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You are on page 1of 23

EQUILIBRIUM

OF RIGID

BODIES IN TWO

DIMENSIONS

PROBLEMS

1) A 54 kg crate

rests on the 27 kg

pickup tailgate.

Calculate the

tension T in each

of the two

restraining cables,

one of which is

shown and support

force at O. The

centers of gravity

are at G1 and G2.

The crate is

located midway

between the two

cables. (3/8)

24) 529.79 N O Ox Oy 832.43T 2T T 579 N F 0x 2T cos 44.98 0.81)=264.43T 0 248.81)=529.87(0.74 264.PROBLEMS m2 = 54 .968 .41 0.87 N Oy 0 Oy 10.07 N 2 2 tan 300 0.31) 0 63.07 Ox 0 Ox 832 N Ox Fy 0 Oy 529.35) 54(9. 44.57 185.07(0.74 N 2T sin 44. calculate the tension T in Free Body Diagram of crate + tailgate: each of the two restraining cables.74(0. one of + which is shown and support force at O. m1 = 27 kg.87 2T sin 44. M 0 O 264.07 27(9.07 310 .

If the hydraulic cylinder applies a force of magnitude F = 24 kN to the pipe at C. (3/23) . determine the magnitude of the roller reactions at A and B.PROBLEMS 2) A pipe P is being bent by the pipe bender as shown.

Ax Bx A B Ax Bx tan 15 . determine the magnitude of the roller reactions at A and B.42 kN F = 24 kN .268 Ay B y A Ay By B 15° 15° F 0 y 24 2 Ay 0 Ax Bx Ay 12 kN 2T Ax 3.268 Ay Ax 0. Free Body Diagram of pipe: F 0 x .216 kN N A N B 12. 0.PROBLEMS F = 24 kN.

(3/28) .PROBLEMS 3) A 35 N axial force at B is required to open the spring-loaded plunger of the water nozzle. Determine the required force F applied to the handle at A and the magnitude of the pin reaction at O. so that negligible vertical force is transmitted there. Note that the plunger passes through a vertically elongated hole in the handle at B.

Free Body Diagram of OAB: + M 0 .77 N F y0 F sin 10 O y 0 O y 2.98 N B = 35 N Ox F 0 x F cos10 35 Ox 0 Oy Ox 48.64 F 45.39 N O 48.42 F 7. determine the required force F applied to the handle at A and the magnitude of the pin reaction at O. Negligible vertical force at B.06 F F 13. 35(18) F cos10(38) F sin 10(44) 0 O 630 37.PROBLEMS B = 35 N (axial force).83 N 15° .

determine the force which each roller exerts on its corresponding surface.PROBLEMS 4) The device shown is designed to apply pressure when bonding laminate to each side of a countertop near an edge. If a 120 N force is applied to the handle. (3/35) .

Free Body Diagram of ACB: + M 0 B 120(148. determine the force which each roller exerts on its corresponding surface.PROBLEMS F = 120 N.34 N F 0 y 120 253.34 B 0 B 133.34 N B C 105 mm 30+45+30=105 mm .49 165)sin 45 C (105) 0 C 253.

Determine the force which the rocker arm exerts on the camshaft C. the spring force is 900 N.PROBLEMS 5) A rocker arm with rollers at A and B is shown in the position when the valve is open and the valve spring is fully compressed. (3/49) . In this position. Also calculate the magnitude of the force supported by the rocker- arm shaft O.

Fspringy 900cos10 886.38 N Fspring y Fspring .28 N O 2273.33 N + M O 0 B(30) 886.28 Ox 0 Ox 156.28(7) 0 B 1381. Fspringx 900sin 10 156. Free Body Diagram of AOB: Fspring 900 N .33(48) 156.28 N .66 886.PROBLEMS Fspring = 900 N.66 N F y0 1381. Determine B and O.33 O y 0 Oy O y 2268 N Fspring x Ox Fx 0 B 156.

(3/54) . the 50- kg boy exerts a pull of 150 N on the rope rigged as shown.PROBLEMS 6) To test the deflection of the uniform 100-kg beam. Compute the force supported by the pin at the hinge O.

PROBLEMS 0.5 N Ox Free Body Diagram of beam + boy: 150 N Wboy Fx 0 .93 kN .5 m 2m mbeam = 100-kg.5) 150(3.93 kN O O y 3.75) 981(2) 490. Ox 0 150 N NA Oy M O 0 .5(2. T = 150 N. O y 5701 981 490.81) 981 N Wbeam Wboy 50 (9. mboy = 50-kg. N A (0. O = ? Wbeam 100 (9.81) 490.5 150 150 0 O y 3929.25) 150(4) 0 N A 5701 N Fy 0 .5 N 3.

What must be q for equilibrium? Also what are the normal forces acting from the surfaces to the rod at points A and B? Assume all surfaces are smooth.PROBLEMS 7) The uniform rod AB has a mass of 25 kg and a length L = 1 m. .

77 sin q 122. Ay 245.625 Bx ) Bx sin q 89.77 N A 179.37 cos q (122.48 89.25 155.25 N By Bx B y tan 45 Bx Bx A 45° tan 30 x .48 tan 30 89.25(0.PROBLEMS Free Body Diagram of rod: 25(9.77 N tan 30 A y B y 0 Bx B y 89.25 tan 30 1Ay 245.48 N tan 30 1 .10 tan q cos q Bx Fy 0 A y 245.81) = 245.77 N Fx 0 A x Bx 0 B y tan 30 155.25 .5 cos q ) Bx 1sin q B y 1cos q 0 122. 245. Ay B Ax 45° Ax Ay tan 30 By 30° 30° A Ay M A 0 .625 89.625 Bx q 20.53 N B 126.77 tan q 0.95 N A y B y 245.25 B y 0 Ax 155.625 cos q Bx sin q Bx cos q 0 122.

PROBLEMS 8) The uniform bar OC of length L pivots freely about a horizontal axis through O. . determine the tension T required to hold the bar in the 45° position shown. The diameter of the small pulley at D is negligible. If the spring of modulus k is unstretched when C is coincident with A.

PROBLEMS Spring unstretched when C is coincident with A. determine the tension T required to hold the bar in the 45° position shown. .

PROBLEMS 9) A cylinder is supported by a bar and cable as shown. If all surfaces are smooth. determine the reaction at support C of the bar and the tension T in the cable. The mass of the cylinder is 150 kg and the mass of the bar is 20 kg. A cable B 36 cm 3 4 24 cm C 32 cm .

A cable B 36 cm 3 4 24 cm C 32 cm . mbar = 20 kg. determine reaction at C and tension T in the cable.PROBLEMS mcylinder = 150 kg.

The tension in the lower side of the belt is 600 N. determine the magnitude of the force on the supporting pin at O. . As a design consideration. The driving motor B has a mass of 100 kg and rotates clockwise.PROBLEMS 10) Pulley A delivers a steady torque of 100 Nm to a pump through its shaft at C.

determine the magnitude of the force on the supporting pin at O. As a design consideration. The tension in the lower side of the belt is 600 N.PROBLEMS Pulley A delivers a steady torque of 100 Nm to a pump through its shaft at C. The driving motor B has a mass of 100 kg and rotates clockwise. .

.PROBLEMS 11) The toggle switch consists of a cocking lever that is pinned to a fixed frame at A and held in place by the spring which has an 300 mm unstretched length of 200 30o mm. Determine the magnitude of the support force at A and the normal force on the peg 300 mm k=50 N/m at B when the lever is in the position shown. The cocking lever rests 100 mm against a smooth peg at B.

2956 .19(300) N B (100) N B 21.21 N A Ax2 Ay2 A 28.19 Fspx D Fsp kx k x final xinitial xinitial 200 mm Fsp 500.19 .15 cos 30 23. Ax 25.85 N Fsp Fspy M A 0 . sin 0.677 0.85 sin 17.64 mm 30° Sine theorem Ax 150° A NB AC DC . Ay N B sin 30 Fspy 0 Ay 21. Ax N B cos 30 Fspx 0 Ax 21.37 N Fy 0 . Ay 12.15 sin 30 23.19 .16 N .15 N Fx 0 . Ay sin sin 150 300 mm k=50 N/m 300 mm 17. Fspx AD N B AB 0 23.85 sin 17.85 cos17.2 23.PROBLEMS Free Body Diagram of lever: Cosine theorem C 2 2 2 DC AD AC 2 AD AC cos150 300 2 400 2 2300400 cos150 Fsp 300 mm B 30o 100 mm DC x final 676.

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