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Voltage Dependent

Overcurrent Relay

Features

**● Site selection of characteristics for
**

voltage restrained or voltage

controlled overcurrent

● Wide setting range

● Green led start indicators to

facilitate testing

● Low ac burden

● DC power supply operates over a

wide input range

● Separate test mode with trip test

feature

● Non volatile memory for led trip

indication

Figure 1: Type MCVG 61 relay withdrawn from case.

**Models available are required to be a function of Description
**

voltage and current. There are two

MCVG 61 versions are available for types of relay that are customarily Type MCVG 61 relays consist of a

phase-neutral and phase-phase used for these applications, namely microcontroller based overcurrent

connection. voltage restrained and voltage element (identical to MCGG relays,

controlled overcurrent relays. see R6054) with one element

available for each phase. The current

Application With voltage restrained overcurrent

relays, when the voltage falls below a measurement is performed by an

set value, the operating time of the analogue to digital converter (ADC)

For backup overcurrent protection of

overcurrent characteristic is which forms an integral part of the

generators, ordinary overcurrent

continuously reduced with declining microcontroller, the program in the

relays are sometimes difficult to apply,

voltage. In voltage controlled microcontroller constantly samples the

due to the decaying characteristic of

overcurrent relays, the operating time output of the ADC and compares the

the fault current. The value of the fault

characteristic is changed from the value with a predetermined reference.

current will be progressively reduced

load characteristic to the fault If the output of the ADC remains

due to armature reaction, to a value

characteristic when the voltage falls above the reference value, then the

less than full load current. Therefore,

below a set level. microcontroller will give a trip signal

normal overcurrent relays, set above

after a time delay, which is

the load current or maximum The MCVG 61 is a three phase determined by the algorithm for the

permissible overload, cannot be voltage dependent overcurrent relay selected time delay characteristic.

applied to provide time delayed with both voltage restrained and

backup protection as they will not voltage controlled characteristic When a trip signal is given, the trip

operate for these fault conditions. available from the same relay. led is set to ‘on’ and the state

For successful application of The desired mode is selected by a remembered in the non volatile

generator backup protection, the EEPROM. This ensures that, if the

switch on the front of the relay.

operating characteristics of the relay power to the relay is lost, the trip

2

05 to the input voltage exceeds a preset multiplier settings.1 to 2. where I is the current applied to the relay. 1. which diverts Operating characteristics (seconds) Time range (seconds) current from the overcurrent 2 0. by the overcurrent detectors. a voltage ● Definite time 4 seconds D4 proportional to the input voltage is ● applied to the analogue switch. voltage that. This latch turns the analogue switch on. dc to dc converter which is designed The time/current characteristic Voltage controlled and voltage to work over a large voltage range. The dc to dc symbol on the nameplate. If t1 times current dependent characteristics and out before the signal has fallen below gives the following ranges for the the reference voltage. a timer t1 is started. 3 . ● This diverts a proportion of the input ● Definite time 8 seconds D8 current from the measuring circuit resulting in a gradual transition from ● fault characteristic to overload Table 1: Operating time characteristics with corresponding switch positions. selection is carried out by means of restrained overcurrent is achieved by This allows one relay to cover several three switches identified by the ( ) controlling the amount of current seen battery voltages. when the voltage is less ● than 90%Vn.0 in 0. front plate. characteristics and the settings of In this mode the MCVG 61 operates these switches.0 in 0. This control is marked xt = ∑ Voltage controlled overcurrent is characteristic. This acts as a threshold setting during any half convenient time multiplier on the cycle. ● Voltage restrained overcurrent is ● Definite time 2 seconds D2 achieved by taking the TRMS value of ● the input voltage. Below this voltage Separate setting switches are operating time characteristics must be the relay operates with the fault provided for each phase on the relay multiplied by the time multiplier to characteristic. If this voltage is ● between the limits of 0. the output of the latch is set ● Trip test low. These are used to select give the actual operating time of the the required time/current relay. Relay Settings with the load characteristic above a The time given by each of the set voltage level. Below ● that voltage the relay pick up is ● reduced.025. depending on the magnitude ● Extremely inverse sec EI of the reduction in the relay voltage.4 to 8.2 second steps When the input voltage falls below the preset threshold setting during any Switch position Operating characteristic half cycle.0 in 0. If t2 (0) (1) times out before the signal has exceeded the preset reference ● voltage. the output of definite time characteristics: the latch is set high. 8 0. characteristic with increasing voltage.55Vn. ● Thus the relay has a load character- ● istic during healthy conditions and a family of characteristics during fault ● Long time earth fault sec LT conditions. if the instantaneous amplitude of controlled voltage setting and time The range of multiplication is 0.05 second steps measuring circuit to give the overload 4 0.9Vn>V>0. overload positions. converter gives totally isolated outputs giving a high degree of noise Table 1 gives the basic operating Voltage Controlled Overcurrent Mode immunity to the relay. ● Voltage Restrained Overcurrent Mode ● In the voltage restrained mode the ● Very inverse sec VI MCVG 61 operates on the load characteristic above 90%Vn. voltage restrained or achieved by the use of voltage level where ∑ is the sum of all the switch voltage controlled operation.1 second steps characteristic.0 in steps of 0.2 to 4. detectors. a timer t2 is started. Resetting the latch causes the ● analogue switch to turn off resulting in ● the measuring circuit giving the fault ● Standard inverse sec SI characteristics. The principle of operation is and fault setting current.indication will revert to the last state Power for the relay is supplied by a Selection of time characteristics on re-applying the auxiliary power.

100 10 Definite 8 seconds Definite 4 seconds Operating time t (seconds) Longtime standby earth fault t= 120 I – K∆Is –1 Definite 2 seconds Is Standard inverse t= 0.5 I – K∆Is –1 Is Extremely inverse t= 80 I – K∆Is 2 –1 Is 0.02 –1 Is 1. operation time characteristic.14 I – K∆Is 0. 4 .0 Very inverse t= 13.1 1.0 10 100 I – K∆Is Is Figure 2: Time delayed overcurrent.

13 Reset +VE Power (a) CT shorting links make Vx 14 supply before (b) and (c) disconnect. . (Diagrams 10 MCVG 61 02 sheets 2 and 3 show variations). P2 P1 A A S2 S1 B Vs ∆Is C C B A B C Trip I>Is 37 >V Mode t Curve N selection selection 38 n 21 Case earth IA Is µC Output RL1 1 29 30 circuits a b c 22 PhA 2 Ph 33 34 35 36 Vs ∆Is 37 38 Trip I>Is 41 13 14 41 42 >V Mode t Curve selection selection 42 45 46 23 RL1-1 35 47 48 IB Is µC 33 21 22 49 50 24 34 23 24 PhA Trip RL1-2 output 25 26 contacts 29 Vs ∆Is 27 28 30 Trip I>Is 45 Module terminal block >V Mode t Curve viewed from rear selection selection (with integral case earth strap) 46 25 IC Is µC Notes: See Note 1 26 PhA 1 Earthing connections are typical only. Case earth connection 2 CT connections are typical only. (c) Long terminals. –VE 1 circuits (b) Short terminals break before (c). 5 Figure 3: Application diagram 10 MCVG 61 02 sheet 1 issue D.

35 ) when 55% Vn <V<90% Vn K=0 when V<55% Vn Is 5% to 240% In in steps of 5% In ∆Is 50% to 200% In in steps of 10% In Where V is the applied ac voltage Operating time Time delayed element See Figure 2 6 .25Ω for 1A relays and less than 0. With output element operated they are increased by up to a maximum of 3W.5W The figures above are maxima under quiescent conditions. AC voltage Less than 0.25V for 1A relays and less than 0. Setting ranges Voltage setting 55% to 90% Vn in steps of 5% Vn Voltage control mode Current pick up level Is + K∆Is K = 0 when V<Vs K = 1 when V>Vs Is 5% to 240% In in steps of 5% In ∆Is 50% to 200% In in steps of 10% In Where V is the applied ac voltage Drop off to pick up ratio of under voltage detector >107% Voltage Restrain mode Current pick up level Is + K∆Is K=1 when V>90% Vn (V/Vn – 0.1VA at rated voltage DC voltage Relay rating Burden 24/54V 8. The impedance of the relays over the whole of the setting range is less than 0.5V Rated frequency 50Hz or 60Hz DC Auxiliary voltage (Vx) 24/54V or 110/250V Burdens AC current Less than 0.55) K= ( 0.5W 110/250V 11.2Ω for 5A relays and is independent of current.5VA for 5A relays at unity power factor and at rated current on any setting. Technical Data Ratings AC current (In) 1A or 5A AC voltage (Vn) 110V or 63.

and resets when the phase current falls below the resetting current.0 In Vs setting 0.0 in 0. Accuracy Reference conditions: Reference range: Current setting (Is) 0. 4.5 In to 2.55 Vn to 0.0: 5% or 50ms whichever is the greater Ambient temperature Operative range: –25°C to +55°C Variations over this range: Is setting: ±5% ∆Is setting: ±5% K value: ±0.Operating characteristics IDMT Characteristics Standard inverse Very inverse Extremely inverse Long time earth fault Definite time delays 2. The green indicator illuminates when the input current for the appropriate phase exceeds the current pick-up level of Is + K∆Is. The trip indication is non volatile.05 to 1.3 x Is to 31 x Is) Ambient temperature 20°C Frequency 50Hz or 60Hz Time multiplier setting 1x DC auxiliary voltage Reference range: 24V to 54V 110V to 250V Accuracy – influencing quantities Time multiplier On settings 0.025 steps (applicable to all characteristics) Operation indicators Each phase is provided with a red led indicator.05 (in voltage restrain mode only) Vs setting: ±1% 7 .05 In to 2. 8 seconds Time multiplier 0.4 In ∆Is setting 0.9 Vn K value 0 to 1 for voltage restrain mode 0 or 1 for voltage control mode Ratio of ∆Is: Is less than 5 : 1 Input current Time characteristic: Reference range: Standard inverse Very inverse K∆Is + (2 x Is to 31 x Is) Long time inverse Extremely inverse K∆Is + (2 x Is to 20 x Is) Definite time K∆Is + (1.05 to 1. If the auxiliary power supply is lost the trip indicator will be in the last state when the power supply is reinstated.

1 x Is ∆Is setting: ±5% for ∆Is:Is<2:1 ∆Is setting: ±10% for 2:1<∆Is:Is<3:1 ∆Is setting: –10% +20% for 3:1<∆Is:Is<5:1 K value: ±0.05 (in voltage restrain mode only) Vs setting: ±5% Operating time Time characteristic Accuracy Standard inverse Very inverse ±5% Long time inverse Extremely inverse ±7.0 x Is to 1.5% Definite time ±5% Repeatability (within basic accuracy claim) Pick up current Is + K∆Is better than 2% Operating time better than 3% or 30ms whichever is greater 8 .05 (in voltage restrain mode only) Vs setting: ±1% Operating time: ±7. Time characteristic Time variation Standard inverse Very inverse ±5% Long time inverse Extremely inverse ±7.05 over the range 47Hz to 52Hz or 57Hz to 62Hz (in voltage restrain mode only) Vs setting: ±7.5 to 300 Variations over these ranges: Is setting: ±5% ∆Is setting: ±5% K value: ±0.5% Definite time ±5% Frequency Is setting: ±1% over the range 47Hz to 52Hz or 57Hz to 62Hz ∆Is setting: ±1% over the range 47Hz to 52Hz or 57Hz to 62Hz K value ±0.5% over the range 47Hz to 52Hz or 57Hz to 62Hz Operating time: ±7% or 50ms whichever is the greater over the range 47Hz to 52Hz or 57Hz to 62Hz DC auxiliary voltage Vx Operative range (V) (V) 24/54 19 to 65 110/250 87.5% or 50ms whichever is the greater Accuracy – general Is setting: 1.

Overshoot time less than 50ms (When the input current is reduced from any value within the operative range to zero) Resetting current Not less than 95% of time delayed current setting Resetting and disengaging Less than 70ms (when the input time current is reduced from any value within the operative range to zero) Transient overreach System time constant up to 30ms: 5% Contacts 1 changeover self reset 1 normally open self-reset Contact ratings Make and carry continuously ac 1250VA with maxima of 5A and 660V dc 1250W with maxima of 5A and 300V Make and carry for 0.2s ac 7500VA with maxima of 30A and 300V dc 7500W with maxima of 30A and 300V Break ac 1250VA with maxima of 5A and 300V dc 50W resistive 25W inductive with L/R = 40ms subject to maxima of 5A and 300V Durability Loaded contact 10. with a minimum of 1 x In Voltage 1.6 x In whichever is lower.000 operations minimum Current transformer requirements Relay and CT secondary rating 1A 5A Nominal output 2. For 3 seconds: 57 x In with 230A maximum.15Ω Thermal withstand Continuous withstand 2 x Is or 2.000 operations minimum Unloaded contact 100. Voltage 2 x Vn for 30 seconds 9 .5VA Accuracy class 10P 10P Accuracy limit (x rated current) 20 20 Limiting lead resistance – one way 1Ω 0.2 x Vn Short time withstand Current For 1 second: 100 x In with 400A maximum.5VA 7.

1. High frequency disturbance IEC 255-22-1: 1988 Class III 2. 5kHz applied directly to auxiliary supply. Fast transient disturbance IEC255-22-4: 1992 Class III 2. with terminals on each independent circuit connected together.0kV point contact discharge with cover removed. 5kHz applied directly to all inputs. Electrostatic discharge IEC255-22-2: 1989 Class II 4. High voltage impulse IEC 255-5: 1977 Three positive and three negative impulses of 5kV peak. 2kV rms for 1 minute between terminals of independent circuits including contact circuits. IEC801-2: 1991 Level 2 4.5kV. without de-energising. 1kV rms for 1 minute across open contacts of output relays.5kV.0kV discharge in air with cover in place. IEC801-4: 1988 Level 3 2.5J between all terminals and case earth Electrical environment DC supply interruption IEC 255-11: 1979 The unit will withstand a 10ms interruption in the auxiliary supply. 1.2/50µs. 10 . Generic standards were used to establish conformity. under normal operating conditions. AC ripple on dc supply IEC255-11: 1979 The unit will withstand 12% ac ripple on the dc supply. EMC compliance 89/336/EEC EN50081-2: 1994 Compliance with the European EN50082-2: 1995 Community Directive on EMC is claimed via the Technical Construction File route.0kV peak across terminals of the same circuit. High voltage withstand Dielectric withstand IEC 255-5: 1977 2kV rms for 1 minute between all terminals and case earth. 0.5kV peak between independent circuits and case.

Occasionally light condensation may be expected. Figure 4: Case outline size 8. 177 157 max. 11 . Atmospheric environment Temperature IEC255-6: 1988 Storage and transit –25°C to +70°C Operating –25°C to +55°C IEC68-2-1: 1990 Cold IEC68-2-2: 1974 Dry heat Humidity IEC68-2-3: 1969 56 days at 93% RH and 40°C Enclosure protection IEC529: 1989 IP50 (dust protected) IEC1010-1: 1990/A2: 1995 Polution degree 2 Equipment designed for environments where only non-conducting pollution occurs.4 Type MCVG 61 relays are housed in 200 4 holes Ø 4. All dimensions in mm. Frequency Panel cut-out: Flush mounting fixing details.4 size 8 cases. See Figure 4 for 24 dimensions. Rated auxiliary voltage 32 212 25 min. Reset 206 11 Flush mounting. EN 61010-1: 1993/A2: 1995 Pollution degree 2 Mechanical environment Vibration IEC255-21-1: 1988 Response Class 1 Endurance Class 1 Case information 155. Information required with order 168 159 Relay type Rated current Push button Rated voltage 203 projection 10 max.

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