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Easy-Downloader V1.1 for ATMEL


89C2051/4051
Wichit Sirichote, kswichit@.kmitl.ac.th

Free schematic and software for building your own a programmer for writing intel-HEX file to
the AT89C2051 and AT89C4051

WARRANTY:Easy-Downloader was designed for students, hobbyists, academic instructors to build a low-cost tool for building
microcontroller circuit based on the 2051 and 4051 chips. The circuit is not professional designed, no complicated components, simple
software. The beta version both writer.c and ez.exe have launched for free. The author is not warrant that the circuit and software will be
foolproof..

Introduction
The first version of the Easy-Downloader was designed in 1997 to be used as a tool for my students
on building her/his own microcontrollers circuit in the class " Designing Microprocessors System".
The circuit features low-cost and easy use. The latest version V1.1 was designed to be used with 2051
and the newest 4051 chips. There is no separated functions like other programmer e.g., blank check,
erase, write. Simply type say, c:\..>ez hello , the hex file "hello.hex" will then be programmed to the
chip automatically. If the chip is not blank or the code is locked, it will erase first, then write and
verify... that all.

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PCB file included

Hardware
Figure 1 depicts a circuit diagram of the Easy-Downloader. As shown, the circuit uses a 89C2051
with writer.hex firmware, 74LS373 8-bit latch, DS275-like, 7805, LM317 and two transistors,
2N2222A and 2N2907A. The programming voltage control circuit is the same as recommended by
ATMEL application note. It can be raised from 0V, 5V and 12V by appropriated signal from P3. The
8-bit latch, 74LS373 provides some signal for selecting the programming modes. A byte to be
programmed or read back is sent/received through P1. Incrementing address is done by pulsing a
positive pulse to XTAL pin. The circuit may be built using simple point-to-point soldering with a
general purpose PCB( fish's egg like PCB) or making PCB shown above, the file is Easy-v1.pcb
Protel PCB version 2.76. The finished board should be tested without any chips; 1) +5V supply, 2)
programming voltage 0V, 5V and 12V by connecting the pin that control (P3.5 and D) 2N2222A and
2N2907 to +5V and/or GND. The adapter output should be approx. 15Vdc 100mA.

Figure 1: Circuit Diagram of Easy-Downloader V1.1

Software
Two files that you should get are: writer.hex 4,871 bytes, the intel hex file firmware for 89C2051 chip
( the actual code size is 2021 bytes) and, ez.exe 20,800 bytes the uploader program run on PC, send

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hex file to the downloader. The original writer.c program was written in 'C'. To modify, it needs
Micro C-compiler from Dunfield Development System Ontario Canada with tiny memory model.

Functional Test
Use a given programmer (ready made Easy-Downloader) write the writer.hex to the 2051 chip. Put
the programmed 2051 chip to the board. Invoke any communication software with 9600 baud, 8-data
bit, no parity. Connect DB-9 to COM1, say, press enter key, the title "Easy-Downloader V1.1 for
ATMEL 89C2051/4051" would be appeared on the screen. type >s2048 ( set byte counter to 2k), then
without the 2051 chip in ZIF, type >r (read 2kB), on screen would show FFFFFFFFFFF... indicating
corrected wiring for P1. If you put the chip having already program inside, r command will show the
hex code with the number of byte set by s command. Try e command to erase the entire program!! All
done. Figure 2 shows example of using Xtalk program to test the board.

Figure 2: Using Xtalk to test the board


Now try with "ez" the uploader program to help you more easy to write the hex file to the chip.
Example of using ez is shown in Figure 3. Have fun...

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Figure 3: Example of using EZ program writes the writer.hex to 2051 chip

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Figure 4: Example of Using EZ3 and EZ3.1


Download EZ Uploader V3.0 for Window The EZ Uploader provides a simple means of
sending HEX file to the writer board. To connect the board with EZ, click available COM port,
COM1, say. After the EZ recognizes the chips, then click Send Hexfile, that all. Since there is no
signature byte that indicates chip number and programming voltage, thus you have to choose the
appropriated memory size either 2051 or 4051 manually, i.e., 2048 or 4096 respectively.
Download EZ Uploader V3.1 for Window An upgraded version of EZ3 with RAED and
SAVE AS features for reading HEX code resided in the chip and save as an Intel HEX file.

Easy-Downloader Tips

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HEX file extension

Some Assembler or Compiler produce output hex file with .OBJ instead of .HEX. The EZ
needs .HEX extension, just rename it...

Expensive ZIF Socket

Without expensive ZIF socket, you may use an ordinary socket instead, surely many times of pulling
the chips may cause the far end leg of the 2051 chip broken. My student suggests me to insert one
more socket to the 2051 chip. It works very nice. Even the programmer has ZIF, but your application
board does not have. Better to insert one socket to strengthen the 2051's leg.

DC Adapter

Any DC adapters, fixed or adjustable can be used, a bridge diode corrects polarity for the regulator IC
eventually. Many adapters provide higher DC output than the value labeled, to ensure, check the
proper programming voltage that must be in the range of 11.5 to 12.5V.

Putting Right Position


The latest version does not include the protection circuit if putting wrong position, i.e., GND-Vcc <--
> Vcc-GND.

Thus before put the chip into the programmer or your application board, back to see your thought, say
I am putting the 2051 chip to the right position, then pick the chip, and place it...

If you have a problem, comment, bug report, or suggestion concerning the use of Easy-Downloader
please contact the author via my e-mail address shown above.
Easy-Downloader circuit was designed by W.Sirichote.
Writer.c was written by W.Sirichote.
Ez.exe, EZ3 and EZ3.1 were written by S.Charoenruaywattana.
"Easy-Downloader" came from S.Zong after his finished 1st beta of EZ program.
Easy-v1.PCB was prepared by Jaroon Keawkhrua.

Build Your Own uC Projects


Last updated, 20 October 2542

http://www.shrubbery.net/~heas/willem/kmitl/easy.htm 09/24/2011 03:02:25 PM