# TUTORIAL 1- BNJ20303 MEKANIK MESIN

1. Refer Figure 1. Determine the equivalent spring stiffness and the natural frequency of
the following vibrating systems when the :
(a) Mass is suspended to a spring
(b) Mass is suspended at the bottom of two spring in series.
(c) Mass is fixed in between two springs
(d) Mass is fixed to the midpoint of a spring
(e) Mass is fixed to apoint on a bar joining free ends of two springs
Given, s1= 5 N/mm, s2 = 8 N/mm, m = 10 kg, a = 20 mm, & b = 12 mm
[Ans : 3.56 Hz, 2.79 Hz, 5.74 Hz, 7.12 Hz, 36 Hz]

Figure 1

2. Determine the natural frequency of a vibrating system as shown in Figure 2

Figure 2

Version 1 Page 1

The rod is hinged at A and is maintained in the horizontal position by a spring of stiffness 1.BNJ20303 MEKANIK MESIN 3. AB shown in Figure 3 has a mass of 1kg and carries a concentrated mass of 2. neglecting the effects of the spring mass. Two springs K1 and K2 are attached at A and B point with the stiffness coefficient is 5000 N/m. Figure 4 shows 4 kg of AOB bar. It has 100 mm of centrifugal radius that is measured from A to B. Find the frequency of oscillation. Find the natural frequency of the system. TUTORIAL 1.71 rad/s) K2 A B K1 200 mm 400 mm Figure 4 Version 1 Page 2 .3m 0. A uniform thin rod.10 Hz) A C B θ 0. (Ans : 2. The point B also has a 1 kg mass connected between spring and bar.3m Figure 3 4.5kg at B.8 kN/m at C. (Ans : 70.

has a mass of m at point B. Figure 5 shows a system that vibrates in single degree of freedom mode. find the natural frequency of the system. A uniform thin rod.BNJ20303 MEKANIK MESIN 5. AB shown in Figure 6. damping coefficient and damped natural frequency of oscillation when a=(1/3)b. Ans : rad/s 4M K A 20 cm l B C D 2M 2K 20 cm Figure 5 6. If the body is displaced and vibrate within a small angle. TUTORIAL 1. The mass B is supported by a damper with the damping coefficient is C. The rod is hinged at A and is maintained in the horizontal position by a spring of stiffness K. Find the mass. respectively. The body is linked by means of spring that is connected at point A and C. The body ABD is attached at point B with A point and D point has masses 4M kg and 2M kg.  K   C  2 Ans : d       rad / s  9m   4m 2  Version 1 Page 3 . The stiffness coefficient of spring is K N/m and 2K N/m respectively.

wd = 24.12 rad/s] D B A mP=0. Cc and damped natural frequency.BNJ20303 MEKANIK MESIN K A B m a C b Figure 6 7.975 Ns/m. [Ans : 9.3 Ns/m. Cc = 217. Mass of ABDE structure is 2.5 kg K = 5 kN/m C 65mm = 65mm 35mm 1 E M = 8 kg Figure 7 Version 1 Page 4 . Consider the pendulum effect. TUTORIAL 1.5 kg with radius of gyration of 50 mm about D. The amplitude was reduced to ½ after three complete oscillations. Find C. Find the damped frequency of oscillations of the system in Figure 7.

The system is initially at rest and a velocity of 120 mm/s is imparted to the mass. . In a single degree damped vibrating system a suspended mass of 8 kg makes 30 oscillation in 18 seconds.4 N/mm/s. 0.4 s [Ans : 4.315 mm. Assuming that the damping force varies aas the velocity.99. A machine weighs 18 kg and is supported on springs and dashpots. There are three springs each of stiffness 12 N/mm. Determine the : (a) Displacement and velocityof mass as function of time (b) Displacement and velocity after 0.877 N/mm.76] 10. 2.259 s] 12.BNJ20303 MEKANIK MESIN 8. A machine mounted on springs and fitted with a dashpot has a mass of 60 kg. 0. 0.76 mm. 24 rad/s. The damping provided is only 20% of the critical value. [Ans : 0. Determine the time in which the mass in a damped vibrating system would settle down to 1/50 th of its initial deflection for the following data : M = 200 kg. a spring with a stiffness of 30 kN/m and a damper.28. s=40 N/mm Aso. 1.0442. 3.278. 7.25 of the initial value after 5 oscillations.2. determine the : (a) Damping coefficient (b) Ratio of frequencies of damped and undamped vibrations (c) Periodic time of damped vibrations [Ans : 0. The amplitude decreases to 0. ζ = 0. [Ans : 1.4 N/m/s] 11.26 s. The amplitude of vibrations reduces from 45 to 8 mm in two complete oscillations. find the number of oscillations completed to reach this value of deflection.22. Determine the : (a) Stiffness of the spring (b) Logarithmic decrement (c) Damping factor (d) Damping coefficient [Ans : 0.45 N/mm/s.2 N/mm/s. 2. Determine the : (a) Damping factor (b) Critical damping coefficient (c) Natural frequency of damped vibrations (d) Logarithmic decrement (e) Ratio of two consecutive amplitudes. TUTORIAL 1. 0. The total stiffness of the springs is 12 N/mm and the damping is 0. A vibrating system consists of a mass of 50 kg. -0.6] 9.587 mm/s] Version 1 Page 5 . -8.

A gun is so designed that. Damping ratio.5 cm. The pump shaft and the motor shaft are 45 cm and 18 cm long. and their respective diameters are 9 cm and 4. An electric motor. on firing. d iii. A dashpot. (Ans : 42 Hz.85. C = 84 GPa. ωn ii. The gun barrels has amass of 500 kg and a recoil spring of 300 N/mm. i. and 400 kgm2 respectively. at the end of the recoil allows the barrel to come back tomits initial position within the minimum time without any oscillation. the barrel recoils against a spring. Damping constant. C . x iv. TUTORIAL 1. A vibration system has 6 kg mass and spring K = 1 kN/ with dashpot system.) Figure 8 15. rotating at 1500 rpm drives a centrifugal pump at 500 rpm through a single stage reduction gearing as in Figure 8. Determine the frequency of free torsional oscillation of the system. Determine the : (a) Initial recoil velocity of the gun barrel (b) Critical damping coefficient of the dashpot engaged at the end of the recoil stroke. respectively. The spring and dashpot was pinned together in order to get 2 amplitude ratio continuously from 1 to 0. Find.BNJ20303 MEKANIK MESIN 13. Version 1 Page 6 . The barrel recoils 1 m on firing. Natural frequency of undamped. 24 500 N/m/s] 14. [Ans : 24. Reduction of logarithm. The moments of inertia of the pump impeller and the electric motor are 1400 kgm2.5 m/s. Neglect the inertia of gears.