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FRENCH FINAL STUDY GUIDE

*BOLDED SECTIONS ARE SPECIFIC SECTIONS OF FINAL*


VOCABULARY/EXPRESSIONS:

bientt See you soon


ah oh
all hello (on the phone)
au revoir good-bye
bien well
bonjour hello
cest this is, its
a
a va? How are things going?
a va bien. Things are going well.
ciao bye
comment what
daccord OK
Eh! Hey!
j/je I
mappelle
je mappelle my name is
sappelle
elle sappelle her name is
il sappelle his name is
tappelle
tu tappelles your name is
Madame (Mme) Mrs.
Mademoiselle (Mlle) Miss
merci thanks
Monsieur (M.) Mr./Sir
non no
oui yes
pardon excuse me
pas not
salut hi/good-bye
te to you
Tiens! Hey!

zero zero
un one
deux two
trois three
quatre four
cinq five
six six
sept seven
huit eight
neuf nine
dix ten
onze eleven
douze twelve
treize thirteen
quatorze fourteen
quinze fifteen
seize sixteen
dix-sept seventeen
dix-huit eighteen
dix-neuf nineteen
vingt twenty

to
alors (well) then
au to (the), at (the)
aussi also, too
le basket basketball
beaucoup a lot, (very) much
ben: bon ben well then
bein really
une bote dance club
bon, bonne good
le camping camping
chez to the hous/home of
le cinma movies
demain tomorrow
les devoirs (m.) homework
dis say
en to (the)
et and
faire du footing to go running
faire du roller to go roller blading
faire du shopping to go shopping
faire du sport to play sports
faire du vlo to go biking
faire les devoirs to do homework
le film movie
le foot soccer
le footing running
une interro, (l) quiz, test
le jazz jazz
des jeux vido (m.) video games
jouer au sport to play sport
mais but
moi me
la musique music
on they, we, one
On y va? Shall we go?
(un) peu (a) little
une pizza pizza
possible possible
pour for
pourquoi why
quest-ce que what
qui who, whom
le reggae reggae
le rock rock (music)
le roller roller skating
le shopping shopping
un sport a sport
super super, terrific, great
la tl TV
le tennis tennis
tout le monde everybody
un vlo bicycle
le volley volleyball

WEATHER:
le printemps spring
lt(m.) summer
lautomne (m.) fall
lhiver (m.) winter
Quel temps fait-il? What is the weather?
Il fait beau. It is beautiful.
Il fait chaud. It is hot.
Il fait froid. It is cold.
Il fait frais. It is cool.
Il fait mauvais. It is bad.
Il fait du soleil. It is sunny.
Il neige. It is snowing.
Il fait du vent. It is windy.
Il pleut. It is raining.

BODY PARTS:
le corps the body
la tte the head
le cou the neck
lpaule (f.) the shoulder
le doigt the finger
le genou the knee
la main the hand
le doigt de pied the toe
le pied the foot
la jambe the leg
le bras the arm
le dos the back
la figure the face
la bouche the mouth
les yeux (m.) the eyes (plural)
loeil (m.) the eye (singular)
loreille (f.) the ear
le nez the nose
les dents (f.) the teeth

FAMILY MEMBERS:
le grand-pre grandfather
la grand-mre grandmother
le pre father
la mre mother
le beau-pre stepfather/father-in-law
la belle-mre stepmother/mother-in-law
la tante aunt
loncle (m.) uncle
la cousine female cousin
le cousin male cousin
la sur sister
le frre brother
le demi-frre half-brother
la demi-sur half-sister
la belle-sur sister-in-law/step sister
le beau-frre brother-in-law/step brother
les parents parents
les enfants children
la femme wife
la fille daughter
le fils son

TELLING TIME:
Il est number heure/heures. It is number oclock.
Ex: Il est une heure. It is one oclock.
Il est minuit. It is midnight.
Il est midi. It is noon.
Il est une heure et quart. It is one and a quarter
(1:15)
Il est une heure et demie. It is one and a half hour.
(1:30)
Il est une heure moins le quart. It is one minus a quarter.
(12:45)
You can also just add the number of minutes: Il est une heure
et quinze = 1:15
Il est une heure et quarante-
cinq= 1:45

SHOPS:
la charcuterie delicatessen
la boucherie butcher shop
le supermarch supermarket
la crmerie dairy shop
la ptisserie pastry shop
la boulangerie bakery

QUANTITIES:
une tranche de a slice of
un morceau de a piece of
une bote de a can of
un kilo de a kilo of
un pot de a jar of
une bouteille de a bottle of
beaucoup de a lot of
trop de too much of
assez de enough of
un peu de not enough of/a little of

PLACE SETTING:
le poivre pepper
le sel salt
une nappe tablecloth
un bol bowl
un verre glass
une tasse cup (for coffee, tea, etc)
le sucre sugar
un couteau knife
une fourchette fork
une cuiller spoon
une serviette napkin
une assiette plate
le petit djeuner breakfast
le djeuner lunch
le goter afternoon snack
le dner dinner
CLOTHING:
les vtements (m) clothes
un ensemble outfit
un pull pullover sweater
un pantalon pants
une jupe skirt
un anorak snow jacket
un blouson jacket
un maillot de bain bathing suit
un costume suit
un tailleur womans suit
un sweat sweater
des bottes (f) boots
des chaussures (f) shoes
un manteau coat
une veste sport jacket
un chapeau hat
une chemise blouse
un short shorts
des chaussettes (f) socks
des tennis (m) tennis shoes
un jean jeans
des baskets (f) basketball shoes
un tee-shirt T-shirt
les magasins (m) stores
une boutique specialty shop
un grand magasin department store
un centre commercial shopping mall

VERBS:

-ER CONJUGATION: knock off er and add


je -e
tu -es
il/elle -e
nous -ons
vous -ez
ils/elles-ent

-IR CONJUGATION: knock off ir and add


je -is
tu -is
il/elle -it
nous -issons
vous -issez
ils/elles-issent

-RE CONJUGATION: knock of re and add


je -s
tu -s
il/elle -
nous -ons
vous -ez
ils/elles-ent

arriver to arrive -er conjugation


couter to listen -er conjugation (command form = coute)
presenter to introduce -er conjugation
aimer to like -er conjugation
aller to go see irregular verbs
danser to danse -er conjugation
dormir to sleep -ir conjugation
tudier to study -er conjugation
faire to do see irregular verbs
inviter to invite -er conjugation
jouer to play -er conjugation
lire to read
manger to eat -er conjugation
nager to swim -er conjugation
passer to show -er conjugation
prfrer to prefer see irregular verbs
regarder to watch -er conjugation
skier to ski -er conjugation
sortir to go out -ir conjugation
tlphoner to call -er conjugation

GRAMMAR:

HOW TO MAKE NEGATINVES:


surround the conjugated verb by ne/n pas
Example: Je naime pas nager. I dont like to swim.

INDEFINITE ARTICLES: (a/an, some)


Masculine: un Feminine: une Plural: des

DEFINITE ARTICLES: (the)


Masculine: le Feminine: la Before a vowel: l
Plural: les
+ DEFINITE ARTICLES: (at the )
Masculine: au Feminine: la Before a vowel: la
Plural: aux

DE + DEFINITE ARTICLES: (from the )


Masculine: du Feminine: de la Before a vowel: de l
Plural: des

PARTITIVE ARTICLES: (some ice cream, water, bread)


Masculine: du [pain] Feminine: de la [glace] Before a vowel:
de l[eau]
Note: partitive article becomes de/d in negative sentences

EXPRESSIONS OF QUANTITY:
combien how much, how many
assez enough
beaucoup a lot, many
(un) peu (a) little, few
trop too much, too many
Note: these are followed by de/d before a noun [Example: beacoup
deau]

QUESTION WORDS:
combien how much, how many
comment what, how
o where
pourquoi why
quest-ce que what
quand when
qui who, whom
*quel, quelle what, which

*Note: there are 4 forms of quel:


1. Masculine singular: quel [Quel crabe]
2. Masculine plural: quells [Quells crabes]
3. Feminine singular: quelle [Quelle femme]
4. Feminine plural: quelles [Quelles femmes]

QUESTION FORMATION: (3 ways)


1. Rising tone of voice
Vous travaillez beaucoup? Do you travel a
lot?
2. By beginning with est-ce que
Est-ce que vous travaillez beaucoup? Do you travel a
lot?
3. By adding nest-ce pas?
Vous travaillez beaucoup, nest-ce pas? You travel a lot,
isnt that right?
4. Inversion: flip the verb and subject pronoun
Travaillez-vous beacoup? Do you travel a lot?

POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES:
Masculine:
mon my
ton your
son his/her
notre our
votreyour
leur their
Feminine: (before a consonant sound)
ma my
ta your
sa his/her
notre our
votreyou
leur their
Feminine: (before a vowel sound)
mon my
ton your
son his/her
notre our
votreyour
leur their
Plural:
mes my
tes your
ses his/her
nos our
vos your
leurs their

DEMONSTRATIVE ADJECTIVES: (this, that, these, those)

Masculine Masculine Feminine


before a before a
consonant vowel

Singular ce cet cette


Plural ces ces ces

AGREEMENT OF ADJECTIVES:
ADJECTIVE MUST MATCH NOUN (masculine noun goes with masculine
adjective)
add e to masculine to make feminine (in some cases)
bavard/bavarde
no change (in some cases) suisse/suisse
change er to re (in some cases) cher/chre
change eux to euse (in some cases)
paresseux/paresseuse
double consonant + -e gros/grosse

COMPARATIVE OF ADJECTIVES:
plus + adjective + que more adjective
than
moins + adjective + que less adjective
than
aussi + adjective + que as adjective as

SUPERLATIVE OF ADJECTIVES:
le/la/les + plus + adjective the most adjective

NOTE:
beau changes to bel before a vowel
nouveau changes to nouvel before a vowel
vieux changes to vieil before a vowel

ADJECTIVES THAT COME BEFORE NOUNS:


autre
beau
bon
grand
gros
jeune
joli
mauvais
nouveau
petit
vieux

PAST TENSE/PASS COMPOS


subject pronoun + conjugated avoir/tre + past participle
*in negative sentences, nepas goes around the conjugated
verb*

Je suis all. I went.


Jai mang. I ate.
PASS COMPOS WITH REGULAR PAST PARTICIPLES

-ER VERBS:
knock off er and add
Example: jouer jou

-IR VERBS:
knock off ir and add i
Example: finir fini

-RE VERBS:
knock off re and add u
Example: attendre attendu

VERBS THAT HAVE IRREGULAR PAST PARTICIPLES:

avoir eu
tre t
faire fait
prendre pris
voir vu

*most verbs take avoir, but some take tre*


VERBS THAT TAKE TRE AS HELPING VERB:

aller all
arriver arriv
entrer entr
partir parti
rentrer rentr
rester rest
sortir sorti
venir venu

*For verbs that use tre as helping verb:


verb must match subject-

add e to the end of the past participle to make it


feminine
add es to the end of the past participle to make it
feminine plural
add s to the end of the past participle to make it
masculine plural

Il est all. He went.


Elle est alle. She went.
Ils sont alls. They went.
Elles sont alles. They went.