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Packers and Liner Hangers

• Basic Overview
• Applications and Selections of Packers
• Setting Criteria and procedures

What is a Packer?
• A packer is a tool used to form an annular seal
between two concentric strings of pipe or between
the pipe and the wall of the open hole.

• A packer is usually set just above the producing
zone to isolate the producing interval from the
casing annulus or from producing zones elsewhere
in the wellbore.

• Separates fluid types (or ownership), protects
against pressures and corrosion.

Why are packers used?
• Tubing and packer used to isolate zone of interest
- can be removed for repair.
• Packers act as downhole valve for press control.
• Packer can be a temporary plug to seal off the
zone while work is done up the hole.
• Subsurface safety valves used with packers for
downhole shut-in.
• Focus flow
• Isolate between zones

Lock Ring and Mandrel Slips Cone Seal Inner Mandrel Ability to effectively set a packer depends on having a clean. pushing them into the casing wall. driving the cone underneath the slips.Packer Cutaway Drawing As the packer sets. non corroded set point and reaching the set point without fouling the slips or failing other components. . the inner mandrel moves up. The sealing element is compressed & extruded to the casing wall.

production string 2. that isolates the inner annulus from the tubing. An external casing packer (ECP) set to seal the annulus between the surface or protection string and the inner. .Packers and Liner Hangers Mechanical isolation methods Two examples: 1. A conventional packer set near the end of the tubing.

Area down = casing ID .tube OD Area up = tube x-section + casing ID . it’s a force balance. Packer Considerations • Force on an area Remember.tube OD .

Packer Types & Selection Production Packers Retrievable Permanent Wireline Set Sealbore Hydraulic Set Hydraulic Set Hydrostatic Set Single Wireline Set Hydraulic Differential Set Dual Mechanical Single Grip Mech. Slips Double Grip Hyd. Slips Multiport RMC ESP Schlumberger .

Specific Packer Examples • Packer Examples – Retrievables – Seal bores – Inflatables – Wash Tools .

Retrievable Packers • Expected to be retrieved • More prone to leaks • Need an equalizing port • Release mechanism must be possible with well design .

zone isolation applications • Compact • Simple J slot control for set and release • Shear ring secondary release • Right-hand safety joint emergency release • Rocker type slips • Can be set shallow Weatherford .Economical packer used in production. Retrievable Packers Tension Set . injection.

Used in production. injection. compression or neutral • Models rated up to 10.000 psi • Pressure equalization needed prior to upper slip release • Secondary shear release required Weatherford . zone isolation and remedial applicatuions • Rotation set and release • Can be set with tension or compression • Tubing can be landed in tension. fracturing. Retrievable Production Packers Mechanical .

stimulation and testing • Compression set • RH rotation required to set. Weatherford . Retrievable Production Packers Mechanical Used in production. and for running and retrieval without surging/swabbing the well. (LH option usually available) • Available with or without Hydraulic hold down buttons for differential pressure from below • By-pass needed for equalization of pressure.

zone isolation and remedial applications where wireline setting is preferred • Can act as a bridge plug prior to production • Connect to tubing via On/Off Tool with blanking plug • Tubing can be landed in tension. compression or neutral • Slips above and below the elements • Triple element pack off system • Pressures to 10. injection. Retrievable Packers Wireline set .Used in production. fracturing.000 psi • Fluid bypass needed for pressure equalization • Retrieved on tubing • Secondary shear release needed Weatherford .

however: – Too much contraction can pull seals out of PBR – Seals can “bond” to the seal bore over long time at higher temperatures – Debris on top of packer can stick assembly . Seal Bore Packers • Allow tubing movement.

. causing seals to roll off if the stinger is pulled out.Unprotected seals below the packer may allow seal swelling by gas and fluids.

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Deep Completions • Most typical is permanent packer with a PBR (arrangement depends on personal preferences. kill and expected workovers. but also fracturing. • Seal assembly length dependent not only on normal operations. individual well configurations and intended operations). .

etc) should be isolated from wellbore fluids by main elements. Seal Bore Packers • High pressure & temperature ratings available • Multiple packing elements available • Short units are desirable for use in tight doglegs (>5o) and high (>8o/100ft) departure angles • Ability to set on wireline or with a hydraulic setting tool • Rotationally locked units needed for mill-ability • Share Seal Assemblies with permanent seal bore packers • Critical metallurgical and seals (O-rings. Weatherford .

Retrievable Seal Bore Packer One-trip applications • Hydraulic set version retrievable seal bore packer available for one-trip installations • Seal assembly is run in place for one trip installation • Available with large upper seal bore to maximize ID • Rotationally locked components Weatherford .

Permanent Seal Bore Packers Used in one trip production applications • Seals run in place for one trip setting • A metal back-up system can be specified to casing ID to prevent element extrusion • Elastomer and materials available for hostile environments Weatherford .

Packer Considerations • Select seals for full range of expected temperatures. pressures. • Examine slip design to help avoid premature setting during movement through viscous fluids. • A back-up system is need around the main seal to prevent seal extrusion at high temps and pressure. doglegs and rough treatment . and fluids.

Seal Bore Packers Nitrile Seal or Viton Seal Molded Seals: Steel spacer • Recommended in medium pressure applications where seal movement out MOLDED SEAL of the seal bore is anticipated. SINGLE UNIT Chevron Seals: End spacer Used for higher pressure and Seal spacer temperature applications. Middle spacer CHEVRON SEAL SINGLE UNIT Nitrile Seal or Viton Seal Weatherford .

Screw-out. and Knock-out Bottoms Weatherford . Seal Bore Packer Accessories • Tubing Anchor and Locator Assemblies • Seal Units and Spacer Tubes • Seal Bore and Mill-Out Extensions • Packer Couplings and Bottoms • Pump-out.

– Need to set in open hole. – Setting in multiple sizes of pipe on same run. – In non-standard casing. – Where larger run-in and retrieval clearances are needed. – Need to set beneath a restriction. Inflatable Packers and Plugs • Reasons to run and inflatable. . – Large diameter applications.

. allow time (1 hr?) for relaxation of the elements. Inflatable Setting Considerations The inflatable packer offers a way to set a seal in a larger area below a restriction. The quality of the seal depends on how much the packer must expand over initial diameter. When deflating an inflatable packer. the conditions in the area in which it is set. the Holding ability of the inflatable differential pressure it must hold. The elements never shrink back to initial diameter – allow about 30% increase in diameter for retrieval. is always suspect since it does what fluid is used for inflation and not have conventional slips. the length of the slide (placement run).

Baker . The only gripping ability is generated by the friction of the steel against the pipe or open hole.Inflatables rely on expansion of an inner rubber bag that pushes steel cables or slats against the wall of the pipe or the open hole. This is critically dependent on the inflation pressure and the exterior slat or cable design. For a permanent seal. place several bailers of cement on top of the inflatable.

temperature and deviation. . slide length (running). especially in long zones. Perforation Wash Tool Used for selective acidizing of perforated intervals • Heavy Duty reinforced casing cups • Spacing between cups adjustable from 12” to any length by addition of standard tubing pup joints • Large internal bypass • Cup wear from casing burrs can be significant and may reduce seal. Weatherford Successful resets run from about 5 to over 20. • The number of successful resets depends on casing conditions. pressures.

Trinidad .Packer Seals Packer Slips Lawrence Ramnath .

Note the lower slips set by movement of the mandrel and upper slips set by piston action.A hydraulic set packer. .

Slips – Liner hanger .

J-Slot on a liner hanger. .

Fullbore Tension C Fullbore BV Tension Packer R-104 Tubing Set Retrievable Bridge QDH w/ EQV. MS Perma-Lach G-6. K-1 EZSV. Mechanical. DAB AWR G-1. DLT Tension Set Service Packer 32A. DB VTL (Versa-Trieve) G-10 M Omegatrieve WS. C Series Compression Set. SC-2PAH HPHT (Versa-Trieve HP/HT Retrievable) Compression Set Service Packer CST. G-16 KH Hydraulic Set Retrievable HRP. SC-2 Hydraulic Set Retrievable Seal Hydrow-Pak SC-2PAH VHR (Versa-Trieve) RSB Bore HPHT Hydraulic Set Retrievable Hydrow-Pak HP-1AH. CE2 Plugs Permanent Bridge Plugs/Cement PCR. Hydrow-I. PAD-1. Single Grip AL R-4 T Series Compression Set. HT-1 Hydraulic Set Permanent Arrowdrill BH SB-3 MHR PG Model HS PH Hydraulic Set Permanent Double Arrowdrill DBH SAB-3 MHR PG-1 Model HSB Bore PH-1 Retrievable Seal Bore Arrow-Pak Retrieva-D. Arrowset I-X (&10K). FHL. MSG EA Retrievamatic RTTS HDCH-V Omegamatic Champ III. EZ Drill Type A Quik-Drill Retainer EZ Drill SVB Fas-Drill. TSU G Lock-Set 3L RBP-VI P-1 Plug Wireline Set Retrievable Bridge WRP. Tension Set. QDH. Plugwell. H/D. PADL-1 AD-1 RB Uni-Packer I SA-3 Mechanical. C5. HS-S AHR RHS Dual Hydraulic Set Retrievable Hydrow IIA A-5 RDH Uni-XXVII Hydro-10 T-2 BHD RHD HSD GT Wireline Set Permanent Arrowdrill B Model D AWB G. Lockset. PBP Mercury N. PFH FH. IV Compression Set Storm Packer CSTH. HT AWS Wireline Set Permanent Double Arrowdrill DB DA. PR-3 Single Grip R-3 Single Grip Uni-Packer IV SR-2 Single Grip Model G R-4 Uni-Packer II U-3 G-4 CA-3. HCS .Packer Comparisons . Double Grip J-Lok. GT-1 Bore FA. WSB Quantum SC-1. GT Model S F-1 BWB H. FHS RH Uni-Packer VII Hydro-5 Hydra-Pak PHL G-77 HRP HS. Ultra. CE. Max WPL Uni-Packer VI SOT-1 Lok. Double Grip PR-3 R-3 Double Grip MHS Uni-Packer V SR-1 Packer MH-2 Neutral Set.from Weatherford Weatherford Completion Systems HES Schlumberger Packer Type (Bold Items are Preferred Products) Baker (Camco) Halliburton Guiberson Solid head. FAB H-1. Double Grip Packer QDG.

Packer specifics from Baker .

Mixed Mixed Monobore: weights. . grades mixed same and grades.Casing Design Options – think about running and setting packers. grade weights same weight Small diameters at the top of the well may prevent entry by some packers.

Production Packers • Purposes – Casing protection from fluids or pressures – Separation of zones – Subsurface pressure and fluid control – Artificial lift support equipment .

fluid reaction • Force balance and direction – slip direction • resists upward motion. Packer Considerations • Seal stability – pressure. compression. downward or both ways) • tension. mechanical or hydraulic set . temperature.

Allowing Tubular Movement
• Usually incorporate a PBR - polished bore
receptacle, for a “stinger” or seal assembly
to slide through.
• Shoulder out on the PBR - if it can move, it
will eventually leak.
• Seals must match operating extremes as
well as general conditions.

Seal Bore Packer to Tubing Connections

Seal Bore
Extensions
(SBE) Tubing
Sealbore
Receptacle
(TSR)
Polished
Bore
Receptacle
(PBR)

Seal Assembly Locator Types

Locator Anchor
Latch

Snap Latch

A “stinger” or seal assembly that is run on the end of tubing and “stings” into the polished bore receptacle (PBR) of the packer. .

Stinger Seal Materials • Single or mixture of elastomers • seal design variance • seals usually protect the slips from corrosive fluids. .

4= unsatisfactory Much larger data base available online. 2=fair. . 3=doubtful. Tubing Seal Stability Seal Material oil brine H2S CO2 Butyl Rubber 4 1 1 2 Flurocarbon 1 1 4 2 Nitrile 1 1 4 1 Fluro-silicone 2 1 3 2 1=good.

Swells D .7) (103) (103) (34.4) (34. (3) Back-Up Rings must be used. Seal Specialists with Halliburton Energy Services should be consulted for the actual selection of seals for use in specific applications.000 10.4) (34.000 5000 5000 5000 3000 15.Little or no effect C .4) (20.4) Environments H2S A A A A A B B NR NR A A A CO2 A A B B A B B C A A A A CH4 (Methane) A A A A A A A B B A A A Hydrocarbons (Sweet Crude) A A A A A A A B C A A A A Xylene A A A C A A A NR NR A A A Alcohols A A C B A C C B A A A A Zinc Bromide A A A A A A A NR NR A A A Inhibitors A A NR A A NR NR NR B A A A Salt Water A A A A A A A C A B A A Steam A A NR A A NR NR NR NR NR B B Diesel A A A A A A NR A B B A A A-Satisfactory B .Not tested NOTE: (1) This information provides general guidelines for the selection of seal materials and is provided for informational purposes only. Halliburton Energy Services will not be liable for any damage resulting from the use of this information without consultation with Halliburton Seal Specialists.000 5000 (MPa) (103) (68.Not recommended NT . . Halliburton Energy Services (1) General Guidelines For Seals Compound PEEK(2).000 15. (4) Fluorel(3) Aflas(3) Chemraz(3) Viton(3) Neoprene(3) Nitrile(3) Kalrez(3) Teflon(3) Filled Unfilled Unfilled Filled Unfilled Filled Filled Filled Filled Unfilled Service °F 350 350 450 350 325 300 275 450 400 325 (°C) (177) (177) (232) (177) (163) (149) (135) (232) (204) (163) (2).Attacks NR . (4) Above Below Pressure psi 15. (4) There could be a slight variation in both temperature and pressure rating depending on specific equipment and seal designs.000 15.Dallas for service temperature and pressure. (4) Ryton(2).9) (103) (34. (2) Contact Technical Services at Halliburton Energy Services .

Halliburton Energy Services (1) General Guidelines For V-Packing .

Halliburton Energy Services (1) General Guidelines For V-Packing .

Seal Specialists with Halliburton Energy Services should be consulted for the actual selection of seals for use in specific applications. (1) Packer Element Selection START STEAM/THERMAL N APPLICATION W/NO HYDROCARBON FLUIDS Chart PERMANENT N Y PACKER DESIGN N PACKER IN OIL BASE MUD OVER 24 HOURS BEFORE PACKER IN BROMIDE N COMPLETION FLUIDS MORE THAN 36 HOURS BEFORE TEMP 40°F TO 325°F Y NITRILE ELEMENTS W/STANDARD METAL BACKUPS SET? SET? Y N Y Y N Y TEMP NITRILE ELEMENTS W/TEFLON 40°F TO AND METAL BACKUPS 400°F N Y TEMP AFLAS ELEMENTS 100°F TO W/STANDARD METAL BACKUPS 400°F N Y TEMP AFLAS ELEMENTS W/TEFLON AND 100°F TO GRAFOIL WIREMESH AND METAL BACKUPS 450°F N TEMP CHECK WITH YOUR HALLIBURTON GREATER THAN 450°F REPRESENTIVE FOR SPECIAL APPLICATIONS N Y RETRIEVABLE PACKER TEMP NITRILE ELEMENTS PACKER EXPOSED TO 40°F TO W/BONDED GARTER SPRINGS DESIGN BROMIDES? 275°F Y N PACKER N Y ELEMENTS TEMP EXPOSED TO AMINE FLUOREL ELEMENTS 40°F TO W/BONDED GARTER SPRINGS CORROSION INHIBITORS? 400°F Y N Y TEMP AFLAS ELEMENTS 100°F TO W/BONDED GARTER SPRINGS 400°F N CHECK WITH YOUR HALLIBURTON TEMP REPRESENTIVE FOR SPECIAL GREATER THAN 400°F APPLICATIONS Y TEMP EPDM ELEMENTS WITH BACKUPS LESS THAN 550°F NOTE: (1) This information provides general guidelines for the selection of seal materials and is provided for informational purposes only. TEMP REPRESENTIVE FOR SPECIAL GREATER THAN 550°F APPLICATIONS . N Halliburton Energy Services will not be liable for any damage resulting from the use of this information without consultation with Halliburton CHECK WITH YOUR HALLIBURTON Seal Specialists.

. Forces and Length Changes • Temperature: • Piston Effect: • Ballooning • Buckling: A tubing movement calculator is the best method. but the difficulty is in knowing accurate temperature changes and pressure changes.

length changes unless locator is shouldered • If tube set in tension or compression. Is it Force or Length Change? • No packer .length change • Tube landed on packer . • Latched tubing . shortening possible with cooling after downward force absorbed. only forces • Tube stung through . force with increasing temp. effects of temp depends on initial force and DT .no movement.incr.tube suspended and not touching well bottom .

oF . length change DL = CLDT Where: DL = length change C = expansion coeff.9x10-6/oF L = length of tubing DT = average temp change. for steel = 6. Temperature.

Temperature. Force change • F = 207 DTa As • Where: F = temperature induced force DTa = change in average temp of tubing. oF As = cross sectional area of tubing .

(worst case) • If circulation is allowed. . all but top few joints will be unaffected by injected fluid temp. What Temperature is Average? • If no circulation .treat each packer as a separate calculation. Bottom string first.source dependent! • In dual packer .assume all tubing is same as injected fluid temperature. .no temp change. (v. slight effect) • Injected fluid temp? .

Temperatures in the Well? Circulating or High Rate Injection? 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 0 0 Tubing Undisturbed Tbg Fluid Tbg Fluid 2000 2000 Casing 1 Tubing Undisturbed Casing 1 4000 4000 6000 6000 8000 8000 10000 10000 12000 BHST= 122*F BHST= 125*F 12000 14000 14000 BHCT= 98*F BHTT= 86*F 16000 16000 Circulation pump rate = 8-BPM Frac job pump rate = 35-BPM 18000 18000 .

Problem • Temperature Effect Only – Is a 6 ft seal assembly (effective seal length) enough to keep the tubing from unseating when the average temperature falls from 210oF to 100oF during a Frac job? L = 8000 ft. . – Assume locator is shouldered but no downward force is applied.

000 lb downward force were applied to the tubing before the temperature change? .1 ft unseats! What if 15.9 x 10-6 x 8000 x 110 DL = 6. Problem • Temperature Effect Only DL = 6.

59) = 28oF Then: 110 .28 = 82oF DL = 6.000 lb? • F = 207 x DT2 x 2.9 x 10-6 x 8000 x 82 = 4.52 ft . How much temperature increase is spent lifting the 15.59 in2 DT2 = 15000 / (207 x 2.

Ballooning . Piston. use a couple of them (different assumptions). What about those other factors? • Buckling.better yet. .Use a computer program .

sea floor penetrating and CO2 operations. . • Lower than normal temperatures may be seen in permafrost. Temperature Extremes • The extremes of temperature change (higher than normal) are usually seen in operations involving cyclic thermal processes.

(Remember the burrs on the perforations?) • The quantity of debris turned loose from the casing wall is often severe! (Tens of pounds worth!) Watch the formation damage. Setting the Packer • Chances of setting packers go up sharply when a casing scraper is run. .

etc.) on locations or high earth stress casing wall (fills slip teeth) zones • Well pressures are within • Adequate cement and bond range of packer at set point required behind pipe at • Pipe alloy compatible with packer set point setting slips (hardness of • Caliper casing above and casing relative to packer through the packer set point slips) • Clearance between packer • Slip design & contact area and casing at set point is acceptable for slip holding within rated range of packer • Weight applied to packer • Avoid zones of high can be transferred to corrosion. Packer Set Point Requirements • Avoid setting packer in the • Remove burrs from pipe same joint where previous above packer set point packers have been set. either internal or formation external. fault scale. . mud. mill • Avoid doglegs. • Remove debris (dope. cement.

Information Required Before Setting Packer or Plug • Wellbore drawing with all diameters • Last TD tag – rerun? • Doglegs and deviations • Viscosity of fluid in wellbore – Calculate running speed vs. surge/swab. • Copy of reference logs • Where have other packers been set (avoid that joint) • Set point requirements • How can it be equalized if it has to be pulled? .

• Run in hole at about 100 fpm. . • Using CCL/GR. Job Checks • Measurements from CCL to a packer reference point. slowing at ID restrictions. log up and correlate depths • Set packer – look for line weight reduction • Disconnect and log up a few collars (may be slightly off depth after disconnecting).

. • Log back up a few collars. Job Checks • Drop back and gently tag packer with setting tool to confirm depth.

Packer Setting Guidelines • Drift • Scraping • Casing Support .

Drift the Casing • Casing ID requirements above the set point • Casing ID requirements below the set point • Check the drift to deepest point with drift of diameter and length of packer. .

mud. . • Scraping casing can increase packer setting success • Scraping casing can also produce some severe formation damage if perforations are not protected. pipe dope and mill scale minimize debris that can fill the slips. Clean/Scrape The Casing? • Removal of perforation burrs minimizes elastomer seal damage • Removal of cement.

scale. The debris it turns loose from the pipe may damage the formation unless the pay is protected by a LCM or plug.Casing Scraper – Designed to knock off perforation burrs. lips in tubing pins. It cleans the pipe before setting a packer or plug. etc. cement and mud sheaths. .

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The scraping and surging drives debris into unprotected perfs.One very detrimental action was running a scraper prior to packer setting. Effect of Scraping or Milling Adjacent to Open Perforations 20 Perfs not protected by 10 LCM prior to scraping 0 % Change in PI 1 Perfs protected 2 by -10 LCM -20 -30 Short Term PI Change -40 Long Term PI Change -50 -60 SPE 26042 .

Typical Completions • Single and Dual Zone Completion Types .

Single Zone Completion (Mechanical Packer) Packer isolates casing from production • Provides means of well control • Protects casing above packer from corrosion • Anchors tubing string On-Off Sealing Connector • Tension Set • Compression set Retrievable Packer • Wireline Set • Large Variety of accessories available Weatherford .

preferred Perforated Spacer Tube No-Go Seating Nipple –Drop Ball Seat – debris problem? Wireline Re-Entry Guide Weatherford . Seating Nipple Spacer Tube • Requires tubing plugging device to set packer Ball Activated Pressure Sub –Wireline plug . allows packer fluid change- Hydrostatic Retrievable Packer out after wellhead is flanged (sliding sleeve not Flow Coupling recommended in every case). Single Zone Completion (Hydraulic Set Packer) • Permits Packer setting without tubing manipulation –Common in offshore applications where SCSSV control lines prevent tubing rotation Flow Coupling Sliding Sleeve • Allows one-trip installation Flow Coupling • With sliding sleeve.

Block and Kill Valve • Available as Permanent or Retrievable Sliding Sleeve • Production string may be anchored or floating. can be used as temporary Crossover Sub or permanent bridge plug Flow Coupling Seating Nipple • Permanent packers removed by milling operations Spacer Tube • Retrievable Seal Bore Packers are removed in Flow Coupling separate trip with retrieval tool – provided seals No-Go Seating Nipple Perforated Spacer Tube will release. depending on tubing movement requirements Seal Bore Packer (anchored or shouldered is highly recommended) Mill-Out Extension • Packer may be plugged. Single Zone Completion (Seal Bore Packers) • Dependable • Low failure frequency • Generally permit larger flow ID’s Annulus Activated. Crossover Sub Seating Nipple Wireline Re-Entry Guide Weatherford .

Single Zone Completion (Seal Bore Packers w/Locator Seal Assy.) Sliding Sleeve Flow Coupling Locator Seal Assembly • Locator unit atop Seal Bore Extension allows tubing Seal Bore Packer movement from press and temp changes: Seal Spacer Tube – Frac or Acid Stimulation Seal Bore Extension – Production extremes and shut-in Tubing Seal Nipples • Seals available to match environment: Production Tube – Temperature Range Spacer Tube – Pressure Conditions Flow Coupling Seating Nipple – Fluid Environment Perforated Spacer Tube • Works well with tubing conveyed No-Go Seating Nipple perforating (TCP) Weatherford .

• PBR above packer accommodates Locator Seal Assembly tubing trip/movement – Shear release locator allows one-trip Retrievable Packer Bore Receptacle installation with Hydraulic set packer Anchor Tubing Seal Nipple – Large ID suitable for Thru-Tubing Hydraulic Set Seal Bore Packer perforating Mill-Out Extension Crossover Sub Shear-Out Ball Seat Sub Weatherford . Single Zone Completion (Polished Bore Receptacle (PBR)) • Seal Bore Packer with large upper bore permits maximum flow area.

Single Zone Completion (Stacked Selective Completion) Flow Coupling Sliding Sleeve • Permanent packers are stacked for Seal Bore Packer Seal Bore Extension multiple zone completion Tubing Seal Nipples – Zones are selective flowed or shut-in by Flow Coupling Seating Nipple sliding sleeves or ported profiles and plugs Blast Joint Polished Nipple – Tubing may be anchored or floating Flow Coupling Sliding Sleeve – Blast joints are placed across production Seal Bore Packer interval to reduce flow-cutting of Seal Bore Extension production lines Seal Spacer Tube Tubing Seal Nipples Spacer Tube • This type of completion design often has No-Go Seating Nipple Production Tube severe problems with leaking sleeves Weatherford and corroded/eroded tubing in the straddled zone. .

the bottom packer may be a Seating Nipple permanent packer which serves as Ball Activated Pressure Sub Perforated Spacer Tube No-Go Seating Nipple a locator for spacing out the Wireline Re-Entry Guide completion Weatherford . Single Zone Completion (Standard Dual Completion) Flow Couplings Seating Nipples Flow Couplings Flow Coupling • Permits independent production of Sliding Sleeve Short String Seal Nipple each zone Dual Hydraulic Retrievable Packer Flow Coupling Seating Nipple Flow Coupling • Flanged-up completion for safety Ball Activated Pressure Sub Perforated Spacer Tube No-Go Seating Nipple Pinned Collar • Fully retrievable completion (both Seating Nipple Blast Joint packers) for remedial access Polished Nipple Sliding Sleeve Hydraulic Retrievable Packer • Or.