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DESIGN OF R.C.

SLAB

Sample Computation:(S-1)

Specifications: Size of Slab: 7 m by 7m. - Case 4)


L
S
= 7 m/ 7 m. = 1.1 < 2 (two way slab)
perimeter of panel 2(7 7)
180 180
Minimum thickness = = = 0.156 m. say 160 mm.
Min. concrete cover = 25 mm. : d = 160 mm. 25 mm. = 135 mm.
*Use Normal weight concrete with 28-day compressive strength, fc = 20.7 MPa
and A615-85 ASTM Standard; Grade 40 Reinforcement with yield strength, fy =
276 MPa

Computation of Dead Loads and Live Loads:

Slab = (0.160 m)(23.54 kN/m3) = 3.766 kN/m2


Ceiling = (0.29 kN/m2) = 0.29 kN/m2
Utility = (0.04 kN/m2) = 0.04 kN/m2
Finishing = (0.77 kN/m2) = 0.77 kN/m2
Partition = (2.1 kN/m2) = 2.1 kN/m2
Total Dead Load = 6.966 kN/m2
Live Load = 4.8 kN/m2

Consider 1 meter strip of slab:

Dead Load = 6.966 kN/m2 (1 m.) = 6.966 kN/m


Live Load = 3.8 kN/m2 (1 m.) = 3.8 kN/m

wu = 1.2 DL + 1.6 LL = 1.2 (6.966 kN/m) + 1.6 (3.8 kN/m)


wu = 8.359 kN/m + 6.08 kN/m = 14.439 kN/m
L
m a
Lb
= 7 m./7 m. = 1
NEGATIVE MOMENT AT CONTINOUS EDGE: (TWO WAY)

Canegative = 0.050
Cbnegative = 0.050

Ma = CawLa2 = (0.050)( 14.439 kN/m)(7m)2 = 35.376 kN.m


Mb = Cb wLb2 = (0.050)( 14.439 kN/m)(7m) 2 = 35.376 kN.m
POSITIVE MOMENTS:

CaDL = 0.027
CbDL = 0.027
CaLL = 0.032
CbLL = 0.032

POSITIVE MOMENT ALONG SHORT DIRECTION

MaDL= CawDLLa2= 0.027 (8.359 kN/m )(7m) 2 = 11.059 kN.m


MaLL= CawLLLa2= 0.032 (6.08kN/m)(7 m) 2 = 9.533 kN.m
MaTS= 11.059 kN.m + 9.533 kN.m = 20.592 kN.m

POSITIVE MOMENT ALONG LONG DIRECTION


MbDL= CbwDLLb2= 0.027 (8.359 kN/m )(7m) 2 = 11.059 kN.m
MbLL= CbwLLLb2= 0.032 (6.08kN/m)(7 m) 2 = 9.533 kN.m
MbTS= 11.059 kN.m + 9.533 kN.m = 20.592 kN.m

NEGATIVE MOMENT AT DISCONTINUOUS EDGES EQUALS 1/3 OF


POSITIVE MOMENT

Ma= 1/3 (20.592 kN.m) = 6.864 kN.m


Mb= 1/3 (20.592 kN.m) = 6.864 kN.m

ALONG SHORT DIRECTION


(1) At Midspan
Mu fc' bd 2 (1 0.59 )

20592000= 0.90 (20.7 MPa)(1000)( 135mm) 2 (1-0.59 )

(1-0.59 ) = 0.061

2
0.59 - + 0.061= 0

= 1.63 and 0.063
fc' 0.071 20.7

fy 276
= 0.00473
As bd (0.00473)(1000)(135)
= 638.55 mm.2

Use 12 mm. bars:

Abar
12 2
1000 4 1000
As 638.55
S= = = 177.116 mm. say 175 mm.

(2) Continuous Edge:


Mu fc' bd 2 (1 0.59 )

2
35376000 = 0.90 (20.7 MPa)(1000)(135 mm) (1-0.59 )

(1-0.59 ) = 0.104

2
0.59 - + 0.116 = 0

= 1.58 and 0.111
fc' 0.111 20.7

fy 276
= 0.008
As bd (0.008)(1000)(135)
= 1080 mm.2

Use 12 mm. bars:

Abar
12 2
1000 4 1000
As 1080
S= = = 104.72mm. say 100 mm.

(3) Discontinuous Edge


Use 3 times the spacing of midspan
(Moment is only 1/3 of midspan)
S = 3 (175 mm.) = 525 mm. > 50 mm. (ACI Code)
Bent up two of every three bars from the bottom steel

ALONG THE LONG DIRECTION:


(a) Midspan
d = 135 mm. 1/2 (db) mm
d = 135 mm. 6 mm. = 129 mm.

Mu fc' bd 2 (1 0.59 )

20592000= 0.90 (20.7 MPa)(1000)(129 mm) 2 (1-0.59 )

(1-0.59 ) = 0.066

2
0.59 - + 0.066 = 0

= 1.626 and 0.069
fc' 0.069 20.7

fy 276
= 0.0052
As bd (0.0052)(1000)(129)
= 670.8 mm.2

Use 12 mm. bars:

Abar
12 2
1000 4 1000
As 670.8
S= = = 168.6mm. say 165 mm.

(b) Continuous Edge:


Mu fc' bd 2 (1 0.59 )

35376000 = 0.90 (20.7 MPa)(1000)(135 mm)2 (1-0.59 )

(1-0.59 ) = 0.104

2
0.59 - + 0.104 = 0

= 1.58 and 0.111
fc' 0.125 20.7

fy 276
= 0.0083
As bd (0.0083)(1000)(135)
= 1120.5 mm.2


Use 12 mm. bars:

Abar
12 2
1000 4 1000
As 1120.5
S= = = 100.934 mm. say 100 mm.

(c) Discontinuous Edge:


Moment is only 1/3 at midspan
Spacing = 3 (165 mm.) = 495 mm. > 50 mm.
Bent up two of every three bottom bars

Sample Computation: (S-2)

Specifications: Size of Slab: 8 m by 7m. - Case 9)


L
S
= 8 m/ 7 m. = 1.142 < 2 (two way slab)
perimeter of panel 2(7 7)
180 180
Minimum thickness = = = 0.167 m. say 170 mm.
Min. concrete cover = 25 mm. : d = 170 mm. 25 mm. = 145 mm.
*Use Normal weight concrete with 28-day compressive strength, fc = 20.7 MPa
and A615-85 ASTM Standard; Grade 40 Reinforcement with yield strength, fy =
276 MPa

Computation of Dead Loads and Live Loads:

Slab = (0.170 m)(23.54 kN/m3) = 4.002 kN/m2


Ceiling = (0.29 kN/m2) = 0.29 kN/m2
Utility = (0.04 kN/m2) = 0.04 kN/m2
Finishing = (0.77 kN/m2) = 0.77 kN/m2
Partition = (2.1 kN/m2) = 2.1 kN/m2
Total Dead Load = 7.202 kN.m2
Live Load = 3.8 kN/m2

Consider 1 meter strip of slab:

Dead Load = 7.202 kN/m2 (1 m.) = 7.202 kN/m


Live Load = 3.8 kN/m2 (1 m.) = 4.8 kN/m

wu = 1.2 DL + 1.6 LL = 1.2 (7.202 kN/m) + 1.6 (3.8 kN/m)


wu = 8.642 kN/m + 6.08 kN/m = 14.722 kN/m
L
m a
Lb
= 7m./8 m. = 0.875

NEGATIVE MOMENT AT CONTINOUS EDGE: (TWO WAY)

Canegative = 0.068
Cbnegative = 0.025

Ma = CawLa2 = (0.068)( 14.722 kN/m)(7m)2 = 49.054 kN.m


Mb = Cb wLb2 = (0.025)( 14.722 kN/m)(8m) 2 = 23.555 kN.m

POSITIVE MOMENTS:

CaDL = 0.026
CbDL = 0.015
CaLL = 0.036
CbLL = 0.022

POSITIVE MOMENT ALONG SHORT DIRECTION

MaDL= CawDLLa2= 0.026 (8.642 kN/m )(7m) 2 = 11.01 kN.m


MaLL= CawLLLa2= 0.036 (6.08kN/m)(7 m) 2 = 10.725kN.m
MaTS= 11.059 kN.m + 10.725 kN.m = 21.735 kN.m

POSITIVE MOMENT ALONG LONG DIRECTION


MbDL= CbwDLLb2= 0.015 (8.642 kN/m )(8m) 2 = 8.296 kN.m
MbLL= CbwLLLb2= 0.022 (6.08kN/m)(8 m) 2 =8.561 kN.m
MaTS= 11.059 kN.m + 8.561 kN.m = 16.857 kN.m

NEGATIVE MOMENT AT DISCONTINUOUS EDGES EQUALS 1/3 OF


POSITIVE MOMENT

Ma= 1/3 (21.735 kN.m) = 7.245kN.m


Mb= 1/3 (16.857 kN.m) = 5.619 kN.m

ALONG SHORT DIRECTION


(1) At Midspan
Mu fc' bd 2 (1 0.59 )

21735000 = 0.90 (20.7 MPa)(1000)( 145mm)2 (1-0.59 )

(1-0.59 ) = 0.055

2
0.59 - + 0.055= 0

= 1.64 and 0.057
fc' 0.057 20.7

fy 276
= 0.00428
As bd (0.00428)(1000)(145)
= 620.6 mm.2

Use 12 mm. bars:

Abar
12 2
1000 4 1000
As 620.6
S= = = 182.238mm. say 180 mm.

(2) Continuous Edge:


Mu fc' bd 2 (1 0.59 )

54385000 = 0.90 (20.7 MPa)(1000)(145 mm)2 (1-0.59 )

(1-0.59 ) = 0.139

2
0.59 - + 0.139 = 0

= 1.542 and 0.153
fc' 0.153 20.7

fy 276
= 0.011
As bd (0.011)(1000)(145)
= 1479 mm.2

Use 12 mm. bars:

Abar
12 2
1000 4 1000
As 1479
S= = = 76.47mm. say 75 mm.

(3) Discontinuous Edge


Use 3 times the spacing of midspan
(Moment is only 1/3 of midspan)
S = 3 (155 mm.) = 465 mm. > 50 mm. (ACI Code)
Bent up two of every three bars from the bottom steel

ALONG THE LONG DIRECTION:


(a) Midspan
d = 135 mm. 1/2 (db) mm
d = 145 mm. 6 mm. = 139 mm.

Mu fc' bd 2 (1 0.59 )

16857000= 0.90 (20.7 MPa)(1000)(139 mm) 2 (1-0.59 )

(1-0.59 ) = 0.047

2
0.59 - + 0.047 = 0

= 1.65 and 0.0484
fc' 0.0484 20.7

fy 276
= 0.00363
As bd (0.00363)(1000)(139)
= 504.57 mm.2


Use 12 mm. bars:

Abar
12 2
1000 4 1000
As 504.57
S= = = 224.15mm. say 220 mm.

(b) Continuous Edge:


Mu fc' bd 2 (1 0.59 )

23555000 = 0.90 (20.7 MPa)(1000)(145 mm)2 (1-0.59 )

(1-0.59 ) = 0.060

2
0.59 - + 0.060 = 0

= 1.633 and 0.0623
fc' 0.0623 20.7

fy 276
= 0.00467
As bd (0.00467)(1000)(145)
= 677.513 mm.2

Use 12 mm. bars:

Abar
12 2
1000 4 1000
As 677.513
S= = = 166.93 mm. say 165 mm.

(c) Discontinuous Edge:


Moment is only 1/3 at midspan
Spacing = 3 (220 mm.) = 660 mm. > 50 mm.
Bent up two of every three bottom bars
DESIGN OF R.C. BEAM

I. SPECIFICATIONS:

Span, L = 8 m.; Tributary area: = 3.5 m. x 8 m. = 28 m2


Minimum concrete cover = 40 mm.

II. COMPUTATION OF LOADS:


DEAD LOAD:

Slab = (0.17 m)(23.54 kN/m3)(3.5 m) = 14.01 kN/m


Ceiling = (0.29 kN/m2) (3.5 m.) = 1.015 kN/m
Utility = (0.04 kN/m2) (3.5 m.) = 0.14 kN/m
Finishing = (0.77 kN/m2) (3.5 m.) = 2.695 kN/m
Partition = (2.1 kN/m2) (3.5 m.) = 7.35
Beam = (0.4 m)(0.6 m)(23.54 kN/m3) = 5.6496
Total Dead Load = 30.86 kN/m
Live Load = 3.8 kN/m2 (3.5 m) = 13.3 kN/m

Compute for ultimate moment:


w L2 30.86 kN/m 8m
2
M DL u
12 12
= 164.587 kN.m.
wL
M LL u
2
13.3 kN/m 8m 2

12 12
= 70.933 kN.m.
ME
254.68 kN.m.
( maximum moment due to earthquake load from seismic analysis)

Mu M DL M LL M EL
0.75 (1.2 + 1.6 + 1.87 )
= 0.75 [1.2 (164.587 kN.m) + 1.6 (70.933kN.m.) + 1.87 (254.68KN.m)]
Mu
590.44 KN.m
Mu
1.2 (164.587 kN.m) + 1.6 ( 70.933kN.m)
Mu
310.997 KN.m
Mu
Use 590.44 KN.m

III. Design Data:

I. Check if compression bars are needed


fc' 600 0.85 20.7 0.85) 600
b
fy 600 fy 414 600 414
= 0.021
max b
0.75
max
0.75 (0.021)
max
0.016
M 1 fc' bd 2 1 0.59
= 0.90(20.7)(300)(460)2w(1-0.59w2)
1 0.59
590440000 N.mm. = 0.90(20.7)(300)(460)2

(1-0.59 ) = 0.499

2
0.59 - + 0.499 = 0

= 0.85
fc' 0.85 20.7

fy 414
= 0.0425
max
>

it needs reinforcement for tension and compression ( design as
double reinforced beam)
Mu Mu max
II. If >
Solve for Ast

As1 = bd
As1= (0.0425)(300)(460) = 5865 mm2
Mu1
Compute for
fy 0.0425 414

fc' 20.7
= =0.85
Mu1 fc' bd 1 0.59
2

=
Mu1
= (0.9)(20.7)(300)(460)2(0.85)[1-0.59(0.95)]
Mu1
= 501.111 kN.m
Mu2
= 590.44-501.111 =89.329 kN.m
III. Check if compression steel yields
Solve for a and c:
C1 T1
As1 f y 0.85 fc' a b
(5865mm2)(414) = 0.85 (20.7)(a)(300)
a = 460 mm
a 1c

c = a/ 0.85 = 460 mm. /0.85 = 541 mm


f ' s / Es 0.003

c d' c
f ' s / 200000 0.003

c d' c
c d'
f ' s 600
c

600 40
600
f 's 541
= 621.072 MPa > 414 MPa
IV. If fs fy then use fs = fy (compression steel yields)
As = As2
Mu2 T2 d d '
=
Mu2 As2 fy d d '
=
As2
89329000 N.mm. = 0.90 ( )(414 MPa)(460 40)
As2
= 570.822 mm2

V. Compression Steel Area = As2 = 570.822 mm2


Tension Steel Area = As1 + As2 = 5865 mm2 + 570.822 mm2
Tension Steel Area = 6435.822 mm2

VI. Compute for the No. of RSB


570.822 mm 2

25 2
4
N (compression bars) = = 1.16 bars says 2 RSB

Use 2-25 mm. compression bars

6435.822 mm 2

25 2
4
N (tension bars) = = 13.111bars; say 14 RSB

Use 14-25 mm. tension bars

Design of Web Reinforcement

DL = 30.86 kN/m.
LL = 13.3kN/m.
EL = 9.955 KN/m
wu 0.75[1.2 DL 1.6 LL 1.87( EL)]

= 0.75[1.2(30.86) + 1.6(13.3) + 1.87(9.955)]


wu
= 57.696 kN/m

Check for shearing stress:


1 1
Vc fc' 20.7 (300)( 460)
6 6
bd = 104.64 kN
Vc 0.85104.64kN
2 2
= = 44.47 kN
wu L 57.696 8
Vu wu d (57.696) 0.460
2 2

Vc
Vu 2
204.244 kN >
Vc
Vu 2
> (Therefore it needs stirrups)

Compute for nominal shear strength provided by shear


reinforcement:
Vu
Vs Vc 204.244 104.64
0.85
= 135.647 kN

Compute for the spacing of the stirrups:


Use 10 mm. diameter stirrups

Av 10 2
2

4
= 157.08
A fyd 157.08 414 460
S v
Vs 135647

S = 220.53 mm. say 220 mm.

Compute for maximum spacing allowed by the ACI Code (


1
Vs fc'bd
3
)
1 1
S max d 460
2 2
= 230 mm. > 180 mm.
Use S = 180 mm

Check for minimum area requirement


b S 300 (220)
Av
3 fy 3 414
10 2 78.54
4
= = 53.14 < mm.2 (ok)

Therefore use 10 mm. diameter stirrups @ 195 mm.


DESIGN OF STAIRS
(MAIN STAIRS)

Thread (t) = 275 mm. = 0.275 m


Riser (r) = 175 mm. = 0.175 mm.

No. of steps = 24

1 1
t 12 .27512
24 24
S= =
S = 0.1375

S r 2 t 2 23.54
t
Weight of slab (Ws) =
Weight of slab (Ws) = 3.84 kN/m2

r
23.54
2
Weight of steps =
Weight of steps = 2.06 kN/m2

Total DL = Weight of slab + Weight of steps


Total DL = 5.9 kN/m2

Consider 1 m. strip:
DL = ( 5.9 kN/m2)(1 m) = 5.9 kN/m
LL = ( 3.8 kN/m2)(1 m) = 3.8kN/m

Ultimate Load (Wu)


wu 1.2 DL 1.6 LL

wu
1.2 (5.9 kN/m) + 1.6(3.8kN/m)
wu
13.16 kN/m

Ultimate moment (Mu)


L = 12 ( t ) = 12(.275) = 3.3m
w L2 13.16(3.3) 2
Mu u
8 8
=
Mu
17.914kN.m.

Use 16 mm. bars:


d = S 25 (16)
d = 137.5 25 - 8
d = 104.5 mm.

M u1 fc' bd 2 1 0.59

1 0.59
2
17914050 N.mm. = 0.90(20.7)(1000)(104.5)

(1-0.59 ) = 0.088

0.59 2 - + 0.088 = 0

= 1.60 and 0.093


fc' 0.093 20.7

fy 414
= 0.00465
fc' 600 0.85 20.7 0.85) 600
b
fy 600 fy 414 600 414
= 0.021

max b
0.75
max
0.75 (0.021)
max
0.016
1.4
min
fy
=1.4/414 MPa
min
0.003


As = bd
= 0.003(1000)(104.5)
As = 412.5 mm2

Using 12 mm. bars:


As
N 25

12 2
4
= 3.6 bars say 4 bars
Use RSB 4-12 bars


1000 12
2

S 4
As
S = 274.18mm. Say 270mm

Max. S = 5t or Max. S = 500 mm.


Min. S = 100 mm.
Min S < S < Max. S (ok)

Area of temperature bars:


As = 0.002 bt
As = 0.002 (1000)(104.5)
As = 209mm2

Using Use 10 mm. RSB:



1000 10
2

S 4
As
S = 375.8mm. say 370mm

Max. S = 5t or Max. S = 500 mm.


Min. S = 100 mm.
Min S < S < Max. S (ok)

Check for shear:


wu L 13.16(3.3)
2 2
R= =
R = 21.714
R 18018
bd 1000(140.5)
V= = = .155 Mpa
1
Vallow. fc'
6
Vallow.
.78 Mpa
0.155 < 0.76
Vallow.
V< (safe)
DESIGN OF LANDING
(MAIN STAIRS)

Dimension = 1.8 m. by 4 m

Try thickness 180 mm.

Consider 1 m. strip:
DL = (1.5m)( 23.54kN/m2)(1 m) = 35.31kN/m
LL = ( 3.8 kN/m2)(1 m) = 3.8 kN/m

Ultimate Load (Wu)


wu 1.2 DL 1.6 LL

wu
1.2 (35.31kN/m) + 1.6(3.8kN/m)
wu
48.452 kN/m

Ultimate moment (Mu)


w L2 48.452(1.8) 2
Mu u Mu
8 8
=
Mu
19.623 kN.m.

Use 16 mm. bars:


d = S 25 (16)
d =137.5 25 - 8
d = 104.5 mm.

M u1 fc' bd 2 1 0.59

1 0.59
2
19623000 N.mm. = 0.90(20.7)(1000)(104.5)

(1-0.59 ) = 0.096

2
0.59 - + 0.096 = 0

= 1.59 and 0.102

fc' 0.102 20.7



fy 414
= 0.0051
fc' 600 0.85 20.7 0.85) 600
b
fy 600 fy 414 600 414
= 0.021

max b
0.75
max
0.75 (0.021)
max
0.016
1.4
min
fy
=1.4/414 MPa
min min
0.0034 :use


As = bd
As = 0.0034(104.5)(1000)
As = 355.3mm2

Using 12 mm. bars:


As
N 25

12 2
4
= 3.14 bars say 4 bars RSB
Use 12mm RSB


1000 12
2

4

S
As
S = 318.32 say 315mm

Max. S = 5t or Max. S = 500 mm.


Min. S = 100 mm.
Min S < S < Max. S (ok)

Area of temperature bars:


As = 0.002 bt
As = 0.002 (1000)(104.5)
As = 209 mm2

Using Use 10 mm. RSB:



1000 12
2

S 4
As
S = 541 mm.

Max. S = 5t or Max. S = 500 mm.


Min. S = 100 mm.
Min S < S >Max. S

(use Max. spacing = 500mm)

Check for shear:


wu L 48.452(1.8)
2 2
R= =
R = 43606.8 N
R 443606.8
bd 1000(104.5)
V= =
= 0.417
1
Vallow. fc'
6

Vallow.
0.76
0.417 < 0.76
Vallow.
V< (safe)
Design of Interior Column

Description:
The compressive strength of the concrete to be used is 20.7 MPa
and to be reinforced with Reinforcement Steel Bars with a yield strength of
414 MPa.

Tributary area = 7m x 8m. = 56 m2

Computation of Dead Loads:


Roof Deck Loadings
Slab = (0.17 m)(23.54 kN/m3)(7 m) (8 = 224.101 kN
m)
Ceiling = (0.29 kN/m2)(7 m) (8 m) = 16.24 kN
Utility = (0.04 kN/m2)(7 m) (8 m) = 2.24 kN
Finishing = (0.77 kN/m2)(7 m) (8 m) = 43.12 kN
Parapet = (1.43 kN/m2)(7 m) (8 m) = 80.08 kN
= (0.4 m)(0.6 m)(23.54 kN/m3)(7) +
Beam = 84.744 kN
(0.4 m)(0.6 m)(23.54 kN/m3)(8)
Column =(0.45m)(0.45m)(23.54kN/m3) = 16.684 kN
(3.5 m)
Total Dead Load = 386.02 kN

Fourth Floor Loadings


Slab = (0.17 m)(23.54 kN/m3)(7 m) (8 = 224.101 kN
m)
Ceiling = (0.29 kN/m2)(7 m) (8 m) = 16.24 kN
Utility = (0.04 kN/m2)(7 m) (8 m) = 2.24 kN
Finishing = (0.77 kN/m2)(7 m) (8 m) = 43.12 kN
Partition = (2.1 kN/m2)(7 m) (8 m) = 84 kN
= (0.4 m)(0.6 m)(23.54 kN/m3)(7) +
Beam = 84.744 kN
(0.4 m)(0.6 m)(23.54 kN/m3)(8)
Column =(0.45m)(0.45m)(23.54kN/m3) = 16.684 kN
(3.5 m)
Garden = (1 kN/m2)(7 m) (8 m) = 56 kN
Waterproofing = (0.07 kN/m2)(7 m) (8 m) = 3.92 kN
Membrane
Total Dead Load = 531.049 kN

Third Floor Loadings


Slab = (0.17 m)(23.54 kN/m3)(7 m) (8 = 224.101 kN
m)
Ceiling = (0.29 kN/m2)(7 m) (8 m) = 16.24 kN
2
Utility = (0.04 kN/m )(7 m) (8 m) = 2.24 kN
Finishing = (0.77 kN/m2)(7 m) (8 m) = 43.12 kN
Partition = (2.1 kN/m2)(7 m) (8 m) = 84 kN
= (0.4 m)(0.6 m)(23.54 kN/m3)(7) +
Beam = 84.744 kN
(0.4 m)(0.6 m)(23.54 kN/m3)(8)
Column =(0.45m)(0.45m)(23.54kN/m3) = 16.684 kN
(3.5 m)
Total Dead Load = 471.129 kN

Slab = (0.17 m)(23.54 kN/m3)(7 m) (8 = 224.101 kN


m)
Ceiling = (0.29 kN/m2)(7 m) (8 m) = 16.24 kN
Utility = (0.04 kN/m2)(7 m) (8 m) = 2.24 kN
Finishing = (0.77 kN/m2)(7 m) (8 m) = 43.12 kN
Partition = (2.1 kN/m2)(7 m) (8 m) = 84 kN
= (0.4 m)(0.6 m)(23.54 kN/m3)(7) +
Beam = 84.744 kN
(0.4 m)(0.6 m)(23.54 kN/m3)(8)
Column =(0.45m)(0.45m)(23.54kN/m3) = 16.684 kN
(3.5 m)
Total Dead Load = 471.129 kN

Ground Floor Loadings


Slab = (0.17 m)(23.54 kN/m3)(7 m) (8 = 224.101 kN
m)
Ceiling = (0.29 kN/m2)(7 m) (8 m) = 16.24 kN
Utility = (0.04 kN/m2)(7 m) (8 m) = 2.24 kN
Finishing = (0.77 kN/m2)(7 m) (8 m) = 43.12 kN
Partition = (2.1 kN/m2)(7 m) (8 m) = 84 kN
= (0.4 m)(0.6 m)(23.54 kN/m3)(7) +
Beam = 84.744 kN
(0.4 m)(0.6 m)(23.54 kN/m3)(8)
Column =(0.45m)(0.45m)(23.54kN/m3) = 19.067 kN
(4.00m)
Total Dead Load = 473.512 kN

Dead Load = 2332.839 kN


Live Load = 5[ (3.8)(7)(8)] = 1064kN
Earthquake Load = 615.776 kN

Pu = 1.2 DL + 1.6 LL
Pu = 1.2 (2332.839 kN)+ 1.6 (1064kN)
Pu = 4501.807 kN
Pu PDL PLL PEL
0.75 (1.2 + 1.0 + 1.0 )
Pu
0.75 [1.2 (2332.839 kN)+ 1.0 (1064 kN)+ 1.0 (615.776 kN)]
Pu
3838.187kN
Use Pu = 4501.807 kN

g
Try = 0.03
Pu
Ag

(0.80) 0.85 fc' 1 g fy g
4501807 N
Ag
0.70 (0.80) 0.85 20.7 1 0.03 414 0.03
Ag
272625.231 mm2

h 2 272625.231
h
522.14 say 530 mm.

Try 500 mm by 500 mm. square column


Ag = 530x530
Ag = 280900mm2

As g Ag

As
(0.03)(280900)
As
8427 mm2

Check for slenderness ratio:


L M
34 12 1
r M2

where L = length of column per storey


L = 4000 mm.
r = 0.3h
r = 0.3 (530)
r = 159
4000
34 12(1)
159
25 > 22 (slenderness ratio is considered)

Use 28 mm. main bars


8427

28 2
4
Number of bars =
Number of bars = 13.68 say 14 bars

Therefore use 14 28 mm. diameter bars


28 214
4
Actual As =
Actual As = 8620.530 mm2

As
g
Ag
actual
8620.530
g
280900
actual
g 0.031
actual > 0.01 < 0.08 (ok)

Spacing of the wires:

Use 10 mm. diameter ties


(1) 16 bar diameter = 16 (28) = 448 mm
(2) 48 tie diameter = 48 (10) = 480
(3) least dimension = 530 mm.

Use spacing of lateral ties @ 448 mm. on center

Check for column capacity:


0.80 0.85 fc' Ag Ast fyAst
Pu =
0.70 0.80 0.85(20.7) 280900 8620.53 414 8620.53
Pu =
Pu = 4766.145kN > actual 4501.994 kN (safe)