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kvwiqv wK e‡j 5

cÖ_g cÖKvk :

kvwiqv wK e‡j †deª“qvix 2007

Avgiv wK Kwi
kvwiqv wK e‡j
Avgiv wK Kwi
nvmvb gvngy`
© †jLK
hasan.mahmud@hotmail.com
http://www.BanglarIslam.com

nvmvb gvngy ` ..................................................................................................
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wW‡i±i, kvwiqv AvBb I cÖv³b †cÖwm‡WÈ,
gymwjg K¨vbvwWqvb Ks‡MÖm eY© web¨vm : G. Gm. gÊj, Ui‡Èv, AÈvwiI, K¨vbvWv

SHARIA KI BOLEY, AAMRA KI KORI
By Hasan Mahmud

evsjv‡`k cwi‡ekK : .............................................
Av‡gwiKv cwi‡ekK : .............................................
hy³ivR¨ cwi‡ekK : ..............................................

kvwiqv wK e‡j / Avgiv wK Kwi

kvwiqv wK e‡j 6

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Ki“Yvgq mªóvi bv‡g, ÒBmjvg I kvwiqvÓ bv‡g G eB cÖ_g cÖKvwkZ n‡qwQj †deª“qvix 2007
Zuv‡`i Ges mv‡j| MZ wZb eQ‡i Gi wZb‡U ms¯‹iY †kl nevi Rb¨ Avj­−vnÕi Kv‡Q
K…ZÁZv Rvbvw”Q| ÒBmjvg I kvwiqvÓ bvgUv G eB‡qi e³e¨‡K ¯úó K‡i bv eÕ‡j
†mB `yM©g c_hvÎx‡`i D‡Ï‡k¨ ⎯
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†`qvi Av‡M mevB ¯úó aviYv cv‡eb I wmÜvš— wb‡Z cvi‡eb G eB‡qi welqe¯‘
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c„w_ex‡Z a‡g©i bv‡g mš¿vm evo‡Q| gvbeRvwZi gb-gvbm GLb Zß mš¿v‡mi
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†`Lv‡bv n‡jv wKfv‡e Ime bvix-we‡ivax mš¿vm Bmjv‡gi bv‡g cÖwZwôZ Kiv n‡q‡Q
Ges wKfv‡e Avgiv †KvivY-imy‡ji Av‡jv‡K Zv †_‡K †ewi‡q Avm‡Z cvwi \



kvwiqv wK e‡j / Avgiv wK Kwi

. 96 Bmjv‡g m½xZ / . 82 †bÎxZ¡ I †bZ…Z¡ / . 27 Avj& †KvivY / ... 116 kvwiqv.. 65 kvwiqv wK e‡j / Avgiv wK Kwi ...... 79 Pvi †eŠ / .... 114 kvwiqv AvB‡bi D`vniY / . 62 e¨vL¨vi fqvenZv / ... kvwiqv AvBb I Avgv‡`i Bgv‡giv / . 57 Òhvnviv Avgvi AvqvZmg~n‡K wg_¨v cÖwZcbœ Kwiqv‡Q Avwg kvwiqv wK GLb APj ? / . 44 Av‡gwiKvq MÖvDÊwR‡iv g¯‹ I kvwš—i g~j¨ / ............ 73 †cvnv‡j ke©ix / . 17 kvwiqv Avj­−vi AvBb n‡j.. 95 kvwiqvq bvix-mv¶x / .... 11 kvwiqv − AZx‡Zi `wjj / .... 101 Bmjv‡g ¯¿x-cÖnvi / . 52 kvwiqv AvB‡bi Drm / . 92 kvwiqvi iRg (cÖ¯—ivNv‡Z g„Zz¨`Ê) / ... 9 cvwK¯—v‡bi kvwiqv − evsjv‡`‡ki fwel¨r / . 31 kvwiqv Bmjvg / . 84 wnjv we‡q I Zvr¶wYK ZvjvK / . 105 bvixi gymjgvwb / ... kvwiqv wK e‡j 7 m~ w PcÎ Bmjvg I kvwiqv / . 86 gyiZv`-nZ¨vi c‡¶ wec‡¶ / ...... 55 AvB‡b AvB‡b we‡iva / . 61 Zvnviv aviYvI Kwi‡Z cvwi‡e bvÓ (Avj& Avivd 182)| Bmjv‡gi bv‡g Bmjvg j•N‡bi c×wZ / ... 8 c„w_exi cÖ_g MVbZš¿ / . 34 Bmjv‡g bvix-AwaKvi I Òmy¯úó wb‡`©kÓ / ... 110 Bmjv‡g bvixi weevn-we‡”Q‡`i AwaKvi / ... gymjgvb †K / . 40 msweavb I ag©xq ivRbxwZ / . 29 Bmjvg wK.. 67 me©bvkv e„n¯úwZ / .... 47 jveŸv‡qK& ! / .. 13 kvwiqv AvBb wK wek¦-gymwj‡gi HwZn¨ ? / ..... 23 ag©wbi‡c¶Zv ebvg ag©nxbZv / .. 59 Zvnvw`M‡K µμgvš^‡q cvKovI Kwie Ggb RvqMv nB‡Z hvnv kvwiqv wK AcwieZ©bxq ? / ... 20 kvwiqvcš’x‡`i hyw³ / .............. / .

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nvw`m 2428| cÖwZwU kã Lye †Lqvj K‡i co‡eb t − wbðqB Av‡Q| †h-Kvi‡Y me©‡kªô cqM¤^i Avj­−vnÕi Kmg †L‡q ÒnvivgÓ-Gi ÒAv‡qkv (ivt)-†K AvqvZwU m¤^‡Ü wRÁvmv Kiv nB‡j wZwb ewj‡jb − A‡bK gZ KwVb k‡ã wØZxq we‡q bvKP K‡iwQ‡jb.. wZb ev PvwiwU ch©š—| Avi hw` Giƒc Avk¼v Ki †h Zvnv‡`i g‡a¨ †jv‡Kiv imy j (`t)-†K wkw_jZvi Avkvq wRÁvmv Kwi‡j c~ e © b¨vqm½Z AvPiY eRvq ivwL‡Z cvwi‡e bv Z‡e GKwUBÓ| KovKwo envj _vKvi †NvlYv Kwiqv AvqvZ bv‡Rj nBj (AvqvZ AvqvZ 129 − Ò†Zvgiv KLbI bvixw`M‡K mgvb ivwL‡Z cvwi‡e bv hw`I Bnv 127) − ÒZvnviv Avcbvi wbKU †g‡q‡`i m¤ú‡K© gmAvjv wRÁvmv PvIÓ -Gi wfwˇZ wKQy gIjvbv wPiKvj `„pfv‡e `vwe K‡i‡Qb †h.. DׄwZ t − AbygwZ Pvq| ewjqv w`b t Avj­−vn †Zvgvw`M‡K Zvnv‡`i m¤ú‡K© AbygwZ †`b Ges nvw`m 2472 − ÒAvjx (ivt) Avey Rn‡ji Kb¨v‡K weevn Kivi cqMvg cvVvBqv‡Q †Kviv‡Y †Zvgvw`M‡K hvnv cwoqv †kvbv‡bv nq Zvnv H-me wcZ…nxbv bvix‡`i weavb hvnvw`M‡K †Zvgiv wba©vwiZ AwaKvi cÖ`vb Ki bv A_P weevn Kwievi evmbv ivL|Ó Rvwb‡Z cvwiqv dv‡Zgv (ivt) imyjyj­−vn (`t)-Gi wbKU wMqv ewj‡jb − Avcbvi AvZ¥xq¯^RbMY ewjqv _v‡K †h Avcwb Avcbvi †g‡q‡`i c¶ nBqv GKUz ivMI k㸇jv †Lqvj Ki“b − Òweev‡ni AbygwZ Pvq. Avj­−vni Kmg ! Avj­−vni imy‡ji Kb¨v Ges Avj­−vni kΓi wcZ…nxbv bvix gv‡b evc-giv †g‡q Qvov Avi wKQyB bq| Iû` hy‡× A‡b‡K Kb¨v GKB e¨w³i weev‡n GKwÎZ nB‡Z cvwi‡e bv|Õ GB fvl‡Yi ci Avjx wbnZ n‡j GwZ‡gi msL¨v †e‡o wM‡qwQj. 59 I 62 | Ki‡j wZwb Aek¨B AvcwË Ki‡Zb bv| ZvQvov ÒZvnvi e¨_vq Avwg e¨w_Z wKsev †`Lyb evsjv‡`k jvB‡eªixi cÖKvwkZ Ave`yj Kwig Lv‡bi m¼wjZ mwn nBÓ bexRxi wb‡Ri gy‡Li K_v| A_©vr mZx‡bi N‡i †g‡q‡`i e¨_v Av‡Q.hvnv cwoqv †kvbv‡bv nq|Ó we‡q †`Lvb bv| H †`Lyb Avjx (ivt) Avey Rn‡ji Kb¨v‡K weevn Kwi‡Z Pvwn‡Z‡Q| m¤ú‡K© wK c‡o †kvbv‡bv n‡q‡Q Av‡M ? †kvbv‡bv n‡q‡Q Ò†mB me †g‡q‡`i ga¨ imyjyj­−vn (`t) ewj‡jb... Zv‡`i ¯^v_©i¶v Kivi `iKvi wQj| (ivt)weev‡ni cÖ¯—ve cwiZ¨vM Kwi‡jb|Ó GUv Av‡Q gynwmb Lv‡bi Abyw`Z †evLvix wKš‘ Biv‡Yi ev K¨vbvWvi †g‡q‡K we‡q Ki‡j †Zv Avi evsjv‡`‡ki GwZ‡gi 4_© LÊ nvw`m 342 I 5g LÊ nvw`m 76| ¯^v_©i¶v nj bv| ZviB mgvavb w`‡qwQj GB AvqvZ| †`Lyb g`xbv GLv‡b wewe dv‡ZgvÕi AvcwË ¯úó| †KvivY Awbqwš¿Z eûweevn Rv‡qR wek¦we`¨vj‡qi Wt gynwmb Lv‡bi †evLvwi-Abyev` 7g LÊ. kvwiqv wK e‡j 14 Avi hw` †Zvgiv fq Ki †h GwZg †g‡q‡`i nK h_vh_fv‡e c~iY Kwi‡Z cvwi‡e bv. my›`ix bv nB‡j †mBiƒc K‡i bv| GB Ab¨vq iwnZ KiYv‡_©B GB AvqvZ bv‡Rj Zvnv nB‡j †mB me †g‡q‡`i ga¨ nB‡Z hvnvw`M‡K fvj jv‡M Zvnvw`M‡K weevn nBqv‡Q| GwZg †g‡q m¤ú‡K© wb‡lavÁv bv‡Rj nIqvi ci Kwiqv bvI `yB. nvw`m 35. wK KviY †mUv ? †m wK Avj­−vni mgq GwZg †g‡q abkvjx I my›`ix nB‡j AwffveK wb‡RB Dchy³ †gvni bv w`qv kΓi †g‡q GB Kvi‡Y ? bv. c„t 687. †Lv` Avj­−vnÕi imyj GB GKB D`vniY †i‡L †M‡Qb Avgv‡`i Rb¨| †`Lyb GKB ZLbB bvwRj nq AvqvZ 127 − ÒAvi Zvnviv Avcbvi Kv‡Q bvix‡`i weev‡ni evsjv-mwn †evLvwi. bvixi gv_vqI wQj bv| hZ Lywk we‡q‡Z ÒZvnv‡`i Rb¨ hvnv wewae× Zvnv †Zvgiv cÖ`vb Ki bv Ó− G-K_vUv `ywbqvi Ab¨vb¨ Af¨¯— cyi“l I‡Z Lvivc wKQy †`L‡ZI †cZ bv| ZvB AvqvZ 3 bvwRj n‡j Zviv bvixi †¶‡Î Lv‡U bv Kv‡RB eûweev‡ni wb‡`©kUv GwZg evwjKv‡`i evB‡i Lv‡U bv| wKQyUv Qvo †P‡qwQj bexRxi Kv‡Q| wKš‘ Zv‡`i GB Ave`vi cvËv †`qwb †KvivY. − Avj­− v n †Zvgvw`M‡K Zvnv‡`i evwZj K‡i GK ¯¿x envj †i‡L‡Q| KviY Òb¨vqm½ZÓ A_©vr ÒAv`&jÓ-Gi g‡a¨ m¤^ ‡ Ü e¨e¯’ v `vb Kwi‡Z‡Qb Ges wcZ… n xbv bvixMY m¤^ ‡ Ü †cÖg-fvjevmvI Aš—f©y³ hv mgvb fv‡M fvM Kiv hvq bv| Zuviv e‡jb weËkvjx ¯^vgx †Zvgv‡`i cÖwZ †KZve nB‡Z cvV Kiv nBqv‡Q †h. Zvnv‡`i Rb¨ hvnv wewae× Pvi †eŠ‡K IRb`‡i mgvb evwo-Mvwo w`‡q ivL‡jB ev wK ? †mLv‡b wK fvjevmvi Zvnv †Zvgiv cÖ`vb Ki bv Ges Zvnvw`M‡K weevn Kwi‡Z evmbv Ki|Ó (DׄwZ ZvRgnj M‡o IVv m¤¢e ? fvjevmv wK fvMvfvwM Kivi wRwbm ? †cÖ‡g fvMx`vi †kl) MRv‡j †Zv gvbyl Lyb ch©š— K‡i †d‡j| ÒGB Ab¨vq iwnZ KiYv‡_©B GB AvqvZ bv‡Rj nBqv‡QÓ K_vUvi gv‡bB nj nvRvi eQi a‡i bvix wQj e¯‘mgvb| IivI †h gvbyl. I‡`iI †h wKQy ¯^cœ wKQy †hLv‡b ÒGB Ab¨vqÓ †bB †mLv‡b LvUvevi Rb¨ †KvivY G-wb‡`©k †`qwb| ZvQvov − AwaKvi _vK‡Z cv‡i Zv ïay cyi“l †Kb. m~Î nRiZ †gmIqvi Be‡b gvLivgv (ivt)| ÒAvwg imyjyj­−vn kvwiqv wK e‡j / Avgiv wK Kwi .Ôwbðq dv‡Zgv Avgvi KwjRvi UzKiv| Zvnvi e¨_vq Avwg nB‡Z weevn Kwiqv bvI|Ó GB †h Ò†mB me †g‡qÓ − Giv Kviv ? Giv ÒH-me e¨w_Z nB| wbðqB Avwg nvjvj‡K nvivg ev nvivg‡K nvjvj Kwi‡Z Pvwn bv| Aek¨ wcZ…nxbv bvixÓ Qvov Avi wKQyB n‡Z cv‡i bv| GB K_v ewj‡ZwQ †h. Zv Aek¨B bq| bx‡P †`Lyb t − Zvnv‡K Avcbvi nIqvi myev‡` weevn K‡i wKš‘ GwZg evwjKv abevb bv nB‡j ev nvw`m 2473. †KvivY eûweevn Kwi‡Z‡Q| Avcwb ewjqv w`b. †evLvwi c„t 678.

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nVvr-Aciva I Lvmj‡Zi Aciv‡a wePviK‡K GKB kvw¯— w`‡Z nq. GB nj åvwš—gq AbyZß gvby‡li cÖwZ Zuvi Zvn‡j Avgiv †`LwQ. †Kviv‡Yi Avqv‡Zi mv‡_ nvw`m¸‡jv wgj‡Q bv| †Kb AMva `i`. g`xbv wek¦we`¨vj‡qi NUbv ï‡b bexRx wK ej‡jb ? wK Ki‡jb ? g„`K y ‡É D”PvwiZ nj Zuvi wjwLZ AvBb gynwmb Lv‡bi Abyev` I gIjvbv AvwRRyj nK mv‡n‡ei Abyev` 268 b¤^i nvw`m)| fv½v AwjwLZ AvBb − Ò†jvKUv‡K †Zvgiv †h‡Z w`‡j bv †Kb ?Ó − wgkKvZ 26-Gi G-me nvw`‡m ejv Av‡Q. Amxg ¶gv| Zuvi Mfxi Aš—`w„© ó ïay kvw¯—i w`‡KB bq. hv‡K iRg ejv nq| Avi hvi we‡q nqwb Zv‡K GKkÕ PveyK − (m~Î t gv_vq| †m-Rb¨B GKB Aciv‡ai me©`v GKB kvw¯— n‡Z cv‡i bv| A_P kvwiqvi û`y‡` nvbvwd AvBb †n`vqv c„ôv 178. 1238. gygZvnvbv 12. AvqvZ 16 t Ò†Zvgv‡`i ga¨ nB‡Z †hB bvwRj nevi Av‡MB K‡iwQ‡jb. eÜb bó nevi c‡_| †Kviv‡Y e¨wfPvi‡K eR©b Kivi my¯úó wb‡`©k Av‡Q (myiv ewb kvw¯— Gwo‡q hvevi †Póv K‡i‡Qb. bv| e¨ wfPvi wK ? e¨wfPvi ev ciKxqv n‡jv hvi mv‡_ we‡q nqwb Zvi mv‡_ A‰ea ˆ`wnK m¤úK©| cwð‡gi AvB‡b bi-bvix ivwR _vK‡j ciKxqv Aciva bq. bexRx weevwnZ/Zv-†`i g„Z¨z `Ê. Z‡e Zvnv‡`i nB‡Z nvZ ¸UvBqv bvI|Ó Gev‡i GKUv weL¨vZ nvw`m †`Lv hvK| mwn †evLvwi nvw`m 1237. A_P kvwiqv AvB‡b Av‡Q weevwnZ ev weevwnZv Acivaxi kvw¯— RbM‡Yi mvg‡b cv_‡ii Lvmj‡Z| GKB Aciva †KD K‡i D‡ËRbvi Mig gv_vq. gvqvR wK cvMj ? †bkv K‡i‡Q ? †jv‡Kiv ejj. †Kv_vq cv_i. û`y` AvBb 7-1979. Ab¨ AweevwnZv bvix kvwiqv wK e‡j / Avgiv wK Kwi . †mUv m¤¢e bq| K‡i Ges wb‡R‡`i ms‡kvab K‡i. c‡i bq| †Kbbv c‡i Ki‡j Zv †Kviv‡Yi wec‡¶ `yBRb †mB KzK‡g© wjß nq. mvnvex e‡j‡Qb wZwb dvivKUv Rv‡bb wek¦bex| Zv Rv‡bb bv| Avgiv a‡i wb‡Z cvwi †h bexRx iRg K‡i _vK‡j G-me AvqvZ Avevi †Kviv‡Y wd‡i Avwm| myiv wbmv. AwW©b¨vÝ 20-1980 Øviv cwiewZ©Z. Ad µμvBg&m&Ó †_‡K) nvw`m †_‡K Avgiv †`wL t AvqvZ 25 − `vmx-¯¿x ciKxqv Ki‡j Zv‡K Ò¯^vaxb-bvix‡`i A‡a©K kvw¯—Ó w`‡Z n‡e| 1| gvqvR bv‡gi mvnvwe bexRx‡K ejj Zv‡K cweÎ Ki‡Z| G-Avqv‡Zi e¨vL¨vq kvwiqvcš’xiv e‡jb ¯^vaxb bvix gv‡b ¯¿x bq. 1239. Ges wgkKvZ 26-Gi 1 (Ògymwjg RywimcÖ“‡WÝ A¨vÊ `¨ †KvivwYK jÕ wb‡R‡K ms‡kvab Ki‡e bvwK ? Gi †P‡qI KwVb cÖgvY Av‡Q †Kviv‡Y t myiv wbmv. †k‡l GKvš— eva¨ n‡qB iRg †NvlYv K‡i‡Qb| BmivBj 32. †KD K‡i ¯^fv‡e. cvwK¯—v‡bi wVK ZvBÕB nq. Aciva GK 15| Avi Av‡Q e¨wfPvix bvix-cyi“l‡K GKkÕ K‡i PveyK gvi‡Z − myiv b~i. BZ¨vw`)| e¨wfPvwiYx‡`i kvw¯— wn‡m‡e ejv Av‡Q AvRxeb kvwiqvi AvB‡b GB mybœZ †g‡b †Kvb ÔAcivaxÕ-†K wZbevi wdwi‡q †`qvi wbqg †bB| N‡i ew›` ivL‡Z A_ev Avj­−vn Ab¨ †Kvb c_ wb‡`©k bv Kiv ch©š— − myiv wbmv. mwn Be‡b gvRvn 4_© LÊ nvw`m 2554 I mwn mybvb Avey `vD` nvw`m 4405 I GKkÕ PveyK I GK eQ‡ii wbe©vmb w`‡qwQ‡jb| 4406 | GB n‡jb ingZzwj­−j Avj& Avwgb. Avi AweevwnZ/Zv-†`i 1. ZvB †mLv‡b AvRKvj ciKxqv Lye †e‡o †M‡Q| Gi d‡j cwð‡g cvwievwiK 6| bexRx wRÁvmv Ki‡jb − gvqvR wK weevwnZ ? †jv‡Kiv ejj. kvwiqv wK e‡j 27 2| bexRx Zv‡K nuvwK‡q w`‡jb GB e‡j − `~i nI. †Kv_vq g„Zz¨`Ê ? †g‡i †djvi ci Zvi jvk wK ZIev Ki‡e bvwK. Zvnvw`M‡K kvw¯— cÖ`vb Ki| AZtci hw` Df‡q ZIev †hZ. AvqvZ cvMjvwg ev †bkvi K_v wR‡Ám KivI †bB| Avgiv Rvwb gvbyl åvwš—gq. †KD K‡i cwiKíbv K‡i VvÊv AvNv‡Z g„Zz¨`Ê. aviv 129. wewae× Bmjvwg AvBb 1g LÊ. AbyZvc Ki I ¶gv PvI| 3| gvqvR wd‡i wM‡q Avevi wd‡i G‡m GKB K_v ejj| bexRx GKB K_v ej‡jb| kvwiqvi iRg ! 4| wZbevi GUv NUvi ci bexRx wR‡Ám Ki‡jb − e¨vcvi wK| gvqvR ejj †m (cÖ¯—ivNv‡Z g„Zz¨`Ê) e¨wfPvi K‡i‡Q| 5| Zvici bexRx wRÁvmv Ki‡jb. AvBb b¤^i 5 (2)-Gi ÒAÓ Zuvi nvZ-cv euvav _v‡K| BZ¨vw`)| A_©vr G-AvBb †KvivY‡K j•Nb K‡i‡Q| †jv‡Kiv gvqvR‡K cv_i gviv ïi“ Ki‡ZB e¨_vi †Pv‡U nZfvMvi g‡b nj †h cweÎ A‡b‡K G-AvB‡bi mg_©‡b nvw`m †ck K‡ib wgkKvZ (26 Aa¨v‡qi 1g n‡q GLbB cUj †Zvjvi †P‡q ZIev UIev K‡i AviI wKQyw`b †eu‡P _vKvUvB cwi‡”Q`) Avi mwn †evLvix †_‡K (nv‡dR gnv¤§` Ave`yj Rwjj m¤úvw`Z evsjvq eyw×gv‡bi KvR| †jR Zz‡j †m w`j †`Šo| wKš‘ †jv‡Kiv I‡K a‡i †g‡i †djj| G- †evLvwi kix‡di †gvUvgywU nvw`m b¤^i 1234 †_‡K 1249 ch©š—. ¶gvi w`‡KI| Ggb n‡”Q ? Zvn‡j bexRx wK myiv b~i bvwRj nevi Av‡M ciKxqvq weevwnZ/Zv-†`i ¯^fve-Acivaxi LvmjZ Avi fv‡jv gvby‡li nVvr cv wcQ‡j hvevi g‡a¨Kvi weivU g„Zz¨`Ê w`‡qwQ‡jb ? G-cÖ‡kœi Reve Av‡Q 1242 b¤^i nvw`‡m. AvqvZ 2| n‡jI me Acivax GK nq bv| GKB Aciva †KD K‡i Afv‡e. nu¨v| 7| ZLb bexRx Zv‡K cv_i †g‡i nZ¨v Ki‡Z wb‡`©k w`‡jb| G-nvw`m mwZ¨ n‡j bexRx Aš—Z wZbevi Zv‡K AbyZvc-¶gvi w`‡K †V‡j‡Qb.

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Bmjvg w`‡Z cv‡i bv| 22‡k †m‡Þ¤^i 2004 mv‡ji Lei. wPiKv‡ji Rb¨ ˆea K‡iwb| ˆea Ki‡j †Kviv‡Yi mv‡_ Zv‡`i m`yc‡`k `vI. mv‡ci †P‡qI welv³. wKš‘ K_vUv Avj­−vnÕi cÖwZB| †Kbbv Bmjv‡g kZ©nxb c~Y© AvbyMZ¨ ïay Avj­−vn I bex- Avm‡j bxwZi. ÒKvbvZ wgbvj eª¨v‡K‡U (Aí Kwiqv) XywK‡q e¨vcviUv‡K nvjKv Kivi †Póv K‡i‡Qb| wKš‘ K¡v‡bZxbÓ − GUv †KvivY e¨envi K‡i‡Q nRiZ CmvÕi gv †gixi e¨vcv‡i wb‡Ri K_v †Kviv‡Y bv XywK‡q e¨vL¨vq †`qv DwPZ| A_P Zuvi ¯^vgxB wQj bv| Kv‡RB ÒKvDqvgÓ n‡jB ¯^vgx eyS‡Z n‡e GUv hv‡nvK.17. Z‡e Avi Zv‡`i Rb¨ Ab¨ †Kvb Ges Zvi cwievi Zv †_‡K LiP K‡i| Zviv wK ¯^vgx †cUv‡e ? †KD †KD c_ AbymÜvb K‡iv bv|Ó †Kviv‡Yi A‡bK Abyev`K ÔcÖnvi KiÕ Gi c‡i e‡jb ÒKvDqvgÓ k‡ãi †kKo †_‡K Av‡iKUv kã Av‡m. ¯^vgx `vwe K‡iwQj G Zvi Bmjvwg AwaKvi| Bmjv‡g †eŠ. mZx‡Z¡i †cUv‡bvi Ic‡i KvR K‡i‡Qb A‡bK Bmjvwg we‡klÁ| Guiv e‡jb t. Ges n‡”Q| AvqvZUvi Abyev` GBfv‡e †iRvj (cyi“l RvwZ) wbmv (bvixRvwZ)-i Ici KZ…©Z¡kxj| Kv‡RB Kiv n‡q‡Q − Òcyi“liv bvix‡`i Dci KZ©„Z¡kxj (KvIqvg)| KviY Avj­−vn G‡Ki Dci AvqvZUv cvwievwiK bq.4) | mgm¨vwU n‡jv. Ges †m KLb wK-Kvi‡Y wKfv‡e KZUv gviwcU Ki‡Q Zv `vwe K‡ib G-AvbyMZ¨ ¯^vgxi cÖwZ| cÖMwZkxj we‡klÁiv e‡jb GUv ïaygvÎ †`Lvi †KD †bB| †ewki fvM gymwjg ¯¿x-cÖnvi K‡ib bv mwZ¨. bvix bq| Avãyj nvbœvb − Lei Av‡jvPbv †dvivg − 2iv †g. ¯¿x Aeva¨ wK bv Zv IB 7| Avqv‡Z Av‡Q − Ò†bKKvi ¯¿x‡jvKMY nq AbyMZv|Ó Kvi AbyMZv ? kvwiqvcš’xiv ¯^vgxB wVK Ki‡e. 38 gyw³mb (2008)| †mB cyi“‡li nv‡Z ¯¿x-cÖnv‡ii AwaKvi. ZviI fyj n‡Z cv‡i| †m n‡Z cv‡i Mvavi †P‡qI nvev. Ges bvix n‡Z cv‡ib †gv‡gbv I we‡klÁ| (ÒBmjv‡g †Kv‡bv ¯¿x-cÖnvi †bB. e‡j‡Q k­−xjZvi K_v. Ges Avj­−vn hv †ndvRZ‡hvM¨ K‡i w`‡q‡Qb †jvKP¶zi Aš— Ki‡Zv Ges bvixRvwZ Zv †_‡K e¨q Ki‡Zv| †KvivY †mB mvgvwRK wPÎUv iv‡jI Zvi †ndvRZ K‡i| Avi hv‡`i g‡a¨ Aeva¨Zvi (bvmyR) Avk¼v Ki eY©bv K‡i‡Q gvÎ. AvqvZ 12)| (kvwdÕB AvBb m. Zv‡`i kh¨v Z¨vM Ki Ges cÖnvi Ki (ÔIqv‡RªeyûbœvÕ ev ev¯—e wgj‡Q bv KviY eZ©gvb we‡k¦ †KvwU †KvwU bvix KvDqvg A_©vr DcvR©bKvix ÔB`ª“eyûbœvÕ)| hw` Zv‡Z Zviv eva¨ n‡q hvq.10. IUv Avqv‡Zi fyj Abyev` Ó− kvwiqv-ZË¡¸i“ kvn& 3| wek¦-gymwj‡gi AvR GB Ki“Y `kvi Rb¨ `vqxB n‡jv cyi“l. 5| Avqv‡Z G-K_v ejv nqwb †h ¯¿xi Ici ¯^vgx KZ©„Z¡kxj| ejv n‡q‡Q weZK© nqwb hv myiv wbmv AvqvZ 34 wb‡q n‡q‡Q.12. o. mvgvwRK| A‡b¨i ˆewkó¨ `vb K‡i‡Qb Ges KviY Zviv Zv‡`i A_© e¨q K‡i| †mB g‡Z †bKKvi 6| KvDqvg A_©vr DcvR©bKvix ev wbqš¿K| ZLb mvaviYfv‡e cyi“lRvwZ Avq ¯¿x‡jvKMY nq AbyMZv. Biv‡Yi kvwiqv †Kv‡U© ¯¿x gwiqg Av‡e`b 4| ev”Pv‡`i mvg‡b evev Zv‡`i gvÕ‡K a‡i †cUv‡bvi `„k¨ AZ¨š— Kzrwmr Ges K‡i‡Qb kvwiqv †KvU© †hb Zuvi ¯^vgx‡K Av‡`k †`b gwiqg‡K cÖ‡Z¨Kw`b bv †g‡i ev”Pv‡`i gvbwmK ¯^v‡¯’¨i c‡¶ gvivZ¥K ¶wZKi| G wnsmªZv I mßv‡n GKw`b gv‡i| †bvsivwg‡K Bmjvg ˆea Ki‡Z cv‡i bv| Avi †Kv‡bv ag©MÖ‡š’i Avi †Kv‡bv AvqvZ wb‡q GZ `xN© mgq a‡i GZ ZK©. weavbUv my¯úó| Ime k‡Z© ZvB kvwiqv AvB‡b ¯¿x-cÖnvi ‰ea gZjwe e¨vL¨v (myiv AvZ& Zvnixg. AvqvZUv wbðq Aeva¨Zvi K_v e‡jwb. kvwiqv wK e‡j 34 1| †h-a‡g© Avj­−vn-imy‡ji cÖwZ eva¨Zvq †Rvi-Rei`w¯— †bB †m-a‡g© ¯^vgxi eva¨ nevi e¨vcv‡i gviwcU n‡Z cv‡i bv| Bmjv‡g ¯¿ x -cÖ n vi 2| ¯^vgxI gvbyl. bvix-AwaKv‡ii I m¤§v‡bi| gymwjg-mgv‡R G-me AvB‡bi imyj Qvov Avi Kv‡iv cÖwZ n‡Z cv‡i bv| cÖfve myMfxi| eû gymwjg †`‡ki †Uwjwfk‡b wgwó nvwmi mv‡_ wewfbœ KviY 8| `v¤úZ¨ Rxe‡b ¯^vgx-¯¿x `yÕR‡b `yÕR‡bi K_v KvUvKvwU n‡eB| K_v bv †`wL‡q ¯¿x-cÖnvi‡K mg_©b Kiv nq| wKfv‡e gvi‡j ¯¿xi Mv‡q `vM co‡e bv ïb‡jB hw` gviwcU nq Z‡e Nb Nb ûjy¯’yj Zvʇe cvovi KvK-wPj D‡o †mB Ô‰eÁvwbKÕ c×wZi Ici bvgKiv gIjvbvi †jLv †KZveI Av‡Q| 2005 cvjv‡e Ges msmvi wk‡Kq DV‡e| Bmjv‡g ZvB gviwcU ˆea n‡Z cv‡i bv| mv‡j wewewmÕi Le‡i `ywbqv wkD‡i D‡VwQj hLb Biv‡Yi †Kv‡U© ¯¿x Av‡e`b 9| Avqv‡Z Av‡Q − ÒAvj­−vn hv †ndvRZ‡hvM¨ K‡i w`‡q‡Qb †jvKP¶zi Aš—iv‡jI K‡iwQj Zvi ¯^vgx‡K Av‡`k w`‡Z hv‡Z †m Zv‡K cÖwZw`b bv †g‡i mßv‡n Zvi †ndvRZ K‡i|Ó †h‡nZz Aeva¨Zv †jvKP¶zi Aš—iv‡j bvI n‡Z cv‡i ZvB GKw`b gv‡i. Zv †m h‡ZvB kZ©mv‡c‡¶ †nvK bv †Kb. K_v|| kvwiqv wK e‡j / Avgiv wK Kwi .

(2) wbmv A_©vr bvix. 20:77. I-mvwj‡k jvf nq evsjvq ÔLvIqvÕ k‡ãi 155wU wfbœ A_© †`Lyb t bv| ZvB AvqvZUv wbðq gviwc‡Ui K_v e‡jwb| 1| fvZ LvIqv 11| †Kv‡bv Kvi‡YB Kv‡iv Mv‡q nvZ †Zvjvi AwaKvi mvaviY gvbyl‡K †`qv 2| wewo-wmMv‡iU LvIqv hvq bv. 47:27 18| jvw_ LvIqv (cv w`‡q AvNvZ) (N) AvNvZ Kiv − 2:60 I 73. f„ †_‡K fvh©v 8| j¨vs LvIqv I f„Z¨ hv‡K fiY‡cvlY Ki‡Z nq. (3) KvDqvg A_u©vr 6| gv_vq evwo LvIqv (Avðh© nIqv) DcvR©bKvix ev wbqš¿K BZ¨vw`. 24:31. A_©vr aviY Kiv. 73:20 I Ab¨vb¨ 17| Nywl LvIqv (gywôe× nvZ w`‡q AvNvZ) (M) cÖnvi Kiv − 8:50. I (5) `vivev − 7| Kvgo LvIqv kãUvi wewfbœ gv‡b Av‡Q| evsjvq †hgb a„ †_‡K ag©. Dci w`qv wbqv hvIqv − 18:11 (T) XvwKqv †`Iqv − 24:31 26| wXj LvIqv (Z) e¨vL¨v Kiv − 13:17 27| †VvKi LvIqv (_) AZ¨vPvi ev Am`vPiY Kiv −4:128 28| av°v LvIqv 29| †eZ LvIqv Av‡iKUv kw³kvjx hyw³ †`Lvb Zuviv| wcK_j-Gi Abyev‡`i myiv ivÕ` AvqvZ 30| myi LvIqv (Mvb MvBevi mgq my‡i fyj Kiv) 17 n‡jv − ÒGfv‡eB Avj­−vn mZ¨ Am‡Z¨i `„óvš— cÖ`vb K‡ib|Ó GLv‡b ÔgviwcUÕ 31| Mvwj LvIqv kvwiqv wK e‡j / Avgiv wK Kwi . 76 I 112. 36:78 . 7:160. 39:27 I 29. †Zgwb ÔB`ª“eyûbœvÕ k‡ãi g~j n‡jv Ô`vivevÕ| Wt 9| †Mvj LvIqv Avãyj nvwg` Avey myjvqgvb gvj‡qwkqvÕi Avš—R©vwZK Bmjvwg wek¦we`¨vj‡qi cÖv³b 10| †Mvj­−v LvIqv (†evKvUv A‡¼ †Mvj­−v †L‡q‡Q) †i±i Ges Av‡gwiKvi (fvwR©wbqv) BÈvib¨vkbvj BÝwUwUDU Ae& BmjvwgK _U-Gi 11| jvj-njy` KvW© LvIqv (dzUej †Ljvq) †cÖwm‡WÈ| †Kviv‡Y Ô`vivevÕ †_‡K D™¢~Z kãvejx wb‡q Zuvi wbeÜ 24†k Rvbyqvwi 12| wWg LvIqv (MvqKUv MZKvj †kªvZv‡`i wWg †L‡q‡Q) 2008 (gyw³mb 38) BÈvi‡b‡U evsjvi bvix Av‡jvPbv-†dviv‡g w`‡qwQ‡jb kvn& 13| wPgwU LvIqv Avãyj nvbœvb| eû eQi Av‡M Wt GwWc BDK‡mj Ges Ab¨vb¨ivI GKB hyw³ 14| ¸u‡Zv LvIqv w`‡q‡Qb − myiv I AvqvZ †_‡K AZ¨š— ms‡¶‡c †`Lvw”Q t 15| Kvbgjv LvIqv (K) ågY Kiv − 4:101. kvwiqv wK e‡j 35 10| wVK c‡ii AvqvZUv. 24:35. 19| ivg-†avjvB LvIqv 37:93. 8:12. wbmv AvqvZ 35-G Av‡Q t cwievi fv½vi Ae¯’v n‡j kãUv jvMv‡j GUv `uvov‡e t ÔGfv‡eB Avj­−vn mZ¨ I Am‡Z¨i gviwcU K‡ib|Õ GwU ¯^vgxi I ¯¿xi c¶ †_‡K gyi“eŸx‡`i w`‡q mvwj‡ki †Póv Ki‡Z n‡e| Mv‡q D™¢U K_v. 22| SuvUv LvIqv 30:28 I 58. (4) bvmyR A_©vr cÖKvk¨ Ak­−xjZv. 26:63. ZvB ÔB`ª“eyûbœvÕ-i Ò`„óvš— cÖ`vbÓ A_© ai‡Z n‡e| nvZ Zz‡j gviwc‡Ui c‡i mvwjk KivUv Zvgvkv gvÎ. 47:4 20| RyZv LvIqv (RyZvi cÖnvi LvIqv) (O) ms¯’vcb Kiv − 43:58. 43:17. 18:32 I 45. 16:75. w`‡j Zvi Ace¨envi n‡eB| K_vUv AZ¨š— mwZ¨| 3| cvwb LvIqv 4| welg LvIqv A_©vr Zuv‡`i `vwe n‡jv AvqvZUvi Abyev‡` ¯¿x-cÖnvi _vK‡Z cv‡i bv| g~j 5| byb LvIqv (K…ZÁZv) k㸇jv n‡jv t (1) †iRvj A_©vr cyi“l. 2:273 16| Po-_vào LvIqv (†Lvjv nvZ w`‡q AvNvZ) (L) evwni nBqv hvIqv − 3:156. 57:13 21| cu¨v`vwb LvIqv (P) cÖ`vb Kiv − 14:24 I 45. 59:21 I Ab¨vb¨ 23| MY-wcUzwb LvIqv (Q) D‡c¶v Kiv − 43:5 24| PveyK LvIqv (R) wb›`v Kiv − 2:61 25| jvwVi ev WvÊvi evwo LvIqv (S) eÜ Kiv.

Dcb¨vm ev msev` LvIqv 52| cywj‡ki wUwKU LvIqv 86| †kªvZv‡`i Mvb LvIqv 53| Nyl LvIqv 87| bvKvwb‡Pvevwb LvIqv (Av¶wiK A‡_© − cvwb‡Z) 54| UvKv LvIqv 88| bvKvwb‡Pvevwb LvIqv‡bv (cÖZxKx A‡_© − mgm¨vq) 55| _ZgZ LvIqv 89| nvIqv LvIqv (†eov‡bv A‡_©) 56| Lvwe LvIqv 90| nvIqv LvIqv (Abvnvi A‡_©) 57| wfiwg LvIqv 91| nveyWyey LvIqv (Av¶wiK A‡_© − cvwb‡Z) 58| f¨vevP¨vKv LvIqv 92| nveyWyey LvIqv (cÖZxKx A‡_© − mgm¨vq) 59| wngwkg LvIqv 93| huvZv LvIqv (`yB e¯‘i Pvc) 60| jy‡UvcywU LvIqv 94| huvZv LvIqv (kw³kvjx cÖwZc‡¶i Pvc) 61| MovMwo LvIqv 95| gvi LvIqv (ˆ`wnK cÖnvi) 62| †Pv‡Li gv_v LvIqv 96| gvi LvIqv (civwRZ nIqv − ÒRMr Rywoqv Ggwb Kwiqv gvi Lv‡e `ye©j ?Ó− bRi“j) 63| aiv LvIqv 97| gvi LvIqv (e¨emv‡q e¨_© nIqv) 64| †auvKv LvIqv 98| VvÊv LvIqv (VvÊv †L‡q Mvq‡Ki Mjv e‡m †M‡Q) 65| KuvPKjv LvIqv (e¨_© A‡_©) kvwiqv wK e‡j / Avgiv wK Kwi . K_vUv mwZ¨ bq) 51| Pzgy LvIqv 85| cvV‡Ki PUzj msev`. kvwiqv wK e‡j 36 32| agK LvIqv 66| Lvc LvIqv 33| eKzwb LvIqv 67| fq LvIqv 34| `vewo LvIqv 68| we‡q LvIqv 35| AvQvo LvIqv 69| `vIqvZ LvIqv 36| †nuvPU LvIqv 70| wmwbœ LvIqv 37| ÒDóvÓ LvIqv (†nuvPU-Gi wfbœ cÖKvk) 71| cÖmv` LvIqv 38| ûgwo LvIqv 72| RvgvB LvIqv‡bv 39| SuvwK ev SuvKzwb LvIqv 73| wgmwKb LvIqv‡bv 40| P°i LvIqv 74| ‰e`y¨wZK kK LvIqv 41| wWMevwR LvIqv 75| ¸wj LvIqv 42| †MvËv LvIqv 76| Nvm LvIqv (RbMY Nvm Lvq bv. meB †ev‡S) 43| Kvwbœ LvIqv (KvUv Nywo Kvwbœ Lvq) 77| avIqv LvIqv 44| NyicvK LvIqv 78| Uvm&wK LvIqv (Pg‡K hvIqv) 45| †`vj LvIqv 79| Kmg LvIqv 46| Szj­−y LvIqv (†Rv‡i †Rv‡i †`vj LvIqv) 80| nvjvj-nvivg LvIqv 47| †gvPo LvIqv 81| †cÖ‡g Qu¨vK LvIqv 48| evwK LvIqv 82| Zß wKQy‡Z Qu¨vK LvIqv 49| fv‡jvg›` LvIqv 83| †Nvj LvIqv‡bv (†evKv evbv‡bv) 50| gvj LvIqv (g`¨cvb Kiv) 84| †Zj LvIqv (Mvwo cyiv‡bv n‡jB †Zj †ewk Lvq.

) 137| a‡i LvIqv (†ewk K‡i LvIqv − gv¸ivÕi fvlv ?) 105| Svj LvIqv (†Q‡jUv Svj †L‡Z cQ›` K‡i) 138| †L‡q bv †L‡q wKQy Kiv (GKvMÖZvi mv‡_) 106| KPz LvIqv (ÒKvV‡eovjx... wm‡MÖU †Q‡o †`‡e ?) 136| ÒevevÕq Lv‡eÕ‡bÓ (evev a‡i †cUv‡e − ewikv‡ji fvlv) 104| ay‡jv LvIqv (eB †gjvÕi. kvwiqv wK e‡j 37 99| V¨vjv LvIqv (†bZviv RbM‡Yi V¨vjv †L‡j eyS‡e) 132| WyWyI Lve UvgvK-I Lve (`yB w`‡KB jvfevb nevi †Póv) 100| cvwë LvIqv (†bZviv GZ `je`‡ji cvwë Lvq †Kb ?) 133| Mv‡QiI Lve ZjviI Kzove (`yB w`‡KB jvfevb nevi †Póv) 101| Svwo LvIqv (Awd‡m em&-Gi ev evwo‡Z †eŠ‡qi. Zzwg g‡iv.. Zzwg KPz LvI!Ó − bRi“j) 139| fvZ †` nvivgRv`v bB‡j gvbwPÎ Lv‡ev (Kwe iwdK AvRv`) 107| ¸‡j LvIqv (gv÷vi GZ K‡i cov‡jv. Ii GL‡bv LvIqv evwK Av‡QÓ 122| Pvco LvIqv (cwðg e‡½i fvlv) 123| wPo LvIqv 155| j¤úU-Uvi LvB-LvB fve †`L‡j Mv R¡‡j hvq 124| †eovi evMvb LvIqv (i¶K hLb f¶K) (wKQy k‡ã A_© I kã-cÖ‡qv‡Mi mxgve×Zv I gZvš—i _vK‡Z cv‡i) 125| w`j­−x Kv jvÇy LvIqv 126| w`b G‡b w`b LvIqv nvw`‡m Av‡Q bexRx †gmIqvK Kivi mgq †jv‡Kiv Zuv‡K †eŠ-†cUv‡bvi 127| jv‡fi ¸o wcuc‡o LvIqv c×wZ wR‡Ám Ki‡j wZwb bvwK †gmIqvKUv Vym K‡i Mv‡q jvwM‡q e‡jwQ‡jb 128| VvKzi N‡i †K †i − Avwg Kjv LvB bv (mvdvB MvIqv) − ÔGfv‡e|Õ G-me nvw`m Zuvi gh©v`vi †Ljvd KviY welqUv Uz_eªv‡kiI bq 129| Wy‡e Wy‡e cvwb LvIqv (†Mvc‡b wKQy Kiv) WvÊviI bq. QvÎUv cix¶v n‡j me ¸‡j †L‡q‡Q) 140| eyjeywj‡Z avb †L‡q‡Q (we‡`wkiv †`‡ki m¤ú` jyɇb cÖvPxb Kwei Awfe¨w³) 108| Qu¨vPv LvIqv (`iRvi Qu¨vPv †L‡q Ii AvOyj †_uZ‡j †M‡Q) 141| b`xUv AgyK MÖvg †L‡q †d‡j‡Q 109| †cvKvq LvIqv (evRvi †_‡K †cvKvq LvIqv Avg wb‡q G‡j) 142| wm‡bgvi bvg ÒLvBwQ ZÕ‡iÓ (wec‡` †djv A‡_©) 110| m¤úwË LvIqv (GwZg fvw¯—ÕUvi me m¤úwË Ii PvPv †L‡q †d‡j‡Q) 143| ÒLvB‡Q Avgv‡iÓ (wec‡` cov A‡_©) 111| PvKwi LvIqv (†ewk evovevwo ei‡j em& †Zvgvi PvKwi †L‡q †dj‡e) 144| gay LvIqv (jv¤úU¨ A‡_©) 112| Kjv LvIqv (†KvjKvZvi mvsm` Awfavb − †Póv K‡i e¨_© nIqv) 145| Z¨vjvwb LvIqv (¯‘wZevK¨ cQ›` Kiv − Avgvi em& Z¨vjvwb †L‡Z Lye cQ›` K‡i) 113| gyL LvIqv (mgv‡R Ac`¯’ nIqv) 146| Ave„wˇZ e¨vKMÖvDÊ wgDwRK Ave„wËKv‡ii KÉ †L‡q †d‡j‡Q 114| evZvm LvIqv (Mi‡g AwZô n‡q †Q‡jUv cvLvi mvg‡b e‡m evZvm Lv‡”Q) 147| wd«R LvIqv (bvU‡K) 115| SvcUv LvIqv (evZv‡mi SvcUv †L‡q dzj`vwbUv D‡ë †M‡Q) 148| WvqvjM LvIqv (bvU‡K) 116| WªvM-G LvIqv (†Q‡jUv GZ fv‡jv MvB‡Zv. welqUv bxwZi| Uz_eªvk w`‡q †LuvPv‡bv hvq wKš‘ †cUv‡bv Am¤¢e| 130| wn‡m‡ei Kwo ev‡N Lvq bv (wjwLZ `wjj e¨_© nq bv) Ab¨vb¨ †Póvq hv‡K gvbv‡bv hvq bv Zv‡K Uz_eªvk w`‡q LyuwP‡q gvbv‡bv hv‡e ? 131| NÖv‡bb Aa©g& †fvRbg& (Lvev‡ii myM‡Ü A‡a©K LvIqv n‡q hvh) Wt myjvqgvb e‡j‡Qb bexRx †eŠ-†cUv‡bvi wei“‡× GZB µμz× wQ‡jb †h wZwb kvwiqv wK e‡j / Avgiv wK Kwi .. WªvMB I‡K †L‡jv) 149| B¾Z LvIqv 117| QvB LvIqv (ÒQvB LvÓ − bvKP ev Mvwj A‡_©) 150| evDÝ LvIqv (cvjUK-Gi i“g¸‡jv‡Z A‡b‡K evDÝ Lvq) 118| gv_v LvIqv (gv_v LvI − †`vnvB A‡_©) 151| †iW WU LvIqv (cvjUK-i i“g¸‡jv‡Z A‡b‡K †iW WU Lvq) 119| gv_v LvIqv (bó Kiv − †ewk Av`i w`‡q †Q‡jUvi gv_v LvIqv n‡”Q) 152| wW-wm LvIqv (wWm&Kv‡b± − cvjUK-Gi i“g¸‡jv‡Z A‡b‡K wW-wm Lvq) 120| j¾vki‡gi gv_v LvIqv − (wbj©¾ A‡_©) 153| jvÇy LvIqv (cix¶vq †Q‡jUv jvÇy †L‡q‡Q A_©vr †dj K‡i‡Q) 121| wcwÆ LvIqv (Av`‡ii) 154| Ò†jvKUv gi‡Z gi‡ZI gi‡Q bv.) 134| KvVwgw¯¿iv e‡j KvV NyY †L‡q‡Q 102| Pv°z LvIqv (¸Êv‡`i evav w`‡Z wM‡q †m Pv°z †L‡q‡Q) 135| KvVwgw¯¿iv e‡j †Kvb KvV †Kvb is fv‡jv Lv‡e 103| w`we¨ LvIqv (w`we¨ †L‡q e‡jv.

bex-imy‡ji gy‡L G-K_vB †kvfv cvq. GUv Av‡Q Gg. Òhw` Avgiv (1) cvi¯úwiK mg‡SvZv. Gm. G. wcUzwbi Afv‡e Kvi‡Y ¯¿x‡K ZvjvK w`‡j Zv n‡e Avj­−vnÕi †`qv mxgv AwZµμg t Òhw` Zviv †Kv‡bv my¯úó wbj©¾ Kv‡R wjß bv nq Z‡e Zv‡`i‡K Zv‡`i M„n †_‡K ewn®‹vi K‡iv bv †eŠ¸‡jv‡K bvwK ¯^vgx‡`i wei“‡× DrmvwnZ (emboldened) Kiv n‡”Q| GB Awf‡hv‡Mi d‡j wZwb bvwK †eŠ-wcUv‡bvi AbygwZ w`‡jb| ¯¿xi `j Zv‡Z (A_©vr ZvjvK w`‡qv bv − †jLK) Ges ZvivI †hb †ei bv nq. (4) `¤úwZi cvi¯úwiK m¤úK©. Zv‡`i cÖ n vi Ki‡e bv ev Acgvb Ki‡e Wt myjvqgvb ej‡Qb. mvaviY gymjgv‡bi Rb¨ bq| ¯¿x-cÖnvi gvbeRvwZi K‡ibwb †KvivY-imyj . Ges d‡j AvZ¥wek¦vmx gymwjg-RvwZ ˆZwi Gev‡i Pjyb †`Lv hvK GKUv wn‡m‡ei Kwo hv wKbv ev‡NI †L‡Z cv‡i bv| A_©vr hZ nqwb| ZvB wb‡R‡`i mg¯— e¨_©Zvi Rb¨ A‡b¨i loh‡š¿i evnvbv Kwi Avgiv| a~ZB© †nvK bv †Kb H Kwo wb‡q †Lj& †Ljevi mva¨ †Kv‡bv †L‡jvqv‡oi †bB| G †_‡K ÔAbyev‡` fyjÕ G-ZË¡ Qvov bexRx I †Kviv‡Yi bL&m& w`‡qI ¯¿x-cÖnvi‡K Bmjvwg cwi®‹vi n‡q hv‡e wKfv‡e GKUv b¨v‡qi ag©‡K †cuwP‡q bvix-we‡ivax Acag© KÕ‡i †Zvjv c×wZ‡ZB evwZj Ki‡Z cv‡ib Avgv‡`i Av‡jgiv t †`Lyb Òbvixi DËivwaKvi I n‡q‡Q. GUv e¨vcv‡i wRÁvmv Ki‡jb| bexRx ej‡jb. ¯¿x-cÖnvi evwZj Ki‡Z Zv‡`i K_v bexRxÕi gy‡L Zz‡j bv w`‡j RbMY MÖnY Ki‡e bv| mwn nvw`m mybvb Avey †M‡j eû Rvj nvw`‡m Uvb co‡e| †hgb. K_vq K_vq ¯^vgxi B‡”Q n‡jB ev iv‡Mi gv_vq ¯¿x-cÖnvi‡K wPiš—b BwZnvm wKš‘ G‡K a‡g©i bv‡g ˆea Kiv gvivZ¥K Aciva| G‡Z AvZ¥wek¦vmx KwVbfv‡e wbqš¿Y K‡i‡Qb my¯úó fvlvq ciKxqvi kZ© w`‡q| bvix ˆZwi nq bv. wb‡Riv hv LvI c‡iv Zv‡`i †Kv‡bv bex-imy‡ji K_v nj ? a‡g©i bv‡g †K‡j¼vwi bq GUv ? †mBiKg LvIqv‡e civ‡e| Avi. A_©vr Av‡gwiKv-K¨vbvWvwfwËK `vmx‡`i cÖnvi Ki †Zgbfv‡e KL‡bv ¯¿x‡`i gvi‡e bv| Zvici iv‡Z Zv‡`i mv‡_ wekvj kvwiqvcš’x msMVb gymwjg ÷z‡WÈ&m& A¨v‡mvwm‡qk‡bi I‡qvmvB‡U| †kv‡eÓ (mwn eyLvwi nv‡dR Avãyj Rwj‡ji Abyev` nvw`m bs 2468)| G GKUv K_v nj ? wKsev Ò†ivR nvk‡i †Kvb ¯^vgx‡K wR‡Ám Kiv n‡e bv †Kb †m ¯¿x‡K nvw`m bs 2139 t mvnvex gvweqv Avj& KzmvBix bexRxÕi Kv‡Q wM‡q ¯¿x‡`i †g‡iwQjÓ (nvw`m bs 2142 BÈvi‡b‡U mwn Avey `vD`)| AvcbvivB ejyb. Zv‡K Avwg eis ¯¿x-cÖnv‡ii my¯úó AvqvZ Av‡Q myiv †Qvqv` 44-G| G‡Z nRiZ ej‡ev †eŠ A‡b¨i mv‡_ kvixwiK msmM© Ki‡j †Kv‡bv ¯^vgx wK †KZve Ly‡j †`L‡Z hv‡e Avqye‡K (Avt) ejv n‡q‡Q Mv‡Qi KuvPv Wvj w`‡q ¯¿x‡K cÖnvi Ki‡Z (†KD †KD wK †jLv Av‡Q †mLv‡b ? †gv‡UB hv‡e bv. (3) cÖ‡Z¨‡Ki wb‡Ri wm×vš— jBevi AwaKvi. ZvwiL Avj& Zvevwi Zv bq| GUv nj †KqvgZ ch©š— mg¯— gymwjg bvixi m¤§vb I AwaKvi hv wZwb kvwiqv wK e‡j / Avgiv wK Kwi . (5) ¯^vgx I ¯¿xi m¤§v‡bi mwnZ weevneÜb wQbœ Kivi my¯úó ûKzg| nu¨v. bexRx bvwK e‡j‡Qb. GUv cÖnvi Kiv hvB‡eÓ − wewae× Bmjvwg AvBb 3q LÊ c„ôv 852. Ò†hgbfv‡e `vm- `vD` †_‡K DׄwZ w`w”Q. Ges KÕ‡i †Zvjv n‡q‡Q H bexRxi bv‡gB| †L‡jvqvoiv fv‡jv KÕ‡iB RvbZ my¯úó wb‡`©kÓ wbe‡Ü| Z‡e †h †Kv‡bv c×wZ‡ZB †nvK. − G¸‡jv Avj­−vnÕi AvcwË Rvbv‡j wZwb bvwK ej‡jb hviv AvcwË Ki‡Q Zviv bvwK m‡e©vËg ¯¿x wba©vwiZ mxgvÓ (myiv Z¡vjvK 1)| bq| G †Zv †Mj †Kviv‡Yi K_v| bexRx wK e‡jb ? wbðqB wZwbI †Kviv‡Yi †`L‡jb ? ¯úóB GUv cyi“lZ‡š¿i evbv‡bv nvRvi nvRvi gvivZ¥K Rvj nvw`‡mi g~j¨‡ev‡ai K_vB e‡jb − Ò¯¿x †Kej Ak­−xj K‡g© wjß nB‡jB Zvnv‡K nvj&Kvfv‡e GKUv| mgvR ev kvmbKvh© Pvjv‡bvi e¨vcv‡i mvnvex‡`i civgk© wb‡Zb bexRx. GB n‡jb Avgv‡`i bexRx| AwaKv‡ii welq¸wj gvwbqv Pwj Z‡e myiv wbmv AvqvZ 34-G Ô`vivevÕ kãwU AvNvZ. kvwiqv wK e‡j 38 †NvlYv K‡iwQ‡jb †KD †eŠ †cUv‡j †hb Zuvi mvg‡bB †m bv Av‡m. (2) Bmjv‡g bv| gvby‡li m¤§vb I AwaKvi. ZvjvK †`Iqv K_v Av‡Q ÒkZP‡µμ fMevb f~ZÓ| Gev‡i †`Lyb imy‡ji GB PgrKvi ûKzgUv ev Avjv`v nBqv hvIqv|Ó loh‡š¿i `yBP‡µμ wKfv‡e av‡c av‡c †cuwP‡q wM‡q bvix-we‡ivaxZvq iƒc wb‡”Q| Avgiv Rvwb bvmyR k‡ãi cÖavb A_© n‡jv Ak­−xj Kg©| bvmyR Qvov Ab¨ †Kv‡bv nvw`m bs 2141 t mvnvexiv Zuvi Kv‡Q G‡m Awf‡hvM Ki‡jb. eis Lyb KivI weij bq| GB ¯^vfvweKZv‡K A¯^xKvi cUf~wg Av‡Q hv bexi Rb¨B. mymš—vb M‡o I‡V bv. A_©vr wZwb 9g LÊ c„ôv 113 Ges mwn Be‡b gvRvn 4_© LÊ nvw`m 3074| A_©vr ¯¿x Ak­−xj Zvi gyLB †`L‡Z Pvb bv| dvwZgv gvwb©wm Zuvi eB‡Z Rvbv‡”Qb †eŠ-†cUv‡bv‡Z K‡g© wjß bv nIqv ch©š— Ab¨ †Kv‡bv KviY ev evnvbvq ¯¿x-cÖnvi Kwi‡j Zvnv ¯^qs kZvãx a‡i Af¨¯— †mB mgvR G-†NvlYvq G‡Kev‡i ¯—ä n‡q wM‡qwQj| f³ imy‡ji wei“‡× hvB‡e| gymjgvb‡`i Rb¨ G wQj †hb duvwmi Av‡`k| †KD hw` cÖkœ K‡i †KvivY-imyj Zvn‡j ¯¿x-cÖnv‡ii AbygwZ w`‡q‡Q. eis Zvi gv_vq i³ P‡o hv‡e GUvB ¯^vfvweK| Abyev` K‡i‡Qb ÔZ„YkjvKvÕ − GUv wVK bq)| wKš‘ G Avqv‡Zi wbw`©ó kZ© I †m-Ae¯’vq †cUv‡bv n‡ZB cv‡i. ¯¿x‡`i `j ZLb Bmjv‡g Zuv‡`i m¤§vb i¶v †`‡L ¯^fveZB Lywk n‡jb| evsjvq GKUv e¨_v ev Am¤§vb eySvq bv| mePvB‡Z hyw³hy³ nB‡e Qvwo‡q †`Iqv.

2236-Gi c‡i 2247. Avwbmyi ingv‡bi g‡Zv gymwjg †jLKivI Av‡Qb| ZyK©x miKvi mwn nvw`m¸‡jv †_‡K nvm¨Ki. BZ¨vw`| Gfv‡eB eû bvix-we‡ivax Z_¨ †Mvc‡b gy‡Q †djv n‡”Q| †hgb Bgvg Mv¾vjxi 9 L‡Êi Gn&wnqv DjywgÏxb †KZv‡ei 2q L‡Ê cÖPÊ bvix-we‡ivax K_vevZ©v Av‡Q| BÈvi‡b‡U Zvi †ekwKQy gy‡Q †djv n‡q‡Q| wKš‘ Avgv‡`i Kv‡Q †Zv eB¸‡jv Av‡Q. bexRx e‡j‡QbÓ KÕ‡i KÕ‡i gymwjg bvix‡`i me©bvk Kiv n‡q‡Q. Avj­−vn-imy‡ji Kv‡QI Zvi †Kv‡bv Revew`wnZv _vKj bv| GB n‡jv wn‡m‡ei Kwo| H ÒbexRx e‡j‡Qb. hv WvKvwZ n‡q †M‡Q Z_vKw_Z Avj­−vÕi AvB‡bi bvix-we‡ivax wnsmªZvq \  kvwiqv wK e‡j / Avgiv wK Kwi . †bvsiv. Avgiv †Zv †`Lv‡Z cvie| †Mvc‡b gy‡Q †djvUv Acivax g‡bi j¶Y| KvRUv †LvjvLywj Ki‡jB †Zv nq. †hgb 2040-Gi c‡iB 2044 . GUv ïf j¶Y| H nvw`m¸‡jv ev` n‡j kZ kZ bvix-we‡ivax kvwiqv AvB‡bi cv‡qi bxP †_‡K gvwU m‡i hv‡e KviY I¸‡jv w`‡qB H Bmjvg-we‡ivax AvBb¸‡jv evbv‡bv n‡q‡Q| cyi“lZvwš¿K loh‡š¿i GB KvivMvi †f‡O Avgv‡`i cÖwZôv Ki‡ZB n‡e †mB nviv‡bv bvix-AwaKvi hv Bmjvg Avgv‡`i w`‡qwQj †Pvχkv eQi Av‡M. kvwiqv wK e‡j 39 †i‡L‡Qb cÖ_g nvw`mUvq| Avj­−vnÕi imyj n‡q wb‡RiB Ggb GKUv b¨vcivqY ûKzg wZwb e`‡j bvix-we‡ivax Ki‡eb mvaviY gvby‡li Pv‡c ? n‡ZB cv‡i bv| b¨vqwePvi cÖwZôvq bex-imy‡jiv KL‡bv gvby‡li K_vq wb‡Ri wb‡`©k e`j K‡ib bv| gvbevwaKvi i¶vq Zuviv gvby‡li K_vg‡Zv P‡jb bv. gvbyl‡KB Zuv‡`i K_vg‡Zv Pj‡Z nq bB‡j Zuviv bex wK‡mi ! Gi c‡i †`Lyb †m AwaKvi wK wnsmªfv‡e c``wjZ Kiv n‡q‡Q H bexRxi bv‡gB| nvw`m bs 2142 t bexRx bvwK e‡j‡Qb ciKv‡j †Kv‡bv ¯^vgx‡K wR‡Ám Kiv n‡e bv `ywbqv‡Z †m †Kb †eŠ‡K wcwU‡qwQj| A_©vr ¯^vgx‡K †eŠ-†cUv‡bvi d«x jvB‡mÝ †`qv nj. A‰eÁvwbK I gvbeZv-we‡ivax nvw`m ev` w`‡q mwn nvw`‡mi b~Zb m¼jb †ei Kivi †cÖv‡R± wb‡q‡Qb. ivóª ev AvBb †Zv `~‡ii K_v. ej‡jB †Zv nq : hv nevi n‡q‡Q. †hgb 9g kZvãx‡Z †jLv Ò`¨ ZKw`gv Ad& Be&‡b Avwe nvwZg Avj& ivRxÓ †_‡K ïi“ KÕ‡i mv¤cÖwZKKv‡ji nvw`m-we‡ivax gymwjg we‡klÁ‡`i eB¸‡jv| GKB cÖwZev‡` Avgv‡`i gIjvbv AvKig Lvb †_‡K ïi“ KÕ‡i mv¤cÖwZK †gvnv¤§` mvÕ`Dj­−vni †jLv eB Av‡Q. GLb Avgiv G¸‡jv ev` w`w”Q| G¸‡jvi wei“‡× gymjgvb‡`i cÖwZev` †Zv wPiKvjB wQj. Bmjv‡gi fveg~wZ© bó n‡q e`bvg n‡q‡Q| Iw`‡K BÈvi‡b‡U mwn nvw`m mybvb Avey `vD‡`i †ekwKQy nvw`m DavI n‡q †M‡Q.

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†hw`b eÇ †`wi n‡q hv‡e| GB ÔLyjvÕ AvB‡b AZxZ- gvgjv Ki‡Z n‡e| kvwiqv AvB‡b Av‡Q kvixwiK A¶gZv. ÔZzwg wK Zvnvi evMvbUv †dir w`‡Z Bmjvg j•N‡bi c×wZ †`L‡ZB cvb bv| eQi `yB Av‡M wewewm Lei w`‡qwQj ivwR ?Õ †m ewjj.usc. bZzev ¯¿xi B‡”Qi †KvbB `vg †bB kvwiqv AvB‡b mvg‡b co‡jB AwZkq f`ª n‡q hvb| (we-B-Av 1g LÊ. Number 3639: wKQy Rvj nvw`‡mi †Rv‡i GB †KvivY-we‡ivax A‰bmjvwgK AvB‡b †KvwU Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al. Avgiv Bnv cÖwZ‡iva Kwie|Ó w`‡q‡Q †KvivY I imyj| ïaygvÎ ¯¿xi B‡”Qi wfwˇZ bexRx we‡q evwZj gydwZ IB nvw`m¸‡jv †`‡L GKUz wPš—v Ki‡jB eyS‡Z cvi‡Zb wZwb Avm‡j K‡i‡Qb Gi cÖgvY Av‡iv Av‡Q †hgb mwn Be‡b gvRvn 3q LÊ 1874| cÖwZ‡iva Ki‡Qb †KvivY-imyj‡KB| A_P GB wZwbB bvix‡K †KvivY-imy‡ji †`qv AwaKv‡ii mg_©b Ki‡Z cvi‡Zb| Gm‡ei Reve Zuv‡K Lv‡j‡Ki Kv‡Q Gi c‡iI kvwiqv AvBb ÒLyj&Ó evbv‡bv n‡q‡Q hv‡Z ¯¿x ZvjvK PvB‡j †Kv‡U© w`‡Z n‡e GKw`b. aviv 355 .5. The Quraysh kvwiqv wK e‡j / Avgiv wK Kwi . c„t 158. kvwiqv wK e‡j 45 Zvn‡j ? †`Lyb kvwiqv AvBb t GK ev `yÕevi ZvjvK †`evi cv‡i Ò¯^vgx Zvnvi ¯¿x‡K Avi KZfv‡e KZevi †KvivY‡K ej‡Z n‡e bvixi AwaKv‡ii K_v ? Avi Avevi wdivBqv jB‡Z cv‡i. AZx‡Zi `wjjÓ wbe‡Ü| wKQy gymwjg Av‡Qb huviv BÈvi‡b‡Ui wbe‡Ü evwZj Ki‡Z cv‡ib| Ime cÖgvY bv _vK‡j †KvU© ¯¿xi KvQ †_‡K UvKv wb‡q ¯^vgx‡K LyjvÕi wei“‡× ev‡Ni gZ û¼v‡i cÖPÊ †jLv‡jwL K‡ib wKš‘ kvwiqvcš’x‡`i w`‡q ¯^vgxi AbygwZi †Póv Ki‡e. nvbvwd AvBb A‡bK dwKn& AZxZ-eZ©gv‡b A‡bK wKQyB wj‡L †M‡Qb. wKš‘ Bnv wbf©i †`L‡jb ? ¯^vgx fv‡jvevm‡jI wKsev †m Øxb`vix fvj gvbyl n‡jI bvix eva¨ K‡i ¯^vgx Zvnvi Aby‡iva ivwL‡e wK bv Zvnvi Dci| Zvjv‡Ki AvBb bq †m msmvi Ki‡Z hv Zvi gb Pvq bv| bvix‡K B‡”Qi GB cÖvK…wZK AwaKvi cwieZ©‡bi cÖ¯—ve mivmwi †KvivY-we‡ivax. c„t 192)| Ic‡i Bmjvg wn‡m‡e Pvwc‡q †`qvUv wK Bmjvg ? Avgiv wK †m¸‡jv gvb‡Z ev¯—‡e †Zv Avgiv †`wL Im‡ei cÖgvY KZ KwVb| ZvQvov. kvwiqv w` BmjvwgK jÕ − Wt Ave`yi ingvb †WvB. Ô†n Avj­−vnÕi imyj ! Awb‡”Qi †Kvb `vg †bB ? kvwiqvcš’xiv e‡jb msmvi euvPv‡bvi Rb¨ Gme wVK _vweZ web Kv‡q‡mi PwiÎ ev Øxb`vixi Dci Avgvi †Kvb Awf‡hvM bvB| wKš‘ Av‡Q| Avðh© Kzhyw³| bvixi m¤§vb Avi AwaKvi RevB K‡i †h msmvi wUwK‡q Avgvi fq nB‡Z‡Q Avwg Avj­−vnÕi AbyMÖ‡ni cÖwZ K…ZÁ _vwK‡Z cvwie bvÕ ivLv nq †mUv Bmjvwg msmvi nq wK K‡i ? ˆel‡g¨i GB †kKo wKQy (A_©vr ¯^vgxi cÖwZ KZ©‡e¨ MvwdjwZ n‡Z cv‡i − nvw`m 2483. †Kvb wePviKB †Zv eva¨ ? †gv‡UB bq| wb‡R‡`i K_viB Pig we‡ivaxZvq kvwiqv-RMr f‡i †`eZv bb| wZwbI AÁvbZvi `i“Y. †m¸‡jv Avgv‡`i †n`vqv c„ôv 112. †ewk gviwcU. Av‡e‡Mi Kvi‡Y ev Nyl †L‡q bvixi Rxeb Av‡Q| D`vniY †`Lyb t †`vRL Ki‡Z cv‡ib t †`‡L wbb Òkvwiqv. ¯¿ x i m¤§wZ _vKz K ev bv _vKz K Ó − KZevi GB ûKzg j•Nb Ki‡e Z_vKw_Z Avj­−vÕi AvBb − weevn-we‡”Q` PvB‡j (wewae× Bmjvwg AvBb 1g LÊ aviv 352)| ¯^vgx Ggb †`eZv K‡e †_‡K nj ¯¿x‡K ÔLyjvÕ AvB‡bi bv‡g ¯^vgx ev wePvi‡Ki `qvi Ic‡i wbf©i Ki‡Z n‡e ? ? ¯^vgx‡K Ggb †`eZ¡ †_‡K bvgv‡bvB †Zv imy‡ji we‡kl msMÖvg wQj ! †`Lyb Wt gynwmb Lv‡bi Abyw`Z eyLvix 7g LÊ nvw`m 199 t Awb”Qvi msmvi †Kvbw`b my‡Li nq ? Bmjv‡gi bv‡g bvixi cv‡q Ggb Bmjvg-we‡ivax †kKj †K civ‡jv ? bvix wK cyi“‡li m¤úwË †h Zvi B‡”Q _vweZ web Kv‡q‡mi ¯¿x imy‡ji wbKU Avwmqv ewjj. AwZ‡Zi `wjjÓ wbeÜ| http://www.html WvKvwZ n‡q †M‡Q ! GKw`‡K gyLwgwó K_vq Avi Ab¨w`‡K GBme AvB‡bi wbg©g wnsmªZvq AmsL¨ gymwjg bvixi Kvbœvq f‡i Av‡Q BwZnvm| †K Zviv.As gymwjg bvixi Rxeb wb‡q wQwbwgwb †Lj‡Q ? †K Zviv.0. ZvÕI Avevi wVK ZvjvK bq. I intended (by it) to memorise it. LiP bv eZ©gv‡b AmsL¨ bvixi Rxeb wKfv‡e aŸsm n‡q‡Q Zvi wKQy `wjj †`‡L wbb †`Iqv BZ¨vw` we‡kl `yÕGKUv Kvi‡Yi ¯úó cÖgvY _vK‡j KvRx wb‡R †_‡K weevn Òkvwiqv.edu/schools/college/crcc/engagement/ †KvivY-imy‡ji †`qv bvixi B‡”QÑAwb‡”Qi GB Bmjvwg AwaKviUv †mB K‡e resources/texts/muslim/hadith/abuddawud/025.sat. ÔLyjvÕ †b‡e ? (Peace_be-upon_Him). nv‡dR kvwiqvcš’x‡`i gv_vq GgbB KwVbfv‡e e‡m †M‡Q †h Zuviv Bmjv‡gi bv‡g Ave`yj Rwjj)| Bnv‡Z imyj ewj‡jb. kvwdÕB AvBb #n. hviv Book 25. Ônu¨v|Õ AZGe †m Zvnv‡K evMvb †dir w`j Ges imyj (`t) evsjv‡`‡ki R‰bK gydwZ e‡j‡Qb − ÒBmjvgx AvBb Abymv‡i bvix ZvjvK _vweZ‡K ZvjvK w`‡Z ewj‡jb| (GB ¯¿xi bvg Rvwgjv − nvw`m bs 200)| Pvwn‡j Zvnvi ¯^vgxi wbKU Zvjv‡Ki B”Qv cÖKvk Kwi‡Z cv‡i. hvi cÖwZôv K‡i‡Q cyi“l I used to write everything which I heard from the Apostle of Allah ZvjvK †`‡e Avi bvix ZvjvK †b‡e.

GgbwK ev”Pv‡`iI fiY‡cvl‡Yi UvKv Z¨vM Ki‡Z nq| KviY kvwiqv wK e‡j / Avgiv wK Kwi . ZZ¶Y ¯^vgx Zvjv‡Ki AbygwZ †`‡e bv. UvKvi Zayd said: The Apostle of Allah (Peace_be-upon_Him) ordered us not to write any of his traditions. He ordered a man to write it. †KvU© I DwK‡ji LiP. †Kv‡U© hvIqv-Avmv. Awdm †_‡K webv †eZ‡bi QywU wb‡Z nq ev PvKwi Qvo‡Z nq. kvwiqv AvB‡bi gZB)| Kv‡RB ¯¿xi †Póv. and mentioned it to hv‡Z ivevB mv‡ne (Avgv‡`i gIjvbv ev wn›`y‡`i cyi“Z VvKz‡ii gZ I‡`i nj the Apostle of Allah (Peace_be-upon_Him). He signalled with his finger to ivevB) †Kvbg‡Z ¯^vgxi KvQ †_‡K ZvjvKUv wK‡b wb‡Z cv‡ib| ¯¿x hZ¶Y his mouth and said: Write. ZvB bv ? Avi. Book 25. kvwiqv wK e‡j 46 prohibited me saying: Do you write everything that you hear from him Avgv‡`i kvwiqv AvB‡bi gZB I‡`iI ag©xq ZvjvK bv n‡j †m ¯¿x Avevi we‡q while the Apostle of Allah (Peace_be-upon_Him) is a human being: he Ki‡Z cv‡i bv (¯^vgx wKš‘ cv‡i. Zuvi e¨vcv‡i Rvbv m¤¢e ïay hw` Avgiv eyS‡Z cvwi kvwiqv AvBbUv evwZj KÕ‡i bvix-cyi“‡li mgvb weevn-we‡”Q‡`i AwaKv‡ii †Kvb& K_vUv bex-imy‡ji c‡¶ ejv m¤¢e Avi †Kvb&Uv bq| †hUv‡Z gvbvwaKvi i¶v Bmjvwg AvBb cÖ‡qvM Kiv Ri“wi \ nq †mUvB Zuvi wb‡`©k. G‡K e‡j Ò†MUÓ| kvwiqv AvB‡bi gZB I‡`i G-AvB‡b ¯^vgx ¯¿x‡K ZvjvK w`‡Z cv‡i wKš‘ ¯¿x ZvjvK PvB‡j eQ‡ii ci eQi MxR©vq Qy‡UvQywU Ki‡Z nq. myiv Zvjv‡Ki DׄwZ w`‡q ejv n‡”Q Zvjv‡Ki mgq `yBRb mv¶x ivL‡e| wKš‘ Gi c‡iB ejv n‡”Q t ÒwKš‘ dwKn&M‡Yi g‡Z ZvjvK`v‡bi †¶‡Î mv¶x ivLv eva¨Zvg~jK b‡n. by Him in Whose hand my soul lies. †Kv‡U© hvq bv| c‡iiUv‡ZB cvw”Q Ò†Kv‡bv mybœZ bv wjL‡Z|Ó Zvi gv‡bB n‡jv Zuv‡K wb‡q fqvbK A_P †KvivY-imyj Zv‡K wK my›`i AwaKvi w`‡qwQj B‡”QgZ my‡Li msmvi lohš¿ n‡q‡Q| hvi †hLv‡b ¯^v_© †m †mUv gvb‡Q Ges Ab¨‡`i Ici Pvwc‡q w`‡”Q| Kivi. only right †`b‡gvni Ges wb‡Ri I ev”Pv‡`i Kv÷wW ev fiY‡cvlY Z¨vM bv Ki‡Q comes out from it. †mUv Ab¨ cÖkœ| AvcvZZ H †KvivY-imyj we‡ivax Kiv Am¤¢e| Avwg ewj. gy¯—vnve (DËg)Ó − we-Av-B 1g LÊ c„ôv 479 I 232| GUv †Zv G‡Kev‡i mivmwi †KvivY j•Nb nj| Gfv‡e †KvivY- imy‡j j•Nb K‡i wK me©bvk G‡b‡Qb Zuviv Avgiv †Zv gymwjg-we‡k¦ †`L‡ZB cvw”Q| Avm‡j Zuviv GKUv Bû`x AvBb‡K Avj­−vi AvBb wn‡m‡e Pvwj‡q w`‡q‡Qb| GB ÔLyjvÕ kvwiqv AvBbUv G‡m‡Q Bû`x AvBb †_‡K. ARmª UvKv Xvj‡Z nq. †mUvB mwZ¨Kv‡ii ÒmwnÓ A_©vr ÒmZ¨Ó nvw`m| Zv bv n‡jB †mUv Rvj| Av‡iv †`Lyb t gnvbex (mvt) e‡jb − Ò†h e¨w³ nÏ-ewnf©~Z Aciv‡a  n‡Ïi mgvb kvw¯— w`j †m mxgvj•NbKvix‡`i Aš—f©y³|Ó Gic‡iB ejv nj ÒAek¨ mvwe©K Kj¨v‡Yi w`K we‡ePbv Kwiqv AvBb cÖYqbKvix KZ©„c¶ n‡Ïi cwigv‡Yi AwaK kvw¯—I w`‡Z cv‡ib|Ó Zvn‡j mxgvj•NbKvix‡`i wK n‡e ? GUv †Zv Zuv‡`iB ÔmybZ œ cvjbÕ-Gi †Ljvd nj. So he erased it. DwKj †KvU©-KvPvwi ¯^vgx ev Ab¨ Kv‡iv `qvi gyLv‡c¶x n‡q _vKvi bq| A‡b‡K e‡jb †Kvb&Uv wVK Avi †Kvb&Uv Rvj Zv GB †Pvχkv eQi c‡i wVK G `ytL ivL‡eb †Kv_vq. Gi ev¯—e D`vniYI Avgv‡`i Kv‡Q Av‡Q| eyS‡ZB cvi‡Qb. speaks in anger and pleasure? So I stopped writing. ev”Pv‡`i †`Lv‡kvbv. ¯^vgx‡K UvKv w`‡Z nq. ivbœvevbœv. e‡m. ¯¿xI Avevi we‡q Ki‡Z cvi‡e bv. Number 3640: Ges ZZw`bB †ePviv ¯¿x‡K H AZ¨vPvix ¯^vgxi mv‡_B GK evmvq _vK‡Z Al-Muttalib ibn Abdullah ibn Hantab said: Zayd ibn Thabit entered upon n‡e| KL‡bv ¯^vgx Gi evB‡iI wKQy Dcwi KvgvB‡qi avÜvq Av‡iv UvKv †P‡q Mu’awiyah and asked him about a tradition. cwievi-mgv‡Ri KUv¶-KU~w³ BZ¨vw` wgwj‡q Ggb fqvbK Ae¯’vi A_©vr cÖ_gUvq Avgiv cvw”Q bexRx Av‡`k w`‡jb Zuvi mybœZ wj‡L ivL‡Z. Afve. wVK m„wó nq †h †ePviv Amnvq ¯¿x gyL ey‡R AZ¨vPvi mn¨ K‡i.

. AvBb¸‡jv hw` RvwZ bv-B Rv‡b Z‡e Gi Ic‡i wm×vš— †b‡e wK K‡i ? ZvB Gev‡i me AvB‡bI bvixi cÖwZ cyi“‡li GKB welv³ g‡bvfve KvR Ki‡Q| Pjyb Zvn‡j Bmjv‡gi me‡P‡q wbf©i‡hvM¨ wKQy kvwiqv †KZve †_‡K wKQy kvwiqv- • weaev‡K g„Z ¯^vgxi mv‡_ cywo‡q gvivi AvBb t ÒRxweZ bvix‡K wb‡q AvBb †`wL| KvD‡K wKQyB ej‡Z n‡e bv. GZ GwZg nj †mB kvwiqv AvBb¸‡jv Avm‡j wK Zv †KD †`Lvb bv| wKš‘ ej‡j ZvivI kvwiqvcš’x‡`i gZB †Z‡o gvi‡Z Av‡m| †`Lyb. kvwiqv wK e‡j 47 Drm Ôf„Õ avZz)| • ÒcyÎ-Kb¨vi mvg‡b ¯^vgx DccZœx Avbv ev †ek¨vMgb Ki‡Z cvi‡e wKš‘ ¯¿xi mvgvb¨ c`öj‡b mgvR K‡Vvi `Ê †`‡eÓ (ˆgÎvqbx-i wewfbœ AvBb I ˆZwËixq mswnZv 6/5/8/2)| kvwiqv AvB‡bi D`vniY • ÒKv‡jv cvwL. Avgv‡`i A‡b‡K †hgb kvwiqv‡K Avj­−vnÕi AvBb g‡b K‡ib †miKg IivI IB AvBb¸‡jv‡K ÔfMev‡bi AvBbÕ e‡j wek¦vm KiZ| weL¨vZ wPÎ. G-cÖvPxb ixwZ Avm‡jB Zviv wK| ZvB Lye mZK©fv‡e KUv wRwbm †Lqvj ivL‡eb| AbymiY Ki‡QÓ (A_e©‡e` 18/3/3)| (1) †KvivY-nvw`‡m gvbevwaKvi I bvix-AwaKv‡ii Ic‡i AZ¨š— my›`i eû Dc‡`k • ÒwcZvgvZvi Rb¨ Kb¨v AwfkvcÓ (HËixq eªvþY 6/3/13)| Av‡Q †KD †m Dc‡`k bv gvb‡j Av`vj‡Z kvw¯— nq bv| wKš‘ bvix-we‡ivax AvBb bv gvb‡j kvw¯— nq| Avcbviv Rv‡bb ¯^v‡_©i m•Nv‡Z AvB‡bi Kv‡Q • ÒjvwV w`‡q ¯¿x‡K †g‡i `ye©j Kiv DwPZ hv‡Z kix‡ii Ic‡i Zvi †Kvb Dc‡`k civwRZ n‡Z eva¨| Kv‡RB kvwiqv n‡q `uvwo‡q‡Q bvixi g„Zz¨duv`| AwaKvi bv _v‡KÓ (kZc_ eªvþY 4/4/2/13)| (2) †h¸‡jv‡Z AvBb b¤^i †`qv Av‡Q †m¸‡jv cÖ‡qv‡Mi Rb¨ ˆZwi| bvn‡j • me©¸Yvwš^Zv bvixI AagZg cyi“‡li †P‡q AagÓ (ˆZËixq mswnZv 6/5/8/2)| b¤^i †`qv _vKZ bv| wKQy AvB‡bi e¨vL¨vq ejv Av‡Q − ÒG AvBb cwieZ©‡bi • M„nK‡g© I `vwq‡Z¡ ¯¿xi Amvgvb¨ Ae`v‡bi c‡iI Ôfvh©¨vÕ (¯¿x) I Ôf„Z¨Õ kã my‡hvM Av‡Q|Ó wKš‘ †PvÏkÕ eQ‡i cwieZ©b bv n‡q AvBb¸‡jv cÖ‡qvM `yÕ‡Uvi ey¨rcwËMZ A_© GKB − hv‡K ÔfiYÕ A_©vr fiY‡cvlY Ki‡Z nq `yÕ‡UviB kvwiqv wK e‡j / Avgiv wK Kwi . Avwg G AvBb¸‡jv †`Lvw”Q kvwiqvi mv‡_ Zzjbv Kivi Rb¨ bq. KzKzi I bvix nZ¨vi cÖvqwðË GKBÓ (Avc¯—¤¢ ag©m~Î 1/9/23/45)| g ‡b Ki“b evRv‡i gv_ve¨_vi GKUv Ilya Av‡Q hv evbv‡Z nvRv‡iv ˆeÁvwb‡Ki j¶ c„ôvi mywekvj M‡elYv †j‡M‡Q| wKš‘ IUv †L‡j gv_ve¨_v †Zv mv‡iB bv. GKB iKg cÖPÊ bvix-we‡ivaxZv wQj mªóvi bv‡g evbv‡bv Bû`x − Lªxóvb AvB‡bI. GZ weaev A_P gby GKRb gvbylB wQj| ïay ZvB bq. †KD Gme AvBb ms¯‹vi Ki‡Z nj. Quy‡Pv. hvi †cQ‡b GZ cÖwZôvb GZ Kg©x GZ A_©. eis GUv hv`ecyi wek¦we`¨vj‡qi cÖv³b wk¶K − K‡¤úqv‡iwUf wjUv‡iPvi A¨vÊ KvjPvi)| †`Lv‡Z. bvn‡j Zvi kw³¶q n‡eÓ (kZc_ eªvþY 14/1/1/31)| • GKwU h‡Á Òm‡`¨vRvZ cy·K Ic‡i Zz‡j aiv nq. Kb¨v‡K gvwU‡Z ïB‡q | A_P wkïKvj †_‡K ÔAvj­−vi AvBbÕ †j‡ej †`L‡Z †`L‡Z eo nevi d‡j IB Ab¨vq ivLv nqÓ (ˆZËixq mswnZv 6/5/10/3)| AZ¨vPvi A‡b‡Ki †Pv‡L c‡o bv| ¶gZvi lohš¿ Avi cyi“lZš¿ wKQy gymjgv‡bi eySevi • ÒDËg bvix nj Ô†h ¯^vgx‡K mš‘ó K‡i. Father’s May be” A_©vr wb‡Ri ev”Pv‡`i wcZ…Z¡ wbwðZ Kiv| BZ¨vw` kZ kZ| (m~Î t cÖvPxb fviZ − mgvR I mvwnZ¨ − Wt myKzgvix fÆPvh©¨. †bDj. cyÎ-mš—v‡bi Rb¥ †`q I ¯^vgxi ¶gZv‡K wewfbœ e¨vL¨v w`‡q Aek K‡i w`‡q‡Q| wKš‘ GZ ¯úó Ab¨vq AvBb eyS‡Z K_vi Ic‡i K_v e‡j bvÕÓ (HËixq eªvþY 3/24/27)| Avgv‡`i †KvivY-nvw`m co‡Z n‡e †Kb ? Avgv‡`i we‡eK †bB ? eyw× †bB ? • Òmš—vb bv Rb¥v‡j 10 eQi ci I cyÎ bv Rb¥v‡j 12 eQi ci ¯¿x‡K Z¨vM cÖ_‡gB cÖvPxb fvi‡Zi wKQy cÖvPxb AvBb †`Lv hvK| cyi“lZ‡š¿i me©MÖvmx Kiv hv‡eÓ (Avc¯—¤¢ ag©m~Î 1/10-51-53)| jvjmvi cvkvcvwk bvix-wbqš¿‡Yi Av‡iKUv cÖavb KviY nj t “Mother’s • Òhvi ¯¿xi †P‡q cïi msL¨v †ewk †m †mŠfvM¨evbÓ (kZc_ eªvþY 2/3/2/8)| Baby. kKzb. AvBb¸‡jv wb‡RivB Avgv‡`i e‡j †`‡e hvIqv n‡”Q g„‡Zi ea~ n‡Z.. eis †cU Lvivc n‡q hvq| Ggb Ilya‡K wK K‡i gvbyl ? bx‡P †`Lyb wKQy kvwiqv AvBbI ûeû ZvB • Òbvix‡K Aei“× iv‡Lv. a‡g©i bv‡g G. hvi K‡i `yÕnvRvi eQi Av‡M evbv‡bv gbyÕi AvBb‡K ÔfMev‡bi AvBbÕ g‡b K‡i| Rb¨ evsjv‡`‡k kvwiqv-R½xiv †evgvevwR K‡i GZ wbixn gvbyl Lyb Kij. cwiPvjK `xcv †gn&Zv Zuvi mv¤cÖwZK Qwe ÔIqvUviÕ-G †`wL‡q‡Qb fvi‡Z Zvi wKQyUv aiv Av‡Q evB‡e‡ji wWD‡Uibwg Aa¨v‡q| GLbI cÖvq cuqwÎk j¶ weaev wb‡Ri B”Qvq cïi †P‡qI Aag Rxebhvcb †h kvwiqvi Rb¨ GZ ˆn ˆn.GB bvix cwZ‡jv‡K hv‡”Q.

Rbmg‡¶ cv_i †g‡i g„Zz¨`Ê. c„t 301 t Òhw` ivóªcÖavb ev Zuvi cÖwZwbwa KvD‡K eva¨ gyiZv`. A_©vr Zvi g„Zz¨`Ê n‡e| Gfv‡e wb‡R‡`i eZ©gvb we‡klÁ‡`i‡K K‡i †Kvb bvix‡K al©Y Ki‡Z. `v`v-`vw`. AvBbUvq Mvq‡Ki †Kvb K_v †bB. kvwdÕB AvBb c„t 638 − Law #o. wewae× 3q LÊ. aviv 576)| wVK Ki‡e ¯^vgx wb‡RB)| nvbvwd AvBb c„t 140 . Avgiv d¨v· K‡i c„ôvUv `ywbqvi †h DwKj Zvi Acivax g‡°j‡K Lvjvm K‡i †b‡eB. m~Î we‡k‡l wKQy AvB‡bi cv_©K¨ †`Lv hvq| • û`y` gvgjvq. Z‡e al©YKvix kvw¯— cv‡e bv|ÓG-AvB‡b e­−¨vK‡gj K‡i c½y K‡i wek¦-gymwjg AvR †Kv_vq †cuŠ‡Q‡Q Zv mevB Rv‡bb| ÒivóªcÖavb ev Zuvi cÖwZwbwaÓi †Kvb kvw¯—i D‡j­−L †bB| †KD ej‡Z cv‡ib. AwaKviUv †K w`j ev w¯’iUv †K Kij Zv †Lqvj Ki‡jB †`Lv nvZ-cv KvUv. g`¨cvb. • ¯^vgxi Zid †_‡K †`b-†gvni n‡Z cv‡i †KvivY †_‡K wKQy †ZjvIqvZ ev Zv PviwU e¯‘i g‡a¨ mxgve× − Avnvi. BZ¨vw`) mv¶¨ MÖnY‡hvM¨ bq| nvbvwd AvBb c„t 361 . kvwdÕB AvBb c„t 544 − • bvix‡`i mv¶¨ MÖnY‡hvM¨ b‡n. ¯¿x Aeva¨ wK bv †mUv LÊ. ivóª‡`ªvwnZv BZ¨vw`i kvw¯— nj †K wbj. hv‡e G¸‡jv K‡i‡Qb wKQy gvbyl| Zuviv w`e¨Ávbx bex-imyj †Zv bb| Kv‡RB BZ¨vw`| wKš‘ IB kvwiqv AvB‡bB Av‡Q ÒivóªcÖav‡bi wei“‡× û`y` gvgjv Zuv‡`i K_v gvbv ev bv-gvbv m¤ú~Y© Avgv‡`i we‡klÁ‡`i AwaKvi| Kiv hv‡e bvÓ (we-B-Av 3q LÊ bs 914M Ges nvbvwd AvBb c„t 188)| (4) wKš‘ kvwiqv AvB‡b ejv n‡q‡Q AwZ‡Zi H-me wm×vš— †KD bv gvb‡j †m • we-B-Av 1g LÊ. Ily‡ai ev †mŠ›`h©¨-PP©vi Abyw`Z evsjv †KvivY c„t 239| †cbvj jÕ Ae& Bmjvg c„t 44 . nvw`m bs 951)| • Ò(¯^vgxi) †eŠ-Zvjv‡K mv¶¨ kZ© b‡nÓ (we-B-Av 1g LÊ. bx‡Pi D`vniY¸‡jv cÖvq meB Avgv‡`i Kv‡Q Av‡Q. wewfbœ fvlvq Abyev` KÕ‡i wek¦gq webvg~‡j¨ †KvwU †KvwU Kwc Qwo‡q †`qv kvwdÕB AvBb c„t 636 − Law #o. cvbxq. e¯¿ I evm¯’vb| ¯^vgx Gi †ewk †jvnvi AvswU ev GK‡Rvov Ry‡Zv| (kvwiqv w` BmjvwgK jÕ c„t 163.4 . AvqvZ 2 − Ò†Zvgiv hLb ¯¿xw`M‡K ZvjvK (3) AvBb¸‡jvi eû RvqMvq ejv Av‡Q − Ôhvnv w¯’i Kiv nBqv‡QÕ wKsev Ô†h w`‡Z PvI ZLb `yBRb mv¶x ivwL‡e|Ó AwaKvi †`qv nBqv‡QÕ wKsev Ô†h wm×vš— †bIqv nBqv‡QÕ BZ¨vw`| wm×vš—Uv • kvwiqvq Pzwi. aviv 149 t Ò†evevÕi mv¶¨ MÖnY‡hvM¨ bq|Ó wKš‘ dvD‡Êkb KZ…©K evsjvq cÖKvwkZ wewae× Bmjvwg AvBb| Avi Ôevsjv †KvivYÕ †evevÕi †Zv †PvL Av‡Q.3. aviv 133 I 2q LÊ. mwn nvw`m wZiwgwR. †KD †VKv‡Z cvi‡e bv| †Kv‡bv RvqMvq cvwV‡q †`e| G-eB‡q we-B-Av nj evsjv‡`k Bmjvwg • we-B-Av 1g LÊ. Acwinvh© bq|Ó 164 . Aeva¨ wµμwgb¨vj jÕ Bb& Bmjvg A¨vÊ `¨ gymwjg Iqvj©W c„t 251| gywnDÏxb Lv‡bi ¯¿x‡K bq| Gi evB‡ii me LiP GgbwK Wv³v‡ii. we‡klZ e¨wfPv‡i I Ly‡bi gvgjvq. c„t 311. GUvI †Zv Ab¨vq n‡q †Mj| `iKvi. gywnDÏxb Lv‡bi Abyw`Z evsjv †KvivY c„t 867 − ¶gZvi `ye©jZv I (3) eywSevi A¶gZvi Rb¨| (†cbvj jÕ Ae& Bmjvg c„t 45)| Zdmxi t Ò¯¿xi †h cÖ‡qvRbxq e¨qfvi enb Kiv ¯^vgxi wh¤§vq IqvwRe (eva¨). †KD †Kvb c„ôvi d‡UvKwc Ab¨Î kvw¯—i K_v Av‡Q| wKš‘ GLv‡bI †mUv †bB e‡j †Kvb evKcUz `ya©l© †`L‡Z PvB‡j d¨v· b¤^i cvwV‡q †`‡eb. †m †Zv †`L‡Z cv‡i| Zvi mv¶¨ Qvov †Pvi-WvKvZ- ej‡Z eySv‡bv n‡q‡Q gIjvbv gywnDwχbi Kiv †Kviv‡Yi evsjv Abyev`| IUv Lybxiv cvi †c‡q hv‡eB KL‡bv KL‡bv| GUv Avj­−vnÕi AvBb n‡Z cv‡i bv| Avm‡j fvi‡Zi †`Ie›`x gydwZ kwdÕi Kiv †Kviv‡Yi ivR‰bwZK Abyev`| • `vm-`vmx. Zvnv‡`i (1) ¯§„wZkw³i `ye©jZv. fyj K‡i bq| Gev‡i Lyjyb †KvivY.24. c„t 976 . aviv 344)| • evev-gv.3 . †cbvj jÕ Ae& Bmjvg c„t 46 . kvwiqv wK e‡j 48 n‡qB P‡j‡Q A‡bK †`‡k| cwiKíbv K‡iB GUv Kiv nq. weµμq wbwl×|Ó wKš‘ evRv‡i IUv gydZ †Zv cvIqv hv‡eB WvKvZ-Lybxiv cvi †c‡q hv‡eB KL‡bv KL‡bv| GUv Avj­−vnÕi AvBb n‡Z cv‡i bv. wKQy ¯¿x‡K w`‡j A_ev e¨q Ki‡j Zv n‡e AbyMÖn.11. Rbmg‡¶ Pvey‡Ki AvNvZ. c„t 263)| wKš‘ I‡`iI †Zv †PvL-Kvb-we‡eK Av‡Q| Iiv †Zv nvigvBwbk&-kixdvBb ev`kvn& dvn` Be‡b Ave`yj AvRx‡Ri c¶ †_‡K IqvK&d& Pzwi-WvKvwZ †`L‡Z cv‡i wVK Avgvi-Avcbvi gZB| I‡`i mv¶¨ Qvov †Pvi- wjj­−vn nvw`qv ¯^iƒc cÖ`Ë. ciKxqv. bvix-mv¶¨ MÖnY‡hvM¨ we-B-Av 1g LÊ I Ab¨vb¨ m~ Î †_‡K t bq| (nvbvwd AvBb c„t 353 . myiv Z¡vjvK. evm¯’vb I †cvkvK w`‡Z ¯^vgx eva¨ _vK‡e ïaygvÎ eva¨ ¯¿x‡K. nvRvi nvRvi Kwc wewµμ n‡”Q| GB n‡jv kvwiqvcš’x‡`i PwiÎ| e‡j †`qv bv| ZvQvov.24. ev bvbv-bvwb‡K Lyb Ki‡j Lybxi g„Zz¨`Ê n‡e| wKš‘ evev- kvwiqv wK e‡j / Avgiv wK Kwi . (2) cwiPvjb- Law #m. n‡q‡Q| eBUvi 2q c„ôvq ¯úó †jLv Av‡Q t ÒcweÎ †Kviv‡Yi G ZiRgv Lv‡`gyj wewaeÜ 2q LÊ. wewae× 1g LiP BZ¨vw` n‡e ¯^vgxi Ki“Yv I `qv| (ejvB evûj¨.9| • Lvevi. WvKvwZ. MvwqKv Ges mgv‡Ri bxPz e¨w³i (DׄwZ t iv¯—v cwi®‹viKvix ev IUv †mŠw` ev`kvi wmsnvmb i¶v K‡i e‡j †mŠw` Ò†KvivY wcÖwÈs †cÖmÓ †_‡K †kŠPvMv‡ii cÖnix.

2.9)| c„t 333. Law †g‡q‡`i ev cyi“l-†g‡q‡`i wgwjZ mv¶¨ MÖnY‡hvM¨ bq (we-B-Av 1g LÊ #o. 1538. †Kvb Zv‡K 85 PveyK †g‡i †g‡iB †d‡j‡Q| Awb›`¨my›`i dz‡ji gZ m`¨ dz‡UwQj kvw¯—i D‡j­−L †bB| †h.com BZ¨vw` .4 Ges mwn wZiwgwR nvw`m 994 I 995)| w`‡qwQ‡jb wKš‘ †m †Zv ïay kvwiqv AvB‡bi K_vB e‡jwQj| • we-B-Av 1g LÊ c„t 79. BDbvB‡UW gymwjg&m& K¨vbvWv msMV‡bi mvg‡bB al©Y KiZ Ges Ò†Kn †Kn Zvnv cQ›` KwiZ bvÓ − mwn Avey `vD` ivq . aviv 514 t gyZIqvj­−x hw` IqvK&d& m¤úwË mvgjv‡Z cv‡iwb. Øxb wK euv‡Z − gIjvbv nvw`m bs 2105| ¯úóB †evSv hvq bexRxi A‡bK c‡i G-me fq¼i nvw`m Avkivd _vbwf. †bkvi †Nv‡i ev nvwm-VvÆv‡Z • weevwnZv hy×-ew›`bx‡`i we‡q Zr¶Yvr evwZj n‡q hv‡e (kvwdÕB AvBb ÔZvjvKÕ D”PviY Ki‡jI cy‡iv ZvjvK n‡q hv‡e (nvbvwd AvBb 81 I 523 . I‡qemvBU www.3.5 . c„t 235)| †Kv‡bv †Kv‡bv †KZv‡e Av‡Q AZ¨vPv‡ii Pv‡c. `v`v-`vw` ev bvbv-bvwb hw` †Q‡j-†g‡q ev bvwZ-bvZwb‡K Lyb K‡i Z‡e nvbv`vi ˆmb¨‡`i Rb¨ evOvjx wn›`y-bvix al©Y Kiv ˆea| GUv mevB Rv‡b. bvn‡j we‡q A‰ea n‡e| Lªxóv‡bi i³g~j¨ wZbfv‡Mi GKfvM. wewae× Bmjvwg AvBb 1g LÊ c„t 157 †mUv‡K mwn nvw`‡m ˆea Kiv n‡q‡Q (mwn eyLvwi 5g LÊ nvw`m bs 637. aviv 174)| • i³g~‡j¨i `vwe ev Lybx‡K gvd Ki‡Z ïay wbn‡Zi cyÎivB cv‡i. c„t 157 aviv 349 .10)| ¸wj¯—v‡bi †÷wWqv‡gi gZ RvqMvq) †eÎvNvZ K‡i‡Q| Avgvi †mvgvwj eÜy †h‡nZz GLv‡b Ab¨ †Kv‡bv kvw¯—i D‡j­−L †bB ZvB al©K-c‡¶i PvjvK Rvwb‡q‡Q.8. c„t 156 aviv 347. †m gvwUi bx‡P †cvKvgvK‡oi Lv`¨ n‡q‡Q| G-iKg kZ kZ fqven NUbv N‡U‡Q Biv‡bi kvwiqv iv‡óª| • ¯¿x hw` e‡j Zvi gvwmK n‡q‡Q Avi ¯^vgx hw` Zv wek¦vm bv K‡i. I (3) AwMœ-Dcvm‡Ki (m¤¢eZt wn›`y‡`iI • g`¨cv‡bi mv¶x n‡Z n‡e ïaygvÎ `yÕRb cyi“l gymjgv‡bi Pv¶zl mv¶¨| − †jLK) i³g~j¨ c‡b‡iv fv‡Mi GKfvM| (kvwdÕB AvBb c„t 590. Law #n. 2006-Gi Le‡i cÖKvk t †mvgvwjqvi b~Zb • Ò†Kv‡bv Kvi‡Y al©‡Ki kvw¯— gIKzd nB‡j al©K awl©Zv‡K †gvn‡ii mgvb kvwiqv miKvi wmMv‡iU cvb Kivi ÔAciv‡aÕ 22 Rb‡K Rbmg‡¶ (Avgv‡`i UvKv w`‡eÓ (we-B-Av 1g LÊ c„t 301 . aviv 65 K I L . `ycy‡i wKQy †L‡q †ivRv †f‡O †d‡jwQj| kvwiqv Av`vjZ nRg K‡i †d‡j Z‡e Zvi KvQ †_‡K G-m¤úwË Av`vq Ki‡Z n‡e. #o. †KD KvD‡K Bmjvg Z¨v‡M eva¨ Ki‡jI †mUv bvKP n‡e hw` g‡b kvwiqv wK e‡j / Avgiv wK Kwi . Zvn‡j ¯¿xi mv‡_ mnevm Kiv ¯^vgxi Rb¨ AvBbZt wm× (kvwdÕB AvBb bs B-13-5)| Bwʇc‡ÊÈ-Ab&-jvBb b‡f¤^i 14. c„w_exi e„nËg BÈvi‡bU LÊ nvw`m bs 137)| GgbwK †KD †KD ew›`bx‡`i‡K Zv‡`i e›`x ¯^vgx‡`i msMVb BD‡ivwcqvb d‡Zvqv KvDwÝj. Kb¨viv bq| • ¯^vgx Zvi ¯¿x‡K hLb B‡”Q ZLbB Zvr¶wYKfv‡e cy‡iv ZvjvK w`‡Z cvi‡e| (kvwiqv w` BmjvwgK jÕ. (2) Bû`x. aviv 156 I 157 t AvZ¥x‡qi evmv †_‡K Pzwi • we-B-Av 1g LÊ c„t 210.4. Wt Ave`yi ingvb †WvB. aviv 266 M I 272 − we‡qi mv¶x n‡Z n‡e • gymwjg cyi“‡li i³g~j¨ A‡c¶v. Gi g‡a¨ A‡bK m¤§vwbZ gvbyl I wek¦we`¨vj‡qi cÖexY Aa¨vcKI evKcUz DwKj al©K‡K UvKv w`‡q Lvjvm K‡i wb‡Z cvi‡e| awl©Zvi kvw¯—i wQ‡jb| Gi Av‡M GB kvwiqv-miKvi †Uwj‡fk‡b wek¦-dzUej †Ljv cÖPvi eÜ eû `wjj Avgv‡`i Kv‡Q Av‡Q| Bmjv‡gi bv‡g GB wbg©g wbôziZvi K‡i †`q I cÖwZev`Kvix Zi“Y‡`i g‡a¨ GKRb‡K ¸wj K‡i nZ¨v K‡i| e¨vcv‡i †Kvb Bmjvwg `j †Kvbw`b Uuy kãwU D”PviY K‡ibwb| • we-B-Av 1g LÊ c„t 136. c„t 254. aviv 13)| mvbv›`v`R kn‡ii GK 14 eQ‡ii ev”Pv †Q‡j †ivRv †i‡LwQj| †ePviv • we-B-Av 1g LÊ c„t 195. hvi mvg‡b wQj we¯—xY© Rxeb. AvBb bs 1537. GgbwK Ki‡j ev †gRev‡bi evmv †_‡K †gngvb Pzwi Ki‡j Zvi û`y` kvw¯— n‡e bv| †Mvc‡b †L‡jI.sunnipath. kvwdÕB AvBb c„t c~e‡© `k-GI Qvcv n‡qwQj GKvˇii 19†k wW‡m¤^i Zvwi‡L| A‡b‡K Zv‡K †`vl 584 − Law #o. I 7g aviv 351. 2Rb cyi“l ev 1Rb cyi“l I 2Rb bvix.9.13 )| G-AvB‡bi D‡Ïk¨ AwZ cwi®‹vi| †mUv nj hy×-ew›`bx‡`i al©Y| kvwdÕB AvBb c„t 560. aviv 2 − †ivRvi mgq †KD wKQy †L‡j. kvwiqv wK e‡j 49 gv. (1) gymwjg bvixi i³g~j¨ A‡a©K. 1546 I 2555)| G-wb‡q evbv‡bv n‡q‡Q ew›`bx-al©Y nvjvj Kivi Rb¨| Avgv‡`i ÔAvn‡j nvw`mÕ BZ¨vw` Ab¨Î Av‡jvPbv Kiv n‡q‡Q| GUv Ab¨vq AvBb| Pv‡ci gy‡L Zvjv‡Ki AvBbUvI msMVb¸‡jvi DwPZ AbwZwej‡¤^ G-me nvw`m evwZj Kiv| G-me nvw`‡mi myiv bvn&j& AvqvZ 106-Gi gg©evYx‡K j•Nb K‡i| G-AvqvZ Abyhvqx ZvjvK †Zv wfwˇZB Avgv‡`i 1971 mv‡j gyw³hy‡× kwl©Yvi cxi †NvlYv K‡iwQj cvwK¯—vbx `~‡ii K_v. c„ôv 218. ˆ`wbK Lybxi g„Zz¨`Ê n‡e bv| (we-B-Av 1g LÊ. Zvi kvw¯— n‡e| 11B b‡f¤^i 2005 e„n¯úwZev‡i Biv‡Yi • ZIev Ki‡j MYnZ¨vKvixi kvw¯— n‡e bv| (wewae× 1g LÊ.1. kvwdÕB AvBb #m.

we-B-Av 3q L‡Ê Avi †Mjvg bv| G-iKg kZ kZ AvBb Av‡Q| A‡bK †`‡k kvwdÕB AvBb Law #m. AvBb bs Gg-10-4 t Òbex (`t) c‡i Zviv evevi Kv‡Q P‡j hv‡e| wKš‘ gv hw` bvgvR bv c‡o Ges gvnivg e‡j‡Qb. m~Î 8.0 . A‡bK AvqvZ| kvixwiKfv‡e †m ¯¿x m¶g nq| ¯^vgxi AvnŸvb‡K ¯¿x wZbw`‡bi †ewk †`wi • weevn-we‡”Q‡`i c‡i ev”Pv‡`i AwffveKZ¡ gv cv‡e †Q‡ji 7 I †g‡qi 9 eQi Kiv‡Z cvi‡e bv|Ó eqm ch©š— (G-eqm ch©š—B nvofvOv cwikª‡g ev”Pv‡`i hZœ wb‡Z nq)| Gi • Bgvg kvwdÕB †_‡K. Ges (we-B-Av 2q LÊ aviv 600)| G‡Z gykwKj nj. c„t 525. aviv 554 t û`y` gvgjvq bvix-wePviK A‰ea| kvwdÕB AvBb m.4 Ges eû eû m~Î)| • c„t 264. • Ò†h †Kvb K‡g©i ev¯—e m•NUbB Dnv‡K AcivaK‡g© cwiYZ K‡i| ev¯—‡e kvwdÕB AvBb Law #m. Law #m.1 – p 518)| Gme AvBb e`j Kiv n‡q‡Q wKš‘ GL‡bv A‡bK evwK| BD‡ivc-Av‡gwiKvq hLb • Zvr¶wYK Zvjv‡Ki ci gyn~Z© †_‡K ¯¿x Lvevi evm¯’vb wKQyB cv‡e bv| Avgiv ÒBmjvg b¨v‡qi ag©Ó ewj ZLb G-me Ab¨vq AZ¨vPvix AvB‡bi Reve mvaviY Zvjv‡Ki ci ¯¿x gvÎ wZb gv‡mi Rb¨ †Lvi‡cvl cv‡e| Zvici †`qv Avgv‡`i Rb¨ KwVb n‡q `uvovq| kvwiqv wK e‡j / Avgiv wK Kwi .4. 1 and 3 – p 546)| m•NwUZ bv nIqv ch©š— †Kvb K‡g©i Rb¨ Kvnv‡KI `vqx Kiv hvq bv|Ó Gi • Ò†Kv‡bv Agymjgvb‡K Lyb Kivi Aciv‡a †Kvb gymjgv‡bi g„Zz¨`Ê n‡e mv‡_ †hvM Ki“b 3q L‡Êi aviv 1282 − Ò†Kvb e¨w³i Aciva cÖKvk¨ bvÓ (†cbvj jÕ Ad Bmjvg c„t 149)| Av`vj‡Z cÖgvwYZ bv nIqv ch©š— Zvnv‡K †MÖßvi ev AvU‡Ki gva¨‡g Zvnvi we-B-Av 1g LÊ †_‡K t e¨w³MZ ¯^vaxbZvq n¯—‡¶c Kiv hvB‡e bv|Ó G fqven AvBb¸‡jv Pvjy n‡j • kvwiqv Abv_ wkï‡K `ËK †bevi cÖ_v Aby‡gv`b K‡i bv (me kvwiqv eB . c„t 463)| †evgvevRx-Lyb-MYnZ¨v GgbwK †c­−b-nvBR¨v‡Ki cwiKíbv Av‡M †_‡KB †R‡b • û`y` gvgjvq cvwicvwk¦©K cÖgvY Pwj‡e bv − (Pv¶zl mv¶x _vK‡Z n‡e) †d‡j I Acivax‡`i †MÖßvi K‡i| G‡Z RbM‡Yi Rvbgv‡ji myi¶v nq. kvwdÕB wewae× Bmjvwg AvBb ej‡Q t Òevsjv‡`‡k cÖwZwbqZ UªvK I evm A¨vw·‡W‡È AvBb c„t 550. kvwiqv wK e‡j 50 g‡b wbqZ wVK _v‡K| Zviv †Kv_vq hv‡e wK Lv‡e Zvi D‡j­−L †bB (nvbvwd AvBb c„t 145 .3. Ò†Kb †Zvgiv . c„t 10)| K_vUv Wuvnv wg_¨v| cvðvZ¨ AvB‡b wbn‡Zi cwievi‡K h‡_ó iv‡L| we‡kl K‡i †h-me ¯¿x we‡`‡k Bwg‡MÖkb †c‡q‡Qb Zuviv ¯^vgxi (K¨vbvWvq `k j¶ Wjvi ch©¨š—) ¶wZc~iY-exgvi e¨e¯’v Av‡Q| cwigvYUv miKvi B‡”Qi mvg‡b Amnvq n‡q c‡ob| K¨vbvWvq kZ kZ BivYx BwgMÖ¨vÈ KZ…©K wbw`©ó.10. aviv 575 L t û`y` gvgjvq mv¶¨ †Mvcb Kiv †h‡Z cv‡i| G-AvBb • Bgvg kvwdÕB †_‡K. mZ¨ †Mvcb KiQÓ − BZ¨vw`. Kg‡ewk Kivi Dcvq †bB| G exgv Qvov Mvwo Pvjv‡j Ggb wnsmª gv‡q‡`i `y`©kv †`L‡j G-AvB‡bi b„ksmZv †evSv hvq| AvBb cÖ‡qvM Kiv nq †h Lye Kg †jvKB exgv-Qvov Mvwo Pvjv‡Z mvnm K‡i| • we‡q‡Z †g‡qiv AwffveK n‡Z cvi‡e bv (nvbvwd AvBb 138 − 139 c„t . Avj­−vn Ges †Kqvg‡Z †h ¯¿x wek¦vm K‡i.13.17. m~Î 8. o. cvwicvwk¦©K cÖgv‡YB Acivaxi kvw¯— nq| G- AvBb n‡j eû AcivaxiB kvw¯— n‡e bv| we-B-Av 2q LÊ I Ab¨vb¨ m~ Î †_‡K t • kZ©-mv‡c‡¶ Aeva¨ ¯¿x‡K †cUv‡bv Aby‡gvw`Z (me kvwiqv †KZve .11.. Acivaxiv DrmvwnZ nevi m¤¢vebv − mgv‡R gvivZ¥K Lvivc cÖfve co‡e| KviY A‡bK mgqB wbR¯^ ¸ßP‡ii mvnv‡h¨ cywjk Pzwi-WvKvwZ †_‡K ïi“ K‡iv kvwiqv w` BmjvwgK jÕ − Wt Ave`yi ivngvb †WvB. aviv 405 .10. †m ¯^vgxi Awb”Qvq cyi“‡li evB‡i KvD‡K we‡q K‡i Z‡e ev”Pviv evevi Kv‡Q P‡j hv‡e| ¯^vgxi KvD‡K evmvq XyK‡Z w`‡Z ev evmvi evB‡i †h‡Z cvi‡e bv|Ó bvgvR ev we‡q G-†¶‡Î aZ©e¨ bq (nvbvwd AvBb 138 − 139 c„t. c„t 538. Ges BivYx kvwiqv)| G-GK cwiw¯’wZ‡Z ¶wZc~i‡Yi weavb Bmjvwg AvB‡bi me©Kvjxb AvaywbKZv cÖgvY K‡iÓ gvivZ¥K AvBb| G-AvBb Zvjv‡Ki c‡iI ¯¿xi cv‡q †jvnvi †kKj cwi‡q (1g LÊ. hw` (evKviv 283).. AvBb bs Gg-5-1 t Ò¯^vgxi †hŠb- †Kviv‡Yi m¤ú~Y© †Ljvd KviY †KvivY ej‡Q Ò†Zvgiv mv¶¨ †Mvcb Ki bvÓ AvnŸv‡b ¯¿x‡K AbwZwej‡¤^ mvov w`‡Z n‡e hLbB †m WvK‡e.12. Pzwi-WvKvwZ-Ly‡bi Pv¶zl Acivaxiv fq cvq| G-AvBb n‡j Acivax‡`i †cvqvev‡iv| cÖgvY cÖvqB cvIqv hvq bv. we-B-Av 1g LÊ. • c„t 217. aviv 398)| wbixn gvbyl gwi‡Z‡Q| Zvnv‡`i mš—vbmš—wZi Ki“Y `kvi c~Y© I h_v‡hvM¨ • ZvjvKcÖvßv ¯¿x ev”Pv‡`i wcZvi AbygwZ Qvov ev”Pv‡`i †Kv_vI wb‡q †h‡Z ¶wZc~i‡Yi w`‡K cvðvZ¨ AvBb †Kvb `„wó w`evi ch©vß weavb iv‡L bvB| GB cvi‡e bv (we-B-Av 1g LÊ.

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Bgvg nv¤^‡ji †bB. (L) gvBmvi we‡q hv‡Z K‡b ¯^xKvi K‡i fwel¨‡Zi Rb¨ i¶v KwiqvwQj| ciewZ©Kv‡j wKQyUv wfbœg‡Zi AvBbwe`MY gRnve †bq ¯^vgx Zvi _vKv-LvIqv mn †Kvb Avw_©K `vwqZ¡B †b‡e bv.nvbvwd AvB‡bi wfZi Zuvnvi Qv·`i g‡a¨ Avey BDmyd..†`Lyb Ôbvixi gymjgvwbÕ wbeÜ| Be‡b Kv`vgvn& Zuvi Avj& gyNwb eB‡Z. Bgvg nv¤^‡ji g„Zz¨i cÖvq cuvPkÕ eQi c‡i ! Bgvg kvwdÕi weL¨vZ †KZve wimvjv-†ZI Av‡Q : ÒcÖvPxb e¨wejb I AvigvBK QvovI †KvivY †_‡K kvwiqv AvBb †hfv‡e evbv‡bv n‡q‡Q Zv‡Z wKQy fyj cvIqv hvq| †ivgvb I Biv‡Yi AvBb¸wj gymwjg AvBbwe`MY‡K cÖPzi AvBb evbvBevi KuvPvgvj AvqvZ¸‡jv GZ ¯úó I weL¨vZ †h G¸‡jv‡K Awb”QvK…Z fyj ejv KwVb| hv‡nvK.. gyqvËv (Bgvg gvwj‡Ki nvw`m) m¤úv`bv KwiqvwQ‡jb Zuvnvi QvÎ 3| 2q LÊ 270 c„ôvq Be‡b gvRvn& nvw`m bs 1454 I 2666-Gi m~‡Î ejv kvqevbx whwb Bgvg Avey nvwbdviI QvÎ wQ‡jb. nvw`m 1454-G al©‡Yi †Kvb K_vB kvqevbx.Ôgmb` Avey nvwbdvÕI Bgvg Avey Av‡Q GK awl©Zvi mv‡¶¨ I Mqbv-WvKvwZi wkKvi GK evwjKvi mv‡¶¨ bexRx nvwbdv (g„Zz¨ 767 mv‡j) wb‡R K‡ib bvB. †hUv †`‡k-we‡`‡k wewfbœ AvBb †_‡K| IUv nv‡Zi Kv‡Q cvIqv hvq e‡j Avcbviv wgwj‡q wb‡Z cv‡ib| n‡Z eva¨.. g„Zz¨`Ê †Zv †bB-B †bB| Ab¨vb¨iv.. wcÖwÝc¨vj. BZ¨vw` (Bû`x‡`i wWD‡U‡ivbwgÕi me wgwj‡q mZ¨Uv n‡jv − ÒBRwZnv‡`i gva¨‡g gvby‡li hyw³ kvwiqvi 13 †_‡K 29 bs fvm©)| MV‡b ¸i“Z¡c~Y© Ask wb‡q‡QÓ (nvwkg Kvgvwj. Dnv 1275 mv‡j m¼wjZ KwiqvwQ‡jb Acivax‡`i g„Zz¨`Ê w`‡qwQ‡jb| wKš‘ Avcbviv Be‡b gvRvn& Ly‡j †`Lyb (2q Bgvg gyqvB` LvivRvgx .. GUv wKqvm-Gi KvQvKvwQ Ges wKqvm. Zuvnvi QvÎiv Zuvnvi wk¶v‡K we‡q (†Kvb iKg `wjj Qvov †Mvcb we‡q). kvwiqv wK e‡j 56 kvwiqv Av`vj‡Z ¯^vgxi AbygwZ Av`v‡qi Rb¨ (Bû`x‡`i †MÕU AvBb). e¯‘Ztc‡¶ Bgvg kvwdÕi AvBb¸wj †hvMvo. BZ¨vw`)| K‡R©i `wj‡ji †ejvq (evKviv 282) Avi ¯¿x-Zvjv‡Ki †ejvq (Z¡vjvK 2)| G-AvBb Bgvg‡`i AvBb wb‡qI GZ wewfbœ `wjj cvIqv hvq †h †Kvb&Uv wVK Zv †KvivY-we‡ivax. Ges (M) †g‡q‡`i cÖwZôv K‡ibÓ (Bmjvg. (9) RbKj¨vY. w`qv‡QÓ − c„t 5| Gfv‡e Rvwnj hy‡Mi A‡bK AvBb kvwiqvq Xy‡K †M‡Q| wKš‘ Ly‡j B‡”QK…Z †nvK ev bv †nvK G-ai‡bi fyj AZ¨š— gvivZ¥K| G‡Z †KvivY-we‡ivax I †`Lyb †KvivY wK ej‡Q − Ò†Zvgiv wK Rv‡nj hy‡Mi AvBb Pvjv‡Z PvI ?Ó (gv‡q`v †KvivY-wbi‡c¶ AvBb‡KI †Kviv‡Yi AvBb wn‡m‡eB cÖwZwôZ Kiv n‡q‡Q| Av‡iv 50)| Rv‡nj hy‡Mi AvBb bv Pvjv‡Z e‡j‡Q mwn †evLvwiI − beg LÊ nvw`m b¤¦i 21| `yÕGKUv D`vniY w`w”Q Avgv‡`i Bmjvwg dvD‡Êkb †_‡K cÖKvwkZ wewae× Bmjvwg Ab¨vb¨ Drm : (7) mvgvwRK ixwZ-wfwËK AvBb.. BZ¨vw` ¯’vbxq cÖ_vi AvBb . hv m¤^‡ÜI wewfbœ gIjvbvi wewfbœ gZvgZ n‡Z I myiv Z¡vjvK 2-Gi D‡j­−L)Ó− DׄwZ †kl| eva¨. c„t 49)| nv¤^wj AvBbI cÖ_‡g m¼jb K‡ib gymjgvwb Kivi AvBb. (8) gIjvbv‡`i ¯^vaxb gZvgZ. Av‡Q ïay g„‡Zi †Lvjv †PvL nvZ w`‡q eÜ K‡i †`qv| nvw`m bs 2666- g„Z¨z i c‡i Zuvnvi gmb‡`i m¼jb KwiqvwQ‡jb Zuvnvi cyÎ Avey eKi K¡vwZ I †ZI Mqbv-WvKvZ‡K †LuvRv ev aivi D‡j­−L †bB. (11) Av‡M †_‡K hv P‡j G‡m‡Q †hgb ÒBmjv‡gi Av‡Mi †h-me cÖ_v‡K Bmjvg †KvivY Ly‡j †`Lyb IB AvqvZ `yÕ‡Uvq `yÕRb mv¶x ivLvi wb‡`©k Av‡Q ïaygvÎ avi- D‡”Q` K‡i bvB Zvnv kvwiqvq †hvM Kiv nBqv‡QÓ (wimvjv c„t 44. 1| 2q LÊ c„ôv 286 †_‡K DׄwZ t ÒnZ¨vKvixi Aciva cÖgv‡Yi Rb¨ Aš—Zc‡¶ Gi gZB Aev¯—e.. (10) mvg¨.. wKsev µμvBg&m − Wt gxi IqvwjDj­−vn. AvBb wefvM †c‡kvqvi wek¦we`¨vjq)| †R¡bvKvix I gyiZv‡`i cÖ¯—ivNv‡Z g„Zz¨`Ê. gyLeÜ)| G-Kvi‡YB kvwiqv‡K Avj­−vi ¯’vbxq cÖ_v †_‡K : wewae× Bmjvwg AvB‡bi 1g LÊ AvBb bs 220-†Z ¯^xKvi AvBb ejv hvq bv| kvwiqvcš’x‡`i wcÖq weL¨vZ †jwLKv K¨v‡ib Avg©÷ªs e‡jb − KivB Av‡Q G-AvBb Ô¯’vbxq cÖ_vi cÖfve|Õ ZvQvov AvwdªKvi we¯—xY© A‡j (K) Diwd ÒBgvg Avey nvwbdv wb‡R mvgvb¨B wjwLqvwQ‡jb. Zuvnvi g„Zz¨i ci Zuvnvi QvÎiv A_P Zvjv‡Ki kZ©Uv XvjvI fv‡e Ômv¶¨-AvB‡bi mvaviY kZ©vejxÕ Kiv hvq bv| KwiqvwQj . m¼jb I cÖKvwkZ Kwiqv‡Qb Zuvnvi QvÎiv| Ôgmb` kvwdÕ m¼wjZ Kwiqv‡Qb Zuvnvi QvÎ ivwe kvwiqvcš’xiv me©`vB e‡jb Avj­−vn& Ò†bvR& `¨ †e÷Ó (Avj­−vn me‡P‡q fvj myjvqgv‡bi AbygwZµμ‡g BqvKze Avj& AvQvgÓ (gymwjg Rywi¯cÖ“‡WÝ A¨vÊ jÕ Ae& Rv‡bb)| wKš‘ Zvn‡j ivóª-AvBb evwb‡q wb‡Ri gZvgZ A‡b¨i Ic‡i Pvwc‡q †`qvUv Bmjvwg nq wK K‡i G cÖkœUvi Reve Zuviv †`b bv \ kvwiqv wK e‡j / Avgiv wK Kwi . †Kviv‡Y †Kv_vI †Kv‡bv e¨vcv‡i bvixi Pv¶zl mv¶¨ evwZj Kiv nqwb| †KD wbwðZfv‡e ej‡Z cvi‡e wKbv m‡›`n| †`Lyb kvwiqv-mg_©K AvB‡bi 2| 1g LÊ 311 c„ôv I 2q LÊ 279 c„ôv †_‡K DׄwZ t Ò†R¡bvi mv¶xi cÖexY Aa¨vcK wK ej‡Qb t †¶‡ÎI mv¶¨-AvB‡bi mvaviY kZ©vejx cÖ‡hvR¨ nB‡eÓ − DׄwZ †kl| ÒPvwiRb mywbœ AvBwb`vZvi g‡a¨ GKgvÎ Bgvg gvwjKB nvw`m m¼jb GB mvaviY kZ©vejxi Drm wn‡m‡e Avev‡iv †`qv Av‡Q myiv Z¡vjvK AvqvZ 2| KwiqvwQ‡jb| Bgvg gvwjK wb‡R G-KvR K‡ib bvB. hv‡Z wewfbœ mg‡q wewfbœ †`‡k wewfbœ gIjvbvi `yBRb gymwjg cyi“l mv¶xi cÖ‡qvRb nB‡e| gnvb Avj­−vn&i evYx t (myiv evKviv 282 wewfbœ gZvgZ n‡eB. hydvi I nvmv‡bi Ae`vb Av‡Q| mvaviYfv‡e g‡b Kiv nq †h. I 4_© LÊ c„ôv h_vµμ‡g 341 I 75). G kU© wnw÷ª.

c„t 149| gIjvbv AvwRRyj n‡Ki Abyw`Z †evLvwi 5g Wt †K‡b_ g~i.org/bin/articles. c„t 29| 4| weevwnZv bvix ciKxqv Ki‡j nvbvwd AvB‡b AvRxeb Kvivevm. wKš‘ mr fvB-†evb Ask cv‡e − mš—vbaviY Ki‡j gvwjwK AvB‡b Kzgvix‡K PveyK I weaev‡K ciKxqvi Aciv‡a cÖ¯— wewae× 1g LÊ aviv 418 I 423| ivNv‡Z g„Z¨z `Ê nq| wKš‘ nvbvwd AvB‡b Zviv †eKmyi Lvjvm cvq − (we-B-Av 1g 15| VvÆvq. AvqvZ 79 − ÒcvK-cweÎ Qvov Avi †KD G‡K KvivMvi − Wt nvwkg Kvgvwj. evU©ªvÊ iv‡mj. MvwÜRx. we‡iva ev D‡ëv AvBbI _vKZ bv| wKš‘ kvwiqvi KviRvwf − http://memri. c„t 825)| 1998 mv‡j.e)| 11| ivóª‡`ªvnxZvi kvw¯— evwK me AvB‡b g„Zz¨`Ê wKš‘ nvbvwd AvB‡b AvRxeb G-AvBb j•Nb K‡i myiv Iqv‡K¡qv. 291) AvBb¸‡jv‡Z kZ kZ gvivZ¥K ¯^we‡ivaxZv Av‡Q| GB ci¯úi-we‡ivaxZv gv‡S 7| †Kv‡bv AweevwnZ ev AweevwnZv ciKxqvi kvw¯—i ci ZIev Ki‡j Ab¨vb¨ gv‡SB Ki“Y I nvm¨Ki Ae¯’vi m„wó K‡i| Ly‡bi Aciv‡a wgR©v Zvwni‡K cvwK¯— gvgjvq kvwdÕ AvB‡b Zvi mv¶¨ †bqv hv‡e. kvwdÕ I gvwjwK AvB‡b g„Zz¨`Ê| AvB‡b AvB‡b we‡iva 6| mv¶x _vKzK ev bv _vKzK †Mvcb weevn gvwjwK kvwiqvq A‰ea. †bkvi †Nv‡i ev Pv‡ci gy‡L ¯^vgx ZvjvK w`‡j nvbvwd AvB‡b ˆea LÊ. (5) Zvi cÖvYwf¶vi Av‡e`b evwZj K‡i‡Q 2003 mv‡j. wewae× kvwiqv wK e‡j / Avgiv wK Kwi . †cbvj jÕ Ae& Bmjvg.1. ¸i“ bvbK †_‡K ïi“ K‡i Wt gwim eyKvBwj. c„t 30| ¯úk© Ki‡e bv|Ó G‡Z gymwjg-Agymwjg wKQy ejv nqwb KviY †KvivY †Zv G‡m‡QB 12| Bgvg Avey nvwbdv cÖ¯—ve K‡iwQ‡jb gvbyl gvZ…fvlvq bvgvR co–K| c‡i Agymwjg‡`i‡K gymwjg evbv‡bvi Rb¨| I-AvBb cÖ‡qvM n‡j fvB wMwikP›`ª kvwiqvcš’x‡`i Pv‡c wZwb G cÖ¯—ve cÖZ¨vnvi K‡ib − Wt nvwkg Kvgvwj. wKš‘ mv¶x _vK‡j Ab¨ gRnv‡e ˆea| m~Î t wek¦-kvwiqv`‡ji eZ©gvb cÖavb †bZv Wt BDmyd kvwiqv Avj­−vi AvBb n‡j AvBb GKUvB n‡Zv. (3) †mUv e`‡j wbiciva wn‡m‡e †Q‡o w`‡q‡Q 1996 8| †KD Ab¨vq Acev` w`‡q kvw¯— cvevi ci ZIevi c‡i Zvi mv¶¨ MÖnY‡hvM¨ mv‡j.cg?Page=archives&Area=ia&ID=IA29106 (Inquiry and Analyses Series – No. Ae‡k‡l Zv‡K m¤ú~Y© gyw³ w`‡q‡Q 2006 mv‡j| †ePviv wgR©v Zvwni kvwiqvi GB Z‡e gvwjwK AvB‡b MÖnY‡hvM¨ − (wewae× 2q LÊ. gvB‡Kj nvU©&R cªgyL AmsL¨ cwðgv `vk©wbK LÊ 538 c„ôvq Av‡Q nvw`m bs 1021 − wRw¤§‡K Lyb Ki‡j †e‡nk&‡Zi MÜI cv‡e we‡klÁMY| nvbvwd AvB‡b Agymwjg‡`i Kv‡Q †KvivY weµμq ˆea| bv| (G eBUv AvcvZZt nv‡Zi Kv‡Q †bB e‡j wbtm‡›`n nIqv †Mj bv)| 2| hw` ‰`wnK m¤ú‡K©i †¶‡Î PviRb eq¯‹ gymjgv‡bi Pv¶zl cÖgvY bv _v‡K Zvn‡j 14| g„‡Zi mr gv m¤úwËi Ask cv‡e bv. (2) †mUv e`‡j hve¾xeb (Ògymwjg Rywi¯cÖ“‡WÝ A¨vÊ KzivwYK jÕ Ad µμvBg&m&Ó c„t 146)| Kviv`Ê w`‡q‡Q 1994 mv‡j. bexRxi cÖksmv Ki‡Z 13| †Kv‡bv Agymwjg‡K Ly‡bi Aciv‡a †Kvb gymwj‡gi cÖvY`Ê n‡e bv − cvi‡Zb bv Wt ivavK…ò. wKš‘ Ab¨vb¨ gZvg‡Zi mv‡_ AcÖZ¨vwkZfv‡e wfbœgZ †cvlY Kwi‡ZbÓ (c„t 13)| wKQy D`vniY w`w”Q t AvB‡b Zv bqÓ (wewae× 3q LÊ c„t 370)| 1| Agymwjg‡`i Kv‡Q †KvivY weµμq wbwl× (kvwdÕB AvBb bs k. kvwdÕ I gvwjwK AvB‡b g„Zz¨`Ê| 5| nvbvwd AvB‡b bvix-gyiZv‡`i AvRxeb Kvivevm wKš‘ nv¤^wj. c„t 263)| RMvwLPzwoi wkKvi n‡q‡Q 17 eQi †RjLvbvq e›`x †_‡K (Lei we-we-wmÕi)| 10| nvbvwd AvB‡bi mv‡_ Ab¨vb¨ AvB‡bi eû we‡iv‡ai Ab¨Zg KviY n‡jv t Bgvg kvwdÕi weL¨vZ †KZve ÔwimvjvÕ-‡Z Av‡Q t ÒBgvg kvwd Bgvg gvwj‡Ki Ònvbvwd g‡Z gynmvb nIqvi Rb¨ gymjgvb nIqv Ab¨Zg kZ©. (4) Avevi IB GKB Aciv‡a wØZxqevi †MÖßvi K‡i wØZxqevi g„Zz¨`Ê w`‡q‡Q (kvwdÕ-gvwjwK-nv¤^wj AvBb)| wKš‘ nvbvwd AvB‡b bq − (we-B-Av 3q LÊ. wKš‘ nvbvwd AvB‡b †bqv hv‡e bvÓ v‡bi kvwiqv †KvU© (1) g„Zz¨`Ê w`‡q‡Q 1989 mv‡j. wKš‘ nv¤^wj. Ges (6) 9| †evevi mv¶¨ ¯úó n‡jI nvbvwd. c„t 299 Ges †cbvj jÕ Ae& Bmjvg c„t 71)| Avj­−vi AvB‡b Ggb nq bv| wKš‘ kvwdÕ AvB‡b A‰ea − BmjvwgK jÕ − c„t 174| 3| AweevwnZ‡`i ciKxqvi Rb¨ Pvey‡Ki kvw¯—| †mB ciKxqv‡Z Kb¨v Rb¥v‡j 16| ci¯ú‡ii e¨vcv‡i Agymwjg wRw¤§‡`i mv¶¨ nvbvwd AvB‡b MÖnY‡hvM¨ Zv‡K †mB wcZv nvbvwd AvB‡b we‡q Ki‡Z cvi‡e bv wKš‘ kvwdÕ AvB‡b cvi‡e wKš‘ kvwd I gvwjwK AvB‡b bq − nvbvwd AvBb †n`vqv c„ôv 363. kvwiqv wK e‡j 57  (wcÖwÝcj&m& Ae& BmjvwgK Rywi¯cÖ“‡WÝ − Wt nvwkg Kvgvwj. Pvi-cuvP iKg n‡Zv bv| wewfbœ kvwiqvi g‡a¨ cv_©K¨.2. c„t 19| †Kviv‡Yi cÖ_g evsjv Abyev` Ki‡Z cvi‡Zb bv. kvwdÕ I nv¤^wj AvB‡b MÖnY‡hvM¨ bq.

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kvwiqv wK e‡j / Avgiv wK Kwi

kvwiqv wK e‡j 62
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joined them and labored with them. (18) In every foray a rider must take another behind him. ‘Amr b. the hand of every man shall be AZxZ gymjgvb‡`i mvgvwRK. and the B. gw`bv-Pzw³ Zvi GKUv D`vniY gvÎ| gykwKj n‡”Q ag© wn‡m‡e (13) The God-fearing believers shall be against the rebellious †KvbwKQy GKevi gv_vq e‡m †M‡j †mUv †_‡K †ei“‡bv AZ¨š— KwVb| wKš‘ or him who seeks to spread injustice. (governing the relations) between the believers and Muslims (20)(a) The God-fearing believers enjoy the best and most of Quraysh and Yathrib. kvwiqv wK e‡j 69 Pz w ³ we‡jvc I Amn‡hv‡Mi K_v †NvlYv K‡ibÓ − gIjvbv gywnDwχbi (2) They are one community (umma) to the exclusion of all men. Believers are friends one to the other to the exclusion of outsiders. He http://www. MVbZš¿ Ges ivóª `yÕ‡Uv kãB mv¤cÖwZK| `ywbqvq g¨v‡jwiqvi Avwef©ve nevi (4-8) The B. e¨emvwqK. hvq wKQy avivq mvgvb¨ wKQy Ab¨ Dcv`vb Av‡Q wKš‘ g~jZ `wjjUv GKUv kvwš— (9-11) The B. Sa ida. and the B. ZvB bv ? corruption between believers. the B. ‘Auf. al- Pzw³ gvÎ| ‘Aus likewise. AvqvZ ev bexRxi wb‡`©k Avm‡j hv bq Zv wn‡m‡e cÖwZôv Kivi †P‡q (15) God’s protection is one. mvgwiK. D`vniY Av‡Q. al-Nabit and the B. Kiv n‡q‡Q| †Kb n‡q‡Q ? KviY Bmjv‡g ivRbxwZ †XvKv‡bvi `iKvi| ZvB (12) (b) A believer shall not take as an ally the freedman of †KvivY-imy‡ji †hLv‡bB m¤¢e ivR‰bwZK is Pov‡bv n‡q‡Q| Gi Av‡iv eû another Muslim against him. mvwnwZ¨K-mvs¯‹…wZK I ivR‰bwZK Rxeb‡K Bmjvwg (14) A believer shall not slay a believer for the sake of an ag©wek¦v‡mi mv‡_ ¸wj‡q †djvi gZ åvwš— Avi wK n‡Z cv‡i ? †Kviv‡Yi unbeliever. or sin or animosity. the Merciful. Conditions must be fair and equitable to all.htm shall not be wronged nor shall his enemies be aided. kvwiqv wK e‡j / Avgiv wK Kwi . wbqgKvbyb _vK‡Z nq. wPwKrmv-m¤úwK©Z. A_©‰bwZK. (12) (a) Believers shall not leave anyone destitute among them by A_©vr GKUv Òkvwš—Pzw³Ó-‡K lohš¿ KÕ‡i Òivóªxq MVbZš¿Ó wn‡m‡e cÖwZwôZ not paying his redemption money or bloodwit in kindness. The B. every section shall ivbœv Kiv m¤¢e ? `uvZ IVvi Av‡M wK wPev‡bv m¤¢e ? †Kvb k‡ãi R‡b¥i nvRvi redeem its prisoners with the kindness and justice common eQi Av‡M Gfv‡e kãUv cÖ‡qvM KivUv wK DwPZ ? iv‡óªi MVbZ‡š¿ nvRv‡iv among believers.org/cons/medina/kassim2. ‘Auf according to their present custom shall pay Av‡M wK Avcwb KzBwbb Avwe®‹vi Ki‡Z cv‡ib ? Av¸b Avwe®‹v‡ii Av‡M wK the bloodwit they paid in heatheism. al-Najjar likewise. or wek¦-gymwj‡gi Kj¨v‡Yi Rb¨B G-KvRUv Avgv‡`i Ki‡Z n‡e. against him even if he be a son of one of them. IB mb‡` KqUv Av‡Q ? aviv¸‡jv co‡j ¯úóB †`Lv Jusham. gw`bv-mb` (16) To the Jew who follows us belong help and equality. No separate APPENDIX peace shall be made when believers are fighting in the way THE MEDINA CHARTER (FN11) of God. (17) The peace of the believers is indivisible. and those who followed them and upright guidance. evsjv-†KvivY c„t 336| (3) The Quraysh emigrants according to their present custom shall pay the bloodwit within their number and shall redeem their Zvn‡j ? prisoners with the kindness and justice common among believers. “I-Harith. (19) The believers must avenge the blood of one another (1) This is a document from Muhammad the prophet shed in the way of God. the B. the least of them may give AvZ¥NvZx AvZ¥cÖeÂbv Avi wK n‡Z cv‡i ? protection to a stranger on their behalf.constitution. nor shall he aid an unbeliever against a believer. †ckv-m¤úwK©Z. In the name of God the Compassionate.

B. for God will accept that. unless it be one who has Muhammad is the apostle of God. B. He who acquires ought acquires protection against treachery. and the believers shall be (40) A stranger under protection shall be as his host doing no against him as one man. have the same standing with the people of this document in Sai ida. (47) This deed will not protect the unjust and the sinner. The freedmen of Tha ‘laba are as it for himself. but he shall not be prevented from taking in the city is safe unless he has been unjust and sinned. al-Shutayba. ************************************************* (37) The Jews must bear their expenses and the Muslims their expenses. al-Harith. (45) (a) If they are called to make peace and maintain it they (25) The Jews of the B. a purely loyalty from the people of this document. Loyalty is a protection against treachery. and the Jafna. Jusham. The under his protection nor shall he intervene against a believer. Tha’laba. God revenge for a wound. and they are bound to take action harm and committing no crime. (23) Whenever you differ about a matter it must be referred (43) Quraysh and their helpers shall not be given protection. themselves. Each must help the other against anyone who wek¦ ‡ Kvl †_‡K we‡k¦ i MVbZ‡š¿ i BwZnvm attacks the people of this document. they are fighting alongside the believers. (44) The contracting parties are bound to help one another (24) The Jews shall contribute to the cost of war so long as against any attack on Yathrib. kvwiqv wK e‡j 70 (20)(b) No polytheist shall take the property of person of Quraysh treachery. wronged him. (46) The Jews of Al-Aus. theirs). (41) A woman shall only be given protection with the (22) It shall not be lawful to a believer who holds by what is in consent of her family. goodness in this document. satisfied (with blood-money). B. God accepts what is nearest to piety and repentance nor ransom will be received from him. their freedmen and their persons except those who (45) (b) Every one shall have his portion from the side to behave unjustly and sinfully. God approves of this document. this document and believes in God and the last day to help an (42) If any dispute or controversy likely to cause trouble evil-doer or to shelter him. B. wronged must be helped. (21) Whoever is convicted of killing a believer without good (38) The Jews must pay with the believers so long as war lasts. The close friends of the Jews are as themselves. and loyalty is a protection against http://en. and neither the apostle of God. against him. for they hurt but themselves which he belongs.org/wiki/Constitution kvwiqv wK e‡j / Avgiv wK Kwi . He who slays a man without warning is the protector of the good and God-fearing man and slays himself and his household. to God and to Muhammad. their freedmen and themselves (26-35) The same applies to the Jews of the B. The curse of God and His anger on should arise it must be referred to God and to Muhammad the day of resurrection will be upon him if he does. Loyalty is a clan of the Tha’laba and the B. and their families.wikipedia. ‘Auf are one community with the must do so. The (36) None of them shall go out to war save the permission of man who goes forth to fight and the man who stays at home Muhammad. They must seek mutual advice and consultation. and if they make a similar demand on the Muslims believers (the Jews have their religion and the Muslims have it must be carried out except in the case of a holy war. A man is not liable for his ally’s misdeeds. al-Aus. reason shall be subject to retaliation unless the next of kin is (39) Yathrib shall be a sanctuary for the people of this document.

The most basic definition he Japan’s Seventeen-article constitution written in 604. the document Constitution of Athens. but Roman law was never laws of Babylon from the seated sun deity. the code of Hammurabi of Babylonia. however it distinguished between citizens. left by the Western Roman Empire in the Early Middle Ages state of Athens. One of the first of these Germanic law codes death penalty for any offence. the reformed the Athenian constitution and set it on a democratic Breviarum or “Lex Romana” of Alaric II.D. example. and non-citizens and slaves who did not. and protected the poor from the usury of the rich. For to participate in the state. reportedly used to describe a constitution in general terms was “the by Prince Shotoku. Influenced by Buddhist teachings. the Lex and constitutional law. including those of per se and remains a notable early attempt at a government kvwiqv wK e‡j / Avgiv wK Kwi . Isin. establishing ideas of constitution and Visigothorum (654). The Edicts of Ashoka established constitutional principles the Assyrian code. the Hittite code. applying separate codes for burden of the workers. kvwiqv wK e‡j 71 Excavations in modern-day Iraq by Earnest de Sarzec in Athens. many reorganised into a single code until the Codex Theodosianus governments ruled by special codes of written laws. all written soon after 500. Sparta. created the new Solonian Constitution. Cleisthenes again Salic Law of the Franks. aristocratic. Perhaps the earliest prototype for a law of government. as good and bad constitutions. Mosaic law. and democratic elements. of constitutional government. rather than by birth. After that. the Twelve Tables. monarchic. and came to the conclusion issued by the Sumerian king Urukagina of Lagash ca 2300 that the best constitution was a mixed system. the Pactus Alamannorum. and the determined by wealth. King of the Visigoths. Politics. It eased the followed by the Lex Burgundionum. the ruler of to be written was the Visigothic Code of Euric (471). Solon. The (AD 438). who had the exclusive opportunity is known that it allowed some rights to his citizens. and being quite cruel. and the Cyrus cylinder by for that 3rd century BCE Maurya King’s rule in Ancient India. Cyrus the Great of Persia. and Carthage. This was followed in the east by the Ecloga of Leo known ancient law codes include the code of Lipit-Ishtar of III the Isaurian (740) and the Basilica of Basil I (878). in the Eastern Empire the Codex repetitœ oldest such document still known to exist seems to be the prœlectionis (A. a scribe named Draco wrote the laws of the city. footing in 508 BC. including BC. Europe. and Nicomachean Ethics he focuses more on social morality than institutions of government explores different constitutions of his day. This was Athens. is an early example of a constitution in Asian arrangement of the offices in a state. and attempting to classify different forms Frisionum (ca 785). Systems that appeared somewhat history to make a formal distinction between ordinary law later include the Edictum Rothari of the Lombards (643). Some of the better. adopted and consolidated the Codex Theodosianus together with Aristotle (ca 350 BC) was one of the first in recorded assorted earlier Roman laws. the Lex Alamannorum (730) and the Lex constitutionalism. 534) was highly influential throughout Code of Ur-Nammu of Ur (ca 2050 BC). He also this document itself has not yet been discovered. however it made the ruling class to be Germans and for Romans. later. it is known that it relieved tax for widows and The Romans first codified their constitution in 449 BC as orphans. He classified both what he regarded 1877 found evidence of the earliest known code of justice. Many of the Germanic people that filled the power vacuum In 621 BC. In 594 BC. In 506. They operated under a series of laws that Detail from Hammurabi’s stele shows him receiving the where added from time to time.” In his works political history. this code prescribed the codified their laws.

in 622. kvwiqv wK e‡j 72 constitution. Another is the Constitution of Medina. tax and civil disputes. It is said to be one of the earliest constitutions which guarantees basic rights to religions and adherents as well as reinforcing a judiciary process regarding the rules of warfare. Muhammad. drafted by the prophet of Islam.  kvwiqv wK e‡j / Avgiv wK Kwi .

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cwðgv †`‡k hv n‡”Q Zv hvq wKbv †m mskq I fq _v‡K| ZvQvov. Avgv‡`i gv-†ev‡biv wKfv‡e wbh©vwZZ n‡”Qb Ges wKfv‡e Avgiv Zv eÜ a‡g©i A‡NvwlZ gvwjK e‡b hvq. cix¶vq Avgiv GK‡kv‡Z `k †c‡j wK n‡e Iiv †Zv †c‡q‡Q mvZ. †KD †KD †mUv †`Lv hvq| GUv Avm‡j wb‡R‡KB VKv‡bv KviY `yÕR‡bB WveŸv gviv †dj&| GB duvKv eyS‡jI cÖwZev` Ki‡Z fq cvq KviY †mB cÖwZev` Avevi †Lv` a‡g©i wei“‡×B P‡j AvZ¥Z…w߇Z wbwðš— _vK‡j GKUv g¯—eo ¶wZ nq| Zv nj. AZ¨vPvixiv a‡g©i aŸRv a‡i _v‡K e‡j Iiv †`LyK. Zvn‡jB †`Lv hv‡e I‡`i †`‡k bvix-wbh©vZb Aciva wn‡m‡e ¯^xK…Z e‡j Ges Gi Av‡gwiKvq wKfv‡e Ges KZ bvix wbh©vZb nq Zvi ZvwjKv bv‡Ki WMvq Zz‡j Ic‡i M‡elYv n‡”Q e‡j cÖwZKvi KivUv A‡c¶vK…Z mnR| wKš‘ kvwiqv-iv‡óª bvix- a‡ib| Zuviv cÖwZôv Kivi cÖvYvš— †Póv K‡ib †h ÔI‡`i †P‡q Avgiv fvj AvwQ !Õ wbh©vZb Bmjv‡gi bv‡g ˆea e‡j Ges M‡elYv †Zgb n‡”Q bv e‡j Gi cÖwZKvi AZ¨š— fveLvbv GB †h. GRb¨B a‡g©i bv‡g hviv AZ¨vPvi K‡i Zv‡`i kvw¯—i AvBb GL‡bv Ki‡Z cvwi †mw`K †_‡K Avgv‡`i gb‡hvM m‡i hvq| Kvh©Kifv‡e evbv‡bv hvqwb| eis IivB AvB‡bi Ges kvw¯— †`evi gvwjK e‡b _v‡K| GUv LyeB mwZ¨ †h cwðgv †`‡kI bvix wbh©vZb nq Ges A‡bKB nq| wKš‘ ZvB gvby‡li BwZnv‡m a‡g©i bv‡g hviv AZ¨vPvi K‡i Zv‡`i kvw¯—i D`vniY LyeB cwðgv †`‡k bvix-wbh©vZ‡bi †h ZvwjKv Zuviv †`Lvb Zv wKš‘ H cwðgv †`‡kiB kvwiqv wK e‡j / Avgiv wK Kwi . mvg¨. Avj­−vnÕi cÖwZ Revew`wnZv I Zuvnvi Kv‡Q wdwiqv hvIqvi aviYv wK Kvi‡Y Kg‡Q| G-me Z_¨ †_‡K Iiv †ei Kivi †Póv K‡i wKfv‡e wK Ki‡j cÖwZôv Kiv hvq Zvnv‡K B”Qv Kwiqv jyKvBqv ivLv nBj mePvB‡Z eo Aciva| bvix-wbh©vZb eÜ n‡Z cv‡i. Ges me‡P‡q ¸i“Z¡cY~ © nj. KwVb| a‡g©i bv‡g AZ¨vPvi n‡j K‡qKUv NUbv N‡U| cÖ_gZ. wK Kvi‡Y evo‡Q. Ges miKviI G-me M‡elYvi wfwˇZ AvBb ˆZwi Avj­−vnÕB mePvB‡Z fvj Rv‡bb| K‡i| Avgv‡`i †`‡kI Ggb M‡elYv wKQy n‡”Q hw`I Av‡iv nIqv `iKvi| wKQy e¨wZµμg ev‡` Avgv‡`i miKvi¸‡jv mvaviYZ G-me M‡elYv‡K cvËv †`q bv| ******************************** Avie †`k¸‡jv‡Z †Zv bvix-wbh©vZ‡bi Ic‡i Kvh©Ki †Kvb M‡elYvB †bB| cwðgv kvwiqvcš’x‡`i m~Î I hyw³ †kl nj| G-K_v gvb‡ZB n‡e †h hv ejv n‡q‡Q †`‡k ivóªxq AvBb ev ag©xq †bZ…Z¡ bvix-wbh©vZb‡K Aciva wn‡m‡eB †`‡L. m~θ‡jv we¯—vwiZ †`qv Av‡Q hv‡Z cvVK Bmjv‡gi mwVK I m¤ú~Y© wPÎ cvb| gymwjg bvixi Rxe‡b kvwiqv AvB‡bi cÖfve wb‡q MZ †PvÏkÕ eQ‡i †Kvb D‡j­−L‡hvM¨ G wbe‡Ü wZwb D‡j­−L K‡ibwb. mvaviY †L‡U-LvIqv Kv‡RB Avgiv I‡`i †P‡q fvj AvwQ| kvwiqvcš’x Le‡ii KvMR¸‡jv‡Z GUv Ly-e-B gvby‡li g‡b †mUv AZ¨vPvi wn‡m‡e ZZUv Dcjwä nq bv| wØZxqZ. I‡`i bvix- c‡o| GKw`‡K Zuviv ¯^xKvi K‡ib †h Ab¨vb¨ wKQy a‡g©i gZ Bmjv‡gi bv‡gI wKQy wbh©vZ‡bi ev¯—eZvi mv‡_ kvwiqv-iv‡óª bvix-wbh©vZ‡bi ev¯—eZvi Zzjbv Kiv `iKvi| bvix-wbh©vZb n‡q‡Q. Ges G-†_‡K wKfv‡e Bmjvwg c×wZ‡ZB †ewi‡q Avmv hvq †m Av‡jvPbv Am¤¢e n‡q Lye m~² Ab¨vq| I‡`i Z‡Ë¡i mv‡_ kvwiqv-Z‡Ë¡i Zzjbv Kiv `iKvi. eis Avj­−vi AvB‡bi bv‡g ˆea Kiv nq| ZvQvov. IUv‡K Ges †hfv‡e Zv ejv n‡q‡Q Zv AZ¨š— AvKl©Yxq| f³ gymjgv‡bi g‡b Gi Av‡e`b ˆea Kivi †Póv K‡i bv| wKš‘ gymwjg †`k¸‡jv‡Z wKQy we‡kl bvix-wbh©vZb‡K AZ¨š— kw³kvjx| ejv evûj¨ †Kvb gymjgvb Gi †KvbUv‡ZB wØgZ Ki‡e bv| KviY Aciva wn‡m‡e †`Lv †Zv nqB bv. cÖwZev`Kvixi Ic‡i bvbviKg AZ¨vPvi Kivi ¶gZv iv‡L| Z…ZxqZ. †`‡k I we‡`‡k bvix-wbh©vZb †Kv_vq evo‡Q. Ges †Kv_vq Kg‡Q. †KvivY j•N‡bi Kvi‡Y kvwiqv AvB‡b wewfbœ M‡elYvB †bB| Z…ZxqZ. kvwiqvcš’xiv KL‡bvB cwðgv gymwjg †`‡k †hfv‡e bvix-wbh©vZb n‡”Q Zvi mgv‡jvPbv Ki‡Qb eû gymwjgivB| †`‡ki bvix-wbh©vZ‡bi ev¯—eZvi mv‡_ kvwiqv-iv‡óª bvix-wbh©vZ‡bi ev¯—eZvi Zzjbv gykwKj nj G-mgv‡jvPbv †`L‡jB kvwiqv-mg_©‡Kiv D‡ËwRZ n‡q c‡ob| Kv‡RB K‡ib bv| Zuviv I‡`i ev¯—eZvi mv‡_ wb‡R‡`i Z‡Ë¡i Zzjbv K‡ib| GUv Ab¨vq. kvwiqv wK e‡j 89 evnvbvq GKwU †`k Rei`w¯— Kwiqv cwi‡ek I cÖvK…wZK m¤ú` bó Kwi‡Z‡Q| GB miKvi ev †Kvb msMV‡bi cwikª‡gi dmj| ILv‡b Iiv wbqZ M‡elYv K‡i P‡j‡Q Ae¯’vq Pzc Kwivq _vKvI Aciva| hvnv w`qv GB¸wj‡K wVK Kwiqv b¨vqwePvi. m~θ‡jv Avm‡jB mwZ¨| wKš‘ mwZ¨ n‡jI Am¤ú~Y| © KviY G-wel‡qi mv‡_ ev¯—eZv gy‡L ÔAvj­−vnB mePvB‡Z fvj Rv‡bbÕ (hvi GKgvÎB A_© nj ÔAvwg hv Rvwb Zv I H †KvivY-imy‡jiB Ab¨vb¨ mswk­−ó m~θ‡jv aiv nqwb| †m¸‡jv GKmv‡_ Ki‡j Am¤ú~Y© wKsev fyj n‡Z cv‡iÕ) ejvi ci ivóª AvBb evwb‡q RvwZi Ici wb‡Ri cy‡iv wPÎUvB e`‡j hv‡e| Am¤ú~Y© mZ¨ cy‡iv ag©Uv‡KB Dwë‡q w`‡q wK mv•NvwZK gZvgZ Pvwc‡q †`qvUv Bmjv‡gi wb`vi“Y ei‡Ljvc wKbv †mUv ey‡S †bqvi fviI wech©q m„wó Ki‡Z cv‡i GUv Zvi R¡jš— D`vniY| †m-Kvi‡YB GB gZvgZ I Avwg cvV‡Ki Ic‡iB †Q‡o w`w”Q| we‡k­−l‡Yi mv‡_ AZxZ-fwel¨‡Zi eû gymjgv‡bivB GKgZ bb| Bmjv‡gi m¤ú~Y© kvwiqvcš’xiv GUvI e‡jb bv †h cwðgv †`‡k AvBb cÖYq‡b bvixRvwZi Ae`vb PwiÎ Rvb‡Z n‡j G¸‡jvi mv‡_ †KvivY-imy‡ji Ab¨vb¨ mswk­−ó m~θ‡jv GKmv‡_ K‡i Amvgvb¨ wKš‘ nvw`‡m bvixRvwZi wKQy Ae`vb _vK‡jI kvwiqv AvB‡b †KvbB Ae`vb †`L‡Z n‡e| Ic‡ii cÖwZwU wel‡q G-eB‡qi wewfbœ cwi‡”Q‡` †mB me Ab¨vb¨ mswk­−ó †bB| †PvÏkÕ eQ‡ii g‡a¨ GKRbI bvix kvwiqv-Bgv‡gi bvg cvIqv hvqwb| wØZxqZ. ˆelg¨nxbZv. Ab¨w`‡K †m wbh©vZb †`Lv‡bvi mv‡_ mv‡_ Zuviv BD‡ivc.

GwR` Lwjdv nj. wKš‘ 799 − LvRvi-†`i we‡`ªvn `gb †Lqvj Kwi bv †mBme †KvwU-†KvwU g„Z‡`n Ges †mB mv‡_ †KvwU-†KvwU 800 − DËi Avwd«Kvq AvNjvwe` †LjvdZ ïi“ Avn‡Zi AvZ©bv`. Ôc„w_exi cÖ_g wjwLZ MVbZš¿Õ| 740 − (K) Biv‡e wkqv we‡`ªvn| (L) DËi Avwd«Kvq evievi we‡`ªvn Zuv‡`i `vwe. gi‡°v‡Z we‡`ªvnx i“¯—wg` †LjvdZ ïi“ gymjgv‡bi BwZnvm fvivµμvš— n‡q Av‡Q AmsL¨ M„nhy‡×.Kvievjvq bexRxi wcÖq bvwZ nRiZ 820 − †Lvivmvb-G Zvwnwi` †LjvdZ ïi“ †nv‡mb mn I-cwiev‡ii A‡b‡K wbnZ 827 − gyZvwRjv-†`i mv‡_ Ab¨vb¨‡`i we‡iva ïi“ 684 − g°vq Ave`yjv­− web Ryev‡qi-Gi Lwjdv nevi †NvlYv. kvwiqv wK e‡j 90 Kg| PZz_Z © . 838 − AvRvievBRvb-G ev‡eK we‡`ªvn `gb Kzdv-q gyLZvi I wmwiqvq GwR‡`i eskai Ave`yj gvwjK. I‡`i kvw¯— nq bv e‡j ¯úa©v I AZ¨vPvi Av‡iv †e‡o hvq| GUvB 702 †_‡K 737 ch©š— gymwjg ˆmb¨‡`i eû †`k Rq I d«v‡Ýi mxgvbvq gvby‡li ag©xq-mvgvwRK weeZ©‡bi GKUv ˆewkó¨| civRq − Avevi gymwj‡gi M„nhy× ïi“ kvwiqvcš’x‡`i Avi GKUv †gv¶g hyw³ nj. DRvo emwZ I weaev-GwZ‡gi nvnvKvi| BwZnv‡mi cÖ_g 803 − Bgvg Rvdi evigwK-i Lyb wZb kZvãx Zz‡j w`w”Q. gvi&R ivnvZ-Gi hy× 837 − RvU (fvi‡Zi bq) we‡`ªvn 687−692 − Kzdv-q gyLZvi wb‡R‡K Lwjdv †NvlYv Ki‡j g°vq Ryev‡qi. Gi wfwˇZ wek¦-kvwiqvivóª cÖwZôv KivB nj wek¦-gymwj‡gi Ic‡i Avj­−vn-imy‡ji wb‡`©k| G bv Ki‡j ÒAvi wKfv‡e Avj­−vn‡K 744 − we‡`ªvnx‡`i Afy¨Ìv‡b Lwjdv 2q Iqvwj` wbnZ mš‘ó Kiv hvq Avwg Rvwb bvÓ − gIjvbv gI`yw`| Gi Ic‡i †jLK Wt nvwg`yj­−vni 745 − †Lvivmv‡b Avevi wkqv we‡`ªvn − LvivRx Øviv Kzqv I gmyj `Lj weL¨vZ eB Ô`¨ dv÷© wiU&b& KÝwUwUDkb Bb& `¨ Iqvj©WÕ| A_©vr wKbv hv‡K Ôc„w_exi 746 − †Lvivmv‡b Avey gymwj‡gi we‡`ªvn cÖ_g wjwLZ MVbZš¿Õ e‡j `vwe Kiv nq| `vweUvi duvK I duvwK †`Lv‡bv n‡q‡Q 749 − B¯úvnvb I wbnvIqv›`-Gi hy× "c„w_exi cÖ_g wjwLZ MVbZš¿" Aa¨v‡q | 750 − (K) AveŸvmxq-†`i Øviv i³v³ MYnZ¨vq DgvBqv †Ljvd‡Zi Zuviv †LjvdZ wdwi‡q Avb‡Z Pvb| wKš‘ gymwjg BwZnv‡mi †h †Kv‡bv eB Aemvb| (L) hve-Gi i³¶qx hy× wKsev wek¦we`¨vj‡qi Bmjvwg BwZnv‡mi †h †Kv‡bv Qv·K wR‡Ám Ki‡jB 755 − †Lvivmv‡b Avevi we‡`ªvn Rvbv hv‡e †PvÏkÕ eQi a‡i ev¯—‡e wK N‡UwQj| gymwjg †Ljvd‡Z nv‡Z †Mvbv 762 − Beªvwng I bvd&DR RvwKqv-i †bZ…‡Z¡ wkqv we‡`ªvn K‡qKRb Ávbwccvmy b¨vqcivqY Lwjdv Qvov evwK kZvãx a‡i RbM‡Yi Ic‡i 767 − wmwRjgvmv-q Lv‡iRx kvm‡bi ïi“ gg©vwš—K i³‡mªvZ e‡qwQj| 661 mv‡j nRiZ Avjx wbnZ nevi ci †_‡K 772 − DËi Avwd«Kvq Rvbwe-i hy×. `vqi“j RvwgivÕi hy× kvwiqv wK e‡j / Avgiv wK Kwi . GKmv‡_ 843 − Zvevwi¯—vb-G gvRvBi we‡`ªvn GB wZb †Ljvd‡Zi D™¢e I i³v³ hy‡× gyLZvi I Ryev‡qi wbnZ| 861 − we‡`ªvnx Afy¨Ìv‡b Lwjdv gyZvIqvw°j wbnZ Ave`yj gvwj‡Ki †mbvcwZ wnmv‡e BwZnv‡mi KzL¨vZ b„ksm nZ¨Kvix 864 − Zvevwi¯—vb-G hvqw` †LjvdZ ïi“ nv¾vR web BDmy‡di µμgvMZ MYnZ¨v| mvnvex mn j¶ j¶ 866 − Lwjdv gyZvwmg weZvwoZ − b~Zb Lwjdv gyZvÕR gymjgvb‡K †m Lyb K‡i‡Q 867 − wm¯—vb-G mvdvwi` †LjvdZ ïi“ 695 − RvwRiv. AvnqvR I Kvi“b-Gi wZb‡U hy× 868 − wgk‡i Zzjywb` †LjvdZ ïi“ 869 − Lwjdv gyZvÕR weZvwoZ − b~Zb Lwjdv `vmx-cyÎ Avj& gynZvw` 702 − Biv‡K Avkv_ we‡`ªvn. Gi c‡ii KvwnbxI GKB iKg gg©vwš—K| 814 − Lwjdv nvi“b ikx‡`i g„Zz¨‡Z `yB cyÎ Avj& Avwgb I Avj& gvgy‡bi mvj fqven M„nhy×| Avj& Avwgb wbnZ 815 − Be‡b Zzev-i †bZ…‡Z¡ wkqv we‡`ªvn − K‡qK eQi hy‡×i ci †mbvcwZ 661 − nRiZ Avjx wbnZ − wmwiqvi kvmK gvweqv DgvBqv †LjvdZ cÖwZôv ûigyRvb wbnZ 680 − gvweqvi g„Zz¨. Gi mv‡_ Bmjv‡gi 788 − gM‡ie-G Bw`ªwm` †LjvdZ ïi“ †Kv‡bv †hvM †bB ïay bv‡gi †Lvjm Qvov| Avgiv ïay hy‡×i K_vB cwo. GB MVbZ‡š¿i wfwˇZ bexRx ivóª-cwiPvjbv K‡iwQ‡jb e‡j GUv 743 − †Lvivmv‡b wkqv we‡`ªvn Bmjvwg ag©wek¦v‡mi A½B ïay bq.

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Avj­−vn& e¨ZxZ Ab¨ †Kvb gvÕey` bvB Ges e¨vcv‡i cÖ‡Z¨K gIjvbvi gZvgZ GZB Avjv`v †h Gu‡`i †KD †Kvb Bmjvwg †gvnv¤§` (`t) Avj­−vn&Õi imyj| (2) bvgvR DËgiƒ‡c Av`vq Kiv. he said: O Muhammad. Ges wgkKvZzj gvmvwen& 1g LÊ c„ôv 23-25. imyjyj­−vn& (`t) cÖ_gZt †`‡ki m‡e©v”P 7 Rb gIjvbvi mv‡_ Av‡jvPbv K‡iwQ‡jb `xN© `yÕeQi a‡i| Zvnvw`M‡K PvwiwU KZ©‡e¨i Av‡`k Kwi‡jb| (1) . †m dwU© nvw`m − AvqvZ¸‡jv‡ZI †Kv‡bv ivóªxq AvB‡bi K_v †bB. bv weL¨vZ wReªvB‡ji nvw`‡m e‡j †M‡Qb cqM¤^i (mvt) wb‡R . ... †Kvb GKmg‡qi †Kvb GKmgv‡Ri kvmb-e¨e¯’v Bmjvwg ag©wek¦v‡mi A½ bq| Gi mv‡_ PgrKvi wgj †i‡L Avj­−vn& cwiPq Kwi‡q w`‡”Qb Zuvi imyj‡`i‡K − kvwiqv wK e‡j / Avgiv wK Kwi .. (mvivsk) gymjgvb Kv‡K e‡j †m- ¯^xKv‡ivw³ Kiv †h GKgvÎ Avj­−vn&B gvÕey`.. †bvU Pvjv‡bvi Rb¨ Zuv‡K †h-me wm×vš— wb‡Z n‡qwQj †m¸‡jv‡K wKš‘ wZwb KL‡bvB 1. Av‡Q ïay Dc‡`k Avi g~j¨‡ev‡ai HADITH 2 wb‡`©k| †KvivY wK‡mi †KZve Zv e‡j‡Qb ¯^qs bexRx t ÒBnv Avj­−vnÕi †KZve hvnv‡Z Also on the athority of ‘Umar (may Allah be pleased with him). Gi g‡a¨ bv Av‡Q d‡Zvqv.. and to make the pilgrimigate to the House if you are able to do so. He said: You have spoken rightly. and we were amazed at him asking him and saying that he had spoken rightly. AviR Kwij − Bqv imyjyj­−vn& ! .†e‡nk&Z jv‡fi Dchy³. Kuvc‡Q evsjv‡`k| fvjiƒ‡c ü`q½g Kwiqv jB‡e Ges †`‡k wMqv mKj‡K Bnv RvbvBqv w`‡e|Ó wKš‘ gIjvbviv hv Rvb‡Zb bv ev wb‡Riv Rvb‡jI RvwZ‡K Rvbv‡Z Pvbwb Zv GB n‡jv Bmjvg. IUvB Avj­−vn&Õi Bev`Z Kwi‡e Ges Kvnv‡KI kwiK Kwi‡e bv. Kvqg‡bvev‡K¨ GB A½xKvi I †kl ch©v‡q G‡m Kwgkb wi‡cvU© w`‡qwQj. gvSLvb †_‡K Zz‡j w`w”Q t ÒAve`yj­−v †h †Kv‡bv wKQy wb‡q Av‡jvPbv Ki‡Z †M‡j cÖ_‡gB †mUv Kv‡K e‡j Zv wVK Ki‡Z nq| Zv‡Z Av‡jvPbvi mywe‡a nq| Bmjvg wK Avi gymjgvb †K Zv wVK Ki‡Z cvwK¯—v‡b 1953 mv‡j gywbi Kwgkb gIjvbv gI`yw` mn Kv‡qm bvgK †Mv‡Îi GKwU cÖwZwbwa `j .. (3) RvKvZ `vb iv‡óªi ivóªcÖavb n‡j evwK mevB‡K gyiZv` wn‡m‡e Kj­−v †K‡U †dj‡eb (gywbi Kiv. He GLb †`Lv hvK Bmjvg wK Avi gymwjg †K \ walked up and sat down by the Prophet (may the blessings and peace of Allah be upon him). no mgiL‡›` wbe©vm‡b cvVvb. c„ôv 39 nvw`m b¤^i 12| j¤^v nvw`m. bexRxi (ivt) KZ©K „ ewY©Z) − ÒGKw`b nRiZ wReªvBj gvby‡li †e‡k bexRxi Kv‡Q Avwm‡jb Rxebx‡Z. tell me about Islam.(Dgvi Bebyj LvËve Av‡Q kvwiqv-AvBb ev ivóª| GiB mg_©b Avgiv †`L‡Z cvB †Kviv‡Y. to fast in Ramadan. †n bex| Bmjvg Kvnv‡K e‡j ?Ó wZwb ewj‡jb. Resting his knees against his and placing the palms of his  hands on his thighs. wjM¨vj mvBR)| A_©vr †K gymjgvb †mUvB wVK imyjyj­−vn& (`t) Zvnvw`M‡K PvwiwU e¯‘ (cvÎ) e¨envi Kwi‡Z wb‡la Kwi‡jb| Kiv †Mj bv wKš‘ †K gymjgvb bq †mB û¼v‡i †PvÏkÕ eQi a‡i i³‡mªv‡Z imyjyj­−vn& (`t) Zvnvw`M‡K BnvI ewj‡jb. who said : iwnqv‡Q b~i I mwVK c_wb‡`©kÓ − mwn gymwjg nvw`m 5920| GKB K_v e‡j‡Qb One day while we were sitting with the Messenger of Allah (may the blessings hyM‡kªô Bgvg eyLvix t Ò†KvivY †Kvb AvB‡bi †KZve b‡nÓ − GbmvB‡K¬v‡cwWqv and peace of Allah be upon him) there appeared before us a man whose weªUvwbKv − 1983| G-K_v ejvi mv‡_ mv‡_ Ljxdv Zuv‡K RbMY †_‡K mwi‡q clothes were exceedigly white and whose hair was exceedingly black.. Bmjvg wK. †mLv‡bB wZwb gviv hvb| signs of journeying were to be seen on him and none of us knew him. Zzwg e‡jwQ‡jb hviv Abycw¯’Z Zv‡`i ÒmKj‡K Bnv RvbvBqv w`‡e ?Ó KviY. Avcwb Avgvw`M‡K K‡qKwU ¯úó Dc‡`k I Av‡`k wb‡la ewjqv w`b hvnv AbymiY Kwiqv Avgiv mK‡j †e‡nk&Z jv‡fi Dchy³ nB‡Z cvwi| . bvgvR cÖwZôv Kwi‡e. nj Bmjvg| G-wb‡`©k wPiKv‡ji gymwj‡gi Rb¨I. (4) igRvb gv‡m †ivRv ivLv Ges MwYg‡Zi gv‡ji GK cÂgvsk †`Iqv| Kwgk‡bi wi‡cvU© c„ôv 216. 2q LÊ c„ôv 733. gy m jgvb †K Gev‡i †`Lv hvK Ave`yj Kwig Lvb m¤úvw`Z nv‡dR Ave`yj Rwj‡ji evsjv Abyev`.. Avgv‡`i Bgvg‡`i g‡a¨ Avi Bmjvg cÖPviK‡`i g‡a¨| bexRx †Kb Ges ewj‡jb. to perform the prayers. Avgv‡`i Rb¨I| mgvR RvKvZ‡K diR wnmv‡e cvjb Kwi‡eÓ (mwn eyLvwi I gymwjg. bs 2(1)-Gi m~‡Î wewae× Bmjvwg e‡jbwb ÒmKj‡K Bnv RvbvBqv w`‡e|Ó Gfv‡eB wZwb G-mZ¨‡K cÖwZôv K‡i †M‡Qb AvBb 2q LÊ c„ôv 498)| GKB cÖgvY †`Lyb nvw`m Kz`wm †_‡K t Avb& bvevexi †h. kvwiqv wK e‡j 96 AvqvZ¸‡jv †hLv‡b †KvivY e‡j‡Q BmjvgB nj Avj­−vn&Õi g‡bvbxZ ag©. ÒBmjvg nBj. The Messenger of Allah (may the blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: Islam is to testify that there is no god but Allah and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah. GB me Av‡`k wb‡la‡K †Zvgiv †Ku‡c‡Q gymwjg-wek¦. to pay the zakat.

Z‡e Rvwbqv 15| wbmv 80| ÒAvi †h †jvK wegyL nBj. mZ¨ †Zvgv‡`i cvjbKZ©v nB‡Z AvMZ| AZGe. Avwg Avcbv‡K (†n gyn¤§`! ivL. Avgvi imy‡ji `vwqZ¡ cÖKvk¨ cÖPvi Qvov wKQy b‡nÓ . a‡i †Kviv‡Yi e¨vL¨v w`‡jI GB AwZ ¸i“Z¡c~Y© AvqvZ¸‡jvi e¨vcv‡i wK †Kvb AvBb-Kvbyb ev iv‡óªi K_v †bB| e‡j‡Qb| 12| Avj Avbvg 107| ÒAvwg Avcbv‡K Zvnv‡`i msi¶K Kwi bvB Ges Avcwb Zvnv‡`i Kvh©©¨wbe©vnx b‡nb|Ó gI`yw` e‡jb − Òbex (`t)-Gi 1| Avj AvbvÕg 48| Òmymsev` `vZv I fxwZcÖ`k©K e¨ZxZ (Ab¨ †Kvb KvR wQj ïaygvÎ mZ¨ cÖPvi Kiv Ges gvbyl‡K Bnv MÖn‡Y AvnŸvb Kiv| Kv‡R) Avwg cqM¤^i †cÖiY Kwi bv|Ó †Kvb gš—e¨ bv K‡i gIjvbv Bnv‡ZB Zuvnvi `vwqZ¡ †kl nBqv hvq KviY wZwb Avi hvnv †nŠK gI`yw` wbtk‡ã c‡ii Avqv‡Z P‡j †M‡Qb| 2| Avj Mvwmqvn 21 I 22| ÒAZGe. c„ôv 899| I Aeva¨Zvi AKj¨vY m¤^‡Ü †jvKw`M‡K Av‡M nB‡Z ûuwkqvi Kivi Avgv‡`i bexRxi GB GKB `vwqZ¡ †`‡L wbb †mŠw` Avie †_‡K cÖKvwkZ Rb¨ (forewarn) Avwg Avgvi imyjw`M‡K †cÖiY Kwi|Ó gIjvbv gywnDÏx‡bi †Kviv‡Yi evsjv Abyev` †_‡K| †mB mv‡_ Avgiv GÕI 11| Avj Avnhve 45| Ò†n bex! Avwg Avcbv‡K mv¶x. Avgvi †cÖiY Kwi|Ó gI`yw` e‡j‡Qb − ÒwePv‡ii Av‡M AvZ¥mgc©‡Yi Kj¨vY `vwqZ¡ `ywbqvgq †cuŠQv‡bvÓ evsjv †KvivY. gywnDwÏb Lvb. hvnvi 3| BDbym 108| Òewjqv `vI. Òimy‡ji Zvnv‡`i Rb¨ i¶Yv‡e¶YKvix wbhy³ Kwi bvB|Ó gI`yw` e‡j‡Qb − `vwqZ¡ ïay †cuŠQvBqv †`Iqv|Ó †Kvb gš—e¨ bv K‡i gI`yw` wbtk‡ã ÒbexRxi GKgvÎ `vwqZ¡ nBj Avj­−vn&Õi Av‡`k-wb‡`©k‡K gvby‡li c‡ii Avqv‡Z P‡j †M‡Qb| Kv‡Q †cuŠQvBqv †`Iqv. − m¤ú~Y© Ab¨ wel‡q| gI`yw` wbtk‡ã c‡ii Avqv‡Z P‡j †M‡Qb| 18| evKviv 272| ÒZv‡`i‡K mrc‡_ Avbvi `vq †Zvgvi bq|Ó K_vUv †Zv 8| Avivd 184| ÒwZwb †Zv fxwZ cÖ`k©bKvix cÖK…ófv‡e|Ó †Kvb gš—e¨ bv kvwiqv wK e‡j / Avgiv wK Kwi . kvwiqv wK e‡j 97 Òmymsev` `vZv I fxwZcÖ`k©K e¨ZxZ (Ab¨ †Kvb Kv‡R) Avwg cqM¤^i †cÖiY Kwi K‡i gI`yw` wbtk‡ã c‡ii Avqv‡Z P‡j †M‡Qb| bvÓ (Avj AvbvÕg. nRiZ 9| bvnj 82| ÒAZtci Zvnviv hw` c„ôcÖ`k©b K‡i. †n gvbeKzj. Avcwb †Zv gvby‡li kvmK (Warden) b‡nb|Ó Zvn‡j ? Bmjvgx ivóªZË¡ wK K‡i †Kej GKRb Dc‡`k `vZv. Z‡e Avcbvi KvR Av`g †_‡K bexRx ch©š— Bmjvg AvMv‡Mvov avivevwnK Awew”Qbœ GKB ag© KviY nBj my¯úófv‡e †cuŠQvBqv †`Iqv|Ó gI`yw` wKQyB bv e‡j c‡ii AvqvZ †KvivY me bex‡`i ûeû GKB `vwqZ¡ w`‡q‡Q my¯úó fvlvq| †mUv nj − mymsev` 83-Gi e¨vL¨vq P‡j †M‡Qb| `vZv I fxwZcÖ`k©K| GgbwK n‡R¦i g‡Zv diR Bev`‡Zi †¶‡ÎI Avj­−vn my¯úó 10| Kvn&d 56| ÒAvwg imyjw`M‡K mymsev``vZv I fq cÖ`k©bKvix iƒ‡cB fvlvq nRiZ Beªvnxg‡K e‡j‡Qb Ò†Zvgvi `vwqZ¡ ïay †NvlYv Kiv. Avwg cÖKvk¨ fq cÖ`k©K|Ó †Kvb gš—e¨ bv K‡i `vexi K_v †U‡b G‡b‡Qb. mZ¨ †Zvgv‡`i wbKU †cuŠQvBqv B”Qv wek¦vm ¯’vcb Ki“K Ges hvnvi B”Qv Agvb¨ Ki“K|Ó gI`yw` j¤^v e¨vL¨v wMqv‡Q †Zvgv‡`i ciIqviw`Mv‡ii Zid nB‡Z| GLb †h †Kn c‡_ w`‡q‡Qb − †Kvb AvBb-Kvbyb ev iv‡óªi K_v e‡jbwb| Av‡m †m c_ cÖvß nq ¯^xq g½‡ji Rb¨| Avi †h weåvš— Ae¯’vq Nywi‡Z 14| Avj-Avn&K¡vd 9| Òejyb..Avwg ¯úó mZK©Kvix e¨ZxZ Avi wKQyB bwn|Ó gI`yw` e‡j‡Qb − ÒbexRxi GKgvÎ `vwqZ¡ nBj gvby‡li mvg‡b _v‡K †m ¯^xq Ag½‡ji Rb¨ weåvš— Ae¯’vq Nywi‡Z _vwK‡e| Abš—i mZ¨c_ Zzwjqv aiv I hvnviv Zvnv cÖZ¨vL¨vb K‡i Zvnvw`M‡K mveavb Avwg †Zvgv‡`i Dci AwaKvix bwn|Ó †Kvb gš—e¨ bv K‡i gI`yw` Kiv|Ó Zvn‡j? Bmjvgx ivóªZZ¡ wK K‡i Bmjvgx ag©wek¦v‡mi A½ n‡jv wbtk‡ã c‡ii Avqv‡Z P‡j †M‡Qb| ? 4| Avj&-gv‡q`vn& 92 Ges 99| ÒwKš‘ hw` †Zvgiv wegyL nI. gvbyl‡K mZ¨c‡_ eva¨ Kiv Zuvnvi `vwqZ¡ 5| bvnj 35| Òimy‡ji `vwqZ¡ †Zv ïaygvÎ my¯úó evYx †cuŠwQ‡q †`qv|Ó b‡n|Ó †Kvb gš—e¨ bv K‡i gI`yw` wbtk‡ã c‡ii Avqv‡Z P‡j †M‡Qb| 16| myiv ZIev 51| ÒwZwb (Avj­−vn&) Avgv‡`i Kvh©wbe©vnK|Ó j¤^v e¨vL¨v 6| Avk ïiv 48| Òhw` Zviv gyL wdwi‡q †bq Z‡e Avcbv‡K Avwg Zv‡`i w`‡q‡Qb gI`yw` − wKš‘ †Kvb AvBb-Kvbyb ev iv‡óªi K_v †bB| i¶K K‡i cvVvBwb| Avcbvi KZ©e¨ †Kej cÖPvi Kiv|Ó †Kvb gš—e¨ bv 17| evKviv 119| Òwbðq Avwg Avcbv‡K mZ¨ ag©mn mymsev``vZv I K‡i gI`yw` wbtk‡ã c‡ii Avqv‡Z P‡j †M‡Qb| fxwZcÖ`k©bKvix iƒ‡c cvwV‡qwQ|Ó gI`yw` GLv‡b ¯’vbxq Agymwjg‡`i 7| wnRi& 89| Òejyb. mymsev`-`vZv Ges †`Le gIjvbv gI`yw` Zuvi wekvj †KZve Zvdwngyj Kziv‡Y cÖwZwU AvqvZ a‡i mZK©Kvixiƒ‡c †cÖiY KwiqvwQ|Ó j¤^v gvwidwZ e¨vL¨v w`‡q‡Qb gI`yw`.. Avcwb Zvnv‡`i kvmK b‡nb|Ó †Kvb gš— Bmjvgx ag©wek¦v‡mi A½ nj ? e¨ bv K‡i wbtk‡ã gI`yw` c‡ii Avqv‡Z P‡j †M‡Qb| 13| Kvn&d 29| Òejyb... AvqvZ 48)| Gi mv‡_ Avgv‡`i G-`vweI wg‡j hvq. Avcwb Dc‡`k w`b..

kvwiqv wK e‡j 98 ejv n‡q‡Q ¯^qs bexRx‡KB. GB nj mnR mij Bmjvg| A_P Zvic‡iI gI`yw` e‡j‡Qb t ÒBmjv‡gi †hUv m¤ú~Y© Ab¨ welq| 23| †Qvqv` 65| bexRx ej‡Qb − ÒAvwg GKRb mZK©Kvix gvÎ|Ó bxwZ I wk¶vwfwËK ivóª MVb bv Kiv ch©š— Avgv‡`i kvnv`v (Kjgv cov) c~Y© gI`y w ` GKB K_v e‡j G‡K mg_© b K‡i‡Qb| nB‡e bvÓ − ÔDBU‡bm Uz g¨vbKvBÊÕ c„ôv 32| †Kb nB‡e bv ? Zuvi g‡Z bv 24| †Qvqv` 70| bexRx ej‡Qb − ÒAvwg GKRb ¯úó mZK©Kvix|Ó wgj‡j †m gymjgvbB bq ? Gi mv‡_ Zuvi bvix-we‡ivax kvwiqv AvB‡bi cÖwZ gI`y w ` GKB K_v e‡j G‡K mg_© b K‡i‡Qb| mg_©b. MoMo K‡i ej‡ZI 27| evKviv 253-Gi e¨vL¨v‡Z wZwb e‡j‡Qb t Ògvby l ‡K †Rvi cv‡ib| A‡b‡K A‡bK Bmjvwg wWMÖxI nvwmj Ki‡Z cv‡ib| wKš‘ I¸‡jv Kwiqv wek¦ v mx I Aby M Z Kwievi Rb¨ Avj­− v n bex. Ilya. nRiZ mv‡jn I nRiZ †kv‡qe-Gi cÖwZ GB GKB †Kv‡Ì‡K Gj ? `vwqZ¡ †`‡L wbb myiv Avj Avivd. nRiZ j~Z (Avt). AvqvZ 61. eb¨v-wb‡ivaK mwVK c‡_ Avwb‡Z|Ó euva. nRiZ gI`yw` e‡jb − Òbexi KZ© e ¨ nBj ïay g vÎ mZ¨ nB‡Z BDbym (Avt). A_ev mg_©b Ki‡Z eva¨ n‡q‡Qb. 67. n‡jB wK Bmjvwg we‡klÁ nIqv hvq ? †gv‡UB bq| †hgb. hviv AvYweK kw³ imy j ‡K cy w jk Kwiqv cvVvb bvB| eis wZwb Zu v nvw`M‡K w`‡q fqven aŸsmKvix †evgv Avwe®‹vi K‡i‡Q Zviv wK ˆeÁvwbK ? †gv‡UB cvVvBqv‡Qb gvby l ‡K hy w ³m½Z K_v I my ¯ úó cÖ g vY w`qv bq| eis ˆeÁvwbK ZuvivB huviv AvYweK kw³ w`‡q B‡jw±ªwmwU. Bnvi ci mewKQy Kv‡K eje ? eû †KZve co‡jB wK Zv nIqv hvq ? A‡b‡Ki ¯§iYkw³ Lye †Zvgv‡`i I Zu v nvi (Avj­− v nÕi − †jLK) g‡a¨Kvi welq|Ó fv‡jv. `vmcÖ_v-mg_©b (myiv gyn¤§` AvqvZ 4-Gi e¨vL¨v). nRiZ RvKvwiqv (Avt). Avwg †Zvgv‡`i Dci wb‡qvwRZ bB|Ó AvPviI K‡ibwb. 68. nRiZ Bqvwnqv (Avt). 79 I 93 19| wbmv 165| Òmymsev``vZv I fxwZcÖ`k©bKvix imyjMY‡K cvwV‡qwQ|Ó †_‡K| Guiv †KD †Kvb ivóª cÖwZôv K‡ibwb| nRiZ myjvqgvb (Avt) gI`yw` GKB K_v e‡jb| eskMZfv‡e bex wQ‡jb. Avgvi `vwqZ¡ wnmve wQ‡jb bv ? Aek¨B wQ‡jb| †bqv|Ó gI`yw` GLv‡b ¯’vbxq Agymwjg‡`i `vexi K_v †U‡b G‡b‡Qb. nRiZ Cmv (Avt). nRiZ BDmyd (Avt)-†K wgk‡ii ivRv wmsnvmb 20| Avbvg 52| ÒZv‡`i wnmve we›`ygvÎ Avcbvi `vwq‡Z¡ bq|Ó gI`yw` w`‡qwQ‡jb. 62. nRiZ û`. nRiZ †kv‡qe (Avt). Ges nRiZ `vD`‡K ewb BmivBj‡`i ivRv ZvjyZ Kb¨v I ivR¨ GKB K_v e‡jb| w`‡qwQ‡jb (Kvmvmyj Avw¤^qv 2q LÊ)| eû bex e¨vcKfv‡e mgv‡Ri wePvi- 21| Avbvg 66| ÒAvcwb e‡j w`b. †hgb nRiZ BqvKze (Avt). Zuviv eû †KZv‡ei eû wKQy g‡b ivL‡ZI cv‡ib. wg_¨v‡K ¯úófv‡e c„ _ K Kwiqv †NvlYv †`Iqv|Ó nRiZ b~n (Avt). bqZ Ggb e¨vL¨v e‡jb − ÒGB Avqv‡Zi A_© nBj gymjgv‡biv Ab¨w`M‡K mZ¨ c‡_i K‡i‡Qb hv wel‡qi mv‡_ †g‡j bv − wKš‘ we‡ivaxZv †Kv_vI Ki‡Z cv‡ibwb| wb‡`©k †Rvi Kwiqv MÖnY Kwi‡Z eva¨ Kwi‡e bv|Ó †Rvi Kivi K_vUv nRiZ b~n. mvaviY gymjgvb‡`i‡K bq| wKš‘ gI`yw` KvwU‡q P‡j †M‡Qb. BZ¨vw`| wKš‘ ZvB e‡j Zuviv wK bex 22| ivÕ` 40| ÒAvcbvi `vwqZ¡ †Zv †cuŠ‡Q †`qv. fvi‡Z wn›`y-iv‡óªi 25| dvwZi 23 I 24| ÒAvcwb †Zv †Kej GKRb mZK©Kvix| Avwg cÖwZ mg_©b (gywbi Kwgkb wi‡cvU©) I ew›`bx-al©‡Yi cÖwZ mg_©b †hvM Ki‡j Avcbv‡K cvwV‡qwQ msev``vZv I mZK©Kvixiƒ‡c|Ó gI`yw` e‡j‡Qb Avgiv kvwiqv-iv‡óªi fq¼i wPÎ cvB| G‡Z eû gIjvbv AZ¨š— DwØMœ n‡q Zuvi − ÒAvcbvi GKgvÎ KZ© e ¨ nBj †jvKmKj‡K mZK© we‡ivaxZv K‡i‡Qb I Zuv‡K Kv‡di I `¾vjI e‡j‡Qb| Avcbviv fviZ-weL¨vZ Kiv| Bnvi c‡i †KD bv ey w Sqv wec_Mvgx nB‡j †mRb¨ gIjvbv ˆmq` Aveyj nvmvb Avjx bv`fx (j‡¶èŠ kn‡ii) wjwLZ cvwÊZ¨c~Y© eB `vqx b‡nb KviY A܇K †`LvBevi ewai‡K ïbvBevi ÒAvQi-B nvwRi †g Øxb wK Zvnwdg-I-ZvkwinÓ (eZ©gv‡bi cwi‡cÖw¶‡Z a‡g©i `vwqZ¡ Avcbv‡K †`Iqv nq bvB|Ó Dcjwä I e¨vL¨v) eBUv †`L‡Z cv‡ib| gI`yw`i cÖwZ Zuv‡`i Av‡jvPbvi cÖ¯—v‡e 26| dziKvb 56| ÒAvwg Avcbv‡K mymsev` I mZK©Kvixiƒ‡cB †cÖiY gI`yw` KL‡bv ivwR nbwb| K‡iwQ|Ó gI`yw` e‡j‡Qb t ÒevYx †cu Š QvBevi ci Zu v nvi GLv‡b GKUv AZ¨š— `iKvwi K_v G‡m hvq| ÒBmjvwg we‡klÁÓ Avgiv KZ© e ¨ I `vwqZ¡ †kl nBqv hvq. cwi‡ek-i¶vKvix †gwkb BZ¨vw` Avwe®‹vi K‡i gvby‡li Kj¨vY K‡ib| hviv A_©bxwZi wek¦-cuywRev` Avwe®‹vi K‡i gvbyl‡K †kvlY K‡i Kó A_©vr gI`yw`i gZ †bZvI GB AwZ ¸i“Z¡c~Y© AvqvZ¸‡jv‡K nq wbtk‡ã cvk evovq Zviv wK A_©bxwZwe` ? †gv‡UB bq| A_©bxwZwe` ZuvivB huviv eû covïbv kvwiqv wK e‡j / Avgiv wK Kwi .

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Avbdvj 12 . †KvivY-nvw`‡mi eû Ômywbw`©ó weavbÕ Avgiv B‡”Q Ki‡jI my¯úó wb‡`©k − ÒGKRb cyi“‡li Ask `yÕRb bvixi mgvbÓ− wbmv 11 I 176| gvb‡Z cviwQ bv| bexRxi mv‡_ mvgbvmvgwb K_v ejv m¤¢e bq| µμxZ`vm- †KvivY-nvw`‡mi my¯úó wb‡`©k Av‡Q AmsL¨| Gev‡i Pjyb Avgiv Zvi K‡qKUv cÖ_v‡K †KD Avi wdwi‡q Avb‡e bv| †Kviv‡Y myiv ZIev ev myiv gyn¤§`-G †`wL| Gi †Kvb&Uv Zuviv PvB‡jI gvb‡Z cvi‡eb bv Ges †Kvb&Uv gvb‡Z cvi‡jI Agymwjg-nZ¨vi K_v ¯úó †jLv _vKvi ciI gIjvbviv K_vUv e‡jb I¸‡jvi B‡”Q K‡iB gvb‡eb bv †mUv Avwg Zuv‡`i Ic‡iB †Q‡o w`w”Q| ejv evûj¨. • wbwl× gvm cvi n‡j †hLv‡bB cvIqv hvq gykwiK‡`i Lyb Kiv hZ¶Y Zviv 200. nvw`m 270| RvZxq bvix-Dbœqb bxwZgvjv 2008-Gi Aax‡b Ôm¤úwˇZ bvix-cyi“‡li • PvKwi-e¨emv-†¶ZLvgvi me ev` w`‡q ÒZ‡jvqvi w`‡q RxweKv wbe©vnÓ Kiv mgvb AwaKviÕ cÖ¯—ve evsjv`‡k ZË¡veavqK miKvi Aby‡gv`b K‡i‡Qb 24†k − †evLvwi 4_© LÊ. Z‡e Zvi mvg‡b Avcwb • cÖgvY QvovB ¯¿xi Ic‡i PwiÎnxbZvi Awf‡hvM G‡b Zvr¶wYK ZvjvK †`qv − b~i 6. ïay Avcbv‡`i AeMwZi Rb¨ †`Lvw”Q| wPiKvj Agymjgvb‡K a‡i gvi‡e-KvU‡eÓ G-K_v ejv cvMjvwg Qvov wKQyB bq − • D‡Ui g~Î cvb Kiv − mwn †evLvix 8g LÊ nvw`m bs 797| (wek¦weL¨vZ kvwiqv-mg_©K cwÊZ Wt Rvgvj ev`vIwq − Ui‡Èv kn‡i e³„Zv)| • Òkwbev‡i mxgv j•Nb K‡iv bvÓ − bvnj 124. BZ¨vw`| PgrKvifv‡e †`wL‡q‡Qb †Kviv‡Yi eû AvqvZ wewfbœ gvby‡li Rb¨ − c„t 35. 7| Zz‡j ai‡eb mwn Avey `vD` nvw`m 2159| ILv‡b AvqvZUvi cUf~wg‡Z †`Lv‡bv • hy×e›`x‡`i al©Y Kiv − †evLvwi 3q LÊ nvw`m 718 I 5g LÊ nvw`m 637 Av‡Q IUv Kzrwmr †Zv bqB eis cÖ‡qvRbxq| I 459 . kvwiqv wK e‡j 104 hvqwb| †h‡nZz myjZvbv cvifx‡bi wbeÜUv bvixi A‡a©K DËivwaKvi wb‡q ZvB • wn›`y‡`i me gw›`i aŸsm K‡i R¡vwj‡q †`qv − evsjv †evLvwi − Ave`yj DËivwaKv‡ii cUf~wg‡ZB Avgiv Bmjv‡g bvixi mvwe©K AwaKvi Av‡jvPbv Kie| Rwjj. gymwjg 3432| †Kviv‡Y my¯úó wb‡`©k Av‡Q Agymwjg‡`i KvQ †_‡K wRwRqv Ki †bevi. 1jv †g. ZvB †KvivY-mybœvn-G Bnvi AvBb¸wjI GLb cÖ‡hvR¨ b‡nÓ (Lei • `vmcÖ_v Pvjy Kiv I eû-`vmxi mv‡_ †kvqv (m‡e©v”P †mŠw` wk¶vwe` Wt BqvûMÖ“c. c„t 104| †deª“qvix 2008| GB my‡hv‡M nVvr Avevi bibvixi mgvb DËivwaKv‡ii AvBb • Ry¤§vi bvgv‡R bv †M‡j Zvi Nievwo R¡vwj‡q w`‡Z PvB − †evLvwi 1g LÊ nvw`m 617| cvk n‡q hvq wKbv †mB `ywðš—vq gnv-DwØMœ kvwiqvcš’x `j¸‡jv cÖej cÖwZev‡` Suvwc‡q c‡o‡Qb. Avj& Avivd 163. GLb I¸‡jv Avi B‡”Q Ki‡jI cvjb myiv gynv¤§` 4. 6 . BZ¨vw`| cwiw¯’wZ bv _v‡K Z‡e Bnv cÖ‡qv‡Mi cÖ‡qvRb bvB| Bnv `vmcÖ_vi g‡ZvB| †h‡nZz • m¤§vwbZ gv‡m hy× Kiv − evKviv 217| `vmcÖ_v bvB. Aa¨vq 88. †KD †KD GgbI e‡j‡Qb miKvi bvwK Bmjvg †_‡KB • bexRxi mv‡_ DuPz Mjvq K_v ej‡e bv − myiv ûRivZ 2| LvwiR n‡q †M‡Q| kvwiqvcš’x‡`i hyw³ nj bvixi A‡a©K DËivwaKvi †Kviv‡Yi Zvn‡j Avgiv †`LwQ. Avey `vD` 2150 . myiv ZIev 29. wPiKv‡ji Rb¨ cÖ‡qvM Ki‡j Avgiv KwVb †Pvivevwj‡Z Wy‡e hve| hw` †Kvb Bmjvg- BZ¨vw`| we‡Ølx Avcbv‡K e‡j evKviv 223 AZ¨š— Kzrwmr AvqvZ. BZ¨vw`| Kiv m¤¢e bq| • Kv‡di‡`i †Rvovq †Rvovq KvUv − Avbdvj 12| my¯úó wb‡`©‡kiI ¯’vb-Kvj-cv‡Îi mxgve×Zv _v‡K ZvB wb‡`©k my¯úó n‡jI • MwYg‡Zi gvj wn‡m‡e civwRZ kΓ‡`i m¤úwË I bvix-wkïiv weRqx †mUv wPiKv‡ji bvÕI n‡Z cv‡i| Bgvg kvwdÕB Zuvi weL¨vZ †KZve wimvjv-†ZI ˆmb¨‡`i e¨w³MZ m¤úwË n‡e − eû nvw`m I myiv Avbdvj 1. 29. 69. 73. Avnhve 50. wb‡Pi mywbw`©ó cUf~wg Av‡Q hv GLb cÖ‡hvR¨ bq| K_vUv Avm‡jB mwZ¨ †hgb −Ògymjgvbiv wKQy nvw`m Avgiv mwZ¨ e‡j gvwb bv. 97. wbmv 154| †Kviv‡Yi Òkwbev‡ii mxgv j•Nb KivÓ ev m¤§vwbZ gvm I wbwl× gvmI ïaygvÎ • Kv‡di‡`i mv‡_ mwÜ bv K‡i µμgvMZ mvgwiK hy‡× Zv‡`i AvNvZ Kiv − hy‡×i e¨vcv‡i Avie‡`i cÖvPxb ms¯‹…wZ. Avi Av‡Q Bûw`-Lªxóvb bvix‡K we‡q Kivi AbygwZ (myiv gv‡q`v. †Pv‡ii nvZ • KvD‡K Bmjv‡gi kΓ g‡b n‡j Zv‡K Lyb Kiv I Lyb Kivi Rb¨ wg_¨v K_v †K‡U †`evi. 35 . BZ¨vw`| evsjv‡`k RvgvZ-Gi ZË¡¸i“ kvn Ave`yj nvbœvbI wj‡L‡Qb t ÒwRwRqvi welqwU AZ¨š— ¯úó| Bnv †Kej we‡kl cwiw¯’wZ‡ZB cÖ‡hvR¨| hw` †mB gymjgvb bv n‡”Q − ZIev 5. 2008)| mvgvwRK weav‡bi wbw`©ó cUf~wg A¯^xKvi K‡i †mUv‡K dIRvb G-cÖ_v‡K Bmjvwg cÖ_v e‡j‡Qb) − gywgb~b 5. AvqvZ 5 ejv − †evLvwi 5g LÊ nvw`m 369| I 38)| wKš‘ nRiZ Igi (ivt) wewfbœ Kvi‡Y wKQy we‡kl e¨w³ Ges Avj& RyivwRgvn †MvÎ I Biv‡Yi GK †Mv‡Îi KvQ †_‡K wRwRqv Ki †bbwb| Av‡iv †`Lyb gywnDwÏb kvwiqv wK e‡j / Avgiv wK Kwi .

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gv AkÖ“wm³ †Pv‡L  †Q‡j-†eŠ‡qi gv_vq nvZ eywj‡q wK ej‡jb eySv †Mj bv| WªvBfvi Mvwoi wWw¹Õi g‡a¨ my¨U‡Km cy‡i `iRv Ly‡j `uvwo‡q Av‡Q| gvÕ‡K Rwo‡q a‡i †QvU ejj. Zzwg †ZvgviUv ¸wQ‡q bvI †Zv. †hvMvoh‡š¿i †Kvb LeiB †bB| wR‡Ám Ki‡jB †n‡m e‡j. Ô†Zvi nR¡-K¨v¤ú. Mvwo Pjv ïi“ Ki‡j †m ¯^vgxi Kv‡b Kv‡b wR‡Ám K‡i. †k‡l †Zvgvi Rb¨ †`wi Ôev‡m K‡i n‡R¡ hvw”Q ?Õ bv nq|Õ †eŠ ·¯— GUv-IUv †MvQvq wKš‘ g‡b †Mu‡_B _v‡K m‡›`nUv| Zvi Ici Ônu¨v| c‡_ wKQy Kó Ki‡Z n‡e. mwZ¨ ejwQ|Õ †eŠ‡qi Kv‡b †Mj K_vUv| †m Rv‡b `kw`‡b nR¡ K‡i †div hvq bv| wKš‘ †m jveŸv‡qK& ! GÕI Rv‡b ¯^vgx †h `„p AvZ¥wek¦v‡m K_vUv e‡j‡Q wbwðš— n‡qB e‡j‡Q| hv e‡j‡Q Zv †m Ki‡e| wKš‘ wK K‡i Ki‡e ? Ggwb‡Z ¯^vgx Zv‡K Qvov †Pv‡L AÜKvi †`‡L. Zzwg wbwðš— _v‡Kv †Zv evev|Õ iIbv nevi w`b Gj| evev ey‡K Rwo‡q †`vqv Ki‡jb. cvi‡e †Zv ?Õ ÔAvgiv n‡R¡ hvw”Q bv| ev‡m K‡i †KD n‡R¡ hvq bv| evev‡K Gfv‡e VKv‡j ?Õ kvwiqv wK e‡j / Avgiv wK Kwi . Ôn‡”Q evev n‡”Q. †m g~j¨ bv w`‡j RvwZi wR‡Ám Ki‡jb.. d¬vBU. hv Bmjv‡gi j‡¶¨i †mw`b ¯^vgx gvneye mI`vM‡ii KvQ †_‡K n‡R¡i bvg K‡i Av‡iv GK jvL UvKv Rb¨ A‡kvfbxq nevi m¤¢vebv _v‡K|Ó †P‡q wbj| AvwgI ûeû wVK H K_vB ejwQ| mgvR I ivóªxq Rxe‡b mv¤cÖ`vwqK kvwš— †Kb wbj ? wekvj e¨vcvi wKš‘ BÈvi‡d_ A¨vKkb w`‡q Zvi g~j¨ w`‡Z nq hv bexRx I Zvici GKw`b eo P‡j †Mj n‡R¡i K¨v‡¤ú †eŠ‡qi nvZ aÕ‡i| evev †QvU‡K Ab¨vb¨ †bZviv w`‡qwQ‡jb| RbMY †Zv †evKv bq. Ki‡Z nq| †m w`we¨ †`L‡Z cv‡”Q ¯^vgx Zvi wKQyB Ki‡Q bv| gnv Aviv‡g †m ÔG †Zv evm †÷kb !Õ MvÕ Gwj‡q Av‡Q. hv‡eI bv \ n‡”Q. Keyj nq †Zv AvgviB n‡e Bb&kv Avj­−vn&|Õ Ôevevi KvQ †_‡K GK jvL UvKv †ewk wb‡j †Kb ?Õ evev Avk¦¯— nb wKš‘ †QvU‡eŠ nq bv| Zvi evevI nR¡ K‡i‡Q. Ôn‡R¡B hvw”Q| meyi K‡iv. e¨e¯’v meB PvjvwK a~Z©vwg w`‡q †Kv‡bvw`bB mgv‡Ri g½j Kiv hvqwb. K_v w`w”Q nR¡ K‡iB wdie| VvÆv bq evev. ÔAvgiv †Kv_vq hvw”Q †Mv ? nu¨v ?Õ co‡e| †jv‡K g‡b K‡i nR¡Uv ey‡oveq‡mi e¨vcvi − eÇ fyj aviYv KviY n‡R¡ LyeB kvixwiK cwikªg nq| eo‡Q‡j †QvUvQywU K‡i †RvMvohš¿ Ô†Kv_vq Avevi. evm †÷kbB †Zv !Õ ÔAvgviUv Avwg KiwQ. Ôgv. Ônu¨v. †m Rv‡b †QvU AveviI †n‡m ejj. c‡i ev”PvKv”Pv n‡q †M‡j KwVb n‡q Zvi mvwbœ‡a¨ kw³ cvq G¸‡jv wb‡q g‡b g‡b Zvi fvix ¯^vgxMe©| †cQ‡bi wm‡U emj `yÕRb. `kw`b ci wd‡i Avme| †`vqv †Kvi Avi ïUwK ivbœv K‡i †i‡Lv|Õ evev AevK n‡jb| Ô`kw`b ci wdiwe ?Õ Ôwdie evev. ÔGfv‡e †KD n‡R¡ hvq ? Avm‡j †Kv_vq hvw”Q mwZ¨ K‡i e‡jv bv !Õ Zvi i½i‡mi cvj­−vq c‡o wPiKvj mevB Aw¯’i| evev cÖ¯‘wZi K_v wR‡Ám †QvU †n‡m e‡j. Ômeyi K‡iv. n‡R¡ hvw”Q|Õ Ki‡Q wKš‘ †QvU‡K wb‡q gnv mgm¨v| †QvU‡ejv †_‡KB Zvi in‡m¨i †kl †bB. kvwiqv wK e‡j 116 . wPš—v †Kvi bv| G-eQi hw` GKR‡bi nR¡I †eŠ Lye meyi Kij| Zvici Avi cvij bv| GKUz c‡i Avevi ejj. gymjgvb‡`i Ggb †Kv‡bv †R‡`i Avkªq †bqv m½Z bq.. GKUz c‡iB †`L‡Z cv‡e|Õ Ki‡jB †m e‡j. `y B †Q‡j n‡R¡ hv‡e ZvB wb‡q gvneye mI`vM‡ii evwo Lye e¨¯—| b~Zb we‡q I‡`i| GLwb mgq nR¡ Kivi. ÔK¨v‡¤ú †Kb hve| evwo †_‡K †mvRv n‡R¡ hve. Gm‡ei wKQyB †Zv ejwj bv|Õ †Pv‡L BÈvi‡d_ WvqvjM ïaygvÎ gyLwgwó K_vi VKevRx n‡qB wPwýZ n‡e| †QvU †n‡m e‡j. †mUvI †`L‡Z cv‡e|Õ n‡R¡ †h‡Z n‡j wK ûjy¯’yj Av‡qvRb Ki‡Z nq. KZ RvqMvq KZ †QvUvQywU †eŠ AveviI meyi Kij| Mvwo G‡m `uvovj evm †÷k‡b| †eŠ ejj.

ÔAvgvi Ôbv| Avwg †d‡ikZvi †P‡qI eo. GB †h Avwg nvwÇmvi evjK| K¼vjmvi g„Z‡`n iv¯—vq wPr n‡q exfrm gy‡L AvKvk‡K nvwRi n‡qwQ|Õ †fswP KvU‡Q| Ab¨ GK fq¼i AvZ‡¼ AvZw¼Z ¶zavZ© hyewZ − MZ g½vq `yÕ‡Uv byb-fv‡Zi Rb¨ †bvsiv dwoqvi weQvbvq kixi wewµμ Kivi `ytmn ¯§„wZ WªvBfvi wWw¹ †_‡K my¨U‡Km¸‡jv ev‡m Zz‡j w`‡q g„`y‡n‡m ejj. ÔjveŸv‡qK gv‡b nj Avwg nvwRi| A_©vr †n Avj­−vn&. †Vuv‡U k³ n‡q †P‡c em‡Q †VuvU Avi Nb n‡q Avm‡Q Zvi wbtk¦vm| ÔeyS‡j bv ? Avj­−v‡K avi w`w”Q. ÔAvm‡j wK Rv‡bv ? nvZ a‡i _v‡Kv|Õ e¨emvqxi †Q‡j RvZ-e¨emvqx †Zv Avwg| Dcnv‡ii bv‡g Avwg Avm‡j e¨emv Gevi †eŠ‡qi nvZI AuvK‡o aij ¯^vgxi nvZ. Avwg ewb Av`g| †KvivY c‡o †`L|Õ Zvici ¯^vgx Zvi †mB cyi‡bv cwiwPZ `yówz gfiv †Pv‡L ejj. Zvici `yózwg K‡i ejj. Avevi Zvi mvg‡b KvjbvwMbxi †Qvej Zz‡j Gw`K-Iw`K `yj‡Q|   Abvnvi ÔAvc‡b‡i nvRvi mvjvg mvi| Avc‡b‡i nvRvi nvRvi mvjvg mvi| A¨vg&‡ZB RR©wiZ e„×-e„×v. ÔZzwg GKUv †d‡ikZv|Õ ¯^vgx k³ K‡i †P‡c aij †eŠ‡qi nvZ | Mfxi wbtk¦v‡m ïay ejj. †mBmv‡_ k³ `„p n‡q Avm‡Q Zvi ÔwK‡mi avi ? Kv‡K avi ?Õ wPeyK. Abvnvi RR©wiZ wbi“cvq hyeK| Le‡ii KvM‡R †m-me ax‡i ax‡i gymjgv‡bi †PŠ¶z LyBjv w`e Avj­−vq|Õ co‡Q Avi Qwe †`L‡Q †`‡ki gvbyl wKš‘ wPb‡Z cvi‡Q bv| miKviI wPb‡Z M¤¢xi ¯^‡i †QvU ejj. cÖPzi jvf n‡e †eŠ. eySj wKQy GKUv NU‡Z KiwQ| av‡ii e¨emv − m&m&m&m& . M¨vivwÈW| !Õ `ycy‡i iscy‡i evm †_‡K †b‡g NUN‡U †eweU¨v·x‡Z †P‡c MÖv‡gi c_| ÔAvj­−v‡K avi w`”Q ? ZIev ZIev !Õ we‡K‡j `~i MÖv‡gi KvQvKvwQ Avm‡ZB Kv‡b Gj RbZvi ˆn ˆn| Kv‡Q G‡m †eŠ ÔZIev gv‡b ? Avj­−v †Zv wb‡RB Avgv‡`i‡K †W‡K †W‡K avi Pv‡”Qb !Õ †`Lj `uvwo‡q Av‡Q Pvj-Wvj-Avjy-†cuqvR fwZ© wZb‡U UªvK| Uªv‡Ki Ici ÔAvj­−v †W‡K †W‡K avi Pv‡”Qb ? ZIev ZIev !Õ †_‡K Zi“Y-wK‡kv‡ii `j gnv Drmv‡n ¶zavZ© †jvKR‡bi g‡a¨ weZiY Ki‡Q ÔwK‡mi ZIev †eŠ ? Ly‡j †`L †KvivY kixd -ÒGgb †K Av‡Q †h Avj­−vn‡K Pvj-Wvj Avjy-jeY Avi †cuqvR-gwiP| IobvUv †Kvg‡i Av”Qv K‡i †cuwP‡q †`‡e DËg KR©. kvwiqv wK e‡j 117 ÔKvD‡K VKvBwb| G-eQi hw` Kv‡iv nR¡ Keyj nq †Zv Avgv‡`iB n‡e Bb&kv AvcvgwY| Z`viwK‡Z e¨wZe¨¯— MÖv‡gi gvZeŸi Avi gmwR‡`i Bgvg| fq¼i Avj­−vn&| ILv‡b wM‡q ej‡e jveŸv‡qK&|Õ g½v `ywf©¶ Pj‡Q DËie‡½. wKš‘ G‡Ki ci GK GZ we¯§‡qi av°v †m Avi mvgjv‡Z cvi‡Q bv| ¯^vgx KvMR¸‡jv GKUv GKUv K‡i Lyj‡Q. Zzwg †W‡KQ.. ¶zavi `vD `vD Av¸‡b cy‡o hv‡”Q †KvwU gvbyl| Ôgv‡b wK ?Õ †Pv‡L ïwK‡q hvIqv AkÖ“ wb‡q jywU‡q Nywg‡q Av‡Q nvwÇmvi wkïKb¨v. Avi Avj­−vn Zv‡K wظY eû¸Y †ewk K‡i †`‡eb|Ó Õ gy‡L we›`y we›`y Nvg wb‡q Uªv‡Ki Ic‡i `uvwo‡q Zv‡`i †bÎxZ¡ w`‡”Q cvovi ÔwK ej‡j ? Avevi e‡jv †Zv ??Õ kvwiqv wK e‡j / Avgiv wK Kwi . gvby‡li Ôiscyi|Õ cÖwZ gvby‡li Dcnvi|Õ Ôis−cy−i ?Õ AvuZ‡K DVj †eŠ. Ôn mvi| k¨v‡li Pvjvb wb‡Ri nv‡Z iIbv KivBqv w`wQ ciï|Õ Gme ï‡b igYxq †KŠZ~n‡ji Pv‡c †eŠ‡qi AÁvb nevi Ae¯’v wKš‘ wKš‘ GLb RbZvi ¶zwaZ AvZ©bv` e`‡j n‡q‡Q Drm‡ei wPrKvi| †eŠ gy» ¯^vgx‡K g‡b n‡”Q A‡Pbv| IB ey‡K wK GK Aw¯’i So Pj‡Q Zv Zvi †PvL †Pv‡L †`Lj gvby‡li Avb›`. Ô`vb ?Õ PKPK K‡i DVj ¯^vgxi `yÕ‡PvL − ÔwK‡mi `vb ? Kv‡K `vb ? Avkivdzj Ô†Kv_vq hvw”Q Avgiv ?Õ gvLjyKvZ Iiv. KvD‡K e‡jv bv †hb !Õ hv‡”Q hv Av‡M KL‡bv N‡Uwb| evm Pj‡Q mvfvi cvi n‡q| ¯^vgx nv‡Zi e¨vM Ly‡j Ôav‡ii e¨emv ? GB `ywf©‡¶i †`‡k ?Õ †ei Kij gvm Lv‡bK Av‡Mi wKQy cyi‡bv Le‡ii KvMR| †gvUvgywU GKB Zvwi‡Li we¯§‡q †eŠ‡qi K_v AvU‡K †Mj Mjvq| evK&PvZywi‡Z Avi `yózwg‡Z ¯^vgx GZ¸‡jv KvMR .†eŠ †hb wKQy GKUv ey‡SI eyS‡Z cvi‡Q bv| Avo‡Pv‡L †`Lj Zvi Abb¨.. − Ôiscyi †Kb ? ILv‡b †Zv Avgv‡`i †KD †bB !Õ gy» †eŠ‡qi gyL dm‡K †ewi‡q Gj. I‡`i †KD †bB| Ôme iIbv n‡q †M‡Q wVK g‡Zv ? c‡ii GK jvL UvKviUvI ?Õ cj‡Ki Rb¨ U‡j DVj †eŠ‡qi gv_vi †fZi| WªvBfvi ejj. cvi‡Q bv| Iiv G †`‡ki bq| Iiv cwiZ¨³. †`L‡j eySv hvq| Zvi m`v-`yiš— †KŠZzKgq †PvL `yÕ‡Uv GLb †hb †d«‡g euvav ÔI ! n‡R¡i UvKvq `vb-a¨vb n‡”Q Zvn‡j ?Õ S‡oi Qwe| evm Pjv ïi“ Ki‡j †eŠ ejj. AvcvZZ GKUz K‡ó c‡o‡Q| Avwg †Zv ïay Dcnvi w`w”Q.

†Zvgvi Kó n‡e bv †Zv ?Õ GKUz AvU‡K wbj †hb| Zvici `yÕnvZ †mvRv Ic‡i Zz‡j AvKv‡ki w`‡K gyL Ôbv.. Ô†Kb ? Qwe Zzj‡e bv − Avðh© †g‡qgvbyl Zzwg !Õ ÔRv‡bv. myiv gyh&hvw¤§j AvqvZ 20 Avi AvZ& ZvMveyb Rwg − Ic‡i AevwiZ AvKvk| †Sv‡ci Wv‡j D‡ovDwo Ki‡Q GKUv dwos.. Avi Avj­−vn Zv‡K wظY eû¸Y bv| gvbyl Avevi D‡V `uvov‡e. ivZUv Zvici †eŠ‡qi nvZ †Q‡o †m _g‡K `uvovj| cy‡iv wbtk¦vm ey‡Ki †fZ‡i †U‡b KvUv‡Z n‡e Bgvg ev gvZe‡ii evmvq.. gyL w`‡q †eŠ gb w`‡q ïbj. dmj djv‡e.. !!Õ Ô†kvb| gb w`‡q †kvb|Õ †eŠ‡qi †fZiUv †Ku‡c D‡V †PvL w`‡q Mwo‡q coj AkÖ“aviv. − GZ gb w`‡q †m †Kvbw`bB Kv‡iv K_v †kv‡bwb| Aù~U¯^‡i †ei nj − ÒjveŸv‡qK ! jveŸv‡qK !!Ó Akixix GK `„pK‡É ¯^vgx wdmwdm K‡i DVj − ÔAvgv‡`i N‡i `vbvcvwb _vKv ch©š— gvby‡li ev”Pv‡K bv †L‡q gi‡Z †`e bv Avwg|Õ my`~i cwð‡g w`Mš—we¯—„Z gi“‡K‡›`ª ZLb Kvev kix‡di Pviav‡i Rj`g‡›`ª K_v¸‡jv †hb †eŠ-Gi Kj&‡Ri †fZ‡i Xy‡K †Mj − wkD‡i KuvUv w`‡q aŸwbZ-cÖwZaŸwbZ n‡”Q j¶ K‡Éi AvKzwZ − ÒjveŸv‡qK . Avgvi †`Lv‡`wL A‡b¨ivI wKQy cvVv‡”Q|Õ n‡R jBqv hvgy|Ó wØavMÖ¯— †QvÆ †evbUv wK †hb fvej| Zvici wdmwdm K‡i ÔAvgvi wKQy Mqbv Av‡Q| Zv †_‡K wKQy bvnq . Qwe K¨vb&‡mj| hv †nvK. me RvqMvq ejv `iKvi| XvKvq wd‡i my`„p KwVb c`‡¶‡c ¯^vgx P‡j †Mj Uªv‡Ki Kv‡Q| mvg‡b ay-ay Liv eܨv c‡o †`‡Lv myiv nv`x` AvqvZ 11. Qwe Zzj‡e bv|Õ `yÕ‡Pv‡L R¡j‡Q nvRvi †RvbvwK| †mB †PvL †eŠ‡qi `yÕ‡Pv‡L †Mu‡_ ¯^vgx ejj. hw` †Zvgiv Avj­−vn‡K DËg FY `vI gvwU‡Z †NvivNywi Ki‡Q bvgnxb `yÕ‡Uv †cvKv Avi cvk w`‡q Qy‡U hv‡”Q GK`j wZwb †Zvgv‡`i Rb¨ Zv wظY K‡i †`‡eb|Ó GB `k Uªv‡Ki avi w`w”Q.g‡b g‡b Avevi ¯^vgxM‡e© Miwebx nj †m| †QvU‡K †`‡L Qy‡U Gj gvZei Avi Bgvg. A‡bK K_v nj Zv‡`i g‡a¨| †eŠ gy» †Pv‡L †eŠ Kíbvq †`Lj Gqvi‡cv‡U© `ya-is aea‡e mv`v Kvc‡o nvRvi nvRvi †`L‡Z jvMj gvby‡li Avb›`| ¶zav‡Z©i gy‡L Abœ Zz‡j †`evi g‡Zv Avb›` Avbw›`Z nR¡hvÎx û‡ovûwo K‡i †c­−‡b DV‡Q Avi eyKfiv Z…w߇Z ej‡Q ïKzi Av‡Q ? ¶zav‡Z©i gy‡L Abœ Zz‡j †`evi g‡Zv Bev`Z Av‡Q ? w`M‡š— ZLb m~h© Avj& nvg`ywjj­−vn !! Iw`‡K `~‡i `uvwo‡q †QvÆ `yÕ‡Uv ¶zavZ© fvB-†evb nvZ WyeyWyey. Kó n‡e †Kb|Õ Zz‡j me©kw³‡Z wPrKvi K‡i DVj − ÔjveŸv‡qK . mvg‡b eQ‡ii ?Õ eywKs Avwg w`‡qB G‡mwQ|Õ Ôejv `iKvi.. bexRx e‡j‡Qb hvi cÖwZ‡ekx bv †L‡q _v‡K †m gymjgvb bq| †h ÔG-me Qwe ZvivB †Zv‡j hviv cwÎKvq Qv‡c cÖPv‡ii Rb¨| Qwe Zzj‡j gymjgvbB bq Zvi Avevi nR¡ wK ?Õ †ZvgviI †mB B‡”Q n‡e|Õ ÔZ_v¯‘| cÖPv‡ii RÄvj Avgv‡`i `iKvi †bB. Ôg½v wdÕeQi _vK‡e kvwiqv wK e‡j / Avgiv wK Kwi . Avevi `yÕ‡ejv `yÕgy‡Vv †L‡qc‡i †ewk K‡i †`‡ebÓ − myiv evKviv 245| fvjB _vK‡e| ZLb Avevi Avgiv nR¡ Ki‡Z hve|Õ ÔwK Avðh© !! GB `ywf©‡¶i mg‡q †KD †Kviv‡Yi G-K_v †`‡ki mevB‡K e‡j bv †Kb ÔÔwbðqB. †iwWI-wUwf-Le‡ii KvMR. L~e fv‡jv n‡e| GB bv n‡j Avgvi †eŠ ! Ab¨ UªvK¸‡jv Ab¨vb¨ MÖv‡g †M‡Q cj‡Ki Rb¨ AveviI Zvi gv_vUv U‡j DVj| − Kvj Avgiv †mme RvqMvq hve| Avwg PvB Avgvi †eŠ wb‡Ri nv‡Z Lvevi we‡jv‡e Avi ev”Pv‡`i †Kv‡j ewm‡q gy‡L Zz‡j LvIqv‡e| K¨v‡giv G‡bwQ. kvwiqv wK e‡j 118 ÒGgb †K Av‡Q †h Avj­−vn‡K †`‡e DËg KR©. †Zvgvi gvqvgq cÖvgevsjvi cÖv‡š— †b‡g Avm‡Q MÖvgevsjvi gvqvgq mܨv| PgK fvOj ev”Pv-LvIqv‡bvi Qwe Zzje|Õ hLb †cQb †_‡K ¯^vgx G‡m Zvi nvZ aij| †eŠ †PvL Zz‡j †`Lj ¯^vgxi Ôbv.. g›` gš’‡i mܨv bvg‡Q| PgK fvOj hLb ¯^vgx G‡m ejj t aivawi K‡i Ki“Y †Pv‡L Zv †`L‡Q| fvBUv Av‡¯— K‡i ejj − Ôeo nBqv ZÕ‡i ÔRv‡bv. Bb&kv Avj­−vn&| n‡R¡i †Zv weKí †bB. AvqvZ 17 − ÒAvj­−vn‡K DËg FY `vI .|Õ †hb wb‡R‡KB cÖkœ Kij − ÒIBnv‡b fvZ Av‡Q ?Ó ÔAv”Qv. Aek¨B.. !!Ó DVj Zvi kixi| ¯^vgxi nvZ a‡i wdmwdm K‡i ejj.. †ivR nvk‡i wcuc‡o| wK †hb wK wb‡q Iiv mevB Lye e¨¯—| wek Uªv‡KiI †ewk mIqve cve| Zvi meUvB †Zvgv‡K w`‡q †`e hvI !Õ †Kvbw`b wK †Kvb wcuc‡o bv †L‡q g‡i‡Q ? †Kvb dwos ev †cvKv ? †n‡m †djj †eŠ .

kvwiqv wK e‡j 119  ******************************************* Òhvnviv Avgvi AvqvZmg~n‡K wg_¨v cÖwZcbœ Kwiqv‡Q Avwg Zvnvw`M‡K µμgvš^‡q cvKovI Kwie Ggb RvqMv nB‡Z hvnv Zvnviv aviYvI Kwi‡Z cvwi‡e bvÓ (Avj& Avivd 182)| kvwiqv wK e‡j / Avgiv wK Kwi .