. (e..... ñ A conclusion. This can be in the present (e... What do you ñ can be lonely recent months. describe what happens at a wedding in your country) or in the ‹ Interpreting the Rubric past. Characteristics of narrative writing include: ñ An introduction which sets the scene (e. Narrative writing is used when we want to describe a series of events.g. an article should contain: article for the newsletter. In both sides have got a point. examples of people you know. However. Once the invitations that follow. If the rubric also includes instructions to … say what you learned from the experience.. the smell of freshly cut flowers fills the room.. You for each point.g..... Your article should examine both sides of the ñ a suitable eye-catching title... etc. you should for the target reader (which in this case is describe the experience in detail and say how it would have been determined by the type of publication). newsletters... then you will need to use discursive writing as ‹ Narrative Writing well.. narrative or descriptive writing? types of writing.. Terrified.. underline when or why the events happen(ed). ñ Other??? . I can’t help thinking that Against living alone ñ background information (e. I opened the door. You can. if you wish.. write your In general.g. once... in which you write about the main points in the rubric. in which you write your response to an announcement you magazines. ñ can be dangerous deal about …) . atmosphere. to be sent to your college Articles are written for newspapers.. after. 5 What would be a suitable title for your article? your feelings. have/had been sent out. different if it had happened when you were alone or with friends... followed by qualities you look for in a friend.g. etc. you should describe what a topic sentence.Unit 03 28/01/2011 8:04 ΜΜ Page 68 Writing: Articles A You have decided to write an article.. have made on the subject. ñ You should start a new paragraph B A youth magazine regularly features articles written by readers. and use a have read. Others.) people feel that it is the only way to live and ñ free to do what you wan t ñ a rhetorical question (e.. articles about an interesting or unusual experience they have had while The style of writing should be appropriate they were with other family members. etc) 68 . for events. have decided to submit an article for a forthcoming special edition ñ Each paragraph should begin with entitled ‘The Best of Friends’. For example.g.. in which you can summarise the main points or re-state C A magazine for students of English has asked its readers to send in your opinion. In your article.. If you need help people have strong feelings about.. the preparations begin/began).... followed issue and give views on the issues raised.. In your article.. describe a wedding that you attended)... Some In favour of living alone with your studies.g. etc) each one. look no further.Upstream (CAE) .... newsletter. what happens/happened before the main the key words and phrases and.. are ñ teaches you self-rel ian ce do you think about where our food less enthusiastic.. we have heard a great think? We’d like to read (and possibly publish) your articles on the subject.. etc) ñ Describing feelings (e. an article 2 What is your reason for writing? describing a journey you have made is clearly 3 What points will you write about in your main body? narrative.g. Then. by an introduction which makes the reader want to read more... comes from?) healthy or natural. Who or what is/was involved. etc) ñ Mentioning the senses (e. ñ A main body. ñ Use of appropriate time words and phrases (e.

Unit 03 28/01/2011 8:04 ΜΜ Page 69 3 2 Read the rubric below. By half time. 3) When / During I got to the stadium. 4 Had I known what was involved. How could you use the senses (sight. You belong to an English Club which publishes a monthly newsletter for its members. but I was so excited about the prospect The taxi driver started shouting and shaking his fist. This. e the heavens opened and we all got soaked. h have chosen to go there. the organisers By the time the final whistle blew. time words/phrases. ñ shouting ñ cheering ñ clapping ñ booing Going it Alone ñ laughter ñ loud crash ñ smell of burning When my friend. I felt score at 0-0. as I sat on the train smiling happily to c noticed that the tickets were no longer in my rucksack. we were delighted. myself. early on in the first half. etc) in the situations above? Use the prompts. we were minute from the end. as it turned out. There. Gary 10) was going to be / was being very jealous when I told f that things started to liven up a little. I caught up in the excitement especially when. On the return journey. With over an hour to go 4) while / before the start of the match. I found that there were very few seats left. which they appear in the model. the opponents had a goal disallowed. I would never 7) After / Once the kick-off. The match itself. I was so delighted that I had completely forgotten a a warm glow of happiness. was one solitary empty seat. they will be printing articles from readers on Who/What was involved. 1 By the time I right behind the goal. him all about it! g got there. the theme. Gary had been as enthusiastic as I was. 8) Within seconds / 8 Almost immediately. apprehensive 6 How could you include references to the senses? 4 you think sth bad might d depressed. appropriate words/phrases in bold. I 3 Hardly had we got inside the stadium when couldn’t help thinking how lucky I 6) am / was. In the next The return home. my team 9) had won / won and I had seen it with my own eyes. to my delight. When we scored one 7 Within seconds. 1 What experience could you write about? 4 a. b announced that the main act had been cancelled. he was obviously having second thoughts. 3 a. Write an article for the newsletter describing an experience you had when c. 5 a. I can honestly say that nothing else mattered except that d surrounded by photographers. and I 1) had first talked / were first ñ dark clouds ñ bright sunshine ñ shaking fists talking about going to watch our local football club in an ñ angry stare ñ strange noise ñ jostling crowds important cup match. A B 1 you have some good news a angry. ‘Going it Alone’. Find examples of: past tenses. underline the key words/ b. and a huge roar went up in B the crowd. Then make sentences. with the 6 Immediately afterwards. Gary. I was shaking with nerves. issue. however. Arriving at the stadium. As I sat there looking around at the 2 It was not until the evening colourful banners and 5) listening / listened to the singing.Upstream (CAE) . of seeing my heroes play that I decided to go alone. everyone went wild. ñ blistering heat ñ cold rain When the day 2) was coming / came. hearing. Match items from the two columns to make sentences for a past tense description of an event. furious 5 Which expressions could you use to describe your 2 you have some bad news b delighted. it was impossible not to get 5 While I was getting ready. Read the model and choose the most b. despondent happen ‹ Analysing a Narrative Article 1 – b When we heard that we had won. references to the senses about it. the service was nearly over.Unit 03_Upstream (CAE) . was a good move. 69 . over the moon feelings? 3 sb does sth you don’t like c nervous. you were on your own and saying what was special description of feelings. as in the example. Number the points listed below in the order in phrases and answer the questions that follow. I thought it might be worth trying to find somewhere to sit near A the front. Then say what other information is given in each paragraph. Then there was a loud crash. Match the situations (1-4) below to the feelings (a-d). 2 How would you set the scene? 3 Which tenses would you use? 4 Suggest time words/phrases that you could use. that I was on my own.

Write your article off during a 1998 World Cu example. places. he has cre amazing number of treme ated an ndous goal-scoring opportu However. Most phrases and answer the questions that follow. He is the 70 . Discuss ha irs tyl e. As scoring some memorable well as ñ verbs (e. Readers pire young people that I Beckham most deserves think recognition. but is bes 2 Who could you write about? indisputably one of the lea t personalities of our times. re than just an extraordi footballer. to gaze. mainly stu pid an d En gland got knocked ñ has the most clearly defined paragraphs re all y s angry with e of his stu pid mistake. All the to have his does! What a to pla y football the way he 7 a. he’s really good loo all the boys want king. etc) demonstrated such unbel o have ievable ball control. he is an ins performances on the pitch. David Beckh am is not only among the players in football. In your writing. He ha y every time a subjective of th ing s an d he gets some mone on a lot lot of money ñ contains a variety of adjectives and adverbs ing is so ld wi th his name on. to whisper. Read and compare the two models.g.g. He is as well kno nary wn for his glamorous life as he is for his remarkable -style 6 Read the rubric below. there are his incredible skills. ding 3 What aspects of a person could make them a great personality? 4 Think about your target readers: what style of writing B will they expect? 5 Suggest adjectives / adverbs / verbs you could use to describe the person.Unit 03 28/01/2011 8:04 ΜΜ Page 70 Writing: Articles b. he was sent stakes as well. piration for young people the world who look up to around him and want to follow footsteps. Include references to feelings and senses. we ran excitedly. has become an icon for the ous amount of publicity and twenty-first century. to start wi ls lov e him an th d . when he was sent p match. to cheer. he overcame matured as a player so tha it and t he could lead his nation in 2002. I hurriedly packed a bag. an extraordinary man. forgave him in the en s his name ñ is written from the perspective of a fan and is too Beckham is a ve ry rich man now. to dash. a picturesque village. writing will you use? foot ba the chance co ol an d I wa tch him whenever I get reall y hy is David us e he is su ch a good player. your feelings. to the For person who they think is suitable. One of my 6 Apart from descriptive writing. An Yo d u sh ou ld see the way he ca n bend a ball which model: dr ea m! !! ol clothes as m a fre e kic k. There ñ adjectives (e. But we wh en he did th at and he lost a lot ñ has an appropriate style for the target readers him d. al side 1 What do you have to include in your article? To sum up. This wa great s a low point in his career what was a major test of but. Beckham is mo nities. he came in for a describing the person and saying what it is that deal of criticism.g. etc) very few players in the are history of the game wh ñ adverbs (e. of course. Use the words in bold to write a description of an event you attended. You may How many people aroun d the world can honestly they have never heard of say have to describe people. what other type(s) of My favourite sport I think he’s ll pla ye rs ev er is David Beckham. objects. Beckham. in his A magazine for English students is planning a It is for this ability to ins feature entitled ‘Personalities of the World’. character. such as: Firstly. he attracts an eno and off rm etc. Everyone wa ñ contains irrelevant information be ca us of fans. ñ has the most effective conclusion well and he is alway from advertising as that I will always love ñ is too short to say is The last thing I want greatest. W be ca l tell you. When ñ has the most interesting introduction But he has made mi ntina.Upstream (CAE) . ‹ Analysing a Descriptive Article Beckham the best? I’l gir Well. he was ñ is repetitive e W or ld Cu p match against Arge of f in th out. changes. David Beckham? Both on the field. favourite is football.Unit 03_Upstream (CAE) . in makes them a great personality. People relate have been asked to send articles about one famous fact that he is not perfect. etc) goals himself. you should use a variety of vocabulary. An d he wears really co fro ñ has the most appropriate title well. underline the key words/ importantly. He gets a th s on telly. A ‹ Descriptive Writing All articles contain some descriptive writing. to stroll.

.g. Opinions covered in recent issues 7 He said that we should give ñ Having a good soc ial life is an excellen him some more money.. .g. Read the rubric and the reading input below and underline the key words/phrases.g.. . 3 I was feeling bad. Good point 5 It was really good. .. Read ñ narrative writing the extract from the latest article and the list of opinions that have been ñ discursive writing covered. with problems t way to cope No. you should give your polite (warm. one reason for this is 5 You can use phrases from the reading input without paraphrasing them. we want to hear it.. Read the underlined topic sentences in the model on the next page and try to predict how each paragraph will continue. where you will b. Analyse (e.. on the other hand.Unit 03_Upstream (CAE) . Activities should be ñ It is up to the indiv Explain why idual student to make frien this is wrong ds ‹ Discursive Writing organised by the college. you need to include 2 You should make your article as light-hearted as possible. .. Articles must reach us by 6th Feb. Contrast (e. relationships not on For serious articles.. 8 Replace the underlined words in each of the sentences below with those given. friendly. ñ Students should focus on their studies..Upstream (CAE) . In this 1 You should mention how having a good social life can help with problems. In next month’s magazine we hope to print articles from students. 2 We had a very good day. whatever your opinion... use in a formal letter or an essay). using this information.. Work in pairs..g.. 1 The manager is a very nice man...g. write your own article for the magazine. Give reasons for your answers. Explain (e. type of writing.. one aspect of this problem involves …) Suggest (e. In your article.Unit 03 28/01/2011 8:04 ΜΜ Page 71 3 b... opinions on the different arguments we pleasant. that…) 6 You will use mostly present tenses.. this is considerably more ‹ Analysing a Discursive Article serious than …) 10 a. 71 . Then. you will need to use discursive writing (this is b. The magazine has now asked ñ descriptive verbs for contributions from students who wish to give their own opinion.. So. 6 I looked into the room. . ñ hinted ñ depressed ñ polite We have covered the subject from a lot ñ peeped ñ profitable of angles and now it is time for you to ñ remarkably ñ tremendous have your say. 4 The CD is great. Read the model and suggest alternatives to the words/phrases in need to bring down the level of italics. Look back at the rubric and write T (for true) or F (for false) next to the same type of writing as you would the statements below.. on which you have added your own notes. language.. Discursive writing can also appear in informal articles. courteous. etc) have heard... suggestion and comparison.. expressions which help you to: 4 You should choose a title for your article. …) Scan the model and compare your answers.. ñ descriptive adjectives and Your college magazine has been running a regular column discussing the adverbs importance of relationships among students... linking words and phrases as well as 3 You will use discursive writing in your article. Then suggest an alternative beginning and ending.. one solution would be to …) Compare (e. Look back at model A and find examples of: 9 a. Then think of other synonyms of your own. c. . Find examples in the model of explanation.

answer the questions that follow. In this way. there is more to student life than just books. A You are on the welfare committee of your college and have been asked by the welfare officer to write an article for the college newsletter describing the work of the committee. This is why I feel strongly that college authorities should do everything in their power to make sure that students are given as much help as possible. and some of the Comments from students comments made by fellow students. Thanks financial problems B A magazine for students of English is planning a feature on friendship. the extract from the college prospectus. The remind students that we’re here and to tell problem people helped a lot. relationships are an important part of college life. health and there.Upstream (CAE) . 11 Look at the writing tasks below and. On the subject of making friends. Although many of the arguments have been interesting. students should have access to the full range of activities – academic. As we all know. This is particularly important for students who might be facing problems such as homesickness or depression. 11. To sum up. Finally. I totally disagree with the viewpoint that students should be made to concentrate exclusively on their studies. I believe that colleges should also take the initiative and create a variety of clubs and societies for students to join. for each one. attention with your beginning? write one of the tasks you 5 What information must you include in the main body? discussed in Ex. Then use this information to write your advice article. I do not agree that the individual student should be left to do this alone. so we need it to be to informative and friendly (we want students ñ The counsellor I spoke ñ Expert advice always available about my rec ent hea lth scare to feel they can come to us with their was very sympathet ic. and readers have been asked to send in articles describing the relationship that they have with one of their friends. on which you have made some notes. Could you write an article to go in the en I telephone help-line ñ I was very homesick wh college newsletter? It’s basically just to we lfare ñ We listen – whatever your first came here. descriptive or narrative writing? 2 Who are the target readers? 3 How formal/informal does your writing need to be? 4 What title will you give your article? How could you attract the readers’ 12 Using the information you have learned in this unit. Describe your friendship. 6 What would be a suitable way to end your article? 72 . problems). I firmly believe that some of them have missed the point. students should be encouraged to socialise as much as possible.Unit 03 28/01/2011 8:04 ΜΜ Page 72 Writing: Articles Student Relationships There have been a wide variety of opinions in these pages over recent months on different aspects of student relationships. First of all.Unit 03_Upstream (CAE) . students would at least have a choice over how much they wanted to socialise. talking to friends is often the best way of dealing with problems. 1 Is this mainly discursive. saying what it is about the person that you like. Take a look at some of the p-line (so comments we have received – they might ñ I haven’t used the hel it’s give you some ideas. cultural and social – that are available to them. For this reason. them what we do. You have decided to write an article. far!) but it’s good to know Covers emotional. ñ Thanks a million for the Free ut my cou rse you gave me abo (and confidential) work – I might have failed my for first year if it hadn’t been ñ Round-the-clock emergency you. While it is true that obtaining their degree is very important. Read the memo from the secretary. as far as I am concerned. In other words. if students have a good social life. then they will find it easier to deal with any difficulties that they may face with their studies. It is sometimes hard to adapt to college life and it can be a lonely and unsettling time.

it might also say which areas are the most affected and how many people are likely to feel the effects. Tell your partner.Unit 04_Upstream (CAE) .G.’ Kenya – how long since it last rained etc. What is the most pressing problem in your community? What can the state. Henry Becque (French dramatist) B: Yes. the local authorities and the public do to help solve it? b. ñ Which do you consider to be the most serious? ‘What makes equality such a difficult subject is A: Report 1 will probably deal with the current situation in that we only want it with our superiors. Work in groups. Match the following newspaper headlines with the pictures above.’ H.Upstream (CAE) . Listen to four people answering the question How are the pictures related to it? ‘What is your community’s greatest problem?’ and match the people to the problems they mention and the solutions they suggest. What does it mean? 3 a. ‘Crime and bad lives are the measure of a state’s C: I think it might also suggest ways to make the situation failures.Unit 04 28/01/2011 8:06 ΜΜ Page 73 4 Growing Concerns B A D E C Lead-in 1 Look at the title of the unit.. 1 CENTURY’S WORST unemployment DROUGHT HITS KENYA alternative Andrew Hill crime methods of fighting 2 crime HOUSEBREAKING Sarah Chamberlain social REACHES RECORD HIGH isolation establishment of clubs/organisations Les Iverson 3 City Shelter Overflowing as invasion of harsher law. Do you agree with the solutions these people 5 suggest? Why (not)? Discuss in pairs. ñ What do you imagine the content of each news report to be? 4 Paraphrase the quotations below. 2 a. more Temperatures Drop Below Freezing Edwina Kennedy privacy police retraining schemes 4 Schools Report: Truancy Up by 20% b. like . LOCAL FIRM LAYS OFF 2000 c.. 73 . Which do you agree with most? Why? Discuss in pairs. Wells (British novelist) better.

. Today they’re watching for crime.. surveillance cameras. Why are they in the first person? Who authorities are using is speaking? What kind of atmosphere is the writer trying to create? Discuss in pairs.. 14 Its use is particularly expensive... Visionics has tried the system with a transaction data watch list of known football hooligans ... E Cash machine usage & electronic cash Business is booming.. 9 Its accuracy is subject to natural elements. with supermarket... and this year will extend the system to its fifth...... Not so. Which one S.. .. its data. The system tries to match faces on Newham's cameras to a A Face recognition software ‘watch list’ of between 100 and 150 active criminals. .. 12 It will become more exact in the near future......at a West Ham match against Manchester United in January last year. 4 It has already contributed significantly to fighting crime.... Look at the title and the headings of the The police and local passage. The software shows probable C Trafficmaster matches to a Newham employee who decides if the match is 10 D Mobile phone location data valid and whether or not to contact the police. computerisation means we can also be tracked in the material world.. Moreover. . it can be done cheaply.. How do you think they will be related to the theme of the passage? Discuss with a partner.... . ñ anonymity and privacy ñ football hooligans ñ number plate recognition ñ databases I’ve seen your face before . With the face- Of which surveillance method or device is the recognition software.. but tomorrow they might be watching everything....... public.. you have nothing to fear.... 74 . b. In fact.. Other local authorities are also considering the system. . Britain's virtual curtains are twitching as never before." c...Unit 04_Upstream (CAE) .. ... 3 It knows the exact place a person is when he/she uses it. achieving a dramatic drop in street 5 following true? robberies and burglaries.A.. í15.. . . . which costs from 15 1 It often makes mistakes.... In fact... ñ mobile phone network ñ electronic card transactions In 1998.. The following words and phrases appear in the passage... choose from the answers A-E. .Upstream (CAE) . . I feel safe in the knowledge that As you go about your business today......" enjoy relative anonymity and privacy.. 8 It compares the data it collects to other general data. d.. 5 Existing law does not allow the government to access 10 It returns data which is relatively unspecific.. a. you may think you somebody is keeping an eye on those criminals.. then scan the passage to see if you were right. . increasing accuracy and almost invisibly....Unit 04 28/01/2011 8:06 ΜΜ Page 74 Reading Reading – Parts 1/4 1 You are going to read a passage about ways in which the authorities monitor citizens’ movements... 11 Its users declare that they don't want to spy on the 6 It is more precise in densely populated areas. Along with the "I feel very uncomfortable knowing that government's acquired abilities to track its citizens as they move somebody who doesn’t know me is watching about the Internet through the Regulation of Investigatory 5 where I go for lunch and what I buy at the Powers Act..000 to scan a single camera feed and uses standard 2 It might be used for commercial purposes in the future. "If you have nothing to hide. Look at the two statements below. technology to keep a close watch on our every move... .. 13 It can only be used to monitor traffic..... 7 It tries to trace a pre-determined number of suspects.. For questions 1-14... chosen by a B Automatic number plate recognition Metropolitan Police committee. the scenes . the London borough of Newham connected the US firm Visionics' software to cameras covering one shopping area.. Mathieson looks behind do you agree with more? Tell your partner...... Newham has decreased crime rates relative to other boroughs.

we would only be able to say the person was within 35 retain the details of every phone call made.. says he follows a ‘need-to-know’ policy: about a dozen on trunk roads to monitor traffic speeds (its motorway cameras people have access to the exact time and location of cash- use a different system). ranging ‘trawls’ for data) from the DSS and local government 20 Ian Brown. prohibits it from cross-referencing the number plates. “If we were required to give evidence Intelligence Service's deputy head. 25 Unlike Newham's controlled watch list. Whitehead says he fears the worst if the DSS gets wide access.” says John Cross. data. but it may have identifying 15 plate in four . Cash machine usage and electronic card transactions let Agency in Swansea. information is invisible to call-centre operators. and they will pass it on under 10 computer in Hendon and the Driver and Vehicle Licensing order. your network always Protection Acts that stop this infrastructure being used to its full knows roughly where you are. It is only laws such as the 1984 and 1998 Data make and receive calls. access to bank records. he and other bankers are 10 digits off your plate. Trafficmaster's licence Information Policy Research.Unit 04_Upstream (CAE) . That is because mobile phones The government said it had no plans to implement this will not necessarily log on to their nearest base station. When switched on. Third- Automatic number plate recognition (ANPR) arrived in the generation mobile phones will increase location accuracy to 20 UK in 1997.Unit 04 28/01/2011 8:06 ΜΜ Page 75 4 I know your number . The UK has the physical infrastructure for near-Orwellian the call strength indicator on the mobile goes up and you can surveillance. with 8.. the National Criminal numbers of base stations. Weather scheme. head of information security for Co-operative far more widespread plate-reading system. In addition. invasive capacity. Data protection rules prohibit building a bank locate you – or at least your card – with precision at the general databases. Trafficmaster plc. so these systems don't retain computerised time of transaction.for seven years. 75 . each unit transmits its identity. I know how much you spend . Martin 15 The traffic information provider.000 cameras Bank.. 5 in monitoring people's movements. and transmit the remainder to concerned about the social security fraud bill going through the 20 Trafficmaster's headquarters in Milton Keynes. 10 15 network security for the firm. the police national Banks too have location data. head of and every web-page viewed . But. adding that the bank has refused access . But the data will soon become more accurate. we just want to provide Meanwhile. the firm Security (DSS) and its local authority agents wide-ranging gauges traffic speed. This could grant the Department of Social the same partial plate number further up the road. You could find yourself Square Mile.good enough for traffic speeds.. a researcher in computer security at University agents. and believes it is accurate to 100 metres in cities. However. ñ follow ñ forbid ñ flourishing ñ gauge ‹ Discussion ñ intrusive ñ representative ñ accuracy 4 Which of these forms of surveillance seems the most scary to you? Discuss in groups. but not for data. BT Cellnet already uses base-station data to provide traffic Collecting and cross-referencing population-wide intelligence 5 10 news.but College. using satellite-based global that scan the plates of every vehicle entering and leaving the positioning system (GPS) technology. every email sent. how long before such generalised. saying the government could in court.” he says. although has already been suggested.Upstream (CAE) .. The cameras cut the first two and last machine transactions. ANPR checks plates against live databases: Avon & Somerset's vehicle. when the City of London police installed cameras within tens of metres worldwide. However. referenced surveillance is mooted for the material world? ‹ 3 Go through the passage again and find at least Vocabulary Practice three words/phrases connected with the idea of watching somebody. points to an even simpler way to track may not be able to under this bill.. 2 Match the highlighted words in the passage with their synonyms below. cross- may connect to a base station further afield. Trafficmaster says its cameras misread about one "It won't include people's names. owns a Whitehead. They simply alert police if they read a suspected vehicle's As with the mobile phone networks." says Caspar Bowden. the location 5 plate. citizens: examining location data sent out by mobile telephones. as a result. London. mounted system refers to a local list.. the phone logs on to one of those stations.” tabs on you. The Observer that accuracy falls in the countryside because of the smaller uncovered a memo by Roger Gaspar. Base stations I’ll see you again soon . the director of the Foundation for 25 criminal investigations.. By watching for House of Lords. your network will be keeping extremely accurate them with a safe environment. But with the political parties scuffling to appear conditions. Last December. A police spokesperson says: “We're not interested getting text messages advertising shops you are passing. 5 within range reply. local topography and cell congestion mean a phone toughest on crime. kilometres of a given location. “We've been the subject of fishing expeditions (wide- I know where you are .

... Do you wish me to grant you legal aid for a lawyer?” their city or county of residence.. Match the words with their meanings 3 a......... “Never mind a lawyer..... is the most serious by far because . the inmate was released on ……... is effective in that it restricts your right to ‹ Workers in the Legal System do something that you normally take for granted..... use the words in your own sentences. the 10 mugging j holding sb against their will in order to gain sth young teenager was let off with 11 libel k illegally entering sb’s property a …………......Upstream (CAE) .........” 8 ……... partner... b. B: I agree...... as in the 2 prosecutor 6 barrister example. say what the following people do.. imprisoned for life.. the judge sentenced the A: I feel that . discuss which punishment from Ex..... after having served only a third of his sentence..... 3a would be suitable for each of the 1 judge 5 solicitor crimes from Ex. hunting 4 manslaughter d leaving rubbish in a public place permit) ñ prison term ñ probation ñ court warning 5 vandalism e publishing lies about sb ñ parole ñ capital punishment 6 littering f gaining money through dishonest means ñ community service ñ fine 7 fraud g unintentionally causing sb’s death 8 slander h crossing the street in the wrong place 1 Because she was a minor 9 loitering with intent i remaining in a public place without an obvious reason without a prior record. .Unit 04_Upstream (CAE) ..............…..…... 1a.….... 5 Many say that imposing a ……...…. I think they should be ñ The judge sentenced him to two months in prison. discuss the seriousness of the crimes above. complete the sentences by A B filling in the gaps with words and phrases from below. 1 murder a planning and causing the death of sb 2 embezzlement b stealing money from the company where you work ñ revocation of a privilege 3 jaywalking c destruction of public property (eg driver’s licence.. b.. 6 The actor was ordered to do sixty hours of .. 3 Considering his long criminal history.. on people who speed is an inadequate form of punishment.……............. You be the judge. ... Just get me a couple of witnesses.......... B: Really? Actually I think .…... thief to a 10-year …. after being arrested for fighting in a public place............ Using a dictionary if necessary. 76 ....…....…. With a Then.. is even more serious because ..…. “Do you have a lawyer?” 7 It is forbidden for those on “No. etc 4 Due to good behaviour. to leave “This is a serious case.....Unit 04 28/01/2011 8:06 ΜΜ Page 76 Language Focus ‹ It’s a Crime ‹ A Fitting Punishment 1 a. court of law. 12 kidnapping l robbing sb in the street 2 The US is one of the last 13 trespassing m publicly lying about sb countries in the Western world which still imposes …............. for murder...…........... . 2 Using a dictionary if necessary... 3 constable 7 Justice of the Peace 4 probation officer 8 juror A: I think that if someone is found guilty of murder they should be sentenced to a very long prison 1 ñ A judge is a legal professional who presides over a term...” ……... In pairs.

..... unavailability / rarity / shortage) nowadays........... Below are extracts from each charitable organisation’s mission statement.. W authority on name the 5) . disasters and emergencies. ‹ Words often Confused 5 Underline the correct word. 3 He is known to (order / run / control / handle) 8 The board held a meeting to discuss the future (way / challenges at work with unique professionalism.Upstream (CAE) . to m and a shared 6) and productive..... believe wildlife belongs in the wild and we are 4) ........... line / plan / direction) of the organisation...... Look at the logos of some British the words given.... 77 .... hardsh dvantages of so ips........... ies. We work with 5 local communities overseas to help them prepare for 7) .. Then fill in the gaps with 4 a... in dealing with the aftermath F We 9) ... 5 There has been a dramatic (change / turn / switch / 10 If you take regular exercise..... while assisting local 8) .... e are a ageing -rel at ed issues...... ... Can you guess what each one does? ñ represented ñ pressure ñ committed ñ potential ñ leading ñ vision ñ charities ñ authorities ñ aim ñ suffered A one of the UK's biggest and most diverse 1) .. charitable organisations. Are there similar organisations in your country? What do they do? How important is their work? Discuss in groups.. the world's largest independent humanitarian organisation... your body (practises / serves / swing) in the public’s attitude towards borrowing from functions / exercises) more effectively. nd en t ch ar ities with a shared er 400 indepe yable E federation of ov ak ing la ter life fulfilling.. c. 6 to improve the young people lives and prospe who have 10 cts of difficulties or disa ) . me kind.... and one ......... can nevertheless result in gaining out of sight.... group of the s in the UK.. (though / yet / even / still) not as photographs should be (covered / packed / kept / held) harmful as animal fats......... weight. 2 The plans for the new shelter were abandoned because 7 Ted went to the police and handed in the money he a (right / due / suitable / valid) location could not be found in the street.. 2) .. Match each extract to a logo. B We provide over 60 different services for over 2 million 1 people with serious sight problems throughout the is the largest international in the world network of e ... saying what words/phrases helped you decide. banks..... to D 3 the conservation of rare species in their natural habitat..Unit 04_Upstream (CAE) . honest people like him are a (scarcity / found. enjo 4 ... down the street....Unit 04 28/01/2011 8:06 ΜΜ Page 77 4 ‹ Charity b. 1 The company’s plans to build a new factory in the area 6 The witness said that he heard two shots being (thrown / (produced / developed / raised / originated) a very aimed / pulled / fired) before seeing two men running strong reaction from the public. nvironmenta C 2 leading enviro in 68 countr l groups nmental 3) ..... and the phasing out of traditional zoos..... 4 Maria’s boss told her that personal items such as 9 Vegetable fats.........

................................... the blame........ ... Match items from the two columns to form collocations in sentences...... ...... ñ do ñ pass ñ break ñ make ñ take ñ reach ..... you understand Well..... use the correct 7 a..... selling his stolen goods........ an arrest...... live do sth the clock ....... discuss their meaning...... 9 a.... 4 ....... and that England had enough poor people of its own to help........... amends for.. sb with a but waited patiently for the outcome of the trial............... 11 ............... one’s better judgement prevails.. The police have little or no control. 16 .................. hoping for a lighter sentence..... the victim did not ...... but I think I ought to tell bridge the the mercy of the court the whole truth and nothing but the you I’m a politician..... down the law.... 10 ..... 2 .Upstream (CAE) ....... ............. rob Peter one’s own hands make a to pay Paul charity the jungle b..... out of prison................... delinquent .................................... to my phrases................. complete the sentences below. we the taxpayers will end up footing the bill for the new animal shelter that the government is so busy boasting about....... he was arrested (phrases with against) for robbing the computer shop...... / ................... race sb’s wishes 6 My grandad never contributed to international aid go the law groups................. / ... In pairs.. mind simply a case of . using the idioms from Ex...... 9 ............ a fine/ 10 Despite his rage at being assaulted by his employer. win all odds ............ being both homeless and jobless............ Identify it.......... guilty.............. 1 As usual................. 5 ........... the young 1 ... 12 ..... ........ guess what the idioms might 1 legal representative / guide / advisor mean........... 3 . a law............then make sentences using the World Bank to pay off their national debts...................... In pairs.................... one of the three words in bold does not collocate. Now............... Then..... Now.... match the verbs to the phrases with and have unemployed people plant trees in areas against... throw oneself on bill for sth that you have sworn to tell the truth........... penalty... one’s bit............ I’ll do my best...... idioms....... by having its youth group members put ñ pay ñ serve ñ lay ñ commit ñ plead ñ give on shows at the local retirement home..................Unit 04 28/01/2011 8:06 ΜΜ Page 78 Language Focus 6 Make collocations by completing the phrases with 7 Many Third World countries are borrowing from the verbs from the list............ the establishment 5 Vagrants....................... a stand on/against sth... 8 .................. for one’s crime. / .. Do you have similar idioms in your 2 court case / order / discussion language? 3 military / international / native law 4 police power / record / inquiry A B 5 life sentence / jail / imprisonment foot the of society 6 capital / severe / heavy punishment on the fringes begins at home take the law into killing on sth kill two birds with one stone Now................ ‹ Fixed Phrases 2 Soon after the thief .... evidence ‹ Collocations ‹ Idioms 8 In each set. the law of generation gap truth. a verdict. He always said that ............ 6 .................... 7 ................... 14 ..... time in prison......... that have been devastated by fire? 4 In many inner-city areas...... 8 My community is attempting to ..... .... a crime......... one’s principles sb’s advice 78 ............. 15 ................ 13 ... warrant.......Unit 04_Upstream (CAE) . 3 Why not ............. 7a in their correct form............. 9 Knowing that his guilt was obvious....................

Look at the following spidergram.. to .... ñ I feel there’s something to be been prohibited from speaking to a lawyer... ñ job sharing ñ off ñ back ñ in ñ down ñ on ñ over ñ incentives for businesses to hire people ñ away ñ out ñ incentives for the creation of new businesses Discussing the Cause of a Discussing the Result of a Problem Problem ñ It’s clearly/mostly down to . 1 The human rights group is enraged that the ñ In my view.. directly) leads to / causes / but rather of ..... plays a Suggesting Solutions great/small part as well. is an acceptable solution.. ñ It’s partly/largely/entirely due ñ As a result.. but another key factor is the lack of training 5 The government’s decision to cut ….. has a lot to do with ñ We / the government must / it. B: Yes.. ñ homelessness ñ juvenile crime on the number of days that students play truant....Upstream (CAE) . ñ The obvious culprit in this 3 ‘Sorry. ñ I believe .. consequence.. (don’t) . . on funding among the unemployed. People don’t learn new skills and.. ñ I think . 8 The board of education’s aim is to cut . closing down.... 11a for the . from hunger because If we don’t try to change that.. following issues.... 7 Please place your donation in the basket and pass it b.... ñ If we / the government passed . for state-run clinics met with widespread B: You’re right... add more your better judgment? items to each section. . 6 The beggar passed . 2 My sister..................... ñ Inevitably. .... then discuss them in groups. a renowned philanthropist. In pairs...’ 4 The billionaire.. when I was little.. etc ñ businesses closing ñ family breakdown down ñ low self-esteem ñ computerisation ‹ ñ debt Phrasal Verbs ñ tight budgets for ñ loss of property Appendix 1 companies ñ poor quality of life solutions 10 Fill in the gaps using a particle from the list.. should ..... is / are to ñ A lot can be achieved by .........Unit 04 28/01/2011 8:06 ΜΜ Page 79 4 b.. .... don’t feel that simply giving money to poor farmers the situation. too. ñ The main reason is . employer to court for discrimination after being blame..... What causes results about you? ñ lack of training ñ poverty A: Yes. Ask and answer questions. I really ñ . I have. then .... .. said for .. left all A: I think unemployment is mostly down to so many businesses his money to charity when he passed . ñ retraining schemes Then explain the meanings of the phrasal verbs... Some friends persuaded me to discuss the problem of unemployment...... brings about ....... ñ This (often / invariably / ñ It’s not so much a result of .. ñ third-age loneliness 79 .... ... for promotion three times. prisoner has been cut off from his family and has ñ A key factor is .. When I was ... would (greatly) alleviate case is .. to ... Draw spidergrams like the one in Ex. who is very highly qualified. he hadn’t eaten for two days. .. it becomes very difficult for them to find a job.. as in the example....... ‹ Communication: Discussing Problems/ Offering Solutions A: Have you ever done anything that was against 11 a. then ....... Using language from the box.. and I got caught and severely punished... took her ñ I feel that ..... is / are ñ One way forward would be responsible for ... but if I could just cut .Unit 04_Upstream (CAE) . as a disapproval.. / consequence.

Before you listen. Parentline Plus publishes a 8 containing information about their helpline. c. Steven points out that. people in Task 1. Where do you stand in this debate? Should serious driving offences be punished with imprisonment? Discuss in pairs. legislation. in pairs. 5 . How useful do you think this helpline is? Would you ever call a helpline? Why/Why not? Discuss in pairs. complete the notes below. 1 What are the responsibilities of a driver? 2 What do you think are the main causes of road accidents? 3 How can road accidents be prevented? 80 . Before you listen. 5 . predict what information is missing. less than 30mph are 4 . Listening – Part 1 fill in the gaps with the missing information. 4 of experienced people form the Andrew suggests that. For questions 1-8. that aim to help care-givers. look at the list of introduction of a new law. The helpline is available at no cost and is accessible He argues that existing signs directing drivers to slow down to 2 hours a day. For questions 1-8. Most crashes that involve bicycles or people on foot are caused by violations of the 2 limit. or more each week giving advice over the phone. What social issues do you think discuss the following questions. Most people taking advantage of the service have never voiced Stephen suggests that drivers should go to jail for their 3 before. Notes for Parentline Plus Talk The telephone helpline is one of 1 Andrew is generally opposed to 3 when it comes to punishing drivers for speeding. the speed There are 7 call centres situated limits should be 8 . outside of England’s capital. in order to sensitise drivers. according to 1 . the 6 should be Parentline Plus is in need of male volunteers from non-English improved. Andrew argues that.Upstream (CAE) . Use a 1 a. helpline. b. You will hear a radio discussion about the issues. rather than introducing new foundation for helpline. approximately a third of accidents occur because of speeding. Stephen states that the number of traffic police Helpline operators must spend 6 7 in the last ten years. You will hear a short talk about a volunteer maximum of three words in each gap. go through the notes and. Now listen to the recording. c.Unit 04_Upstream (CAE) . Now listen to the recording.Unit 04 28/01/2011 8:06 ΜΜ Page 80 Listening & Speaking b. Before you listen. Listening – Part 4 Multiple-Matching Task Listening – Part 3 3 a. You will hear five people talking about social 2 a. they might be particularly concerned about? Discuss in pairs.

match the extracts as you hear hear them with the people.. listed A-H. them with the topics. listed A-H. c Oh dear! ñ In my opinion.Upstream (CAE) .. and Y are particularly important because . how could you help? 4 What part can the elderly play in the family/community? D C 6 Listen to two candidates doing the speaking tasks above and compare their performance to that of your classmates. Use the language in the box to help you.. ñ If there weren’t any Xs. B 1 Who has helped you most in your life? 2 What can we do in our daily lives to make our city/town a better place to live? 3 If there was a disaster in another country. Talk to each other about the type of help being given and why you think it is necessary. Task1 Task 2 For questions 1-5. b Bad luck! e That’s awful. B: What a pity! 81 .. A a politician 1 A unemploym ent B a security officer B healthcare 6 2 C an army officer C civil liberties D a student 3 D shoplifting 7 E a journalist E public trans port 8 F an actor 4 F juvenile delin quency G a novelist G education 9 5 H a doctor H mugging 10 Speaking – Part 3: Evaluating ‹ Helpers Students A & B 4 Look at these pictures showing people who help others in different ways. items you will not need. Listen and do the two tasks... ñ I think that X plays a vital role because . There are three There are three items you will not need.Unit 04_Upstream (CAE) . Speaking – Part 4 Students A & B A 5 Discuss the following questions together. A: John broke his leg and now he has to cancel his holiday. match the extracts as you For questions 6-10. decide which two play the most important role in the community.. Assess your classmates in terms of: ñ grammar and vocabulary ñ discourse management ñ pronunciation ñ interactive communication E ‹ Everyday English ñ Commiserating Useful language: Evaluating ñ They all have a useful contribution to make. a What a pity! d I’m so sorry. Then.Unit 04 28/01/2011 8:06 ΜΜ Page 81 4 b. X is of lesser importance to the community because . guess and say what the other speaker says. but perhaps X 7 In pairs.. then .

The magistrates. and when he goes business. during the lunch break. A little later. 2 a man is charged with brandishing a ‘bladed article’ (a But it's all traffic: driving without due care and attention.30 on a Sunday morning he's on his way to work in south London. before and will never see again. not one of them intended to get off the conveyor belt of human weakness and misery. Magistrates courts hear more than 95% of criminal cases in Britain.some ancient statute dock. Out when the car stalls as he is crossing a dual carriageway. mitigation. no one in south London bothers with insurance. Read the article. the drunk. My mind is totally red and gleaming heads. having conferred. as the afternoon wears on. The first female defendant of the day fines in Britain are never paid. the brawler.30. the traffic is at the rate of í10 a week. too. past Sainsbury's and up This is highly dangerous. The English magistrates 3 court is the ultimate unedited soap. wanting this to be over. At 7. they might have turned up for a game signals. driving to clear the ice from his windscreen. ñ assault ñ traffic fine ñ attempted murder ñ mugging ñ shoplifting ñ driving whilst uninsured ñ domestic violence ñ illegal gambling ñ manslaughter 2 a. But I decide that The lad with ‘One Nation’ on his jacket is ushered into the there's probably a law against it . I pass the 1 woman magistrate.Upstream (CAE) . One-third of more than traffic.. I wander out. put out for free in every large town and with the same stock types . everything's done. Asked if there is anything he'd like to say in her duty . and the sporty young men have come to plead their guilt or innocence. however. he shrugs and mumbles. I wouldn't jump them. He thinks it was door. You will read an article about a day in a London magistrates court where minor offences are dealt with. by this time." of five-a-side. though he says he used it only driving a vehicle with faulty brakes or bald tyres. Six paragraphs have been removed. With their trainers. a tricky case because the items were found about her person but she hadn't left the store. kitchen knife) in the street.Unit 04 28/01/2011 8:06 ΜΜ Page 82 Reading Reading – Part 2 1 a. "I lost my job. He steps down. But the last case before and again." He 5 shuffles his feet and sighs. Choose which of the paragraphs (A-G) given on the opposite page fit into the gaps (1-6). lunch is oddly gripping: a man who went through a red 82 . there's a squat brick engine again he moves off to be safe. it turns out. Which of the following offences do you expect the court to deal with? Read quickly and check your answers. And though they By 4. track-suit bottoms all a bit unfair: "I'm a train operator. I'm tempted to stop her so we can review the morning's cases together. is failing to pay a traffic fine about interfering with a magistrate in the course of his or of í250. On the evidence of this court. the roadhog . Look at the title of the passage. This will probably be one of appears. without a tax disc or MoT certificate or insurance. building that looks as though it means the lights ahead have turned red.coming round time storey where my car is parked. sweatshirts. so when he manages to start the some steps. relieved to climb plead guilty as charged. His crime. But this is Bexley magistrates court. And behind the wheel while uninsured. A Tuesday morning light.and let her buy her sandwiches in peace. Half a dozen young men are lingering by the through them a policeman pulls him up. but did so only to help yet there's something addictive about it. Blake Morrison spends a day in the public gallery to witness a continuous flow of traffic offences and petty theft.. and why does the writer use it to talk about a day in a magistrates court? Discuss in pairs. order him to pay off the fine Back in court one.Unit 04_Upstream (CAE) . b. charged with the theft of í60 worth of goods from them. In the shopping centre. What is its significance. Morrisons. Courtroom drama? I'd find more drama in the multi. not a 4 leisure centre. There is one paragraph you do not need to use. 6 Especially the last. You find out a sick friend or an ancient relative or a woman in yourself caring about the fate of people you've never seen labour .the thief.

(before gap 1) 83 . is it sensible to remand him there? soon – yippee! – but the defendant. relative urgently needed his help. of course. professional judge would see him off in 30 seconds. D At first. but give taken as a sign of ‘good him an absolute discharge..three rows of wooden benches at the rear. 2 . I He drove a car without insurance look back on my own and doesn't have a licence. the traffic is more than traffic. off in 30 seconds ... Along record . in absentia.. I take my seat in the public gallery . for trial let him go with a modest fine. (before gap 6) ‹ Vocabulary Practice 3 .and I feel like a hardened criminal in comparison. This is what people's justice by judge and jury. the community.Unit 04_Upstream (CAE) . the men I'm seeing this morning are all pillars of 4 Explain the highlighted words in the text. exceeding speed letter of apology to the court: a limits . (paragraph C) 6 . a squat brick building that looks as though it means business. I feel intrusive because the court is misspelt and birthdates wrongly recorded? Where have all so tiny: the public gallery is a single row of chairs behind those missing documents got to? And when a man gives the two solicitors. beyond the roundabout near McDonald's... The magistrates magistrates come in. then compare with a partner. he's E The wonder of courts like these is that anybody. I feel character’ and usually like cheering and follow him out as rewarded with a lighter though acquitted myself. he has written a traffic cones as a teenager.. to judge by British justice miraculously restored. can drop in. Even worse. but he now deeply regrets it. It seems a trial should be under way his address as a pub. Britain are heard in courts like this one.. their solicitors' mitigatory eulogies. ‹ Text Analysis (paragraph G) 5 What do the phrases in bold mean? Explain their use in the context of the article. so he got behind the wheel. The B Articulate and polite. Surely a mugging wouldn't be too much to ask. A case-hardened G I settle down for the next case.. as the afternoon wears on. 96% to 98% of criminal cases in is all about. (after gap 6) 4 .. Why are defence solicitors usually young and Celtic in origin? Where did all those young female clerks of the b. ‹ Discussion 1 ."That's right. discuss what a typical day in Bexley magistrates court is like. the men I'm C My last image is of a barber from seeing this morning are all south London in his early twenties. are traffic offences. for pleading not guilty. the offences to which. 6 In pairs. my faith in penalty.. but Magistrates don't deal with rape and murder. In fact.. (paragraph B) 3 With a partner." They dock him the F An early guilty plea is mandatory three points. he plays it perfectly. (paragraph F) 7 Surely a mugging wouldn't be too much to ask. rest of us. isn't there. Still. find at least five words/phrases in the article 5 A case-hardened professional judge would see him which are associated with courts and trials. pillars of the community. and one of them and a stern-looking Asian woman of 35 or so. a few things are baffling to a fly on the wall like me. No robes or thinks he knows the road where the wigs: these are laymen dressed much like the incident happened . whatever motive. disappointingly. he plays it perfectly. to climb off the conveyor belt of human weakness and misery. Discuss in pairs. where a court learn to be so bossy? Why are so many surnames district judge is sitting. two flush-faced chaps in their 50s are sympathetic.Unit 04 28/01/2011 8:06 ΜΜ Page 83 4 A Back at the courthouse I head for court three. Underline the parts of the article which helped you decide on the missing paragraphs. hoping for more action. the three magistrates enjoy a wonderful performance and anything serious or complex is referred upward.nicking those with his guilty plea.Upstream (CAE) .

................................. broken glass................................................. a sphygmomanometer.... .................................................................................................................. 5 He wasn’t allowed to buy it......... he never ............................ 9 The papers were stuck together ............................................................ .................. mud............................. words where necessary) to complete the sentences................................................... 6 Blood pressure is measured ......................................... .............................. we won't be able to watch the match........... 10 Someone has thrown the report away................................. otherwise we won't be able to cut the grass............. ............... 3 Everyone knows that smoking is dangerous........... means of a console................. decorated............ 3 He ............ 7 I don't think there's any chance of .. 1 The stadium was packed .......................... He's very stubborn.................................. There is an example.. 1 Which painting did they eventually choose? 1 Once you get him talking about computers................. stops..................................... 5 I normally have a party on my birthday.. 8 Don’t let yourself be discouraged by her negative ....... to lend us the money.................... 9 They made him show them his ID card............ ................. 7 The thief was eventually cornered . Thomas Edison....................... 4 See if you ................................Unit 04 28/01/2011 8:06 ΜΜ Page 84 English in Use The Passive The Causative Grammar Reference Grammar Reference 1 Turn the following from active into passive or vice 3 Use causative structures (along with your own versa................................................... 5 The machine can be operated ..................Unit 04_Upstream (CAE) ........................................................................................ ......................... .......... 8 We must .. and looks like a punk-rocker..... 10 The boy’s face was covered ... 9 Unless we ....... ....... ....Upstream (CAE) ............................................................................. 7 I don’t like people laughing at me......................... 2 They’ll change the arrangement again... 4 She must pay this bill on time........................................... excited fans..... this year....... 4 The window was broken ............... attitude......................... two policemen..... ... this afternoon.......................... a brick thrown by a hooligan................. Smoking is prohibited in the corridor.................................................................. but .. 6 Will they be made to leave? ................................................................... glue. 6 I didn't recognise Jane................................................................................... by ................................................................. 84 ......... 10 What bad luck! That's the third time Joe ......... 2 Fill in the correct preposition.............................. expand them into full sentences using the passive................ ............................. 8 As he was climbing the cliff he was hit on the head ........................................................... so now he has to take the bus to work.... 3 The victim was probably stabbed ....................... ........................ a falling rock. by the electrician................................. 2 Most people believe that the light bulb was invented .................... 11 Will they appoint him as the new chairman? .......... 2 We are ............ 12 The man is thought to have escaped through the 4 Look at the newspaper headlines/signs below and window.......................... ...............

. Nursing homes..... the new market trends. it brings with it a large number of problems 0) ......8. the chairman went ahead with his plan.... some statistics... meals on wheels and so on all need more investment if we wish our elderly 3) . since it is predicted that state pension levels in the future will not be enough to guarantee a continuation of the lifestyle they have become accustomed to..................... 8 The situation is difficult for the company .. Alfred referred to that the chairman will go ahead with his plan.... is falling on a reduced percentage of the working population.......... ........... 7 The board member ....f.... you shouldn’t eat too much because it is also fattening.... 3 Even though italian food is quite delicious. 7 The thief broke into the gallery and made off with a valuable painting................ 6 For questions 1 to 6... 6 Alfred referred to some statistics so ...... toast bread.... made some unwise investments..................... 1 Can you check the recipe and make sure we have all the ingredients. ... . 10 Instead of using gas. One such problem is 1) .... 8 All the hard work she put into studying has lead to her graduating with honours.J.. ........ Write the correct word in the space provided........... objections the committee poses........... There is an example (0).. 4 Al referred to some statistics in . 2 I made several atemps to reach her by phone but was unsuccessful in doing so...... but in the interim we still have to cope with an expanding older population 5) .... one can be certain 5 In an ..... s medical science progresses... The services needed by the elderly are currently stretched to breaking point......................... the pressure on public funds to subsidise this shortfall is enormous....... members of the committee posing of the policy was blithely dismissed... 9 It’s not neccessary to call before you stop by.............................. his point......................... his point... The gradual but steady trend towards smaller families means a smaller number of people 2) ..... the inadequacy 3 . a who..... 4 Animal rights activists are up in arms over the upcoming seal hunt... members of the committee posed objections...... .............. homecare....Unit 04 28/01/2011 8:06 ΜΜ Page 85 4 English in Use – Part 6 5 Choose from the phrases in the box to complete sentences 1 .... . the buses in our city are electronicly powered.... 85 .................... read the following text and choose the best phrases to fill each gap from the list (A-J) given below.. Young people today are encouraged to start saving with personal pension schemes as early as possible 4) .......... . that the steps they had taken to guarantee an income for their later years 6) .... while trying to address c order to prove e attempt to prove g Although many b who tried to address d as to prove f However many h Despite many 1 ......... ....Upstream (CAE) ........ Obviously........ ..... 2 ... 5 My friend just bought this amazing machine that can brew coffee... .. If a line contains no mistakes....... although living to a ripe old age can only be a good thing.... ..... objections. 6 More recently companies have been requiring job applicants to have various computer skills.. Find the mistakes and correct them. There is an example... we are becoming an increasingly elderly society A and....... ... There are three phrases which do not fit in any gap....... the chairman went ahead with his plan...... and make orange juice! ....... then put a tick (✓) in the space next to it.. A who are discovering too late F in their years of retirement B are unlikely to receive any pension at all G were not sufficient C to live as fulfilled and independent a life as possible H which they thought would be adequate D to pay for the requirements of an increasingly elderly population I to ensure an adequately financed retirement E that the burden of financing care for the elderly J that we have yet to deal with properly ‹ Error Correction 7 In 7 of the 10 sentences that follow there is one spelling or punctuation mistake...... .................... his point.................. .........Unit 04_Upstream (CAE) ...

..... 4) ..... injured............ and to 6) .. Our mission is to act as an advocate on 2) .. volunteers help take animals to public sites throughout the community... term assignments that volunteers can help us with. How YOU can help Many of our programmes and services are 8) ... Pets For People Volunteers assist 13) .. to unfair or cruel treatment...........∞... citizens with choosing and adopting new companion pets. of animals and as a 3) .... that our pets are placed in caring and loving homes.. Mobile Adoption Through our Mobile Adoption Programme......... WE NEED YOU! Funds Volunteers work with the Fund Development Department on programmes and special events to 9) .. such as research 15) .. clerical assistance.. to legal.... C or D) to complete each gap. etc....... for animals. 11) ......... respect for all living 7) ..... or otherwise in 5) .. and are 1) .......... to provide for the well-being of the animals that are abandoned.... graphic design work....... 0 A beyond B far from C outside D ahead of 1 A permitted B allowed C entitled D deserved 2 A side B aid C part D behalf 3 A fighter B defender C keeper D rescuer 4 A subjected B suffered C placed D endured 5 A need B essence C necessity D want 6 A infuse B introduce C promote D campaign 7 A objects B things C souls D bodies 8 A done B run C made D given 9 A gather B build up C collect D raise 10 A efforts B tries C attempts D challenges 11 A look B treat C guard D care 12 A assure B insure C ensure D indicate 13 A old B pensioner C senior D major 14 A short B instant C limited D immediate 15 A jobs B projects C tasks D duties 86 .. Mission Statement We believe that animals have value 0) .. .... economic measurement......... If you love animals and enjoy working with them... to cultivate in the people of our community consideration for the animals whose world we share......... moral and ethical consideration and protection.. ....Upstream (CAE) .Unit 04_Upstream (CAE) ......... .. select the most appropriate word (A... Special Assignments There are often 14) .... B. for the animals on site and help screen potential adopters to 12) . by our volunteers.. money to support our 10) ..Unit 04 28/01/2011 8:06 ΜΜ Page 86 English in Use English in Use – Part 1 8 For questions 1-15.. of their rights..

..... Add prefixes to the words to form opposites. il-............. of any government...... that works to promote recognised human rights............ for the Universal Declaration of Human both adults and children....................................................... Amnesty International is a worldwide Little Moments.Upstream (CAE) ............ -ent ........... 9a...... the only real context of our work to promote all human rights...... Our mission is to undertake children need additional caring adults in their lives. volunteers..... experts agree that... in BBBS is as enjoyable for them as Amnesty International is 13) ............. suspicious ........................... advice -ial.... .... of nationality...........Unit 04_Upstream (CAE) .................... Big Brother or Big Sister.... -ary...... Our service is dependent on our many 9) .. Rights and other international human Youth 4) . in-...... being a 7) ....... befriend ............. Our work is financed largely by subscriptions 0 EFFECT 3 BENEFIT 6 WILL and donations from our worldwide 15) ............ Now choose any six words from Exs................................. ñ read ñ president ñ persist ñ persuade grow ....... within the that all relationships are safe and rewarding..... BBBS works research and action 10) .. ......... rights standards....... enjoys 2) .... accept ............. requirement is a 6) ............ in over 140 countries and territories............... We have a proven track record all of the human rights enshrined in for creating relationships which are 3) .............. ... to make and share in Amnesty International has more than a million some fun with a new friend.................................... freedom of conscience and Although potential ‘Bigs’ are screened and supervised to ensure expression. d... and make up sentences to show their meaning............. Add suffixes to the words to form adjectives............. ... im- 9 a.......................................... -able..... Our volunteers consistently say that 12) ... or religious creed.... -ual... ........ focused on the closely with parents to match every child with a compatible and prevention and 11) ................... and independent it is for their ‘Littles’............... .......................Unit 04 28/01/2011 8:06 ΜΜ Page 87 4 ‹ Word Formation b..................... ........ b and c . Big Magic.. volunteer ............... and freedom from discrimination.............................. There is an example (0)... 1 OPERATE 4 DEVELOP 7 PARTICIPATE 2 VALUE 5 SUPPORT 8 MOVE 11 ELIMINATE 14 PERSUADE 9 REGARD 12 SUPPORT 15 MEMBER 10 SPECIFY 13 PARTIAL 87 .......... to physical and mental integrity........ ... of abuses of the rights 5) ............... ñ common ñ flexible ñ movable ñ emotional ñ pleased ñ probable ñ agreeable ñ patient PERSON VERB ADJECTIVE ABSTRACT ñ legal ñ approachable NOUN NOUN c... political 14) ................... parents aside.......... ñ attract ñ vision ñ residence ñ station ...................... English in Use – Part 4 10 Read the two texts that follow..... dis-......... world in which every person. Complete the table by filling in the missing parts of speech........... ....ive........................... un-......... 8) ... Use the words in the boxes below each text to form words that fit in the same numbered spaces in the text.. for nearly a century. Big Brothers Big Sisters is the nation's most 0) effective youth- Amnesty International’s vision is a service organization and has been in 1) ..

........ answer Crime the questions that follow. this was a successful term. Each section is written as a paragraph...... From: Tom Wheeler.. ñ to ñ agreed ñ in ñ range ñ on You will be given a role (e....... of... They are usually divided ‹ Analysing a Report into sections......... over eighty per cent attendance on average.....g. Write your 3) .... mark ñ A main body with headed sections... we had almost maximum society and your instructor has asked you to compile attendance.... This 4) ... Firstly........... include (e.... 5 In pairs.. in the 2 a. Proposals usually outline a course of action for the future.... punishment....... appropriate phrases from Ex....... fill in the missing word.... 6 all ....... you have been asked to submit a proposal would improve in the near future revealed that over sixty per to the local police outlining what you feel individuals cent of our members were undecided..... In the phrases below. etc.... and including any other relevant information...... there was tremendous 2 What do you have to write? support for the motion and our members voted overwhelmingly 3 Who is the target reader? How formal does your in favour..... paying careful attention to discussed by the society in the last term.... b... 2a.. clearly stating the subjects you have covered.. The second debate 5) ...... 8 unanimously .. A You are the secretary of your college debating chaired by Jonathan Deacon.. it was suggested that banks should cancel debts owed by developing countries. 5 focused ..... To: Mr Simkins. You In the first of two debates.. 3 in .. After the facts were presented 1 What is your role? by Jane Howell and Doreen Rose................... The approach which the society took to this matter was two- fold. For the autumn term we hope to sustain these figures when we discuss the subjects of animal rights......... opinions was expressed a report for the college principal on the main social and a final vote was taken..Unit 04 28/01/2011 8:06 ΜΜ Page 88 Writing: Reports and Proposals Reports and proposals are usually written to present information in formal situations. Conclusion 6 In pairs... with include in each section.......... stricter policing but more lenient report.. urban anonymity and the use of surveillance cameras..... It was 6) ...... A 2) . By far the most controversial issue that we have covered is the crime rate in modern times...............Unit 04_Upstream (CAE) . of. issues.Upstream (CAE) ........... A final vote on the question of whether the situation scheme...... ‹ Interpreting the Rubric Purpose The purpose of this report is to present 1) ... . 7 the ............ ..... choose appropriate section headings in order to answer the question properly.... Then.............. as in the example........ 1 Read the rubrics below... could do in order to reduce their chances of Poverty becoming victims of crime.... It is essential to the statements which follow True or False ...... The model below is the answer to the first A report or proposal should contain: rubric in Ex.......... suggest relevant information that you could 8) ... class participation....... same way as other types of writing.. but the sections are given headings.. Reports tend to be about past events or present situations.. a lively exchange with several future meetings of the society....... In the three separate debates................. Then. James Lawton put forward the should mention any subjects which are scheduled for suggestion that homelessness was a matter of choice....... Fill in the gaps with the ñ An introduction in which the reason for writing is stated. in the last twelve months)........ 88 .. Write a report outlining the activities held by the club 4 members .... the government’s responsibilities in B As a member of your local Neighbourhood Watch this area. In addition.. ... the public.g..... 2 wide ............ suggest appropriate section headings.... with more focus on the 4 What is the purpose of your report/proposal? What does individual........ it was suggested that the problem of debt writing need to be? needed to be addressed on a local level.. members voicing their strong disagreement... in which the majority were issues that you have covered this term.. all.. such Homelessness as conclusions reached. the underlined words and phrases. Principal The conclusion may include a reference to future action........... 1..... Debating Society Secretary Subject: Issues covered in the Summer Term Date: 18 June 20.. You are the secretary of your local ñ favour ñ of ñ main music club…) and specific instructions as to what you should 1 led to.. ñ A conclusion in which the main points are summarised.. that financial counselling the target reader need to know? should be made more freely available to 7) .........

........... Easily the most 3 a...... paragraph like the one above... numbers rise a lot very soon..... underline examples of formal style. ñ the most frequently committed crimes 10 contains language which is suitable for the Principal of a ñ with the exception of ñ a relatively small number college..... Our organisation believes that.... Match the two halves to make complete serious of these include knife attacks............ 2 I would suggest/recommend that ............ c.... On average..... Read the section below and.. ñ an alarming increase ñ offenders as young as 7 is written in impersonal style.. shoplifting and petty theft....................................... 3 One suggestion c most serious issue is poverty. 2 The majority of b is to increase the number of unless we do something quickly........ 7 In the next six months..... reckless driving / driving without a license.......Unit 04_Upstream (CAE) ........ is concerned... there has been a shocking rise in the number of crimes committed.................. of ñ a sharp increase in these figures c. ‹ Formal Style 2 begins and ends like a letter.. ... 6 During the last academic year.... 6 presents the information in short sentences without linking devices... write a formal 4 This problem needs presence on the streets... Now write similar sentences of your own The crimes / committed / most / this age group / vehicle theft / beginning with the phrases given...................... we intend to ... Using the prompts given... ñ What kind of report might the sections above have been taken from? ñ What other sections might it contain? ñ Who might it be for? ñ What would a similar report say about your country? 89 ......................... 4 a.. If we’re just looking at A B numbers....... ..... given....... ñ prompt action is taken ñ in terms of statistics 9 is written in a chatty style... The effect / this / deter others........... which have been done sentences....... discuss how the underlined words and phrases could be 4 consists of sections with headings... In addition.. / magistrates courts / deal with / up to 200 cases / 3 I wholeheartedly support ... ....... in pairs.......... the things that happen most often are 1 By far the a to be addressed urgently.....to19-year-olds b................... In pairs...Upstream (CAE) ............ by kids who are only thirteen........... replaced with the more formal expressions 5 has got paragraphs which start with a topic sentence... we have ........... that 16..... In the twelve to fifteen age group. 5 It has been suggested e are against the suggestion........... What tenses have been used? Why? 12....to15-year-olds Apart from very rare instances... ñ in the near future ñ by far ñ carried out 8 contains passive structures.... however............ The only way / prevent such crimes / severely punishing offenders.... 3 states the reason for writing at the very beginning..... 1 In recent years.Unit 04 28/01/2011 8:06 ΜΜ Page 89 4 The report 1 is written in formal style. which has been put d matters could be helped if forward there was greater police b..... 4 This situation .... Discuss the following: 8 All in all. Majority / these cases / teenagers... driving offences............ 5 As far as ... we are likely to see these people part-time jobs.. there were very few ‹ Sentence Construction crimes committed by children under the age of twelve..... / three cars / stolen each day / people under 20....................

Third Year These include propose. future discussion.. publication every month... the beginnings to the endings.. The future continuous tense e.g. The Present Perfect – to emphasise past actions that are In the conclusion you can: relevant now e. intend. Over half of those questioned have responded ñ summarise the points in the main body favourably to the suggestion.g. hope... According to the majority of people I spoke to. Faulds.Unit 04 28/01/2011 8:06 ΜΜ Page 90 Writing: Reports and Proposals ‹ Beginnings and Endings ‹ Tenses Reports and proposals usually begin with the following: The most commonly used verb tenses in reports and To: . etc. a proposal. The Present Continuous – to describe things that are happening now e.g. etc.Unit 04_Upstream (CAE) . It was felt by all of the members of the project that if 7 All forthcoming / likely costs have been carefully students were to take the above precautions..g. Purpose 6 Cross out the word or phrase in bold which is not This is a report compiled to assess the success of the seminar held correct. Principal Verbs From: Sam Daniels. etc B To: Mr J. probable. crimes committed could be drastically reduced. Then. At least í3000 will be needed.. match throughout the first year..g. It is believed that most of the students regularly read the newsletter. b. the seminar 4 We predict / hope to be in a position to repay the loan can be considered a great success... 8 This experience would / should undoubtedly enable me 90 to further develop my skills. 1 Conclusion 3 Most members of the society read / are reading this The overall response to the event was encouraging.. 5 Less than twenty per cent of those invited have attended / attended the introductory meeting in March.. Subject: .. } (The exact information you include depends on the rubric). e. proposals are as follows: From: . 6 I recommend that these suggestions be taken into 2 Conclusion consideration in any future / potential events. say to discuss global issues. if we could.. Read the following beginnings and try to predict the situation.. that plans should go ahead to organise further weekends.Upstream (CAE) . Now read the following endings and say what 1 Expenses will be closely monitoring / monitored information has been included. look Subject: Crime Prevention forward to. a report.. Finally. Seminar Organiser Hypothetical constructions Subject: Global Issues Seminar e. ñ reassure the target reader Writing about the future In a proposal. or Introduction which gives the reason for writing. expect... Although we are dealing with the situation.. or either.. e.. predict. The first paragraph is usually a short section entitled Purpose complaints are being received on a daily basis.g.. anticipate. 2 We will have completed / be completing the final phase of the conversion by the first of next month.g. We will be closely monitoring 5 a.. etc.g. Date: . we might. Oxley. I have no doubt. you can also end by mentioning the benefits of When writing about the future. this should. Date: 2 April 20.. what will be included in the main body. potential.. We do not anticipate any further Date: 23 May 20. The opinions below reflect the views whether the sentences could have been taken from expressed on the weekend of the 14th and 15th of March.. proposed... events. Most ñ offer a personal opinion of those who took part expressed an interest in similar projects. . forthcoming. giving reasons for your choices. future. These include imminent.g. The Present Simple – to describe the present situation e. possible. forecast. A To: Mrs P. Chief Administrator From: Niall Connolly. the proposed work. expected.... therefore. The work will have been completed before the beginning of the next academic year. the number of budgeted for. The future simple tense e.. this would mean that. Introduction Adjectives The aim of this proposal is to present our suggestions regarding the ways in which students can protect themselves against crime. problems and we hope to meet the deadline as discussed..g. ñ make a recommendation for future action The Past Simple – to report on past actions. the potential profit... The future perfect tense e.. etc e. forecast.. the following can be used: the proposal being accepted. in full by next year...

.. saying which ñ What the Students Say ñ Gambling subjects you think should be included in the new ñ Introduction ñ Crime ñ Environmental Concerns course and why............. 91 ... Many of us intend to take up positions in Crime is something that affects nearly all of us. should be covered in the proposed Topical Issues like you to submit up to three suggestions for consideration.... To my mind.. is a study of world debt.. course? 4 Do you need to mention all the subjects on the list of The college where you study is planning to introduce suggestions? a new course and you have been asked by the 5 Which comments from students could you include in college authorities to write a proposal for the your proposal? How could you put them into your own Principal with your suggestions for what should be words? included in the course.. better understanding of the society we live in.... I believe that very few of us fully comprehend this Thanks.. Then. I am I don’t think I’d find it interesting to learn more about drug abuse – there’s enough information in the media and we can find out from there.. 5) . and the comments you have are not appropriate)... Finch. – it will help us get a job. need you to suggest subjects which could be covered in the course 2) .... complex issue....... So it’s more than just theory knowledge could help to avert a potential ecological disaster....... If we knew more......... we might be able to do investigation is that of the imminent dangers to the something about it. it is vital that we are aware of the latest developments... only comment about ñ Gambling specific by examining the motivation behind offences can we fully getting understand the problem and concentrate on the important a job in industry matters of protection and prevention.... convinced that the running of such a course would be of use to students.......... we’d my opinion........ environment....... write your proposal..... After gathering opinions from the student body... gathered from your fellow students. Furthermore. Read the memo below from the Head of 8 a.Unit 04 28/01/2011 8:06 ΜΜ Page 91 4 ‹ Analysing a Proposal 1 2 What is the purpose of your proposal? Who is the target reader? How formal does your writing need to be? 7 Read the rubric and the reading input below and 3 Which subjects will you suggest for inclusion in the new discuss the questions that follow........... are being increasingly adopted by companies...... so I think lessons commerce or industry and since environmentally friendly policies on it would give us a better understanding of what causes it. I think it would be very educational.... Apart from the specific benefits mentioned above.... Year One Subject: Suggestions for ‘Topical Issues’ Course Subject: New Course Date: 5 November 20...... Principal From: Hugh Jones..... Read the model and fill in the gaps with the Department..... It would be beneficial to examine this subject from the Yes. the list of suggestions.......Upstream (CAE) .. We’ve all heard about the problem of world debt but we really don’t Another area that I consider to be worthy of further know enough about it. say..... A greater understanding of List of suggestions the situation and the reasons behind it could even go some way towards helping to find solutions to this unacceptable situation....... purpose is to study social issues of national and international The information below is in support of three subjects that.. Not only will these subjects be helpful in our future The first three on the list look good but drug abuse and careers.. but I anticipate that they will also provide us with a gambling are minor problems in comparison......... Although we are all very aware of the There is a list of suggestions to choose from... Definitely include ñ World debt these two 3) . If it were to be included as part of the course.......... psychology or sociology... We classes in the college..... The proposed new course is to be called ‘Topical Issues’ and the 1) ......... ñ Crime This is an issue which I feel is relevant to the majority of ñ Environmental concerns students. poverty gap..... using this ñ Drug Abuse ñ World Debt ñ Benefits information.... such A lot of us plan to work in industry but you can’t get a good job any more without a good knowledge of ways of protecting the environment.....Unit 04_Upstream (CAE) ... To: Mr S.... You should write approximately 250 words... and say why you think students would benefit from a deeper One subject that would be a useful addition to the curriculum knowledge of these issues.. on which you section headings given (some of the headings have made notes.... Comments 4) ... in importance. and mention the ñ Drug abuse No – too perspective of...

9. maybe we could finally get som 6 give us 7 what causes it 8 plan to work B Below is a list of the main points which 9 ways of protecting the environment were covered in a recent seminar 10 help us get a job which you attended on major social problems in your country.Unit 04 28/01/2011 8:06 ΜΜ Page 92 Writing: Reports and Proposals b. The following words and phrases were all used in the rubric Class Comments and reading input. the original advertisement from the TV company on which you have made some notes. so remember proposal? and accurate to keep as possible! 2 What is your role? 3 Who is going to read it? 4 What is the purpose of each piece of writing? 5 What does the reader want to know? 6 What information will you include in the first section? in its continued efforts to make realistic programmes.Unit 04_Upstream (CAE) . Now the organisers have asked you to prepare a proposal. Match them to the words and phrases in certain parts of the italics in the model and say why the writer has paraphrased Poverty is a real problem in country. say about human We should be careful what we y for other countries to rights because it would be eas 1 should be included in the course judge us unfairly. them. write the report and the ñ Attitudes towards animals be positive! proposal in Ex. ñ Crime and its prevention. It would be go od for us and could get on the whole coun 1 Do you have to write a report or a this programm try if we it as realistic e. suggesting ways in which some of these problems could 9 Read the two rubrics below and. t app ear ed the city centres. Read the advertisement for the seminar and write your questions that follow. based on what you learned at the seminar. Your English class has been taking part in a project on social issues and your teacher has now asked you to write a report based Alverstoke College on your country. 92 . Summer Seminar July 30th – 31st Read the note below from your teacher. You should write about 250 A A television production company is planning to make a series of words. discuss the be addressed. proposal.Upstream (CAE) . and Among the subjects that will be discussed are: the comments that have been made by your fellow students. invites 7 What points do you have to cover? you to contribute to its forthcoming series entitled 8 Which tenses will you use? ‘Living in the Real World’. ñ Anonymity – a modern disease? Could you plea se put togeth have gathered er the inform from our disc ation we Everyone welcome. 2 heard about in the workplace! Women are STILL not equal 3 we really don’t know enough about y dogs – especially in 4 do something about There’s a big problem with stra on a TV programme. Tell Productions . If tha 5 affects nearly all of us ething done. We are particularly interested in your unit would be suitable? opinions on: 11 What could you include in your ending? ñ Poverty remember to compare with other countries ñ Equal opportunities mention job opportunities 10 Using the information you have learned in this unit. report to send ussions and to Show And write a Come and express your opinion. for each one. use this information to write your report in about 250 words. Then ñ Homelessness – the sad facts. programmes on social conditions in different countries of the world. 9 What section headings will you use? Please send us a report on the current conditions in your 10 Which formal words and phrases from this country and we promise to try to include as many different viewpoints as we can.

...... while in fact they ..... on a weekly basis. there was a scream from downstairs.. A moving C unconditional the achievement award.......... A cover B fix C throw D bridge found there had been poor investment in these 15 ............... the generation gap.. I’d love to come to the understand why she’s so angry......... B guide D leader were about 7.............. squabble and they didn’t make up for weeks......... A come B be C fall D get 1 He was asked to complete the project and hand it in 3 Everything is going well and business is ... on 5 Making personal phone calls during office hours is fishing trips every weekend.... every night............ Britain had more 6 ... They were 14 ... The government defines social exclusion as if what 2 ...... 1 a............ b... 00 ✓ but also to their wider causes and its consequences...............self assess 2 28/01/2011 8:08 ΜΜ Page 93 Self-Assessment Module 2 15 The government has decided to cut . 10 The environmental ... 1 ........ B baffling D invasive 4 When I was young.. reintegrate victims.... group Greenpeace has combination of problems such as the unemployment... but................. 2 Take a penknife with you – it might ............... Child poverty had 8 ....... 6 Peter was too ..... my father ..... by then...... done a lot to change government policies... 4 ................ 11 The young offender was obliged to report to his children growing up in unemployed households over 7 ... 4 I found her attitude quite ............... If you think a line is B dumps D feelings correct.... low income.. throw water on him to bring him . the accused ... in handy.... By the year mid-1990’s. upon where I work... ..... Write the unnecessary A mood C beans words in the spaces provided....... measures to prevent social exclusion and little effort to 16 . A back B round C in D over can happen when people or areas suffer from a 3 ..... put a tick (✓) next to it.. I really can’t 3 Thank you for the invitation............. 12 Deborah won the match against all ... and though there 9 .. the national team were thought to be the A frowned C condemned potential winners.. The Social Exclusion Unit was launched 11 .... (15 marks) 1 It was a ... . probation .. it still ……………….. past failed deprived groups and areas... 2 In most of the lines in the following text there is recently.. B disapproved D criticised on home ground...... 8 Don’t believe John – there’s not a ... poor housing.......... 13 Getting teenagers to assist old people can help to reports which criticised to the way the state had in the 13 . A roaring C bursting unfortunately. ...Upstream (CAE) . B boosting D booming 2 I ........... 5 Last year........ to the lecturer by the following Friday. ................ bad health and family 5 . A chances B hopes C facts D odds by the government in 1997 published a wide series of 12 . A self-aware C self-indulgent B self-righteous D self-conscious Use of English 7 Sally has been feeling rather down in the ............ guilty to all the charges......... How can we cheer her up? one unnecessary word............ suddenly... when...... Complete each of the sentences with a short A strong μ sharp C bitter D sour phrase using the most appropriate past or passive form.. Choose the most suitable word to complete A off B out C back D away each sentence...............self assess 2_Upstream (CAE) .. .000 people sleeping rough in London 10 .. A was C claimed B pleaded D admitted (16 marks) 93 .. A campaign B pressure C power D force breakdown................. on Vocabulary & Grammar funding for education...................... A officer C advisor trebled between 1979 and 1995... 14 In court.. than anywhere else in Europe.. celebration tonight and see Helen ......... to dare to stand up and speak (5 marks) in front of all those people....... of truth in Social Exclusion what he says! A trace B touch C grain D slip Social exclusion is a so relatively new term in British 0 so 9 He was knocked out in the fight and they had to policy – not only referring to poverty and low income....

" Sounds good to me. is refreshingly down to earth. Chris runs a company reason. supposedly clear area in 6| Mozambique. but his own philosophy is all about making involved. He was invited to speak at a you do not need to use. but does not consider himself running his own business? "My mum's cousin had an extremely himself a victim. an experience which. Not only does he talk with an almost agricultural and command evangelical zeal about his desire to empower others to get the best out of experience. B After leaving the army." he set up to help clients solve 4| problems in human resources and His big break could be said to have come shortly after he left hospital. You have to be positive and pursue logic and D At present. It was while clearing mines the best of any situation. get the best out of people." that fear is a state of inactivity. reaching our full potential and making use of our talents. Sandhurst. 39. is he surprised to find arm and leg.G fit into the gaps 1 – 6. so I decided to join the army. not surprisingly. in Cambodia that he was abducted 2| by the Khmer Rouge. "There is no greater privilege than empowering someone to do two years later. but I quickly realised society. He accepts successful dairy business and when I was very young he said to me: 'When responsibility because he chose to you've done all the other things you want to do. Six paragraphs have been removed. although he experience helped him to survive prefers to be called a performance enhancer rather than a motivational when he was blown up by a mine speaker. the Khmer Rouge. He has he was talking to an old friend from primary school who suggested he looked called it Making The Best (MTB)." On graduating from concept of the disabled scrapheap. he was commissioned into the Royal Military Police and also "Lots of disabled people are much served with several infantry units.Upstream (CAE) . Recognising the value of education and feeling that he hadn't "It's statistically proven that those been able to do his best at school. he was keen to get themselves and their businesses. do something I could be trained in but also C He is also keen to challenge the grow as a person. I profound effect on him. while walking in a something they thought they couldn't. run the London marathon shortly after losing their lower right arm and leg in an accident and appeared on the BBC's Parkinson show. large number of conferences and also found that friends with their The making of a hero own companies were asking him to talk to their employees about dealing It would be easy to feel intimidated by someone who has survived abduction by with change. I thought I had no control as I kept thinking what people can do rather than what I can't do anything about this. he felt he Yet Chris Moon. my driving force. even to the point of finding it wanted to do some sort of charity difficult to keep the initial appointments for this interview. set up a business and help work in mined areas.self assess 2 28/01/2011 8:08 ΜΜ Page 94 Self-Assessment Module 2 Reading A After completing the degree he had plenty of job offers but felt he 3 Read the text. where's my will? giving talks on leadership. and when he heard that the superheroes can't be in two places at once. proving that even work. better at what they do than able- 3| bodied people. British charity. It's also about involvement with other people. he decided to do a masters degree in people who leave money to charity security management at the University of Leicester." he says. He says his main aim is to try and motivate people. We need to look at "When we were first kidnapped. He began to do risk management surveys for different companies. live three years longer than those 5| who don't. when security management. Choose which of wanted to keep the focus on charity the paragraphs A . on the accident as an opportunity to do something that would help him grow E Not that he's totally downhearted. He lost his lower right So after all the experiences he has been through. had a "I decided it was about doing the best we can. while Now. But my one thought was never to assume the they can't and have a fully integrated role of victim.self assess 2_Upstream (CAE) . the HALO Trust - 1| which specialises in mine clearance - wanted an army officer with You don't need to speak to him for long before you realise that this is a particularly appropriate title. however grim it may seem. It would have been so easy to give up. That was. and still is. wanted to make a difference.' He obviously had it right." 94 . as a person. There is one paragraph work. dealing with change and the process of F The things he learned from this achievement.

self assess 2 28/01/2011 8:08 ΜΜ Page 95 Self-Assessment Module 2 G After studying agriculture. Discuss the following questions together. There are three items you will not need.Upstream (CAE) . what is life all about?" (18 marks) 1 Listening 2 4 You will hear five people talking about times when they have been lucky. he photographs. decide which two you think pose the most decided to change direction. There are three items you will 3 4 not need to use. Talk to each other about the problems shown in the the homeless. A a street 1 B a flat C an examination room 2 D a restaurant 3 E a remote island F a hotel 4 G a museum H a plane 5 5 Task 2 For questions 6-10. During this time. A the speaker obtained b. Look at the pictures showing social problems we now have to work as a volunteer at a centre for cope with. match the extracts as you hear them with the outcome of each incident. Task1 For questions 1-5. Then. asked myself the question. listed A-H. listed A- H. "I serious threat to society and how they should be dealt with. match the extracts as you hear them with the places where the incidents took place.self assess 2_Upstream (CAE) . something valuable 6 B the speaker escaped unhurt ñ What do you think the main cause of crime is in modern society? C the speaker was reunited 7 ñ Do you think parents should be held responsible for their children’s with a friend crimes? D the speaker started his own 8 ñ How do you think environmental problems affect our mood? business ñ Do you believe that society will ever be free from poverty? 9 E the speaker got a job ñ Why do you think the younger generation have less community spirit F the speaker survived 10 than previous generations? G the speaker won some money ñ Do you think the needs of older people are adequately catered for? H the speaker passed an exam (16 marks) (10 marks) 95 . he Speaking decided that the farmer's life was not for him and took a year out to 5 a.

Write your proposal in about 250 words.) by increasing spending 5 Citizenship classes → useful – like a on education and. write a proposal to the Principal of the college suggesting how the extra funding could be used most effectively. the funding of Citizenship courses. Your committee believe that increased juvenile crime rates in the area are linked with a decrease in participation in extra-curricular activities and have written a list of possible pursuits which would interest students and encourage them to take part. in particular. Yours sincerely.Upstream (CAE) . Jackson. You are a member of the Student Union Committee in your college. etc. rising crime rate. 1 Sports Clubs → good to have physical As has been indicated in previous communications.self assess 2_Upstream (CAE) . These courses are to be compulsory for all students in the 16 to 18 age-range (20 marks) and it is envisaged that they will take place following normal lesson time. It is generally school lesson? believed that such courses are the most cost-effective way of tackling social problems through education. You have been given a letter from the local Education Authority with their suggestions on how extra funding should be used to alleviate social problems in the area. thus (Total = 100 marks) extending the time that students will be required to attend college by two hours per week.self assess 2 28/01/2011 8:08 ΜΜ Page 96 Self-Assessment Module 2 Writing 6 Do the following writing task. it is one of the activity responsibilities of the Authority to execute changes to its funding of institutions to 2 Drama Club → develop creative talents come into line with educational and social policy and to respond to the changing needs of the community. HOW TO SPEND EXTRA FUNDS Dear Mr. 3 Cookery classes It has recently been decided to attempt to combat the rising tide of social 4 DIY classes } need to learn practical skills problems in Hampshire (e. I would be grateful if you could let me have your comments on these proposals.g. truancy. Patrick Dawson Chief Executive Officer 96 . Using the information given.

Upstream (CAE) MODULE 3_Upstream (CAE) MODULE 3 28/01/2011 8:09 ΜΜ Page 97 The Way to a Brighter Future UNIT 5 Our Changing World UNIT 6 A Job Well Done 97 .

business-related texts 98 .... ñ future forms ñ book entries ñ conditionals and wishes ñ letters of application. ñ science and ñ technology and ñ job satisfaction technology everyday life ñ the workplace ñ artificial ñ communication ñ attitudes to intelligence technology work ñ advances and ñ space travel ñ employer- inventions ñ technology and employee ñ pros and cons of society relationships technological ñ GM foods ñ unemployment progress ñ future science and technology Learn how to .. ñ In your opinion.Upstream (CAE) MODULE 3_Upstream (CAE) MODULE 3 28/01/2011 8:09 ΜΜ Page 98 Before you start . Phrasal verbs ñ share and justify your opinions ñ send ñ compare and assess ñ take ñ make polite requests ñ work ñ evaluate and select ñ get Practise . what is the twentieth century’s most important technological / scientific achievement? ñ What is your dream job? Why? Listen. Write ... read and talk about .....

Which ones b. Which of these expressions do the speakers use? accurately ñ a hurricane-proof home ñ in the past ñ today ñ in a few years’ time ñ in the old days ñ whereas these days ñ in the not too distant ñ years ago ñ at the moment future 4 Paraphrase the following quotations. discuss your answers. think will never happen? In groups.Unit 05 28/01/2011 8:18 ΜΜ Page 99 5 Our Changing World D A C B Lead-in 1 a. people didn’t use to go out a lot. our servant ñ entertainment ñ work ñ education ñ business may prove to be our executioner. don’t they? 99 . They had evenings at ‘Change is not made without home. eating with friends or watching TV. B: I agree. but I’m not sure it will be for the better. What does each one ñ a thing of the past ñ in recent years ñ by the year 2050 mean? What attitude does each ñ in my grandparents’ ñ recently ñ in years to come speaker have towards technology? time ñ becoming more and ñ years from now Which quotation is closer to your more own ideas? Discuss. for your opinions. How will these changes affect our lives in the future? Which do you think will occur in the next will have the greatest impact on our lives? Which are changes 50 years? Are there any which you for the better and which for the worse? Discuss in pairs. Now. c. inconvenience. use some of the expressions to discuss other ‘If we continue to develop our technology changes to our lives. ñ a manned mission to Mars What changes are they talking about? What do they say about: the past? ñ a vaccine against AIDS the present? ñ an electric car which is as fast as a the future? petrol-powered one ñ a device which predicts earthquakes b.Unit 05_Upstream (CAE) . Look at the title of the unit. that’s true. in pairs. What changes to our world do these pictures represent? Think about: ñ transport ñ natural disasters ñ technology ñ environment 3 Look at the following possible technological advances.’ B: Yes. Listen to some people talking about changes in lifestyle. ñ a computer that can hold a proper conversation 2 a. giving reasons A: I think computers will affect our lives the most. WWII Army General) ñ communication ñ clothes A: In the past. even from worse to better.S.’ Omar Bradley (U.Upstream (CAE) . Nowadays people seem to enjoy long nights in clubs Richard Hooker (British theologian) and discos. Think about: without wisdom or prudence.

c. 25 It is a deadline that has come and gone. Today’s computer scientists divide into two broad 35 camps on the issue of Al. the chatty. Turing published a prediction: by the end of the century. the creation of machines that can think. Yet no computer is remotely close to passing the ‘Turing Test’. You are going to read an article about artificial ñ Alan Turing ñ The Turing test ñ Herbert Simon intelligence. 20 In 1951. But he also believed his proof meant that computers could mimic the action of the human mind. Turing showed. D implies that computers can be too clever. Turing helped to turn his discovery into the reality of an electronic computer. Before reading. computer scientists have been working towards creating such machines. It may not be quite what many were led to expect. a leading UK over their efforts has been a challenge set by a British 10 mathematician widely regarded as the father of Al researcher. outlines his mission research: Alan Turing.Upstream (CAE) . ‘Al’. After war-time work on code- breaking. batty 5 Artificial Intelligence robot from Star Wars. computers would be able to hold a five- minute conversation with humans and fool 30 per cent of them into believing they were dealing with another human being. capable of performing all the tasks of any special-purpose 15 computing machine. C is overused among computer scientists. but then the story of real-life Al is one of misplaced dreams. For over half a century.Unit 05 28/01/2011 8:18 ΜΜ Page 100 Reading b. in theory at least. spending billions of pounds in the attempt. Now scan the text to find information about the Reading – Part 3 following. 1 a. Just the mention of it conjures up images of HAL. The pragmatists see Al as a means to creating machines that do for thinking what engines have done for physical labour – taking on tasks we humans would prefer not to do: spending endless hours scouring heaps of market data for trends or 40 100 . the all-too intelligent computer in 2001: A Space Odyssey. Al is already here. in pairs discuss the ñ AM ñ Christian Goldbach ñ Deep Blue following questions. Read the article carefully and answer the 1 What tasks can robots do now? questions that follow. What went wrong? Why has no one succeeded in creating Al? In fact. It is one of the most evocative phrases in the lexicon The Search for of science: artificial intelligence. along with huge amounts of funding. During the 1930s. bitter feuds and grant-grabbing hype.Unit 05_Upstream (CAE) . and C3PO. hospitals. that a ‘universal machine’ could be built. 2 What famous robots do you know from science 1 According to the writer. Check with your partner. factories – even our own home and car. that are able to think as we do? Should we try to? B makes us think of machines from sci-fi films. And hanging Robert Matthews. 30 airports. the term ‘artificial fiction books or films? intelligence’ 3 Do you believe that we will ever create machines A is missing from some scientific dictionaries. earning its keep in banks.

101 . In groups.Unit 05_Upstream (CAE) . discovered that every even number greater than four 4 What are ‘visionaries’ and ‘pragmatists’? seemed to be the sum of two odd primes. 6 According to the writer. B It is not to be trusted. D creating computers for entertainment purposes. mathematical discovery came to pass 20 years later. D enabled it to win games like chess. Even now. design a robot of your own. theory. It is the 50 pragmatists.Upstream (CAE) . B was greeted with excitement by AI researchers. A went against 18th century mathematical C do not agree about the aims of AI development. and trying to bring the sci-fi image to life. 55 the results can be more irritating than impressive: witness ñ time limit ñ disputes ñ groups Microsoft’s Paperclip Assistant. it is the visionaries who have done most to get Al research on TV shows such as Tomorrow’s World. even see Al as the route to understanding the workings of the human mind. C It is an impressive development. still wedded to Turing’s challenge A inventing a computer to beat the Turing test. Paperclip assistant? B computer research needed more funding. In pairs. program B are making our dreams come true. 50 years after work began ñ creates in the mind on intelligent machines. addressing far more basic issues in Al – like convincing computers Present it to the class and explain its 80 to hand over the cinema tickets you’ve paid for. visionary Al researchers working away from the mainstream have pulled off some striking achievements. to see in the future. In fact. 5 a. A It is a very helpful device. 3 Computer scientists today 5 The discovery made by Lenat’s computer A do not distinguish between sci-fi and reality. only the bravest customers trust the ‹ Text Analysis automated telephone ticketing system at their local cinema. however. D are spending far too long on AI research. 2 Match the highlighted words in the passage with their synonyms below. when a logic- based program named AM. For many in the ñ homes ñ travel ñ medicine ñ finance mainstream Al community. and the Al-based ‘help-desks’ of ñ publicity ñ imitate ñ trick ñ achieved some high-tech companies. D It is rather annoying. There are some who C improving computerised services in daily life. C computers would eventually replace human beings. 60 Even so. however. function.Unit 05 28/01/2011 8:18 ΜΜ Page 101 5 2 Turin believed that 4 What is the writer’s view of the Microsoft A computers could copy human thought processes. beating the Turing Test is viewed as little more than a party trick. C showed predictions about AI to be false. mainstream AI researchers think is most important? Then there are the visionaries. AM had been How does their approach to AI research pipped to this discovery by the Prussian mathematician Christian differ? What have they each achieved? Goldbach in the 18th century. for example. For them. nevertheless the rediscovery of Discuss in groups. discuss what applications when IBM’s Deep Blue computer beat Garry Kasparov. Al is all about B developing computers to become chess computerised ‘assistants’ that solve your printer problems and champions. 45 cheeky-chappy robots that talk to strangers. Think about: 75 Most likely it will be one of the Al visionaries who finally creates ñ education ñ work ñ entertainment a computer that passes Turing’s 50-year-old test. They are hard at work b. developed by Douglas Lenat at Stanford 65 University. or the expert system that vets credit card transactions. the greatest of artificial intelligence you would like human exponent of the game. ‘Goldbach’s Conjecture’ by AM caused a stir within the Al 70 community. Simon’s prediction that a computer would become world chess ‹ Discussion champion also came to pass – in a manner of speaking – in 1997. Herbert Simon’s 1957 prediction that a computer would make a 3 What do the underlined phrases in the text mean? Discuss in pairs. D computers might be used for immoral purposes. When current Al technology is pushed closer to its sci-fi image. who have got Al out of the door and into successful applications: the neural network cooking controls of ‹ Vocabulary Practice microwave ovens. what do many scanning piles of medical images for signs of disease. Without doubt.

.. discuss which of them ‹ Technological Downsides will become obsolete over the next twenty years.. 2 The recent increase in ……. sentences showing each usage...... telegrams) anywhere within the country and abroad...... everyday context....Unit 05 28/01/2011 8:18 ΜΜ Page 102 Language Focus ‹ Advances in Technology ‹ Computers 1 a...……. and what do they mean in the context of computing? Make 1 My new cellular phone allows me to send (faxes... the unsightly …….. 2 Don’t forget to turn on the (printer... than sit down to a meal with their family.….................... What do the following words mean in an sentences...…. 6 You would be quite astounded by the number of 1 Do you own a computer? Do you have access to the (satellites..... ñ load ñ navigator ñ update 3 The advent of (endoscopic surgery..... and other debris...... 5 Many teenagers would prefer to go out with their friends for ……. 5 Has your computer ever had a virus? What did you do? ñ medical ñ information technology ñ space 6 Do you think computers are a good or bad thing? ñ industrial ñ energy ñ electronics ñ communications 2 Look at the pictures........ What do you think they will have been replaced by? 4 a. in pairs.... 4 We live in a …….. ñ The computer crashed unexpectedly 5 Factories which rely on humans working on and Mike lost all of his work. space capsules........... text messages...... Underline the correct word/phrase in the 3 a.. diesel) powered use it for? vehicle be safe. 3 After little more than forty years..... 102 .. Describe the procedure to your partner....... ñ web ñ wallpaper ñ mouse antibiotics) has greatly reduced the post-operative ñ wizard recovery time of most patients....Upstream (CAE) . it would also make use of one of the 3 Do you know how to download/delete files? planet’s greatest natural resources..Unit 05_Upstream (CAE) .............……..... B: I agree and I think that they will have been replaced by .…..... modem. where we find it easier to throw away something that is broken rather than get it fixed. (assembly lines.... A: I feel that over the next twenty years........... What fields of technology are the sets of words happened? related to? Choose from the list below. solar. contents of your trolley and total up your bill... we have seriously polluted the final frontier with ... 6 Looking out the aeroplane window I could see that .. in the area can be explained by the new automated car plant that has just opened. telemedicine.. will become obsolete...... ñ stressful lifestyle ñ traffic congestion ñ urban sprawl ñ extreme weather changes ñ nuclear power ñ fast food ñ unemployment ñ impersonal service ñ biological weapons ñ space junk ñ GM foods ñ consumer society 1 I’m terribly sorry I’m late but traffic congestion in and around the city just keeps getting worse. crash: ñ Alan crashed his car into a smart cards......... of the city had spread far into the desert.. ñ crash ñ terminal ñ hack monitor) if you want to go on-line.. ask and answer the questions...... personal organizers) to read the lamp post.……. processing b.... 4 Supermarkets of the future will make use of (scanners......... 4 Have you ever crashed your computer? What b... conveyor belts.. In pairs... equipment) are becoming a thing of the past... Now............. ........ Fill in the gaps in the sentences using words/phrases from the list below....... landing craft) orbiting the Internet? Earth.... 2 How often do you use your computer? What do you 7 Not only would a (nuclear.........

there keeps me going back to my local market... The sentences below contain nouns that begin automated stage/research with ‘out’.. Match the underlined words with new age warfare/era their meanings.... 8 The telecommunications company recovered its are far more resistant to scratching than records.. would be a success... as you can see. Which are caused indirectly? Give reasons... 2 Professor Smith has recently had his findings 5 From the outset...... sentences...... 5 Supposedly.. use the collocations to complete the the workplace was not what I had expected........…. District...... 12 ……..... .. computer language... initial outlay after only two months in business...... to suffer from both mental and physical ailments.... ………......... hearing aids – it’s so small Does it work well? 11 The …….…. sentences...... discuss which of the problems described in the sentences from Ex....... it is still 6 Her feeling of outrage was further increased by the at the ………... Explain the following verbs........ the use of conventional weapons and traditional 7 An outbreak of a new strain of flu has medical battle strategies...………...………........ caused her those new silicon chip That’s great..….. must be clearly marked........ the ……..... Bill Gates was confident that his published in a prominent ……….....……. 4 Let’s see if we can get some information from the MIR. b......... B: That’s true... American space programme doesn’t appear to be particularly positive.. BASIC..……. fact that he had broken off their engagement via 4 ………..... A: I believe that traffic congestion is a direct cause of technology because it has given us the means to mass-produce cheap vehicles. 6 People looking for meaning in today’s confusing modern world often immerse themselves in ...... the outlook for the make up sentences of your own.. then use them in may be lower....Unit 05 28/01/2011 8:18 ΜΜ Page 103 5 7 Although the prices at the new shopping complex b. we’ve been you can hardly see it..…..... 3 This is the product prototype............ 4a are caused directly by technology...…... . was supposed to last for five years. ñ outgrow ñ outsell 9 It is well known that many countries are hiding stores of potentially lethal ……........….. ..... 1 Originally. ... 103 . Half past seven..……..Unit 05_Upstream (CAE) .....………... but . could be extremely dangerous if it were to fall into the wrong hands.....……..……... experts both confused and worried............... etc ‹ Collocations 6 a.............. 8 The government has refused to pass a law which ñ outdistance ñ outdo ñ outsmart ñ outrun states that all …...... ...…….....…….... ‹ Build up your Word Power (nouns beginning with ‘out’) A B technological inquiry/journal 5 a... or DVDs as they are called...……. In pairs..... Now.............. .. has put an end to email......Upstream (CAE) ....... Match the adjectives to the pairs of nouns to form collocations... having are wreaking havoc on crop production in most parts of the world. scientific factory/appliances high-tech voice discs/camera ñ anger ñ result ñ costs ñ epidemic ñ excursion experimental exploration/station ñ shop ñ beginning ñ future space philosophy/travellers digital gadgetry/industry 1 The last thing we need in this city is another fast food outlet! 2 The outcome of the heated debate on technology in b...... Use the remaining collocations to 3 If things continue as they are... I’ve just bought one of 10 Her ……. the Russian ………............. but in fact it Internet before we plan our outing to the Lake remained in operation for fourteen.............

we have to keep up with modern trends.. 2 .. recycling seemed quite bothersome. from Ex... 10 Following his advice will do you a lot of advantage/good/ 6 Before I agree to anything. 2 Anyway. 3 The company offers a group/collection/cluster/range of ñ in brief ñ in light of ñ in private ñ in person word processing packages.......... experimental work..... fund the upcoming programme. doesn’t require that much intelligence to install a 7 I love entertaining people.Upstream (CAE) ..... 9 This machinery is rather elderly/unfashionable/aged/ 5 To put it in as few words as possible.. 5 . eventually everybody got used to doing it. 104 .... resign my position as head of research. I believe that what someone does behind 5 One of the company’s major concerns/troubles/cares/ closed doors is really none of my business. an international blind someone clock back conference move with with science be somebody’s of time ‹ Ambiguous Words once in a turn the guinea pig blue moon come down to earth 8 The use of the underlined words in the sentences reinvent the wheel below is ambiguous...Unit 05_Upstream (CAE) . ñ in the long run ñ in fact ñ in spite of 2 Operate/Push/Vibrate/Effect the machinery carefully. a scientific project. 8 Please keep/hold/take/carry in mind that you must 4 Initially... an important 10 a.. 3 I don’t know why you think he’s so special........ connect to the Internet.... hold. 6 . 1 .. a A B demonstration.... a successful mission......... we’ve decided to supremely trained... 1 Personally..... It 6 He looked very suspicious. In pairs. 3 . the talk on the importance of further space 6 All files are confined/stocked/reserved/stored in cabinets. ñ I’ll leave it out of the freezer for half on hour before we in their correct form. I want to see the contract in gain/benefit.Unit 05 28/01/2011 8:18 ΜΜ Page 104 Language Focus 7 ‹ Idioms Fill in: make...... can I experiment on you by having you try out this new program I designed? ‹ Fixed Phrases (with in) 11 a. Now. Match items from columns A and B to form idioms. 10a. 1 Jeff finally saw the reality of the situation after his ñ I’ll never be able to do it on my own... break a rocket scientist 11 . recent/modern/contemporary/latest years.. eat it.. 1 This is too hard. 4 . 12 . b...... you have similar idioms in your language? ground-breaking research..... a change for the better. provide two it doesn’t take the mould alternatives for each sentence to show the possible stand the test the times differences in meaning.. I’ve decided to outdated. Just tell me in simple terms how to word.. 7 .. evidence of sth.... black and white. 9 .. 7 The company’s personnel is highly/considerably/vastly/ 3 Because of the latest survey results................ 5 Sue.... ñ in writing ñ in any event ñ in case 4 The company’s motto reflects/conveys/infers/proves the owners’ policy.... went along with his new promotion.. Do discovery... In pairs... guess what the idioms might mean... but answer all questions.. software program. 10 . Replace the underlined parts of the sentences 1 A lot of technological changes have happened in below with one of the fixed phrases below. have or do. exploration proved quite interesting.. rewrite the sentences below using idioms.... an important observation.. bothers is to make the product sell in lots of markets.. employer explained to him that extra responsibilities 2 Helen is very fair. 5 My uncle is a very powerful man. 8 .. a life changing experience.. 2 In order to ensure our company’s continued success 4 Michael is a very curious man.... 3 They did not recognise the new chairman. advances in one’s field..... 4 You’re confusing me with all that technological 9 Underline the correct language.. then make sentences.

.. traditional books and will up read books online instead.. especially if ... how would you respond don’t think she ……..…… it .. for Did you know that it’s now possible to send go online and get a personal medical diagnosis? out on Are you aware that telemedicine allows a doctor to A: I agree with the first opinion ‘see’ a patient anywhere in the country by way of video because I think that soon take on (2) links? I’m positive we’re about to witness a drastic people will stop buying in change in doctor-patient relationships.. traditional books will become obsolete pollution that is caused by people and libraries as we know them will be a thing driving to and from work everyday and the of the past...…… and ñ Right. ñ There’s a lot in what you’re saying... using language from Ex.... but . (return) 3 Joe ……. Why/Why not? 12 Match the verbs with the 1 3 particles to form phrasal verbs Why should people and use them.. in the correct spend all that money buying books when they tense. to my new address...… a) cloning animals ...…… ñ In a way you’re right. 13b and c. For example... amount of stress that commuting causes them....... ñ Are you certain about that? (forward) 6 The office manager 1 A: That’s very true because nowadays almost everyone has access to a computer. Read the speech bubbles below which contain various people’s ‹ Phrasal Verbs Appendix 1 opinions about advances being made in technology.…… it ñ Do you really think so? . Look at the speech bubbles again and underline the three ways in 7 Ten of their best officers were which the speakers introduced their opinions... but I think it all depends on . but on the other hand .....…… what he said Partially Agreeing about the engineering project ñ I’m not sure I totally agree. to complete the can read them online? I’m quite certain that When you think of all the sentences below. ñ What makes you say that? could you please ……. 4 After he retired. he ……. discuss how you feel about the following: already overworked... …….…… the fact finding mission. gardening in order to relax and stay fit.. (order) 8 Although the technician was 14 In pairs. ñ That’s very true.... etc the photocopier broke down.... because ... when . ……..... we’ll pay for the postage.. but . (begin doing sth) Asking Someone to Justify their Opinion ñ Why do you think that? 5 If I get any post after I move....…… a repairman when B: In a way they’re right. (understand) 2 If the cellular phone was Agreeing and Giving Reasons damaged when you received it.. because . succeed. ñ Positively.. Can you suggest sentences using the rest of the phrases? 13 a. However . once he realized it would ñ I see what you mean. If you were talking to these people in person. decide which of the opinions you agree with.... B: Oh no.. the additional work b) genetically-modified foods without complaint. ñ You’re absolutely right....... (summon) c..Unit 05 28/01/2011 8:18 ΜΜ Page 105 5 ‹ Communication: Sharing Opinions b. In pairs.….…… .. eventually.. I disagree. 1 I explained to her how the computer system works but I b. (admit to an error) ñ I see what you’re getting at..…… it to their opinions? Use the language in the box to help you...Unit 05_Upstream (CAE) .. …….. (accept) c) computer-taught classrooms 105 . I’m personally of the mind that in a very few back (2) 2 years time most people will work from home. ..... he …. because ..... I believe that ..Upstream (CAE) ...

B he can take it to meetings. Mr Brownlea thinks it will harm the young people and the B it really benefits people.Upstream (CAE) . A You can communicate with someone on the ground. 1 a. He would prefer a new restaurant offering 5 The heat-seeking device is useful for 3 . B never left his office. Listening – Part 4 B It’s rather expensive. C to save time. Multiple Choice Task 2 a. Now listen to the recording. go through the questions and work / study? What is it? What does it do. the speaker Mrs Masters feels that it will be beneficial for young people to A wasn’t keen on computers. He admits that Burger World prices are B producing maps. Mrs Masters argues that preventing the new outlet’s B You can see what would otherwise be invisible. 106 . what points you think might be made for and C for his studies. d. How important is it for teenagers to have a local place to meet? Discuss in groups. 8 In the past. C he can diagnose more accurately. In pairs discuss B for making travel arrangements. 9 Why is the flight simulator useful? A It can function in any weather. of changing food habits worldwide. You will hear five people talking about c. You will hear a radio discussion about the pros 1 The speaker finds his computer particularly useful and cons of opening a new fast food restaurant A for keeping in touch with friends. Is there a device you use daily to help you technological devices that they use in their work. For questions 1-10. B It can prevent accidents. Before you listen. C It can help in training pilots. 10 What disadvantage of the flight simulator does the speaker mention? A It’s a bit small. C It’s just a toy. B to relax more. B rarely go to the doctor. 2 . in a small town called Manley. Listening – Part 3 choose the best answer (A. 6 What advantage of the device does the speaker He believes that fast food chains are causing the disappearance mention? of 5 around the world. The proposed opening of the new Burger World has provoked C live in the country.Unit 05_Upstream (CAE) . This will make older residents feel 8 . 10 of the town.Unit 05 28/01/2011 8:18 ΜΜ Page 106 Listening & Speaking b. 7 The speaker likes his palmtop computer because Mr Brownlea is worried that the new fast food restaurant will A his secretary is inefficient. what difference does it make to your work? Tell How useful do you think they are? your partner. opening in Manley will not 6 C You can set it up in various different places. and in pairs find what devices they will talk about. increase the problem of 7 . A locating cars. Go through the notes and try to guess the A to save money.B or C). 2 Computers have enabled the speaker b. 4 . against the new restaurant. C it stores important information. C catching people. She believes the new restaurant will boost C had fewer things to remember. For questions 1-10. Were your guesses correct? patients who A cannot find a doctor. Now listen to the recording. 1 in the local community. 4 The speaker is in favour of telemedicine because A he doesn’t have to travel. 3 The speaker says that telemedicine is helpful for complete the sentences. c. use Burger World as a 9 . missing words.

. guess and say what the other speaker says. do the following speaking tasks...Upstream (CAE) . saying what message each is trying to convey and who ñ Asking for Clarification the manufacturers are probably hoping to attract. ñ X has been more far-reaching (in its effects) ... I don’t understand.. Compare and contrast the two advertisements. A B Student A d. Which technology is the most useful in everyday ñ As far as usefulness is concerned.. b. X . than .. Compare and contrast two or three of them. is concerned .. B: What do you mean by that? 107 ...Unit 05 28/01/2011 8:18 ΜΜ Page 107 5 Speaking – Part 2: Compare.. ñ The second picture is a better illustration of . Student BB Student ñ They are all useful. Now look at the two advertisements. 5 In pairs. but to my mind picture X . A: This computer needs tuning up.. Look at the photographs below. life? Why? ñ Picture Y illustrates best what most affects our daily lives ... a What do you mean by that? A b Hang on. c Wait a minute.. Assess your classmates in terms of: ñ grammar and vocabulary ñ discourse management ñ pronunciation ñ interactive communication Useful language: Comparing and Assessing ñ X has had a greater effect/impact on . e Run that by me once more.. saying how these technologies have improved our lives and what drawbacks they have.. You have about 1 B minute to do this. than .. What are you saying? d Come again. Student B ‹ Everyday English c. a. Contrast & Assess ‹ Technology Student A 3 In pairs. than . Which of the two advertisements is more likely to appeal to professionals? Why? 4 Listen to two candidates doing the speaking tasks above and compare their performance to that C D of your classmates. ñ There’s not much to choose between X and Y as far as ...Unit 05_Upstream (CAE) ..

.. choose from the the great symbolic moment of man setting foot on the moon.Unit 05 28/01/2011 8:18 ΜΜ Page 108 Reading Reading – Part 1/4 1 a.. of all. waiting USA USSR France in limbo for what must have seemed like an eternity for the safe return of his comrades.. 4 was unable to see the first man setting foot on the Moon? . But..S. ‹ Vocabulary Practice 13 could have been faced with a grim task? . 8 does not give interviews anymore? .. 1969. journey? .. 5 was delayed by a technical problem? . 3 Match the highlighted words with their synonyms below.’ and the astronauts who carved its reputation 30 What is the message Armstrong wanted years ago have faded from popular memory. yet his role in the unfolding drama seemed to me the most answers A-F. but on the other guy.... missed out on 2 a... For questions 1-15... 7 played unconventional music on board the spacecraft? ....... Do the quiz. government? .. then quickly read the article space missions have become ever more intriguing. ñ disconnected 108 .. County Louth.. one giant Today. ‘That’s one small step for man . to send? Discuss in groups.... 1 How many men have walked on the Moon? On July 20... my childish thoughts were 5 Yes No focused not on the two indistinct figures beamed back 3 Which was the first country to send a man from the Moon's surface. NASA is ridiculed for its multiple failures....... . and unyielding blackness. Which parts of the article helped you decide on the 9 was completely isolated during part of his answers? Highlight and compare with a classmate. the collective imagination One Two Twelve of the planet was captured by the grainy black- 2 Has NASA ever tried to send astronauts to and-white images of Neil Armstrong and Buzz the moon without success? Aldrin walking on the moon. Before you read. to check your answers.. for the photographer Steve Pyke... 14 became particularly religious? ....." writes Andrew A – Neil Armstrong D – Wally Schirra B – Buzz Aldrin E – Charlie Duke C – Michael Collins F – Rusty Schweickart Which astronaut ...Upstream (CAE) . look at the following words.. You will read an article about American astronauts of the 1960s. 2 had the opportunity to enjoy the view? .... 10 Michael Collins. the one left into space? behind in the spaceship circling above them. 15 soft earthlight.. ñ mesmerised ñ distinguish ñ problem ñ dishonourably 15 is said to have suffered while doing publicity ñ spoken ñ in a state of uncertainty ñ vivid and moving work for the U. .. On a family holiday in Bettystown. b. 3 captured the writer’s imagination while he was watching the moon landing on TV? ... those once great b.. Report by Sean O'Hagan... You will need to choose some of the people more than once.. 10 warns us that we must protect our planet? 11 is credited with a famous quotation? 12 objected to animals being used? .... "Collins moved through a continual succession of sun-drenched lunar day..... heroic. said by astronaut Neil Armstrong the moment he set foot on the Moon. 1 later became mentally ill? . the astronaut in question.Unit 05_Upstream (CAE) .. 6 later worked on developments connected with space travel? .. leap for mankind. certainly the most lonely.

to some degree.Unit 05 28/01/2011 8:18 ΜΜ Page 109 5 Chaikin. for what must have seemed like an eternity . If disaster had struck Apollo 11 . In Aldrin had an altogether more difficult time: he the event. 100-101) as you can. He was booked into cheap hotels. if I wanted to go higher.. He held on to the had been in outer space. who declined to be outside the craft. and even. friends and fellow adventurers. ". country-and-western recordings. 50-51) 6 Work in pairs.. I realised that. simultaneously.Upstream (CAE) . Charlie Duke. doing maybe object in the entire universe that 15 interviews a day as well as speeches. "I was not interested. (ll. unsuccessful one. holding them up as 60 fragile our earth really is. Apollo 13). (ll. as well as 10 other men who where he was. and. but he did photograph and talk to suddenly had breathing space. from Loss of Signal to Acquisition of Signal. this was the way. he had to wait for five minutes while 90 photographed for personal reasons . Collect as much information 4 ... 62) about space travel today and in the next 30 years 5 . he found that many of the American space experience on Apollo 8 helped 105 pioneers had.. Aldrin. 35 of quotations by John and Robert Kennedy. like Yuri Gagarin before them. lived in the shadow of that moment ever since.. that everything from new launch vehicles to scenarios for Shakespearian pause. By the time he reappeared. Buzz Collins was alone in the Columbia spacecraft for 22 hours. 109 . In all there have been six control for his benefit. after a about going into space in a capsule on top of a rocket. the Dalai off from the moon.. went the other way and set up his had lost the moon-earth-moon link-up engineered by mission own church in Texas. Support your answers with 1 . In your 5 In what ways was each astronaut’s experience own words.. he to a remote home in rural Ohio. as a fighter pilot. before or since. or if it had later failed to dock with the Columbia Lama. million people on planet earth watched and listened. Man On The Moon. "For 48 minutes out of didn't have time to eat all day. It was the ultimate exemplars of the American dream." 110 ‹ Text Analysis ‹ Discussion 4 Look at the following phrases from the passage. 9) examples from the text. first.. I left earth three times and Borman. the landing craft. the tenth man to Columbia had just slipped behind the far side of the moon and he walk on the Moon. 2 . brought a collection say. 55 The last word goes to Frank faster and farther. two during each mission. (l. make out southern California." space on Apollo 8: "My To Pyke's surprise. meet-and-greet itineraries .Unit 05_Upstream (CAE) . While an estimated 600 30 walked on it.. through the vastness and silence of space. the Rusty Schweickart. but nobody really looked was neither black nor white. He asked each of them what space rail of Apollo 9 and .." 20 retreated voluntarily from the glare of celebrity. unsurprisingly. positive? In what ways was it negative? Discuss in pairs. and the death of the greatest of all 40 Schweickart also experienced something that no American dreams.. and prepare a presentation to be given in class. transfixed... had malfunctioned during its take. It Wally Schirra.. As Neil Armstrong stepped on to the new role as a one-man think tank. carry an impossibly heavy burden .. in his extraordinarily detailed and evocative book about after him. time to try and take in the other Apollo 11 astronaut. as he had been trained to. where he lived. if the Eagle."That's one small step for man. It was the only sent out on extraordinary meet-and-greet itineraries. ‘the hippy astronaut’ because he preferred to listen to Reading Chaikin's book brought home to me the full responsibility the Grateful Dead in space rather than the regulation 80 and risk of the Apollo adventures. whose career spanned both the Gemini and Apollo was a life-changing moment.he had just lost his son – nor it was corrected. craft . and they were there with him when he 85 would have had to carry an impossibly heavy burden: the loss of his walked out of Apollo 9 into space.one giant leap for mankind" – the 25 returning to the Moon. It would have been a disaster with implications we other astronaut.glided 95 meant to them and. 38-39) 3 . who journeyed into found no other place to go." then. explain their meaning. Armstrong and successful missions to the Moon (and one 75 Aldrin were planting the American flag on the Sea of Tranquillity. got some interesting answers. technical hitch that occurred just as he stepped Pyke never got to meet Collins.. been treated shabbily me to see how isolated and by the government that was. has: because of a can barely imagine.. (l. "Armstrong was also beautiful. often he the Apollo missions. Below "I was ordered to Washington DC in 1959 to listen to overtures 50 him he could see America drift by. who now fiercely protects his privacy and has retreated 45 quickly and intensely. Please take care of Spaceship Earth.Collins would have had to do the unthinkable: leave his partners He secretly attached them to the inside of his behind and journey back to earth alone. he spacesuit.. Schweickart has. he knew a If Armstrong took his destiny in hand and loneliness unprecedented in human history. listen to overtures about going into space . what he was doing. Walt Whitman and Elizabeth Barrett Browning.. For the rest of his life." 65 each orbit.. lived in the 100 it was added that they would launch monkeys and chimpanzees shadow of that moment ever since. and I lost interest completely when them. like the rest of missions. designing 70 lunar surface . he did not even get to hear the most famous words struggled with manic depression before finding a uttered in the 20th century. and 12 men have but a technical fault kept him cut off." replied while. Later. Instead of working at his tasks Armstrong. known to his compatriots as man closest to those momentous events could only imagine them..for five long minutes . (ll.

.........Unit 05 28/01/2011 8:18 ΜΜ Page 110 English in Use The Future Grammar Reference ‹ Other Future Forms 3 a. 6 I’m leaving in May.......... but I think Alex ...................................................... ..................... in December....... 4 2 Complete each of the following sentences with a short phrase using the most appropriate future 5 form... five years old yet... 2 Unless we do something to persuade him to stay... 2 4 I think I’ll order a pizza......... 11 I’m going to move house in May.. ............ b an on-the-spot decision? 2 You are to remain in this room until your name is c an intention? called over the intercom......................... It ....... (give) your car a five-year test................. I’ .....Upstream (CAE) ......... in my car....... 3a........................ a an offer? 1 Mark is on the verge of a nervous breakdown.... d a plan for which arrangements have been made? 3 Works on the stadium are due to start in July.... ............................................................. c.... but ....... on a business trip on Friday. 4 He has already signed a contract with another company.... But it’s not 5 The last bus went by half an hour ago....... resign from the chair.. 8 I’d love to come to your party.. the verbs in brackets..... (finish) the test......... 10 No point in calling her now....... he is bound to fail the f a personal belief about the future? exam.... Underline the phrases which imply future in the 1 Look at the sentences 1-11........................ (be) by the time I ....... g a time-tabled arrangement? h an assumption about the present? b...... I think it’s going to rain.......... 110 ......... 3 9 She’s about to go out. 3 It’s clouding over.......... e a prediction based on evidence? 4 Unless he works very hard... 8 I think the Rovers will lose tomorrow............... 5 I’ll have finished by 6 o’clock......... ......... ............................ 7 This time tomorrow I’ll be driving to Nottingham...... in the end......................Unit 05_Upstream (CAE) ........... 1 If you want something from the supermarket.. so we still have a couple of hours to wait.......... 1 What time does your plane leave? 2 I’ll carry those bags for you............. if he’s not careful.. Read the cartoon and fill in the correct form of 3 One can never be sure... tell Anna......... to go shopping........ .. ................ Which talks about: sentences 1 to 4..... k an action that will be in progress at a certain point in 1 Roadworks are due to start on 1 May.................. Rewrite the following using an i something that will happen very soon? appropriate future form from j something completed in the future? Ex...... 6 The train . but don’t worry................ 7 Look at the way he’s climbing up and down that tree ....................... the future? Drivers on this road are bound to experience delays.......... she’ll be sleeping.... ...........................

. clearly defined and fenced-off areas............ them to flourish where other crops do fail.. one in four 5) ............. 12) ......... a fourth-year class of eight and nine-year-olds was told precisely 11) ....... damage to the human being race and to the environment............. For questions 1-16........ for the environment too........ While in the short-term eating GM food might appears to do 9 .. be created that they are........................................ worried about whether the unknown effects of GM foods on our 8 ..........." a child will insist....... ... which allows 4 ............... This Christmas. it is not yet possible to predict how future generations may 10 ................ there is an unnecessary word............... resistant to drought or to 3 ...... With this year's sales breaking all records even before the gift-buying season... that......... genes....... said the use of computers by pupils 13) .. seeds from GM plantations 12 ...... they argue............ my homework is 8) .......................... they 5 . be affected................. and may be result in untold 15 ...... "My teacher says I'll get better marks 7) ........ Playing around with 14 .......... On the other 10) ....................... it easier for her to read their projects... í370m in the UK of games alone in the final quarter of the year. 16 ..............." This 9) ......... Opponents are the first and foremost 7 ................. present people are dying of starvation. í800 in a computer for their children......... "It's educational........... The debate about genetically modified crops rages on.................................. the European Leisure Software Publishers Association predicts sales 2) ........ end up to being genetically modified.... fed up with sharing their own: according to research just published by Microsoft... on a computer........ parents in Britain are expected to spend nearly í1bn 0) on computers and computer games 1) .... They also fear that even as if GM crops are grown in 11 ............. withstand the onslaught of pester power. for example... say............ no harm.. the Head and put an end 15) . so it’s quite better 6 .Upstream (CAE) ....... particularly high temperatures or to certain pests.. But many others will have been simply unable 6) .............. it could be true.. Those who 0 who excited about this new development claim that it’s the only way to 00 ✓ solve out the problem of food supply to parts of the world where at 1 ........ which may 13 . too....... of course............. by a teacher................ At the same time.... Some of these parents will be buying a second computer because they 4) ...........Unit 05_Upstream (CAE) ... English in Use – Part 2 5 Fill in the gaps using one word.... their children......... At one primary school in Wandsworth..... 111 ............ and many families will invest more 3) ....... chemical pesticides are no longer needed................ put a tick (✓) next to it........................... will unavoidably pollinate the surrounding vegetation... Special strains of plants can 2 ................. well be a bluff............. find the unnecessary words and write them on the lines provided.. health....Unit 05 28/01/2011 8:18 ΜΜ Page 111 5 English in Use – Part 3 (Task Type 1) 4 In most of the lines in the following texts....................... is not a game... The class representative promptly booked an appointment 14) . south London........ had a PC crashed by the children overloading the hard drive with games.. If you think a line contains no unnecessary words.............

........................ reside who know how important a healthy heart is........ the fires there.......... or a insurance claims that it’s going to take the insurance í1.......... valuable agric ies.... any inconvenience Anyway.... and tell him are making 12) ... I don’t want to hear any ceptionally high wind the progress of firefig s are hindering hters trying to extingu excuses..................... ......" 13) . 4 ñ Instruction from employer to employee: So I’m thinking of you....... urs and the Met predicts no change office forecast 4 The benefits of exercise which are stressed by doctors..... following sentences..... According to North residents.......................................... Anyway. 8 The user’s manual that can also be found in the box.. caused.." weather like this last year too........... I demand a full .. so many people have 10) . I will have no option but to quite a few neighbourhoods by the river have been resort to .....000 ... he warned Dear Penny.... basking in the heat.... Bear in mind that next time this happens I which have been rag ish bush fires ing outside Sydney will have no option but to terminate your contract......... du disaster will be e to the scale of the number of claim the disaster and 7 Complete the sentences for each situation with a warn of delays in pro s submitted....... complete the informal letter that follows.... I can knock í1.............. we will gladly .... me that I would .... write soon and take care..................... .. say we’re sorry............... with them all...... Ex nue to ravage "This is unacceptable.... my job if it happens again. you have Apparently. In low-lying advertisement makes out... the machine is not as easy to use as the the night using dingh areas. after underground ca o been disrupted bles were dislodged.. the option of 3 years of .... or... property.." Hope you’re having a great time in Australia – I envy you all that sun! 2 ñ Telephone conversation with a friend: You won’t believe what’s happening to the weather "I’m going to write to him and tell him that if he here! It’s been raining 1) ....... Hope you’re not planning to go to Sydney! I read that the winds "Write to Mr Smith............... it........ insura cessing claims for flo nce companies maximum of two words in each gap.......Upstream (CAE) .. recovery Yorkshire from this second slow.... companies some time to 11) ......... ..... as she had been done several times in North and South Rain has been fallin the past... ñ Employee to a colleague: "He didn’t actually allow me to speak........ Use no more than length............. and the electricity "You can have your car serviced here for 3 years for was 7) ............ that this has happened – we had the price. a cheque within 30 days.... and sound..... if you’d rather........... two words in each gap. towns and villages nts of northern were taken by su 5 You must pay a very close attention to this lecture – it’s riverside residential rprise..... your TV Love.... so much rain.... of dry weather... 2 He was the first athlete to can be disqualified for use of anabolic drugs in an international competition." two days and they say it might 2) ..... fire services carrie operations through d out rescue 6 In the practice. Based on the information in the report................... od damage to Meanwhile.......Unit 05 28/01/2011 8:18 ΜΜ Page 112 English in Use ‹ Error Correction English in Use – Part 5 6 Underline the unnecessary word in each of the 8 For questions 1 – 13..." for several days..... for the last doesn’t give me my money back I’ll take him to court..................... Meanwhile..................... similar levels of rainfall having ‹ Register Transfer occurred last year.......... do you remember? So ñ Advertisement it’ll take a long time for the area to 9) ................. 3 ñ Salesman to customer: everyone is 5) ....... but thanks to the fire brigade.. for ñ Letter: another three............. Several areas were inundate their banks.. There’s some farmland under 6) ..... action.....Unit 05_Upstream (CAE) ...... with a new one.... The words you 1 They discussed about the situation at the office at need do not occur in the report. ultural land has be Power supplies to en submerged........ the region have als 7 I‘ll have make sure Jenny gets the message.. 4) ...... What is happening ñ Letter to Mr Smith: to the weather these days? We ... When you buy your car from Abercromby....... for a further seve Following a month nty-two hours........................................................... It is the second succ essive year in which been affected by flo the region has oding............ It had been quite dry for a few weeks........... on the price of your car........................ Carol 112 .. too! It’s the second year nothing..000 off 8) ..................... read the newspaper report............. If I do not receive so we weren’t 3) .... Freak Weather hits 3 She pointed out.... for them to we’ll give him a new TV................ that the computers were not to be used to g continuously in No over forty-eight ho rth Yorkshire for send personal emails. and d as rivers burst really important. severe we 1 ñ Employer to employee: ather conditions conti parts of Australia.......

... sugar.......................... ................ years.............. pace...... and biosphere for the first time... (decide) students......Unit 05_Upstream (CAE) ....... we jumped out of our non-essential systems and 5) .... like... the mobile phone company Orange installed In the beginning... at the 5 Unless the economic situation ......... developed into an ordinary pre-war house. Eventually.... Use the words in the boxes to form words that fit in the numbered spaces in the text.. like the dinosaurs before them................... (simple) 2 Breaking the Enigma code was a ....... we can take life at a more .. (check) (leisure) 9 Lucy takes artificial ........ it will 7) ............... in her coffee..... not 4 Some people find the idea of cloning ........................................ ......... mankind's attempts at understanding the snaps........... CompuTech conference.... 1 Germany won a . The satellites now arrange for a service.................................... 7 Gerta's under a lot of ...... ourselves in a state of chaos. She's on a diet.......... To demonstrate what homes may be like in the future..... soon........................ When somebody observations made from the surface of our planet..................... life appeared on our planet on a £2 million worth of state-of-the-art (0) equipment in molecular scale and............. Through a process of natural 9) ... small complex The integrated TV. large – the kind of programmes the 2) ............... they don't seem to understand you.......... outpost on the edge should go wrong with the self-diagnosing heating of space to observe our planet's 15) ..... a single button can turn off all the Small but essential steps were taken and........... If anything placed a 14) .... system.......... There is an example (0)........... in the world...... and can be operated by a single key.. climate. while plasma wall screens can be programmed to The story of human 12) ... and supported by a system pipes sound and video throughout the house 10) ..... your explanations for the the third round of the European Cup.... (stable) English in Use – Part 4 10 Read the two texts that follow......... culminating in the reign of the dinosaurs. creating one of the most multi-cell organisms that co-operated in colonies........ due to 8) ... . For tens of thousands of show a continuous slide-show of their 3) ... leaves the house.. call the repair man or and provide communications....................... as human technology mushroomed.............. cosmos were restricted to 13) ........... DVD.... have become larger and still larger.............. Nearer to home............ very gradually.............................. 0 EQUIP 3 FAVOUR 6 SECURE 8 EVOLVE 11 EXCEED 14 MAN 1 RESIDE 4 CENTRE 7 AUTOMATE 9 SELECT 12 EXPLORE 15 BEHAVE 2 OCCUPY 5 APPLY 10 HOSPITALITY 13 PUZZLE 113 .....Upstream (CAE) ....... (remark) project done on time......................................... video. we'll find about.. The door locks are controlled 4) .......... (sweet) (object) 10 There were three key ......Unit 05 28/01/2011 8:18 ΜΜ Page 113 5 9 Fill in the gaps with words formed from the words given in bold..... hi-tech 1) .......... of space is not very different...... some species and the intelligent video recorder learns to record thrived and grew 11) .................................... alarm...... (press) 3 With all these modern gadgets and labour-saving devices 8 If this trend continues . CD and radio mobile creatures emerged.. orbiting the earth have evolved rapidly and........... to get the achievement. we switch on the 6) ................... victory over England in 6 You need to ... (speak) we'll have to lay off some workers...............................

. a discovery You may have to include practical information (such as how The Imperial War Museum.g...... You will have to use a combination of the following types of writing: Descriptive writing e.. You have been asked to sophisticated aircraft which we have today.. the free bus also picks up at the railway station and takes 20 minutes.. etc Journey time is 35 minutes.. to give explanations and examples Narrative writing e. 1 What exactly do you have to write? 2 Which type(s) of writing (discursive...... located at Duxford aerodrome... a technological nature. underline the key words and Why go there? The IWM will be 4) .......Upstream (CAE) ... opening times.... the science and technology... Children under 16 writing need to be? can enter free....... You should include: ñ A description of the place Getting There ñ Why people should go there The museum is located close 9) ........... aeroplanes from the twentieth century. the Imperial It is important that what you write should look like an War Museum. The exhibits on display ......... 1) ......... closing time is 4 pm...to 18-year-olds are half price. descriptive ñ from (x 2) ñ among and narrative writing? Underline them.. place.. the museum is open 11) ...... the history of flight will be able to trace the places to visit for people who are interested in technological developments which have led 7) ....................... prepositions given.......... thousands of items....... event .......... particular interest to those phrases........ to Cambridge..................... process Discursive writing e...... there is much more to see place in the area you live in. Duxford to get to a place or where to find out more about a person)........... Then.. 8) .........g..... to describe a person. is well worth a visit.. a free bus service runs 10) ........g. 1 Read the rubric below.............. If you are planning to take the train Write your entry for the guidebook........ keen 5) .... which headings 10 am to 6 pm.30 pm in summer.... From March to October..... Visitors who are interested A guidebook is going to be published featuring 6) ....... questions that follow......Unit 05_Upstream (CAE) . to analyse a situation....... For further information..... The Best Places to Visit in Cambridge What’s on in Town? 1 Does the model cover all points included in the rubric? The Science and Technology Museum 2 Is the style of writing suitable for the target reader? Why? Have Fun in Cambridge! 3 Does this look like a real entry in a guidebook? ‹ Analysing the Model 4 Say in which section the writer gives information about: Transport to the museum . 2 Read the model and fill in the gaps with the How to find out more information .... Admission is also free after 3 pm in winter and 5 Which of the following titles could you use? Give after 4. 3 Will you use section headings? If so... technology. situation..... what you write should be similar to an article (with or without section headings).. Cambridge city centre......... the year...... 4 Who are the target readers? How formal does your although 16... In the winter months.... Cambridge and ñ Practical information such as travel details.........Unit 05 28/01/2011 8:18 ΜΜ Page 114 Writing: Book Entries Some writing tasks ask you to write an entry or a contribution to a book that is to be published.... Of the many attractions Cambridge has to offer. 5 Can you think of different section headings? ñ of (x 4) ñ throughout ñ on ñ in ñ to (x 4) 6 Does the model have examples of discursive.......... in pairs discuss the Reasons it might appeal to technophiles ... are appropriate? The price 12) . Although the write an entry for the book recommending a suitable emphasis is on military aircraft.......... to narrate an event......... 114 .. Depending on the exact task. admission is í8 for adults...... including midget submarines and communications equipment.......... and discuss the questions that follow......... This museum houses....... narrative or Opening Times and Admission Fees descriptive) will you use? Justify.. check the reasons... a authentic text and be as realistic as possible.. to give and support your opinion....... Air shows and special events are held frequently ‹ Interpreting the Rubric 3) ....... huge collection 2) .................... museum’s website or contact your nearest tourist office.

........................................................................ ...................... . 115 ........... ......................... 1 2 Is it open to the public? Is it a place that visitors would travel to see? Why? ‹ Sentence Variety 3 Would it appeal to people interested in science or 5 To avoid repetition in your writing............................................................. (what kind of people) because ................. ........... The first one has been done for you..........................................................................................................Unit 05 28/01/2011 8:18 ΜΜ Page 115 5 ‹ Brainstorming b................ ...................... Getting There 4 The museum offers visitors the chance to see the How would you get there – by car/by bus/by train/on foot? exhibits and also to operate working models........ Rewrite the sentences below beginning with the phrases ‹ Paragraph Planning given.................................................................. fill in the relevant information and write supporting sentences for the four topic sentences below.................... How will a visit there benefit someone with an interest in science 3 The museum has over 9000 exhibits and covers the main or technology? .................... (name of place) is a . ....... technological interest in your town and make notes in the plan below......................................................…………………… ....... ñ ............................................... (details of how to get there)..................................... (supporting sentences).... With over ............................................................ scientific developments over the last four hundred years.......... Located in the centre of London..... 7 If you want to find out more........................... but Opening Times and Admission Fees there are plenty of things for adults to do as well....... ........................................................................... Further information can be obtained .... ...................... 5 The museum is designed with children in mind...... 3 What places of scientific or technological interest would you recommend in your town? Think about ñ .. the following............ call the free Information ................. 1 The museum is in the centre of London and is well 4 a.......... Offering a choice .Upstream (CAE) ................................................. ....... (first reason)............................ (details about price of admission)................................................. ............ In addition....................................................................................................................................................................... then answer the questions below... (location)................................ (name of place) will be of interest to ....... 6 If you have a valid student ID....... gallery ñ a university ñ other .................................... Why go there? . In pairs........ Visitors cannot only ................. ................................................................ (name of place) is open ............................... (say how).................................. Admission is free for ........................ Further information can be obtained by ..................... Admission is ..................... ñ a factory ñ a museum ñ an airport observation ........................... ..... there? ........................... (other reasons)......... .. this museum is well worth visiting … Description of place/exhibits/events 2 The museum offers a choice of tours so there will be What kind of place is it? What can visitors see/do/experience something to suit everybody................................................................................ (name of place) is located ................. ñ ............................................................................................................................................... How would a potential visitor find out more information? ... Now.............................................................................. (type of activities).............. ... you should vary technology? Give reasons............ (opening times).. using your notes from above..................................... choose one place of scientific or worth visiting.. Although the museum ....................... .......................................................................................................... Do you know the exact opening times/admission fees? . the structures you use in your sentences.......................................................................................................................................... you do not have to pay................Unit 05_Upstream (CAE) ......... ... .............. (kind of place) which/where visitors can ...... Hotline on 231 9834629... ñ .....................................................

Then. We want to include as many He was appointed a strategic adviser on defence policy and Director of countries in the world as possible and this the Atomic Energy Commission........ Nearly all the computers we have in the world today are based on the work that von Neumann did in the Write your entry for the book. . Why has this been used? 4 The person you choose must have been 4 Underline the words and phrases which help describe: involved in both science and technology... You have seen the following announcement On moving / While living to the USA.. apart from December 25th and 26th. no mobile phones. without the work of this extraordinary Hungarian... .. and no Internet. / In addition.. The Father of the Modern Computer Containing photographs of . has something of interest for everyone. entry? Why (not)? 116 .. .. technology......Unit 05_Upstream (CAE) .. John von Neumann. For that reason alone. 114.Unit 05 28/01/2011 8:18 ΜΜ Page 116 Writing: Book Entries ‹ Analysing the Model 8 This museum. Brief biographical details 8 You should include a request that the person Achievements is included in the book..... 2 Are we given a clear picture of his contribution to science and/or 3 It should be clear from your writing why you technology? think he or she should be in the book.... It is worth remembering / to remember that.. those which existed at the time. 6 His or her achievements should be important His main achievement in some way. .... 5 You need to give brief biographical details.. ... descriptive and narrative writing 6 If you were an editor working on this book. 7 Read the model below and choose the correct word or phrase in bold..... Founded in 1890. 1940s... It was / ñ one famous person from your country Thanks to von Neumann who realised that a computer's program ñ his or her achievements could be kept in the memory instead of being fed in every time the ñ any other relevant information that computer was switched on.. . ... 9 The coffee shop contains photographs of the various stages in the project’s development and is the perfect place to relax and soak up some of the John von Neumann atmosphere. would you include this will be necessary.. he could it differs from the one on p...Upstream (CAE) ..... At a 6 a.... 1 The person you write about must still be alive.... it is the technological significance of his work that helps us best appreciate his contribution to society. he worked alongside in a national newspaper: Einstein as a mathematics professor at the Institute for Advanced We are presently compiling a book on Study in Princeton.. Write T (for True) or F (for False) computers.... It is clear that. he deserves great recognition.... as well as / not only being a ‹ Interpreting the Rubric highly accomplished physicist and logician... 9 Discursive........... he was a phenomenon.. b) his achievements. famous mathematicians.. (about): However... Von Neumann was deeply involved in a number of great people in the fields of science and subjects. This development became known as ‘von would interest our readers Neumann architecture’ or the ‘stored-program’ concept.. which was founded in 1890.. it was clear that von Neumann was a genius.. answer the questions that follow. was one of Hungary’s most With the exception of ... 7 You could end by writing about the effect of His legacy his or her achievements on life today. next to the statements below... 3 Find examples of narrative writing... 5 Number the following paragraphs in the order in which they appear.. there would probably be no home b. Although / Even as a child. soon becoming distinguished in the field of quantum physics.... and it The best contributions will be included in resulted / led to computers thousands of times more powerful than the book.. divide eight-digit numbers in his head and memorise pages from a telephone directory........ .. 2 You should suggest two or three alternative 1 What section headings (if any) could you give this model? people. a) the person..... Read the rubric below and say how very young age. . from a purely is where you come in. Write and tell us scientific impact / perspective.. who 10 The centre is open to the public every day was born in Budapest in 1903..

..................... His/Her main achievement .................. Thanks to her logical and persistent he turned down highly lucrative offers to go approach....... Use some of the words and phrases above to write sentences describing the achievements of the person you wrote about in Ex......................................................... He was a talented man who not only but was also behind a number of significant made a great contribution to physics inventions in the field of communications............................ prestigious universities.................................................. After years of painstaking research carried pioneer a completely new approach to the out at great personal expense............. His/Her legacy ............................................................................. However........Upstream (CAE) .................................................................................................... Her rather unconventional approach to he finally made the breakthrough for which her work he is best remembered today.... it is common to use words and phrases which refer to their character in order to talk about their achievements....................................................................... and work in the USA............... Her humility and her shyness in the face of the way we listen to music today would be public attention was the result of radically different.......................... ...Unit 05_Upstream (CAE) ...................................................Unit 05 28/01/2011 8:18 ΜΜ Page 117 5 ‹ Brainstorming 8 Think of a person from your country that you could write about in answer to the rubric in Ex. SAMUEL MORSE b.............................................. Match the beginnings and endings of the sentences below.................................................................................................................... 6................................... ................................ ‹ Writing about People 9 a............................... .................................. BLAISE PASCAL His loyalty and patriotism meant that................................................... on her upbringing in the quiet country town of more than one occasion............................................. problem....... In the plan below.......................................................... as in the example........................................................ their appearance is usually not important............................................ make notes about the information you could include..... If it hadn’t been for his determination to led to her being rejected by several succeed.... 8............................. NICOLAUS COPERNICUS Brief biographical details ..... 117 ROBERT FULTON .................... LEONARDO DA VINCI His progressive approach to scientific we now have safe and efficient operating principles enabled him to theatres..................................................................................... Achievements / Early career .......................................... St Luke........... When describing people for this kind of writing task................................................................. LOUIS PASTEUR ...................

......Unit 05_Upstream (CAE) .. culminating in our entering the space age technology. answer the questions that follow. In terms of economic development.. Regarding the 1) social / ideological perspective.. 13 Using the information you have learned in this unit.. It anticipated the purchase of the latest scanning and diagnostic equipment. you put in each one? In terms of its 4) ...... will you use? breakthroughs of the 20th century and few would deny that 5 How could you begin and end your writing? cheap.. a ‹ Discussion Clock 12 Look at the writing tasks below and....... significance.... ñ tell us why this achievement is important ñ include your views on what is likely to happen in the The Development of Nuclear Power future The best contributions will be included in the book... From a health perspective.... What kind of book is this entry for? Recent developments hydroelectric power station and a new international airport... In order to help you brainstorm for ideas.. developments ever made by mankind.. several major projects are on progress. write one of the the tasks above..Unit 05 28/01/2011 8:18 ΜΜ Page 118 Writing: Book Entries ‹ Error Correction 10 The extract below has ten mistakes................ Looked at purely 2 Will you use section headings? from an 3) . A An international publisher is planning a book on the role of Educational computers worldwide... Social B You have seen the following announcement in a national Ideological newspaper. for each one....Upstream (CAE) . there has been a major With the increasing use of computer technology..... all government offices will be well the refurbishment of major operating theatres with state-of- computerised and networked to central mainframe computers in the-art surgical equipment. the financial rewards were enormous........ this country has made great of these public works are been carried out using the latest technological progress............... with the development of the atom bomb and.... clean nuclear energy is one of the most important 6) .. Economic VF Publications is planning a book on this country’s Historical involvement in the technological age and we would like you to contribute. You have been asked to submit an Scientific entry for the book describing the way computers are used in your country... however... earlier that year with the launch of our first telecommunications The future satellite... in the very near future. This is what we want you to do: ñ write about one major achievement in the field of 11 Fill in the gaps below with words from the science or technology discussion clock.... This had involved future of our country it looks very bright indeed.. aspect..... there can be little doubt that 1 What could you write about? nuclear science is extraordinarily dangerous. you can use the discussion clock below to think of different approaches.. Find them and correct them...... You should write about 250 words. as that... probably that … including the construct of three major motorways..... 118 ............. the splitting 4 Which types of writing (discursive/descriptive/narrative) of the atom was one of the most important 5) ....... Health You could include: Technological ñ The importance of computers in education ñ The use of computers in the workplace ñ The popularity of home computers Write your entry for the book. it seems country is concerned......... although 3 How many paragraphs/sections will you need? What will the initial costs were high............. some people might say that there are serious moral issues to consider Write your contribution for the book. All In the last twenty years. the modernisation programme in public hospitals. as for the 2) ..... Some words may fit in more than one gap.. As long as the infrastructure of the the capital. point of view.

Which profession(s) shortest possible time.... high earnings physical tiredness OTHER .. world..... 2 a.. and mark the following statements T would appeal the most to ....... Which of the four jobs shown do you think job would be. Then compare your ranking with that of another student. . helping others opportunity for personal development ‘Work is an essential part of being alive..Upstream (CAE) . then use it to begin talking to your partner about your ideal job.. Listen to part of a radio report about a survey conducted in the UK. ñ a team player ñ a person who likes to keep fit 2 Nursing and teaching were professions often Discuss in pairs.... Which of the following statements best applies is your identity.. asking people what their ideal b. (true) or F (false). Look at the pictures above.. b.... like being a journalist in New York.’ to you? Select one (or write your own in the Kay Stepkin (US baker) space provided). regarded as dream jobs. then retire... 3 Men’s replies were very similar to those of women........ recognition of achievement good remuneration opportunity for creativity 4 Paraphrase the following quotations.... . Your work b... would you associate with the following? In 4 I would like my work to make a difference to the what way? Tell your partner... sense of achievement stress job satisfaction danger 3 a... 119 . ñ an adventurous person ñ a caring person 1 Most people are attracted to the idea of an exotic ñ a person who likes children ñ an ambitious person job. Rank the following according to how important 4 People in Ireland had more realistic dreams you think they are for a happy working life about jobs.....’ 2 I haven’t decided yet. but I want to find a job that I Vidal Sassoon (British hair stylist) love. .....Unit 06 28/01/2011 8:22 ΜΜ Page 119 6 A B A Job Well Done D C Lead-in 3 I would like to earn as much as possible in the 1 a... a dictionary....... (1 = most important...... ‘The only place where success comes before work is 1 I have a very clear idea of what I want to do... If a similar survey were carried out in your country..Unit 06_Upstream (CAE) .. Which do you agree with? Why? Discuss in pairs....... .... 6 = least important).... what kind of ‘dream jobs’ do you think pleasant working environment people would choose? Discuss in groups................

2 Match the highlighted words in the passage with their synonyms below...30 in the evening.. every night. you simply can’t do it if ñ never sleeps in the mornings? 4 ... or making sure we know what went on during the night when we wake up and b. pleasure out of his/her job? ñ endure ñ very tiring ñ mistakes ñ dash ñ become involved in ñ changing ñ schedule 120 . Heathrow Airport c. responsibility is to make sure that planes landing at and taking off from Heathrow do so with safety and without delays.. so I like that.... The mental stress of being ñ enjoys socialising while on duty? 2 ......30 ñ has to take care of his/her appearance? 10 ....... am. ñ provide newsflash cover ñ keep pilots informed taking us places. List as many professions as you can think of turn on our TVs... choose from the answers A . I also keep pilots informed about changes in ∞ Alan Gaynor-Shaw conditions such as wind shear – a sudden change in the 5 B Helen Aldridge velocity or direction of the wind that can cause the pilot to C Stephen Lal lose control of the aircraft. ñ is under great pressure not to make 15 . I have to make sure I sleep 10 properly during the day. passengers can be quite exhausting.Unit 06 28/01/2011 8:22 ΜΜ Page 120 Reading Reading – Part 4 1 a.. watching out for us..which is like ñ would find it difficult to go back to working 12 .. having short holidays every other week. You need total concentration to keep track ñ doesn’t have to make his/her own way to 1 . summaries and provide newsflash cover from the time the ñ started working nights late in his/her career? main evening news comes off air.. on duty? THE EARLY MORNING MESSENGER ñ has to occasionally put up with awkward 6 ... 17 . My main 1-18.. I write the news ñ has to be constantly focused? 13 ..... ñ switched to the night shift to get more 19 . 38 people? TV Newscaster ñ watches the weather as part of his/her job? 7 .. of several planes at the same time and make certain all pilots work? receive correct instructions.... Check with your partner. ‹ Vocabulary Practice ñ feels that working nights can be good for family life? 18 ... blunders up here.Upstream (CAE) . then seven days off . The airport is E Kenny ‘Ginge’ Walters quieter and I can get to and from work with ease.... entertaining us. A car 5 days? picks me up at about 9. mistakes? ñ had trouble adjusting to working nights? 16 . though. then read quickly to see if your Alan Gaynor-Shaw. because there’s no room for Who . Before you read..... Now read the text thoroughly. You will read a passage about people who work during the night... For questions “I work a basic 35-hour week on the ATC Tower..... My pattern is seven nights on.” ñ goes through long periods of inactivity while 5 . which involve working the night shifts.. They are wide awake and on duty while the city is ñ nasty incidents ñ behind the mike ñ fares asleep... Air Traffic Controller........ you are not 100%. What might be the advantages of working during the night? THE SKY WATCHER Discuss in pairs.Unit 06_Upstream (CAE) . Helen Aldridge. ñ appreciates having company when on duty? 8 ..E.... look at the following words/phrases. responsible for the safety of several aircraft and their 15 ñ does a job which can be upsetting at times? 3 . ñ sometimes has to work overtime? 11 ... so I have to be ready and 14 .... 36 guesses are mentioned in the text. In pairs decide what profession you would associate them with. “I front four news summaries ñ sometimes forgets how enjoyable his/her job 9 ... and I also present the is? Morning News programme at 5... and I like having the mornings to myself.. D Jack Cheeps “I work the night shift because I prefer it...

Bay FM 101. I was talking to an Air Force 10 blessing in disguise: I miss him so much that it makes me love fighter pilot who had just been on the programme that comes him even more!” before mine. Anyway. too. so “It took me several years to get used to working nights. seeing my husband for a whole week. It helps me to feel good about my work. 15 now I wouldn’t go back to the day shift. A to B. That’s why I changed to nights. if it’s a weekday. One to get to work or to the airport or to make it in time for an of the best things about the job is that I’m always on duty with appointment. recently.. because I wasn’t exactly a spring chicken. At 6 in the morning I hand over to Kelly getting up in the morning..Unit 06_Upstream (CAE) .. Most stomach when you’re with someone." (text B.. 121 ." 3 Explain the phrases in your own words.” (text A. 10 “At 7 o’clock in the morning I go home. have breakfast. But this is rather rare. was I? Anyway.” through the night until 5 in the morning. day of “Being a taxi-driver is not just about getting a person from the week. afternoon . 26 5 waiting for the phone to ring. have a bath. Nasty incidents are much easier to was getting me down. London bolt to the ambulance. (text D..3 or 4 o’clock perhaps. Being an ambulance driver is THE MAN WHO TAKES YOU somewhat like being a police officer: 95% boredom. Edinburgh mike and. it takes a statement like the one Royal Infirmary the fighter pilot made to make me realize that being a radio DJ really is a fantastic job. I think I would have a lot “I start work at 9 o’clock and drive around the city all of problems re-structuring my life after all this time. years now.. and the address of the incident. but they’re in a much better mood. the and go to bed by nine. 5% terror. ll. ll. but I don’t go to bed until late things like going to the post office because it’s closed by then. It 5 one of the other guys. But when people are in a mad rush 10 7 in the morning. It’s a funny life for a middle- 15 Family life is affected. HOME When you work the night shift. 12-13) 3 "This could be a blessing in disguise.4 people who have had one or two too many. hoping you got the address right. ll. usually from Radio DJ. It’s quite busy until 10 about 1:30. it’s difficult to engage in friendly conversation. they enjoy knowing there's a friendly ‘Goodbye Mr Cheeps’ on Bay FM for six person driving it.” (text A.Upstream (CAE) . It is also about the level of service and how to make “I get into work at 11 o’clock every night and I clock off at their trip an enjoyable one. 2 “You need total concentration to keep track of several planes at the same time . so I have to leave home for the 5 have dinner .” ‹ Text Analysis 4 "I would have a lot of problems re-structuring my life .” “I have been working the night shift as an ambulance driver and attendant for eleven years now. then. after such a long time. except it’s difficult to do normal Shawls and the morning news. you sleep in a hospital room Kenny ‘Ginge’ Walters. I often have to go without aged man. 6-7) 1 “ .” (text C. of course. 17) 4 Choose a person and take roles to act out an interview. ll. it slows down a little THE FRIENDLY VOICE IN THE NIGHT and there are fewer fares. 42 away. when people get in a 15 “I’ve been doing a programme called cab. people who use a taxi at night are going out to have fun. 9-11) ‹ Discussion I like having free time in the mornings to do what I want.with my husband when it’s possible. 54 “I do get my fair share of unpleasantness. Switching to nights was a bit difficult at first. I get up about 5. I like having the mornings to myself. l. unless a last minute call makes me late. really. but this could be a "Having said that. It's good for me.. after spending thirty minutes telling me about what it's like to fly a high-performance aircraft that can make a U-turn at the speed of sound. Jack Cheeps. This completely blew me 15 Stephen Lal. Most of the time. You almost know when a call is a bad one by the time of night..Unit 06 28/01/2011 8:22 ΜΜ Page 121 6 made-up at all times. then listen to frantic directions and Taxi Driver. Next August I will celebrate thirty years of being behind a Ambulance driver. and programme kicks off at 2 am. he told me that he thought THE RESCUER I had the coolest job in the world. It’s like station at about 1. 15-16) 5 "At six in the morning I hand over to Kelly Shawls . I get a lot of job satisfaction in this taxi.

provide us with at least two (credentials. depend on them.? ñ Yes. we’ll ñ mundane ñ secure ñ stimulating ñ strenuous have to work (part-time.. decide which aspect of work the sets of words are related to.? ñ I will definitely not … ñ Are you looking forward to ñ There is no way I would retiring? ever . I am thinking ñ What are you aiming for in of … your career as a whole? ñ My immediate plans are ñ Have you ever thought of . 4 Not too many years ago. I will soon .. put them under the appropriate headings in the ñ Have you ever toyed with the ñ I hope to (be promoted). department.. 3 Not only are we appreciated for what we do but we also receive (perks. Now. use language from the box to help you to ñ incentives ñ new employees ñ pay ask and answer questions about the following: ñ the workplace ñ applying for a job ñ If you are employed at present ñ workers’ protest ñ working hours 122 . A B A: What do you do for a living? refuse designer B: I am studying to become a lawyer but I’ve got a part- business hygienist time job in the university library. miners and factory workers would have to line up outside their employer’s office every Friday to collect their (salary. computer collector graphic assembly-line talent practitioner executive servant ‹ In the Workplace plastic surgeon 3 a. ñ Have you got any plans for . flexi-time) all ñ stressful ñ motivating ñ physical ñ intellectual next week. 2 Many employees were (sacked. dental fighter civil programmer 1 Due to the unsafe conditions at the plant.. Some of the words could go under idea of …? ñ I don’t intend (to resign).. b. Underline the correct words/phrases.. Then. benefits. indeed.? . wages).. Then use the remaining words to make up sentences of fire worker your own. Use a dictionary to help you. go on strike) until their demands for improvements were met by the management. go on the picket sound technician line.. B: True. 8 For us to consider you for the position. b. recruits) were told to report to the best describe the jobs and professions above. the new (trainees. overtime. boardroom).Unit 06_Upstream (CAE) . 6 I’ve just been transferred to this (head office. 5 On arrival at the military base... 2 In pairs. decide which of the adjectives below apprentices. dismissed) as a result of the economic crisis. profits. They face danger all the time and people’s lives applications). ñ Would you ever consider …? ñ Hopefully. Could you tell me where ñ fulfilling ñ arduous ñ mind-numbing ñ demanding my cubicle is... laid off. Match A to B to form words describing different kinds of workers and professionals..Upstream (CAE) . more than one heading. please? ñ gruelling ñ rewarding ñ hazardous ñ glamorous 7 If there is any hope of meeting this deadline. table below. bonuses) at Christmas and Easter.. In pairs. you’ll need to A: Working as a firefighter is a very stressful job. the general scout workers decided to (work to rule.. in pairs. registration area. ñ What do you do for a living? ñ I work as a . ever . Give reasons.. references.Unit 06 28/01/2011 8:22 ΜΜ Page 122 Language Focus ‹ People on the Job ñ What kind of job you would like to do in the future ñ What kind of career you would never consider 1 a. ñ Do you think you would ñ I do not foresee .

. he owner... complete the spidergrams with the words.... 2 After receiving a degree in business management...... but nowhere in my …. Ms Hines..... to complete the sentences below. at that 2 I’m sorry...... say what the 5 The (staff/union/board) has called a general meeting to personality traits of these hear employee complaints.….. does report for the last hour....…. was row realised that her true (profession/trade/vocation) was in after row of bright shiny tools...... ...... 1 It’s going to take lots of hard work to . ñ the whiz ñ the perfectionist 7 They have several (vacancies/occupations/appointments) ñ the paper-shuffler ñ the gossip to fill. supper.... ñ the techno-freak ñ the yes-man b.. Do you know what her actual …..Unit 06_Upstream (CAE) .. is? 3 James... but in the long run I feel it will be worth it. ...... ....................….....Unit 06 28/01/2011 8:22 ΜΜ Page 123 6 ‹ Build up your Vocabulary 3 At the moment..... the President’s ..... he was (removed/dismissed/deposed).... …... Do you have similar idioms in your ñ description ñ bench ñ market ñ hunter ñ station language? ñ centre ñ prospects ñ horse A B beaver away to the grindstone keep one’s mind ends meet mean the shots make one’s hands get something off inside job be someone’s on the job call at something have time on business keep one’s nose right-hand man be an the ground b....... Match items from columns A and B to form idioms............ 6 Tom just received a government (raise/award/grant) to continue his work with the city’s homeless........…. She puts in employment/occupation) you will be expected to put in eight hours at the office and then comes home and does all quite a bit of overtime....…... constantly away from his ….. ñ the stirrer ñ the workaholic 8 When he failed to comply with the manager’s ñ the slave driver instructions....Upstream (CAE) .. In pairs......... The latest company (duty/task/project) requires that we ‹ Every Office has one all work as a team to meet the deadline... Come down and have your it say that I have to empty the wastepaper bins. ‹ Idioms Can you think of more words for each spidergram? 7 a... Using a dictionary if necessary..….…..... guess what the idioms might ñ mate ñ satisfaction ñ title ñ load ñ place ñ shop mean.........… . 123 ......... 5 In pairs... some say she’s the 2 Of course. 1 Some of the staff say she’s the manager... . Which are positive/negative traits? What type is ‹ Collocations the man the picture? Discuss in pairs..... Use some of the idioms.. but they can’t find the right people.. the business ..…..... that we can’t even get out at the 4 Underline the word which best completes each 4 weekends.. that if you accept the (job/ 5 My wife is a real …............. office workers are..... John has such a heavy …..….....…...…... ....................... his personal assistant will be with him....….................... in their correct form..... you’ve been .... so she returned to university. Use some of them to fill in the gaps in the sentences.............….... 1 I hope you realise....…. 3 4 My sister (works/labours/toils) in a beautiful office doing a job that she loves. Lynn 6 Above the carpenter’s …........…... The assembly-line worker was sacked because he was sentence. 6 a... the housework.…. teaching.....

........ are finding it impossible to .. a charity and pressure group working for and on behalf of disabled employees throughout the UK... I’m just away from my desk at the moment. Using language from the boxes. It’s really the vice-president who ...Upstream (CAE) .05..Unit 06_Upstream (CAE) . quality ........ Match the fixed phrases with their meanings. ñ What do you look for in an dedication / organisational decide what the underlined words mean... The EFD.... ....2003 I’ll have to call you back with those figures. experience in... j when needed 124 ... ‹ The Right Job yourself? ñ Why do you want to work for us? ñ I have also pursued .. Closing date: 16... B: Well... í70. in pairs........ 6 With the economy in such a state.... and . many businesses qualifications / your for ....... you will utilise your management experience to assume complete responsibility for our day-to-day operations... employer? skills / people skills will be ñ What is the most important useful.... I have been working as a marketing consultant for . Which of the jobs would you find appealing? 10 on demand i winning Why? Discuss in pairs.....? ñ I have always thought that Telephone Researchers ñ Is there anything you'd like one of my assets is . ñ I hold a degree / diploma in ñ How would you describe .. c...... ñ I feel that my experience / ability / knowledge / 8 a.. the only organisation of its kind in the world. around Questions Answers here. Look at the three job adverts below............ job interviews for the posts above..... tell us about your experience in marketing. act out these clients coming and going..... ñ Tell us about you / your ñ I have been working as .... FBR is the research division of Fairfax Business Media to ask? .... Minimum of 3 years 4 on the dole c about to do/happen experience in teaching History is essential.Unit 06 28/01/2011 8:22 ΜΜ Page 124 Language Focus 4 It’s very difficult to .. 5 on the level d available í22. West Sussex... is seeking a Chief Executive Officer Leading the Forum.... A: So... with all c.. History teacher Are you interested in joining an educational A B organisation committed to innovation? We will 1 on the verge of a intermittently consider applications for a full-time History teacher to 2 on offer b receiving unemployment join our faculty of experienced teachers at our school 3 on the basis of benefit near Chichester.? ñ I’m after a job that ..... 6 on hold e honest 7 on a roll f waiting 8 on and on g continuously 9 on and off h due to b... í25-30K... but don’t be fooled... In pairs.... and is currently recruiting a team of high-level telephone researchers to interview leading IT decisio n- makers in large UK enterprises....500 plus benefits.000 plus car. ñ How can you contribute .. 5 She might be the boss... for three years now. ‹ Fixed Phrases (with on) 9 a.

. 125 .... 4 Ask your teacher if you can be excused from class.................... Mona had c................. How could the requests and the responses have manage to ......….. I need to go out in five minutes. ñ Sorry to bother you with this.....Unit 06 28/01/2011 8:22 ΜΜ Page 125 6 b..... but . ñ I don’t mean to cause a fuss. ......................... but ............... ....................................... that............. delays in production.... Student ............. Do you 5) ....…… you .....….......... (No) language from the boxes....... .……................Unit 06_Upstream (CAE) .. use your computer for an hour? 1 I’ve done a lot of research on that company and it B: Of course 6) ..... being unfairly dismissed. In pairs...... You see ... ñ I wish I could.... 5 Ask an acquaintance if she thinks she could talk to her possibly help me with this exercise? boss about giving you a job. but ........................ ‹ Communication: Polite Requests 1 Ask a friend if he can drive you to work the next day............. 2 After a difficult day at the office I like to ….........? gaps in the sentences.................................... positively or negatively according to the yes / no prompts in the brackets....... seemed like hours about the falling productivity rate..................... Useful language: Responding to Requests Granting a request ñ Sure! ñ Go ahead.... In pairs......... ñ Do you mind if I .............................. ñ Can you do me a (big) favour? ñ Could you do something for me? Making a request ñ Would it be (at all) possible (for me/you) to .. You see............. act out the following dialogues. use appropriate fixed phrases to fill in the ñ A: Can you do 4) .. ‹ Phrasal Verbs Appendix 1 Useful language: Polite Requests 10 Match the verbs with the particles to form phrasal Introducing a request verbs.............................. but . respond to be upset) into quite a state..... we might b.......... 5 The plant manager went …………………................. ñ Of course you can/may......... (No) ñ A: I can 1) . Student B......... that he is working me too hard......…… (eliminate) stress by digging in my garden............. 3 The owner is terribly busy tomorrow but I’ll try to ñ I’m afraid I can’t do that..................................... ñ Would it be all right if I ........... but I really need to finish what I’m doing.. make the requests.......... .............. ñ Could you possibly . ñ I know this is a bit much to ask.............................. 3 Ask your boss to give you tomorrow off... appears that they are …………………......................... Now.... could lend me í10...... Use them to complete the sentences below. 2 Poor Pam! She was …………………................ ñ Could I trouble you to .. 4 If the workers return to their jobs this week.... (Yes) 11 a... we’ve decided to give you a promotion................ Denying a request and offering an excuse .... half the men in the town were forced to go ……….......................…… (cause A.. but ....... B: With 12) .... . .................... 1 I just can’t seem to get across (communicate) to my boss ñ With pleasure.. your past performance here at B: I’m afraid 9) ... ñ A: I know this 10) ......... (No) but 2) ................ clean up this mess? 3 …………………........ .... ñ Be my guest...... ñ I can see you’re very busy....... but ..Upstream (CAE) ...…… (find time for) her schedule.. ñ I was wondering if you could ........ ñ By all means.... ñ A: I don’t mean to 7) ........ ñ I’d love to help........ ñ Do you think I/ you could (possibly) ... 4 After the steelworks closed down last year........ tears after but do you 8) .... for what but I was 11) . 5 By the end of the incredibly busy day........…… herself .............. Sorry...... Lloyds..................................…… (overcome) the been made in a different way? Discuss in pairs....... complete the following dialogues with 2 Ask if a colleague can help you with some filing... (Yes) B: I wish 3) ..............

d. ñ briefing ñ review meeting ñ complaints c. which are in the recording. In what b. Find out the meaning of the following words/ phrases. fill in the gaps with a word or short phrase. pairs. even the Main disadvantage: 5 ones. For questions 1-9. were not truly ñ 3 interested in improving conditions. ‘Investors in People’ is a scheme designed to improve conditions and 1 What sort of person would make a good firefighter? efficiency in the workplace.Upstream (CAE) . For questions 1-8.Unit 06_Upstream (CAE) . mind when assessing fair levels of pay for different jobs? Discuss in groups.8. procedure ñ letterhead ñ appraisals ñ assessor complete the notes by filling in the gaps with a ñ random spot checks word or short phrase. 1a. What criteria do you think should be borne in c. You will hear the recording only once. ñ 7 at work Ruth points out that employees can follow the 9 if they feel that IIP standards are Promotion: 8 prospects not upheld by their company. JOB PROFILE: Nigel Dawson – Firefighter ‘Investors in People’ is a scheme which promotes staff training Recruitment procedure: and 1 . Try to predict what kind of information is context do you think they will occur? Discuss in needed for gaps 1 . Before you listen. discuss the following two people debate the effectiveness of the with a partner. Now check your answers to Ex. Pay is lower than 4 Ruth argues that it isn’t easy to 6 Present salary: 5 IIP standards compliance. in spite of following the ñ 2 required 4 .Unit 06 28/01/2011 8:22 ΜΜ Page 126 Listening & Speaking Listening – Part 3 Listening – Part 2 Task Type 1 2 a. Chris claims that some companies. Now listen to the recording. ñ 1 for the job Companies who wish to be part of the ‘Investors in People’ scheme must provide evidence of 3 Main attractions of the job: to the IIP authority. You will hear a firefighter talking about his 1 You will hear part of a radio programme in which work. Check with your partner. Chris mentions one law firm where staff training went on for Perks: ñ 6 only 7 . Vocational tests to assess Ruth admits that the real reason why some companies want ñ physical fitness the IIP badge is that it is a 2 . b. 126 . 2 What do you think might be the main advantages and disadvantages of being a firefighter? a. ‘Investors in People’ scheme. The IIP authority investigates every complaint. ñ pension Chris suggests 8 in order for IIP ñ health cover to rebuild its reputation. Listen to the recording.

Then say which working environments are likely to be the most and least stressful..Unit 06 28/01/2011 8:22 ΜΜ Page 127 6 Speaking – Part 3: Discuss.Unit 06_Upstream (CAE) .. Evaluate & Select ‹ Working Environments Students A & B 3 Look at these pictures showing various people at work.. tasks above and compare their performance to that a You lucky thing! d That’s fantastic. c I’m so pleased for you! Assess your classmates in terms of: ñ grammar and vocabulary ñ discourse management A: I’ve got two days off from work! ñ pronunciation ñ interactive communication B: You lucky thing! 127 . ñ It’s hard to choose. b Well done! e Congratulations.. 4 Discuss the following questions together. select the picture which. of your classmates. but picture X ... 2 What steps should governments take to reduce ñ Not much to choose between X and Y. ñ We could narrow it down to a choice between X and Y .. in your opinion. Talk to each other about the different kinds of working environments shown.... good thing? ñ If we assume that. 1 Do you think having computers in the workplace is a ñ Making a choice is not that easy because . shows the working environment which needs the most improvements.Upstream (CAE) . Finally. guess and say what the other speaker says. is there? unemployment? 3 What are the dangers of working too much? 4 5 Is job satisfaction more important than money? What makes a good boss? ‹ Everyday English ñ Congratulating 5 Listen to two candidates doing the speaking 6 In pairs... then the obvious choice would be X . A B C D E Useful language: Selecting Speaking – Part 4 Students A & B ñ I think we should go for picture X .

Six months ago. Match the items to form collocations used in the text. so that people can now work any time between 7am and 7pm. Getting a Life Matthew Brown on how one council solved its staff turnover problem by giving workers control over their hours. Why might raised toll employees today need to ‘get a life’? came up with verge of meet their targets 2 a. There is one paragraph which you do not need to use. It wasn't that she didn't like it. Staff raised concerns about rigid working times and inflexible core hours and came up with suggestions for a four-day week and homeworking. She was not the only one.í50. Before you read. and core hours were abolished. the council was hardly what they post in November last year. discuss in pairs the following. 3 So what changed? Office hours were extended. Merton applied for . 1 What do you think are the advantages and/or ‹ Vocabulary Practice disadvantages of the following aspects of working 3 a. 128 Staff can take time off as and when they need it . Explain the highlighted words in the text. Six paragraphs have been at short concerns removed. leave. 2 1 Prompted by the public services union Unison. Keith Davis. run by consultancy Briony Group. in which employees were asked to say how they would like to work in an ideal world. work was taking its toll. Decide which of the paragraphs given on the opposite page (A–G) fit into the gaps (1–6). Now read the article. Carol Wyatt was on the verge Normal flexi-time did not apply to the job and of leaving her job as an inquiry officer in the Wyatt told her line manager she wanted to housing benefit department of Merton council. she had even taken a salary cut to take the readily admits. then 1 You will read an article about today’s public sector compare with a partner. authority's assistant chief executive.Unit 06_Upstream (CAE) . What do they mean in the text? ñ long hours ñ overtime ñ 9 to 5 ñ early starts ñ inflexible/rigid working times ñ flexi-time ñ a four-day week ñ irregular hours ñ part-time A B work ñ working from home ñ time off on the suggestions taking its notice 2 Look at the title of the article.and won . But the journey to call an employer of choice. working hours.Unit 06 28/01/2011 8:22 ΜΜ Page 128 Reading Reading – Part 2 b. A programme was devised after a series of focus groups.Upstream (CAE) . hours for a) employees? b) employers? b.000 from the government's challenge fund to pilot a ‘work- life balance’ scheme in three departments. Underline the parts of the article which helped you to decide on the missing paragraphs. including housing and council benefits. As the south London.

around my other needs. He is even looking at ways of introducing a nine-day fortnight. introducing six. when the plumber calls.” (para F) together to cover each other.” she says. going to work well for all concerned. People have to commit 5 "The cynic may think it is all a good management ploy to that. “Although a manager can still say ‘No’. and there was more incentive to finish reveals that half the employees interviewed were workloads. Merton was recently held up by the government main thing is that it empowers staff.” 6 ‹ Discussion Far from taking it away.” 4 ‹ Text Analysis Other people arrive later in the morning after taking their children to school. explain the following phrases (taken from at home some days so that they can be there the text) in your own words.” G Wyatt now goes to work early. make it up and meet their targets.” 129 .” C Although not all ideas were taken up. “Now we're asking: ‘Why b.. according to Mr Brown? month trials in three more departments this Make a list. it was difficult to B She had to be in for 9am. the pilot has been an unqualified success: sickness levels in the housing F The cynic may think it is all a good management ploy benefit section have dropped by half. or the new sofa is delivered. unaware of the job options on offer to make their lives there'd be World War III in my office. 1 "Now we’re asking ‘why can’t it work?’ rather than just saying ‘it can’t work’ . If the new system was taken away now.” (para C) and extending working hours. Unison's branch secretary at the authority. “It really as half an hour can be taken. hardly moving..” she says.. “The there. How important is it to maintain a work-life can't it work?' rather than just saying: ‘It can't balance? Think about: health. Cunnisse.." (after gap 6) 5 2 "I don’t handle that sort of thing too well. Davis is now extending 5 a.” she says. when it is quieter. Now as little “It has made all the difference. even at short does make you feel you've got more control over your notice. family. when the phones started agree to requests for flexible working hours or unpaid ringing. work. and others work 4 In pairs. imagination. but that meant caring for her elderly mother leave when staff were often already stretched to the (and her dog) every morning before braving the rush limit. He says: “Of 4 "A survey published last month rams this point home. We felt we needed to do something pro-active.Upstream (CAE) .” course.. “I don't handle that sort of thing and high staff turnover. to increase working hours and produce a flexible a backlog of cases has been dealt with – and Wyatt is still workforce. “The staff were happier. balance scheme. “And there was a too well. funded jointly with Unison. some people like to work late. rather than staff having to justify why they should be allowed time off." (para B) Davis is adamant that the scheme is not a 3 "Merton was. month. productivity is up. but that's not how the union sees it..Unit 06_Upstream (CAE) . there are some basic rules .” says Sean as a model of good practice for public sector employers. They come up with the arrangements themselves. then discuss with your partner. Previously.” easier.. arriving well before 9am to meet other commitments. But we're finding that staff are working . friends. that (para D) the service comes first. “I used to get quite stressed sitting on the bus. knowing there was nothing I could E “We had recruitment problems. “It made all our lives easier.' The only thing that could stifle it is lack of Discuss in groups. or take time out when they have appointments. It morale went up. high levels of sickness do about it. held up by the government as a model backhanded way of improving council services of good practice . and has published a national guide to work-life it was clear within two weeks that the new system was balance.Unit 06 28/01/2011 8:22 ΜΜ Page 129 6 A According to deputy benefits manager Rebecca Strang.” he says. hour traffic. as long as they to avoid the morning traffic. team D A survey published last month rams this point home. There's a lot of self-rostering.mainly. and leaves mid-afternoon. Managers also confided that while they sympathised with workers’ needs. It gives me a chance to organise my working time day's leave in advance. everyone had to book a half life.. What are the advantages of a work-life the scheme across the authority.” general feeling that staff morale was low. now they have to justify their decision.

....... what would you do? have given me the loan............. ...... what would you have said? in the example............................ I would pick you up at the airport.......... 1 The following sentences contain mistakes.. 3 He can’t have been arguing with his boss all 1 I’ll lend you my scarf provided you won’t lose it................ situations. 3 If only I ...... that’s why the work them so that they are correct.................................... myself... Rewrite the following using mixed conditionals............... so I did all the typing myself......................................... in them............ long ago.... 6 I wish I hadn’t ................ 8 I wish I were ......................... 2 Make conditional sentences for the following 1 If I could turn the clock back......................... shop at 7............................ Conditionals If I had a secretary............ but he’s out of the 8 Had I known you’d been shopping.. ............................ Conditionals & Wishes as in the example......... agreed to come have holes with us............. If John hadn’t been late every morning... but I’m 3 I’ve bought some food in case Marianne and John came planning to leave this job anyway....... Rewrite 2 He didn’t follow my advice............................................. otherwise she would 2 Suppose you would win the lottery.... ............................. 3 If he wasn’t going on c he’d have fired her holiday tomorrow................................................ 2 If I had lots of money.. 4 If he had been d he might have Because mine mending the car....... as 5 If I told you I love you.... ‹ Wishes ....................... 2 If he realised how b he’d be rich by little work she does............. 4 If I had known you were coming to London..... 1 You want to buy a new car.............................. but you haven’t got enough 6 Unless Brian will instruct us otherwise..................... 4 Write a wish for each of the following sentences.......... think of another Mixed Conditionals cartoon using wishes... now. Match columns A and B to form mixed I wish I conditionals........ 5 I realise I wasn’t very polite to the boss.......................... grease...... his job. 4 She doesn’t have the money. A B 1 If he had accepted a he’d be covered in their offer......................... ñ Alice has been transferred to another department........ I wish I had enough money (to buy a new car)............................. ñ Ten workers have been laid off... 5 I wish I could ............ Which types of conditional are ......... round for dinner......... we will close the money...... tell him I’ll meet him in the library.......................................... ....... ................................... Why’s that? 3 a...................................................................... I wouldn’t have done all the typing myself..................... isn’t finished yet......................................... 130 ... he wouldn’t have lost 7 I wish you would .............................................. 5 Finish the sentences in your own way......... .. 4 If I could go anywhere............ I would not go country......... In pairs. 7 Should he have rung....... ñ John lost his job.. ........ 4 You want to ask a friend to help you...... used in each part? Why? in your shoes....Unit 06 28/01/2011 8:22 ΜΜ Page 130 English in Use b.. Grammar Reference ‹ 1 I don’t have a secretary............. he looks far too relaxed! I’ll lend you my scarf provided you don’t lose it....... . 3 You lost your lecture notes.Upstream (CAE) ..Unit 06_Upstream (CAE) . ‹ 6 Complete the caption............... 2 You didn’t follow your friend’s sensible advice.......................... morning.....

unusual dressing and herbs and spices... kitchenware B You may as well all beautifully presented and gift-wrapped...... and I 3) ...... .... A little research.. The company was now B is how well you keep your records looking at the British market.. on a no-win... So to the future.. . no-fee basis can see their learned that some real household names are franchises - awards reduced by up to half 4) ..... stuffed 5 A It’s all very well olives. seeking professional advice and coffee shops.... aimed at making it easier for working parents which do not fit in any gap.. C is not only keeping records ñ SupraComm has slashed its investment plans 7) .A.......... The shops had C It’s not enough just taken off in their native Holland and were spreading 6 A is why keeping records is important across Belgium and Germany..... to fly. And the failure rate 3 A If they win their cases of legitimate franchises is a mere 10%. was my kind of odds and we started to look B although solicitors and other advisers more closely.......... A You have to pay the franchise a start-up fee 7 A for the next three years B The company was called Oil and Vinegar B by a 16. but nothing caught our creating a coherent business plan. C as solicitors and other professional advisers In April we went to the British Franchise Exhibition at Wembley to find a franchise that was right for us. 5) . but the real crunch imagination until we stumbled on the last stand.. 6) .Unit 06_Upstream (CAE) ........ 8 For questions 1 to 6......5% increase C Despite the global nature of the company C on a no-sale-no-investment basis D My wife didn’t really want to do it E I was sceptical about franchises 8 A rather than the ú6bn originally planned F We could have bought into estate agencies B and not sooner than 2007 G Oil and Vinegar attracted quite a bit of interest C rather than the ú11bn originally suggested H Franchises are not cheap to start I However..... McDonald's and Thorntons. many applicants face significant legal bills....... B or C to fill each gap.............. .J.Upstream (CAE) ......... a 90% success rate J After 13 years in secure office jobs 131 ... however. interior designers. car repairers. There is an example (0).... It is terrifying and exhilarating... .... the phrases to fill each gap...... albeit run to the template of the parent company.. take their cut such as Bodyshop.... 4 A because their solicitor 4) .. and a C Even those who win their cases percentage of your profits for the use of their concepts and trademarks.... or to hit the ground with a thud. 1) ... .. each shop is a small business.. with young or disabled children 2) ... The ñ 5) ... dedicating weeks of painstaking care into range was amazing.. 3) .... The reduction has been caused by its decision to delay the roll-out of so-called third generation mobile phone services... read the following text and choose from the list (A-J) given below the best of ñ The government has been discussing new regulations...... 1 A due to come into force next April B they will implement them next April C although not before next April Next month my wife and I will open the doors of our 2 A so that their working hours are flexible own business. 0) ... It now expects to spend ú8bn by 2005 8) ...... factor 6) .......... ........... .. .........Unit 06 28/01/2011 8:22 ΜΜ Page 131 6 ‹ Structure & Coherence English in Use – Part 6 7 Choose A... of any award or settlement.. There are three phrases 1) ... 2) ........ setting up a company.... a gourmet gift shop....... B Even if they lose their cases There are drawbacks of course........ ñ Win or lose.. and you have to stick to their plan.. at first. I have finally B to have more flexible working arrangements unpicked the safety net of regular income to throw myself C because they need more flexible hours from the ledge. and the idea was a gourmet giftshop where the customer buys such goodies as truffles....

............................ 11) ....... ............ ñ A total of sixty-two ............. authorities on their age is not justifiable.................................. without a good chairperson and an agenda....... connected with race. reasons home and abroad....... ............. an 6) .... 2 BROAD 5 REFUSE 4 compete ñ We managed to outwit the .... in providing for 1 TERMINATE 4 ABILITY 7 ORGANISE travelling business people. For example.. by launching our product early...... In ñ You have a .... failed make better decisions than the best or second-best person in that group..... however........... industrial relations...... sex... Information will be treated the words in the boxes below each as a neutral commodity.......Unit 06 28/01/2011 8:22 ΜΜ Page 132 English in Use ‹ Word Formation 9 Fill the gaps with words formed from the words in capitals... redundancy is just one form of 0) 1 tire dismissal – not a catch-all phrase to describe any 1) ... organised environments........ to complete the new sports hall on If the meetings you attend are badly run but you want to 10) . ................ few people think far enough obligation to give us a month’s ahead to turn up with papers to hand out. 2) .......... There is an example (0)............................... or trade union- 2 lead related activities................ handout.. However... and the necessary IT to 10 Read the two texts that follow....... ñ The team displayed a lot of ........ entered the race............... Understand that meetings that are well-run can generate better results than would come from the smartest people in the group...... ñ He was praised for his ..................................... that something is accomplished.... 4) ...... a clear structure... Contrary to popular belief............ you will usually find that 12) ...... to work on Sundays or ñ The most important quality required assertion of a statutory right.................. for this managerial post is Your employer must operate any redundancy programme ...... time.......................... Recognise that most meetings will be 8) ... text to form words that fit in the numbered spaces in the text...... redundancy is considered by the law to be 3) .... An employee is.......... them elsewhere in the 7) ..... 5) .... skip 5 contract most of these meetings. tribunal has ñ Mr Brown is one of the country’s concluded that selecting employees for redundancy on the basis of ....... centres on the points you make on these sheets........... fairly.. ................. there and then....... Three things are English in Use – Part 4 13) .... .......... and everybody will have their say........... ............... ñ Although the job is not physically of employment...... 8 CHAOS 11 POOR 14 COLLECT 9 PRODUCE 12 DISCUSS 15 ALTERNATE 10 SURE 13 DISPENSE 132 . ñ We are committed to pursuing 0 DISMISS 3 FAIR 6 INDUSTRY ......... . If you are the only person who has a notice if you intend to leave............................... If your aim is to be 9) ............ .... it leaves me feeling made redundant when the employer requires fewer people to do exhausted at the end of the day............. Research has shown that badly managed groups rarely ñ The building .............................. ................ then bring your own informal agenda........... Employers are also supposed to consult with employees on an individual basis before making them redundant to consider 3 excel whether there are any other options available such as redeploying ñ We were treated to an . decision-making: an impartial facilitator or chairperson........... speaking..... supper of seafood and home-made pasta....... the type of work the employee was employed to do.......................................... spirit and that’s why they succeeded........... Use model possible 15) ...................Unit 06_Upstream (CAE) ............. for good 14) ...........Upstream (CAE) ....... efforts to promote our ideals at if you are made redundant for maternity-related reasons................. .....

. it right. employer... you because of your job reference.... He was never told why the reference was bad... ...’ “It was very upsetting........ English in Use – Part 1 12 For questions 1-15.. .. .... “I was shocked at how cruel people can be... to the reference from the organisation who received it... when he opened a letter that said ‘Sorry... select the most appropriate word (A.. C or D) to complete each gap..... another home care provider..” After he received the 11) ............ is what Wayne Taft thought when he applied for a job as an occupational care worker... When your manager tells you they are pleased with your 0) work ..... to a new job and now I’m on the 10) ........ reference when you leave. to supply a positive... That.... My reference should have been 5) ...... he has the right to request 13) ..Unit 06_Upstream (CAE) ..... Imagine his surprise 3) .. we can't 4) . 8) .. or even neutral reference.... the least you can expect is a(n) 1) . letter he resigned himself to pursuing jobs using another past employer as a reference... 0 A work B job C employment D task 1 A beneficial B straight C decent D moral 2 A pace B way C step D rate 3 A namely B then C really D although 4 A consider B regard C judge D review 5 A shining B glowing C gleaming D glistening 6 A having B taking C getting D suffering 7 A present B so-called C would-be D former 8 A refusing B avoiding C protesting D disliking 9 A away B aside C forward D front 10 A leisure B dole C queue D home 11 A rejection B refusal C denial D dismissal 12 A accidental B powerless C unfavourable D unrelated 13 A access B admittance C entry D permission 14 A struggle B disagree C dare D confront 15 A get B put C place D fix 133 ....... the employer that turned him down and demand to see the reference...... “I'm so angry..... who is unemployed..” Mr Taft.. “I was looking 9) . I need to find out what happened and 15) . Mr Taft says he intends to 14) ........ A B 1 the late manager a the person who is bound to become manager 2 the manager in question b the person who was manager before the current one 3 the manager to-be c the person who is supposed to be the manager 4 the former manager d the manager who has died 5 the so-called manager e the person who would like to be manager 6 the present manager f the person who is holding the manager’s post temporarily 7 the would-be manager g the manager we’re talking about 8 the stop-gap manager h the person who is currently manager The late manager left a legacy of a 160% increase in sales over 12 years...... the consequences of his 7) .. and in the two months since it happened has felt 12) .. at any 2) ...... B..... is still 6) . then make sentences with the items from A to show their meanings.....Upstream (CAE) .......” he adds..Unit 06 28/01/2011 8:22 ΜΜ Page 133 6 ‹ Terms Often Confused 11 Match A to B.. ...” he says.. But this week he discovered that under the Data Protection Act..

. Working Environment and answer the questions that follow.... Nevertheless.. the lack of a reception your department...... proposals........ for the above Director most wants reasons... mentioning factors that affect the day-to.................. 1 Read the rubric below. Date: 4th October 20... Managing Director such things as work environments. underline the key words. Another change which would benefit the department a) How smoothly and is the conversion of the storerooms into offices..... the telephone writing need to be? switchboard is faulty and is frequently jammed.......... Purpose ‹ Understanding the Rubric (1) The purpose of this report is to comment on the conditions in the Margate Sales Department and to make recommendations for improvements. the Director....... thanks to a of the company you work for has asked you to high level of motivation and loyalty to the firm.. the telephone sales staff could be department is running separated from other office workers...... In particular. Then answer the questions that follow... This does not mean that given...... c) The main complaints your department has Conclusion d) How your department can be made more profitable I feel that if the above changes 8) ...... 5 How does the writer justify the expense of the proposed changes? 134 . etc...... Margate Branch the correct format for letters...... day running of the department. 7) . Furthermore...... information Subject: Report on Conditions in the Sales Department sheets.... we 3 Which of the following section headings could you use would be able to significantly improve the efficiency of the if you were writing about the department where you department. reports. register and subject matter that is appropriate to ñ would mean that ñ due to ñ with the result ñ such as a work situation.... made..... that b) Which members of your department are not noise levels could be kept to a minimum......... suggest what some expense.... noise level is unacceptably high on occasion 3) ........ The instructions you are given will assume that you are in full-time work and that you are familiar with To: Mr Mark Dixon.......Unit 06_Upstream (CAE) ........ 2) ......... I would strongly recommend that.... the head office problems are rare. we upgrade the office computers and replace the to read in your report? switchboard.. I feel that the increased efficiency and resulting you could include.......Unit 06 28/01/2011 8:22 ΜΜ Page 134 Writing: Business Option / Letters of Application In Part 2 of the CAE writing paper.......... Although these recommendations clearly involve work? For the sections that you choose. prepare a confidential report on the conditions in there are problems.... absences....Upstream (CAE) . 5) ...... Write a report for the Managing area for customers who visit the premises.. Generally speaking....... This would have the added advantage of freeing up space for visiting members of the working hard enough public..... Give reasons....... the computers we are using are not powerful enough 1 How formal does your to cope with the volume of sales...... Your report should the large number of staff involved in telephone sales.. what else could Management-Worker Relations you say? Recommendations 3 Why does the second section begin with positive factors? Equipment 4 What recommendations are made in the fourth section? How Office Conditions do they relate to the previous two sections? Other .. Working Environment 1 Is the language used suitable for a Managing Director? Why (not)? Staff Morale 2 There is only one sentence in the first section.... Exploiting this efficiently your space 6) . 1) . rather than students...... 2 What do you think Recommendations the Managing Firstly... These include any recommendations you feel would factors 4) .. one of the choices is ‹ Analysing the Model (1) a business question.. This is designed for people who are 2 Read the model and fill in the gaps with the phrases working...... have a distracting effect on other workers. delayed or missed calls........ working conditions and From: Brian Cox... the working environment is a pleasant and safe one which is conducive to efficient work.. Disciplinary Following a difficult year financially.. In addition. sales will more than compensate for the costs incurred... Equipment Some of the equipment in the department is outdated.. students should not attempt this question but it is important to remember that the examiner will be looking for ñ tend to ñ as are ñ resulting in ñ were to be vocabulary... increase efficiency and profits.....

............................................ about talking.. 5 Chairs should be stable..................... 4 Ensure a suitable working temperature 5 ..... Cutbacks will have to be made particularly / especially the disastrous start to the year....................................................... The contract was lost even though / despite the fact that much better working conditions................................... cabinets......................................... Relocate printers............................... .... Read them and try to add others to suit your place of work................................................. 2 Do not hold a telephone receiver between your 3 ... Move telephones.. as in the example........................... (and colleagues!) should be kept to a minimum summer ....................... ........ Problems Solutions OFFICE GUIDELINES 1 Some workspaces are too small Purchase larger desks and 1 Your workspace should be large enough to – employees risk injury workbenches allow you to avoid uncomfortable positions 2 Reception staff have to type ......... etc................ time ............. .............................................. headaches – absent from . Orders have fallen dramatically......... adjustable............. Steps have been taken in view of / considering the new measures...... hot in .............. when answering the phone...Unit 06_Upstream (CAE) ... Orders have fallen dramatically due to / because of / as a result of rectify the situation. Then look at the table of problems and solutions and fill in the gaps........................ printers 4 Office is cold in winter............................................................. and ergonomically designed 6 Employees suffering from .............................. to the extent that / with the result that we may be forced to close down................................. 6 Don’t sit at a computer for hours at a time work .. Problems have arisen to the extent that / with the result that in the exports department........ Put up notices shoulder and ear .............................................Upstream (CAE) ................................... 3 Noise from heating units............................ Purchase new adjustable chairs....................................... Below is a list of guidelines for healthy conditions in offices.................................... .............................Unit 06 28/01/2011 8:22 ΜΜ Page 135 6 ‹ Sentence Construction 3 Match the three columns to make full sentences...................................................... ......... These proposed changes will so as to / in order to the staff had worked overtime.......... The figures are excellent result in / lead to we may be forced to close down......................... ............................................................................................... 135 ...................................................... ...... ................. .... ‹ Brainstorming 4 You may be asked to comment on conditions in your place of work and sometimes it might be necessary to brainstorm for ideas.................. ........................ ........ telephones...................................................... moving files from and answer calls at the same ...... 7 (Your own guidelines) 7 ............................

..................... Which one most closely When writing a letter of application for a job or a course resembles your own writing style? of study......... such letters contain muscles.............. help if ...... 4 and delete the phrases in bold which are 6 Put the following into the correct spaces in the plan below and add other ideas of your own........ Where advertised ........... problem.................. making suggestions: A useful suggestion would be to ............ By doing this........... (suggestion and ‹ Brainstorming expected result) b. (problem) The result of this is important to use exactly the right tone..................... the result would be .......................... 136 ....................... It would Reason for wanting the job ............ giving reasons.. ñ degree in mathematics ñ enclose two references A number of reception staff have complained of ñ Office Manager ñ capable and trustworthy headaches and neck complaints due to / thanks to / ñ course in office management ñ Senior Clerk as a consequence of the fact that they have to adopt ñ on your company’s website ñ full driving licence awkward positions in order to type / so as to be able ñ to put my experience to greater use to type / with the intention of typing while answering the telephone.................................................... If ....... it would lead to fewer days lost due to work-related injuries......... I propose that we purchase either speakerphones or special ‘hands-free’ headsets leading to the Present job .......... 4........... It is also A Some workspaces are too small.............. (effect of problem) I would strongly suggest that we some or all of the following: purchase larger desks and workbenches......... ..................... I Name of post .................................................. with the result that a ñ your academic qualifications number of employees have complained of sprained ñ the personal qualities which make you suitable for the job muscles..... c................. presenting results & consequences: This would mean/lead to .................... eradication of the problem / so that the problem Duties / Responsibilities ............. (expected ñ the name of the job/course you are applying for result) ñ where you saw it advertised ñ what you are doing now ñ what work experience you have B Some workspaces are too small............. Typically..................................................... The situation could be improved if ....................Unit 06_Upstream (CAE) ....... strongly recommend that we take action immediately.......................................... Personal qualities / Experience ......................................................Upstream (CAE) .................................................. Closing remarks .............. In this way .............. (suggestion) This will lead to fewer days lost due to work-related injuries....................... can be eradicated / in order to eradicate the ................................................ of your own based on one of the other points ... in Ex......... it is important to include only the information that is relevant to the particular job you are applying for......................... be solved by ............ (problem and effect) I would strongly suggest that if we or course were to purchase larger desks and workbenches........... .................................................................................................. In view of / With a view to / Considering the potential risk of long-term damage.............................. Now look at a paragraph based on point 2 in Ex.......................... not suitable..........................................................................Unit 06 28/01/2011 8:22 ΜΜ Page 136 Writing: Business Option / Letters of Application ‹ Constructing a Paragraph ‹ Letters of Application 5 a................................ I would strongly suggest ................... .. Look at the two paragraphs below and discuss the differences............... Academic qualifications ... Use the useful vocabulary to write a paragraph Other skills / Qualifications .. otherwise the that a number of employees have complained of sprained application will be rejected.... could ....

personal qualities.D. further information should it be required. In addition. I has only got two GCSEs and he earns more than me so I also consider myself to be a reliable and industrious worker. isn’t it? I’m feel has given me the confidence to undertake greater not so keen on the extra responsibilities. Cheers. The one in Manchester. where I am Hi John (or should I call you Mr Stevens now you’re working responsible for the processing of telephone orders. Please find enclosed my CV and two references company . Yours faithfully. I have gained a valuable me (yet!!!). I know about the job – I completed an evening course in office administration which I mean it’s only the same as what I’m doing here. and think I deserve a promotion because I’ve been here longer am capable of working under my own initiative. your work experience. if you think you can do anything for me. I will be happy to supply you with what’s going on. d say what you have done for the company so far Write a letter of application. 1 How does the writer begin his letter? 4 How would you describe the tone of the letter? 2 What information is contained in the main body paragraphs? 5 If you were the Human Resources manager.you know. Well. I feel and I’m always here before nine o’clock in the morning. Look at Model B and answer the questions. You feel you are capable of doing for promotion the job and you are ready for a new challenge. For the last five years. Didn’t give me a I would be grateful if you would consider my application for reason either.nobody tells you anything! And nobody knows from previous employers. I have recently pay you very well up in London!). I attended Holm having a bash at it. The thing is.Unit 06_Upstream (CAE) . over the last five years. Think about: Head Clerk in the central London office. That’s the trouble with this this position. Remember me? I was on that training coordinating product development and negotiating contracts course with you last year. where I obtained thought I’d like to try something different (and I hear they four GCSEs and two AS-levels. f comment on what you think is wrong with the company g express confidence in your own abilities ‹ Analysing the Model (2) Dear Sir / Madam. but they never do. the head clerk thing. 137 . including every detail their CV. as well as in head office?). The job is similar to what you are b mention that you are keen on the idea of progressing already doing but it involves more responsibility and is to be c refer to previous occasions when you were turned down considered a promotion. you could put in a good word for me because I quite fancy As you will see from the enclosed CV. I wondered if complaints. It’s about with our suppliers.Upstream (CAE) . as advertised in the ñ style ñ register ñ content ñ layout August edition of the Sylvester Company Newsletter. In fact I enable me to