tutorial of electrical and electronics

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tutorial of electrical and electronics

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V Semester E&E

Tutorial-1 (L3-L6)

1. The weekly discharge of a typical hydroelectric plant is given in table. The plant has an

effective head of 15 m and an overall efficiency of 85% . If the plant operates on 40%

load factor, estimate (i) Draw the Hydrograph and find the average daily discharge (ii)

Installed capacity of proposed plant.

Discharge(m3/sec) 500 520 850 800 875 900 546

2. A load which is situated near a river requires continuous power of 500 kW all through the

year. Head=25m. The water flow in a year is i) 6 m3/s for 4 months ii) 4 m3/s for 2

months and iii) 2 m3/s for 6 months. Assuming the overall plant efficiency as 80%, Find

i) the rating of standby unit required if there is no reservoir and ii) with reservoir, what

will be the excess power available?

3. The available discharge for a hydro power plant is 320 m3/s . The generator with 24 poles

is directly coupled to the turbine & the frequency is 50 Hz. Calculate the head required, if

the number of Kaplan turbines used is 6 & the specific speed of the turbine is 500.Take

of the turbine = 90% and load factor=0.65.

Installed capacity = 10 MW; Water head, H = 20 m; Overall efficiency, overall = 80 % ;

Load factor = 40 %.

i) Determine the river discharge in m3/sec required for the plant.

ii) If on a particular day, the river flow is 20 m3/sec, what load factor can the plant

supply ?

Tutorial-2 & 3 (L15-L21)

Compute the dc resistance in /km. Assume that the increase in resistance due to

spiraling is 2%. Resistivity = 1.73x10-8 -m.

2. A 16 km line consists of a pair of copper conductors, 1.25 cm in diameter, spaced 1.2m.

Find the impedance of the loop formed by joining the conductors at one end, for a

frequency of 50 Hz.

3. Calculate the inductance of each conductor in a 3-phase, 3-wire system when the

conductors are arranged in a horizontal plane with spacing such that D31 = 4m ; D12 = D23

= 2m. The conductors are transposed and have a diameter of 2.5 cm.

4. Compute the GMR of the i) 3 ii) 4 & iii) 7 stranded conductors with radius of each strand

as r. Comment on the results obtained.

5. A single phase transmission line has 2 conductors each of 1.8cm in diameter. The

capacitance of each conductor, neglecting the effect of earth, is 8.4 nF / km. Determine

the distance between the conductors. Also calculate the new value of capacitance, if the

conductors are mounted at a height of 6.5m above the ground, for the same distance

between the conductors. Comment on the results.

6. A 3 phase transposed line is composed of Bobolink conductors per phase with flat

horizontal spacing of 11 m between two adjacent phases. The conductor has a GMR of

1.5 cm. The line is to be replaced by a 3 equilateral spaced sub-conductor bundle of

Hawk conductors. Each sub-conductor has a GMR of 0.9 cm. The new line will also have

a flat horizontal configuration, but the Inter-phase spacing is increased to 15 m from

centre to centre. The spacing between the conductors in a bundle is 45cm. Determine the

%change in inductance and capacitance.

7. Estimate the capacitance to neutral of a 50 kV, 50 Hz, 1-phase line 32 km long which

consists of 0.5 cm diameter conductors with spacing 1.5 m apart. Also determine the

charging current with the line open circuited.

8. In a single phase line conductors a and a in parallel form one circuit while conductors b

and b in parallel form the return path. Calculate the total inductance and capacitance of

the line per km assuming that current is equally shared by the two parallel conductors.

Conductor diameter in 2 cm.

a a' b b'

100 cm

20cm

20cm

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