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# FUNCTIONS

Name/Class: ...................................

1. 9709/P1/M/J/02
The functions f dan g are defined by
f : x ↦ 3 x +2, x∈R ,
6
g: x↦ , x ∈ R , x ≠−1.5 .
2 x +3

(i) Find the value of x for which fg ( x )=3 .

(ii) Sketch, in a single diagram, the graphs of y=f ( x) and y=f −1 (x) , making clear
the relationship between the two graphs.
(iii) Express each of f −1 ( x ) and g−1 ( x) in terms of x , and solve the equation
−1
f ( x )=g−1 ( x) .
2. 9709/P1/O/N/02
(i) Express
2
2 x +8 x−10 in the form a(x +b)2 +c .

(ii) For the curve y=2 x 2+ 8 x −10 , state the least value of y and the corresponding

value of x .

(iii) Find the set of values of x for which y ≥ 14 .

Given that f : x ↦ 2 x 2 +8 x−10 for the domain x≥k ,

(iv) find the least value of k for which f is one-one,

(v) express f −1 (x ) in terms of x in this case.
3. 9709/P1/M/J/03
The function f is defined by f : x ↦ ax+ b , for x ∈ R , where a and b are

constants. It is given that f ( 2 )=1 and f ( 5 ) =7 .

(i) Find the values of a and b . (ii) Solve the equation ff ( x ) =0
4. 9709/P1/M/J/03
2
The equation of a curve is y=8 x−x .

(i) Express 8 x−x 2 in the form a−(x +b)2 , stating the numerical values of a and
b .
(ii) Hence, or otherwise, find the coordinates of the stationary point of the curve.
(iii) Find the set of values of x for which y ≥−20 .

The function g is defined by g : x ↦ 8 x−x 2 , for x≥4 .
−1
(iv) State the domain and range of g .

(v) Find an expression, in terms of x , for g−1 ( x) .
5. 9709/P1/O/N/03

(iv) Find an expression for h−1 ( x) and state the domain of h −1 . 9709/P1/M/J/04 The functions f and g are defined as follows: f : x ↦ x2 −2 x . 8. making clear the relationship between the graphs. x ∈ R . in a single diagram. 2 The function g : x ↦ x −6 x is defined for all real x . making clear the relationship between these two graphs. The function h : x ↦ x 2−6 x is defined for the domain x≥3 . 4 g:x↦ . where k is a constant. solve the equation ff ( x ) =11 . the graphs of y=f (x) and y=f −1 (x) . 9709/P1/O/N/04 The function f : x ↦ 2 x−a . on a single diagram. (iii) Express x 2−6 x in the form ( x− p)2−q . g : x ↦2 x+3. x ≠−2. (iii) Show that the equation gf ( x )=0 has no real solutions. (ii) Find the value of a for which the equation f ( x )=g( x ) has exactly one real solution. . whether f has an inverse. (ii) Express each of f −1 ( x ) and g−1 ( x ) in terms of x . 9 g:x↦ for x ∈ R . the graphs of y=g( x ) and y=g−1 ( x ) . (iv) Sketch. 7. (iii) Show that the equation f −1 ( x )=g−1 ( x) has no real roots. x∈R. (iv) Sketch. (i) In the case where a=3 . where a is a constant. x+2 (i) Find the values of k for which the equation f ( x )=g(x ) has two equal roots and solve the equation f ( x )=g( x ) in these cases. 2−x (i) Find the value of x for which fg ( x )=7 . (i) Find the set of values of x for which f ( x ) >15 . Functions f and g are defined by f : x ↦ 2 x−5. where p and q are constants. x∈R . 6. 9709/P1/M/J/06 Functions f and g are defined by f : x ↦ k− x for x ∈ R . with a reason. (ii) Find the range of f and state. x ≠2. x∈R . is defined for all real x .

b. for g−1 (x) and state the range of g−1 . making clear the relationship between the two graphs. (ii) Solve the equation fg ( x )=5 when k =6 . where a. (iv) State the largest value of A for which g has an inverse. 2 The function g is defined by g : x ↦ 2 x −8 x+11 for x ≤ A . (ii) State the range of f . in terms of x . The function g is defined by g : x ↦ x−3 √ x for x≥0 .9709/P1/M/J/08 Functions f and g are defined by f : x ↦ 4 x−2k for x∈R . 2 (i) Express f (x) in the form a(x +b) +c . stating the values of a and b . where k is a constant. in a single diagram. (v) When A has this value.9709/P1/O/N/08 The function f is defined by f : x ↦ 3 x −2 for x∈R . (i) Sketch.9709/P1/O/N/07 The function f is defined by f : x ↦ 2 x 2−8 x +11 for x∈R . (ii) Express gf (x) in terms of x . obtain an expression. (ii) Express f (x) in the form ( x−a )2 −b . 10. (ii) Determine the roots of the equation fg ( x )=x for the values of k found in part (i). (i) Find the set of values of x for which f ( x ) >4 . with a reason. x ≠2. 9. The function g is defined by g : x ↦ 6 x−x 2 for x∈R . (iii) Write down the range of f . whether f has an inverse. (iii) Explain why f does not have an inverse. 9709/P1/O/N/06 The function f is defined by f : x ↦ x2 −3 x for x∈R . . 2−x (i) Find the values of k for which the equation fg ( x )=x has two equal roots. (iii) Express g−1 (x) in terms of x . the graphs of y=f ( x) and y=f −1 (x) . (iv) State. and hence show that the maximum value of gf (x) is 9. 11. 12. and c are constants. 9 g:x↦ for x ∈ R . where A is a constant. (v) Solve the equation g ( x ) =10 .

The function g is defined by g : x ↦ 2 x+ k for x∈R . b . . (ii) Express f −1 (x ) and g−1 (x) in terms of x . (i) Express f (x) in the form a(x−b)2−c .9709/P12/M/J/10 The functions f and g are defined for x∈R by f : x ↦ 4 x−2 x 2 and g : x ↦5 x+ 3 . −1 (iv) Sketch in a single diagram the graphs of y=f (x) and y=f (x) . (iii) Express 6 x−x 2 in the form a−(x−b)2 . x∈R . making clear the relationship between the graphs.9709/P1/M/J/09 The function f is defined by f : x ↦ 2 x 2−12 x+ 13 for 0 ≤ x ≤ A . (iii) When A has this value. in terms of x . 15. where a and b are positive constants. (iv) Express h−1 ( x) in terms of x . and c are constants. x ≠−3. find the range of f . (iii) Find the set of values of x for which f ( x ) <21 . x+3 (i) Solve the equation gf ( x )=x . (ii) State the value of A for which the graph of y=f ( x) has a line of symmetry. 14. −1 (v) Obtain an expression. x> 0 . for g ( x) . 2 The function h is defined by h : x ↦ 6 x−x for x≥3 . (iv) Find the value of the constant k for which the equation gf ( x )=0 has two equal roots. (i) Express f (x) in the form a(x +b)2 +c . 2 x−1 g:x↦ . (ii) State the range of f .9709/P11/M/J/10 The function f is defined by f : x ↦ 2 x 2−12 x+ 7 for x∈R . The function g is defined by g : x ↦ 2 x 2−12 x +13 for x≥4 (iv) Explain why g has an inverse. x ∈ R . 16.9709/P11/O/N/09 Functions f and g are defined by f : x ↦ 2 x +1 . where a . where A is a constant. (iii) Show that the equation g−1 ( x )=x has no solutions. 13.

2 . find an expression for g−1 ( x) in terms of x .9709/P13/M/J/10 The function 2 f : x ↦ 2 x −8 x +14 is defined for x∈R . (v) For this value of A . find the value of g−1 (3) . (ii) Find the value of the constant k for which the equation gf ( x )=k has equal roots. (iv) Find the smallest value of A for which g has an inverse. (iii) Find the range of f .9709/P12/M/J/10 1 The function g : x ↦ 4−3 sin x is defined for the domain π ≤ x≤ A . (iii) Obtain an expression for h( x ) . 18. Obtain an expression. where a. 2 (i) State the largest value of A for which g has an inverse. in terms of x . The function h is such that f =hg and the domain of h is x> 0 .9709/P12/O/N/10 2 The function f is defined by f ( x )=x −4 x+ 7 for x> 2. 21. (i) Express f (x) in the form ( x−a)2 +b and hence state the range of f . (i) Find the range of f . 19.9709/P13/O/N/10 The diagram beside shows the function f defined for 0 ≤ x ≤6 by 1 2 x↦ x for 0 ≤ x ≤2 . The function g : x ↦2 x 2−8 x+14 is defined for x≥ A . 20. 2 1 x ↦ x +1 for 2< x ≤ 6 . (i) Find the values of the constant k for which the line y +kx=12 is a tangent to the curve y=f ( x) . (ii) For this value of A .b.9709/P11/O/N/10 A function f is defined by f : x ↦ 3−2 tan ( 12 x) for 0 ≤ x < π . and c are constants. 17. for f −1 (x ) . −1 (ii) Obtain an expression for f (x ) and state the domain of f −1 . The function g is defined by g ( x ) =x−2 for x> 2 . (ii) Express f (x) in the form a(x +b)2 +c .

.9709/P11/M/J/11 Functions f and g are defined for x∈R by f : x ↦ 2 x +1 . (iv) Find and simplify an expression for f −1 g(x) . (v) Find an expression for h−1 ( x) . 2 The function h is defined by h : x ↦ x −2 . find (i) the values of a and b . 2 g : x ↦ x −2 .9709/P13/O/N/11 Functions f and g are defined by f : x ↦ 2 x +3 for x ≤ 0. where a. −1 where a and b are constants. and y=f −1 (x) . 23. 2 (i) Express f (x) in the form a ( x+ b ) +c . (ii) Hence find the value of a for which fg ( a ) =gf (a) . and c are constants. giving the set of values of x for which each expression is valid. (ii) an expression for fg( x ) . (ii) Copy the diagram and on your copy sketch the graph of y=f −1 (x) .9709/P12/O/N/11 The functions f and g are defined for x∈R by f : x ↦ 3 x +a . g : x ↦b−2 x . (iii) State the domain of f −1 . for x≤0 . −1 (iii) Obtain expressions to define f (x ) . g : x ↦ x 2−6 x for x≤3 . (i) Find and simplify expressions for fg(x ) and gf (x) .b. Given that ff ( 2 )=10 and g ( 2 ) =3 . y=g ( x ) . (ii) State the range of f . g: x↦ x for 0 ≤ x ≤10 . 25. 24. 22. −1 (v) Find an expression for f (x ) . (iii) Find the value of b( b≠ a) for which g ( b )=b . (i) State the range of f . making clear the relationship between the graphs. (iv) Sketch on the same diagram the graphs of y=f ( x ) .9709/P11/O/N/11 Functions f and g are defined by f : x ↦ 2 x 2−8 x +10 for 0 ≤ x ≤2 .

(iv) Find an expression for f −1 (x ) and state the domain of f −1 .9709/P13/O/N/12 −1 1 The functions f and g are defined for π≤x≤ π by 2 2 1 1 f ( x )= x + π . The function g is defined by g ( x ) =4 x 2−24 x +11 . b . (ii) The function f is defined by f ( x )=2 x 2−12 x +13 for x ≥ k . 2 2 (i) gf ( x )=1 . (ii) fg ( x )=1 . showing the coordinates of their point of intersection and the relationship between the graphs. giving your answer in terms of π . for x≤1 .9709/P11/O/N/12 The function f is defined by f ( x )=4 x 2−24 x +11 . (i) Express f (x) in the form a(x−b)2+ c and hence state the coordinates of the vertex of the graph of y=f ( x) . where k is a constant. The value of k is now given to be 7. where −1 (i) f ( x ) in the form a .9709/P12/O/N/12 A function f is such that f ( x )= (√ x +32 )+1 . −1 (iii) Find an expression for g (x) and state the domain of g−1 . 28. for x ≥−3 . State the smallest possible value of k . (iii) Find the set of values of x which satisfy gf (x)≤16 . and c are constants. for x∈R . Find a x 2+ bx+ c . −1 1 Solve the following equations for π≤x≤ π . where a . giving your answers correct to 2 decimal places. (iii) Find the range of f . 26. −1 (ii) the domain of f . 29.9709/P11/M/J/13 (i) Express 2 x 2−12 x +13 in the form a(x +b)2 +c . (ii) State the range of g . 2 6 g ( x ) =cos x . −1 −1 (i) Express f (x ) in terms of x and solve the equation f ( x )=f (x) . b . . 27. and c are constants. −1 (ii) On the same diagram sketch the graphs of y=f ( x) and y=f ( x) . It is given that f is a one-one function.

x ∈ R . (iii) Find an expression for h−1 ( x) . .9709/P13/M/J/13 The function f is defined by f : x ↦ 2 x +k . The function g is defined by g : x ↦ x 2−6 x +8 . 2 The function h is defined by h : x ↦ x −6 x +8 .30. (i) In the case where k =3 . solve the equation ff ( x ) =25 . where k is a constant. (ii) Find the set of values of k for which the equation f ( x )=g( x ) has no real solutions. x ∈ R . x> 3 .