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A

Acoustical Panel: A systems furniture panel with
Table of
acoustical properties to absorb sound within the panel
structure providing a higher Sound Transmission Class Contents
(STC) rating for the overall workspace. A
Access Flooring: (also Raised floor or Raised access B
computer floor) An elevated structural floor above a C
solid substrate (often a concrete slab) to create a E
hidden void for the passage of mechanical, electrical F
services, and air flow. Raised floors are widely used in G
modern office buildings, and in specialized areas such
H
as IT data centers and computer rooms. In
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courthouses it is most commonly used in computer
K
rooms, clerks’ offices and courtrooms and it permits
the easy reconfiguration of office and workspaces. L
ADA: Americans with Disabilities Act. M
Adaptive Re-Use: Conversion of a building into a use N
other than that for which it was designed, such as O
changing an office building into a courthouse. P
Adjacency Requirements: Programming information R
concerning optimal functional proximity of various
S
personnel groups and equipment areas. This
T
information is a major element of the criteria used in
U
space planning.
A/E: Architecture & Engineering V
Architect: An individual, partnership, corporation or W
other legal entity licensed to practice the profession of
architecture.

with the expectation that the proceeds of the larger. future bond issue will cover the anticipation notes. roof compartments. In a courthouse it usually refers to the spacing available for courtrooms.Architectural Program: Identifying individual spaces to be designed by name. windows or similar measures. regardless of age and abilities. permitted maximum height. Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers B Building Backbone: The part of a communications network that carries the majority of traffic throughout the building from the entry room to cross connections on each floor. such as local municipalities wishing to generate funds for upcoming projects. usually defined by dimensional requirements such as setback. narrative. budget. ASHRAE: American Society of Heating. stepback. The program can be developed independent of the architectural design process and is used by the owner to define the scope of the project and subsequently by the architect to define the spatial and functional requirements. Block Diagram: Initial form of space allocation in which the spatial requirements determined in the programming phase are shown. Building Envelope: The volume of space in a building or courthouse. in correct proportion. functional relationships. Bay: A vertical division of a façade or a structure division of a building. A document that defines in tabular. Barrier-Free Design: Building and site design which is accessible to all people. marked by column spacing. Bond Anticipation Note (BAN): A short-term interest-bearing security issued in advance of a larger. and mission of a building. . and relationship to other component spaces. This diagram shows. and maximum permitted lot coverage. function. and graphic form the size. future bond issue issued by corporations and governments. The bond anticipation notes are used as short-term financing. departments and their proposed locations within the courthouse. size. Blocking: Architectural term for the process of laying out major spaces on a single floor.

Building grossing factor: In architectural programming. For a person to see an entire theatre stage. or a plan. the departmental grossing factor. and not exclusively a department or component of the building. and the building grossing factor. used to identify and manage the changes during the project life‑cycle. exterior walls. the “trays” or “tunnels” that hold the wiring must be easily accessible without serious disruption of the operation. Building gross area is measured to the exterior surface of permanent outer building walls. with an additional factor to account for major public circulation between departments. such as courtrooms. elevators stairwells. includes the total of all departmental areas. In a courthouse where technology is constantly changing. elevators and lobbies. etc. chambers. Cone of Vision: The visual region that relates to a person’s normal vision without his/her peripheral vision. Buffer: a strip of land established to provide separation between land uses and typically developed as a landscaped area. especially changes in project scope. mechanical and electrical spaces not specifically included in the project space program. The total size of a building is the addition of the net area.Building Gross Square Feet (BGSF): Building gross area. fire stairs. A person would need to sit far enough back to achieve . another multiplier is added to the net and departmental gross square footage to account for exterior wall thickness. Certificate of Participation (COP): A type of financing where an investor purchases a share of the lease revenues of a program rather than the bond being secured by those revenues. and any other common spaces not clearly identified as net areas. Conduit: Cables or wires that connect equipment to the source of energy. a cone of vision of 60 degrees is generally required. and includes all enclosed areas. The area of sight or the angle of sight. Change Procedures: A set of steps. For example. on a limited set of monitors. C Closed-circuit Television (CCTV): The use of video cameras to transmit a signal to a specific place. and mechanical rooms that serve the entire structure. the revenues generated from a future parking garage.

and inefficiencies created by shaft spaces that penetrate through the floors within departmental areas. corridors and pathways within a department. Delphi is based on the principle that forecasts (or decisions) from a structured group of individuals are more accurate than those from unstructured groups. files. Construction Documents: The drawings and specifications that are used to solicit bids for the construction of the facility are called “construction documents” that includes the schematic design. such as corridors leading to the work stations. the Clerk’s area could include workstations. a facilitator provides an anonymous summary of the experts’ forecasts from the previous round as well as the reasons they provided for their judgments. Departmental Gross Square Feet (DGSF): Departmental area – also called "usable area"– is measured in departmental gross square feet. are included in the departmental grossing factor. After each round. would require. including all net areas and a factor to account for interior wall thicknesses. Departmental Grossing Factor: The departmental grossing factor is a percentage of the net area of a component of the facility that is added to the net space. This value represents the total area that is typically used when calculating the area on a floor that a specific unit. D Delphi Method : A forecasting method which relies on a panel of experts that answer questionnaires in two or more rounds. Demolition: Dismantling or razing of all or part of an existing building. and . columns and other structural elements. and the like. The non-assignable areas. Design Guidelines: Criteria established to guide development toward a desired level of quality through the design of the physical environment. design development. and construction drawings of the facility. For example. This percentage or multiplier accounts for the non- assignable space associated with a component of the building. such as judicial chambers or clerk’s office. and public counters. all of which can be defined in terms of net square footage. These documents are used by the contractor and subcontractors to first estimate the cost of construction and secondly to construct the facility.this degree of vision.

doors and dimensions. Fenestration: The arrangement of windows in a building. conduit.which are applied on a discretionary basis relative to the context of development. such as from Federal funding or grants. lighting fixture. that indicates the location of rooms. texture and reflectivity of materials. sign. G Glazing: A part of a wall or window made of glass. Finish: The visual characteristics including color. The term “footprint” refers only to the amount of the site that the building occupies at the ground level. Governing bodies issue grant anticipatory notes to provide . partnership. Fixture: An appliance or device attached to the facade (e.g. and not the entire square footage of the structure. The engineers and architects stay one step ahead of the builder. F Fast Track Construction: Construction process which allows construction to begin before the design is completed. A scaled drawing showing the various levels of a building. condensing the time required to complete the project. corporation or other legal entity licensed to practice the profession of engineering. Grant Anticipatory Note: A bond issued by a governing body that is secured by future expected funding. interior walls. Floor Plan: A the horizontal arrangement of one level of the building that typically indicates walls. E Engineer: An individual. Footprint Size/ Building Footprint: The area of the ground floor of a building that consumes site area. and staircases and elevators.. or security gate). awning.

outside the facility. walkway. road. hedge. fountain. structure. or other object constituting a physical betterment of real property. K Kiosk: Free-standing structure that can be located within the lobby of courthouses. a building is often composed . or any part of such betterment. wall. rock. work of art. fence. Ventilation and Air Conditioning I IES: Illuminating Engineering Society of North America Improvement: Any building. path. body of water. plaza. plant.immediate cash to keep projects ontime in anticipation of future funding being received. place. height. L Landscape improvement: A physical betterment of real property or any part thereof. step. shrub. H HVAC: Heating. and depth which give a building its overall shape. stream. M Mass: The combination of the three dimensions of length. terrace. and/or at remote locations that permit a citizen to electronically access information regarding a case. mature tree. or sculpture. pay fines. consisting of natural or artificial landscaping. and transmit documents to the Court are becoming more popular as a means of increasing accessibility and convenience to the court without creating increased foot traffic within the courthouse. including but not limited to grade.

usually located in the main lobby. Net area describes the actual working area of an office. Micrographics: A generic term that encompasses microfiche. hence the term massing. directions. either on the same site or within the building.of many masses. workstation. microfilm. Microfiche: A technique for storing multiple pages of a document on a single sheet of photographic film. moldings. excluding permanent structural or architectural elements and internal circulation. The display can be electronic or utilize traditional methods to display courtroom assignments. . in order to permit the owner or governing body to decide which strategy to pursue. that is typically fabricated off-site and made of wood and/or similar materials. or (b) any Addition. and announcements. in nodes. Millwork: Built-in counters. etc. Mixed Use: A development or area comprised of mixed land uses either in the same building or in separate buildings on either the same lot or on separate lots or. Modification: Any work to an existing improvement or landscape improvement other than (a) ordinary maintenance or repair. cabinetry. wall or ceiling paneling. N Net Square Feet (NSF): Net area – also called "programmable area" or "net assignable space" – is measured in net square feet (NSF). Master plan (or facility master plan): A master plan is a phase of the pre design process that compares several different options of achieving the project’s objectives. aperture cards. In courthouse projects it might refer to the inclusion of non-court functions as part of the project. or support space. at a larger scale. Marquee: Part of the informational signage of the courthouse. rolled film. shelving. and similar technologies of storing images of documents. which is often used to describe the form or shape of structures. Microfilm: The processed photographic film kept for later retrieval and viewing. usually found in courtrooms and clerks’ office.

Public Private Partnerships (PPP or P3 projects): A government service or private business venture which is funded and operated through a partnership of government and one or more private sector entities. which may be privately-owned. Publicly Accessible Spaces: Buildings. O Occupiable Space: A room. also generally referred to as net area. stairwells. or enclosure and accessory installations thereof.Net Area: The net area of a room is the square footage within the walls that enclose the space.Public Private Partnership Packaged Equipment . with an allowance for the square footage to accommodate the non-assignable areas such as wall thickness. rehabilitation and adaptive re-use. which are intended for human occupancy or habitation. P P3 Projects . Net area does not include the wall thickness or the corridors that lead to the room or space. and finance the project for the government under an arrangement where the governmental entity agrees to lease purchase the facility over time. streets and exterior areas. but to which the public has access. . Architects design spaces to the net area.self-contained air or water conditioning system Preservation: providing for the continued use of deteriorated old and historic buildings. and mechanical shafts. Public Art: Site specific artwork created to enhance and animate publicly accessible spaces through artistic interpretations that range from individual sculpture to integrated architectural and landscape features and treatments. sites and structure through such means as restoration. These are generally design-build-finance projects where a private entity or business such as a contractor proposes to design. build.

not actual size.R Raceway: Enclosed conduit that forms a physical pathway for electrical wiring. scale usually applies to how the sense is perceived in relation to the size of a human being and refers to the apparent size. Signage: Any lettering. or logos in general. Usually large enough to accommodate one or two prisoner transport vehicles. Scale: The sense of proportion or apparent size of a building or building element as crated by the placement and size of the building in its setting. sewer systems that is repaid from the revenues derived from the project. since it is always viewed in relationship to another building or element. Restoration: Accurately recovering the form and details of a building and site as it appeared at a particular period of time by means of the removal of later work or by the replacement of missing earlier work. water systems. S Sally Port: Secure enclosure for the delivery of prisoners. the architect is required by building codes to consider the particular seismic zone within which the building will be located and certify that the structure is designed properly to withstand the intensity of the earthquake. Revenue Bonds: A type of municipal bond that is issued to finance utility or facility projects. signs. used to direct users or . Seismic Conditions: A seismic condition is an assessment of the potential for an earthquake. A bond is an interest-bearing or discounted debt security that is issued by a government or corporation in order to raise funds for capital projects. such as electrical plants. In the preparation of construction documents. Renovation: Modernization of an old or historic structure which unlike restoration may not be consistent with the original design. Raised Floor Access: Also called Access Flooring.

The higher the STC rating. electricity. It is a drawing that shows accurately with dimensions the boundaries of the site and the location of all buildings. Used to borrow money. STC: Sound Transmission Class. water and waste water.what elements go on what floor and how the floors are organized. The use of “universal grids” is a method of installing cabling either beneath the floor or in the ceiling that can be easily altered to accommodate new equipment or the replacement of outdated cabling systems. Utilities: Facilities for gas. cable television. structures. telephone. Setback: The horizontal distance from the property line to the face of a building or from natural features to a building. uses and principal site design features proposed for a parcel of land. The government then uses the following year's tax revenue to repay the TANs. including overhead and underground power and . Stacking: The vertical organization of a building . typically for one year or less and at a low interest rate. Rating of how well a building partition minimizes airborne sound. in order to finance a capital expenditure such as the construction of a road or school. Site Plan: A drawing of the footprint of the building and immediate adjacent buildings indicating the location of the proposed work.provide information in the courthouse. Stepback: A setback of the upper floors of a building which is greater than the setback of the lower floors. the more privacy is provided in the adjoining space. T Tax Anticipation Note (TAN): A short-term debt security issued by a state or local government to finance an immediate project that will be repaid with future tax collections. U Universal Grids: Technology is changing rapidly in many spaces within the courthouse. natural features.

However. architectural and spatial. although satellite links are used as well. usually made for individual work. graphic. workstations are highly customizable. water mains. all fire hydrants. usually by leased telephone lines. V Vehicular Sally Port: The enclosed or open. Voir Dire: Questioning of prospective jurors by a judge and attorneys in court. Workstation: A table or desk with a three-sided partition surround. W Wayfinding: The information available to people which they need to find their way around the city and can be verbal. Planning and Design Tools . and are often used to reduce noise and provide privacy to individual employees working in a single room. The process of selecting the jury panel.telephone lines. Wide Area Network (WAN): Refers to the connection of several LANs together. storm and sanitary sewers. but fenced. structure for securing vehicles while inmates are being transferred into a booking or court holding area.

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