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the above screen is for connecting to sources to get data.

BI to get data from SAP BI sources.
SAP to get data from SAP R3 sources.
csv and ascii files alone can be connected by source systems.
external connections should be used to talk to other applications and ERPs.
DB connect should be used to directly talk to databases. this will not use the application interface.

it uses BAPI. it uses its own APIs. ------------------------------------------------------------------- STEPS FOR CREATING INFOCUBE: ------------------------------------------------------------------- GO TO RSA1 . Reporting tool for SAP is Bex Analyzer. UD connect is universal data connect to connect to multi dimensional data bases like SSAS. web services uses to get data from xml sources. SERVICE APPLICATION PROGRAMMING INTERFACE (SAPI). pushing data from SAP BI to SAP and non-SAP applications are done using open hub services.4 it will use data integrator from business objects. SAP BI does not use ETL tools. FOLDERS UNDER SAP MENU = INFOAREAS. This uses J2EE. SUB-FOLDERS UNDER INFOAREAS ARE INFO-CATALOGS. From version 7. for external systems. this uses microsoft simple object access protocal (SOAP). MASTER DEFINITIONS AND KEY FIGURES KEPT SEPERATELY UNDER CHARECTERISTIC & KEY FIGURE INFO CATALOGS. There is anothe web application reporting tool.this cannot connect to multi-dimensional databases. LEFT PANE IS NAVIGATIONAL AREA. It uses ms excel. SAP has a staging engine called persistant stating area (PSA).

STORED AS CHAR(6) ENTE LENGTH. CONTEXT MENU APPEARS. ENTER TECHNICAL NAME AND DESCRIPTION. ON THE RIGHT PANE. THE TABLE METADATA APPEARS. SUGGESTED NAME TA_SALES_ICC IC STANDS FOR INFOCATALOG. NO SPACES ALLOWED IN TECHNICAL NAMES.CLICK ON MODELING CLICK ON INFOOBJECTS. USE CREATE INFOOBJECT FROM CONTEXT MENU. CONTEXT MENU APPEARS. DATE AND TIME APPEAR AS KEY FIGURES TO FIND OUT THE DIFFERENCE IN DAYS AND HOURS. SIMILARLY CREATE OTHER CHARECTERISTICS INFO OBJECTS. FOR THE CUBE CREATED. LARGE TEXT FIELDS ARE NOT ALLOWED. ALL OBJECTS CREATED BY SAP IS PREFIXED WITH 0. PROBLEM FOR TEXT PROCESSING. GREEN SQUARE IS KEY FIGURES. individual DATE & TIME FIELDS HAVE TO BE USED. CLICK ON CHARECTERISTICS RADIO BUTTON (DEFAULT). A NEW TABLE WILL BE CREATED FOR EVERY NEW INFOOBJECT AND ITS NAME WILL BE AVAILABLE UNDER SID_TABLE. CHARECTERISTICS DATA TYPES ARE CHAR CHAR STRING MAX LEN 60. RIGHT CLICK COLUMN HEADER CLICK ON CREATE INFOAREA. ANY VALID UNIT AND CURRENCY CAN BE ENTERED (MULTIPLE UNITS AND CURRENCIES). THERE IS NO DATE & TIME FIELD. 4 OBJECTS WILL BE CREATED BY DEFAULT: DATA PACKAGE TIME UNIT . CLICK ON CREATE INFOCUBE. 0CURRENCY CAN BE USED. RIGHT CLICK ON INFOCATALOG. THE ADVANTAGE IS. CLICK ON ACTIVATE. TO CREATE INFOOBJECTS. CLICK ON CREATE INFOAREA. WHEN QUANTITY IS SELECTED. CREATE A NEW INFO AREA (TA_MOTORS_PROJECT) RIGHT CLICK ON NEW INFOAREA. IF UNIT OR CURRENCY IS FIXED. CREATE SUBFOLDERS. GREEN TRIANGLE IS CHARECTERISTICS. CHARECTERISTICS APPEARS. WHEN DOUBLE CLICKED. SIMILARLY CREATE OTHER KEY FIGURE INFO-OBJECTS DATA TYPES AMOUNT NUMBER DATE QUANTITY INTEGER TIME. SIMILARLY FOR CURRENCIES. THAT SPECIFIC UNIT / CURRENCY CAN BE SELECTED UNDER FIXED UNIT / CURRENCY COLUMN. RIGHT ON THE FINAL INFOAREA. C INDICATES CHRACTERISTICS. CONTEXT MENU APPEARS INFOAREA NAME IS A TECHNICAL NAME. CLICK ON ACTIVATE. NUMC CHAR STRING WITH ONLY NUMERIC MAX LEN 60 DATS DATE FIELD YYYYMMDD STORED AS CHAR(8) TIMS TIME FIELD HHMMSS. THEN. SELECT CREATE INFOOBJECT CATALOG. ENTER 0UNIT FOR EXAMPLE. SO DO NOT FORGET TO CLICK ON KEY FIGURE RADIO BUTTON WHEN CREATING KEY FIGURE INFOCATALOG. RIGHT CLICK ON INFO AREA. UNIT/CURRENCY FIELD IS ALSO ENABLED. INFOOBJECT TECHNICAL NAME LENGTH IS FROM 3 TO 9.

DIMENSION1 IF THE CUBE NAME IS TM_SALES. . RIGHT CLICK DIMENSION1 TO CHANGE THE PROPERTIES. THE OBJECT NAMES ARE AS FOLLOWS TM_SALESP TM_SALEST TM_SALESU TM_SALES1 THE TECHNICAL NAMES CANNOT BE CHANGED. CREATE ADDITIONAL DIMENSIONS.

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one cube can have only one fact table. maximum of 248 characteristics can be created per dimension. total dimensions can be . so. maximum of 13 user defined dimensions can be created per cube.

' COLUMN INDICATES DISPLAY FIELD. . RIGHT CLICK ON A CUBE AND SELECT COPY CUBE. RIGHT CLICK ON THE INFOOBJECT AND SELECT MAINTAIN MASTER DATA. IT WILL BE COPIED IN THE SAME INFO AREA. PROVIDE A NEW NAME. IF DISPLAY ATTRIBUTE HAS TO BE CHANGED TO NAVIGATIONAL. CLICK ON THE NAVIGATIONAL ATTRIBUTE CELL BELOW. TO COPY A CUBE.DISPLAY ATTRIBUTES CANNOT BE USED FOR AGGREGATION. 'DIS' IN 'TY. DISPLAY ATTRIBUTES DO NOT HAVE LINK BETWEEN THE DISPLAY VALUE AND A MASTER. to view data. THERE ARE 2 TYPES OF ATTRIBUTES FOR MASTER DATA.13*248 maximum of 233 key figures can be created in a fact table (cube). DISPLAY & NAVIGATIONAL. NAVIGATIONAL ATTRIBUTES HAVE A MASTER.

. FOR STATE FIELD.COMPOUNDING = COMPOSITE KEY. ADD COUNTRY AS THE SUPERIOR INFOOBJECT. SUPERIOR INFOOBJECT IS THE PARENT FILED FOR EXAMPLE.

SID STARTS FROM 2. A SEPERATE TABLE IS MAINTAINED FOR DESCRIPTION IN MULTIPLE LANGUAGES. THE ATTRIBUTE CONTAINING MULTIPLE LANGUAGE DESCRIPTION IS CALLED THE T TABLE. PURE NUMERIC. .INSTEAD OF ONE DESCRIPTION IN ONE LANGUAGE ATTACHED TO ONE MASTER ITEM. MEDIUM 40 & LONG 60 CHARS. TEXT SHORT 20. THE MASTER TABLE CONTAINING ONLY THE SID & MASTER KEY IS CALLED S TABLE.

H TABLE WILL BE CREATED. . MATERIAL IS THE LAST NODE IN AN HIERARCHY. TO CRETE AN HIERARCHY. ENABLE CHECK BOX 'WITH HIERARCHIES' IN HIERARCHY TAB.------------------------------------------------ HIERARCHIES ------------------------------------------------ LEVELS IN A HIERARCHY = NODES IN SAP.

FOR EACH TEXT NODE. . SOUTH SALES ORGN. SERVICES. ELECTRONICS. ETC. SPARE PARTS. ELECTRICALS.YOU CAN CREATE TEXT NODE OR CHARACTERISTIC NODES. THEN CREATE ADDITIONAL NODES BELOW IT LIKE MOTORS. A PARTICULAR MATERIAL ID CAN BE ASSOCIATED. ETC. INITIAL EXAMPLE IS USING TEXT NODE. ETC. CREATE TEXT NODE LIKE NORTH SALES ORG.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------- CHECK HOW TO CREATE CHARECTERISTIC NODES. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------- .

. USE THE PROGRAM 'NOGAPS'. IT DOES NOT CHANGE THE INPUT VALUE. CONVERSION_EXIT_ALPHA_OUTPUT REMOVES LEADING ZEROS. IT PADS LEADING ZEROS. SAP will display output values. IF 0100 AND 100 ARE VALID CODES. click on testing / execute. IF THE INPUT IS NUMERIC. IF THE VALUE IS ALPHA. enter sample values. IF SPACES TO BE REMOVED. THEN REMOVE THE ALPHA CONVERSION IN GENERAL TAB.--------------------------------------------------------------------------------- CONVERSION ROUTINE ON GENERAL TAB --------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ENTER conversion_exit_ALPHA_INPUT in SE37 screen.

.for MATERIAL. conversion_exit_MATN1_INPUT. for others USE ALPHA.

---------------------------------------------------- METADATA REPOSITORY ------------------------------------------------------ .

FOLLOWING SCREENS WILL APPEAR. . NONE OF THESE CUBES ARE ACTIVATED BY SAP. IT NEEDS TO BE ACTIVATED. WHICHEVER CUBES ARE REQUIRED. CLICK ON BUSINESS CONTENT AND THEN CLICK ON LOCAL OBJECTS.----------------------------------------------------------------------------------- TO SEE ALL CUBES CRETED BY SAP.