Numbers.

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Numbers.

© All Rights Reserved

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If asked to read a large number, a good way to do this when first learning is to use what's known as a

place-value chart. It is divided into 'families' of ones, thousands and millions.

If asked to read 53 462 748 we could write the numerals into a place-value chart. It is filled up from

the right hand side first. (So in this example there is one space left at the very left hand position in the

Millions family)

Hundreds Tens Ones Hundreds Tens Ones Hundreds Tens Ones

5 3 4 6 2 7 4 8

To read this we say the number in each family box followed by the name of the family itself, starting

with millions then continuing to thousands and lastly the ones family. In this example we see that the

number 53 is in the millions family, 462 is in the thousands family and 748 is in the ones family.

The number is Fifty-three million, four hundred and sixty-two thousand, seven hundred and forty-

eight. (Notice that we don't usually say 'ones' at the end of the number)

If asked to read 3 025 007 we can place the numerals into a 'place value' chart from right to left. (In

this example there are two spaces on the left hand side of the millions family). We can then read each

number in a family box and say the family name. There's a 3 in the millions family, 25 in the

thousands family and 7 in the ones family. This number therefore is: Three million, twenty-five

thousand and seven.

Hundreds Tens Ones Hundreds Tens Ones Hundreds Tens Ones

3 0 2 5 0 0 7

The zeros in the above example are very important. If they were left out we would have 3 25 7. This

number would be Three thousand, two hundred and fifty-seven! So the zeros are necessary as place

value holders.

Eventually with enough practise using a chart for reading large numbers, children will become

familiar with the 'family' names of millions, thousands and ones and begin to rely less and less on

the chart. Interested children may like to learn the name of the next family (billions) and practise

reading and writing some even bigger numbers. Once they know the name and order of families,

there's nothing stopping children from being able to read huge numbers just by following the same

rules. Read the number in the family box then say the family name, continuing to the

next family and so on.

.

Copyright mathsmentality.com.au 2012

How to write large numbers

If asked to write a large number, a good way to do this when first learning is to use what's known as a

place-value chart. It is divided into 'families' of ones, thousands and millions.

Hundreds Tens Ones Hundreds Tens Ones Hundreds Tens Ones

1 0

and then we would fill the remaining spaces with zeros

Hundreds Tens Ones Hundreds Tens Ones Hundreds Tens Ones

1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

so ten million is written as 10 000 000 (Notice that we leave a small space between the families

rather than placing a comma.)

To write the number 'five million and twelve thousand' we could start by writing a 5 in the

'millions' family and '12' in the 'thousands' family.

Hundreds Tens Ones Hundreds Tens Ones Hundreds Tens Ones

5 1 2

and then we would fill in the remaining spaces with zeros

Hundreds Tens Ones Hundreds Tens Ones Hundreds Tens Ones

5 0 1 2 0 0 0

so 'five-million and twelve thousand' is written as 5 012 000 (Once again we leave a small

space between the families rather than placing a comma.)

After using a place-value chart for a few examples, children will learn the importance that 'zeros'

sometimes have as place value holders. In the last example above, if we didn't place zeros in the

spaces on the chart, the number would be 512 (five hundred and twelve) rather than five million

and twelve thousand! Eventually with enough practise using this chart, children will start to notice

the pattern of how numerals are organised and the place-value chart will not be needed anymore.

.

Copyright mathsmentality.com.au 2012

Name: . Date:..

Hundreds Tens Ones Hundreds Tens Ones Hundreds Tens Ones

5 3 4 6 2 7 4 8

Say the number in each family box followed by the name of the family itself, starting with millions

then continuing to thousands and lastly the ones family.

The number is Fifty-three million, four hundred and sixty-two thousand, seven hundred and forty-

eight. (Notice that we don't usually say 'ones' at the end of the number)

..

.

MILLIONS THOUSANDS ONES

H T O H T O H T O

.

2 1 5 6 3 4 5

.

.

MILLIONS THOUSANDS ONES

H T O H T O H T O

.

2 4 9 0 3 4 1 2

.

.

MILLIONS THOUSANDS ONES

H T O H T O H T O

.

7 3 0 2 1 0 0 9

.

4 219 586 .

.

Copyright mathsmentality.com.au 2012

Name: . Date:..

To write the number 'five million and twelve thousand' we could start by writing a 5 in the

'millions' family and '12' in the 'thousands' family.

H T O H T O H T O H T O H T O H T O

5 1 2 5 0 1 2 0 0 0

and then we would fill in the remaining spaces with zeros

..

H T O H T O H T O

seventeen thousand, two hundred and

forty-six.

H T O H T O H T O Thirty million.

H T O H T O H T O Five million, thirty-two thousand and

twelve.

H T O H T O H T O Eight million, seven thousand and two.

.

Copyright mathsmentality.com.au 2012

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