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THE "KEVSTONE" SySTE/HS
Coats, Vests and T^ousehs
Practical /Ucthods of Cutting
bvj
Proportions
and
bvj
/Measures
REVISED, ENLARGED AND IMPROVED
Publishers:
The Tai^ohs' Review
New
yorl<
Co.
1903
THE LIBRARY OF
CONGRESS,
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
CONTENTS.
PART ONE.
Preface to First Edition
Preface to Second Edition
Introduction
The Measures
of a
How How
to to
Find the Widths
Find the Lengths
Table
The Table
of Proportionate
How to Use the How to Use the
The
Table
of
Divisions on the Draftins^Sqnare
Lengths
.... P,V
I'ROPORTIONATK MEASURES.)
PAGE 8
8
Man by
Proportions

9 10
10
12

Measures
14 16
16
for Proportionate
Table for
Forms Disproportionate Forms
ig
to
Height
SingleBreasted Frock Coat Body (Regular Form) SingleBreasted Frock Coat Body (Concluded)
ThreeButton Cutaway Frock Body (Stout Form)
DoubleBreasted Frock Coat Body
SingleBreasted One and ThreeButton Cutaway Frock Body (Stout Form)
DoubleBreasted Frock Coat Body
(vStout
Dress Coat Body (Regular Form)
Frock Coat Backs (Completed)
Whole Backs Whole Backs
Cutaway Skirt (Regular Form) Cutaway Skirt (Corpulent Form)
Frock Coat Skirt (Regular Form)
Frock Coat Skirt, with extra Drapery (Regular and Corpulent F'orms)
Dress Coat Skirt (Regular and Corpulent Forms)
Frock Coat Lapels
Dress Coat Peaked Lapels
Dress Coat Lapels, Shawl Roll
Collars
The
Sleeve
 for
..
20
22 24
26

28
32
Form)
34
36
38 38
Frock Coats
for
Frock Coats (Concluded)
40
42

44 46 48 ^o
52



52
54
56 58

THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
SingleBreasted Sack Coat (Regular
Form
)
SiugleBreasted Sack Coat (Corpulent Form)
Tuxedo Sack Coat (Regular and Corpulent Forms)
....... 
64

.



66 68
DoubleBreasted Sack Coat (Regular and Corpulent Forms)

.


70
72
75
Whole Backs
Overcoats
for
The The
Chesterfield, SingleBreasted (Regular Chesterfield, Single
Sack Coats
Form)
76
DoubleBreasted Box Overcoat
DoubleBreasted Paddock Overcoat
SiugleBreasted Paletot Overcoat
The Inverness Overcoat The Inverness Cape Newmarket and Surtout Overcoats The Raglan Overcoat The Raglan Sleeve
.. ...........and DoubleBreasted (Corpulent Form)
.



80
82
86
90
g^

.
.
98
100
104



106
loS
SingleBreasted Vest, Creased Collar (Regular Form)
.
.



SingleBreasted Vest, Creased Collar (Stout Form) SingleBreasted Collarless Vest
SingleBreasted Notch Collar Vest







no
112 112

















DoubleBreasted Vest










114

DoubleBreasted Vest

SingleBreasted Dress Vest
DoubleBreasted Dress Vest
Clergymen's
\'ests

....





115
116











116
nS
PART TWO.
The Purpose of Measures The Measures The Overshoulder and Backwaist Measures
SingleBreasted Sack Coat
Military Blouse
ThreeButton Frock Coat Body
SingleBreasted \"est
...............(BY

ACTUAL MEASURES.)
120
122 127



128
132
136
138
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
Clerical
Frock Coat Body
Policeman's Overcoat
Fireman's Overcoat
Tlireeqnarter or Militar}
HalfCircle Cape
Close Cape
Tronsers (Regiilar Form.
..154 . 
Cape
PAGE
142
144
14S
150 152
Tronsers (Regular Form.
Trousers (Corpulent Form)
Troiisers,
PegTops (Regular Form)
Trousers, Clo.seFitting (Regular Form) Trousers, Broadfalls

KneeBreeches
C^'clingBreeches
RidingBreeclies (The Forepart)
RidingBreeches (The Backpart)
RidingBreeches (The Continuations)
RidingBreeches (Concluded)
...
The Forepart) The Backpart)

156


158
160
164









166
'168










170
174
17S

iSo
1S2







184
Hood
Short Gaiters
186
Long
Gaiters
....
188 190
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
PREFACE TO THE FIRST EDITION.
npHE
and explained in this work are, in many respects, simpler and any I have heretofore published. The principle on which the}' are based is similar to that given in my last pre\ions work, but simplified in many ways, and made more certain and convenient for obtains_v.stem.s illustrated
easier to learn than
ing correct
sizes,
without the uncertain aid of misleading measures.
svstems, resting as the}^ do on positive proportions, easily applicable to anv size or shape, cannot fail to create in the cutter who adopts them that confidence without which
success
is
The
impossible.
of practical experience, teaching and publishing methods of cutand through a wide acqxmintance with the needs of the trade, I became aware that the sinipler a svstem is, if it is scientific, the better will be the results obtained by its use, and the
Through many vears
ting,
more
acceptable
it
will be to all rightminded cutters.
a s\stem for
It
has been, therefore,
efforts
ni} eflfort
to
have been, I believe, so successful that all wht) study this work will be more than compensated for their trouble. More illustrations might have easily been given, but they would only increase the size of the book without adding to its thoroughness, for those that are given cover ever} essential
produce just such
point,
each kind of garment, and
my
and leave nothing
to puzzle or
confuse the stiident.
in
Hoping
as I
that the satisfaction
I feel
believe this to be, will be equalled
completing a work as comprehensive and reliable by the appreciation of our discriminating and
of tailoring.
progressive trade,
I
am, always a student and lover
The Author.
PREFACE TO THE SECOND EDITION.
'T'HE
publishers of this work desire to express their gratification for the
many
expressions
from the trade and students of garment cutting in regard to the first edition of "The Keystone Systems." They are also mindful that some criticisms, alwaj's honest and sometimes just, have been made concerning some features of the first edition although these have been comparatively but few in number. It would be passing strange if, after a period of thirteen years, nothing had been gained b} the intervening jears of experience, or that some improvement in the application of a principle, and in the general presetitation of the work was not possible. The demand for an enlarged, improved and uptodate work, following in general the principles contained in the Ke\'stone Systems, and coming from those whose success as cutters is largely due to the help the svstems have afforded them in the past, has induced It is offered with confidence that it will the issue of this enlarged and improved edition. receive the heartv approval and appreciation of the trade, and students in garment cutting.
of appreciation received
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
INTRODUCTION.
'T^HAT
scientific
garment cutting
is still
largel} unscientific
goes without saying.
It will
become
a science
when
of
true principles only are employed and are rightl} used.
When
a
system
is
garment
cutting
it.
has
been
evolved cullers will
still
be
largely
unscientific in their application of
The most
successful cutter then will be the one whose
procedure
not only based on principles which are true, but
a natural law of growth and development of the
it is
who
also has the ability to
rightly use right principles.
There
is
human
form, and under the
not diihcult, for one who has made the matter a study, to determine the right relation of height and circumference, and what are the lengths and widths of The data thus gained forms the all the parts in proportion to height and circumference.
conditions as they are,
basis
from which garments can be constructed suitable
for the larger
number
of
forms
of
any
given breast circumference. The variations from the average development of the human body, caused by heredity, climate, food, occupation, etc., can be readily classified into longs, shorts, stouts, fats, overerects, stooping, round shoulders, shoulders high and shoulders low. It is one of the principles on which this system is built that average proportions in growth and development furnish a substantial basis, upon which the right lengths and widths of
all
the parts of a garment can be determined as required for the greater
number
of
forms of any given size. The eye and tapemeasure are both utilized to determine definitely what the sizes are and what is the amount of variation, if there be any, from the average form. There are a few comparatively who can determine these variations aided by the eye only. If this was always possible measures would be siiperfluous.
The three essential factors, then, that will best aid in the evolution of a successful cutter having intelligence and aptitude for the business are, first, a knowledge of the proportionate lengths to heights, and of widths to breast and waist circumferences, in the whole
range of sizes. Second, a trained eye by which variations from the average development can be detected and the degree of variation approximately, if not definitely, fixed. Third, a knowledge of how to measure rightly and with practical accuracy. The cutter who can cut The one who has satisfactorily for men of average development only, has a large clientage. the true eye and whose judgment as to the amount of variation, if any, from the average
form
is
confirmed by an adequate measurement, can cut satisfactorily for a
is
much
larger
clientage.
In this work the student
instructed
how
to draft coats
and vests
first
by proportionate
measures and then by measures actually taken, so that with only the fundamental sizes, as breast, waist, seat and height, garments can be produced for any size or shape, or they may be drafted by measures actually taken as circumstances control, The methods for drafting
in each case are practically the same.
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
The Keystone
Systems.
The Measures of a Man by
Proportions.
TVrO
table or
scheme
of proportions I liave yet seen in print,
and
I
have seen many, gives
definitely or establishes a
perfect formula for obtaining correct divisions
and sub
divisions of either height or circumference measures,
relied
and none
of
them, therefore, can be
upon
to secure satisfactory results.
The
eighthead standard of height has formed the basis of innumerable systems of
;
proportion
but the
human form
so frequently
and widely varies from this standard of per
fection, that
they are practically useless, and there are few indeed
who
place
any
reliance on
them.
Some years ago
of the
the fact was deeply impressed on
my mind
that a system of proportions
human
form, applicable to every shape, normal, stooping, or erect, was not only greatly
of
needed by the trade, but was possible also
achievement.
This impression induced me
to
seek some principle that should be sound in theory, on which to construct a system that
should completely
equal exactness.
fill
the requirements of proportionate and disproportionate forms with
On
size
the tables
accompanying
this
work everv length
for
any height, and width
for an}'
can be found by corresponding heights and circumferences.
I
To
:
illustrate
how
the pro
portions of the body are obtained,
submit the following problem
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
HOW TO
T^RAW
with
FIND
THE WIDTHS.
i.
Figure
a straight line i8 inches long, or onehalf the size of breast,
it
and
at a right
angle
another half as long
— that
is,
9 inches.
Connect the extreme points
niise of the triangle, as
of these lines
by
a straight line,
which
will be the
hypothe
A
E.
Using E as a which gives F.
pivot,
pivot,
sweep from D,
Having secnred
and sweep from
point F, nse
F,
A
as a
B.
which gives
is
The
result obtained
that all the
points are proportionate to one another, no
matter what the size
may
be.
The
sizes are closemeasures, but
they
agree with what has been established by
practical experience.
The beauty
will be
of this
and the security insured by
testing
obtaining the widths by the formula of this problem
shown more
distinctly. 'on
them on
smaller and larger forms.
The
result produces a vast diiTerence between those
divisions generally given on scales, for while they give a
regular increase and decrease, they are in one case too great and in the other too small.
The
parts or proportions of the triangle are
relative to
one another in all cases, whether they be larger or smaller. This principle can be applied with absolute correctness.
application to any size
points of
On
we
find that
it
determines the different
the body, or such
subdivisions as are needed in har
monious proportions. For instance, if we wish to know the proportionate size of blade and width of back for a form of 36 breast measure, we draw line A D onehalf this size, 18 inches, and place onehalf of this, 9 inches, from D to E. Connect A and E. Pivot at E and sweep from D which fixes Pivot at A and sweep from F to B. F. The distance from A to B is the blade size from the front of armhole
center of back,
1 1
to
inches.
From B
to
D
is
equal to the half width of back,
is
6%
inches, and the difference between the two
the diameter of the arm
hole, 4^5 inches.
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
HOW TO
FIND THE LENGTHS.
Figure
2.
I_JA\"ING
this length as
the total height of a figure measuring 5 feet 8 inches, we draw a straight line of from E to O, 2.nd one at right angles with it at the top, which shall be
first line,
onehalf of the length of the
as from
E to
P.
Connect P and O.
P
to
C
is
the same as
P
to E.
and sweep from C to establish I. It will be observed that we have now the length from the top of the head to hollow of waist, and the length from tlie waist to the floor, or what ma} be called the outside length for
Pivot at
trousers.
O
Let this subdivision continue and obtain other points. E to is onehalf of the length from E to L
X
and X. same as X to E. Pivot at I and sweep from J to establish F, just opposite the socket at neck. Measure from F to I and yon have the length to the natural waist. The lengths thus obtained will be fonud to be in harmony with any breast circumference. Suppose you have a form whose height is 5 feet 4 inches. The result in this case will
Connect
I
X to J
is
the
give a waist length of 15 inches.
inches.
If
the height
is 5 feet
6,
the waist length
will,
be i^j4
height being 5 feet 8 inches, the length then is 16 inches. waist length will be 16^,' and for 6 feet, it will be 17 inches.
The
For
5 feet 10, the
Having the lengths
for an} height,
we can understandingly and
safely deviate one or two
sizes for stooping or erect forms, as the case
mav
require.
N H
Continue the subdivisions by first squaring from F to obtain N. N to L is the same as Pivot at I and sweep from L to obtain H, which is at the center of the backsc^e. to S is onehalf of the width of the armhole as explained for Figure i, i ^^ inch for a 32 breast, 2 '., inches for a 36, and 2 fs inches for a 40. B} measuring from F to S we have 8}^, inches for a 36 breast. As, however, the form in most cases curves above the arm, we increase this length in ever}' case '2 inch, which gives the length from socketbone to bottom of armhole and to the natural waist as found in the tables. The application of the lengths and widths to the draft for regular and for disproportionate forms will be explained further on, when the method of drafting is taken up. But in order to save all calculation and to have a guide for ready reference, I append a
to F.
table of proportionate lengths
and widths
for use,
which can be referred
to at
any time when
needed.
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
'3
FIGURE
2.
14
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
THE TABLE OF PROPORTIONATE MEASURES.
'X'HE
proportions of lengths to height, and of widths to breast sizes, var_v in different localThose which are right for one section or locality may not be for another. Those
ities.
given in the accompanying table will be found well adapted to general purposes. They are given as a basis for the production of proportionate patterns and as a guide to correct
measurements.
sizes.
The student should become familiar with the several lengths and widths for the different The knowledge thus gained will serve as a guard against wrong measurements. The measures for a man of any breast size, and whose height is proportionate to his
from those given on the table unless he differs in developfrom the average form. For one who is overerect, the back depth, blade and back waist ment will be less and the front depth jiioir than as on the table. For one who is stooping shouldered For one the blade and back depth will be jiiorc and the front depth less than on the table. who has high shoulders the front and back depths will both be less^ and for one with low shoulders more than on the table. No matter what the variation may be from a normal form, either in height, attitude or development, the table is the basis from which the changes which
breast, will not differ materially
ma} be necessarv are made, as
is
more
fully explained hereafter.
In the
first
column
is
from
64.
to 74.
the table are the heights in inches, ranging In the next column, are the breast sizes appropriate for the heights opposite,
of figures at the left of
when the
breast size
in proportion to height.
Then
follows the waist, seat,
underarm and
sleeve lengths, back depth, length to natural waist, etc.
sometimes required to cut from a few fundamental measures, as height, These may be taken by him or they may be sent to him from some other Without the proper knowledge of good, safe proportions, he would not be able to locality. meet such requirements. Extensive businesses are confined exclusivel}' to the making of custom clothing from measures furnished by the buyers or selling agents, with very Experience has demonstrated that a busilittle and often no experience in taking measures. ness of this character can be conducted with a smaller per cent, of misfits and at less cost for The tables alterations than under the conditions which too often govern in custom cutting. They furnish furnish the data by the aid of which the cutter can meet such requirements. a safe basis from which he can produce suitable patterns for either proportionate or disproportionate forms also blockpatterns, which he will find to be of great service and almost a
cutter
is
The
breast, waist, seat.
;
daily necessity in a business of
much
mafjnitude.
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
TABLE OF PROPORTIONATE MEASURES.
H X
iij
X
6
1
THE 'KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
HOW TO
USE THE TABLES FOR PROPORTIONATE FORMS.
Taking Hkioht, Breast, Waist and Skat MKAsrRF:s Oxlv.
"DY A PROPORTIONATE
breast, waist
form it must be understood that it is meant one whose height, and seat are very nearh' the same as given on the table for an} of the Tlie attitude, size of blade and slope of shoulder is the same as for an various breast sizes.
average form.
We
and
wish to know what measures to use when drafting a coat for a
70 inches.
referring to the table
man
say 38 breast
of proportionate height,
Bv
we
find the
measures as follows
I
:
38 breast. 34 waist.

39
seat.
i9i'2 sleeve.
I

9 back depth. 1 7 natural waist.
I
11 '2 blade.
1

2
3^.
front depth.
Height " will furnish the length to the seatline (mo.st prominent part) if drafting a sack coat, and the lengths to any part of the bodv bv which we can regulate the length for any stjde of coat according to style.
table of "
The
Lengths
to
HOW TO
USE THE TABLES FOR DISPROPORTIONATE FORMS.
Taking Height, Breast, Waist and Seat Measures Only.
A DISPROPORTIONATE
form is one which in some respect differs materially from the measurements as given on the tables. It ma} be in height, waist, seat or in attitude,
as for example, height 68 inches, breast 40, waist 39, seat 43. An observation of the shape may or ma}' not indicate that the shoiilders are more or less sloping, that the blades are more
or less full, or that the attitude
from an average or proportionate form. and sizes given above, with blade, slope of shoulder and attitude not noticeably different from the average form. In this case select from the table the sleeve length, natural waist, seat line and length of the coat from the row of figures in which 68 is found as the height. Then select the size of blade, back depth and front deptli from the row of figures in which 40 is given as the
is
different
Take
for
example a form
of the height
breast size.
The measures
seat,
133.,
to be used when drafting will then be as follows: 40 breast, 39 waist, 43 1834 sleeve, 9^4 back depth, i6'2 natural waist, 243^ seat line (style length), 12 blade, front depth.
hii^li, tlie
Wlieu the shoulders arc
degrees of
'^
liack
and front depths are each
s/iortriicd
one or two
inch eacli as ma} seem to be required.
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
When
two degrees
the shoulders are /(m\ then
of '4 ineli
tlie
17
back and front depths are each
/ci/o/hriuct
one or
seem to be recnircd. When the sht)ulders are h/o/i and iiioj< crctt tlian for the average form (as is often erroneousl}' called "erect and square"), then two changes arc required as follows: The back and front depths are each sliortoicd one or two degrees as the case may demand, then the changed front depth is IcngtJteticd one or two degrees for erectness, and the changed back depfh shortened the same amount. When the shoulders are erect and /tra\ the back and front depths are each first leiii^t/iened one or two degrees for increased slope of shoulders. The changed front depth is then incirased and the back depth deereased^ each one or two degrees for erectness. When the shoulders are fiig/i and stooping, the back and front depths are first shortened The changed back depth is then lengthened one or two degrees for less slope of shoulder. and the front depth shortened each one or two degrees for stooping shoulders. When the shoulders are more sloping and stooping than for the average form, the back and front depths are each lengthened one or two degrees for sloping shoulders. The changed back depth is then lengthened and the front depth shortened each one or two degrees
each as
nia}
for stooping shoulders.
For a form of any height or breast, if flatter or smaller through the shoulder blades than a normal form, reduce the blade size as given on the table one, two, or three degrees of I4. inch each as the case seems to require. If on the other hand the blades are fuller than for a normal form, increase the blade size one, two or three degrees.
Let us now consider the changes that would be required for a man 70 inches in height, An observation of his shape shows that he is, say one degree 36 breast, 31 waist, 37 seat. erect, shonlders one degree high, and across the blade tn'o degrees flat.
To
find the
First write
figures below.
say a sackcoat for this man, proceed as follows: form of 36 breast as in the first row of Place under the proportionate height 68 inches, the customer's height 70
measures by which
to draft,
down the formula
for a proportionate
inches, under the waist 32, place his waist size 31.
Next consider the back depth.
This
must be
treated on the basis of the proportionate height of 68 inches without regard to the
height of the customer.
in height affects the lengths of the upper part of the and from under the arm to waist only, both of which will be longer than for a form of proportionate height and breast, providing of course that So that, as the shoulders are one degree the slope of shoulders is as for the average form. high, the front and back depths are each shortened '4 inch. This gives S'i' for the back, which place under 834, and ii/g for the front, which place under 12 'sHe is also one degree erect, so the changed back depth must be shortened another '4 inch. This gives 8^4, which place under 8^2 The changed front depth must now be This gives 12 '^ again which is placed lerfgthened '4 inch for one degree erect. under 1 1 "sNext find the length to the natural wai.st in the row of figures in which 70 inches is given on the table as height, which is 17, and place this under 16' 2. The full length and length of sleeve are also taken from the row of figures in which the
His increase
bodv from
collar
seam
to natural waist,
.
.
3
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
height 70 inches The sleeve length
is
found.
(Get the full length from the table of
is
LENGTHS To Height.)
This
is 19^^/^ is
which
placed under 1834.
As
the blade
is
hvo degrees
flaf,
deduct
^i
inch from the proportionate blade.
gives lo'^ which
placed under
11.
It will be observed that, in this case, shortening the front depth 12 's ior one degree high s/ionlders, and then lengthening it for one degree erect, leaves this length as it was The back depth has been shortened '.' inch ('4 inch for one degree high originally.
shoulders and
Vj^
inch for one degree erect).
32
31
68
70
36
37
i83^.
T.<^Vi
•
8^ 8%
S]4
i6i/^
II
125^
17
25
1
iQi^
11% 12^
The measures
as used
when
drafting will then be as follows
:
8I4 back depth, 17 natural waist, 25 'i .seatline, 36 breast, 31 waist, 37 seat, 19 Vj sleeve, length, 10 J/^ blade, I2j< front depth. say 29 Take another example. Height 72 inches, breast 3S, waist 35, seat 40, two degrees
sloping shoulders, one degree stooping shoulders, and blades one degree full. First write down the measures for a proportionate form of 38 breast as given on the
tables
and as on the
first
row
of figures below.
This gives 91^2 for which place under 1234. Add "4 inch to the changed back depth for one degree stooping. This gives 93,4, which place under 95^, and deduct the same amount from the changed front depth for one degree This gives 13, which place under 13 '4. stooping shoulders. Add I4 inch to the blade for one degree fnil blades. This gives 11 34, which place
the back depth, which place under
9,
Place the waist size required under 34 and the seat 40 under 39. Add '2 inch to the back and front depths for /wo degrees sloping.
and
13%
for the front depth,
under
1
1
' 2
Place under 17 the proportionate waist length for 72 inches height, viz., i7'2 This is further increased '4 inch to 1734 for one degree stooping shoulders.
inches.
The measures
of figures.
as used
when drafting the
19'^
coat will then be as given on the bottom
row
V
72
l'^
34
35
39
40 40
is
20
9 91^
93/+
17
i7''2
11'^
'23^;
26'4
26 '2
30
3C>
113^
ii?4
13I4
13
13
38
35
20
934:
17^4 1734
The
waist.
fashionable waist
determined by
style,
usually about
2
inches below the natural
The full length is also determined by style. The various lengths to any part of the body can be found on the table of Lengths to Height. The sizes given on the table for neck are makeup sizes for coats which close at the neck. The sizes for thigh, knee and calf are anatomical. The sizes for sleeves at hand and elbow are makeup sizes, subject to changes in style.
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
M
'iiil
19
i
i


mpp
Wu mpp:
Uii
i

i
i
i

mm
mm mp
THE
TN
all
DIVISIONS
ON THE DRAFTING
SQUARE.
the following explanations, whenever the frac1/6,
14;,
tions
i^,
stated
otherwise,
i^, etc., are nsed, unless expressly they are according to the several
divisions of
the halfbreast, halfwaist or halfseat, as
found on the oi'dinary draftingsquare. ample, the distance between two given
be
32,
'4
As
for
ex
points
may
waist, the waist being
is
which
to
16,
Find half of 32 inches. on the divisions of fourths. From
is
is
this
the angle of the square
'4
waist or 4 inches
from one another is one ///// foiDtli of the waist, the waist being 32 inches, then is meant one full fourth
it
for this size of waist.
When
said tliat
point
to
or 8 inches.
Take a 36 breast, one full half breast is 18 inches. But I, breast is the quantity on the draftingsquare between the angle and half of the breast 18, on the
divisions of halves,
viz.,
9 inches.
dlL!i f
,
T f
,
i
rfj
i
f T r i,T
i
,
i
,
rJ
i
i
i
r
,
i
,
T f
,
,
f ,i, h i, t iii hi 7 ii, l^ Tj,? ,i, ?Hj ,ti T i^
, ,
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
TABLE OF LENGTHS TO HEIGHT.
this table are given the lengths from the collar seam to different parts of the body for forms ranging from 5 feet 4 to 6 feet 4 inches in height. In the first column of figui'es at the left of the table are the several heights in inches. In the next colnmn are the lengths to natural waist, then to seat line (most prominent part of seat) to center of body, fork, bottom of seat, center of thigh, top of knee, bottom of knee, center of calf, bottom of calf, ankle, sole of foot, etc. The style length, say for a sack coat, may be i inch below the bottom of seat. This the table gives for a man 70 inches in height as 2g% inches, and for one 66 inches in height 28 inches. In this manner the length can be readily and uniformly ascertained for any kind
(~\^
^^^
of coat.
The
The The
outside .seam for trousers
of foot.
is
is
ascertained by deducting the length to natural waist
from that to the sole
inside
sole of foot.
seam length
found by deducting the length
to
the fork from that to the
proper front lengths for vests are given in the last column.
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
TABLE OF LENGTHS TO HEIGHT.
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
SINGLEBREASTED FROCKCOAT BODY.
Diagram
i.
WE
shall begin to show the system of drafting by taking a size of 36 breast, 32 waist. The lengths we shall take from the tables for 36 breast, as the height of the form there are no to be fitted, viz., 5 feet 8 inches, is proportionate to the breast, and as The measures differing from the average or normal form. peculiarities of shape noticeable
to draft are,
by which
we
find, as follows 1854;
:
36 breast, 32 waist,
front depth.
sleeve,
SS/^
back depth, ]6'2 natural waist,
11
blade,
12^
To Draft.
Square the lines A E and A 19. Place the end of the draftingsquare
8.34;
j^
inch below
inches, the natural waist at
D 16%
inches,
A and mark the back depth at B and the fashionable waist at E according to
style, 2
B
to
inches for this draft below D. C is onehalf of the back depth, 4^5 inches.
Square out from B, C, D and EE to F is i'2 inch. Square down from F. Shape the centerbackseam from A through F as represented. A to G is i/^ breast, 3 inches. Square up from G.
G
B
to
to
H
K
is ^'t breast, 3,^ is
inch.
the blade,
1 1
inches.
to
vSquare
li inch.
down from K.
Square up from M. inches. Square up from
P.
K to L M to P
B
to
is I is
inch and
L
M is
%
^
1
1
inch less than
breast,
2%
Q is onehalf of full breast, 18 inches. Square down from R. to R is 2 ^4 inches.
to 2 is
8
R
inch
when
the edges are to be stitched, and I4 inch less
when bound.
1 is
halfway from
B
to
M.
I to J is
N
Z
is
Square up from J. lyi inch. halfway from J to K. Square down from
N
to establish
i.
Connect H and P. Connect 19 and the bottom
to 5 is
I
of the centerbackseam opposite
E
to establish 20.
inch, or to style.
to style,
Establish 4, ^4 inch more or less according and shape the back scye as represented.
forward of the line from
J
to 19,
F
to
T
is
i'8
breast, 2i/( inches, or to style.
Shape the back from 5 through 20 and T as represented. For each inch that the waist is smaller than the breast, '4 inch is taken out between 7 inch in this case, which is distributed on each side of i as represented. and 8. This gives When Ihe blade is propflrtioiialr to tlir breast, S to \' is '4 inch more than '> waist, 8 '4
i
inches in this case.
lVhe)i
tlie
blade
34.
is
disproportionate to the breast,
\
is
established as
explained for Diagrams
4, 5
and
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
Y
F
to
23
W
W
T,
is 2 I4
inches.
2.
to 3 is the to
V
to
same as R to 8 aud 7 to 6 is
'4
i, of full waist,
16 inches.
5 throiii;h 6,
Shape the sidebody from
as represented.
inch forward of
taking out
'4
inch opposite 20
Shape the scye through K to the front of scye line above M as represented. Shape the underarm seam from N through 7 and 8 as represented. From 20 to 9 is ^4 i^^^h more than from 20 to the fashionable waist line below T.
Point 10
is
'4
inch above the fashionable waist line.
©€)®(^
2
R
Q
P
M
3
W
V
24
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
SINGLEBREASTED FROCKCOAT BODY.
(
Concluded.
)
Diagram
T
2.
13 is 3^ inch more than the front depth, less the width of the toj^ of the back from A H. Lay the draftingsquare as represented the width from A to H is placed below L, inch more than the front and the draftingsquare touches the line squared up from P at This establishes 13. depth, \%~/% inches. Connect 13 and C. From 13 to 4 is the same as H to 4 on the back. From 4 to 16 is }/^ inch. Shape the seam from 13 to 16 and the scye below 16 as rep
TO
to
—
^
resented.
Square forward from
13.
From
13 to 14
is
%
J/g
breast, 3 inches.
Connect 14 and R.
From
14 to 15
is
breast, 3 inches.
as represented or
I
It may be shaped is shaped from 13 passing ^2 inch above 15. through or below 15 according to style. Shape the front edge through 2 and 3. Establish the end of the roll according to style, and draw the creaseline towards a point inch from the side of the neck. This establishes 22. Point 12 is 1 2 inch below the fashionable waist line. Connect 11 and 12 by a straight line and shape the waist seam from 11 by a graceful
In this case the gorge
1
reversecurved line through 12 to 21 as represented.
is directly below M. Connect 25 and P and shape the
Point 25
resented.
fish,
making
it
S
inch wide on the waist line as rep
The button
line
is
i
'
<
inch backward from the front edge.
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
25
21
12
DIAGRAM
2.
26
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
THREEBUTTON CUTAWAY FROCKCOAT BODY.
Diagram
3.
'T^HE accompanjang
and 42
breast. breast,
seat.
diagram
The
9 inches in height, 40 breast, 39 waist shoulders are one degree high and stooping.
is
for a
man
5 feet
First select the lengths
and widths from the tables for a proportionate form of 40 These are given on the first row of figures below, the first being the height, ivext then waist, seat, sleeve, back depth, natural waist, blade and front depth.
40 40
37
72
69
39
42 42
is
20
19
9I4
9
1713
12
13^
131^
1634
On
As
inch.
the second row of figures
placed the height, breast, waist and seat sizes of the form
to be fitted, as 69, 40, 39, 42.
the shoulders are our degree high, the back and front depths are each shortened '4
9, which place under 9'4, and 13/s, which place under 13^5the shoulders are also one degree stooping, the changed back depth is lengthened V^
This gives
As
inch,
9,
and the changed front depth is shortened and 1 2 7^8, which place under 135/^.
'4 inch.
This gives 9 '4^, which place iinder
except that
is
is the same as for a man 5 feet 9 inches in height, viz., 16^4, This gives 17, which increased '4 inch for one degree stooping shoulders. The sleeve length for a man 5 feet 9 inches in height is 19 inches, placed under 1634.
The
length to natural waist
it is
which place under
20.
The
40
measures, then, as used
I
when
drafting, are
:
breast.
39 waist.
42 seat. 19 sleeve.
I
9 14' back depth. 17 natural waist. 19 fashionable waist.
I
12 blade. 12 7^ front depth.
•

To Draft.
All the points excepting
6, 8, 12, 25, 26, 28, 29, 30,
U,
V
and
is
W,
are obtained in the
same manner as explained
for
Diagrams
i
and
2.
As
line
the waist
i
is
i
inch smaller than the breast,
'4
inch onl}
taken out on the waist
S to
from
\2 of
to 8.
When
than
the blade
is
proportionate to the breast, as in this case,
U
is
'.j^
inch more
a waist 4 inches smaller than the breast. '4 inch more than '2 of 36 waist, 9 '4 inches.
From S
to
U
is,
therefore, in this case,
In this case the waist (39)
is 3
than breast, which would be from U to \'.
36,
and onethird
the waist
inches larger than for a form with waist 4 inches smaller of this, or i inch, is placed forward of U as
is 3
V
when
breast.
to
W
is 2' 8
is 2
inches
when
inches smaller than
i ~'s
the
breast,
is i
2
inches
the wai.st
inches smaller than the breast,
13,4
inch
when
is
the waist
inch smaller
than the breast, as in this case, and
inch
when
the waist
as large or larger than the
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
F
to
27
T,
1
\' to 8
2 is
1
and
i
to
6
is
onehalf of full waist, 19'. inches.
establish 25.
Point
I
2
inch below the fashionable waist.
Connect 1 and 12 by a straight line and square by this line towards Q to Shape the seam edge from 11 through 12 towards 21 as represented. The dart from 25 to 26 is tV inch wide for each inch of corpulency, which
as above explained, is 3 inches, so that from 25 to 26 is tV inch.
for this
form
From From
26 to 28
is
the same as from 26 to the top of the dart.
28 to 29 is the same as 25 to 26. Shape the waist seam from 26 through 29 to 30 as represented. The shape of the front below 2 is governed by taste or style.
When
1 1
cutting out the pattern for the forepart cut the waist seam
to 21.
first
on the line from
to 30.
through 25
Then
after the skirt has
been drafted, cut
off
from 26
14®
^f3.
DIAGRAM
3.
28
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
SINGLEBREASTED ONE AND THREEBUTTON
Diagram
4.
CUTAWAY FROCK
BODY.
'npHE accompanying
and 45
first
diagram
is
for a
man
5 feet 9
seat.
The
shoulders are stooping and blades
inches in height, 42 breast, 44 waist full, each two degrees.
Select the lengths and widths from the tables for a form of 42 breast as arranged on the
row
of figures following
:
74
42 42
40
44
69
44 45
20^4;
19
95^ 10
18
I2>^
13
14
13!/^
16^
of the
Under these
42,
are placed the height, breast, waist
and seat
form
to
be
fitted,
as 6g,
44 and 45. As the shoulders are two degrees stooping, the back depth is increased \i inch, which This is placed under gij. The front depth is shortened '2 inch. This gives gives 10.
13I2, which
is
placed under 14.
is
The
sleeve length for 69 inches height, 19,
placed under 20i^.
Place 13 under i2'2 for blades two degrees full. The natural waist for 69 inches height, i63^;, is placed under 18. This must, however, This gives 17 '4 which is placed be increased }4 inch for two degrees stooping shoulders.
under 16 3;^.
Particular and careful examination of the build
in the blade quantity.
It
must be made
that
it is
must not be understood
to determine au}' increase always increased for forms with
stooping shoulders, because a person is frequently round and stooping shouldered, but no The round appearance being larger through the blades than an average or normal form. due to extreme inward curvature at the back waist, and head carried well forward.
When
the blades are extra
full,
the chest must be extra
drafting, are as follows
flat.
:
The measures
then, as used
when
42 breast.
10 back depth.
44 waist.
45 seat.
19 sleeve.
13 1 2
front depth.
17^
1914^
natural waist.
fashionable waist.
13 blade.
To Draft.
For two degrees stooping shoulders the centerbackseam is advanced ^s inch forward of is taken out between the back and sidebody at 5, as represented. All the remaining points, excepting as herein explained, are obtained in the .same manner as explained for Diagrams i and 2.
A, and more
As
the waist
at
i.
is
larger than the breast there
is
nothing taken out between the forepart
and sidebodv
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
29
DIAGRAM
4.
30
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
Whenever
the blade size used
size,
is /rss
for a
corresponding breast
the star
is
Whenever
the blade size used
is
than as for an average form as found on the table established the same amount /orzaa rd of S. >nore than as found on the table for a corresponding
is
breast size, then the star
star is therefore placed
established the
is
same amount hackivard
of S.
In this case the blade size used
%
inch more than as on the table for 42 breast.
The
^
is
inch backward of S.
The
line.
star
now
takes the place of
4 or
S when
establishing the remaining points on the waist
breast,
When
the waist
more inches smaller than the
and the blade
is
larger or
J^^
smaller than as for an average form as found on the table, then from the star to
V
U
is
inch
more than Yz waist. See Diagrams 5 and 34. W^hen the waist is less than 4 inches smaller than the
blade
is
breast, as in
this case,
is
and the
V^
larger or smaller than as found on the table, then from the star to
^i of
inch
more than
a waist, 4 inches smaller than the breast, irrespective of the size of the
fitted.
waist of the form to be
Yz
In this case, the breast being 42, a waist 4 inches smaller is 38, and of 38 (19 on the divisions of halves), is gj^ inches. From the star to Point Point
'4
inch more than
is
U
therefore 93^
inches.
V U
is
now
established as follows
:
The form
2
inches
is
V
F
to
to
W
T
man with 38 waist, or 4 inches less than breast. 44 waist, which is 6 inches more than 38. Onethird of this, or now placed forward of U which gives V. is as explained for Diagram 3, i3/^ inch for this draft.
has been established as for a
be
fitted
is
to
and
V
to 6 is Y^ of the full waist, 22 inches.
The waist seam is drafted in the same manner as explained for Diagram 3. The amount of corpulenc}' being 6 inches, the dart is 616 or 3g inch wide. The front edge of the onebuttoner is shown in a heavy line through and passing
W
'^/^
inch forward of
2.
The
front edge for a threebutton cutaway frock
roll to 3.
is
also
shown
in a light solid line
from
the end of the
This, however,
is
a style of front which should not be encouraged for
corpulent forms unless
made with stationary short roll. When made soft roll the edge should be shaped in good form from the point of the rever to 3, and the two upper buttons should be placed as much back of the usual position as the edge has been shaped
forward of
2.
The edge
of the onebuttoner is also
drawn
Y
inch forward of
2.
32
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
DOUBLEBREASTED FROCKCOAT BODY.
Diagram
I
5.
'HE accompanying diagram is for He is overerect, has small 34.
The
lengths and widths are
is
a man 5 feet 10 inches in height, breast 38 and waist blades and low shoulders, each two degrees.
first
selected
from the tables
for a
man
first
of
38 breast,
of figures
which
below.
proportionate to the height, 5 feet 10 inches, as arranged on the
row
The back depth
reduced
'
is
shortened
'2
inch, the front depth
lengthened
'
'2
inch and the blade
2
inch for overerectness and small blades, as on the second row.
front depths are then lengthened each
2
The changed back and
as on the third row.
inch for low shoulders
(When
the blades are small or
flat,
the chest must be correspondingly
full.)
70
3S
34
39
i9>^
17
1
1
'2
12^4;
II
13k
The measures
then, as used
when
drafting, are:
38 breast. 34 waist. 39 seat.
19I2 sleeve, 9 back depth. 17 natural waist.
19 fashionable waist. 1 1 blade. 13^4 front depth.
All
the points, excepting the star
i
To Draft. R and W,
are obtained
in
the
same manner
as
explained for Diagrams
less
and
'
2.
The star is established 2 inch forward of S, because the blade size used is that amount than as given on the tables for a man of 38 breast as explained for Diagram 4. As the waist is 4 inches smaller than the breast, i inch is taken out between 7 and 8.
From
the star to
V
is
%
inch more than j4 waist.
F
to to to
T,
Y
is is
to 8
and
7 to 6 is ^4 of the full waist.
Q V
R
2^4 inches.
2^2 inches.
W
Q
R and V to are each '4 inch more than as for the preceding diagrams, because of the lapel seam for which this allowance is made. For corpulent or stout forms see Diagram 6.
From
to
W
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
33
21
12
DIAGRAM
5.
34
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
DOUBLEBREASTED FROCKCOAT BODY.
Diagram
6.
T HE
ders.
10 inches in height, 48 breast and 48 shoulders are one degree high and two degrees stooping. First find the lengths and widths on the tables for a proportionate form of 48 breastThese are as on the first row of figures below. The back and front depths are first each shortened i^ inch for one degree high shoul
accompanying diagram
is
for a
man
5 feet
waist.
The
This gives
10,
which
is
The changed back
depth
is
placed under loj/^, and 155^, which is placed under 157^. then lengthened '2 inch and the front depth shortened the
same amount for two degrees stooping shoulders. This gives ioi/<, which is placed under 10, and i5/'8, which is placed xinder 15%. The sleeve and natural waist lengths are found on the row of figures on which 70 is given as height. This gives 19^ for the sleeve and 17 for natural waist. The latter is,
however, increased
'i
inch for two degrees stooping shoulders.
48
46 48
22 14
ig'j
10%
10
191^
ij}4
14
15 Js
ioi<
15H 15^
:
The measures
48 brea,st. 48 waist.
195^2
as used
when
drafting will then be as follows
sleeve.
io}4 back depth. 171^ natural waist. 9 12 fashionable waist. 1
14 blade. 15^8 front depth.
To Draft.
All the points excepting
6,
2.
R, U,
V
and
W
are obtained in the
same manner
as
explained for Diagrams
i
and
As the waist is as large as the breast there is nothing taken out on S to U and U to V are each the same as explained for Diagram 3.
the waist line at
i.
waist is 3 inches smaller than the breast, 2 ^^ inches when inches smaller than the breast, 2V8 inches when the waist is i inch smaller than the breast, and 2 inches when the waist is as large or larger than the breast, 2 inches
Q to R is 2^4 inches. VtoW is 2^ inches when the
is 2
the waist
for this draft.
F
to
T
and
is
V
Point 12
to 6 is onehalf of full waist, 24 inches. i}4 inch below the fashionable waist.
Shape the waist seam and the dart
in the
same manner as explained
for
Diagram
3.
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
35
4)"'
12
DIAGRAM
6.
:
36
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
DRESSCOAT BODY.
Diagram
7.
npHE
accompanying diagram
is
for a regnlar
form
5 feet
9 inches in height, 37 breast and
33 waist.
The measures used when
are as follows
drafting are the
same
as found on the table for 37 breast,
which
37 breast. 33 waist.
I
I
19 sleeve. 8 ?s back depth.
I
1634!
1834^

natural waist. fashionable waist.
[

iii:j; blade. 12 ^s front depth.
To Draft.
All the points excepting
R
and VV are obtained
in the
same manner
as explained for
Diagrams
i
and
is I
2.
Q V
to
to
W
R
is 2}'^
inches.
inch.
lapel and gorge to style. (See Diagrams 20 and 21.) This coat is not intended to button, the front edges of the lapels meeting at the waist. For a form with a small waist the lapel seam ma} be shaped % or ^4 inch flatter at R, and for corpulent forms somewhat forward of R, in each case according to the st3le effect desired for the roll, whether narrow or wide. For corpulent forms the distribution of the waist size will be obtained in the same manner
Shape the
Diagram 3, excepting the quantity between each case less than as explained for Diagram 6.
as explained for
V
and W, which
is
1^2 inch in
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
37
DIAGRAM
7
)
)
38
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
FROCKCOAT BACKS COMPLETED.
Diagram
8.
'npHE
regular back
is
drafted as represented, except
when
the material
is of
a decided stripe
or plaid.
To complete the back From the fashionable
proceed as follows
waist
:
F
to
E
is
i%
inch.
Draw
a straight line from
A
through E
A
to
G
is
H
inch more than the length.
Sqiiare across from G.
K is the same as F to H. Curve slightly from H to K and add i inch on each side at F and H, extending from I4 inch above F and H as represented. For forms with flat seats and less erect than the average, extend the line A E (Diagram i Shape the edge of the back skirt below E parallel to the bottom, add j4 inch back of E. with the line A E. (Diagram i.)
J to
Diagram
For stripes and plaids
the
of
9.
is first
pronounced patterns, the back
8.
drafted in all respects
same
as explained for
Diagram
Continue the line
AF
to establish L.
L
the same as J to K. Reshape the back skirt from F and
to
is
M
H
to
L and M.
'2
The
top of the side plait should be raised about up, the centerbackseam
inch above H, and the bottom
at the
^/^
inch above M.
When making
the side
must be well shrunk
natural waist, and
seam stretched
directly opposite until
the edge of the back skirt below
F
ranges
with the line
F
J.
WHOLE
/^N
this
BACKS.
10.
Diagram
diagram
is
is
represented one style of whole represented on Diagram
9,
back.
It
is
drafted
in
the
same
manner
back skirt
as the one
except that the lap on the centerofshaded, extends from the right side
omitted.
is
i
An
of back.
extra piece, represented by the part which
is
inch or more beyond the center, and
fastened at the button and by a tack at the center
of
One
side edge is left free.
When marking
edge
54
on the material the center
well
back
is
laid to overlap the fold or crease
inch from the top to the bottom.
material
The
line as
must be
sides directly opposite, until the edge of the
shrunk on the fold at the natural waist, and stretched on the back skirt when on the double, ranges with the
9.
(
from
F
to J
on Diagram
Contnntcd on page
./o.
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
39
K
J
M K
L
J
DIAGRAM 8.
DIAGRAM 9,
DIAGRAM
10.
40
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
WHOLE
(
BACKS.
)
Concluded.
Diagram
fold or creaseedge as
ii.
This diagram represents the material opened out face up.
Diagram
below
9,
defined
by
i
F,
H, L,
M
and
all
above.
The back is The
down
first
cut on a
is
right side
then cut
oi?
from
\^ inch
H
to within
inch of the center and
12.
is
to the bottom.
Diagram
The shaded
with
I
part represents another piece which
cut
b}'
the pattern of the back skirt
inch added for the tack.
The
top
is
cut
'4.
inch above
F
and H.
Diagram
13.
ri). It
diagram the piece (Diagram 12) is shown attached to the back skirt (Diagram seamed to the back from the button to the tack, passing under the left back skirt ma}' however, be stoated to the back, in which case the top should be cut off on the line
this
It is
On
FH.
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
41
DIAGRA.IVI
II.
DIAGRAM
12.
DIAGRAM
13.
42
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
CUTAWAY
Diagram
SKIRT.
Regular Form.
14.
COUARE
Lav
line
the lines
2 to 3
and
2 to 8.
the lower point of the back
as represented.
seam
of the
sidebody at
2
and the side seam on the
from
2 to 3
Mark along
2 to 3.
the bottom of the sidebod}'.
Lay
the forepart with the bottom of the side
seam touching 4 and the fashionable waist
the bottom from 4 to
5.
line directly over the line
from
Mark along
Halfway from
2 to 5 establish 6.
From
From From Draw From From
5 to 7 is Yz inch. of the skirt
Shape the top
2 to
8
is is
9 inches.
from 2 to 7 as represented. Square back from 8.
2
8 to 9
lU
inch.
a straight line
from
through
9.
9 to 10 is 18 inches. Shape the back edge from
2 to II is
14^
2
passing Yz inch back of 9 through
according to style.
2 to
1 1
10.
inch more than the length of the back skirt
7 to
1 1
(H
to
K, Diagram
8).
Shape the front from
Add The
I
inch for the plait from
as represented.
distance from 8 to
9, viz.,
I'j inch, is as established for a regular
form having
Should the a seat 5 inches larger than waist, the attitude of the form also being normal. seat, however, be more than 5 inches larger than the waist, and the attitude normal, as 32
waist, 38 seat, the distance
from 8
to 9
that the difference between the waist
must be increased '4 inch, or and seat is more than 5 inches.
V^
inch for each inch
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
43
DIAGRAM
14.
44
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
CUTAWAY
Diagram
SKIRT.
Corpulent Form.
15.
COUARE the
Diagram
14.
is
lines 2 to 3
and
7,
2 to 8.
All the pomts except
21
and B are obtained
3.
in the
same manner as explained
for
Point 21
the
same
i
as on
Diagram
From From From
the waist.
21 to 7 is 'i inch.
S to 9 is
li
inch as before.
9 to
for
B
is
as
many
fonrths of an inch as the seat
is
less
than
5
inches larger than
difference
Take
example a form
is
of
i
the waist and seat
4 inches, or
42 breast, 40 waist and 44 seat. inch less than 5 inches, which
The
is
between
the diflference between
these two sizes as established for a normal form, and upon which also the distance from 8 to
9 has been established for the normal or regular form. From 9 to B is therefore in this The back instance '4 inch, and a line is drawn from 2 through B instead of. through 9.
edge
is
shaped from
2
passing
'3
inch back of
B
as represented.
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
45
DIAGRAM
J5.
46
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
FROCKCOAT SKIRT.
Regular Form.
Diagram
i6.
COUARE
Lay Lay
from
2 to 3.
the lines
2 to 3
and
2 to 8.
the sidebody as represented and
the forepart as represented.
mark along the bottom from The fashionable waist line is
2 to 4.
directly over the line
Mark along the bottom from 4 to 5. Lay the lapel as represented and mark from
Sqnare down from 6 by the fashionable waist
5 to 6.
line.
From From Draw From
2 to
8
is
9 inches.
8 to 9 is i'^ inch. a straight line from
2 to
2
through through
9.
10
is
18 inches.
2
Shape the back edge from
the plait as represented.
10,
passing
'i
inch back of 9 and add
i
inch for
From From
2 to II is y^
inch more than the length of the back skirt inch less than
skirt.
2 to 11.
(H
to
K, Diagram
8).
6 to 12
is
%
This gives a close
For one with extra drapery see Diagram
17.
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
47
DIAGRAM
16.
:
iS
THE "KEYSTONE 5VSTE>1S
FROCK COAT
SKIRT.
EXTR.. ZP.^ZRY.
rtaAGRAM
17.
*^
. .
:
rtpin 1
1 .ipt.
ire laid in the
ceding diagTaijLs ^ud bv marldng^
aLcHig^
the bottem edge
same manner as explained few the <x. each from 2 thiongh 4 to 6.
pre
From 2 to S is 9 inches. From 8 Id 9 is i '« inch as b^oie. To obtain extra drapery proceed as
Point 7
is halfwaj
follows
between 2 and 6. From 7 to C is '4., '» inch or more according to the anxmnt of draperv required. In this case frx»m 7 to C is '»' inch. Shape the waist seam from 2 through C to 6 as represented. Square down fiom 6 towards D. From 6 to D is the same as 6 to C. Ffom 9 to B and from D to E are each tie ;.i~r as 7 to C. Draw a straight line from 6 through E. Draw a straight line from 2 through B. From 2 to 10 is 18 inches. Shape the beckedge from 2 through ii z^^::^ '» inch back of B. and add i inch for
the plait.
From 2 From 6
to II is
'4^
inch more than the back skfrt
H ::
K. Dis^rsjs
S*.
to 12 is '3 inch less than 2 to 11.
For a corpulent form the waist seam di the forepart should be shaped as explained fcr Diagram 3. The waist seam erf the skirt should be shaoed the same as the forepart as on the 'ine from 2 through 4. 7 and 5 to 6.
From S to 9 is I *2 inch as beftne. The backedge is then shaped as explained for Diagram
1 5.
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
49
DIAGRAM
17.
.
50
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
DRESSCOAT SKIRT.
Regular Form.
DiA.GRAM
iS.
CQUARE
From From
from 21
the lines
Obtain points
21 to 6
4, 5
is
1
6 to 7
is
and 2 to S. and 21 as previously explained. i inch. Shape the waist seam as represented. Sliape the bottom of the strap from 14 inch.
2 to 3
7
parallel with the line
to 5. 7 to 12 is onethird of
From From From From Draw From
the width from 21 to
2.
12 to 13 is
I
inch.
2 to 8 is 9 inches. 8 to 9 is I ^4 inch. a straight line from 2 through
9.
2 to
10
is
18 inches.
2
Shape the back edge from
the plait, as represented.
through
10,
passing
'2
inch back of
9,
and add
to
i
inch for
From
2 to
2
Pivot at
From From
II
1 1 is inch more than the length of the back skirt (H and sweep forward from 1 1 to 14 is onethird of the width from 2 to 21.
'14.
K, Diagram
8).
14 to 15
is
I
inch.
Connect 13 and
15
by
a slightlj curved line
2 to 11
and
is
finish as represented.
For corpulent forms the back edge
for
(
)
obtained in the same
manner
as explained
Diagram
15.
to create the fullness required.
In case of small waist and large hips one or two darts are taken out on the waist seam Additional roundness is given to the back edge, which is
line,
•>
pressed forward to a straight
thus throwing the fullness over the largest part of the hip.
The
forepart should be laid
e.Ktra fullness is
when drafting the skirt. Thus '. inch gained on the seam edge which must be shrunk in at 4 or taken out in
inch forward of 4
the dart.
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
5'
15
14
DIAGRAM
18.
52
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
FROCKCOAT LAPELS.
Diagram
79.
"PROM
The
2 to 3 is 1 3/^
inch,
and
21 to 3 is the
same as
21 to
2.
Shape the seam edge
lapel
is 2
for a
long
roll
by
a slight cnrve as represented.
%
Should the coat be intended
21 straight.
inches wide at the top and bottom, and 3 inches opposite R. for buttoning up short roll, make the seam edge from 3 to
For coats which close to the throat, as coachmen's or police coats, the seam edge is drawn by a reversed curve from that shown on the diagram, about '2 inch back of a straight line drawn from 3 to 21. This shortens the outer edge, requires less drawing in, and takes more
closely the buttonline
on the forepart.
The widths
here given are average.
is to
The shape
is
governed by taste or
2
st^de.
A
good plan
cut out the lapel all except on the outer edge and across the top (which
it
mark by
a tracer), and lay
in a closed position with the forepart at
as represented
i
by the
shaded part.
Then draw
the creaseline from the end of the roll towards a point
inch from
the side of the neck.
To determine
the shape of the roll and to
know how much
2
front to obtain the desired form, square back from
placing the amount from the creaseline to
2 and to 7 and it can readily be determined if the width is satisfactory. Should it be too wide, reduce the front at 7 or at 2. If too narrow, increase. If the height at 6 or at 8 is too low, increase, and if too high, reduce or lower. ever this is done, the same must efTect points 2 and 7.
to add to or take off from the and 7 by the creaseline 4 to 22. By back of the creaseline we obtain points
6 and
8,
When
PEAKED LAPEL FOR DRESSCOAT.
Diagram
'C'ROAI
2 to 3 is 2 to 2 I4
20.
inches.
Shape the seam edge by a
slight curve as represented.
The lapel is i3/^ inch wide at the top, iij inch at the bottom and 2i^ inches opposite R. From 21 to 9 is li inch less than the strap of the skirt (6 to 7, Diagram 18). Cut out the lapel except at the top, which mark by a tracer, and lay it in closed position
2 as represented by the shaded part. Square back by the creaseline from 2 and 7, and establish points 6 and 8. If not satisfactory, points 6 and 8 can be raised or lowered, or placed nearer to or further from the creaseline as desired. Any changes so made must effect the position of points 2 and 7.
with the forepart at
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
53
DIAGRAM
19.
DIAGRAM
20.
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
DRESSCOAT LAPEL. SHAWL ROLL.
Diagra:\i
2
1.
[T
is
drafted in the
is
same manner
as the
peaked
lapel,
except that at the top
it is
narrower
and
cut off even with the gorge.
The width
2 to 7 is
governed by taste or
style.
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
55
DIAGRAM
21.
56
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
COLLARS.
T7OR
Diagram 22. SingleBreasted Coats with Short or Medium Length of Roll.
— Draw
tlie
from the end of the roll, as at X, towards a point i inch from the side of the This establishes 22. neck, as at Y. Draw the collar creaseline straight from 22, passing ^^ ingh back of Z. The length for all collars, 4 to 2, is the same as the width of the top of the back and length of gorge. From I to 2 is 1 14 inch, and i to 3 is I'i' inch. For coat ivitli long roll, draft as explained
creaseline
for Diagram 24.
Diagram 23. For DoublEBreasted Sack or Frock, Medium Roll.
as explained for
—These are drafted
establish
2
is i '^
the
same
Diagram
22.
Diagram 24. For all CoaTvS with Long Rolls. Draw the creaseline and Draw the collar creaseline from 22 straight through Z. From i to
—
22 as before.
inch.
From
1
to 3 is
1
1.^
inch, or to taste or style.
Get the length 4
Diagra:\i 25.
to
2,
and
finish as represented.
The
2
PrUvSSian Collar.
—From Z
— This
to 2 is
i
inch.
Shape the seam edge from
i ^4^
i
through
is
by a strong curve and get the length
Finish as represented.
to 3.
From
3 to 4 is
inch.
From
4 to 5
to
taste or style.
Diagram
HalfPrussian Collar.
as desired.
26.
to'
collar is designed to roll short, or
close at the throat
Draw
the creaseline from the end of the roll as before and establish 22.
Curve
the collar creaseline from 22, passing I4 inch back of Z. The seam edge is also curved to correspond with the crease edge. Get the length to 2, make the stand i y^^ inch from i to 2,
and the
leaf
i
to 3 to taste or style.
Finish as represented.
Diagram
SH.A.WL Collar.
27.
before.
the end of the roll and establish 22 as from 22, passing '4' inch back of Z, and the seam edge to correspond with the crease edge. Get the length 4 to 2. For a moderately wide collar, make the stand 1^4 inch from i to 2, but for a wide collar I'z or i^ inch wide. Round the seam edge a trifle above the end of the gorge, as to 4, and finish as represented.
— Draw the creaseline from
Curve the
collar creaseline strongly
Diagram
Standing or Military Collar.
gorge towards 3, passing 3 to 4 varies from i to i
i
2
'
28.
— Draw the seam edge straight from the middle
i
of the
inch below Z, and get the length from
inch.
to
3.
The width from
width than as above.
For men with short thick necks, make the stands for all collars ^4 to yi inch less in The seam edges also should be shaped slightly concave, as on Diagram 26. This gives more length to the outer edge of the leaf.
Whenever
a coat
is to
be made soft
roll, /.r., to roll
either long or short, the collar should
be cut as for short
roll.
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
57
DIAGRAMS [22,123,
24, 25, .26, lllsni 28.
58
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
THE SLEEVE.
Diagram
29.
"PIRST
in
of all,
we must take
care which
a careful and close measure of the scye of the pattern as
is to
be taken consists in this, that no slip or slack may occur using the tapemeasure when going around the armhole. The size of the armhole can most conveniently be taken before the pattern of the coat has been cut out.
drafted.
The
When
follows
:
the measure
is
obtained, which
we
will
suppose
to
be,
say iS inches, proceed as
Square the lines
OE
and
O
M.
O O
B
to
to
is
A
C
is is
onefourth of the full scye, 4'^ inches.
onethird of the full scye, 6 inches.
halfway from
A
to C.
C C
to
to is I inch less than halfway from C to E. Square across from A, B, C, D and E as represented.
E D
is
the length.
O
to
M
F
is
Square down from M.
onehalf of the full scye, 9 inches. This establishes and P.
H
H
to J is onefourth of the full scye, 4'^ inches. is onehalf of the full scye, 9 inches. J to is halfway from to J. Square down from K.
K K
F
to
L
is
oneeighth of the full scye,
2 '4 inches.
J
Square up from L by the line O M to establish N. Pivot at L and sweep from N to J and N to F. This will in ever^ size reach both points, and F. Commencing at B, curve through F, and inside of the sweepline about l^ inch as
represented.
E G
P
to
G
is for
I
a
medium
size sleeve, 6 inches.
to 3 is
'2
inch.
of
as represented.
Shape the backarm seam from J to 3, passing ^/^ inch back of H and ^i inch back Of course the width of the sleeve at P and 3 may vary. D to R is 3^ inch for an average size. Shape the forearm seam from B through R
to
E
as represented.
This measured before the pattern is cut out, and from F around the sleevehead to J must be, and is, on all small or medium sizes, exactl} onehalf of the full scye and 2 inches more for seams and fullness. On the under sleeve it is exactl\ onehalf of the full scve from F around past 2 to S without any increase. Continued on page 60.
large sizes, saj above 20, the upper round of the sleevehead will be too large.
On
must
in every case be
(
)
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
59
DIAGRAM
29.
6o
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
THE
(
SLEEVE.
)
Co)iti)nicd.
Whenever on
sleevehead to
J,
larger sizes
is
there
size required as
from
J
it is found that by measuring from F over the round of the more than onehalf of the full scye and 2 inches extra, reduce to the to 4, and reshape as represented by the dotted lines from N to 4 and
4 to the elbow.
Connect
F
and E.
is
The line F E is the centerfront line. The forearm seam of the upper sleeve
usually drawn below B.
This increases the
to 5.
width of the upper sleeve the amount between
F and
A.
We
5
must, therefore, reduce the
width of the under sleeve the same amount as from the center line
FE
Commencing then
the line
at F,
shape the undersleeve through
It will
to within
a seam's width of
C
H
at 2,
and up
to S.
be observed that this line runs about
midway between
K
and L.
J
to
S
is
oneeighth of the full scye, 2J4 inches.
of
Shape the backarm seam from a strong seam's width back the forearm seam from 5 to E as represented.
S through P
to 3,
and
THE
SLEEVE.
{^Contiiiiicd.)
Diagram
30.
"WTHENEVER
added
is desirable to move the forearm seam more under the arm, the amount width of the upper must be taken from the underslee\e, always from the center line, F E. For example we wish to transfer the seam i inch farther under the arm so that it will not show, or because a wide uppersleeve and a narrow under will cut from the
it
to the
:
material to better advantage.
B
to
U,
E
to
Y,
5 to
T
and
E
to
Z
will
Shape the forearm seam
of the uppersleeve
then be each i inch (more or less as from U to Y and the undersleeve from
desired).
T
to Z,
each parallel with the dotted centerfront line
FE
as represented.
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
6i
DIAGRAM
30.
62
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
THE
SLEEVE.
[Concluded.)
Diagram
31.
coat,
TV7HEN
the sleeve has been cut out,
la} it
on the body pattern of the
across.
which must
lie
as cut
—that
C
is,
the breast line
of the sleeve
O
P even
Next place the sleeve on top
hole and the line
so that point
F
(Diagram 30)
will be close against the
P.
arm
H
(Diagram
29) on the line
O
The sleeve, resting close against the armhole, nuist have the same curve in front and It may be that the armhole may not be under the arm to the sidebody as the coat pattern. In such case modify it, but let both have the same exactly as good a shape as it should be.
curve.
The distance from O to J is placed up from the breast line to wherever it reaches on the back scye and the notch fixed there, as at Y. inch above the bottom of the armhole, as at U, notch both sleeve and About I to 1
1/4^
forepart.
Draw
a line
from
J
to
Y.
is laid in
When
the undersleeve
closed position with the uppersleeve,
it
must
fit
the arm
hole to V, and point
S should never be more than onetwelfth
of the full sc3'e
from Y.
Square up from '4. inch forward of U to establish \V. This line will serve as a guide to The distance if the round of the sleevehead corresponds to that of the armhole. from 4 to 3 should be the same as 4 to 2. If more, add at 3, and if less, take off.
determine
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
63
DIAGRAM
31.
:
64
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
SINGLEBREASTED SACK COAT.
Regular Form.
Diagram
32.
npHE
measures used for the accompanying diagram are for a proportionate form of 34 breast as found on the table of proportionate measures, as follows 34 breast, 30 waist, 35 seat, 18 sleeve, 8j4 back depth, 16 natural waist, 2324; seat line,
2Sj4 length, lo'^ blade,
11^
front depth.
To Draft.
Square the lines A 19 and A O. Place the end of the tapemeasure yl inch below A and mark the back depth at B, natural waist at D, seatline at E, and j^ inch more than the length at O. B to C is half of the back depth. Square the crosslines from B, C, D, E and O. D to F is ^4^ inch. O to i is y^ inch. Curve the centerbackseam from A through F
to
I
as represented.
manner
All the points on and above the breastline, excepting 5 and N, are obtained in the same as explained for Diagrams i and 2. Connect C and to establish 5.
M
M to N is ^
When
than
inch
inch less than halfway from
Square down from I. This establishes T, Y. Shape the side backseam from 5 through T as represented.
the blade
is
M to X and
J.
proportionate to the breast, as in this case,
S
to
V
is
"4
inch more
^2 waist,
7^
inches.
of
full
T and V to 6 is % inch more than onehalf taken out in the underarmseam below N.) Square down from V to establish 8.
F
to
is
waist, 15 '2
inches.
(This
^i
of
to X and 8 to 9 is onehalf of the full seat, 1 7 2 inches. Shape the seam from 5, taking out ^4 inch at J and passing i inch to i^i inch back 6 (according to degree of shapeliness desired at the waist), and ^2 inch back of 9 as
E
'
represented.
V
to
W
W
is
2^
inches.
to 3 is the
same
as
R
to
2.
Square down from 3 to establish 10. Shape the bottom from the side seam towards a point '2 inch below 10. The front is shaped according to style. One style is represented by a heavy line, and another below 3 by the heavy broken line. to II is 14^ breast. Square down from 11 for the end of the pocket opening. The fish under the arm is sometimes omitted. In such cases shape the side seam from a point J/2 inch forward of 5 to 7, as shown on Diagram 34. The width of the back opposite T, X and Y, and of the shoulder seam H to 4, can, of course, be varied as style ma}' demand.
M
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
65
DIAGRAM
32.
66
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
SINGLEBREASTED SACKCOAT.
Corpulent Form. Diagram 33.
npHE
proportionate taeasures used for the accorapaiiying diagram are for a
man
6 feet in
height, 48 breast, 50 waist
and 51
seat.
The

shoulders are one degree high and two
:
degrees stooping.
As used when
51 seat. 20 sleeve.
drafting, the
measures are as follows
48 breast. 50 waist.
18 natural waist.
2634 seatline.

14 blade. 15JS front depth.
loyi back depth.
31 length.
To Draft.
All the points on and above the breastline excepting 5, 11 and N are obtained in the same manner as explained for Diagrams i and 2. Connect C and M to establish 5. I\I to N D to F is % inch. Shape the centerbackseam is 2 inch less than halfway from M to J. Square down from I to establish T and Y. Y to i is '2 inch. as represented. Shape the sidebackseara from 5 through T to i as represented. When the blade is proportionate to the breast as in this case, S to U is i/^ inch more
1
than ^4 waist, as for a form having a waist 4 inches smaller than breast. In this instance, the breast being 48, a waist 4 inches sinaller would be 44 and I4 inch more than . of 44 is The distance, then, from S to U for this draft is 11 14^ inches. II I4.
•
same as explained for Diagram 3, i^ inch for this draft. F to T and V to 6 is onehalf of the full waist, 25 to 3 is the same as R to 2. Square down from U to establish 8. inches. E to X and 8 to 9 is onehalf of the full seat, 25 '2 iuclies. Shape the side seam from 5, taking out }^ inch at J, and passing 'i inch back of 9 as Square down from 3 to establish 10. represented. Shape the front for the onebutton cutaway sack as represented by the heavy line, or
to
is
W
U V
to
V
is
the same as explained for Diagram
the
W
3,
2
inches for this draft.
it is shaped '4 inch forward of 2. one to button at the waist, the front edge is shown in a light solid line, passing through 2 and '4 inch back of 3 to the bottom. Shape the bottom from 12 towards a point }4 inch below 10. to 11 is '4 breast. From Square down from 1 1 to fix the front of the pocket opening. Connect N and 18 by a straight line. The pattern of the forepart having been cut out, then cut from N to 18 and across to 17. Lay it on the material or over another piece of paper if preferred, and mark from opposite 17 up and around the shoulder and scye to N, and from N to iS and 17, Spread the pocket opening at 18 according to the degree of corpulency, about 14 inch for each 2 inches that the waist is less than 4 inches smaller than the breast. Press a flat fold on the pattern forward of 17, and mark from N to the pocket opening, N to 5, 5 to 12 and 12 to the fold opposite 17, as shown bv the part which is shaded. The wedgeshaped piece at the pocket opening is cut from the material. An inla} may be left from N to 18 if desired.
to taste or style.
On
the breast line
For a straight
front, or
M
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
67
DIAGRAM
33.
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
THE TUXEDO.
Diagram
"
I
34.
HE
measures used
for the
accompauying diagram are
for a
man
5
feet
10 inches in
height, 36 breast, erect, sloping shoulders and small blades.
First select the measures from the tables for a proportionate form, of 36 breast. The back depth is then shortened inch the front depth lengthened the same amount, and the blade reduced }^ inch for erectness. The changed back and front depths are then lengthened each y2 inch for sloping shoulders.
%
;
The measures
36
breast.
as used
when
drafting are as follows
19^2 sleeve.
:
32 waist.
37 seat.
9 back depth. 17 natural waist.
25^^ seatline. 29 length.
10%
1
blade.
2 Js
front depth.
To Draft.
All the points not herein referred to are obtained in the same
manner
as explained for
Diagrams
i,
2
is
and
1
32.
D
to
F
3
inch.
B to C. Square forward from i to establish 5. under the arm being omitted, the side seam of the forepart is shaped from a point '^ inch forward of 5 and i/^ inch from the side of the back opposite J. As the blade size used is I4 inch less than as given on the tables for a man of 36 breast,
Point
I is
halfway from
The
fish
the star
is
established the
From
the star to
V
is
same amount forward I4. inch more than '2
of
S
as explained for
Diagram
4.
waist.
F
to
T
and
7,
V
to 6 is yi of the full waist.
Points
8 and 9 are obtained in the
roll
same manner
is
as explained for
Diagram
pas.sing
32.
i<
For an extremely long
the collar creaseline
drawn from 22
inch for
ward
of 13.
Point 22 is obtained by drawing the lapel creaseline from the end of the roll, as at 3, towards a point i inch forward of 13. A convenient way to obtain the style effect for the lapel is to fold the paper which is for
ward
taste or style as represented
underneath the pattern and shape the edge of the lapel according to by the light lines from 3 to 2 1 and 20. Then with a tracer mark through the paper from 21 to 3 and from 21 to 20. On opening out the fold the front will be defined above 3 to 23. Then shape the gorge from 13 to 23.
of the creaseline
For corpulent forms
for
all
the points on the waist and seat lines are obtained as explained
Diagram
33.
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
69
DIAGRAM
34.
JO
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
DOUBLEBREASTED SACKCOAT.
Diagram
35.
npHE
measures used for the accompauying diagram are for a man 5 feet 8 inches in height and 38 breast, as found on the tables for a form of 38 breast, proportionate except in The measures are as follows height.
:
28 breast. 34 waist.
39
seat.
i6'2 natural waist.
24.54;
11I2 blade.
1254; fi'ont depth.
1834;
sleeve.
seatline.
9 back depth.
29^2 length.
To Draft.
All the points on and above the breast line, excepting
in the
2,
20, 21, 22
and
23, are obtained
same manner
to
as explained for
Diagrams
i
and
2.
D R
F
is 34^
inch.
O
to
i
is
I4 inch.
3,
All the remaining points on the waist and seat lines, except
are obtained in the
same
manner
as explained for
Diagram
to 3 are each 2^4^ inches, or the style. to 2 and and 3 to establish 10 and 12. Square down from Establish the end of the roll, also points 20 and 21, according to taste or style. Fold the paper on the creaseline, trace from 20 to 21 and 2 1 to the end of the roll as Then explained for Diagram 34. This will give the shape of the revers and establish 23. shape the gorge from 13 to 23. This establishes 22.
W
32.
W
Space for the buttonholes. Pivot at 15 and sweep backwards from the eye and backwards from a point ^4 inch below 10.
of
each buttonhole, also sweep forwards
From
10 to 16 is the same as 10 to 12. Shape the bottom back of 16 as represented.
From
the centeroffront line
R
W
to the buttonline
is
3^
inch less than from the
centerof front line to the front edge of the forepart.
the
For corpulent forms, all the points on the waist and same manner as explained for Diagram 33.
seat lines, except
3,
are obtained in
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
71
DIAGRAM
35.
72
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
WHOLE BACKS FOR SACK COATS.
Diagram
36.
all
T^RAW
^^^
the construction line
32.
AC
and obtain
the points except
i
as explained for
Diagram
Y
to
I
is 5^
inch.
i.
Shape the side seam from 5 through T to Cut off a seam's width, '4 inch forward
material lay the centerofback as represented
material.
of the line
A
O, and
when marking on
the
b3
the heavy line, and even with the fold of the
Diagram
37.
back which has been drafted with a shaped centerbackseam may be changed to a whole back by laying the pattern as first drafted over another piece of paper touching a straight line at the top and at the waist as from A to D. The back below the waist line
is
A
shown
in dotted lines.
all
Mark
around above the waist
line.
midway between D and T and swing the part below until the centerofback touches the straight line as from D to 3, then mark below T
Pivot the pattern as at the circled disk
and across the bottom. This gives 3 and 4.
T will
The
then be
at 2
and
D
at
i.
material must be stretched on the side seam on the waist line and shrunk at the back
the lines of the original pattern as
center opposite, to run with
dotted lines.
shown below the waist
'4
in
inch
The may
centerbackseam
be taken
36.
ofT
may
be laid to overlap the fold of the material
laid
inch, or
'4
from the pattern and then
even with the fold as explained for
Diagram
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
73
DIAGRAM
36.
DIAGRAM
37.
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
75
OVERCOATS.
npHE
*
measures for an overcoat
may
he taken oxer
tlie vest, tlie
same
as
for an
undercoat,
Init
preferably over the undercoat.
W'lien they are taken o\er the vest allowances for extra size
must be made
as follows
:
For
Add
" "
to the breast 2 inches.
"
Lie, it
I
\\"i'.ii;ii'i'
M.\'i'i;ri.\i,.
waist
seat
2
" "
'2
"
"
3
back depth, front depth and blade each
inch.
For
Mi'.DirM Hi'.a\\' Wkigiit MA'n':Ri.\i,.
2 '2
Add
" u
to the breast "
and waist each
inches.
seat 3'3 inches.
u
back depth, front depth and blade each
J^.
inch.
For Extra Hhaxv Wkight Matkrial.
Add
"
"
to the breast
and waist each
3
inches.
"
"
seat 4 inches.
i
back depth, front depth and blade each inch. which trace the i'orm of the back, as the Chesterfield, are drafted in the same manner as sack coats. The extra length changes in no nuinner the construction. For looser overcoats extra allowances must be made to the widths, as is
Except
as regards size, all overcoats
explained for Diagram 40. The lap over the centerof front line
light weight material
R
and
2'
2
inches for heavv.
\V for a singlebreasted overcoat is 2 inches for For a doublebreasted overcoat the lap is
'^4
usually 3 to 3V2 inches. The eyes of the buttonholes are usually
are placed as
inch back of the front edge, and the buttons
much back
line.
of the centeroffront
line
R
VV as the eves of the buttonholes are
forward of the same
The shape
of the lapel at the top
is,
of course, a
matter of individual taste or stvle.
)
.
76
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
THE CHESTERFIELD OR FLYFRONT OVERCOAT.
Regular Form.
Diagram
38.
T HE
measitres as selected from
vest,
tlie
:
tables are for a proportionate
form
of
36 breast, taken
over the
and are as follows
37 seat.
83^;
36 breast. 32 waist.
2434^ seatline.
12V8 front depth.
back depth.
39^2 length.
II blade.
i6?3 natural waist.
the
The sleeve will be I2 inch longer than as for an nndercoat. By adding the allowances for light weight material, as given measures, as used when drafting, are as follows
:
in
the preceding article,
38
34.
brea.st.
40
seat.
waist.
19I4 sleeve. ()'^Sr back depth.
7 natural waist. 25 '4 seatline. 39 1 3 length.
I
1 1
'2
blade.
125/8 front deptli.
To Draft.
Square the lines A O and A 19. Place the end of the tapemeasure y^ inch below A and mark the back depth natural waist at D, seatline at E and 54 inch more than the length at O. B to C is half of the back depth. Square forward from B, C, D, E and O.
at
C,
D A
B
to to
to
F
is
y2 inch.
Shape the centerbackseam
as represented.
G
is
is
^
breast.
K
the blade.
G K
to to
H
L
I
is yV
is
i
breast.
inch.
i
L
to
M
is
'a
inch.
from B to M. Square up and down from J to P is V2 inch less than
I is halfwa}'
to J is
'4 inch.
1 9, T, X and i Square up from
to establish
Ve breast.
M
B
M
and
P.
to
Q
is
'2 of full breast.
Q
to
R
is
2^2 inches.
R
to 2 is 2 inches.
Connect
H
and
P.
Connect C and M.
vShape the backscye and complete the back as represented.
to 13 is 3_^ inch more than the front depth, less the width of the back from A to H. Square forward from 13. From 13 to 14 is 'a breast. Connect 13 and C. From 13 to 4 is the same as H to 4 on the back. Shape the shoulder from 13 to 16, which is 3^_ inch below 4, and finish the scve below as represented \>y the heav} and broken lines. Square down from K to establish S. When the blade is proportionate to the breast, as in this case, S to \' is '4 inch more
L
16,
than
'2
waist.
\' to
W
is 2 '4
inches.
W
2
to 3 is the
same
as
R
to
2.
Connect
14,
R
and
is
W, and
breast.
square down from
W and
3.
From
14 to 15
%
Shape the front through
and
3 to the
bottom as represented.
oil
The shape above
2 is
a matter of taste or stvle.
(
CoiifiiiHed
page
/S'.
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
77
l7(»;^t^'8
DIAGRAM
38.
78
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
THE CHESTERFIELD.
(
Coiichidcd. )
creaseline
Establish the end of the
as explained for
roll,
draw the
and obtain points
20, 21, 2 2
and
23,
Diagram
34.
F
to
T
X
and
V
to 6 is •, of fnll waist.
vSquare
down from
and 8
V
to establish 8.
E
2^/2
to
to 9 is '2 of fnll seat.
from 5 through i. From J to i 7 is 36 inches. From 17 to 18 is and 18 to establish Y. 7 Shape the side seam from a point '2 inch forward of 5, 5 inch forward of the sideback opposite J, through 7, which is i inch forward of T, and passing '2 inch back of 9 to Y as
Draw
a straight line
inches.
Connect
,s
represented.
7 to Y is the same as T to i. Shape the bottom from Y as represented, passing M to 1 1 is yi inch more than I4 breast.
From
'2
inch below 10.
the
to the buttonline is 34 inch less than from R to 2. From the centeroffront line R to The front for a doublebreasted overcoat is shown in light lines. From R and The end of the collar for both coats is at 23. For the doublefront edge is 3 inches.
W
W
breasted overcoat the button line
A
form
small
V may
is 5^4 inches from the front edge. be taken out at the gorge, as shown on Diagram
39.
It
helps to give
to the top of the roll.
:
8o
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
THE CHESTERFIELD OR FLYFRONT OVERCOAT.
CoRPULEXT Form.
Diagram
39.
T
HE proportionate
and 45
seat,
measures used are for a man 68 inches
taken over the luidercoat.
The
in height, 42 breast, 41 waist shoulders are one degree high.
As used
42 41 waist.
\vheu drafting the measures are as follows 6 '2 natural waist. 1 45 seat. breast.
i83/j;
sleeve.
24^
1
2
seatline.
'2
blade.
<^V\
back depth.
42 '4 length.
i^iV^ front depth.
To Draft.
All the points excepting 19, as explained for Diagram 38.
I to J for
J,
N,
6,
U,
\",
W and S
i
are obtained in the
same manner
the average form
is 1 14
inch for an overcoat.
to J is
'j
The width
of the back, howe\'er,
varies according to style,
and in this case I Square up and downi from J as before.
the blade
inch.
is proportionate to the breast (see table), S to U is I4 inch more than form having a waist 4 or more inches smaller than breast. For 42 breast a waist 4 inches smaller is 38 inches, and ^4 inch more than '2 of 38 (or 19 on the divisions So in this case S to U is 93^ inches. of halves) is 9^4^ inches. The difference between the waist, 38, as above explained, and that for the form to be This shows that the form is 3 inches corpulent, and onethird of this, fitted, 41, is 3 inches. or I inch, is placed forward of U as to V. is 2' '8 inches when the waist is 3 inches smaller than the breast, 2 inches when V to the waist is 2 inches smaller than the breast, i s inch when the waist is i inch smaller than the breast, and i ^4 inch when the waist is as large or larger than the breast. F to T and V to 6 is Yz of the full waist. Scpiare down from U to establish 8. E to X and 8 to 9 is 3^ of the full seat. T to 7 is i inch. Draw a straight line from 5 through i. J to 17 is 36 inches. From 17 to 18 is 2^ Connect 7 and 18 to establish Y. inches. Shape the side seam from 5, passing 's inch forward of the sideback seam opposite J, through 7, and '2 inch backward of 9 to Y as represented. to N is 2 inch less than halfway from M to J. M to II is '2 inch more than '4 breast. The skirt pockets are placed twothirds of the distance between U and S below U. Connect X and the back of the pocket mouth. The pattern is cut from N to, and across to the front end of, the pocket mouth, and
When
i^ waist, as for a
W
''
M
1
when marking on the material the
cut
is
opened out as explained for Diagram
of
},},.
A
^inch
\' is
taken out near the end
the gorge.
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
DIAGRAM
39.
82
THE 'KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
DOUBLEBREASTED BOX OVERCOAT.
Diagram
40.
5
npHE
proportionate measures used are for a
tJie
man
feet 8 inches in
waist and 40 seat, taken over
undercoat.
The
height, 38 breast, 34 shoulders are one degree stooping
and two degrees sloping. The measures are as follows
38 breast. 34 waist.
:
40
seat.
17V4 natural waist.
25 '4 seatline. 43 length.
1
1
'>
blade.
19 '^ sleeve.
13 front depth.
93^ back depth.
To Draft.
Square the lines A E and A 19. Place the end of the tapemeasure '4 inch below A and mark the lengths for the back depth, natural waist, seatline and length at B, D, E and O respectively, adding '4 inch to
the length.
Square forward from B, D,
E
and O.
D
to
E
30
is
1
2
inch.
Connect A,
F and
E.
i
E
of the
to
is
]'2
inch, or
inch, as desired.
A through 30, and square forward again from bottom of the back. It should be noted that the drafting points B, F and E are on the broken B to K is '4 inch more than the blade.
Draw
a straight line from
to
O
for the
run
line.
K
B
B
L
is
I
inch.
L
B
to
M
is
Yz inch.
I is
halfway from
I
to AI.
I to J is
^i inch.
to
N
is y^
breast.
i.
Square down from
to
N to establish X and Q is '2 inch more than 3/ of full breast. Q to R is 25^ inches. R to 2 is 35^ inches, or to style.
6, 24, 25, 26, 27,
All the remaining points on and above the breastline, excepting
29, are
28 and
obtained in the same
the blade
is
manner
is
as explained for
Diagram
38.
When
(Whenever the blade used
sponding breast size, V, as explained for Diagram 4.) and 3 are For forms having a waist 4 or more inches smaller than breast, points For corpulent forms having a obtained in the same manner as explained for Diagram 38. blade proportionate to the breast, obtain points U, V, W, 8 and 9 as explained for Diagram 39, excepting that V is advanced 'i inch further forward. [Con tinned on page 8f.)
S to Y is ]i inch more than '2 waist. than the size given on the table for a correthen establish the star and obtain point \' from the star instead of from
proportionate to the breast,
more or
less
W
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
S3
* O
DIAGRAM
40.
)
84
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
DOUBLEBREASTED BOX OVERCOAT.
(
Concluded.
It
From
9 to
7 is
3^2 inches for this draft.
may
be 4 or more inches, according to the
fullness desired around the seat.
Shape the side seam from N through 7 and make the length X to Y the same as X to i. For very full backs, the side seam is sometimes ovalshaped from X to Y as shown bv the light line which is drawn i inch back of 7. \\'hen so shaped, the back should be put on full
to the forepart.
In case a highpadded shoulder
is
desired, proceed as follows
:
Draw
a line across the front
shoulder as from 25 to 26.
This
line
is at
the top of the
front shoulder.
From
from 25
y^ to
''2
26 to 27 is ^4, '2 inch or more, according to the amount of building desired. Pivot the pattern at 2^ and swing 26 up to 27. Then mark along the edge of the pattern
to 13
and from 13
to 16,
which gives
28.
Reshape the
sc\e
below
28, flattening
from
inch opposite 26, to give greater width to the front shoulder. Pivot the pattern of the back at and raise point 4 as much as 27 along the edge from to 4, which gives 6.
H
is
from
26.
Mark
H
A
'4inch \'
is
taken out near the end of the gorge, and points 23 and 29 are advanced
the same amount
when
the
V
is
stoated as
shown
b}
the heavy lines.
When
\".
the \'
is
seamed, points 23 and 29 should be advanced ^i inch more than the width of the Finish as represented.
86
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
DOUBLEBREASTED PADDOCK OVERCOAT.
Diagram
41.
'T'HE
ine.
proportionate measures used for the accompanying diagram are for a
man
6 feet in
The shoulders are one degree high and stoopheight, 40 breast, 36 waist and 42 seat. The measures as taken over the undercoat, and as used when drafting, are as follows
:
40 breast. 36 waist.
42 seat. 20 sleeve.
gj/l
back depth.
natural waist.
50 length.
12 blade.
173/j^
20 fashionable waist. 26 '^2 seatline.
127 k front depth.
To Draft.
A and mark the back depth at B, natuand l^ inch more than the length at U. B Square across from B, C, F, D, E and U. to C is half of the back depth. D to X is ^^ inch. Draw a straight line from A to X. A to I is tV breast. Draw a straight line from i through X. This establishes O. B to K is the blade. Square down from K to establish S. K to L is I inch, L to M is ^2 inch, to P is 'j inch less than ^6 breast. Square wp and P. from
^4^
Square the lines A U and A 19. Place the end of the tapemeasure
inch below
ral waist at F, fashion waist at
D, seatline at
E
M
M
B
to to
Q
Q R
is is
'2
of full brea.st.
2^2 inches.
inches.
R to
I is
2 is 3
halfway from
B
to
M.
I to J is
I'i inch.
Square up from
J.
All the remaining points on and above the breast line, excepting N, 11, 5, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25 and 26, are obtained in the same manner as explained for Diagram 38.
Connect
C
and P
to establish
5.
F
to
T
is
'2
inch less than
'4 breast.
Square forward from O. to Xi is ^s inch more than Shape the back skirt from Ui
O
add
1
F
to
to T.
Connect T and Xi. This establishes Ui. Xi, rounding out s inch from the straight line, and
14
inch for the
the blade
'2
plait.
is
(
When
more than
ing breast
plained for
\' to
proportionate to the breast as found on the table,
S
to
V
is
14^
inch
waist.
When
the blade
is
more or
less
\'
size, establish
the star and obtain point
than as on the table for a correspondfrom the star instead of from S as ex
W
F
W
Diagram
is
4.)
2^
I
inches, except for corpulent forms.
to 3 is the
to 33 is
same
as
R
to
2.
inch more than
'2 breast.
From
F
to T,
33 to 34 and 33 to 35 are each 5/^ inch. to 34 and 35 to 6 is ^4 of the full waist.
V
{Coiiti)nicd
oil
page
SS.)
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
87
DIAGRAM
41.
.
.
THE 'KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
DOUBLEBREASTED PADDOCK OVERCOAT.
(
Co)n/iidcd.]
Draw
a straight line
from
5 to
Xi.
J to 17 is
36 inches. From 17 to 18 is 2^2 inches. Point 7 is halfway between T and 6. Shape the side back from 5 throngh I and T to U i
Take
and 3. Square down from \", the width of the back opposite E, place this
W
at S
and measure backward
•
.
of the
full seat to 9.
7
From 9 to 28 is ]i inch. Shape the side seam from a point '2 inch forward of 5 through and 28 as represented. Pivot at I and sweep forward from Ui to establish 27. Draw a straight line from 27 through 18. Shape the seam below 28 through iS and
I
add
I4
inch for the plait as represented.
27 to 30
is
From From Draw
P
to
the same as
3 to 12 is 12 inches.
Ui to Xi. From 12 to
31
is
'2
inch.
to 32
a straight line
from
3
through 31 and shape the bottom from 30
passing
%
inch below 10.
1 1
is I
inch.
to establish 36.
Square down from 11
From 36 to The pocket
inches.
37 is 71^ inches. welt is I'i' inch wide.
The
breast pocket
is
5^2 inches wide and the flap 2
B to N is % inch more than '2 breast. Draw a straight line from N through 33 and shape
the underarm cut as represented.
Points 20, 21, 22 and 23 are obtained in the same manner as explained for Diagram 34. A 5/4inch is taken out at or near the end of the gorge as from 23 to 24, and point 25
V
is
advanced the same amount, as
to 26,
when
is
the
Y
is to
be stoated.
inch more than the width of the
^^'^
When
From
the
V
is to
be seamed point 26
advanced
'i
X
the centeroffront line,
R W,
to the buttonline is
inch less than from the same
buttonhole,
pivot
line to the front edge.
Establish the buttonholes and sweep backward from the eye of each
ing at 15 to
fix
the position of the buttons on the buttonline.
inch.
X
and
to
Y
is i^ is
The back
cut across from
Y
YO
Ui.
are laid on a fold and a
When marking on the material the to Ui. seam must be added to each back portion on the
made over
a false
lines
line
A Y
from
Y
to
The opening which
is
at the right side is
back
skirt.
go
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
THE SINGLEBREASTED PALETOT OVERCOAT.
Diagram
42.
T
HE
proportionate measures used are as taken over the undercoat for a form the
:
same
as
described for the precedinsr diagram, as follows
40 breast.
36 waist. 42 seat. 20 sleeve.
9':^
back depth.
50 length.
12 blade. 12 J4 front depth.
17^4 natviral waist. 20 fashionable waist. 26 ''2 seatline.
To Draft.
Square the lines A O and A 19. Obtain points B, C, D, E, F, X, and the length to O in the same manner as explained for Diagram 41. Square forward from B, C, F, D, E and O. All the points on and above the breast line, excepting 27, 5 and 2 are obtained in the
i
same manner
as explained for
Diagram
'.,
41.
R
to 2 is 2 inches. to
X
Y
is
j's
inch more than
breast.
from 19 to a point midwav between X and Y to establish 27. Point 5 is halfway from 4 to J. O to Z is }i inch more than X to Y. Draw a straight line from Y to Z. vShape the sideback from 5 through 27 to Y; the back skirt rounding ^s inch forward of the straight line as represented, and add 1 1^^ inch for the plait below Y.
Draw
a straight line
F
to 7 is I4
inch less than
is
'2
breast.
i
As
the waist
4 inches smaller than the breast,
inch
is
taken out
at
the underarm
cut as from
7 to 12.
Draw a straight line from N midway between S to V is 14 "ich more than % waist. V to
W
7
and
is
12.
2^4 inches.
W
to 3 is 2 inches.
F
to
T,
V
to 12
and
7 to
6
is j4 of full
waist.
of 5,
Shape the sidebod} from a point ^4 inch forward and through 6 as represented. From 27 to 17 is I4 inch more than 27 to Y.
Point 18
is
passing
'4
inch forward of 27
I4
inch above the fashion waist line.
to 18,
3';.
Shape the lower edge of the sidebody from 17 through 7 and 12 to 30 as represented. Point 30 is Square down from V to establish 8.
and the underarm cut from
N
inches below 18.
From From Draw From From From
8 to 9 is '2 of full seat, less the width of the back opposite E. 9 to 28 is y^ inch. a guide line from 5 through 9.
18 to 24 24 to 25 25 to 29
is }i
is
inch.
From
17 to 25
is i/^
inch.
the top of the skirt.
is
18 inches.
(
Co)iliHned on page g2.\
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
91
DIAGRAM
42.
:
92
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
SINGLEBREASTED PALETOT OVERCOAT.
(
Coinlitdcd.)
2(S
Shape the back edge
I
of
the skirt from 25 through
and 29 as represented and add
'4
inch for the
plait.
From 25 to U is the same as Y to Z. Shape the bottom from U to 31 passing
'2
inch below 10.
first
The back
is
cut without a centerback seam, being
cut across from yi inch below
Each part is then laid on a fold of the goods from A to X and from X to O, and a seam must be added to each part on the cross cut from Y. The opening, which is on the right side, is made over a false back skirt.
to
X
Y.
Finish as represented.
A
loose cufl
is
The
as
sleeve having
paper and draw a
superimposed on the diagram. It is drafted in the following manner first been drafted and cut the length required, take another piece straight line as from to 2 and one parallel with and 1^2 inch below
i
of
it
from 3 to 4. Cut the paper on the line from 3 to 4 and fold the part below and 2 on the top, thus forming a creaseedge from i to 2. The edge from 3 to 4 will then lie as from 5 to 6. Take the upper and under sleeves separatelv, and lav them with the bottom touching the line from i to 2. Mark along the front and back edges of the sleeve pattern above i and 2, which is shown in broken lines, and mark points 5 and 6. Remove the pattern of the sleeve and shorten the sleeve on the line from 5 to 6. From I to 7 and 2 to 8 is the width desired. Points 7 and 8 are each '4 inch outside of the broken lines. Shape the cuff from i to 7 and 2 to S. Cut the cuff pattern when folded on the creaseline from to 7 and from 2 to 8. Then cut on the narrow part on the lines from i to 5 and 2 to 6. When the fold is opened out we have the lines from i to 3 and 2 to 4. The broken line 5 to 6 is now the lower edge of the sleeve pattern. The cufl' from 3 to 4 is joined to the sleeve from 5 to 6 and is turned up at the original length i to 2,
\ i
94
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
THE INVERNESS OVERCOAT.
Regular Form.
Diagram
*
I
43.
'HE
as
proportionate measures used, as taken over the undercoat, are for a form of 37 breast, found on the tables of proportionate measures, as follows
:
37 breast. 33 waist.
S Js back depth. i63/j^ natural waist.
48 length.
11%
blade.
39
seat.
24 ^4 seatline.
12^8 front depth.
To Draft.
Square the lines A U and A 19. Place the end of the tapemeasure '4 inch below A and mark the back depth inch more than the length at U. ural waist at D, seatline at E, and Square across from B, D, E and U. D to F is ^ inch. Connect A and F.
}<^.
at B, nat
A
B
to
to
G
is
is is
i/^
breast.
G
to
H
is
.,V
breast.
K
L
P
I4
I
^'6
inch more than the blade.
breast.
K
L
B
to to to to
inch.
is
Q
is '2
is
inch more than
^4 of full breast.
Q
B
R
2^2 inches.
R to
2 is 2 inches.
to I is I4 inch
1
more than
halfwa\
from B
to L.
1 to J is
14 inch.
Square up from J and P. and Square down from
M
K
A
to establish
T
and
S.
D
L
H.
to
Y
is I
inch.
Draw
a straight line
from
through Y, and square forward from
front depth, less the width
O
for the
bottom of
the back to establish N.
to 13 is i^ inch
more than the
of the top of the
back
A
to
B to 12 is 2 inches. P to 17 is I4 breast. From 17 to 18 is %
inch.
Connect 12 and 13. Connect H and 18. Shape the side back from ^4 inch forward of 4 through J and T to N, F to C is i^ of the distance from F to B. Square forward from C.
as represented.
From
13 to 16 is
'fe
breast.
{Coiiti)iiied oil pi^gc g6.)
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
95
DIAGRAM
43.
96
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
THE INVERNESS OVERCOAT.
(
CoHciiidrd.
)
Shape from
i6,
passing
^2
inch forward of L, toward
'2
5,
as represented.
S
to
V
is
i^
inch more than
waist.
is 4 or more inches smaller than the breast same as R to 2. and 3. Square down from V, E to T and 8 to 9 is Yi of the full seat.
W
When
the waist
V
to
W
is 2 '4
inches.
to 3 is the
W
From 9 to X is 4^ inches. Draw a straight line from J through X. as J to N. J to Z is the same
Square forward from
13.
This establishes
5.
From Draw
front line.
13 to 14
is ^^
breast.
line
a slightly
outward curved
1
from
1
4
through
R
to
W.
This
is
the centerof
From
14 to 15
is
5
breast.
Square forward from 15. From 15 to 20 is 2^4 inches. Shape the gorge from 13 to 15; the front from 20 through 2 and 3 towards 21, and the bottom from Z to 21, passing yi inch below 10 as represented. Square down from P. From 22 to 23 is '3' of the distance between V and 8. From 23 to 24 is S)^ inches. The end of the collar is at 15. The collar is drafted in the same manner as explained
for
Diagram 25. The leaf of the collar is 2^4 inches wide. When marking on the material the centerofback, A O,
is
laid
even with the
fold.
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
THE INVERNESS
Diagram
T
44.
CAPE.
AY
the pattern of
tlie
forepart over another piece of paper and
mark along
22.
the shoulder,
gorge and front edge. Mark points P, 15 and
16,
and extend the shonlder seam toward
Square down from
P.
From 13 to 22 is the same as A to H on the back. Lay the pattern of the back with the outer shoulder
at 22
point touching 22.
Pivot the back
and swing
it
until the centerofback below
A
is
about square with the front below 20.
Then mark along the side of the back below 22. From 22 to 23 is the same as 4 to 5 (Diagram
Connect
43).
A
and. 15.
O A
is
halfway from
A
to 15.
to
H
and 13
to 24 is the length.
Square forward from 24 to establish 25. Pivot at O and sweep backward from 24, rounding
to 23 as represented.
THE
"
KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
99
DIAGRAM
44.
L ofC.
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
NEWMARKET AND SURTOUT OVERCOATS.
Diagram
45.
nPHE
ineasures as taken over the undercoat are for a
man
6 feet in height, 40 breast, 37
His shoulders are one degree stooping. are found on the tables for corresponding height and breast. As used when drafting the measures are as follows
:
waist and 42 seat.
The remaining measures
40 breast.
37 waist. 42 seat.
()% back depth. i"]^'^ natural waist. 20 fashionable waist.
46 length for Surtout. 52 length for Newmarket.
12 blade, 13
S
fi'ont
depth.
To Draft the Newmarket.
Square the lines A O and A 19. Obtain the lengths to B, C, D, E and O, as explained for the preceding diagrams, and square the crosslines forward. D to F is ^ inch and E to X is the same.
X to
Draw
17
is I
^
inch.
a straight line
from
A
through
17,
and the centerback
parallel with
it
below X.
Square forward from O.
F
25,
to
T
is
]4 breast.
Obtain all the remaining points on and above the breast line, excepting 2, 20, 23, 24, J, and R, in the same manner as explained for Diagrams i and 2. Connect 19 and to establish 20. Q to R is 2 3^^ inches. The depth of the gorge at 23 is governed bv stvle. In this instance from 15 to 23 is
X
Yi inch.
I to J is 1
14^
to
I ^^
inch, or according to fashionable width of
back required.
When
than ]4
the blade
is
proportionate to the breast, as in this case,
S
to
U
is
%
inch more
As
inches smaller than breast, which in this instance would be 9J4 inches. the difference between the breast and waist is 3 inches, or i inch less than the differof a waist 4
ence for a normal form, onethird of this i inch is placed forward of U, as to V, say % inch. is 2J2 inches. When the waist When the waist is 4 inches smaller than the breast, to
V
W
is 3
inches smaller than the breast, as in this instance,
is 2
waist
inches smaller than the breast,
\''
to
smaller than the breast,
the breast,
V
to
W
V
to
W
W
V
to
W
is
2^,
inches.
When
is
i
the
is 2 '4
inches.
When
is
the waist
inch
is
2's inches.
When
the waist
as large or larger than
is 2
inches.
Shape the lapelseamedge from 23 through R and as represented. For each inch that the waist is smaller than the breast, % inch is taken out in the underarm seam at the natural waist, so that in this instance ^^ inch is taken out, as from inch backward and 'i inch forward of 7 to 8 F to T, \' to 8 and 7 to 6 is >^ of the full waist. Shape the sidebody from a point '2 inch forward of 5, passing '4 inch forward of 20 and through 6 as represented.
i<4^
(
W
i ).
(
C oil tinned
ON poi^r /oj.)
THE 'KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
DIAGRAM
45.
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
NEWMARKET AND SURTOUT OVERCOATS.
{Concluded.^
From
20 to 9
is y^
is
is i'/^ inch below the same line. Shape from N through 7 and 8, from 9 to 10 and 11 to 21 as represented. For small waists a small fish is taken out ou tlie waist line, as shown on Diagram 5. For larger waists this is changed to a \' and placed furtlier forward, as shown on this diagram and as explained for Diagram 6.
Point 10
'4 inch more than 20 to Y. inch above the fashion waist line, and 21
The
From 23 to 24 From 24 to 25 From opposite
Shape
is 2
Lapel.
through
inches.
Draw
a straight line from 24
W.
is 3
inches.
R
to 2 is
33^ inches, and at the bottom 2'^ inches.
as represented.
The
The
skirt
is
Skirt.
drafted in
all
respects the sa'me as explained for
Diagrams 16 and
17,
except that from 8 to 9 is i V^ inch. Any reasonable amount from ]/^ to
i
inch
may
be taken out between 26 and 27, but the
same amoiint must be added from D to E and from g to B. Square down from Q to establish the front of the pocket long and 3^^ inches wide. The pocket opening is iinder the
For
If to
flap. flap.
The
flap
is
w'^i
inches
a roll to
button 4 buttons, then
button 3 buttons, the collar should be drafted the same as on Diagram 24. it should be drafted the same as ou Diagram 23.
The Surtout.
This overcoat is drafted in the same manner as the Newmarket, except that it and the pockets and flaps on the sides of the skirt are omitted. The length by points 13, 14, 15 and 16.
is
shorter,
is
defined
I04
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
THE RAGLAN OVERCOAT.
Diagram
46.
40.
npHE
R
measures used are the same
All the points, excepting
i,
as for
Diagram
2, 3, 5, 6,
10, 12, 17, iS, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28,
O,
Y
and
Z,
are obtained in the
to 2
same manner
to 3 are
as explained for
2
Diagram
and
is
W
T O
40.
each
inches.
i,
Point 6
halfway from
is
j2
H
to
and 10 halfway from 6
to
i.
From From
10 to
13 to
inch. inch.
is I
Square up from M. Measure the scye for the square shoulder overcoat, which for this draft is iS'/ inches. to Z and J to Y are each ^^ of the full scye, ^Vs inches. through T and Y, and the front from O through Z as Shape the back shoulder from
M
O
H
represented.
to
U
is
the same as
H
to
T.
The
line
from 17
to 18 represents the
Notch both parts opening for
at
T
and U.
a straight pocket,
and
is
the
same
as
on Diagram 40.
to
P to 12 is % inch. Square down from 12. From 2 to 24 is y^ of the natural waist. From 24 to 25 is 2 ,'4 inches. From 25 to 26 is 7^ inches. The welt is y^ inch wide, and covers an opening tlirough which the hand the trousers pocket when the Raglan is worn over an evening dress suit.
1 i
can reach
For
28.
a
Raglans intended for general wear usually have crosspockets, either straight or curved. curved pocket, go up i ^ inch from 17 to 27, and down the same amount from iS to The flaps are from 3 to t,}4 inches wide. The front closes with a fly, and as from R to 2 is 2 inches, from R to the buttonline is
1
1/ inch.
THE 'KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
105
DIAGRAM
46.
io6
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
THE RAGLAN
Diagram
SLEEVE.
47.
i,
A LL
the lettered and
obtained in the same
numbered points, excepting Hi, T, U, Y, manner as explained for Diagram 29.
2, 4, 6,
7
and
13, are
When the upper and under sleeves have been drafted, all excepting the round of the upper sleeve, from F to J, then lay the pattern of the forepart with the front of the scye touching at F, and the breast line directly over the line C H. The position of the shoulder of the forepart is shown in broken lines. Mark point 13 and along the scye, as is also shown in Ijroken lines to the side seam at 2. Lay the pattern of the backpart with the breast line directly over the line C H and the side seam touching 2. The position of the backpart is also shown in broken lines.
Y
is
the
same
as on
Diagram
31.
Mark Draw From
Hi and Y and remove the pattern. straiglit lines from F through 13 and from Y through Hi. 13 to I is i J4 inch and from Hi to 4 •^ inch.
points
Pivot at
F
and sweep backward from
_.
i.
From J to 6 is the same as Y to Connect J and 6. Lay the pattern of the back with Hi at 6 and the line from Y to Hi directU' over the straight line from J to 6. The position of the back is shown in dotted lines. Mark along the square backshoulder seam and run a tracer from 6 along the raglan backshoulder seam to the line O M. Remove the pattern and shape to J as represented. This
shown by the heavy broken line from 6 to J. Reshape the seam from J '4 inch tjutside heavy broken line at T and 6, as shown bv the heavy solid line. Lay the pattern of the forepart with the shoulder point 13 at 6, and the scjuare shoulder seam touching the line which was drawn along the square back shoulder. The position of the forepart is shown in dotted lines. Mark from 13 to O (Diagram 46) (which correspond with 6 and 7) and run a tracer fnun 7 along the raglan front shoulder seam to Z (Diagram 46). Remove the pattern and complete the raglan shoulder seam as shown b} the heavy broken line to F. Reshape by adding V^ inch outside of the broken line, as shown bA the heavy solid line from 7 to F. The notches are at T and V, which correspond with the same points on Diagram 46. The end of the tongue 13 to (_), Diagram 46) can be made narrower if desired. It should not, however, be less than '_> inch. Whatever this may be, from 6 to 7 will, of course, be
is
of the
(
tlie
same, increased the width of two seams. The forearm seam below B and 5 can be placed more under the arm
if
desired, as
exjjlained for
Diagram
30.
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
107
DIAGRAM
47.
.
io8
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
SINGLEBREASTED VEST.
Creased Collar.
Dl\gram
48.
T
accompanying diagram is for a regular form of 36 breast, 32 waist and 5 feet 8 inches height. The opening is 11, and the front length 25^4 inches. When drafting by the proportionate measures the remaining lengths and widths are selected from the tables of proportionate measures. The measures required and the method of drafting Mdien all the measures are taken on the form, is fully explained for Diagram 61. The measures, then, as used for this diagram are
:
ME
36 breast.
32 waist.
I
83^ back depth.
i6'j natural waist.
1
1
blade.
11
opening.
12 's front depth.
25'+ front lengtlL
To Draft.
vSc[uare the lines
A E
and
A
ig.
Place the end of the draftingscjuare
natural waist at D.
\ inch below Square forward from B and D.
tliis
A
and mark the backdepth
is
at
B and
D A
L
B
I
to
F
is
I
inch in
instance, or
'^
inch for each inch that the waist
smaller than
inch.
the breast.
to to
Curve the centerbackseam from
is is is
1
A
through
to
F
as represented.
G
6 breast.
G
to
H
P
is
is th
breast.
B
{%
K
is
the blade.
K
to
L
is
i
M
Q
%
I'a
inch.
M
B
to
to
Ye breast.
to
inch more than for a coat).
to
is
of full breast.
O
R
is
2H
inches.
M. I to J is i inch. N is halfway from B to R. Square up from J, I\I and P and down from K. L to 13 is 34 inch more than the front depth, less the width of the back from B to C is Y of the back depth. Connect C and 13. Connect H and P. This establishes 4. Shape the scye from 4, rounding about ^2 inch back of the line from J to 19 to inch below N.
halfway from
A
to
H.
a point yi
From
13 to 16
is
the
same
13.
as
H
to 4.
'4
Finish the scye below 16 rounding out
inch forward of the line above
M as represented.
is
Square forward from
From
13 to 14 is
\
breast.
When
Draw From
the waist
ate to the breast,
S
is 4 or more inches sn:aller than the breast to \' is '4 inch more than '2 waist and to
and the blade
proportion
Y
W
is 2 ^4
inches.
a slighth
outward curved line from 14 through
breast.
is
R
and
W
as represented.
14 to 15
is
A
to
H
and 13
% to X
3
inches more than the opening and on to
Y
is
i
inch more than
the front length.
W
D
to 6 and F to T are each inch more than '^ waist. Shape the side seam through T and 6 as represented. From 6 to Z is 3 inches. X to 7 is h^ inch more than N
i
to Z.
to
E
is
y. inch less
than
T
to
7.
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
109
Draw the collar creaseline from X thnnii^ii 13 and the opening from 13 to a i)oint inch inside of the creaseline about 3 inches below 13 and on to a point aboiil inch above as represented.
i
i^.
X
From From
13 to 8
is
the same as
A
to
H.
From 9 to 10 is 3^ inch. 8 to 9 is 34 inch. Shape the crease edge from 9 t<i the straight line at hollow of gorge.
i
The end of the leaf above 9 is inch. Shape the collar seamedge from 10 and the leafedge
The
vest ma\ be
as represented.
made with
flat
collar as explained for
Diagram
51
if
so desired.
DIAGRAM
48.
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
SINGLEBREASTED VEST.
Creased Collar.
Dlvgram
49.
nr'HE
measures used
for
the accouipauving diagram are for a
3,
stout form, the
same
as
described for
Diagram
91/4

as
foHows
:
40 breast. 39 waist.
I
I
7
back depth. natural waist.
j
12 bkide.
13',
I

front depth.

Ji^i opening. 26 front length.
All the points, excepting F, U, explained for Diagram 48.
\'
and
To Draft. W, are obtained
in precisely the
same manner
as
As
for a
the waist
is
i
inch smaller than the breast,
is
D
S
to to
F
is is
y^ inch.
V^
When
the blade
proportionate to the breast,
U
inch more than
'
2
waist as
form having a waist 4 inches smaller than breast. In this instance such a waist is 36 inches and '^ inch more than '2 of a 36 waist is 9^4 inches, which is the distance from
S
to U.
In this case the waist of the form to be
smaller than the breast, and onethird of
\" to
it is 2
fitted
i
is
3
is
this, or
3
inch,
inches larger than one 4 placed forward of as to
inches
\'.
W
U
is
ays inches
i
inches smaller,
\" is
^s
inch
when the waist is when i inch
inches smaller than the breast,
this case,
2
inches
when
it
smaller, as in
and 134 inch when
is
as large or larger than the breast.
A
is
taken out
at the
lower edge of the welt at the lower pocket as represented.
is
It
about
%
inch wide at the side seam for each inch that the waist
smaller than the breast.
of the
The
side length
is
increased below
Z
'2
than 4 inches inch more than the width
less
V
for the
seams occasioned bv the V.
Finish as represented.
When
is
drafting by the proportionate measures except blade, which for an overerect form
one, two or three degrees /ess than the proportionate blade for a corresponding breast size,
establish the star the
proportionate
same amount forward of S as the size of the blade is reduced from the shown on Diagram 50. When drafting by the proportionate measures except blade, which for a round, stoopingsize, as
shouldered form ma}' be one or two degrees //20/t than the proportionate blade for a corresponding breast size, establish the star the same amount backward of S as the size of the blade is increased from the proportionate size, as shown on Diagram 51.
Whenever
from S
to U.
the blade size used
as
is
disproportionate to the breast, then from the star
to
(
which
must be established
above explained)
U
is
'4
inch more than
'2
waist, instead of
When
drafting
is
b}'
the measures as taken on
for the star,
the form (which includes the back waist
measure), there
no use
and
all
the points on the waist line are obtained as
explained for Diagram 61.
THE 'KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
DIAGRAM
49.
THE 'KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
SINGLEBREASTED COLLARLESS VEST.
Diagram
50.
A LL
blade.
article.
the points excepting
as explained for
In this
\" and the star are obtained in the same manner 9, 10, 11, 12, Diagram 48 when the waist is 4 or more inches smaller than the breast. instance the blade size used when drafting is '4 inch /rss than the proportionate
The
star is therefore established '4 inch fora'urd oi
vS,
as explained in the preceding
From
the star to
V
is
J4 incli
more than
to
'j
waist.
Extend the
line fi^om
P upward through
13.
From From From From
13 to 9 is the
same as
A
H
on the back.
9 to 10
is
1
inch.
13 to II is 3^ iuch.
13 to 12
is
'4 inch.
Finish as represented.
For stoutwaisted forms obtain
all
the points on the waist line in the
same manner
as
explained for Diagram 49 when the blade is proportionate to the breast. When the blade is disproportionate to the breast establish the star, as explained in the
preceding
article.
Then
establish
U
(Diagram 49) from the
star,
instead of from S, in
all
other respects the same as explained for Diagram 49.
SINGLEBREASTED
NOTCH COLLAR
51.
VEST.
Diagram
A LL
the points except the star are obtained in the
50,
when
In this
blade.
same manner as explained for Diagram more inches smaller than the brea.st. instance the blade size used when drafting is '4 inch more than the proportionate
the waist
is
4 or
The star is therefore established I4 iuch From the star to V is 34 inch more than %
all
/xukziuird oi
waist.
vS,
as previously explained.
For stoutwaisted forms obtain
explained for Diagram 49. The pattern being cut out, lay
the points on the waist line in the same
manner
as
it
over another piece of paper and
mark along
the edge
from 9
X, 9 to 10 and 10 to 12. Remove the pattern and shape the collar from 12 to
to
X
to taste or style.
in
Cut the projection above
cluded in the collar.
12 off
from the pattern of the forepart, the same being now
La}' the front and back shoulder seams together, even at the outer shoulder points and
notch both as represented.
The
vest
may
be made with creased
collar, as
explained for Diagram 48,
if
so desired.
THE KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
DIAGRAM
50.
DIAGRAM
51.
1
14
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
DOUBLEBREASTED VEST.
Diagram
52.
TDOINTS
13,14, P,0,\'
:iiul
Y are obtained
waist
is
in the
same manner
as explained for Dia_t(ram 48.
O
to
R
is
is
2 inches.
i3_^
\' to
W
inch
when the
4 or
more inches smaller than
breast.
Draw From
on
to
a slightly
13 to
X
is
as represented. cnrved line from 14 throngh R and 2 inches more than the opening, less the width of the back
W
A
to
H, and
Y
I
inch more than the front length.
is
\Y to 6
i^
inch more than
inch.
'2
waist.
R
to 3 is 5
inches.
i
From
Point
3 to 4 is
I
is
halfway from 14 to R.
Draw Draw From From Make
a straight line from a straight line
I
I
O
i
throngh
passing
to
i.
from
as
'^
inch forward of
W.
to 2 is
2
^
inches.
to 5 is the
same
i
Y.
rise, 3 to 7,
the lapel I'i inch wide at the bottom and the
the
same
as the bottom
of the forepart
back
of Y.
2
Shape the onter edge from
through 4
to 7 as represented.
Draw From From
the creaseline throngh 13 and X.
13 to 8 is the .same as
A
to
H
on the back.
is
^4
S to 9
is I
inch.
From
8 to 10
inch.
13 to a point
Shape the seam edge of the forepart from the roll, and finish the neck portion below 9. All the shaded portion represents the under
of color in stitched,
it
abont
i
inch aboye the end of
of silk or thin material
collar,
which
is
made
harmony with
that of the vest.
It is
cut from
2 to i.
When
the edges are to be
becomes necessary to cut off from the facing the part which is shaded in crossed lines from 10 to i. These two parts of the facing are seamed together, making due allowance for the seam and a close finish at the end of the collar.
The lower buttonhole is From the line R Y to
^4.
inch above
7.
W
the buttonline
is
^4
inch less than from the line
R
3 to the
from 4 to 7. Space for the buttonholes as required, and pivoting at of each buttonhole (3^ inch from the edge of the lapel) buttons on the buttonline.
line
i,
sweep backward from the eye
the position of the
to esta'nlish
THE 'KEYSTONF:" SYSTEMS
DiAi'.RAM
33.
"5
This vest
extends
to
i,
is
drafted
in
all
respects the
same
as precediiij^
diai^ram.
The gorge
and the collar and lapels are cut in the same manner as for a frock coat. When the waist is less than 4 inches smaller than the breast, establish points I' and V in the same manner as shown on and explained for Diagram 49. ', inch less than as explained for Diagram 49, or i^^ inch will then be V to inch when 2 inches smaller, when the waist is 3 inches smaller than the breast, inch smaller, and i '4 inch when the waist is as large or larger than ih inch when
W
i
'
..
i
the breast.
DIAGRAM
52.
DIAGRAM
53.
ii6
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
SINGLEBREASTED DRESS VEST.
Diagram
54.
OINTS
for
K, P, O, R, S, \\
48.
is
W,
Y, 6 and 13 are obtained in the same
less the
manner
as explained
Diagram
13 to
From From From From
X
is
3^ inch
more than the opening,
width of the back,
A
to
H.
6 to
Z
2^2 inches.
i:l
13 to II is
13 to 12
is
inch.
^^ inch.
Connect
R
and
S.
is
i
Point 14 is halfway from R to S. From 14 to 15 Shape the opening through 1 1 and 15 to X.
i^
inch.
From From From
5 to 7 is
I
is inch.
Shape the leafedge
12 to 10
is
I
of the collar
the same as
inch.
A
to
through 12, 7 and 14 H on the back.
to
X
as represented.
9 to 10
is
Finish as represented.
DOUBLEBREASTED DRESS VEST.
Diagram
55.
pOIXTS
Q V
to to
K,
P,
O,
\',
S and
(
13 are obtained in the
same manner as explained
for
Diagram
W
to
R
is is
i3^ inch
1^4 inch
'4
when
inch less than as for Diagram 52 which has a cut off lapel). the waist is 4 or more inches smaller than the breast.
Draw From
H, and on
a slightly curved line from
13 to
R
through
W.
X
is i
is
3_^
inch more than the opening, less the width of the back from
y^ waist.
A
to
W
R
On
Y
inch more than the front length.
to 6 is I4 inch
more than
From
to
I
6 to
Z
is
2}4 inches.
vShape the bottom bv a straight line fi'om
is 5
Y
to Z.
inches.
the sweepline from
is
Y
to 4 is i', inch.
Connect
i
and
4.
Connect
R
and S
Point 14
halfway from
is 2
R
to S.
From From
From From
14 to 15
I
inches.
inch.
^
to
1 1
is 3^^
From
13 to 12
is
'4 inch.
Shape the opening
as represented.
5 to 7 is i3_^ inch.
Shape the leafedge
as
of the collar as represented.
is
i
12 to 10 is the
same
A
to
H
on the back, and 9 to 10
inch.
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
R
to S is
117
3^_
inch less than
R
to
i.
Draw
a straight line for the l)utt(inliiie from S to a
at
jjoiiit
3^^
inch backward from Y.
of each buttonhole to
Establish the buttonholes and, pivoting;
R, sweep from
llie e_ve
establish the position of the buttons on the buttonline.
Finish as represented.
For stout and corpulent forms obtain point
U
as represented on
is 3
and explained
inch
for
Diagram
I
49.
U
to \' is
2
then
i
's
inch
when
the waist
i
inches smaller than the breast,
i
'4
inch
is
when
it is
inches smaller, I's inch when
inch smaller and
when
the
waist
as large or larger than the breast.
^Ct^'O
DIAGRAM
54.
DIAGRAM
55.
.
nS
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
CLERGYMEN'S VESTS.
Diagram
56.
T HE
ordinary \est worn by clergymen
1
is
the points excepting
are obtained in the
i,
made single breasted, bnttoning to the neck. same manner as explained for Diagram
is 3^^
All
48.
The The
centerof front is below point
collar
is
which
inch backward of
28.
15.
the same as explained for
Diagram
Diagra:\i 57.
Points K, P, Q,
13, S,
V,
Y
and Z are obtained
in the
same manner
as explained for Dia
gram
48.
From From From Draw From
\" to
13 to 14
is
15
breast.
14 to 2
is 3.4
is
inch.
Q
to
R
15
li^ inch.
a slightly curved line from 2 to R.
2 to
is
I
is
',,
breast.
W
'
2
inch
when the waist
is
as explained for Diagram 55. and Draw a straight line through R and W. represents the slight curve usually given to the front The broken line from R through The straightening of the front increases the width at the bottom, as of an ordinary vest. from the broken line to Y, and a corresponding amount is taken out by a V as represented. The bottom edge should also be drawn in on each side of Y, so that it will lie close to the body. The left shoulder is cut off from 13 to 4, and the left forepart from 9 to 12. From 16 to 4, S to 9, 6 to 1 1 and Z to 12 are each i inch.
forms obtain points
V
W
4 or
more inches smaller than the
breast.
For stouter
W
is
another piece as defined by the shaded portion 13, 15, 7, 5 and 16 back to 13. This to be sewed to the left back at the shoulder seam and the collar is put on to it. Make another piece to replace the i inch which has been cut off from the side seam of the
It
Mark From Make
the buttonholes on the 4 to 5
is 2
left
forepart as represented.
i
inches.
From
15 to 7 is
inch.
left forepart.
must be made about
to underlie the
i
'2
iuch wider than the part cut
not
to
shaded portion, so as
wear.
buttonholes sufficiently
off, as shown by the show the white under
This piece
is
sewed
it
to the left
part then overlaps
to the line
back on the line from S from 9 to 12.
for
to Z.
The edge
of the left fore
The
collar is the
same
as explained
1
Diagram
28.
The end
of the collar is
3_,^
inch
from the centerof front, as from The front edge from 3 to Y
5 to
i
is
laid on a fold of the material.
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
119
DIAGRAM
56.
DIAGRAM
57.
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
THE PURPOSE OF MEASURES.
A
•^^
S the human form
varies in development
and
attitude, certain
measures besides the fun
daniental ones of height, breast, waist and seat, may be advantageously employed to determine the lengths and widths of the parts of the form.
When
and right measures,
the cutter, after long experience, has become skilful in measuring, taking adequate it is possible for liim to draft successfully for forms of any shape or size
without regard to the proportionate lengths or widths. One For the novice or student to attempt to do this would insure failure upon failure. who has not been properly drilled in measuring the parts of the body will secure better gen
by taking only the fundamentals, and making the changes, if any are required, which are suggested by a close observation of the shape of the form as instructed in the foregoing articles. It will be recognized that the eye must need no small amount of training so that it can readily and accurately determine the degree of variation between a form to be fitted and an average form. Proportionate measures are therefore the foundation upon which the novice, in cutting, must begin to build his structure. By the aid of these and the knowledge of how to draft the various garments in vogue he can successfully meet the necessities of a large percentage Then, as the eye becomes trained to detect variations in of forms with whom he has to deal.
eral results
build and attitude, he will be able to deal satisfactorily with a still larger percentage of forms. Among the many necessities to make one successful in customgarment cutting, we
emphasize these three. a knowledge of the proportionate lengths and widths of the body and its parts First through the entire range of sizes. Second a cultivated eye, so that any deviations from the build or attitude of an average or proportionate form can be readily and rightly detected and determined. Third a knowledge of how to measure a form adequatel} and rightly. These three qualifications, when in agreement, will enable the cutter to be free from doubt as to the result of that part of the work for which he is altogether responsible.
— — —
When
size as
ment with the measures taken, which are larger
found on the tables, then he
is
the eye, by observation of the size of the blade or slope of the shoulder is in agreeor smaller than for a form of the same breast
justified in
ignoring the lengths or widths on the
talale.
Here the eye and the measures
are in agreement and they control.
justify
the eye is in agreement with the sizes as given for an average form and cannot any variation such as a measure would indicate, then the measure may safely be regarded as a false one, and the eye, being in agreement with established proportions, must
control.
When
As
a rule there will be
no variations
of
any importance between the measures taken and
eye will readily eoi/Jinu,
those for an average form except
sin/i as the
when one has become,
by experience,
skilful in measuring.
The purpose then of measures, is to aid the eye to determine, with practical accuracy, the degree of variation between the form to be fitted and an average or proportionate form of corresponding height and bulk.
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
For exani])lc
as for a
:
the proporlioiialc blade size for
fitted,
a
man
of
36
Ijreast
is
i
i
inelies.
An
flat
observation of the form to be
wliich
is
also 36 breast, indicates that the blades are
man who
^
is
extra fnll across the breast.
ijifanirc fix the
The measure taken
ju.stify
is,
say, io'/2
y2
inches.
Here
tlie
iv diid
///<•
amount and
a variation
of
inch from the
the
blade size for a proportionate form.
Supposing,
If not,
also, that the
measure taken
flat,
for the l)]ade
is
ii'^
'^
inches.
If is
blades
are perceptibly full and across the breast
the \ariation of
a
inch full
if
confirmed.
is
the cutter
may
safely consider the
measure
is
false one,
and
the disagreement
discovered in time, he should remeasure the part until the variation either disappears or
is
confirmed by shape that it
tiie ej'e.
is in
If
the variation
not discovered in time, his recollection of the
for
agreement with the proportions
an average form should control.
becoming familiar with tlie proportionate lengths and widths for at lea.st the sizes most in demand, so that any deviation between these and the measures mav be at once harmonized or confirmed bv the eye.
cutter will recognize the importance of
The
122
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
THE MEASURES.
npHE
measures
for
an undercoat are taken over the
vest.
If
First notice
is,
if
there
is
any undue
fullness either at the back or front of the vest.
there
unfasten the back strap, pull the vest from the front close in at pin in front.
then unbutton the vest and the back and fasten with a
Take customer's
height.
It
Place the belt around the smallest part of the waist.
the floor at the sides and back.
to as
must be placed on
a level with
it
This can be readih done by stooping down and bringing
near a level as the eye will determine.
The Breast Measure.
This measure
is
taken fa ///]'
close
with the tapemeasure well up over the blades.
See
it it
that the customer breathes naturally and does not
expand the
chest.
On
fleshy
should be taken somewhat closer than for a man of should be taken less closely, or an easy measure.
medium
size,
and on slender
men men
The Waist Measure.
This measure is taken fairly closr, over the smallest part and easy for men of slender build.
for regular
and stout forms,
The Seat Measure.
This measure
first
is
taken over the fullest part and
closr as for trousers.
The pockets should
lie
be relieved of their contents, and customer should stand with the feet close together.
The
cutter
now has
the fundamental measures and,
if
familiar, as
size,
should
be,
with
the proportionate lengths and widths for a
man
of
corresponding
can readih' detect and
prove any variations which are indicated bv the measures as he proceeds.
Place the measuringsquare in front of the right shoulder at junction of
arm and body,
and make a chalkmark shown on Figure 3.
iip
and down opposite the back edge
of the
square at front of scye as
tends downward, and the outer edge
arm as shown on Figure 4. The long arm exeven with the mark made at front of scye as on Figure Make a chalkmark crosswise at the angle of the .square as at A. Now, keeping the angle 3. of the square at A, bring the long arm as nearly perpendiciilar as possible, and make a chalkmark at the natural waist on the outer edge of the square, as at B. Place the end of the tapemeasure at the left side of the neck and extend it past D over the right shoulder down and under the arm and across the back le7Tl with the bottom of the scye. Make a horizontal mark opposite the upper edge of the tape at C, as shown on Figure 5.
Place the measuringsquare under the
is
Under Arm to Waist axd Sleeve Lengths.
Place the drafting square under the right arm as shown on Figure
to
4,
and take the length
natural waist, as from
A
to B,
and the length required
for the sleeve.
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
123
FIGURE
3.
FIGURE
4.
The Back Depth.
Place the end of the tapemeasure at the collarseam D, as on Figure
5,
and measure
to C.
The Natural Waist, SeatLine axd Length.
Still
holding the end
of the
natural waist, then to
F
at the
most prominent part
full
tapemeasure at D, measure to E for the length to the for the length to the seatline, if measurlength required.
ing for a sackcoat, and on to the
If 2
measuring
for a frockcoat, take the fashionable waist length,
which
is
usually about
inches below the natural waist.
The Blade Measure.
Place the end of the tapemeasure at the centerofback (point C, Figure 5), extend the tape to the front, under the right arm, and measure to the perpendicular mark at front of
scye, as to
A
on Figure
6.
124
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
The FrontDepth.
Place the end of the tapemeasure at the
mark
for the collarseam
D, at the centerofat front
back, extend
of scye, as to
it
down over
on Figure
7.
the front shoulder to the horizontal
mark
and bottom
A
The OverShoulder.
Place the cud of the tapemeasure at the centcrofback, point C, Figure 5, extend and over the shoulder, midway between the side of the neck ond the outer shoulder and down to point A, Figure 7.
it
up
point,
The BackWaist.
Place the end of the tapemeasure at the centerofback, point E, Figure 5, extend it along the waist line under the arm, and measure to the up and down mark at B, as shown
on Figure
8.
The HaleBack Width.
side of the
This measure is taken from the ccnterofback, about back at the fashionable width.
3
inches above C, Figure
5, to
the
FIGURE
5.
FIGURE
6
.
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
^25
FIGURE
7.
FIGURE
8.
taking the blade, frontdepth and overshoulder measures is by the tapemeasure attached at its use of the small measuringsquare. The square, which has a under and at the front of the, right arm, and the tape extended under inner angle, is placed Figure 9. Then with the the arm and across the blade to the centerofback C, as shown on position extend the tape smoothly up over the shoulder to measuringsquare in the same This gives the frontdepth. Then bring the tape centerofback D, as shown on Figure 10. in a straight midway between the side of the neck and the outer shoulder point and extend it
Another method
for
C at the centerofback. This gives the overshoulder. measure close For clerical or militarv coats place the end of the tapemeasure at D and centerofneck in front, at the depth desired for front around on the line of the gorge to the Then still holding the end of the tapemeasure at D, bring the tape to the centerof gorge. Hold the tape at the waist, release the end from D and extend offront on the waist line. Note the number of inches on the tape where centerofneck in front. it up directly to the
line to
it
passes the gorge line at the depth desired. All the measures except breast, waist and seat are taken just waist and seat are taken fairly close as previously explained.
fair,
not
close.
The
breast,
having a dark line through its center, and the measuringsquare this work. for use can be procured at tlie office of the publishers of with tape attached ready
An
elastic waist belt
126
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
figure: 9.
FIGURE
10.
Caution.
It is
evident that
if
if
the belt
is
properly placed around the waist, level luith the floor,
point C, Figures 5 and 9, has been located as it should be, level luith tJie bottovi of the scve, then the difference between the back depth and lengtli to the natural waist will
and that
just equal the length
from under the ann
If
the measures are taken.
remedy
the
applied.
Either
C
This should be noted when to the natural waist. they do not agree, the cause must be ascertained and the proper is not level with the bottom of the scye, the belt not level with
floor,
or the measures have been wrongly taken.
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
127
THE OVERSHOULDER AND BACK WAIST MEASURES.
T^OR
of the all the preceding diagrams the overshoulder quantity, and disposition waist and hip quantities, have been obtained by proportions which are suitable for a
large average of forms.
Any method, however, which fixes these quantities absolutely by proportions is not adequate when the form varies materially from the average form in bulk and attitude. For this reason it becomes necessary to adopt some method by which these quantities can be
rightly ascertained which
is
accomplish this the overshoulder and the following coat and vest diagrams.
To
applicable to all forms, proportionate and disproportionate alike. backwaist measures are applied on all
The The
overshoulder measure fixes definitely the quantity required, as at O. backwaist measure gives the right distribution of the waist size backward and
forward of S, as forms vary in bulk and attitude. The star, the use of which is explained elsewhere, is not required when the backtherefore, appear on any of the subsequent It does not, waist measure is applied. diagrams, a sufficient number of which are introduced to show clearly how the two
measures above referred to are applied to the draft. They are drafted from measures taken from our order book, and are, therefore, neither ideal nor suppostitious. When drafting any kind of coat or vest by the fundamental and short measures as taken on the form, the same general method is employed as when drafting by the proportionate measures, as explained on the preceding pages of this work, except as above stated and as is fully explained for the subsequent diagrams. When it is desired to draft any coat or vest given in this work, using the overshoulder and backwaist measures, all other points when drafting by the proportionate measures.
are obtained in the
same manner
as
)
128
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
SINGLEBREASTED SACK COAT.
Diagram
58.
T HE
a
man who
measures actually taken by which the accompanying diagram was produced are is oyererect, with snuill blades and high shoulders.
backdepth. 151^ natural waist.
"I'i/j^
for
36 breast.
37 waist. 32 seat. ji^ under
12 I4 frontdepth.
i63^.
oyershoukler.
arm
to waist.
18 sleeye.
22 'i .seat line. 28 length. [0^2 blade.
7J2 backwaist.
j
7 14 halfback width.

To Draft.
Scpiare the lines
A G
and
A
i.
Place the end of the tapemeasure or drafting square
]^
inch below
A
i.
and mark the
i.
back depth
at B, natural waist at
D, seatline at
E
and
'^/'^
inch more than the length at
B, C, D,
B
to
C
is
onehalf of the backdepth.
Square forward from
sV breast.
E
and
D A
B
to to to
to
F
is
is is is
G
y^ inch. i^ breast.
Shape the centerbackseam
as represented.
G
to to
H
L
J/^
is
K
P
the blade.
i/^
K
is i
inch.
L
to
M
is
'2
inch.
M
B
inch less than
of full breast.
breast.
I is
halfway between
B and M.
Square up from
M
and P and down from
I.
to
Q
is
12
O
is
to
R
is
2^2 inches.
R
to
2
is
I's
inch
when the edges
are to be stitched, and '4 inch less
when bound.
obtained by squaring up from
^^
The
of
I.
natural halfback width
When
Connect
inch.
drafting by the measured halfback width
forward J, which is \y% inch inch more than the width is
applied from
vSquare up and down from Z. and P. Connect C and M. From the line from J through Z to 4 is ^2 inch, or
to Z.
C
H
to style,
and from the same
line to 5
is 5^
Shape the scye from 4 through 5 to K as represented. F to T and S to 25 is the back waist. F to T and 25 to V is^^ of full waist when the waist
the breast.
is
4 or
more inches smaller than
When
for
the waist
59.
is
is less
than 4 inches smaller than the breast establish
V
as /explained
Diagram
V
When
to
W
59.
2 '4
is
inches
less
when
the waist
is
4 or
more inches smaller than the
breast.
the waist
than 4 inches smaller than the breast
as
V
to
W
is
as
explained for
Diagram
W
E
to 3 is the to
same
R
to
2.
Square down from
Coil tinned on
V
and
3.
X
and 8
to 9 is '2 of the full seat.
(
page ijo.
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
129
DIAGRAM
58.
I30
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
SINGLEBREASTED SACKCOAT.
(
Concluded.
)
the backwaist measure of
through the backwaist more than to be taken out between T and 7 and in the underarm cut depends on style. In this instance T to 7 is i ^4 inch, and the fish at S is j^ inch wide, thus leaving i^ inch of fullness through the back waist. Shape the sideback from 5 through T and X to Y. Shape the sideseam of the forepart from 5, taking out 54^ inch on the breast line, and through 7, passing ^i inch back of 9 and the fish below N as represented. to J. to N is 3^ inch less than Shape the bottom from Y toward a point J^ inch below 10. M to 1 1 is % breast. Square down from 1 1 for the front of the pocket opening. L to 26 is 34 inch more than the frontdepth and on to 27 is 34 inch more than the over
The
quantity between
T
and 25 represents
a surplus
2^4
inches for this draft.
The amount
M
M
shoulder.
and sweep forward from 26. and sweep backward from 27. Cut out the pattern of the back and lay it in the position shown on the upper part of the is on the line which is squared up from P diagram. A touches the sweepline from 26, and B touches the sweepline from 27 as at 28. This establishes 13. Connect 28 and U. This establishes O. Connect 13 and C. Shape the shoulder from 13 through O, rounding of? 3^. iuch below the outer backshoulPivot at
Pivot at
L
U
H
der point and
make
13 to 16 the
1
same
as
H
to 4.
Finish the scye from
6 to
K
as represented.
Square forward from
13.
From Draw From
passes
I,
13 to 14 is
^
V(^
breast.
a slightly curved line from 14 through
14 to 15
is
breast.
It
inch above
front
15.
R and W. Shape the gorge from 13 as represented, which in this case may be shaped above, below or through 15 as style may deter2
mine.
Shape the
through
The
collar is drafted in the
and 3 and below 3 to style. same manner as explained
for
Diagram
22.
:
)
132
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
MILITARY BLOUSE.
Diagram
59.
npHE
1
measures by which the accompanying diagram was drafted are
834 backdepth. 17 natural waist. 25 .seatline. 27^2 length.
1 1
for
an erect form as
follows
38 breast. 35 ^^'aist.
13 frontdepth. 17^4 overshoulder. 8 backwaist,
40
seat.
S ^^ under arm to waist. 1 8 3^ sleeve.
'1
blade.
y'i halfback width. 8}4 halfsize of gorge. 7 14 depth of gorge.
To Draft.
Square the lines
AG
and
A
I;
obtain the lengths to B, C, D,
58.
is
E
and
I,
and square the
through the
inch forward
in
cross lines as explained for
Diagram
As
of D.
the back waist
is ver}'
small and the coat
to
be
made
at
closefitting
waist, the centerbackseam is
shaped with a greater hollow
F,
which
is
i
All the points on and above the breast line, excepting
the same
2,
5,
17
and N, are obtained
manner
as explained for
Diagram
58.
F to T is '4 breast. Square down from T. Point 5 is halfway between J and 4. Shape the back as represented. Below T the side seam is shaped throiigh X, which
'4!
is
inch forward of the broken line.
F
fitting
to
T
and S
to 25 is the backwaist.
The
follows
:
quantity between
T
and 25 must
all
be eliminated
when
the coat
is
is to
be tight
through the backwaist.
to 7 is '2 inch.
The amount
20
is i
{2^<,
inches for this draft)
disposed of as
S
From
is
7 to
inch.
The
remainder, iS iuch,
breast,
is
taken out from
to \' is '2
Tto6.
When
When
F
and 25
to
the waist the waist
4 or
more inches smaller than the
F
to
T
and
2^
of the full waist.
T
and 25
than breast.
than 4 inches smaller than the breast proceed as follows form having a waist 4 inches smaller As the breast in this case is 38, a waist 4 inches smaller is 34, so that F to T
is
less
:
to 12 is ^2 of the full waist as for a
to 12 is '2 of 34
which
(
is
17.
As
the waist in this case
Place
'3 of it
is
but
i
3
inches smaller than the breast, the form
is
i
inch
stout waisted.
When the waist is 4 or more inches smaller than the breast \' to W is 2 '4 inches. When the waist is 3 inches smaller than the breast, as in this case, \' to W is 2 S inches. When the waist is 2 inches smaller than the breast \' to W is 2 inches. When the waist is inch smaller than the breast V to W is When the waist is as large or larger "s inch. than the breast V to W is 1^ inch.
I i
(
'3 of
nich) forward of 12. This gives \\
Cu}iliiiiicd
on page /j/.
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
133
DIAGRAM
5<).
134
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
MILITARY BLOUSE,
(
Coiic/iif/('(i.)
Square down from 12. E to X and 8 to 9 is < of the full seat. N is halfway between J and M. Draw a straight line from N through S and shape the underarm seam as represented. Shape the sideseam of the forepart from 5, taking out '^^ inch from the side of the back on the breast line, thence through 6, and passing yi inch back of 9 as represented. Square down from and shape the bottom from Y passing ^ inch below 10 as repre
W
sented.
The line from 15 through R and Take the width of the back from
to
of
W
A
is
the centerof front.
to
H, place
W,
then hold the tape at
W and extend
inch added,
this at 13
the end up toward 14.
gorge is, in this case, 7 14 inches. Pivot the tape at 15 at I4 inch more than the measure for depth of gorge,
W
and extend the tapemeasure The measure for depth and make a short sweep at or near
inches.
7^
Now
to
apply the meas13 following
iire for halfsize of
neck with
^
making 9
in all
from
A
H, and
the gorge line until the size required, 9 inches, intersects the short sweepline just depth of gorge. This establishes the end of the gorge which in this case is at 15.
made
^4
at
From
more
15 to 17,
R
to 2
and
W
to 3
are each %! inch.
On
the right side add
inch
for buttonstand.
The
collar ma}' be as
on Diagram 25 or 28.
:
'36
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
THREE BUTTON CUTAWAY FROCKCOAT BODY.
Diagram
6o.
for
T'HE
1
3
measures bv wliich
'/2
this diiiorani
was drafted are
an erect form with small blades
7 backwaist.
as follows
35
I
breast.
63^ natiiral waist.
1814 fashionable waist.
waist.
seat.
y%
halfback width.
36
8^>,
36 length.
to waist.
under arm
10'
I
2
blade.
20 sleeve.
8^5 backdepth.
2
frontdepth.
16V2 overshoulder.
To
Draft.
;
Square the lines A G and A E. Place the end of the drafting square l^, inch below A obtain the lengths and square the lines forward from B, C, D and E. For small waists with hollow backwaist D to F is ^4 inch. Shape the centerbackseam
as represented.
All the points on and above the bieast line, excepting
in the
I
5,
20,
J,
Ji
and
N
are obtained
same manner
as explained for
Diagram
58.
ever,
to J I is I ',8 inch. This would give the natural halfback width. The measure, howwas taken to give a wide back and is increased ^2 inch for seams as from C to Z. Square up and down from Z. This gives 19 and J. N is halfwa}' from J to K. Square down from N. Connect 19 and the centerbackseam at the fashionable waist to establish 20.
Z
to 5 is
I
inch, or to style.
F
to
Shape the back and the scye from 4 to F to T and S to 25 is the backwaist.
T is K
^/g
breast, or to style.
as represented.
As the
waist
8.
is
4 inches smaller than breast,
i
inch
is
taken out
at the
underarmseam
inches
as from 7 to
T
to 6 is the .same as
T
to 25, less the
amount
alread} taken out
from
7 to S, 2 '4
for this draft.
Shape the sidebody from a point s inch forward of 5, passing '4 inch forward of 20 and through 6 as represented. Shape the underarmseam from N through 7 and 8 as represented. From 20 to 9 is 54 inch more than 20 to the fashionable waist line on the side of the back. Point 10 is % inch above the fashionable waist line. Shape from 9 to 10 as represented. Square down from R. In all cases whether the waist is slim, regular or stout, F to T and 25 to \' is '2 of the
full
waist.
\"
is
to
W
W
'2
is
as explained for
Diagram
59.
to 3
the same as
I
R
b_v
to
2.
Point 12
is
inch below the fashionable waist line.
12
Connect
ii
and
and
this line square
up
to
P.
Finish as represented.
THE 'KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
137
DIAGRAM
60.
138
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
SINGLEBREASTED NOCOLLAR VEST.
Diagram
61.
T HIS
vest goes with tlie coat
:
shown on the preceding diagram.
10 opening.
2 2;4
The measures
are as
follows
i/{
breast. 35 31 waist.
I
sidelength.
8H
83/s
under arm
backdepth.
to waist.
25^2 frontlength. 7 backwaist.
16^
natural waist.
To Draft.
Square the lines A 19 and A E. Place the end of the drafting square
natural waist at D.
'4
inch below A,
m ark
the backdepth at B, and
B
to to
D
draft.
C is onehalf F is 14 inch
of the backdepth.
Square forward from B, C and D.
i
for each inch that the waist is smaller than breast,
!s
inch for this
Shape the centerbackseam as represented.
to
to
A
B
B
G
is is is
^
breast.
K
P
the blade.
G to H is A breast. K to L is inch. L to M
i
is 'i
inch.
M to
to
to
3^ breast. ('2 inch
more than
for the coat.)
Q
Q is 3^ of full breast. R is 25^ inches.
I to J is i inch. I is halfway between B and M. and P. Square up from J, Square down from K. N is halfway from B to R. Connect H and P. This establishes 4. Shape the armhole from 4 about i^ inch back of the line above J to a point li inch below N as represented. L to 26 is 54 inch more than the frontdepth and on to 27 is 34 inch more than the over
M
shoulder.
Pivot at
L
Draw
a straight line from
Pivot at
U
I
1
FtoT
S
to
is
is
and sweep forward from 26. L through 26. and sweep backward from 27. inch more than ^ waist.
2
This establishes U.
V
of full waist, less the backwaist.
(
4
of full waist is 15I2 inches,
and the
backwaist
is 7
inches.
S
to
Y
is,
therefore, in this case S'j inches.
V
is
established in the
same manner
for stout
forms as above explained.) {Continued on page 140.)
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
1.39
DIAGRAM
61.
I40
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
SINGLEBREASTED NOCOLLAR VEST.
{Conchided}\
When
2
14;
the waist
inches.
is 2
When
the waist
is is 4 or more inches smaller than the breast, as in this case, \' to When to is a^s inches. the waist is 3 inches smaller than breast, When the waist is i inch is 2 inches. inches smaller than breast, V to
to smaller than breast, is iS^ inch. breast, \' to
R and W, and the side seam from N through 6 springing out towards Z from N through T springing out slightly towards 7, and the bottom as represented. Cut out the back, leaving a margin of paper at the bottom, and place it in the position shown on the upper part of the diagram. A touches the sweepline from 26, H is on the line This which is squared up from P, and B touches the sweepline from 27 as at 2cS.
;
W
W
V
W
W
V
W
W
is i Js
inch.
When
the waist
is
as large or larger than the
to 6 is I inch more than ] i waist. vShape the front by a slightly curved line through
establishes 13.
Connect 28 and
U
to establish
O.
'i
Mark along
the back shoulder from 13, and finish the armhole from 16 to
inch below
N, passing y^ inch forward of the line which is drawn upward from M. In this instance point O falls on a straight line from 13 to C. It will be on, or above, or below this line according to the overshoulder measure. Square forward from 13.
From
13 to 14 is
^
breast.
From
14 to
i
is 3^
inch.
is the centeroffront. drawn from i and passing ^ inch backward of R and From .26 to 13 and on to X is 3 inches more than the opening. From 26 to 13 and on to Z is i inch more than the side length. From 26 to 13 and on to Y is i inch more than the front length. Shape the opening from 26 passing 34 inch forward of 13 to the sweepline at X. From 26 to 10 is i inch. Shape below 10 to a point I4. inch backward of 13. Make the length, N to 7, % inch more than from N to Z.
A
line
W
D to E is
F*or vests
3:j;
inch less than
T to
7.
with
flat
or creased collars and doublebreasted vests, proceed in the
same manner
as explained ehsewhere in this work.
142
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
CLERICAL FROCKCOAT BODY.
Diagram
62.
is
T HE
19
measures taken and by which the accompanying diagram
:
drafted, are for
an erect
form, as follows
35 breast. 31 waist. 36 seat.
8v^
814 backdepth. 17 natural waist. 19I4' fashionable waist.
to waist.
under arm
.sleeve.
37 length. 10 3/ blade.
frontdepth. overshoulder. 7 backwaist. 7 halfback width. 8 half size of neck. 6 34 depth of gorge.
12
%
16^
To Draft.
All the points excepting
2, 3, 12,
15, 21
and 22 are obtained
in the
same manner as ex
plained for Diagram 60.
Point 15
is
The line from 14 through R and to 3 From 15 to 22, R to 2 and
obtained as explained for Diagram 59. is the centeroffront.
W
W
are each
is
2
3_^
inch.
to the right side of the forepart as repre
buttonstand of 5^ inch additional sented by the broken line forward of 22,
Point 12
is I
A
added on and 3.
inch below the fashionable waist
line.
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
143
21
12
DIAGRAM
62.
)
144
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
POLICEMAN'S OVERCOAT.
Diagram
63.
THB
coat, or as is
measures by which the accompanying diagram is drafted are taken over the underusually worn, over a heavy cardigan jacket, and are as follows
:
41 breast. 38 waist.
8^
backdepth.
13^
1
frontdepth.
43 seat. 83^ under arm to waist. 20 sleeve.
175^ natural waist. 20 fashion waist. 44 length.
83,^ over.shoulder.
12%
blade.
9 backwaist. 8 halfback width. 9^2 half size of neck. 8 depth of gorge.
To Draft.
Proceed in all respects not herein referred to in the same manner as explained "for the Surtout Overcoat, Diagram 45. As the form is small through the back waist, D to F is 3^ inch. C to Z is '2 inch more than the halfback width. Square up and down from Z to establish 19 and J.
F
seam
to
T
and S
to 25 is the backwaist.
is 3
As
as
the waist
from
T
F
to to to
V
inches smaller than the breast, 3^; inch is taken out at the underarm which is distributed on each side of i as represented. 6 is the same as T to 25, less the amount already taken out from 7 to 8. T and 25 to Y, alike for slim, regular and stout forms, is '2 of full waist. is I4 inch less than as explained for Diagram 45, as there is no lapel seam
7 to 8.
W
on the waist line. Finish the back and sidebody as represented. L to 26 is i'^ inch more than the frontdepth and on to 27
shoulder.
is
y^ inch
more than the over
L through 26 to establish U. and sweep forward from 26. Pivot at U and sweep backward from 27. Cut out the back and place it in the position shown on the upper part of the diagram. Point H rests on the line which is squared up from P. A is on the sweepline from 26 and R touches the sweepline from 27 as at 28. Place a weight on the back and mark lightly along the back shoulder. This establishes 1 3. Connect U and 28. This establishes O. Pivot at 13 and sweep down from the outer shoulder point of the back. From this point to 16 is 34 inch. Shape the shoulder from 13 through O to 16 as represented. The neck point 15 can be obtained as heretofore explained, or it may be raised or lowered according to the wearer's requirements by the application of the neck measures, as follows Coniitmed 07t page 146. (
Draw
a straight line from
Pivot at
L
:
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
145
DIAGRAM
63.
146
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
POLICEMAN'S OVERCOAT.
[Concluded.)
A to H, place this at 13 and extend the tape in a direct extend it toward 14 and make a mark at or near 15 at '^^ inch more than the measure for depth of gorge. Then apply the measure for halfsize of neck and 13 to 15, increasing ^i inch. from A to Pivot at R and sweep forward from 15.
Take
the width of the back from
line to
W. Hold
the tape at
W,
H
From From From
15 to 17 17 to 18
18 to 23
is I
is
13^ inch.
b}
Square forward from 17
is
is I
the line from 13 to P.
4'^ inches.
inch.
line.
Point 12
inch below the fashionable waist
Pivot at a point halfway between 15 and 17 and sweep forward from 12.
is
The sweep
shown
b}
a broken line.
From 21 to 22 is 2^ inches. From the centeroffront line
same
line to the front
Point 22
15 to
lapel.
is
also I4 inch below the sweepline.
3^_
W
to the buttonline is
inch less than from the
edge of the
inch.
The The
skirt is drafted in all respects the
is
same
as explained for
Diagrams 16 and
1
7,
except
that from 8 to 9
i^
collar is drafted the
A
pointed sideedge
same as for Diagram 25. The leaf is 2^2 inches wide. made about /^ the length of the backskirt completes the garment.
THE REGULATIONS OF THE NEW YORK CITY POLICE DEPARTMENT.
Length of coat 2 inches below the knee; 9 buttons doublebreasted frock to button to the neck with a turndown collar. on each side of breast, placed equal distances apart, lower button to be in waist seam. The distance between each row 7 inches at the top and 3', inches at the bottom, measured from the center of each button, and in such a manner as to form when Edge of coat doublestitched y% of an inch, stitching Vi of an inch to form the coat is buttoned a direct line from top to bottom. cuff. Lower row of stitching 3V inches from bottom of sleeve, two buttons on each sleeve. Two buttons at the waist seam in back and a pointed sideedge of not less than i \ inch with one button at each point, making four buttons at the back of the coat
A
Loops
for shield
on
left
breast.
Buttons on
'2
left
side, coat sleeves
tins at the
back.
Width
pieces.
of collar 2
.
inches, to
be cut
in
and back plugged, that is sunk and securely fastened with one piece and without a seam in the back. Skirts to be cut without
piecing,
no wheel
3 2
:
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
FIREMAN'S OVERCOAT.
Diagram
64.
is
T HE
measures b} which the accompanying diagram heavy cardigan jacket, are as follows
:
drafted, taken over
an undercoat or
38 breast. 35 waist.
1
7
natural waist.
1854^ overshoulder.
40 seat. 8 under arm
to waist.
19^
sleeve.
1952 fashion waist. 42 length. blade. 1 J/4 I4 frontdepth. 1
834 backwaist.
8 halfback width. 9 half size of neck.
7'/^
depth of gorge.
9 backdepth.
To
Dr.'VFT.
for the policeman's overcoat.
This garment is drafted in the same manner as explained Reference only is made to some details, as follows
Establish the end of the gorge, point 15, as explained for Diagrams 59 or 63. There being a lapel seam, V to is the same as explained for Diagram 45.
W
Point 12
is
I
inch below the fashion waist
is 1 1^
is
line.
the skirt is io}4 inches long and 4 inches deep, shaped as represented. Sideedges are inserted on the backskirt, shaped as represented. The length of the sideedges is twothirds the length of the backskirt. They are ornamented with 3 buttons
each.
From 15 to From 17 to From 18 to From 21 to The flap on
17
18
inch.
334 inches.
inch.
23 22
is i
is
3I4 inches.
REGULATIONS FOR THE NEW YORK CITY FIRE DEPARTMENT.
For
chief of department, D. B. F"rock Coat, with rolling collar, lap seams, of
;
weighing: 28 ounces to the yard
in. length
to reach to the
knee
;
to button close to the
grouped
at wrists
in pairs
;
three on each skirt behind and three of small size on each sleeve at
;
dark blue pilot cloth, pure indigo dye, neck with eight large regulation buttons the cuff the skirt to be open behind, no
;
;
outside pocket, but one inside on each breast
the skirts and back to be lined witli red cloth or flannel
for chief of
the sleeves to
fit
snugly
buttons
and to be lined with linen. For all other officers and members same as
breast, placed equidistant.
department except that there
shall
be
five regulation
on each
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
149
DIAGRAM
64.
ISO
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
THREEQUARTER OR MILITARY CAPE.
Diagram
65.
CELECT
a coat pattern of the size required over
which the cape
is to
be worn.
at
Draw a straight line as A B. Lay the pattern of the backpart Mark from
to
touch the line at
A
and
]4 inch forward of
it
the
waist line as represented by the broken lines.
A
to C.
La}' the pattern of the forepart with the shoulder
seam
tlie
'2
inch from that of the back
part as represented
by the broken
lines.
Mark from D
Connect
to the centeroffront E,
and down
centeroffront towards F.
and E. G is halfway from A Square out from G.
A
to E.
G
A
to
H
B
is 2
inches.
to
is
the length.
Pivot at
H and sweep from yi inch above B towards F. Reshape the bottom as represented, ]/i inch below the sweepline
be
to
off)
From the centeroffrout line, E F, such changes may as may be required by the current style.
made
(b}
B and F. adding on or taking
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
151
DIAGRAM
65.
152
THE 'KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
HALFCIRCLE CAPE.
DlAGRAJI
66.
npAKE
a pattern of a threequarter cape of the size required, which has been drafted as explained for the preceding diagram, and which is represented by points A, B, D, E
and F. Fold point B over to F to find a point halfway from B Connect C and the frontshoulder point D.
to
F
as at C.
D
to
G
is
li breast.
D to G and run a tracingwheel from G to C. Fold the paper on the line G C with the hollow of the crease underneath. Now lay the pattern out flat, place a finger at the end of the cut at G, raise the crease at C and bring it back, overlapping the back of the cape until the line E F is square with This spreads the cut at the shoulder from D to K. the line A B. Mark the gorge and centeroffront line as represented by K, J and H. C overlaps
Cut the pattern from
to L.
GM
is
the nnderfold.
line
Reshape the edge of the cape at the overlap, freehanded, or if preferred, extend the A B up towards N, and square back from J b}' the line A B to establish N.
N
to
P
is
I
inch.
to
Pivot at
P and sweep from B
H.
represent the cut which
is
The
liglit solid lines
D G
and
KG
made
in the threequarter
cape pattern from
lines,
D
to
G.
b}
When marking
adding
%
inch at
on the material shape the shoulder seam as represented D and K.
the heavy
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
§)F
153
DIAGRAM
66.
154
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
CLOSE CAPE.
Diagram
67.
'T^AKE
a pattern of an overcoat of the size required
and lay the forepart and backpart
b}'
over another piece of paper in the same position as when drafted. Mark the breast line, along the back center, scye, shoulder and gorge as represented
the broken lines.
Mark
the lapel creaseline and underneath
mark the
buttonline.
Draw
a straight line from
is Yz
A
to the backcenter at the
bottom and remove the pattern.
A D
to to
C
inch more than the length.
inch.
E
I
is i^
E and sweep forward from y^ inch above C towards H. Shape the seam from E through F and the middle of the scj'e at G as represented. Square down from F by the breast line to establish J.
Pivot
inch forward of
N
P
to
is
O
Q
is
i^
I
inch.
about
is
inch more than halfway from
O
to the breast line.
N
to
34 inch.
Shape the
J to
V
from P to
O
and P
G.
to
Q.
L,
K
is
the same as
J to
of the line falling
Shape the seam from M to O and from O through K towards from J as H is forward of it. M to O and Q to L is ^i inch more than E to H. Pivot I inch forward of M and sweep forward from L.
which
is
as
much back
The
Lay
front edge
is
shaped below
M
to clear the lapel creaseline,
and thence just back
of
the buttonline to the bottom.
the pattern over another piece of paper, and with a tracingwheel, trace the backit
part and cut
out, all except across the bottom.
Lav
bottoms
to front.
the backpart in closed position with the forepart,
H
touching L, and reshape the
of
both parts from
C
to
R
as
may
be necessary to give a graceful curve from back
This establishes S and T.
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
155
I
C
DIAGRAM
67.
156
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
TROUSERS.
Regular Form.
'X'HE
measures required
for trousers are the outside leugth
from just over the hip bone
to
the heel, inside length from close up in the crotch to heel, width at bottom to size required, or to style, width at knee to size required, or to style, seat taken fairly close over the
fullest part,
customer standing with
feet close together
and pockets relieved
of contents,
fit
and
the
waist taken close around, just over the hip bone, except in a case waist is not desired, then it can be taken as required.
when
a close
at
The Forepart.
Diagram
The measures used
are as follows
:
68.
40 outside length. 30 inside length.
I

17 bottom. 18^2 knee.
I
36 seat.
32 waist.

To Draft.
Draw
a straight line near the edge of the paper nearest to
you and make a mark near
the top as at O.
O
to
C
is
the outside length.
C
to
A
B
is
the inside length.
A A
to
to
is 2 is
inches less than halfway from
of the distance
A
to C.
between A and O. Square forward from each of the aboven amed points.
T
i'3
A
to
E
is
%
seat.
A
to
F
is '2
seat.
Square up from E and F to establish D and G. Square down from E to establish H. F to V and F to X are each ^2 inch. Connect V and G. Connect X and G. This establishes S and Z. G to U is 14 waist for all forms having a waist not less than 4 inches smaller than the
seat.
E
to
P
is Yi seat.
to J is is J to
H
^
75'2
seat.
K
inches for
all
small sized bottoms, and 8 inches for large bottoms.
A to J and from P to K. In this instance across the knee between the two straight lines is just onehalf the size required at the knee as from L to N. When onehalf of the size required at the knee is larger or smaller than the size between the two straight lines, then points L and N are
Draw
light straight lines from
established either outside, as explained for
70, so that
Diagram
71, or inside as
explained for Diagram
from
is 3^
L
to
N
is
onehalf of the size required.
points as represented and cut out the forepart,
P
to
R
inch.
all tlie
Shape between A, L and N.
making notches
at
{Continued
oil
page
1^8.)
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
157
158
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
TROUSERS.
Regular Form.
{Concluded.)
The Backpart.
Diagram
T
69.
it
AY
the pattern of the forepart over another piece of paper and confine
lines across at knee and bottom. and sweep from A, T and U.
by
a couple
of weights.
Extend the
Pivot at
N
D
to
I is
tV seat.
Draw From
a straight line from
I
X
is
through
i.
to 2 is \i seat
3/^
and
2 is
%
inch back of the straight line.
R
L
to 3 is
inch.
Point 3
about
% inch below the
i
line
which
is
squared across from A.
fl3'line of
Shape the backseam from
forepart to 3 as represented.
to 8 is
2
through
and
^^ inch
forward of the inside
the
%
inch and
N
to 9 is the
same.
J to
10
is yi
inch more than onehalf bottom and
K
to
1 1
is
the same.
From
5 to'Y is Y^ seat.
Y
to 6 is lYi inch.
2 to
From
4
is 2
inches more than
'2
waist.
This allows
for a
V
'2
inch wide at the
at
waist seam.
Shape between
7,
all
the points as represented and cut out the pattern,
making notches
8 and
9.
The Waistband.
Draw From
a straight line as from
I
i
to 2.
to 2 is
I
^
waist.
is i
Opposite
the band
^
inch wide, and opposite
2 it is 2 inches.
Add an outlet i inch wide back of i and a turnin forward of 2 2 inches wide. The straight edge is the seam edge. Shape as represented and notch at i and
2.
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
159
DIAGRAM
69.
i6o
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
TROUSERS.
Corpulent Form.
Diagram
70.
T HE
measures used are as follows
:
42 outside leugtli.
I
30 inside length.

iS bottom. 20 knee.
I

48 seat. 48 waist.
The Forepart.
Draw
a straight line near the edge of the paper nearest to you and
make
a
mark near
the top as at O.
O
C
to to to to
C
is is
the outside length.
A
B
the inside length.
between A and O. 14, Square forward from each of the above named points.
A A
is 2 is
inches less^than halfway from
of the distance
A
to C.
T
and F to establish D and G. Square down from E to establish H. F to V and F to X are each ^2 inch. Connect V and G. Connect X and G. This establishes S and Z.
A to E is % seat. A to F is ^4 seat. Square up from E
E
to
P
is y^ seat.
to J is i^ seat. to is 75^ inches for small sized bottoms and 8 inches for large bottoms. J Draw light straight lines from to J and from P to K. Across the knee between the straight lines for this draft is onehalf of 23 inches, while
H
K
A
the size required
is
onehalf of 20 inches.
Onethird of the extra size
is
taken
off
from the
straight line at the inseam which gives L,
and twothirds from the straight
size required at the knee.
line at the side
which gives N, thus making
L
to
N onehalf of the
P
waist
to
R
is
34 inch.
is 4 inches or more smaller than the seat. In this case the 4 inches larger than a regular form and '4 of this or i inch is placed forward of G. This gives W. is
For a regular form the waist
W
Q
to to
Q is 5^ of the U is 5^ waist.
all
quantity between
G
and
W.
making notches
at A,
Shape between L and N.
the points as represented and cut out the pattern,
(
Continued on page
1
62.)
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
i6i
DIAGRAM
70.
i62
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
TROUSERS.
Corpulent Form.
{Coiic/iidrd.)
The Backpart.
T
AY
the pattern of the forepart over another piece of paper and confine it by weights. Extend the lines across the knee and bottom. Pivot at N and sweep from A, T and U. D to I is tV seat and i to M is the same as G to W. Draw a straight line from X throngh M. M to 2 is % seat. Point 2 is % inch back of the straight line. R to 3 is 3/^ inch. Point 3 is abont % inch below the line which is squared across
2
from A. Shape the backseam from
forepart to 3 as represented.
through
M
and
'4^
inch forward of the inside
fl^'line of
the
L
to 8 is
3^
inch and
J to
10
is yi
to 9 is the same. inch more than onehalf bottom and
is ^4
N
K
to
1
1
is
the same.
From
5 to
Y
seat.
to 6 is I inch. [Vs inch less than on Diagram 69.) For this class of forms a V is not required at the waist line. From 2 to 4 is therefore i inch more than ]4i waist. Shape between all the points as represented and cut out the pattern, making notches at 7, 8 and 9.
Y
The
The waistband
the seamedge
is
Wai.stband.
The
top edge
is
is drafted in the same manner as explained for Diagram 69, except that hollowed from a straight line below i and rounded above 2 as represented. shaped to conform with the run of the seamedge.
1
64
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
PEGTOP TROUSERS.
Diagram
71.
T HE
measures used are as follows
:
40 outside length.
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
165
DIAGRAM
71.
i66
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
CLOSEFITTING TROUSERS.
Diagram
72.
THE
measures
vised are as follows
:
40 outside length. 30 inside length.
Obtain
all
I
1

7 bottom. 16 knee.
I
36 seat.
32 waist.

the points not herein referred to in the
69.
same manner
as explained
for
Diagrams 68 and
is
The size across at the knee between the straight lines drawn from to J and from P to This is i}4 inch more than onehalf of the in this instance onehalf of 19, or 9I2 inches.
which is S inches. Onethird of this, or ^ inch, is taken off from the straight below P, which gives L, and the remainder is taken off from the straight line from A which gives N. L to N is therefore onehalf of the knee.
A
K
size required,
line
to
J,
Y
to 6 is
1
14 inch.
Shape
as represented by the
heavy
lines.
Spring Bottoms.
These are
the foot.
also
made
close throughout, but are
sprung out more or
less
sharply over
For this example the size of the bottom is 21 inches. inch more than onehalf bottom and K to 13 is the same. J to 12 is H Shape to 12 and 13 as represented. The forepart will follow the heavy line from J below H to K, and the backpart the light line from 13 through H to 12.
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
167
DIAGRAM
72.
1
68
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
TROUSERS WITH BROADFALLS.
Diagram
yz
npHE
Q
forepart
is first
it
drafted in the
raised
i
same manner
as explained for
Diagrams 68 or
70,
except that
represented.
is
inch above what wonld usually be the waist seam,
O
U, as
and
U
are the
same
as
shown on Diagram
70.
The shaded part represents the bearers and includes the width of a waistband. To produce the bearers, lay the pattern of the forepart over another piece of paper and mark by it as from U towards 3. Mark Q and below Q along the edge of the outside flyline and remove the pattern. Add i^ inch above Q and U and ^ inch forward of O. This gives points i and 2. The opening at the side is usually 7 to 8 inches deep, and at the front about 4.^2 inches
below Q. Pockets are usuallv inserted
side
if
in
the bearers as represented, but
may
be placed at the
desired.
of the bearers are
The fronts
held in place by buttons ai:d buttonholes.
Buttonholes are
points between
also placed in the top of the fall, one near
U
and one or two
at intermediate
U
and Q.
The The
Buttons are sewed on to the bearers at corresponding points. fall is usually Hned with the same material used for the trou.sers.
dress
is
cut the
same
as for a flyfront.
Diagram
The backpart
is
74.
drafted in
is
all
respects the
same
as for other trousers, except
that the
width of a waistband
cut on whole with the backpart as represented.
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
169
DIAGRAMS
73
AND
74,
.
lyo
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
KNEEBREECHES.
Diagram
75.
npHE
measures used are as follows
I
:
24 length to knee. 27 length to garter.

17'^ inseam to garter. 32 waist.
I
\
36 seat. 143.^ knee, 13
'2
garter.
The
Square the lines
Forki'Art.
OC
and
O
G.
O O
C
to to to to
B
is
the length to knee. the length to garter.
the inseam from crotch to garter.
C
is
A
'3 the distance from A to O. Square across from T, A, B and C.
A is T is
E
A
to
is
1+ seat.
A
to
F
'.i
seat.
Square up and down from B to establish Square up from F to establish G. F to V and F to X are each }4 inch. Connect V and G. This establishes S. Connect X and G. This establishes Z.
''3
D
and H.
at
P to R is 3^ inch. seat. E to P is When the waist is 4 or more inches smaller than the seat, the centeroffront will remain G. When the waist is less than 4 inches smaller than the seat, the centeroffront is
70.
advanced as explained for Diagram
G
to to
U
L
is
1
2
waist.
H
K
to
and
H
to
N
are each I4 knee.
Draw
a straight line
from P through
L
to establish
K.
Shape the
R, the inside and the bottom
seam from U through A, N and J, the outside flyline from G through Z from G through S to P, the inseam from P and R through L and K, '2 inch below J and K, all as represented. Cut out the pattern of the forepart, making notches at A, L and N.
side
fl3line
to J is '2 of the size at garter.
The Backpart.
Lay the pattern of the forepart over another piece of paper. Extend the kneeline L and N. Pivot at N and sweep from A, T and U. D to is Ti seat. Draw a straight line from X through From to 2, which latter point is ^4 inch backward of the straight line, is % seat.
I
i
I
past
R
to 3 is
•^
inch.
Between S and P it is '4 inch forShape the backseam from 2 to 3 as represented. ward of the inside flyline, and point 3 is a trifle below the line which is squared forward
from A.
[Coitliiiitcd
on page IJ2.
)
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
171
K
DIAGRAM
75.
jll
172
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
KNEEBREECHES.
(
L oin hided.
)
From
and
2 to
4
is 2
inches more than
to be
seat.
'2
waist for
all
small waists.
This allows
for
seams
a \' '2 inch
wide
is
taken out on the waist seam as represented.
From
5 to
Y
12
Y
L
to 6 is
to 8
\%
inch.
and N to 9 are each 'i inch. and J to 1 1 are each V, inch. Shape the outside seam from 4 through 6 and 9 to 11, the inside seam from 3 through 8 to 10, and the bottom from 10 to 11 as represented. Add a buttonstand 1 14 inch wide from i inch above B to the bottom as represented. The extra length of '2 inch, which is given to the forepart below J and K, is put full on the backpart from just below the knee to the bottom, and the fullness pressed in to form a
K
to 10
pocket for the knee.
Cut out the pattern and make notches at 7, 8 and 9. Make the garter Y^ inch wide, the finished size. The tops are finished with a regular waistband and top pockets. The fronts may close with a fly, or with a narrow falldown as shown on Diagram
79.
)
174
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
CYCLING BREECHES.
Diagram
76.
T HE
measures used are as follows
:
24 length to sniallofknee. 14^2 inseam to sniallofkuee.


34 waist. 37 seat.

13 sniallofkiiee.
j
14'j calf.
Thk Forepart.
Square the lines
OC
and
()
G.
O
B B
to to
to
B
is is
is is
the length to sniallofknee.
A
C
the inseam.
23^ inches for the fall. 5^ of the distance from
I4 seat.
A
A
to
T
E
A
to
O.
Square across from T, A, B and C.
to
is
A
to
F
is '2
seat.
Square up and down from E to establish Square up from F to establish G. F to V and F to X are each '3 inch. Connect G and V to establish S. Connect G and X to establish Z.
D
and H.
W
E
is
obtained in the
manner explained
to
for
Diagram
70.
to
P
is
^3 seat.
P
R
is
i
inch.
H
to J
and
is
H
to
K
are each '4 of smallofknee.
' ,
W
J
Draw
to
straight lines from a point
inch outside of
A
to J
and from P
to J to
to
K.
U
j4 waist.
;
\V through S
to
Shape the outside seam from U, passing l4 inch outside of A to P and through Z to R the inseam from P and R
;
K
the fly seams from and the bottom from
K
as represented.
The
outside
seam can be shaped with
i
an}' desired fullness as
from
i
to
N
and
2 to
L
is
made the same
as
to
N.
Add The
134 inch above
buttonslit
is 2
U
and
G
for the waistband.
is 2
J and Cut out the pattern and make notches
inches from
inches long.
at
A,
N
and L.
(
C(»ili)iiicd
on paof /y6.
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
175
DIAGRAMS
76, 77
AND 78.
\
176
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
CYCLING BREECHES.
(
Coiuhidcd.
The Back tart.
Diagram
T
77.
AY
D
the patteru of the forepart over another piece of paper, extend the knee and bottom
and sweep out from A, T and U, pivoting at J. '_> inch more than '5 seat. Draw a straight line from X to a point '2 inch forward of 2. R to 3 is I inch. Shape the backseam as represented from 2 to 3. Point 3 is a trifle below the line, which is sqnared across from A. From 2 to 4 is 2 inches more than 'j waist, when a \' is desired at the waist seam. For large waists a \' is not required, and 2 to 4 is i inch more than '^ waist.
lines
to 2 is
From
5 to
Y
is yi seat.
Y
to 6 is 2 inches.
K
to 10
Add
'2 inch. J to 11 are each the width of a waistband above 4
;
and
and
2.
Finish as represented
cut out the pattern and
make
notches at
7,
8 and
9.
The Contintations.
Diagram
Draw
a straight line as
7S.
A
D.
A A
to
D O
C
is
4 inches.
inch.
Square across from
to
is ^4
A and D. A to B is
the same as from the
slit
to
K
E
on the forepart.
Sqnare
down from
B.
is is
I
'
O
B
to
to
J
inch more than the smallofknee.
inch.
E
F
'2
E D
to
to to
is '2
is
inch
inch.
Shape the npper edge from Square down from F.
calf.
A
through
and C as represented.
G
'2
I
same as A to G. Shape from E and from F to J
to J is the
G E
H
is
inch more than the
;
from
G
through
J
and H, and add
i
inch outside of
C
and
H
for the buttonstand.
178
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
RIDING BREECHES.
Diagram
79.
'npHE
breeches are usiiallv
the coat
is
when
made from whipcord. \\'hite l^uckskin or stockinette is used from scarlet cloth. The continuations may be of the same material
for the
as the breeches or of boxcloth as preferred.
The measures used
accompanAing diagrams are as follows
16^2 crotch to smallofknee. 33 waist.
:
23^
waist to kneecap. 26^4 to smallofknee.
13 smallofknee. 14'.' calf (largest part).
11 '4 bottom. 38 seat. 30 to calf. 15 bent knee. 35 to bottom. The last four measures are taken snug and over the stocking. A tape should be
fastened around the smallofknee and the second and
fifth
measures taken
to
it.
The Forepart.
Square the lines
OA
and
"s
OH. O
F
to
A
is
the difference between the second and
is ^2
fifth
A to B measures, 10 inches for this draft. Square forward from A. inch. B to D is S seat, 2^^ inches. B to C is Tis seat, about
B
to
seat,
g''
i
inches.
E
is
%
seat, 3^^ inches.
is
halfway from
Square up from B and
3 7s inches.
F
to establish
H
and G.
A to D. G to K is
I4
inch less than
'4 waist,
K
and C to 2 are each '(, seat, 3^^ inches. Connect C Shape the top from J to I, which is 'i inch beloAv H the front through I and i to D, and through 2 to E as represented. I to K is 3,4 inch. K to L is 2 inches. Draw the line from K towards L parallel with the line I to J. Connect F and L. L to M is twothirds of the distance from L to F. Square down from F. G to N is I inch more than the length from waist to kneecap, 24^4^ inches. G to P is I inch more than to smallofknee, 27^2 inches. G to Q is 1 inch more than to calf, 31 inches. Square forward and backward from N, P and O. Nto R is '4 bentknee, 3^4. inches.
;
to J is '2 waist, and H. B to i
8^4 inches.
P
to 3 is
J.4
smallofknee, 3^4 inches.
O
to
S
is
'4 calf, 3f>, inches.
Shape the inseani from D and E to 3 as represented. P to Z is i inch. From 3 to X and 3 to Y are each ^4 inch. Pivot at Z and sweep up and down from 3. Connect Z and X. Connect Z and Y. Finish the inseam from Y to S and the dail as
represented.
Connect
knee,
7
Q to T is tV seat, about if's iuch. A and T. This establishes U. R to inches. A to W is tV seat, about i^i inch.
J
1
\'
is
'.'
inch
less
than
"2
of
bent
Shape the outside seam from
A
from
small tab to finish about
to 4.
5.
T
i
The
Notch
notch at
at
notch at
others
W.
There
through \\", \' and V to T as represented. long and i inch wide is added at the bottom as The notch at 6 is 4 inches above the 5 is '2 inch above U. Mark for five buttonholes, the middle one opposite U and the
34 inch
is
inch apart.
also a buttonhole in the tab.
(
Coiititiucd on
pagr
iSo.
)
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
179
I
w
DIAGRAM 79.
)
i8o
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
RIDING BREECHES.
[Coii/nnird.)
Thk
Backi'ART.
So.
Diagram
T
^
AY
the pattern of the forepart over another piece of paper and extend the lines past
vS.
i
R
and
Draw lines inch al)0\e \' towards 21, parallel with the line \' R, i inch above V towards 20, parallel with the line U 3 and i inch above T towards 19, parallel with the line T S. Pivot at 3 and sweep ont from E.
Pivot at
W and sweep ont from
more than
I
J.
E
to 8 is '2 inch
tV seat,
2S
inches.
Shape the inseani from 8 towards
3 as represented.
From
3 to 14 is
S
inch.
Establish
Pivot at
O
opposite and i', inch from
U
as represented.
and sweep down from 14. From 14 to 16 is i inch. Shape the dart from () to 14 and to 16 as represented. Extend the line below 16 parallel with the inseam above 14
O
From
16 to 17
is
I
inch.
Finish the inseam from 17 to 18 parallel with the forepart. S to T and 18 to 19 is i inch more than the fnll calf, 15 '2 inches.
From
R
and 3 to 20 is i inch more than the smallofknee, 14 inches. 3 to to \' and 15 to 21 is i inch more than the bentknee, 16 inches.
U
\V to 13 is the same as A to Shape the ontside seam from
stand as represented.
I to
W on the forepart.
13
through
21
and 20
to 19
and add
i
'
..
inch for a bntton
Shape the bottom from
18 to 19.
9
is
]'^
seat, 2^8 inches.
Draw
a straight line
from
D
throngh
2.
9.
From
Point 11 is directlv opposite 9 to 10 is Y^ seat, 434 inches. Shape the back seam from '4 inch backward of 10 throngh
represented.
9
and
11
to
8
as
From From
10 to 12
is 3^^
inch more than
is
"2
waist, 9 inches.
as
19 to the notch at 22
the
same
from
T
to the
7.
notch on the forepart at
5.
The
notches at 23 and 24 are opposite the notches at 6 and Measure the forepart between the notches at 6 and
same.
Also measure from Add 1 3_^ inch above
reinforcements,
W to
12
W and
the
make from
waistband
23 to
13
the
J
and make from
i
1
3 to
1
2
the same.
and
of
'4
inch above
10
for
and
finish
as
represented.
The
above
S.
made
bnckskin, extend np twothirds the length of the leg
C 'oiiliiiitrd oil />((;'' I 'S3.
(
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
i8i
Q
T
DIAGRAM
)
iS2
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
RIDING BREECHES.
(
Continued.
)
Thk Continuations.
Diagram
Si.
COUARE
lines
Points T,
Q
S and T i. and S are the same
tlie
T
as the corresponding points
on Diagram
tlie
79.
Square down from S. T to I and S to 2 are each
bottom, 5 inches.
same
as the difference between
lengtli to calf
and
to
From
I
to 3
is 5/8
inch.
Shape from
T
to 3
and
'2
inch above the line
T
82.
S
as represented.
Diagram
Sqnare lines
2 to 3
is
'4.
and
inch.
2 to 6.
From From
Diagram
2 to
19
19 to iS
is
the
same
as
between the corresponding points on
the backpart,
So.
I
Q on Diagram 80. Sqnare downward from i and 3. From 2 to 6, I to 5 and 3 to 4 are each the same as from T to i on Diagram 81. The size required around the bottom is 1 1 "4. inches. To this must be added I'j inch for inches. By measuring from 2 to 3 on Diagram Si and from 4 to 6 6 seams. This gives 12 on Diagram 82, we find that we have 17'/^ inches, which is 4^s inches too much. This is disposed of by taking out of it, or l/% inch from 2 to 4 on Diagram 81 and the same amount from 4 to 10, 5 to 9, 5 to 8 and 6 to 7 on Diagram 82. The top is shaped ^i inch above the line from 2 to 3. x'\dd 1^2 inch for the buttonstand and finish as represented.
18 to
I
From From
S to 3
is
^4^
inch.
is
the same as 18 to
''4
h,
(
Coil /ill lied
on
pa^'^r /iVy.
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
183
2
4
1
3
4
10
958
DIAGRAMS
81
7
6
AND
82.
1
84
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
RIDING BREECHES.
(
Concluded.
)
Diagram
S3.
/^N
^"^
this diagram is represented the upper part of Diagrain 79, with tlie fall down. To form the bearer, which is represented by the shaded part, proceed as follows
turned
:
From
the front of the
fall to
A
is 3_^
inch.
A
to
is
B
is
2)^ inches.
as on Diagram 79. Shape the bearer from A to B and B to M as represented. The band is cut 2^4 inches wide and extends from the side seam
M
the
same
to
the front of the
bearer.
The band may
the bearer
if
be cut whole with the forepart from the side seam to the inside seam of
In such case that part of the baud which
is
desired.
forward of the line above
M
is
cut whole with the bearer, the
seam above
M
extending, of course, to the top of the
band.
Diagram 84
Shows
is
c^f the fall when in place, finished with a welt i '4 inch wide, which inseam of the fall, stitched all around and tacked at and across its pointed The falls and bearers are held in place by buttons and buttonholes as represented.
the position
sewed
to the
end.
Diagram
The
breeches
85.
if
mav
be cut without the darts at smallofknee
S, T,
preferred, as
shown on
this diagram.
Points N, P, O, R,
3,
U,
\'
manner
as explained for
at 8 is '2
Diagram
3.
79.
and the notches at 5 and 6 are obtained in the same The inseam is shaped to 3 and the dart is omitted.
notch at 7
lines
i
The
I
notch
inch above
The
is
i
4 inches above
S.
To
draft the backpart, first
draw straight
inch above and parallel with line
\'
R,
inch above and parallel with line
vShape the inseam towards
3.
V
3,
inch above and parallel with line
17.
T
S.
This establishes
Extend the
line
below 17
19
is
i
to 18, parallel
with line
calf.
3 to S.
S to T and 18 to From 3 to U and
inch more than the
is i
17 to 20
i
inch more than the smallofkuee.
at 24 is
R to V
than from
and 15
to 21 is
inch more than the bentknee.
opposite
7.
The notch at 9 is U inch above 17 and From 19 to the notch at 22 is the same
5 to 6.
i
as
from
T
to 5
and from 22
to 23 is
i
inch less
The
is
fullness or extra length of
full to
inch on the forepart between the notches
5, 6, 7
and 8
put on
the backpart between the notches 22, 23, 9 and 24.
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
i«5
S
Q
T
DIAGRAMS
83, 84
AND
85.
i86
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
HOOD.
DiACxRAM
86.
the hood is to be worn over the overcoat, lay the pattern of the backpart to Mark touch a straight line as at B and ^2 inch from the line at the waist as at D. frcnn B to G and along the shoulder seam. Lay the pattern of the forepart with the shoulder seam touching the backpart as represented by the broken lines and mark along the neckgorge to the centeroffront at H.
yVTHEN
B B
from
J,
to to
E L
is
the length.
y^
E O
to
D
'j.
is
Ve,
breast.
is
i"c^ more than
breast.
to
breast.
Square across from B and D. inch. Square up from L. H to J is
i
Sweep
pivoting at G, to establish K.
to
D
O
is ]4
P
is 2
inches, or to style.
to P.
]\I
Draw
i
a straight line
from
K
to P.
M
H
is
I
inch less than halfway from
K
E
to
N
is
inch.
vShape the front edge from
through
K
is
and
N
to P.
Connect
and
P.
B
to
E
cut on the fold of the material.
A hem
is
usually added from
J to P, in
which
a drawingstring is inserted.
The hood does not always extend to the centerfront at H. It may be reduced i inch or more as from H to J. The shape of the neck seam (B to J or H) is as required when the hood is worn with a coat that buttons to the neck. When the coat has revers it should be shaped from B through G to K. When the hood is to be worn over a cape, the cape should first be drafted as explained Then lay paper underneath the cape pattern, get the lines for Diagrams 65, 66 or 67. B E and B H by the cape and proceed as above explained.
To
draft a
hood independent of the coat pattern proceed as follows
:
Draw
a straight line as
A
E.
y^ breast.
A
B
to
B
is
1 2
inch more than
E is the length. E to D is y^ breast. Square across from A, B and D. D to O is % breast. O to P is 2 inches, or to style. B to F is % breast. B to L is '4 inch more than ', breast. Square up from F and L. F to G is A breast. H is at the centeroffront. H to J is inch more or less as desired. Q is halfway from G to J. O to R is inch. vShape the neck seam from B through G and R to J or H as required.
to
i i
and sweep from J to establish K. which closes at the throat, the neck of the hood is shaped as above explained, but when there are revers it is shaped from B to K. Shape the front edge from H, J or K through N to P and connect E and P.
Pi\'ot at
G
For
a coat or cape
THE ''KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
187
DIAGRAM
86.
i8S
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
SHORT GAITERS.
Diagram
S;.
floor in tlie
"DLACE
other
one arm of the drafting square on the arm extended upwards witli the
same
direction as the foot, the
angle opposite the
heel
as
represented.
Call off the measures as
To hollow above
Length, 5'2
heel, 33^.
3_^.
Size at hollow above heel, ii^4Instep, 14 ''2.
Indentation at hollow above heel,
Size at top, 10.
Bottom, 195^.
To Draft.
Square the lines
and AH. A to B is 14^ inch more than to hollow above heel, A to C is ^4 inch more than the length, 6 inches. Square across from B and C.
AC
3^4
inches.
B
to
C
to to
D E
F
is
is
the indentation at hollow above heel, the same as
1
3_,.
inch.
B
to D.
E
is
2
D to G is y2 A to G is J4 inch A to H is onehalf
inch more than onehalf of size at top, 5I2 inches. inch more than onehalf of the size at the hollow above heel, 6
%
inches.
more than onehalf
of
instep, yy^
inches.
Square down from F.
of the size of bottom, gi/^ "levies.
Square up from H.
H K
to J is
I
inch.
inch.
all
to
L
is
1 2
Shape between
the drafting points as represented.
This should be straightened 2 inches wide as from F to M. inch at the top and at the bottom to tighten the closing edge at the side of the foot as represented by the button catch on the diagram for long gaiters.
The top is raised ^2 The button catch is
inch above F.
%
The measures used
are right for a
number
6 shoe.
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
DIAGRAM
87.
.
[go
THE "KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
LONG GAITERS.
Diagram
<SS.
'TpHE
measures are taken
in the
same manner
is
as explained for the short gaiters, excepting
calf.
that the back edge of the square
pkaced opposite the Largest part of the
:
The
measures by which the gaiters were drafted are as follows
To To To
hollow above heel,
3';
smallofankle, 5I2. largest part of calf, 13. Full length, 17^.
Indentation at bottom, l4. Indentation at hollow above heel, Indentation at top, '2.
1^4;.
Size at top, 133^. Size at calf, 14I2. Size at smallofankle, 10. Size at hollow above heel, 11%. Instep, 14%. Bottom, 19^2
To Draft.
Scjuare the lines
AE
A A A A A
B C
to to
to to to to
to
B
is is is
is is
'4
inch
C
}^
inch inch
inch
D E
F
% ^
and A Q. more than to hollow above heel, 334; inches. more than to smallofankle, 55^ inches. more than to largest part of calf, 1354. inches. more than full length, 18 inches. Square across from B, C,
'2
D
and E
the indentation at bottom,
inch.
i
G
is is
the indentation at hollow above heel,
^4.
inch.
H
the same as
B
to
G.
i'2
E
to I is the indentation at top,
inch.
I4 inches. I to J is l4 inch more than onehalf of size at top, 7 D to K is J4 inch more than onehalf of size at calf, 7^ inches. H to L is 1/2 inch more than onehalf of the size at smallofankle, 5I2 inches. G to is ^ inch more than onehalf of the size at hollow above heel, 6% inches. Square down from L. is ]4 inch more than onehalf of instep, 73^ inches. F to
M M
F
to Q is onehalf of bottom, 93^ inches. Q to R is inch. N to P is ^ inch. Shape between the drafting
I
points as represented.
S, parallel with the line J to R. button catch as first drafted is represented by the broken lines on the diagram at the left. It should be straightened on each edge 14. inch at the top and bottom as represented by the solid lines. This will tighten the closing edge at the side of the foot.
S is 2 '2 inches. Shape the button catch below
J to
The
THE KEYSTONE" SYSTEMS
191
1993 NPR 29