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Greenside Presents:

Animal Farm

Script 1

Student Name:

Act 1 Scenes 1, 2, 3 Scenes 4, 5, 6


Act 2 Scenes 1, 2, 3, 4 Scene 5, 6 7

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GREENSIDE Presents:

Animal Farm
Narrators Ella, Iris, Clemency, Lois Children
Snowball Nimo Boar
Napoleon Jacob, Hannah S Boar
Boxer Luka, Raffy Huge Horse
Mr. Jones Zahra Farmer
Major Anastasia Old Pig
Squealer Sofia, Nancy, Liza Small Pig
Mollie & Minimus Loveday Foolish, sweet young horse
Moses Primrose Raven
Mr. Whymper Jinane Human
Benjamin Degsan, Jess Old Donkey
Clover Amber Mother Horse
Muriel Blossom, Ella C White Goat
Cats Amrita, Manel, Elisha
Hens Sawsan, Isabella
Farmers 1. Alfie, 2. Muhidain
Pilkington Zac
Pigs Safa, Aisha, Hannah
Bull Sean
Sheep 1. Geordenia 2. Seriah
Singer Malika

Songs Singing Choreography


1 Jollity Farm Dance Lois & Raffy
2 Yesterday Zahra
3 Human Clemency & Loveday & Malika
4 Goodbye my Darling Dance Amber & Loveday
5 Somewhere over the rainbow Loveday
6 Let it Be Isabella
7 Stand by Me Blossom
8 Hard Days Night All Blossom & Hannah
9 Help All Anastasia & Luca
10 Money, Money, Money Ella
11 Amazing Grace Seriah & Geordenia
12 Our Farm Degsan & Sawsan, Clemency & Elisah Degsan, Sawsan & Clemency
13 Trouble Town Amber
14 Jollity Farm Singing & Dance Lois & Raffy

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Animal Farm
Act 1 Scene 1 On the Farm

Song: Jollity Farm

A bedroom (A child, around 9 years old strolls forward. And picks up a book)

Child (reading) Animal Farm. A fairy story by George Orwell.

(The Childs room disappears. A farm house and gate take over the stage. Mr. Jones is revealed standing by
the gate. On the gate is painted a slogan: Manor Farm.)

Child In the past Mr. Jones, although a cruel master, had been a capable farmer. But now he spent
more and more time in the Red Lion. Every night he came home drunk.

Mr. Jones (singing)


Who made the cows and sheep so meek? Who feeds the cats and dogs their meat? Whos
the loving father of fur and feather? Man, bounteous man! Wonderful man!

Child His farm was now thoroughly neglected. The fields were full of weeds and the animals were
underfed and in poor condition.

Mr. Jones Who guards the servants with a gun, and, when their time to leave has come
Who leads pigs and horses to slaughterhouses? Man, masterful man. Powerful man.

Child He went up the stairs, undressed and climbed unsteadily in to bed

(Jones makes his way across the stage singing. The light goes out).

Child As soon as the light goes out, there was a stirring and a fluttering throughout the farm. Word
had gone round the animals that there was to be a secret meeting in the big barn. Old Major,
the stud boar had something to say.

(Lights up on the barn full of animals, Old Major, a large old pig, centre stage, Hens, Pigeons, Sheep, Cows,
Boxer, a huge cart horse; Clover, a stout motherly mare; Muriel, the white goat; Benjamin, the old donkey.)

Major Last night I had a strange dream. Many years ago when I was a little pig, my mother and the
other sows used tossing a secret and ancient song. I learn that song. I learnt its words, I
learnt its music. But is has long since passed out of my mind. Last night it came back to
me. In my dream.
(He sings) Beasts of England, Beasts of land and sea and skies
Hear the hoof beats of tomorrow, See the golden future rise!

(The animals make a noise he beckons them to be quiet.)

Wait no noise wait! Or well wake up Jones! I am over 12 years old & have had
over four hundred children. I think I understand the nature of life on this earth as well as any
animal now living. Listen carefully, for I do not think that I shall be with you much longer.

(Mollie, a foolish pretty white mare, rushes in late.)

Clover Why are you late Mollie?

Mollie Sorry.I had a stone in my hoof (she shrugs girlishly)

Major Listen! How does the life of an animal pass? In endless drudgery.
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Whats the first lesson an animal learns? To ensure his slavery.
How does the life of an animal end? In cruel butchery.

Is this simply the order of nature? No comrades. This farm would support a dozen horses,
20 cows, hundreds of sheep all of them living in comfort and dignity beyond our dreams.
Our labour makes the farm work and yet there is not one of us who owns more than his bare
skin. The produce of our labour is stolen from us by human beings. Man is our only enemy.
Never listen when they tell you than man and the animals have a common interest that the
Hens: what has happened to the eggs you have laid?

Hens They have been stolen from us by our enemy, man! Man!

Major And you Clover, where are your 6 children, the foals who should have been the support and
pleasure of your old age?

Clover They were sold at a year old by our enemy, man! I will never see them again.

Major But even the miserable lives that we lead are not allowed to reach their natural span. You
young pigs will not live beyond a year none of you.

Pigs No! No! No!

Major Yes! To that horror we must all come. Cows, sheep, pigs, hens, everyone even you Boxer.
The end will come for us all.

Boxer Why me? I work hard for them.

Major The day that those great muscles of yours lose their power, Jones will sell you to the butcher
who will boil you down for dog food. What must we do? Why, work comrades. Work night and
day, body and soul, for the overthrow of the human race! Rebellion! This is my message to
you, comrades! Rebellion! I do not know when the rebellion will come, but I know sooner or
later justice will be done. But when you conquer man remember that all animals are equal!

Snowball Old Major, what about the wild creatures the rats and the rabbits are they our friends or
our enemies?

Major You must decide. You must learn to vote. Each one of you must have a say in the way we
lead our lives. I propose this question to the meeting. Are the wild creatures comrades? All
those in favour

(They begin to take a vote by raising their trotters and hooves. As the child speaks the action freezes.)

Child And so animals learn to vote for the 1st time. It was agreed by an overwhelming majority that
the wild creatures were comrades.

All Agreed, agreed!

Child There was only one vote against; the cat. She was afterwards discovered to have voted on
both sides.

Song: Man walks among us


(The animals freeze Lights fade)

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Act 1 Scene 2

Music: Knockin on Heavens Door

Child Three nights later, Old Major died peacefully in his sleep. His body was buried at the foot of
the orchard.
(The animals watch as Old Major slowly leaves)

Child During the next 3 months, Mr. Jones continued to starve and bully the animals. But now the
animals had a secret. They did not know when to expect the rebellion, but they believed
passionately that one day it would come. The pigs, being the cleverest of the animals, led the
preparation by organizing and teaching the others.

(Mr. Jones moves between the animals cracking his whip)

Child These three Snowball, Squealer and Napoleon had elaborated Old Majors teachings
into a complete system of thought and they gave it the name

Napoleon, Snowball and Squealer (sing) Animalism! Animalism! Animalism!

All Animalism! Hurray!

Child Snowball was an idealist, he was a pig who dreamt that the future would be perfect, he
dreamed that the world would be wonderful, he had many dreams

Snowball Animalism will lead us to a wonderful place; it will lead us to the life of plenty. Everything that
we produce, we shall own, we shall own it together, collectively. Oh what a wonderful world it
shall be.

Child Squealer loved to talk

Squealer Information, comrades, facts, comrades, these are the important points of Animalism.
Without knowledge, we have no opinions. And unless we have opinions, we cannot vote. It is
the majority that must rule. This is the right way for the world to be.

Child And Napoleon was a pig they all trusted.

Napoleon Im a practical pig, a pig of few words. So Ill work hard and say little.

Child After Mr. Jones was asleep; they held secret meetings in the barn.

Snowball No man, no master; we must live by this rule

Squealer Animals help each other

Napoleon Work fast, work faster

Snowball Work for the future together my brother

1st Hen But Mr. Jones feeds us

2nd Hen If he were gone we should starve to death

1st Hen So we have to be loyal

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Snowball No! Remember Animalism, we must look after ourselves, and we must look after each other
Animalism can change history. Two-legged creatures are the enemy!
Cows, sheep, chickens, cockerels, goose. Animals shall eat what animals produce!

Napoleon No man, no killing, what do we all believe?

Snowball A land worth tilling, all animals are equal.

1st Cat Do you know, I dont really understand any of this, and I dont really care what happens after I
am dead. I just feel sleepy.

2nd Cat If this rebellion is going to happen anyway, and thats what you pigs seem to be saying, am I
right? Then why should we work for it? Whats it got to do with us?

Squealer Try to understand, comrades. Allow yourselves to live in the spirit of Animalism

Snowball, Squealer and Napoleon No man, no master, all animals are equal.

Snowball Lets hear it now from all of you

All No man, no master, all animals are equal

1st Cat No man, no master, all animals are equal

2nd Cat No man, no master, all animals are equal

All No man, no master, all animals are equal

Mollie Will there be sugar after the rebellion?

Snowball You dont need sugar. You will have all the hay and oats that you want.

Mollie But will I still be able to wear ribbons in my mane?

Squealer Comrade Mollie, those ribbons are just signs of your slavery, break free my girl.

Snowball Dont you understand Comrade Mollie that freedom is worth more than ribbons?

Mollie (unconvinced): Yes I do but couldnt I have some freedom ribbons, just as long as they are
beautiful it would be fine after the rebellion wouldnt it? Please?

Song: Human

Child The pigs had an even harder struggle to argue against the religious stories told by Moses,
Mr. Jones tame raven

(Moses appears. The animals form into a respectful circle)

Moses Beyond the fences of this life. There lies a wondrous hill. And all good creatures when they
die. Go graze there forever more. On sugarcandy mountain. No work is ever done. Besides a
lovely fountain, the animals lie in the sun. On Sugar Candy mountain. Youll find a treacle
lake. Sweet sugar beyond counting. And fields of chocolate cake. So fear no more the
butchers yard. Nor dread the abattoir. But work today so you may join. The Sugar Candy
choir. On Sugar Candy Mountain. Its joy for everyone.
(Lights down)

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Act 1 Scene 3

Child On Sundays there was not work. The day began at the flag pole.

(Music. Lights up, Muriel hoists a flat on the flagstaff. It is a white hoof and horn on a green field).

Snowball The Hoof and Horn stand for the World Republic of the Animals, which will be achieved when
the human race has finally been overthrown.

All Hooray!

Squealer The meeting is now open

(The animals sit in a circle).

Snowball We will first take the reports from the Animal Committees. Every committee, comrades, has
exceeded expectation. Wherever I look, I see success. Particular praise is due to the hens,
for their Egg Production Committee.

1st Hen Thank you very much

Snowball To the sheep, for their Wool Movement

Moses Thanks!

Snowball And to the cows for their Clean Tails League.

Moses Dont mention it

Napoleon (interrupting): But Im afraid we cant praise one Committee. I have to report the failure of the
Wild Comrades Re-education Committee.

Benjamin The what?

Squealer The Re-education Committee for wild creatures.

Snowball It is the best of my ideas. Its purpose is to tame the rats and the rabbits and the birds, and all
the wild creatures.

1st Cat It has provided a wonderful opportunity. I have done much good work on the sparrows.

All Well done! Well done!

2nd Hen (nervously): I want to give you a report on the Cat. She joined the Re-education Committee
and was very active in it for some days. One day, I saw her sitting on the roof and talking to
some sparrows. They were just out of her reach. She told them that as all animals are all
equal, it was safe to come and perch on her paw. But the sparrows didnt believe her and
kept their distance. She really tried.

Napoleon Comrades! I must interrupt. Snowball is a brilliant pig. He inspires us all. But you cant
expect that all his ideas will succeed. Now Im a practical pig, a pig of few words. I believe
that the education of the young is more important than the re-education of anyone wild or
not. I have therefore made myself responsible for the education of the four puppies. Mr.
Jones puppies. We must take care of the young.

Animals (voting): Agreed! Agreed!

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Boxer (admiringly): Napoleon is always right.

Snowball Napoleon is right. We must look after the young. But what about the old? Im worried about
the old animals. I propose that they be allowed to retire to a home of rest in the orchard.

Animals (voting): Agreed! Agreed!

Napoleon But we cant do everything at once. We must be practical. We need every able-bodied
animal to work.

Snowball The old have earned some peace.

Napoleon Peace? This is wartime. Were surrounded by enemies. Everyone old or young must be
ready to fight.

Snowball No! That would be behaving like men. I will never agree to that. Remember Old Major. We
must never behave like men. We must send out more and more pigeons to stir up rebellion
on other farms.

Napoleon If we cannot defend ourselves, we are bound to be conquered.

Snowball If rebellions happen everywhere, we shall have no need to defend ourselves. I will not fight.
You are wrong, Comrade Napoleon.
How will you vote? All of you? I want your opinions. Who agrees with Napoleon? Who
agrees with me? Boxer?

Boxer I am thinking it over.

Snowball Benjamin? What do you think?

Benjamin Clover? Who do you think is right?

Clover I cannot make up my mind. I always find myself in agreement with the one who spoke last.

Snowball But you must be responsible. You must start thinking for yourselves.

Napoleon Let us be practical.


All the pigs can now read and write perfectly. No further work is necessary. I wish I could
say the same for the rest of the rest of the animals. Muriel reads fairly well, but is only
interested in reading from scraps of newspaper on the rubbish dump, which she
consequently eats. It is suspected that Benjamin can read as well as the pigs.

Benjamin But as far as I know, there is nothing worth reading.

Squealer Clover has learnt the whole alphabet, but cannot put the words together. Boxer however, is
magnificent. Boxer, will you repeat the alphabet?

With difficulty, BOXER traces out the capitals on the floor

Boxer Capital ABCD


He stops, staring at the letters.
Its too difficult. I think I shall have to be content with first four letters.

Squealer Capitals A, B, C, D?

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Boxer (repeating slowly and carefully): Yes. Capitals A, B, C, D. Its the best I can do, yes, the best.
I will write them out once or twice every day to keep them fresh in my memory. So I hope it
will be an example.

Squealer And what about you, Mollie?

Mollie I know capitals M, and O. I know capital L and L; and capitals I and E.

Squealer Dont you know any more letters?

Mollie No. I only need to know the six letters, which spell my name.

Squealer (A little angry) you must do better, Mollie. True Animalism cannot tolerate selfishness.

Napoleon Order, comrades, order! We must not get angry at meetings. We must always be
reasonable.

Snowball Let us pass on to more serious matters. Some of our weaker comrades seem unable to
learn the seven commandments by heart.

Boxer Yes.

Snowball I have reduced the commandments to a single saying: Four Legs Good: Two Legs Bad.
This contains the essential principle of Animalism and whoever has thoroughly grasped it will
be safe from human influences.

1st Hen I object. I have only two legs. So have all birds.

Snowball This is not so, comrades. A birds wing is a leg. The distinguishing mark of Man is the hand,
the instrument with which he does all his mischief.

2nd Hen I dont understand. Does that mean we are good?

Snowball Yes, you are good.

1st Hen Good

2nd Hen But Ive still only got two legs.

Snowball It doesnt matter if you dont understand, as long as you accept my explanation. Do you
accept my explanation?

2nd Hen Yes, we do. We accept your explanation.

Snowball So repeat after me please. Four legs good. Two legs bad

All Four legs good. Four legs good. Two legs bad. Two legs bad

Child The sheep enjoyed the song. They went on singing for fifteen minutes without stopping.
Meanwhile Mr. Jones continues to complain.

Mr. Jones I think everybody should know every man, every animal the terrible wickedness that is
now flourishing at Manor Farm. No, I wont call it Animal Farm. It is strange and beyond my
worst nightmares. Animals running a farm as if they could!

(Lights out)

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Act 1 Scene 4

Child The other framers were frightened by the rebellion at Animal Farm, and very anxious to stop
their own animals hearing too much about it. But rumours of a wonderful farm where the
animals managed without human beings continued to circulate. The pigs saw to that. They
sent out flights of pigeons to mingle with the animals on neighbouring farms, tell them about
the rebellion, and teach them the tune of Goodbye My Darling.

Lights up. Goodbye My Darling is heard in the distance. Jones listens with two other farmers.

Mr. Jones How can the animals bring themselves to sing such rubbish! They need a good flogging.

Child And yet the song was irresistible. The blackbirds whistled it in the hedges, the pigeons cooed
it in the elms, and it played in tune of the church bells.

Early in October, the animals met their next great test. The pigeons bring a message to
Snowball. He listens to them.

Snowball Jones, Jones is coming!

Child The attack had long been expected, and everyone was prepared. Snowball had studied an
old book of Julius Caesars campaigns, which he had found in the farmhouse. He gave his
orders quickly and in a couple of minutes, every animal was at his post.

(Jones is accompanied by the other Farmers and they carry sticks.

Snowball Retreat, Retreat!

Mr. Jones After them!

Snowball Charge!

Snowball charges straight for Jones. Jones raises his stick:


Song: Trouble Town

Animals Hooray!

Child The men are chased off the farm. One of the stable boys falls to the ground.

Boxer I didnt mean to do that. I did not mean to kill him. I forgot that I was wearing iron shoes.

Snowball No sentimentality, comrade! War is War. The only good human being is a dead human being!

Boxer I dont want to take life. Not even human life.

MURIEL slowly pulls the flag up the flagpole. The Animals lower their heads and sing
Goodbye My Darling quietly.

Squealer Comrades, we must commemorate this great day. Medals must be awarded.

Muriel Medals?

Squealer I suggest Animal Hero First Class.

Napoleon I propose that Boxer be named Animal Hero, First Class.


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All (voting): Agreed!

Muriel Give Snowball a medal too.

Mollie Have they all gone?

Squealer Yes.

Mollie Is it safe?

Snowball Yes.

Mollie I am sorry I couldnt stay. I had to hide my head in the hay. I cant stand fighting.

The animals all look at her.

Squealer Comrades, what shall we call this glorious day? Every October the twelfth, every anniversary
we shall have a celebration. And what shall the battle be called?

Boxer There is only one name for the battle: Snowballs Battle.

Napoleon (very quickly): No. I think you will agree that that is the wrong name. You all fought this
battle. You all brought us victory. Let it be named the Battle of the Cowshed. That was after
all the place the place where the ambush was sprung.

All Agreed! Agreed!

Napoleon and Snowball look at each other.

(Lights down.)

Act 1 Scene 5
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Child Very soon winter arrived and the story of Mollie unfolded a little more.

Clover Mollie, I have something very serious to say to you. This morning I saw you looking over the
hedge that divides Animal Farm from Mr. Pilkingtons farm. Mr. Pilkington was standing on
the other side of the hedge. And I was a long way away, but I am almost certain I saw this
he was talking to you, and you were allowing him to stroke your nose. What does that
mean Mollie?

Mollie He didnt! I wasnt! It isnt true.

Clover Mollie: Look at me in the face. Do you give me your word of honour that Mr. Pilkington was
not stroking your nose?

Mollie How dare you as me such questions?


(Mollie clicks her heels and gallops away. The lights fade)

Child Three days later, Mollie disappeared.

Lights up on all the animals at the meeting.

1st Hen We have seen Mollie on the other side of the village. She was between the shafts of a smart
dogcart painted red and black.

Child A vision of Mollie appears trotting. She is covered with ribbons and is led by Mr. Pilkington
who beats a whip. The animals stare in disbelief.

2nd Hen Mr. Pilkington was stroking her nose and feeding her sugar.

Mollie Song: Somewhere over the rainbow

Child None of the animals ever mentioned Mollie again.


It was not expected that the pigs should decide all matters about the farm. But their decisions
still had to be ratified by a majority vote. This arrangement would have worked well enough if
it had not been for the continual disputes between Snowball and Napoleon.

Snowball I propose that we sow a bigger acreage with barley!

(The Animals shout agreement and disagreement after each proposition. It is a very noisy
meeting.)

Napoleon I propose that we sow a bigger acreage with oats!

Snowball The big Meadow is just right for cabbages!

Napoleon The meadow is useless for anything except roots!

Snowball Comrades! Comrades!

Child At the meetings, Snowball often won over the majority by his brilliant speeches

Napoleon May I interrupt? I have no schemes, I believe in quiet, conscientious work, not risks.

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Child Napoleon was better at canvassing support for himself between the meetings. He was
especially successful with the sheep, who were always ready to interrupt when Snowballs
scheme sounded too difficult.

Napoleon Snowballs scheme may be very ingenious, but it wont work.

Snowball Yes, it will work!

1st Hen Four legs good. Four legs good. Two legs bad. Two legs bad

Boxer Now then, now then, the hens must allow us to talk. We must say what we think.

(Napoleon turns and looks at Boxer and smiles)

Napoleon Of course, Boxer.

(Lights fade)

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Act 1 Scene 6

Child But of all their controversies, the most bitter was the one over the windmill the windmill
designed by Snowball.
A large sheet of paper has been pinned over the barn entrance. On it, is a rough working
drawing of a windmill. The Animals examine it with excitement and interest. Snowball is not
there. Napoleon looks at the drawing and turns his back.

Napoleon (calling): Snowball!

Snowball (entering): Im here, comrade.

Napoleon This windmill of yours is impossible.

Snowball Difficult, comrade, not impossible. We will have to gather stone for its walls, we will have to
make sails, and we will have to buy dynamos. I believe all this can be accomplished in one
year.

Napoleon One year!

Snowball It will supply our farm with electrical power.

Napoleon But we cant do everything at once! Why cant you be realistic?

Snowball I am being realistic. This power will do your work for you. You can graze at your ease in the
fields or improve your minds with reading and conversations. So much labour will be saved
that you animals will only need to work three days a week.

Muriel (admiringly): Snowball, how did you think of this?

Snowball Mr. Jones left an excellent book behind: A Thousand Useful Things to do About the House. It
has taught me how to lay bricks and to understand electricity. So now I can build a windmill!

Boxer Put it to the vote! Put it to the vote!

Napoleon Well be past voting, comrades, when our stomachs are empty. Im a plain pig, a practical
pig, and I say this. The great need at the moment is to increase food production. If we waste
time on windmills, well starve to death.

Snowball Do you deny my ideas?

Napoleon (suddenly shouting): Yes, I deny your ideas.

Child The animals are furious. War was near. They are divided in their opinion.

1st Hen A vote for Snowball means food for the future!

2nd Hen A vote for Snowball means food for the future!

Snowball Think, comrades, how life can be on Animal Farm when hard labour is lifted from our back. I
am thinking far beyond the turnip-slicers. Electricity can do many things. It can operate
machines, ploughs, rollers and reapers. And it can supply every stall with its own electric
light, its own hot and cold water, and an electric heater.

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Think of the future Think of your children. Think of the dignity of animals when they are freed
from toil. Do you vote for the windmill?

All Yes, we do. We vote for the windmill.

Child There is a strange noise from the dogs that chase Snowball at top speed. He is chased off in
to the distance. All the animals watch in silence.

Boxer Snowballs gone.

Clover Gone?

Squealer Yes, gone, gone back to the world of men where he belongs. Snowball, who we now see,
was little better than a traitor and a coward.

Boxer (emphatically): He wasnt.

Clover He fought bravely at the Battle of the Cowshed.

Squealer Only the guilty run away. And I believe the time will come when we shall discover that
Snowballs part in the battle was much exaggerated. Do you still support Snowball,
comrades? Snowball with his dream of windmills?

Benjamin The dogs wag their tails at you just as their parents wagged their tails at Mr. Jones.

Napoleon Thats right, Benjamin. They are well trained. From now on the Sunday morning debates
are cancelled. They are unnecessary and waste time. In future, a special committee of pigs,
led by me, will settle all questions relating to the working of the farm. We shall meet in
private, and afterwards communicate our decisions to the rest of you. All you animals will still
assemble on Sunday morning to sing Good bye My Darling and of course to receive your
orders for the week. But there will be no more debates.

Muriel No more debates?

Clover If theres no debate, theres no Animal Farm.

Boxer Shant we vote anymore?

Napoleon No, Boxer. But your wishes will be carefully considered by the special committee of the pigs.
We live in dangerous times. We must show solidarity and have strong leadership. We must
defend ourselves from our enemies.

Squealer Im sure Comrade Napoleon would be only too happy to let you make your own decisions but
sometimes you might make the wrong decisions and then where should we be?

Boxer Thats right.

Song: Stand By Me

Squealer Discipline, comrades, iron discipline, that is the watchword for today. One false step, and our
enemies will be upon us. Surely, comrades, you dont want Jones back?

Child Once again, this argument was unanswerable.

Animals No. We dont want Jones back.

Benjamin But why cant we vote?


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Squealer Comrades. I trust every animal here appreciates the sacrifice that Comrade Napoleon has
made in taking this extra labour upon himself. Do not imagine, comrades, that leadership is
pleasure! On the contrary, it is a deep and heavy responsibility.

Muriel If having debates on Sunday mornings will bring Jones back, then the debates must stop.

Squealer Perhaps the farmers will get to hear of our disagreements and think we are weak.

Boxer Comrades, I have now had time to think things over and I think I have a solution. What
Comrade Napoleon is offering us is leadership. He is a practical pig, a pig of few words.
Lets do what he says (pause) Agreed?

All (voting): Agreed! Agreed!

Napoleon Thank you, Comrades.

Child Napoleon and the Pigs leave. There is a long silence. The Animals look at Boxer.

Boxer We have chosen wisely, comrades. Napoleon is always right. Long Live Animal Farm!

All Long Live Animal Farm!

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Animal Farm
Act 2 Scene 1

Song: Knockin on Heavens Door

Child Every Sunday morning at ten oclock, the animals met to pay their respects to Old Major.

Squealer And now Minimus, the first Animalist poet, will pay his tribute to Old Major.

Minimus Once all us animals eyes were blind. To the fact of our slavery.
Old Major had a very clever mind. He showed us Mans knavery.
Old Major. Please feed us! Help us win our daily war.
Old Major. Please lead us! Thank you very much, great boar!

So let us salute the skull of Major then. O behold his enormous brains!
And every Sunday when the clock strikes ten. Well march past his remains.

Napoleon I have a brief announcement, comrades. We must look to the future. Animalism will lead us
to incredible achievements. No task is too great for Animalist. Were going to build a
windmill!

All What!

Napoleon The special committee of pigs expects that the building of the windmill will take two years.

Boxer But I thought that Napoleon thought that the windmill was an impossible idea?

Squealer Napoleon was never actually opposed to the windmill. The plan, which Snowball drew, was
copied from some papers stolen from Napoleon. The windmill is actually Napoleons own
creation. And it always was.

Benjamin Then why did he speak so strongly against it?

Squealer That was Comrade Napoleons cunning. He seemed to oppose the windmill simply to get rid
of Snowball. This is something called tactics. Napoleon is expert at tactics.

Muriel But why did he want to get rid of Snowball?

Squealer Because he was not practical, comrades, not realistic. He went too fast. I suppose you
could say he was leading us quickly to starvation. The windmill will prevent that.

Boxer If Comrade Napoleon says we need a windmill, and then we must build a windmill. Agreed?

All (voting): Agreed! Agreed!

Squealer Thank you, comrades.

Child But the windmill proved difficult, because there were no stones on the farm. There were
some huge boulders on top of a cliff. But the problem was how to break the boulders into
pieces the right size. After weeks of thought.

Squealer (an inspiration): Ah!

Child The pigs had an idea.

17
Squealer We will push these huge boulders over the edge of the cliff. We will smash them by using the
force of gravity.

Child Boxer is seen trying to push the boulder. During the song the other Animals come and help
him.

All The animals worked as one


Yes, through animal co-operation
Anything can be done!
Anything can be done!
Anything can be done!

Clover Boxer! Dont over-strain yourself.

Boxer Were not getting enough food. Ill pick up when the spring grass comes on.

Clover I am worried about you, Boxer. You think there are two answers to every problem: I will
work harder; or Napoleon is always right.

Boxer They are the answers.

Song: Hard Days Night

(Lights down)

18
Act 2 Scene 2

Child All that year the animals worked hard to till the fields. They also worked third o build the
windmill but they were happy in their work. Everything they did was for their own benefit and
for those who would come after them, not for a pack of idle, thieving human beings.

Napoleon Comrades, in future there will be work on Sunday afternoons. This work is of course strictly
voluntary. But any animal that absents himself from it must expect to have his rations
reduced by half. Furthermore, I have decided on a new policy. From now on, Animal Farm
will engage in trade with neighbouring farms.

Muriel Comrade Napoleon, will your repeat that?

Napoleon Animal Farm will engage in trade with neighbouring farms!


We will sell a stack of hay and we will sell some of our eggs. There is always a market for
eggs in the village.

Hens What! What! What about our chicks?

Napoleon The hens should welcome this sacrifice as their own special contribution towards the building
of the windmill.

1st Pig Comrade Leader, we represent the younger pigs and we must object. These were among
the earliest resolutions passed after Jones was expelled.

2nd Pig One

1st Pig Never to have any dealings with human beings.

2nd pig Two

3rd Pig Never to engage in trade.

2nd Pig Three

1st Pig Never to make use of money.

Squealer Are you certain this isnt something you have dreamed, comrade? Have you any record of
these resolutions? Are they written down anywhere?

Benjamin I remember them.

Clover We all remember them.

Boxer Comrade Snowball always told us not to behave like men.

All Yes, thats right.

1st Pig Four legs good. Four legs good. Two legs bad. Two legs bad

Napoleon There is no need for any further discussion. I have recognized necessity. We need money
so we will engage in trade. I have made all the arrangements. There will be no need for any
of you animals to come into contact with human beings that would clearly be most
desirable. I shall do that myself. My Whymper, a solicitor living in the village has agreed to
act as the agent between Animal Farm and the outside world. He will visit the farm every
Monday morning to receive his instructions. Long Live Animal Farm!
19
All Long live Animal Farm!

Child Every Monday, Mr. Whymper visited the farm. The animals watched him with dread.

Napoleon Do I make myself clear?

Whymper Perfectly, Mr. Napoleon (he hands a cheque to Napoleon)

Napoleon Cheques are no use to me. I need five-pound notes.

(The animals watch in delight as he counts the money)

Whymper One, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, ten.

Napoleon That makes fifty pounds.

Animals (In wonder): Fifty pounds!

Napoleon Thank you, Mr. Whymper.

Whymper Its been a real pleasure Mr. Napoleon.

Child It was about this time that the pigs suddenly moved into the farmhouse.

Boxer Why are they going in there?

Squealer It is absolutely necessary that the pigs, who are after all the brains of the farm, should have a
quiet place to work in. The Leaders should live in a house .

1st Hen (gossiping) I hear that the pigs take their meals in the kitchen.

2nd Hen And use the drawing room to play in.

1st Hen And sleep in the beds.

2nd Hen Never!

Boxer (Keeping order) Napoleon is always right.

Clover I remember a definite ruling against beds.

Boxer Muriel, read me the fourth commandment.

Muriel It says; Animals shall never sleep in beds with sheets on.

Clover I dont remember the fourth commandment mentioning sheets.

Muriel But it must have done. Its there on the wall.

Squealer Comrades! You did not suppose, surely comrade, that there was ever a ruling against beds?
A bed merely means a place to sleep in. A pile of straw in a stall is a bed properly regarded.
The rule was against sheets, which are a human intervention. We have removed the sheets
from the farmhouse beds and sleep between blankets. And very comfortable blankets they
are too.

20
Song: Help! (Lights down)

Act 2 Scene 3

Child By the autumn, the animals were tired but happy. They had had a hard year and after selling
part of the hay and corn to My Whymper, they were still hungry. But the windmill
compensated for everything.

Boxer We are working harder. We are building our windmill.

All Hooray!

Child Only old Benjamin refused to grow enthusiastic.

Benjamin Huh! Windmills! Electricity! The more you have the more you want. God has given me a tail to
keep the flies off. But Id sooner have no tail and no flies.
Lights. Snow falls. The animals are in a group.

Child In January food fell short. For days at a time, the animals had nothing to eat but chaff

All Food! Wheres our food? Give us food!


Food! Wheres our food? Give us food!

Clover Food! Wheres our food? Give us food!

Benjamin Food! Wheres our food? Give us food!

Clover Have you heard what the pigeons are saying? When were really weak, Farmer Jones
intends to bring twenty men in all armed to slaughter us.

Child Starvation stared them all in the face. But it was vitally necessary to hide this face from the
outside world.

(Napoleon and Mr. Whymper enter. Once more Mr. Whymper is counting out the money.

Whymper One, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, ten. Another fifty pounds for your very fine
grain, Mr. Napoleon.

Napoleon Thank you, Mr. Whymper.

Whymper I hear rumours in the village that youre running short of food.

Napoleon Not so, Mr. Whymper.

Whymper Wont you sell me some more grain then, Mr. Napoleon?

Napoleon No. The animals must be fed, and fed well. Goodbye Mr. Whymper.

Whymper Very well, cheerio Mr. Napoleon.


(He leaves on his bicycle)

Child Mr. Whymper has been nicely fooled. The grain bins had been filled at Napoleons order with
sand, which was then covered with what was left of the grain. In fact, the animals were
desperately hungry.

Squealer Comrades. We need grain. Napoleon has therefore decreed that the hens must surrender
their eggs.
21
1st Hen What?

Squealer He has accepted through the good office of Whymper, a contract for four hundred eggs a
week. The price of these will pay for enough grain and meal to give us food until summer.

1st Hen But the chicks will be ready for spring.

2nd Hen You cant take the eggs away now, we cant allow it.

Child And for the first time since Mr. Jones was sent away there was something resembling a
rebellion.

2nd Hen We cant spare the eggs

Squealer You must do your duty.

1st Hen We cant spare the eggs. Cant you see were broody?

Squealer We must have the eggs. We must pay our own way now.

2nd Hen Its wrong, so wrong to take away our eggs. You cant take them away.

Squealer Consider economics, the eggs have got to go.

1st Hen Consider our little chicks that have yet to be born.

Squealer We must have eggs.

2nd Hen No! No! Till each egg has the right. To become a hen. Therell be no more eggs. To be sold to
men. Therell be no more eggs thats what we say.

Let the egg yolks dry. Till each egg has the right to become a Hen. Therell be no more eggs
to be sold to men. Therell be no more eggs at all.

Napoleon Our feathered comrades and friends, the Hens, it appears, have lost their sense of reason.
And their reactionary acts are paramount to treason. To turn them back from sanity and save
them from themselves. I order that the hens shall be deprived of food and water.

Child For five days the hens held out without food and water.

1st Hen Till each egg has the right to become a hen. Therell be no more eggs, to be sold to men.
Therell be no more eggs thats what we say. Let the egg yolks dry till each egg has the right
to become a Hen. Therell be no more eggs, to be sold to men. Therell be no more eggs at
all.

2nd Hen I can see the grocers van coming up to the farm. We must let our eggs go there but we do
not understand.

1st Hen What is happening here on Animal Farm? We do not understand.

Child The Hens were right the eggs were taken away every week but still the animals didnt have
enough to eat. There was secret whispering the night, a whispering that Napoleon, like
Snowball, was soon to be chased away.

2nd Hen Who was to chase him? Where was Mr. Whympers money going? Why was there no food?

22
Child Napoleon knew that he had to do something.

Napoleon Comrades, I have alarming news. Snowball is secretly frequenting the farm at night! He is
making visits and trips to the farm when we cannot see him.

(The animals are hysterical with fear and anger)

He has stolen the corn, upset the milk, broken the eggs, trampled the seedbeds, and gnawed
the bark off the fruit trees. Did you notice the window that was broken last week?
Did you notice the drain of the cowshed?
It was blocked up. I will go further. I believe that the lost key f the store shed was stolen by
Snowball and thrown down the well! Any animal that can give evidence of Snowballs sins will
be rewarded with extra rations.

All Extra rations!

Napoleon There must obviously be a full investigation into Snowballs activities. (Crying) Snowball! My
comrade, how sad I am. Snowball, he has been here! I can smell him, distinctly!

The dogs growl. Napoleon leaves with the dogs.

Child The animals are very frightened. It seemed to them that Snowball was an invisible influence
who was everywhere.

Song: Money, Money, Money

23
Act 2 Scene 4

Squealer Comrades! The most terrible thing has been discovered. We had thought that the Snowballs
opposition to Napoleon was caused by his vanity and ambition. But we were wrong. Snowball
was in league, yes working with Mr. Jones. Can you believe this? He was working with him
right from the start and we had no idea.

Boxer That seems so hard to believe Squealer are you sure?

Squealer He was Jones secret agent all the time. This has been proved by documents we have just
discovered. To my mind this explains a great deal, comrades. Did we not see for ourselves
how he tried to get us defeated and destroyed at the Battle of the Cowshed?

Boxer I cannot let you sat these things. He didnt. Snowball fought bravely at the Battle of the
Cowshed. I saw him myself.

Muriel We made him Animal Hero, First Class, immediately; he is our friend, our hero

Boxer Muriel is right, this cannot be true

Squealer That was our mistake, comrades. For we now know that in reality he was trying to lure us to
our doom. Do you remember how Snowball suddenly turned and left, and many animals
followed him?

Muriel I think so

Squealer You must remember that, comrades?

Clover I remember that Snowball left like that, yes I do.

Muriel But that was his tactics. Thats how he worked.

Boxer Comrade Squealer, I do not believe that Comrade Snowball was a traitor at the beginning.
What he has done since is different. But I truly believe that at the Battle of the Cowshed, he
was our friend.

Squealer Now listen animals, listen everyone, our Leader, Comrade Napoleon, has told us that,
categorically, absolutely, without doubt. He has told us that Snowball was Jones agent from
the beginning. Yes, and from long before we became Animal Farm. Long before the rebellion
was ever thought of.

Boxer Really? Napoleon says that?

Squealer Yes he does.

Boxer Then that is different. We must listen. If Comrade Napoleon says it, it must be right.

Squealer (Delighted) There you are friends! There you see the true spirit of Animalism!

(Napoleon roars in anger)

Napoleon Comrades! We have been robbed! When I capture Whymper, he shall be boiled in oil for what
he has done to these animals. The five-pound notes are forgeries. Whymper has cheated us.

Muriel All men cheat animals I believe


24
Napoleon Whymper has got the eggs for nothing!

Clover No, no, it cannot be. What can we do?

Napoleon Down with Whymper. The end of Wyymper we must see, the end of Whymper there must be!

All The end of Whymper we must see, the end of Whymper there must be!

Muriel The end of Whymper we must see, the end of Whymper there must be!

Boxer The end of Wyymper we must see, the end of Whymper there must be!

All The end of Whymper we must see, the end of Whymper there must be!

Squealer Let me give you a warning. Every animal on the farm must keep his eyes very wide open. We
know that some of you are Snowballs secret agents. We know you are! We have sniffed you
out. And we will catch you.

Child Four days later Napoleon ordered all the animals to meet.

Napoleon Comrades. There is a terrible threat to our future.


There are traitors here on Animal Farm. The traitors must be found, caught and brought to
justice.

Squealer Bring them before us. Let the trials begin.

1st Pig We represent the younger pigs.

Napoleon Confess your crimes.

1st Pig What?

Napoleon Confess your crimes!

1st Pig (Anxious and playing a part)


Oh yes, we have been secretly in touch with Snowball.

2nd Pig Ever since he left, ever since his expulsion from Animal Farm.

3rd Pig We collaborated with him.

1st Pig And we have entered into an agreement with him to hand over Animal Farm to Mr. Jones.

Napoleon What has Snowball admitted to you?

2nd Pig That he has been Jones secret agent for many years.

(Music Good bye My Darling and the pigs are taken away)

Napoleon It saddens me that the younger pigs should be guilty of such treason. How could they have
betrayed us? It is so sad.

3rd Pig You told us..you promised.it would all be good..

1st Pig You told us it would all be fine. If we confessed!

25
Boxer And we never saw the Pigs again.

Song: Amazing Grace

Napoleon Has any other animal anything to confess?

(Hens arrive)

Squealer Confess!

1st Hen Snowball appeared to me in a dream and incited me to disobey Napoleons orders.

2nd Hen We led the rebellion over the eggs. We fully confess our faults.

1st Hen We did not know what we were doing please forgive us

2nd Hen Long live Animal Farm we did not mean it we were told to confess

1st Cat You told us..you promised.it would all be good..

2nd Cat You told us it would all be fine. If we confessed!

Boxer And we never saw the Hens again.

Song: Amazing Grace

(Music and the Hens are taken away)

Squealer Next! Confess!

Bull I confess to having hidden six turnips during last years harvest. I have eaten them one by
one in secret. Night after night.

Squealer As we thought another animal who has betrayed us.

Bull You told me it would all be fine. If we confessed!

Boxer And we never saw the Bull again.

Sheep 1 Animal Farm is a strange place to be these days dont you think.

Sheep 2 I cannot understand the truth any more.

Sheep 1 Lets try to just look after each other

Sheep 2 Its the best that we can do I think.

(Music and the Bull is taken away)

(Lights down.)

26
Act 2 Scene 5

Child The air on Animal Farm was heavy with defeat and sadness. Things were as bad as they had
been when Mr. Jones was in charge of the farm. But somehow this seemed much worse.

Muriel I dont like it at all, I dont understand whats going on. I gave up my ribbons, my best
coloured ribbons so we could have a better life. But Im scared now. The animals are all being
treated badly and we are in charge.

Boxer It is a sad day on Animal Farm, Muriel, I agree.

Clover Until today no animal had ever caused another animal any harm.

Muriel We do not do that to our fellow creatures. Until today not even a rat had been injured, hurt or
killed by another animal.

Clover What are we going to do Boxer?

Boxer I do not understand it. I would not have believed it. The only solution, as I see it, is to work
harder. From now on, I shall get up a full hour earlier in the mornings. And work.
(Boxer leaves).

Song: Our House

Clover Read the sixth commandment please, Muriel

Muriel Animals shall never kill animals without good cause

Clover I dont remember those last three words, without good cause.

Muriel It looks like the commandment has not been broken comrade s and friends. There was good
reason for some of the animals to be destroyed. They helped Snowball and that is good
reason, they betrayed us.

Benjamin Mmmit is all a little strange to me. Muriel you believe what you are told. I do not wan to
meddle in any of this.

Clover We must start again. We must try to remember what Old Major said and start again.

Squealer Comrades, a special message from Napoleon. The song Goodbye My Darling has been
abolished. It is forbidden. We must never sing this song again. From now on it is forbidden to
sing it.

Clover Why?

Squealer It is no longer needed, comrade, thats why. A day when we would own and be in charge of
Animal Farm. But now the days to come have come. That society, our farm is here. Clearly
the song no longer has any purpose.

Clover Do you agree? I want to know.

Muriel Yes

27
Minimus It is a strange world here on Animal Farm.
But see! The trotters of the pigs are raised!
The swines advance with bellies stout and curly tails
They walk like humans

Muriel Yes the pigs are leading all the animals


Things have changes that much I know

Child As the summer went on, things got stranger and stranger on Animal Farm.
It was soon harvest time and it was inexplicable that there was no food.
It was inexplicable that Mr. Whymper was visiting the farm again.
In fact, all the grain was being secretly sold to him for cash so that the pigs could buy
whiskey.

Squealer Animalism is a complicated business. Inequality is unrealistic

Benjamin Were still hungry.

Squealer What? Speak up Benjamin. Let us hear your thoughts.

Benjamin I have no thoughts

Squealer Then look happy Benjamin

Benjamin I see nothing to be happy about.

Child In September, by tremendous effort the windmill was finished.

All Hurray!

Napoleon May I personally congratulate each and every animal on this achievement. The mill will be
called Napoleon Mill.

Squealer Hip hip

All Hooray

Squealer Hip hip

All Hooray

Minimus Comrades, friends, comrades!


I have a new poem. It is an ode to our father, Napoleon. it is entitled Comrade Napoleon.
Friend of the fatherless! Fountain of happiness! Lord of the swill bucket!
Oh how my soul is on fire when I gaze at thy. Calm and commanding eye. Like the sun in the
sky. Comrade Napoleon! Comrade Napoleon! Comrade Napol-ole-ole-on!

Napoleon I approve of this poem

Minimum Yippee!

Napoleon For such loyalty I will reward you by appointing you my first Taster.

Minimum What do I have to taste?

Napoleon You will have the 1st taste of every meal served to me. In case my enemies have poisoned it.
I appoint myself the President!
28
Act 2 Scene 6

Child And the very next morning the attack began. The animals awoke to find the men had
surrounded the windmill in the night.

Napoleon Its impossible! We have built the walls far too thick for any man to destroy them. Courage
comrades!

Child The windmill collapsed. Without waiting for any orders all the animals chased the men away
from the farm. They chased the men across the fields and far away from Animal Farm.

Boxer Our windmill is gone. Even the foundations are destroyed.

Clover It is as though it had never been.

1st Cat Hurray!

Boxer (amazed): Why are you cheering?

Squealer To celebrate our victory!

Boxer What victory?

Squealer What victory, comrade? Have we not driven the enemy off our soil, from our farm?

Boxer But weve destroyed our windmill.

2nd Cat And we have worked on it for two years!

Squealer What does it matter? We will build another windmill.

Minimus And another windmill.

Squealer We will build 6 windmills if we feel like it. You do not appreciate comrade, the mighty thing
that we have done.

Muriel I do not know what we have done. I know our windmill has been destroyed and I am
confused Squealer

Squealer Why thanks to the leadership of Napoleon, we have won our land and farm back again.

Boxer Then we have won back what we already had.

Muriel Then I am more confused than I was before.

Squealer Yes, yes, Boxer is right and that is our victory.

Minimum I shall write a poem about it!

Napoleon Excellent!

(The pigs exit)

Song: Let it Be

29
Boxer For the first time, it occurs to me that I am getting old.

Clover A horses lungs do not last forever.

Boxer Theyll last me long enough to see the windmill rebuilt I hope.

(Lights go up and animals are re-building the windmill)

Sheep 1 There was work for all, everyone laboured night and day
There was no time for anyone to rest or sleep

Sheep 2 The animals worked together, they were so much stronger together
All the animals worked as one.
Yes they worked together all day and night
They learnt that together anything could be done

Sheep 1 Anything can be done!

Sheep 2 Anything can be done!

(During the song Boxer falls in slow motion to the floor)

Clover Boxer, what is it?

Boxer Im not sure, but dont worry about me, I am old. All I wish for is that you finish the windmill
together. That the windmill on Animal Farm is built once more. There is a pretty good store of
stone still and you can do it without me. Go, go, get working.

Squealer (Enters)
Comrade Napoleon has heard with the deepest regret and distress of this tragedy. Boxer is
one of the most loyal workers on the farm. He is already making arrangements to send Boxer
to be treated at the village hospital.

Clover Why? We dont like our animals leaving the farm.

Benjamin And I dont like to think of a sick animal being in the hands of a human being.

Squealer The vet in the village can treat Boxers case more satisfactorily. It is the best thing for him.

Boxer I will be well friends. And Ill retire friends, to the shadow of the chestnut tree.
With time for thinking and time for learning, the remainder of my ABC

Child The next day a van arrived to take Boxer away.

Clover Goodbye Boxer

All Goodbye Boxer. Goodbye our friend. Goodbye our dear friend. Goodbye!

Benjamin Fools! Fools! Cant you see what is written on the side of that van?

Muriel Alfred Simmons, Horser S Ler, Horse S L.

Benjamin Oh do stop Muriel. Let me read it. Theyre taking Bpxer to the slaughter house.

All Boxer!

30
Clover Boxer! Boxer! Get out! Get out quickly! They are taking you away.

All Boxer!

All Boxer!

Child In a few moments, the sound of drumming hoofs grew fainter and fainter and finally died
away. Boxer had gone. Just three days later Squealer made an announcement.

Squealer It has come to my notice that a foolish and wicked rumour has been circulating amongst the
animals. Some of you may have noticed that Boxer was taken away by a van that had
slaughter house on the side.

Muriel Its true we saw it, I saw it with my own eyes.

1st Cat Me too, I couldnt read the word but I knew the letters

Squealer Well let me tell you, some of you have been most foolish. What you did not know id that that
same van now belongs to the vet. Now that same vet has not yet painted out the old words
and put his own on the van. You have jumped to conclusions. You see a simple mistake has
been made.

Minimus Thank goodness, hurray, a happy ending for Boxer

2nd Cat I am so pleased to hear this happy ending! That has made my tears dry and be happy again.
I am so relieved to hear it.

Muriel So am I.

Squealer Our beloved comrade Boxer is dead. He died in the village hospital despite receiving every
attention a horse could have.

Napoleon It has not after all been possible to save our dear friend Boxer. In a few days we pigs intend
to hold a memorial banquet in Boxers honour, to honour his memory.

Squealer I am happy to say that I was present during Boxers last hours. It was the most affecting sight
I have ever seen. He whispered Forward friends, forward comrades, long live Animal Farm.
Long live Napoleon! Napoleon is always right!

Napoleon He was a wise horse. I believe his words are what every animal here at Animal farm would
adopt for his own.

Muriel And her own, dont forget us!

Clover Were those his last words?

Squealer They were.

Napoleon Napoleon is always right the words of Boxer

All Napoleon is always right. Always right, always right. We will work harder; we will work harder,
together.

31
Act 2 Scene 7

Child Years passed. Seasons came and went. The short animal lives passed by. Jones was dead,
he died n another part of the country. The farm was more prosperous now. The windmill had
been successfully rebuilt at last.

But it was not used after all for generating electrical power. Instead it was hired out for milling
corn to neighbouring farmers and brought in a great deal of money.

Napoleon was now a mature boar of twenty four stone. One day the four sows all gave birth
at the same time and astonishingly a whole 31 young pigs were born. Napoleon was the
father to them all.

Once more the rations were reduced. Only the pigs and dogs ate well.

1st Hen Give us food. Food. Wheres our food? Oh help us we need to eat.

Benjamin However much things change, they always remain the same.

Napoleon Armed to the teeth, we march along. Well save our farm before we feed.

(The animals call ahhhh and Napoleon falls to the floor in slow motion)

Benjamin Napoleon is dead.

Clover This isnt what we wanted. This isnt what we meant when our great rebellion began.
We hoped to make a farm where all animals were free.

Benjamin Free of whips, of hunger, free of man.

Muriel You must be strong to grow Animalism, rake out the stones, rip out the weeds.
Well march wherever Napoleon leads
At least we work for ourselves. None of us goes upon two legs. None of us calls another
creature master.

Benjamin All Animals Are Equal.

(Lights go up on a row of pigs at the who are dressed in human clothes. They walk on 2 feet.)

Clover I think the world has been turned upside down.

Benjamin Shall I protest. For the first time in my life I shall protest. You pigs have gone far enough.

2nd Hen Four legs good


Four legs good
Two legs better!
Two legs better
(The pigs join in and leave, lights go down)

Clover My sight is failing. The barn looks different. Muriel read what you see.

Muriel No, I wont. I will never read anything again.

Clover Will you read it Benjamin?

32
Benjamin Theres only one commandment now. And just this once Ill break my rule and read it to you.
All animals are equal. But some animals are more equal than others.

Child A week later, in the afternoon, a number of human visitors arrived at the farm.
(Pigs meet and greet farmers)

Child The farmers were shown around the farm and expressed great admiration for everything they
saw. Especially the windmill.

Farmers Ahhh!

Pilkington Gentlemen, there was a time when the existence of a farm owned ad operated by pigs was
somehow felt to be abnormal. But what do I and my friends find here today? Not only the
most up-to-date methods, but also an example to all farmers everywhere. I believe indeed
that the lower animals on Animal Farm do more work and receive less food thank any
animals in the country.

Napoleon I too am happy that the period of misunderstanding has come to an end. For a long time
there were rumours, circulated I have reason to believe, by an enemy. Saying that there was
something subversive, strange and even revolutionary in the outlook of my colleagues and
myself. Nothing could be further from the truth. Our sole wish, now and in the past, is to live
at peace and in normal business relations with our neighbours.

Child That evening loud laughter and bursts of singing came from the farmhouse. The pigs and
farmers shared a dinner and after dinner speeches were made in celebration.

Pilkington And may I say, in conclusion, may I say that we have leant a great deal here today.

Child What could be happening in there, now that for the first time, animals and human beings
were meeting on terms of equality?
All the other animals crept in the dining room window and peered and listened.

Pilkington Between pigs and human beings, there is not, and there need not be, any clash of interest
whatever.

Farmer 1 Our struggles and our difficulties are the same. Is not the labour problem the same
everywhere?

Farmer 2 If you have your lower animals, we have our lower classes. And now Gentlemen and Ladies
will you be upstanding? Gentlemen, I give you a toast. To the prosperity of Animal Farm!

Pigs & Farmers To Animal Farm!

Napoleon I have only one criticism to make on Mr. Pilkingtons excellent and neighbourly speech. He
referred through out to Animal Farm. Mr. Pilkington could not of course know - for I am
announcing it now for the 1st time which the name Animal Farm has been abolished.

Dance of Animals

Henceforward, the farm is to be known as Manor farm. I believe that is its correct and original
name. Gentlemen I give you the same toast as before, but in a different form. Gentlemen, I
give you a toast. To the prosperity of Manor Farm!

Pigs and Farmers To Manor Farm

Pilkington More profit for fewer people!


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Squealer More power in fewer hands!

Napoleon More control of beast and human!

Pilkington I see the future shine on me, and pictures of the times to be.

Farmer 1 Where chickens hatch ten thousand eggs and never need to stretch their legs.

Pilkington And sheep in crates may spend their days and grow us wool and never graze.

Farmer 2 I see the future shine on me and I see pictures of the good times to be.
The silky mink, the fiery fox, shall grow us fur inside a box.

Farmer 1 We will be rich again

Farmer 2 I dream of the world the way it used to be

Farmer 1 The natural order of man and animals shall return

Farmer 2 But will the world ever be the same again? Can it be? Should it be?

Squealer Calves will be born, grow up give birth, and die but never walk on earth. It is wrong!

Clover I see the future shine on me and pictures of the times to be.
Where day and night and heat and cold, and birth and death are all controlled.
And profit rules and all are calm on Englands grey and modern farm.

Pilkington Science is a wonderful thing. In order to produce more meat and clothing, we men are
developing a pig that can grow wool!

Pigs What?

Napoleon We pigs are experimenting with a human being who will lay eggs.

Humans What?

(Slowly the animals and humans take off their masks with their backs to the audience. They
turn and the audience sees their faces for the first time.

Child The creatures outside looked from pig to man, and from man to pig, and from pig to man
again. But already it was impossible to say which was which.

The child closes the book. Lights go down.

Song: Jollity Farm

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Jollity Farm

There's a farm called Misery, but of that we'll have none


Because we know of one
That's always lots of fun (Ha ha!)
And this one's name is Jollity; believe me, folks, it's great
For everything sings out to us as we go through the gate
All the little pigs, they grunt and howl
The cats mee-yow
The dogs bow-wow
Everybody makes a row
Down on Jollity Farm
(instrumental banjo)
All the little pigs, they grunt and howl
(Grunt, howl, grunt, howl)
The cats mee-yow
(Mee-yow, mee-yow)
The dogs bow-wow
(Ruff, ruff, ruff, ruff)
Everybody makes a row
Down on Jollity Farm
All the little birds go tweet, tweet, tweet
(birdsong, piano noodle)
The lambs all bleat
(baaaaa!)
And shake their feet
(rattle)
Everything's a perfect treat
Down on Jollity Farm
Regular as habit
The cocks begin to crow
Can the old buck rabbit
Sing Stuff it up your jumper
Vo-do-de-oh
All the little ducks go quack quack quack
(quack quack quack)
The cows go Moo
(honk)
The bull does, too
(whonk!)
Everyone says how do you do
Down on Jollity Farm

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Yesterday

Yesterday all my troubles seemed so far away.


Now it looks as though they're here to stay.
Oh, I believe in yesterday.

Suddenly I'm not half the man I used to be.


There's a shadow hanging over me.
Oh, yesterday came suddenly.

Why she had to go, I don't know, she wouldn't say.


I said something wrong, now I long for yesterday.

Yesterday love was such an easy game to play.


Now I need a place to hide away.
Oh, I believe in yesterday.

Why she had to go, I don't know, she wouldn't say.


I said something wrong, now I long for yesterday.

Yesterday love was such an easy game to play.


Now I need a place to hide away.
Oh, I believe in yesterday.

Mm mm mm mm mm mm mm

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Human

I did my best to notice


When the call came down the line
Up to the platform of surrender
I was broad but I was kind
And sometimes I get nervous
When I see an open door
Close your eyes Clear your heart
Cut the cord
Are we human? Or are we dancer?
My sign is vital
My hands are cold
And I'm on my knees
Looking for the answer
Are we human? Or are we dancer?

Pay my respects to grace and virtue


Send my condolences to good
Give my regards to soul and romance
They always did the best they could
And so long to devotion
You taught me everything I know
Wave goodbye Wish me well
You got to let me go
Are we human? Or are we dancer?

My sign is vital
My hands are cold
And I'm on my knees
Looking for the answer
Are we human? Or are we dancer?

Will your system be alright


When you dream of home tonight?
There is no message we're receiving
Let me know is your heart still beating?
Are we human? Or are we dancer?

My sign is vital
My hands are cold
And I'm on my knees
Looking for the answer
You got to let me know
Are we human? Or are we dancer?

My sign is vital
My hands are cold
And I'm on my knees
Looking for the answer
Are we human? Or are we dancer?
Are we human? Or are we dancer?
Are we human Or are we dancer?

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Somewhere over the Rainbow

Somewhere over the rainbow


Way up high
There's a land that I heard of once in a lullaby
Somewhere over the rainbowSkies are blue
And the dreams that you dare to dream really do come true

Someday I'll wish upon a star


And wake up where the clouds are far behind me
Where troubles melt like lemon drops
Away above the chimney tops
That's where you'll find me

Somewhere over the rainbow


Blue birds fly
Birds fly over the rainbow
Why then oh why can't I?
If happy little blue birds fly beyond the rainbowWhy oh why can't I?

Someday I'll wish upon a star


And wake up where the clouds are far behind me
Where troubles melt like lemon drops
Away above the chimney tops
That's where you'll find me

Somewhere over the rainbow


Blue birds fly
Birds fly over the rainbow
Why then oh why can't I?
If happy little blue birds fly beyond the rainbowWhy oh why can't I?

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Let it Be

When I find myself in times of trouble


Mother Mary comes to me
Speaking words of wisdom, let it be
And in my hour of darkness
She is standing right in front of me
Speaking words of wisdom, let it be
Let it be, let it be
Let it be, let it be
Whisper words of wisdom
Let it be
And when all the brokenhearted people
Living in the world agree
There will be an answer, let it be
For though they may be parted
There is still a chance that they will see
There will be an answer, let it be
Let it be, let it be
Let it be, let it be
Yeah, there will be an answer let it be
Let it be, let it be
Let it be, let it be
Whisper words of wisdom
Let it be
Let it be, let it be
Let it be, yeah, let it be
Whisper words of wisdom
Let it be
And when the night is cloudy
There is still a light that shines on me
Shine on until tomorrow, let it be
I wake up to the sound of music
Mother Mary comes to me
Speaking words of wisdom, let it be
Yeah, let it be, let it be
Let it be, yeah, let it be
There will be an answer, let it be
Let it be, let it be
Let it be, yeah, let it be
Whisper words of wisdom
Let it be

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Stand By Me

When the night has come


And the land is dark
And the moon is the only light we'll see
No I won't be afraid, no I won't be afraid
Just as long as you stand, stand by me

So darlin', darlin', stand by me, oh stand by me


Oh stand by me, stand by me
If the sky that we look upon
Should tumble and fall
Or the mountains should crumble to the sea
I won't cry, I won't cry, no I won't shed a tear
Just as long as you stand, stand by me

And darlin', darlin', stand by me, oh stand by me


Oh stand now by me, stand by me, stand by me-e, yeah
And darlin', darlin', stand by me, oh stand by me
Oh, stand now by me, stand by me, stand by me-e, yeah
Whenever you're in trouble won't you stand by me, oh now now stand by me
Oh stand by me, stand by me
Oh stand by me, stand by me

Hard Days Night

It's been a hard day's night, and I've been workin like a dog
It's been a hard day's night, I should be sleepin like a log
But when I get home to you, I find the things that you do
Will make me feel alright

You know I work all day to get you money to buy you things
And it's worth it just to hear you say, you're goin to give me everything
So why on earth should I moan, cause when I get you alone
You know I feel OK
When I'm home, everything seems to be right
When I'm home, feeling you holding me tight, tight, yeah

It's been a hard day's night, and I've been workin like a dog
It's been a hard day's night, I should be sleepin like a log
But when I get home to you, I find the things that you do
Will make me feel alright

So why on earth should I moan, cause when I get you alone


You know I feel OK
When I'm home, everything seems to be right
When I'm home, feeling you holding me tight, tight, yeah

Ow, it's been a hard day's night, and I've been workin like a dog
It's been a hard day's night, I should be sleepin like a log
But when I get home to you, I find the things that you do
Will make me feel alright
You know I feel alright
You know I feel alright

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Help

Help, I need somebody


Help, not just anybody
Help, you know I need someone
Help!
When I was younger, so much younger than today
I never needed anybody's help in any way
But now these days are gone I'm not so self-assured
Now I find I've changed my mind and opened up the doors
Help me if you can, I'm feeling down
And I do appreciate you being 'round
Help me get my feet back on the ground
Won't you please, please help me?
And now my life has changed in oh so many ways
My independence seems to vanish in the haze
But every now and then I feel so insecure
I know that I just need you like I've never done before
Help me if you can, I'm feeling down
And I do appreciate you being 'round
Help me get my feet back on the ground
Won't you please, please help me?
When I was younger, so much younger than today
I never needed anybody's help in any way
But now these days are gone I'm not so self-assured
Now I find I've changed my mind, I've opened up the doors
Help me if you can, I'm feeling down
And I do appreciate you being 'round
Help me get my feet back on the ground
Won't you please, please help me?
Help me, help me, ooo

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Money, Money, Money

I work all night, I work all day, to pay the bills I have to pay
Ain't it sad
And still there never seems to be a single penny left for me
That's too bad
In my dreams I have a plan
If I got me a wealthy man
I wouldn't have to work at all, I'd fool around and have a ball

Money, money, money


Must be funny
In the rich man's world
Money, money, money
Always sunny
In the rich man's world

Aha aha
All the things I could do
If I had a little money
It's a rich man's world
It's a rich man's world

A man like that is hard to find but I can't get him off my mind
Ain't it sad
And if he happens to be free I bet he wouldn't fancy me
That's too bad
So I must leave, I'll have to go
To Las Vegas or Monaco
And win a fortune in a game, my life will never be the same

Money, money, money


Must be funny
In the rich man's world
Money, money, money
Always sunny
In the rich man's world

Aha aha
All the things I could do
If I had a little money
It's a rich man's world

42
Amazing Grace

Amazing grace, how sweet the sound


That saved a wretch like me
I once was lost, but now I'm found
Was blind, but now I see
'Twas grace that taught my heart to fear
And grace my fears relieved
How precious did that grace appear
The hour I first believed
Through many dangers, toils and snares
We have already come
'Twas grace hath brought us safe thus far
And grace will lead us home
When we've been there ten thousand years
Bright shining as the sun
We'd know less days to sing God's praise
Than when we first begun

43
Our Farm

Father wears his Sunday best


Mother's tired she needs a rest
The kids are playing up downstairs
Sister's sighing in her sleep
Brother's got a date to keep
He can't hang around

Our farm, in the middle of our field


Our farm, in the middle of our
Our farm it has a crowd
There's always something happening
And it's usually quite loud
Our mum she's so farm-proud
Nothing ever slows her down
And a mess is not allowed

Our farm, in the middle of our filed


Our farm, in the middle of our
Our farm, in the middle of our field
(Something tells you that you've got to get away from it)
Our farm, in the middle of our
Father gets up late for work
Mother has to iron his shirt
Then she sends the kids to school
Sees them off with a small kiss
She's the one they're going to miss
In lots of ways
Our farm, in the middle of our field
Our farm, in the middle of our
I remember way back then when everything was true
And when we would have such a very good time
Such a fine time, such a happy time
And I remember how we'd play simply waste the day away
Then we'd say nothing would come between us, two dreamers

Father wears his Sunday best


Mother's tired she needs a rest
The kids are playing up downstairs
Sister's sighing in her sleep
Brother's got a date to keep
He can't hang around

Our farm, in the middle of our field


Our farm, in the middle of our field
Our farm, in the middle of our filed
Our farm, in the middle of our
Our farm, was our castle and our keep
Our farm, in the middle of our field
Our farm, that was where we used to sleep
Our farm, in the middle of our field
Our farm, in the middle of our field

44
Trouble Town

Stuck in speed bump city


Where the only thing that's pretty
Is the thought of getting out
There's a tower block overhead
All you've got's your benefits
And you're barely scraping by
In this trouble town
Troubles are found
In this trouble town
Words do get 'round
Kick the bottom make troubles flee
Smoke until our eyes would bleed
Sparkle pop the seed
Hear the sirens down the street
The kids get light on their feet
Or they'll be in the back seat
In this trouble town
Troubles are found
Sitting on the pavement
Boy you've missed your payment
And they're gonna find you soon
If there's a beating in the rain
If there's a little bit of pain, man
You're the one it happens to
If I talk of getting out
I only hear the laughter loud
It's gotten ugly at home
Somewhere there's a secret road
To take me far away I know
But til then I am hollow
In this trouble town
Troubles are found
In this trouble town
Fools are found
Sitting on the pavement
Boy you've missed your payment
And they're gonna find you soon
If there's a beating in the street
If there's a feeling of defeat
You're the one it happens to
Stuck in speed bump city
Where the only thing that's pretty
Is the thought of getting out

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