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3RD Quarter Topic: Date: Day: Friday

Protein Synthesis (in review) January 6, 2017
LP #: 18
OBJECTIVES: KEY CONCEPT:
At the end of the period, 75% of the students  . The sequence of DNA nucleotides
should be able to: controls the production of proteins which
1. interrelate DNA sequence, protein in turn, determines the traits or observable
production, and the observable traits of an characteristics of an individual.
individual;
2. write the mRNA, tRNA of a given strand
of DNA and decode it to an amino acid;
3. develop and manifest a sense of
appreciation for one’s identity
4. get 3 out of 5 items correctly

MATERIALS: REFERENCES:
 Charts  Grade 10 Science Lab Manual and
 Whiteboard marker exercises
 Dictionary of genetic code
LEARNING ACTIVITIES
A. Classroom routine
B. Recall/Motivation
The class will be divided into three. Each group will have a whiteboard marker and an answer
sheet.
Activity 1: Below is a DNA sequence Write down the mRNA codons that would correctly match
with the DNA codons.

DNA TAG CAT TAG
mRN AUC
A
tRNA UAG
Amino Isoluecin
acid e

What process is involved in finding the mRNA codon? In tRNA anticodon?
C. Lesson Proper
1. Pre-activity discussion
a. Unlocking of word difficulty

Your bestfriend asked for help in answering this puzzle. She told you that each
number represents a letter, but when she substituted
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
A B C D E F G H I J K L M

14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26
N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

T R A I T Refers to an inherited characteristic
2 18 1 9 20
0

D E C O D E To recognize and interpret
4 5 3 15 4 5

P H E N O T Y P E Refers to the physical
1 8 5 1 1 2 2 1 5 appearance
6 4 5 O 5 6

Prepared by: Aubrey May De Francisca Grade 10-Science

Enrichment  The relationship among DNA sequence.” The description for each suspect is indicated in the reference cards.  . Proteins are made up of amino acids  b. The suspect whose traits match with the decoded amino acid is the criminal.  In order to see which of these two suspects is the real criminal. Post-activity discussion a. Prepared by: Aubrey May De Francisca Grade 10-Science . Each group will have an answer sheet. Procedure of the activity  The class will be divided into three groups. protein and traits or characteristics will be further explained using the following illustration:  The two main phases of protein synthesis will also be reviewed. There are two suspects identified as “Goku” and “Gohan. the students must determine the mRNA.  Each group will act as a private detective who will investigate the death of a girl named “Iska”. the students will answer the guide questions.  After doing the activity. and the reference card. tRNA.  The amino acid produced is based from the sequences of tRNA which is then directed by the sequence of mRNA. of each strand of DNA extracted from the things recovered in the crime scene. Activity Proper 3. b. a copy of the dictionary of genetic code. Discussion of the answers to the guide questions  The sequence of nucleotides in DNA directs the formation of mRNA. c. Guide Questions  What directs the formation of mRNA?  What is the basis for the type of amino acid produced?  What is the role of proteins in determining the trait of an individual?  How does the sequence of DNA nucleotides affects the traits or characteristics of an individual? 2.

For the RNA components. Bring these cut-outs.ASSESSMENT ASSIGNMENT 1. uracil = orange. scissors. For the DNA components. ribose sugar = brown and nitrogenous bases as follows: adenine = yellow. use the following color code: phosphate = blue. use the following color code: phosphate = blue. deoxyribose sugar= green. 2. REMARKS *summary/continuation Prepared by: Aubrey May De Francisca Grade 10-Science . thymine = pink. guanine = violet and cytosine = red. Cut out the DNA and RNA components on the pattern provided to you. guanine = violet and cytosine = red and uracil = orange. ribose sugar = brown and nitrogenous bases as follows: adenine = yellow. and tape tomorrow.