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(a) f ( x) = x 3 − x 2 − 14 x + 24 Factor (x + 4) 2x −1

(i ) f ( x) = ; g ( x) = x + 1

x+2

(i) (x + 4) x3 − x 2 − 14 x + 24

2( x + 1) − 1

Through Synthetic Division fg ( x) =

( x + 1) + 2

-4 1 -1 -14 +24 2x + 2 −1

fg ( x) =

↓ -4 20 -24 x +1+ 2

1 -5 6 0 2x +1

fg ( x) =

Since the Remainder is Zero we can x+3

( c ) Given 5 3 x − 2 = 7 x + 2 Show that

conclude that ( x + 4) is a factor of f ( x).

2(log 5 + log 7)

x=

(ii )The other linear factors can be found from the (log 125 − log 7)

quadratic expression. 53 x − 2 = 7 x + 2

( x + 4)( x 2 − 5 x + 6) (3 x − 2) log 5 = ( x + 2) log 7

Factorize : ( x − 5 x + 6)

2

3 x log 5 − 2 log 5 = x log 7 + 2 log 7

( x − 2 x)(−3 x + 6)

2

3 x log 5 − x log 7 = 2 log 7 + 2 log 5

x( x − 2) − 3( x − 2) x (3 log 5 − log 7) = 2(log 7 + log 5)

( x − 2)( x − 3) 2(log 7 + log 5)

x=

Therefore there are 3 factors. (3 log 5 − log 7)

( x + 4)( x − 2)( x − 3) 2(log 5 + log 7)

x=

2 x − 1 (log 125 − log 7)

(b )G iv e n f ( x ) =

x + 2

(i) In v e rse f − 1

( x )

2 x − 1

f ( x ) =

x + 2

2 x − 1

y =

x + 2

2 y − 1

x =

y + 2

x ( y + 2 ) = 2 y − 1

xy + 2 x = 2 y − 1

xy − 2 y = − 1 − 2 x

y ( x − 2 ) = − 1 − 2 x

− 1 − 2 x

y =

x − 2

− 1 − 2 x

− 1

f =

x − 2

3.( a ) ( x − h) 2 + ( y − k ) 2 = r 2

2.(a) f (x) = 3x +6x −1

2

( x − 2) 2 + ( y − 1) 2 = r 2

(i) Express f (x) in the formof a (x +h) +k 2

Find the value of the radius (r),

3x2 +6x −1 Note that the radius r is the distance AB.

3(x2 +2) −1 r = ( x2 − x1 ) 2 + ( y2 − y1 ) 2

3(x2 +2x +12) −1−3 r = (10 − 2) + (7 − 1) 2

2

3(x +1) −4

2

r = 64 + 36

(ii) Therefore the minimumis k = - 4.

r = 100

r = 10

(iii) The minimumvalue of x = -1. ( x − 2) + ( y − 1) = 10

2 2 2

2 (b) Find the values of x for which: ( x − 2)( x − 2) + ( y − 1)( y − 1) = 100

2x2 +3x −5 ≥ 0 x 2 − 4 x + 4 + y 2 − 2 y + 1 = 100

2x2 +5x −2x −5 ≥ 0 Factorize AC Method x 2 − 4 x + y 2 − 2 y = 100 − 4 − 1

(2x2 +5x)(−2x −5) ≥ 0 x 2 − 4 x + y 2 − 2 y = 95

x(2x +5) −1(2x +5) ≥ 0 x 2 + y 2 − 4 x − 2 y − 95 = 0

(2x +5)(x −1) ≥ 0 x 2 + y 2 + hx + gy + k = 0

(ii )Equation of line AB.

(2x +5) ≥ 0 (x −1) ≥ 0 Zero Product Theorem

Use points given, A and B.

−5

x≥ x ≥1 7 −1

2 m=

10 − 2

3

m = gradient of line

4

3

y = x+c

4

3

1 = (2) + c

4

3

1= +c

2

1

c=−

2

3 1

AB → y = x −

4 2

Equation of line l is perpendicular therefore;

3

y = − x+c

4

4

7 = − (10) + c

3

61

c=

3

3 61

∴y = − x+

4 3

5 x 2 +1 4 x 0 +1

5.(a ) y = x 3 − 3 x 2 + 2 6.( a ) ∫ 5 x + 4 dx =

2

+ +C

(i ) Stationary Points of y. 2 +1 0 +1

y = x3 − 3x 2 + 2 5 x3

= + 4x + C

3

y ' = 3x 2 − 6 x = 0

π

∴ Factorizing 2

3 x( x − 2) = 0

(b ) ∫ 3 sin x − 5 cos xdx

3x = 0; ( x − 2) = 0 0

π π

x = 0; x=2 2 2

to find the y coordinates of these = 3 ∫ sin xdx − 5 ∫ cos xdx

stationary points. 0 0

y = (0)3 − 3(0) 2 + 2 = 3(cos x ) − 5( − sin x )

y=2 = 3 cos x + 5 sin x

∴ (0, 2) ⎛ π π⎞

= ⎜ 3 cos + 5 sin ⎟ − ( 3 cos 0 + 5 sin 0 )

y = (2)3 − 3(2) 2 + 2 ⎝ 2 2⎠

y = (2, −2) = ( 3(0) + 5(1) ) − ( 3(1) + 5(0)

)

To determine the nature of the points.

= (5) − (3)

we find the second derivative and test:

=2

y '' = 6 x − 6

= 6(0)

−6

=-6

since -6 ≤ 0 we can conclude its a maximum.

y '' = 6 x − 6

= 6(2) − 6

= 6;

since 6 ≥ 0 we can conclude its a minimum.

3. (b) (c)

Given vectors

Given that they are prependicular

OA = −2i + 5 j

then we know that the dot product is Zero.

OB = 3i − 7 j

Dot Product

AB = AO + OB note the change in direction

a · b = a × b × cos (θ )

of vector OA .

a · b = a × b × cos ( 90°) = 2i − 5 j + 3i − 7 j

a · b= a × b × 0 = 5i − 12 j

a · b= 0 Now we find the magnitude of the resultant vector.

∴a · b = a x × bx + a y × by AB = 52 + (12) 2

0 = 10 × λ + −8×10 AB = 25 + 144

AB = 169

0 = 10λ − 80

AB = 13 square root of 169.

−10λ = −80

∴ the unit vector in the direction of AB.

λ =8

1

( 5i − 12 j )

13

θ

4(a ) Areea of sec torr = ×π r2

360

1 2

or = rθ

2

we needd to find the radius "r".

we are given the peerimeter, thatt is, the arc lenght

l plus

the radiius twice.

Recall that:

t

Arc lennght = rθ , whhere θ is in radians.

r

5

∴ rθ + r + r = (122 + π )

6

5

rθ + 2r = (12 + π )

6

5

r (θ + 2) = (12 + π ) Factorizze, r.

dy 6

6(cc) Given thaat = 2 - 2 x is the derivaative

dx 5

(12 + π )

theen integratinng would givve us the r= 6

funnction of thee curve. θ +2

5

∫ 2 − 2 x dx (12 + π )

6 π

r = , note θ =

= 2x − x2 + C π 6

+2

= 2x − x2 + 8 6

r=5

C = 8; since C is the y inteercept, (0,8).

1 2

wee integrate too find the areea under curvve. Area off sector = rθ

4

2

π π

∫ 2x − x + 8 dx 1

2

Area = 52 * using θ = .

0 2 6 6

2 x 2 x3 1

= − + 8x Area = × π 25

2 3 12

valuate from 0 to 4.

Ev 25π 2

Area = units

12

⎛ 2(4) 2 (4)3 ⎞ ⎛ 2(0) 2 (0)3 ⎞

=⎜ − + 8(4) ⎟ − ⎜ − + 8(0) ⎟

⎝ 2 3 ⎠ ⎝ 2 3 ⎠

64

= 48 − + 32 − 0

3

2

= 26 unitts 2 would bee the Area unnder the curvve.

3

4(c) Compound Angle Formula for

tan A ± tan B

tan( A ± B ) =

1 ∓ tan A tan B

1

Given tan(θ − α ) =

2

tan θ − tan α

tan(θ − α ) =

1 + tan θ tan α

tan θ − tan α 1

=

1 + tan θ tan α 2

3 − tan α 1

= ; note that tan θ = 3

1 + 3 tan α 2

2 ( 3 − tan α ) = 1(1 + 3 tan α )

6 − 2 tan α = 1 + 3 tan α

−2 tan α − 3 tan α = 1 − 6

− 5 tan α = −5

−5

tan α =

−5

tan α = 1

α = tan −1 (1)

α = 45

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