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Measurement Simulation: Planning a About NRK
Measurement Task to Save Time Who We Are
Applications & Solutions
Often times, measurement tasks must be Company News
performed with minimal preparation.  If Videos
you have the opportunity to prepare a job
in advance; however, you may be able to
minimize measurement time and simplify Brochures & Fact Sheets
the measurement process.  SpatialAnalyzer (SA) provides a Events
number of powerful tools that allow you to run instruments Careers
in simulation mode and plan the placement of instrument
stations at a job site in order to optimize the entire process.
 Read on to learn about SA’s planning and simulation options. Applications

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Measurement Simulation: Planning a Measurement Task to Save Time Download a Free Viewer
Often times, measurement tasks must be performed with minimal preparation.
 If you have the opportunity to prepare a job in advance; however, you may be
able to minimize measurement time and simplify the measurement process.
 SpatialAnalyzer (SA) provides a number of powerful tools that allow you to run
instruments in simulation mode and plan the placement of instrument stations
at a job site in order to optimize the entire process.  Read on to learn about SA’s
planning and simulation options.
Running an Instrument in Simulation
Most instrument interfaces can be run in simulation mode.  This mode allows
an operator to change tooling, adjust measurement pro»le settings, point at
targets, simulate measurements, and more.  It allows you to operate the basic
menu functions just as you would when using a real instrument.  Being able to
perform measurement simulation can also be helpful for learning the basic
operation of an instrument interface. 

In order to simulate running a laser tracker, follow these steps:

Add the Instrument model to connect to (Instrument>Add…) and select the
appropriate tracker from the available instruments.
Run Interface Mode without connecting (Instrument>Run Interface Mode)
and choose Laser Trackers (or API Device Interface for API tracker). You can
also use the down arrow next to the running man icon as shown below.

 Select Run Interface Module>PCMM Arms.  This will connect the simulator to your instrument model in your job »le. you must »rst start the Theodolite .  This will bring up a Faro Connection dialog box.   The Run Without Hardware option in the Connect to SpatialAnalyzer dialog provides a diÇerent function than regular simulation. To simulate using Total stations and Theodolites. then press OK.   Be sure to Uncheck the Connect to Tracker check box and press OK.  Select the arm model to connect to and uncheck the Connect to Arm check box. but it does provide the ability to de»ne custom measurement pro»les and de»ne special tooling all prior to connecting (these are also available to you with the actual instrument once you reconnect).  This does not allow you to simulate measurements.  These tooling and measurement pro»les can also be saved in a *. Select the tracker model you just added to your job »le from the list of instruments in the Connect to SpatialAnalyzer dialog.msp »le that can be moved from computer to computer or saved as a backup for future use.   Simulating Other Instruments (PCMM Arms & Total Stations/Theodolites) You can also run an arm in simulation mode following the same steps as those used for the tracker.  It allows a user to run the real instrument interface using the saved instrument settings persistence »le.

 Doing so will produce a cloud of points. you can directly fabricate measurements from an instrument model or multiple instruments to a set of points all at once.000 times. so the ability to estimate measurement accuracy when planning a job can be helpful.  This can be done with the command Analysis > Measurement Simulation > Fabricate measurements (or using the button in the SA Toolkit).     Instrument Uncertainty Estimation No measurement is ever perfect because no instrument is perfectly accurate. for example. the uncertainty values are automatically used to induce a small amount of error based upon the instrument’s uncertainty parameters.   .  The connection process for these instruments is as simple as not entering connection method or COM port.  So.  It also oÇers the ability to limit measurements based upon a distance threshold and induce random error using the instrument’s uncertainty parameters.  To model this. which is what you would expect during the actual measurement process. the shape of which will be the result of those uncertainty variables. This is a useful tool for making simulation more realistic. Manager. SA provides a basic set of uncertainty controls for each instrument type that allow you to visualize the in¼uence of error on a particular measurement at a particular location.  In order to do this.  The extent of the error only matters with regards to the tolerances you need to meet. 1.   Fabricating Measurements As an alternative to running your instrument in simulation. particularly in a rough environment or at a great distance.      This will turn a constructed point into a “measured” point by adding a fabricated observation to that point and saving that within the points’ Measurement Details just as regular measurements are saved.     Furthermore.     When you fabricate a measurement in SA. you can build an uncertainty cloud to visualize the extent of the expected error from that instrument with a given con»dence. measuring the same point twice will not return exactly the same values. SA saves uncertainty parameters as part of the instrument model properties in the tree.  This is a quick way of replicating measuring a point.

    To help with this. SA provides the ability to detect measurements that are obscured within the job »le.    Detecting Obscured Points Yet another useful function of simulation is the ability to tie together models of the facility with the instruments and measurements to determine line of sight restrictions and ascertain where measurements can and cannot be taken.  A tracker can measure distance quite accurately.   Take for example a comparison between a laser tracker and a total station.  The image below shows the signi»cant diÇerence in the shapes of the uncertainty clouds.     This uncertainty cloud computation process is the basis for more advanced network alignment operations. Uni»ed Spatial Metrology Network (USMN) uses simulated measurements to determine the potential uncertainty of an entire network and plan the best placement of instruments within that network in order to reduce uncertainty.  USMN is available in SA Ultimate only. The presentation can be accessed here: http://www. while a total station tends to be more accurate with   .  Use the function Construct>Points>Copy Point Group Excluding Obscured Points to build a list of shots that can be taken despite the restrictions and detect shots that cannot be taken based upon line of sight interference.     Greater detail on this topic can be found in a presentation made at a previous SA User Conference.

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