# 2/1/2017 Calculating the Vegetation Indices from Landsat 8 image Using ArcGis 10.

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Calculating the Vegetation Indices from Landsat 8
image Using ArcGis 10.1
 BY ADMIN  JULY 8, 2015  BLOG, REMOTE SENSING  COMMENTS: 24
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Step 1: Calculating Re韎�ectance value from the Satellite data Be the first of your friends to like this

Step 2: Correcting the Re韎�ectance value with sun angle

Step 3: Calculating NDVI from 4th and 5th bands
  
Step 4: Calculating SAVI from Re韎�ectance Popular Recent Comments

Step 5: Calculating Tasseled cap indices Geocoding using Microsoft
Step 6: Tasseled cap Brightness indices API
Step 7: Similarly calculate the other indices Tasseled cap wetness index
and Greenness index 67 Important GIS
The Normalized Di៚�erential Vegetation Index (NDVI) is a standardized Applications and Uses
vegetation index which allows us to generate an image showing the Comments: 31

relative biomass. The chlorophyll absorption in Red band and relatively
high re韎�ectance of vegetation in Near Infrared band (NIR) are using for Know Basics of Remote
calculating NDVI. ( From ESRI) Sensing Quickly and Become
Expert

“An NDVI is often used worldwide to monitor drought, monitor and
Calculating the Vegetation
predict agricultural production, assist in predicting hazardous ퟌ�re Indices from Landsat 8
zones, and map desert encroachment. The NDVI is preferred for image Using ArcGis 10.1
global vegetation monitoring because it helps to compensate for Comments: 24
changing illumination conditions, surface slope, aspect, and other
extraneous factors” (Lillesand 2004). Mapping of 2015 Public
Companies Forbes Global
2000

Monitoring the intensity and the density of the green vegetation growth
http://grindgis.com/blog/vegetation­indices­arcgis 1/17

1 and vegetation over 0.025  Mapbox Clouds 0.1 Monitoring the intensity and the density of the green vegetation growth Comments: 19 can be done using the re韎�ection from the red band and the infrared band. Features like Clouds. Taking ratio or High Resolution Imagery di៚�erence of two bands makes the vegetation growth signal 30-50cm Satellite Imagery from di៚�erentiated from the the DigitalGlobe Airbus-DS BlackBridge background signal. Table below shows the red and infrared bands re韎�ectance values of features and their NDVI values.228 0. snow and clouds.046  Microsoft Excel Water 0.283 0. Water has an NDVI value less than 0. CATEGORIES  Arcgis RED= DN values from RED band  Blog NIR= DN values from Near Infrared band  Data COVER TYPE RED     NIR NDVI  GIS Dense vegetation 0.45 – 0.64 – 0.342 -0.67 30 Operational http://grindgis. Increase in the positive NDVI value means greener the vegetation. Output of the NDVI method creates a single-band dataset that only shows greenery. By taking a ratio of two bands drop the values between -1 to +1.1. Values close to zero represent rock and bare soil and negative values represent water. Water typically has an NDVI value less than 0. Roger Tomlinson ESRI Excel Forbes Global 2000 Forbes Band 1 – Coastal aerosol 0. 2013 Add x and y Advantage of GIS: Table shows the Spectral characteristics of Landsat 8 Arcgis Arcmap Blog Charts Charts on the map China Component of Bands Wavelength Resolution GIS Deퟌ�nition of GIS Delta State University: Dot Density Map Dr. bare soils between 0 and 0. Here the IR and NIR bands are 4 and 5 respectively. and vegetation over 0.7  LIDAR Dry Bare soil 0. bare soils between 0 and 0.43 – 0.53 – 0.1.com/SatelliteImagery NASA scientist popularly known as Normalized Di៚�erence Vegetation Index (NDVI).227 0.5 0. Landsat 8 Operational Land Imager (OLI) and Thermal Infrared Sensor (TIRS) images consist of nine spectral bands with a spatial  What is GIS? resolution of 30 meters for Bands 1 to 7 and 9. It observe red band more for the photosynthesis process. while the di៚�erence is almost zero for rock and bare soil.013 -0.  Statistics The data is in GeoTi៚� format with 16 bit radiometric resolution (ranges  Tutorials from 0-65535). The resolution for Band 8  What is Remote Sensing? (panchromatic) is 15 meters.infrared band than in the visible range. water and snow show better re韎�ection in the visible range then the near-infrared range.59 30 Outbreak Map Landsat 8 LIDAR data List of Landsat 8 Band 4 – Red 0. NDVI method was developed by the mapmart.  SAGA  Software Here we are using the Landsat image acquired from USGS Earth Explorer.022 0. In addition it also have two Thermal IR bands with a spatial resolution of 100m (later resampled into 30 m).com/blog/vegetation­indices­arcgis map Maps 2/17 .002  Maps Snow and ice 0. Green vegetation re韎�ects more energy in the near.Before calculating the NDVI the DN data must be converted to re韎�ectance using TAGS the equations given in their website.257  Python Fig: Table 1  QGIS Table shows typical re韎�ectance values in the red and infrared channels.51 30 magazine Geocoding GIS Global 2000 How GIS Works: Japan John Snow Cholera Band 3 – Green 0.  Remote Sensing and the NDVI for typical cover types.375 0. diseased or dead.1.2/1/2017 Calculating the Vegetation Indices from Landsat 8 image Using ArcGis 10.269 0.1 0. Leaves re韎�ects less in the near-infrared region when they are stressed.45 30 Band 2 – Blue 0.

29 30 (OLI) United kingdom USA Vector Data What is Band 8 – Panchromatic 0. Note that ρλ’ does not contain a correction for the sun angle. The following equation is used to convert DN values to TOA re韎�ectance for OLI image:       ρλ’ = M ρQ cal + A ρ Where: ρλ’ = TOA planetary re韎�ectance.2/1/2017 Calculating the Vegetation Indices from Landsat 8 image Using ArcGis 10.88 30 (NIR) Online Population programming Land Python Python code QGIS Raster Imager Band 6 – SWIR 1 1. Open Arc toolbox in ArcMap II. without correction for solar angle.txt ퟌ�le you can ퟌ�nd along with the data) I.36 – 1. From the Arc toolbox open Raster calculator (Arc toolbox >Spatial Analyst tool > Map Algebra tool > Raster Calculator tool) http://grindgis.57 – 1. (Metadata means the .85 – 0.11 – 2.50 – 12. Open ArcMap and add satellite images band 4 and band 5 for calculating NDVI. M ρ = Band-speciퟌ�c multiplicative rescaling factor from the metadata (Re韎�ectance_Mult_Band_x. II.19 100 * (30) (TIRS) 1 Infrared Band 11 – Thermal Sensor Infrared 11.60 – 11. where x is the band number) A ρ = Band-speciퟌ�c additive rescaling factor from the metadata (Re韎�ectance_Add_Band_x.51 100 * (30) (TIRS) 2 (TIRS)  (Obtained from USGS website) Step 1: Calculating Re韎�ectance value from the Satellite data OLI spectral radiance data can also be converted to TOA planetary re韎�ectance using re韎�ectance rescaling coeퟌ�cients provided in the landsat8 OLI metadata ퟌ�le.68 15 GIS world map and Band 9 – Cirrus 1. where x is the band number) Q cal = Quantized and calibrated standard product pixel values (DN).1 Operational Band 5 – Near Infrared Universities map Maps Master Online Degree 0.50 – 0.65 30 Data shapeퟌ�le Software Tuition per credit Band 7 – SWIR 2 2.com/blog/vegetation­indices­arcgis 3/17 .38 30 Band 10 – Thermal Thermal Infrared 10.

Find M ρ Band-speciퟌ�c multiplicative rescaling factor from the metadata    (Re韎�ectance_Mult_Band_x.100000 sub_tif_Band_4= 4th band (Red band) Set the output folder and ퟌ�le name then click “OK” http://grindgis.100000 Where REFLECTANCE_MULT_BAND_4 = 2.0000E-05 * (“sub_tif_Band_4”)) + -0.com/blog/vegetation­indices­arcgis 4/17 . where x is the band number) An example of where the M ρ Band-speciퟌ�c multiplicative rescaling factor from the metadata (Re韎�ectance_Mult_Band_x. where x is the band number) is found within the metadata ퟌ�le Apply and perform values in Raster calculator for both RED and NIR bands (4 and 5 bands) Example Band 4 re韎�ectance= (2. where x is the band number) A ρ Band-speciퟌ�c additive rescaling factor from the metadata (Re韎�ectance_Add_Band_x.0000E-05 RFLECTANCE_ADD_BAND_4 = -0.2/1/2017 Calculating the Vegetation Indices from Landsat 8 image Using ArcGis 10.1 IV.

The scene center sun elevation http://grindgis.com/blog/vegetation­indices­arcgis 5/17 . Re韎�ectance calculated for band 5 Step 2: Correcting the Re韎�ectance value with sun angle Re韎�ectance with a correction for the sun angle is then:     ρλ = ρλ ‘/cos θSZ = ρλ ‘/sin θSE Where: ρλ = TOA planetary re韎�ectance θSE = Local sun elevation angle. Calculate the Re韎�ectance of band 5th by using the same method.1 Raster Calculator function to perform re韎�ectance calculation Re韎�ectance calculated for band 4 V.2/1/2017 Calculating the Vegetation Indices from Landsat 8 image Using ArcGis 10.

1 θSE = Local sun elevation angle.36816761) Where: SUN_ELEVATION = 49. Find Sun Elevation from the metadata Apply and perform the values in Raster calculator for both RED and NIR band re韎�ectance values (4 and 5 bands) Example Band 4 corrected_ re韎�ectance= (“4th_r韎�ctnce”) / Sin (49. The scene center sun elevation angle in degrees is provided in the metadata (Sun Elevation). Calculate the Re韎�ectance of band 5th by using the same method http://grindgis.2/1/2017 Calculating the Vegetation Indices from Landsat 8 image Using ArcGis 10. I.com/blog/vegetation­indices­arcgis 6/17 . θSZ = Local solar zenith angle.36816761 4th_r韎�ctce =uncorrected re韎�ectance Set the output folder and ퟌ�le name then click “OK” Raster Calculator function to perform sun angle corrected re韎�ectance Sun angle corrected re韎�ectance for band 4th II. θSZ = 90° – θSE.

1 Sun angle corrected re韎�ectance for band 5th Step 3: Calculating NDVI from 4th and 5th bands As we discussed earlier to ퟌ�nd NDVI we use the formula of Here band 4= RED and band 5=NIR I.com/blog/vegetation­indices­arcgis 7/17 . Open Raster calculator and apply this formula and execute the program as follows NDVI= (Band 5 corrected –Band 4 corrected)/ (Band 5 corrected + Band 4 corrected) Set the output folder and ퟌ�le name then click “OK” Raster Calculator function to perform NDVI http://grindgis.2/1/2017 Calculating the Vegetation Indices from Landsat 8 image Using ArcGis 10.

Generally L=0. Open Raster calculator and apply this formula and execute the program as follows SAVI= (Band 5 corrected –Band 4 corrected)/ (Band 5 corrected + Band 4 corrected)*(1+L) Home What is Remote Sensing? What is GIS? Terms of Service Raster Calculator function to perform SAVI http://grindgis. When L=0 then NDVI=SAVI I.2/1/2017 Calculating the Vegetation Indices from Landsat 8 image Using ArcGis 10.1 Normalized Di៚�erential Vegetation Index The value of NDVI is always between 1 and -1 Step 4: Calculating SAVI from Re韎�ectance Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index shows background soil conditions.com/blog/vegetation­indices­arcgis 8/17 . High vegetation areas L= 0. L is the Soil brightness correction factor. Where NIR is the 5th band and RED is the 4th band respectively. The value of L varies by cover of green vegetation. SAVI is a hybrid between NDVI and PVI (Perpendicular Vegetation Index). the areas have no green vegetation then L=1.5 in most causes and it works well.

2786 *(3rd_Band_correted))+                          ( 0.0713 −0.5599 *(5th_Band_correted))+                           ( 0. 5. using the same method mentioned above (Process 1 and 2) II.508 0.1872 *(7th_Band_correted)) Raster Calculator function to perform SAVI Raster Calculator function to http://grindgis. 7. 3.1511 0.5599 0. 6. greenness.2/1/2017 Calculating the Vegetation Indices from Landsat 8 image Using ArcGis 10.2941 −0.1973 0.3029 *(2nd_Band_correted))+                          ( 0.3283 0.3029 0.243 −0.1608 Wetness 0.4733 0.1 Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index Step 5: Calculating Tasseled cap indices Tasseled cap indices give the measure of Greenness.4559  Given by Muhammad Hasan Ali Baig et al (2014)   Home What is Remote Sensing? What is GIS? Terms of Service Step 6: Calculating Tasseled cap Brightness indices I.5424 0.2786 0. Calculate the Re韎�ectance of Band 2. or wetness from the coeퟌ�cient given   Band Band Band Band Band Band Index 2 3 4 5 6 7 (Blue) (Green) (Red) (NIR) (SWIR (SWIR 1) 2) Brightness 0. Tasseled cap indices is calculated by the following equation Tas_cap ἱ =     (coeö₂ * band2) + (coeö₃ * band3) + (coeö₄ * band4) +                          (coeö₅ * band5) + (coeö₆* band6) + (coeö₇ * band7) Where Tas_cap ἱ is the calculated tasseled cap index for brightness.4733 *(4th_Band_correted))+                          ( 0.508 *(6th_Band_correted))+                           ( 0.7276 0.com/blog/vegetation­indices­arcgis 9/17 .1872 Greenness −0. Open Raster calculator and apply the formula for Brightness index and execute the program as follows Tas_cap ἱ = (0. Brightness and Wetness of each pixel and utilize a linear combination of 6 Landsat bands (From 2nd band to 7th band).7117 −0. 4.3407 −0.

com/blog/vegetation­indices­arcgis 10/17 .2/1/2017 Calculating the Vegetation Indices from Landsat 8 image Using ArcGis 10.1 Raster Calculator function to perform SAVI Raster Calculator function to perform SAVI Raster Calculator function to perform Brightness index Tasseled cap brightness index Step 7: Similarly calculate the other indices using the same method mentioned above Home What is Remote Sensing? What is GIS? Terms of Service Tasseled cap wetness index http://grindgis.