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INTRODUCTION • Base isolation is one of the most popular means of protecting a structure against earthquake forces • It is a collection of structural elements which should decouple a superstructure from its substructure resting on a shaking ground 2 .

INTRODUCTION Earthquake Protective Systems Passive Protective Hybrid Protective Active Protective Systems Systems Systems Tuned Mass Active Active Mass Damper Isolation Damping Energy Semi-Active Active Dissipation Isolation Bracing Base Semi-Active Mass Adaptive Isolation Damping Control 3 .