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Chapter 3: The Sounds of Language

IPA consonant phonemes

p t k f θ s ʃ tʃ
pet tea kiss fit thin sit shoe chat

b d g v ð z ʒ dʒ
boat do go vote this zoo pleasure job

h m n ŋ r l w j
hot me no sing red like wet yes
Chapter 3: The Sounds of Language

IPA vowel and diphthong phonemes

/i:/ /I/ /e/ /ae/ /ə/ /^/ /u:/ /u/

Book/Pu
feel sit said Bad/Sad Above But/Cut You/Move
t

/ou/
/ɔː/ /ɔ/ /a:/ /ɜː/ /aI/ /au/ /eI/ America
n

Ball/Bor
Plot Car Bird buy doubt wait Boat/No
n

/əʊ/
/ɔI/ /eə/ /Iə/ /uə/
British

Boat/No Boy Air here tour
Chapter 3: The Sounds of Language

Exercises for the vowels

/i:/ feel – feet – need – lead – seed – seat - eat – beat

/i/ bit – sit – will – hit – fit – hill – kill – family (the y in family is /i/)

/e/ bed – net – dead – head – best – fed -

/ae/ laugh – hat – mad – hand – sand – bat - fan

/ə/ above – support – mister – editor – teacher – acoustic – of – ability – family
(the i is a schwa)

/^/ fun – luck – mud – tough – up – come – gun – some

/u:/ too – fruit – tool – you – chew – who – cool

/u/ could – foot - would – put - should – full –

/ɔː/ fall – tall – torn – saw – daw

n – war

/ɔ/ shot – dot – spot – top – pot

/a:/ car – jar – barn – far – calm – farm – father – dark – smart

/ɜː/ earn – certain – bird – curve – serve – verge – nerd

Exercises for the Diphthongs

/ai/ my – sight – July – five – flight – eye – pie – fight – night – light –bite – kite

/au/ bow – cow – count – fountain – found – out – flower – hour

/ei/ cake – day – great – pay – fake – lake – take – make – eight – late

/ou/ AmE : coat – toe – home – know – no – sew

/əʊ/ BriE: coat – toe – home – know – no – sew

/ɔI/ boy – soil – boy – oil – coin – close – moment – toy – voice

/eə/ air – there – their – hair – wear – parent – chair – bare
Chapter 3: The Sounds of Language

/Iə/ clear – near – ear – hear – appear

/uə/ cure – sure – pure – mature