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Semester 1, AY2015/2016

Time Allowed: 2 Hours


1. Candidates must attempt ALL questions in Section A, and ANY ONE question in
Section B.

2. Candidates should illustrate their answers with sketches, where appropriate.


1. This examination paper contains FOUR questions and comprises THREE printed

2. This is an OPEN BOOK examination.

3. All questions carry equal marks. The total mark for this paper is 60.

4. The examiners for this module are Professor Chandra Sekhar and Associate
Professor Lee Siew Eang.

PF3302 Energy Management
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SECTION A (Answer ALL Questions)

Question 1

Hotels are facilities that have considerable load diversity, particularly in relation to
occupancy and this poses a big challenge in addressing both Indoor Air Quality (IAQ)
and Energy. Assume any climatic condition and with the aid of a schematic diagram,
describe the working principle and discuss the salient features of a suitable air-
conditioning and mechanical ventilation (ACMV) system for a 5-star hotel in such a
climate. (20 marks)

Question 2

As part of the selection process for the appointment of Facility Director of a major
office development, you have been requested to prepare a brief proposal to facilitate
discussion during the interview. The aim of the proposal is to develop and enhance the
energy management of the building with a view to improve energy performance records
while ensuring the overall building performance and financial robustness.

Develop a proposal outlining your goals and strategies for the four topics specifically
mentioned below.
A. A suitable energy target in terms of Energy Use Index for the building, with
B. The required investment to achieve the target performance, and the likely rate of
return on investment;
C. The energy management policy and organisational structure for the
D. The action plan for the first 2 years of assuming the position of facility director.
Some background data and information of the office development referred to are as
i. Gross floor area: 86,000m2 (excluding car park area and data centre)
ii. Age of building: 18 years
iii. Current building Energy
Use Index (EUI): 320 kWh/M2-yr
iv. Occupancy rate: 95%
v. Occupancy density: 13m2/person
vi. Operational hours: 60 hours/week (close on Sunday)
vii. Designed Power Density: Airconditioning: 190 W/m2
Lighting: 30 W/m2
Plug loads: 90W/m2
Ventilation: 12 W/m2
Transportation: 10 W/m2
Operating energy efficiency of chiller plant room: 1.10 kW/RT (20 marks)
PF3302 Energy Management

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SECTION B (Answer ANY ONE Question)

Question 3

a) Discuss the adequacy of Envelope Thermal Transfer Value (ETTV) in achieving

high energy performance in the BCA Green Mark Scheme. (10 marks)

b) Discuss the role of energy modeling and simulation in the design evaluation of Net
Zero Energy Buildings. (10 marks)

Question 4

An energy audit conducted on a data centre operating within an office building in the
central business district yields the following four key findings:

A. The annual energy consumption distribution of the data centre is given as


Figure 1: The annual energy consumption distribution of the data centre.

B. The facility Power Usage Effectiveness (PUE) is 1.99.

C. The operational power density was 355W/m2 while the designed power density
was given as 2000 W/m2
D. The ratio of airconditioning systems energy consumption to critical IT
equipment energy consumption is 1.45
Explain the significance of these findings and make an assessment of the data centres
energy performance with respect to the relevant indicators. (20 marks)