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Pag-asa National High School

Rawis Legazpi City
SY: 2015-2016

Submitted by:
Sharmaine P. Blancaflor

Submitted to:
Ms. Cherry Lou Abaroa
Subject Teacher

Ms. Jessiebel Artiaga
Student Teacher

World Bank Mission. an approximate 4 per cent increase since 2013. is the minimum income required to meet basic food needs and other non-food requirements such as clothing.[4] The survey provides data on the socio-economic profile and the living conditions of families in 78 provinces and all cities and municipalities of Metro Manila.[3] such as People's Republic of China (PRC). Under the MDGs. Indonesia or Vietnam. Poverty Statistics based on Income and Expenditures The Annual Poverty Indicator Survey.Poverty in the Philippines Poverty has always remained a critical social problem that calls to be addressed. It provides data on the different non-income indicators related to poverty and is held every year except for years when the Family Income and Expenditure Survey.[6] Recent estimates for the Poverty and Food Thresholds has been consistently increasing. being the estimate for minimum food . Poverty and Food Threshold Poverty Threshold.6% by 2015. Thailand.[3] The government planned to eradicate poverty as stated in the Philippines Development Plan 2011-2016 (PDP). more than one-quarter (25. [1] According to the data from the National Statistical Coordination Board. is a survey held nationwide. is being administered. administered by the National Statistics Office. The unevenness of the decline has been attributed to a large range of income brackets across regions and sectors. Food threshold.8%) of the population fell below the line the first semester of 2014. Philippines committed itself to halving extreme poverty from a level of 33. health.534 pesos a year. and unmanaged population growth. housing. Philippines latest poverty line for 2014 marks a monthly per capita income of 10. and education expenses.[2] The decline in poverty has been slow and uneven. much slower than neighboring countries who experienced broadly similar numbers in the 1980s. This shows that the incidence of poverty has remained significantly high as compared to other countries for almost a decade. on the other hand. or FIES. The PDP for those six years are an annual economic growth of 7-8% and the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals(MDGs). or APIS. transportation. and the United Nations Development Programme. provides the same major and specified details of expenditures but over a larger sample area extending to provinces and municipalities across the Philippines.1% in 1991 to 16.[6] Food Threshold is the minimum income required to meet basic food needs and satisfy the nutritional requirements set by the Food and Nutrition Research Institute (FNRI) to ensure that one remains economically and socially productive. also known as Poverty Line. The Philippines poverty rate is roughly the same level as Haiti. The Family Income and Expenditure Survey.

on the other hand. indicating an improvement in the proportion of the population that is below the poverty line. .[6] Subsistence Incidence. is the proportion of the population with per capita income less than the per capita food threshold.expenditures.[6] Poverty and subsistence incidences for 2013 significantly decreased. Poverty Incidence is the proportion of the population with per capita income less than the per capita poverty threshold. Poverty Incidence and Subsistence Given the poverty thresholds mentioned above. consistently comprise around 70% of the minimum income requirement or poverty threshold. Poverty and Subsistence Incidence based on the Family Income and Expenditure Survey (FIES) and the Annual Poverty Indicator Survey (APIS). poverty and subsistence incidences are computed by determining the proportion of the population and the families whose per capita income are below the poverty and food thresholds.

4%. In 2013.[1] . divided by the total number of families. Subsistence incidence for the first semester of 2014. to get out of poverty. and 2013 based on the results from the Annual Poverty Indicator Survey Poverty Gap Poverty Gap is the total income shortfall (expressed relative to the poverty line) of families with income below the poverty threshold. Depth of Poverty Income Gap Income gap measures the average income required by the poor in order to get out of poverty (expressed relative to the poverty threshold). This is an increase in poverty level from 2013. 2012.8% poverty incidence for the first semester (January to June 2014).4% the poverty threshold. estimates a 25.2%. a 0. shows an improvement with a 10. families below poverty line need 27.Latest data released by Philippine Statistics Authority.[6] Income Gap is a measure of depth of poverty.[1] This is a slight decrease from 2012's income gap which requires an income of Php 2740 in order to overtake the poverty line. 2009.2 unit increase from 2013 which is 5. on the average. or an additional monthly income of Php 2. The poverty gap for the first semester of 2014 is 5. It is also a measure of depth of poverty.5% estimate.638. on the other hand. Income Gap in the Philippines for 2006. however.

9% per year. the absolute number of people living in poverty was 26.1 million.5 million. 2012. largely due to the high unemployment rate. which leaves much fewer resources to improve the economy. & 2013 based on the Annual Poverty Indicator Survey. the poverty incidence increased as a result of its population growth rate.000 Filipinos from 22. [10] .5 per cent. Poverty Gap in the Philippines for 2006. the rapid increase in population has become a problem because there is insufficient resources to support the population. Unemployment Poverty reduction has not kept up with GDP growth rates. From 2003 to 2006.2 million to 23. even though the Philippines experienced above-average economic growth. 2009.[8] In 1985.[3] As the Philippines has financially limited resources and a high poverty rate. Rapid population growth Given that the population of the Philippines is increasing at a rapid rate of 1. The official rate of unemployment for 2012 in the Philippines was 6.000 people daily in a country that already has an increase of more than four million poor people since 1985. increased by almost 970. This increased to 30. high inflation rate and wide income inequality. this can be translated as an increase of more than 5.4 million in 2000 and from 2006 to 2009.

Labor Force Survey for 2014 and 2015 Education and Literacy Families by Highest Grade Completed of the Family Head and by Income Stratum. the two highest reasons for not attending were "lack of personal interest" at 28. From the data concerning 6 to 24-year olds from the lowest 30% who had not attended school during the year 2010 to 2011. only 4% of those under the poverty line were in college.9% and "high cost of education" at 26. Ways to End Poverty in the Philippines . From the 3 to 24-year olds who attended school during the year 2010 to 2011.8%. while 18% of the highest 70% were in college. Philippines 2011 There is a great contrast between the achievement of tertiary education by family heads belonging to the lowest 30% and the highest 70%.

the government can tap international financial institutions. and other small-scale projects can be started in villages and small towns all over the country with the help of these international agencies. create more educational scholarships in high school and college levels for the children of poor parents who.The Philippines is one of the countries in Asia with the highest percentage of poor people. including the United Nations. for this is a noble effort to reach out to the poor in society and let the public money benefit those people in the poverty line. Corruption meansures are on-going and it does take time to haul all corrupt officials and their accessories to court and mete out the necessary justice. there is sense in the strategy to remove corruption as a problem in government before launching programs to end poverty. It should therefore continue to look to international agencies for help in terms of grants and loans to help the poor and bring them at par with the rich in enjoying even just the basic amenities of life. will render them tied to a future of endless poverty. Thus. Vital to these projects to end poverty should be the continued efforts of government agencies concerned to generate jobs for its jobless poor. the Philippines included. It must encourage private institutions and agencies to re-focus their programs to help the poor and the homeless in society. handicraft production. It is obvious that those countries. rural road projects. The government should also ask its people to practice volunteerism and help its poor countrymen. And what are ways to accomplish these? The government should continue with its conditional dole-outs of money for its identified poor families. References: . It should get easy approval from international programs designed to help end the poverty curse. And since a sincere and straightforward President is currently at the helm of power in the country. Also. The Philippines is still a Third World country. pure and simple. are deeply saddled in a morass of bureaucratic corruption. The Philippines must accept that it is still a developing country after all these years due to corruption that is endemic in all levels of its bureaucracy and which has created a deep division between the haves and the have-nots in Philippine society. food banks. livestock and food production. It must reward individuals and groups who take extra effort to assist the needy citizens through tax incentives and financial assistance. And a lot more projects for the poor are just waiting for the government to lay its helping hand on. there should be a rosy future at last for its poor citizens. Thus. whose main work is to alleviate world poverty by pouring in millions of dollars to developing countries to improve the lot of their citizens. without those free-schooling opportunities. it is incumbent for the government to get bolder and pour millions of pesos to poverty-ending tasks that aim to provide an opportunity for every Filipino to experience the basic amenities of life and get out of poverty. provide a place and build simple shelters for its homeless poor. Poverty-ending projects like cooperatives. It must assert that the success of government programs for the poor still rests with the full cooperation of its citizens. But there is a drawback to this strategy. It slows down the momentum to serve the poor. philippines.html http://anythingpinoy-edgar.wikipedia.