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ISSN (1897-3310

ARCHIVES Volume 13
Special Issue
of 1/2013
Published quarterly as the organ of the Foundry Commission of the Polish Academy of Sciences 28/1

Effect of T6 Treatment Parameters
of AlZn10Si7MgCu Alloy on Change of its
Hardness and Impact Strength
J. Pezda

Faculty of Chipless Forming Technology, University of Bielsko-Biała, Willowa 2, 43-309 Bielsko-Biała, Poland
Corresponding author. E-mail address:

Received 15.04.2013; accepted in revised form 07.05.2013

Among alloys of non-ferrous metals, aluminum alloys have found the widest application in foundry industry as a competitive alternative of
ferroalloys. One from methods to improve mechanical properties of aluminum alloys is a heat treatment consisting in heating a material to
solutioning temperature, keeping the material in such temperature, and subsequent rapid cooling and natural or artificial ageing. In the
paper are presented test results concerning effects of the T6 heat treatment, comprising solutioning and artificial ageing, on hardness and
impact strength of the AlZn10Si7MgCu alloy poured into metal moulds. Temperature ranges of solutioning and ageing treatments were
selected on the base of recorded curves from the ATD method. Basing on three-stage plan of the investigations with four variables one
determined range of the heat treatment parameters, what is a condition of obtainment of required HB hardness of the investigated alloy.
Further investigations shall concern correction of obtained results with respect to the HB hardness and impact strength, obtained for
selected castings of machinery components.

Keywords: Aluminum alloy, ATD, Hardness

Alloys from the Al-Zn-Si group (e.g. AlZn15Si8 alloy), in
1. Introduction spite of their advantages like good pouring properties, increased
mechanical properties without heat treatment (alloys with 10-
Aluminum alloys find their application in machinery
14% contents of Zn), reduced capacity to mechanical sparkling,
industry, automotive and aviation industries, due to low specific
are applied rather seldom [1,2].
gravity and good strength properties. Excellent castability,
Alloys on base of the Al-Zn feature excellent corrosion
machinability and abrasion resistance of casting alloys of
resistance owing to presence of aluminum, what enhances
aluminum bring about their broad application as a material for
resistance of the zinc being the main alloying component of these
poured components, mainly in automotive industry.
alloys. It enables their application both as a castings for engine
Direct effect on structure and mechanical properties of
and vehicle constructions, hydraulic units and mould making
aluminum alloys have: preparation process of the alloy (melting),
without the need of heat treatment, because this alloy is self-
founding technology, structure of a casting and mould,
hardening (UNIFONT® - 90) [3] or as anticorrosion layers [4-6].
solidification rate, and possible heat treatment.
Mechanical properties of the Al-Si and Al-Zn-Si depend, besides

ARCHIVES of FOUNDRY ENGINEERING Volume 13, Special Issue 1/2013, 143 –146 143

(hardness) in aluminum alloys.contents of Si. what resulted. The lowest hardness after performed heat treatment of the investigated alloy was obtained for the systems No. comparing to the test pieces Fig. ageing temperature 180˚C and ageing time 300 minutes.5 rest Analysis of chemical composition was performed with use of Fig. more on distribution and shape of Process of solidification and melting of the alloy (ATD silicon particles [1. Mg and Fe. which underwent bending impact test on Chemical composition of the investigated alloy is presented in the Charpy pendulum machine. Zn. 3. Test piece to impact strength test spectrometry method (emission spectrometer with glow- discharge excitation of GDS 850A type). Metodology of the research measurements of the hardness with use of Brinell method according to PN-75/H04350 standard. Special Issue 1/2013. After performed heat treatment one carried out 2. 143 –146 . holding the specimens in such temperature (30.7-8]. method) was recorded with use of fully automatic Crystaldimat The presence of additional elements in the Al-Zn-Si alloys analyzer. solutioning time 120 minutes. The ATD method has been used to recording of of optimization of the process in area of limitation of individual crystallization of metals and alloys for many years.93 9. The treatment consisted in heating The T6 heat treatment produces maximum strength of poured specimens to temperature of the solutioning (465. by more easy and more economic production of the test piece. of the alloy near solidus line.2 0. in reduction of the hardness of the alloy with about 40 HB 10/1000/30. steel ball with 10 mm diameter and To the investigations one used synthetic AlZn10Si7MgCu alloy. which was melted in electric resistance furnace and refined with Impact strength of the alloy was determined on the base of Rafal 1 preparation in quantity of 0. 2) temperature 720 oC having annular notch. This method can be characterized the Table 1. 13 (Fig. 240. recorded with use of ATD method for 3. The HB Hardness the investigated alloy. 27 (60 HB 10/1000/30). in simplified impact test [15] with cylindrical bar test pieces (Fig. 315 oC during Objective of the performed investigations was determination 60.ageing temperature 180 ˚C. 6 and No. Description of obtained results In the Figure 1 are presented curves of heating (melting) and crystallization of the alloy. Table 1. Specimens to the strength tests were poured in metal mould heated to temperature 250 oC.8 0. Hardness of the raw alloy without heat treatment amounted to 103 .8 1. 180 and 300 minute periods of time. . 3) one obtained the hardness 126 HB 10/1000/30 for solutioning temperature 525 ˚C. 144 ARCHIVES of FOUNDRY ENGINEERING Volume 13.8 0. allows many complex intermetallic phases of which may have Poured specimens undergo dispersion hardening with heating different morphology and configuration [9].solutioning time 60 minutes. both in treatments duration. Chemical composition of the investigated alloy Chemical composition / mass % Si Cu Zn Fe Mg Mn Ni Al 5. 1. 9800 N load sustained for 30 seconds. and subsequent cooling down in cold water (20C).ageing time 180 minutes. . 60. The highest hardness amounted to 127 HB 10/1000/30.0 0. next. .solutioning temperature 490 ˚C.Curves from ATD method for the AlZn10Si7MgCu alloy without the heat treatment. and significant financial implications [10].1. using the Brinell hardness tester of the PRL 82 type. 490. Unfortunately it requires a 525 oC) . artificial ageing in temperatures 180. 120 relatively long time to be carried out. and therefore has minutes). of an effect of the T6 heat treatment parameters (temperature and Temperature ranges of the solutioning and ageing treatments time of solutioning and ageing treatments) on HB hardness and were selected on the base of analysis of recorded curves from the impact strength of the investigated alloy in aspect of possibility ATD method. 2. 3) for: .107 HB 10/1000/30. Hardness of the alloy after the T6 heat treatment was included within range from 65 to 127 HB 10/1000/30. research projects and in quality control of alloys within industry [11-14].2% of mass of charge. 25 (Fig. In case of the system No. was obtained in case of the system No.

Maximal value of the impact strength amounting to 6. 143 –146 145 . ageing temperature 180 ˚C and ageing time 60 minutes.4 J/cm2.8 J/cm2.) for solutioning temperature 465 ˚C.8 J/cm2 after the heat treatment was obtained for the system No. 4 is presented an effect of T6 heat treatment treatment. Obtainment of the highest hardness of the AlZn10Si7MgCu alloy is conditioned by implementation of the following parameters of the T6 heat treatment T6: a) solutioning temperature 490-525 ˚C b) ageing temperature 180 ˚C. parameters on the HB hardness of the investigated alloy.ageing temperature 315 ˚C. the impact strength amounted to 6. d) ageing time .6 to 6.solutioning temperature 465 ˚C. In case of the system No.3 J/cm2. . 5). . No.ageing time 300 minutes. 5) for: . 3.180 oC. The impact strength of the investigated alloy for individual systems of the investigation plan The lowest impact strength after the heat treatment with accelerated artificial ageing was obtained for the system No. 23 (Fig.7 to 2. 60 minutes) b) ageing temperature 240-315 ˚C.60-180 minutes. 3.490 oC. 24 (Fig. On the base of performed investigations one determined the most advantageous parameters of dispersion hardening in aspects of improvement of the hardness HB 10/1000/30 for the investigated alloy. solutioning time 60 minutes. and No. After performed T6 heat In the Fig. the impact strength amounted to from 2. On the base of performed investigations it can be ascertained that the most advantageous parameters of dispersion hardening. Similar impact strength was obtained for the systems No. Fig.solutioning time 120 minutes. Special Issue 1/2013.2.0 J/cm2 for the following parameters: solutioning temperature 525˚C. 18. 1 (2. solutioning time 30 minutes. ageing temperature 240˚C. b) a) solutioning temperature 490-525 ˚C. 5). . The impact strength Fig. Growth of the impact strength of the investigated alloy is connected drop of its hardness. The hardness HB 10/1000/30 of the investigated alloy for individual systems of the investigation plan Impact strength of the initial alloy (without heat treatment) amounted to from 1. 4. 9 (Fig. 5. are as follows: hardness for: a) solutioning (ageing . 21. ageing (solutioning . c) solutioning time 60-120 minutes. 180 minutes) . Effect of the heat treatment parameters on the HB aspect of improvement of its impact strength. ageing time 300 minutes. which condition obtainment of maximal impact strength of the AlZn10Si7MgCu alloy in Fig. ARCHIVES of FOUNDRY ENGINEERING Volume 13.

et al. The T6 Fig. E. E.C.S. 13-18.Derivative thermo analysis of the near eutectic Al- (180 oC). Monography. structure and properties of silumins. [3] Tillová. D. Conclusions [12] Binczyk. Crystallization. 4. in aspect of a possibility of forecasting of mechanical properties. 10(2). G. Special Issue 1/2013. T6 Heat Treatment of Hypo-eutectic High ageing temperature (above 240 oC) and longer time of Silumins in Aspect of Improvement of R m Tensile Strength. (1993). & Ďuriníková.490 oC. & Sun. Solidification of Metals and Alloys. & Tillová E. Z. 6. 5.710. Acta Metallurgica Slovaca. Patent No. 5. S. [6] Takeda. AlZn10Si7Mg alloy. Selection of a suitable temperatures and times of solutioning Si-Cu alloy. M.S. (2011). [9] Duriníková. Cast alloys of non-ferrous metals. (2001). M. A. J. Patent and Trademark Office. & Labisz.600 Washington. E. 6 is presented an effect of temperature and duration of Further investigations should concern verification of obtained the solutioning on the impact strength of the investigated alloy. 18. P. References [1] Wasilewski. Warszawa: WNT. [5] Tan. F. (2008). Łódź. H. strength of the alloy. 8(4). Y. (1994). Use of unconventional methods of etching in the analysis of intermetallic phases in secondary aluminium alloy. W. In the Fig.308. 300 minutes) . S. E. 937-941). 17(1). 49-52. 2). & Ďuriníková. 146 ARCHIVES of FOUNDRY ENGINEERING Volume 13. (solutioning . 1-7. [10] Möller. (2008). Investigation on the Corrosion Behavior of HVDF- Spreyed Carbide Cermet Coatings in Moltem Al-Zn-Si Alloy Bath. Technical University Editorial. Z. Patent No. [2] Górny. 6-10. & Zhang. Silumins .S. results for selected castings of machinery parts. 28.: U. 57-87. X. (1989). [4] Takeda. (9). and thereby result in drop of its hardness. & Govender. Washington. Effect of heat treatment parameters on the impact strength Heat Treatment of Semi-Solid Metal Processed Alloy A356. 143 –146 . Basil R. Warszawa: WNT. E. H. (2011). K. Theory of ATD method in researches of aluminium alloys. et al.S. (2010). & Jura.). and ageing treatments is a condition of obtainment of [15] Poniewierski. E. (2007). D. Ohio.315 oC. the ageing (180-300 minutes) affect on growth of the impact Archives of Foundry Engineering. U. improvement of the hardness and impact strength of the d) ageing time 180-300 minutes. Z.478. PAN Solidification of metals and alloys. & Krupiński. [7] Pietrowski. Patent and Trademark Office. (Eds. & Jiang. & Stumpf. Katowice. [8] Tillová. H. Structural analysis of secondary AlZn10Si8Mg cast alloy. 37-40. ASM International. 60 minutes) [11] Jura. M. L. 2. & Hurtalová. (1995). Marple et al. for: a) solutioning (ageing . & Chalupová M. 4-10. Materials Engineering. MTM International Vurtual Journal. hardness and impact strength of the AlZn10Si7MgCu alloy. (2012).C. based on temperature and time of solutioning and ageing heat treatments. Thermal Spray 2007: Global Coating Solutions: Proceedings of the 2007 International Thermal Spray Conference (pp. 12(spec. (1996). J. G. M. produced from the investigated alloy and subjected to the heat treatment. 7-10. [13] Pezda. Z.: U. Silumins. b) ageing The Open Materials Science Journal. The ATD thermal analysis of selected nickel superalloys. having the maximal values in case of low ageing temperatures (2008). L. [14] Dobrzański. M. & Śleziona J. (1992). & Chalupová.Modification and its impact on structure and properties. Charakterization of phases in secondary AlZn10Si8Mg cast alloy. c) solutioning time 60-120 minutes. Archives of Foundry Engineering. U. 21. & Chalupová. S. Archives of Foundry Performed T6 heat treatment affects on change of the Engineering.