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ADULT HORSES Normal temp: 99.5 – 100.5
 Leptospirosis – annual, fall is recommended
 Equine Encephalomyelitis (sleeping sickness) and Tetanus – annual
 West Nile Virus – annual in spring
 Rabies – annual (Can be boosted every other year in old horses)
 Streptococcus equi (strangles) – annual (for horses likely to have exposure)
 *Influenza (upper respiratory virus) – typically every 6 months
 *Rhinopneumonitis (EHV1 & 4, upper respiratory virus) - typically every 6 months
*Depending on your equine activities and the environment in which your horse is stabled, it may be advisable to boost
the Rhino and Flu vaccines every 3 to 6 months. Consult your veterinarian regarding this matter.
If the mare was vaccinated approximately 30 days prior to foaling, foals may be vaccinated for West Nile as early as
3 months. All other vaccines should be started at 6 months of age. Vaccines should be boosted 4 weeks after each
initial dose. For foals, boost vaccines again 8 weeks from the second booster date.
 Leptospirosis – 3 doses for foals 2 doses for adults
 Equine Encephalomyelitis and Tetanus – 3 doses for foals 2 doses for adults
 Rhinopneumonitis and Influenza (injection)– 3 doses for foals 2 doses for adults
 West Niles - 3 doses for foals 2 doses for adults
 Rabies – 3 doses for foals 2 doses for adults
 Strangles – 3 doses for foals 2 doses for adults
PREGNANT MARES Gestation: 11+months (330-345 days) Heat Cycle: Every 21 days, lasts 4-7 days, may not cycle year round
 Rhinopneumonitis (EHV 1a&b, abortion) boosters at 5th, 7th, and 9th months of pregnancy.
 Encephalomyelitis (sleeping sickness), Tetanus and West Nile should be boosted 30 days prior to foaling.
 Discuss timing of other vaccines with your veterinarian.
 Deworming interval depends on the horses housing situation.
 Design an individual deworming program based on your horse’s specific health needs.
 Foals should be dewormed at 2 months of age.
 Rotate an Ivermectin or Moxidectin wormer with other wormers (Oxibendazole, Fenbendazole or Pyrantel). Give
an Ivermectin wormer after the first frost in late fall or early winter. Praziquantel controls tapeworms and should
be given at least once a year.
Have your horse’s teeth checked at least once a year. Teeth should be floated periodically, but the interval varies
between individuals. Horses as young as 2 years old may require this procedure. Wolf teeth (1st upper pre-molar):
These teeth could cause sensitivity of the mouth and are sometimes removed before starting the horse in bit. If not
removed symptoms may include head tossing or reluctance to take the bit. Consult with your veterinarian if you
think this may be a problem in your horse.
North Coast Veterinary Hospital also does specialty and performance related dentistry.

 Consult with your farrier. Normally, horses need to be trimmed and/or re-shod every 6-10 weeks. If corrective
shoeing is necessary, try to arrange a consultation between your veterinarian and farrier.
 You should be aware that this is a selenium deficient area and selenium supplementation is strongly advised.

Robert L. Branch, D.V.M. Bruce C. Carlisle, D.V.M.
1701 Giuntoli Lane, Arcata, California 95521 (707) 822-4885
2180 Drake Hill Road, Fortuna, California 95540 (707) 726-9262
Updated 02/17