You are on page 1of 20

BIOSYSTEM

BI1201 Introduction to Life Sciences and Technology
School of Life Sciences and Technology
January 2015

Contents

System

Living System  Biosystem

Characteristics of Biosystem

Models in Biosystem
BI1201 Pengantar Sains dan Teknologi Hayati

 can be isolated for the purposes of observation and study. System = Elements + Interconnection + Function BI1201 Pengantar Sains Picture from dan Teknologi Hayati Manurung. What’s System? A system is a set of components that:  function and interact in some regular and theoretically predictable manner. 2012 .

of information can Stock accumulate for various lengths of time before being released • Output of certain forms of matter. or information within the system at Flow certain rates • Storage areas. energy. energy. within a system where energy. or information that flow out Output the system into sink in the environment BI1201 Pengantar Sains dan Teknologi Hayati . energy. matter. of information into the system • Throughputs of matter. Basic Elements of System Input • Input of things as matter.

BI1201 Pengantar Sains dan Teknologi Hayati . • Example: – Organism – Ecosystem – Etc. energy and matter. What’s Living System? • Living system is an open self-organizing Living System living things that interact with their Biosystem environment. maintained by flows of information.

functional and biological unit of life is cell. Yet. Hierarchy in Biosystem Hierarchy in biosystem spans from DNA (blueprint of living system) to Biosphere. . the smallest autonomous structural.

BI1201 Pengantar Sains dan Teknologi Hayati . • Let see Ecosystem as our example. Characteristics of Biosystem REMEMBER!!! System = Elements + Interconnection + Function • Since Biosystem is a kind of SYSTEM. interconnection and function. then we can distinguish its characteristics by identifying its elements.

Ecosystem’s Elements Abiotic Components: Biotic Components: Physical and Chemical Factors Organisms Sunlight (the ultimate Bacteria energy input ) Precipitation Fungi Temperature Plants Nutrients Animals BI1201 Pengantar Sains dan Teknologi Hayati .

Ecosystem’s Elements: Input & Output Output Output Output The ultimate INPUT Output Output BI1201 Pengantar Sains dan Teknologi Hayati .

g. Ecosystem’s Elements: Flows Flows in ecosystem can be found in many kind of cycles (e.: nutrient cycles) Phosporus Cycle BI1201 Pengantar Sains dan Teknologi Hayati .

Ecosystem’s Elements: Flows Nitrogen Cycle BI1201 Pengantar Sains dan Teknologi Hayati .

Ecosystem’s Elements: Flows Carbon Cycle BI1201 Pengantar Sains dan Teknologi Hayati .

BI1201 Pengantar Sains dan Teknologi Hayati . • Other examples: –Symbiotic organisms –Predator-prey relationship –Etc. Ecosystem’s Interconnection • An example of interconnection in ecosystem is pointed out by the trophic cascade hypothesis.

BI1201 Pengantar Sains dan Teknologi Hayati . geochemical and physical processes and components that take place or occur within an ecosystem. Ecosystem Characteristics: Functions • Function or purpose is an embedded property of a system. • Example of ecological processes: – Predation – Symbiosis – Water treatment by wetland ecosystem – Etc. • Ecosystem functions are the biological. sometimes’s called ecological processes.

as well as biosystem as a whole? Review BI1201 Pengantar Sains dan Teknologi Hayati . What is living system/biosystem? 3. you can check by reviewing and answering these questions. What is system? 2. 1. Why is solar energy being called as the ultimate input for ecosystem. Explain how we can distinguish the characteristics of biosystem! 4. To see how far you understand the materials.

a. Let’s say that we live in an ecosystem called “Bandung City”. What will happen if all trees in Bandung are cut down? Assignment BI1201 Pengantar Sains dan Teknologi Hayati .1. What will happen if all decomposers in Bandung are dead? b.

interconnection and functions within the system.2. Describe which are the elements. BI1201 Pengantar Sains dan Teknologi Hayati . Look at the diagram and explain “why” it’s called system.

com – File type : pdf – File name : PSTH_A2_NIM e.rahmawati@gmail. . 2015 (Engineering) February 6th.g.59 WIB • Only submission with relevant format will be evaluated. Submission • Submit your assignment individually via e-mail to arni. PSTH_A2_16107055 – Mail subject : PSTH A2 – Deadline : February 2nd. 2015 (Science) 23.

Reading Sources Neil A. Jane B. Living in the Environment Chapter 4 (page 64-94) BI1201 Pengantar Sains dan Teknologi Hayati . Biology Chapter 3 (page 1-20) G. Campbell. Reece and Lawrence G. Mitchell. Tyler Miller Jr.

Thank you .. BI1201 Pengantar Sains dan Teknologi Hayati ..