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HomeDocumentsEstimate Guidelines

COST ESTIMATE GUIDELINES AND REFERENCESHow to Avoid Bidding ErrorsA. Read thoroughly
plans, specifications, and general conditions of contract, addendums, and invitation to bid. Study carefully the
following terms and conditions.1. Bid bond – 5% to 10% Cash or manager’s check2. Time of completion –
number of working days or calendar days3. Performance bond – all risk insurance 10% to 20% of contract.a.
Work Guarantee Bond – 20% to 30% of contract4. Construction Bond for Residential – Subdivision
Requirements5. City Tax or Contractor’s Tax6. Contractor’s insurance – Verify approved insurance company7.
Liquidated damages for 1% of 10% of bid8. Price Escalation/ Time Extension9. Revisions, changes, extra
works10. Last minute addendums, bid bulletins, time and date of the bid submission11. Owner-supplied
materials12. Terms of Payments – Check Dpayments13. Permits Construction Permits (Architectural,
Structural, Plumbing, Mechanical & ElectricalOccupancy Permits Demolition & sidewalk Permits
City tax new codes14. Building Code Requirements/Boundaries 1

B. Look for confusing requirements or any discrepancies in plans and specifications. Refer to architect and
owner in writing ( black & white)C. Look for notations on plans – general scope of work, changes,
alterations, impossible requirements, Building code requirementsD. Evaluate & study carefully specifications1.
Make list of trades, brand, type that can fulfill the contract2. Subdivide each trade list if needed3. Ask
quotations from subcontractors4. Electrical, plumbing and mechanical if required. Make sure you know the
subcontractor suppose to quote on you. Set forms to avoid gaps and mistakes E. Set procedures for preparing
bids1. Plan the bid like a project with checklist, target date and project checklist2. Check if bid required
itemized cost breakdown/ unit cost of materials. F. Check and double check take-off estimate. It might
have been overlooked. Spot check subcontractor proposals if complete. Take note of scope of works. Verify
items not included, unit cost of materials.G. Site inspections – Verify thoroughly the following conditions.1.

Existing facilities to be demolished – wood, concrete steel.2. Hauling In/ Out of matls– Disposal of debris.
Location. Tools and Equipment to be Used3. Sources of Materials – Verify materials unit cost of nearby
suppliers. Major materials from existing supplier and minor materials from new supplier. Verify terms of
payment. Prepare materials checklist. Always check Current Cost of materials, prepare checklist.2

4. Geographical conditions of site. Slopes, verify on plans, if backfilling is required. Check if adobe, soil of
backfill. Note depth of excavation requires. Hauling in/out of backfilling, Dumping of debris from site.5. Ideal
location of bunkhouse, temporary warehouse or storage. Temporary utilities. Dumping of materials to
site must not have conflict with the layout of proposed building.6. Sources of manpower, technical expertise,
tools and equipment7. Temporary facilities- power, water, telephone8. Future tapping of the following:- Power-
Water- Telephones- Sewer and DrainageVerify if in conformity with the plans. Check utility company
requirements. Project Study. Roads, sidewalks to be demolished. Permits and payments.Deposits c/o
OwnerH. Use the “RULE OF THUMB” method. Check the most contentious items of bid. Recheck
addition of subcontractors.I. Analyze the bid even if it is not successful. Update cost of materials.
Check file records and other historical data. Get result of bidding and prepare feedback for future
references.J. Major error in bid. Determine whether or not to continue work on the project. Determine if you
are willing to live with the error. Know the bid of other contractor.K. Take note of indirect cost, VAT and
other government taxes and requirements. Subdivision requirements, construction bonds, insurance, city
tax, performance bond.3

L. You may wish to withdraw the bid.Reminders before EstimatingA. Read first plans, specifications and
general conditions of contract to familiarize yourself with the general scope of works.B. Spot check
nebulous requirements if available in local market. Verify if imported, suppliers, type of materialsC. Rough
estimate to try. It must be 30-50% of what might be the ultimate cost.D. Preliminary estimate. Unit cost
obtained from past project. Recheck verify current unit cost.E. Always use the rule of thumb in the final
estimateF. RE-check your estimate. Let someone do it. Spot check multiplications and additions of
subtotalG. Ask for quotations of suppliers or subcontractors of specialty worksH. Use different techniques in
estimate1. By volume method2. BY area method – sq. m.3. By direct countBe systematic. Breakdown
estimate or use the area method. Schedule organized breakdown.I. Begin estimate with fresh mind.
Difficult items first, easy items like addition of total cost can be done when you are tiredJ. Always use your
imagination, observation, take note of items lacking or errors in plans and specifications. Do not leave
items. Immediately look for unforeseen requirements before continuing to other portion.4
Estimate ChecklistA. Site Development/General Requirements1. Mobilization/Temporary facilitiesa. Temporary
Fence – Total linear meter Sawali 4’ x 5’ or GI sheets  Coco lumber – 2x3/2x4 C.W. nails Check if
corr. GI sheet temp. fence2. ID / Uniforms/ Biodatas3. Workers Quarters – Verify number of workersa.
Temporary Field Office  Plywood 2 x 4 lumbers Roofing G.I. sheets or Lona – 20’ x 40’ Emergency
Kit Drums Tools and Equipment b. Temporary Power, Water and Telephone – Cost of utilities
during construction. Contractor or OwnerB.1 Checklist Temporary Power (Residential Only) Description Qty
Unit Unit CostRSC pipe ½ x 10’ 1 PieceEntrance Cup ½ 1 PieceRSC Conduit NippleSafety Switch 60 A 2p
1dia 1 SetTHW wire # 12 (5.5 mm²) 1 RollElectric Tape (big) 1 RollOne way switch 2 PieceDuplex
Convenience Outlet 2 Piece5
Fluorescent 40 w 2 PieceMeter base 1 Set4 X 4 X 8’ coco lumber or equal1 Piece B.2 Temporary
Toilet/Waterlines/SewerDescription Qty Unit Unit CostPVC pipe 3”ρ x 10’2 PiecesPVC wye 3 x 3 3
PiecesPVC bend 4 PiecesPVC bend 2 PiecesPVC Cement 100 cc 1 QrtG.I. pipe ½ x 20’ 2 PiecesG.I. tee ½ 4
PiecesG.I. Elbow ½ 4 PiecesTaplon Tape 3 RollsFlush Type Water Closet 1 SetDrums 3 SetWater Hose ¾” x 15
lmB.3 Checklist of tools and equipment to be used Concrete Mixer (1 bugger) Bar Cutter/Circular Cutter

or Hacksaw Blade Shovel Pick Mattock Leveling Hose Bareta/Pointed bar Angle Grinder
Vibrator Compactor Plastic ContainerB.4 Manpower Transportation/Cash Advance for MobilizationB.5
Temporary Bunkhouse for Workers and Storage of MaterialsB. Siteworks1. Demolition of Existing Structure2.
Hauling out/in6
Verify the following:a. Slab, beams, footing, etc.b. Materials that can be utilized – wood/steel/doors/etc.c.
Hauling out of usable materials and debris (labor+delivery charges) – location of disposald. Storage of
usable materials 3. Clearing and Grubbing – 3.00 m around building a. Uprooting of trees and shrubsb. Soil
stripping if required4. Sheet Piling – Verify adjacent existing structuresa. Near creek, beside high-rise building,
etcb. Piles to be used – Concrete pre-cast, steel or apitong lumber – 2 x 10 x 12’ for property walls 5.
Verification of monuments, lot boundaries, slopes and topographical conditions. Prepare fixed reference
above the street level, building elevations.- Check if soil test is required for 4 storey buildings up.6.
Excavationa. Manuallyb. By machine – Calculate number of hours requiredVerify Soil
Conditions7.Earthfill/Backfilling worksDescription Qty Unit Unit CostSoil Cu.m. 150Adobe Cu.m. 2007
a. Backfill – Excavated portion of footing, wall footingb. Earthfill – Slope of existing lot– Elevations of
Proposed finished flooring from street line or other reference point.c. Type of filling materials Dump truck Or
Ten Wheeler Truckd. Tamping by Manual or MachineFormula: LOOSE VOLUME or VL =Length x
Width x DepthCompact Volume in Place or VC = VL + 25%Hauling In of Backfill Materials* Depending on the
type of Backfill – escombro, soil, and lastillas?8. Gravel Fill a. 0.05 m thickness below slab on fill and
footingb. G.I. gravel or ¾” gravelTOTAL AREA OF SLAB = Length x Width x .05 m = Total Volume of
Gravel Fill 9. Soil Poisoning – For application before pouring of footing and slaba. Type of Soil Poison –
Lentrex/Chlordane or F3D14 Description Qty Unit Unit CostEscombro T/L*Banda’y Banda or Lastillas
T/L*Garden Soil for landscape/ Ordinary soilDescription Capacity (soil)Unit Unit Cost6 wheeler truck 4-6
cu.m T/L10 wheeler or dump truck12-16 cu.m T/LDescription Capacity (soil)Unit Unit Cost6 wheeler truck
4-6 cu.m Per cu.m.10 wheeler or dump truck12-16 cu.m8
10. Polyethylene Sheet under slab on fill – for Ground floor S lab0.006 Thickness Polyethylene sheet
approximately 9 kgs/sq.m. Specially for narra parquet and vinyl tile floor finishReference Checklist:
Foundationa. Soil Bearing Capacity1,500 – 2,000 psf (pounds per sq. ft.) Most commonly used
assumptions at city engineer’s office3,000 to 4,000 psf - if adobe or hard soil depending on soil test
done by geotechnical Engineers b. Soil Test – For high rise building (Boring Test)Cost P15,000 –
P20,000.00 per hole depending on the requirement of structural engineerc. Seismic Analysis if required
11. Other Outside Building Development Checklista. Fence – Verify height and total lengthb. Special Fence
for Slope Area – shear wall with perforated pipes ( verify detail)c. Concrete curb and gutter, roads,
walk, sidewalk d. Parking Areae. Rip rapping if requiredf. Water Tank/Genset Rooms/other base foundationsg.
Landscaping 9
Note: Provide during construction permanent benchmark for elevation references.C. Concreting
WorksChecklist – check strength required2,500 psi slab on fill3,500psi to 4000 psi for footing/
column/beam/slab/residential for high rise building1. Manual or concrete mixer – Actual Site conditions if 2 –
storey building2. Ready Mixed Concrete – for high rise buildinga. Interval of Delivery of Truck - 30 to 45
minutesb. Capacity of One truck – 4 to 6 cu. mts.c. Retarder or additives fast curing if requiredd. Verification of
scaffolding work before pouring-safety precautions e. Dumping of excess cement if necessaryf. Emergency
Scaffolding/tools and equipment Checklist of Concrete Works for Estimatea. Footing, wall footing, footing tie
beamb. Columns per floor schedulec. Last Floor to roof or deckd. Shear Walls e. Concrete stairsf. Floor Beams
and Girder – per floorg. Suspended slabh. Parapet walls and canopyi. Elevator shaftj. Slab on fill (includes
driveways and walksk. Cistern Tank and Septic tank10
l. Kitchen and Lavatory counterm. Lintel beam for doors and windowsn. Electrical and Plumbing lines
embedded in concrete, pullboxes and catch basinso. Concrete Curb and gutterp. Fence/electric postq. Others as
per plan- Computations shall be scheduled systematically to above items not included in the estimate.
Itemized per floor-Volume = Length x Width x DepthNote : To include all portion below natural grade line

capacity of truck 4 – 6.50 m40’ 12.40 m 3AA 3.mCement = 35.50 per board foot3. etc. 10mmd.000 For residential onlyIntermediate Grade (Grade 40)Grade 27528.W.88 or 1.cm) .042 40. for vertical lateral ties and braces2 x 6 .000 63.20 x 2.000 39.00 m3 x .84 m 3B 2.42 m 3. Ft.W. PLYWOOD . of box50 bd. avoid lumber at center2 x 3/2x4 .00 m3 x 9.500 psi (176 kgs/sq. ceiling joist.82 m 3A 3000 psi(regular –211 kgs/sq.E.40 m3Note: Use only Local Brand Cement – Portland cementBrand : Dragon.41 m 3.40) x height = sq. Verify to supplier.W.00m³CementGravel/ SandS-1 .80 60. column.452 33.000 For high-rise buildingStandard Length of BarsFeet Meter Most commonly used available in hardware 6.5 to15.00 m Special Length.m.40 + . As per plan REBARS DESIGNATIONAmerican Society for Testing Materials (ASTM)Philippine StandardYield Point StrengthTensile StrengthUsageKgs/ mm2Psi Kgs/ mm2PsiStructural Grade Grade 23024.500 psi (special) 1:2:4 ½ 10 bags . Concrete Nails – 3 “ & 4” for CHB filing guide.Capacity of Truck1 bag of cement = 1 cubic footNote: pump cute interval of delivery of concrete every 30 min.40 m 3.50 per bd.50 to 7. concrete walls ceiling joist and cabinet frames. Estimate first total concrete volume as per guidelines.Coco lumber supplier – to order coconut bark.(footing.95 70.15) x height = sq. Assorted C.20 + .680 pcs Forms Plywood4D 1 ½” 705 pcs Forms plywood6D 2” 380 pcs T & G flooring8D 2 ½” 260 pcs Ceiling joist10 D 3” 120 pcs Trusses/Rafters20 D 4” 55 pcs Floor JoistFinishing nailsSize Usage1” ceiling1 ½ “ T & G flooring2” Cabinet frames5.Beam Example 3 sides(.00 m3 x .(jan ’06)2. NailsC.50 m30’ 9.42 Plywood Size of Plywood Required Note : Check if you can use it again if building is large. Formworks1.W. and Island CementGet one (1) concrete sample for every 10.42 m3= 14.44 m 3.If steel scaffolding is to be used check rental per day of steel accessories.84 m3= 29.for beam support and footingcost of coco lumber 12.800 to 2. Quantity depends on the actual requirementsNAILS CHARTCW Nails Pieces per kilo Usage2D 1” 1.000 bd. walls.40  = 29.Use 3/8” to ½” plywood.m. depth)Estimate References for Concrete WorksRatio : 1 part cement 2 part sand 3-part gravelCompressive Strength of Concrete = Fc’ Psi. = Nos. Steel Reinforcement/BarsSteel forms – rental per piece /day.. Ft.0 m3= 315  = 315 bagsSand = 35.00 cu.000 48.cm. 20mmd.22 90.500 bd. Mts.for plastering/toppingConcrete MixedDescription Capacity (bags) Cost6 wheeler truck 100-200 bags10 wheeler or dump truck 500 bagsDescription Capacity Unit Cost6 wheeler truck 2-4 m310 wheeler or dump truck 12-14 m312 For one bag of Cement = 40 kgs (weight)GravelG – 1 ¾ “ to 1 ½” gravel for foundationsSlab on fill¾ gravel – 3/8 to 3/14” for all structural members verify if crushed gravel or washed gravelD.20 + . nails 4”For scaffoldingsCommercial Sizes1 box = 20-25 kgs (small)1 box = 30-38 kgs ( large)13 Estimate Guide : 1 kilo per 50 board foot or lumber QTY = Total board foot / 50 = N o s. etc. See checklist for concrete works.Ten-wheeler -4. Slab = Length x Width = Sq. Ft.77 55. -1.50 m 31. 25 or 38 kgs/box4. use good lumber for scaffolding. Formoil – Normally to use USED oil – Quantity approximate. of kilos / 25 = No. Northern Cement.Cost of cocol umber 6. nails 3”C.Column Example: 4 sides or Perimeter(. Estimate form lumber using 2x3/2x4/2x6 coco lumber per total volume of concrete to be used.00m) – 9mmd.00 m15 20’ (6.000 Depend on structural designGrade 60 Grade 41041.ready mixed concrete1:2:3 11 bags .0 m 3Example :3.for concreting worksWhite Sand . 25mmdCommercial Sizes of RebarsNominal Diameters(metric)Designation(English)Unit weight per meter(Kilos per meter)Cross Sectional . Columns/Beams/slabs as per plan. 12mmd20’ and above – 16mmd.cm) 1:2 ½:5 8 bags .Summarize all required formworksTotal Contact Surface in Sq.Pounds per square inchClass Fc’@28 days Ratio Cement Sand GravelAAA 4000 psi (281 kgs/sq. to be used later for rafters.87 m 311 For estimate use. per 15 sq. mts.00 m35’ 10.Note : For residential. Small buildings assume as per estimate. Ft.00m20’ 6.)1:2:4 9 bags . mts. of concrete during pouring of concrete on 12” concrete cylinder for testing of strength as required for occupancy permit.000 to 5. nails 1 ½ “C. of Pieces 14area required for formsaarea required for formsa 2. 1 ltr.15 + . Normal coco lumber requirements150 board feet per cubic meter of concrete1 truckload of coco lumber – Elf.W.m. per order to supplier26’ 7. purlins. nails 2”C.40 + . Normal market/commercialize of ¼ is too thinSolve for Contact Surfaces.7  = 15 m3Gravel = 35.000 psi = Total Volume ( Concrete per computations) = 35 cu.

0= 12. M.52: say 8. vertical barsAssume : 4. Steel Trusses. quotation per suppliersRebars substitutionSay 12-16 Ø To 20 mm Ø Reinforcement/Rebars DataHow to Determine Bar Splicing LengthType Minimum Splice Length1.1216 mm (standard) 5/8 # 5 1.25 LM per sq.04 = 9.Horizontal  every third layerGI wires Kilos per sq.04 Example : Total Area of CHB walls – 230 m2 x 0.10 3 @ 0. Plaster Board –. 0.6.m.m.466 0. GROSS AREAA-1 LESS (A-2+ A-3)= SQ. etc.00 m: standard length of bars= 148.50 LM--------------------------. Floor ToppingMortar Per cu. Angular BarsTop and bottom chordsWeb MembersCross BracingTurnbucklesBaseplate (Thickness)Bolts and nutsSag rodHanger or support for ceiling with boltsWelding rodOxygen AcetyleneC Purlins 2 x 4/ 2 x 6 1. = NET TOTAL AREAFORMULAS1 cubic foot 0. Requirement for waterproofingSahara Compound – 1 pack per bag of cement for plastering of firewallsb.80 cu. Volume Sand UsageClass A 1:2* 16 bags/cu.0 = 189.area insq Inch8 mm Substandard Commercial Sizes9 mm (2. 4” chb = 88 bags cement-----------------------2588 bags x 0.0 X 4. m.05 2 @ 0. Foot1. x 4.1112 mm (standard) ½ # 4 0.60 X 1. X 6.60A-1 LESS (A-2 + A-3) = 12.MA-2 = 1. wire Masonry works Ga # 16Tie Wire 10” to 12“ length.576 x 6.00 bars20 x 1. tiles. Rust Proofingf. wire # 16 d.3.m. Masonry Works17 Estimating CHB walls4” chb – interior chb partition6” chb – exterior chb partition for buildings5” chb – exterior chb partition for residential Example : A1 = L X H= SQ.60 m.313Example:20 pcs – 16 mm dia.25 lm= 892. etc. or 10 kilos of G.854 0.I.Sand 0.000 kilos1 kilo of wire = + 53 linear meter1 roll = 35-40 kilograms or current commercial kilos per roll = 38 kgs/roll c. Compression Bars 20 x bar size + 150 mmExample : Column 20 mm = 20 x 20 mm + 150 mm Compression = 550 mm or .80 m vertical bars6” chb 12 mm diameter at every third layer horizontal bars12 mm diameter at 0.92 A-2 + A-3 = 3.200 pcs. o. nuts and washersEaves ventilation – wood slots with US Aluminum ScreenTension Rod and Sag RodsSpecial Trusses – Fabricated for Low Cost .888 0.3 kgs)10 mm (standard) 3/8 # 3 0. mts per bagExample:18 Say.c.3. of chbSay : 210 sq. m.x 6.55 mNO FOOTING SHALL REST ON FILLING MATERIALS“Y” – spacing of bars 1 @ 0. Floor Toppinga. Checklist per planTop Chord/ Bottom ChordWeb Members/ Collar Plate/ StrutsWood Plate20 GirtersFascia Board – Tanguile KD S4SWood BracesPurlinsMachine Bolts. wire # 16. CHB PlasteringRatio 1: 2 or 1 part cement to 2 part sandCement½ .89 cu. mts – 0.80 m. wire # 16a.40 SQ.¾ “ thk plastering0.50= 200 bags cement200 x 0. Always verify if roof framing is correct/ economical.579 0.0 SQ. CHB FillerRatio 1: 3 or 1 part cement to 3 parts sandCement Sand4 “ chb 25 pcs. finishing works. 0. Verify details as per plan.20 m on centerF.00. Feet1 bag of cement 1 cu.0 m def bars 6. 200 sq. Rebars for CHB4” chb 10 mm diameter at every 3rd layer horizontal bars10 mm diameter at 0.057 cu. G.5 mm thicknessAngular bars for fascia board connection* Preferable to get quotation from qualified subcontractorWooden Trusses. Assume 5 sq.00 cu. Type of trussesSteel trussesOpen Web Rigid Frame Built Up2.10 = 1.m.1. Included in rebars wire computation (see checklist) 7. NET AREAA-1 = 3.20 Take note of portion below grade line= 1.0285 cu. Tension Bars 25 x bar size +150 mm2.m For topping over slab to level flooring after pouring*1:2 Ratio 1 part cement for every 2 part sand** 1:3 Ratio 1 part cement for every 3 part sand 5.I. wires for CHB walls4” chb . Post Tensioning – per plan special Construction.0855 m3 per bag cement6 ” chb 20 pieces per bagExample:2. OF ROLLS25 – 30 kilos per roll (Check commercial weight to supplier)b. Estimate thru Rebars20 kilos of G.m. Checklist for Estimate per Plan. sand 2.616 0.To get quantity of G.I. Firewalls/ Toilets.4425 mm (standard) 1” # 8 3. Welding Rodse. Per bag 0. 19 say 150 pieces – 10 mm dia. 700-1000 psi Locally available special chbNote : Verify delivery cost within Metro Manila or outside Metro Manila 4. mts1 cubic meters 35. wire per metric tons1 metric ton = 10. through use of Concrete Volume2 kilograms per cu. mts.057 = 11.4 says. G. G.3120 mm (standard) ¾ # 6 2.10” length of tie wires5” or 6 “chb .I. CHB Type/ StrengthNLB or non load bearing 400-500 psi Available in local marketLB or Load Bearing (Jackbuilt). For topping.0855 = 7. 12 cu.12” length of tie wiresSpacing of rebars16 Vertical  @ 0.80 X 2.15 rest @ 0.m .83332 mm (standard) 1 ¼ # 10 6.2 kilos.68A-3 = 0.50 bags per sq.28 cu. M.m.60 = 8. M.I.Class B 1:3** 12 bags/ cu. of concrete = NO. m x 2: both face--------------------------------0.I.75 pieces. meters per gallons for floor toppingG.46 kgs.7928 mm (standard) 1 1/8 # 9 4.

steel casement windows (casement or awning type)1/8” x 7/8” or ¾” T & 2 mild steel section1/8” thick clear or smoked glass12mm square bar grilles with or with out design or as specifiedaluminum screen if with u frame or detachedA= L x H= area in m² x 10.70 side lapped 2 ½ “ or 2 corr.3785 0. Lead Washer . Silicon SealantFor Color roof – Verify type to be used.Always estimate as per actual plan.80 14%0.42. of bladesSingle controlStandard heightIn metersWidthMinimum of 0. mts x 35. Valley gutter. Kd/aluminum. accordion door1. x 0. Plain GI sheet Ga.915 m x 2.50/m² Rib type Banaue type Others per brochures or specifications I. metal louver door for pump room.40 4%0. G. Others per plan. Roofing WorksOrdinary Corrugated GI sheet Ga. KD panel door solid core 1-3/4 thick per plan6.kilosc.30 meters – standard overlap21 1 1 . GI rivets ¼ x 3/16e. electrical etc. Silicon Sealant Per tubed.53318 1. Verify type of roofing as per plan Tegula – 11.610 m X 2.91011 1. # 26 x 8’ -Standard Gutter. Flush type doors 1.90 18%1. Tek Screw (Metal Screw) 12 pcs per sq mb. Hollow core both face narra4.500 per trip.55 7%0.08013 1. Windows as per plan1.76 = area in ft²24 Jalousie Windows SpecificationsHoover alloy 6063-T-5 Anodized natural Anodized natural color lever type operator with 7/32” clear glass 4” bladeStandardNo. Red Oxide or red lead primerj. Window casing if required on plans(wood or concrete)P.00 – 2. within Metro Manila or outside Metro ManilaOrder roofing one month in advance. GI strap Ga # 26f.Cu.3/4” thick or height per plan1. wooden accordion26 . ft.000. Standard Sizes BrochuresType 1 – Rib type long span . Verify if outside gutter or inside gutter6.40 mm X 0. 0. Muriatic Acid22 h. aluminum frame windows (sliding or fixed)verify if anodized (white). Touch Up Painte.5667 0. mts.610 m X 2. 0.ft x 0.97823 1.7. FormulasA2 = c2 – b223 B2 = c2 – a2 C2 = a2 + b2Roofing by area methoda. To include fascia board for estimate.0833 Cu.80 m4 0. GI washer ( medium or thick).44 Capping/FlashingAccessoriesa. 1 ¼” louver door for toilets tang. Verify if the window jambs are required2.Cu.50 6%0. = 18’ 2 pcs. Checklist on type of windows to be usedK.40 mm X 0.040 m X ___ LM Rib Type roofb. Wood preservatives –solignum or black coal4. GI roof nails 3 ½ “ .Verify if operator type. Accessoriesa.8.40 mm X 0.10 feet-do.I.00 21%b.0012 1.71020 1. mts. analok (brown) or powder coated25 7/32” or ¼” thick glass bronze or clear glass green or blueweather strip vinyl (mohair)N.44 S type gutterc.610 m X 2.80021 1. # 26 x 32” x 8’ standard. Roof Cement ( Vulcanized)i.70 11%0.Gang nail/OthersTo get board foot of lumberExample:1 pc 2 x 3 x 162 x 3 x 16121 pc 8 bf/pc8 bf5 pcs 2 x 5 x 142 x 5 x 141211. Vulcaseal – gallonTake note of delivery charge – Around P 2. Tang.8317 x 10-2Cu. X 2 side= 34 pieces Ga# 26 x 32 x 10’ Corr GI sheet 5.44 V type gutter – valleyd. Doors and JambsA1.5 x 2 x 14123.4666 0.35516 1. Hollow core 1 face marine3. say 17 pcs. Solve for flashing and counter flashing for firewalls and parapet. Blind Rivetsc.82210 0. 0.76= ft²M.Special Gutter ( Spanish type) 4. Narra panel floor solid core 1- 3/4” thick per plan1.33 bf6 pcs 1 ½ x 2 x 141.9 feet-do.Jalousies with steel grilles or aluminum. Determine total flat area requiredL x W + pitch factor solve for linear feet requiredRoof pitch Add to total flat area(Height) meters (Percent)0. gutter Ga. Hollow core ordinary both face2.# 16Standard Market Sizes WidthStandard LengthCorr.7339 0. Delivery is 2 – 3 weeks after order and payment.7.060Note: verify of aluminum screen for windows is included in contractL.kilosb.Grilles with or without design normally grilles shall be 10mm square bar (3/8”) or 12 mm square bars (1/2”) To compute: L x W= area in m² x 10.26615 1.17814 1. Ask for quotation of supplier. Verify actual plan.02832 Cu.44 Ridge rolle.6448 0.62219 1.44417 1. 0. ft x 2.40 m.50 bf / pc x 6 pcs21 bfConversion FactorsCu.32 2%0. most common for residentialChecklistGa. ft. French type windows(wood or steel)7/32”thick glass hingesspeciallocks and boltsO.kilod.. door.88822 1. Jalousie windows 7/32” thk clear or smoked glass.8 feet-do. Nicolite Barg. Other special type windows(local or imported)I.Bf ft. Hollow core with glass for kitchen5. Ridge Rolls x 8’5.45 5%0. Door casings per plan/ mouldings 1x 5 / 1 x 63. GI sheet Ga # 26 x 32” Standard 7 feet-do. H.314 Cu.= 16.60 8%0.40 mm x 0. # 26 (Thickness)Width Lengtha. Door jambs – 4” – 2” x 6” yakal or quijo2.12 feet 0.40 mm X 1. metal with or with out plates GA # 142. 0.10’ length2.3. 5 0 0.66 bf x 6 pcs58.

b. handles and pulls roller catches an magnetic catches4. length maximum or 60 feet2.G.934CWNFacia BD 1000 bf9.40 /GA # 0.914x_______2. 2x3 / 2x4 Runner 3. Machine bolts with nuts and washer 3. foot bolts / head bolts10. special doors for vaultsB. architectural Glass c. nailsUsage Unit Required kilosSize Kind Floor joist 1000 bf10.w.60 x 1. metal clad doors14. door track and hanger set4. aluminum doors1. Special Walls . asphalt (hard) 30kgs. Wood Filler and Paints D. Plywood 2. WOODeN STAIRS 1. corbel.brass or non slip/ carborandum2.c.342 ½fV/H studs 1000 10. closet/cabinets. sliding doors/windows per design12.402”x2” 12bf/sheet 15bf/sheet 18 bf2”x3” 18bf/sheet 22bf/sheet 27bf2”x4” 24bf/sheet 30bf/sheet 36 bfE." to 3" special design 7. door closer6. Drawer locks / bolt6. Cabinet louver door d. Splashboard 4" to 6" A. Accessories1. C. sisalation or aluminum foil2.33bf/m²2” x 10” 26. Carpentry worksA. plate by direct countM. Secret drawer E. Cover lights ½ " .> 7. stair nosing. roll-up door1.b. KITCHEN COUNTERS PER DESIGN 1. T and G or S-cut for ceiling 9. 2 x 4 – 12bf/m²C. HANGING CABINETS 1.40mm x 0.H. Concrete Nails 5. barrel bolts9. Tiles inside counter white 30 2. Hardwares - drawer slides / handles / hinges 3.8 m²/kgs. membrane3. Formica top / Adhesives f. master keys for buildings 2 sets8. Ceiling niouldings size Per plan ¼ Ordinary .43 2 ½ CWN31 bfRafters/Purlins 1000 bf18. railing for stairsK. Exterior Ceiling a. end flushing5.8 kgs.W.30 x 1. vapor barrier – polyethylene sheet 4 width .851 x 6 7. Miscellaneous hardware1. Wood / Concrete a. fiberglass3. lockset per specification-local or imported5. Handrails 3x8 narra or guijo S45 2.Wolmanized tanalized 2. fireproofing materials1.o. Nails 2" and finishing nails 1 " e.A. Sahara cement – 1 pack per bag of cement for firewall plastering3. gutter with design 0.T runner C.354”CWNFlooring 1000 bf14.38 bf/m²3.60 & 0.C. 5-cut KD LBR 4. width = 30” (760mm)3.60m o. of T&G/meter runBf/m²1 x 4 12. CEILING WORKS1.60 B.11 pcs. 3” x 3” double action hinges3. 2x2 Apitong RO or S4S @ 0140 x0.70 pcs. 2 x 3 – 9 bf/m²2. Danarra 1 tempered lawanit 28 3. Threads 4. Wood lattice with design 2. aluminum screen doors13. 1/4" x 4' Screen wire (welded)c. Kitchen Hanging cabinetF.per plan ord.50mm1. finishing nails and concrete nails5.50 x 0. Hanger 1/2 " PLN Round bar with thread and nuts 4.20F. Hanger rod and bracket5. Washington hinges or hettich hinges piano hinges27 3. CLOSETS & HANGING CABINETS PER DESIGN1.=9bf/m²D. False beam per design8.2. 13.2” x 6” 16. WALLSa.1/4 “ plywood Acrylic diffusers .c. styropor boards4. TrussesL = thickness of lumber in layer + 1”32 FLOOR JOIST (WASTE FACTOR & BRIDGING CONSIDERED)Per m² methodSpacing @ 0.577x________3.30 O. Sanding of T & 0 b. board ft of studs / m² @ 0. night-latch / privacy lock for toiletsJ. Vertical & horizontal studs 2x3 / 2x4 S4S b.20 per plan10.w = 7bf/m²2.384CWNTrusses 1000 bf7. Per roll2. analok finish3.1" to 1 112.001fBaseboard 1000 bf6.30 bf/m²B.40 m o. metal – manually operated/machine operated11. Or narrac. ceiling insulation (thickness to verify)1 roll = 5’ x 15mts1. 2” x 2” @0. Wood girter and corbel plates 29 2. accessories1. FLOORING 1. Special ceiling design a. Ordinary or narra or marine for ext.W. Flat bars and screw G. Acoustic board . cauling and sealants5. End flushing . 13.c b. Thermal and moisture protection1. T & G flooring / V-cutNos.w.3116 x 1 1/2x 24" 3.73bf/m²Girter.572 ½CWNCeiling joist 1000 bf16. Area method1. Plywood 3/4 c. ceiling plywood – joist1. Bar counter per design 2.302 ½CWN1000 bf12. Weldwood glue 4. with or with out grilles10. Marble/Granite tilesa. Riw 3.934fPlywood ceiling8 pcs. Plywood panel .Wooden Post 4"x4" per plan Post strap . Concrete nails 3"I rat proofing PLN GI SHT 1.60 m. Countertop 1 b. minimum roof 3%B. 2. peepholes12. anodized – kawneer finish2. Baseboards 1x6 with or without design d. 2 x 4 . 1.9. 2” x 2” @ 0. wooden partition1. W. Bolts Wooden columnsbolt length L = w + 2(t) – 1”Example: L = 4 + 2 (3 ) – 1” = 4 + 5 = 9 bolts take note of commercial sizes of lumberJ. Mirror b. ridge roll 0.40m x 0. Floor Joist Apitong Ro 4. T and G Flooring a. 2 x 3 – 5. ridge wall flushing – 0.40 @0. 3 ½ x 3 ½” loose butt hinges us or local2. door bumper and stopper7. Balusters 5. SHIN YEE METALGA # 0.30m4.7. 1x2 Frame 6.CorkboardB. / bagsnote : guarantee 5 to 10 yrs preparation and cleaning of surface before application L. Specialty roofing Verify discount for Archt. elastomeric2.10bf/m²2” x 8” 21. C. Frame 2x3 b.20 / . @0. 107.577m x 3.081 ½CWNscaffolding 1000 bf25.60 / 140 x 140 Ordinary or treated . plywood ceiling by sheet method (bf/sheet)@0. padlocks11. 1x1TANGKDWoodSlats b.003CWN4 CWNI.

floor tiles 4” x 8” class a or class b6” x 6” colored light or darki.18/m²Commercial 0. plain cement finish2. narra wood planks 1” x 6” to 8” nailers/insulation/c. anay finish1. synthetic adobe / adobe rubble finish34 1.3400 0.exterior and interior1. 12x2” (50mm)10.6mm thick x 1’x1”Adhesive: gallons per m² x 0. Add 40% of 2 for lighting fixtures2.00 non-reinforced or reinforced2. outlet x unit cost2. Grille worksA.22/m²Industrial 0. 0. septic tank and cistern tankA. Downspouts. Counter nails8. 0. sand5. of light outletResidential 0. Plain3. catch basins. tooled finish (plaster)3. perforated PVC pipe for basement walls3. ¼ x_______PVC bend4. False beams3. window grilles – ordinary or pregnant grillesD.4” to 10” concrete pipe x1. with or without design 6”x6” / 8” x 8”3. FinishesA. bricks tiles finish / cal-tilesF. Electrical worksNote : if floor plan has no electrical layoutAssumptionNos. Fence grilles with or with out design ½” to ¾” square bars or 1 ½” x ¼” flat barsB. add 10% of 1 & 2 for music and paging system6. mactan stone 2x8”G. patch on jointsB.042 = Or 200 pcs. winnails35 h. add 12% of 1 & 2 for fire alarm4. of ceiling outlet x unit costR.40/m²1.0191” x 10” x 10” 16 pcs. Mirrorf. Per gallon =P. add 12% of 1 & 2 for telephone5. plain cement finish or colored red green cement 1:2 5 m² / kilob. Downspouts1. 1” x 4” t&gc. tile adhesiveI. 0. color schemeC.5mm thick x 1’x 1” 3. silicon rubber sealant / acrylic paintsC.. fissured finishE. size #5. with pebbles2. epoxy and PVC cementB. Acrytex finishe.042 = gallonsd. Get total nos. with or with out grooves3. 3” or 4” per plan2. Per sq.o Nos. blinds rivets 1/8”9. stair railings with designH.3375 0. ESTIMATE GUIDELINES by bhevz-bathan on Nov 08. white cement – 350 pcs/kilo4. 1/8” x _______PVC bend3. counter flushings7. Add 30% of 1 & 2 for load center and panel boards1. mosaic tile 1” x 1”g. catch basins/ drainage per plan1. colored or white 4 ¼” x 4 ¼”2.wall6. wall tiles 4x8 1. manholes for electrical or plumbing *Concreting for embedded electrical and PCBG LinesO.019Vinyl adhesive x gals /m² x 0. of C. flooring per plana. others per planbrass nosing for stair / screwsQ. gravel6. type 17 – self drilling screw no. cyclone or interlink wireG. manholes. stone inlay finish 2” to 3”e. Rib2. marble tiles 4”x8” / 6”x12” etc – Bulacan or RomblonH.O. mwhite cement – 0. Walls. terrazzo finish or marble chips washoutj. steel grating if required – angular barsC. white or ordinary cement2.38/m² 0. V – spandrelN. marble tiles c. PVC coupling5.. tek screw #10x1/8”33 11. cement4. 15D. add 8% of 1 to 8 for miscellaneous and contingenciesnote: verify MeRalCo / PLDT for tapping 1. pebble or boracay washout bohol or ordinary1. air con frames / manhole coverF. . wood parquet per design sandingf. fire escape ladder36 E.076 bags /m²cement tiles:Tiles/m² Cement Bag/m²SandM³/m²¾ x 6’” x 6” 45 pcs. Add 15% of 1 & 2 for wiring devices3. FLOOR FINISHES verify specs & Plan4 ¼ tiles – 86 pcs.42/m² 0. Ceiling Finishesa. / kilocement – 0. S-cut or v-cut finish 1”x6”d. wire basket strainer 12. vinyl tiles 1. open court grilles – flat bars and angular barsG. with or without shells2. of c.0191” x 8” x 8” 25 pcs. acoustic boards with or without designaluminum T- runner/if plywood with adhesivesb.80 kilo/m² or 250 pcs. gate with mailbox GA # 16 or per designC. 10.60/m² 0. marble ashlar finish 2”x8”1. Get total nos. others per design2. 2014 Report Category: .I pipes/ Welding rodI.3400 0. for walls – spandrel1. Transformer37 Download 1 of 48 Reader embed your logo! .

13. and invitation to bid. Read thoroughly plans. addendums. Work Guarantee Bond – 20% to 30% of contract Construction Bond for Residential – Subdivision Requirements City Tax or Contractor’s Tax Contractor’s insurance – Verify approved insurance company Liquidated damages for 1% of 10% of bid Price Escalation/ Time Extension Revisions.DOCUMENTS Download: 102 Comment: 0 528 views Share1 Comments Description estimate Download Estimate Guidelines Transcript COST ESTIMATE GUIDELINES AND REFERENCES How to Avoid Bidding Errors A. Owner-supplied materials Terms of Payments – Check Dpayments Permits Bid bond – 5% to 10% Cash or manager’s check Time of completion – number of working days or calendar days Performance bond – all risk insurance 10% to 20% of contract. 5. 9. 3. Mechanical & Electrical Occupancy Permits Demolition & sidewalk Permits City tax new codes 14. bid bulletins. 12. and general conditions of contract. submission 11. Structural. time and date of the bid Construction Permits (Architectural. extra works Last minute addendums. changes. Building Code Requirements/Boundaries 1 . 6. specifications. 1. 8. 10. 2. 4. a. Plumbing. Study carefully the following terms and conditions. 7.

Look for confusing requirements or any discrepancies in plans and specifications. Existing facilities to be demolished – wood. prepare checklist. Location. Electrical. 1. Look for notations on plans – general scope of work. Prepare materials checklist. Set forms to avoid gaps and mistakes E. Plan the bid like a project with checklist. 2. target date and project checklist 2. Building code requirements D. Refer to architect and owner in writing ( black & white) C. Site inspections – Verify thoroughly the following conditions. plumbing and mechanical if required. Take note of scope of works. 2 . type that can fulfill the contract 2. Evaluate & study carefully specifications 1.B. concrete steel. changes. alterations. Sources of Materials – Verify materials unit cost of nearby suppliers. Set procedures for preparing bids 1. Hauling In/ Out of matls– Disposal of debris. It might have been overlooked. Major materials from existing supplier and minor materials from new supplier. Always check Current Cost of materials. Check and double check take-off estimate. Subdivide each trade list if needed 3. G. Check if bid required itemized cost breakdown/ unit cost of materials. Verify terms of payment. unit cost of materials. F. Verify items not included. impossible requirements. Ask quotations from subcontractors 4. Spot check subcontractor proposals if complete. Make list of trades. brand. Make sure you know the subcontractor suppose to quote on you. Equipment to be Used Tools and 3.

Ideal location of bunkhouse. 6. if backfilling is required. Note depth of excavation requires.Deposits c/o Owner H. performance bond. requirements. Recheck addition of subcontractors. Know the bid of other contractor. Check if adobe. construction bonds. VAT and other government taxes and Subdivision requirements. insurance. 3 . Check file records and other historical data. Temporary utilities. Geographical conditions of site. Hauling in/out of backfilling. city tax. Use the “RULE OF THUMB” method. Project Study. Get result of bidding and prepare feedback for future references. Future tapping of the following: Power Water Telephones Sewer and Drainage Verify if in conformity with the plans. sidewalks to be demolished. Dumping of debris from site. Major error in bid. Permits and payments. verify on plans. K. Check utility company requirements. Sources of manpower. tools and equipment 7.4. Determine whether or not to continue work on the project. Take note of indirect cost.power. Check the most contentious items of bid. Update cost of materials. Roads. Temporary facilities. water. technical expertise. J. Analyze the bid even if it is not successful . temporary warehouse or storage. soil of backfill. I. Slopes. Dumping of materials to site must not have conflict with the layout of proposed building. 5. telephone 8. Determine if you are willing to live with the error.

observation. Do not leave items.L. 3. BY area method – sq. You may wish to withdraw the bid. type of materials C. By volume method 2. Ask for quotations of suppliers or subcontractors of specialty works H. Begin estimate with fresh mind. easy items like addition of total cost can be done when you are tired J. Always use the rule of thumb in the final estimate F. It must be 30-50% of what might be the ultimate cost. D. Recheck verify current unit cost. Always use your imagination. Breakdown estimate or use the area method. 4 . E. Spot check multiplications and additions of subtotal G. Rough estimate to try. Schedule organized breakdown. Let someone do it. Spot check nebulous requirements if available in local market. Preliminary estimate. Use different techniques in estimate 1. I. m. Reminders before Estimating A. Read first plans. Unit cost obtained from past project. Immediately look for unforeseen requirements before continuing to other portion. Verify if imported. By direct count Be systematic. RE-check your estimate. suppliers. B. take note of items lacking or errors in plans and specifications. Difficult items first. specifications and general conditions of contract to familiarize yourself with the general scope of works.

Workers Quarters – Verify number of workers a. Temporary Fence – Total linear meter     Sawali 4’ x 5’ or GI sheets Coco lumber – 2x3/2x4 C. Temporary Field Office       Plywood 2 x 4 lumbers Roofing G. Water and Telephone – Cost of utilities during construction.Estimate Checklist A. GI sheet temp. nails Check if corr. sheets or Lona – 20’ x 40’ Emergency Kit Drums Tools and Equipment b. Mobilization/Temporary facilities a. Site Development/General Requirements 1.5 mm²) Electric Tape (big) One way switch Duplex Convenience Outlet Qty 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 Unit Piece Piece Set Roll Roll Piece Piece Unit Cost 5 .1 Checklist Temporary Power (Residential Only) Description RSC pipe ½ x 10’ Entrance Cup ½ RSC Conduit Nipple Safety Switch 60 A 2p 1dia THW wire # 12 (5. Contractor or Owner B. fence 2. ID / Uniforms/ Biodatas 3. Temporary Power.I.W.

Siteworks 1.Fluorescent 40 w Meter base 4 X 4 X 8’ coco lumber or equal 2 1 1 Piece Set Piece B.I.2 Temporary Toilet/Waterlines/Sewer Description PVC pipe 3”ρ x 10’ PVC wye 3 x 3 PVC bend PVC bend PVC Cement 100 cc G.4 Manpower Transportation/Cash Advance for Mobilization B.3 Checklist of tools and equipment to be used           Concrete Mixer (1 bugger) Bar Cutter/Circular Cutter or Hacksaw Blade Shovel Pick Mattock Leveling Hose Bareta/Pointed bar Angle Grinder Vibrator Compactor Plastic Container B.I.5 Temporary Bunkhouse for Workers and Storage of Materials B. Demolition of Existing Structure Hauling out/in 6 .I. pipe ½ x 20’ G. 2. tee ½ G. Elbow ½ Taplon Tape Flush Type Water Closet Drums Water Hose ¾” x 15 lm Qty 2 3 4 2 1 2 4 4 3 1 3 Unit Pieces Pieces Pieces Pieces Qrt Pieces Pieces Pieces Rolls Set Set Unit Cost B.

b. Earthfill/Backfilling works Unit Cost 150 200 Check if soil test is required for 4 storey buildings up.m. Manually b.00 m around building Uprooting of trees and shrubs Soil stripping if required Sheet Piling – Verify adjacent existing structures a. Prepare fixed reference above the street level. b. Slab. c. Excavation a.Verify the following: a. 5. beside high-rise building. beams. Hauling out of usable materials and debris (labor+delivery charges) – location of disposal d. steel or apitong lumber – 2 x 10 x 12’ for property walls 4. building elevations. 7. Near creek. By machine – Calculate number of hours required Verify Soil Conditions Description Soil Adobe Qty Unit Cu. Clearing and Grubbing – 3. slopes and topographical conditions. Cu. Piles to be used – Concrete pre-cast. etc. Materials that can be utilized – wood/steel/doors/etc. footing. a. lot boundaries. 6.m. 7 . etc b. Verification of monuments. Storage of usable materials 3.

gravel or ¾” gravel TOTAL AREA OF SLAB = Length x Width x .m T/L Depending on the type of Backfill – escombro. Gravel Fill a.05 m thickness below slab on fill and footing b. 0. Type of Soil Poison – Lentrex/Chlordane or F3D14 8 .m Unit Per cu.m 12- 16 cu.05 m = Total Volume of Gravel Fill Description 6 wheeler truck 10 wheeler or truck dump Capacity (soil) 4-6 cu.m T/L dump 12-16 cu. G. soil.m. Soil Poisoning – For application before pouring of footing and slab a. and lastillas? Qty Unit T/L* T/L* Unit Cost * 8. c. wall footing b. Unit Cost 9. Tamping by Manual or Machine Formula: LOOSE VOLUME or VL =Length x Width x Depth Compact Volume in Place or VC = VL + 25% Description 6 wheeler truck 10 wheeler or truck Hauling In of Backfill Materials Capacity Unit Unit (soil) Cost 4-6 cu.I. Backfill – Excavated portion of footing. Type of filling materials Description Escombro Banda’y Banda or Lastillas Garden Soil for landscape/ Ordinary soil Dump truck Or Ten Wheeler Truck d.a. Earthfill – – Slope of existing lot Elevations of Proposed finished flooring from street line or other reference point.

Soil Bearing Capacity 1. Soil Test – For high rise building (Boring Test) Cost P15. roads. Specially for narra parquet and vinyl tile floor finish Reference Checklist: Foundation a.000 psf (pounds per sq. Polyethylene Sheet under slab on fill – for Ground floor S lab 0. Landscaping 9 .000. Rip rapping if required f. Seismic Analysis if required 11. walk.000 psf if adobe or hard soil depending on soil test done by geotechnical Engineers b.) Most commonly used assumptions at city engineer’s office 3.006 Thickness Polyethylene sheet approximately 9 kgs/sq. Parking Area e. sidewalk d.00 per hole depending on the requirement of structural engineer c. Special Fence for Slope Area – shear wall with perforated pipes ( verify detail) c. ft. Fence – Verify height and total length b. Concrete curb and gutter.10.000 to 4. Other Outside Building Development Checklist a. Water Tank/Genset Rooms/other base foundations g.000 – P20.500 – 2.m.

Footing. wall footing. Suspended slab h. Shear Walls e. Columns per floor schedule c. d. Parapet walls and canopy i. Concreting Works Checklist – check strength required 2. Last Floor to roof or deck d. e. footing tie beam b. Ready Mixed Concrete – for high rise building Manual or concrete mixer – Actual Site conditions if 2 – storey Interval of Delivery of Truck - 30 to 45 minutes Capacity of One truck – 4 to 6 cu. Concrete stairs f. k. j. b.500 psi slab on fill 3. c. Elevator shaft Slab on fill (includes driveways and walks Cistern Tank and Septic tank 10 . C. f.500psi to 4000 psi for footing/ column/beam/slab/residential for high rise building 1. building 2.Note: Provide during construction permanent benchmark for elevation references. a. Retarder or additives fast curing if required Verification of scaffolding work before pouring-safety precautions Dumping of excess cement if necessary Emergency Scaffolding/tools and equipment Checklist of Concrete Works for Estimate a. Floor Beams and Girder – per floor g. mts.

40 m 3 .cm.. column. depth) Estimate References for Concrete Works Ratio : 1 part cement 2 part sand 3-part gravel Compressive Strength of Concrete = Fc’ Psi. Kitchen and Lavatory counter m. Lintel beam for doors and windows n. Itemized per floor Volume = Length x Width x Depth Note : To include all portion below natural grade line (footing.cm) ready mixed concrete 3. etc. Electrical and Plumbing lines embedded in concrete. Others as per plan Computations shall be scheduled systematically to above items not included in the estimate.44 m 3 Gravel .84 m 3 . Concrete Curb and gutter p.500 psi (176 kgs/sq.40 m 3 .cm) Ratio 1:2:3 1:2:4 ½ 1:2:4 1:2 ½:5 Cement 11 bags 10 bags 9 bags 8 bags Sand .87 m 3 11 .500 psi (special) 3000 psi(regular –211 kgs/sq. pullboxes and catch basins o.41 m 3 .42 m 3 .82 m 3 .Pounds per square inch Class AAA AA A B Fc’@28 days 4000 psi (281 kgs/sq.) 2. walls.l. Fence/electric post q.

00 m3 x 9.000 psi Cement Sand Gravel Note: = = = = Total Volume ( Concrete per computations) 35.40   . mts.00 m3 x .0 m3 = 315  35.00 m3 x .for plastering/topping Concrete Mixed 12 .42 m3 35.40 m3 Use only Local Brand Cement – Portland cement Brand : Dragon. Capacity of Truck 1 bag of cement = 1 cubic foot Note: pump cute interval of delivery of concrete every 30 min.7 29.0 m 3 = 35 cu.m = 315 bags = 15 m3 = 29. of concrete during pouring of concrete on 12” concrete cylinder for testing of strength as required for occupancy permit. Northern Cement.00m³ Cement Description 6 wheeler truck 10 wheeler or dump truck Capacity (bags) 100-200 bags 500 bags Cost Gravel/ Sand Description 6 wheeler truck 10 wheeler or dump truck Capacity 2-4 m3 12-14 m3 Unit Cost S-1 White Sand .84 m3 = = 14.50 m 3 1. and Island Cement Get one (1) concrete sample for every 10.For estimate use Example : 3.00 cu. capacity of truck 4 – 6.for concreting works .

For one bag of Cement = 40 kgs (weight) Gravel G – 1 ¾ “ to 1 ½” gravel for foundations Slab on fill ¾ gravel – 3/8 to 3/14” for all structural members verify if crushed gravel or washed gravel D.W.000 bd. Estimate form lumber using 2x3/2x4/2x6 coco lumber per total volume of concrete to be used. Ft. nails C. nails C. -1. Coco lumber supplier – to order coconut bark.50 to 7. nails Commercial Sizes 1 box = 20-25 kgs (small) 1 box = 30-38 kgs ( large) 1½“ 2” 3” 4” For scaffoldings 13 .(jan ’06) 2.W.5 to15.000 to 5.W.W. Normal coco lumber requirements 150 board feet per cubic meter of concrete 1 truckload of coco lumber – Ten-wheeler Elf. Assorted C.50 per bd. -4. Ft. avoid lumber at center 2x3/2x4 2x6 for vertical lateral ties and braces for beam support and footing cost of coco lumber 12.50 per board foot 3. Ft. nails C.W. Cost of cocol umber 6.800 to 2. Formworks 1. Estimate first total concrete volume as per guidelines.500 bd. Nails C.

Estimate Guide QTY box 50 bd. Ft. = : 1 kilo per 50 board foot or lumber / 50 = N o s. of kilos / 25 = No. of
Total board foot 25 or 38 kgs/box 4. Concrete Nails – 3 “ & 4” for CHB filing guide, concrete walls ceiling joist
and cabinet frames. Quantity depends on the actual requirements NAILS CHART 2D 4D 6D 8D 10 D 20 D CW
Nails 1” 1 ½” 2” 2 ½” 3” 4” Pieces per kilo 1,680 pcs 705 pcs 380 pcs 260 pcs 120 pcs 55 pcs Size 1” 1½“ 2”
Usage Forms Plywood Forms plywood T & G flooring Ceiling joist Trusses/Rafters Floor Joist Usage ceiling T
& G flooring Cabinet frames Finishing nails 5. PLYWOOD of ¼ is too thin - Use 3/8” to ½” plywood. Normal
market/commercialize Solve for Contact Surfaces. Columns/Beams/slabs as per plan. See checklist for concrete
works. Column Example: 4 sides or Perimeter (.20 + .20 + .40 + .40) x height area required for formsa Beam
Example 3 sides (.15 + .40 + .15) x height Slab = Length x Width Summarize all required formworks area
required for formsa = sq.m. = = sq.m. Sq.m. Total Contact Surface in Sq. Mts. Pieces = Nos. of 14

2.88 or 1.20 x 2.42 Plywood Size of Plywood Required Note : Check if you can use it again if building is large.
Small buildings assume as per estimate. Formoil – Normally to use USED oil – Quantity approximate; 1 ltr. per
15 sq. mts. If steel scaffolding is to be used check rental per day of steel accessories. Verify to supplier. Note :
For residential, use good lumber for scaffolding, to be used later for rafters, purlins, ceiling joist, etc. E. Steel
Reinforcement/Bars Steel forms – rental per piece /day. As per plan REBARS DESIGNATION American
Philippine Yield Point Society for Standard Strength Testing Kgs/ Psi Materials mm2 (ASTM) Structural Grade
24.452 33,000 Grade 230 Intermediate Grade (Grade 40) Grade 60 Grade 275 28.042 40,000 Tensile Strength
Kgs/ Psi mm2 39.77 55,000 Usage 48.95 70,000 Grade 410 41.80 60,000 63.22 90,000 For reside ntial only
Depen d on structu ral design For highrise buildin g Standard Length of Bars Feet 20’ 26’ 30’ 35’ 40’ Meter 6.00
m 7.50 m 9.00 m 10.50 m 12.00 m Most commonly used available in hardware 6.00m Special Length, per order
to supplier 15

20’ (6.00m) – 9mmd, 10mmd, 12mmd 20’ and above – 16mmd, 20mmd, 25mmd Commercial Sizes of Rebars
Unit weight per meter (Kilos per meter) Cross Secti onal area in sq Inch 0.11 0.12 0.31 0.44 0.79 Nominal
Diameters (metric) 8 mm 9 mm (2.3 kgs) 10 mm (standard) 12 mm (standard) 16 mm (standard) 20 mm
(standard) 25 mm (standard) 28 mm (standard) 32 mm (standard) Example: Designation (English) Substandard
Commercial Sizes 3/8 #3 ½ #4 5/8 #5 ¾ #6 1” #8 1 1/8 #9 1¼ # 10 0.616 0.888 1.579 2.466 3.854 4.833 6.313
20 pcs – 16 mm dia. X 6.00 bars 20 x 1.576 x 6.0 = 189.46 kgs. To get quantity of G.I. wire # 16 a. G.I. wire #
16, through use of Concrete Volume 2 kilograms per cu. m. of concrete 25 – 30 kilos per roll (Check
commercial weight to supplier) b. Estimate thru Rebars 20 kilos of G.I. wire per metric tons 1 metric ton =
10,000 kilos 1 kilo of wire = + 53 linear meter 1 roll = 35-40 kilograms or current commercial kilos per roll =
38 kgs/roll c. G.I. wires for CHB walls 4” chb 10” length of tie wires 5” or 6 “chb 12” length of tie wires
Spacing of rebars = NO. OF ROLLS 16

15 rest @ 0.60 m. Masonry Works 17 . o.10 3 @ 0.05 2 @ 0.I. Tension Bars 2. Compression Bars Minimum Splice Length 25 x bar size +150 mm 20 x bar size + 150 mm Example : Column 20 mm = 20 x 20 mm + 150 mm Compression = 550 mm or . Post Tensioning – per plan special Construction. Rust Proofing f. or 10 kilos of G.Vertical  @ 0. quotation per suppliers Rebars substitution Say 12-16 Ø To 20 mm Ø Reinforcement/Rebars Data How to Determine Bar Splicing Length Type 1.20 m on center F.55 m NO FOOTING SHALL REST ON FILLING MATERIALS “Y” – spacing of bars 1 @ 0. wire # 16 d. Horizontal  every third layer GI wires Kilos per sq.04 Example : Total Area of CHB walls – 230 m2 x 0.04 = 9.2 kilos.c. Welding Rods e. mts – 0.

= NET TOTAL AREA FORMULAS 1 cubic foot 0. 0.057 cu.40 SQ.200 pcs.3.Estimating CHB walls 4” chb – interior chb partition 6” chb – exterior chb partition for buildings 5” chb – exterior chb partition for residential Example : A1 = LXH = SQ. M.0 X 4. mts per bag Example: 18 . CHB Filler Ratio 1: 3 or 1 part cement to 3 parts sand 4 “ chb 6 ” chb Example: 2.60 = 8.20 Take note of portion below grade line = 1.92 A-2 + A-3 = 3.00. mts.10 = 1. CHB Plastering Ratio 1: 2 or 1 part cement to 2 part sand Cement ½ .60 A-1 LESS (A-2 + A-3) = 12.0285 cu.0855 = Cement 25 pcs.60 X 1.80 X 2.50 bags per sq. Per bag 20 pieces per bag 88 bags cement Sand 0.52: say 8. sand 2. mts 1 cubic meters 35.0855 cement m3 per bag = 7.28 cu. m.00 cu.68 A-3 = 0. Foot 1. M. Feet 1 bag of cement 1 cu. GROSS AREA A-1 LESS (A-2+ A-3) = SQ.¾ “ thk plastering Sand 0. M.0 = 12. 4” chb ----------------------25 88 bags x 0.M A-2 = 1.0 SQ. NET AREA A-1 = 3.

400-500 psi 700- 1000 psi Available in local market Locally available special chb Note : Verify delivery cost within Metro Manila or outside Metro Manila 4. Volume 16 bags/cu.25 lm = 892. 12 cu. finishing works. vertical bars : : 4.00 m: standard length of bars = 148.m .m. x 4. Assume Say 19 .50 LM --------------------------6.4 says.m *1:2 Ratio 1 part cement for every 2 part sand ** 1:3 Ratio 1 part cement for every 3 part sand 5.m.m.80 m. Usage For topping.89 cu. etc.80 cu.m.Say.057 = 11.75 pieces.m. 3. tiles. 0. Sand 0.m.25 LM per sq.80 m vertical bars 12 mm diameter at every third layer horizontal bars 12 mm diameter at 0. etc. For topping over slab to level flooring after pouring Class B 1:3** 12 bags/ cu. m x 2: both face -------------------------------0. CHB Type/ Strength NLB or non load bearing LB or Load Bearing (Jackbuilt).50 = 200 bags cement 200 x 0. Floor Topping Class A Mortar 1:2* Per cu. Rebars for CHB 4” chb 6” chb 10 mm diameter at every 3rd layer horizontal bars 10 mm diameter at 0. of chb 210 sq. 200 sq.

Checklist per plan Top Chord/ Bottom Chord Web Members/ Collar Plate/ Struts Wood Plate 20 .say 150 pieces – 10 mm dia. Plaster Board –. Always verify if roof framing is correct/ economical. Type of trusses Steel trusses Open Web Rigid Frame Built Up 2. Angular Bars Top and bottom chords Web Members Cross Bracing Turnbuckles Baseplate (Thickness) Bolts and nuts Sag rod Hanger or support for ceiling with bolts Welding rod Oxygen Acetylene C Purlins 2 x 4/ 2 x 6 1. G. Included in rebars wire computation (see checklist) 7. Floor Topping a. 1.0 m def bars 6. Requirement for waterproofing Sahara Compound – 1 pack per bag of cement for plastering of firewalls b. Assume 5 sq.x 6.5 mm thickness Angular bars for fascia board connection * Preferable to get quotation from qualified subcontractor Wooden Trusses. wire Masonry works Ga # 16 Tie Wire 10” to 12“ length. Verify details as per plan.I. Steel Trusses. Checklist for Estimate per Plan. meters per gallons for floor topping G. Firewalls/ Toilets.

Cu. Width Standard Standard Length 7 feet 8 feet 9 feet 10 feet 12 feet 21 .0833 Cu. GI sheet Ga # 26 x 32” -do- do-do-do0.02832 Bf ft. nuts and washers Eaves ventilation – wood slots with US Aluminum Screen Tension Rod and Sag Rods Special Trusses – Fabricated for Low Cost Gang nail/Others To get board foot of lumber Example: 1 pc 2 x 3 x 16    2 x 3 x 16 12 2 x 5 x 14 12 1.# 16 Standard Market Sizes Corr.66 bf x 6 pcs 58.314 Cu.30 meters – standard overlap Cu.50 bf / pc x 6 pcs 21 bf 5 pcs 2 x 5 x 14 6 pcs 1 ½ x 2 x 14 Conversion Factors Cu. x 0. Cu.8317 x 10-2 H. Roofing Works Ordinary Corrugated GI sheet Ga. ft. mts x 35.Girters Fascia Board – Tanguile KD S4S Wood Braces Purlins Machine Bolts.ft x 0.5 x 2 x 14 12 1 pc 8 bf/pc 8 bf 11. mts.33 bf 3. ft x 2. Cu. mts. ft.

Nicolite Bar Muriatic Acid 22 . 7.70 side lapped 2 ½ “ or 2 corr. gutter Ga. # 26 x 8’ Standard Gutter 4. Lead Washer kilos kilos Accessories Others per plan. 5. GI roof nails 3 ½ “ b. Verify actual plan. X 2 side 34 pieces Ga# 26 x 32 x 10’ Corr GI sheet 5. = 18’ 2 pcs.50 0.. Solve for flashing and counter flashing for firewalls and parapet.I.11. say 17 pcs. for estimate. = = 16. g. Verify if outside gutter or c.42. GI washer ( medium or thick). # 26 x 32” x 8’ standard.kilo d. G. GI rivets ¼ x 3/16 e. inside gutter 6. To include fascia board Special Gutter ( Spanish type) Ridge Rolls x 8’ Valley gutter. a. Plain GI sheet Ga.40 m. GI strap Ga # 26 f. 3.10’ length 2.

0. 0. # 26 (Thickness) Width X X X X x 1. 0. Tek Screw (Metal Screw) 12 pcs per sq m Blind Rivets c. most common for residential Checklist Ga.610 m 0.40 mm c. Silicon Sealant Per tube Touch Up Paint Vulcaseal – gallon Take note of delivery charge – Around P 2. Ask for quotation of supplier.040 m 0.610 m 0. d.610 m 0.44 Rib Type roof S type gutter V type gutter – valley Ridge roll Capping/Flashing a.915 m X X X X x Length ___ LM 2. Standard Sizes Brochures Type 1 – Rib type long span . e.00 – 2. b. Roof Cement ( Vulcanized) Red Oxide or red lead primer Silicon Sealant For Color roof – Verify type to be used.h.40 mm b. j. Delivery is 2 – 3 weeks after order and payment.44 2.000.40 mm d.44 2. Always estimate as per actual plan.40 mm e. within Metro Manila or outside Metro Manila Order roofing one month in advance. 0. Formulas A2 = c2 – b2 23 .500 per trip. i. 0.40 mm Accessories a.44 2.

60 0.32 0.40 0.50 0. Windows as per plan 1.76 = area in ft² 24 . Determine total flat area required L x W + pitch factor solve for linear feet required Roof pitch (Height) meters 0.45 0.B2 = c2 – a2 C2 = a2 + b2 Roofing by area method a. 2. K. Verify if the window jambs are required Checklist on type of windows to be used Jalousie windows 7/32” thk clear or smoked glass Verify if operator type Jalousies with steel grilles or aluminum Grilles with or without design normally grilles shall be 10mm square bar (3/8”) or 12 mm square bars (1/2”) Add to total flat area (Percent) 2% 4% 5% 6% 7% 8% 11% 14% 18% 21% To compute: L x W= area in m² x 10. Verify type of roofing as per plan Tegula – 11.70 0.55 0.00 b.50/m² Rib type Banaue type Others per brochures or specifications I.90 1.80 0.

644 8 0.566 7 0.80 m 13 1.822 10 0.622 19 1.178 14 1. steel casement windows (casement or awning type) 1/8” x 7/8” or ¾” T & 2 mild steel section 1/8” thick clear or smoked glass 12mm square bar grilles with or with out design or as specified aluminum screen if with u frame or detached A= L x H= area in m² x 10.466 6 0. analok (brown) or powder coated 25 .080 Minimum of 0. aluminum frame windows (sliding or fixed) verify if anodized (white).76= ft² M.378 5 0.444 17 1.978 23 1.533 18 1.060 Note: verify of aluminum screen for windows is included in contract Standard No.00 Width 12 1.800 21 1.910 11 1.266 15 1.Jalousie Windows Specifications Hoover alloy 6063-T-5 Anodized natural Anodized natural color lever type operator with 7/32” clear glass 4” blade Single control Standard height In meters 4 0.355 16 1.733 9 0. of blades L.710 20 1.888 22 1.

accordion door 1. Wood preservatives –solignum or black coal 4. Door jambs –4” – 2” x 6” yakal or quijo 2. 8. French type windows(wood or steel) 7/32”thick glass hinges special locks and bolts O. Hollow core both face narra 4. Hollow core ordinary both face 2. Window casing if required on plans(wood or concrete) P. Hollow core with glass for kitchen 5. Flush type doors 1. Hollow core 1 face marine 3.7/32” or ¼” thick glass bronze or clear glass green or blue weather strip vinyl (mohair) N. 1 ¼” louver door for toilets tang. KD panel door solid core 1-3/4 thick per plan 6. Tang. metal with or with out plates GA # 14 2. Door casings per plan/ mouldings 1x 5 / 1 x 6 3. Other special type windows(local or imported) I. Kd/aluminum. Narra panel floor solid core 1-3/4” thick per plan 1. Doors and Jambs A 1. 7. wooden accordion 26 . metal louver door for pump room. door. electrical etc.3/4” thick or height per plan 1.

aluminum screen doors 13.9. door track and hanger set 4. analok finish 3. metal – manually operated/machine operated 11. special doors for vaults B. barrel bolts 9. Miscellaneous hardware 1. anodized – kawneer finish 2. 3 ½ x 3 ½” loose butt hinges us or local 2. sliding doors/windows per design 12. aluminum doors 1. peepholes 12.brass or non slip/ carborandum 2. padlocks 11. 3” x 3” double action hinges 3. metal clad doors 14. master keys for buildings 2 sets 8. roll-up door 1. foot bolts / head bolts 10. night-latch / privacy lock for toilets J. stair nosing. door bumper and stopper 7. with or with out grilles 10. Accessories 1. Washington hinges or hettich hinges piano hinges 27 . lockset per specification-local or imported 5. door closer 6.

W. Vertical & horizontal studs 2x3 / 2x4 S4S b. Danarra 1 tempered lawanit 28 . Concrete nails 3"I rat proofing PLN GI SHT 1. elastomeric 2. WALLS a. membrane 3. Or narra c. Carpentry works A. styropor boards 4. Per roll 2. Sahara cement – 1 pack per bag of cement for firewall plastering 3.8 m²/kgs.8 kgs. closet/cabinets. 107. fireproofing materials 1. cauling and sealants 5. 2. vapor barrier – polyethylene sheet 4 width . fiberglass 3. Thermal and moisture protection 1. railing for stairs K.3. Plywood panel . asphalt (hard) 30kgs. ceiling insulation (thickness to verify)1 roll = 5’ x 15mts 1. / bags note : guarantee 5 to 10 yrs preparation and cleaning of surface before application L. Nails 2" and finishing nails 1 " e. sisalation or aluminum foil 2. handles and pulls roller catches an magnetic catches 4.> 7. Baseboards 1x6 with or without design d. C. finishing nails and concrete nails 5. Ordinary or narra or marine for ext.per plan ord.

Wolmanized tanalized 2. Special Walls . Exterior Ceiling a.30 x 1. Ceiling niouldings size Per plan ¼ Ordinary . architectural Glass c.3.Wooden Post 4"x4" per plan Post strap . Acoustic board .3116 x 1 1/2x 24" 3. 1x2 Frame 6.Corkboard B. T and G or S-cut for ceiling 9. 2x2 Apitong RO or S4S @ 0140 x0. Special ceiling design a.1/4 “ plywood Acrylic diffusers . 1x1TANGKDWoodSlats b. Mirror b. Hanger 1/2 " PLN Round bar with thread and nuts 4. Cover lights ½ " . Wood girter and corbel plates 29 . False beam per design 8. 5-cut KD LBR 4." to 3" special design 7. FLOORING 1. CEILING WORKS 1. Wood lattice with design 2.20 per plan 10.60 / 140 x 140 Ordinary or treated .20 / .1" to 1 112. 1/4" x 4' Screen wire (welded) c. 2x3 / 2x4 Runner 3. Concrete Nails 5.60 x 1.T runner C.

Machine bolts with nuts and washer 3. T and G Flooring a. CLOSETS & HANGING CABINETS PER DESIGN 1. Secret drawer E. Handrails 3x8 narra or guijo S45 2. Tiles inside counter white 30 . Riw 3. Wood Filler and Paints D. HANGING CABINETS 1. Cabinet louver door d. Bar counter per design 2. Frame 2x3 b. Wood / Concrete a. WOODeN STAIRS 1. Kitchen Hanging cabinet F. KITCHEN COUNTERS PER DESIGN 1. Drawer locks / bolt 6. Weldwood glue 4. Formica top / Adhesives f. Threads 4. Floor Joist Apitong Ro 4. Balusters 5. Plywood 3/4 c. Plywood 2. Hanger rod and bracket 5.2. Sanding of T & 0 b. Hardwares - drawer slides / handles / hinges 3. Flat bars and screw G.

Splashboard 4" to 6" A.40 m o. 2 x 3 – 9 bf/m² 2. Bf/m² 13. 2.w.60m o.b.34 10. 2” x 2” @0.7. wooden partition 1. 2 x 4 – 12bf/m² C.20 Size 4” 2½ 2½ Kind CWN f CWN 31 . 2” x 2” @ 0. 2”x2” 12bf/sheet 2”x3” 18bf/sheet 2”x4” 24bf/sheet E. 2 x 3 – 5. Marble/Granite tiles a. board ft of studs / m² @ 0. T & G flooring / V-cut @0.W. of T&G/meter run 1x4 1x6 F.11 pcs.35 14. 7. H. Area method 1. Countertop 1 b.40 18 bf 27bf 36 bf Nos.85 13.43 12.60 B.c b.w = 7bf/m² 2. b.30 bf/m² B.38 bf/m² 3. G.o.2. W. 2 x 4 .60 & 0.40 15bf/sheet 22bf/sheet 30bf/sheet @0.c. nails Usage Floor joist Flooring V/H studs Unit 1000 bf 1000 bf 1000 Required kilos 10.70 pcs.60 m. ceiling plywood – joist 1. plywood ceiling by sheet method (bf/sheet) @0.c.=9bf/m² D. C.w.

Bolts bf 1000 bf 1000 bf 1000 bf 1000 bf 1000 bf 8 pcs.00 6.30 12.38 7.08 25.00 4 4 2½ 2½ 4 1 1½ 3 4 CWN CWN CWN CWN f f CWN CWN CWN Wooden columns bolt length L = w + 2(t) – 1” Example: L = 4 + 2 (3 ) – 1” =4+5 = 9 bolts take note of commercial sizes of lumber J.57 16.Rafters/Purlins Trusses Facia BD Ceiling joist Plywood ceiling Baseboard scaffolding I.93 9. 1000 bf 1000 bf 18. Trusses L = thickness of lumber in layer + 1” 32 .93 1.

gutter with design 0. 16. accessories 1. minimum roof 3% B.30m 4.50 x 0.40mm x 0.50mm 1. type 17 – self drilling screw no.577x________ 3.C. End flushing wall 6. ridge roll 0. width = 30” (760mm) 3.33bf/m² 26. counter flushings 7. SHIN YEE METALGA # 0.40m x 0.73bf/m² M.577m x 3. length maximum or 60 feet 2. tek screw #10x1/8” 33 .40 /GA # 0. blinds rivets 1/8” 9.30 O. corbel. Counter nails 8. Specialty roofing Verify discount for Archt.FLOOR JOIST (WASTE FACTOR & BRIDGING CONSIDERED) Per m² method 2” x 6” 2” x 8” 2” x 10” Girter. A. ridge wall flushing – 0.914x_______ 2. plate by direct count Spacing @ 0. end flushing 5.10bf/m² 21. 12x2” (50mm) 10.

steel grating if required – angular bars C.00 non-reinforced or reinforced 2. Plain 3. perforated PVC pipe for basement walls 3. patch on joints B. synthetic adobe / adobe rubble finish 34 . for walls – spandrel 1. sand 5. silicon rubber sealant / acrylic paints C. epoxy and PVC cement B. Downspouts.exterior and interior 1. Finishes A. manholes for electrical or plumbing *Concreting for embedded electrical and PCBG Lines O. cement 4. gravel 6. catch basins/ drainage per plan 1. septic tank and cistern tank A.11. PVC coupling 5. V – spandrel N. tooled finish (plaster) 3. plain cement finish 2. Walls. Downspouts 1. ¼ x_______PVC bend 4.4” to 10” concrete pipe x1. Rib 2. manholes. 1/8” x _______PVC bend 3. . 3” or 4” per plan 2. wire basket strainer 12. catch basins.

white cement – 350 pcs/kilo 4. anay finish 1. tile adhesive I. colored or white 4 ¼” x 4 ¼” 2. 15 D. with or with out grooves 3. fissured finish E. size #5. stone inlay finish 2” to 3” e. marble tiles 4”x8” / 6”x12” etc – Bulacan or Romblon H. color scheme C. 10. vinyl tiles 1. white or ordinary cement 2.5mm thick x 1’x 1” 3. narra wood planks 1” x 6” to 8” nailers/insulation/c. marble tiles c. plain cement finish or colored red green cement 1:2 5 m² / kilo b. winnails 35 . with or without design 6”x6” / 8” x 8” 3.6mm thick x 1’x1” Adhesive: gallons per m² x 0.042 = gallons d. wall tiles 4x8 1. with or without shells 2. bricks tiles finish / cal-tiles F.1. marble ashlar finish 2”x8” 1. flooring per plan a. mactan stone 2x8” G. pebble or boracay washout bohol or ordinary 1. mosaic tile 1” x 1” g. wood parquet per design sanding f. with pebbles 2.

Vinyl adhesive x gals /m² x 0. Per sq.019 0. floor tiles 4” x 8” 6” x 6” i.3375 0. Per gallon = P. j.3400 0. 1” x 8” x 8” 25 pcs. S-cut or v-cut finish 1”x6” d. acoustic boards with or without design aluminum T-runner/if plywood with adhesives b. FLOOR FINISHES verify specs & Plan 4 ¼ tiles – 86 pcs. Grille works A. False beams 3.h.042 = Or 200 pcs. fire escape ladder Cement Bag/m² 0. Fence grilles with or with out design ½” to ¾” square bars or 1 ½” x ¼” flat bars B. Acrytex finish e. / kilo cement – 0.076 bags /m² cement tiles: Tiles/m² ¾ x 6’” x 6” 45 pcs.019 36 .3400 Sand M³/m² 0. m white cement – 0. class a or class b colored light or dark terrazzo finish or marble chips washout others per design 2. gate with mailbox GA # 16 or per design C. window grilles – ordinary or pregnant grilles D.80 kilo/m² or 250 pcs. 1” x 10” x 10” 16 pcs. Ceiling Finishes a.019 0. 1” x 4” t&g c. Mirror f.

add 12% of 1 & 2 for telephone 5. Add 40% of 2 for lighting fixtures 2. of ceiling outlet x unit cost R. air con frames / manhole cover F. Add 30% of 1 & 2 for load center and panel boards 1. Transformer Nos.O. Electrical works Note : if floor plan has no electrical layout Assumption Residential Commercial Industrial 1. open court grilles – flat bars and angular bars G. Get total nos. others per plan brass nosing for stair / screws Q. add 12% of 1 & 2 for fire alarm 4. add 10% of 1 & 2 for music and paging system 6. outlet x unit cost 2.18/m² 0. Add 15% of 1 & 2 for wiring devices 3.I pipes/ Welding rod I. stair railings with design H. of light outlet 0.38/m² 0.42/m² 0. of C. of c. cyclone or interlink wire G.60/m² Nos.40/m² 37 .o 0. Get total nos.E. add 8% of 1 to 8 for miscellaneous and contingencies note: verify MeRalCo / PLDT for tapping 1.22/m² 0.

5mm² 2.50mm² 8.50mm² 5.50mm² 30A 30A 30A 38 .50mm² 5.780 watts 2.2. House cable 3.0 HP Water heater SPO Range outlet Water pump ½ HP 1HP Electric stove 20A 15A 15A 15A 15A 30A 30A 30A 30A 40A / 50A 880 watts 1. x 0.50mm² 5.000 watts 8.0mm² 2.980 watts 2.00mm² Convenience Outlets Lights: Fluorescent Lights Halogen lights Incandescent Track lights Air con unit 1.0mm² 5. ELECTRICAL LOAD COMPUTATION (STANDARD) # OF WATTS PER UNIT 180watts200watts 20 watts 40 watts 100 watts 150 watts 1.000 watts 5.000 watts AMPERE LOAD DESCRIPTION WIRE English TW # 12 TW # 14 TW # 14 TW # 14 TW # 14 TW # 10 TW # 10 TW # 10 TW # 10 TW # 08 TW # 10 TW # 10 TW # 10 SIZE Metric 3.0mm² 2.O.200 watts 2. Single phase or three phase ELECTRICAL COMPUTATIONS: SINGLE PHASE Total load x 80% demand factor = LOAD FOR 110 / 220V C.0mm² 2.75 A =__________total amps Ground Wire – size =TOTAL LOAD WIRE 3 or 75% if lights & C.0 HP 1.50mm² 5.O.50mm² 5.640 watts 1. Tel.5 HP 2.

09 39 .0 22 30 38 50 60 80 100 125 150 200 250 325 400 500 wire 15 20 30 40 55 70 90 100 120 135 160 185 210 240 280 315 370 405 445 15 20 30 45 65 85 110 125 145 160 195 200 255 280 330 375 435 485 540 ½ ½ ¾ ¾ 1’ 1½ 1¾ 1½ 2” 2” 2” 2½ 2½ 2 ½ 3” 3½ 3½ 4” 4” Conduit mm² 15 20 20 20 25 32 32 40 50 50 50 65 65 65 80 90 90 100 100 ELECTRICAL LOAD COMPUTATIONS (RESIDENTIAL) CKT NOS.000 watts 6.0 3.000 900 AMPS 4.Chandelier Refrigerator Freezer Washing machine Dryer Jacuzzi 1 HP Water heater centralized 1. For stereo 2.0 14.54 4.000 watts 320 watts 200 watts 585 watts 3.5 8.000 watts AWG 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 1 0 00 3/0 4/0 250 300 400 500 650 750 1000 Ampacity Of Conductors solid stranded mm² TW THW IN. 1 2 LIGHTS 10 9 SW 11 9 OTHER LOAD VOLTS 220 220 WATTS 1.5 5.

0 mm² THW wire in 25 mmd RSC 4.000 2.000 W 1.72 4.240 W @ 35% DF 4.63 0.55 A / 65 A Watts = Volts x Ampere Ampere = watts Volts 1 horsepower = 746 watts volts = volt ampere W=EI I= W V CARRIER AIR CONDITION MODEL NOS WC 90 RCY BTV/HR 9.3 4 5 6 7 8 6 6 5 11 2 1-SPO 1-SPO Stove 3 KW Bell or buzzer 220 220 220 220 220 220 600 1.54 10.000 W @ 100% DF Renaming 3.200 400 3.000 HORSE POWER 1 hp Suggested room space Up to 18 m² 40 .63 0.22 A = 32.240 W First 3.000 W 1 Electric stove 3W 1 Buzzer IT Use 2 # 14.22 41.81 13.64 A 3.134 W 4.000 50 Total 2.134 220 V = 18.79 A 13.134 W 3.240 W 3.55 A Computations: TOTAL FLOOR AREA = 135m² 135m² @ 24 W / SW Small Appliance load 6.00 1.

RSC elbow c.000 1 ½ hp 1 ½ hp 1 ½ hp 2 hp 18 to 24 m² 18 to 24 m² 24 to 30 m² 30 to 36 m² Cabinet Dimension H (40mm) x (w) 658 mm Split type air con /package = 20m² / tons B.I. PVC cement c. Entrance cup f.setsuyo a. PVC coupling ½” to 3” d. TW wires solid or stranded 9. RSC pipe and fitting per plan/brand –Maru– ichi . THW. Solderless connector Angle connector Straight connector 5.000 15. 3/4” to 3” – entrance / up to panel verify b. RSC coupling d. LB /LR e. PVC Elbow ½” to 3” 2.000 18. secondary rack – power and telephone 4. 40 Neltex. Rough. super b.000 12. Atlanta. metal moulding 7. RSC conduit clamp 6. k#16 – guide wires 150 LM/roll 41 . Locknuts and bushing 3. THHN.WC 120 RCY WC 120 RCY WC 150 RCY WC 180 RCY 12.in 1. PVC pipes a. G. circular loam ¼” to ¾” 8. ½” to 3” SCH.

Dimmer switch b. Range outlet e. BX wire #12/2 / #123/2 / #8/2’ 12. c. pull box (steel ) per plan 15. PVC Tape or rubber tapes 20. P. 19. plastic or metal GA #16 -#18 17. jacketed telephone wires #22/3 flat cord 11. One gang switch with cover complete b. Three gang switch with cover complete d. Convenience outlets – ordinary duplex a. Water heater c. junction box 4” x 4” 18. Microwave oven outlet Door bell and buzzer /chime d. wire gutter per plan (distribution panel) 16. Weather proof outlet b. utility box local or imprinted. telephone steel cabinets GA # 16 or GA #18 telephone cable wires for 3 storey building 14. Telephone outlet cover 42 . Floor c.D. Switches – National .10. Air con outlet f. Wiring devices a. outlet d. Two gang switch with cover complete c. Intercom wires 13. Three way switch e.O. 4 11/6 x 4 11/16 square box with ½” and ¼” K. Veto or Mikosha Flush mounted a.

Lighting fixtures Note: most often owner supplied materials installation done by contractor q. Blank cover f. j. booster an accessories Lighting panel – “Flush-type or flush mounted enclosure” circuit breaker l. plug in or bolt-on Safety switch m. k. Plumbing works A. Double throw switch – emergency generator n. AVR – automatic voltage regulator o. Lighting arrester Verify Brand S. Intercom set band. Fire alarm bell and station g. p. Emergency lights.e. Camera monitor CATV antenna – “Winegard” w/ splitter.air phone h. Smoke detectors i. Cold water consumption Type of building Residence – average Residence – average Apartment – low rent Apartment – high rent Hotels Office buidings gallons/person/day 50 100 75 100 100 25 MWSS WATER METER TAPPING 43 .

PVC pipes and fittings S-40 2. PVC cement 13. Lead sheet 14. ¼ bend 7. Waterlines: Check hot or cold lines 1. ½ . Tap Tee 12. Oakum D. Cast iron x 5’ (length) 3. 1/8 bend 8. Double TEE 6. Rough –in 1.12mm 44 . GI pipe and fittings local or japan 1. Pipes x 10’ length 2. coupling 10. Epoxy A and B set 15.Size of ¾” 1” 1 ¼” 1 ½” 2 Nos. Cast iron pipes and fittings C. Double WYE 11. PLBG. Checklist PVC PIPES OR OTHER TYPES 1. TEE 5. P-trap with or without clean out hole 9. of units per connection ½” 1-2 3-5 6-9 10-15 16-32 ¾” 1-2 3-4 5-6 7-11 1-2 3 4 1-2 3 4 1-2 3 2 1 B. WYE 4.

00 80 1.60 3.75 3.80 30 1. TEE – reducer 6.50 1.80 70 1.50 2.95 3. Meter Septic tank – design standard (minimum) National Plumbing Code Nos.60 2.80 20 1.80 3.50 3. GI elbow 2. septic tank and cistern tank V= L x W x H x 264 gals.2.20 40 1.= Cu.50 25 1.20 1.30 45 1. 1” – 25mm 4.4805 = nos.00 4. GI nipple 3.25 2. Union Patente 5.20 4. St. Water tank fittings per plan 4.15mm 3.80 2. TEE 4. Fittings 1.10 1.20 1.30 4.40 90 1. of persons Inside depth of chamber Served Depth Width Length 10+5 1.40 1.50 5.00 Note: leaching well is aproximately ½ of volume of digestion chamber Capacity of cylindrical tanks Diameter 2 x 0.40 2.7854 x length = volume If cubic feet x 7.20 1. Elbow 3.00 35 1.30 1.80 2.40 1.50 1. 1 ¼” – 32mm 2.30 1.50 50 1. of gallons 45 .60 60 1. ¾ .60 100 1. GI bushing 7.65 3.

waterclosets 46 . Gravel 4. hosebibb – faucet with or without HB 10. Cement 2. Forms 5. Lavatory centerset faucet 8. extinguisher 14. grease traps 4. 4 ¼” tiles (white) 5. Accessories 1. Three valve diverter 7. floor drain/ strainer 2. Kitchen sink faucet 9. branches Note verify MWSS tapping of waterline to building 15. Angle valves / check velves 12. PLUMBING FIXTURES Verify Specs 1. Sand 3. roof drain 3. drinking fountain and other per plan 5.1. Fire hose cabinet with F. Gate valves ½” ¾” 11. Siamese twin (fire hydrant) 3”x2 ½ x2 ½ 2½x2½x2½ 13. Water heater 6. special equipment 16. Single shower valve 2. Water meters – main. Shower values and heads 1.

kitchen sink 6. bidet 4. medicine cbinet 15. curtain rods T.2. bathtub 7. Painting works 47 . Painting works A. towel bar 13. shampoo & tooth brush holder 12. soap holder 8. mirror 14. paperholder 9. toilet 10. lavatories 3. dispenser 11. urinals 5.

Masonry Surfaces – latex 2. varnish 7. acre – cast 2.1. spraytex 3. 2006 FOR RESEARCH & IMPROVEMENTS 48 . natural oil finish 9. wood preserver 5. special finishes 1. steel windows/ grilles – qde 6. roofing – Portland cement paintor Acrylic Paint B. automotive lacquer finish 8. Alladin finish 10. wood surfaces – cabinets/ closets/ceiling/walls 4. finishes washout and others – repellent 3. Overhead/ Contingencies note: contractor’s tax insurance permits – locational clearances power and water for construction barangay clearance Updated Jan 12.

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revised estimate. Waxahachie TX 75167 Phone: 469-285- 3161 Fax [509. Issue 2 (July-Aug 2012).C. DEFINATION AND IMPORTANCE OF PRELIMINARY ESTIMATES DEFINATION  Defined as an activity in particular work to make possible offer… Work Estimate Work Estimate WORK ESTIMATE FERNANDO RUIZ 5705 Old Buena Vista Rd.555. 2012 Cu s t om er : [Name]… man-hour estimate man-hour estimate man-hour estimate Channel Estimate Channel Estimate IOSR Journal of Electronics and Communication Engineering (IOSRJECE) ISSN : 2278-2834 Volume 2. performance budget MEANING OF BUDGET: Budgeting though primarily recognized as a device for controlling. the 3 common methods of cost estimate… Budget Estimate Budget Estimate Budget estimate.No. (1:2:4) Unit of Qty 10 m3 10 m3 3 4 5 6 Supplying. becomes a major part of the planning… Estimate Formworks Estimate Formworks This chart is not for final design of formwork.Preliminary estimate Preliminary estimate 1.TOPIC 1: PRELIMINARY ESTIMATES 2. PP 01-06 www. fixing and removing shuttering and staging Reinforcement… Estimate Quotients Estimate Quotients Learn how to estimate quotients! Cost estimate Cost estimate Welcome to this presentation.iosrjournals. 1 2 Item Description Cement concrete in foundation R. this chart is for conceptual evaluation and cost estimating of formwork. It explains how the investment cost for an Oil & Gas facility is estimated. which should be done only by a professional engineer.0191] Estimate: #[100] Date: September 20. fitting.… byron estimate . After a short introduction.org Channel Estimation… Structural Estimate Structural Estimate Useful for estimating structural weight in kg Labour Estimate Labour Estimate S.C.

Your email NEWLETTER About Terms DMCA Contact STARTUP . Labor a.910 mm L.byron estimate A 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 R 41 O 42 O 43 F I 44 N 45 G 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55… highway estimate highway estimate REBARS AND CONCRETE COMPUTATIONS Name of Work Item Unit of Measurement Output per hour 500-3 RCCP (36"dia) . Construction Foreman… View more Subscribe to our Newsletter for latest news.Share & Download Unlimited .m.00 Designation 1. 16.