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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This article is about Google's email service. For other uses, see Gmail (disambiguation).


Screenshot [show]

Type of site Webmail

Available in 72 languages

Owner Google

Created by Paul Buchheit

Alexa rank 8,154 (December 2016)[1]

Commercial Yes

Registration Required

Users 1 billion (February 2016)

Launched April 1, 2004; 12 years ago

Current status Online

Content license Proprietary

Written in Java (back-end), JavaScript, Ajax (UI)[2]

Gmail is a free, advertising-supported email service developed by Google. Users can access Gmail
on the web and through the mobile apps for Android and iOS, as well as through third-party
programs that synchronize email content through POP or IMAP protocols.

Gmail started as a limited beta release on April 1, 2004.[3] It exited beta status on July 7, 2009.[4]
Gmail had an initial storage capacity offer of 1 GB per user,[5] a significantly higher number than the
2 MB its competitors such as Hotmail offered at that time.[6] Today, the service comes with 15 GB of
free storage.[7] Individual Gmail messages, including attachments, may be up to 25 MB.[8] In order to
send larger files, users can insert files from Google Drive into the message.[9]
Gmail has a search-oriented interface and a "conversation view" similar to an Internet forum. Gmail
is noted by web developers for its pioneering use of Ajax.[10]
Google's mail servers automatically scan emails for multiple purposes, including to add context-
sensitive advertisements next to emails, and to filter spam and malware. Privacy advocates have
raised concerns about this practice, with some of the concerns including that the automated
background scanning of emails raises the risk that the expectation of privacy in email usage will be
reduced or eroded; information collected from emails could be retained by Google for years after its
current relevancy to build complete profiles on users; emails sent by users from other email
providers get scanned despite never having agreed to Google's privacy policy or terms of service;
governments and organizations can potentially find it easier to legally monitor email
communications; and at any time, Google can change its current company policies to allow
combining information from emails with data gathered from use of its other services. [11][12][13] Google
has been the subject of lawsuits concerning the issues, both from Gmail users [14] and from non-Gmail
Google has stated that "all users of email must necessarily expect that their emails will be subject to
automated processing [...] Just as a sender of a letter to a business colleague cannot be surprised
that the recipient's assistant opens the letter, people who use web-based email today cannot be
surprised if their communications are processed by the recipient's ECS [electronic communications
service] provider in the course of delivery."[16] Google also claims that Gmail refrains from displaying
ads next to potentially sensitive messages, such as those that mention race, religion, sexual
orientation, health, or financial statements.[17]
As of February 2016, Gmail has one billion active users worldwide, [18][19] and was the first app on
the Google Play Store to hit one billion installations on Android devices.[20] According to a 2014
estimate, 60% of mid-sized US companies, and 92% of startups, were using Gmail.[21]


 1Features
o 1.1Storage
o 1.2Interface
 1.2.1Tabbed inbox
 1.2.22011 redesign
o 1.3Spam filter
o 1.4Gmail Labs
o 1.5Search
o 1.6Offline app
o 1.7Google Voice in Gmail chat
o 1.8Language support
 1.8.1Language input styles
o 1.9Money transfer and payment options
 2Platforms
o 2.1Web browsers
 2.1.1Mobile website

"[22] On April 24. the product management director for Gmail.3Third-party programs  3Inbox by Gmail  4Google Trips  5Security o 5. through a monthly subscription plan. 2013. Georges Harik.1Awards  10Criticism o 10.1Lawsuits o 10.[6] On April 1.3Two-step verification o 5. the first anniversary of Gmail.424-hour lockdowns o 5. 2005.5 to 10 GB ("and counting") as part of the launch of Google Drive.5Outages o 10. Gmail was launched with 1 GB of storage space.1Growth  7Social network integration  8G Suite  9Reception o 9. Google announced the increase of free storage in Gmail from 7. storage of up to 15 GB is free.6On behalf of  11See also  12References  13External links Features[edit] Storage[edit] On April 1.[25] . and paid plans are available for up to 30 TB for personal use. [7][24] Users can buy additional storage. Google announced the overall merge of storage across Gmail. 2012.1Automated scanning of email content  10. stated that Google would "keep giving people more space forever.2April 2014 Terms of service update o 10. [5] a significantly higher number than the 2 MB that Hotmail offered at the time. the limit was doubled to 2 GB.4Update to DoubleClick privacy policy o 10. 2004.4.4. o 2.1Privacy  10.1. Google Drive.[23] On May 13.2Mobile o 2.2Third-party encryption in transit o 5. shared among Gmail. As of 2017. Google Drive and Google Photos.3Microsoft ad campaign against Google o 10.4.1. and Google+ Photos.12010 attack from China  10.1History o 5.2Google Buzz  10.4.5Anti child pornography policy on Gmail  6History o 6. allowing users 15 GB of free storage among the three services.3Google+  10.1.4Other privacy issues  10.

[9] Interface[edit] Main article: Gmail interface The Gmail user interface initially differed from other webmail systems with its focus on search and conversation threading of emails. cannot be larger than 25 MB. rather than having to navigate to other places. the entire update can be disabled. introduced on June 5.[36][37][38] In May 2012. often "graduate" from Gmail Labs to become a formal setting in Gmail.[31] Spam filter[edit] Gmail's spam filtering features a community-driven system: when any user marks an email as spam. The five tabs are: Primary. Google began rolling out a redesign of its interface that "simplified" the look of Gmail into a more minimalist design to provide a more consistent look throughout its products and services as part of an overall Google design change.There are also storage limits to individual Gmail messages. and Forums. Gmail's user interface designer. [32] Gmail Labs[edit] The Gmail Labs feature. allowing users to return to the traditional inbox structure. 2008. until March 2012. Google updated the Gmail inbox with tabs which allow the application to categorize the user's emails.[39] . an approach that was later copied by its competitors.[27][28] 2011 redesign[edit] In November 2011. allows users to test new or experimental features of Gmail. [29][30] Users were able to preview the new interface design for months prior to the official release. filters for automatically organizing. [35] Search[edit] Gmail incorporates a search bar for searching emails. this provides information to help the system identify similar future messages for all Gmail users. users can insert files from Google Drive into the message.[33] Popular features. grouping several messages between two or more people onto a single page. The search bar can also search contacts. Updates. Users can enable or disable Labs features selectively and provide feedback about each of them. as well as revert to the old interface. deleting or forwarding incoming emails to other addresses. [26] Gmail's interface also makes use of 'labels' (tags) – that replace the conventional folders and provide a more flexible method of organizing email. events from Google Calendar.[8] In order to send larger files.[34] All Labs features are experimental and are subject to termination at any time. like the "Undo Send" option. In addition to customization options. files stored in Google Drive. including all attachments. when Google discontinued the ability to revert and completed the transition to the new design for all users. One message. configurable density of information. Gmail improved the search functionality to include auto-complete predictions from the user's emails. a resizable navigation bar with always-visible labels and contacts. Major redesigned elements included a streamlined conversation view. This allows Gmail engineers to obtain user input about new features to improve them and also to assess their popularity. new higher-quality themes. Social. and Google Sites. and better search. intended users to feel as if they were always on one page and just changing things on that page. Promotions. Tabbed inbox[edit] In May 2013. and importance markers for automatically marking messages as 'important'. Kevin Fox.

Google announced the integration between Google Wallet and Gmail. but there are limits to amount of money that can be sent. [53] In August 2014.[44][45][46] The service logged over one million calls in 24 hours. Welsh and Zulu.[48][49] Language support[edit] Gmail supports multiple languages. Kannada. The feature initially lacked an official name. Portuguese (Brazil). Gmail became the first major email provider to let users send and receive email from addresses with accent marks and letters from outside the Latin alphabet. Japanese. an HTML5-powered app for providing access to the service while offline. English (UK). Czech. Gmail Offline runs on the Google Chrome browser and can be downloaded from the Chrome Web Store. Malayalam. which would allow Gmail users to send money as email attachments. Google Voice was discontinued. German. Google introduced Gmail Offline. Hungarian. English (US). and replaced with functionality from Google Hangouts.[41][42][43] Google Voice in Gmail chat[edit] Main article: Google Voice In August 2010. Serbian. Thai. Slovenian. another communication platform from Google. French. Google added over 100 virtual keyboards. Google added handwriting input support to Gmail. Greek. Latvian. the Gmail interface supports 72 languages. Ukrainian. Romanian. Russian. Slovak. Portuguese (Portugal). Tagalog (Filipino). Polish. Norwe gian (Bokmål). Catalan. Although the sender must use a Gmail account. Chinese (traditional). Dutch. Tamil. enabling users different types of input styles for different languages in an effort to help users write in languages that aren't "limited by the language of your keyboard.[54][55] Money transfer and payment options[edit] In May 2013.[50] Language input styles[edit] In October 2012.[46][47] In March 2014. and input method editors to Gmail. Swedish. including the Japanese interface shown here As of March 2015. Danish. Chinese (simplified). Finnish. Gujarati. Italian. [58] . Korean. Icelandic. Workarounds exist. Indo nesian. Hebrew. Lithuanian. including: Arabic. Punjabi. with Google referring to it as both "Google Voice in Gmail chat" and "Call Phones in Gmail". Marathi. Estonian. transliterations. Odia. Telugu.[40] Offline app[edit] In August 2011. Bulgarian.Gmail's search functionality does not support searching for word fragments (also known as 'substring search' or partial word search). Sinhala.[56][57] The feature has no transaction fees. Vietnamese. Google released a plugin that provides integrated telephone service within Gmail's Google Chat interface. Croatian. Malay. the recipient does not need to be using a Gmail address. Turkish. Spanish. Urdu.” [51][52] In October 2013. Hindi.

[62] In November 2014. including Undo Send. users can access Gmail through the web browser on a mobile device. sleeker transitions. is also available for iOS [66] and Android[67] devices. Google redesigned the Gmail app for the iOS platform. The modern AJAX version is officially supported in the current and previous major releases of Google Chrome. Internet Explorer and Safari web browsers on a rolling basis. and iPod Touch) and for Android devices. and the addition of several "highly-requested" features.[63] In November 2016.Platforms[edit] Web browsers[edit] Gmail's "basic HTML" version will work on almost all browsers.[59] Mobile website[edit] In addition to the native apps on iOS and Android. and Swipe to Archive/Delete. [64][65] Inbox by Gmail. . bringing the first complete visual overhaul in "nearly four years". another app from the Gmail team.[60] Mobile[edit] Gmail running on Android Gmail has native applications for iOS devices[61] (including iPhone. Google introduced functionality in the Gmail Android app that enabled sending and receiving email from non-Gmail addresses (such as Yahoo! Mail and through POP or IMAP. The update added much more use of colors. Mozilla Firefox. faster search with instant results and spelling suggestions. iPad.

automatically generates travel cards. Google announced that an encrypted HTTPS connection will be used for the sending and receiving of all Gmail emails. assists. and "every single email message you send or receive —100% of them —is encrypted while moving internally" through the company's systems. Developed by the Gmail team.[75] In 2007. time. On the web and on Android devices. the service is made to help users deal with the challenges of an active email.[80] Whenever possible. In the beginning. highlights that surface key information from messages. [77] In June 2012. and recommends activities. Citing issues such as distractions.[81] Gmail automatically scans all incoming and outgoing e-mails for viruses in email attachments. [69][70][71] Inbox by Gmail became publicly available in May 2015. and interests. A banner will appear at the top of the page that warns users of an unauthorized account compromise. and receiving more emails than ever. Google began rolling out HTTPS as the default for all users. The app also has offline functionality. In July 2008. Gmail uses transport layer security (TLS) to automatically encrypt emails sent and received. including bundles that automatically sort emails of the same topic together. that help the user in handling incoming emails at appropriate times.[68] Inbox by Gmail[edit] Main article: Inbox by Gmail In October 2014. For security reasons. Google simplified the ability to manually enable secure mode. Inbox by Gmail has several important differences from Gmail. it was only default on the login page. However. Google fixed a cross-site scripting security issue that could let attackers collect information from Gmail contact lists. difficulty in finding important information buried in messages.[73][74] Security[edit] History[edit] Google has supported secure HTTPS since the day it launched. some file types. users could manually switch to secure HTTPS mode inside the inbox after logging in. a new security feature was introduced to protect users from state-sponsored attacks. A travel card contains itinerary details. with a toggle in the settings menu. are not allowed to be sent in emails. a reason that Google engineer Ariel Rideout stated was because HTTPS made "your mail slower". using the POP or IMAP protocols. and attractions based on location. Google introduced Inbox by Gmail on an invitation-only basis. an app that.Third-party programs[edit] Third-party programs can be used to access Gmail. food and drinks. but serving as a "completely different type of inbox". and snooze. based on information from a user's Gmail messages. including executables. such as plane tickets and car rentals. [82] Third-party encryption in transit[edit] . Google released Google Trips.[72] Google Trips[edit] In September 2016.[78][79] In March 2014. and reminders.[76] In January 2010. users can check if a message is encrypted by checking if the message has a closed or open red padlock.

or by inserting a physical security key into the computer's USB port.Gmail transport encryption by country In Google's Transparency Report under the Safer email section. the account can be automatically locked down for between one minute and 24 hours. [86][87] 24-hour lockdowns[edit] If an algorithm detects what Google calls "abnormal usage that may indicate that your account has been compromised".[84] Once enabled. Common methods include entering a code sent to a user's mobile phone through a text message. entering a code using the Google Authenticator smartphone app. it provides information on the percentage of emails encrypted in transit between Gmail and third-party email providers. an optional additional measure for users to protect their accounts when logging in. [83] Two-step verification[edit] Gmail supports two-step verification. depending on the type of activity detected. Listed reasons for a lock-down include: [88] .[85] Using a security key for two-step verification was made available as an option in October 2014. users are required to verify their identity using a second method after entering their username and password when logging in on a new device.

[89] History[edit] Main article: History of Gmail The idea for Gmail was developed by Paul Buchheit several years before it was announced to the public."  "Browser-related issues. This changed in December 2013. when Google. 'Lockdown in Sector 4. Google then scans Gmail looking for the unique hashes.  "Receiving. This changed once the project became better and better.[94] Gmail exited the beta status on July 7. Images will be routed through Google's secure proxy servers rather than the original external host servers. The project was known by the code name Caribou. such as custom keyboard shortcuts and the ability to bookmark specific messages and email searches. deleting.[95] MarketingLand noted that the change to image handling means email marketers will no longer be able to track the recipient's IP address or information about what kind of device the recipient is using. enabled images to be visible without user approval. or downloading large amounts of mail via POP or IMAP in a short period of time.[91] In October 2007. users had to approve to see images in emails.[92] Gmail also added IMAP support in October 2007. which acted as a security measure. Google began offering a Java-based application of Gmail for mobile phones. When suspicious images are located Google reports to the authorities.[93] An update around January 2008 changed elements of Gmail's use of JavaScript."  "Sending a large number of undeliverable messages (messages that bounce back). it's probably a browser issue.[96] However. 2004 as a limited beta release. almost everybody was using it to access the company's internal email system. browser extensions. Google began a process of rewriting parts of the code that Gmail used. and by early 2004. which would make the service faster and add new features. and resulted in the failure of a third-party script some users had been using. In collaboration with the NCMEC.[3] In November 2006. and it may be necessary to clear your browser's cache and cookies. or third party software that automatically logs into your account. Please note that if you find your browser continually reloading while attempting to access your Inbox. If you're getting the error message. citing improved image handling. Google creates a database of child pornography pictures. the project was kept secret from most of Google's own engineers. as the initial loading of the images requires the system to make a "callback" to the original server.[90] Gmail was announced to the public by Google on April 1. 2009."  "Using file-sharing or file-storage software. Each one of the images is given a unique numerical number known as a hash." Anti child pornography policy on Gmail[edit] Google combats child pornography through Gmail's servers in conjunction with the National Center for Missing & Exploited Children (NCMEC) to find children suffering abuse around the world. Wired stated that the new change means senders can track the time when an email is first opened.' you should be able to access Gmail again after waiting 24 hours.[97] Growth[edit] .[4] Prior to December 2013."  "Leaving multiple instances of Gmail open. During early development. Google acknowledge the issue and helped users with workarounds.

[104] G Suite[edit] Main article: G Suite In August 2006.[99] In February 2016. and startup companies from the last Y Combinator incubator class). eventually being currently branded G Suite. mid-size tech and media companies. [100] Google Buzz was discontinued in October 2011. and ISPs. 75% of whom were using the service on mobile devices. with a centralized Google+ user profile.[106][107][108][109] Reception[edit] This section needs expansion.[113] . allowing users to share links and media.[112] In November 2006. [105] The service has gone through several rebrandings. Gmail also won 'Honorable Mention' in the Bottom Line Design Awards 2005. G Suite includes access to popular Google services. Google announced that Gmail had 425 million active users globally. [98] In May 2015.[10] Awards[edit] Gmail was ranked second in PC World's "100 Best Products of 2005". including Gmail. Google announced that Gmail had passed 1 billion active users. which integrated with Gmail. (June 2014) Gmail is noted by web developers for its pioneering use of Ajax. targeted at organizations. starting in July 2015. Google commenced its new social networking tool. Google's then-new social networking platform. replaced with new functionality in Google+. only one Fortune 50 company used Gmail .Google itself . 2010. You can help by adding to it. Quartz reported in August 2014 that. [103]Backlash from the move caused Google to step back and remove the requirement of a Google+ user account. [18][19] In the business sector. small businesses. Google announced that Gmail had 900 million active users. with additional advanced functionality. [110][111]In September 2006. Google Buzz.while 60% of mid-sized companies and 92% of startup companies were using Gmail. Google announced Google Apps for Your Domain. specifically developed for different types of organizations and businesses. Gmail received PC World's 4 star rating. keeping only a private Google account without a public-facing profile.In June 2012. Forbes magazine declared Gmail to be the best webmail application for small businesses. behind Mozilla Firefox. Gmail became the first app on the Google Play Store to hit one billion installations on Android devices. special Google accounts with access to several of Google's services. among 150 companies checked in three major categories in the United States (Fortune 50 largest companies.[21] In May 2014. educational institutions. as well as status updates. and more privacy.[20] Social network integration[edit] On February 9. with additional admin tools and custom email addresses. The project was an expansion of the Gmail for Your Domain service launched in February 2006. large enterprises.[101][102] Gmail was integrated with Google+ in December 2011. as part of an effort to have all Google information across one Google account.

claiming that they illegally intercept emails sent by individual non-Gmail or non-Yahoo! email users to Gmail and Yahoo! recipients without the senders' knowledge.of its users. and for minor changes to the policy it can do so without informing users. or financial statements.[114] Google claims that Gmail refrains from displaying ads next to potentially sensitive messages.[117] A court filing uncovered by advocacy group Consumer Watchdog in August 2013 revealed that Google stated in a court filing that no "reasonable expectation" exists among Gmail users in regard to the assured confidentiality of their emails.[11][13][12][115][116] In 2004. [15] A motion filed by Google's attorneys in the case concedes that Gmail users have "no expectation of privacy".[16] . Google can change its current company policies to allow combining information from emails with data gathered from use of its other services. and to filter spam and malware. Google explained: ".. in court cases. thirty-one privacy and civil liberties organizations wrote a letter calling upon Google to suspend its Gmail service until the privacy issues were adequately addressed. some California residents filed two class action lawsuits against Google and Yahoo!. a former Gmail user in Texas sued Google. the automated background scanning of data raises the risk that the expectation of privacy in email usage will be reduced or eroded. claiming that its Gmail service violates users' privacy by scanning e-mail messages to serve relevant ads. governments and organizations can potentially find it easier to legally monitor email communications. [17] Automated scanning of email content[edit] Google's mail servers automatically scan emails for multiple purposes. such as those that mention race.or all . The organizations also voiced their concerns about Google's plan to scan the text of all incoming messages for the purposes of ad placement. all users of email must necessarily expect that their emails will be subject to automated processing .. and any internal security problem on Google's systems can potentially expose many . Just as a sender of a letter to a business colleague cannot be surprised that the recipient's assistant opens the letter. at any time. emails sent by users from other email providers get scanned despite never having agreed to Google's privacy policy or terms of service. health. sexual orientation.. [11][12][13] Privacy advocates raised concerns about this practice. consent or permission. The letter also called upon Google to clarify its written information policies regarding data retention and data sharing among its business units. concerns included that allowing email content to be read by a machine (as opposed to a person) can allow Google to keep unlimited amounts of information forever. information collected from emails could be retained by Google for years after its current relevancy to build complete profiles on users. religion. Google can change its privacy policy unilaterally..[16] In response to a lawsuit filed in May 2013.[13] Lawsuits[edit] In March 2011. people who use web-based email today cannot be surprised if their communications are processed by the recipient's ECS [electronic communications service] provider in the course of delivery. including to add context- sensitive advertisements next to emails. noting that the scanning of confidential email for inserting third-party ad content violates the implicit trust of an email service provider.Criticism[edit] Main article: Criticism of Google Privacy[edit] Google has one privacy policy that cover all of its services. [14] In July 2012.

whereby users can email people with Google+ accounts even though they do not know the email address of the recipient." A Google spokesperson explained that the corporation wishes for its policies "to be simple and easy for users to understand. [12] Microsoft ad campaign against Google[edit] In 2013. and advised individual users to install anti-virus and anti-spyware on their computers.” The New York Times cites "Google supporters"." In response. An automated algorithm — similar to that used for features like Priority Inbox or spam filtering — determines which ads are shown. 2013 that the corporation takes the privacy and security concerns of Gmail users "very seriously. Google enhanced the security and architecture of its infrastructure. No humans read your e-mail or Google Account information in order to show you advertisements or related information. such as customised search results. Google stated. President of the Electronic Privacy Information Center. Additionally. Google stated that their investigation revealed that "at least" 20 other large companies from a "wide range of businesses" - including the Internet. American and Chinese activists for human rights in China had been "routinely accessed by third parties". media and chemical sectors . Google was in the process of notifying those companies and it was also working with relevant US authorities. finance. executive director of the Open Rights Group. Microsoft launched an advertising campaign to attack Google for scanning email messages. cookies in advertising and the profiling that it is able to do on individual accounts".. technology. and spam and malware detection. who say that "Microsoft’s ads are distasteful. but Google discovered that accounts belonging to European. update their operating systems and web browsers. stated: "The really dangerous things that Google is doing are things like the information held in Analytics.. Marc Rotenberg. and compared it to the Google Buzz initial launch privacy flaw. and when it is stored. Microsoft claims that its email service Outlook does not scan the contents of messages and a Microsoft spokesperson called the issue of privacy "Google's kryptonite. a former social network that was linked to Gmail.A Google spokesperson stated to the media on August 15.[119][120] Google Buzz[edit] The February 2010 launch of Google Buzz." [16] April 2014 Terms of service update[edit] Google updated its terms of service for Gmail in April 2014 to create full transparency for its users in regard to the scanning of email content. immediately drew criticism for publicly sharing details of users' contacts unless the default settings were changed. The relevant revision states: "Our automated systems analyse your content (including emails) to provide you personally relevant product features.[123] Update to DoubleClick privacy policy[edit] .had been similarly targeted. unobtrusive and relevant . the last resort of a company that has been unsuccessful at competing against Google on the more noble battleground of products"." In response to the update. The targets of the attack were Chinese human rights activists. called the feature "troubling". This analysis occurs as the content is sent. [118] Other privacy issues[edit] 2010 attack from China[edit] In January 2010. Jim Killock. In light of the attacks. tailored advertising. and be cautious when clicking on Internet links or when sharing personal information in instant messages and emails. received. arguing that most consumers are not aware that Google monitors their personal messages to deliver targeted ads. Google detected a "highly sophisticated" cyber-attack on its infrastructure that originated from China. "We work hard to make sure that ads are safe.[121][122] Google+[edit] A new Gmail feature was launched in January 2014.

percent of users. a Google vice president. triggered by a routine configuration change which added more router load than expected. On February 24. and we're committed to keeping events like today's notable for their rarity. 2011 Gmail inbox. 2014 reported. in their blog they 24. Ben Treynor.[142] . users Gmail did not mention exact number. People who rely entirely on Gmail for business purposes complained about these outages. which ultimately resulted in about 100 minutes of outage. Google continued to experience outages across its network." [127][128] In 2009. the Gmail service was offline for 2 hours and 30 minutes.25 million[139] 2012 February Gmail outage. This change has allowed Google to merge users’ personally identifiable information from different Google services to create one unified ad profile for each user. explained that the problem. 2013 May 2. preventing millions of users from accessing their accounts. 2009. Gmail accounts were unavailable.[142] 'small subset of users' were affected by this outage. Julia Angwin of ProPublica wrote about Google's updated privacy policy.[130][131][132] September Gmail outage[133] "less than 50 percent"[134] 23. 2009. contact empty. Middle East and South East Asia faced 13. [125][126] Another outage occurred on September 1. which deleted a clause that had stated Google would not combine DoubleClick web browsing cookie information with personally identifiable information from its other services. leaving users without access to their email. Gmail users after signing in found their 1. After publication of the article. Google apologized for the outage. lasted 25 to 55 minutes and affected as many of users. 2013 Gmail outage with an error 502[135][136][137] April 17.[129] Key outage dates include: Date Outage details Affected users Global outage that lasted approximately 50 minutes fo January 24. "Gmail remains more than 99.[140] September Gmail outage. Later that day.9% available to all users. wh Gmail widespread outage. Treynor wrote. was caused by overloaded routers. and virtual files.5 million[141] 27/28. 8 and Users in India. calendars. [124] Outages[edit] Gmail has been unavailable on several occasions. Google reached out to ProPublica to say that the merge would not include Gmail keywords in ad targeting. 2009 could not access their accounts. Gmail outage[138] 5.In June 2016.

Google claimed that this would "help prevent mail from being marked as spam". Gmail outage[129] 2009 August 7.[143] March 9. September on behalf of user@OtherDomainEmailAddress. Accounts affected by 2008 a 502 error on login. Retrieved December 30.[145] A number of Gmail users complained that this implementation was both a privacy concern and a professionalism problem.[146] On July 30. [147] The updated custom 'From:' feature allows users to send messages from Gmail using a custom SMTP server. Gmail and Google Apps outage. an email sent with an external "from" address using Gmail could be displayed to a receiving email client user as From user@gmail. Alexa Internet. 2009. Gmail outage[129] 2009 Google network outage. even if it was sent with a custom email address as "from". By exposing the Gmail address as the "sender".com (the display used by versions of Microsoft Outlook). Jump up^ "gmail. 2. MG (March 14. In some cases. 2016. Google 2009 services were reported to have completely stopped Traffic Statistics".[149] See also[edit]  Google portal  Internet portal  List of Google products  Comparison of webmail providers  Comparison of mail servers References[edit] 1. instead of Gmail's. any email sent through the Gmail interface included the Gmail. "The Key To Gmail: Sh*t Umbrellas". became extremely slow. For some users Gmail May 14. rather than an account on a separate domain.[144] On behalf of[edit] Prior to July 2009. Gmail announced an update to resolve this issue.[148] However. Retrieved November 25. 2010). Jump up^ Siegler. 2016. the issue is still present for users whose custom email address is a second Gmail account. . For example. AOL. TechCrunch.

23. 2016. Retrieved November 25. 2016. 17. 18. Retrieved November 26. now with 10 GB of storage (and counting)". ^ Jump up to:a b Bavor. 2016). Jason (May 13. Retrieved November 26. 2012). Retrieved November 25. ^ Jump up to:a b "Send attachments with your Gmail message". Retrieved November 25. ^ Jump up to:a b Frommer. Jump up^ Kuchinskas. 2004. "Google Again Sued Over Gmail Content Scanning". 2016. Matthew (July 7. Google. Beth. 2016. 2016. Dominic (August 15. 13. Google. "Gmail now has 1 billion monthly active users". Samuel (April 15. Launches Gmail". 2013). Retrieved November 11. Retrieved November 25. 2016. 2016. Even Non-Users'". Gmail Help. Retrieved November 26. 2011). Google. 2016. Samuel (May 16.3. 2016. 22. really)". ^ Jump up to:a b Miller. 2016. Ross (February 1. Retrieved November 25. 2016. Google. "Google Apps is out of beta (yes. Google. 2004). Archived from the original on May 25. 2004). 19. ^ Jump up to:a b Craddock. Retrieved November 11. 2010). "Thirty- One Privacy And Civil Liberties Organizations Urge Google To Suspend Gmail".com. The Verge. Dick (January 5. 2016. Frederic (February 1. ^ Jump up to:a b "How Gmail ads work". Electronic Privacy Information Center. 10. Nicholas (April 24. 16. "Bringing it all together: 15 GB now shared between Drive. "Gmail. Jump up^ Behrens. ^ Jump up to:a b Gibbs. ^ Jump up to:a b "Google Gets the Message. Retrieved November 25. "AJAX: Asynchronous Java + XML?". "Endless Gmail Storage". Thanks Google!". ^ Jump up to:a b c d Givens. "Gmail does scan all emails. Gmail Help. 2016. ABC News. Gmail. Privacy Rights Clearinghouse. AOL. InformationWeek. Coach (August 11. ^ Jump up to:a b c d Gibbs. 21. Vox Media. 2016. 6. Dixon. 2010. ^ Jump up to:a b Abellin (July 2. 11. 2005). 2016. ^ Jump up to:a b c d Rushe. Internet News. The Guardian. The Windows Blog. new Google terms clarify". 4. "Gmail Android app is first to hit one billion installations". Google. Retrieved November 26. W3Reports. 2016. Gmail Help. 2016). Retrieved November 26. Retrieved November 26. Internet News. TechCrunch. 2016. 2013). ^ Jump up to:a b Singer. 2014). The Guardian. . April 1. 2012). 12. 7. 14. Dan (August 1. "Gmail Now Has More Than 1B Monthly Active Users". ^ Jump up to:a b Lardinois. Google. Susan (April 1. 2014). 8. Jump up^ Petkov. 24. Clay (May 13. 20. "Google is stealing away Microsoft's future corporate customers". "A short history of Hotmail". Yahoo Email Invade Privacy. 2016. Pam (April 6. "15GB of Free Storage. 2016. Retrieved November 25. Thomas (March 9. Retrieved November 11. Quartz. ^ Jump up to:a b c "Gmail Privacy FAQ". "Lawsuit: Gmail. Official Google Blog. 2013). Retrieved November 10. 9. Michael (March 31. 5. The Guardian. 2016. "Google Testing Free Webmail". ^ Jump up to:a b Wei. Retrieved November 25. ^ Jump up to:a b Claburn. Developer. ^ Jump up to:a b Glotzbach. Retrieved November 11. ^ Jump up to:a b "Send Google Drive attachments in Gmail". 15. 2005). 2016. "Google: don't expect privacy when sending to Gmail". 2009). Retrieved November 10. and Google+ Photos". 2014). Retrieved November 26.

"Gmail Gets Dialed Up a Notch With New Calling Feature". Jump up^ "Gmail workarounds for sub-string (partial word) search". 2016. Jump up^ Nowak. The Next Web. 2011). Retrieved November 25. Bram (October 15. Google. TechCrunch. Jump up^ Siegler. Itamar (May 29. 2016. 31. Jump up^ Protalinski. 2016. 2016. 2011). 2012). MG (May 11. Benoît (August 31. 32. 2016. Google. 2016. Google. 42. "Gmail redesign adds enhanced search box. 38. Official Gmail Blog. 2016. Retrieved November 25. Jump up^ Elias. Google. 36. Google. 45. G Suite Updates. Condé Nast. Retrieved November 25. 2008). 2017. 43. 40. 27. Jump up^ Lenssen. 2013). Retrieved November 25. New York Daily News. 2016. International Data Group. Emil (May 23. 2016. Wired. Official Gmail Blog. Retrieved November 25. Jump up^ Cornwell. Owen (June 23. Official Gmail Blog. 2016. CBC News. Google. "A new inbox that puts you back in control". Retrieved November 25. 2016. 44. Anjali (August 27. 34. Calendar and more as you type". Jump up^ Calore. The Next Web. The Verge. Philipp (June 2. 35. Retrieved November 25. Jump up^ Zukerman. 37. Google. ^ Jump up to:a b Mullany. Official Gmail Blog. Retrieved November 25. 2013). 2008). Isaac (May 21. Thomas (November 1. 2016. 2011). Jump up^ Williams. "Gmail's new look". PC World. 2012). 2015). 33. 2016. 41. profile pictures. "Kevin Fox of Gmail & FriendFeed on User Experience Design". Retrieved November 25. 2011). Google. Confluence. Retrieved November 25. Retrieved November 25. . Jason (November 1. 2013). 2013). Jump up^ Gilad. Retrieved November 25. Jump up^ Houston. "Google adds Google Drive files and Calendar events to Gmail's search for US users". Keith (June 5. "Gmail's New Inbox Sorts Emails Into Tabbed Categories". 2016. 2013). Google. Retrieved November 25. Retrieved November 25. (registration required) 26. Michael (August 25. "Search emails. "Find your stuff faster in Gmail and Search". Jump up^ "Drive storage". Jump up^ Boursetty. Jump up^ Moolenaar. Wired. 2010). Jump up^ Coleman. Google Calendar. "Google announces via Twitter: 1. "Introducing Gmail Labs".25. Jump up^ Bonnington. Vox Media. 2016. Condé Nast. Calendar and Docs without an Internet connection". 39. Google. Retrieved November 25. Jump up^ "Gmail New Look will be released to all users starting March 27th". And Google Docs". 30. "Google launches free voice calls from Gmail". "Gmail's 'Undo Send' feature finally graduates out of labs after six years". Retrieved November 25. 2016. "Coming This Summer: Fully Offline Gmail. Retrieved February 12. and more". 2016. Jump up^ Racz.000. AOL. 2016. Retrieved November 25. 29. "Review: Give Gmail an extreme makeover with Gmail Offline". Erez (May 10. Balazs (May 23. "Using Gmail. 2010). 2012. Jump up^ "Gmail Labs". 46.000 Gmail calls in 24 Hours". Christina (May 29. Official Gmail Blog. Retrieved November 25. 28. Official Gmail Blog. "Improved search in Gmail". 2016. 2016. Retrieved November 25. conversations. Retrieved November 25. Retrieved November 25. Google Blogoscoped. Google. Google Drive. Official Gmail Blog. Gmail Help. 2010). Jump up^ "Mark or unmark Spam in Gmail". Peter (August 25. March 20. 2016.

2012). 63. Jump up^ Izatt. Jump up^ "Gmail on the iOS App Store". Retrieved November 25. 2016. Frederic (October 9. 2014). Venkat (June 1. The Huffington Post. 2016. 2016. 2014). Official Gmail Blog. "Google Wallet will soon let you send payments as a Gmail attachment". iTunes. 50. Retrieved November 25. 2016. Retrieved November 26. Seth (March 18. "A first step toward more global email". "A new mobile Gmail experience for iPhone and Android". Retrieved November 25. Official Google Blog. Google. 9to5Google. Gmail Help. 2016). Archived from the original on March 16. 2009). "Gmail and Google Calendar get a whole lot better on iOS". Jump up^ Shankland. Jump up^ "Inbox by Gmail on the Google Play Store". "Send money to friends with Gmail and Google Wallet". 2016. 2010). Official Gmail Blog. Jump up^ "Send. "Google To Recognize Emails That Use Special Characters". 2016. 2011). Chris (November 7. Google. TechnoBuffalo. Jump up^ Grandoni. Jump up^ Panchapakesan. 2013). Official Gmail Blog. 2014). 53. 2012). Retrieved November 25. Retrieved November 26. 2016. Retrieved November 25. Official Gmail Blog. receive. Zach (May 15. 2016. integrate features into Hangouts". 52. Google. Google Wallet Help. 55. 51. AOL. Dino (August 5. Vox Media. Google. Official Gmail Blog. 66. iTunes. request. 56. Engadget. Retrieved November 24. Rob (April 7. 65. They Keyword Google Blog. Pedro (August 5. Google. 2016. TechCrunch. Jump up^ Lardinois. 2016. Jump up^ "Change your language settings". "Our plans to support modern browsers across Google Apps". Retrieved November 25. Jump up^ Welch. Retrieved November 25. 57. Retrieved November 25. Jump up^ Xiao. 54. 2014). 58. 67. Jump up^ Green. Matthew (November 3. AOL. Google. "Communicate more easily across languages in Gmail". 2016. Google. or withdraw money". Retrieved November 25. 2016. Jump up^ Kroeger. "Handwriting input comes to Gmail and Google Docs". Jump up^ "Inbox by Gmail on the iOS App Store".47. 64. The Verge. Retrieved November 26. 48. Xiangye (October 22. 2013). 59. Apple. 2014). 49. Travis (May 15. 2016. 62. 2016. Retrieved November 25. 60. . "Google: 1 million Gmail calls on first day". Google. Matthew (November 7. 2013). Andrew (October 9. Retrieved November 25. Official Gmail Blog. 2016. 2015. Retrieved November 26. Stephen (August 26. Transliterations And IMEs To Gmail". Google Play. "Google just redesigned Gmail for iPhone and made it way faster". Jump up^ Honig. Retrieved November 25. "Google plans to kill Google Voice in coming months. C. 2016. Google Play. "A more modern Gmail app for Android". Retrieved November 26. Retrieved November 25. Apple. Google. 2016. Google. 2016. Jump up^ Izatt. Google. 2016. 2016. Jump up^ "Gmail on the Google Play Store". 61. "Google Brings More Than 100 Virtual Keyboards. Google. Retrieved November 25. 2016. Brandon (March 18. Jump up^ Russell. CNN. Jump up^ Warren. Jump up^ Weintraub. "Google Planning To Discontinue Google Voice In Favor of Hangouts". Retrieved November 25. 2016). Jump up^ Monferrer.

Retrieved November 24. The Verge. TechCrunch. Retrieved November 25. Jump up^ Schillace. 2012). Vox Media. 2016. Jump up^ Frank. Jump up^ "Read Gmail messages on other email clients using POP". "Staying at the forefront of email security and reliability: HTTPS-only and 99. Google. 2014). Stefan (September 19. Retrieved November 25. 2016. 2014). Jump up^ Etherington. 2016. 76. 87. Jump up^ Rideout. 2007. Official Gmail Blog. 2016. Google Security Blog. 2016. Dieter (October 22. "Strengthening 2-Step Verification with Security Key". Alex (May 28. 2016. Retrieved November 25.[dead link] 89. 70. Retrieved November 25. Official Gmail Blog. Nishit (October 21. Retrieved November 25. 2016). "Inbox is a total reinvention of email from Google". 72. 69. Jump up^ "Some file types are blocked". 2016. The Sydney Morning Herald. Official Gmail Blog. Retrieved November 25. "Default https access for Gmail". Google. 2016. "Google Trips is a killer travel app for the modern tourist". Archived from the original on January 4. Google. 77. Retrieved 6 September 2014. Retrieved November 25. Vox Media. Retrieved November 25. Retrieved November 25. Google. Google. Jump up^ "Google 2-Step Verification". Jump up^ Kirk. 2016. Google. 71. Nicolas (March 20. 2010). Jump up^ Mutuli. Darrell (October 22. 82. Sam (January 12. 2016. 80. 88. 2016. Google. Jump up^ Newton. Jump up^ "Google 2-Step Verification". Google. 2016. 2016. 2014). Jump up^ "Email encryption in transit".978% availability". 2016. 85. Ian (6 August 2014). 2016. 83. Retrieved 23 March 2010. Retrieved November 25. InfoWorld. 74. 86. Jeremy (January 2. Google. Jump up^ Bohn. Retrieved November 25. Google. Google. "Making security easier". June 6. Inbox by Gmail is now open to everyone". Jump up^ Grosse.68. Jump up^ Lidzborski. "Google's Inbox is A New Email App From The Gmail Team Designed Not To Be Gmail". "See more. Google Transparency Report. The Verge. Eric (June 5. Sundar (October 22. . "Google security keys may offer extra layer of online protection". Jump up^ "Check the security of your emails". Gmail Support. 2016. 81. Casey (September 19. 2007). "My account has been locked". 2015). Google. 2008). "Google closes Gmail cross-site scripting vulnerability". Official Gmail Blog. Retrieved November 25. Gmail Help. CBC News. 79. AOL. 2014). Retrieved November 25. 2016). Retrieved November 25. Gmail Help. Retrieved November 25. 2016. Ariel (July 24. 78. 2014). "Thanks to you. "An inbox that works for you". "Security warnings for suspected state-sponsored attacks". Google Security Blog. Jump up^ Shah. Jump up^ Turner. Jump up^ "Google to warn users of 'state-sponsored attacks'". 2014). Adam (November 5. Techcrunch. 73. 2016. Jump up^ Pichai. 84. Retrieved November 25. 2016. Jump up^ Google (2010). 2012. Retrieved November 29. Official Gmail Blog. Google. 2016. plan less – try Google Trips". The Keyword Google Blog. Retrieved November 29. Google. Jump up^ Gawley. "Why The Gmail Scan That Led To A Man's Arrest For Child Porn Was Not A Privacy Violation". Retrieved November 25. 75.

2016. 2008. Google. Retrieved November 26. Jump up^ Campbell. 2011). "A fall sweep". "Google aims to take on Facebook with new social feature called 'Buzz'". Google. Retrieved November 26. everywhere". Retrieved November 24. "Images Now Showing". Sarah (September 29.". Official Gmail Blog. 2016. Kelly (September 29. Retrieved November 25. Google. 104. Jump up^ "Google Launches Hosted Communications Services". Retrieved November 25. Prabhakar (September 29. Retrieved November 26. 2016). users sound off". 2014). Bradley (July 27. TechCrunch. Jump up^ Horowitz. "G Suite: intelligent tools designed for teams". 105. Jump up^ Pupius. Jump up^ "Google: Gmail Image Change May Improve Open Rate Data.90. 2015). August 28. Jump up^ Pichai. 2016. upgrades apps & announces Team Drive". 2016. 2016. Jessica (February 9. 2016. 2016. "Google Apps for Work adopts ISO 27018 cloud privacy standard". Retrieved November 25. Dan (January 29. Official Google Blog. 107. Jump up^ Lardinois. 2008). Official Gmail Blog. Retrieved November 26. MarketingLand. Official Gmail Blog. 2013). Jump up^ Jones. "With the New Gmail. "Gmail/Greasemonkey API issue". 91. Jump up^ Tate. 102. 94. Jump up^ Pupius. 101. 2016. Retrieved November 25. Frederic (May 28. 2016. TechCrunch. K. 92. BetaNews. "Google Offers Java-based Mobile Gmail". 95. 96. Time. Google. 109. 2016). Jump up^ Rae-Grant. 103. 2016). Retrieved November 25. Ed (November 2006). 2015). "Chrome & Apps @ Google I/O: Your web. InformationWeek. 2012). 2016. Google. "Gmail and Contacts get better with Google+". Jump up^ Guynn. John (December 12. 2016. 2013. 2016. 2011). Jump up^ Cheredar. Retrieved November 25. "Google says Google+ integration for Gmail is coming. "Gmail Now Has 900M Active Users. Google. 2016. Jump up^ PCWorld. 75% On Mobile". Dan (October 29. Retrieved November 25. Official Google Cloud Blog. Bradley (October 14. 97. (October 24. Official Google Cloud Blog. 110. 2013). 2007). retrieved 14 May 2006 . Jump up^ Striebeck. Jump up^ Oswald. Google. 2010). But Will Strip Other User Data". 2016. 106. Official Google Blog. People Will Know When You Open That Message". Retrieved November 25. "How Gmail Happened: The Inside Story of Its Launch 10 Years Ago". Ryan (December 12. AOL. 2016. 93. 2007). Jump up^ Horowitz. 99. Wired. 108. Introducing G Suite. Google.C. "Gmail Now Has IMAP Support". 2015). Marc (September 21. 2016. VentureBeat. Retrieved November 26. Jump up^ Raghavan. "Google rebrands its business apps as G Suite. 2016. 2016. Official Google Blog. Retrieved November 25. "Code changes to prepare Gmail for the future". 98. Jump up^ Crandall. 2016. Mark (December 8. Retrieved November 26. Sundar (June 28. December 12. Los Angeles Times. Google. Retrieved November 25. Official Gmail Blog. 2016. Retrieved November 26. Retrieved November 26. Retrieved November 25. Jump up^ — The 100 Best Products of 2005. Google. Harry (April 1. 2006. 2011). "All together now. Official Google Cloud Blog. Tom (July 11. "Everything in its right place". Archived from the original on October 1. 100. AOL. Jump up^ Perez. Google. Condé Nast.

Official Gmail Blog. Google. 2014. Retrieved November 26. 2016. and improvements based on your feedback". 2016. 119. 2016. Condé Nast. Jump up^ "Google email outage of 2014". 2004). 116. Jump up^ Angwin. Retrieved November 26. Darrell (2014-01-24). 114. Retrieved 2014-01-24. Google. January 10. 2009-09-24. VentureBeat. 123. Retrieved 2011-08-12. Jump up^ "Google Buzz Has Serious Privacy Flaws". Ryan (2009-01-04). 7 September 2006. Retrieved November 26. "Google attack part of widespread spying effort". Jump up^ "Welcome to the Google Privacy Policy". Jump up^ Parakash. Retrieved November 26. 2016. Retrieved November 26. 117.111. "Google Explains Why You Didn't Have Gmail | Epicenter". "Gmail And Google+ Go Down Across The World". 2016). ProPublica. Jump up^ Jackson. 125. Robert (January 13. Jump up^ Zetter.[dead link] 131. AOL Inc. TechCrunch. "Google Has Quietly Dropped Ban on Personally Identifiable Web Tracking". Retrieved 2014-01-27. Jump up^ Bottom Line Design Awards Archived March 30. Jump up^ Drummond. Neha (2014-01-25). 2013). 120. Google Privacy & Terms. Michael (August 14. Jump up^ McMillan. Retrieved November 26. 2010). 2016. Official Google Blog. Wired. Official Google Blog. 2016. 2008-08-11. Retrieved 14 February 2007. Retrieved November 26. 2010). 121. Jump up^ "The Best Web-Based Computer Applications For Small Business". Official Gmail Blog. Kim (January 14. 130. 2009-02-24. 115. February 12. Jump up^ Singel. Retrieved 2014-09-02. 124. 2010). Julia (October 21. 132. Fox News. "Microsoft Attacks Google on Gmail Privacy". Wired. Nick (February 6. Jump up^ "Google Award". Google. Jump up^ "New Gmail messaging feature causes privacy concerns". "You Chose the Worst Time to Host a Reddit AMA. Computerworld. "Google's Gmail: spook heaven?". 2010). "Millions of Buzz users. "Google Hack Attack Was Ultra Sophisticated. Retrieved 5 February 2015. Jump up^ Treynor. 2016. "GMail a little too open? Google says users should have no 'expectation of privacy'". Jump up^ "Where were you during the great Gmail outage of February 2009?". Jump up^ Etherington. Retrieved November 26. "A new approach to China". 113. 2016. Mashable. VentureBeat. 118. Mashable Inc. ^ Jump up to:a b c "Google Outages Damage Cloud Credibility". 2016. Retrieved November 26. 2016. "Official Gmail Blog: More on today's Gmail issue". Retrieved 2009-09-02. 2013). BBC Retrieved 2009-09-25. Honorable Mentions. Retrieved 2014- 01-24. Jump up^ "The Gfail Whale: Gmail's Google Gears integration can't come soon enough". 126. 129. 128. Retrieved 2009-09- 02. 112. Jump up^ Wingfield. 122. The Register. at the Wayback Machine. 2010. Todd (February 11. 2016. Jump up^ Rasch. Mark (June 15. Retrieved November 26. Jump up^ Morisy. Forbes. 127. Ben (2009-09-01). David (January 12. Google". Boston. Archived from the original on 14 May 2011. Google. 2007. . New Details Show". The New York Times. Retrieved November 26.

Service Details". 137. Jump up^ Dave Burdick (2008-08-11). Retrieved 2009-07-31.ndtv. 149. Jump up^ "Gmail back soon for everyone". Mashable. 147. Farhad (2009-05-04). ^ Jump up to:a b Stephen Shankland. 143. "Gmail outage hits 'small subset of users'".google. "Google Glitch Disables 150. "Google's Gmail. 146. "Gmail users reporting outage | Internet & Media . Jump up^ "Gmail users in India. 140. Jump up^ "Google down!". Jump up^ Google (July 2009). Jump up^ Anuradha". Gadgetwise. 138. Retrieved 2009-07-31. Jump up^ Shruti Dhapola. Tech Hive. Middle East and South East Asia experience another outage | NDTV Gadgets". 144. close to 50 percent of users affected". Google Help.000 Gmail Accounts". 148.blogs. "Gmail Outage: Internet Resorts To 140-Character Complaints As Email Site Goes Down". Computer World (computerworld. Jump up^ "Gmail . Retrieved 17 April 2012. Jump up^ "Gmail hit by message delivery delays. Retrieved 2010-02-18. Retrieved 17 April 2012. 28 February 2011. 134.CNET News".com. Retrieved 2013-09-23. 142. Retrieved 2013-05-30. Retrieved 2013-09-23. again!". Retrieved 17 April 2012. "Maintaining A True Universal Inbox on Gmail Remains Elusive — Gadgetwise Blog — Tech2. Jump up^ Charlie White (28 February 2011). 139. Rafe (2011-10-28). News. restored for now". 141. The Official Gmail Blog. Retrieved 2012-04-17. Play Store suffer service outage. Firstpost. Retrieved 2013-05-30. Gadgets. huffingtonpost. pcworld. "Adding a custom 'From' address".com. Retrieved 2009-07-30. Mail. Jump up^ "Adding a custom 'From' address — Gmail Help". cnet News. Retrieved 17 April 2012. Retrieved 2013-06-10. External links[edit] Find more aboutGmailat Wikipedia's sister projects  Media from Commons  Textbooks from Wikibooks  Official website  Official Website for Gmail for Work  Gmail official mobile site (multilanguage) [show] Retrieved 17 April 2012.. 145. Jump up^ Google.[dead link] "Gmail is Jump up^ Needleman. 2013-05-13.. Jump up^ "Multiple Gmail accounts showing "on behalf of"". Jump up^ "Update: New way to "send mail as" without "on behalf of" — Gmail Help". Retrieved 2009-07- 31. Jump up^ "Google Fixes Gmail Outage That Affected Millions of Users". Google.

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