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(BDA 4033)

Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia

Course Objectives

element methods and its relevant applications to

the solution of engineering problems.

It will provide a sufficient knowledge in using

application FEM based software creatively for

professional works.

Learning Outcomes

should be able to:

develop computational model based on standard

element stiffness matrices

solve numerically problems in bar/truss/frame

structure, heat transfer and fluid flow

execute problem solving methods using the

available finite element methods software

discuss in group to improve model acquired by

using resources from finite element solution.

BDA 4033 Dr. Waluyo Adi Siswanto 3

What you can do

What you can doHeat Transfer

References

Saeed Moaveni, 2008. Finite Element Analysis, 3rd edition, Pearson

Education International.

N.S. Ottosen & H. Petersson, 1992. Introduction to the Finite Element

Method, Prentice Hall.

G.R. Buchanan, 1995. Schaums Outline Series, Theory and Problems of

Finite Element Analysis, McGraw-Hill.

J.N. Reddy, 2006. An Introduction to the Finite Element Method, 3rd

edition, McGraw Hill

K.J. Bathe, 1996. Finite Element Procedures, Prentice Hall.

L.J. Segerlind, 1997. Analisis Unsur Terhingga Gunaan, diterjemahkan

oleh Muhamad Her Jantan, Penerbit UTM.

Tirupathi R. Chandrupatla & Ashok D.Belegundu, 2002. Introduction to

Finite Elements in Engineering, 3rd edition, Prentice Hall

BDA 4033 Dr. Waluyo Adi Siswanto 6

Subject Delivery

Lecturing and Tutoring

Explaining theories, methods and understanding related to the

topics.

Discussing sample problems related to the topics

Software Application on Laboratory Session (A)

Application of finite element methods using FEM software

Assessment Scheme

Students attendance *

Individual assignment (2) ( 5%)

Simulation Lab Report ( 5%)

Group case study (10%)

Test (2) (30%)

Final Examination (50%)

BDA 4033 Dr. Waluyo Adi Siswanto 8

Lecture Time Tables

BDA 4033 FEM, S2

First half

Ref RPP-04 Chap 1 to Chap 5

Week 1 Week 2 Week 3 Week 4 Week 5 Week 6 Week 7

10/9/12 11/9/12 17/9/12 18/9/12 24/9/12 25/9/12 1/10/12 2/10/12 8/10/12 9/10/12 15/10/12 16/10/12 22/10/12 23/10/12

CAD-1/2 E15-1 CAD-1/2 E15-1 CA D-1/2 E15-1 CA D-1/2 E15-1 CAD-1/2 E15-1 CAD-1/2 E15-1 CAD-1/2 E15-1

8-10am 2-4PM 8-10am 2-4PM 8-10am 2-4PM 8-10am 2-4PM 8-10am 2-4PM 8-10am 2-4PM 8-10am 2-4PM

8/10/12 14/10/12

Topic: Ch 1-4 (5%)

Test-1

15/10/12

Topic: Ch 1-4

(15%)

Second half

Ref RPP-04 Chap 6 to Chap 10 Week 14

Week 8 Week 9 Week 10 Week 11 Week 12 Week 13 Proj Presentation

5/11/12 6/11/12 12/11/12 13/11/12 19/11/12 20/11/12 26/11/12 27/11/12 3/12/12 4/12/12 10/12/12 11/12/12 17/12/12 18/12/12

CAD-1/2 E15-1 CAD-1/2 E15-1 CA D-1/2 E15-1 CA D-1/2 E15-1 CAD-1/2 E15-1 CAD-1/2 E15-1 CAD-1/2 E15-1

8-10am 2-4PM 8-10am 2-4PM 8-10am 2-4PM 8-10am 2-4PM 8-10am 2-4PM 8-10am 2-4PM 8-10am 2-4PM

13/11/12 18/11/12 17/12/12 18/12/12

Topic: Ch 5-6 (5%) (10% )

13/11/12 19/11/12 UTHM Tables

Case Study Topic: Ch 5-7 Topic: All, comprehensiv e

(15%) (50%)

Part 1 (7 Weeks)

1)INTRODUCTION

2)MATRIX ALGEBRA

3)AXIAL and TORSIONAL ELEMENTS

4)TRUSS 2D/3D ELEMENTS

5) BEAM, GRID AND FRAME ELEMENTS

Part 2 (7 weeks)

7)TWO DIM STRUCTURAL ELEMENTS

8)TWO DIM HEAT TRANSFER ELEMENTS

9)FLUID FLOW NETWORK PROBLEM

10)THREE DIM SOLID ELEMENTS

Lab Sessions

(Guided by the instructor)

Individual task (5) : 5%

Project / Group task (1): 10%

Project Report

Project Presentation

INTRODUCTION

What is Finite Element Method

technique

divided into certain number of regions.

a domain into a finite number of elements is referred to as

DISCRETISATION.

DISCRETISATION

NODES and the

assembly process requires that the solution be continuous along

common boundaries of adjacent elements.

Background History

of Discretization and Convergence

f x dx

a

External approach Internal approach

Exact solution

Number of elements

BDA 4033 Dr. Waluyo Adi Siswanto 16

Example of Calculation

From Inside From Outside

Discretization

Object/domain/model

Element

Node

SMALLER ELEMENT

MORE ACCURATE

Element and Node

Element is used to represent the geometry of the object

Node represents the motion flexibility of the point in the object, which is

called the DEGREE OF FREEDOM

Ty

Ry

y

Rx Maximum DOF: 6 per node

x Tx

3 translations: Tx, Ty, Tz

z 3 rotations: Rx, Ry, Rz

Rz

Tz

Response / Output

follows the defined DOF

only axial translation

FEM model

Responded with

deformation

Response / Output

follows the defined DOF

only axial translation

FEM model

No response showed

Line Elements

Truss 2D Element

Truss 3D Element

Line Elements

Beam Element

Surface Elements

Plate Quadrilateral

Surface Elements

Surface Elements

Surface Elements

Solid Elements

Solid Elements

Axisymmetric Elements

Axisymmetric Elements

General FEM Procedures

2. Select displacement function

3. Define strain/displacement and stress/strain relationships

4. Derive the element stiffness matrix and equation

5. Assemble the element equations to obtain equations and

to introduce boundary conditions

6. Solve for unknown degrees of freedom

7. Solve for element strains and stresses

8. Interpret the results

General FEM Procedures

(known elemental stiffness matrix)

2. (was 2, 3, 4) Calculate each elemental stiffness matrix

3. Assemble the element equations to obtain equations and

to introduce boundary conditions

4. Solve for unknown degrees of freedom

5. Solve for element strains and stresses

6. Interpret the results

General FEM Procedures

(FEM application software)

2. Define material properties and assign to respective regions

3. Define load, boundary condition and assign to respective

nodes, elements or regions.

4. Define intended outputs

5. Run Finite Element Method Solver

6. Calling the outputs and interpret the results.

General FEM Procedures

(Stage Activity of FEM application software)

1.Pre-processing

by using Pre-Processor

2.Solving

by employing Solver

3.Post-processing

by using Post-Processor

BDA 4033 Dr. Waluyo Adi Siswanto 36

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