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“BALAY NI TANA DICANG”

Owner: Enrica Alunan Lizares
Location: Talisay, Negros Occidental

It is sugar which distinguishes Negros Occidental from other provinces, therefore no visit to
Negros is complete without exposure to the lifestyle and culture that evolved because of the
sugar industry. This makes a visit to at least one ancestral house a "must do" and of the
houses that have opened their doors to the public, there is none as well preserved and
evocative of the early years of the sugar industry as the Balay ni Tana Dicang in Talisay.

Efigenio Treyes Lizares and Enrica Labayen Alunan were married in 1872. By 1875, the
couple was already engaged in the production of sugar and like other planters, they lived in
a farm house in the hacienda. The size and grandeur of the interiors of their second home,
now known as the Balay ni Tana Dicang, indicates that by 1883, when the house was built,
the family was already very well established.

Balay ni Tana Dicang stands on a 6,000 square meter lot along Rizal St. in Talisay and it is
built in the quintessential style of Spanish-Filipino domestic Architecture, the "bahay na
bato," literally, "house of stone."

Like the traditional bahay na bato, the Balay is a structure with wooden legs and a stone
skirt. Large wooden posts sunk into the ground carry the roof but are independent of both
stone wall below and wooden walls above. The stone wall is a meter thick and is embellished
on the exterior by brick and coquina (building material of crushed shells and corals) which is
also carved into moldings and beveled panels. Two large double doors that are practically
entrance gates through the massive stone skirts of the ground floor lead to the zaguan or
entrance hall. As in the traditional bahay na bato in other parts of the Philippines, the
zaguan in Tana Dicang's house was used to for parking the family carriage, the carosa for
holy week processions, and eventually, the family's automobiles. Because of Enrica's many
children, the bedrooms of the male children were in the ground floor (the main living
quarters of the traditional bahay na bato are in the second level). An interior stairway goes
up to the upper level from the zaguan.

The pierced wood-work balusters of the grand staircase and the four rose windows in the caida show that much attention was given to detail. window sills hold sliding wooden louvers and capiz shell shutters. medallions. lighting. Among the treasures that were unearthed were dining utensils made from melted coins and bearing the initials of the house residents. so far only the walls of Tana Dicang's master bedroom has been stripped of later layers of paint. and religious paraphernalia. bed linens. The original original casein paint (an organic paint made of animal protein derived from milk and color pigments) is now evident on the zaguan (ground floor). run from below the window sill to the floor and provide light and air even when the upper windows are closed for the night or during bad weather. The house is also still surrounded by the original wrought iron fence and window gratings. In the second floor. broad. had a larger room with modern glass jalousies windows built. curator of the museum and one of the great grandchildren. no major renovation was done except for the 1950 modification when Lola Mayang (Maria) and Lola Meding (Remedios) removed the balcony outside the dining room (comedor) and in its place. porcelain. revealing the original aqua color of the room. and molave for structural and design components convey status. draperies. moldings. so that the Balay is one big hall when all the doors are open.” Adjie is quoted as saying. Fretwork above the partitions allow free circulation of air within the house. After the house was constructed in 1883. crystal. photographs. she buried her silver. Surfaces of the exterior and interior are embellished with classical motifs. cornices. and other precious belongings to keep them safe during the war. and pilasters. Ventanilla.The use of Philippine hardwoods. bath-fixtures. Adjie says it is fortunate that the Lolas " did not throw anything and . According to Adjie Lizares. Tana Dicang's furniture remain practically where they were when she was still the mistress of the house. Running along the front and sides of the exterior of the house is the overhanging roof which protects the rooms from the heat of the sun. materiales fuertes like as narra. or openings with sliding wooden shutters and wooden balustrades. This is flanked with bedrooms just like the comedor or formal dining room on the right side of the caida. These are now on display together with other documents. Wide double-doors join adjacent rooms (including bedrooms) to each other. balayong (tindalo inTagalog). “There is a ledger of Tana Dicang from 1903 to 1909 that we keep like a piece of treasure. Below this. On the left side of the caida or formal receiving room in the upper level is the sala or living room.

The house house was endowed with expensive furniture. giving the public access to this priceless legacy left to us by an indomitable woman. Several years ago. which we intend to restore given time and resources. The Lopez family are very prominent in Balayan. Batangas The most popular Balayan house is the casa grande of the Lopezes (honored with an iron marker by historical commision). This should be easy to explain as the owners were among the richest family in the province. The house is now under the care of the Lopez of Balayan Foundation and will be opened to the public. "We can have parties and wedding receptions here. The ancestral home of the Lopez has a unique feature that it has a so called “Torre” which served as a lighthouse that guided all the sea vessels coming into Balayan Bay. "CASA GRANDE" Owner: Lopez Family Location: Balayan. Some of these (marine vessels) were even used by the 1st Republic under President Emilio Aguinaldo.we still do have the carved balusters and hand rails of the original balcon. Enrica bequeathed the Balay to six of her eight daughters.” Adjie plans to remove some of the modern indoor plumbing and bathrooms to restore the original feel of the Balay. he says. grandiose interiors and profuse ornamentation throughout." In her final will and testament. the Balay was formally opened to the public as a lifestyle museum with an art gallery. specifying that 10 percent of the income of her two haciendas be used for the upkeep of the house.The photograph at left is of a part of the ground floor service area that Adjie hopes to convert into a restaurant that opens into a garden. . They owned large tracts of sugar cane fields and a fleet of commercial vessels mostly for fishing and passenger.

Some of these men (like the popular author Mark Twain) vehemently opposed the idea of an American empire. while the living quarters were housed in the upper floor. Vigan became an important supplier of goods for the Manila-Acapulco galleon trade. Ilocos Sur The Quema House is the ancestral home of the Quema family in the Philippines. The exterior walls of the upper storey are enclosed by wood-framed. is one of the most brilliant minds of his time. Today. During the Spanish colonial period (1521-1898). it is a historic landmark in the townof Vigan. Built in the 1820s. we see these liberty loving American’s getting more vocal. previously the Kasanglayan or old Chinese quarters. Unfortunately. Vigan was a major commercial center in the region. Sixto Lopez’s had the idea of briging Aguinaldo and Mabini (a province mate) to the US as there were people there that he believe could help them in their fight for independence. The town itself was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1999. native and Spanish ancestry - theFilipino mestizos. There are moderate and liberty loving Americans that even then were against occupying other states. Ilocos Sur in the Philippines. “QUEMA HOUSE” Owner: Quema Family Location: Vigan. The Batangas revolutionist (Galicano Apacible is also a native of Balayan) were giants in thoughts and intellect. With their increasing affluence. He learned English as he was appointed to seek US recognition of the Philippine independence. . It is here that Chinese trader Don Enrique Quema built his ancestral house in the early 19th century. Lopez’s hope for American recognition is a clear sign that the American public were concerned about the military expansionism and there are Americans that were willing to listen. Even when Aguinaldo was captured he petitioned for him to go stateside (same with Mabini). The Quema House portrays the design of a typical bahay-na-bato (literally. they built their residential houses (bahay-na-bato) in the eastern district of the town. "house of stone") popular among the mestizo class.Casa grande’s renowned resident. I saw a correspondence of his in English (addressed to a US senator) which shows how adaptive and flexible his generation was when it comes to language and learning. We have to take inspiration from their achievements and how they lived their lives. The ground floor was used as storage and as a garage for horse-drawn carriages. his plans never materialized. Sixto Lopez. which led to the rise of a new merchant class whose members are of mixed Chinese. trading directly with China. This commerce resulted to Chinese migration into the area with subsequent intermarriage between the native inhabitants and the Chinese immigrants. The roof has a steep pitch suggestive of traditional Chinese architecture. In pre-Hispanic times up to the early 16th century.

the Filipino American Association of Pittsburgh (FAAP) chose the Quema House as the model for the design of a Philippine Nationality Room (PNR) at the Cathedral of Learning in the University of Pittsburgh (Pennsylvania.sliding window panels of kapis shells (Placuna placenta. LIPA HOUSE Owner: Segunda Solis Katigbak Location: Lipa. All throughout the living quarters are wide plankhardwood floors. The house was adjudged as most representative of 18th century architecture unique to the Philippines. a thin-shelled oyster). a requirement for a Nationality Room. As of 2011. USA). all representing 18th century architecture of different countries. The Philippine Nationality Room will function as a regular classroom for Humanities classes. there are 27 Nationality Rooms in the Cathedral of Learning. Batangas . Target date of construction is set for the summer of 2012. In 2009.

de Aguilera who owned the largest house in Lipa. Kalaw). Her hospitality was not only known in the town but in Spain as well. Roxas. She had gold and silver service for her very exclusive guests and an eighty seater table in her mansion. Such opulence brought wealth to the town and the landlords who have jived with the business have left them with a fortune that lasted for several lifetimes. just like in Taal. Altamirano. They were the richest family in the Villa and led the wealthy aristocratic clans of Lipa (Katigbak. During those heydays.00 from that industry alone. Luz. Aguilera. It is very interesting to note the stories told about the fairy tale living of the SOLIS CLAN of LIPA. with different high end furnishings abroad. Unfortunately. There were those grand parties being held at the house of Doña Catalina Solis vda. the wealthy clans have built stone mansions and filled them. the only town in Batangas that was conferred the title of Villa. the house was leveled to the ground during the Japanese occupation. for being the richest urban in the Philippines in 1886-1889. Coffee became scarce when the dreadful fungal virus killed the coffee plantations in Java and South America and the only producer of coffee then was Lipa. Mayo. It was bruited that Lipa had an annual income of P 4.000.000. Faint traces of the glory of Lipa can still be found in these houses: the Luz- Katigbak Ancestral House (Now named Casa de Segunda – is the former . A land replete with history.

PASTOR Owner: Don Alejo Acosta Location: Batangas City Residencia Acosta. RESIDENCIA ACOSTA. It was built in 1883 by the former gobernadorcillo of the town. It is now under the care of the descendant. The landing of the grand staircase of the Pastor Mansion has black-and-white marble pieces which are comparable to the classical Viennese style of interiors with matching marble-topped molave wood coffee table.Pastor built in 1883 A remarkable bahay na bato in Batangas City is the Residencia Pastor- Acosta. cultural. A notable photo is that of Don Pedro Gutierrez Pastor. the financier and treasurer of the Katipuneros during the revolution against Spain. one would be awed to see the heritage wall of the Acosta – Pastor Clan – a wall full of vintage family photos and memorabilia. Antonio Acosta Pastor who is active in civic. Dr. .home of Doña Segunda Solis Katigbak. Bentwood chairs. the first love interest of our National Hero. Atty. which leads to the puerta mayor (main door)— a fine piece of thick narra and the stairs inside lead to the wide caida (living area). Upon entering the grand staircase of the Pastor House. Jose Rizal) and the Luz-Bautista Ancestral House. and charitable projects. According to stories told by their ancestors. and capiz shell ventanillas (windows). What’s interesting about the house is the bullet slug stuck inside the wooden frame of the door of the mansion’s living room. the bullet was aimed at the late Governor-General of the US in the Philippines William Howard Taft. The house features a winding driveway. Don Alejo Acosta. religious.

PARANGUE . Other ancestral houses in the province could be found in the towns of Calaca. San Juan. and San Jose. Another fascinating fact is that 98% of the antiques in the house are still functional. Architecture and Technology Department of Architecture AR 45 Professional Practice 1 RESEARCH: NATIONAL BUILDING CODE: CHAPTER VII CHAPTER XII Submitted by: EMILYN KRISTIA J. Palawan State University College of Engineering.

Submitted to: ARCH. JEFFREY CABIGUEN .