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UNIT 11

1. Complete these sentences. Use the passive form of the verbs in the
box.
- Compose – discover – paint – design – invent
- write
1. The Bank of China building in Hong Kong was designed by the
architect I. M. Pei in the 1980s.
2. The play Romeo and Juliet was written by William Shakespeare in
the 1590s.
3. The telephone was invented by Alexander Graham Bell in 1876.
4. The picture Sunflowers was painted by Vincent van Gogh in 1888.
5. The antibiotic penicillin was discovered by Sir Alexander Fleming in
1929.
6. The music for the Disney movie The Lion King was composed by Sir
Elton John in 1994.

2. Change these active sentences into the passive.
1. Mary Shelley wrote the novel Frankenstein
The novel Frankenstein was written by Mary Shelley.
2. Agatha Christie wrote many famous mysteries.
Many famous mysteries were written by Agatha Christie.
3. The Soviet Union launched the first space satellite in 1957.
The first space satellite was launched by The Soviet Union in 1957.
4. Dr. Christiaan Barnard performed the first human heart transplant in
1967.
The first human heart transplant was performed by Dr. Christiaan
Barnard in 1967.
5. Frank Lloyd Wright designed the Guggenheim Museum in New York
City.
The Guggenheim Museum was designed by Frank Lloyd Wright
in New York City.

3. Write sentences about each landmark. Use the passive.
1. The Pyramids were built by the ancient Egyptians in about 2500 B.C.
2. Big Ben was built by Sir Benjamin Hall in 1859.
3. The Eiffel Tower was designed by Gustave Eiffel in 1889.
4. Brasilia was planned by Lucio Costa and Oscar Niemeyer in the late
1950s.
5. The Sydney Opera House was designed by Jorn Utzon in 1973.

4. A. Read about these capital cities. Match the cities in the box with
the correct descriptions below.
– London, Great Britain – Madrid, Spain – Manila, the
Philippines
– Mexico City, Mexico – Ottawa, Canada – Rome, Italy
1. Rome, Italy According to many historians, this city was
founded in 753 B.C. By Romulus and was named after him.

2. Madrid. Great Britain The Romans founded this city in the first century B. 4. . Mexico city is named after an older name for the city. Spain This city was made the capital in 1561. Quechua. Many people are of Incan origin. which may have been the name of a group of people. Madrid and Manila were named after products that were found there. nila = “indigo”). Spanish is spoken in Ecuador. Ecuador is situated on the equator in the northwest of South America. and cocoa are grown there. Metz-xih-co. It means “a place where the plant indigo is found” (may = “there is” . Canda This city became the capital of the country in the middle of the nineteenth century. too. Mexico City. The economy is based on oil and agricultural products. write the correct information 1.C. 5.” 3. Use the words in the box. Mexico This city was founded by the Spanish on an island in a lake. B. it was known as Londinium. However. this city takes its name from Tagalog. Several native languages are spoken there. These two areas are separated by the Andes mountains in the center of the country.electronics . Ottawa. (F) Rome was old name for the Tiber River. coffee. Its name may come from the Arabic name Medshrid. London. which means “in the center of the waters of the moon. Complete the sentences. Its name is taken from the word Adawa in the Algonquin language. 6. Good supplies of timber were found in the are at the time. Check ( √ ) True or False. 4. Bananas. the name may come from Ruma. Meanwhile. (T) 3. Rome was named after a person or a mountain. Many of these products are exported. Hardwood are also produced and exported. London and Mexico City were given names about their locations. which probably means “to trade”. Add is or are where necessary. More oil is produced in Ecuador than any other South American country except Venezuela. 6. In Roman times.peso -wheat . Manila. the Philippines Founded in 1571. (F) London was known as Londinium. (F) Ottawa’s name is taken from the word Adawa in Algonquin language. a language that is widely spoken there.beef - mining -tourism . Ottawa was named after the activities of the Native Americans in that region.Agricultural . the old name for the Tiber River. which may have been the name of a group of people. 5. for example. Both the country and the city are named after an older name for the city. meaning “timber”. For statements that are false. 2. It is made up of a coastal plain in the west and a tropical rain forest in the east.

warm climate. 3. 4. Tourism is a very important industry there. 2. including the Getty Center in Los Angeles and the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art. which are sometimes next to snowcapped mountains. The state is divided into two parts. There are 20 national parks in California. 1. A lot of meat. 2. California is known for its beautiful scenery. Complete this paragraph with is or are and the past participle of the verbs in the box. there is an area that is famous for its computer industries. It’s used to make foods like bread and pasta. Gold Mining is an important industry in South Africa. and excellent food. More than one answer may be possible. Its streets are always filled with tourists. 5. and Italian are spoken by them in Switzerland. it is called Silicon Valley. 8. Many computer industries are produced there. French. 6. Frank Gehry designed the Experience Music Project in Seattle. a lot of computers and televisions are exported by countries like Korea. -call –divide –fill –find –know –locate – California Every year. Now. and cheese. called Northern California and Southern California. San Francisco is surrounded by water on three sides and is a city with a beautiful bay and several bridges. . and Italian in Switzerland. 3. Rewrite these sentences. millions of tourists visit California. Los Angeles. San Francisco and Yosemite National Park are located in Northern California. (written) The song Mull of Kintyre was written by Sir Paul McCartney. especially beef. butter. is exported by Argentina. Find another way to say each sentence using the words given. The electronics industry was developed in many Asian countries in the 1980s. The Peso is the currency that is used in Chile. Hollywood. Southern California is known for its desert areas. Sir Paul McCartney wrote the song Mull of Kintyre. Much of the world’s wheat is grown in the Canadian prairies. (by) The Experience Music Project was designed by Frank Gehry in Seattle. French. where many excellent wines are produced. On the north end of the bay is Napa Valley. 1. and Disneyland are located in Southern California. (spoken) German. South of San Francisco. Many world-famous museums are found there. 7. They are visited by over 30 million people every year. They speak German. France exports agricultural products such as milk. 7. Millions of people visit Italy every year.

Look at the answers.  1995 Maglevs were tested (test) in several countries. Chile founded? Santiago. What is grown in Thailand? Rice is grown in Thailand.S. B. Write Wh-questions.  1898 The first U. Could you tell me who invented the tea bag? The tea bag was invented by Joseph Kreiger in 1920. (complete) . Subway system was opened (open) in Boston. 4. When was Santiago.  1964 “Bullet train” service was introduced (introduce) in Japan.  1804 The first steam locomotive was built (build) on Britain.  1857 Steel rails were used (use) for the first time in Britain. 9. 1. These trains use magnets to lift them above the ground. Write indirect questions. Complete the sentences. Can you tell me who wrote Don Quixote ? Don Quixote was written by Miguel de Cervantes. Do you know when the first time antibiotics were used? Antibiotics were first used in 1941. was founded in 1541. 4. 4. Chile. Use the passive of the words given.  1990 A speed of 512 kph (320 mph) was reached (reach) by the French high-speed train (called “TGV”). Who wrote Beloved? Beloved was written by Toni Morrison. Wh-questions and indirect questions. 10. 1. Malaysia has a prime minister. 2.  1829 A speed record of 48 kph (35 mph) was established (establish) by a train in Britain.  1999 Two lines of Bangkok’s “Skytrain” were completed.  1863 The world’s first underground railway was opened (open) in London. A. (governed) Malaysia is governed by a prime minister. Do you know where the Golden Gate Bridge is located? The Golden Gate Bridge is located in San Fransisco. 3. 2. 3. Look at the answer. Where is Acapulco located? Acapulco is located in Mexico.