You are on page 1of 2

JURISDICTION

Supreme Court Court of RTC MTC


Appeals
Martial law
Habeas corpus
Ambassadors,
consuls, etc.
- concurrent original
jurisdiction
Certiorari,
prohibition,
mandamus
Quo warranto
Habeas corpus
Injunctions
Land registrations
Accion
reinvindicatoria
-recovery of
possession as the
owner
- prescription:
imprescriptible if there
is title; EXCEPTION:
estoppel; if not titled,
period is 30 years if
bad faith, 10 years if in
good faith
- action in persona
- real action bec it
involves title to or
possession of real
property or any
interest therein
- RTC: >50k if Metro
Manila and >20k if
outside Metro Manila
- MTC: <50k if Metro
Manila and <20k if
outside Metro Manila
Accion Publiciana
-recovery of the
possession as the
possessor (e.g. lessee)
- prescription: 10 years
RTC: >50k if Metro
Manila and >20k if
outside Metro Manila
- MTC: <50k if Metro
Manila and <20k if
outside Metro Manila
Action for
reconveyance
- Basis: owner
- Prayer: renaming
- prescription: 10 years

Niq Polido | CivPro 1


RTC: >50k if Metro
Manila and >20k if
outside Metro Manila
- MTC: <50k if Metro
Manila and <20k if
outside Metro Manila
Quieting of title *
- Basis: owner
- Prayer: to remove
cloud or annul the
other title
- imprescriptible
- Rule 63 should be
RTC but
jurisprudence said that
Rule 63 should give
way to BP 129 so
MTC jurisdiction is
unsure
FeUd (forcible
entry and unlawful
detainer)
- Basis: actual
possession
- Prayer: possession
- prescriptive period: 1
year
Foreclosure of
property
Appropriation
Partition
- depending on
assessed value
REM: Real estate
mortgage /
foreclosure
Replevin
- personal action
- 300k and below if
outside Metro Manila;
400k and below if
within Metro Manila:
MTC
Specific
Performance
- RTC because
incapable of pecuniary
estimation
Recission
- RTC because
incapable of pecuniary
estimation and accdg.
to Civil Code you can
either ask for specific
performance/recission
Damages

Niq Polido | CivPro 2